This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Maxime Lepine was born in St. Boniface on April 22, 1837, te son of !ean Baptiste
Berar" "it Lepine an" !#lia $enr% (Metis). Maxime marrie" !osepte La&allee also of St.
Boniface. Se was te "a#'ter of Martin La&allee an" Marie Lambert. (e% a" fi&e
cil"ren wo li&e" to a"#ltoo". Maxime li&e" at St. )rancois *a&ier in te 187+s an"
ran a frei'tin' compan% tat #se" ,e" ,i&er carts to transport 'oo"s as far west as )ort
-arlton an" .le/a/la/-rosse, an" so#t to 0embina an" St. 0a#l Minnesota.
-il"ren of Maxime an" !osepte1
Josephte, born c. 1828, marrie" 3orbert (#rcotte. 3orbert (b. 1822), a
scoolteacer, was te son of 4ital (#rcotte
an" Ma"eleine -aplette. $is fater, 4ital
(#rcotte an" is #ncle !ean Baptiste (#rcotte were bot si'nators of te 1852 (reat% of
te (#rtle Mo#ntain -ippewa Ban".
3orbert (#rcotte an" !osepte L6pine li&e" at St. Lo#is "e Lan'e&in near te ome
of is fater/in/law Maxime L6pine (Lots 3 an" 7 ((72/27/2). 8n 3o&ember 15, 1883 e
a" si'ne" a petition protestin' te 1883 8r"er in -o#ncil transferrin' te Metis lan"s at
St. Lo#is to te 0rince Albert -oloni9ation -ompan%. (-S0, 188:, 3o. 72, pp. 22/28)
3orbert was a member of -aptain -orbet )lamant;s compan%, one of te 15 dizaines
le" b% <abriel =#mont "#rin' te 1882 Metis ,esistance. $is nepew 3apoleon (#rcotte
was also acti&e in te ,esistance. 3orbert reporte" later tat e 'ot ca#'t #p in te
,esistance wen e a" atten"e" Batoce for >illiam !ac?son;s cristenin'. (e% ten
too? im #p to =#c? La?e b#t e was not in&ol&e" in te fi'tin'. $e "eserte" tat ni't
4ital (#rcotte a" $B- lot 53+ at ,e" ,i&er.
an" ret#rne" ome. >itin a wee?, two arme" men came for im an" e s#bse@#entl%
remaine" at Batoce.
Celestine, born c. 18:+, se marrie" 8cta&e Antoine 3icolas ,e'nier. ,e'nier was
a )renc/-ana"ian scoolteacer, farmer an" resistance lea"er in Sas?atcewan. 8cta&e
!r. was te son of 8cta&e ,6'nier Sr. an" -arlotte Mc.ntos. (e% arri&e" at St.
)ranAois *a&ier on Ma% 3+, 1878 from 0ointe a#x (rembles, B#ebec. >en te
m#nicipalit% was first forme" in 188+ 8cta&e Sr. became te first ,ee&e an" 8cta&e !r.
ser&e" as te first secretar%/treas#rer. 8n 3o&ember 22, 1875 8cta&e !r. marrie"
-elestine L6pine at St. )ranAois *a&ier. (e% ten mo&e" to te 3ort >est (erritories
an" el" ,i&er Lot 8 ((72/28/2) in te St. Lo#is "e Lan'e&in settlement. 8n 3o&ember
15, 1883 e a" si'ne" a petition protestin' te 1883 8r"er in -o#ncil transferrin' te
Metis lan"s at St. Lo#is to te 0rince Albert -oloni9ation -ompan%. (-S0, 188:, 3o. 72,
8cta&e was arreste" on !#l% 17, 1882 an" on A#'#st 17, 1882 at ,e'ina e recei&e"
a tree %ear sentence for is part in te 1882 ,esistance. .n is testimon% to te
commission on ,ebellion Losses at 0rince Albert on April 27, 188: e states1
. came from Montreal an" a&e been teacin' scool fi&e %ears, tree in
Manitoba an" two ere before te rebellion an" was teacin' wen it bro?e o#t at St.
Lo#is "e Lan'e&in.
Maxime L6pine bro#'t an or"er for all of #s an" te families to 'o to Batoce
an" . went b#t . was tol" . m#st 'o. . was bro#'t to te -o#ncil an" ,iel tol" me .
m#st ta?e #p arms, . ref#se" an" ne&er consente".
. too? an acti&e part in te ,ebellion b#t . was force" to write for te ,ebel
-o#ncil fi&e or six times.
,iel a" treatene" to soot an" to tie m% arms bein" m% bac? an" sen" me to
)is -ree? to fi't an" to be tar'et if . "i" not fi't. (is was all sai" to me b% ,iel
in te presence of 3apoleon <area#lt of Batoce. . answere" ,iel tat e co#l" "o as
e please" b#t . wo#l" not ta?e arms or can'e m% reli'ion.
-ontrar% to wat ,e'nier wante" officials to belie&e in 188:, prior to tat e was a stron'
,iel s#pporter. 8n Ma% 2+, 1887 e a" written to ,iel1
-er Ami1 3one of #s feels capable of #n"erta?in' so 'reat a protestation a'ainst
a "espotic a#torit%. Alto'eter we t#rn o#r re'ar"s towar"s %o# in wom are o#r
"earest opes an" o#r 'reatest confi"ence, exceptin' some sore ea"s of 0rince
Albert wo wis to pass for 'reat min"s an" wo fear to be r#le" b% %o#. >e
terefore elect %o# as o#r cief. >e call on %o# lo#"l% to come to o#r elp,
appreciatin' %o# as te onl% one able to "efen" #s. 3ot onl% te Metis in 'eneral be'
%o# to ear teir pra%ers, b#t also tose of oter nations wo "o not ?now %o# be' #s
to con&e% to %o# te same wises
(omas >ite, -S0, =epartment of te .nterior, 1887.
0A-, =ew"ne% 0apers, 4ol. :, pp. 2287/2287, Ma% 2+, 1887.
Maxime Jr. (18::/1528), was born on A#'#st 11, 18:: at St. )rancois *a&ier.
$e marrie" Marie Mar'#erite Bo#cer an" te% a" se&en cil"ren. Marie (b. 18:7) was
te "a#'ter of !ean Baptiste Bo#cer Sr. an" -aroline Lesperance. $er 'ran"fater
Alexis Bonami Lesp6rance was a lea"er of te $B- La Loce boat bri'a"es an" was a
stron' ,iel s#pporter in te 18:5/7+ ,esistance. Alto#' el"erl% an" not acti&e in 1882,
Alexis was a ,iel s#pporter. $er fater/in/law, Maxime Lepine Sr. was a ,esistance
Maxime an" Marie li&e" at St. Lo#is "e Lan'e&in, on te So#t Sas?atcewan.
Bot is fater an" fater/in/law !ean Baptiste Bo#cer were members of ,iel;s -o#ncil
(Cxo&e"ate) at Batoce "#rin' te 1882 ,esistance. $e fo#'t at (o#ron";s -o#lee an"
Patrice Toby, born September 8, 18:8 at St. )rancois *a&ier. $e marrie" L#cie
3olin ("a#'ter of -arles 3olin) in 1852. At te time of te ,esistance e was li&in'
wit is fater at St. Lo#is "e Lan'e&in, on te So#t Sas?atcewan. $e fo#'t at
(o#ron";s -o#lee an" Batoce.
Virginie, born Ma% 21, 187+ at St. )rancois *a&ier. Se marrie" ,esistance acti&ist
Alexan"re Mc=o#'all (b. 18:5) on )ebr#ar% 5, 1851 at St. Boniface. $e was a member
of -aptain Baptiste Bo#cer;s compan%, one of te 15 dizaines le" b% <abriel =#mont
"#rin' te 1882 Metis ,esistance. Alexan"re appears on 0ilippe <arnot;s list of
,esistance participants as D177. (eir son, Alexan"re !r. marrie" Maxime Lepine;s
"a#'ter 4ir'inie. $er fater an" fater/in/law were bot ,esistance lea"ers. $er
'ran"son, M6"6ric E6pirin Mc=o#'all, -.M., was a fo#n"er of te Metis Societ% of
Sas?atcewan an" recei&e" te 8r"er of -ana"a in 158:.
Maxime was broter/in/law an" close frien" of Lo#is ,iel. Bot Maxime an" is broter
Ambroise =i"%me were members of ,iel;s first 0ro&isional 'o&ernment in 18:5.
Ambroise was ,iel;s militar% comman"er "#rin' te 18:5/7+ ,esistance. After Manitoba
entere" confe"eration in 187+, Maxime escape" reprisals from 8ntario 8ran'emen. $e
was a fo#n"in' member of te Metis or'ani9ation, Fnion Saint/Alexan"re in 1871.
Maxime was electe" to te Manitoba Le'islat#re on =ecember 23, 1877 as M.L.A. from
St. )rancois *a&ier an" ser&e" #ntil 1878. =#e to te infl#x of eastern settlers an" te
erosion of Metis ri'ts e left te pro&ince in 1882 an" mo&e" to St. Lo#is "e Lan'e&in
on te So#t Sas?atcewan ,i&er. (ere e operate" a ferr% from is ri&er lot an"
farme". 8n 3o&ember 15, 1883, e si'ne" a petition protestin' te 8r"er/in/-o#ncil
transferrin' te Metis lan"s at St. Lo#is to te 0rince Albert -oloni9ation -ompan%
(lar'el% owne" b% -onser&ati&e politicians an" teir relati&es).
$e was acti&e in te 1882 Metis ,esistance at Batoce. $e was a member of ,iel;s
Cxo&e"ate. Alon' wit is two sons e fo#'t at (o#ron";s -o#lee an" Batoce. At
(o#ron";s Lepine el" a -ross in on an" an" is rifle in te oter, e ne&er fire" a sot
beca#se is '#n was "efecti&e.
,e'ar"in' te fi'tin' at (o#ron";s -o#lee, Lepine reporte"1
. a" f#n to watc !ames Sort an" Salomon Bo#cer firin'1 te% fire" li?e te%
were si'tin' peasantsGta?in' teir time.
Aro#n" 713+ of te 22 of April, tere was a ceasefire from te sol"iers, se&eral
sol"iers s#rro#n"e" an" watce". Max to#'t te% were 'oin' for s#pper, o#tfit
teir ba's wit b#llets, an" come (bac?) 'et tem, attac? tem. $e relate" tis i"ea
e a" an" sai"1 HIeep %o#r '#ns f#ll% car'e" an" wen te% arri&e we will ma?e
s#re to soot eac oneGan" we a&e to tin? of "%in', to reconcile wit <o", we
a&e a reli'ion tat is losin' #sGLet #s as? for te 'race of a perfect contrition so
tat we will be sa&e"JGHA %es, tat;s 'oo"J sa%s !os =elorme, HB#t we a&e to
tin? of sa&in' o#rsel&es ere ten,J an" te% sai" te rosar%.
-arles (rottier arri&e" to #s, an" we sai" we m#st prepare to ma?e a breac, a
roa" for toni'tG(rottier left an" went to co#nt te peopleG>e will 'et to'eter
an" wen te "ar?ness will come, we will attac? all to'eterK some will be ?ille" b#t
some will 'et o#t of itG(rottier arri&es an" reporte" tat 77 Metis men were tere.
=#rin' te fi'tin' at (o#ron";s -o#lee Maxime Lepine a" a -rist stat#e in one
an" an" a '#n in te oter. $owe&er, e ne&er fire" a sot beca#se is sot'#n was
"efecti&e. .si"ore =#mas reports tat1
Maxime Lepine a&ait #n f#sil L 2 co#ps, cre&6 ";#n bor" mais #n f#sil @#i
n;a&ait pas "e cien et "e l;a#tre bor" le cien ne partait pas.
.n is testimon% of A#'#st 13, 1882 at te ,e'ina trial )ater Alexis An"re sa%s1
Maxime L6pine . ?now well. $e was a lea"in' man in Manitoba before e came
to te Sas?atcewan. $e was in fa&or of constit#tional a'itation to sec#re te ri'ts
of te $alf/Bree"s, b#t was positi&el% oppose" to &iolence of an% ?in", an" it was
onl% b% comp#lsion e was ?ept amon' te ,iel people. $e oppose" imself to ,iel
in e&er% wa% e co#l", an" pre&ente" a 'reat "eal of &iolence an" miscief b% is
"etermination. $e was alwa%s &er% mo"erate an" peacef#l in is con"#ct. $e as a
wife an" six cil"ren, an" is abo#t fift% %ears of a'e. (-S0, 188:, 4ol. 13, p. 383)
Lepine was arreste" on Ma% 15, 1882 an" sentence" to se&en %ears in prison on A#'#st
17, 1882 at ,e'ina, b#t was release" on Marc 1:, 188:. $is broter Ambroise/=i"%me
was ,iel;s militar% comman"er "#rin' te ,esistance of 18:5/7+. $e "ie" in po&ert% at
=#c? La?e, Sas?atcewan on 1: September 1857.
0a%ment, =iane. HMaxime L6pine.J Dictionary of Canadian Biography, 4ol. *.. (1851/
15++). (oronto1 Fni&ersit% of (oronto 0ress, 155+1 227/222.
-lo#tier, op cit, 4ol. 21 15.
Op. cit. p. 18.
HA ammer was missin' on one si"e an" "i"n;t wor? on te oter si"e.J -lo#tier, <abriel, 0.A., 4.<. !o#rnal "e l;abb6 -lo#tier,
4ols. 1 an" 2, 1882. Arci&es "e l;Arce&Mc6 "e Saint/Boniface (AASB), 4ol. 21 5.
C"ite" an" -ompile" b% Lawrence Bar?well
-oor"inator of Metis $erita'e an" $istor% ,esearc
Lo#is ,iel .nstit#te
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.