PENYALAHGUNAAN BAHAN DALAM SUKAN

LARANGAN PENGGUNAAN ERGOGENIK • Wujudnya unsur-unsur penipuan • Melanggar prinsip nilai atau moral dan etika • Tiada semangat kesukanan tulen • Melanggar kejujuran diri sendiri • Prestasi yang tinggi bukan dari usaha sendiri • Memberi kesan sampingan buruk .

prosedur disiplin akan dikenakan . IAAF dan lain-lain badan sukan dunia. • Kawalan doping • Sistem ujian contoh air kencing atau darah yang diuji.DOPING • Penggunaan substan atau kaedah yang dilarang yang boleh meningkat prestasi • digariskan oleh IOC. • Jika ditemui sebarang unsur terlarang.

PROSEDUR DOPING • Atlit dipilih secara rawak semasa pertandingan atau semasa latihan • Atlit yang dipilih akan dimaklumkan secara bertulis • Atlit berkenaan akan dibawa ke stesen kawalan doping dengan diiringi oleh pengurus atau pegawai pasukan • Atlit tersebut bersedia memberi sampel botol A & B • Jika -ve  sampel/botol B dimusnahkan • Jika +ve  sampel/botol B akan diuji dihadapan atlit • Tindakan diambil .

JENIS-JENIS DADAH .

build muscle mass and strength besides enhancing speed. belong to the family of steroid hormones and closely resemble the male hormone. • Help to build up cellular tissue. especially in the muscles. • For this reason they are very popular among athletes. by increasing their protein content and this process is referred to as anabolism. • These drugs in conjunction with adequate diet. and high intensity work-outs. endurance and stamina.ANABOLIC STEROIDS • Also known as Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids (AAS). . testosterone. body builders and weight lifters.

SIDE-EFFECTS OF ANABOLIC STEROIDS .

SIDE-EFFECTS OF ANABOLIC STEROIDS • Natural Hormone Inhibition • Steroid Leads to Liver Damage • Steroids and Baldness • Stunted Growth .

STIMULANTS . heart rate. and respiration. neurological disorders . obesity. as well as elevate blood pressure. • Stimulants historically were used to treat asthma and other respiratory problems.WHAT ARE STIMULANTS? • Stimulants increase alertness. and energy. attention.

. without producing anesthesia or loss of consciousness.THE FACTS OF NARCOTICS ANALGESICS (PAINKILLERS) • The pain relief induced by analgesics occurs either by blocking pain signals going to the brain or by interfering with the brain's interpretation of the signals.

for example adrenaline (epinephrine) in the involuntary nervous system (autonomic nervous system). . reduce the force of the heart muscle's contractions. • A beta-blocker blocks beta-adrenergic substances. and the rest of the body. or beta antagonists • A type of drug that block the action of the sympathetic nervous system of the heart. resulting in a relief of stress on the heart. • Slow down the heart beat. and decrease blood vessel contraction in the heart. brain. betaadrenergic antagonists.BETA-BLOCKERS • Also known as beta-adrenergic blocking agents.

BETA-BLOCKERS • In other words. beta-blockers are known as betaadrenoreceptor blocking agents and are used to treat: • Commonly • Angina • Heart failure • High blood pressure (hypertension) • Irregular heart beat (atrial fibrillation) • Myocardial infarction (heart attack) .

beta-blockers are known as betaadrenoreceptor blocking agents and are used to treat: • Less commonly • Prevention of migraine • Thyrotoxicosis (overactive thyroid) • Anxiety • Tremor • Glaucoma (as eye drops) .BETA-BLOCKERS • In other words.

• high blood pressure (hypertension). • Diuretics are also prescribed for certain kinds of kidney or liver diseases. • edema (water retention).DIURETICS • Diuretics are sometimes called "water pills. ." • They are used to treat • congestive heart failure (CHF).

agresif • Masalah haid kepada atlit wanita • Tumbuh jerawat • Masalah kepada organ dalaman badan • Kes kematian – untuk jangka masa panjang .RISIKO PENGAMBILAN DADAH • Kerosakan hati – kanser atau pendarahan hati • Kerosakan jantung • Penyakit barah/kanser • Wujudnya unsur hormon lelaki dalam badan bagi atlit wanita • Suara menjadi garau/besar bagi atlit wanita • Perubahan tingkah laku.

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