“To reduce crime and the fear of crime, tackle youth crime and violent, sexual and drug

-related crime, anti-social behaviour and disorder, increasing safety in the home and public spaces.”
Home Office Aim 1

This statement confirms our joint commitment to reduce crime and disorder. The Digest is published quart e r ly and aims to support crime re d u c t i o n / c o m munity safety practitioners in police and local authorities working in stat u t o ry partnerships by fa c i l i t ating info rm at i o n e x ch a n g e. The Digest is a fo rum for your initiat i ves and experi e n c e s. Its success depends on yo u , the practitioners, c o n t ri buting your art i c l e s. Deadline for copy is given below. A rt i c l e s MUST be submitted by this date. So that everyone can benefit from your work and experience, we would ask contributors to consider both what wo r ked and what didn’t work within their pro j e c t s. P rojects may be well conceived and still not achieve all their aims; this does not mean they have failed. Please be brave enough to discuss what aspects did not ach i eve the expected outcomes. Include as mu ch info rm ation as you can, c ove ring the analysis of the pro blem and how it wa s i d e n t i fi e d , the response devised and how it was implemented and an assessment of the final outcomes.

The inclusion of mat e rial in the Digest or re fe rence to any pro d u c t s / s e rvices does not signify that they have been tested or eva l u at e d . Nor should inclusion be thought to confer ‘official’ approval.
This publication may not be copied, photocopied, re p roduced, or conve rted to any electronic form unless for police or local authority use only.

April 2003
The next Digest will be with you in July 2003.

College Staff
Director Steve Trimmins Support Services Ann Keen Richard Cox Adrienne Jowitt-Thrall Training Team David Fernley June Armstrong Martin Fenlon Pat Varley Christine Morrison Dai Perry Administration Unit Mark Ledder Ruth Whitaker Information Service Jane Carpenter Gill Archibald Stuart Charman Jane Jones Kathleen Noble Abby Hickman Training Resource Solutions Simon Jones Michael Hawtin Richard Wales Editor Jane Jones Design/Production Michael Hawtin

All contributions be submitted by May 30th 2003.
Contributions to: Jane Jones
Information Team

Tel: 01347 825065 Fax: 01347 825097
Home Office Crime Reduction College The Hawkhills, Easingwold, York YO61 3EG Tel: 01347 825060 Fax: 01347 825099 E-mail: crc@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

For Training or General Enquiries: Tel: 01347 825060

April 2003


College News


Crime Reduction Website . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 College’s 40th anniversary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Modular training Pro g ra m m e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Passport to Crime Reduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5

Active Communities Anti-Social Behaviour

6 7

Community Safety Calendar 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6

Crime and Disorder Act 1998 and Anti-Social Behaviour in Scotland: A study of the use of evictions and ASBOs in Scotland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7

B u rg l a ry


Burglary to Privately Rented Student Dwellings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 The Dorset Itinerant Traders Scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 Stop, Chain, Check Road Show . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10

Business Crime


Motorway Service Crime Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice Papers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11

CCTV Designing out Crime

12 12

CCTV: Have they been framed? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12

Secured by Design Award for Mostyn Police Station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 Designing Out Crime Through Environmental Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13

Domestic Violence


Doncaster Domestic Violence Working Pa rt y . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Sussex Domestic Violence Logo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Gloucestershire Domestic Violence Support and Advocacy Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15

Drugs and Alcohol


Drinking, crime and disorder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 Drunk and Disorderly: a qualitative study of binge drinking among 18 - 24 year olds .16 Alcohol, crime and disorder: a study of young adults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 Reducing alcohol-related violence and disorder: an evaluation of the ‘TASC’ p ro j e c t .17 Alcohol-Related Crime and Disorder: guidance for local partnerships . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 Drug Use in Vulnerable Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 Used Needles Hotline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 The Tower Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20



April 2003

G e n e ra l


Narrowing the Justice Gap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 Community Safety Partnerships Briefing Papers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 Australian Crime Prevention Conference Papers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 Safer Lancashire Website . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 Tilley Awards 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 Your Practical Guide to Crime Prevention - Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24

Property Crime Rural Crime

24 25

Alloy Wheel Marking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24

Hambleton: A Beacon for Crime Reduction in Rural Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 Operation Countryside . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25

Vehicle Crime


Vehicle Security Launch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26 Key Safe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26 Operation “Clean Up” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 Lancsafe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28

Violent Crime and Street Crime Youth Crime

29 30

The nature of personal robbery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29

Burglary Advice for Students . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Prudential 4 Youth: Community Safety Through Active Citizenship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Communities First Golf Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 ‘ St reet Cred’ Personal Safety Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 Youth Watch Scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32

Each Article in the Digest is highlighted with an icon which will define the product described in that article. They are: Campaign/ Initiative Publication


Website/ Electronic Information G e n e ra l / Exchange of Ideas/ Conferences

April 2003



Crime Reduction Website
The Crime Reduction Website (w w w. c r i m e re d u c t i o n . g ov. u k) has celeb r ated seve r a l milestones re c e n t ly. Feb ru a ry saw the site re c e i ve 2 million hits in one month for the fi r s t t i m e. We ’ve also surpassed 25 million hits since the launch back in July 2000, w h i l s t publishing over 8 million pages to a million visitors. The design of the site was also recognised in December when it won a ‘ C o m m e n d e d ’ p rize in the 2002 Vi s i o n a ry Design Awards for accessible web s i t e s. The awards re c o g n i s e a ch i evement in making on-line info rm ation available to the widest possible audience.

The Learning Zone The Learning Zone has continued to expand. A round 250 people a month are using the Training Needs A n a lysis (TNA) to develop a plan for continuous pro fessional deve l o p m e n t . The Zone also contains details of courses around the country and a calendar of fo rt h c o m i n g c o n fe rences and seminars. Also on the Learning Zone is a guide for new practitioners. The guide lists 10 essential p u bl i c ations for those re c e n t ly in post. E a ch of the publ i c ations is a primer in one aspect of c r ime re d u c t i o n . F u rther lists for more experienced practitioners and in-depth lists for specific topics are planned for later this ye a r. The guide is part of the Vi rtual Library, w h i ch also contains publicity resource packs and electro n i c copies of the Digest and Crime Reduction News. The eXchange The eXchange is another major new facility for the site. It contains details of initiat i ve s that have been tried around the country, detailing: • the problem • the approach • geographical area • amount of evaluation • contact details.
Visitors to the eXchange also have the opportunity to comment on the initiat i ves and send in details of their own initiatives. To date there are around 80 projects on the eXch a n g e, d r awn mainly from entries to recent awards such as the British Community Safety Awa r d s ,T i l l ey Awards and the Euro p e a n Community Safety Awards. We hope that with your help we’ll be able to continue to build the area into a valued resource for ideas and initiatives.
For more information on the eXchange contact Jane Carpenter at the Crime Reduction College Tel: 01347 825090 E-mail: jane.carpenter@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

...2 million hits in one month...

College’s 40th anniversary
May 21st 1963 saw the first course held at the Crime Prevention Centre in Stafford. A lot has changed in the intervening 40 years and we would like to take this opportunity to thank everyone who has been involved in shaping the College during the past 40 years.


College News

April 2003

Modular Training Pro g ra m m e
The College, in conjunction with its training partners Centrex and the Local G ove rnment A s s o c i at i o n , is making exciting changes to its modular training programme in 2003 - 2004. The pro g r a m m e, w h i ch has been running for two ye a r s , has prov i d e d training for practitioners from Crime and Disorder Reduction Pa rt n e r s h i p s t h roughout England and Wa l e s. F rom July 2 0 0 3 , t h ree of the existing modules Theories and Models, A Beginners Guide to M a n aging the Strategy and Developing the Team are to be replaced with a three day foundation course in Crime Reduction. This course is aimed at the needs of partnerships and provides training on: • Crime and disorder in context. • The legal framework. • Crime and disorder reduction models & theories. • Partnership issues. • Community issues. Regional and national perspectives: to be delivered by staff from regions. • Selling the crime reduction message. • Risk factors in crime. • W h at ’s out there: good practice review. For those people who attend the foundation course and want to extend their skills, there will be two advanced modules: a problem solving workshop and a two-day course on project management and eva l u at i o n . These will also be ava i l able from July. These modules concentrate on the core skills needed for crime reduction wo r k .T h e College and Centrex will continue to offer a range of specialist modules, s u ch as S i t u ational Crime Prevention and Domestic Vi o l e n c e. The new courses are curre n t ly being developed and piloted. Details of h ow to ap p ly for them will be adve rt i s e d on the Crime Reduction Web s i t e www.crimereduction.gov.uk/ learningzone •

Passport to Crime Reduction
The College is working on a new distance learning package, Pa s s p o rt to Crime Re d u c t i o n. This will accompany the Passport to Evaluation in the passport series. The pack age is being written to be used by eve ryone new to crime re d u c t i o n . M o re specifically, the book will form part of the new modular course which will be piloted in June this year. The passport will be used as pre-course learning material for the new foundation course and can also be used as a stand-alone training package. It will contain sections on: • What is crime reduction? • A systematic way of managing crime reduction work. • The ten principles of crime reduction. • A basic introduction to evaluation. The passport will be ava i l able from the Crime Reduction Website at the beginning of June.
For further information please contact Simon Jones at the Crime Reduction College on 01347 825081 E-mail: simon.jones@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

April 2003

College News


Community Safety Calendar 2003
Holy Trinity Anti-Crime Project

The Community Safety Calendar initiat i ve was set up as part of the Crime and Disorder Reduction Pa rtnership in M i d d l e s b o rough and invo l ved Middlesb o rough Po l i c e, Better Gove rnment fo r Older People and the Holy Trinity A n t i Crime Project. The partnership works with yo u n g people to explore crime issues and in p a rticular the types of crime that occur against older people. The aim is to engag e with youngsters while at the same time p roviding elderly and vulnerable people with advice on community and personal s a fe t y. Young people from local schools we re e n c o u r aged to produce posters and slogans reflecting personal safety issues, w h i ch we re then judged, with the winner receiving a cert i fi c ate and free tickets to a local ice rink.

The calendars are translated into Hindu and Urdu and distri buted via Vi c t i m S u p p o rt , local librari e s , Age Concern and other community org a n i s ations who provide services to the elderly.
For more information contact Pete Thomas, Development Manager, Older Persons Partnership Board, Middlesborough Council, Civic Centre, Middlesborough, TS1 2XH Tel: 01642 729252 E-mail: pete_thomas@middlesbrough.gov.uk or PC Mike Quinnell, Middlesborough Police Crime Reduction Team, Dunning Road, Middlesborough TS1 2AR Tel: 01642 303171 E-mail: michael.quinnell@cleveland.pnn.police.uk


Active Communities

April 2003

Crime and Disorder Act 1998 and AntiSocial Behaviour in Scotland: A study of the use of evictions and ASBOs in Scotland
Chartered Institute of Housing in Scotland and the Scottish Executive

This report is the third annual survey commissioned by the Scottish Executive to monitor the use of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998. The Act introduced the use of Anti-Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOs) including extending the eviction grounds for this behaviour to allow fo r eviction of criminal activity in the locality of tenanted properties. The re p o rt covers the period 1 December 2000 - 30 November 2001, with the fi n d i n g s drawn from a survey of all local authorities and a cross section of Registered Social Landlords (RSLs). It looks at the extent to which the new measures have been used in Scotland. Some of the findings of the report include: • Local authorities and RSLs were involved in over 111 eviction actions for anti-social behaviour during the reporting period. • Local authorities pursued 82 ASBOs against their own tenants, 7 against tenants of RSLs, 9 against owner-occupiers and 2 against private sector tenants, 19 local authorities pursued at least 1 ASBO. • Eviction actions for anti-social behaviour continue to be re l at i ve ly low compared to all eviction actions. Landlords who did not pursue eviction action generally felt that they did not have a suitable case or they would not have sufficient evidence to pursue a case. Some were also pursuing other management options and ASBOs. • In 53% of the cases where an ASBO was reported as being bre a ch e d , a prison sentence was imposed with 4 local authorities going on to take eviction action against tenants who had breached an ASBO. F rom 30 September 2002 all local authority secure tenancies and all RSL secure and a s s u red tenancies conve rt to the new Scottish Secure Tenancy (SST). This new tenancy has been introduced by the Housing (Scotland) Act 2001. S chedule 2 of the Act sets out the g rounds for eviction for a SST and with the introduction of the SST the current grounds set out in the Crime and Disorder Act will be superseded. The 2001 Act also adds harassment to the basis for recovery and sets out directions for Sheriffs in determining reasonable grounds for eviction.
Copies of this report, published in December 2002, can be obtained free from the Chartered Institute of Housing in Scotland, 6 Palmerston Place, Edinburgh EH12 5AA Tel: 0131 225 4544 Fax: 0131 225 4566 E-mail: Scotland@cih.org or visit their Website at: http://www.cihscotland.org

April 2003

Anti-Social Behaviour


B u rg l a ry to Privately Rented Student D we l l i n g s
Strathclyde Police

The aim of this report is to examine the issue of burglary to privately rented student accomm o d ation in order to make re c o m m e n d ations for an improved policing response to such incidents. Figures published by the Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) in 1999 suggest that in excess of 500,000 full time higher education students live in pri vat e ly rented dwe l l i n g s across the UK. This report aims to: • Determine the main contributing factors and characteristics of bu rg l a ri e s • Identify good practice and procedure for reducing burglary • Examine initiatives developed to reduce burglary in privately rented student dwellings • Make recommendations to reduce burglary to student accommodation and improve community safety in relation to student tenants • Improve the service to student burglary victims from the police. The results included in the re p o rt focused on the examination of re p o rted theft by h o u s eb reaking to student accommodation in areas cove red by Strat h c lyde Po l i c e. The main ch a r a c t e ristics of pri vat e ly rented student dwellings we re also examined to determ i n e whether these make the properties more vulnerable to burglary. The report also includes the results of a survey questionnaire sent to 300 student tenants in pri vat e ly rented accommodation in Glasgow. The 251 responses from this survey prov i d e the main body of evidence in the re p o rt . Some of the main points are: • Three quarters of female student tenant victims still experienced fear/trauma as a result of burglary some considerable time after the event. • Over half of student victims of burglary were not insured and only one third of burglaries were reported to an insurance company. • There was some evidence of repeat victimisation to privately rented student dwellings. • A controlled door entry system was the security feature most valued by the student respondents. • Inadequate home security and the physical characteristics of the buildings were deemed by student tenant respondents as the factors most likely to influence a burglary to a p ri vately rented student dwelling. The report includes a number of recommendations. Some of these are to encourage: The police service, higher educational institutions and property landlords to positively recognise and address the vulnerability of student tenants. The police to take a lead role in the development of burglary reduction strategies for privately rented student dwellings. The need for improved standards of home security for privately rented student dwellings and houses in multiple occupation.

• •

Copies of this report, published in November 2002, are available to download via the Home Office Website at:

For more information on the report contact Sgt Kenneth Campbell, Strathclyde Police, Stewart Street Police Office, 50 Stewart Street, Glasgow G4 0HY Tel: 0141 532 3054



April 2003

The Dorset Itinerant Traders Scheme
Dorset County Council

M a ny itinerant traders, or casual wo r ke r s who move around fre q u e n t ly, a re we l l k n own for carrying out high cost and low quality wo r k . T h ey prey mainly on the e l d e r ly and vulnerable and are fre q u e n t ly i nvo l ved in or connected with cri m i n a l activities such as bu rg l a ry. T h ey generally operate within a network of other itinerant traders to share info rm ation on their victims and re p e at offences against the same victim are not uncommon. E a ch ye a r, Trading Standards Serv i c e s and the Police re c e i ve nu m e ro u s complaints regarding the activities of itinerant traders. In a bid to disrupt their activities they have set up the Dorset Itinerant Traders Sch e m e, a mu l t i - ag e n c y s cheme involving the Po l i c e, Dorset Social S e rv i c e s , Age Concern , The Royal Institute for the Blind, West Dorset Crime and Disorder Joint Enforcement Group and various utilities. The scheme aims to: • Educate the public to the possible dangers of itinerant traders. • Obtain current intelligence on the activities of these traders from organisations taking part in the scheme as well as raising awareness. • Advise the itinerant trader of the legislation in place or prosecute if circumstances dictate. Trading Standards have written short s u m m a r ies containing details of their l e g i s l ation that the police can insert into their pocketbooks and use when at t e n d i n g an incident involving an itinerant trader. The ‘ ri n g m a s t e r ’ computer system is also used to disseminate info rm ation to local g roups if itinerant traders are known to be o p e r ating in the are a . A message is sent to

b a n k s , building societies and post offi c e s taking part in the sch e m e, who notify the Trading Standards Department when e l d e r ly householders are seen to be withdrawing large sums of money. Age Concern and Dorset Social Services h ave distri buted new s l e t t e r s , w h i ch include: • an article on the dangers of employing an itinerant trader • a copy of the Trading Standards advice leaflet on doorstep selling • a window card with the wo r d s :‘ We do not buy from doorstep sellers’. This is fo l l owed up by a discussion session where people are encouraged to talk about their experiences and fears of itinerant traders and bogus offi c i a l s. Utilities companies operate passwo r d systems to enable householders to establish the authenticity of callers. The scheme was eva l u ated after six months and concluded that a mu l t i - ag e n c y ap p ro a ch was the most effe c t i ve way to t a ckle crimes of this nat u re. O ver the sixmonth peri o d , the number of complaints re c e i ved by Dorset Trading Standards regarding itinerant traders fell from 23 b e fo re the introduction of the scheme to 6 a f t e r. As a re s u l t , it was recommended that the trial should continue for a further 6 months with a possibility of expansion across the county.
For more information contact Mich Webber, Principal Trading Standards Officer, Dorset County Council, Trading Standards Service, Colliton Annexe, County Hall, Dorchester DT1 1XJ Tel: 01305 224012 Fax: 01305 224297

...evaluated after six months and concluded that a multi-agency approach was the most effective way to tackle crimes of this nature.

Burglary 9

April 2003

Stop, Chain, Check Road Show
Cambridgeshire Constabulary

For more information contact Mrs Angie Walters, Community Contact Officer, St Ives Police Station, Norris Road, St Ives, Cambridgeshire PE27 5QB Tel: 01480 422957 or E-mail: angie.walters@cambs.pnn. police.uk

C a m b ri d g e s h i re Constabu l a ry launched their Distraction Burg l a ry Initiat i ve in May 2002 following an increase in bogus callers and rogue traders to the area. In partnership with the police and Huntingdonshire Community Safety Te a m , a mu s i c a l g roup called ‘the Gro a n i n ’ B o n e s ’ got together to produce a road show, w h i ch is taken to local vulnerable groups of people to highlight the message of Stop, Chain, C h e ck . The show is based on interactive learning and fe at u res a pantomime entitled ‘Little Red Riding Boot’, w h i ch is perfo rmed by a local amateur dramatics gro u p. The show aims to get the seri o u s message across to beware of bogus callers and always Stop, Chain, Check before opening the door to callers. The road show has alre a dy been shown to over 1500 people in the area and has been ve ry well re c e i ve d , giving people the opportunity to talk on a one-to-one basis with local police officers about issues of concern. F u t u re plans include taking the message further and targeting those people who fa l l within the vulnerable groups but who are unable to attend the road show s. Local Doctor’s s u rg e ries have ag reed to distri bute info rm ation leaflets on bogus callers to all houseb o u n d patients as well as making the info rm ation available to patients attending surgery. It is hoped t h at a video will be produced in the future, w h i ch can also then be shown to people unabl e to attend these events. This pro j e c t , w h i ch fo rms part of a wider picture of work being carried out on distraction burglary across the sector, will be evaluated in the near future.

Motorway Service Crime Conference
Warwickshire Police and Welcome Break Group

This confe re n c e, w h i ch took place on 10th December 2002 in London, was org a n i s e d by the Welcome Break Group in association with a number of police forces around the country to highlight the issue of motorway services crime. B e l i eved to be the first of its kind, t h e c o n fe rence was attended by police offi c e r s f rom across the UK who came together to discuss the pro blems and practical solutions to crime in motorway serv i c e a re a s. S p e a kers on the day included Pro f N i ck T i l l ey from the Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science and Jeff Collins from APACS, together with re p re s e n t at i ves from the police service.

• • • • • • •

Topics discussed on the day included: crime pattern analysis partnership working access control, CCTV and signage vehicle crime - both theft of and theft from car parks HGV crime forecourt drive-offs.

A second seminar is scheduled to take place in 18 months time.
For more information about the conference contact David Robinson, National Security Manager, Welcome Break Group Ltd Tel: 01908 299700 or PC Wayne Cook, Crime Prevention/Architectural Liaison Officer, Northern Area Community Safety Unit, Atherstone Police Station, Sheepy Road, Atherstone, Warwickshire CV9 1HP Tel: 01926 415763


Burglary/Business Crime

April 2003

Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice Papers
Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC)

The three latest papers in the AIC re s e a r ch series cover crime against small business in Australia and the potential for displacement of electronic crime. • No 242 Reporting of crime against small retail businesses - Feb 03 • No 243 e-crime Solutions and Crime Displacement - Jan 03 • No 244 Implementing Business Watch: problems and solutions Dec 02 Papers 242 & 244 are part of a project i nve s t i g ating crimes against small businesses funded by the Commonwe a l t h A t t o rn ey - G e n e r a l ’s Depart m e n t ’s Nat i o n a l C rime Prevention Pro g r a m . Paper 242 fo l l ows earlier papers (221 & 229) which l o o ked at pat t e rns of victimisation and fi n a n c i a l / p s y chological costs of cri m e. I t uses data from the Small Business Cri m e S u rvey collated at the end of 1999 via a postal questionnaire. Findings show that while bu rg l a ry and ro bb e ry incidents we re substantially more l i ke ly to be re p o rted to police than other types of cri m e, shoplifting and employe e theft we re unlike ly to be re p o rt e d . In all c rime types, completed crimes we re more l i ke ly to be re p o rted than at t e m p t e d c ri m e s. Reasons for not re p o rting cri m e s a re complex and va ried but perceive d s e riousness of the cri m e, insurance claim re q u i re m e n t , p revious victim history, attitudes towards the police and time and e f fo rt involved in reporting are some of the major factors. The findings are import a n t , not only because they reveal that police records do not accurat e ly reflect the extent of some types of crime against bu s i n e s s e s , bu t because the potential emphasis on burglary and ro bb e ry as the most common cri m e p ro blems for businesses may mean that a l l o c ation of resources and cri m e p revention strategies are not dire c t e d effectively. Paper 243 seeks to ap p ly theories of displacement in the context of electro n i c c ri m e, as it is diffe rent in many respects to traditional cri m e s. The concern is that displacement might be more of a pro bl e m

for e-crime than for other types of cri m e. One of the major risks identified is that as l a rge corp o r ations and public sector agencies continue to improve their e l e c t ronic securi t y, o f fenders may targ e t smaller org a n i s ations or individuals with less security in place. O f fenders may also seek to bribe staff or plant their own agents within org a n i s ations to avoid the need to overcome security and encryption fro m e x t e r nal methods. Being awa re of the displacement risks will help to ensure that well-intentioned efforts to reduce crime do not make matters worse. Paper 244 re p o rts on a pro c e s s eva l u ation of a Business Wat c h pro g r a m c u rre n t ly underway in the Nort h e rn Te rri t o ry. The eva l u ation was undert a ke n due to a lack of evidence of Business Watch as an effe c t i ve crime prevention tool in spite of its ap p a rent populari t y. The pap e r shows that dissemination of info rm ation to participants is a critical issue, with 30 % of the survey respondents actually unawa re that a Business Watch program was in place. O n ly 66% of members who we re awa re of the program knew about each component, with even fewer becoming invo l ve d . Reasons for non-invo l vement included belief that a particular component was not u s e f u l , an unwillingness or lack of enthusiasm on the part of the part i c i p a n t and the presence of other security systems at their business. Steps can be taken to overcome these issues and there is still a market fo r Business Wat ch . F u rther eva l u at i ve studies a re needed to establish whether pro g r a m s a re meeting objectives and are wo rt h pursuing as a crime prevention strategy fo r businesses.
Copies of these papers are available to download from the Australian Institute of Criminology Website at:

Findings show that while burglary and robbery incidents were substantially more l i ke ly to be reported to police than other types of c ri m e, shoplifting and employee theft were unlikely to be re p o rt e d .

http://www.aic.gov.au/publications/ tandi
Thanks to the European Crime Prevention Network (EU CPN) for highlighting these publications.

April 2003

Business Crime


CCTV: Have they been framed?
South Wales Police

For further details and copies of the booklet contact John Tumelty, Crime Reduction Department, Canton Police Station, 194 Cowbridge Road East, Cardiff CF15 1GW Tel: 02920 571501

The use of CCTV systems is continuing to i n c e re a s e. The change from analogue to digital recording systems is providing faster and more effe c t i ve transmission paths and o f fers the potential for internet solutions. But police officers still occasionally end up with images that are almost wo rthless as evidence of identification. M a ny of these pro blems occur because end users are unclear as to what they need when the system is being commissioned. Po o r ly sighted cameras, u n p rotected and a c c e s s i bl e, often with fields of view u n s u i t able for the tasks re q u i red and with no data storage considerations all

c o n t ri bute to expensive and inadequat e systems. The Crime Reduction Department in Cardiff have produced a small and simple bilingual (English/Welsh) booklet, w h i ch is designed to help CCTV end users understand the most effe c t i ve ways of identifying and dealing with pro bl e m s re l ating to their systems. The booklet also attempts to clarify the principles of the ‘Operational Requirement’. Booklets will be distri buted via sector s t ations and Community Beat Officers to commercial and retail org a n i s at i o n s c o n s i d e ring installing or upgrading their CCTV systems.

Secured by Design Award for Mostyn Police Station
North Wales Police

Fo l l owing talks between ACPO and North Wales Po l i c e, an ag reement was re a ched that the force would, wherever practicable, include the principles of Secured by Design in all its new building and major refurbishment work. After carrying out an assessment, it was found that some newer buildings we re alre a dy almost up to the Secured by Design standard and fo r minimum costs could be modified to achieve full compliance. Mostyn Police Station is the first North Wales police station to ach i eve the Secured by Design awa r d , with another six buildings at va rious stages of rev i ew. The force is curre n t ly negotiating with the Welsh Assembly Government and the National Assembly for Wales with a view to rewriting the national planning guidance. This would include more explicit re fe re n c e to crime reducing security measures (including Secured by Design) as a consideration fo r future planning consent, whilst at the same time ensuring it as a future mainstream element of the planning process. S n owdonia National Parks Au t h o ri t y, in partnership with the police, has also ach i eved a ‘ fi r s t ’ amongst National Parks by including Secured by Design in their Crime & Disorder Policy.
For more information contact Gerry Barlow, Force Architectural Liaison Officer, Community Safety Section, North Wales Police, Glan Y Don Colwyn Bay, Conwy LL29 8AW Tel: 01492 511819 Fax: 01492 511908 or E mail: gerald.barlow@nthwales.pnn.police.uk


CCTV/Designing Out Crime

April 2003

Designing Out Crime Through Environmental Change
Greater Manchester Police

This initiat i ve, w h i ch is based on a similar project in South A f ri c a , was set up in a bid to reduce the number of ro bb e ries taking place around cash machines by cre ating a defe n s i bl e space in front of the machine and there fo re establishing a personal space for the individual. Cash mach i n e s , or AT M s , re l ate to around 25% of all ro bb e ries on the Oxford Road c o rridor of Manch e s t e r. Although the ro bb e ry may not take place at the cash point itself, i t often happens within 150 metres of it. Offenders ‘hustle’ the victim, getting as close to them as possible in a bid to obtain their PIN number as well as ch e cking how mu ch cash is withdrawn. Research carried out for the project identified three crime prevention themes: • Territoriality - the ability of users of space to take control of and manage their space. • Surveillance - potential offenders prefer anonymity and avoid surveillance. • Crowding out Crime - activity increases surveillance and reduces criminal opportunities. As in the South African project, a square is marked out on the floor, sufficient enough for one person to feel a ‘ c o m fo rt zone’ whilst stood within it and discouraging others to step inside, therefore creating an informal control of the environment. E va l u ation of the scheme will take place by crime pat t e rn analysis after three months. Feedback received from bank managers suggests that those waiting for the cash machines are a l re a dy distancing themselves from the user and it is hoped that it will become socially unacceptable to stand too close in future.
For more information contact Judith Sadler or Tony Holt, Greater Manchester Police, Greenheys Police Station, Charles Halle Road, Moss Side, Manchester M15 6NP Tel: 0161 856 4435 Fax: 0161 856 4453

April 2003

Designing Out Crime


Doncaster Domestic Violence Working Pa rt y
Doncaster Community Safety Unit

The Doncaster Domestic Violence Working Pa rt y ( D DVWP) is a mu l t i - agency gro u p consisting of stat u t o ry and vo l u n t a ry ag e n c i e s. It has ch a ri t able aims and objective s including: • establishing and maintaining a system of networking between agencies • raising awareness and commenting on domestic violence issues • to be proactive in encouraging policy development and best practice in addressing issues of domestic violence • o f fe ring support to agencies working with domestic violence particularly those working with women and ch i l d re n . 1997 saw the introduction of the first edition of the ‘Workers’ Guidance and Info rm at i o n M a nu a l ’ , which was updated in October 2000 and is still used today. Posters, pamphlets and booklets have also been produced displaying the DDVWP logo. Training is offe red in single and mu l t i - agency fo rm ats and pilot training sessions for Judiciary and Court users have recently taken place in Doncaster. Additional sessions will be carried out in Sheffield. R e p re s e n t at i ves from Doncaster Community Safe t y, Doncaster Wo m e n ’s Aid and the coo r d i n ator of DDVWP have drafted a Local Au t h o rity Policy on domestic violence, w h i ch has re c e n t ly gone befo re the Doncaster Cabinet for ap p rova l . Plans have also been submitted fo r the construction of a purpose built facility. This will provide immediate access to temporary accommodation for women trying to escape domestic abuse. Other ongoing initiatives include: • a pilot intervention project at a local prison for victims and perpetrators of domestic violence • the introduction of domestic violence into both the primary and secondary school curriculum • establishing an info rm ation sharing protocol between agencies involved in the DDVWP, supported by ap p ro p ri ate data collection and analysis.
For more information contact Dennis Atkin, DDVWP, Doncaster Community Safety, Unity House, Carr Lane, Doncaster DN14 5AA Tel: 01302 736943 Fax: 01302 736901 or E-mail: dennis.atkin@doncaster.gov.uk

Sussex Domestic Violence Logo
Sussex Police

For further information contact Amanda Knight, Crime Reduction Adviser (Domestic Violence) Sussex Police, Community Safety Department, New Town, Uckfield, East Sussex TN22 5DL Tel: 01444 445907 or E-mail: amanda.knight@sussex. pnn.police.uk.

Sussex Po l i c e, in partnership with the Pan Sussex Domestic Violence Focus Gro u p, h ave l a u n ched a domestic violence logo, w h i ch is ava i l able to all ag e n c i e s , o rg a n i s ations and p rojects in Sussex to use alongside their own crest and logos as a symbol of domestic violence across the whole of the county. The Pan Sussex Domestic Violence Fo rum is re p resented by va rious bodies who have a wide responsibility for domestic violence. This means a more even distri bution of re s o u r c e s and the assurance that victims of domestic abuse receive the same level of service throughout the region. The logo was launched during Sussex’s domestic violence awa reness campaign in N ovember 2002, w h i ch coincided with the Womankind wo r l dwide domestic violence campaign ‘White Ribb o n ’ . Va rious events and initiat i ves we re held across the county, concluding with a seminar that highlighted examples of best practice. The campaign re c e i ved a positive eva l u ation and guests attending the seminar felt they had obtained a great deal of info rm ation of the service providers and their contacts, together with a better understanding of the scale of the problem.


Domestic Violence

April 2003

Gloucestershire Domestic Violence Support and Advocacy Project
Gloucestershire Domestic Violence Support and Advocacy Project

G l o u c e s t e r s h i re Domestic Violence Support and A dvocacy Project (GDVSAP) is the central re fe rral point for domestic violence incidents in Gloucestershire and provides a f ree and confidential crisis advocacy and a dvice service 24 hours a day, s even days a week. G DVSAP provides this service as p a rt of “ G l o u c e s t e r s h i re ’s Co-ordinat e d C o m munity Response to Domestic Vi o l e n c e ” ( C C R ) , w h i ch is a mu l t i - ag e n c y ap p ro a ch to tackling domestic violence, funded by the Home Office and involving a host of vo l u n t a ry and stat u t o ry ag e n c i e s a c ross the county. G DVSAP aims to ensure t h at clients have accurate info rm ation and s u p p o rt to enable them to make info rm e d ch o i c e s , d e t e rmine their own future and regain control of their lives. The crisis service is ava i l able to all victims of domestic violence. Callers are o f fe red advice on immediate safety issues s u ch as security of their home, a rr a n g i n g refuge accommodation or liasing with the police. Following this, the client’s needs for on-going support are explored and GDVSAP re fers them to the ap p ro p ri ate ag e n c y within the CCR’s ‘ A dvocacy Prov i d e r s ’ N e t work (APN) which will best meet their n e e d s. Amongst members of the CCR, a nyone making a disclosure of domestic violence is asked for their consent to be re fe rred to GDVSAP as the central specialist and independent re fe rral point. G DVSAP manages 15 units of s u p p o rted “second stag e ” a c c o m m o d at i o n for women and their ch i l d ren needing s u p p o rt when they leave the Gloucester re f u g e. The housing support wo r ke r d evelops individual support plans with e a c h tenant, including helping them to access other ag e n c i e s , mental health, ch i l d

p ro t e c t i o n , and safety issues, together with practical help and advice aro u n d maintenance and upkeep of the house and bu d g e t i n g. All tenants are offe re d p e rmanent accommodation by Gloucester City Council after approx i m at e ly two years. G DVSAP is committed to ensuring a n e t work of self help support groups are developed throughout Gloucestershire over the coming ye a r s. The project curre n t ly runs one such gro u p, w h e re women who h ave either left abu s i ve re l ationships or are still living with an abu s i ve part n e r, c a n meet we e k ly to give and re c e i ve support in a confidential env i ro n m e n t . It is planned to use this experience to help local ag e n c i e s t h roughout the county to develop similar g ro u p s. The project also provides a Wo m e n ’s Pro g r a m m e, w h i ch ru n s alongside the Men’s Pe rp e t r at o r s ’ P ro g r a m m e s , run by both the Pro b at i o n S e rvice and the vo l u n t a ry sector. A we e k ly g roup or regular telephone support is o f fe red to all women whose (ex)-part n e r s attend one of these pro g r a m m e s , w h i ch is essential for ensuring the women’s safety at this time of increased risk and fo r eva l u ating the effe c t i veness of the programmes.
For more information contact Sally Pickering, Services Manager, Gloucestershire Domestic Violence Support and Advocacy Project, 75 - 81 Eastgate Street, Gloucester GL1 1PN Tel: 01452 524553 E-mail: jill@glosdvsupp.freeserve.co.uk or visit their website at:

http://www.domesticviolencesupport. o rg . u k

April 2003

Domestic Violence


Drinking, crime and disorder
Home Office Research Findings 185
A l c o h o l - re l ated crime is a pro blem in many cities and towns with popular entert a i n m e n t d i s t ri c t s. This re p o rt presents the main findings from two Home Office studies (details below ) t h at explored the re l ationship between alcohol consumption and offending among 18-24 year-olds. The first study examined the 1999/1998 Youth Lifestyles Survey to quantify the association between binge drinking and offending behaviour (Richardson and Budd, 2003). The second study involved focus groups with 18 - 24 year olds to explore the social context of binge drinking (Engineer et al, 2003).
Copies of this report can be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website at:


Drunk and Disorderly: a qualitative study of binge drinking among 18 - 24 year olds
Home Office Research Study 262
R e l at i ve ly little is known about the social context of young adult binge drinking and especially the links to criminal and disorderly behaviour. The research presented in this report uses focus groups to explore this issue, particularly young adults’ p e r c e p t i o n s , e x p e riences of and motivations for binge dri n k i n g. The part i c ipants discussed the role of binge drinking within the night-time economy and suggested ways in which a night out drinking could be made a safer and less threatening experience.
Copies of this report can be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website at:


Alcohol, crime and disorder: a study of young adults
Home Office Research Study 263
This re p o rt presents the findings from re s e a r ch examining the extent and nat u re of binge d rinking and explores the links with criminal and disorderly behaviour in the young adult population. S t atistical analysis of the 1998/99 Youth Lifestyles Survey allowed the opportunity to look at drinking and offending alongside other re l ated lifestyle fa c t o r s , p roviding a more complete picture of alcohol-re l ated behav i o u r. A d d i t i o n a l ly, d ata from in-depth interv i ew s with young adult binge drinkers provides a more detailed examination of the experiences of d rinking in busy entertainment are a s , as well as offe ring suggestions to reduce the prevalence of alcohol-related incidents.
Copies of this report can be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website at:



Drugs and Alcohol

April 2003

Reducing alcohol-related violence and disorder: an evaluation of the ‘TASC’ project
Home Office Research Study 265
The Ta ckling A l c o h o l - R e l ated Street Crime (TASC) project was set up with the principal aim of reducing the level of alcohol-re l ated violence and disorder in Cardiff city centre and the Cardiff bay area. This police led scheme centred on inter- agency partnership and sought innovat i ve solutions to specific forms of offending in particular locations. This re p o rt presents an eva l u ation of the pro j e c t . It provides an ove rv i ew of the aims of the project and describes the process of the evaluation, as well as giving evidence on whether and to what extent, the TASC project had an impact on the incidence of violence and disorder across the area. Recommendations and lessons on ‘good practice’ are also explored.
Copies of this report can be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website at: Copies of all these research studies, published in March 2003 are available free from Research, Development and Statistics Directorate, Communications Development Unit, Room 201, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice. gsi.gov.uk


Alcohol-Related Crime and Disorder: guidance for local partnerships
Home Office Development & Practice Guide 6 and On-line publication 08/03

Two research reports providing guidance to local Crime and Disorder Reduction Pa rtnerships (CDRPs) on how best to g ather and utilise data on alcohol-re l at e d crime and disorder have been published by the Home Office. These re p o rts focus on the collection and analysis of alcohol-re l ated crime and disorder data within the context of conducting audits under the terms of the 1998 Crime and Disorder Act. The re p o rt s : • highlight the need for CDRPs to take the problem of alcohol-related crime and disorder seriously • consider how the term ‘alcohol-related crime and disorder’ might be i n t e rp reted for the purposes of auditing • summarise the types and sources of data potentially available to CDRPs to measure alcohol-related crime and disorder • describe different, but complementary, approaches to the measurement of alcohol-related crime and disorder, which address the issue of linking alcohol consumption to crime and disorder • highlight issues CDRPs and individual organisations must consider to ensure a co-ordinated and informed approach

to auditing when collecting, analysing and sharing data emphasise that data collection, a n a ly s i s and sharing should not be seen exclusively as a three-yearly auditing process but as at least annual exercises that help CDRPs to monitor progress against their strategic plans.

The re p o rts are based on re s e a r ch conducted at four CDRP sites in England. At each site the availability and quality of data on alcohol-related crime and disorder were e x a m i n e d . Findings from each site we re c o l l ated and work was undert a ken to e n s u re that the guidance is re p re s e n t at i ve of the types of info rm ation potentially available to CDRPs throughout England and Wales.
Copies of the Development & Practice Guide, published in February 2003, are available free from Research, Development and Statistics Directorate, Communications Development Unit, Room 201, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk and can also be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website at:

Copies of the on-line report, published in February 2003, are available only via the Home Office Website at:

http://www.homeoffice. gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/ rd s o l r 0 8 03 . p d f
Application for reproduction of this report should be made to the Research, Development and Statistics Directorate, Communications Development Unit, Room 275, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds @homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/ pdfs2/dpr6.pdf

April 2003

Drugs and Alcohol


Drug Use in Vulnerable Groups
Home Office Research Study 258 - Youth homelessness and substance use: repor t to the drugs and alcohol research unit Home Office Research Study 260 - One problem among many: drug use among care leavers in transition to independent living Home Office Research Study 261 - Substance use by young offenders: the impact of normalisation of drug use in the early years of the 21st century
The Home Office has published three re p o rts into drug use amongst vulnerable yo u n g people. Whilst each examines a different vulnerable group, there are similarities between the three sets of results that can be drawn out.

Key similarities • Drug use in all groups was high. The homeless group had particularly high levels of heroin and crack cocaine usage (43% and 38%). Cannabis use was very high among the other 2 groups, but heroin and crack use lower, at below 20% in each of these groups. • The quality of help available to each of the groups was perceived to be low and too general. A greater number of smaller agencies might be able to target smaller groups more effectively. Differences in the group of young homeless • Drug taking was high – particularly the use of re c re ational drugs. In addition, 43% had taken heroin and 38% crack cocaine. Many were poly-drug users and just over a quarter had injected drugs. • Almost all the young people smoked on a daily basis and a considerable number were also adopting risky drinking habits – with 14% identified as problem drinkers. • The young people became homeless for a variety of complex reasons – most frequently conflict and abuse. Substance use was the next most common factor given for homelessness. Parents often asked young people to leave for re l at i ve ly minor drug or alcohol use. • The young people’s accounts suggest that becoming homeless can lead to an escalation of substance use but can also provide an opportunity to give up or cut down. However, they also said their substance use was one of the many barriers they faced when trying to access temporary and permanent accommodation. • Dedicated and ap p ro p ri ate service provision is required for young homeless people that addresses substance use within the context of their multiple problems. • Any substance prevention work with this group needs to overcome resistance from the young people and lack of expertise in many homelessness services. Differences in the group of young offenders • The group was highly delinquent. Most had committed multiple types of offences, repeatedly. Over 20% reported shoplifting, selling stolen goods, taking a car without consent and drug dealing at least 20 times in the previous year. • Substance use was also very high. Over 85% had used cannabis, alcohol and tobacco. But less than 20% had used heroin or crack cocaine (although this rate is still comparatively high for such a young group – all but one was under 18 years). • Alcohol, tobacco and cannabis were more strongly related to offending than were other d ru g s. The shift towards the use of heroin and/or cocaine and/or drug injection observed in the 1980s amongst delinquents was not evident.


Drugs and Alcohol

April 2003

• •

Some key factors were related to both substance use and offending: life difficulties and events; disliking and being excluded from school; lack of positive coping mechanisms; and expecting to get into trouble again. However, growing up with one parent was not related to offending or drug use. The young people felt they had received a lot of help from services (mainly GPs and social workers) but that the quality of the help had been low. Individual counselling or small-scale interventions may be more ap p ro p ri ate than generic services to deal with the diversity of substance use in this group. Parents need to be engaged concerning their ch i l d re n ’s substance use and helped to understand the contemporary prevalence of drug use in this age group. The adoption of low or zero tolerance to drugs in school may not be helpful as it encourages secrecy in drug taking and exclusion only of those caught – who may not be the greatest users.

Differences in the group in transition from care to independent living • The group reported higher levels of drug use than the general population – one-third said they smoked cannabis every day. • The use of other drugs was also reported – 15% had used ecstasy in the last month, 10% cocaine. Around a tenth reported taking heroin or crack cocaine at some time in their lives. • Steadily lower levels of drug consumption were reported as the young people began to live independently. However, levels increased during periods of transition to independent living and when movement to independent living was problematic. • Practical responsibilities and parenthood encouraged more responsible levels of drug use and young care leavers appear to grow out of drug use more quickly than the general population. • There is a lack of specialist services for young people with drug problems. Assisting young people in the transition from care to independent living is one of Social Services’ responsibilities and they need to be prepared to deal with drug-related issues. • Interventions should be part of more general planning to help young care leavers with housing, employment and training.
Copies of all these research studies, published in February 2003 are available free from Research, Development and Statistics Directorate, Communications Development Unit, Room 201, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk and can also be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website at:


April 2003

Drugs and Alcohol


Used Needles Hotline
Leeds City Council

Po t e n t i a l ly dangero u s , discarded used needles can now be collected the same day if they are re p o rted to a special council hotline. Since A p ril last ye a r, a total of 23,000 abandoned needles have been collected thanks to Leeds City Council’s used needles phone line. Fo l l owing the success of an initial tri a l , the council’s customer serv i c e s d e p a rtment are adve rtising the special hotline number to members of the publ i c who are able to report needles they suspect m ay have been dumped by drugs users. Callers are connected directly to a customer s e rvices offi c e r, who asks them for the l o c ation of the needles and quantity.

Contact details are also requested should t h e re be pro blems in locating the needles. The officer then alerts the council’s contracting services staff, who aim to collect the needles within the same working day. The community safety depart m e n t funds the service and lines are open fro m 7.30am until 5pm most days.
For more information contact Catherine Carlill, Communications Officer, Leeds Community Safety Team, Leeds City Council, Leeming House, Vicar Lane, Leeds LS2 7JF Tel: 0113 395 0797 or E-mail: catherine.carlill@leeds.gov.uk

The Tower Project
Blackpool Community Safety Partnership

The Tower Project was established by the B l a ckpool Community Safety Pa rt n e r s h i p, j o i n t ly ch a i red by Blac kpool Boro u g h Council and Lancashire Constabu l a ry We s t e r n Division, in Ja nu a ry 2002. T h e project includes a Management Group with re p re s e n t at i ves from the va rious ag e n c i e s who oversee the development of the s ch e m e. The Tower Project is aimed at dru g re l ated offe n d e r s. The most persistent c r iminals are identified by an ev i d e n c e m at rix and the pro fessional judgement of s t a f f, p a rt i c u l a r ly for the key crimes of house burglary, auto crime and street ro bb e ry. D ru g testing kits and medication a re used to give persistent o f fenders the opport u n i t y to stop using illicit dru g s and reduce their offending b e h av i o u r. Pa rticipants are o f fe red support both inside and outside of p ri s o n . A mu l t i - ag e n c y

release scheme also operates. This addresses issues such as housing, b e n e fi t s , p ro b at i o n , s u p p o rt and lifestyle skills. The aim is to reduce offending of this group by 30% over the next two years. Those who are part of the project but are not cooperating and c o n t i nue to offend are subject to police surveillance and stop ch e ck s. In October last year, 54 individuals had t a ken part in the pro j e c t , with most re p o rting reduced levels of drug abuse and c ri m i n a l i t y. Since the introduction of the p ro j e c t , t h e re have been considerabl e reductions in overall crime in the are a . I t has played a significant role in the Safe r S t reets in Lancashire initiat i ve, w h i ch commenced in March 2002.
For more information contact Nick Marnell, Tower Visits Administrator, Western Division HQ Bonny Street, Blackpool FY1 5RL Tel: 01253 604245


Drugs and Alcohol

April 2003

Narrowing the Justice Gap
Home Office

The Gove rn m e n t ’s criminal justice programme of re fo rms will re q u i re police and other agencies to work together to become more effe c t i ve in tackling cri m e. Police forces alre a dy demonstrate successful partnership working with agencies such as probation and the Crown Prosecution Service - a key element of the Narrowing the Justice Gap targets. The White Paper ‘Justice for Al l’ i d e n t i fied a justice gap between the number of cri m e s recorded by the police and the number of offenders brought to justice. Currently 80 per cent of crimes go unpunished, a fi g u re the Gove rnment wants reduced by fi ve percent by 2004 and 17 per cent by 2006. Ta rgeting specific types of offenders (The Persistent Offe n d e r S ch e m e ) , s p e c i fic types of crime (Street Crime Initiat i ve) and tackling weaknesses in the c riminal justice system will help to ach i eve this targ e t . The work will be dri ven by Local C riminal Justice Boards set up in each of the 42 areas and is due to offi c i a l ly start in A p ri l this year. ‘Project Embra c e’ led by Gre ater Manchester Police is one example of successful p a rtnership wo r k i n g. The force has wo r ked alongside the local Pro b ation Serv i c e, yo u t h offending teams and local council to reduce persistent offending over the past two years. The p roject aims to help persistent offenders address the underlying reasons for their offe n d i n g and helps them to try and rebuild their live s. Vi ews are sought from the local commu n i t y, police and pro b at i o n , as to who are the most persistent offenders and both the police and p ro b ation take on joint responsibility for monitoring them in the commu n i t y. One of the success stories involves an offender who was arrested 18 times before agreeing to take part in the pro j e c t . Since part i c i p ating 11 months ag o, he hasn’t committed any further crime and now runs a local youth football team. Ten forces in the Midlands are also proving that inter- force co-operation is inva l u abl e when it comes to fighting cri m e. T h ey are curre n t ly working together to try and combat distraction bu rg l a ry, both through an intelligence-led ap p ro a ch and by offe ring va l u abl e c rime prevention advice to those most at ri s k . O p e r ation Liberal was set up to targ e t t r avelling criminals who are re s p o n s i ble for hundreds of crimes across a wide are a . Fo r c e s s h a re va l u able intelligence daily via computer and the more info rm ation they can gather on s p e c i fic offenders the better info rmed the courts will be when it comes to sentencing. T h e p roject also invo l ves road shows for the elderly and pre s e n t ations to local groups where a dvice on crime prevention is ava i l abl e. Since the project started in 1998, it has contri bu t e d to an increased detection of crime in the ten force areas.
For more information on the ‘Narrowing the Justice Gap’ scheme visit the Criminal Justice Service Website at: h t t p : / / w w w. c j s o n l i n e . o rg / n j g

Community Safety Partnerships Briefing Papers
Crime Concern

Crime Concern has produced a series of briefing papers aimed at community safety partnerships as part of an ongoing ‘ Pa rtnership Support Programme’ funded by the Home Office. The publications focus on the key challenges facing partnerships, with some of the main topics from the series including: • Tackling anti-social behaviour • Drugs & community safety • Funding community safety • Young people in rural Britain: partners in crime prevention • Keeping Section 17 on the agenda

Copies of these briefing papers, published in January 2003, are available free from Crime Concern, Beaver House, 147 - 150 Victoria Road, Swindon SN1 3UY Tel: 01793 863500 Fax: 01793 514654 E-mail: info@crimeconcern.org.uk They can also be viewed and downloaded from their website at:

http://www.crimeconcern .org.uk/index1.asp

April 2003



Australian Crime Prevention Conference Papers
Australian Institute of Criminology

Thanks to the European Crime Prevention Network (EU CPN) for highlighting this publication. For more information visit their website at: h t t p : / / e u ro p a . e u . i n t /

comm/justice_home/ eucpn

The Australian Institute of Criminology, in conjunction with the Crime Prevention Branch of the Commonwealth Government A t t o rn ey General’s department, held a conference on Crime Prevention in September 2002. They have published many of the papers from the confe re n c e on the Internet at: http://www.aic.gov.au/conferences/crimpre/program.html The conference aimed to bring together practitioners, re s e a r ch e r s , academics and policy m a kers from re l evant fields to discuss the types of policies and programs that have been implemented on a nat i o n a l , regional or local leve l . The emphasis was on inter- ag e n c y ap p ro a ches to crime preve n t i o n , including measures to reduce opportunities for crime as well as preventing criminality. The conference themes included early intervention and developmental crime prevention, family violence, partnerships, diversion and interventions amongst others. Abstracts are given for all the papers with full versions ava i l able to download for 40 of the titles. Although the focus is on Australian crime preve n t i o n , with some emphasis on indigenous issues, there is much to be learned from Australian experience. The titles below are examples of some of the diverse papers ava i l able from the c o n fe rence program (internet address shown ab ove ) . To see the full listing, ch e ck the C o n fe rence Program. • The challenge of implementing and evaluating programs for perpetrators of domestic violence - Dr Lesley Laing, Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse, New South Wales. • Building site crime prevention project in new residential estates - Ken Lee, City of Casey Council, Vi c t o ri a . • City of Melbourne’s approaches to addressing safety issues in public toilets - Rebecca Roebuck and Phillipa Dwyer, Melbourne City Council, Vi c t o ri a . • The Commonwealth Gove rn m e n t ’s ap p ro a ch to early childhood strategies and interventions - Robyn McKay, Commonwealth Department of Family and Community Services.

Safer Lancashire Website
Lancashire County Council

For further details contact Pamela Smith, Community Safety Officer, Policy Unit, Office of the Chief Executive, Lancashire County Council, PO Box 78, County Hall, Preston PR1 8XJ Tel: 01772 263414 Fax 01772 263353 or E-mail: pam.smith@css.lancscc.gov.uk

The Safer Lancashire Website (w w w. s a f e r l a n c a s h i re . c o. u k) was launched in July 2002 by the Chief Constable of Lancashire and the Chairman of the Association of Police Au t h o ri t i e s , on behalf of strategic and local partnerships. The site is organised by area and provides a gateway to: • Generic info rm ation and advice • I n fo rm ation from all 14 Community Safety Partnerships in Lancashire (each have their own web page or link) • I n fo rm ation from other Crime and Disorder Partners or links to relevant parts of their sites eg: Lancashire Constabulary,Youth Offending Teams, Drug Action Teams and Fire Rescue Service • Links to other Government sites. The key purpose of the site is to provide info rm ation to the public and interested bodies. T h e re is a re s t r icted password area for partner agencies to circulate and exch a n g e i n fo rm ation on funding opportunities as well as general crime reduction info rm at i o n . Local p a rtnerships provide details of their audits and strat e g i e s , local initiat i ve s , c u rrent pre s s releases and contact details. To dat e, s t atistics have shown that Crime and Disorder Reduction Pa rtnerships (CDRPs) and the public are visiting the site at approximately 40,000 hits per month.



April 2003

Tilley Awards 2003
Home Office

The T i l l ey Award was set up by the Home O f fice Policing and Reducing Crime Unit ( n ow the Crime and Policing Group) in 1999 to encourage and recognise good practice in implementing pro bl e m - o ri e n t e d policing (POP). The Awa r d , funded by the Home Office, will pay for winners to attend the A n nual Intern ational Pro bl e m - O ri e n t e d Policing Confe rence in San Diego, w h i ch p rovides the opportunity for winners to present their project to other delegates. An additional third award will be made this year recognising the contri bu t i o n made to reducing crime by Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships (CDRPs). Prizes will be awarded for:

Crime and Disorder Reduction This cat e g o ry remains similar to prev i o u s ye a r s. P rojects entered should descri b e work to reduce specific crime and disorder p ro blems and can cover the full range of issues encountered by the police. H oweve r, the judges will be looking to see how fa r the project demonstrates a wider adoption of pro blem solving to ensure that it is used on a systematic basis to address police work day to day, rather than one-off problems. Organisational support The focus in 2003 for this cat e g o ry is the explicit delivery of problem oriented crime re d u c t i o n . In previous years this cat e g o ry has included entries where the police have used the ap p ro a ch to deal with any org a n is ational issue (for example staff sick n e s s , shift systems), w h i ch may or may not have been aimed at supporting front line staff to work in a pro blem solving fa s h i o n .T h i s year entries will only be eligible if they can d e m o n s t r ate that they have helped to i m p rove the delive ry of POP. E x a m p l e s might include: • change management programmes to introduce problem solving including training • changes to the performance management process to ensure POP is adopted properly • the development of Incident Management Units.

Effective partnerships This is a new cat e g o ry intended to recognise the important role that local Crime and Disorder Reduction Pa rt n e r s h i p s can play in reducing crime and disorder. The police must have played an active ro l e in the project and the entry needs to come f rom them but be endorsed by the ch i e f o f ficers of three core agencies invo l ve d . E n t ries can be about reducing crime and disorder pro blems and must fulfill the requirements under the crime and disorder reduction category above. A l t e rn at i ve ly they can be about org a n i s ational aspects of p a rtnership working and there fo re mu s t f u l fil the re q u i rements under the org a n i s ational support category. However, the focus must again be on the effective delivery of a p ro bl e m - o r iented ap p ro a ch to cri m e reduction. All entries should demonstrate that the work fo rms part of the local crime and disorder strategy and although the police should lead in pre p a ring the entry, t h ey m ay not necessari ly be the lead agency in the project. It is important to show that the p roject is a joint enterp rise and the contributions of each agency are reflected. How to enter E n t ries should include a summary of 300400 words and a detailed description of up to 4000 words for the pro j e c t . The Home O f fice has compiled some guidance notes, w h i ch may prove helpful befo re putting an e n t ry together. The closing date for entri e s is 30th May 2003. The winners The winning projects will be selected fro m a judging panel composed of leading academics, police, practitioners and fo rm e r p ri z ew i n n e r s. The prizes will be pre s e n t e d at the UK National Pro blem Ori e n t e d Policing Confe rence to be held in September 2003 where the winners and other selected entries will be invited to present their projects.
For more information on the awards visit the Crime Reduction Website at:

http://www. crimereduction.gov.uk/ tilleyaward2003.htm
or contact Patricia Perkins, Home Office Crime and Policing Group, Research, Development and Statistics Directorate, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 3511 or E-mail: patricia.perkins@homeoffice. gsi.gov.uk

April 2003



Your Practical Guide to Crime Prevention I n t ro d u c t i o n
Home Office

This updated booklet explains how people can help to reduce the risk of becoming a victim of cri m e. It provides simple suggestions on how to protect your home, your fa m i ly and pro p e rty and how to stay safe. The contents include: • Household and Pro p e rt y • Business and Retail • Vehicles

• • •

Community Personal Safety Your Family

Copies are available free from Prolog UK Tel: 0870 241 4680 Fax: 0870 241 4786 E-mail: homeoffice@prolog.uk.com or can be viewed and downloaded from the Crime Reduction Website at:

http://www.crimereduction.gov.uk/ ypgcp.htm

Alloy Wheel Marking
West Yorkshire Police

H u d d e r s field Division of West Yo r k s h i re Police suffers dispro p o rt i o n at e ly with the theft of a l l oy wheels. Once wheels are stolen, t h ey are not identifi able and so it is hard to re u n i t e them with their rightful owners. After consultation and discussions with a vehicle manu fa c t u re r, West Yo r k s h i re Po l i c e i n t roduced a marking scheme for alloy wheels, w h i ch uses an electronic engraver to mark the owners postcode and house number onto the back of the wheel, on the durable ‘boss’ in the middle. E n g r avers have been issued to va ri o u s tyre replacement retailers, as well as new car dealers in the area who carry out this serv i c e. Po s t e r s a dve rtising the scheme are displayed in the c o m p a ny ’s windows and an info rm ation card explaining the concept of the scheme is issued to e a c h customer. Customers also re c e i ve an a d h e s i ve window sticker for their car, informing would-be thieves that the wheels are marked. An eva l u ation of the scheme will be c a r ried out in the fo rm of an analysis of c rime fi g u res to identify whether there has been a reduction in this type of cri m e. R e c ove red wheels will also be examined to ch e ck whether they have been marke d . O f the companies taking part in the sch e m e, the majority feel that it is an excellent idea. S everal of them maintain a register containing details of the wheels that have been marked.
For more information contact PC Chris Green, Crime Reduction/Architectural Liaison Officer, Huddersfield Police Station, Castlegate, Huddersfield HD1 2NJ Tel: 01484 436639 Fax: 01484 436602 or E-mail: CG30@westyorkshire.pnn.police.uk Editors Note: Property marking schemes should adhere to the Association of Chief Police Officer (ACPO)/Home Office principles of property marking. Details of these are published on the Crime Reduction website: w w w. c r i m e re d u c t i o n . g ov. u k / p ro p e rt y 0 1 . h t m


General/Property Crime

April 2003

Hambleton: A Beacon for Crime Reduction in Rural Areas
Hambleton District Council

H a m bleton in North Yo r k s h i re is a mainly rural district and the population has grow n s t e a d i ly over the past decade. Most people live in small market towns spread across the d i s t rict with the remainder scat t e red throughout the area in villages and ag ri c u l t u r a l settlements. L evels of crime have fallen gradually across the region and work by the Council’s C o m munity Safety Pa rtnership has done mu ch to reduce the publ i c ’s fear of cri m e. E f fe c t i ve m o n i t o ring of crime levels and consultation with partners helps to identify emerg i n g p ro blems and the stru c t u re of the partnership enables a quick re s p o n s e. N ew initiat i ve s include increased police presence to isolated rural areas and local people are encouraged to participate through a variety of watch schemes. Key lessons include: • Changes to the structure of the partnership in order to get closer to the rural population. Task groups organised geographically, with the emphasis on project management, which improves involvement from partners. • A willingness to continually examine what is being done ensures that the work of the partnership remains relevant and focused. • The partnership has a strong, independent Chair who is committed to bringing the various agencies together.
For more information contact Chris Fields, Community Safety Officer, Hambleton District Council, Civic Centre, Stone Cross, Northallerton DL6 2UU Tel: 01609 767211 or E-mail: Christine.fields@hambleton.gov.uk

Operation Countryside
Leicestershire Constabulary

The West A rea Police Community Unit of L e i c e s t e r s h i re Constabu l a ry has launch e d O p e ration Country s i d e, a campaign that aims to reduce ag ri c u l t u r a l , fa rm and equestrian crime. O ver 77% of all ag r icultural cri m e s re p o rted in the region over the last few months have invo l ved bu rg l a ry or theft, with thieves targeting fa rms and ri d i n g s chools for equipment such as saddles, bridles and rugs, as well as horse trailers to be able to transport the stolen pro p e rt y away. The scheme invo l ves a Country s i d e Wat c h incorp o r ating the Ringmaster s y s t e m , w h i c h encourages people living and working in outlying areas to link up to form an early warning system. O ver 200 letters containing up-to-dat e c rime prevention advice and useful contact details have alre a dy been sent to all fa rm s and equestrian centres in the area and more than 50 people have signed up to the watch s ch e m e. Members re c e i ve a handbook,

horse tack advice leaflet, c o u n t ryside gat e signs and signage price list. T h ey also have the opportunity to sign up to re c e i ve u p d ated local crime info rm ation via phone or e-mail. S p e c i a l ly designed posters have been p roduced with the messages ‘Stamping on Crime in the Countryside’ and ‘Shutting the G ate on Crime in the Country s i d e ’ , w h i ch are used to advertise the scheme. All victims of countryside crime in the area re c e i ve non-members Countryside Wat c h pack s containing crime prevention advice and an invitation to join the scheme. E va l u ation is ongoing, but will fo c u s on a final analysis of the numbers of recorded crimes committed on ru r a l premises in July this year.
For more information contact Insp Mark Thompson, Leicestershire Constabulary, Beaumont Leys Police Station, Community Unit, 2 Beaumont Way, Beaumont Leys, Leicester LE4 1DS Tel: 0116 248 3375 Fax: 0116 248 3393

April 2003

Rural Crime


Vehicle Security Launch
Norfolk Constabulary

Kings Lynn Po l i c e, as part of the Safer We s t N o r folk Steering Gro u p, h ave introduced a n ew tool in the fight against theft fro m vehicles. Motorists parking their cars in the Boal Q u ay car park will re c e i ve an audibl e wa rning reminding them to re m ove all va l u ables from their cars and make sure t h ey are secure ly locke d . The motion sensitive units can be placed where there is a power supply and in the Boal Quay car park the device is located on the ticke t m a ch i n e. As a motorist ap p ro a ches to p u r chase their ticke t , t h ey automat i c a l ly trip the sensor and the security reminder is activated. The scheme was the idea of the Au t o C r ime Action Gro u p, w h i ch includes the

Po l i c e, Council and local bu s i n e s s e s. T h e units are funded through the Home Offi c e Safer Communities Initiative, with a total of 10 units purchased so far and placed t h roughout the Kings Lynn and We s t Norfolk Borough Council areas. The project will be monitored on p u blic opinion and via CCTV to ensure vehicles are being left secure. An eva l u at i o n will be carried out in 12 months to identify whether there has been a reduction in c ri m e.
For more information contact Sgt Terry Scott Community Safety Department, Kings Lynn Police Station, St James’Road, Kings Lynn, Norfolk Tel: 01553 665037 Fax: 01553 767816 or E-mail: scottt@norfolk.pnn.police.uk

Key Safe
West Yorkshire Police

West Yo r k s h i re Police have set up an initiat i ve, w h i ch aims to combat the theft of car key s during house bu rg l a ri e s. They have produced two stickers, one for the car and one for the house, which basically warn thieves that car keys are kept safe and are not an easy target. They have also issued leaflets containing the following advice: • If you have a garage, please park your car in it. This will keep your cars out of the sight of preying eyes. • Consider fitting an electric garage door. • If you have to park your car in the driveway consider fitting substantial gates or security posts. • It is a fact that new cars have very sophisticated locks, immobilisers and other security devices and the only way to start the vehicle is to have the key. • Thieves are selecting cars they want to steal from outside houses.They will look for any opportunity to steal keys that are left on show in the house. It is there fo re vital that householders hide keys from view. • Don’t leave car keys in an obvious place, make it as hard as possible for the thief. • Don’t leave doors and windows unlocked. • Don’t leave car keys in prominent places where a burglar can find them. At night take your car keys to bed with you. • Your car insurance could be invalid if you have declared you garage your car overnight when in fact you don’t! The scheme has been piloted in Ke i g h l ey and the results so far have been ve ry good. Fe e d b a ck from the public has shown an increased awa reness and there has been a considerable drop in this type of crime in the area.
For more information contact DI John Birkenshaw, Force Crime Reduction Officer, West Yorkshire Police, Police HQ, PO Box 9, Wakefield, WF1 3QP Tel: 01924-292465 or E-mail: jb152@westyorkshire.pnn.police.uk


Vehicle Crime

April 2003

Operation “Clean Up”
Police Service of Northern Ireland

Between April and June 2002, the police in B e l fast seized over 900 unlicensed cars and d e s t royed almost 800 of them in a p a rtnership ap p ro a ch between Dri ver and Vehicle Licensing Nort h e rn Ire l a n d , t h e N o rt h e rn Ireland Office and the Po l i c e S e rvice of Nort h e r n Ire l a n d . The pro j e c t was also supported by the Northern Ireland F i re Bri g a d e, B e l fast and Lisbu r n City Councils and Castlereagh Borough Council. O p e r ation “Clean Up” i nvo l ved the re m oval of unlicensed vehicles (including p a r ked cars) on public ro a d s. D u ring the o p e r at i o n , the data from many endemic volume crimes was measured including: • theft of and from vehicles • d ri ve-offs from filling stations • domestic burglary • assaults and ro bb e ry. Additional perfo rmance indicat o r s measured in the target area for the duration of the operation we re road traffi c c o l l i s i o n s , car arson, abandoned ve h i c l e s , motor insurance and road fund license reve nu e. C o m p a risons we re made against a t a rget area for the preceding quart e r, together with the same quarter for the p revious ye a r. The results showed a reduction of between 19 and 32% on the p e r fo rmance indicators. This was supported by stat i s t i c a l ly significant reductions in some cat e g o ries during quarter on quart e r a n a ly s i s. The Motor Insurers Info rm at i o n Centre also examined the insurance history of the destroyed vehicles and only identified 11% as being currently insured.

The re s e a r ch suggests that the pri m a ry link between the significant amounts of volume crime is not the day, date or time of the cri m e, but the ava i l ability of low - c o s t , invisible transport to and from the scene. The project also compares with similar s chemes such as ‘ O p e r ation Cubit’, w h i ch was introduced in Kent in 2001, a n d suggests that the re m oval of these unlicensed vehicles should be a pri o ri t y. O p e r ation “Clean Up” is estimated to have cost £100,000 or approx i m at e ly £106 per car. It contains considerable elements of the ‘ B ro ken Wi n d ow s ’ t h e o ry used to explain the reduction in volume crime and anti-social incidents by an estimat e d £ 1 . 1 M . It also examines the change in attitude engendered in m a ny motorists where the leve l of induced re-licensing increased road fund licence reve nue by an estimated £1.9M. This was a good example of p a rtnership working between an a d m i n i s t r at i ve agency with the l e g i s l at i ve authority to enforce ve h i c l e licensing without the resources and the police with the need and resources bu t without the statutory power.
For further information and copies of the final evaluation costing £25.00 plus p&p contact Constable Norman Gibson, Regional Crime Prevention Officer, Crime Prevention Branch, PSNI Headquarters, Brooklyn, 65 Knock Road, Belfast BT5 6LD Tel: 028 9070 0105 or E-mail: cpobelfastregion@nics.gov.uk

April 2003

Vehicle Crime


Merseyside Police

In November 2000, the Lancsafe Te a m , funded through Merseyside Po l i c e, was fo rmed in response to an increase in criminal activities along the A580 East Lancashire Road, w h i ch links Live rpool City Centre to Manchester City Centre. The route attracts a heavy flow of traffic and this contributes to various crime problems including: • thefts of and from vehicles parked in the car parks of businesses along the route • lack of communication between local businesses linked by this road, who suffer similar crime problems • movement of class A drugs by offenders from all over the North West region • movement of stolen vehicles across police boundaries using the road as a fast and direct route to and from other areas in the region • travelling criminals expanding their areas of operation across neighbouring force areas • thefts of petrol - drive-offs. The Lancsafe Team carry out staff training in crime prevention to businesses along the A580 and Crime Managers are being introduced in to businesses to focus on specific cri m e i s s u e s. Liaison is also ongoing with parent companies to cre ate gre ater support and the involvement of Business Crime Direct has led to funding for local businesses to enable them to improve their CCTV systems and target-harden pre m i s e s. M a r keting and publ i c i t y campaigns have also been set up to get key messages across to the public and reduce the opportunities for crime. The project also aims to improve links with bordering police forces by arranging cro s s border operations. Joint working with other forces has allowed intelligence to be shared and a number of successful operations to be developed. During the last 2 years of the project, there has been: • 15% reduction in crime throughout the 10.8 mile stretch of the road, which accommodates the majority of businesses • 41% reduction in the number of drive-offs from petrol stations along the route • over 750 arrests • over 1,013,055 stolen vehicles recove re d • 78% reduction in fatal road crashes in the first year. The project is supported by the Safer Merseyside Pa rt n e r s h i p, who are hoping to expand the Lancsafe policing areas within Merseyside and Gre ater Manchester to run the whole length of the A580 from Live rpool to Manch e s t e r. Business Consortium members have i nvested in improved security measures at their premises to assist in target hardening and staff at local businesses have become active ly invo l ved in raising their awa reness in order to reduce the opportunities.
For further information contact Supt Peter Clarke, Operations, St Helens Police Station, College Street, St Helens, Merseyside WA10 1TG Tel: 0151 777 6001 or E-mail: superintendent.operations.d/notes@merseyside.pnn.police.uk

Consortium members have invested in improved security measures at their premises to assist in target hardening and staff at local businesses have become actively involved in raising their awareness in order to reduce the opportunities


Vehicle Crime

April 2003

The nature of personal robbery
Home Office Research Study 254
This report examines the nature of ro bb e ry in England and Wa l e s , based on an e x a m i n ation of over 2,000 crime re p o rt s and witness statements across seven police force are a s. The re p o rt focuses specifi c a l ly on personal ro bb e ry, w h i ch accounts fo r the bulk of recorded ro bb e ry and most of the increase in these types of offences in recent years. The key ch a r a c t e ristics of victims and o f fenders we re recorded from the dat a c o l l e c t e d , together with details of how ro bb e ry occurred and what pro p e rty wa s taken from the victim. The info rm ation was collected from seven basic command units (BCUs) and two British Tr a n s p o rt Po l i c e a reas so as to analyse the diffe rent levels of recorded ro bb e ry. The sample may not be re p re s e n t at i ve as such , but by focusing on BCUs in different areas with different levels of recorded ro bb e ry, the study aims to capture the diversity of this pro bl e m . The re s e a r ch aimed to obtain a suffic i e n t ly large sample of ro bb e ry cases in e a ch of the BCUs to gain an impression of the nat u re and complexity of the ro bb e ry p ro blem in diffe rent areas of England and Wales. Of the 2,016 crime re p o rts gat h e re d for ro bb e ry, 1,877 we re for personal ro bb e ry. The data collected on these personal ro bb e ries included 2,065 victims and 4.251 suspects. Of the 1,877 personal ro bb e ries re c o r d e d , s u f ficient detail wa s available to determine the circumstances of the ro bb e ry in 1,721 offences. When interp reting the dat a , the fo l l owing points should be considered: • The samples varied in size, as did the time scale over which the data was collected. • BCU findings are based on police data and may not capture the true level of victimisation. The British Crime Survey estimates that only 45 per cent of robberies were recorded by the police in 2001/2002. • The data represents a snapshot of robbery offending in the areas studied. The remainder of this report is divided in to three main sections. Chapter 2 reviews the current re s e a r ch into ro bb e ry and d r aws on official data to identify the main t rends in recorded ro bb e ry in England and Wales in recent ye a r s. It also examines its c o n c e n t r ation in a small number of metropolitan forces and within these fo r c e s , a small number of BCUs. L i m i t e d c o m p a risons are also made with levels of recorded ro bb e ry in other countries. C h apter 3 of the re p o rt looks at the d ata collected from the BCUs as well as d e s c r ibing the main ch a r a c t e r istics of victims and offenders in personal ro bb e ry. C h apter 4 concentrates on the circumstances by which personal ro bb e ry take s place and in part i c u l a r, the manner by w h i c h the victims are targeted by their at t a cke r s. The last section summarises the main findings and includes several re c o mmendations.
Copies of this research study, published in January 2003, are available free from Research, Development and Statistics Directorate, Communications Development Unit, Room 201, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk and can also be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website at:

http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/ pdfs2/hors254.pdf

April 2003

Violent Crime and Street Crime


B u rg l a ry Advice for Students
Home Office

Visit the website at:

http://www. good2bsecure. co.uk
For more information contact Dan Berry, Home Office Website Editor, 50 Queen Anne’s Gate, London, SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 3551 or E-mail: daniel.berry2 @homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

Students are being targeted with crime reduction advice via a new Home Office Web s i t e w w w. g o o d 2 b s e c u re . c o. u k. The site contains practical, l ow-cost guidance on how to avo i d being a victim of crime. Advice includes: • Practical tips like taking down the serial numbers of valuable goods like laptops, or IMEI numbers from mobile phones. • Getting the right kind of insurance cover. • Personal safety advice. • An interactive game, ‘Danny Timpson’s Kebabathon’. The game and website we re developed in a bid to reduce student victimisation rat e s. About a third of students become victims of crime while they are at University. In particular, following the Christmas period, student houses are often filled with valuables and electronic goods that can make them easy targets for thieve s. O ver 66% of students own a lap t o p, 8 6 % own a mobile and many have their own stereos and televisions. The Keb ab athon game tries to put the serious lessons on the site into a fun framewo r k . As student Danny we aves his way home from the pub and loses his key s , p l ayers must help him past obstacles like the neighbours’ d o g. He then has to climb drainpipes in order to get indoors safe ly and all without losing his precious keb ab! Howeve r, t h e re is a serious cri m e p revention message behind the game, w h i ch suggests that if Danny can get into a house without keys then so can a burglar. The Home Office has worked closely with the National Union of Students in devising the site, which they hope will also be useful to parents with children in higher education, as well as those working in higher education institutions.

Prudential 4 Youth: Community Safety Through Active Citizenship
Crime Concern and Prudential

For further information contact Norman Lloyd Tel: 01844 292944 E-mail: norman.lloyd@crimeconcern. org.uk or David Sharpe Tel: 01926 411601 E-mail: dave.sharpe@crimeconcern. org.uk National Programmes Managers, Crime Concern, Beaver House, 147 - 150 Victoria Road, Swindon SN1 3BU

C r ime Concern in partnership with the Pru d e n t i a l , has launched Prudential 4 Yo u t h , a p rogramme that seeks to engage and empower young people as partners in tackling cri m e and community safety issues through active citizenship.This new initiat i ve, w h i ch is the result of a ten-year partnership between the Prudential and Crime Concern , e n ables yo u n g people to take action against issues such as anti-social behaviour, shop theft and vandalism. P rudential 4 Youth is based on a model introduced in 1993, w h i ch established ‘Youth Action Groups’ involving young people in tackling local community safety issues. Since then, the scheme has developed and now runs via 15 Prudential owned shopping centres with the aim of educating young people on the impact that crime has on businesses. The scheme will help partners to build on the knowledge and experience gained to sustain work with Yo u t h Action Groups into the wider city and town centre areas. Some of the benefits of the scheme are: • An innovative programme for involving young people in the community safety and citizenship agenda • Increased confidence and self-esteem in young people. • C o n t ri butes to the development of crime reduction strategies to improve the physical security of schools as well as personal safety. • Involves and reaches young people who are considered most ‘at risk’. In 2003, fifteen demonstration projects will be set up in va rious locat i o n s. These will m ove beyond issues such as shop theft and examine a wider community safety ag e n d a . A number of regional ‘action learn i n g ’ events will raise awa reness of Prudential 4 Youth by s h owcasing the demonstration projects and highlighting the positive impact that yo u n g people can make in the community.


Youth Crime

April 2003

Communities First Golf Project
North Wales Police

This project was set up in partnership with the local golf club and North Wales Po l i c e and uses a positive reward system by o f fe ring incentives to young people who stay out of trouble in the community. Golf was chosen as the theme for the p roject due to the nu m e rous at t a c ks of vandalism on a club in the area caused by young people on a nearby estat e. Both the club and the police we re keen to wo r k w i t h , r ather than against the youngsters by including those committing the damage as p a rt of the local golfing community and so p romoting the sport , the club and cre at i n g m o re positive behaviour amongst the young people. The main aims of the project are to: • provide disadvantaged young people with opportunities to take part in a new activity • enable local golf clubs to form positive relationships with youths in the area • provide disadvantaged young people with an incentive to stay out of tro u bl e • ultimately decrease the crime rate in disadvantaged areas in North Wales. E a ch partner has a specific ro l e. T h e police are able to identify the main o f fenders and seek to engage them in

preve n t at i ve and diversionary activities. The golf club provides the re s o u r c e s , i n c l u d i n g the use of their fa c i l i t i e s , equipment and coaching skills. G roups of between 8 and 10 yo u n g people considered most at risk of offending a re selected by the police on the basis of who will benefit the most. T h ey at t e n d we e k ly golf lessons delive red by a pro fe ssional coach and monitored by a dedicat e d police officer and the Communities First S u p e rv i s o r. A nyone taking part in the s cheme that becomes invo l ved in crime is c o n s i d e red for exclusion depending on the circumstances and nature of the offence. The results of the scheme are e n c o u r ag i n g. The young people benefit by l e a r ning a new sporting skill as well as i m p roving their social skills and incre a s i n g their confi d e n c e. As they pro g re s s , t h ey are able to attend regular club sessions and be considered for full membership. E va l u ation is carried out by analy s i n g the reduced levels of vandalism and at t a ck s on the golf club. The activities of the young people are also measured over a set peri o d of time to determine how often they are found to have been in tro u bl e.

For more information contact Louise Davis, Welsh Golfing Union Development Officer, Conwy County Borough Council, Leisure Services Department, Glan y Don, Colwyn Bay Tel: 01492 575353 or E-mail: louise.davis@conwy.gov.uk

April 2003

Youth Crime


‘Street Cred’ Personal Safety Project
Lancashire Constabulary

For more information and copies of the pack priced £25 plus P& Pcontact Mrs Jan Brown, Crime Prevention Officer, Lancaster Police Station, Thurham Street, Lancaster LA1 1YB Tel: 01524 596696 Fax: 01524 596624

L a n c a s h i re Constabu l a ry has set up the ‘ S t reet Cre d ’ Personal Safety Project after identifying a lack of high quality i n fo rm at i ve material in support of personal safety for young people between 13 and 18 years of age. Following consultation with the young people themselve s , t wo students from St M a rtins College in Lancaster put together a video reflecting the issues and concerns of young people and the va rious aspects of personal safety such as: • safe routes • mobile phone theft • telling someone where you are going • what to do if you are being followed • witnessing a crime • the consequences of crime. Details for the production of the video we re widely adve rtised in schools acro s s the region with over 50 young people

responding to the request for contri but i o n s. A meeting was held at the Lancaster Youth T h e at re, fo l l owed by a series of wo r k s h o p s , w h i c h provided the i n fo rm ation for the script. The resulting video tells the story of a number of young people who are affe c t e d by an assault. The topics are port r ayed in a way that young people will understand as well as providing clear messages to their peers. The video, together with leaflets, p o s t e r s , pens and bookmarks have been d i s t ri buted to all local schools and yo u t h g roups in the are a . A teaching pack is also being supplied to Head Te a chers fo r inclusion in their Personal and Social Health Education (PSHE) programme. An eva l u ation of the project will be c a rried out from the results of questionnaires included in the pack.

Youth Watch Scheme
Avon and Somerset Constabulary

For more information contact Simon Selby, The Mendip Crime Reduction Officer, Wells Police Station, 18 Glastonbury Road, Wells, Somerset BA5 1TL Tel: 01823 363743 or E-mail: simon.selby@ avonandsomerset.pnn. police.uk

A school in Somerset has set up a schools-based neighbourhood wat ch scheme in the are a . The sch e m e, w h i ch went live in September last ye a r, is aimed at promoting and deve l o p i n g good citizenship and is run as a structured club with links to supporting agencies such as the local Community Safety Partnership and the District Council. E a ch ye a r, re p re s e n t at i ves are voted for by pupils to become Youth Wat ch Pre fe c t s , w h o get together once a week to discuss new and ongoing pro j e c t s , as well as any issues of c o n c e rn . A member from this panel also attends meetings organised by the School Council. Once in place, re p re s e n t at i ves are able to speak to their year in a way that encourages the young people to listen and understand, w h at ever the subject topic may be. The School Youth Wat ch Panel is supported by the police, t e a chers and local adult Neighbourhood Wat ch Gro u p, w h i ch enables the police to disseminate info rm ation such as p rotecting pro p e rty against theft, d rugs awa re n e s s , bu l lying and bike securi t y. This is then passed to the Youth Watch Prefects, together with any relevant literature. Other agencies, such as the health and youth services, also use the scheme to promote their projects or topics and obtain feedback on them. The adult Neighbourhood Watch group also benefits by being able to share community issues and problems and the young people involved in the scheme have a chain of communication in which they can express their concerns and desires for support, which in turn encourages community involvement and awareness. The young people are told not to become invo l ved in enforcement activity and each child is given a Crimestoppers card. A notice board is placed in the main entrance to the school and the year representatives display literature and details of forthcoming events, issues l i ke ly to effect the young people and local crime trends. After a ye a r ’s service to the sch e m e, the young re p re s e n t at i ves are presented with an a ch i evement cert i fi c ate and it is hoped that this can be included on their CV to reflect their active citizenship and contribution to community working.


Youth Crime

April 2003