“To reduce crime and the fear of crime, tackle youth crime and violent, sexual and drug

-related crime, anti-social behaviour and disorder, increasing safety in the home and public spaces.”
Home Office Aim 1

This statement confi rms our joint commitment to reduce crime and disorder. T h e D i g e s t , w h i ch is published quart e r ly, aims to support crime re d u c t i o n / c o m munity safe t y practitioners within police and local authori t i e s , working in stat u t o ry partnerships by facilitating info rm ation exchange. The Digest is a forum for your initiatives and experiences. Its success depends on you, the practitioners, c o n t ri buting your articles. Deadline for copy is given below. In order that eve ryone can benefit from your work and experi e n c e, we would ask c o n t ri butors to consider both what wo r ked and what didn’t work within their pro j e c t s. P rojects may be well conceived and still not ach i eve all their aims; this does not mean they h ave fa i l e d . Please be brave enough to discuss what aspects did not ach i eve the expected outcomes. Include as much info rm ation as you can, covering the analysis of the problem and how it was identified, the response devised and how it was implemented, and an assessment of the final outcomes.
Note:

The inclusion of mat e rial in the Digest or re fe rence to any pro d u c t s / s e rvices does not signify that they have been tested or evaluated. Nor should inclusion be thought to confer ‘official’ approval.
This publication may not be copied, photocopied, re p roduced, or conve rted to any electronic form unless for police or local authority use only.

January 2002
The next Digest will be with you in April 2002.

College Staff
Director Steve Trimmins Support Services Ann Keen Melissa Keeble Ruth Whitaker Training Team Martin Milburn June Armstrong Martin Fenlon Amanda Scargill Pat Varley (David Fernley) Administration Unit Mark Ledder Information Service Gill Archibald Stuart Charman Jane Hopper Kathleen Noble Abby Hickman Training Resource Solutions David Fernley Jane Carpenter Simon Jones Michael Hawtin Richard Wales Editor Jane Hopper Design/Production Michael Hawtin

All contributions be submitted by March 8th 2002.
Contributions to: Jane Hopper
Information Team

Tel: 01347 825065 Fax: 01347 825097
Home Office Crime Reduction College The Hawkhills, Easingwold, York YO61 3EG Tel: 01347 825060 Fax: 01347 825099 e-mail: crc@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

For Training or General Enquiries: Tel: 01347 825060

January 2002

1

College News
Digest Questionnaire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Force Crime Prevention Officers’ Conference 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . New Staff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Neighbourhood and Street Wardens Programme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inside Write award . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Crime Prevention in a Europe that is Growing Together . . . . . . . . . . . . Standard Crime Prevention Officers’ Course Pilot Joint Training . . . . . . Au Revoir . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Crime Reduction Website . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4
. . . . . . . . . . . .4 . . . . . . . . . . . .4 . . . . . . . . . . . .4 . . . . . . . . . . . .5 . . . . . . . . . . . .5 . . . . . . . . . . . .6 . . . . . . . . . . . .7 . . . . . . . . . . . .7 . . . . . . . . . . . .8

Active Communities

9

An evaluation of the impact of Crimestoppers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 Re s t o ra t i ve Justice: Ideas, Values, Debates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 An Exploratory Evaluation of Restorative Justice Schemes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 An International Review of Re s t o ra t i ve Justice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 Crime Stories: A guide to communications strategies for community safety partnerships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Friends or Strangers? Faith Communities and Community Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 New beginnings: a practical guide to setting up a Community Parenting Scheme . . .12

Anti-Social Behaviour /Disorder Arson Burglary

13 14 14

Anti-Social Behaviour Orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 Trouble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 A Burning Faith? - video . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Burglary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Home Security an introduction to domestic surveying - Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 Second-hand Dealers Thumbprint Scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 “Stop, Chain Check!” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16

Business Crime
Business Crime Crackdown exhibition

17
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17

CCTV

17

CCTV Leaflets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 May the Force Be With You . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 Aide Memoire for Public Space Surveillance: Human Rights Act and Data Protection Act 1998 Compliant - Making PLANS for CCTV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18

Designing Out Crime

19

ACPO Crime Prevention Initiatives Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 Better Places to Live by design: a companion guide to PPG3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 Designing Out Crime Association Annual General Meeting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 International Conference on Safety and Crime Prevention by Urban Design . . . . . . . .21

Drugs and Alcohol

22

New Drug Abstinence Community Sentences Pilots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 Lets Get Real: Communicating with the public about drugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 Drug misuse declared in 2000: key results from the British Crime Survey . . . . . . . . .23 Drug use and offending: summary results from the first year of the NEW-ADAM research programme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 Statistics from the Arrest Referral Monitoring Programme from October 2000 to March 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 Rewind . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25

2

Contents

January 2002

G e n e ra l

26

Crime displacement - the misunderstood issue? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26 Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Bill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26 Community Safety Partnerships Briefing Papers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 Guildford Fear of Crime Survey - fear goes down . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 The 2001 British Crime Survey, First Results, England and Wales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 Cautions, Court Proceedings and Sentencing England and Wales 2000 . . . . . . . . . . .28 Stay Safe: An easy guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29

Hate Crime Neighbourhood Wardens and Neighbourhood Watch

29 30

Crime, Policing and Justice: the experience of ethnic minorities. Findings from the 2000 British Crime Survey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29 Neighbourhood and Street Wardens Schemes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Neighbourhood Watch: Findings from the 2000 British Crime Survey . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Neighbourhood Watch: A guide for Co-ordinators in Sussex . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31

Property Crime

31

High Tech Chips to Track Stolen Goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 Operation Ringtone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 What's New at Sold Secure? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32

Vehicle crime Victims and Witnesses

33 34

Car Theft Index 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Bilking Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Key Findings from the Vulnerable Witness Survey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 The Newham Victim Referral Scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 New Victims of Crime procedures and leaflet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35

Violence at School and Work Violent Crime and Street Crime

35 36

Violence at Work: causes, patterns and prevention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 Scarred for Life: The effects of street robbery on the community . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36 Early Lessons from the Crime Reduction Programme: Tackling Alcohol Related Street Crime in Cardiff (TASC project) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36

Each Article in the Digest is highlighted with an icon which will define the product described in that article. They are: Campaign/ Initiative Publication

Youth Crime

37

Chat Safe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 Operation Youth Advantage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 The Substance of Young Needs - Review 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 “Up2U on Tour” Initiative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 Youth Offender Panel Recruitment Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 Bullying Online: Staying Safe in Cyberspace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 World of Work Pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40

Video

Website/ Electronic Information General/ Exchange of Ideas/ Conferences

January 2002

Contents

3

Digest Questionnaire
M a ny thanks to the people who took the tim e to fill in the quest ionnaire about the development of the Digest in the October issue. The winner of the Palm hand-held computer was A n d rea Pa s h l e y f rom Mold in North Wales and her prize was despat ched in time fo r Christmas. So congratulations to Andrea! If there are some of you out there who didn’t respond because you alre a dy have a PDA , or because you pre fer a diary like me, then we would still like your views because after all, you are all readers and you should all have a say. If you didn’t respond because you like the Digest as it is, then we need to know this too! Fo rt u n at e ly, initial eva l u ation of responses re c e i ved showed that eve ryone thought the Digest was a useful publ i c at i o n , s c o ring 6 and ab ove on the scale 1-10, and quite a few people asked specifi c a l ly that we don’t change the Digest for ch a n g e ’s sake. Some people made some interesting suggestions and a full review of these will be made in the next issue. For those of you who raised points that are reader specific, we will contact you directly. If you have n ’t fi lled in a fo rm - please take a m om ent to have your say - visit; w w w. c r i m e re d u c t i o n . g ov. u k / d i g e s t . h t m and send us an electronic version if you no longer have the paper copy.
Gill Archibald, Information Team Leader

Force Crime Prevention Officers’ Conference 2001
S a d ly the College took the decision in N ovember to cancel the FCPO confe re n c e, Reducing Crime in Diverse Communities. This was because of low numbers able to at tend and considered t he need fo r s u f ficient delegates to make the experi e n c e wo rt h w h i l e. Despite extra appeals by telephone and letter, few further fi rm bookings we re made. The main re a s o n appears to have been extra pre s s u res placed on FCPOs after the events of 11 September. M a ny FCPOs also have Fo r c e C o u n t e rTerrorist crime prevention roles and told us t h at they we re unable to spend three day s away from their desks. The cancellation and the low nu m b e r s w h i c h prompted it are in no way a reflection on the confe rence topic, or the work put in by those involved in organising the confe re n c e. Reducing Crime in Dive r s e C o m munities remains a key issue within the police serv i c e. U n fo rt u n at e ly, t h e timing of the confe rence could not have fo reseen the impact of such a world eve n t . We will be writing to FCPOs in the New Year about the next confe re n c e.

Our thanks to those who had committed their time and energy to organising the high quality programme.

New Staff
We welcome Martin Fenlon to the Crime Reduction College. M a rtin joined us in October and works alongside the other trainers in delivering off-site training to partnerships around the country. He prev i o u s ly wo r ked for Nat West Bank befo re taking the opportunity to go to Oxford to read a Diploma in Social A d m i n i s t r ation fo l l owed by 3 years at Bradfo r d U n i versity studying Applied Social Studies together with a c e rt i fi c ate of qualifi c ation in social wo r k . M a rtin then we n t on to work as a Probation Officer for Middlesex, and later as a Training Manager for the London Probation Service.

4

College News

January 2002

Neighbourhood and Street Wa rd e n s Pro g ra m m e
At the re quest of th e Dept of Tr a n s p o rt , Local Government and the Regions (DTLR), t he Coll ege trai ning team is putting the finishing touches to the mat e rial that will fo rm the core elem ent of the basic job training for wa r d e n s. This includes the l e g i s l at i ve back g ro u n d ; w h at wardens can and cannot do; basic pro blem solving and c rime preve n t i o n , along with commu n ic ation skills. This core element will be piloted during a trainer’s course early in the New Year befo re being delive red by a team of associate trainers. The College has also produced a guide to the content of the elements of the basic job training and a ch e c klist to assist in choosing training prov i d e r s. Both of these will be m ade ava i l able once the training goes live. The College’s invo l vement in wardens training will come to an end on 31 March 2002.
For further information relating to the Neighbourhood and Street Wardens Programme or details regarding the training outlined, please contact the DTLR on Tel: 020 7944 2535 or 2534 or visit their website at:

www.neighbourhood.dtlr.gov.uk

Inside Write award
The Crime Reduction College has won a Plain English Campaign “Inside W ri t e ” award fo r The Course Pa s s p o rt; a pack age of pre-course work designed for students attending cri m e prevention courses at Easingwold. The “Inside W ri t e ” competition encourages civil servants to write clearly to each other. E n t ries can be in the fo rm of booklets, m a nu a l s , l e a f l e t s , and memos and are judged against a range of criteria ranging from sentence length and the use of eve ry d ay language through to conciseness and grammar. The Course Pa s s p o rt was introduced by the Crime Reduction College in September 1999 as pre-course work for students - predominantly police o f ficers - attending the Standard Crime Prevention Offi c e r s ’ Course at E a s i n g wo l d . It provides students with essential info rm ation about the course and imparts a basic level of knowledge about crime reduction and in p a rticular situational crime preve n t i o n , e n s u ring that students start the course with broadly the same level of knowledge. The key section is a self-paced distance learning module, “ I n t ro d u c t i o n to Crime Prevention” covering the conditions under which a crime can occur, the role of the crime prevention offi c e r, the principles of crime preve n t i o n , and the preve n t i ve process - an ap p ro a c h to managing cr ime re d u c t i o n p ro j e c t s. It also fe at u res useful info rm ation for students, questions to test their k n owledge and a case study. It uses map s , d i agrams and photographs as well as text to get its message across. Since the launch of The Course Passport around 750 students have used it. It has the potential to stand on its own as a general introduction to crime prevention fo r anyone working in crime reduction or community safety and, resources permitting, we have plans to publish it more widely.
This year’s awards were presented in London on 6 December by Sir Richard Wilson KCB. The College was represented by David Fernley, Michael Hawtin and Jane Hopper.

January 2002

College News

5

Crime Prevention in a Europe that is Growing Together
In October, D a ve Fe r n l e y f rom the Cri m e Reduction College, attended a confe re n c e on “Cri me Pre vention in a Eu rope that i s Grow i n g To g e t h e r” . The confe re n c e was hosted in Berl in by the G e rman Federal A c a d e my of P u blic A d m i n i s t r ation and wa s attended by re p re s e n t at i ve s f rom nine EU member and candidate states. The aim of the workshop was to outline the c u rrent cr ime situation in d i f fe rent EU states and compare preventive strategies. D ay two was made up of wo r k s h o p s and Dave atte nded one on , “Pre ve n t i ve M e a s u res Agai nst Crime.” The gro u p l o o ked at the ap p ro a ch taken by the Safe Ci ty Action Programme in the state of S a x o ny and then discussed the ap p ro a ch to c rime and disorder in their own countri e s. Most European states are adopting a p a rtnership ap p ro a ch . Most part n e r s h i p s a re vo l u n t a ry, and no other countries had the equivalent of the Crime and Disorder Act or statutory partnerships. D ay three looked at eva l u at i o n , t h e G e rman Fo r um for Cr im e Preve n t i o n , and the Eu ropean Network of Crime Prevention. The presentation on evaluation stressed the importance of eva l u ating initiat i ve s , l o o ked at the conditions re q u i red to make this happen and set out some of the “Golden Rules.” Although many EU stat e s a re starting to eva l u ate crime preve n t i o n s t r at e g i e s , t h e re is room to devel op this a re a . The UK is considered to be quit e advanced in its ap p ro a ch to evaluation. The presentation on the German Fo ru m for Crime Prevention looked at the Fo ru m ’s aims and objectives and some of its a c t i v i t i e s. The Fo r um acts as a centre of excellence and carries out some re s e a r ch and pilot projects. The Eu ropean Network of Crime Pre ve n t i o n is EU funded. E a ch member s t ate of the EU has three members of the n e t wo r k , and re p resents policy and re s e a r ch interests in crime preve n t i o n . I t s aim is to share info rm ation and disseminate good practice. The confe rence was useful and gave a good insight in to how crime prevention is tackled in different countries.
If you want any further information on the conference, contact Dave Fernley on Tel: 01347 825083.

...outline the current crime situation in different EU states and compare preventive strategies.

European Network of Crime Prevention

D ay one l ooked at the c rime situation across Euro p e, with pre s e n t ations about the cr i m e s i t u ation in Germ a ny, France and Swe d e n and a “ C o m p a r at i ve Study on the Scope, C o n t ro l , and Prevention of Cri me in E u ro p e.” Some points that emerged fro m the day are given below. • In France and Germany there is a need for better crime recording. For example in Germany it is estimated that only 10% of all crime is reported to the police. • In Germany there is a sharp increase in juvenile crime and disorder, but robbery is decreasing. In France, the major increase is in violent crime. • All three countries have massive under reporting of domestic violence. • All three countries recognise the need to develop multi-agency partnership working. • Because different states use different recording systems, it is difficult to establish a unified picture of crime across Europe, especially cross-border crimes. • Fear of crime is an important factor. In some countries this is only just being recognised. • There is not much info rm ation about evaluated good practice available to practitioners. This means the eva l u at i o n of our Crime Reduction programme is keenly anticipated.

6

College News

January 2002

Standard Crime Prevention Officers’ Course Pilot Joint Training
Greater Manchester Police and Local Authority Officers - 22 October - 1 November 2001

The Crime Reduction College wo r ked closely with Gre ater Manchester Police to provide the o p p o rtunity for local authority officers to part i c i p ate in the Standard Crime Preve n t i o n Officers’ Course. The course was part funded through the Partnership Development Fund and is being independently evaluated by Geoff Berry of Geoff Berry Associates. The delegates we re drawn from Manchester City Council, Tr a f ford MBC, Oldham MBC, Rochdale LA, Safer Homes in New East Manchester, Trafford Park Business Watch and Gre at e r Manchester Police. The standard course was slightly altered to reflect the range of e x p e rience and expertise within the group and the local i n fo rm ation that needed to be included, however the core learning outcomes remained the same. The course was delive red by College and GMP staff who both ag reed that the breadth of experience and knowledge within the group brought new perspectives, not just to the course, but particu l a r ly to the syndicate exe r c i s e s. The group fo rmed a deeper understanding of how each of the agencies operated and an ap p rec i ation of the extent and limitations of their individual ro l e s. T h i s was the fo u n d ation for good working re l ationships that have extended beyond the classroom into the real world. Fe e d b a ck suggests that there we re a number of models and t h e o ries taught on the course that are as useful to the partners as t h ey are to the police personnel, so far the only recipients of this type of training.
For more information contact June Armstrong at the Crime Reduction College Tel: 01347 825071.

Au Revoir
C o l l e agues said fa rewe l l re c e n t ly to H e a t h e r Row l a t t the Info rm at i o n S e rvice Manag e r. H e at h e r left the College in October to move to A m e rica where her husband has taken up a n ew job. We wish her good luck for the future. We also said fa rewe ll to S h a ro n Wi l l i a m s , one of our t r a i n e r s. S h a ron left in N ovember to m ove on to a new job with the A m e rican School in L o n d o n . We wish her the best of luck in her new career. M a ny of you will remember M a rg a re t B i rd, who re t i red at Christmas after almost 18 years ser vice wit h the Home Offi c e. M a rg a ret will be we l l known to people making course bookings as she a d m i n i s t e red courses (as well as doing a bit of first aid!). She is keeping on her part time job a re g i s t e red nu r s e. We wish her well in her (semi) retirement. Christine M orrison has taken up a n ew job with the Tim Pa rry / Jo h n athan Ball Trust in Wa rri n g t o n . Her new job means t h at she will spend less t ime away fro m home but still have the challenge of working towards safe r c o m mu n i t i e s , this time thro u g h conflict resolution with yo u n g p e o p l e. Good luck in the new job.

January 2002

College News

7

Crime Reduction Website
The Crime Reduction Website has continued to grow over the past three months, both in terms of the amount and range of material we have online (now over 2500 documents) and the number of visitors using the site (about one million hits eve ry month). Recent deve l o pments have included an Info rm ation Sharing area of the site, which can be found at: w w w. c r i m e re d u c t i o n . g ov. u k / i n f o r m a t i o n s h a r i n g, and a practical skills topic (w w w. c r i m e re d u c t i o n . g ov. u k / s k i l l s 0 1 . h t m) where visitors can develop a basic understanding of tools and theories like the Conjunction of Criminal Opportunity framework and Routine Activity Theory.

Crime Reduction Discussion Forum
One of the most popular and va l u able areas of the site is the Discussion Fo ru m (w w w. c r i m e re d u c t i o n . g ov. u k / d i s c u s _ i n d e x . h t m) . The Fo rum is used by practitioners to e x change ideas and experience and to ask questions about particular pro blems in their are a . You’ll need a username and password to get in, obtained by filling-in a simple 4-question form at the above address.You’ll receive your password within 2 working days. An example of a recent discussion is included below to give you a flavour of what to expect. Note that full names and contact details for all contri butors are given on the live site. Play/Skate Areas Q. I have been asked to provide some
general advice on the siting of a skateboard park/area. I am of the view that it should be close to natural surveillance, but not so close to dwellings and the like to cause a nuisance, the cleft stick syndrome I think its called. Can anyone proffer advice/good practice, examples of when it has gone right and on the contrary horribly wrong! Much appreciated can be contacted via e-mail Dave

A2. I am a rep on our local skate alliance,
which is mainly run by 15-16 year old young people. Although we only have a small skate park at the moment, we are always raising cash to improve. We have had some teething problems, which include us having to cut down a hedge to make the park more visible and remove a big bank, which attracted lots of litter. We also had a problem of slightly older, young people, drinking and making a real mess of the park. We addressed this by talking to the group and getting them involved with the skate project. We are also in the process of getting a young people’s shelter, kind of like a bus shelter, so that the ramps can be used and the people watching have a place to go as well. One problem we have is that the ramps are open backed and rubbish gets caught under them, this also offers an ideal hiding space for anything or any one!! Hope this of some use, please let me know

how you are getting on and perhaps you might have some ideas for us. Rob

A1. I’ve also been looking into this in partnership with our LA. The best example we were told about was at Chippenham in Wiltshire. A large site has been opened on our area at Yate, but as yet, touch wood, there have been no crime problems. There have also been no complaints, other than the large numbers using it, which means the police officers can’t have a go! Kevin

A3. North Devon District Council is supporting a number of skate parks with in the district. The two areas of concern have been a) Ensure all graffiti etc is cleaned first in immediate area and maybe coat close proximity buildings/walls with an anti graffiti substance b) The ramps etc be made of concrete as opposed to wood/metal as the noise will be substantially reduced. Response from Originator. Thanks to
everyone who has participated in this thread, I will use the info in due course and if anything really useful comes up, I will share. Diloch yn fawr. Dave

If any of you have any ideas or comments about the website, please contact us direct, on 01347 825064 or fill in a feedback form on

www.crimereduction.gov.uk

The positive and open attitude of members to date has made the Fo rum one of the most useful and successful facilities ava i l able to practitioners online. For those of you who are a l re a dy members, we tip our hats to yo u . Thanks and keep up the good wo r k . For those of you who are n ’t . . .W h at are you waiting for? Other countries have found the website a useful model and a recent visit to Easingwo l d by members of the Danish Crime Prevention Council has helped fo rge intern ational links. Our Danish colleagues came to discuss how the website was set up and what lessons we had l e a rned from the experi e n c e. We have also offe red help and support to the European Cri m e P revention Network (EU CPN) as it starts the process of setting up a European know l e d g e base on its portal website to exchange crime prevention info rm at i o n . EU CPN regards the Crime Reduction website as a model of good practice and Jaap de Waard, Secretary of EU CPN will be visiting us in January.

8

College News

January 2002

An evaluation of the impact of Crimestoppers
Home Office Briefing Paper 10/01
C rimestoppers provides fre e, a n o ny m o u s telephone access to police services acro s s 29 regions of the British Isles. To eva l u at e its effe c t i ve n e s s , this study, p u blished in N ovember 2001, a n a lyses both n at i o n a l d ata and i nfo rm at ion from thre e C rimestoppers re g i o n s. It assesses the c o n t ri bution of Cr imestoppers t o the d e t e c t i o n , i nve s t i g ation and prosecution of c ri m e s , attempts to quantify t he inputs, outputs, outcomes and cost effectiveness of the sch e m e, and identifies areas where the p e r fo rmance of Crimestoppers might be improved. • In financial terms, Crimestoppers appears to yield benefits at least equal to and possibly well in excess of its cost.

Impact of Crimestoppers • The study found that Crimestoppers’ own figures for effectiveness underestimate their actual wo rt h . • From the half a million calls received in 2000, at least 17% of the calls on which action was taken resulted in an arrest, charge or caution. • In addition, Crimestoppers was responsible for the recovery of at least £3,773,616 worth of stolen pro p e rt y.

Recommendations for improving Crimestoppers • The amount of corroborative research undertaken before info rm ation from Crimestoppers calls is passed onto an investigating officer should be increased. • There should be more feedback from investigating officers to the Crimestoppers units. • E f fo rts should be made to increase the numbers of calls to Crimestoppers that are answered by an officer.
The full briefing paper can be viewed at:

www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/prgpdfs/ brf1001.pdf or obtained from the Home Office
Research Development and Statistics Directorate, Communications Development Unit, Room 275, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT. Fax: 020 7222 0211.

Restorative Justice: Ideas, Values, Debates
Gerry Johnstone

R e s t o r at i ve Justice is one of the most talked about developments in the field of crime and justice. Its proponents argue that punishment, society’s customary response to crime, neither meets the needs of the victims nor prevents re o f fe n d i n g. In its place should be re s t o r at i ve j u s t i c e, in which families and communities of offenders encourage them to take responsibility for the consequences of their actions, e x p ress repentance and repair the harm they have done. R e s t o r at i ve justice also emphasises the re i n t e g r ation of offenders into commu n i t i e s , r ather than control thro u g h strategies of punishment and exclusion. Despite the attention it has attracted, the phenomenon of re s t o r at i ve justice is little understood and there is often confusion as to what is meant by it. The main aim of this book is to meet the need for a clear and accessible i n t roduction to the ideas and values underlying re s t o r at i ve justice and to the d eb ates which are taking place around it. Gerry Johnstone is Senior Lecturer in Law at the University of Hull and Research Director of the University of Hull Law School.
Copies of the book can be obtained, priced £16.99, from Willan Publishing, Culmott House, Mill Street, Uffculme, Cullompton, Devon EX15 3AT. Tel: 01844 840337 e-mail: info@willanpublishing.co.uk

January 2002

Active Communities

9

An Exploratory Evaluation of Re s t o ra t i ve Justice Schemes
Home Office Crime Reduction Research Series Paper 9
This report represents the results of a 15-month study of the effe c t i ve n e s s of re s t o r at i ve j ustice sc h e m e s conducted between July 1999 and November 2000. The research was commissioned unde r the Cr i m e Reduction Pro g r a m m e, aimed at discove ring what works in reducing cr i m e and re-offending. Chapters in the publication cover: restorative justice: definitions, theory and practice the seven schemes covered in the research study victim and offender impact outcomes cost effectiveness of the schemes conclusion and recommendations. • • • • • •

The study produced inte re s t i n g findings on the impact and cost effe ct i veness of re s t o r at i ve justice. It also p rovides some important pointers for the next stage of this work.

An International Review of Restorative Justice
Home Office Crime Reduction Series Paper 10
This rev i ew provides an ove rv i ew of the position and use of re s t o r at i ve j ustice p rogrammes in twe l ve European juri s d i ct i o n s , t ogether with summar ises and examples of program mes in Au s t r a l i a , Canada, New Zealand and the United States of A m e ri c a . In each case the rev i ew summaries the p rovision of re s t o r at i ve justice under fo u r thematic headings: • legal base • scope • implementation • evaluation. The rev i ew compares and contrasts the p rincipal fe at u res of these themes and in doing so draws some lessons of good practice in restorative justice provision. The re p o rt will be of value to t hose who wish to seek an understanding of re s t o r at i ve justice provision in Europe in p a rt i c u l a r, and more generally in a wider i n t e rn ational context. Both the detailed accoun ts and the eva l u at i ve summary within this re p o rt will enable readers to c o m p a re that provision with their ow n understanding of the theory of re s t o r at i ve justice and its practice in England and Wales.

Copies of these research studies are available from Research Development and Statistics Directorate, Communications Development Unit, Room 201, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT. Tel: 020 7273 2084 e-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk and can also be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website at:

www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/crimreducpubs1.html

10

Active Communities

January 2002

Crime Stories: A guide to communications strategies for community safety p a rt n e r s h i p s
NACRO

This guide has been wr itten to help community safety specialists and crime re d u c t i o n partnerships to understand: • why communication is important • what a communications strategy should include • how to develop and implement a communications strategy. It aims to help partnerships draw together the commu n i c ations expertise of part n e r agencies for the maximum advantage of the partnership, and subsequently to implement the most effective communications strategy possible.

Friends or Strangers? Faith Communities and Community Safety
NACRO

S t at u t o ry guidance l ays a duty on communi ty safety par tnerships to invo l ve fa i t h communities in their work. This briefing paper, which has been written both for community safety professionals and members of faith communities, sets out: • the advantages to both sides of closer engagement • the effects of crime on faith communities and how they work to reduce crime • a strategy for involvement, including ground rules and practical steps. It explains the practical reasons for partnerships and faith communities to work together on community safety, some of which include: • faith communities are both victims of and responders to crime • faith communities have access to networks and resources that can build safer communities • faith communities include people who community safety partnerships may often find it difficult to reach and contact • proper preparation and sensitive involvement can bring dividends.
Copies of both of these briefings are available from NACRO Crime and Social Policy Section, 237 Queenstown Road, London SW8 3NP. Tel: 020 7501 0555 fax: 020 7501 0556 or viewed on their website at: www.nacro. o rg.uk/templates/publications/briefingListing.cfm

January 2002

Active Communities

11

New beginnings: a practical guide to setting up a Community Parenting Scheme
South Side Family Project/Crime Concern

The South Side Family Pro j e c t is a c o m munity-based project which re c ru i t s and trains local parents to offer counselling and befriending support to other pare n t s who are exper iencing a range of fa m i ly p ro blems and diffi c u l t i e s. The pro j e c t ’s D i re c t o r, Penny McKissock, has written this guide for other groups thinking of setting up a Com munity Pa renting Scheme in their area. The guide looks at some of the key issues and info rm ation needed to set up a parenting scheme, including sample letters, job descr i p t i o n , c h e cklists and codes of p r a c t i c e. It explains the need for pare n t i n g s u p p o rt , d r awing on previous re s e a r ch and giving br ief examples of suppor t wo r k within the South Side Family Project itself.

New Beginnings looks at project needs, developing a project plan, fundraising, staff recruitment, training and appraisal, re fe rr a l systems for parents in need of support and m o n i t o ring and eva l u at i o n . A p p e n d i c e s include the policies and code of ethics that the South Side Fa m i ly Project has in place t hese incl ude confi d e n t i a l i t y, ch i l d p ro t e c t i o n , c ap ab i l i t y, d i s c i p l i n a ry, h e a l t h and safe t y, and gri evance policy as well as staff contracts.
Copies of the guide can be obtained from Crime Concern, Beaver House, 147-150 Victoria Road, Swindon SN1 3UY. Tel: 01793 863500. An electronic version can also be downloaded from the Crime Concern website:

www.crimeconcern.org.uk

12

Active Communities

January 2002

Anti-Social Behaviour Orders
The total number of Anti-social Behaviour Orders(ASBOs) issued by the courts has now reached 466 over the period April 1999 to September 2001. O f ficial statistics on the number of ASBOs granted are based on quart e r ly re t u rns fro m Magistrates Courts Committees. A review identified an undercount and a reconciliation exercise undertaken by the Home Office with police, then identified an additional 122 additional ASBOs to those reported by Magistrates Courts Committees for the period to June 2001. A further 62 Orders were taken out in the most recent quarter from July to September 2001. The take up of ASBOs varies greatly across police force areas, although 39 of the 43 police forces in England and Wales have now applied for and been granted Orders. Avon and Somerset, West Mercia and West Midlands Police force areas have the highest levels of ASBOs, taking into account their population. A table listing the number of ASBOs granted by police force area has been published on the Crime Reduction Website at: www.crimereduction.gov.uk/asbos2.htm
A review of the operation and effectiveness of ASBOs is being conducted and its findings are due to be published early in 2002.

Trouble!
West Midlands Police

Designed by West Midl ands Police and Coventry Support and Advisory Service, this p roject aims to tackle the issues of antisocial behaviour and promote good citizenship among young people. It has also re c e i ved the support of the Educat i o n D e p a r tment and now appears in t he n ational guidelines for schools in Citizenship and PSHE (Personal Social Health Education). Also known as ‘Tro u b l e !’ the gam e consists of three elements. • The first set of material is a social behaviour game for young children between four and six years old using Big Books in Literacy Hour. The books aim to promote social skills so that children become less impulsive and are able to deal with choices and anti-social behaviour in a positive way. • M at e rial aimed at 7-9 year olds is titled ‘Jez and the Tag’. This is the first in a series of stories for young people, which explore social behaviour issues and juvenile crime. This particular story focuses on the issues of graffiti and peer pressure, also included in the t e a ch e r ’s notes is an option of exploring street ro bb e ry. Although recent figures show that victims of street ro bb e ry appear to be between the ages of 11 and 16 years old, it was felt important to raise this issue and

educate children about the effects and consequences of this crime as early as seven years old. With this in mind a fully illustrated class ‘work mat’ has been designed. It is in comic strip fo rm at and includes the same characters as the previous story. However, this time Jez experiences t ro u ble of a different kind when he becomes a victim of ro bb e ry - the class are then invited to take part in active discussion exploring the issues of anti-social behaviour and personal safety in an interesting and non-confrontational way. The third part of the project is the social behaviour game for 9-17 ye a r o l d s. T h e re are over 120 diffe re n t s c e n a rios cove ring eve ry possibl e s i t u ation in which young people can find themselve s. S i t u ations cover issues re l ating to anti-social behaviour or personal safe t y. E a c h situation is p resent ed with a c hoice of actions p o s i t i ve actions are re i n forced by a system of point scoring.

Trouble! is available for schools and police forces across the country, priced £65 plus £14 packaging and post from West Midlands Police. For further information contact Nicky Warner, Education Materials Officer, Tel: 0121 626 5328.

January 2002

Anti-Social Behaviour/Disorder

13

A Burning Faith? - video
Merseyside Fire Service/Merseyside Police/National Churchwatch

L a u n ched nat i o n a l ly in October 2001, A Burning Fa i t h ? is a video aimed at tackling fi re in all places of wo r s h i p. Whether a fi re is caused accidentally or by arson, the fi n a n c i a l , s o c i a l , religious and human cost is high. A fire can quickly destroy a building that may have historic or architectural importance and statues or relics with no intrinsic value may be priceless in ter ms of their religious or arc h i val signifi c a n c e. E ven a sm all fi re can inter r upt religious activities. The video provides info rm ation on fire, arson, crime prevention in all places of worship, s p e c i fi c a l ly looking at the effects a fire has on a faith community, risk assessment, models of good practice and who to turn to for help. It is supported by the booklet, S e c u rity of Places of Worship which looks at the issues in more depth. Included in the pack are fi re and cri m e risk assessment sheets to aid the process of risk assessment. The video is aimed at individual faith leaders re s p o n s i ble for their places of wo r s h i p, those with estate level responsibility for pro p e rt i e s , c o m munity officers in both fi re and c o m munity safety re s p o n s i ble for giving training, a dvice and working with young people, and officers with responsibility for arson and crime prevention. The full pack age - video, booklet and risk assessment sheets - costs £10 including post and packaging. Other fo rm ats containing some foreign languages will be available in the near future - contact those to the left for details.

Burglary
By Rob I Mawby

This book, published by Willan publishing, g i ves an accessible and systematic account of bu rg l a ry by analysing and identifying the particular c h a r a c t e ri s t i c s , and t he impact of burglary, as well as drawing upon an extensive range of re s e a r ch in both the UK and elsew h e re. It wil l be essential reading for students of cr iminology and c riminal justice, practitioners in policing and crime prevention, and others who have a concer n with bu rg l a ry, it s impact and prevention. In the first main section of this book, t he author, Rob M aw by, focuses on t he ways in whic h victims of bu rg l a ry are affected and the l ong ter m impacts that t his c rime can have. He then goes on to consider re p e at victimis ation and why some victims a re more susceptible to re p e at bu rg l a ry than others. He then c o n t i nues by focusing on the bu rglars themselves - who they a re ; their associates and the p a r t drugs play in the cri m e s that they commit, as well as the targets they choose.

The second half of the book looks at the policy responses to bu rg l a ry and analyses the various approaches to burglary re d u c t i o n . The book identifies key case studies and the lessons that can be draw n f rom these, together with how the police and other agencies address the needs of the victims of bu rg l a ry and how effective these h ave been. Additi onal topics cove re d include the ch a r a c t e ristics of commercial bu rg l a ry and pat t e rns of detection and sentencing. Rob Maw by is Pro fessor of C r iminology and Director of the C o m munity Research Centre, U n i versity of P ly m o u t h . He has written at length in the field of criminology and policing, and is i nvo l ved in policy initiat i ves re l ating to burglary at local, national and international level.
Copies of this book can be obtained, priced £16.99 from Willan Publishing, Culmcott House, Mill Street, Cullompton, Devon EX15 3AT Tel: 01884 840337 fax: 01884 840251 e-mail: info@willanpublishing.co.uk.

14

Arson/Burglary

January 2002

Home Security an introduction to domestic surveying - Update
What is it? Home Security - an introduction to domestic surveying is a compre h e n s i ve, easy to use training pack ag e, w h i ch includes an interactive CD-ROM with a handy sized booklet contained within a sturdy poly u rethane case. Users learn how to carry out cri m e prevention surveys on domestic properties. This pack age has been designed for non-specialists who have no p revious experience of crime prevention but will also prove useful fo r everyone, no matter what level of knowledge or experience they have. How is it going so far? We have alre a dy re c e i ved over three thousand requests for the pack ag e, from as far afield as, Lithuania, Australia, Estonia and A m e ri c a . We are still receiving about twe n t y - fi ve re quests per we e k , and the Housing C o rp o r ation is distr i buting over two thousand pack ages to al l of its member associations in the UK. Who is using ‘Home Security’? The pack age has been written so that it can be used by any b o dy, no matter what cri m e prevention experience they have, and requests for copies have been from: • Police • Housing Associations • Local Authorities • Armed Forces • I n t e rn ational organisations • Neighbourhood Watch • Voluntary Organisations
The CD can be copied onto the hard disk of a computer or run over an intranet, and we estimate that there are currently over six thousand people using the package. The Housing Corp o r ation funds and re g u l ates housing associations (also known as R e g i s t e red Social Landlords (RSLs)) which now own and manage about one and a half million homes across England. As part of its aim to continue to improve the quality of life of the residents and the management provided by the housing associations, the Corporation has arranged for the package to be sent to all the associations.

What do people think of Home Security? E ve ry package includes an evaluation sheet. Responses so far have been very good. Comments include that it is: • easy to use • the learning points are clearly explained and illustrated making them easy to understand • the fo rm at of the package allows users to work through it at a pace which is right for them.
After completing the package people feel confident that they have the necessary skills to undertake a domestic survey.

Where can I get Home Security an introduction to domestic surveying?
This training package is available free of charge, however there is a charge of £3.50 (each)* to cover postage and packing. To get your copy please write to: Training Resource Solutions, Home Office Crime Reduction College, The Hawkhills, Easingwold, York YO61 3EG Tel: 01347 825079 fax: 01347 825096 e-mail: trs@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk Please enclose a cheque made payable to ‘The Accounting Officer, Home Office’ with your order.

*This package can be loaded onto any number of computers or onto a network for multiple users.

January 2002

Burglary

15

Second-hand Dealers Thumbprint Scheme
Norfolk Constabulary

As part of t heir on-going bu rg l a ry reduct ion init iat i ve “ O p e r ation Eag l e ” , Norfolk Constabulary has introduced a new s ch e m e. Dealers in second-hand pro p e rt y a re now being invited to par t i c i p ate in c r im e reduction by requesting a t h u m b p rint from anyone selling them p ro p e rt y. The scheme aims to deter persons from sel ling stolen goods and to assist in t he i d e n t i fi c ation of stolen pro p e rty if sold on. Twenty-two local dealers of the twenty-five in the area have joined the sch e m e ; t h e s e include paw n b ro ke r s , j ewe l l e r s , a n t i q u e s dealers and general second hand goods s h o p s. The provision of the thumbprint is

vo l u n t a ry and guidelines have been issued to make those giving their print awa re of its use and of their rights. D u ring the first t wo weeks of o p e r ation the scheme has identified thre e offenders. Funding for the scheme has been found intern a l ly within force until the end of the ye a r, but it is hoped to be able to c o n t i nue the scheme by finding altern at i ve funding.

“Stop, Chain Check!”
Home Office

The Home Office has launched a new national publicity campaign to protect vulnerabl e, older people from becoming victims of bogus callers. The message of the campaign, w h i ch features ‘One Foot in the Grave’ star Annette Crosbie, is “Stop, Chain Check!” and involves the production of a video to emphasise this message. Bogus callers target older people - the average age of victims is 81 and 60% are women, with the vast majority living alone. Ty p i c a l ly, bogus callers con people out of cash and va l u abl e s , and whilst the loss of these items is distre s s i n g, often the stress of such an at t a ck has the greatest impact. This can lead to a significant blow to the victim’s confidence and may account for deterioration in their overall health. In addition to the campaign, Home Office Minister John Denham has launched a Guide to prevent potential victims from falling prey to doorstep fraudsters, together with a To o l k i t containing expert advice, videos and useful gadgets designed by the Home Office Distraction B u rg l a ry Ta s k force t o help people feel safer in their homes. The To o l k i t is designed for practitioners, and is available from the Home Office.
For copies of the Guide and Toolkit contact the Home Office Distraction Burglary Taskforce Tel: 020 7271 8390 or 020 7271 8391

16

Burglary

January 2002

Business Crime Crackdown exhibition
Warwickshire Police

A decision to offer a small local altern at i ve to regional security exhibitions was endorsed by the high level of attendance at a North Warwickshire security event. A round 90 business re p re s e n t at i ves attended the event which gave them access to s e c u rity products and concepts to help their bu s i n e s s e s , e s p e c i a l ly those that had suffe red a crime in the last 3 months. A local hotel gave the ve nue at no cost and secur ity companies d o n ated products for a prize draw, as well as d e m o n s t r ating the value of added securi t y. T h e Col eshill Business Action Group managed to boost its membership on the day. T h e re are plans to re p e at the event in other a re a s , as businesses seemed pre p a red to spare some time to attend a local awareness event.

CCTV Leaflets
Metropolitan Police

The Metropolitan Po l i c e h ave re c e n t ly publ i s h e d t wo leafl ets in a s s o c i ation with the London Borough of Ealing on the effe c t i ve use and operation of CCTV systems. The first leaflet ent itl ed Pr i vate and Commer cial CC T V Systems in the Lo n d o n B o rough of Ealing wa s compil ed to give local bu s i n e s s e s , licensed p remises and sch o o l s , i n fo rm ation on how to m a ke the best use of their CCTV systems. I t o f fers advice on a ch i eving effe c t i ve and c re d i ble video tap e d ev i d e n c e, highlights the recommended minimum re q u i rements to comply with the Data Pro t e c t i o n Act 1998, as well as good practi ce and

p ro c e d u res in line with ACPO guidelines. The leaflet was developed in order to meet the need to improve the fre q u e n t ly poor quality of evidence provided to the police by local pr i vate and commercial CCTV systems. The advice is now also being taken in to account by the Licensing Au t h o ri t i e s when licensing premises. The second leaflet CC TV “making a d i f f e rence together” is a publ i c i n fo rm ation le af let , w h i c h has been p roduced to offer info rm ation and clari fication on CCTV and what it is used for. The leaflet goes on to explain about the right to p ri va c y, and the use an d storage of v i d e o t ap e s , and gives contact s for more i n fo rm at i o n .

January 2002

Business Crime/CCTV

17

May the Force Be With You
Tynedale Council

The Chairman of the Northumbria Police Authority, Councillor George Gill, has launched a new community safety initiative in the Tyne Valley, which features the use of a new fibre optic link p roviding 24 hour monitoring of CCTV cameras in the town of Prudhoe near Ty n e s i d e. A £45,000 award from the Home Office CCTV Initiative has funded the new link from the seven camera Prudhoe town centre CCTV scheme to the recently upgraded control room at Hexham police stat i o n . Round the clock monitoring of the Prudhoe CCTV cameras is now possibl e instead of the 16 hours per day, which was previously undertaken by frontline front office staff at Prudhoe police station. The annual fibre optic costs will be met jointly by Prudhoe Town Council, Tynedale Council and Northumbria Police Authority and the extra security that will be provided by the cameras will give an increased peace of mind for town centre premises and residents in the area.

Aide Memoire for Public Space Surveillance: Human Rights Act and Data Protection Act 1998 Compliant - Making PLANS for CCTV
Although the Force Crime Preventi on Officers Confe rence had t o be cancelled, t h e c o n fe rence core business continu e s. Pa rt of the confe rence schedule was for ACC Graeme G e rr a r d , the Chair of the ACPO Public Space CCTV Sub Group to launch in partnership with the Crime Reduction College and his Sub Group, the CCTV aide memoire, ‘Making PLANS for C C T V ’ . This aide memoire incorp o r ates the Human Rights and Data Protection Acts re q u i rements for legal operation of CCTV within the public domain. ‘Making PLA NS for CC TV’ has been in development for over a ye a r. It combines both the legislation and procedures required for compliant use of CCTV in public space. It uses the D ata Protection Act (DPA) and Human Rights Act (HRA) 1998 as source documents. It is additionally supplemented by other, previously published, support articles concerning public space surveill ance operat i o n , w h i ch are ava i l able on the crime reduction web sit e www.crimereduction.gov.uk. D u ring the past year this aide memoire has been circulated widely for consultat i o n ; some of the agencies involved in this consultation were: • Information Commissioner • Local Government Association (LGA) • Police Scientific Development Branch (PSDB) • Force Crime Prevention Officers (FCPO) As a re s u l t , the aide memoire has been designed to re p resent all the interests of the consultees, t h e re fo re enabling it to be clear, logical and easy to comprehend. ACC Gerrard within his role as Chair of the CCTV Sub Group acknowledges the need for police officers to take full account of both the Human Rights and Data Protection A c t l e g i s l at i o n , whilst conducting and gat h e ring evidence from CCTV in public space. He also appreciates the requirement for consistency of practice and procedure when both advo c at i n g, and using CCTV. Mr Gerrard stated ‘this aide memoire goes a long way in providing the most current and consistent advice for police when advising upon CCTV public space use’. ‘Making PLA NS for CC TV’ is suitable for Crime Prevention Officers and A r ch i t e c t u r a l Liaison Officers and for other relevant users of CCTV (those needing to comply with HRA) in the crime reduction field. The aide me moire is A4 size and can be photocopied for distri bu t i o n . It can be downloaded from the Crime Reduction Website: www.crimereduction.gov.uk/cctv24.htm Hard copies can be obtained from the Info rm ation Team at Home Office Crime Reduction College on 01347 825065.
Sharon Williams, Home Office Crime Reduction College

18

CCTV

January 2002

ACPO Crime Prevention Initiatives Update
SBD Newsletter - 2nd edition.

ACPO CPI has published the second issue of the Secured by Design Focus newsletter. This issue includes winners of a student design against crime poster competition, m o re local authorities identifying Secure d by Design in their planning pro c e s s e s , a n d h ow SBD principles have been applied to railway stations. S t o cks have been issued to all A r chitectural Liaison Officers and individual copies have also been sent to those who registered an interest on the SBD

web site. The newsletter can also be viewe d and printed from the Secured by Design website at: www.securedbydesign.com. If you have any difficulties in obtaining a copy, you should contact your local A L O or ACPO CPI dire c t . The next edition is due out in spr ing 2002, and any articles and photos for inclusion should be fo r wa r d e d t o : ACPO CPI, 25 Vi c t o ria Stre e t , L o n d o n SW1H 0EX or via e-mail at : acpocpi@acpo.police.uk Secured Car Parks goes from strength

to strength. The administration of the Secured Car Parks p roject has been taken over by the Bri t i s h Parking A s s o c i ation (BPA ) , based at H ay wards Heat h , West Sussex. The BPA has over 500 member car park operators and re p resents the industry at gove rnment and local authority level. Barry Cowing remains as manag e r, and the contact telephone numbers are:
Administration BPA 01444 447314 Fax: 01444 454105 Manager Barry Cowing 07786 973100 North West John Wainscott 07786973102 Midlands & Alan Jones South Wales 07786 973103 South East Mike Bibby 07786 973104 Scotland Ms Terri Cartey 07786 973106

Key to this new phase of the ve n t u re has been the award of grants by the Home O f fice and the Scottish Exe c u t i ve to assist with operating costs until April 2002. O ve r 900 car parks are re g i s t e red an d t he reductions in car crime ach i eved to dat e f u l ly justify the inclusion of the project in the government car crime strategy. Soon to be launched is a dedicat e d I n t e rnet site www. s e c u re d c a rp a r k s. c o m This follows agreement with John McGlynn of Airlink Parking Glasgow, who will ru n the site and fe at u re all member car parks, together with details of how to get to each car park. Details of ‘on screen’ facilities will be announced later when the site goes live.
Alan McInnes, General Manager, ACPO CPI Ltd

January 2002

Designing Out Crime

19

Better Places to Live by design: a companion guide to PPG3
Department for Transport Local Government and the Regions (DTLR)

The published document can be obtained from Thomas Telford Publishing, Tel: 020 7665 2462, price £21.95 including P&P . ISBN 0727730371.

This guide is available on the DTLR’s planning website at: www.planning.dtlr.gov.uk/betrplac/ index.htm It was published in September 2001 as guidance to Planning Policy Guidance Note 3 ( P P G 3 ) : H o u s i n g, w h i ch covers housing o p p o rt unity and ch o i c e, maintaining a s u p p ly of housing, c re ating sustainabl e residential env i ronments and monitori n g and evaluation.

The new companion guidance contains re fe rences to case studies and examples of housing design, c ove ring context, l ayo u t and fo rm , space in and around the home, and movement framewo r k s. Of interest to A L O s / C P DAs is the re fe rence to alley way s that can “raise serious concerns in terms of safety and security”.

Designing Out Crime Association Annual General Meeting
The second annual general meeting of t he Designing Out Crime A s s o c i a t i o n(DOCA) took place at Nort h a m p t o n s h i re Police Headquarters on the 30th October 2001. O ver 50 members and invited guests from l ocal authorities within Northamptonshire attended the meeting. Professor Gloria Laycock from The Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science gave a talk on designing out crime and ‘the bigger picture ’ , w h i ch included info rm ation on pro d u c t design, how the future could be anticipated and ‘The Tipping Point’. Professor Mi ke Pre s s and Professor Rachel Cooper f rom The Design Council expanded further on the theme of product design, and the importance of reducing the o p p o rt unity to commi t cr i m e, w h i ch turned out to be both an i n fo rm at i ve and amusing session. The afternoon was spent with t wo deb at e s. Dr Paul Coze n s f ro m the University of Glamorgan led a workshop on ‘Defensible Space: Fact or Fiction’ and John HarringtonLynn p rovided va l u able details on building re g u l at i o n s. DOCA wo u l d l i ke to thank eve ryone who c o n t ri buted to make it such a successful day under the skilful o rg a n i s ation of S h a ron Henley o f Northamptonshire Police. DOCA are continuing to expand with over 80 members from all pro fessions connected to designing out crime. They are also assisting ACPO CPI and the ACPO Technical Committee with the arrangements for the 2002 ALO/CPDA conference in Blackpool.

20

Designing out Crime

January 2002

International Conference on Safety and Crime Prevention by Urban Design
Metropolitan Police

The Catalonian Police School o rganised and played host to a confe rence on safety and c rime prevention by urban design on 8 & 9th November last ye a r, w h i ch attracted delegat e s f rom thirteen countries across the globe. D e l e g ates came from a wide range of associat e d p ro fessions including police, CPTED researchers, a r ch i t e c t s , urban planners and local admini s t r at o r s. The confe rence was opened by Mr Amadeu Recasens, D i rector of the Police Sch o o l of Catalonia, and the aim of the two days was to analyse the problems related to safety and crime prevention in the urban design, and to contrast different working practices from participating countries. S p e a kers included Dr Tim Pa s c o e BRE who discussed re s e a r ch into CPTED and M r Paul van Soomere n DSP who provided details on re s e a r c h done in the Netherlands and examples of CPTED in practice. Of more interest to police practitioners in the UK we re the pre s e n t ations highlighting the ap p ro a ch to designing out crime in the Netherlands, Italy, G e rm a ny and Chile.

...the national burglary rate has seen a drop from 120,000 offences The Netherlands - Insp Theo Hesselman, Netherlands National Police Institute to its present Mr Hesselman gave an update of ‘ Police Label Secured Housing’, the Dutch e q u i valent of Secured by Design. Since its inception in 1997, the national bu rg l a ry r ate has seen a drop from 120,000 offences to its present estimated rate of 86,000 e s t i m ated rate of o f fences in 2000. The cost of these offences was estimated to be in the region of £2 billion Euro per annu m . The risk rate for Police Label Housing has been calculated at 86,000 offences in 0.03% compared to 7% for housing with no extra security measures. The Police Label has now been extended to refurbishment projects and secure neighbourhoods, a n d 2 0 0 0 . The cost of results since 1997 have been: • 220,000 residential certificates awarded these offences was • 32,000 new build projects awarded certification • 95% reduction in the risk of burglary in secured dwellings. estimated to be in the region of £2 Italy - Mr Massimo Bricocoli, Politecnico de Milano The concept of designing out crime had until ve ry re c e n t ly been unheard of within the city of Milan. In recent times the cities of Milan and Tu rin have seen new billion Euro per ap p ro a ches to policing and designing out crime. Studies were carried out, and it was decided that the cities should be divided into re c o g n i s able “ n e i g h b o u r h o o d s ” a n d annum.

t h at “ Vigili di quart i e re ” (neighbourhood police ) should be selected to work as a “local bobby ” in these are a s. The local police would then become a link between the residents of the neighbourhoods and then the planners, architects etc. The subsequent interaction between the residents and the authorities led to the sharing of info rm ation and thoughts on how the quality of life could be improved in some of the worst areas of the cities. The idea of this sharing of knowledge had previously been unheard of. As a result of this new re l at i o n s h i p, it has been possible to make drastic changes to the troubled area. A sense of community has been established and there is now a newfound pride in these places. Many environmental changes adhering to the principles of CPTED have been made to great effect.

January 2002

Designing Out Crime

21

New Drug Abstinence Community Sentences Pilots
Home Office

C o u rt s in three areas of Hack n ey, Nott ingham and Staf fo r d s h i re have new p owers to help drug users stay off dr u g s using two new tools, beginning pilots in N ovember 2001. Under the sch e m e, t h e s e c o u r ts will be able to impose a Dr u g Abstinence Order (DAO) which re q u i re s the offender to abstain from misusing h e roin and crack / c o c a i n e, and to underg o regular drug testing supervised by qualified p ro b ation staff. A Dr ug A b s t i n e n c e R e q u i rement (DAR) places the same o bl i g ation upon the offender and will be attached to existing community sentences. These new powers ap p ly to offe n d e r s aged over 18 who have committed ‘ t ri g g e r o f fe n c e s ’ w h e re the misuse of the drug has caused or contributed to the crime - mainly o f fences of theft, bu rg l a ry, ro bb e ry and possession of Class A drugs. DAOs will be applied where the court b e l i eves the offender will benefit fro m continuous monitoring of their drug habit, but where their offending does not justify a ny other community order being used.

DARs will be one element of a mu l t i - p a rt community sentence. The orders can be made for a period of six months to three ye a r s , and offe n d e r s will be tested twice a week for the first 13 we e k s. H owever testing may be reduced to once per week aft er this peri o d . A n i n f ringement of the order will be c o n s i d e red to have taken place if two tests a re failed within any six-week peri o d , a n d an offender found in bre a ch of the term s will be re t u rned to court and can be re sentenced for the original offence. The new DAOs/DARs will be subject to a full eva l u ation to determine their impact on the reduction of drug misuse and a s s o c i ated offe n d i n g, with a v iew to national roll out as widely and as quickly as possible.

Lets Get Real: Communicating with the public about drugs
Drugs Prevention Advisory Service (DPAS)

This re p o r t by the Dr ugs Preve n t i o n A dv i s o ry Service (DPAS) expl ores how d rugs issues could be commu n i c ated more e f fe c t i ve ly to the publ i c, and will be of i n t e rest to Gove rnment departments and s t at u t o ry and non-stat u t o ry org a n i s at i o n s seeking to develop their own dr u g s c o m mu n i c ations in support of nat i o n a l drugs strategy objectives. The re p o rt seeks to identify common g round and evidence-based practice with c o n t ri but ions from several Gove rn m e n t d e p a rt m e n t s , vo l u n t a ry org a n i s at i o n s , academics and other ag e n c i e s. A C o m mu n i c ations A dv i s o r y Group wa s s p e c i fi c a l ly set up to examin e more e f fe c t i ve commu n i c ations to the public on the issue of dru g s , to increase know l e d g e

and raise awa reness of dr ugs and dr u g p ro blems in the community. Chapters in the report cover: • Mixed messages: why we need a National Strategy • Making it Happen - A ch i eving Effective Drugs Commu n i c at i o n s • Making it Happen - Co-ordinating the Strategy • B a ck g round Papers • Appendices cover young people’s views on drug issues and advantages and disadvantages of using different types of media for drugs communications.
Copies of the report can be obtained from DPAS distributors Tel: 0870 241 4680 or on the DPAS website: www.dpas.gov. u k

22

Drugs and Alcohol

January 2002

Drug misuse declared in 2000: key results from the British Crime Survey
Home Office Research Findings 149

The British Crime Survey (BCS) is a larg e scale household survey, m a i n ly of cri m e v i c t i m i s at i o n , re p re s e n t at i ve of the general p u blic in England and Wa l e s. O n e component of the survey focuses on selfre p o rted dr u g - t a k i n g. As the same s e l f - re p o rt process has been used in the 1 9 9 4 , 1 9 9 6 , 1998 and 2000 survey s , t h e ch anging pat t e rns of illicit drug use by people aged 16 to 59 can be examined. The t argets set in the Gove rn m e n t ’s a n t i - d rugs strategy are to reduce ‘last ye a r ’ and ‘last month’ Class A drug use among young people under 25 by 25% by 2005 and 50% by 2008. Class A dr ugs are t he most harmful dr ugs which carry t he s eve rest penalties for offences including possession and supply. Baseline fi g u res for the strategy we re p rovided by the 1998 survey. The results of the 2000 survey can now be used to assess init ial pro g ress in re l ation to hero i n , cocaine and Class A drug use among young people. These findings concentrate on those aged 16 to 24 but the overall picture covers a wider span of age ranges.

Changes since the 1994 sur vey • The proportion of 16 to 24 year-olds using any drug in the last year has remained stable at 29% for each of the four sweeps. Similar stability is seen with respect to both cannabis and Class A drugs, with 26% and 9% reporting use in the last year respectively. • Divergent trends were found for the 16 to 19 year-olds; their rate of overall drug use has fallen by a fifth from 34% in 1994 to 27% in 2000; cocaine use, however, has risen s i g n i fi c a n t ly from 1% in 1994 to 4% in 2000. Similarly, the proportion of 16 to 24 year-olds using cocaine in the last year rose significantly from 1% in 1994 t o 5% in 2000.
Copies of the report can be obtained from Research Development and Statistics Directorate, Communications Development Unit, Room 275, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT. Tel: 020 7273 2084 e-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk It can also be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website at:

Key points • While there have been some increases from 1998 (the baseline) to 2000 in h e ro i n , cocaine and all Class A drug use among 16 to 24 year-olds, these were not statistically significant. This suggests a broadly stable picture for use of these drugs by that age group. Drug use reported in the 2000 BCS • Around half of young people aged 16 to 24 have tried drugs at some point in their lives. • More recent use is lower at 29% for the last year and 18% for the last month. • Cannabis remains the most widely consumed drug in all age groups. Around 45% of 16 to 24 year-olds reported that they had tried cannabis at some point in their lives.

www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs/ r149.pdf
The Home Office has also produced a full Research Study Paper 224 on the same subject as this Research Finding. Entitled “Drug misuse declared in 2000: results from the British Crime Survey” it is also available from RDS at the above address or can be viewed and downloaded from the website at:

www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs/ hors224.pdf

January 2002

Drugs and Alcohol

23

Drug use and offending: summary results from the first year of the NEW- A DA M research pro g ra m m e
Home Office Research Findings 148

After two developmental phases, N ew English and Welsh A rrestee Drug A buse Monitori n g (NEW-ADAM) is now a national research programme of interviews and voluntary urine tests to establish the prevalence of drug use among arrestees (suspected offenders arrested by the police). This rolling programm e covers 16 locations in England and Wales and each dat a collection cycle lasts two ye a r s. Eight sites are visited in Year 1, fo l l owed by the re m a i n i n g eight sites in Year 2. The first eight sites are revisited in Year 3, and so on. S u m m a ry data are presented from the eight custody suites visited in the first year (1999-2000). This represents an interim baseline against which future pro g ress in the Gove rn m e n t ’s anti-drugs strat e g y will be monitore d . I n t e rv i ewed arrestees are also asked about their offending behav i o u r (focusing on acquisitive crime) enabling the relationship between drug use and certain types of criminal activity to be explored. The views expressed reflect Government policy.

Key points • Urine tests of arrestees revealed that 65% tested positive for one or more illegal drugs and 30% tested positive for two or more such substances. • 29% of arrestees tested positive for opiates (including heroin) and/or cocaine (including crack). A short-term drugs strategy aim is to reduce the proportion of arrestees testing positive for these drugs by at least three percentage points (to 26% for these eight sites) by 2001-02. • A longer-term aim of the anti-drug strategy is to reduce the levels of repeat offending among drug misusing offenders. 15% of the interviewed arrestees were repeat offenders, regularly using heroin and/or cocaine/crack. The target is to reduce the size of this group by 25% in 2005 and by 50% in 2008. • Average expenditure on drugs, by those who had used them in the last 12 months, was highest of all for those consuming both heroin and cocaine/crack, at £290 in the last seven days or £15,000 per year. This compared with £169 per week (around £9,000 per year) for all interviewed arrestees. • Users of both heroin and cocaine/crack represented just under a quarter of the arrestees i n t e rv i ewed, yet were responsible for more than three-fifths of the illegal income reported. On average their illegal income was around £15,000 per year - a similar amount to their expenditure on drugs. • 40% of arrestees who reported using illegal drugs in the last year acknowledged a link between their drug use and offending. Past year users of heroin and/or cocaine/crack were nearly twice as likely (78%) to acknowledge a link.
Copies of the report can be obtained from Research Development and Statistics Directorate, Communications Development Unit, Room 275, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT. Tel: 020 7273 2084 e-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk. It can also be viewed and downloaded form the Home Office Website at: www.homeoffice.gov. u k / rd s / p d f s / r 1 4 8 . p d f


24 Drugs and Alcohol

...rolling programme covers 16 locations in England and Wales and each data collection cycle lasts two years.

January 2002

Statistics from the Arrest Re f e r ra l Monitoring Programme from October 2000 to March 2001
Home Office Research Development and Statistics Directorate

This re p o rt provides summary info rm ation from the arrest re fe rral national monitori n g programme from October 2000 to March 2001, and is the second report in the series of data on arrestees interv i ewed by A rrest Refe rral Wo r kers (ARW ) . It reveals that many of the p ro bl e m atic drug users seen under the sch e m e, h ave either never been tre at e d , or are not currently engaged in any treatment for their addiction. D rug A rrest Refe rral Schemes curre n t ly operate in 41 police forces throughout the c o u n t ry, with the aim of encouraging pro blem dr ug users who are arre s t e d , t o take ap p ro p ri ate treatment or other effective programmes of help. They are entirely voluntary and all arrestees are made aware of the existence of the scheme on entry into custody. B ri e f ly the report states that: • more than 21,000 arrestees were interviewed by an arrest referral worker in England and Wales between October 2000 and March 2001 • 56% of arrestees were referred to a specialist drug treatment service, with more than half having never previously entered into drug treatment • early results show that between 20 and 25% of arrestees attended treatment • heroin was shown to be the most frequently used drug (56%) followed by cannabis (35%) and crack (22%) • average weekly expenditure on drugs was £266 with the main sources of income from social security benefits (64%) and/or shoplifting (38%) • 84% of arrestees had previous convictions. Offences committed by others on referral included shoplifting, drug dealing and burglary • the National Treatment Outcome Research Study (NTORS) indicates that for this scheme, of every £1 spent, £3 is saved in criminal justice expenditure.

Copies of this report are available from the Home Office Drugs & Alcohol Research Unit, Room 820, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT. Tel: 020 7273 4045 fax: 020 7273 4491. It can also be viewed and downloaded from the Drugs Prevention Advisory Service (DPAS) website at:

www.dpas.gov.uk/arrest_ referral_statistics.pdf

Rewind
Bushbury & Lowhill Neighbourhood Safety Project

Re w i n d is a local org a n i s ation that wo r k s in partnership with Cri me Concern ’s B u s h bu ry and Lowhill Neigh bourhood S a fety Pro j e c t , w h i ch in turn works with local residents and agencies in helping to reduce crime in the are a . It has been set up as a confidential ser vice offe ri n g c o u n s e l l i n g, d rug awa reness courses and self-help groups to drug addicts and their families. The project was offi c i a l ly launched on 13 November last year by Paul Betts, fat h e r of ecstasy victim Leah Betts, who has cam paigned for gre at er dru g educat i o n since the death of his dau ghter. A l s o l a u n ched was the pro j e c t ’s 24-hour confidential help line, w h i ch is adve rtised via posters posted in the area explaining what R ewind is about and the contact nu m b e r for help and advice.

The drug awa reness courses are aimed at both ch i l d ren and adults, and prov i d e i n fo rm ation and examples of the types of drugs that are often available, and the consequences and e f fect s of becom ing invo l ved in drug abuse. So far over 150 ch i l d ren ag e d b e t ween 7 and 13 years of age and 70 adults have taken par t in the courses. It is hoped that by Feb ru a ry, the courses will be ava i l abl e to the eight Neighbourh ood Wardens on t he e s t at e, and another sc hool in the area.

January 2002

Drugs and Alcohol

25

Crime displacement - the misunderstood issue?
West Yorkshire Police

Reduci ng the opportunity for cr i m e t h rough situational crime prevention has long had its cri t i c s. S i t u at ional cr i m e prevention aims to change the environment or setting that criminals operate within, s o t h at crime re q u i res more effo rt , m o re ri s k and produces lower rewa r d s. This ap p ro a ch has been cr iticised because it is said to m e re ly move (displace or deflect) cri m e through one of five recognised ways. If this we re tr u e, w h at would be the point in r unning cr im e preve n t i o n i n i t i at i ves if they simply moved a pro bl e m elsewhere? This is the subject of a recent dissert ation whic h aims to challenge what appears to be a widely held view within the police service at least, t h at crime is larg e ly displaced if crime prevention measures are t a ke n . It aims to show that re s e a r ch does not substantiate this claim and that perhaps the presum ption of displacement is a c o nvenient excuse to justify inaction, or a

p a n d e r ing to “common sense” w h e n previous research needs to be consulted? The rev i ew recognises a sixth fo rm of displacement which is often ove r l o o ked t h at of perp e t r ator displacement - and looks at the relationship between social and s i t u ational crime preve n t i o n , w h i ch have often been seen in competition.
For a copy of the dissertation (17 pages) either send a stamped addressed envelope to Stephen Town, ALO, Bradford Central Police Station, The Tyrls, Bradford, West Yorkshire BD1 1TR, or request via e-mail: ST138@westyorkshire.pnn.police.uk and he will attach a copy by return. Tel: 01274 373195. If you would like to join a discussion on this topic, please see the Discussion Forum on: www.crimereduction.gov.uk or write to the Editor of the Digest. We will provide an update in the next issue of the Digest in April 2002.

Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Bill
Home Office

On 13 November last ye a r, the Home Secre t a ry published a new Bill aimed at ensuring and balancing the security and freedoms of UK citizens in the wake of the September 11 terro ri s t at t a ck s. The Bill contains measures to cut off terro rist access t o funds, e n s u re better i n fo rm ation sharing between agencies, together with a host of other measures. The Bill briefly includes measures to: • Ensure law enforcement agencies have the powers and info rm ation needed to effectively combat global terro ri s m • Prevent terrorists from abusing our immigration and asylum procedures • Prevent people from capitalising on the events of September 11 to cause disorder and panic • Cut off terrorists from their funds • Strengthen current legislation relating to chemical, nuclear and biological weapons and ensure the protection and security of aviation and civil nuclear sites.
The full draft of the Bill, together with further information can be found on the Regulatory Impact Assessments Bill pages of the Home office Website at: www.homeoffice.gov.uk/oicd/antiterrorism/index.htm. Hard copies of the Bill are available from the Stationery Office price £14.50 ISBN 0215000404 Tel: 020 7276 5210.

26

General

January 2002

Community Safety Partnerships Briefing Papers
Crime Concern

C rime Concern and Nacro have produced a series of bri e fing papers aimed at commu n i t y safety partnerships as part of an ongoing three year ‘Partnership Support Programme’ backed by the Home Office. The range of publications focus on the key challenges facing partnerships, with some of the main topics from the series including: • Tackling domestic violence • Reducing neighbourhood crime • Setting and using targets • Keeping young people safe and out of trouble • Working with health services to reduce crime and disorder
These briefing papers are available free of charge from Crime Concern Tel: 01793 863500 or alternatively can be downloaded from the Internet at: www.crimeconcern.org.uk

Guildford Fear of Crime Survey - fear goes d ow n
Safer Guildford Partnership

The 2001 Fear of Crime Survey, c o m p a re d to an identical survey carried out in 1998, d e m o n s t r ates reductions in the fear of car c rime and house bu rg l a ry. This reflects the actual reductions that have been made in these crime types. A s t o n i s h i n g ly, w h i l s t violent cr ime in Guildford rose by 18% d u ring the previous ye a r, fear of personal violence dropped. The Safer Guildford Pa rt n e r s h i p ( C D R P ) , w h i ch carr ied out the sur vey, at t ri butes the overall improved feelings of safety to the Safer Guildford projects which have emerged over the last 3 years: • the CCTV programme with 36 cameras has extended beyond the town centre and results in an average of 2 arrests per day • 3 new Community Safety Wardens are working to foster links between agencies and residents, helping to reduce crime and the fear of crime and improve the physical environment • 414 completed questionnaires were re t u rn e d , which represents a 22% re t u rn - r at e • G R AS P (Guildford Response and Action for Safer Premises) - the “man in the van” scheme - improves home security for vulnerable and elderly residents or victims of crime. Of the 1300 residents who have benefited from this service, not one has been a repeat victim since.

Bogus callers initiative - in 1998 only 31% of Guildford residents routinely checked the identification of callers to their homes. A high profile awareness campaign addressing this issue was launched and in this year’s fear of crime survey, the number of residents now checking callers to their homes has risen to 68% the three main issues highlighted by the businesses as a concern were traffic congestion, parking and criminal damage/graffiti Wipe Out Graffiti - a clean up scheme promising 48 hour removal of all graffiti notified to the scheme the three main concern of the residents were highlighted as fears about the town centre, drinking issues and litter.

In order to find out t he concerns of those working in Guildford Boro u g h , S a fe r G u i l d ford has also just con ducte d a Business Fear of Crime sur vey. I s s u e s identified were similar to those highlighted by the residents in their survey. F u rther reassurance for the public is planned in the next few months with the i n t roduction of a rapid abandoned ve h i c l e re m oval policy and the appointm ent of high visibility locally dedicated specialist neighbourhood police officers.

January 2002

General

27

...the public were less fearful of crime than a year ago...

The 2001 British Crime Survey, First Results, England and Wales
Home Office Statistical Bulletin 18/01
The ninth British Crime Survey (BCS) 2001 has been published, and shows a drop in almost all types of crime. Fear of crime is also down slightly on the level recorded in the 2000 BCS, h owever due to changes in methodology, these fi g u res are based on a smaller sample size than normal, and in many cases are not considered to be statistically significant. The main findings of the report showed: • • • • • • • a 13% drop in the amount of crime experienced by members of the public a 12% fall in crimes against people living in private households between 1999 and 2000 statistically significant falls in the levels of burglary (17%), all vehicle-related theft (11%), other household theft (16%) and violent crime (19%) small increases in theft from the person (2%) and theft of vehicles (1%) were reported, but neither of these were considered large enough to be statistically significant the proportion of people who reported being a victim of at least one crime during the year fell from 30% in 1999 to 27% in 2000 for most offences that can be directly compared, the BCS showed more favourable trends than the relevant recorded crime fi g u re s overall trends for fear of crime showed that the public were less fearful of crime than a year ago, but that levels of worry were higher amongst those living in high crime areas and recent victims.

Hard copies of this report can be obtained from the Research, Development and Statistics Directorate, Communications Development Unit Tel: 020 7273 2084. Full details can also be viewed and downloaded from the Research, Development and Statistics pages of the Home Office website at:

http://www.homeoffice. gov. u k / rd s / hosbpubs1.html

O n ly 10,000 interv i ews we re sampl ed for this re p o r t due to the changes in methodology, compared to 20,000 in 1999. From the 2001 report onwards, the BCS will be based on 40,000 interv i ews over the ye a r. This re p o rt is based only on those interv i ew s carried out during the first quarter of 2001.

Cautions, Court Proceedings and Sentencing England and Wales 2000
Home Office Statistical Bulletin 20/01
This bulletin presents fi g u res for cautioning, c o u rt proceedings and sentencing in 2000, together with equivalent data for the previous five years. Main points include: • in 2000 there were 1,911,600 completed proceedings at mag i s t r at e s ’c o u rt s , which is 1% more than in 1999. The increase was due to a sharp rise in summary non-motoring offences (mainly relating to TV licence evasion) • 93,300 defendants had proceedings completed at the Crown Court (2% lower than in 1999) • Overall, 326,000 offenders were found guilty of indictable offences • for all offences in 2000 there were 239,000 offenders cautioned, 10 per cent fewer than in 1999 • less use of fines and discharges at magistrates’ courts and more use of custody at both courts continued in 2000. Community sentences were used more in mag i s t r at e s ’c o u rt s , particularly for juveniles
Copies of the report can be obtained from Research Development and Statistics Directorate, Communications Development Unit, Room 201, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT. Tel: 020 7273 2084 e-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk It can also be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website at:

http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/hosbpubs1.html

28

General

January 2002

Stay Safe: An easy guide
Metropolitan Police

The Metropolitan Police have produced an u p d ated version of their long-r u n n i n g p u bl i c ation ‘ S t ay Safe : An easy guide’, w h i ch provides advice for people wit h l e a rning difficulties on how to stay safe on the streets. The bookl et has bee n re - w r itten in l a rger print and illustrated in cartoon fo rm to make it easier for the reader to use, a n d contains a va riety of info rm ation and advice for people with learning difficulties. Subjects covered in the guide include: • staying safe at home • staying safe when you go out • staying safe on buses and trains

staying safe in taxis and minicabs what to do if you become a victim of crime The guide will be ava i l able to al l C o m munity Safety Units and those o rg a n i s ations working in the learn i n g difficulties sector.

• •

Crime, Policing and Justice: the experience of ethnic minorities. Findings from the 2000 British Crime Survey
Home Office Research Study 223
This re p o rt examines responses given by ethnic minority respondents to the British Cri m e S u rvey (BCS) 2000, and compares this to levels of re p o rted crime by ethnic minorities ove r the period 1995 - 1999. The report looks at not only racially motivated crime, but at a range of crimes. This study shows that according to the BCS, during the reporting period, the number of r a c i a l ly motivated crimes fell from 390,000 to 280,000 - a drop of 28%. O ver the same p e ri o d , the proportion of racially motivated crimes reported to the police rose from 28% to 40%, indicating increased confidence in the reporting of such crimes. Other findings discussed in the report include: • black respondents under 30 years of age are more likely to be stopped in a car (39%) than their white counterparts (25%) • ethnic minority groups are three times more likely to be victims of street ro bb e ry than white people, but overall patterns for personal crime were less clear • ethnic minority groups were more likely to be victims of household offences such as bu rg l a ry and vehicle theft • most of the differences could be explained by differences in the socio-economic and demographic distribution of ethnic minority groups. However after allowing for these factors, Indians were found to be at higher risk of burglary.
Copies of this report can be obtained from the Home Office Research, Development and Statistics Directorate, Communications and Development Unit, Room 275, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT. Tel: 020 7273 2084 fax: 020 7222 0211. The document can also be viewed and downloaded from the Research, Development and Statistics pages of the Home Office website at: http://www.homeoffice.gov. u k / rd s / h o r s p u b s 1 . h t m l

January 2002

General/Hate Crime

29

Neighbourhood and Street Wa rd e n s Schemes
Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions

In April 2001, the Prime Minister identified measures that would improve the quality of life of people throughout England and Wales. He announced a £50 million street warden scheme to build upon the success of the Neighbourhood Wardens Programme, which was originally launched in September 2000 and which now funds 85 schemes in England and Wales. O ver 700 new wardens will hit the streets in the Spri n g, p roviding a fri e n d ly face in areas throughout the country, with the primary aim of helping to stamp out neighbourhood nuisances such as graffi t i , abandoned cars and litter which can seri o u s ly reduce people’s quality of life. Ta i l o red to meet the needs of the local commu n i t y, the role of street wardens will va ry according to local requirements. They are expected to: • improve the physical appearance of streets and open spaces • deter anti-social behaviour • reduce low-level crime and the fear of crime • encourage communities to work together to improve local environments. Wardens and warden managers will be trained in partnership with the Home Office and ‘ regional ch a m p i o n s ’ . These are existing neighbourhood warden schemes who will be charged with sharing their skills and best practice throughout the regions.
A list of new schemes can be found on the Crime Reduction website at:

http://www.crimereduction.gov. u k / w a rd e n s 28 . h t m

Neighbourhood Watch: Findings from the 2000 British Crime Survey
Home Office Findings 150
The Br itish Crime Survey (BCS) 2000 questioned people about Neighbourhood Wat ch Schemes and this re p o rt covers the results of those interv i ewe d . According to these fi n d i n g s , si x mil lion households identify themselves as members of a Neighbourhood Wat ch Sch e m e. The survey also found that: • an estimated 27% of households were members of a Neighbourhood Watch Scheme in 2000 • membership of these schemes has increased by 4% since the 1992 BCS, with the most increase between 1996 and 2000 • the National Neighbourhood Watch Association estimates that there are over 155,000 schemes in operation • of those households who were not members, 78% said they would join a local scheme • most likely to be members of a scheme were those households with an annual income of over £30,000 (34%) and owner-occupied households (32%) • areas with low burglary rates tended to have higher membership of Neighbourhood Watch Schemes (32%) than areas with high bu rg l a ry rates (13%) • 75% of respondents felt that Neighbourhood Watch Schemes were effective in preventing crimes such as burglary. M o re info rm ation about Neighbourhood Wat c h can be found via their website at: www.neighbourhoodwatch.net

Copies of these findings are available from the Home Office Research, Development and Statistics Directorate, Communications Development Unit, Room 275, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT. Tel: 020 7273 2084 fax: 020 7222 0211. The document can also be viewed and downloaded from the Research, Development and Statistics pages of the Home Office website at:

http://www.homeoffice.gov. u k / rd s / rfpubs1.html

30

Neighbourhood Wardens and Neighbourhood Watch

January 2002

Neighbourhood Watch: A guide for Co-ordinators in Sussex
Sussex Police

Sussex Police in partnership with East and West Sussex Fire Brigade and East, West and B righton and Hove Trading Standards has p roduced a guide for Neighbourhood Watch Co-ordinators in the area. The guide covers info rm ation on: • how to set up a new scheme • the role of the Co-ordinator • contacting the police and reporting an incident • ringmaster

• • • • •

data protection data link trading standards fire safety home insurance scheme

High Tech Chips to Track Stolen Goods
Home Office

Bottles of fine wines and spirits, personal care products and high-value jewellery are some of the latest consumer goods to benefit from a new electronic tagging system designed to c o m b at the illicit trade in stolen freight as part of a £5.5 million anti-crime initiat i ve announced last year. Under this innovative hi-tech system, consumer goods most at risk from theft will carry vital info rm ation on their origin, current location and final retail destination. Anti-theft tags will be used by companies to disrupt the criminal networks that targ e t consignments of goods destined for high street shops. This will provide an audit trail of each s h i p m e n t , a l l owing companies to identify if a product has gone missing, and where in the chain the theft took place. The scheme will invo l ve goods produced by Allied Domecq, Unilever and Argos, which will be tagged at the point of manufacture. The first products to benefit from the tags included mobile phones and new and secondhand boat s. A further three pilot schemes have been selected to demonstrate how crime in the goods supply chain can be reduced by using Radio Frequency Identifi c ation (RFID) Technology as part of the Home Office’s ‘Chipping of Goods Initiative’. The sch e m e, w h i ch is a collab o r ation between police serv i c e s , HM Customs & Excise, manufacturers, UK retailers and distributors, will have two key advantages over conventional methods: • • it will enable commercial companies to track their products effectively, resulting in better asset management, security and reduced stock losses it will reduce theft of personal property by acting as a deterrent to would be thieves, making it more difficult to sell on stolen goods and help to prevent fraud and counterfeiting.

January 2002

Neighbourhood Wardens and Neighbourhood Watch/Property Crime

31

Operation Ringtone
Leicestershire Constabulary

L e i c e s t e r s h i re Constabu l a ry has launched a campaign aimed at raising awa re n e s s , a n d highlighting basic crime preve n t i o n measures that can be taken to reduce the risk of mobile phone theft. Operation Ringtone runs on the West Side of the C i t y, and has been set up with the aim of reducing the num bers of mobile phones stolen from the person, o r from unattended motor vehicles. The project focuses on the use of the *#06# number which , w h e n keyed into the phone, i d e n t i fies its’ unique 15 digit IMEI number which in turn helps police trace ownership if the phone is stolen. The campaign also fe at u res a mascot in t he shape of a m obile phone called ‘ M o by ’ w h o s e m e s s age is simply “ H u n d reds of mobile phones are stolen eve ry ye a r, d o n ’t let yours be one of the m!” A s well as this, people are encouraged to

use the phone’s secur ity num ber or PIN nu m b e r, and to security mark the bat t e ry and phone with their postcode using an ultra-violet pen, as well as re g i s t e ring the phone with the phone’s operat o r. M o by is keen for eve ryone to take care of their mobil e fr iend and to stay aler t to their surroundings. Advice also suggests avoiding d i s p l aying the phone when in a publ i c place or leaving it unattended at any time. 20,00 0 phone shaped leaflets and posters are being distri buted as part of the c a m p a i g n , and a young person’s version of the leaflet is also being pro d u c e d . This will e n c o u r age youngste rs to text the seri a l number of their phone to a fri e n d , and ask them to store the number in the memory of their phone.

What's New at Sold Se c u re ?
The latest development at Sold Se c u re is the testing and cert i fi c ation of Domestic Safes and Security Cabinets. There are many domestic safes on the market and lots of householders are buying them to protect their va l u abl e s. H oweve r, although some are good, m a ny offer little real benefit. Sold Secure has introduced a scheme to tell the good from the not so good. Like many of their other specifications, the scheme has three ratings; Gold, Silver and Bronze. This means the buyer can choose the level of security they require for their property. S e c u rity cabinets are also cove red as part of the same specifi c at i o n , and ag a i n , t h e re are m a ny of these ava i l able on the market for securing eve rything from computers to saddles. A large proportion of products for sale offer poor value for money and the poorest of the ones tested by Sold Secure so far have taken just five seconds to open. However, manufacturers are taking note and improving their pro d u c t s , w h i ch means that people should have a good selection to choose from in the future. Details of the domestic safes and security cabinets curre n t ly on the Sold Secure list can be found on their website at : w w w. s o l d s e c u re . c o m together with all their other ap p rove d products.
If you would like to be kept up-to-date on developments at Sold Secure you can e-mail them at: admin@soldsecure.com and you will receive a copy of their newsletter and approved products list. Alternatively contact them at 5c Great Central Way, Woodford Halse, Daventry, Northants, NN11 3PZ Tel: 01327 264687 fax: 01327 264686


32 Property Crime

...the poorest of the ones tested so far have taken just five seconds to open.

January 2002

Car Theft Index 2001
Home Office

The Home Office has published the new Car Theft Index 2001. The Index aims to give car bu yers the info rm ation they need to make an intelligent choice when bu y i n g, or ch o o s i n g how to protect, their car. The Car Theft Index shows the make and models of cars that are most at risk of being stolen in England, Scotland & Wa l e s , but does not attempt to highlight regional tre n d s. It is based on 2000 theft data from the Police National Computer and on info rm ation provided by the Dri ver and Vehicle Licensing agency (DVLA) on the number of cars on the ro a d . Not all models of car are included in the Index. Only those where there were sufficient numbers on the road to provide statistically reliable results are shown. For each year, the models are described as belonging to one of three cat e g o ri e s : • Red Highest risk more than 20 cars per 1000 on the road stolen • Amber Medium risk between 3 and 20 cars per 1000 stolen • G re e n Least risk less than 3 per 1000 stolen. Newer cars generally appear in the green or amber cat e g o ri e s , due to improved security m e a s u res being fitted to newer models, w h e reas older cars are generally in the higher ri s k c at e g o ri e s.
Copies of the Car Theft Index are available from Force Crime Prevention Officers in the first instance. Additional copies may be obtained from the Home Office Research, Development and Statistics Directorate, Tel: 020 7273 2894, or download from: w w w. c r i m e re d u c t i o n . g ov. u k / c t i 2 0 0 1 . h t m

Bilking Unit
Thames Valley Police

In May 2001 Thames Va l l ey Police launched a new unit in Milton Keynes to combat dri ve r s who drive off from petrol stations without paying for fuel. The project has been launched fo l l owing re s e a r ch by the force which showed that the numbers of bilkings in the area had increased from 160 in 1996 to over 1200 in 2000 at an estimated cost of £54,600 per annum. Fo l l owing the appointment of a Bilkings Officer within the fo r c e, va rious initiat i ves are now being undertaken to tackle the problem: • 24 garages in the area have signed up to the project and are using the ringmaster system to receive info rm ation about suspect cars and customers • incident packs have been prepared and distributed to these garages with advice and training on how to handle bilking/drive-offs • new procedures for dealing with bilking have been introduced within the police station • a marked police vehicle has been used on fo re c o u rts that have experienced high numbers of drive-offs within the previous two months • motorists who are unable to pay for petrol after having filled their vehicles are having their photograph taken on the spot with a polaroid camera.This, together with their name, address, and car registration, is then kept by the garage for seven days before being passed to the police. Genuine forgetful motorists are able to return to the garage within this time and pay for their petrol, their photo and details are then destroyed. • Further action on non-payment and the info rm ation gathered can then lead to a case of deception or civil debt. Initial results from the various initiatives have been very positive. E va l u ation carried out after the first three months shows a decrease in drive-offs in comparison to a similar period last year and an increase in identified offenders, also over a similar period for last year.

January 2002

Vehicle crime

33

Key Findings from the Vulnerable Witness Survey
Home Office Research Findings 147
The Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act 1999 included details of measures to improve the tre atment of vulnerable and i ntim idated witnesses, and enabl e them to give best ev i d e n c e. The purpose of this survey was to provide a baseline measure of sat i s faction leve l s found among vulnerable or intimidated witnesses befo re these special measures we re implemented. The report also examined the kind of support these witnesses currently receive and their attitudes towards special measures. Key points are: • 64% of vulnerable or intimidated witnesses were very, or fairly satisfied with their overall treatment within the Criminal Justice System • 30% of witnesses aged under 17 years said their statements were video recorded and most of them found this helpful • 20% of witnesses said they were offered an escort either to or from court • 43% of witnesses under 17 years who gave evidence said they were offered the use of a live video link • only 3% reported that screens had been used in court, and 58% thought they would have been helpful • only 12% said they had been consulted about the use of special measures currently available.
Copies of these findings are available from the Home Office Research, Development and Statistics Directorate, Communications Development Unit, Room 275, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT. Tel: 020 7273 2084 fax: 020 7222 0211. The document can also be viewed and downloaded from the Research, Development and Statistics pages of the Home Office website at:

http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/rfpubs1.html

The Newham Victim Referral Scheme
Metropolitan Police

The Newham Victim Refe rral Scheme wa s set up in partnership with the police and local council in response to the numbers of people who were becoming repeat victims, p ri m a ri ly as a consequence of their inability to fund repairs to their property in order to p revent further cri m e. This led to the quest for finances to enable the provision of a compre h e n s i ve, t a rg e t - h a r d e n i n g p rogramme for the m ost vulnerabl e residents in the area. The scheme has made a total of 630 re fe rrals to the Council Housing & Pri vat e Sector Housing departments since it began in 1999. The Crime Prevention Depart m e n t i d e n t i fies homes with part i c u l a r ly poor s e c u ri t y, and the council funds the re p a i r s free of charge to the owner or tenant of the property. E l i g i ble clients are typically victims of bu rg l a ry, h o m o p h o b i c, racial or domestic

violence cri m e s , and the scope of the wo r k i nvo l ves re n ewing all exterior doors and frames and utilising high quality door furniture to British Standard specification or e q u i va l e n t . T h e re are cur re n t ly fo u r c a rpenters and a fo reman allocat e d e x c l u s i ve ly to the sch e m e, who have all been trained by Crime Prevention Offi c e r s to ensure that mat e rials are fitted corre c t ly. Community workers have also been trained in making re fe rrals and completing simple home security survey s. E l d e r ly or disabl e d owner/occupiers benefit from similar t re atment via a Home Repair A s s i s t a n c e G r a n t , with a recent mailshot resulting in over 300 enquiries. The scheme has proved to be ve ry popular with the residents of Newham and has been effe c t i ve in that there has only been one further re p e at victim of a client since the inception of the scheme.

34

Victims and Witnesses

January 2002

New Victims of Crime procedures and leaflet
Home Office Circular 44/2001
This Home Office Circul ar, issued in October 2001, sets out new arr a n g e m e n t s for re fe rring details of victims of crime to Victim Support and highlights a rev i s e d version of the Vict ims of Crime leaflet w h i ch now incor p o r at es these ar r a n g ements. The new pro c e d u res are designed to prevent a decline in the number of re fe rr a l s from the police to Victim Support and were f u l ly discussed with the Info rm at i o n Commissioner to address the need fo r compliance with Data Protection Principles and other relevant legislation. The pro c e d u res make it clear that victims must have a genuine opportunity to s ay if they do not want their details passed on to Victim Support and that police should h ave effe c t i ve mechanisms in place to s u p p o rt this. Although victims have alway s had the right to request that their details a re not passed on, t h ey may not have been aware that they could opt out of the re fe rr a l p ro c e d u re. The revised leafl et gives fa r g re ater prominence to the right to opt out. Victims of certain crimes such as domestic violence or sexual offences still need to g i ve express consent befo re re fe r ral can be made.

The new Victims of Crime leaflet is available from Home Office distributors Prolog, Tel: 0870 241 4680 fax: 0870 4786, e-mail: homeoffice@prolog.uk.com and older versions of the leaflet should be destroyed. The full text of the circular can be viewed at:

www.homeoffice.gov.uk/ circulars/2001/hoc44.htm

Violence at Work: causes, patterns and p re ve n t i o n
Martin Gill, Bonnie Fisher & Vaughan Bowie (editors)

This book, p u blished by Willan Publ i s h i n g, seeks to provide readers with perspectives and experiences from workplace violence experts from around the world that should be of use to both practitioner and re s e a r cher alike. C o n t ri butors have been chosen because of the d i f fe rent perspectives and ap p ro a ches they give, w h i ch should encourage new and rev i s e d thinking about the causes of, and approaches to different types of violence at work. Chapters in the book cover: • definitions of workplace violence with a four-way classification of violence • research review identifying a range of risk factors for susceptibility to violence • violence from the viewpoint of human resource managers • the causes of workplace violence and a framework for understanding patterns of abuse and violence in business • violence from the viewpoint of the perpetrator and situational risk factors • gender differences in victimisation patterns of violence • management of violence from an organisation perspective • management training to control violence and assess risk etc • practical solutions for different types of violence (behaviour characteristics and legal implications) • assaults in healthcare locations and a US volunteer action programme • supporting victims of workplace violence incidents and a UK employer care programme.
Copies of this book can be obtained, priced £25.00 from Willan Publishing, Culmcott House, Mill Street, Uffculme, Cullompton, Devon EX15 3AT. Tel: 01884 840337 fax: 01884 840251 e-mail: info@willanpublishing.co.uk ISBN 1-903240-62-X

January 2002

Victims and Witnesses/Violence at School and Work

35

Scarred for Life: The effects of street robbery on the community
West Midlands Police

S c a r red for Life is a 15-minute video produced by West Midlands Police and Birm i n g h a m City Council for year 5, 6 and 7 students, w h i ch can be incor p o r ated into Citizenship Education and PSHE. The video explores the issue of re p e at victimisation and street ro bb e ry carried out by youths on the elderly in the commu n i t y, and is introduced by an elderly victim who has encountered four separate incident s of ro bb e ry herself. She describes her fe e l i n g s , and how these robberies have affected her life. The video also fe at u res the boxer Julius Francis, once invo l ved in street ro bb e ry. He explains ab o u t l i fe from the cri m i n a l ’s perspective, and the harsh reality of prison life. Fo l l owing the video, students are encouraged to take part in active discussion with the intention of: • describing common reactions to the experience of criminal victimisation and the likely long term or short term effects • understanding how crime might effect people • identifying possible strategies to stay safe • identifying areas where people may be at risk of becoming a victim.

Early Lessons from the Crime Reduction Programme: Tackling Alcohol Related Street Crime in Cardiff (TASC project)
Home Office Briefing Note 9/01
This bri e fing note descr ibes the early e x p e riences of a project aimed at re d u c i n g alcohol re l ated street crime in Cardiff. T h e p roject is being funded by the Ta rg e t e d Policing Initiat i ve, w h i ch fo rms part of the G ove rn m e n t ’s Crim e Reduction Programme. The briefing note aims to: • Describe the project and its origins • Provide an ove rv i ew of the nature of the interventions • Present some of the base-line data that will be used in the eva l u at i o n , and some early and tentative indications of possible trends. It is env i s aged that this bri e fing note will be of par ticular interest to t hose practitioners and policy makers who have been involved in the implementation of the C rime Reduction Pro g r a m m e. H oweve r, i t will also be of interest to anyone invo l ve d in the implementation and eva l u ation of p rojects that aim to reduce cr ime and disorder.
Copies of this briefing are available from the Home Office Research, Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS), Communications Development Unit, Room 275, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London, SW1H 9AT. Tel: 020 7273 2084 fax: 020 7222 0211. It can also be viewed and downloaded from the RDS pages of the Home Office website at:

http://www.homeoffice.gov. u k / rd s / prgbriefpubs1.html

36

Violent Crime and Street Crime

January 2002

Chat Safe
Thames Valley Police

Thames Va l l ey Police and the Royal A i r Force have been invo l ved in a j oint initiative to help children and parents avoid i n t e r net ch at room ‘ s t a l ke r s ’ . C h at Safe, s u p p o rted by Carol Vo r d e rm a n , aims to e n c o u r age ch at room users to take a few sim ple steps to avoid contact with paedophiles who use the Internet to lure young people in to meeting them. The initiat i ve includes a video p resented by Caro l , together with lesson plans for sch o o l s , and includes interv i ew s with teenagers from around the country who fell in to the paedophile trap whilst on ch at lines but who fo rt u n at e ly did not come to any harm due to the interve n t i o n by adults. T h roughout the video and lesson p l a n s , a six-point plan to help people surf the net safe ly is included, and some of the advice is: • Don’t give out personal details, photos or any other info rm ation that could be used to identify you • Don’t take people at face value - they may not be what they seem • Never arrange to meet someone you’ve only just met on the Internet without telling your parents, get their permission and take an adult with you. • Always stay in public areas where people are around

Don’t open an attachment or downloaded file unless you know and trust the person who sent it Never respond directly to anything you find disturbing - save or print it, log off and tell an adult.

Thames Va l l ey Police are distri bu t i n g the vide o pac k ages to eve ry Secondary s chool and library wit hin the are a , a s well as lesson plans for teach e r s , p o s t e r s and mouse mats fo r their computer ro o m s , and literat u re to take home for pare n t s to re a d . Wi t h o u t being al arm i s t , t h e p a ck age port r ays the i n t e r net as a fun, educational, and if used taking basic precautions, s a fe env i ron ment fo r everyone.

Operation Youth Advantage
Northern Constabulary

Young peopl e from the Highlands and Islands have been getting a taste of A rmy Life during a weeklong course organised by the Nort h e rn Constabu l a ry, G r a m p i a n Police and the Army Careers Team. O p e r ation Youth A dva n t age was run at Gordon Barr a ck s , B ridge of Don, A b e r d e e n b e t ween 15 - 19 October 2001, and wa s d eveloped and has been successfully ru n for the past two years by t he Nor t h e rn C o n s t abu l a ry. P rev i o u s ly known as N o rt h e rn Highlanders, the scheme aims to d i ve rt young people away from dru g s , alcohol and cri m e, and promote a healthy l i fe s t y l e. This ye a r, Grampian Police joined

the part n e r s h i p, and together with Social and Education Departments across each of the force are a s , young pe ople we re i d e n t i fied and invited to part i c i p at e. E q u a l vacancies we re ava i l able to both re g i o n s , and the young people spe nt the we e k training i n field combat , c a m o u f l ag e t e ch n i q u e s , o b s e rvation skills and carry i n g out night manoeuvres. Officers also gave an input to the course on drug awa reness and good citizenship. Out of the 40 places ava i l abl e, 3 1 young people at t e n d e d , and of these, 1 9 h ave gone on to have i nter v i ews with a view to joining the army.

January 2002

Youth Crime

37

The Substance of Young Needs Review 2001
Health Advisory Service

Copies of this document are available from Home Office Publications Tel: 0870 2414680 or from the Drugs Prevention Advisory Service (DPAS) website: www.dpas.gov. u k .

This publication represents the first major review of drug-related provision for young people since the publication of ‘Tackling Drugs to Build a Better Britain - The Gove rn m e n t ’s 10 year S t r ategy for Ta ckling Drugs Misuse (1998)’, and updates the changes in policy, c o m m i ss i o n i n g, design and delive ry of services to young people. The scope of the rev i ew cove r s tobacco, alcohol and drugs of potential misuse by young people up to the age of 19 years of ag e. It will provide Drug Action Te a m s , ch i l d ren service planners and commissioners with invaluable guidance on: • integrated local ap p ro a ches to the design, planning and commissioning of effective drug education, prevention and treatment services for young people • improving the level and quality of drug service provision through local Young Peoples Substance Misuse Plans. The rev i ew also highlights a number of areas for improving services and supports the Gove rn m e n t ’s approach to achieving the target to reduce young people’s drug use within the drug strategy such as: • early identification and support of young people developing drug-related problems • the provision of an integrated range of universal and targeted services including drug education, prevention, (including identifi c at i o n , assessment and re fe rral) and treatment (including after care) • planning and delivery of drug services with other children’s services.

“Up2U on Tour” Initiative
Strathclyde Police

S t r at h c lyde Police has launched a new i n i t i at i ve in partnership with a local bu s c o m p a ny, S t ag e c o a ch We s t , to try and combat the problems of vandalism. The project named “Up2U on To u r ” was implemented as a result of a meeting held between Stag e c o a ch and the Po l i c e who both expressed concerns about the r ising costs of vandalism i n the are a . C o n s e q u e n t ly, S t ag e c o a ch ag reed to supply and refurbish a single-decked bus in the style of a youth club containing a mu s i c s y s t e m , t e l evi sion and video, t h at could tour the whole of Ay r s h i re and targ e t specific ‘hotspots’ attracting local youths to use its fa c i l i t i e s. Whilst onboard, t h e re is the opportunity to promote the concept of the club, and give the young people the chance to discuss current issues of concern to them. A Stag e c o a ch d ri ve r, together with a local police o f ficer from the Commu n i t y Policing or Com munity Safe t y D e p a rt m e n t , staffs the ve h i c l e, w h i ch can accommodate up to 30 young people.

It was ag reed that initially the targ e t audience shoul d be young people ag e d between 11 and 16 years of age, which was the group identified as most like ly to commit acts of va n d a l i s m . H oweve r, due to the nat u re of the cr i m e, and the need to re d ress the cultural acceptance of va n d a l i s m , it was suggested that a longt e rm strategy should be considere d . As a re s u l t , contact was made with schools in the are a , and pre s e n t ations are also now available to primary school pupils. It is env i s aged that the bus will also be used as an educat i o n a l / c o m munity safe t y facility for a va riety of events such as fe t e s , galas and open day s. At these eve n t s , t h e police will be able to discuss not only the p ro blems of va n d a l i s m , but also va ri o u s initiatives affecting the local community

38

Youth Crime

January 2002

Youth Offender Panel Recruitment Drive
Home Office and Youth Justice Board

The Youth Justice Board and the Home O f fice have jointly initiated a campaign to re c r uit fi ve thousand volunteers to join youth offender panels across England and Wa l e s. F rom A p ril 2002, these panels will m a ke contracts with young fi r s t - t i m e o f fenders and their families t o make a schedule of activities and restrictions aimed at making re p a r ations for the cri m e committed and to prevent re-offending. Youth Cour ts will re fer yo u n g o f fenders (aged 10 - 1 7) to a yo u t h o f fender panel if the offender has pleaded guilty and been convicted for the first time (unless the offence is too ser ious or an absolute disch a rge or hospital order has been made). The panels will consist of two volunteers and one member of the local youth offending team. The panel will meet with the yo u n g person and t heir fa m i ly, and where p o s s i bl e, will draw up a contract with the o f fe n d e r, w h i ch could include a range of activities and re s t r ictions such as fa m i ly c o u n s e l l i n g, d r ugs and alcohol re h ab i l it at i o n , e d u c ation and training, o f fe n d e r

g roup monitoring and victim awa re n e s s p ro g r a m m e s. Full training and ongoing s u p p o rt will be ava i l able to the vo l u n t e e r s throughout. Youth Offender Panels have been pilote d in six areas around the country including Black bu rn , C a r d i f f, N o t t i n g h a m , O x fo r d s h i re, S u f fo l k , Swindon and We s t L o n d o n . The Home Office Researc h , Development and Statistics Directorate have p u blished two interim re p o rts on these p i l o t s , The Introduction of Refe rral Orders into the Youth Justice System (Ja nu a ry and September 2001) which are ava i l able fro m RDS, Tel: 020 7273 2084 fax: 020 7222 0211 or via their website at: http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/ adhocpubs1.html
For more information log on to

www.youth-offender-panels.org.uk

Bullying Online: Staying Safe in Cyberspace
The Bullying Online website at w w w. b u l l y i n g . c o. u k set up in May 2000, has a new section on staying safe in cyberspace, w h i ch has info rm ation for pupils, p a rents and teachers ab o u t the dangers related to internet chat rooms. The site explains about the potential hazards of ch at ro o m s , and gives tips on stay i n g s a fe, a dvice to pare n t s , and what to do about abu s i ve e-mails and hate web s i t e s. It also includes info rm ation on a CD-Rom game called ‘Missing’ which is being trialled in a number of West Yorkshire schools. This internet safety game comprises of a comprehensive workbook which explains to pupils, parents and teachers that paedophiles are people who look just like the rest of us, and the game shows how easy it can be for them to lure children in to their chat rooms. ‘M i s s i n g’ is ava i l able from the website www. l i vew w w i re s.com and costs £16 for a single copy for parents, and £30 for the classroom version.
Visit the Bullying Online site at: www.bullying.co.uk or e-mail them at: help@bullying.co.uk

January 2002

Youth Crime

39

World of Work Pack
Crime Concern

You ng people who are most at r isk of o f fending will be given a second ch a n c e with the introduction of a booklet aimed s p e c i fi c a l ly at those with extra obstacles to ove r c o m e. C h i l d ren excluded from sch o o l , those with a criminal record and depri ve d kids will be amongst the people who will b e n e fit from the introduction of the Wo r l d of Work pack . The pack , w h i ch has been p roduced by Crime Concern in associat i o n with Securi c o r, contains step by step guidelines on how young people can get the most out of their lives, and aims to: • help them make the most of their strengths and skills • provide them with sound advice • point them in the right direction for getting additional help • give them a glimpse of what lies ahead in their working life.

The booklet is divided into 12 sections wit h each one looking at the diffe re n t s t ages invo l ved in getting a job, s t a rt i n g with how young people begin to look fo r e m p l oy m e n t . It continues with what h appens in a job interv i ew, the interv i ew p rocess and fi n a l ly what happens when a c t u a l ly starting wo r k . T h e re are also examples of how to compile a CV, a sample payslip and budget fo rm . Initially the pack will be piloted by one of Crime Concern ’s mentor ing plus projects in Manchester, with the possibility of a further pilot in London. Eventually it is hoped that it will be rolled out to all of C rime Concern ’s ment or ing pro j e c t s , a s well as through pro b ation offi c e r s , m ag i s t r at e s , youth offen ding t eams and young offenders awaiting release.

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Youth Crime

January 2002