“To reduce crime and the fear of crime, tackle youth c ri m e and violent, sexual and d ru g- re l ated crime

, antisocial behaviour and disorder, increasing safety in the home and public spaces.”
Home Office Aim 1

This statement confirms our joint commitment to reduce crime and disorder. The Digest is published quart e r ly and aims to support crime re d u c t i o n /c o m mu n i t y s a fe t y p r a c t i t i o n e r s in police and local authorities working in stat u t o ry partnerships by fa c i l i t ating info rm at i o n e x ch a n g e. The Digest is a fo rum for your initiat i ves and experi e n c e s. Its success depends on yo u , the practitioners, c o n t ri buting your art i c l e s. Deadline for copy is given below. A rt i c l e s MUST be submitted by this date. So that eve ryone can benefit from your work and experi e n c e, we ask contri butors to consider both what worked and what didn’t work within their projects. Projects may be well c o n c e i ved and still not ach i eve all their aims; this does not mean they have fa i l e d . Please be b r ave enough to discuss what aspects did not ach i eve the expected outcomes. Include as mu ch info rm ation as you can, c ove ring the analysis of the pro blem and how it wa s i d e n t i fi e d , the response devised and how it was implemented and an assessment of the final outcomes.
Note:

The inclusion of mat e rial in the Digest or re fe rence to any pro d u c t s / s e rvices does not signify that they have been tested or eva l u at e d . Nor should inclusion be thought to confer ‘official’ approval.
You can reproduce material from this Digest, but we ask that, you reference CRC and the originating organisation as the source, you do not use the information out of context and that there are no charges connected with the reproduction of the material.

October 2003
The next Digest will be with you in January ‘04.

Centre Staff
Director Steve Trimmins Support Services Liz Walton Richard Cox Adrienne Jowitt-Thrall Ann Keen Information Services Jane Carpenter Stuart Charman John Goldsbrough Abby Hickman Jane Jones Kathleen Noble Richard Wales Training Team David Fernley Gill Archibald June Armstrong Janet Caton Dee Cooley Anne Curran Martin Fenlon Amanda Form Christine Morrison Jason Roach Kim Sutton Training Resource Solutions Simon Jones Michael Hawtin Administration Unit Mark Ledder Ruth Whitaker Editor Jane Jones Design/Production Michael Hawtin

All contributions be submitted by November 19th 2003.
Contributions to: Jane Jones
Information Services Team

Tel: 01347 825095 or 01765 602580 Fax: 01347 825097
Home Office Crime Reduction Centre The Hawkhills, Easingwold, York YO61 3EG Tel: 01347 825060 Fax: 01347 825099 E-mail: crc@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

For Training or General Enquiries: Tel: 01347 825060

October 2003

1

Centre News

4

Crime Reduction Website . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Crime Reduction Centre Diary 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Staff News . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Crime Reduction Centre Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Passport to Crime Reduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 Five Minute Guides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6 Crime Prevention Initiatives (CPI) Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7

Active Communities

9

Women Influencing Safer Environments (WISE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 Participation into Practice Award 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 Community Safety Accreditation Scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10

Anti-Social Behaviour

10

Operation Safer Travel (OST) - Mark of Excellence Certificate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 "Acceptable-behaviour contracts and anti-social behaviour orders" Booklet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Beggars given the 'Yellow Card' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 Exploring solutions to 'g ra f f i t i' in Newcastle upon Tyne . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 Not Reinventing The Wheel: A Directory of Current Practice in Tackling Anti-Social Behaviour by Scottish Local Authorities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 Tackling Anti-social Behaviour: An Audit of Scottish Local Authority Practice 2001 - 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13

Arson

14

The Role of the Fire Service in Crime Reduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 Home Fire Safety Checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14 School Arson: Education Under T h re a t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 Funding for Arson Prevention Projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16

Burglary

16

Experiences of older b u rg l a r y victims . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 Distraction B u rg l a r y amongst older adults and minority ethnic communities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 Distraction B u rg l a r y Good Practice Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 Older victims of b u rg l a r y and distraction b u rg l a r y - recommendations for practitioners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 ‘Bogus Caller Watch’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 Repeat Victimisation, Domestic B u rg l a r y Project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 Sponsorship to help reduce b u rg l a r y . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19 The Reducing Burglary Initiative: investigating burglary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 Reducing Burglary Initiative: early findings on b u rg l a r y reduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 The Reducing Burglary Initiative: planning for p a rt n e r s h i p . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 Open i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22 Pushing back the boundaries: new techniques for assessing the impact of b u rg l a r y scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23

Business Crime

24

Security for Small Retailers scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 Small Retailers in Deprived Areas - Guidelines for Practitioners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 "Retail Crime: What are the Solutions?" - Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 St ra t e g y to Tackle Business-Related Crime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 D e r by s h i re Business Against Crime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25

CCTV Designing Out Crime

26 26

LeedsWatch Local CCTV System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26 ATM Robbery - Designing out the Problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26 ATM Robbery - Designing out the Problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26 No Particular Place to Go? Children, Young People and Public Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 Designing Out Crime Association (DOCA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 ACPO CPI & Secured by Design News . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28 Safe in the City - Planting the Seeds of Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29 Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000: Crime Prevention Measures for Rights of Way . . . . . .29 Planning out Crime Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30

Domestic Violence Drugs & Alcohol

30 31

Safety and Justice: the Government's Proposals on Domestic Violence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30 Making it count: A practical guide to collecting and managing domestic violence data . . . . . . .31 "Rat on a Rat" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 Hidden Harm: Responding to the needs of children of problem drug users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 Seizures of drugs in the UK 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32

2

Contents

October 2003

Proof of Age Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 Brent Against Drugs (BAD) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33

Fraud G e n e ra l

34 34

Identity Theft: Do You Know the Signs? A Guide for businesses and individuals . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 Problem-Oriented Guides for Police . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 Primary Care Trusts as responsible authorities: A guide for Crime and D i s o rd e r Reduction Pa rt n e r s h i p s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 VICTOR - Crime and D i s o rd e r Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36 Superhighway Robbery: Preventing e-commerce crime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36 The New Politics of Crime and Punishment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 Crime in England and Wales 2002/2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 Keeping Section 17 on the agenda: Good process and practice for local authorities implementing Section 17 of the 1998 Crime and Disorder Act . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 "Launching Crime Science" Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38 Leeds Community Safety - New Website . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 The Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead Community Safety Pa rt n e r s h i p's Website . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 A New Director for Crimestoppers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 New Crime Prevention Bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40

Hate/Race Crime

40

Racist harassment and support projects: Their role, impact and potential . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40 Multi-Agency Panel on Racial H a ra s s m e n t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41 A Resource Directory and Guide for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual or Transgendered victims of crime and h a ra s s m e n t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41

Neighbourhood Wa rd e n s & Neighbourhood Watch

42

The Effectiveness of Neighbourhood Watch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42 National Neighbourhood Watch Association - 21st Anniversary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42 Flintshire Victim Support & Neighbourhood Watch Seminar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43 Neighbourhood Watch Community Support Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43 ‘Wa rd e n’ - The Neighbourhood Warden Team Newsletter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44

Property Crime Ru ra l Crime Sexual Offences Town/Shopping Centre crime Vehicle Crime

44 45 46 46 47
Campaign/ Initiative Publication Each article in the Digest is highlighted with an icon which will define the product described in that article. They are:

A Different Tack on Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44 National Churchwatch Seminar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 Ru ra l Safety Initiative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45 Sexual Offences Bill . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 Shoplifting Leaflet for Schools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46 Theft from Motor Vehicles - Advice Leaflet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47 Vehicle Crime Reduction Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47 Touring Caravans: Crime Reduction Officer's Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48 Park Safe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48 Fo re c o u rt Crime Seminar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48 Car Crime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49 The ‘Vulture’ Campaign . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49

Victims and Witnesses

50
Video

Older people and fear of crime - the next steps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50 Community Safety and Disabled People: The Way Forward . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50 Victims Virtual Walkthrough . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51 Streets Ahead: A joint inspection of the Street Crime Initiative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51

Violent Crime/ Street crime Youth Crime

51 52

Streets Ahead: A joint inspection of the Street Crime Initiative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51 Positive Activities for Young People . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52 Virtual Crucial Crew Website . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52 ‘Watch Over Me’ - A personal safety teaching programme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53 Clubs and Activities for Young People Leaflet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53 Communicating Citizenship to Kids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54 Good2bsecure back for the new term . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54 Reducing Crime against Students - Conference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56

Website/ Electronic Information G e n e ra l / Exchange of Ideas/ Conferences

October 2003

Contents

3

Crime Reduction Website
Following a series of national seminars hosted by the Crime Reduction Centre (CRC), a new Good Pra c t i c e Seminars Mini-Site has been added to the Crime Reduction Web s i t e. Conference papers and reports can be viewed and downloaded from the website at: www.crimereduction.gov.uk/gpseminars Details of award-winning initiat i ves that have been tried both around the UK and overseas are now ava i l able on the Ideas eXch a n g e. O ver a hundred schemes are held in the e X c hange and indexed either by location or crime type. We are keen to hear about any schemes that you have tried.Visit the Exchange at: www.crimereduction.gov.uk/iex The Learning Zone has also been updated and now features learning modules on the 'Ten Principles of Crime Prevention’ www.crimereduction.gov.uk/learningzone/tenprinciples.htm and the 'Onion-Peeling Principle' which is used when carrying out home security surveys. www.crimereduction.gov.uk/learningzone/onionpeeling.htm
For more information contact Stuart Charman, Crime Reduction WebsiteManager, Home Office Crime Reduction Centre, The Hawkhills, Easingwold, York YO61 3EG Tel: 01347 825064 Fax: 01347 825097 E-mail: stuart.charman@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

Crime Reduction Centre Diary 2004
The Crime Reduction Centre (CRC) has p roduced a pocket diary for 2004, w h i ch aims to increase commu n i c ation and i n fo rm ation sharing amongst cri m e reduction practitioners. The diary contains useful cri m e reduction info rm ation together with key contact details and it will be distri buted to practitioners in November. The diary includes info rm ation on: • CRC’s products and services and how to get hold of them. • Effective p a rt n e r s h ip working. • How to engage the community. • • Crime reduction tools, including the Ten Principles. Contact details for Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships (CDRPs) and Home Office Regional Directors.

Contact Simon Jones, Home Office Crime Reduction Centre, The Hawkhills, Easingwold, York YO61 3EG Tel: 01347 825081 Fax: 01347 825096 E-mail: simon.jones@homeoffice. gsi.gov.uk

If you are invo l ved in an initiat i ve or p roject and feel that your partners wo u l d benefit from a CRC Diary, please contact us, outlining details of the initiat i ve, its aims and objective s , those invo l ved and the number of diaries you re q u i re. N u m b e r s are limited but we will do our best to meet all requests.

Staff News
C o n g r at u l ations to R i c h a rd Wa l e s, fo rm e r ly a member of the Training Resource Solutions Team, who was promoted to Deputy Webmaster earlier this year, assisting Stuart Charman in the Info rm ation Services Team. John Goldsbro u g h joined CRC in August on a 12-month student placement. He will be working in the Info rm ation Services Team on the Crime Reduction Web s i t e. John is two thirds of the way through a degree in Info rm ation Systems Management at Live rpool Jo h n Moores University. His placement will enable him to put what he has learned into a practical context as well as benefiting the centre with his recently acquired expertise. Liz Wa l t o n joined Support Services on the 1st of September as team leader. S h e p rev i o u s ly wo r ked for the Department of Work and Pensions in Leeds. P rior to this Liz worked for many years in local offices and was responsible for ensuring accurate payments of a wide range of benefits. She also managed a team investigating allegations of fraud.

4

Centre News

October 2003

Crime Reduction Centre Publications
A survey has been carried out to determine how practitioners are using the various publications produced by the Crime Reduction Centre (CRC).

Home Security an introduction to domestic surveying This computer-based training pack ag e, l a u n ched in 2001, aims to provide users with the skills to be able to survey a domestic pro p e rt y, identifying any potential security risks and providing practical solutions to reducing those risks. Insurance companies have used the pack age to train their assessors, to enable them to advise householders more effectively on security. A number of police forces have installed the p a ck age onto their Intranets and Centrex use it as part of their foundation training course.
South Norfolk Home Wat ch , working with the support of the County District Crime and D i s o r d e r Reduction Pa rt n e r s h i p and the police, has used the pack age in an initiat i ve to e n c o u r age householders to increase the security of their pro p e rt y. In June 2003, the gro u p a rranged a training session for over 60 co-ordinat o r s. Fe e d b a ck has suggested that future sessions should include contri butions from speakers such as lock s m i t h s , police offi c e r s , victims of bu rg l a ry and Home Wat ch A d m i n i s t r at o r s. T h ey also identified the need to i n t roduce the pack age gradually and to tailor the training session to the needs of the attendees. A c o m mu n i t y g ro u p in Goole is using the pack age to make homes in their area more s e c u re. The training fo rms part of the police-led initiat i ve, ' O p e r ation Cascade', w h e re members of the c o m mu n i t y a re being empowe red with the skills to survey homes. T h e group's crime reduction experience was varied but, by the beginning of the second session, they said they had already made changes to the security in their own homes. The next phase of this initiative will be to target high crime areas and advertise the use of home security and s a fe t y surveys to the public.
For more information contact PC Linda Duncan, Humberside Police, Beverley Police Station, Sessions House, New Walk, Beverley, East Riding HU17 7AF Tel: 01482 396419 For more information contact John Broughton, Administrator, South Norfolk Home Watch, Police station, Stanley Road, Diss IP22 4BP Tel: 01379 650773 Fax: 01379 650824 E-mail: southwatch.norpol @gtnet.gov.uk

Following on from this experience and other enquiries, a short training session is being developed by CRC, to introduce community groups and those new to crime reduction to the Home Security Pa ck ag e. The session will be in two parts, with each part running for two and a half-hours and including ap p rox i m at e ly 2 hours of self-study and a home survey. T h e course is designed to guide discussion on home security and s a fe t y and to help the audience identify security and s a fe t y i s s u e s. Details of the course will be ava i l able on the Cri m e Reduction Website later this year.
For more information contact Simon Jones, Home Office Crime Reduction Centre, The Hawkhills, Easingwold, York YO61 3EG Tel: 01347 825081 Fax: 01347 825096 E-mail: simon.jones@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

Crime Reduction Basics This two and a half-hour print-based training session is designed to introduce individuals and c o m mu n i t y g roups to the basic principles of crime and d i s o r d e r reduction and encourages them to get involved in reducing crime, especially anti-social behaviour. It can be v i ewed and downloaded via the Crime Reduction Web s i t e (w w w. c r i m e re d u c t i o n . g ov. u k / l e a r n i n g zo n e / c r i m e re d u c t i o n b a s i c s . h t m) or ordered in hard copy from the Crime Reduction Centre on 01347 825079. Neighbourhood Wat ch C o - o r d i n ators have found this pack age a useful source of cri m e reduction info rm at i o n . Each section is approx i m at e ly 40 minutes long to enable flexibility in l e a rn i n g. Crime Reduction Basics was used at the Staffordshire Police County Neighbourhood Watch Conference in September this year. October 2003 Centre News 5

Passport to Evaluation This print-based distance-learning pack age is designed to assist people who are invo l ved in planning or managing projects and who are required to carry out eva l u at i o n s. Each passport contains an eva l u ation sheet and fe e d b a ck suggests that the majority of users are left fe e l i n g ‘confident’ or ‘very confident’ about carrying out an evaluation. Sue Lambert from Norwich City Council initially ordered the book for personal interest and discovered it could be used effectively within her own organisation. The passport has been distri buted to the Gove rnment Office for the Northeast (GO-NE) Partnerships, to assist them in planning and evaluating crime reduction initiatives. The Crime Reduction Team Leader, M i ke Bradley, found the book ve ry easy to use. He commented that people can re t u rn to it again and again as a reminder and that it was a useful tool fo r assessing activity plans and helping to explain the language of evaluation. South Gloucester Community Safety Partnership ran a project evaluation workshop based on the Passport to Evaluation in April this year. The workshop was funded by the Gove rn m e n t Office for the Southwest(GO-SW) and was designed and led by Crime Concern. It was aimed at a broad range of officers from across the p a rt n e r s h i p involved in various projects running in South Gloucestershire. Attendees can use their newly found skills to monitor and eva l u at e existing and future projects. Following their training, practitioners have been able to evaluate p rojects in a more cre d i ble way, w h i ch has led to dramatic improvements in the quality and type of project applications received by the partnership.

Passport to Crime Reduction
This new distance-learning pack age is the second in the passport series and is essential reading for anyone new to the field of crime re d u c t i o n . The pack ag e examines what is meant by ‘ c ri m e re d u c t i o n ’ and looks at the pro bl e m solving tools and pro c e s s e s , w h i ch fo rm the basis of the pro fe s s i o n . It also contains a case study allowing the user to put their new skills into practice. On completion of the pack ag e, the user will have a fo u n d ation of know l e d g e based upon years of pro fessional and practical experience. The Passport can be viewed and downloaded via the Crime Reduction Website at: www.crimereduction.gov.uk/ passporttocrimereduction The Pa s s p o rt to Crime Reduction will fo rm part of the new modular training course programme to be run by CRC and as p re-course learning mat e rial for the new fo u n d ation course. It can also be used as a stand-alone training package.
For more information contact Simon Jones, Home Office Crime Reduction Centre, The Hawkhills, Easingwold, York YO61 3EG Tel: 01347 825081 Fax: 01347 825096 E-mail: simon.jones@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

Five Minute Guides
The Crime Reduction Centre is producing a series of short interactive guides, w h i ch will form a suite of basic guides available on the Crime Reduction Website and also as a CD ROM in the future. The info rm ation contained in the guides will be aimed at the public and as a reminder for practitioners. The first guide, which will concentrate on mobile phone security, will soon be available on the website. Some of the other suggested topics include: • Vehicle s e c u ri t y. • Personal s a fe t y. • PC/Laptop security. • Credit card/wallet/purse security.
If you have any suggestions for information or topics that you think should be included in the new Five Minute Guides contact Michael Hawtin, Home Office Crime Reduction Centre, The Hawkhills, Easingwold, York YO61 3EG. Tel: 01347 825082 Fax: 01347 825096 E-mail: michael.hawtin@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

6

Centre News

October 2003

Crime Prevention Initiatives (CPI) Form
CRC maintains a database of crime prevention initiatives, which is used as an information-sharing tool for practitioners with enquiries for the Information Services Team. Details of initiatives or projects that are planned/ongoing/completed or have been abandoned, are submitted using the CPI form. This information is then considered for inclusion in a future copy of the Digest and/or the Ideas Exchange on the Crime Reduction Website. If you know of an initiative in your area, please send details in using this form to: Jane Jones, Home Office Crime Reduction Centre, The Hawkhills, Easingwold, York YO61 3EG Tel: 01347 825095 E-mail: jane.jones@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk Alternatively complete the form on-line via the Crime Reduction Websiteat: www.crimereduction.gov.uk/cpiform.htm

Project Name: Description Summary:
(the aims and objectives of the project and how it works)

Geographic Location: National: County:

Project Area: Coverage:
e.g. specific estate, town centre

Lead Organisation: Partners: Contact Details: Name(s): Organisation: Address:

Post Code: Tel: E-mail: Project Status: Start Date: Fax: Website: Planned/Ongoing/Completed/Abandoned (delete as appropriate) End Date:

October 2003

CPI Form

7

Materials:

Is there any material to support this initiative?
(e.g. Leaflets, video, report, handbook etc.)

Please detail and attach if possible.

Evaluation:
(Is there anything documented which gives an indication of the success or otherwise of the project ? Please detail key findings and where they came from.)

If there is to be a later evaluation, please note here so that we can follow up at a later date.

Funding:
(Funding Sources if applicable e.g. Home office, Local Authority, Business, Panel - Cash or Kind e.g. secondment/office space)

Total Cost:
(if known)

£

Thank You I agree to this information being stored on the Home Office database/website Office Use Only: Source: Cat: D Ref: 8 CPI Form October 2003 Sub: Keyw: Yes No

Women Influencing Safer Environments (WISE)
WISE

Women Influencing Safer Enviro n m e n t s ( Wise) was established in 1997 and members include the Po l i c e, P ro b ation and Social Serv i c e s , H e a l t h , L a n c a s h i re County C o u n c i l , Vi c t i m S u p p o r t and pri vat e businesses. The group meets each month to discuss va rious issues re l ating to p e r s o n a l s a fe t y. Its many initiat i ves include p u blishing s a fe t y a dvice leaflets and o rganising a national c o n fe re n c e o n women's safety issues. The group's aim is to influence safe r e nv i ronments for the communities of Lancashire by: • Promoting and encouraging a safer environment both at home and at work. • Adopting responsibility for promoting positive action on community s a fe t y at every available opportunity.

Supporting the multi-agency approach to ensure that the promotion of the women's perspective on community safety is at the fo re f ront of the public, p ri vate and voluntary sectors' agendas. Encouraging inter-agency working and pooling resources and experience to improve community safety. Encouraging agencies, particularly housing associations and local authority planners, to assist in the development of community s a fe t y. Examining ways of promoting safety on public transport and in public car parks.

For more information visit the website:

www.wise-lancs.info

Participation into Practice Award 2003
Tenants Participation Advisory Service

Four c o m mu n i t y g roups have re c e i ved national recognition fo l l owing their invo l vement in tackling crime and anti-social behaviour in their neighbourhoods. The groups from London, B i rm i n g h a m , M i d d l e s b rough and Luton are winners of the Home Office funded ' Pa rt i c i p ation into Practice' competition organised by the Tenants Pa rt i c i p ation A dv i s o ry Service (TPAS). The competition was introduced in Ja nu a ry 2003 with the aim of recognising g o o d p r a c t i c e in involving communities in crime re d u c t i o n . This year's cat e g o ries included a n t i social behav i o u r, bu rg l a ry and ve h i c l e c ri m e (theft of and theft fro m ) . Details of initiat i ve s a re encouraged from vo l u n t a ry c o m mu n i t y-based groups invo l ved in helping to re d u c e c rime in their are a . Winners re c e i ve £1,000 plus 2 free places for the annual T PA S conference, where they are presented with a certificate. This year's winners we re : • Sidmouth Mews and Regent Square Tenants and Residents Association, London - anti-social behaviour. • Small Health Practical Care Project, Birmingham - burglary. • Southfield Community Council, Middlesbrough - theft from vehicles. • Wauluds Association of Tenants and Residents, Luton - theft of vehicles.
For more information contact TPAS, 5th Floor, Trafford House, Chester Road, Manchester M32 0RS Tel: 0161 868 3500 Fax: 0161 877 6256 E-mail: info@tpas.org.uk or visit their website: www.tpas.org.uk/crimecompetition.html

October 2003

Active Communities

9

Community Safety Accreditation Scheme
Home Office

For more information contact Joe Pugh, Home Office Reassurance Team, Crime Reduction Delivery Team, 2nd Floor, Allington Towers, 19, Allington Street, L ondon SW1E 5EB Tel: 020 7035 5095 E-mail: joseph.pugh@homeoffice. gsi.gov.uk

The Home Office has announced the results of a funding round for C o m mu n i t y S a fe t y Accreditation Schemes. The round provides funding to police forces to help them set up an accre d i t at i o n s cheme under the Police Refo rm Act 2002. The total grant will be shared between 8 forces around the country. The money will help them to set up schemes with the aim of accrediting 300 people by the end of M a r ch 2004. Forces to re c e i ve money include Cleve l a n d , D u r h a m , G we n t , H a m p s h i re, L a n c a s h i re, M e t ro p o l i t a n , North Wales and West Yorkshire. C o m mu n i t y S a fe t y A c c re d i t at i o n S c hemes will help to improve the coo r d i n at i o n , visibility and standards of large numbers of staff from va rious sectors

e n g aged in c o m mu n i t y s a fe t y wo r k . A c c redited persons will wear a nat i o n a l ly recognised badge and also have the option to wear the badge of the force that has a c c redited them (subject to the ag re e m e n t of their employers and the re l evant police fo r c e ) . The badge shows members of the p u blic that the accredited person is t ru s t wo rt hy and that the org a n i s ation fo r w h i ch they work is re l i abl e. T h o s e a c c redited are also eligible for some minor powers, though these are not compulsory. This is an important first step in the g ove rn m e n t ’s effo rts to strengthen the extended police fa m i ly, p rov i d i n g reassurance to the public and helping to i m p rove police re l ations within the community.

Operation Safer Travel (OST) - Mark of Excellence Certificate
West Midlands Police and Travel West Midlands

O p e ration Safer Tra ve l (OST) is a unique p a rt n e r s h i p, w h i ch was fo rmed over 4 years ag o between Travel West Midlands and West Midlands Police. The p a rt n e r s h i p aims to reduce and detect anti-social behaviour and crime on buses and the Metro system in the area. Tr avel West Midlands is the re g i o n ’s largest bus operator and carries over 1 million passengers each day. T h i rty million journ eys are made by s ch o o l ch i l d ren and in July this ye a r, the p a rt n e r s h i p released a new OST Mark of Excellence Cert i fi c ate for s ch o o l s, yo u t h o rg a n i s ations and individuals. The cert i fi c ate is awarded by the p a rt n e r s h i p to s ch o o l s t h at a c t i ve ly part i c i p ate in bus s a fe t y and good citizenship initiat i ve s. It provides recognition to these groups of their positive and pro - a c t i ve work with the p a rt n e r s h i p and also helps to improve relationships between the s ch o o l s and pupils. The first s ch o o l to re c e i ve the awa r d , St Thomas Aquinas S ch o o l in Kings Nort o n , B i rm i n g h a m , c o n t ri buted to an improvement in behaviour on the bu s e s , as well as show i n g an increased respect for drivers and staff. In 2002, Operation Safer Travel saw 160 joint operations carried out by the p a rt n e r s h i p, with over 60,000 buses stopped and ch e cked by Tr avel West Midlands' Reve nue Inspectors. O ver 1 million passengers had their travel cards and tickets scrutinised on both buses and trams and 152 arrests we re made for a va riety of offe n c e s. P hysical dri ver assaults we re reduced by 42% and passenger assaults by 61%.
For more information contact Stuart Henry, Operation Safer Travel Co-ordinator, Travel West Midlands, 121, Miller Street, Aston, Birmingham Tel: 0121 254 6967 or visit their website: w w w. t ra ve l w m . c o. u k / o s t

10

Active Communities/Anti-Social Behaviour

October 2003

"Acceptable-behaviour contracts and anti-social behaviour orders" Booklet
North Yorkshire Police

North Yorkshire Police, in association with Selby District Community Safety Partnership, S a fe r York and the Youth Offending Te a m s , h ave published a booklet that looks at the pro bl e m s associated with anti-social behaviour. The idea came from a similar initiative run by the New Forest Community S a fe t y Partnership as fe at u red in the April 2002 Digest. The booklet highlights the need for housing, e d u c at i o n , the police and other re l eva n t agencies to share info rm at i o n . It recognises the initial success of using Acceptable Behaviour Contracts (ABCs) in identifying underlying reasons for anti-social behav i o u r s u ch as bu l ly i n g, substance misuse or fa m i ly diffi c u l t i e s. The pro c e d u re enables the re l evant ag e n c y to tackle the pro blem or proceed with a contract or 'pro m i s e ' , w h i ch young people understand more easily than a 'contract'. The ABC gives the person the chance to face up to their behaviour and act positively to correct it with the help of other agencies. An example used in the booklet is 2 youngsters playing football in a communal are a , resulting in smashed windows on their estat e. D u ring the initial interve n t i o n , t h ey ‘promised’ not to play football and after 6 months of good behaviour, they received a reward of two leather footballs and local football training. The booklet is ava i l able from va rious outlets and there are plans to link it with new tenancy contracts both for the local authority and Registered Social Landlords.
For more information and copies of the booklet, published in March 2003, contact PC Andy Patchett, Youth Action Officer/Anti-social BehaviourCo-ordinator, Selby CommunitySafety Partnership, Portholme Road, Selby, North Yorkshire YO8 4QQ Tel: 01904 669671 E-mail: andrew.patchett@northyorkshire.pnn.police.uk

Beggars given the 'Yellow Card'
Gloucestershire Constabulary

Police in Gloucestershire have launched an i n i t i at i ve in a bid to crack down on the numbers of people begging on the streets. The 'Ye l l ow Card' system has been i n t roduced in Cheltenham and was set up fo l l owing consultation with the Boro u g h C o u n c i l , Cheltenham C o m mu n i t y P ro j e c t s and va rious other agencies who prov i d e support for the homeless. The first time a person is caught b e g g i n g t h ey re c e i ve a ye l l ow card, a l s o known as a 'beg caution'. If they are caught again within the next 6 months they are a rre s t e d . The card explains why the wa rning has been issued and where the person can find help with issues such as h o u s i n g, d ru g s , d ebts and jobs. It is hoped t h at the initiat i ve will assist in securi n g help for those people who genu i n e ly need i t , while helping to reduce a n t i - s o c i a l behaviour and disorder. The ye l l ow card scheme is only one element of a much wider begging i n i t i at i ve

being implemented within the county. A n ' A l t e rn at i ves to B e g g i n g C o - o r d i n ator' wa s re c r uited earlier this year who is re s p o n s i ble for co-ordinating the work of the nu m e rous support agencies as well as i n t roducing a 'Dive rted Giving Sch e m e ' . This invo l ves the installation of dedicat e d b oxes situated in va rious locations to e n c o u r age the public to donate via the o f ficial container rather than give money d i re c t ly to beggars. This is similar to the c a m p a i g n o rganised by the Safe r Middlesbrough Pa rt n e r s h i p, which fe at u re d in the July 2003 edition of the Digest.
For more information contact Insp Rachel Jones, Gloucestershire Constabulary, Cheltenham and Tewkesbury Divisional Police HQ, Talbot House, Lansdown Road, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire GL51 6QT Tel: 01242 276140 E-mail: rachel.jones @gloucestershire.pnn.police.uk

The first time a person is caught begging they receive a yellow card...

October 2003

Anti-Social Behaviour

11

Exploring solutions to 'graffiti' in Newcastle upon Tyne
Northumbria University

...whether legal graffiti sites can reduce the amount of graffiti appearing in the city.

Exploring solutions to graffiti in Newcastle upon Tyne examines whether legal g r a f fi t i sites can reduce the amount of graffi t i ap p e a ring in the city. The study used i n t e rv i ews with members of the publ i c, members of the local G r a f fi t i Fo rum and those invo l ved in the local graffi t i s c e n e, to establish the most effe c t i ve i n t e rve n t i o n , or mix of interve n t i o n s , t h at could reduce the negat i ve impact of graffiti. Six key questions we re considered in compiling this report: • What is graffiti? What does the term mean to those who are involved in apparently doing graffiti? • What are the causes (reasons) for doing graffiti? • What are the perceived impacts of doing graffiti for the individual concerned and the wider society? • Where is graffiti undertaken? What types of places/locations/sites are graffiti hotspots and why? Where do local writers prefer to do their work? • Would legal sites work in reducing graffiti within the city? What characteristics would an ideal/legal site, or sites for graffiti have? Where should such sites be? • What other solutions to the 'graffiti p ro blem' in Newcastle upon Tyne can be identified? Some of the key findings include: • Many local graffiti artists pre fe rred to use terms such as aerosol art to distinguish themselves from the more mindless and indiscriminate 'tagging' (name signing) that others engage in. • The term graffiti is often misused and does not encompass the variety of forms that graffiti and 'g r a f fi t i art' can take. • Reasons for engaging in graffiti and the impacts it has on individuals va ri e d .

• •

Local artists stressed that the need to be seen is key. Tagging was there fo re considered to be an unavoidable development stage in any artist's career. As many people like graffiti as dislike it. However, most people felt that tags have a bad effect on local areas and on them as individuals. Graffiti p ro blems vary from place to place. A range of solutions is essential - local w ri t e r s , Graffiti Forum members, and the general public (including Metro users) identified a wide range of potential solutions to the emerging ‘graffiti problem’. Many of these solutions represent one of 4 potentially complementary types of intervention: diversion, enforcement, situational crime prevention and education. Legal sites and sustained projects can work but will never completely eradicate illegal graffiti. Enforcement and crime prevention interventions will not work in isolation and should be implemented alongside other approaches to solving graffiti.

The full report, published in April 2003 and priced £15.00 is available from PEANuT (Participatory Evaluation and Appraisal in Newcastle upon Tyne), Division of Geography, Lipman Building, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 8ST Tel: 0191 227 3848 E-mail:ge.peanut@northumbria.ac.uk It can also be viewed and downloaded via their website:

http://northumbria.ac.uk/business/pa /consultres/graffiti/?trail=139,3076,59 482,66497,66497,66503
The executive summary can also be viewed and downloaded via the IdeA Website(registration required): w w w. i d e a - k n ow l e d g e .

gov.uk/80256d350027cd0f/ httppublicpages/FD480B0ED2CAAEC58 0256D630056EEB7/$file/graffiti.pdf

12

Anti-Social Behaviour

October 2003

Not Reinventing The Wheel: A Directory of Current Practice in Tackling Anti-Social Behaviour by Scottish Local Authorities
Scottish Executive

This directory has been published for practitioners whose work involves combating antisocial behaviour. It will also be useful for those planning new projects or initiatives as it enables them to see whether a similar idea has been tried and tested elsewhere. P rojects are cat e g o rised into topics, with some ap p e a ring in more than one c at e g o ry. For example, working with young people is cro s s - re fe renced to A c c e p t able Behaviour Contracts (ABCs) and details of specialist teams are included in each section. The dire c t o ry only bri e f ly outlines the nat u re of initiat i ve s , but full contact details are provided for those practitioners who have been involved in projects to be able to obtain further info rm at i o n . Because projects are those identified through the audit of local authori t y p ro c e d u res and practices, t h e re is little info rm ation on initiat i ves intro d u c e d by Housing A s s o c i ations and Registered Social Landlords (RSLs). F u rt h e r i n fo rm ation is required from this group for future updates of the directory.
Copies of the directory, published in July 2003 are available free from The Stationery Office Bookshop, 71, Lothian Road, Edinburgh EH3 9AZ Tel: 0870 606 5566. Copies can also be viewed and downloaded via their website: www.scotland.gov. u k / l i b ra ry 5 / s o c i a l / n rt w - 0 0 . a s p

Tackling Anti-social Behaviour: An Audit of Scottish Local Authority Practice 2001 - 2002
Scottish Executive

The info rm ation in this re p o rt is take n f rom audits of the 32 Scottish Local Au t h o rities between March and Nove m b e r 2 0 0 1 . The info rm ation obtained at the audit has been updated to take account of ongoing development and amendment of policies and procedures since the audit, as a result of internal rev i ew or legislat i ve change. The aim of this p u bl i c at i o n is to p rovide an ove rv i ew of how a n t i - s o c i a l b e h av i o u r is being dealt with by Scottish Local Au t h o ri t i e s. A major theme emerg i n g f rom these examples is that co-ordinat e d responses from all re l evant agencies s i g n i fi c a n t ly reduces incidences of anti-social behav i o u r and neighbour nu i s a n c e. Funding has been made ava i l abl e for local authorities to support new initiatives in the areas of: • extending Community Warden s ch e m e s • establishing specialist anti-social behaviour teams at community level

providing intensive supervision of the most anti-social families and p e rp e t r ators of anti-social behaviour promoting the use of mediation, supporting victims, witnesses and complainants making use of techniques such as Acceptable Behaviour Contracts (ABCs).

The re p o rt was written befo re the i n t roduction of the Anti-Social Behav i o u r Bill and there fo re many of the issues raised will be addressed by the provisions within the Bill.
Copies of this report, published in July 2003 are available free from The Stationery Office Bookshop, 71, Lothian Road, Edinburgh EH3 9AZ Tel: 0870 606 5566. Copies can also be viewed and downloaded via their website:

www.scotland.gov. u k / l i b ra ry 5 / social/tasb-00.asp

October 2003

Anti-Social Behaviour

13

The Role of the Fire Service in Crime Reduction
NACRO CommunitySafetyBriefing Paper

Community s a fe t y has always formed an integral part of the Fire Service's role, with many of its aims and objectives shared with Crime and D i s o r d e r Reduction Pa rtnerships (CDRPs). Section 97 of the Police Refo rm A c t , w h i ch names Fire Au t h o rities as re s p o n s i ble bodies alongside the police, police authorities and local authori t i e s , will necessitate the Fire S e rv i c e ’s closer involvement in formulating and implementing crime and disorder reduction strategies. This b ri e fing pap e r has been produced as an introduction for CDRPs to the stru c t u re of the Fire Service and ways in which they can work in partnership more effectively. Publication of the report was timed to coincide with the introduction of the Fire Service's new responsib i l i t i e s. It provides examples of existing good practice i n i t i at i ves aimed at reducing ve h i c l e c ri m e, youth crime and anti-social behaviour. The work of the brigades and CDRPs overlap in a number of key subjects including: • Arson prevention - arson now accounts for up to 70% of fires in some areas of the country. • Vehicle c ri m e - there are strong links between a number of vehicle thefts and vehicle ignitions. It is estimated that up to 45% of vehicles deliberately set on fire have been used in some form of crime. • Anti-social behaviour and youth disorder - it has been estimated that approximately 37% of all deliberate fires are as a result of youth disorder.
Copies of this report, published in May 2003 and priced £5.00 can be obtained from NACRO Publications, 169, Clapham Road, London SW9 0PU Tel: 020 7840 6427. Copies can also be viewed and downloaded via their website: www.nacro. o rg . u k / d a t a / b r i e f i n g s / n a c ro - 2 0 03 0 5 28 0 1 - c s p s For details of the fees and to book a place contact Laura Halley, NACRO, 237, Queenstown Road, London SW8 3NP Tel: 020 7501 0551 Fax: 020 7501 0556 E-mail: laura.halley @nacrocsp.org.uk

.pdf NAC RO are also hosting a c o n fe re n c e entitled ‘Playing with Fire: The role of the Fire & Rescue Se rvice in crime reduction and social inclusion’ on 12th November 2003 at the L i ve rpool Marriott Hotel South. The c o n fe re n c e will bring together re p re s e n t at i ves from the Fire Service, Arson Control Forum and the Home Office with the aim of: • Helping Community Safety Managers and other members of CDRPs with the process of integrating the Fire Authorities as responsible authorities. • Helping Fire Authorities take on the responsible authority status. • Providing practical guidance on effective partnership working between the Fire and Rescue Service and other agencies to reduce crime.

This briefing paper has been produced as an introduction for CDRPs to the structure of the Fire Service and ways in which they can work in partnership more effectively.

14

Arson

October 2003

School Arson: Education Under Threat
Arson Prevention Bureau/Association of British Insurers

A r s o n at t a cks on s ch o o l s amount to huge costs in terms of the damage and d i s r uption they cause. In 2001, i n s u re r s e s t i m ated that over £65 million wo rth of i n s u red damage was caused to s ch o o l s by fi res started deliberat e ly. H oweve r, the tru e cost of a r s o n at t a cks on s ch o o l s is mu ch h i g h e r. E a ch fi re results in the use of resources by the fi re brigade and the police, while staff, pupils and parents suffer considerable inconvenience and disruption. The general perception is that most delibe r at e ly started s ch o o l fi res occur outside of s ch o o l t i m e, d u ring holiday s , evenings and at we e ke n d s. H oweve r, n e a r ly a third of all s ch o o l a r s o n fi res happen when pupils are in s ch o o l. This is the first comprehensive study of s ch o o l-time s ch o o l a r s o n fi res in England and Wa l e s. It covers the period 1990 to 2000 and includes fi res at pri m a ry, s e c o n d a ry and special s ch o o l s. The study examines the characteristics of s ch o o l- t i m e a r s o n at t a ck s , s u ch as where they start , t h e timing of fi re s , w h e re in the country they a re more like ly to occur and who start e d t h e m . F i g u res for accidental fi res are also given so that comparisons can be made. A summary of the main findings are: Since 1994, the number of arson attacks on s ch o o l s has been in decline - driven pri m a ri ly by a fall in the number of deliberately started fires occurring outside of s ch o o l- t i m e. A corresponding fall has not been seen in the number of s ch o o l arson attacks that occur when pupils are present, and in fact, the last two years (1999 and 2000) have witnessed an increase in this type of fire. This has caused the proportion of all s ch o o l arson fires represented by s ch o o l-time attacks to increase from 13% to nearly one third. Half of all s ch o o l-time s ch o o l fires in England and Wales are arson at t a ck s.

• •

Virtually all (97%) of s ch o o l-time s ch o o l arson fires are started within a building compared to about three-quarters (77%) of those occurring outside of s ch o o l- t i m e. During s ch o o l-time arsonists have better access to internal areas, which may also be more secluded than external areas. Of deliberately started s ch o o l-time s ch o o l fires that occur internally, the majority (59%) started in a cloakroom. In contrast, cloakrooms are one of the least common places for accidental fires to start, accounting for just 5% of all such fi re s. While arson attacks rarely occur in the kitchen or canteen area, this is one of the most common locations for accidental fi re s. The next most popular location for s ch o o l-time s ch o o l arson fires were classrooms (12%) and storage rooms (11%). D e l i b e r at e ly started s ch o o l fi re s , which began during s ch o o l- t i m e, are more l i ke ly to occur between 1pm and 1.59 pm. There is also a suggestion that they are more likely to occur mid-week. According to fire brigade records, individuals under the age of 18 were responsible for 93% of all intentionally started s ch o o l-time s ch o o l fi re s. Just over a quarter were started by children younger than 7 years old.

Copies of this report, published in June 2003 and priced £10.00 are available from the Arson Prevention Bureau, 51, Gresham Street, London EC2V 7HQ Tel: 020 7216 7474 Fax: 020 7216 7525. The report can also be viewed and downloaded via their website:

www.arsonpreventionbureau.org.uk/ Publications/Files/ EducationUnderThreat.pdf

October 2003

Arson

15

Funding for Arson Prevention Projects
ArsonControl Forum

Further advice on how to apply for funding and what should be included in potential bids can be obtained from John Manning Tel: 020 7944 8141 E-mail: john.manning@odpm.gsi.gov.uk or Terry Pretious Tel: 020 7944 6152 E-mail: terry.pretious @odpm.gsi.gov.uk

The Fire Service Minister re c e n t ly announced £4 million to fund a r s o n reduction pro j e c t s. This round of funding comes from the Arson Control Forum Implementation fund, which is making £13 million available over the next 3 years for arson reduction schemes. C rime and D i s o r d e r Reduction Pa rtnerships (CDRPs) and Fire Au t h o rity - led part n e rships are being invited to submit bids by 31st October 2003. P rojects of particular intere s t include schemes that clear abandoned vehicles from the streets before they are set on fire. Successful existing schemes include: • A car clearance scheme in Avon, which removes derelict and abandoned vehicles promptly from streets across the county. In the 18 months to October 2001, the number of deliberate fires across the whole of the Avon area fell in absolute terms by 3% - 17%. This was less than predicted locally without the scheme. • An Arson Task Force in Newcastle's West End initiated schemes that boarded up derelict p ro p e rt i e s , ensuring rubbish was stored correctly or cleared away, whilst also removing derelict and abandoned vehicles quickly. During the first 3 years of the scheme, the West End saw deliberate property fires reduced by over 22%. Other 'less serious' malicious fires were reduced by over 30% and hoax calls to the emergency services were reduced by 62%. To apply for funding, partnerships should compose a 2 - 3 page document and submit it to Mr John Manning, O f fice of the Deputy Prime Minister (ODPM), Zone 17/C, Po rt l a n d H o u s e, S t ag Place, London SW1E 5LP no later than 31st October 2003. Details can also be viewed and downloaded via the ODPM Website: www.odpm.gov.uk/stellent/groups/odpm_fire/documents/sectionhomepage/ odpm_fire_page.hcsp

Experiences of older burglary victims
Home Office Findings 198

This re p o rt looks at a subject group living in sheltered accommodation in Nort h Wa l e s , i d e n t i fied in the course of a Reducing B u rg l a ry I n i t i at i ve pro j e c t . I t suggests that being a victim of burglary has a significant effect on the health of the e l d e r ly, w h i ch differs from the findings of the first re p o rt "Distraction bu rg l a ry amongst older adults and m i n o rity ethnic c o m mu n i t i e s " . H oweve r, this may be explained because the ave r age age of the g roup in the second re p o rt we re ap p rox im at e ly 5 years older and living in residential care, w h i ch indicates a gre at e r level of pre-existing decline. The key findings we re : • When this group were victims, their health declined faster than non-burgled fellow residents of a similar age. • Typically, the reported impact of burglary on the health and emotional state of older victims is gre at .

Targeting appeared to relate more to the location and physical security of the (sheltered) accommodation than the householder’s vulnerability. Improving location and design in security would help reduce risks. Improved communication of the outcome of investigation and prosecutions can reassure older victims of burglary considerably and could be adopted as good practice.

Copies of this report, published in June 2003 are available free from the Research Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS), Communications Development Unit, Room 264, 50, Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk and can also be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website:

www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/ pdfs2/r198.pdf

16

Arson/Burglary

October 2003

Distraction B u rg l a ry amongst older adults and minority ethnic communities
Home Office Research Study 269 and Findings 197

The Distraction B u rg l a ry Ta s k force was set up in A p ril 2000 with the aim of tack l i n g distraction bu rg l a ry and improving the quality of life of vulnerable commu n i t i e s. To gain a better understanding of the extent of distraction bu rg l a ry and the effects of being a target of this type of cri m e, t h e Ta s k force commissioned two re s e a r ch s t u d i e s. The first study concentrated on people over the age of 60 who are victimised most fre q u e n t ly. The second l o o ked at m i n o r ity ethnic c o m mu n i t i e s who appear to be targeted less fre q u e n t ly by distraction burglars. This report presents the results of these 2 studies. The findings of this re p o rt will be of i n t e rest to all org a n i s ations working with older victims of distraction bu rg l a ry a n d s p e c i fic vulnerable gro u p s. The practical re c o m m e n d ations cover advice on dealing with victims of distraction bu rg l a ry t o e n s u re that the v i c t i m is given suffi c i e n t s u p p o rt to limit the impact of the cri m e and also how to raise awa reness of the crime without raising the fear of crime. The main points emerging from the study are: • Two differing victim profiles: victims who admitted the burglar, and those where the burglar entered uninvited. • Risk factors leading to targeting included neglected gardens and houses, surrounding houses neglected and front door not visible to neighbours.

Risk factors for potential older victims included problems with mobility and daily life, few regular visitors and few d o o r s t e p - ch e cking routines. Victimisation was lower among minority ethnic communities. Suggested reasons include higher occupancy levels at high-risk times, and a greater awareness of doorstep checking procedures.

R e c o m m e n d ations cover the fo l l ow i n g issues: • Raising awareness of self-protection, such as through campaigns designed for specific community groups. • Reducing vulnerability risk factors, e.g. minimising signs of neglect. • Reducing the impact of the crime, which although was not great for most victims, did have a serious effect on a small number.
Copies of this report and associated findings, both published in June 2003 are available free from the Research Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS), Communications Development Unit, Room 264, 50, Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 Email: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk and can also be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website:

www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/ hors269.pdf (Research Study 269) and www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/ r197.pdf (Findings 197)

Distraction B u rg l a ry Good Practice Guide
Home Office

Do you have a copy of the Distraction Burglary Taskforce's Good Practice Guide? The Guide, which comes in a green box, fe at u res the "Stop, Chain, Check" logo, contains a ring binder, two videos and various security gadgets. The Task Force would be interested to hear how useful you have found the G u i d e in your wo r k , as well as how you have used the various items contained within it. Please provide your fe e d b a ck by completing the questionnaire on the Crime Reduction Website at: www.crimereduction.gov. u k / b u rg l a ry 70 . h t m

If you have any queries, contact Ruth Houston, Home Office Crime Reduction Delivery Team, 1st Floor, Allington Towers, 19, Allington Street, London SW1E 5EB Tel: 020 7035 5245 E-mail: ruth.houston @homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

October 2003

Burglary

17

Older victims of b u rg l a ry and distraction b u rg l a ry - recommendations for practitioners
Home Office Development and Practice Report 11

This re p o rt p rovides g u i d e l i n e s and re c o m m e n d ations for practitioners working with older people who are vulnerable to becoming victims of crime or who have been the victims of bu rg l a ry, in particular distraction bu rg l a ry. Its re c o m m e n d ations may be of part i c u l a r interest to the police, Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships (CDRPs), local authorities, other housing prov i d e r s , P ri m a ry Care Trusts and org a n i s ations in the vo l u n t a ry and ch a ri t y sectors. The recommendations presented in this report are based on the findings of two research studies including "D i s t raction b u rg l a ry amongst older adults and minority ethnic communities" and "Experiences of burgled older people". The recommendations from these studies cover 3 main topics: • Raising awareness of the crime of distraction burglary and how it can be prevented among older people and professionals working with them. • Reducing vulnerability. • Reducing the impact once a crime has occurred. The fo l l owing provides re c o m m e n d ations for the content and dissemination of future distraction burglary awareness-raising campaigns aimed at older people: • I n c o rp o r ate specific warning messages in awareness-raising campaigns rather than general cautions and make the distraction burglary message more explicit. • Adding a ‘keep door locked’ message to the Distraction Burglary Taskforce’s ‘Stop, Chain, C h e ck ’ campaign could reduce the number of incidents of distraction burglary. • Adopt methods that encourage interaction rather than passivity on the part of the older audience. • Promote self-confidence and feelings of personal control over victimisation among older people through reinforcing messages about doorstep behaviour, which can minimise future vulnerability. • Tailor campaigns, wherever possible, to meet the needs of individuals including minority ethnic communities, through focused local campaigns using local community resources. • Encourage the homeowner to take action and the viewer to witness an actual (staged) victimisation and alert them to the repercussions of unsafe doorstep practices. • Encourage the reporting of attempted and successful distraction burglary incidents amongst all communities.

Copies of this report, published in June 2003 are available free from the Research Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS), Communications Development Unit, Room 264, 50, Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds @homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk and can also be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website:

www.homeoffice.gov.uk/ rds/pdfs2/dpr11.pdf

‘Bogus Caller Watch’
Safer Blaenau Gwent For more information contact Stephen Carr, CommunitySafetyOfficer, Blaenau Gwent County Borough Council, Civic Centre, Ebbw Vale NP23 6XB Tel: 01495 355683 Fax: 01495 301255 E-mail: community.safety @blaenau-gwent.gov.uk

Safer Blaenau Gwent, the County Borough’s Co m mu n i t y Sa fe t y Pa rt n e r s h i p, h a s l a u n ched a new c a m p a i g n in a bid to cat ch bogus callers who prey on the elderly and vulnerable. ‘Bogus Caller Wa t c h’ is an early wa rning scheme that immediat e ly passes details of conmen operating in the are a d i re c t ly to Blaenau Gwent Council’s central fleet of 200 ve h i c l e s. This info rm at i o n might include a description of the ve h i c l e

used by the offe n d e r, the re g i s t r at i o n number or details of the offe n d e r t h e m s e l ve s. These details are immediat e ly re l ayed via radio to eve ry one of the c o u n c i l ’s fleet of vans and lorri e s. D ri ve r s a re requested to remain alert and look out for the ve h i c l e or individuals invo l ve d , re p o rting back to the central depot. S t a f f alert the police who are then able to follow up the info rm ation they receive.

18

Burglary

October 2003

Repeat Victimisation, Domestic B u rg l a ry Project
Safe in Tees Valley

R e s e a r ch undert a ken by Safe in Tees Va l l ey in 2001/2002 revealed that the ap p ro a ch to re p e at incidents of domestic bu rg l a ry a c ross the 5 Tees Va l l ey Basic Command Units (BCUs) was inconsistent and often i n e f fe c t i ve. Responses we re hindered by a l a ck of basic, t i m e ly info rm ation and few resources to address the problem. This re s e a r ch is a development of the initial work and aims to: • Develop a way forward to prevent a first-time burglary victim becoming a repeat victim. • Reduce the number of domestic burglaries through highlighting the circumstances of repeats. • Provide more timely and effective intervention with repeat bu rg l a ri e s. • Improve the service to victims of repeat burglary. • Improve partnership working.

Although a major emphasis was on understanding the systems and pro c e d u re s , a key part of the re s e a r ch was the contact with and the collection of data from all re p e at bu rg l a ry victims identified duri n g the pro j e c t .T h ree factors we re considere d when assessing the vulnerability and risk of victims: • P ro p e rty Type. • Location. • Victim Characteristics. This re p o rt p rovides statistical analy s i s of data collected, with a view to identifying c h a r a c t e ristics that could predict the i n c reased likelihood of becoming a re p e at v i c t i m. The re p o rt also provides practical options for addressing issues both at strategic and practitioner levels.

Copies of the report, published in April 2003 are available free from Safe in Tees Valley, Christine House, Sorbonne Close, Stockton-on-Tees, TS17 6DA Tel: 01642 306699 E-mail: info@safeinteesvalley.org Copies can also be viewed and downloaded via their website:

www.safeinteesvalley.org /mainframe.htm

Sponsorship to help reduce b u rg l a ry
Home Office

The Home Office is running a "targ e t e d " p u blicity c a m p a i g n as part of its dri ve to achieve a 25% reduction in burglary by 2005. By focusing crime prevention advice at s p e c i fic high-risk groups at the right time and in the right way, it is hoped that it will have more of an impact in terms of changed b e h aviour or home security improve m e n t s. The Home Office has appointed a sponsorship agency called 'Yellow Submarine' to re c ruit part n e r s. The aim is to establish a group of well-known brands to pass on antibu rg l a ry m e s s ages to their customers. Pa rtners are given back g round info rm at i o n on bu rg l a ry and the measures that can be taken to prevent it. Activity is developed with the partner agency, Yellow Submarine and the Home Office. The overall tone of messages is re a s s u ring and empowe ri n g, taking care not to promote fear of crime but suggesting that the use of low cost measures can significantly reduce householders and local commu n i t i e s chances of being burgled. The first priority target audiences are: • Holiday makers.

Students. The elderly (who are at particular risk of distraction burglary). • First time buyers and house movers. Pa rtners are being re c ruited from 3 sectors including: • Home - such as utility and insurance. companies and estate agents. • Contents - retailers. • Community - local services and retailers. A number of companies have alre a dy been signed up as partners and discussions a re ongoing with many more. For the lat e s t details visit the Crime Reduction Web s i t e: www.crimereduction.gov.uk/ burglary69.htm The police will play a key role in helping to raise people's awa reness of bu rg l a ry a n d some suggestions for future projects include: • Burglary victim packs, which will include advice and items such as property marking pens and promotional offers on security products. • Burglary alert packs for distribution in areas where a burglary has occurred.

• •

For more information or if you are involved in running local schemes with partners like this, contact: Jo Nowakowska E-mail: jo.nowakowska @homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk or susan@yellowsubmarine.co.uk

October 2003

Burglary

19

The Reducing B u rg l a ry I n i t i a t i ve : investigating burglary
Home Office Research Study 264 and Findings 181

...critical importance so that i n fo rm ation is g at h e re d , recorded, communicated and acted upon in a way that is responsive...

This re p o rt looks at ways in which bu rg l a ries can be inve s t i g ated more e f fe c t i ve ly. It examines the policing of bu rg l a ry in 3 are a s : O x fo r d , C h i l t e rn Va l e and Cove n t ry and was developed fro m Home Office eva l u ations of bu rg l a ry S t r ategic Development Projects (SDPs) in these 3 sites. The re s e a r ch invo l ved a rev i ew of dat a g at h e red as part of the local SDP eva l u at i o n and the collection of further info rm at i o n on police enforcement practices and re c e n t bu rg l a ry i nve s t i g at i o n s. The latter phase of the research comprised the following: • Examination of case studies of burglary investigations. • Focus groups and semi-structured i n t e rv i ews with police officers involved in the investigation of burglary. • Observation of investigative work. The study has 2 main aims that seek to fill gaps in the existing literat u re on burglary investigation: • To explore the nature of the investigative process for burglary by identifying the main components of investigation and considering how the process can best be conceptualised. • To use these findings to develop general principles for the effective investigation of burglary. The fi e l dwork conducted for this report produced 2 major findings about the n at u re of burglary investigations: • The investigation of burglary should not be characterised as a simple, step-by-step process. R at h e r, the process of investigation should be understood to be complex, dynamic and multi-laye re d . • Proactive policing methods can make an important contribution to effective investigative practice but should not do so at the expense of reactive police ap p ro a ch e s. Proactive and reactive approaches to investigation are interdependent and complementary.

T h ree broad principles for effe c t i ve investigative work were also identified: • Routine - the often complex and dynamic nature of burglary investigation makes it essential that certain key elements of the process are carried out in a systematic and routine fashion. • Simplicity - the investigation of bu rg l a ry tends to be a complex process but investigative work can be most effective when police officers respond in re l at i ve ly simple ways to the situations and chains of events on which their enquiries are focused. In particular, given the lack of sophistication of most prolific burglars, basic investigative actions may often prove highly rewarding. • Flexibility - this is of critical importance so that info rm ation is g at h e re d , recorded, c o m mu n i c ated and acted upon in a way that is responsive to investigative opportunities as and when these present themselves.
Copies of this report and associated findings, both published in June 2003 are available free from the Research Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS), Communications Development Unit, Room 264, 50, Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk and can also be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website:

www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/ hors264.pdf (Research Study 264) and www.homeoffice.gov. u k / rds/pdfs2/r181.pdf (Findings 181)

20

Burglary

October 2003

Reducing B u rg l a ry Initiative: early findings on b u rg l a ry reduction
Home Office Findings 204

The first round of the Reducing B u rg l a ry I n i t i at i ve (RBI), l a u n ched in 1999, funded 63 Strategic Development Projects (SDPs). One of the key aims of the RBI was to find out which bu rg l a ry reduction strategies work best where. The SDPs we re encouraged to deve l o p i n n ovat i ve bu rg l a ry reduction strat e g i e s. As a re s u l t , a wide range of interventions wa s implemented in a va riety of contexts. Some early findings on bu rg l a ry reduction in the SDP a reas are discussed in this re p o rt. The decline in bu rg l a ry in 55 of these areas has been compared with other 'reference'/comparison areas. Some of the key points include: Burglary rates fell in 40 of the 55 SDP areas (re l at i ve to the comparison areas). In the 21 months after the launch of the Reducing Burglary Initiative, burglaries fell in the 55 SDPs by 20% compared with a pre-project period. The net reduction in bu rg l a ri e s was 7% in the SDP areas, when taking into account burglary reduction in comparison areas. This analysis suggests that between April 1999 and December 2000 2,700 fewer burglaries took place in these SDP areas than would have been expected. Of the 55 SDPs analysed, 15 achieved a 20% or more reduction in burglary re l at i ve to the comparison area, a further 13 saw a re l at i ve reduction of between 10% and 20% and 15 of the projects saw a re l at i ve increase in burglary.

• •

• •

The report discusses the scale of the decrease in bu rg l a ry, whether these decreases were due to the SDPs, and the lessons learned in the following areas: • Anticipatory benefits. • Amount spent per household and speed of implementation. • Displacement of crime. • Identifying the nature of the burglary p ro bl e m . • Implementation problems. • Monitoring progress and taking remedial action. • Effective burglary reduction measures. Four of the most successful projects are also described in summary in the report and are supplied in full as supplements to the main findings.
Copies of this report and supplements, published in June 2003 are available free from the Research Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS), Communications Development Unit, Room 264, 50, Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk and can also be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website: www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/r204.pdf (findings)

www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/r204sup1rochdale.pdf www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/r204sup2fordbridge.pdf www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/r204sup3yewtree.pdf www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/r204sup4stirchley.pdf

...find out which burglary reduction strategies work best where.

October 2003

Burglary

21

The Reducing B u rg l a ry I n i t i a t i ve : planning for p a rt n e r s h i p
Home Office Development and Practice Report 4

Copies of the online report, also published in June 2003 are available only via the Home Office Website:

www.homeoffice.gov.uk/ rds/pdfs2/rdsolr0403.pdf
Application for reproduction of this report should be made to Research, Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS), Communications Development Unit, Room 264, 50, Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds@ homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

Although working in p a rt n e r s h i p is now widely regarded as the most effe c t i ve way of tackling crime, often it still proves to be difficult to get agencies working together effectively. This report draws general lessons for partnerships from the experiences of multi agency projects set up to tackle bu rg l a ry. It provides a framework which is intended to assist practitioners to develop p a rt n e r s h i p-based projects more effe c t i ve ly. The lessons learnt from this report can be applied effectively to any multi-agency project. The bu rg l a ry p ro j e c t s , w h i ch are the main focus of the re p o rt, we re located in southern E n g l a n d , the Midlands and South Wa l e s. T h ey we re 21 of the strategic Development Pro j e c t s (SDPs) funded by the Home Office Reducing B u rg l a ry I n i t i at i ve (RBI). All the projects we re subject to rigorous evaluation from South Bank University. The lessons for partnerships were d r awn both from the findings of the eva l u ation and from further empirical work invo l v i n g semi-structured interviews with project personnel at a number of sites. The re p o rt includes a good practice m o d e l , w h i ch is designed to help practitioners in planning for partnership work. The model is based on 3 key elements: • Knowledge - this refers to a partnership's understanding of what it is undertaking and why. • Commitment - describes the willingness of partners to undertake work proposed by the p a rt n e r s h i p. • Capacity - this relates to the individual partner's practical capacity to undertake the work proposed.
Copies of the Development and Practice Report 4, published in June 2003 are available free from the Research Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS), Communications Development Unit, Room 264, 50, Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk and can also be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website: www.homeoffice.gov. u k / rd s / p d f s 2 / d p r 4 . p d f

An online re p o rt entitled ‘ The Reducing Burg l a ry Initiative: planning for part n e r s h i p within a project setting’ is also available.

Open i
Central Office of Information (COI)

A dvice on how to protect ag a i n s t distraction bu rg l a ry will appear in the October edition of Open i. The info rm at i o n will include general advice on how to reduce the chances of becoming a victim of this type of cri m e, an example of a distraction bu rglar who was foiled by his e l d e r ly intended v i c t i m and the "Stop, Chain, Check" message. Produced by the COI, the gove rn m e n t ' s c o m mu n i c ations expert , Open i consists of an audiocassette, which is aimed at visually i m p a i red people and distri buted via ch a ri t i e s , Citizen's Advice Bureaux, l i b r a ri e s and health centre s. Fe at u res include adv i c e and case studies dealing with issues fro m

all gove rnment depart m e n t s. P rev i o u s editions have cove red topics such as pensions, mental health and Jobcentre Plus. The COI works in p a rt n e r s h i p w i t h other gove rnment departments and agencies to provide effe c t i ve commu n i c ations solutions. The Radio Section produces c o m m e r c i a l s , e d i t o rials and news re l e a s e s and launched Open i earlier this ye a r. T h e feedback received so far has been extremely positive and there is a growing demand for copies of the cassette.
Open i is available free via the Open i hotline Tel: 020 7261 8938 or visit their website:

www.open-i.gov.uk

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Burglary

October 2003

Pushing back the boundaries: new techniques for assessing the impact of b u rg l a ry scheme
Home Office Summary and Online Report 24/03

This report forms part of a series of studies being published in 2003 that examine bu rg l a ry reduction practice. It would be of p a rticular interest to those conducting indepth eva l u ations of crime re d u c t i o n p ro j e c t s. The re p o rt p resents findings on the impact of a Reducing Burglary Initiative (RBI) Round 1 project in Live rp o o l .T h e L i ve rpool project employed four diffe re n t interventions: • Target hardening. • Alley-gating. • Property marking. • Offender supervision. N ew analytical techniques discussed in detail in this re p o rt we re developed in order to answer the key eva l u at i o n questions. Some of the results include: • Identifying the precise geographical areas in which crime prevention interventions are implemented is important when assessing the effectiveness of schemes. For the Liverpool scheme, the official boundary of the target area was defined as 2 complete police beats, although the interventions were focused almost exclusively within three sub-areas. Analysis revealed that burglary reduction was dramatic in the sub-areas of intense implementation within the official boundary of the scheme. • Repeat burglary, as well as single incidents of burglary, significantly reduced in the scheme area. • There was some evidence that following the implementation of the s ch e m e, offenders may have switched to committing other types of crime within the scheme area. In particular, theft from cars significantly increased in the are a .T h e re was no significant switch to theft from a person, taking a vehicle without the owner's consent or theft of car. • In order to get the most accurate assessment of the effectiveness of

crime prevention strategies aimed at individual properties, it is necessary to examine the pattern of victimisation of these properties over time. Doing this for the Liverpool scheme revealed that 13 burglaries were prevented in a oneyear period across 363 properties that had been target hardened. The risk to these properties was almost halved following target hardening. This exercise was done for each intervention type. Assessment should be made of the degree to which other initiatives in a scheme area are likely to cause burglary reduction. In the Liverpool s ch e m e, it was concluded that such initiatives were unlikely to have c o n t ri buted to the reduction found.

The implications of these results fo r c r ime prevention are discussed in full in the report.
Copies of both the Summary and Online Report, published in June 2003 are available only via the Home Office Website:

www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/ rdsolr2403summary.pdf (Summary) and www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/ rdsolr2403.pdf (Online Report).
Application for reproduction of these reports should be made to Research, Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS), Communications Development Unit, Room 264, 50, Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

October 2003

Burglary

23

Security for Small Retailers scheme
Home Office

O ver 5,400 shops across the country will re c e i ve money from the Security for Small Retailers scheme to pay for improve d s e c u rity measures such as bu rglar alarm s , better locks and CCTV. The money is the 2003/04 allocat i o n of the £15 million 'Security for Small Retailers' sch e m e, w h i ch is funded by the Treasury's Capital Modernisation Fund. This is the final year of the scheme cove ri n g England and Wales and this year's funding

will also pay for env i ronmental i m p rovements to make shopping parades look better and feel safer.
For more information contact Mark Nicholas, Home Office Business Team, 1st Floor, 85, Buckingham Gate, London SW1E Tel: 020 7411 5590 E-mail: mark.nicholas@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk or visit the Small Retailers in Deprived Areas Mini-site on the Crime Reduction Website:

www.crimereduction.gov.uk/srda1.htm

Small Retailers in Deprived Areas Guidelines for Practitioners
Home Office

These g u i d e l i n e s h ave been produced for practitioners working on projects that aim to i n c rease the security and viability of small re t a i l e r s , s p e c i fi c a l ly those projects that are e l i g i ble for assistance under the small retailers in depri ved areas (SRDA) initiat i ve. T h e s e re c o m m e n d ations may be of interest to the police, C rime and D i s o r d e r R e d u c t i o n Partnerships (CDRPs), local authorities and other groups working in this field. Details of the key learning points and suggestions that have emerged from year 1 and 2 SRDA projects are listed, together with relevant practical examples. They include: • Project Design/Targeting. • Building a Project Team - Getting businesses involved. • Planning the work and installing the measures. • Staffing and procurement issues. • Thinking through implementation. • A tool to map out how target hardening might work in practice. • Sustainability.
For further information and to view the complete list of guidelinesand examples visit the Crime Reduction Website: w w w. c r i m e re d u c t i o n . g ov. u k / s rd a 13 . h t m

For more information and to reserve a place contact Perpetuity Conferences Ltd, 50, Queens Road, Leicester LE2 1TU Tel: 0116 221 7775 Fax: 0116 221 7171 E-mail: conferences@ perpetuitygroup.com Details are also available via their website:

"Retail Crime: What are the Solutions?" C o n f e re n c e
Perpetuity Conferences Ltd

www.perpetuitygroup. com/training/acatalog/ Retail_Crime_Conference. html

The "Retail Crime: What are the S o l u t i o n s ?" c o n fe re n c e will be held at the G i l b e rt Murr ay C o n fe re n c e Suite in Leicester on We d n e s d ay 22nd October 2003. The c o n fe re n c e will provide insights into new re s e a r ch , w h e re speakers will highlight the practical benefits of their findings as well as passing on the lat e s t ideas and best practice on reducing re t a i l

c ri m e. I n d u s t ry experts will lead fo rm a l p re s e n t ations and discussion groups will o f fer attendees a choice of subjects. T h e c o n fe re n c e aims to stimu l ate thinking and g e n e r ate new ideas to develop best practices in responding to retail crime. The cost of the c o n fe re n c e is £195.00 plus VAT and includes lunch and refreshments.

24

Business Crime

October 2003

S t ra t e g y to Tackle Business-Related Crime
Home Office

The gove rnment has announced the re c ruitment of regional Business Cri m e R e d u c t i o n Advisers, who will be employed throughout England and Wales under the Home Office's new business crime strategy. Work will focus on encouraging business invo l vement in existing crime re d u c t i o n p a rtnerships and initiat i ve s , p roviding support and advice to business on crime re d u c t i o n and implementing measures to tackle retail crime and fraud. A new Business Crime Team has been set up within the Home Office fo l l owing public consultation with small and mediumsized businesses and re t a i l e r s , who we re highlighted as being the most concerned ab o u t c ri m e. They will implement the strategy, which builds upon existing work to tackle business c ri m e. "The Business Crime Consultation - your chance to air your views" was launched in December last ye a r. It sought the views of businesses on means of dealing with bu s i n e s s re l ated cri m e. A re p o rt of the consultation responses has been published and is ava i l able via the Home Office Web s i t e w w w. h o m e o f f i c e . g ov. u k / i n s i d e / c o n s u l t s / s u m m a r i e s / index.html

For more information contact Mark Nicholas, Home Office Business Crime Team, 1st Floor, 85, Buckingham Gate, London SW1E Tel: 020 7411 5590 Fax: 020 7411 5596 E-mail: mark.nicholas@ homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

Derbyshire Business Against Crime
Derbyshire Constabulary

Local business leaders have joined fo r c e s with Derby s h i re Constabu l a ry and the East Midlands Development Agency in an effo rt to reduce business crime in Derbyshire. Fo l l owing the p u bl i c at i o n of the B r itish Chambers of Commerce re p o rt ‘Securing Enterprise’ , D e r by s h i re Chambers of Commerce wo r ked in p a rt n e r s h i p with the Po l i c e, D e r by s h i re County Council and Derby City Council to l a u n c h an initiat i ve aimed at tack l i n g business cri m e. A local crime survey wa s carried out by the Chambers of Commerce, w h i ch showed that nearly 50% of businesses had experienced a crime in the last 12 months. T h e re was also evidence of c o n s i d e r able under- re p o rting of incidents and 29% of businesses said they had neve r received crime prevention advice. In an attempt to combat this pro bl e m , D e r by s h i re Constabu l a ry has appointed a Business Cri m e C o - o r d i n at o r. The post is funded for the next 2 years by the va ri o u s agencies invo l ved and the work includes promoting crime prevention amongst small and medium-sized companies. At the core of the project are the compre h e n s i ve business cri m e p revention web pag e s p rovided on the Safer Derby s h i re Web s i t e

(w w w. s a f e rd e r b y s h i re . g ov. u k) . A d at abase of companies wishing to re c e i ve i n fo rm ation via e-mail is curre n t ly under d eve l o p m e n t . The project will also eve n t u a l ly provide local seminars, re g u l a r n ewsletters and direct help to local bu s i n e s s e s. A Business Cri m e Fo ru m , m a d e up of senior business people, has been set up to steer the project.
For further information contact Inspector Howard Frost, Crime Reduction Inspector, Derbyshire Constabulary, Butterley Hall, Ripley, Derbyshire DE5 3RS Tel: 01773 572223 E-mail: howard.frost@derbyshire.pnn.police.uk or Samantha Hancock, Business CrimeCo-ordinator Tel: 07736 083895 E-mail: samantha.hancock@sdchamber.co.uk

October 2003

Business Crime

25

LeedsWatch Local CCTV System
Leeds City Council

The LeedsWat c h C C T V s cheme was set up by Leeds City Council as part of the Leeds C o m mu n i t y S a fe t y Pa rt n e r s h i p's S t r at e g y in 1996. Since that time, the scheme has expanded both geograp h i c a l ly and in terms of camera nu m b e r s. The latest phase was the launch of LeedsWatch Local in 2000, which aims to reduce crime and disorder. So far, the scheme has helped the police with over 100 arrests including assault, c riminal damag e, bu rg l a ry a n d anti-social behaviour. There has been particular success with a new system set up in association with the Leeds 11 Business Pa rt n e r s h i p. This links an industrial estate to the scheme and two 24-hour m o n i t o ring stations cove ring the North and South of Leeds, w h i ch have been in operat i o n since December 2002. The new network of 44 cameras has been placed at va rious locat i o n s across the city, with the capacity to add further cameras in future.
For more information contact Wayne Clamp, LeedsWatch, Leeds City Council, 1st Floor, Merrion House, Merrion Centre, Leeds LS2 Tel: 0113 247 4485 E-mail: wayne.clamp@leeds.gov.uk

ATM Robbery - Designing out the Problem
West Midlands Police

West Midlands Police in p a rt n e r s h i p w i t h L l oyds T S B , B ritish Telecom and seve r a l utility companies have been invo l ved in a ro bb e ry reduction scheme at an ATM (cash point) fo l l owing nu m e rous incidents around the machine. The ATM is located in an area we re t h e re are nu m e rous env i ronmental fe at u re s c o n t ri buting to the pro blem and making it easier for potential criminals to commit this type of cri m e. Fo l l owing consultat i o n s with the org a n i s ations invo l ve d , a d d i t i o n a l s e c u rity measures we re put in place including: • Re-positioning external CCTV cameras. • Upgrading lighting. • Repositioning a telephone kiosk to enable anyone inside to be seen by users of the ATM. • Installing warning signage, reflective panels and mirrors. • Removing street furniture located near to the ATM. • Installing a ‘user zone’ to define a personal space for users of the ATM.

F u rther developments will invo l ve removal of a subway and improved parking facilities. E va l u ation of the initiat i ve is ongoing and fo l l owing the installation of the additional security earlier this ye a r, t h e re h ave been no further offences committed near this AT M . F u rther considerat i o n s include the use of simple technology to d e l i ver both audio and visual cri m e p revention messages for users of the m a ch i n e.
For more information contact PC Keith Doyle, Crime Reduction/Design Adviser, West Midlands Police, Queens Road, Aston, Birmingham B6 7ND Tel: 0121 322 6248 Fax: 0121 322 6161 E-mail: k.doyle@west-midlands.police.uk

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CCTV/Designing Out Crime

October 2003

No Particular Place to Go? Children, Young People and Public Space
Groundwork UK

This re p o rt was launched in June as part of B a r c l ays SiteSave r s. It was funded by the B a r c l ays C o m mu n i t y I nve s t m e n t P ro g r a m m e, a programme of env i ro nmental re g e n e r ation managed by Groundwork UK. The re p o rt found that a lack of i m ag i n at i ve design and concerns ove r s a fe t y a re a major re s t riction to yo u n g p e o p l e, p rohibiting the adve n t u rous and ri s k - a s s o c i ated activities that are vital to ch i l d re n ’s learning and deve l o p m e n t . Pa rents and local authorities are often fearful of adve n t u rous play because of the risk of injury, while the perception of young people as tro u bl e m a kers means that t h e re is pre s s u re for gre ater control ove r their activities. C o n s e q u e n t ly, m a ny play a reas are dull and fail to interest or challenge young people’s imag i n at i o n s. This re p o rt suggests that if young people are denied adventurous play areas, they may re l o c ate to more dangerous places and engage in anti-social behaviour. The re p o rt looks at other Euro p e a n c o u n t ries such as Denmark, w h i ch has a m o re positive attitude towards ch i l d ren in the design of public spaces. By invo l v i n g young people in the consultation and design, the report advises that public spaces can be challenging as well as suitable fo r children and adults of all ages.

B a r c l ays SiteSavers is a nat i o n a l p a rt n e r s h i p b e t ween Barclays PLC and G ro u n dwork UK. The partnership features a re g e n e r ation sch e m e, n ow in its eighth ye a r, w h i ch helps local people to improve d e relict land and invo l ves young people a s c l o s e ly as possible in many of its pro j e c t s. G ro u n dwork is a fe d e r ation of nearly 50 local Trusts in England, Wales and Northern I re l a n d . T h ey work together with local p a rtners in depri ved areas to improve the quality of the local env i ro n m e n t . Last ye a r G ro u n dwork: • worked with over 80,000 children and young people • involved more than 350,000 pupils in environmental projects • brought benefits to an estimated 2 million ch i l d re n • supported around 4,800 projects • encouraged volunteers to give more than 340,000 days of their time to improve their neighbourhoods.
For more information on Groundwork and copies of the report ‘No Particular Place to Go? Children, Young Peopleand Public Space’, published in June 2003 contact Groundwork UK, 85 - 87, Cornwall Street, Birmingham B3 3BY Tel: 0121 236 8565 Fax: 0121 236 7356 E-mail: info@groundwork.org.uk or visit their website:

www.groundwork.org.uk

Designing Out Crime Association (DOCA)
The Designing Out Crime A s s o c i a t i o n (DOCA) was fo rmed in 1999 and provides a fo rum for Crime Pre vention T h rough Environmental Design (CPTED) pro fessionals and practitioners. Membership of DOCA is open to anyone with an interest in Designing out Cri m e a n d c u r rent members include the police, a r ch i t e c t s , c o m mu n i t y s a fe t y o f ficers and cri m e re s e a r ch e r s. The association holds 4 seminars each year and publishes a journal and newsletters, as well as providing an interactive website and re fe rence library.
For more information contact Terry Cocks, General Secretary, DOCA (CPTED UK), 5, Stanley Lodge, Cannonbury Park South, London N1 2JS E-mail: gensec@doca.org.uk or visit their website:

www.doca.org.uk

October 2003

Designing Out Crime

27

ACPO CPI & Secured by Design News
The new Chairman of the A s s o c i ation of Chief Police Officers C rime Prevention Initiat i ve s Limited (AC P O CPI Ltd) is Mr Chris Fox , c u rre n t ly the President of AC P O. Stepping dow n f rom the post is Richard Childs, who re t i red as Chief Constable of Lincolnshire Police in September this ye a r. Mr Childs has been an active supporter and Director of AC P O CPI since its launch and he will stay on as Managing Director to assist in developing the company f u rt h e r. N ew Directors of AC P O CPI Ltd are Colin Cramphorn , Chief Constable of We s t Yorkshire and Richard Brunstrom, Chief Constable of North Wales. AC P O CPI published the latest edition of the Secured by Design (SbD) Focus N ew s l e t t e r in Au g u s t . A new l e a f l e t explaining Secured by Design has also been developed for bu i l d e r s and housing associations to give to purchasers and occupiers. This gives a brief outline of SbD and contains some basic crime prevention advice as well as encouraging further reading via the website (w w w. s e c u re d b yd e s i g n . c o m). The leaflet's header can be ove rp rinted with details of the site, builder or contact point. If you have any news stories for the SbD Focus newsletter contact ACPO CPI Ltd (details below). The third in a series of leaflets explaining technical standards has been published jointly by AC P O C P I , Loss Prevention Cert i fi c ation Board (LPCB) and the British Security Industry A s s o c i ation (BSIA). The l e a f l e t c overs details of tests on staff protection screens complementing earlier info rm ation on door, w i n d ow and computer securi t y. Copies can be viewed and downloaded via the SbD Website (www.securedbydesign.com) and details also appear in the SbD Focus newsletter.

Planning for the future In 2002 the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (ODPM) published a Green Paper on the new government s t r at e g y for planning. As part of this process a new guidance document on Planning and Crime is curre n t ly in pre p a r at i o n . Chief Offi c e r s , AC P O C P I ,A r ch i t e c t u r a l Liaison Offi c e r ’s (ALOs) and re p re s e n t at i ves from other agencies have been consulted in the p re p a r ation of this guidance and all case studies used have had an element of police input. The g u i d e will re i n force the gove rnment's commitment to place crime at the centre of the planning process and the wide-ranging consultation will produce a practical and comprehensive document. Although the Crime & Disorder Act 1998 established the responsibility of police and local authority departments to address local crime issues, the ODPM g u i d e w i l l identify re s e a r ch and case studies that will stimu l ate thinking on planning out crime to address the impact of development at a much earlier stage. P u bl i c at i o n of the guide is due in autumn 2003. Visit the ODPM Web s i t e for further info rm ation and updates at : www.odpm.gov.uk Secured by Design Innovation Competition AC P O CPI has announced details of a competition to reward the most innovat i ve and effective ways of promoting and developing Secured by Design. The competition is open to A L O s , C rime Prevention Design A dvisors (CPDAs) or any s e rving member of a UK police force (including England, Wa l e s , N o rt h e rn Ireland and S c o t l a n d ) . E n t ries must be supported by a Chief Officer or head of depart m e n t . A panel will judge 4 winners who will re c e i ve prizes of £5,000 to be spent on SbD pro j e c t s. The closing d ate for the submission of info rm ation is 31st Ja nu a ry 2004 and projects must have been developed within the preceding two years. Winners will be announced in April 2004.
Details of the competition and how to enter can be found in the police section of the SbD Website:

www.securedbydesign.com
or direct from Liz Clarke, ACPOCPI Ltd, 7th Floor, 25, Victoria Street, London SW1H 0EX Tel: 020 7227 3423 Fax 020 7227 3400 E-mail: acpocpi@acpo.pnn.police.uk

28

Designing Out Crime

October 2003

Safe in the City Planting the Seeds of Security
Greater Manchester Police

G re ater Manchester Police re c e i ved a silve r medal at this year's Royal Hort i c u l t u r a l F l ower Show (RHS) held at Tatton Park in Knutsford. The award was presented for the 'Safe in the City' garden, w h i ch was cre ated to s h ow the nu m e rous s a fe t y p recautions that people can implement to reduce the risk of becoming a v i c t i m of cri m e. The garden includes a secure shed for storing tools and e q u i p m e n t , s l ate pat h ways that provide an audible alert system, perimeter fencing and a secured garden sculpture. Other fe at u re s i nvo l ve strat e g i c a l ly placed spiky and p ri ck ly plants, w h i ch are put in key locations to keep out unwelcome intruders.

For more information contact Chris MacKenzie, Force Crime Reduction Advisor, Greater Manchester Police, 4th Floor, Chester House, Boyer Street, Manchester M16 0RE Tel: 0161 856 2247 E-mail: chris.mackenzie@gmp.police.uk

Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000: Crime Prevention Measures for Rights of Way
Department for the Environment, Food and RuralAffairs (Defra)

The Secre t a ry of State for the Env i ro n m e n t , Food and R u r a l A f fairs re c e n t ly signed the first designation order under the C o u n t ryside and Rights of Way Act 2000. This covers 52 areas in England and enables local highway authorities to dive rt or close rights of way to prevent crime. To ap p ly for an area to be designat e d , local highway authori t i e s , in p a rt n e r s h i p with local Crime and D i s o r d e r R e d u c t i o n Pa rtnerships (CDRPs), p o l i c e, l o c a l residents and user gro u p s , must make a submission to the Secre t a ry of Stat e requesting a designation order. In county a re a s , d i s t rict authorities or local CDRPs can make a submission if the local highway a u t h o r ity does not wish to ap p ly. T h e S e c re t a ry of State has to be sat i s fied that t h e re is clear evidence of high levels of crime associated with the affected rights of way and that realistic altern at i ve solutions h ave also been explore d . D e s i g n ation alone does not close the right of way. S p e c i a l extinguishment and diversion orders will need to be made using existing public path order pro c e d u res and may be subject to objections from members of the public.

These new powers are limited to rights of way where crime is a real pro bl e m . I n p a rt i c u l a r, a l l ey way s , w h i ch encourag e crimes such as robbery, burglary, arson, car c ri m e and d ru g d e a l i n g. A n t i - s o c i a l b e h av i o u r, f ly tipping, dog fouling and g r a f fi t i alone will not usually justify d e s i g n at i o n , although these may be relevant.
More information can be obtained from the Countryside (Recreation & Landscape) Division, Rights of Way Branch (CYD5), Defra, Zone 1/02, Temple Quay House, 2, The Square, Bristol BS1 6EB Tel: 0117 372 6274 Fax: 0117 372 8250 Email: rights.ofway@defra.gsi.gov.uk or via their website: www.defra.gov. u k /

wildlife-countryside/cl/publicrow.htm
Defra also plans to hold seminars for interested authorities later this year. Details can be obtained by e-mailing: rightsof.way@defra.gsi.gov.uk or Jane Elliot-Malpass Tel: 0117 372 8379 or Karen Lee-Bapty Tel: 0117 372 8211

October 2003

Designing Out Crime

29

Planning out Crime Guidelines
Home Office and Office of the Deputy Prime Minister

Well-designed residential or other types of developments can help to reduce crime and d i s o r d e r p ro bl e m s , a major factor in building safe and sustainable commu n i t i e s. The gove rnment is committed to putting planning out crime at the heart of its planning objective s. As part of this, t h e O f fice of the Deputy Prime Minister ( O D P M ) , together with the Home Offi c e, will be publishing g u i d e l i n e s in the autumn on how the planning process can help in preventing crime and disorder. The issues are not straightfo r ward and t h e re are occasions where the needs fo r

reducing crime do not sit altogether c o m fo rt ably with those of other key re q u i rements of safe, s u s t a i n abl e communities. These guidelines are intended to raise awa reness of the issues concern e d and to promote imag i n at i ve thinking to tackle such problems.
For more information contact Ruth Houston, Home Office, Crime Reduction Delivery Team, 1st Floor, Allington Towers, 19, Allington Street, London SW1E 5EB Tel: 020 7035 5245 E-mail: ruth.houston@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

Safety and Justice: the Government's Proposals on Domestic Violence
Home Office

The Home Office has published a c o n s u l t ation pap e r on tackling domestic violence e n t i t l e d 'S a fe t y and Justice: the Government's Proposals on Domestic Vi o l e n c e' . The paper sets out wide ranging p roposals to tighten the law, s t re n g t h e n p revention work and give more help to victims of domestic violence, to encourag e them to come fo r ward in the know l e d g e t h at they will re c e i ve help, p rotection and s u p p o rt . Proposals include: • Work to prevent domestic violence through education, awareness raising and getting i n fo rm ation to victims. • Tackling risk factors such as alcohol and drugs misuse. • Supporting police pro-arrest policies by making common assault an arrestable offence. • Making it a criminal offence to breach a civil order such as a non-molestation order and stronger legal protection for victims through extending the use of restraining orders. • A register of civil orders to allow the police to check for outstanding orders against an alleged offender so they can take immediate action to protect the victim. • More refuge places as a result of £19 million of new investment in refuge provision this year and moves to ensure that victims who are still subject to immigration control have access to refuge support.
The full document and a brief summary, both published in June 2003 can be viewed and downloaded via the Home Office Website: www.homeoffice.gov. u k / d o c s 2 / v i o l e n c e . h t m l. Hard copies can be obtained priced £11.25 from the Stationery Office Ltd, The Publications Centre, PO Box 276, London SW8 5DT Tel: 020 7873 0011 Fax: 020 7873 8200

30

Designing Out Crime/Domestic Violence

October 2003

Making it count: A practical guide to collecting and managing domestic violence data
NACRO

Domestic violence accounts for the highest percentage of violent cri m e in the UK, w h i ch is even more significant given the high levels of under- re p o rting and under- recording of incidents by surv i vors and ag e n c i e s. The statistics that are ava i l able show the frequency and n at u re of violence in the home and include: • E ve ry year in England and Wales approximately 63,000 women and children spend at least one night in a refuge. • E ve ry week 2 women are killed in the UK by their current or ex partner. • 30% of women experience an act of violence by a male partner at some point in their lives. The collection, m a n agement and sharing of domestic violence d ata are crucial to the development of effective strategies. This process enables partnerships to scope the extent and n at u re of domestic violence and track surv i vors through the nu m e rous agencies often contacted for guidance and support. This b ri e fing pap e r p rovides a practical g u i d e for local p a rt n e r s h i p agencies on the collection, s h a ri n g, management and use of domestic violence data. It examines the rationale for data collection and outlines the processes re q u i red to deliver this work effe c t i ve ly. T h e p aper also identifies key tips for overcoming barriers through a pro blem-solving tabl e. It is aimed at all agencies within the stat u t o ry, vo l u n t a ry and pri vate sectors engaged in the process of monitoring domestic violence.

Copies of this report, published in July 2003 and priced £5.00 can be obtained from NACRO Publications, 169, Clapham Road, London, SW9 0PU Tel: 020 7840 6427. Copies can also be viewed and downloaded via their website:

www.nacro.org.uk/data/ briefings/ nacro-2003080700-csps.pdf

"Rat on a Rat"
Thames Valley Crimestoppers

A major c a m p a i g n has been launched by Thames Va l l ey Cri m e s t o p p e r s , w h i ch aims to tackle the area's growing drugs problem. Working in p a rt n e r s h i p with the p o l i c e, local authority and Drugs A c t i o n Te a m , the c a m p a i g n s p e c i fi c a l ly targ e t s dealers in Class A drugs. The theme, "Rat on a Rat" draws attention to the fact that d ru g dealers ruin lives and encourages people to re p o rt w h at they know. In addition to g at h e ring more intelligence about the activities of d ru g dealers, the campaign will raise awareness about the consequences and costs of d ru g abuse. The scheme uses maximum publ i c i t y to get the message across in the area and leaflets have been distri buted to ove r 18,000 households. Po s t e r s a re adve rt i s e d on buses and bus shelters and have been p roduced in altern at i ve languages to targ e t various ethnic groups.

For more information contact Neville Wade, Thames Valley Crimestoppers, PO Box 544, Berkhamstead, Hertfordshire HP4 3WA Tel: 01442 866656 Fax: 01442 870839 E-mail: Neville.wade2@btinternet.com

October 2003

Domestic Violence/Drugs and Alcohol

31

Hidden Harm: Responding to the needs of children of problem drug users
Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs

The A dv i s o ry Council on the Misuse of Drugs has a stat u t o ry duty to advise the gove rn m e n t on the misuse of drugs and the health and social pro blems it may cause. Its Preve n t i o n Working Group carries out in-depth inquiries into aspects of d ru g misuse that are causing p a rticular concern , with the aim of producing re p o rts that will be helpful to policy make r s , s e rvice providers and others. In 2000 the Council focused on the ch i l d ren of pro blem d ru g users. The inquiry looked at parental pro blem d ru g use and its effect on ch i l d re n . This re p o rt aims to highlight aspects of the harm caused by d ru g misuse that have remained larg e ly hidden until now. The report's main findings are: • Between 250,000 and 350,000 children have at least one parent with a serious d ru g p ro bl e m . • Having a parent with serious d ru g p ro blems causes huge harm to children of all ages. • More needs to be done to help these children and their parents. • Taking practical steps can make a real difference to the lives of these vulnerable children - to protect and nu rt u re them and by helping their parents deal with their d ru g p ro bl e m . • Effective, joined-up working between agencies is essential. • The number of affected children is only likely to decrease when the numbers of problem d ru g users decreases. The report also makes 48 detailed recommendations of how this problem can be tackled and its affects improved. The areas covered range from maternity and post-natal care through to education and social work, to the police, court services and prisons.
Copies of this report, published in June 2003 are available free from Prolog UK Tel: 0870 241 4680 Fax: 0870 241 4786 E-mail: homeoffice@prolog.uk.com Copies can also be viewed and downloaded via the website:

www.drugs.gov.uk/ReportsandPublications/NationalStrategy/ 10 5 4 73 3 8 0 1 ? b a t c h _ s t a rt = 1

Seizures of drugs in the UK 2001
Home Office Research Findings Paper 202

This re p o rt p resents the initial fi g u res fo r d ru g s e i z u res made in the UK by law e n forcement agencies during 2001. S o m e of the key points include: • Nearly 56kg of crack was recove re d , more than double the amount in 2000. • Almost 4 tonnes of heroin was seized, which is a 16% increase on the previous year. • The number of dose/tablets of ecstasytype drugs seized rose in 2001 to 7.7 million, an increase of 17%. • The overall number of d ru g seizures in 2001 rose by just under 5% to approximately 131,000.

In 2001, seizures involving Class A drugs increased by 10% to just under 38,000. Cannabis seizures accounted for 71% of all seizures.

Copies of this report, published in June 2003 are available free from the Research Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS), Communications Development Unit, Room 264, 50, Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk and can also be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website:

www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/ pdfs2/r202.pdf

32

Drugs and Alcohol

October 2003

Proof of Age Card
The Portman Group

The Proof of Age Card Scheme wa s o ri g i n a l ly launched in 1990. In 2000, 2 3 8 licensed retailers we re found guilty, o r c a u t i o n e d , for selling alcohol to under 18 year olds. This scheme helps l i c e n s ees to uphold the law and there fo re safe g u a r d their licenses. The scheme allows 18 and 19 year olds to obtain a photo ID card, w h i ch enabl e s them to buy alcohol without pro bl e m s. Under 18s will be deterred from trying to buy alcohol if they see the Proof of A g e card scheme in use. A pro fe s s i o n a l ly qualified adult mu s t sponsor ap p l i c ations for cards and eve ry ap p l i c ation is vetted to ch e ck that the person is 18 or ove r. So far the scheme has been a gre at success, with over 500,000 cards issued. F rom June 2003 the card includes the PASS hologram logo, w h i ch

e n ables licensees and other retailers to know that it is a reliable and credible means of proof of ag e. N ew cards also fe at u re a c o l o u r, r ather than a bl a ck and white, p h o t o g r aph of the holder and a new Portman Group 18+ logo.
The Proof of Age Card costs £5 and applications for cards can be made via the Portman Group's Website (w w w. p o rt m a n - g ro u p. o rg . u k) or are available from local licensed outlets. Specimen cards can be obtained free from the Portman Group, 7 - 10, Chandos Street, Cavendish Square, London W1G 9DQ Tel: 020 7907 3700. Retailers can obtain a Proof of Age Kit (containing 50 application forms, a dispenser, poster and specimen card) for £5 + VAT by telephoning 01782 741968.

Brent Against Drugs (BAD)
Brent Council

A controversial and hard-hitting drugs c a m p a i g n, funded by the gove rnment's C o m mu n i t y Against Drugs sch e m e, was launched in Brent earlier this ye a r. B rent Against Drugs ( B A D ) is an interactive c a m p a i g n t a rgeted at young people, w h i ch raises awa reness of the harm f u l and devastating effects of d ru g abuse. The c a m p a i g n was developed by the council in consultat i o n with local teenag e r s. It uses tongue-in-cheek tactics to highlight its ve ry serious message through the use of eye - c at ching p o s t e r s a n d case studies. These fe at u re people from a range of ethnic groups to reflect the fact that drugs misuse is a pro blem affecting all communities. The c a m p a i g n not only raises the awa reness of d ru g abuse to young people, but also directs them to re l evant agencies and contacts for help and advice. The campaign includes a website called 'S t re e t p u l s e' (w w w. s t re e t p u l s e . c o. u k) , w h i ch enables yo u n g p e o p l e to respond interactive ly to the c a m p a i g n. The web s i t e fe at u res a 'Service Dire c t o ry ' , w h i ch allows visitors to the site to l o c ate drugs services in their are a , as well as a list of events taking place in the re g i o n . The web s i t e is also ava i l able in va rious diffe re n t languages.
For more information contact Liz Opalka, Communications Officer, Brent Council, Mahatma Ghandi House, 34, Wembley Hill Road, London HA8 8AD Tel: 020 8937 4162

October 2003

Drugs and Alcohol

33

Identity Theft: Do You Know the Signs? A Guide for businesses and individuals
FraudAdvisory Panel

This paper deals with the prevalence and scale of identity theft and the ways in which it m a n i fests itself. It also illustrates how identity theft is committed. The re p o rt suggests that the main victims of identity theft are: • Government and the public sector • Business • Individuals. In particular, the paper looks at the following methods: Application Fraud - where a fraudster applies for payment cards and financial products in the name of their victim. Account take-over - where the fraudster collates sufficient info rm ation about the victim to dupe the victim's bank. Wholesale assumption of the victim's identity - obtaining false passports and identification documents or using the identity of a dead person, which may result in fraudulent claims for social security benefits. The fraudulent use of a business identity.

• • •
Copies of this report, published in August 2003 and priced £5.00 are available from The FraudAdvisory Panel, Chartered Accountants' Hall, PO Box 433, Moorgate Place, London EC2P2BJ Tel: 020 7920 8721 Fax: 020 7920 8536 E-mail: info@ fraudadvisorypanel.org The report can also be viewed and downloaded via their website: w w w.

f ra u d a d v i s o ry p a n e l . o rg / publications1.html

The F r a u d A dv i s o ry Panel has devised a number of methods by which the public sector, p ri vate sector and individuals can manage their affairs to assist in reducing the chance of becoming a victim of identity fraud. The panel has also produced a number of recommendations as to how to deal with a fraud once it has happened. Some of these include: • Data-sharing and cross re fe rencing of info rm ation between governmental agencies and the business sector. • Technological and organisational methods, which can be implemented to detect and prevent identity fraud. • Fraud reporting systems and the appointment of personnel with specific responsibility. • Protection of employees who 'blow the whistle' on fraud. • Duties of directors to deal with fraud. • Asset recovery and how to reduce fraud losses via the civil courts. • Compliance.

Problem-Oriented Guides for Police
US CommunityOriented Policing Services (COPS)

The Pro bl e m - O riented Guides for Po l i c e (POP) consist of a series of pro bl e m o riented guidebooks and a companion g u i d ebook that focuses on assessing and m e a s u ring response strat e g i e s. The guides a re produced and funded by the US C o m mu n i t y O riented Policing Serv i c e s (COPS). T h e re are curre n t ly 19 guides ava i l abl e ranging from 'assaults in and around bars' to 'bu l lying in s ch o o l s' , 'g r a f fi t i' and 'theft of and from cars in parking fa c i l i t i e s ' .T h ey p rovide those invo l ved in law enfo r c e m e n t with pro bl e m - s p e c i fic questions to help identify potential factors and underly i n g

causes of particular pro bl e m s. T h ey also identify known responses to each pro bl e m and provide potential measures to assess the effe c t i veness of pro bl e m - s o l v i n g e f fo rt s.

The guidebooks are available to view and download via the COPS Website:

www.cops.usdoj.gov/ default.asp?Item=248

34

Fraud/General

October 2003

Primary Care Trusts as responsible authorities: A guide for Crime and D i s o rd e r Reduction Pa rt n e r s h i p s
NACRO CommunitySafety Practice Briefing

The Police Refo rm Act 2002 made s i g n i ficant changes to the law affe c t i n g h ow the National Health Service (NHS) at local level will need to work more closely with Crime and D i s o r d e r R e d u c t i o n Partnerships (CDRPs). Section 97 of the Act amended the Crime and D i s o r d e r Act 1998 to state that responsible authorities include P ri m a ry Care Tru s t s. This g u i d e has been produced to help CDRPs consider how they can integrate their local health ag e n c i e s into their partnerships and their work. The NHS has a responsibility with other stat u t o ry agencies for public health. The term 'public health' re fers to the general state of the population's mental and p hysical health. This is where there is a clear cro s s over with cri m e. The poore s t c o m munities are like ly to have the wo r s t p u blic health as well as high crime rat e s. Both crime and the fear of cri m e a re s i g n i ficant contri bu t o ry factors to poor

...changes to the law affecting how the National Health Service (NHS) at local level will need to work more closely with Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships...... responsible authorities include P ri m a ry Care Trusts.
October 2003

p u blic health. This provides a natural set of policy links and opportunities for action b e t ween public health and c o m mu n i t y s a fe t y. Reducing physical d i s o r d e r in an a rea will have a health impact as well as a c rime and d i s o r d e r i m p a c t . S i m i l a r ly there a re a number of parallels between the p rocess of determining local needs and responding to them. There are a number of reasons why the health services should work more closely with their local CDRP including: • Crime and health are linked both directly and indirectly as reducing crime improves public health. • Reducing fear of crime among elderly people can reduce isolation and improve their mental health, as well as saving long-term care beds. • Early intervention with victims of hate crime and domestic violence reduces long-term physical rehabilitation costs and mental health costs, especially if it targets and prevents repeat victimisation. • Crime costs health services hundreds of millions of pounds every year and takes resources away from patient care. • Violent crime against health care staff costs upwards of £300 million a year and reduces the effectiveness of health care services. • Reducing alcohol-related crime reduces injury and alcohol-related h a rm . • Violence-related injury is expensive to t re at : an alcohol-related glass injury can cost up to £180,000 to tre at , involving as many as 48 different professionals. The b ri e fing paper provides a "Who's who" of healthcare agencies and what they each do together with details of the info rm at i o n t h at va rious health agencies can bring to the partnership and how this can be used.

Copies of this report, published in May 2003 and priced £5.00 can be obtained from NACRO Publications, 169, Clapham Road, London, SW9 0PU Tel: 020 7840 6427. Copies can also be viewed and downloaded via their website:

www.nacro.org.uk/data/ briefings/nacro2 0 03 0 5 28 0 0 - c s p s . p d f

General

35

VICTOR - Crime and D i s o rd e r Vehicle
Leicestershire Constabulary

VICTOR used to be a mobile police station, but now he has a new lease of life as a purpose built promotional display vehicle. The police, in p a rt n e r s h i p with the local and borough councils, h ave refurbished the 28ft tru ck , w h i ch now fe at u res an exhibition are a , f u l ly fi t t e d o f fice space with computer, TV and v i d e o, mobile generator and an external aw n i n g t h at can be filled with crime re d u c t i o n m at e ri a l . The vehicle takes crime prevention campaigns to all areas of the c o m mu n i t y including garden fe t e s , local neigh-

bourhood events and s ch o o l s in a highly visible and easily accessible fo rm at . The character of V I C TOR is used on p o s t e r s and has also fe at u red in a short c rime reduction animation to entert a i n s ch o o l ch i l d ren aged 5 to 7 years both in the vehicle and in s ch o o l s.
For further information contact Insp Mark Thomson, Beaumont Leys Police Station, Beaumont Way, Leicester LE4 1DS Tel: 0116 248 3375 Fax: 0116 248 3327

Superhighway Ro b b e ry : Preventing e-commerce crime
Edited by Graeme R Newman and Ronald V. Clarke

This book developed out of papers pre p a red for the Fo resight Panel on Crime Preve n t i o n (w w w. f o re s i g h t . g ov. u k /) , p a rt of the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI). T h e Fo resight Panel was established in 1993 as a result of the White Pap e r, "Realising Our Potential" and was fo rmed to look at and address new opportunities for crime that will e m e rge in the 21st century. It is made up of leading exe c u t i ves from bu s i n e s s , the Civil Service and academia. The Fo resight Panel requested an examination of the crime risks in the delive ry system of products to e-commerce customers. This book there fo re provides an analysis of the increasing crime opportunities associated with the Internet and e-commerce. It looks at ways in which the concepts of crime prevention can be applied and suggests that s i t u ational crime prevention works and is suited to developing measures to combat the rapidly growing problem of e-commerce crime. The authors of this book seek to identify the specific opportunities in w h i ch crime can occur in the e-commerce env i ronment and the diffe re n t kinds of info rm ation that are crime targets, such as intellectual pro p e rt y, intell i g e n c e, i n fo rm ation systems and services of va rious kinds (banking, p u r chasing etc). Consumer products are also examined with a view to recognising the elements that make them particularly vulnerable to theft. A va riety of techniques to counter e-commerce crime are identifi e d .T h e s e are underpinned by seeking to: • increase the effort criminals must make to carry out crime • increase the perceived risk of crime • reduce the anticipated rewards of crime • remove excuses for the criminal.
Copies of this book, published in July 2003 and priced £30.00 (hardback) can be obtained from Willan Publishing, Culmcott House, Mill Street, Uffculme, Cullompton, Devon EX15 3AT Tel: 01884 840337 Fax: 01884 840251 E-mail: info@willanpublishing.co.uk or visit their website: w w w. w i l l a n p u b l i s h i n g . c o. u k

36

General

October 2003

The New Politics of Crime and Punishment
Edited by Roger Matthews and Jock Young

This book, p u blished by Willan Publ i s h i n g, p rovides an analysis of the politics of crime and punishment in modern Bri t a i n . It not only rev i ews the most recent initiat i ves in the field of c rime contro l , but also considers the broader social and political context in which this is taking place. The underlying theme of the book is that a qualitat i ve change has taken place in the politics of crime control in the UK since the early 1990s. Although crime has stab i l i s e d , i m p r isonment rates continue to rise and crime has become a central policy issue fo r gove rn m e n t . It is no longer just a technical matter of law enforcement. The aim has been to question some of the assumptions about the changing nat u re of penal policy in society today. Evidence has been considered from both the United Kingdom and the United States in an attempt to identify trends and recurring issues.
Copies of this book, published in July 2003 and priced £17.99 (paperback) can be obtained from Willan Publishing, Culmcott House, Mill Street, Uffculme, Cullompton, Devon EX15 3AT Tel: 01884 840337 Fax: 01884 840251 E-mail: info@willanpublishing.co.uk or visit their website: www.willanpublishing.co.uk

Crime in England and Wales 2002/2003
Home Office Statistical Bulletin 07/03

This p u bl i c at i o n b rings together stat i s t i c s f rom the British Crime Survey (BCS) and p rovides a compre h e n s i ve account of the l atest pat t e rns and trends in the main high volume crimes recorded by the police. T h e BCS questions a sample of the populat i o n . The number of crimes recorded by the police for 2002/03 will be slightly inflated due to changes in the way that the police record crime. Some of the main points in this re p o rt include: • Crimes recorded by the police decreased by 3% in 2002/2003 after taking into account the impact of the National Crime Recording Standard (NCRS) on recording practices. • The risk of becoming a victim of crime remains at an historic low (around 27%) according to the BCS, one-third lower than the risk in 1995 (40%). • There has been a 25% fall in crime measured by the BCS in the 5 years between 1997 and 2002/03. • Vehicle-related thefts fell by 5% this year according to the BCS and by 9% according to recorded crime (adjusted for the NCRS).

Recorded robberies fell by 14% in 2002/03 (adjusted for the NCRS) following the introduction of the Street Crime Initiative in 10 forces at the beginning of the year.

Copies of this report, published in July 2003 are available free from the Research Development and Statistics Directorate (RDS), Communications Development Unit, Room 264, 50, Queen Anne’s Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 2084 E-mail: publications.rds@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk and can also be viewed and downloaded from the Home Office Website:

uk.sitestat.com/homeoffice/ homeoffice/s?rds.rhosb703pdf&ns_ type=pdf&ns_url=%5Bhttp: //www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs2/h osb703.pdf%5D
Note: This file is 7MB large and may take some time to download.

There has been a 25% fall in crime measured by the BCS in the 5 years between 1997 and 2002/03.


37

October 2003

General

Keeping Section 17 on the agenda: Good process and practice for local authorities implementing Section 17 of the 1998 Crime and D i s o rd e r Act
Crime Concern and London Borough of Havering

This b ri e fing pap e r has been pre p a red as a fo l l ow-up to the re p o rt ‘M a i n s t re a m i n g c o m m u n i t y s a f e t y: A practical g u i d e t o implementing Section 17 of the 1998 Crime and D i s o rd e r A c t‘ published in 2000. Four years on from the implementation of the Crime and D i s o r d e r A c t , in which Section 17 was made a legal re q u i re m e n t , this b ri e fing pap e r p rovides some re c e n t examples of good mainstreaming practice by local authorities around the country. I n p a rt i c u l a r, it highlights the pro m i s i n g ap p ro a ch taken by the London Borough of H ave ri n g. The summaries of good practice c a r ried out by authorities around the

c o u n t ry in developing Section 17 wo r k , w h i ch are rev i ewed in the re p o rt, a re mainly concerned with training and raising awa re n e s s. The challenge in the future is to t r a n s l ate this developmental work into action on the ground in local communities.
Copies of this briefing paper, published in July 2003 can be obtained free from Crime Concern Beaver House, 147 - 150, Victoria Road, Swindon SN1 3UY Tel: 01793 863500 Fax: 01793 514654 E-mail: info@crimeconcern.org.uk It can also be viewed and downloaded via their website: www.crimeconcern.org.uk/

pubs/section17ontheagenda.pdf

"Launching Crime Science" C o n f e re n c e
Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science

For more information contact the organisers of the conference Yarrington Ltd, Blencathra C, Upton Magna Business Park, Shrewsbury SY4 4TT Tel: 01743 708201 Fax: 01743 709596 E-mail: info@yarrington.co.uk Details are also available via their website:

C rime remains one of the biggest social and political issues in the world today and traditional methods of fighting crime are still relied upon. This c o n fe re n c e, w h i ch t a kes place on 24th and 25th Nove m b e r 2003 at the Novotel London Euston Hotel, will present a whole new ap p ro a ch to crime control. C rime Science i nvo l ves the ap p l i c at i o n of ri g o rous scientific thinking to fi n d practical ways of reducing crime by focussing on prevention as well as cure. This invo l ves disrupting the chains of events leading to crime as well as identifying and arresting prolific offenders. The c o n fe re n c e will explore the developing roles of science, t e chnology and design in c rime re d u c t i o n . The techniques used by the scientist, s u ch as using dat a , l o g i c, r at i o n a l i t y, hy p o t h e s i s , testing and knowledge acquisition can help to: • understand the crime problem • improve the ability to prevent crimes from happening • catch offenders more quickly.

T h e re will be opportunities thro u g h out the 2 days for scientists to meet with the police and those invo l ved in c o m mu n i t y s a fe t y to hear first-hand ab o u t the problems that crime science can help to re s o l ve. P re s e n t ations will also be give n from leading UK scientists who will set out the latest in re s e a r ch and technology in crime control. This conference will be of interest to: • Police officers with an interest in new approaches to prevention and detection. • Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships (CDRPs). • Local authorities with an interest in front line scientific developments that can help to address their problems. • Scientists and designers who would like to contribute to the debate on how science can reduce crime. The cost of the c o n fe re n c e i n c l u d i n g re f reshments and lunch on both days is £ 2 7 5 . 0 0 . Single day attendance including re f reshments and lunches is £175.00. O ve rnight accommodation is also ava i l abl e at the hotel.

www.yarrington.co.uk/ crime_science/

38

General

October 2003

Leeds Community Safety - New Website
Leeds City Council

Leeds Community Safety’s new website (www.leeds-csp.org.uk) provides a useful source of i n fo rm ation on reducing crime and the fear of crime in Leeds. The new web s i t e outlines some of the work being done to reduce anti-social behav i o u r, misuse of dru g s and alcohol, bu rg l a ry and violent cri m e as well as o f fe ring advice on crime preve n t i o n . The site also p rovides a g u i d e to the Leeds Anti-Social Behav i o u r U n i t and gives details on seeking help if you are a v i c t i m of anti-social behav i o u r and possibl e s o l u t i o n s. The bu rg l a ry p age gives advice on rogue traders and a fact sheet, w h i ch can be viewed and downloaded from the site. Other sections on the site include how to report a hate crime and a ‘members area’ where visitors can register to receive more detailed info rm at i o n , including access to the Leeds C o m mu n i t y S a fe t y m o n t h ly n ew s l e t t e r ‘ U p d at e ’ and a community s a fe t y library database of various publications.
For further information access the site: www.leeds-csp.org.uk or contact Cathy Carlill, Communications Officer, Leeds CommunitySafety Team, Leeds City Council, Leeming House, Vicar Lane, Leeds LS2 7JF Tel: 0113 395 0797 E-mail: cathy.carlill@leeds.gov.uk

The Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead Community Safety Pa rt n e r s h i p's Website
Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead

The Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead C o m mu n i t y S a fe t y Pa rt n e r s h i p h ave developed a new web s i t e (w w w. r bw m s a f e t y 4 a l l . o rg . u k) fo l l ow i n g a local survey, w h i ch indicated that many residents felt insuffi c i e n t ly info rmed ab o u t c ri m e. The Home Office funded site, which is also linked to the development of a ro a d s h ow, joint p a rt n e r s h i p media s t r at e g y a n d p a rt n e r s h i p media gro u p, is a stand alone site owned and managed by the C o m mu n i t y S a fe t y Pa rt n e r s h i p’s C o m mu n i c ations Offi c e r. It is linked to all

the main partner sites, including the Roya l B o rough and T h a m e s Va l l ey Po l i c e. A key element of the site is the Youth Offe n d i n g Team section, w h i ch provides the o p p o rtunity to ap p ly to be a re fe rral panel member. The web s i t e p rovides info rm ation on n ew initiatives, a fe e d b a ck fo rm and useful contact details. T h e re is also an interactive calendar providing details for all c o m mu n i t y s a fe t y and police events.

For further information contact Helen Taylor, Communications Officer, CommunitySafety Partnership, Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead Town Hall, St Ives Road, Maidenhead SL6 1RF Tel: 01628 796305 Fax: 01628 796243 or Email: helen.taylor@rbwm.gov.uk

A New Director for Crimestoppers
Crimestoppers

R oy Clark, the Director of Crimestoppers Trust for the past two and a half years has been appointed to a new position as the Director of inve s t i g ations for the Independent Po l i c e Complaints Commission (IPCC). Mr Clark's successor is Michael Lauri e, Major General (re t i red) who took up the post as the new Director for Crimestoppers in August this year.
For more information on Crimestoppers contact Crimestoppers Trust, Apollo House, 66a, London Road, Morden, Surrey SM4 5BE Tel: 020 8254 3200 Fax: 020 8254 3201 E-mail: cst@crimestoppers-uk.org

October 2003

General

39

New Crime Prevention Bus
Haltemprice Crime Prevention Panel

For more information contact PC Paul Jackson, Kirk Ella Police Box, Redlands Drive, Kirk Ella HU10 7UE Tel: 01482 597721 Fax: 01482 650833 or visit the website:

www.hwcpp.com

The Haltemprice Crime Prevention Panel in East Yorkshire has recently taken delivery of a new crime prevention bus. The doubl e - d e c ker bu s , w h i ch had p rev i o u s ly been in operation as a s ch o o l bu s , is used by the panel as an exhibition centre. Panel members, in p a rt n e r s h i p with the Humberside Police and the East Riding S a fe C o m mu n i t y Te a m , we re fully invo l ve d in re-fitting the bus and the upper deck was t r a n s fo rmed into an info rm ation and c o m mu n i c ations technology suite, w i t h

p rovision for a storage area for literat u re and display mat e ri a l . The lower deck re c e i ved similar tre atment with the i n s t a l l ation of a display console for the l atest security devices and audio-visual u n i t . The bus has its own generator and is protected by an intruder alarm and CCTV. For details on the full restoration of the bus and for other info rm ation about the panel and their wo r k , visit their new website: www.hwcpp.com

Racist h a ra s s m e n t and support projects: Their role, impact and potential
Joseph Rowntree Foundation

A study conducted by the Joseph Row n t ree Fo u n d ation (JRF) in 1999 found that victims of racial h a r a s s m e n t felt isolated and cut-off from the traditional support channels ava i l able to victims of cri m e. This study surveys the pro g ress made in the field over the past 4 years and i d e n t i fies the development and response of c o m mu n i t y-based racial h a r a s s m e n t s u p p o rt p rojects across England and Wa l e s. It considers how casework-led interventions respond to the needs of victims of racial harassment. The report found that: • Casework is the foundation of all the projects studied, but the degree to which casework forms the basis of intervention va ri e s. The positive aspects of casework include supporting the victim, rebuilding confidence and validating the experience of victims of harassment. • There is an uneven spread of support projects around the country. • Projects have been initiated for a variety of reasons including the need for a more co-ordinated response, awareness raising or a political response to racially motivated at t a ck s. • A wide range of activities are undertaken as part of these projects. • The racial harassment support sector could be strengthened by adequate funding streams, recognising the needs of caseworkers for structures of support and developing community-based solutions to providing support and assistance.
Copies of this report, published in July 2003 are available priced £13.95 plus £2.50 p & p from York Publishing Services Ltd. 64, Hallfield Road, Layerthorpe, York YO31 7ZQ Tel: 01904 430033 Fax: 01904 430868. It can also be viewed and downloaded via the JRF Website:

www.jrf.org.uk/bookshop/details.asp?pubID=541

40

General/Hate/Race Crime

October 2003

Multi-Agency Panel on Racial Harassment
Barnsley Metropolitan Borough Council

The Barnsley Multi-Agency Panel (MAP) is a group of agencies working with and responding to victims suffe ring racial h a r a s s m e n t. The panel has been in operation since 1997 and includes two fully operational sub-groups including a Casework C o n fe re n c e G roup and Development Group. In October 2002, the panel launched an initiative involving all secondary s ch o o l s in the a re a . Pupils were encouraged to take part in designing an anti-racist slogan and the winning s ch o o l was awarded £50.00. D u ring Nove m b e r, December and Ja nu a ry, the group also arranged an anti-racist campaign to run on local buses, which saw a significant reduction in this type of crime. S ch o o l s will again have the opportunity to design a new anti-racist slogan as part of this year’s campaign in November.
For more information contact Max Senior, Racial Harassment StrategyCo-ordinator, 27/29, Western Street, Barnsley, South Yorkshire S70 2BT Tel: 01226 774991 Fax: 01226 774969 E-mail: maxwellsenior@barnsley.gov.uk or visit their website: www.barnsley.gov. u k

A Resource Directory and Guide for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual or Transgendered victims of crime and h a ra s s m e n t
Berkshire Anti-Homophobia Group

A gro u n d b reaking p u bl i c at i o n t h at a d d resses the wide-ranging issues fo r o rg a n i s ations working with victims of homophobic crime has been launched by the Berkshire Anti-Homophobia Gro u p ( B A H G ) . BAHG is a mu l t i - agency gro u p i nvolving the police, local authori t i e s , P ro b ation Service, Victim Support, Citizen's A dvice Bureau and local Lesbian, G ay, Bisexual and Tr a n s g e n d e red (LGBT) community g ro u p s.

The extensive 60-page Resource D i re c t o ry and Practitioners G u i d e, i s t a rgeted at people with human re s o u r c e responsibilities and those dealing with customers, clients or staff who are potential victims of homophobic hate cri m e. T h e p u bl i c at i o n re c e i ved support and funding f rom Berkshire ’s Crime and D i s o r d e r Reduction Pa rtnerships and has been c i r c u l ated to a range of agencies and businesses in the area.
Copies of the Directory in printed form or CD, published in July 2003 and priced £5.00 including p & p are available from BAHG, PO Box 3699, Bracknell RG42 1HN or via E-mail at: bahg@bahg.org The Directory can also be viewed and downloaded via the website:

www.bahg.org

October 2003

Hate/Race Crime

41

The Effectiveness of Neighbourhood Watch
The Campbell Crime & JusticeCo-ordinating Group

The Campbell Crime & J u s t i c e C o o r d i n ating Group is an intern at i o n a l n e t work of individuals who pre p a re, u p d ate and disseminate systematic rev i ew s of high quality re s e a r ch conducted wo r l dwide on effe c t i ve methods to re d u c e crime and delinquency. The group has re c e n t ly published a p rotocol on the ‘ E f fe c t i veness of Neighbourhood Wat c h’ , w h i ch sets the standards for what will be included in the final review. The pri m a r y aim of the rev i ew is to assess the effects of neighbourhood wat ch on crime. Objectives include: • To operationalise the inputs (e.g. neighbourhood watch) and the outcomes (e.g. crime) for the purpose of conducting the review. • To identify studies which have evaluated the effect of neighbourhood watch on crime. • To identify a list of studies that meets the minimum criteria of scientific rigour. • To obtain a comparable measure of effect size in the selected most rigorous studies. • To arrive at a conclusion about the effectiveness of neighbourhood watch. The rev i ew focuses mainly on the impact of neighbourhood wat ch s ch e m e s on crime. The types of crime covered in the

rev i ew will be those that n e i g h b o u r h o o d wat c h might be able to re d u c e. T h e s e include: • crimes against residents • crimes against dwellings • other (street) crimes occurring in the watch area • disorder in the area. The rev i ew will include the ‘ b e s t ’ eva l u at i o n s. The minimum re q u i rement fo r inclusion of eva l u ations is that they are based on both befo re and after surveys and experimental and comparable control areas. Both published and unpublished literat u re will be included in the rev i ew and there will be no re s t riction on the country of o rigin or source. Results of the rev i ew will include effect sizes or provide nu m b e r s from which effect sizes can be calculated. The principal reviewer in collab o r at i o n with colleagues will update the rev i ew every two years.
A full copy of the protocol can be viewed and downloaded from the Internet:

www.aic.gov.au/campbellcj/reviews/ NWProtocol.pdf
Thanks to the European Crime Prevention Network (EU CPN) for highlighting this publication. For more information on EU CPN, visit the website: e u ro p a . e u . i n t / c o m m /

justice_home/eucpn

National Neighbourhood Watch Association - 21st Anniversary
National Neighbourhood WatchAssociation

The National Neighbourhood Watch Association (NNWA) celebrates its 21st anniversary this year and as a result a series of important and innovative events have been organised. A series of seminars will be run across the country later in the ye a r, e n abling dissemination of info rm ation and easy access to the association.
Information packs, merchandise and further information can be obtained by contacting The National Neighbourhood WatchAssociation, 18, Buckingham Gate, London SW1E 6LB Tel: 020 7963 0160 Fax: 020 7963 0170 E-mail: info@neighbourhoodwatch.net or visit their website: www.neighbourhoodwatch.net

42

Neighbourhood Wardens & Neighbourhood Watch

October 2003

Flintshire Victim Support & Neighbourhood Watch Seminar
Flintshire Local Voluntary Council

F l i n t s h i re Vi c t i m S u p p o rt , N e i g h b o u r h o o d Watch and Local Voluntary Council hosted a seminar earlier this year with the aim of identifying the issues surrounding cri m e and d i s o r d e r and the fear of cri m e i n Flintshire. Va rious groups and agencies fro m a c ross the region attended the seminar, w h i ch focused on establishing what is needed to improve the quality of life fo r the local c o m mu n i t y. The findings we re re p o rted back to the C o m mu n i t y S a fe t y Pa rt n e r s h i p to enable them to tailor their action plan based on the issues raised. P re s e n t ations we re given by Nort h Wales Po l i c e, Neighbourhood Wat c h, Vi c t i m S u p p o rt and the Local Vo l u n t a ry Council and included workshops to discuss s p e c i fic issues. Some of the issues raised include:

• • •

Involving the community, including young people, by working more closely with s ch o o l s. Establishing c o m mu n i t y groups to ensure the concerns and issues of the community are co-ordinated and raised with the authority. Identifying projects that will secure early successes to inspire and raise confidence in the community. Increasing the use of CCTV and improving lighting in specific areas. Increasing control over the sale of alcohol. Increasing police presence on the streets.

Due to the success of the seminar, it is hoped that it will run on an annual basis.

For more information contact John Watkin, Deputy Manager, Flintshire Local Voluntary Council (FLVC), The Manse, Tyddyn Street, Mold, Flintshire CH7 1DX Tel: 01352 755008 Fax: 01352 755490 E-mail: info@flvc.demon.co.uk or visit their website:

www.flvc.demon.co.uk

Neighbourhood Watch Community Support Unit
Valleys and Vale Neighbourhood WatchAssociation

In A p ril this ye a r, the Va l l eys and Vale Neighbourhood Wat ch A s s o c i ation introduced their mobile Neighbourhood Wat ch U n i t , w h i ch travels throughout the are a , p ro m o t i n g Neighbourhood Watch. The A s s o c i ation decided to purchase the new unit, fo l l owing the temporary use of the mobile police station to be able to eva l u ate the effe c t i veness of using a mobile service in m o re remote are a s. Due to its success, a new unit was purchased with funding from Stro u d D i s t rict Council and Gloucestershire Po l i c e. The unit consists of a twin-axle display trailer, s p r ayed ye l l ow and fe at u ring the A s s o c i ation's details and logo. It is fitted with a v i d e o a n d t e l ev i s i o n , together with a range of crime reduction and fi re prevention literat u re. Co-ordinators who operate the unit are fully trained to provide crime reduction advice. Both the Fire Service and Ambulance Service will provide further training in the future. S everal agencies have expressed an interest in travelling with the unit, including the D i s t rict Council Abandoned Vehicles Depart m e n t , C o m mu n i t y S a fe t y D e p a rtment and Gloucestershire County Council Trading Standards, amongst others. Some of the successes of using the mobile unit have included: • Visits to 13 parishes and 17 events. • Security marking of 400 items. • Setting up of seven new watch schemes. • Residents working together with the police and District Council to tackle drugs, anti-social behaviour and abandoned vehicles. • Co-ordinators working with the Youth Service to re-open the youth club. • Anti-social behaviour orders obtained against three young people.
For more information contact Rick Pellatt, Neighbourhood WatchOffice, Police Station, Parliament Street, Stroud GL5 1QQ Tel: 01452 335623 E-mail: rick.pellatt@gloucestershire.pnn.police.uk

October 2003

Neighbourhood Wardens & Neighbourhood Watch

43

‘Wa rd e n’ - The Neighbourhood Wa rd e n Team Newsletter
Office of the Deputy Prime Minister Copies of the newslettercan be obtained from the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, PO Box 236, Wetherby, West Yorkshire LS23 7NB Tel: 0870 1226 236 Fax: 0870 126 237 E-mail: odpm@twoten.press.net or visit the website:

www.neighbourhood. gov.uk

The Neighbourhood Warden Team N ew s l e t t e r, ‘Wa rd e n’ , is a quart e r ly re p o rt p u blished by the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (ODPM), w h i ch aims to disseminate good practice and ideas from schemes across the country. It provides readers with the opportunity to i n fo rm others of the events and activities that have wo r ked in their are a , as well as raising their profile and awareness of the work that they undertake. The newsletter gives residents in the local c o m mu n i t y the chance to express their views on the work carried out by the wa r d e n s and to talk about issues that affect them. R e s i d e n t s can also put fo r ward ideas about the improvements that could be made in their c o m mu n i t y and the local environment. The p u bl i c at i o n is designed for scheme managers and wa r d e n s, h owever copies are also c i r c u l ated to re s i d e n t s , c o m mu n i t y s a fe t y o f fi c e r s , the police and people with an interest in improving their community.

A Different Tack on Security
Staffordshire Police

Police in Staffo r d s h i re are adv i s i n g e q u e s t r ians to be extra vigilant and take additional crime prevention pre c a u t i o n s due to the increased numbers of horse tack theft in the area recently. Ta ck theft is a pro blem in many part s of the country, with stolen articles often sold on the intern ational marke t . E l e c t ro n i c a l ly tagging equipment incre a s e s the chances of having it re t u rned to the rightful owner if it is stolen because it becomes more easily identifi abl e. Tags are often difficult to re m ove and equipment t h at is tagged is mu ch harder to sell on, making items less at t r a c t i ve to wo u l d - b e thieves. The aim of this initiative is to: • reduce incidents of equine-related rural c ri m e, burglary other buildings, theft of trailers/off-road vehicles and theft of horse tack • reduce the fear of crime within the rural community • raise awareness of rural c ri m e issues. The initiat i ve focused on over 200 e q u i n e - re l ated pro p e rties in the area and was publicised via regional television and radio bro a d c a s t s , as well as targ e t i n g l o c ations that had prev i o u s ly been victims of this type of cri m e. The police wo r ked in p a rt n e r s h i p with local companies who fitted passive electronic tags to equipment

at point of manu fa c t u re. T h ey also carri e d out site-specific surveys to identify any weaknesses in security. An eva l u ation of the scheme wa s carried out and crime figures were analysed 12 weeks befo re the start and for 4 we e k s d u ring and 4 weeks after the pro j e c t .T h e results showed a 57.5% reduction in ru r a l c ri m e. A d d i t i o n a l ly, the Society of Master Saddlers also now active ly encourages the i n s e rtion of tags at the point of manufacture. This initiative is being used as an example of good practice in several areas of the country and other forces are keen to p ro g ress the scheme.
For more information contact PC Gordon Scott, Chase Division Crime Reduction Officer, Hilton Hall, Hilton Stables, Hilton Lane, Essington, Staffordshire WV11 2BQ Tel: 01785 218828 Fax: 01785 232369 E-mail: gordon.scott@ staffordshire.pnn.police.uk

Editors Note: Property marking schemes
should adhere to the Association of Chief Police Officer (ACPO)/Home Office principles on property marking. Details of these are published on the Crime Reduction website:

www.crimereduction. gov. u k / p ro p e rt y 0 1 . h t m

44

Neighbourhood Wardens & Neighbourhood Watch/Property Crime

October 2003

National Churchwatch Seminar
City of London Police

The City of London C rime and D i s o r d e r Reduction Pa rt n e r s h i p (CDRP) has organised a National Churchwatch Seminar due to be held at the Corp o r ation of L o n d o n ’s Guildhall between 5.30pm and 8.00pm on Thursday 23rd October 2003. The aims of the seminar are to raise p e o p l e ’s awa reness to cri m e, s p e c i fi c a l ly re l ated to places of worship and to adv i s e C l e rgy and ch u r ch wo r kers on p e r s o n a l s a fe t y i s s u e s. In addition to suffe ri n g incidents of violence and criminal damage, s t atistics reveal that unfo rt u n at e ly when va l u able ecclesiastical items are stolen they a re rare ly re c ove re d . This is often due to i n s u f ficient recording and documentat i o n ,

w h i c h makes subsequent tracing of irreplaceable articles extremely difficult. S p e a kers at the c o n fe re n c e will include re p re s e n t at i ves from National Church wat ch , Trace and the City of London Police.
For more information contact PC Ray Sykes, Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnership, City of London Police, Suite 51, London Fruit & Wool Exchange,Brushfield Street, London E1 6EX Tel: 020 7456 9814 E-mail: ray.sykes@corpoflondon.gov.uk or visit the website:

www.cityoflondon.police.uk/news/ latest_news_5/story5.htm

Ru ra l Safety Initiative
West Mercia Constabulary

West Mercia Constabulary has developed the R u r a l S a fe t y I n i t i at i ve (RSI) in consultat i o n with the ru r a l c o m mu n i t y, with the aim of e n g aging them in reducing crime in their a re a . The initiat i ve utilises the c o m mu n i t y’s help in problem solving their own issues at a local parish level. It includes a comprehensive guide to risk management and was based on a s t u dy carried out by Dr Richard Ya r wood of the University of Ply m o u t h . He conducted re s e a r ch into the fear of cri m e a n d perceptions of policing in rural districts. Four ru r a l p a rishes we re selected to pilot the i n i t i at i ve and in-depth surveys we re undertaken with the residents to determine: • the extent to which crime is seen as a problem in rural areas • the types of crime and disorder and safety issues perceived to be problematic in these areas • public satisfaction with policing in rural areas. Key stakeholders fo rmed ru r a l s a fe t y g roups who we re re s p o n s i ble for collecting data to determine the real or perceived nature of the c o m mu n i t y’s concern s. These gro u p s attended a comprehensive three-hour training course and re c e i ved info rm ation on cri m e reduction theories, including how to cascade this knowledge to other stake h o l d e r s. T h e

g roup work through a pro bl e m - s o l v i n g m o d e l , w h i ch fo rms the basis for the initiative: • Identify key stakeholders and establish membership of the rural safety group. • Convene rural safety group and agree their purpose. • Collect appropriate data. • Analyse data. • Review progress. • Identify course of action. • Implement action. • Review impact. The groups ap p ly the pro blem solving t e chniques to local issues, w h i ch enabl e s m atters to be addressed in a stru c t u red way. Where the group records their efforts, the RSI p rovides accre d i t ation in the fo rm of a c e rt i fi c at e, w h i ch shows they have taken a clear and logical ap p ro a ch to issues of s a fe t y and security in their community. The initiat i ve has been independently eva l u ated and the results are ve ry e n c o u r ag i n g. The c o m mu n i t y h ave a gre at e r sense of working together to discuss problems and identify solutions with re d u c e d requirement for police involvement.The RSI is also being used in other areas in the country and it is hoped that it will eventually become recognised as good practice nationwide.

For more information contact Sgt Mark Smith, Crime and Disorder Team, West Mercia Constabulary HQ, Hindlip Hall, PO Box 55, Worcester WR3 8SP Tel: 01905 331985 E-mail: mark.smith@ westmercia.pnn.police.uk

October 2003

Property Crime/Rural Crime

45

Sexual Offences Bill
Home Office

The Sexual Offences Bill was introduced into the House of Lords on the 28th of Ja nu a ry this ye a r. It has now passed to the Commons, w h e re it had its second reading on 15th July and goes into committee on 9th September. The Bill is expected to re c e i ve Royal Assent in November with implementation aimed for May 2004. The Sexual Offences Bill represents a major re fo rm of the law on sexual offences. One of the most important c hanges proposed is the overhaul of the law on consent. The Bill introduces a test of reasonableness and a list of circumstances in which various presumptions will be made as to the complainant's consent and the defendant's re a s o n able belief in consent. This will provide juries with a very clear framework within which to make fair and just decisions. The Bill also proposes a pack age of measures to give ch i l d ren the gre atest possibl e p rotection under the law from s e x u a l abu s e. It makes clear that s e x u a l activity with a ch i l d under 13 years of age is never acceptabl e, and questions of consent will not be re l eva n t . I t also proposes a new offence of 'meeting a child fo l l owing s e x u a l g rooming etc', w h i ch will c at ch adults who undertake a course of conduct with a child leading to a meeting where the adult intends to sexually abuse that child, either at that meeting or on a subsequent occasion. The Bill brings gre ater coherence and higher penalties to the criminal law surro u n d i n g p ro s t i t u t i o n , child porn o g r ap hy and traffi ck i n g, ensuring greater protection to children and adults alike.
For more information contact Laura McIvor, Home Office SexualOffences Bill Team, Room 316, 50, Queen Anne's Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 0207 273 2203 E-mail: laura.mcivor@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

Shoplifting Leaflet for Schools
Hampshire Constabulary

H a m p s h i re Constabu l a ry, in p a rt n e r s h i p with Southern Co-operat i ves Limited, h a s set up an initiat i ve to raise awa re n e s s amongst teenagers of the serious consequences of s h o p l i f t i n g. Their message is simple - "S h o p l i f t i n g is not a word - IT'S A SENTENCE!" The l e a f l e t was introduced fo l l ow i n g c o n c e rns that s h o p l i f t i n g is seen by some young people as acceptable behaviour, with little or no knowledge of the seve re consequences of their actions. The message is aimed dire c t ly at teenagers and wa s designed fo l l owing consultation betwe e n both teachers and pupils at local s ch o o l s. It highlights the fact that s h o p l i f t i n g is a

c riminal offence and those caught, ri s k gaining a criminal re c o r d , w h i ch could affect them later in life. O ver 94,000 leaflets have been d i s t ri buted to eve ry secondary s ch o o l s t u d e n t in the area and are also ava i l abl e f rom the va rious Co-operat i ve store s around the region.
For more information contact Malcolm Wilton, Force Crime Reduction Co-ordinator, Hampshire Police HQ, West Hill, Romsey Road, Winchester, Hampshire SO22 5DB Tel: 01962 871082 E-mail:malcolm.wilton @hampshire.pnn.police.uk


46

Shoplifting is not a word - IT’S A SENTENCE!

Sexual offences/Town/Shopping Centre Crime

October 2003

Theft from Motor Vehicles - Advice Leaflet
West Yorkshire Police

West Yo r k s h i re Police has set up an i n i t i at i ve that deals with the incre a s i n g p ro blem of thefts from motor vehicles. A n a lysis of police fi g u res in the are a has shown that between 1st June 2002 and 28 May 2003 there we re 3,518 thefts fro m motor ve h i c l e s. Of these, 1,587 invo l ved a window being smashed to gain entry to the c a r. As a result the police have produced a s p e c i a l ly designed l e a f l e t o f fe r ing cri m e p revention advice and useful contacts. These have been issued to window replacement companies who have agreed to place a copy of the l e a f l e t in a customer’s c a r when they replace a smashed window to prevent them becoming a re p e at v i c t i m of this type of crime. O ver 2,000 leaflets have been produced and advice includes: • 10% of vehicles are broken in to where thieves see a CD player fitted and assume that the glove compartment will be full of CDs. Always leave the glove box compartment empty and open. 21% of thefts from vehicles include the theft of CD players.

Consider where you park your car. If it is parked in an isolated place, it is more at risk of being broken in to. Huddersfield has 7 car parks, which have achieved Secured by Design status. These car parks have increased security measures and are there fo re more secure. Consider having a car alarm fitted. Some alarm sensors can be adjusted to penetrate the body of the car to detect movement as a thief approaches the vehicle. Some burglaries are carried out solely to steal car keys. Keys should always be kept in a safe and secure place, day and night.

For more information contact PC Chris Green, Crime Reduction/Architectural Liaison Officer, West Yorkshire Police, Huddersfield Police Station, Castlegate, Huddersfield HD1 2NJ Tel: 01484 436639 E-mail: cg30@westyorkshire.pnn.police.uk

Vehicle Crime Reduction Section
Home Office

Last year, the Home Office Vehicle C ri m e Reduction Section piloted a vehicle c ri m e project in B ri s t o l , C ove n t ry and Middlesbro u g h . The project invo l ved the distri bution of c a r c ri m e prevention advice to people who had left property on show in their cars. Due to its success, the scheme was extended to the 24 Crime and D i s o r d e r R e d u c t i o n Pa rtnerships (CDRPs) with the highest levels of cri m e. S u p p o rt was obtained from the Local G ove rnment A s s o c i ation (LGA) and regional Home Office Directors we re asked to write to their CDRPs who had been identified as suffe ring the highest levels of cri m e. L o c a l a u t h o rities employed the services of parking attendants and street wa r d e n s, who could note the re g i s t r ation numbers of vehicles parked with items left on show. R e g i s t r ation nu m b e r s were then forwarded to the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA), who sent a letter to the re g i s t e red keeper of the ve h i c l e a dvising them that their ve h i c l e had been identified as h aving left items on show. A l e a f l e t p roviding advice on reducing ve h i c l e c ri m e was also included. Fo l l owing the p u bl i c at i o n of the latest crime fi g u re s , the remainder of the local a u t h o ri t i e s , w h i ch appear in the ‘top 94’ p a rt n e r s h i p a reas with the highest levels of cri m e will be invited to take part in the project. This initiat i ve demonstrates how local communities can help in reducing crime in their own neighbourhoods.

For more information contact: Steve Kirk, Home Office Vehicle Crime Reduction Section, Allington Towers, 19, Allington Street, London SW1E 5EB Tel: 020 7035 5269 E-mail: steve.kirk @homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk For further advice on reducing vehiclecrimevisit the Vehicle Crime Reduction Website:

www.secureyourmotor. gov.uk/

October 2003

Vehicle Crime

47

Touring Caravans: Crime Reduction Officer's Guide
Lincolnshire Police

For more information and copies of the process map, contact PC Tim Booth, Crime Reduction Officer, Lincolnshire Police, Boston and Horncastle Sector, Lincoln Lane, Boston PE21 8QS Tel: 01205 312240 Fax: 01205 312288

The National C a r ava n C o u n c i l , together with manu fa ct u rers and insure r s , a re working on a number of i n i t i at i ves to raise the public's awareness on how to avoid becoming a v i c t i m of cri m e. As part of the c a m p a i g n, i t was decided to produce a process map to assist Cri m e Reduction Officers who are ap p ro a ched for advice on touring caravans. The map uses only recognised sources and includes a number of websites offe ring va l u able info rm at i o n regarding legislation affecting new dri vers and re s t ri ctions placed on them when towing vehicles.

Park Safe
Lancashire Constabulary

For more information contact Jan Brown or Phil Corris, Lancaster Police Station, Thurnham Street, Lancaster LA1 1YB Tel: 01524 596696 E-mail: jan.brown@ lancashire.pnn.police.uk

M i t re House c a r park in Lancaster has been a constant location for ve h i c l e c ri m e a n d anti-social behav i o u r p ro blems over re c e n t ye a r s. The 1960's design encourag e d g r a f fi t i, juvenile nuisance and d ru g misuse, making many people afraid to use it. S everal crime prevention techniques had been used prev i o u s ly to try to deter the p ro blems associated with the c a r park bu t with limited success. R e s e a r ch undert a ke n by the Crime Prevention Team at Lancaster Police identified that a similar c a r park in D e r by had re s o l ved all their cri m e p ro blems through the installation of the

"Park Safe" system. Park Safe is a compreh e n s i ve security ap p ro a ch to parking and fe at u res the use of extensive C C T V, ve h i c l e m ovement sensors in individual parking b ays and the location of panic alarms on each floor. Lancaster Police fa c i l i t ated a p a rt n e r s h i p b e t ween Park Safe and the city council to install the system into Mitre H o u s e, w h i ch lead to a total re f u r b i s h m e n t of the c a r p a r k . Visitors to the new parking facility have ag reed that it is light, welcoming and above all safe and secure.

Fo re c o u rt Crime Seminar
West Yorkshire Police and British Oil Security Syndicate (BOSS)

The British Oil Security Syndicate (BOSS) in conjunction with West Yo r k s h i re Po l i c e a re hosting a one-day seminar on 15th October 2003 at the South Leeds Stadium, to discuss the pro blems associated with petrol forecourt c ri m e. Topics will include: • Staff s a fe t y. • Reducing theft and fraud. • D ri ve - o f f s. • CCTV (new advances in technology). • Forecourt Wat ch . • Designing out Crime and ATM security. • Automatic Number Plate Recognition (ANPR).

The seminar will be of part i c u l a r i n t e rest to crime reduction practitioners and petrol re t a i l e r s. The cost of the event is £20.00, which includes a buffet lunch.
Further information is available from John Turtle, BOSS Representative for the North West Tel. 0161 436 4714 or DI John Birkenshaw, Force Crime Reduction Officer, West Yorkshire Police, Police HQ, PO Box 9, Wakefield, WF1 3QP Tel: 01924 292465 E-mail: jb152@westyorkshire.pnn.police.uk

48

Vehicle Crime

October 2003

Car Crime
Edited by Claire Corbett

This book surveys the extensive nat u re of c a r c ri m e. It starts by suggesting that the stere otypical representation of car c ri m e (theft of and theft from), whilst very important, provides too narrow a definition and should be broadened to include offending involving drivers and the wider society. The book considers the historical roots of crime legislation involving cars and dri v i n g, t h rough to current legislation and its effects and implicat i o n s. It also looks at crime contro l and prevention and views c a r c ri m e in re l ation to masculinity, gender and c a r u s age issues. Topics such as road rag e, mobile phone use and the perspectives of crash victims and bereaved are also explored. Other chapters cover: • Theft of and theft from vehicles. • Impaired driving (alcohol, drugs and fatigue). • Speeding. • Dangerous and careless driving. • Past, present and future directions.
Copies of this book, published in August 2003 and priced £17.99 (paperback) or £40.00 (hardback) can be obtained from Willan Publishing, Culmcott House, Mill Street, Uffculme, Cullompton, Devon EX15 3AT Tel: 01884 840337 Fax: 01884 840251 E-mail: info@willanpublishing.co.uk or visit their website: www.willanpublishing.co.uk

The ‘Vulture’ Campaign
Greater Manchester Police

G re ater Manchester Police in p a rt n e r s h i p with Manchester City Council launched a mobile poster c a m p a i g n in June to tack l e vehicle c ri m e in the area. The campaign uses hard-hitting images of vultures preying on pro p e rty left in full view inside vehicles. It shows them circling the skies ab ove a c a r waiting to swo o p. T h e simple messag e s , w h i ch include: ‘Ke e p b i rds of prey away - Lock It’ and ‘E a s y meat for birds of prey’ were used to remind motorists that o p p o rtunist criminals operate in the city and like vulture s , t h ey are quick to act. Motorists are urged to keep their va l u ables out of sight. O ver 1,000 council vehicles took the message to the streets of M a n c hester with the aim of reducing the numbers of victims of this type of crime. The ornithological idea behind the campaign is in keeping with GMP’s other long ru n n i n g

i n i t i at i ves including Operation Haw k , t a rgeting s t reet cri m e and Operat i o n Magpie, which tackles burglary.
For more information contact Steve Hobson, Crime Reduction Advisor, Greater Manchester Police, South Manchester Divisional HQ, Elizabeth Slinger Road, West Didsbury, Manchester M20 2ES Tel: 0161 856 6174 E-mail: stephen.hobson@gmp.pnn.police.uk

October 2003

Vehicle Crime

49

Older people and fear of crime the next steps
Help the Aged SeniorSafety Campaign

The Help the Aged SeniorSafety C a m p a i g n aims to find new ways to increase older people's sense of security at home. T h e c a m p a i g n focused initially on pro t e c t i n g older people against bogus callers by extending services to the elderly at home and raising awa reness of this type of cri m e amongst the general population. Fear of cri m e is a major concern fo r the elderly. As a re s u l t , Help the Aged has p u blished a two - volume re p o rt e n t i t l e d 'Older people and fear o f crime - the next steps' , w h i ch examines the nat u re of fear of cri m e and looks at what is being

done to tackle it. The second half of the re p o rt looks at a 10-point action plan fo r practitioners aimed at reducing both cri m e and the fear of crime.
Copies of this report, published in November 2002 and priced £20.00 including p&p are available from Help the Aged, 207 - 221, Pentonville Road, London N1 9UZ Tel: 020 7278 1114 Fax: 020 7278 1116 E-mail: info@helptheged.org.uk or visit their website:

www.helptheaged.org.uk

Community Safety and Disabled People: The Way Forward
NACRO

NACRO are organising a conference aimed at both disabled people and professionals working in the vo l u n t a ry, s t at u t o ry and commercial sectors, w h i ch aims to highlight the dispro p o rtionate victimisation of disabled people. The c o n fe re n c e will be held on 12th November 2003 at the ORT House C o n fe re n c e Centre in London and will give delegates a chance to discuss the high levels of fear of crime amongst the disabled populat i o n . It will also look at the under- re p o rting and underrecording of crime against this particular group. The day will provide an opportunity to: • develop an understanding of the key issues • share experiences and good practice • build relationships and understanding • understand potential solutions to better meet the needs of disabled people. S p e a kers will include the Minister for Disabled Pe o p l e, D e p a rtment for Work and Pensions and representatives from the Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) and British Council of Disabled People. The cost of the c o n fe re n c e ranges from £115.00 plus VAT for individuals and small vo l u n t a ry org a n i s ations to £195.00 plus VAT for public sector, ch a rity and independent organisations, which includes lunch, refreshments and conference m at e ri a l .
For more information contact Pavilion Publishing, The Ironworks, Cheapside, Brighton BN1 4ZZ Tel: 0870 161 3505 Fax: 0870 161 3506 E-mail: info@pavpub.com Details can also be viewed and downloaded via their website: www.pavpub.com/

pavpub/conferences/showfull.asp?Section=2&SubSection=0&Conference=332
For more information about NACRO contact them at: 169, Clapham Road, London SW9 0PU Tel 020 7582 6500 Fax 020 7735 4666 E-mail: communications@nacro.org.uk or visit their website: www.nacro. o rg . u k

50

Victims and Witnesses

October 2003

Victims Virtual Walkthrough
Criminal Justice System (CJS) Online

For many victims of crime, the process of reporting it can be seen as a complex and daunting e x p e ri e n c e. This interactive tour has been developed by CJS Online in conjunction with the Home Offi c e, A s s o c i ation of Chief Police Officers (AC P O) , The Crown Prosecution Serv i c e (CPS), Court Service and Victim S u p p o rt . The 'Victims Vi rtual Wa l k t h rough aims to g u i d e a ny v i c t i m of crime through pro c e s s e s that they will encounter when reporting a crime including: • Reporting a crime. • Police Procedures and Investigation. • Prosecution and Decision Making. • Court Processes. • Sentencing. These sections g u i d e the users through the fo rmal pro c e d u res from why they should report a crime and the different methods of doing so, to compensation and how to claim it.
Visit the Victims Virtual Walkthrough at: www.cjsonline.gov. u k / v i rt u a l / d e t e c t / n o F l a s h . h t m l

CJS Online can be contacted at: Criminal JusticeIT, Portland House, Stag Place, London SW1E 5RS Fax: 020 7271 3407 E-mail: cjsonline@cjit.gov.uk or visit their website:

www.cjsonline.org/ home.html

Streets Ahead: A joint inspection of the Street Crime Initiative
Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary (HMIC)

The S t reet Cri m e I n i t i at i ve began in March 2002 with the aim of cutting s t reet cri m e ( ro bb e ry and snat ch theft) in the 10 wo r s t a f fected areas in England. These 10 are a s accounted for over 80% of all ro bb e ry in England & Wa l e s. A joint inspection of the agencies invo l ved in the initiat i ve fo u n d many examples of good practice and found it to be effe c t i ve in reducing s t reet cri m e. H oweve r, the inspection identified room for improvement - part i c u l a r ly in the rehabilitation of offenders. Some of the main positive fi n d i n g s include: • The Street Crime Initiative had a ch i eved a significant reduction in street crime and street robbery after 6 months. • Victims and witnesses were better supported with improved court facilities. • The initiative was well resourced with an additional £67 million being invested in reducing street crime in the 10 areas. • Local partnership working was revitalised and energised with a renewed emphasis on delivery. Some of the areas for improve m e n t include:

The lack of a strategy for capturing and recycling emerging good practice resulted in isolated pockets of good practice. The quality of communication both within and between organisations was often poor with evidence of 'silo' mentalities. The short-term nature of some central funding streams created uncertainty over the sustainability of some local projects. Street crime was not seen as a high p ri o rity by all of the 10 police force areas or the local partner agencies, and conflicted with locally agreed pri o ri t i e s in some areas. There was insufficient focus on breaking the cycle of offending through effective post sentence supervision and rehabilitation of offenders.

Copies of this report, published in July 2003 can be obtained free from Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary, 50, Queen Anne's Gate, London SW1H 9AT Tel: 020 7273 4197 E-mail: neal.cooper@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk. The report can also be viewed and downloaded in 4 parts via the Home Office Website:

www.homeoffice.gov.uk/hmic/pubs.htm

October 2003

Victims and Witnesses/violent Crime/Street Crime

51

Positive Activities for Young People
Department for Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS)

Po s i t i ve Activities for Young Pe o p l e is a new programme launched earlier this year fo r young people, w h i ch extends and builds upon the successful Summer Plus and S u m m e r Splash initiatives. A total of £25 million has been allocated for the first year of the three-year scheme from a p a rt n e r s h i p including gove rnment depart m e n t s , the youth and ch a rity sectors. Po s i t i ve Activities will provide a broad range of s ch o o l h o l i d ay time activities offe ring stru c t u re d o c c u p ation and personal development opport u n i t i e s , d i ve rting young people f rom cri m i n a l b e h aviour and giving those at risk of becoming socially excluded the chance to fulfil their p o t e n t i a l . The programme will also seek to bring together young people f rom diffe re n t neighbourhoods and communities across England, t h e re fo re helping to break dow n p rejudices and improve c o m mu n i t y c o h e s i o n . Vo l u n t e e ring opportunities will be offe red to help engage young people in activities that will benefit their local community. Positive Activities has been designed to meet local needs, often in close consultation with the young people t h e m s e l ve s. Key wo r kers will help to support those ch i l d ren with the g re atest needs, both in identifying and gaining access to suitable pro g r a m m e s , as well as in their subsequent transition back into education or training.
Further information can be obtained from the New Opportunities Fund (NOF), Head Office, 1, Plough Place, London EC4A 1DE Tel: 020 7211 1800 Fax: 020 7211 1750 E-mail: general.enquiries@nof.org.uk Details are also available via their website:

www.nof.org.uk/index.cfm?loc=news&inc=presstemp&prnumber=625&grantlink=no

Virtual Crucial Crew Website
Safer York Partnership

A new web s i t e (w w w. c r u c i a l - c re w. o rg) was launched earlier this year by the Safe r York Pa rt n e r s h i p in association with va rious national s a fe t y o rg a n i s at i o n s. T h e site is designed to teach young people l i fe s aving s a fe t y m e s s ages in a fun, o n - l i n e environment. The web s i t e, designed by Yo r k M u l t i m e d i a , i nvo l ved the construction of a v i rtual street and house that ch i l d ren can n av i g ate aro u n d , e n c o u n t e ring va ri o u s s c e n a rios and having to react accordingly. The virtual house was intended to re p l i c at e York's Crucial Crew wo r k s h o p s , run by the p a rt n e r s h i p. Wo r k s h o p s a re run eve ry ye a r and are aimed at young people ag e d 10 to 11 years old. The ch i l d ren take part in ro l e - p l ay s , l e a rn i n g h ow to deal with eve ry d ay situations.

One of the scenarios on the virt u a l s t reet includes a road traffic accident, w h e re kids learn how to deal with an injured cyclist, providing basic first aid and making essential 999 calls. Inside the h o u s e, e a ch room contains a disaster or danger of some kind. The ch i l d ren can m ove around the house, zooming in and out and clicking on hotspots such as doors, telephones and fire extinguishers. The site also includes an interactive quiz in the style of a computer game. Participants are asked various questions and must answer corre c t ly befo re being able to move on.
For more information contact PC Jon Palmer, Youth Action Officer, Safer York Partnership, York Centre for Safer Communities, Lower Friargate, York YO1 9SL Tel: 01904 733713 E-mail: safercommunities@ northyorkshire.pnn.police.uk or visit the website: www.crucial-crew.org

52

Youth Crime

October 2003

‘Watch Over Me’ - A personal safety teaching programme
Milly Dowler Fund/Home Office/Department for Education and Skills

A s a fe t y v i d e o for teenagers commissioned by Milly Dow l e r ’s parents and part ly funded by the Home Office was launch e d earlier this year. Amanda ‘ M i l ly ’ D owler was ab d u c t e d and mu r d e red last ye a r. This v i d e o, w h i ch fe at u res guest appearances from a nu m b e r of celeb ri t i e s , is a 5 - part soap opera s h owing ch i l d ren how they can plan their own personal s a fe t y. Together with the D e p a rtment for Education and Skills, t h e Home Office provided advice and support on the content of the video and the accompanying teaching pack. The v i d e o fo rms part of the Home Office’s work to reduce the victimisation of ch i l d ren and to strengthen all round ch i l d

p rotection safe g u a r d s. It also has re l eva n c e to many other are a s , as the issues raised by the video will lead to discussions on sexual o f fe n c e s , the use of we ap o n s , bu l lying and robbery.

Copies of the videocan be obtained priced £35.00, from Milly's Fund Ltd, PO Box 470, Walton-on-Thames, Surrey KT12 3XZ or can be ordered via their website:

www.millysfund.org.uk
For further information contact Alex Lahood, Home Office Crime Reduction Delivery Team, 1st Floor, Allington Towers, 19, Allington Street, London SW1E 5EB

Clubs and Activities for Young People Leaflet
Gloucestershire Constabulary

Gloucester South Police have introduced several successful i n i t i at i ves to tackle anti-social behav i o u r and d i s o r d e r in their are a . One of these invo l ves the distri bution of a l e a f l e t s p e c i fi c a l ly for young people, w h i ch lists over 100 c l u b s and activities of interest to them. The l e a f l e t was first printed over 2 years ago and due to its success, it has been updated and over 10,000 copies h ave been re - p r inted and distri buted to secondary s ch o o l s, youth gro u p s , o u t re a ch wo r kers and libraries in the are a . Copies will also go to the parents of ch i l d re n who have been invo l ved in anti-social behav i o u r in an e f fo rt to dive rt the youngsters into more positive activities. In conjunction with targeted foot pat rols in hotspot are a s , a rresting offenders and the implement ation of a c c e p t able behaviour contracts and anti-social behav i o u r o r d e r s , this initiat i ve has seen anti-social behaviour incidents reduced by a quarter this spring compared to the same period last year.
For more information and copies of the leafletcontact PC Dominic Everiss, CommunityLiaison Officer, Forest & Gloucester Division, Gloucester South Police Station, St James, Quedgeley, Gloucester GL2 4WD Tel: 01452 729050 Fax: 01452 723350

October 2003

Youth Crime

53

Communicating Citizenship to Kids
Middlesbrough Council

C o m m u n i t y K i d s is a Childre n ’s Fund s p o n s o red programme operating in P ri m a ry S ch o o l s a c ross Middlesbro u g h , with the support from Middlesbro u g h Council Housing Department and Cleveland Police. The programme runs for 10 weeks and fo rms part of a citizenship project for key stage 2 pupils (age 9-11 years), which aims to reduce both levels of youth offe n d i n g and fear of crime for young people, as well as helping to build sustainabl e c o m mu n i t i e s. Subjects cove red in the p rogramme include anti-social behav i o u r, nuisance and h a r a s s m e n t, g r a f fi t i, vandalism and racism and bu l ly i n g. Sessions are interactive and consist of g roup wo r k , poster designing, videos and ro l e - p l ay s , with a diffe rent topic cove re d

every week. At the end of the programme, a special assembly is held in front of pare n t s and teachers and includes perfo rmances of p l ays and poems written by the ch i l d re n . They are presented with a certificate, which i n c o rp o r ates an individual promise that e a ch child has made on how they will help to improve the area in the future. The project has re c e i ved excellent b a cking from the local s ch o o l s a n d feedback from teachers and pupils indicates a major step fo r ward in changing at t i t u d e s and behaviour amongst the young people.
For further information contact David Foster, CommunityKids Project Manager, 2, River Court, Brighouse Road, Middlesbrough TS2 1RT Tel: 01642 354024 E-mail: david_foster@ middlesbrough.gov.uk

Good2bsecure back for the new term
Home Office

The g o o d 2 b s e c u re c a m p a i g n will be re-launched in November this year. The c a m p a i g n, w h i c h fe at u res the web s i t e, w w w. g o o d 2 b s e c u re . c o. u k wa s i n t roduced in Ja nu a ry. It is supported by a viral game entitled 'Danny T i m p s o n ' s Keb ab at h o n ' , w h i ch was mailed out to a round 700,000 members of the Nat i o n a l Union of Students (NUS). To catch the new i n t a ke of students and to remind re t u rn i n g students about the c a m p a i g n, the NUS plans to re-send the game in the new term. The Home Office is planning some additional awa reness-raising activity to coincide with this.

The new c a m p a i g n will re m i n d students of the risks of becoming a v i c t i m of crime and info rms them of the simple steps they can take to stay safe. It will direct them to the web s i t e w w w. g o o d 2 b s e c u re . c o. u k. A l e a f l e t of top 10 crime re d u c t i o n tips and posters with advice for students on p rotecting themselves and their pro p e rt y are also available.
Copies of the leaflets can be obtained free from Prolog UK Tel: 0870 241 4680 Fax: 0870 241 4786 E-mail: homeoffice@prolog.uk.com For more information about the campaign contact Katie Weeks, Home Office Crime Reduction Delivery Team, 1st Floor, Allington Towers, 19, Allington Street, London SW1E 5EB Tel: 020 7035 5258 Fax: 020 7035 5280 E-mail: katie.weeks@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

54

Youth Crime

October 2003

Reducing Crime against Students C o n f e re n c e
Home Office

O ver 250 delegates attended 2 confe rences organised by the Home Office Crime Reduction D e l i ve ry Team (CRDT) on 'Reducing Crime against Students' at Hull and Reading U n i versities in July (details fe at u red in the July 2003 Digest). The confe rences bro u g h t together re p re s e n t at i ves from universities, student unions, the police and local authorities to discuss student victimisation and to share good practice. The c o n fe re n c e p rogramme included keynote speeches from the A s s o c i ation of Chief Police Officers (AC P O) , the National Union of Students (NUS) and (at Reading) the Home Office Permanent Secretary, Mr Leigh Lewis. Workshops covered particular aspects of student v i c t i m i s at i o n , including bu rg l a ry, s t reet cri m e, s a fe t y on transport , s t a rting a s t u d e n t c ri m e awareness campaign, i n t e rn ational students, landlord accreditation and d ru g assisted rape. Some of the main points raised at these events included: • High-level meetings (between the BCU Commander, Vice Chancellor and local student union president) can help to ensure all sides understand the importance of tackling the p ro blem and the part that they can play. • While action must be taken to reduce and keep crime down in the medium to longer t e rm , some immediate impact is needed and with many areas reporting peaks in the first few weeks of term, action is needed now. • The involvement of student unions in any crime awareness campaign is vital if the messages are to have any credibility with students. • Reducing student victimisation is not the responsibility of any one agency but depends on collaboration from the university, student union, the police and any other relevant organisation. One of the most encouraging aspects re s u l t i n g from the conferences was the enthusiasm of all sides to work together. The fe e d b a ck was extre m e ly positive, with delegates valuing the opport u n i t y to share pro blems and ideas with colleagues from other org a n i s at i o n s. D e l e g ates will be contacted at the end of the year to check on the progress made in promoting student s a fe t y. The confe rences have also helped to identify examples of good practice, w h i ch are now being collated and will eventually fe at u re in a new mini-site on the Crime Reduction Website (www.crimereduction.gov.uk).
For more information contact Katie Weeks, Home Office Crime Reduction Delivery Team, 1st Floor, Allington Towers, 19, Allington Street, London SW1E 5EB Tel: 020 7035 5258 Fax: 020 7035 5280 E-mail: katie.weeks@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

October 2003

Youth Crime

55

Index

A
Acceptable Behaviour Contract .................11, 53 ACPO ......................................28, 44, 50, 51, 55 Anti-social behaviour ..................5, 9, 10, 11, 12, ...................13, 14, 26, 27, 29, 39, 43, 48, 53, 54 Arson .............................................14, 15, 16, 29 ATM Robbery ..................................................26

H
Harassment .........................................40, 41, 54

J
Justice..................................................30, 42, 51

L
Leaflet .....................................28, 46, 47, 53, 54 License............................................................33

B
Begging ...........................................................11 Bogus Caller ....................................................18 Briefing Paper ...............................14, 31, 35, 38 Burglary ...............5, 9, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, ....................................23, 26, 29, 39, 44, 49, 55 Business Crime .........................................24, 25

M
Minority ethnic .....................................16, 17, 18

N
Neighbourhood Watch....................5, 42, 43, 44 Newsletter ..........................................28, 39, 44

P
Personal safety .................................6, 9, 45, 53 Posters ..........................................31, 33, 36, 54 Property crime ..........................................44, 45 Publication.........3, 14, 25, 28, 37, 41, 42, 44, 47

C
Campaign................11, 18, 19, 31, 33, 41, 48, 49, ...........................................................50, 54, 55 Car ................................9, 16, 23, 29, 47, 48, 49 Caravan ..........................................................48 CCTV .......................................24, 26, 40, 43, 48 Clubs...............................................................53 Community Groups ...........................................5 Community safety.............6, 9, 10, 11, 14, 18, 26, ....................................27, 35, 38, 39, 43, 44, 50 Conference .......4, 5, 9, 14, 24, 38, 41, 45, 50, 55 Consultation Paper .........................................30 Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnership (CDRP) ...............................5, 14, 45 Crime Prevention Initiatives........................7, 28 Crime Science .................................................38 Criminal damage.......................................26, 45

R
Repeat Victimisation .......................................19 Rural Crime ...............................................44, 45

S
Schools.............10, 15, 34, 36, 41, 43, 46, 53, 54 Sexual crime .............................................46, 53 Shoplifting......................................................46 Sponsorship....................................................19 Strategy .............................25, 26, 28, 39, 41, 51 Street crime .........................................49, 51, 55 Student .................................................4, 46, 55

V
Vehicle crime .............................9, 14, 47, 48, 49 Victim ............................9, 16, 17, 19, 22, 29, 30, ...................34, 37, 39, 40, 41, 43, 47, 48, 51, 54 Victims and witnesses ...............................50, 51 Video ..............................................8, 36, 43, 53 Violent crime..................................31, 35, 39, 51

D
Designing Out Crime .........26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 48 Disorder......................4, 5, 11, 14, 16, 18, 24, 26, ......28, 29, 30, 35, 36, 38, 41, 42, 43, 45, 47, 53 Distraction Burglary 2, 16, 17, 18, 19, 22 Domestic Violence 2, 30, 31, 35 Drugs.................................29, 31, 32, 33, 48, 55 Drugs & Alcohol ..............................................31

W
Wardens ..................................13, 42, 43, 44, 47

Y
Young people ...11, 13, 27, 33, 43, 46, 52, 53, 54 Youth crime ...................................14, 52, 53, 55

F
Fear of crime ....17, 19, 35, 39, 43, 44, 45, 50, 54 Forecourt ........................................................48 Fraud...................................................25, 34, 48

G
Good practice ..................4, 9, 14, 16, 17, 22, 38, ................................................44, 45, 50, 51, 55 Graffiti .....................................12, 29, 34, 48, 54 Guidelines .......................................... 18, 24, 30

56

Index

October 2003