Presented by : Abhishek Gupta & Vikas Dubey

 Introduction

 Application
 Category of Diaphragm Wall  Construction Procedure

 Diaphragm Wall is generally reinforced concrete wall

constructed in the ground using Under slurry technique which was developed in Europe.
 The technique involves excavating a narrow trench

that is kept full of an engineered fluid of slurry.
 Walls of thickness between 300 and 1200 mm can be

formed in this way up to a depths of 45 meters.

 Commonly used in congested areas.  Used in conjunction with “Top Down” construction technique.  Can be Installed in close proximity to existing structure. .  Practically suited for deep basements.

 Very unstable soil profiles below the water table. .  Limited construction time  Where deeper than normal cantilever support may be required.

 Economic and Positive solution for large deep basement in saturated and unstable soil profiles.  Flexible system in plan layout  Easily incorporated into Permanent works.  Construction time of Basement can be lowered considerably.  Can be used for seepage control in Dams.  No vibration during installation. .  Designable to carry vertical loads.  Noise levels limited to engine noise only.  Formation of walls with substantial thickness. Can be Installed to considerable depth.

 Not economical for small. . shallow Basements.

Stop-ends are used to form the joints between adjacent panels and a water bar can be incorporated across these joints. . Stop-ends are placed vertically at each end of primary panel to form joints for adjacent secondary panel or closing panels.Diaphragm Wall construction begins with the trench being excavated in discontinuous sections or “panels”. Panels are usually 4 to 6 meters long.

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Excavation of panel .

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 Stage-1: Fixing of Alignment  Stage-2: Guide wall Construction  Stage-3: Trenching  Stage-4: Trench Cleaning  Stage-5: Stop ends fixing  Stage-6: Reinforcement Cage lowering  Stage-7: Placing of Concrete  Stage-8: Withdrawal of Stop ends .

Guide wall is Constructed to fix the alignment of Diaphragm Wall in the field .

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 Hydraulic Grab  Kelly mounted or cable hung cam buckets .

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 This Slurry acts as shoring to prevent collapse by hydraulic pressure and thyrotrophic property.Key component. . Trenching usually carried out under Poly mud slurry.  Poly mud Slurry .

.  The uniqueness of Poly Mud's molecular structure allows the polymer to be completely soluble in water. while remaining readily available for the primary function of active chemical bonding and stabilization of soil particles. Used as a support fluid  Poly Mud is a highly concentrated dry synthetic polymer designed specifically for chemical interactions with diverse types of soil profiles.

the Poly Mud suspension penetrates into the sides under positive pressure and after a while forms a jelly. the Poly Mud does not penetrate into the soil.  The Poly Mud suspension gets deposited on the sides of the hole resulting in the formation of a filter cake in contact with soil against which the fluid pressure acts. . In case of granular soils.  In case of impervious clay. but deposits only a thin film on the surface of the hole.

08 < 2% 11-12 Before Concrete Pour 50-140 < 1.04 11-12 Reused slurry 65-140 < 1.Parameter Viscosity (seconds) Density (kg/m3) Sand Content (%) pH Fresh Mix 65-140 1.00-1.04 < 2% 9-12 .

 Joints of adjacent panels to be cleaned to obtain watertight bond.  Loose materials to be lifted by suitable air lifting method. .

 Distance between two Stop ends to be fixed as per prefixed Panel Layout. . Stop ends to be fixed at the proper position keeping it truly vertical.

Excavation of panel is followed by placing of steel reinforcement cage in center of the panel. .

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which will not discharge concrete until sufficient concrete accumulate in the metal hopper.  Concrete displaces the slurry from bottom and rises in such a manner that mixing of concrete with slurry does not occurs. sufficiently large enough to permit free flow of concrete. .  Concrete to be placed through a top metal hopper and into a rigid leak proof tremmie pipe (2 sets).  Initially there should be a suitable plug at the bottom of metal hopper. Placing of concrete having slump 200/250 mm by tremmie method.

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 During the concreting tremie pipe will be kept immersed below the surface of the fresh concrete at all times.  Concrete will be poured continuously till the panel is filled up above the theoretical cut-off level.  The concrete level will be measured at regular intervals after evacuating each transit mixer by measuring tape with sounding chain so that the actual volume of concrete placed can be compared with theoretical panel volume. the immersion depth inside the concrete will be not less than 1. .5 m. Except at the beginning.

 Withdrawal of Stop ends just after the Initial setting of concrete. .  If retarders are not added. Stop End Pipes shall be moved up & down not later than 45 minutes from the time of placing of concrete.

 THANK YOU .

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