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B=C, then A=C Addition/Subtraction Property— If A=B, then A+C=B+C and A- C=B- C Multiplication/Division Property— If A=B, then A×C=B×C and A/C=B/C Substitution Property— If A=B, then B can replace A in any expression or occasion (more broad than transitive property) Distributive Property— If A(B+C), then AB+AC Simplify/Computation Property— combine stuff on same side of equation Segment Addition Postulate— If 2 little collinear segments are added together, they make a big segment ∠ Addition Postulate— If 2 little adjacent ∠s are added together, they make a big ∠ Definition of Midpoint— If a segment has a midpoint, then the segment is split into 2 = segments Midpoint Formula—((x1+x2)/2), ((y1+y2)/2) Distance Formula—√(x2-x1)2+(y2-y1)2 Definition of Bisects— If a line, ray, or other segment bisects a segment, then it passes through the midpoint and splits the segment into 2 = segments Angle Notes: Definition of ∠ Bisector— If an ∠ is bisected, then it’s split into 2 ≅ ∠s Definition of Supplementary— If ∠1 and ∠2 are supplementary, then m∠1+m∠2=180 Definition of Complementary— If ∠1 and ∠2 are complementary, then m∠1+m∠2=90 Definition of Straight ∠— If ∠1 is a straight ∠, then m∠1 is 180 Definition of Right ∠— If ∠1 is a right ∠, then m∠1 is 90 Definition of ≅— If 2 ∠s are ≅, then they have equal measures (m∠1=m∠2) Definition of ⊥— If two lines are , then they intersect to form right ∠s Definition of Linear Pair— If ∠1 and ∠2 are a linear pair, then ∠1 and ∠2 are 2 adjacent ∠s that form a straight ∠ Linear Pair Theorem— If two ∠s are a linear pair, then they’re supplementary Supplementary ∠ Theorem— If ∠1 and ∠2 are supplementary and ∠2 and ∠3 are supplementary, then ∠1 is ≅ to ∠3 Complementary ∠ Theorem— If ∠1 and ∠2 are complementary and ∠2 and ∠3 are complementary, then ∠1 is ≅ to ∠3 Vertical ∠ Theorem— If 2 ∠s are vertical, then they’re ≅ All right ∠s are ≅
Corresponding ∠ Postulate— If 2 lines are ∥ and cut by a transversal, then corresponding ∠s are ≅ Alternate Interior ∠ Theorem— If 2 lines are ∥ and cut by a transversal, then alternate interior ∠s are ≅ Alt. Exterior ∠ Thm— If 2 lines are ∥ and cut by a transversal, then alternate exterior ∠s are ≅ Same Side Int. ∠ Thm— If 2 lines are ∥ and cut by a transversal, then same-side Interior ∠s are complementary. 2 lines ⊥ to the same line are ∥. △ Sum Theorem— If you have a △, then m∠1+m∠2+m∠3=180 △ Exterior ∠ Theorem— If you have an exterior ∠ of a △, then its measure is the sum of the 2 remote interior ∠s Definition of ≅ △s— If 2 △s are ≅, then all corresponding sides and corresponding ∠s are ≅ SSS— If 3 sides of a △ are ≅ to the sides of another △, then the △s are ≅ SAS— If two sides and 1 included ∠ of 1 △ are ≅ to two sides and 1 included ∠ of another △, then the △s are ≅ ASA— If 2 two ∠s and 1 included side of 1 △ are ≅ to 2 two ∠s and 1 included side of another △, then the △s are ≅ AAS— If 2 ∠s and one non-included side of a △ are ≅ to 2 ∠s and one non-included side of another △, then the △s are ≅ CPCTC— Corresponding Parts of ≅ △s are ≅ Isosceles △ Theorem— If 2 sides of a △ are ≅, then the ∠s opposite those sides are ≅ (Base ∠s) Isosceles △ Bisector Theorem— If you have an isosceles △, then the bisector of the vertex ∠ is the bisector of the base If a △ is equilateral, then it’s equiangular. Hypotenuse Leg (HL)— If the hypotenuse and leg of one right △ are ≅ to the H and L of another △, then the △s are ≅ Definition of Right △— If a △ is right, it contains 1 right ∠ Definition of Isosceles △— If a △ is isosceles, then it has at least 2 ≅ sides. ⊥ Bisector Theorem— If a point is on the ⊥ bisector of an ∠, then the point is equidistant from the endpoints of the segment ∠ Bisector Theorem— If a point is on the bisector of an ∠, then the point is equidistant from the sides of the ∠ Definition of Altitude— If a segment is an altitude, then it is a ⊥ segment from the vertex to the line containing the opposite side.
Definition of Median— If a segment is a median, then its endpoints are a vertex and midpoints on opposite sides. Circumcenter Theorem— ⊥ bisectors of sides of a triangle are concurrent at a point equidistant from the vertices Incenter Theorem— The bisectors of the ∠s of a △ are concurrent at a point equidistant from the sides of the △ Centroid Theorem— Medians of a △ are concurrent at a point that is 2/3 of the distance from each vertex to the midpoint of the opposite side Orthocenter Theorem— Lines containing the altitudes of a △ meet at the orthocenter Definition of Concurrent— If 3+ lines are concurrent, then they meet at a point Properties of Proportions—if a/b=c/d, then ad=bc Side Splitter Thm—If a line is parallel to one side of a triangle and intersects the other two sides, it divides those sides proportionally. Proportional Transversals Thm—If 3 parallel lines intersect 2 transversals, then the segments intersected on the transversals are proportional Triangle Angle Bisector Thm—If a ray bisects an angle of a triangle, then it divides the opposite side into 2 segments that are proportional to the other 2 sides of the triangle.
AA—If two angles of one triangle are congruent to 2 angles of another triangle, the angles are similar SAS—If an angle of one triangle is congruent to an angle of a 2nd triangle and the sides including the angles are proportional, then the triangles are similar. SSS—If corresponding sides of 2 triangles are proportional, then the triangles are similar.
Quadrilateral Notes: Definition of ∥ogram— If a quadrilateral is a ∥ogram, then opposite sides are ∥ and ≅, opposite ∠s are ≅ and the diagonals bisect each other ≅ Segments on Transversals Theorem— If 3+ parallel lines out of ≅ segments on 1 transversal, then they cut off ≅ segments on every transversal Diagonal Bisection Theorem— If the diagonals of a quadrilateral bisect each other, then it is a ∥ogram Opposite Side ≅ and ∥ Theorem— If one pair of opposite sides of a quadrilateral is both ≅ and ∥, then it is a ∥ogram Opposite Sides ≅ Theorem— If both pairs of opposite sides of a quadrilateral are ≅ , then it is a ∥ogram Opposite ∠s ≅ Theorem— If both pairs of opposite ∠s of a quadrilateral are congruent, then it is a ∥ogram. Defn of Rhombus— If a ∥ogram is a rhombus, then all 4 sides are ≅ A rhombus has ⊥ diagonals
A rhombus has diagonals that bisect the ∠s of the rhombus Rhombus diagonal ⊥ Theorem— If the diagonals of a ∥ogram are ⊥, then the ∥ogram is a rhombus. Defn of Rectangle— If a ∥ogram is a rectangle, then all ∠s have m=90 Rectangles have ≅ diagonals Rectangle diagonal ≅ Theorem— If the diagonals of a ∥ogram are ≅ , then the ∥ogram is a rectangle Isosceles Trapezoid base ∠ Thm— If a quadrilateral is an isosceles trapezoid, then its base ∠s are ≅ Isosceles Trapezoid Diagonal Theorem— If a quadrilateral is an isosceles trapezoid, then its diagonals are ≅ Kite diagonal Thm— If a quadrilateral is a kite, then its diagonals are ⊥. Defn of Diameter—If a segment is a perpendicular bisector to a chord, it’s a diameter Perpendicular diameter Thm—If a diameter of a circle is perpendicular to a chord, it bisects the chord at its arc Converse of Perpendicular Diameter Thm—If a diameter bisects a chord (not a diameter) then it’s perpendicular to a chord. Definition of Tangent to a Circle—a line in the plane of a circle that intersects the circle in exactly one point, the point of tangency Tangent/Chord/Angle Theorem—the measure of an angle formed by a tangent and a chord is half the measure of the intercepted arc Congruent Circles Theorem—If 2 circles are congruent or within the same circle, then o congruent central angles have congruent chords o congruent chords have congruent arcs o congruent arcs have congruent central angles
Tangent Line Theorem—if a line is tangent to a circle, then the line is perpendicular to the segment from the radius to the point of tangency Tangent Segment Thm—If 2 segments are tangent to a circle from a point outside the circle, the segments are congruent Congruent Circles of Equal Distance Thm—If two circles are congruent or within one circle, then o Chords an equal distance from the center are congruent o Congruent chords are an equal distance from the center
11-9 Theorem—the measure of an inscribed angle is ½ the measure of its intercepted arc 11-11 Theorem—the measure of an angle formed by 2 lines that o intersect inside a circle is ½ the sum of the measures of the intersepted arcs
o intersect outside a circle is ½ the difference of the measures of the intersepted arcs 11-12 Theorem—For a given point and circle, the product of the lengths of the 2 segments from the point to the circle is constant along any line through the point and circle 11-13 Theorem—An equation of a circle with center (h,k) and radius “r” is (x-h)2 + (yk)2 = r2
Surface Area of a Cylinder—2πr2+2πrh Volume of a Cylinder—πr2h Surface Area of a Cone—πrl+πr2 Volume of a Cone—(1/3)πr2h (h=center height) Surface Area of a Prism—ph+2B Volume of a Prism—Bh Surface Area of a Pyramid—½pl+B Volume of a Pyramid— (1/3)Bh (h=center height) Surface Area of a Sphere—4πr2 Volume of a Sphere—(4/3)πr3
T X A C W Y D B Z Y Z
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