Aerial Refuelling Clearance for Italian KC-767
The European Defence Agency (EDA) will in the coming months organise a European-wide collective air-to-air refuelling (AAR) clearance trial for Italy's Boeing KC-767 military aerial refuelling and strategic tanker aircraft. The trial is part of EDA's efforts to address Europe's AAR capability shortfall. Mandated by Defence Ministers in March 2012, the EDA is engaged in four work strands to increase the European AAR capability: shortterm gap filling, optimisation of existing assets and organisation, optimisation of AAR capacity offered by the future A400M fleet as well as the long-term enhancement of Europe's strategic tanker capability. Aerial Refuelling Clearance As a means to increase the number of AAR clearances for receivers and hereby more efficiently pool & share European aerial refuelling capabilities, the EDA together with the Movement Coordination Centre Europe and italy will organise a two weeks collective AAR clearance campaign on the recently fielded Italian KC767 aircraft. During the triai, interested Member States will be able to perform the necessary ground and in-flight tests to obtain missing AAR clearances. So far, 10 nations have expressed interest in participating in the trial. AAR clearances are a prerequisite to interoperability in multinational operations. Europe can today field 42 tanker aircraft of ten different types and more than 40% of required clearances are missing. While for critical requirements and war-time operations clearances limited to a specific operation can be issued on a case by case basis, EDA's initiative will allow for a coordinated approach for full and unlimited clearances. This will increase the flexibility of AAR operations and facilitate immediate deployment of assets in future. (Source: European Defence Agency)

training & exercises. Given that threats are multifaceted, synergies between civilian and military approaches in protecting critical cyber assets are sought to be enhanced. The EU is also promoting early involvement of industry and academia in developing soiutions and in strengthening Europe's Defence Industrial Base and asso-

ciated R&D innovations in both civilian and military organizations. The EDA promotes civil-miiitary dialogue and contributes to the coordination between all actors at EU level - with particular emphasis on the exchange of good practices, information exchange and early warning, incident response, risk assessment and establishing a cyber-security culture.

A New "Eye" for the LEOPARD


The AW-129 on Board, at Last!
The Italian Army and Italian Navy have signed an agreement at the Viterbo-based Army Aviation Command, providing for the future deployment of Italian Army AW-129 MANGUSTA helicopters on board of the Italian Navy ships. The agreement, opening new perspectives for the extension of the operational capabilities of both the Services, provides for Navy's flight instructors certification on the AW-129 to allow Army's pilots certification to the operations on board the Italian ships. This will fill a long lasting capability gap the Italian Armed Forces were having since the initial A-129 MANGUSTA deployment on board the GARIBALDI aircraft carrier during the 1992 Somali crisis; while also contributing to increase the integration in the "from the sea" projection capabilities.

European Union Strategy for Cyber Security
The European Commission, together with the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, published on 7 February 2013 a cyber security strategy alongside a Commission proposed directive on network and information security (NiS). The cyber security strategy "An Open, Safe and Secure Cyberspace" - represents the EU's comprehensive vision on how best to prevent and respond to cyber disruptions and attacks. This is to further European values of freedom and democracy and ensure the digital economy can safely grow. Specific actions are aimed at enhancing cyber resilience of information systems, reducing cybercrime and strengthening EU international cyber-security policy and cyber defence. The strategy articulates the EU's vision of cyber-security in terms of five priorities: - Achieving cyber resilience; - Drastically reducing cybercrime; - Developing cyber defence policy and capabilities related to the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP); - Developing the industrial and technological resources for cyber-security; and - Establishing a coherent international cyberspace policy for the European Union and promoting core EU values The European Defence Agency (EDA) gave input to the strategy related to cyber defence. Within the Common Security and Defence Poiicy, the EDA is developing cyber defence capabilities and teciinoiogies, improving cyber defence

Gassidian Optronics, previously known as Carl Zeiss Optronics, will supply the new ATTICA thermal imaging unit for the commander's periscope in the Bundeswehr's LEOPARD 2 battle tanks. After extensive trials, the German procurement authority BAAINBw

has awarded this Cassidian subsidiary a €7 million order. The third generation of thermal imaging equipment from Cassidian Optronics thus becomes the standard for the commander's Peri R17 periscope, which is also supplied by Cassidian Optronics.

Exelis Wins USAF Contract to Research Low-Cost GPS Alternatives
The USAF Research Laboratory (AFRL) has awarded Exelis a $2.15 million contract to research the development of a small satellite navigation payload to augment the current GPS programme. The GPS NAVSAT (Navigation Satellite) programme seeks to provide affordable capabilities to aid endusers iocated in tough-to-reach environments. "The development of smaller satellites - in terms of size, weight, power and cost - will yield greater affordability for our customers," said Mark Pisani, VP and GM, Precision Instruments and Positioning, Navigation and Timing Systems, Exelis Geospatial Systems. "A smaller satellite size will allow for improved launch vehicle selection flexibility. " The goai of the 18-month initial study is to identify innovative ways to increase affordabiiity and sustainment of the GPS programme through payload weight reduction, size and power. The GPS NAVSAT will maintain similar performance capability to the existing GPS system, but will aid GPS end-users in signaiconstrained environments, located in urban or mountainous terrain.
Military Technology • MILTECH • 3/2013


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