SAT Everyday Questions - Jan ʻ09 Thursday, January 1

Contemporary novelist Alice Walker is quite the opposite of ------- ; through the ability of her heroines to rise above tragic setbacks, she expresses the belief that people can take charge of their own destinies. A. B. C. D. E. an optimist an idealist a moralizer a fatalist a competitor

Here's Why: The most important phrase in this sentence is quite the opposite. The sentence says that Alice Walker is a person who believes people can take charge of their own destinies. A fatalist is one who believes that events are determined by fate and that individuals cannot take charge of their own destinies. So the term fatalist describes the opposite of Alice Walker and is thus the correct response.

Friday, January 2

The finest quality raw silk comes from the commonly domesticated silkworm, Bombyx mori, it feeds on the leaves of the mulberry tree. A. B. C. D. E. it feeds feeding they feed which feeds having fed

Sunday, January 4

Gwendolyn Brooks character Maud Martha appears ------- but feels great rage: she ------- her emotions with a mask of compliance. A. B. C. D. E. responsive . . echoes nonchalant . . exposes docile . . camouflages uncontrolled . . belies invincible . . catapults

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SAT Everyday Questions - Jan ʻ09 Here's Why: The word but in the first part of the sentence suggests that Maud Martha s appearance does not accurately represent her emotions. It is therefore logical to say that she camouflages, or masks, her anger by appearing to be docile, or compliant.

Monday, January 5

Many types of dance music and jazz call for special instruments, which includes the hi-hat, A B

a pair of cymbals operated by a foot pedal; a cowbell struck with a wooden-tipped drumstick; C and wire brushed used on both drums and cymbals to produce a swishing sound. No error

Here's Why: The error in this sentence occurs at (B), where there is an inappropriate verb form. The singular includes does not agree with the plural instruments. This problem can be fixed by using which include or simply including.

Wednesday, January 7

Paradoxically, this successful entrepreneur is sometimes ------- and at other times reclusive. A. B. C. D. E. autonomous dispassionate solitary unthinking gregarious

Here's Why: The paradox in the sentence is that the successful entrepreneur can be reclusive at times and gregarious at others. The entrepreneur alternately prefers isolation and its opposite, the company of people.

Thursday, January 8

Digital technology, like every marketer knows, it is synonymous with speed, precision, and the future. A. technology, like every marketer knows, it is

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SAT Everyday Questions - Jan ʻ09 B. C. D. E. technology, similar to what every marketer knows as technology, as every marketer knows, is technology is what every marketer knows as technology that every marketer knows is

Here's Why: Choice (C) is correct. It avoids the errors of the original by deleting the unnecessary pronoun it and by using the idiomatic as in place of the awkward and imprecise like.

Saturday, January 10

While the faculty curriculum redevelopment committee has drawn up detailed ------- plans, full ------- of the newly devised curriculum program is expected to take three to four years. A. B. C. D. E. peremptory . . drafting preparatory . . disengagement final . . expansion preliminary . . implementation auspicious . . conceptualization

Here's Why: Choice (D) is correct. If these terms were inserted into the sentence, the sentence would read While the faculty curriculum redevelopment committee has drawn up detailed preliminary plans, full implementation of the newly devised curriculum program is expected to take three to four years. In other words, even though the committee responsible for the new program has done much preliminary, or initial, planning, it will still take several years to fully implement, or put into practice, the program.

Tuesday, January 13

Mr. Warmington considered himself a connoisseur of fine wines, claiming he could ------variations in taste and quality among any range of vintages he was served. A. B. C. D. E. purvey discern efface mollify debate

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SAT Everyday Questions - Jan ʻ09 Here's Why: Choice (B) is correct. If this term were inserted into the sentence, the sentence would read Mr. Warmington considered himself a connoisseur of fine wines, claiming he could discern variations in taste and quality among any range of vintages he was served. A connoisseur has a sophisticated ability to appreciate and assess subtleties. If Mr. Warmington considered himself a connoisseur of wine, he would claim an ability to discern, or detect, variations in the taste and quality of different wines.

Friday, January 16

A remarkably ------- plant, the soybean yields not only dairylike products, but also flour, cooking oil, and sprouts. A. B. C. D. E. imperishable resistant tedious incessant versatile

Here's Why: The information after the first comma actually explains the missing word. The fact that such a variety of products can be made from one plant indicates that the soybean is very versatile : it has many uses.

Saturday, January 17

According to their high school basketball coach, although Beth and her sister worked equally A B

hard in practice, Beth tended to outperform them both during games. No error C Here's Why: No error. D E

Monday, January 19

It was difficult to believe that the sophisticated piece of technology had ------- through the centuries from such ------- and rudimentary apparatus.

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SAT Everyday Questions - Jan ʻ09 A. B. C. D. E. developed . . an intricate resulted . . a complicated evolved . . a quaint degenerated . . an obsolescent differed . . an exotic

Here's Why: The phrase through the centuries suggests that the first missing term will describe how the sophisticated piece of technology developed over a period of time. The word such indicates that the second missing term will contrast with sophisticated. Only evolved . . a quaint satisfies both requirements.

Tuesday, January 20

When light from a distant source, such as the sun, it strikes a collection of water drops, such as rain, spray, or fog, a rainbow may appear. A. B. C. D. E. such as the sun, it strikes like the sun s, striking such as the sun, and striking such as the sun, strikes like the sun s, strikes

Here's Why: Choice (D) is correct. It avoids the error of the original by removing the unnecessary pronoun it.

Thursday, January 22

The meeting lasted more than five hours as participants ------- the presentation of the speaker, gradually polarized into factions, and, by the end, were further from ------- than at the start. A. B. C. D. E. aided . . harmony interrupted . . a consensus denounced . . a scandal ended . . an argument encouraged . . disagreement

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SAT Everyday Questions - Jan ʻ09 Here's Why: It makes sense to say that the participants frequently interrupted the speaker while dividing into factions, or distinct groups, bringing them further from a consensus, or agreement.

Friday, January 23

Long being isolated from the outside world and perched high in the Tibetan Himalayas, Lhasa A B C

is the capital of Tibet, an autonomous region of the People s Republic of China. No error D E

Here's Why: The error in this sentence occurs at (A), where there is awkward and wordy phrasing. The awkward Long been should simply be Long ( Long isolated... ).

Sunday, January 25

A true rebel, Leslie often did what was ------- simply to demonstrate her inclination to defy taboos. A. B. C. D. E. intrepid monotonous customary arduous forbidden

Here's Why: Only the term forbidden describes the types of activities that would appeal to a rebel who likes to defy taboos, or go against social customs.

Monday, January 26

Enrico Caruso sang opera in Italy before traveling to the United States, then he gave his first performance at the Metropolitan Opera in November 1903. A. B. C. D. then when and which in that 6

SAT Everyday Questions - Jan ʻ09 E. where

Here's Why: Choice (E) is correct. It avoids the error of the original by using the appropriate pronoun where to indicate that the United States was where Caruso gave his first performance at the Metropolitan Opera.

Wednesday, January 28

Exotics and indigenous weeds include some of the most ------- species: their visual impact often eclipses that of nearby plants. A. B. C. D. E. lethal diffuse varied striking resilient

Here's Why: A striking, or showy, weed could indeed be said to eclipse, or overshadow, other plants that have more typical appearances.

Thursday, January 29

The United States is the largest producer of cranberries and cranberry products, most of A B

them are consumed there and in Canada. No error C D E

Here's Why: The error in this sentence occurs at (C), where an inappropriate pronoun creates a comma splice. The relative pronoun which should be used instead.

Saturday, January 31

He maintains that ethnic and cultural ------- are generalizations no more related to what an individual is actually like than are the ------- representations of constellations to the actual nature of a star.

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SAT Everyday Questions - Jan ʻ09 A. B. C. D. E. traditions . . chemical stereotypes . . pictorial details . . figurative heritages . . prophetic specimens . . graphic

Here's Why:

The terms in choice (B) logically complete the sentence s comparison between ethnic and cultural generalizations and certain representations of constellations. Stereotypes are oversimplified generalizations that do not necessarily describe what a particular person is actually like̶just as pictorial, or picture-based, representations of constellations cannot accurately describe a star s actual nature.

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