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AA Jh ije xq# ijekReus ue% AA

ije ih;w"k
Jh Jh 108 Jh ije xq#nso th egkjkt ds
ve`re; izopuksa dk ladyu
{Part 3} Chapter 21 to 35

2013
& izdk'kd &

v}Sr Lo:i vkJe


ijekFkZ lsok lnu] rqiqnkuk] gfV;k
jkph & 3 >kj[k.M
COMPOSED

BY KAPISH

opu & 21

LFkku % iapdqyk gfj;k.kk

frfFk % 24 tuojh 84

vkRedY;k.k dh ftKklk ls vk;s gq, lTtuks !


cksyks& gfjvkse~] gfjvkse~] gfjvkse~ A
vkius lRlax dh ckrksa dks vkt ls igys Hkh lquk gkssxkA eSa ;gk vkidks dqN u;h ckrsa ugha crkxkA
vkneh dks viuk fgr&vfgr lcdqN irk gSA ge vius dY;k.k dh ckr tkurs rks vo'; gSa ij mld s
eqrkfcd vkpj.k ugha djrsA ek= lquus ls rks dY;k.k ugha gks ldrkA ge Hkkstu dh O;k[;k [kwc djrs
jgsa vkSj [kk;sa dqN Hkh ugha rks mlls isV ugha HkjsxkA mlh izdkj vki 'kkL= vkSj egkiq#"kksa ds mins'k
i<+sa&lqusa lgh] ijUrq mlds eqrkfcd viuk vkpj.k Hkh cukosa rc ckr cusxhA
vkt ;gk vki tylk eukus ugha vk;s gSaA tyls rks nqfu;k esa jkst euk;s tkrs gSaA xq# ds ikl vkneh
vius dY;k.k dh ckrsa lh[kus tkrk gSA gekjs thou dk D;k ms'; gS] gesa D;k djuk pkfg, vkSj D;k
ugha] /keZ D;k gS vkSj v/keZ D;k & bUgha ckrksa dh tkudkjh lRlax esa nh tkrh gSaA ge dkSu gSa] gesa dgk
tkuk gS] D;k djuk gS bR;kfn ckrksa dk lgh lek/kku izkIr djus ds fy, ge lRlax esa vkrs gSaA lpeqp
gesa viuk irk ugha ekywe] viuk jkLrk ugha ekywe] viuk dkZO; ugha ekywe gSA dksb Z gels iwNrk gS fd
rqEgkjk uke D;k gS \ ge tks Hkh uke crkrs gSa og lpeqp gekjk uke rks ugha gksrkA ;g uke rks gekjs iSnk
gksus ds dbZ fnuksa ds ckn j[kk x;kA vr% ge mlh uke ds rks gSa ughaA jkLrs esa dksbZ gels iwNrk gS]
^rqEgkjk ?kj dgk gS] rqEgsa tkuk dgk gS] rqEgkjk irk D;k gS \* ;fn ge viuk ?kj vFkok fBdkuk ugha
crkrs rks og gesa ikxy ekusxkA mlh rjg larksa dh n`f"V esa gesa viuk lgh irk ugha ekywe gSA tks dqN ge
crkrs gSa og gekjk mfpr irk ugha gSA
;gk lRlax esa rqe viuk lgh uke&irk tkuus ds fy, vk;s gksA vcrd viuk ifjp; xyr
tkudj gh rqe ukuk izdkj ds tUeksa esa HkVdrs jgs gksA ftl i= ij irk gh xyr fy[kk gks og rks
Mkd[kkuk&Mkd[kkuk HkVdsxk ghA lgh txg rks rHkh igqpsxk tc irk Bhd gksxkA vr% xq# rqEgkjk lgh
irk crkrk gS fd rqe ijekRek ds va'k gksA ro :i esa rqe [kqn gh ijekRek gksA Hkwyo'k rqeus vius dks
nsg eku fy;k gSA QyLo:i bl nsg ls lEcfU/kr lalkj dh ek;k ls rqEgsa eksg gks x;k gSA blh eksgtfur
Hkze dks nwj djus ds fy, lRlax esa vk;k tkrk gSA

rqe ;gk xq# njckj esa ftl ms'; ds fy, vk;s gks mls tku ysuk t:jh gSA D;k gS ;gk dh fo'ks"k
ckr \ ;gk xq#Hkf ds ek/;e ls lR; dh] ijekRek dh izkfIr dk lk/ku crk;k tkrk gSaA Hktu ;gk
xq#Hkf ,oa xq#lsok djus vkrs gSaA ;gk vkus dk edln vUr%dj.k dh 'kqf) gSA
vktdy vorkjksa dh ck<+ vk x;h gSA lHkh vius dks Hkxoku gh ?kksf"kr djrs gSaA oLrqr% bZ'oj rks
,d gh gksrk gSA mls rqe rHkh ik ldrs gks tc rqEgkjk vUr%dj.k 'kq) gks tk;sA ;g 'kq)rk 'kqHk deZ
djus] nku] iq.;] ;K] rhFkkZVu vkfn djus ls izkIr gksrh gSA ;g lc Hkh fu"dke Hkko ls djuk gksxkA
'kq) vUr%dj.kokyk gh Kku dk vf/kdkjh gksrk gSA Kku dh izk fIr gksrs gh lfPpnkuUn ijekRek dk cks/k
gks tk;sxkA dksbZ t:jh ugha fd rqe pkjksa osnksa ds ok gks x;s rks rqEgkjk vUr%dj.k 'kq) gks tk;sxkA
vktdy rks lHkh czKkuh cu cSBs gSa] fdUrq Kkuh cuuk bruk vklku ugha gksrkA rqe jko.k ls T;knk
fo}ku ugha gks ldrsA mruk fo}ku gksr s gq, Hkh jko.k dh cqf) rkelh gh jg x;hA rkelh o`fk gksus ds
dkj.k og Kku dk vf/kdkjh ugha gks ldkA Hkxoku ds izR;{k gksrs Hkh og mUgsa igpku u ldkA Ldwy esa
cPpksa dks xhrk jVk nh tkrh gSA os xhrk dh ijh{kk Hkh nsrs gaS vkSj mlesa ikl Hkh gks tkrs gSaA fdUrq xhrk dk
Hkko muds eu&izk.kksa esa rks mrjrk ughaA jke".k ijegal ds ikl tkdj ,d ftKklq us iwNk] ^ckck]
xhrk dk D;k vFkZ gS \* jked`".k cksys] ^xhrk 'kCn dks myV nks] vFkZ le> esa vk tk;sxkA*
^xhrk* dks myV nsus ls ^rkxh* vFkkZr~ R;kxh curk gSA ;fn rqeus eksg] yksHk] vgadkj] ks/k vkfn dk
R;kx ugha fd;k rks vBkjgksa v/;k; xhrk daBLFk dj ysus ls D;k ykHk gqvk \ ftl fnu rqEgkjs lalkj dk
eksg VwV tk;sxk mlh fnu rqe xhrk ds eeZ rd igqp tkvksxsA O;kogkfjd n`f"V ls rqe dg ldrs gks fd
xhrk i<+ ysus ls dqN iq.; gks x;k] fdUrq ,sls iq.; dk Qy Hkksxus ds fy, Hkh rks rqEgsa 'kjhj /kkj.k djuk
iM+sxkA blls vkokxeu ls NqVdkjk rks ugha gksxkA ;gk rks rqe vkokxeu ls jkgr ikus dh rjdhc tkuus
ds fy, vk;s gq, gksA ;g rjdhc ;gk brus ljy <ax ls le>kbZ tkrh gS fd ;fn bls rqe n;axe dj yks
rks rqEgkjk csM+k ikj gks tk;sA tc rqe esjs ikl eU= ysus ds fy, vk;s rks eSaus rqels iwNk] ^blds cnys esa
D;k ns ldrs gks \* rqe cksys] ^vki tks ekaxsaA* eSaus rqels rqEgkjk ru&eu&/ku vfiZr djk fy;kA eSaus eU=
fn;k vkSj rqe pys x;sA rqeus xw<+ ckr rks le>h ughaA tc rqeus viuk ru&eu&ku ns fn;k rc rjus&Mwc us
dk loky dgk mBrk gSA rqeus vcrd Hkyk&cqjk tks dqN Hkh fd;k og bl ru ds ek/;e ls fd;kA rqeus
vcrd tks HkkSfrd nzO; bds fd;s mls Hkh rqe vfiZr dj x;sA rks] mlds dekus esa tks iki ;k nks"k yxk
gksxk mls Hkh rks rqeus xq# egkjkt dks gh vfiZr dj fn;sA fQj fpUrk fdl ckr dh \
lalkj esa ftrus egkiq#"k iSnk gq, mUgksaus lk/ku&vH;kl ls vius reke lafpr laLdkjksa dks u"V
dj fn;kA muds tUe ds ihNs ,dk/k laLdkj gh dkj.k jgk gksxkA fdUrq vius cqtqxks ds ,d&nks 'kCn
lqudj rFkk muds FkksM+s ls mins'k dks /kkj.k djds gh ,sls lkjs egkiq#"k jkS'kutehj tkx`rkRek gks
x;sA mins'k rks leku gh gksrk gSA tks eU= rqe tirs gks mls gh lHkh egkiq#"k tirs vk;s gSaA rks D;k dkj.k
gS fd os fl) gks x;s vkSj rqe ogha ds ogha jg x;s \ rqEgkjs eU= us rks dqN dke fd;k ughaA bldk ewy
dkj.k ;g gS fd rqEgkjk vUr%dj.k efyu cuk gqvk gSA ftl fnu vUr%dj.k 'kq) gks tk;sxk] rqEgsa Hkh
oSlh gh flf) fey tk;sxhA
eSa rks NksVh&lh ckr rqEgsa crk nsrk gw fd tks ejrk gS og Hkxoku ugha gks ldrkA Hkxoku dk rks
dHkh uk'k gksrk ughaA D;k dkj.k gS ge bu 'kjhjksa dks Hkxoku~ dgrs pyrs gSa \ oLrqr% ge viuh J)k
vkSj mikluk ds fy, fdlh 'kjhj ij Hkxor~ro dk vkjksi dj ysrs gSaA tSls eafnj dh ewfkZ rks iRFkj dh
gh cuh gksrh gSA blhfy, rks dchj dgrs gSa &
ekyk yDdM+] ewfkZ iRFkj] xaxk tequk ikuhA
jked`".k dks ejrs ns[kk pkjks csn dgkuhAA
3

tks iRFkj gS mls Hkxoku D;ksa dgrs gks rqe \ nwljh txg rks gtkjksa iRFkj j[ks iM+s gSaA mUgsa dksb Z
Hkxoku ugha dgrkA fQj efUnj ds iRFkj esa dkSu&lh ,slh fo'ks"krk vk x;h fd og rqEgkjk Hkxoku cu
x;k \ oLrqr% iRFkj dh ewfkZ dks ge Hkxoku dk izrhd ekurs gSaA tc ge viuh J)k] izse ,oa mikluk
ds }kjk ml izrhd esa Hkxon~Hkko ykrs gSa rks ml iRFkj dh ewfrZ esa Hkh Hkxoku dk vkos'k vk tkrk gSA ;fn
rqEgkjk n; rqylhnkl vkSj /kktkV dh rjg 'kq) gks tk;s rks iRFkj Hkh Hkxoku gks tk;sxkA
cgqr lkjs erksaokys iRFkj dh iwtk dks <ksax ekurs gSaA dgrs gSa fd vxj rqEgkjs efUnjksa ds Bkdqj esa
dksbZ rkdr Fkh rks mUgksaus vkrrkf;;ksa ds vke.k ls vius dks D;ksa ugha cpk fy;k\ ,slk lkspuk ikxyksa
dk izykiek= gSA ,sls yksx Bkdqj ds eeZ rks ugha le>rsA Bkdqj lpeqp dksbZ iRFkj ugha gksrkA ftl
iRFkj dks rksM+k x;k mlesa rqEgkjh Bkdqj cqf) rks Fkh ughaA ;fn fdlh Hkkoqd Hk ds iRFkj dks rksM+us
vkrk rc mls vkVk&nky dk Hkko ekywe gks tkrkA rqe ftrus gh mPp Hkko ls mikluk djksxs] rqEgkjk
mikL; Hkh mruk gh mPp gksrk tk;sxkA rqe jkr&fnu dHkh xq# Hkxoku dk tki djrs gks rks dHkh bl
Hkxoku dk vkSj dHkh ml Hkxoku dkA ftu Hkxokuksa dks rqe tirs gks os lgh vFkZ esa Hkxoku ugha gksr sA
rqe rks vius lks;s gq, izse vkSj J)k&Hkf dks tkxzr djus ds fy, izrhd ekudj bu lcdh mikluk
djrs gksA rqEgkjk 'kjhj LFkwy gS vkSj n`f"V Hkh LFkwy gSA LFkwy 'kjhj vkSj LFkwy cqf) ls ml lw{ekfrlw{e
czro dks le> ikuk cM+k dfBu gksrk gSA blhfy, efUnj] efLtn] fxjtk?kj vkfn iwtk LFkyksa esa rqe
izrhdksikluk dh n`f"V ls tks Hkh djrs gks mlls rqEgkjk vUr%dj.k 'kq) gksrk gSA
ri dgrs fdls gSa \ Lo/keZ ds ikyu esa tks [kq'kh&[kq'kh d"V lgu djus iM+rs gSa mls gh ri dgk
tkrk gSA ri dk eryc csotg Hkw[kksa ejuk] Ba< esa fldqM+uk ;k fnxEcj gksuk ugha gSA vxj uaxs jgus ls gh
ri gks tkrk rks gtkjksa xjhc uaxs jgrs gSaA mUgsa rj tkuk pkfg, FkkA Hkw[kksa ejus ls ri gksr k rks vdky iM+us
ij gtkjksa Hkw[kksa ej tkrs gSaA mudk Hkh dY;k.k gks tkuk pkfg, FkkA blhfy, rks dgk x;k gS&
'ka[k ds ctk;s lsrh dSls uj rfjgSa---]
xngs D;ksa u rjsa tkds 'ka[k tSls lqj gSaA
ds'k ds c<+k;s lsrh dSls uj rfjgSa ---]
eksj D;ksa u rjs tkds xt&xt ij gSaAA
;fn ckgjh ckrksa ls dY;k.k gksus dks gksrk rks m lHkh dks eq gks tkuk pkfg, FkkA fdUrq ,slh ckr
ugha gSA blhfy, egkiq#"kksa us dY;k.k&iFk ij vxzlj gksusokys yksxksa ds fy, lcls igys vUr%dj.k dh
'kqf) ij tksj fn;k gSA v'kq) vUr%dj.k esa mRi Kku lgh ekus esa vKku gh gksrk gSA ,slh gkyr esa ge
xhrk dk Hkh mYVk vFkZ yxkrs gSaA ftruh T;knk fdrkcsa i<+saxs mruk gh vfHkekuh gksrs tk;saxsA fo|k dk
iBu&ikBu rks vfHkeku nwj djus ds fy, fd;k tkrk gSA vkt ds ekgkSy esa rks xyr ckrksa ds fy, Hkh rqEgsa
gkeh Hkjuh iM+rh gSA gkeh ugha Hkjksxs rks ekj&xkyh iM+us dh lEHkkouk gksxhA fdlh us dgk &ns'k ftukns
jfg;s] V fcyb;k ys xbZ rks gkth&gkth dfg,A
dgha dksbZ fdlh ls crk jgk Fkk fd fcYyh V dks idM+dj ys x;hA iwNk] ^,slk dSls gksxk \
fcYyh rks V ds ?kqVus ds cjkcj Hkh ugha gksrhA og V dks ys dSls tk;sxh \* tokc feyk] ^;gh ;qx dh
vkokt gSA ckr eku tkvks] ugha rks ekj [kkvksxsA* rks blh ekj ls cpus ds fy, ^gkth* dguk iM+rk gSA
rqEgkjh cgknqjh rks rc gksxh tc foijhr ifjfLFkfr esa Hkh rqEgkjk eukscy ?kVus u ik;s vkSj rqe Js;l~ ds
ekxZ ij gtkj fo?uksa ds ckotwn vkxs c<+rs jgksA
t; xq# % vk'khokZn !

opu & 22
LFkku % ijeiqjh vkJe jksgrkl

frfFk % 8-2-84

cksyks izsfe;ks ! gfjvkse~] gfjvkse~] gfjvkse~A


vkt rqe bl egku ioZ ij Jh xq# Hkxoku dk tUefnu eukus ds fy, bds gq, gksA eSa rqE gsa
izseiwo Zd vk'khokZn nsrk gw fd rqEgkjk /keZHkko n`<+ gks] rqEgkjs oSj&foHksn [kRe gksa vkSj rqEgkjk yksd rFkk
ijyksd eayxe; gksA
xq#}kjk lcls cM+k rhFkZ gksrk gSA lgtksckbZ us dgk&
vM+lB rhjFk xq#pj.k ijch gksr v[k.MA
lgtks ,slk /kke ugha ldy v.M cz.MAA
rqe vius lcls cM+s /kke esa vk, gq, gksA ;gk vkdj rqEgkjk D;k dkZO ; gS] bls rqe tkurs gksA rqe
lHkh iqjkus xq#eq[k gks vkSj xq# eq[k dk /keZ D;k gksrk gS] rqEgsa vPNh rjg Kkr gSA rqEgsa ;gk vk;s reke
lRlafx;ksa ls xq# egkjkt ds ukrs izse djuk gS] lcdh lsok djuh gSA lsok gh lcls cM+k lRlax gSA
lRlax dk O;kogkfjd :i rks lsok gh gSA vkSj] vkRedY;k.k ds fy,] vius eu vkSj eku dks [kRe djus
ds fy, lsok ls cM+k nwljk lk/ku dksb Z ugha gSA cgqr T;knk lquuk vkSj ysDpj nsuk rks cgqrksa dks vkrk gS
fdUrq mu dgh&lquh gqbZ ckrksa dks vkpj.k esa ykuk lcdks ugha vkrkA vkt iwjk tekuk gh dgus&lquus esa
yxk gqvk gSA ;fn ml vkn'kZ dFku dk dqN Hkh va'k vey esa yk;k tkrk rks lalkj vcrd LoxZ cu tkrkA
;g dFkuh ugha] djuh dk njckj gSA ;gk dgus ls T;knk djus ij cy fn;k tkrk gSA lquuk vkSj
dguk Hkh Bhd gS] mls ge cqjk ugha dgrsA mlls /kkj.kk iDdh curh gS] ysfdu vOoy ckr rks rc cusxh
tc lquh gqb Z ckrksa dks vey esa yk;k tk;sxk vkt lekt esa lsok/keZ dh mis{kk gksus yxh gSA dksb Z fdlh ls
vius dks NksVk ekuus dks rS;kj ugha gS] yksxksa dk vfHkeku vkleku Nwus yxk gSA Qyr% ks/k vkSj dke dh
Tokyk esa lHkh ty jgs gSaA lsokHkko ls Hkjk thou fdruk vkufUnr FkkA vkt mlds vHkko esa oSeuL; vkSj
vkilh dyg ls bUlku nq%[kh gSA yksxksa dk thou ujd curk tk jgk gSA lsok ls rks jk{kl dks Hkh viuk
lqn~ cuk;k tk ldrk gS] egku 'k=q dks Hkh fe= cuk;k tk ldrk gSA yksd vkSj ijyksd dh reke phtsa
lsok ls izkIr dh tk ldrh gSaA lsok rks ve`r gS ftls /kkj.k djusokyk vkneh nsork cu tkrk gSA
xq#&njckj esa mlh lsok&/keZ dh f'k{kk nh tkrh gS] mls ;gk vkpj.k esa mrkjk tkrk gSA xq# vkJe
dh NksVh ls NksVh lsok djds Hkh yksx ;ksxh&eqfu;ksa dh nqyZHk xfr dks izkIr gks x;sA rqe Hkh mlh njckj esa
vk;s gksA ftrus le; rqe ;gk jgks] [kwc eu&ru ls lsok djksA viuk [kkuk&ihuk] vkjke vkSj lq[k
nwljksa ds fy, R;kx nksA ?kj esa o"kZ Hkj vkjke rks djrs gh gksA vkt flQZ ,d fnu dk vkjke nwljs dks ns
nks vkSj ns[kks etkA rqEgkjk n; mYykl vkSj vkuUn ls Hkj tk;sxkA lHkh izdkj ds Hksn&Hkko] cM+s&NksV s
dk [;ky NksM+dj flQZ xq# egkjkt ds ukrs lcls izse djks] lcdks vkjke nksA vkt rqEgkjs leLr
ikideZ ekQ fd;s tk ldrs gSaA tSls fdlh jk"Vh; ioZ ij dSfn;ksa dks Hkh cjh dj fn;k tkrk gS vFkok
mudh ltk de dj nh tkrh gS mlh izdkj vkt Jh xq# egkjkt th ds tUefnu ds volj ij rqEgkjh
lPph J)k vkSj Hkf dks ns[kdj rqEgkjs leLr xqukg ekQ fd;s tk ldrs gSaA
izse vkSj vuq'kklu ;gk dk ewy vkn'kZ gSA rqEgsa mldh ikcUnh esa jgrs gq, njckj dh lsok djuh
pkfg,A ;gk dk gj deh vFkok vO;oLFkk ds ftEesokj rqe [kqn gksA rqe lHkh bl ?kj ds cPps gksA ;gk
dksbZ ukSdj ugha gSA fQj tgk] ftl lekt esa lHkh ekfyd gksa vkSj os vius dkZO; ds izfr iw.kZ tkx#d
gksa ogk rks LoxZ dk okrkoj.k mifLFkr gks tkuk pkfg,A lpeqp rqEgkjk vlyh ?kj ;gh gSA fdlh ds ?kj
dksbZ mRlo gksrk gS vFkok 'kknh&C;kg gksrk gS rks mls lkjh O;oLFkk [kqn djuh gksrh gSA oSls gh vkt
rqEgkjs xq# egkjkt dk tUefnu gSA rqEgsa [kwc J)k&mRlkgiwoZd bls eukuk pkfg,A
5

;gk tks ftruh cM+h lsok djrk gS og vius eu ls mruk gh NksVk gksrk gSA lsok dk vfHkeku Hkh
ijekFkZ ds ekxZ esa #dkoV cu tkrk gSA eq>s bl izlax ls lEcfU/kr Jh xq# egkjkt ds oDr dh ,d
?kVuk ;kn vk x;hA rc eSa Hkh mudh lsok esa FkkA ,d fnu Jh egkjkt th HkDrksa dks n'kZu&lRlax ns jgs
FksA os izsfe;ksa ds chp ?kaVksa ls cSBs gq, FksA Hktu&dhrZu dk nkSj py jgk FkkA egkjkt th chp&chp esa mins'k
djrs tk jgs FksA mlh chp ,d egkRek vk/kk iko otu dk lksus dk gkj Jh egkjkt th ds xys esa iguk
x;kA Jh egkjkt th us mldh vksj rfud Hkh [;ky ugha fd;k vkSj os laxr ls iwoZor~ ckrsa djrs jgsA og
egkRek Hkh ogha cxy esa cSB x;kA mlds eu esa ml ewY;oku lsok ds izfr izn'kZu rFkk vfHkeku dk Hkko
vk gh jgk gksxkA dqN nsj esa yksxksa ds chp ls mBdj egkjkt vius foJke&d{k esa pys x;sA tc ogk
deht mrkjh x;h rks ns[kk] ilhus ls og Hkhax x;h Fkh rFkk iwjh Nkrh ij gkj dk nkx iM+ x;k FkkA ns[krs
gh egkjkt th ukjkt gks x;s vkSj gkj dks gkFk esa ysrs gq, cksys] ^;g xj esjs xys esa fdlus yVdk fn;k \*
eSaus ml egkRek dk uke fy;kA mUgksaus mls cqyok;kA os ns[krs gh mlij cjl iM+sA cksys] ^cnreht] rwus
;g lsok dh ;k ltk nh eq>s \ ns[k rks gkj us esjh deht [kjkc dj nhA* MkVrs gq, Jh egkjkt us ml
gkj dks rksM+dj tehu ij Qsad fn;kA egkRek {kek ekxrk gqvk ckgj pyk x;kA
mudk xqLlk rks ,slk gh fofp= Fkk fd rqjUr ukjkt gks x;s vkSj rqjar gh [kq'kA eq>ls iwNk] ^ije]
eSaus Bhd fd;k \* eSaus dgk] ^egkjkt th] vki lc Bhd gh djrs gSaA* cksys] ^Bhd gh ugha] fcYdqy Bhd
fd;kA ml egkRek dks viuh lsok dk vfHkeku gks jgk FkkA fQj rks mldh lsok dk Qy O;FkZ gks tkrkA vc
bl izdkj MkV [kkdj mldk vfHkeku VwV x;kA rqe mlls tkdj ckrsa djds ns[k rks lghA* eSa ml
egkRek ds ikl x;kA mlus gkFk tksM+dj jksrs gq, eq>ls dguk 'kq# fd;k] ^HkS;k] eSaus lpeqp egkjkt
dks cM+k d"V fn;kA esjh bl uknkuh ds fy, rqe gqt wj ls ekQh fnyk nsukA* eSaus Hkh mls I;kjiwoZd le>k
fn;k vkSj rc egkjkt dks mldh izkFkZuk dg lqukbZA
ckny cjlrk gS rks og ;g ugha ns[krk fd dkSu tehu mitk gS vkSj dkSu dYyjA vxj tehu
vPNh gqbZ rks mit Hkh vPNh gksrh gS vkSj ;fn dYyj gqbZ rks mit dqN ugha gksrhA xq# egkjkt dk opu
rqEgkjs fy, cht gSA rqEgkjk viuk n; tehu gSA ;g rqEgkjh ethZ fd rqe vius n; dks mitk cukvks
;k dYyjA vxj rqEgkjk n; dYyj gS rks egkjkt ds 'kCnksa dk] iz se&Hkko dk dksbZ vlj mlij ugha
gksxkA blds foijhr ;fn og mitk gS rks ogk QkSju cht vadqfjr gksxk vkSj Qly cM+h vPNh gksxhA ;g
ckr rqEgkjs vius gkFk esa gSA
vkt rks rqEgkjh ;g gkyr gS fd Hkxoku Hkys NwV tk;sa] fdUrq 'kjkc u NwVs] tqvk u NwVs] ekal u
NwVsA bl nsonqyZHk ru dk fdruk xyr mi;ksx fd;k rqeus rqe vius lkFk [kqn gh Hkkjh tqYe fd;kA
I;kjs] bZ'oj dh ik dks le>ks ftlus rqEgsa ;g nqyZHk ekuo ru fn;k gSA rqe fdl dkSe ds gks] fdl
tkfr ds gks & blls ijekFkZ esa dksbZ QdZ ugha aiM+rkA lcls igys rqe euq"; gksA rqEgsa ;g tUefl)
vf/kdkj feyk gS fd rqe vius thou dk lnqi;ksx djksA rqe pkgks rks bZ'oj dh izkfIr dj ldrs gksA ;g
njckj rqEgkjs gh vkRedY;k.k ds fy, gSA
dqN yksx eq>ls iwNrs gSa fd ^ckck] lk/kq dks brus cM+s edkuksa dh D;k t:jr gS \* lpeqp lk/kq
dks fdlh edku dh t:jr gS Hkh ughaA eq>s Hkh o"kks rd fdlh edku dh t:jr ugha gqbZA rc eSa vktkn
gksdj fopjrk FkkA fdUrq xq# egkjkt dh izsj.kk ls tc rqeyksx Lo;a f[kaps vkus yxs rks rqEgkjs
mBus&cSBus ds fy, txg dh t:jr eglwl gqbZA Qyr% rqEgkjs gh izse esa iM+ dj rqEgsa laxfBr djus ds
ms'; ls bu vkJeksa dh uhao j[kh x;hA bu edkuksa dks rks eSaus cuk;k Hkh ughaA eSaus vcrd rqEgkjk fny
cuk;k gSA fny dks cukus ds okLrs vkJe dh bu bekjrksa dks cukuk iM+kA bl bekjr dks cukusokys Hkh
rqEgha gksA eSa [kqn dksb Z dekbZ rks djrk ugha] rc bekjr dSls cuk ldrk gw \ ;g bekjr oLrqr% rqEgkjh
J)k vkSj Hkf&Hkkouk dk izrhd gSA tc eSas igys&igy rqEgkjs chp vk;k Fkk rc flQZ vyQh vkSj yaxksVh
6

esa FkkA eq>s D;k t:jr Fkh bu edkuksa dh \ esjs lEidZ esa vkdj rqeesa tks lsok&Hkkouk txh] mlh dk
ifj.kke gS ;g bekjrA ;g rqeesa ls fdlh dh ugha gS] fQj Hkh lcdh gSA rqe dgrs gks] ;g xq# egkjkt
dh gS vkSj eSa dgrk gw fd ;g HkDrksa dh gSA vly esa ;g u esjh gS vkSj u rqEgkjhA ;g rks ijekRek dk ?kj
gS tks ,d fo'ks"k ms'; dh iwfrZ ds fy, [kM+k fd;k x;k gSA
eq>s viuk dkSu lk yM+dk gS ftldh fpUrk d:A eSaus fdlh eeRo ls rks bu ?kjksa dks cuk;k ughaA
;g lc rqEgkjs fy, gSA vc ;fn rqEgha vius ?kj dks viuk u le>ks rks blesa esjk D;k dlwj ! bruk cu
tkus ij Hkh rqe lcds fy, ;gk cSBus dh Hkh iwjh&iwjh txg ughaA ;fn rqe llqjky esa ,slh ,d jkr Hkh
xqtkjrs rks ogk nqckjk ykSVdj ugha tkrsA tks yksx njckj ds bu ?kjksa dks ns[kdj bl izdkj dh ckrsa
cksyrs gSa muds eu esa muds vius ?kj dh rLohj gksrh gSA mlh ls bldh rqyuk djrs gSaA os ;g ugha tkurs
fd muds ?kjksa esa rks nks&pkj cPps gksr s gSa vkSj ;gk gtkjksa&gtkj dh la[;k esa lnL; gSaA muds ?kj
ek;k&eksg ds iziap ls cus gq, gksrs gSa vkSj ;s ?kj ml iziap dks [kRe djus ds fy, cuk;s x;s gSaA nksuksa esa
Hkkjh vUrj gSA
;g ?kj ugha xq#}kjk gSA yksxksa ds pfj=&fuekZ.k ds fy, ;g crkSj Ldwy dh rjg gSA ;gk lcdk
n; cuk;k tkrk gSA xq# egkjkt ds izfr rqEgkjh lcls cM+h lsok rc gksxh vxj rqe vius pfj= dks
ij mBk yksxsA rqe ftruk gh pfj=oku cuksxs] egku cuksxs mruk gh xq# egkjkt ds djhc gksrs tkvksxsA
ftruk gh viuh tehj dks uhps fxjkvksxs mruh muls nwj Hkh gksrs tkvksxsA
lsok pkj izdkj ls dh tkrh gS & ru ls] eu ls] opu ls vkSj /ku lsA ;fn dksb Z vius opu dk
lnqi;ksx djs] ;gk ds mlwyksa dk Bhd&Bhd ikyu djs rks og gtkjksa dks izsj.kk ns ldrk gSA vxj dksb Z
eu ls b"V dk /;ku djs] ti djs rks og eu dh lsok gksrh gSA ru rks ,d LFkwy pht gSA ge mls lkFk
ugha ys tk ldrsA vUr esa bls ;gha NksM+ nsuk gksrk gSA ;g vkJe vkSj tk;nkn bR;kfn Hkh rks ,d izdkj dk
ru gh gSA bls Hkh ,d fnu NwV tkuk gSA fdUrq bl ru ds }kjk b"V dh tks Hkh lsok gksrh gS og O;FkZ ugha
tkrhA bl lsok ds cy ij rqEgkjs vUnj HkfDr&Hkko ds tks fnO; laLdkj curs gSa os 'kk'or gSaA ftl /ku
ds fy, rqe vius ru] eu vkSj opu rhuksa dks yxk, jgrs gks vkSj ftldh izkfIr ds fy, rqe th rksM+
fegur djrs gks og Hkh ,d fnu rqEgkjk lkFk ugha nsrkA fdUrq bl /ku dks ;fn viuh lsok dk ek/;e
cuk ysrs gks rks ,d gh lkFk rqe vius ru] eu vkSj opu dks Hkh ifo= dj ysrs gksA dkj.k] /ku ds miktZu
esa bu rhuksa dk lg;ksx gksrk gSA tc /ku vfiZr dj fn;k rks 'ks"k rhuksa dh izo`fk ijekFkZ esa Lor% gksu s
yxrh gSA
gekjk dksbZ viuk fj'rsnkj ;k ukrsnkj ugha gS ftlds fy, ;g lc dqN cuk;k x;k gSA gekjs ;gk
fcjknjh dk dksbZ vkneh egaFk Hkh ugha cuk;k tkrkA ge vius egkRekvksa dks Hkh ;gh crkrs jgrs gSa fd
vius fj'rsnkjksa dks dHkh Hkh egaFkh er nsukA ijekFkZ ds ?kj esa rFkk mlds uke ij vfiZr tehu&tk;nkn
esa ;fn vius yksxksa dks vkxs djksxs rks ,d fnu csM+k xdZ gks tk;sxkA fQj rks bldh Hkh ogh gkyr gksxh tks
cukjl ds pkSng lkS eBksa dh gqb ZA vkt mrus eBksa ds chp flQZ rhu lkS eB jg x;s gSaA dkj.k] ogk ds
egaFkksa us vius fj'rsnkjksa dks egaFk cuk&cukdj mldk nq#i;ksx djuk 'kq# dj fn;kA tks fj'rsnkj
vk;s] mUgsa cSBs fcBk;s eqr dh dekbZ fey x;h vkSj ns[krs gh ns[krs eB ds cnys mudh ogk viuh
x`gLFkh cl x;hA QyLo:i eB mtM+rs pys x;sA vxj ;gk Hkh ,slk djksxs rks ,d fnu bldh Hkh ogh
gkyr gks tk;sxhA
blhfy, lk/kqvksa dks pkfg, fd O;fDrxr lHkh eeRoksa dk R;kx dj nsaA laU;kl os"k nsrs le;
vkpk;ks dk ;g mins'k gS fd laU;klh dks vkthou vFkok de ls de ckjg o"kks rd vius ?kj ifjokj ls
nwj jgdj nsg ls lEcfU/kr yksxksa dks ns[kuk Hkh ugha pkfg,A bl eeRo ds R;kx ds fcuk laU;kl keZ
O;FkZ gks tkrk gSA
7

pkgs laU;klh gks ;k x`gLFk] eSa lcds fy, dgrk gwA tks Hkh eeRo ds tky esa iM+sxk og viuk
uqdlku rks djsxk gh] laLFkk dks Hkh cnuke djsxkA rqe HkfDr Hkko ls bl njckj dh lsok djks] bls
viuk le>ksA bl njckj esa dksbZ p vFkok uhp ugha gSA ;gk lHkh ,d xq# ds cPps gSa] ijLij
HkkbZ&cgu gSaA nqfu;k ds eeRo dks feVkus vkSj lc izdkj ds foHksnksa dks Hkqykus ds fy, gh rks ;g ?kj cuk
gSA loZnk ;gk xq# egkjkt ds bUgha vkn'kks dk ikyu fd;k tkuk pkfg, rHkh bl ?kj dh 'kksHkk gksxh vkSj
xq# egkjkt dh ik izkIr gksxhA blds foijhr dqN Hkh gksus ij xq# egkjkt ds fny dks nq[k gksxk
Qyr% ;g ?kj Hkh nqfu;k ds vkSj ?kjksa dh rjg voufr dks vksj pyrk tk;sxkA vr% rqe lc bl ?kj ds
vkn'kks dks fuHkkvks] bls lokjksA xq# egkjkt dh nqvk rHkh rqEgkjs lkFk gksxhA
t;xq# % vk'khokZn !

opu & 23
LFkku % fnYyh vkJe

frfFk % 10-6-84

izsfe;ks !
cksyks] gfj vkse~] gfj vkse~] gfj vkse~A
rqeyksxksa dks egkRekvksa us lRlax vkSj Hktuksa ds }kjk vkRedY;k.k dh fof/k;k crk;haA HkfDr ,slh
pht ugha fd fdlh dks mBkdj ns nh tk;sA gk] mls izkIr djus ds fy, rqEgsa lk/ku crk;s tk pqds gSaA rqe
mu lk/kuksa dk vH;kl djus ds fy, xq# njckj esa vk;s gksA xq# oDr dk oS| gksrk gSA og tekus dh
ifjfLFkfr;ksa dk vuqHko djrk gS vkSj mlh ds eqrkfcd yksxksa dks lk/ku crkrk gSA ;ksa rks lk/ku] ftUgsa
xq#tu crkrs gSa] lkjs xzaFkksa esa Hkh fy[ks gq, gSa fdUrq xzaFkksa dks dsoy i<+ ysus ls ckr ugha curhA xq# ds
}kjk mUgha lk/kuksa dk eeZ le>uk gksrk gSA xq# ds :i esa rqEgsa izR;{k ns ork ls Mj gksrk gSA ;g Mj Hkh
mlh dks gksrk gS tks xq# dks ekurk gSA tks ugha ekurk mldh ckr eSa ugha djrkA 'kkL=dkj dgrs gSa &
xq# dks ekuq"k tkurs rs uj dfg;s vU/kA gks; nq[kh lalkj esa vkxs te dk QUnAA
ftl HkDr dh vius xq# ij ph Hkkouk gksrh gS mldk dY;k.k fuf'pr gSA lgh vFkZ esa rqEgkjs
ln~xq# rks Hkxoku 'kadj Lo;a gSA fdUrq rqeus vHkh xq# 'kadj dks rks ns[kk ugha u rks rqe Bhd ls
le>rs gksA rqe rks flQZ nqfu;k ds yksxksa dks dqN djrs gq, ns[krs gksA mlh dk vuqdj.k djrs gksA rqEgkjk
xq# Hkxoku 'kadj dk gh izrhd gSA mldh mikluk ls 'kadj dh izkfIr gksrh gSA Nr ij ,dk,d ugha
igqpk tk ldrkA mlij igqpus ds fy, lhf<+;k yxkuh gksrh gSaA ;gk lk/ku ds :i esa rqEgkjs fy, lh<h ns
nh x;h gSA blij p<+dj ij tkus ds fy, dqN funsZ'k fn;s x;s gSaA 'kkL=+k+ sa vkSj xq#tuksa us tSlk cryk;k
gS oSlk djksA ftuds fy, 'kkL=ksa us ikcUnh yxk;h gS] mUgsa er djksA rqe i<+r s rks gks] i<+us esa dksb Z dlj
ugha yxkrsA gk] dlj gS rks dsoy djus esaA vktrd rqe djrs rks Fks ugha] dsoy dgrs jgsA vc djuk
'kq# dj nks] cl ckr cu tk;sxh&
dFkuh ehBh [kkaM+&lh] djuh fc"k dh yks;A dFkuh rt djuh djs] fc"k ls ve`r gks;AA
izsfe;ks ! 'kkL=fofgr deks dks fu"dke Hkko ls djksA fu"dke Hkko ls fd;s x;s deks ls gh rqEgkjs
vUr%dj.k dh 'kqf) gksxhA 'kq) vUr%dj.k esa Kku dk mn; gksxkA efyu vUr%dj.k esa Kku ugha gksxkA
;g er le>uk fd tks cgqr ysDpj nsrk gS] og Kkuh gks x;kA gk] og cksyus&pkyus esa gksf'k;kj t:j gks
x;k fdUrq mldk n; rks vHkh cuk ughaA Kku dk eryc gksrk gS tkuukA fdl pht dks tkuuk \ vkRek
dks tkuuk] bZ'oj dks tkuukA vxj bls tku x;s rks le>ks lcdqN tku x;s] iwjs czk.M dks tku x;sA
exj mls rcrd ugha tkuk tk ldrk tcrd cqf) iw.kZ lkfod u gksA igys rks ;g fopkj djuk gS fd
cqf) efyu gqb Z dSls \ bldh efyurk ds dkj.k vuUr tUeksa ds cqjs laLdkj gSaA bu laLdkjksa dks feVkus
ds fy, ,d gh mik; gS og ;g fd lnk 'kqHk deks esa izo`k jgk tk;A
8

igys NksVh&NksVh vPNh ckrksa ij /;ku nsdj ml ij vkpj.k 'kq# dj nksA tSls ,d lk/kkj.k&lh
ckr rqEgsa crkbZ tkrh gS fd ekal&efnjk dk lsou R;kx nksA tqvk er [ksyks] 'kSrkuh er djksA bruh ckr
Hkh rqe djus dks rS;kj ugha vkSj dgrs gks fd ge rjuk pkgrs gSaA vxj rjuk pkgrs gks rks viuk
vkpkj&O;ogkj rks ifo= djksA tcrd O;ogkj dh 'kqf) ugha gksxh rcrd ijekFkZ dh izk fIr ugha gks
ldrhA ftldk O;ogkj xyr gS mldk ijekFkZ dHkh Bhd ugha gks ldrkA rqEgkjk vkgkj&O;ogkj
tSls&tSls 'kq) gksrk tk;sxk] oSls&oSls rqEgkjk eu lkfod curk tk;sxkA lkfod eu dks gh ijekRek
dk Kku gksxkA
rqe dqN djrs Hkh gks rks mRlkgghu gksdj djrs gksA ;gh dkj.k gS fd ,slk djus dk dksbZ Qk;nk
utj ugha vkrkA gk] rqe pkgrs gks fd nzkSinh dh rjg Hkxoku rqEgkjh Hkh j{kk djsaA exj D;k dHkh lkspk
gS fd rqEgkjk n; nzkSinh tSlk gS \ D;k ehjkokyh HkfDr gS rqeesa \ D;k izg~yknokyk izse gS \ D;k rqeus
vius vUr%dj.k dks 'kq) cuk fy;k gS \ ;fn ,slk ugha gS rks rqe dSls dg ldrs gks fd rqe ij izg~ykn]
ehjk vkfn dh rjg ik dh tk;A Hkxoku rks lcdh enn djus dks rS;kj gSa fdUrq rqEgkjs ikl u rks oSlk
eu gS] u fny vkSj u oSlk HkkoA ;fn Hkxoku dh enn pkgrs gks rks lcls igys rqEgsa vius n; dks ehjk
tSlk cukuk gksxkA Hkxoku dh ik dh ckfjl rks loZnk gksrh jgrh gS fdUrq ml ckfjl dks lEHkkyus ds
fy, ik= gksuk pkfg,A ;fn fdlh uy ds uhps ckYVh mYVh dj j[k nks rks pkgs pkSchlksa ?kaVs uydk pyrk
jgs] ckYVh esa ikuh ugha HkjsxkA mlh izdkj rqeus vius n; dh ckYVh myVdj j[k nh gSA fQj mlesa
ik:ih ve`r dSls Hkjs ! blfy, eSa dgrk gw] lalkj esa izkjC/ko'k ftruk dqN feyuk gS og rks rqEgsa
feysxk gh] mlds fy, gk;&gk; D;ksa djrs gks \ rqEgkjk izkjC/k rqEgkjs 'kjhj cuus ls igys cu pqdk gSA
lq[k&nq[k] gkfu&ykHk ;s lc mlh izkjC/k ds vuqlkj rqEgsa feysaxsA vr% rqe izkjC/k }kjk izkIr
ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa larks"k djksA vuko';d lkalkfjd dkeuk;sa NksM+ nksA Hkxoku ls Hkxoku dks gh ekxksA
ogk dksbZ ykSfdd ckr er djksA Hkxoku dks ik tkus ds ckn l`f"V dh reke phtsa Lor% rqEgkjh gks
tk;saxhA
rqEgha lkspks] dksbZ vkneh rqEgkjs ;gk vkrk gSA mls vxj bPNk gks rh gS fd rqEgkjh veqd pht mls
fey tk;s rks og rqels mldh ekx djrk gSA rqels ekxdj ys ysus ls og Hkh izl gksxk vkSj rqe nsdj Hkh
[kq'k jgkssxsA vxj og fcuk ekxs rqEgkjh pht mBk ys tk;s vFkok tcju ysuk pkgs rks mls ekj Hkh [kkuh
iM+ ldrh gSA blfy, eSa dgrk gw fd rqe nqfu;k ds ekfyd dks jkth dj yks] lkjh phtsa rqEgsa Lor% fey
tk;saxhA ;ksa gh tcjnLrh nkok tekrs fQjrs gks] rHkh rks /kDds [kkus iM+rs gSaA lcdqN ,d fnu ;gha
NksM+dj tkuk iM+sxkA ijekRek dh l`f"V rqEgkjs fy, jph x;h gSA ysfdu blds ikus ds vfkdkjh cudj
gh bls fy;k tk ldrk gSA rqe rks ijekRek dh vkKk ugha ekurs] xq#tuksa vkSj 'kkL=k dh ckrksa dh mis{kk
djrs gks] fnu&jkr viuh vdM+ ds lkeus Hkxoku dks Hkh dqN ugha cw>rs] fQj dSls mEehn djrs gks fd
Hkxoku dh d`ik rqEgsa izkIr gksxhA igys rqe Hkxoku ds vkns'kksa ij pyks] 'kkL= dk vuq'kklu dcwy
djksA 'kkL= ,sls _f"k;ksa ds }kjk jps x;s gSa ftUgksaus lR; dk lk{kkRdkj fd;k FkkA os vktdy ds yksxksa
ds }kjk ugha fy[ks x;s gSaA _f"k;ksa us vius eu dks Hkxoku esa foyhu dj fn;k FkkA fQj muds n; esa tks
vuqHkwfr gqbZ mls gh mUgksaus 'kkL=ksa dk :i ns fn;kA vr% 'kkL=opu dks ekuuk rqEgkjk QtZ gks tkrk gSA rqe
ftruk tkurs gks mruk Hkh dj ldks rks rqEgkjk dY;k.k gks tk;sA rqeesa ls dkSu ugha tkurk fd lR;
cksyuk pkfg,] /kks[kk ugha nsuk pkfg,A rqeus fdruk Bhd fd;k vkSj fdruk xyr] bldk vUnkt yxk
yksA ;fn rqEgkjh cqf) Lohdkj djrh gS fd veqd dke xyr gqvk vkSj fQj Hkh rqe mls djrs gh jgs rks
fQj rqEgkjk lq/kkj dSls gksxk \ viuk bErgku rqEgsa [kqn gh ysrs jguk gSA ftl ckr dks rqEgkjk vUreZu
Bhd Lohdkj djs mls djrs pyksA rqEgkjk fodkl t:j gksxkA
9

dfy;qx ds fy, Hkxoku ds uke Lej.k dh cgqr efgek dgh x;h gSA uke cgqr cM+h pht gSA
blhfy, rks rqylhnkl us dgk& ^jke u ldfga uke xqu xkbZA* og uke rqEgsa crk fn;k x;k gSA rqEgkjh
Hkkouk ds eqrkfcd Hkxoku dk dksbZ Hkh uke rqEgkjs fy, fgrdj gks ldrk gSA uke ls ukeh dks idM+k
tkrk gSA tcrd uke vkSj ukeh dk lEcU/k u gks tk;s rcrd ti iwjk ugha gksrkA tSls gh ti iwjk gks x;k
oSls gh rqEgkjs lkjs iki u"V gks x;sA iki u"V ugha gksus dk dkj.k ;g gS fd vHkh uke ds lkFk ukeh tqV
ugha ik;k gSA vxj rqe fnu Hkj ikuh&ikuh fpYykrs jgks rks rqEgkjh I;kl ugha cq>sxhA ikuh dgus ds lkFk
rqEgkjs gkFk esa ikuh dk fxykl Hkh vk tkuk pkfg,A vc fxykl ds ikuh dks tSls gh ihvksxs] I;kl [kRe gks
tk;sxhA ukeh rHkh idM+ esa vkrk gS tc 'kq) lkfod n; ls uke dk mPpkj.k fd;k tkrk gSA reksxq.k
;k jtksxq.k iz/kku cqf) esa ukeh dk Lo:i ugha mrj ldrkA vr% rqe vius b"V ij iw.kZ J)k vkSj
fo'okl j[kdj muds ekxZ dk vuqlj.k djksA
;g vkJe rqEgkjs xq# egkjkt dk 'kjhj gh gSA ftl izdkj xq# egkjkt ds izfr rqEgkjk Hkko gksrk
gS oSlk gh bu vkJeksa ds izfr Hkh gksuk pkfg,A blfy, vkJeksa dks rhFkZ ekuk x;k gSA lpeqp vxj rqe
vkJeksa esa ifo= Hkkouk ysdj tkvks vkSj ogk vius O;ogkj dks ifo= cuk, j[kks rks ;s vkJe rqEgkjs fy,
rhFkZ cu tk;saxsA fdUrq ;fn ;gk vkdj Hkh lRlax ds uke ij dsoy Hkk"k.k nks vkSj vius vkpj.k ls Hkz"V
gks tkvks] O;ogkj xyr djks rks ;s vkJe rhFkZ dSls cusaxs \ vr% dke ;gh djuk gS fd rqEgsa viuh
Hkkouk dks gh cny nsuk gSA ftldh ftruh ph J)k gksrh gS mldks mlh ds vuq:i Qy feyrk gS A
vkt rqe xq# egkjkt dk tUe fnu eukus vk;s gksA blfy, rqEgkjk QtZ curk gS fd egkjkt tSlk
dgrs gSa oSlk djus yxks rc rks tUefnu eukus dh ckr lp gqbZA
vxj ugha rks tksaokyk yw&iwvk [kkvks vkSj ?kj tkvksA vxj jkLrk pyrs rqEgsa dgha Bksdj yx
tk;s rks ?kcjkvks ughaA rqe fxj Hkh tkvks rks fpUrk dh dksbZ ckr ughaA tgk ,slk gks] rqe FkksM+h nsj ds fy,
Bgj tkvks] vkjke dj yks] fQj vkxs c<+ksA mlh izdkj ;fn rqels dksbZ xyrh gks x;h rks grk'k er gksvksA
xyrh ugha gksrh rks rqe tUe gh D;ksa ysrsA xyrh gksuk LokHkkfod gSA vr% xyrh dks xyrh ekudj xq#
Hkxoku ds Hkjksls vkxs ls mldk R;kx djks] vkxs ls oSlk ugha djus dh izfrKk djks] Hkxoku ls {kek
ekaxksA ;g rqEgkjh igyh eafty gSA ;fn ;gha ij ?kcjk x;s rks fQj vkxs dSls py ikvksxsA blfy, /kS;ZiwoZd
vius jkLrs ij vkxs c<+rs jgksA xq# egkjkt rqEgkjk vo'; dY;k.k djsaxsA
t;xq# % vk'khokZn !

10

opu & 24
LFkku % HkjekM+] fg0iz0

frfFk % 12-7-84

izsfe;ks !
vHkhrd rqeyksxksa us egkRekvksa ds lRlax vkSj Hktu dk vkuUn fy;kA exj vly ckr rc cusxh
tc rqeyksx lRlax dh ckrksa dk euu djksxs vkSj mUgsa vius thou esa mrkjksxs] ugha rks ;g lRlax Hkh
tksaokyk gks tk;sxkA tc eSa jers&jke ?kwerk Fkk rks ,d fnu ,d xko esa BgjkA 'kke ds o cgqr lkjs
HkDr&x`gLFk vkSj t iatkc dh ,d tkfrfo'ks"k ogk bds gks x;sA tksa us viuk gqDdk ihuk 'kq#
fd;kA gqDdk ihrs gq, gh os cksys] ^ckck] vc dqN lqukvksA* eSaus eu esa lkspk] ^;s rks bl rjg cSBs gSa] bUgsa
lquk;k D;k tk;sA* eSaus mudk Hkko j[kus ds fy, dqN dguk 'kq# fd;kA lqurs&lqurs t ?kus yxsA
dqN gh nsj esa lcds lc lks x;sA eSaus lkspk] tc lHkh lks gh x;s rks eSa Hkh lks tkrk gwA bl rjg eSa Hkh ysV
x;k vkSj ns[krk jgk fd buesa ls dksb Z mBs rks eSa Hkh mB tkA muesa ls tc ,d fgyk&Mqyk vkSj mBdj
cSB x;k rks eSa Lo;a Hkh mB cSBkA ihNs dh ckrksa dks vkxs c<+krs gq, eSaus iqu% cksyuk 'kq# fd;k] ^ml jktk
ds ,d yM+dk gqvkA fQj mlus rhj pyk;k] Hkkyk pyk;k vkSj nwljh vksj ls nq'eu igqp x;sA* ml txs
gq, t us lkspk fd ge rks lksrs jg x;s vkSj ;g ckck rHkh ls viuh dgkuh lquk;s tk jgk gSA mlus /kDds
ns&nsdj vius lkfFk;ksa dks txkuk 'kq# fd;kA cksyk] ^mBks&mBks] ve`r dh o"kkZ gks jgh gSA dksbZ HkkX;okyk
gh bl ve`r dks ih,xkA*
rks] bl rjg lRlax lquus ;k lqukus dk dksbZ eryc ugha gksrkA ;g lRlax ugha] mldh
jLevnk;xh gSA bl izdkj ds lRlax ls dksbZ dY;k.k ugha gksrkA tks lpeqp lks;k jgrk gS mls lRlax ds
ve`r dk Lokn ugha feyrkA txs gq, yksxksa dks gh blds iku djus dk lkSHkkX; izkIr gksrk gSA ftlesa
rqEgkjh fu"Bk ugha] J)k ugha] mldk Qy rqe izkIr Hkh dSls dj ikvksxsA tc rqe flusek ns[kus tkrs gks
rks ogk rqEgsa D;ksa uhan ugha vkrh \ ogk rks cjkcj ;g lksprs jgrs gks fd dgha flusek dk dksb Z n`'; NwV u
tk;sA b/kj lRlax esa rqe >ifd;k ysrs jgrs gksA ,slh gkyr esa rqe ckrsa rks Bhd ls lqu gh ugha ikrs] fQj
mUgsa ;kn j[kus dk iz'u gh dgk jgrk gSA tc ckrsa ;kn gh ugha jgha rks muds eqrkfcd pyuk rks vkSj Hkh
nwj dh ckr gqbZA gk] bruk t:j gksrk gS fd rqEgsa lRlax&dFkk lquus dk dqN iq.; t:j gks tkrk gSA
tcrd vius b"V ij vuU; Hkko mRi ugha gksxk rcrd ckr cuusokyh ugha gSA b"V D;k gS] bl
fo"k; ij egkRekvksa us vcrd cgqr dqN crk fn;k gSA bl b"V dh izkfIr dgha ckgj ls ugha dh tkrhA
uketi ls tc vUr%dj.k dh 'kqf) gks tkrh gS rc b"V dh ewfrZ /;ku esa mrjrh gSA ,d Qdhj us vius
psys ls iwNk] ^rqeus ihj ds n'kZu fd;s \* psyk cksyk] ^egkjkt] eSa muds n'kZu rks jkst gh fd;k djrk gwA*
iwNk] ^dgk vkSj dSls djrs gks\* mkj fn;k] ^egkjkt tSls vki cSBs gSa oSls gh rks djrk gwA vki gh rks esj s
ihj gSaA* cksys] ^vjs] ;g rks esjk HkkSfrd 'kjhj gS tks jksx&'kksd ls tdM+k jgrk gSA rqeus rks vcrd bl
tM+ 'kjhj dk n'kZu fd;kA rqEgkjs ihj 'kjhj rks gSa ughaA ihj rks bl 'kjhj ds Hkhrj jgrs gSaA muds fnO;
'kjhj dk rks rqeus vkt rd n'kZu fd;k gh ughaA ;fn lpeqp muds uwjh Lo:i dk rfud Hkh n'kZu gks
tkrk rks rqEgkjk thou gh cny tkrkA*

11

lpeqp vcrd rqe ftls Hkxoku&Hkxoku dgdj iqdkjrs gks ogh Hkxoku rks gSa ughaA bruk lp gS
fd ftl 'kjhj dks xq# Hkxoku ekudj rqe lsok djrs gks mlds vkKkikyu ls okLrfod Hkxoku dks
tkuk tkrk gSA Hkxoku ds vly Lo:i rd rqe rcrd ugha igqp ldrs tcrd muds izfr rqEgkjk
vuU; Hkko u gksA ftl {k.k rqEgkjk Hkko ,slk gks tk,xk] rqe Hkxoku dks tku tkvksxsA vly esa rqeus
vcrd xq# /kkj.k gh ugha fd;k gSA gk] xq# dks iyax esa cSBs vo'; ns[kk gSA rqEgkjs n; esa xq#
fojkteku rks gq, ugha gSA ftl fnu rqEgkjs n; esa xq# dh ewfkZ izdV gksxh mlh fnu rqe mudk fnO;
n'kZu dj ikvksxsA rHkh xq# D;k gSa ;g Hkh le> ikvksxsA esjs xq# egkjkt dgk djrs Fks fd tcrd
f'k"; xq# dh ewfkZ dks viuh f=dqVh esa ugha ns[k ysrk rcrd og fuxqjk gh jgrk gSA vHkh rks tc xq#th
dks cq[kkj vk tkrk gS rks lksprs gks] egkjkt dks gh cq[kkj vk x;k rc gekjk jksx ;s dSls nwj djsaxsA rqe
gdhdr dks rks le>rs ughaA cq[kkj fdls vk;k] bldh le> rqEgsa gS ughaA cq[kkj 'kjhj dks vk;k] xq#
rks 'kjhj ls ijs gSaA
Jh jked`".k ijegal egkjkt dSalj ds nnZ ls djkg jgs FksA rHkh foosdkuUn ds eu esa la'k; mBk
fd tks vius dks jke vkSj ".k dgk djrs FksA os [kqn 'kkjhfjd d"V ls Hkyk bl izdkj rM+i jgs gSa !
mudk vUrHkkZo tkudj Jh jke".knso MkVdj cksys vjs ! vHkh rqEgkjk Hkze ugha x;k \ tks jke Fkk(
tks ".k Fkk ogh vc jke".k gSA flQZ Hkkouk gh ugha rqEgkjs osnkUr dh n`f"V ls Hkh ;gh lp gSA
rqEgsa ;g crk;k tkrk gS fd rqe xq#&njckj dh lsok fu"dke Hkko ls djks A blls rqEgkjs LFkwy
ca/ku <hys gks tk;saxs vkSj rc rqEgkjk eu LFkwy ls lw{e dh vksj izo`k gks tk;sxkA ;fn igys gh lw{e dks
idM+uk pkgksxs rks mls idM+ ugha ldrsA rqylhnkl us dgk gS &
dfytqx dsoy uke v/kkjkA lqfefj lqfefj uj mrjfga ikjkAA
rks izsfe;ks ! rqeyksx vkt ftl okrkoj.k esa iy jgs gks mlesa lh/kk&lknk uketi ds flok dqN dj
Hkh ugha ldrsA nwljs lk/ku rqEgkjs o'k ds gSa ughaA uke rks bruh cM+h pht gS fd ^jke u ldfga uke xqu
xkbZA Hkxoku Lo;a Hkh uke ds xq.kxku esa vleFkZ gSaA rHkh rks dgk gS &
jke ,d rkil fr; rkjhA uke dksfV [ky dqefr lq/kkjhAA
Hkxoku jke us vius pj.kLi'kZ ls iRFkj cuh gqbZ vfgY;k dk m)kj fd;k fdUrq uke bruh cM+h
pht gS ftlus vcrd ,slh djksM+ksa vfgY;kvksa dk m)kj fd;k gSA blhfy, lHkh egkRekvksa vkSj cqtqxks us
bl ;qx ds fy, uketi dh izsj.kk nh gSA ge dqN djrs rks gSa ugha] flQZ dgrs gSa fd dksbZ Qy ugha gksrkA
rqe rks ykSfdd ykHk&gkfu ds ihNs ikxy cus pyrs gksA tSls rqEgkjh xk; nw/k u nsrh gks vkSj ;fn dksb Z mls
Nw&eUrj djds Bhd dj ns rks rqe >V~ mlh dh t; xkuk 'kq# dj nsrs gksA b"V dk ti ihNs iM+ tkrk
gSA ,slh gh <qyeqy fu"Bk gS rqEgkjh rks Qy dgk ls feysxkA ukeea= dh nh{kk Hkh fdlh fl)ihB ls ysuh
gksrh gSA oSls rks rhu dkSM+h ds yksx Hkh ea= nsrs fQj jgs gSa] mlls D;k gksxk !
,dckj ijegal egkjkt th ls feyus ,d cSfjLVj lkgc vk;sA mUgksaus iz'u fd;k] ^egkjkt th]
tks uke vki crkrs gSa ml uke dks rks ge Hkh crk ldrs gSaA fQj vki gh ls eU= ysus dk D;k vkSfpR; gS \*
cksys] ^;g Bhd gS fd rqe gekjh gh rjg eU= ns ldrs gks( mins'k Hkh dj ldrs gks fdUrq tc rqEgkjs
ij eqgj gh ugha yxh gS rks vius HkDrksa dh ftEesokjh rqe dSls fuHkk ikvksxs \* igys ;g rks crkvks fd
rqe dke D;k djrs gks \* cksyk] ^th] eSa rks cSfjLVj gwA* egkjkt th us dgk] ^D;k rqEgkjk dksb Z equhe Hkh
gS \* tokc fn;k ^th gk] ,d eqU'kh gSA* cksys] ^og rqEgkjs fy, D;k djrk gS \* dgk] ^og esjh odkyr
dh fdrkcksa dks <ksrk gS vkSj ftl eqofDdy ls ckr djrk gw mldh Qhl eqdjZj djrk gSA Qkby lEca/kh
lkjs dke ogh fucVkrk gS] eSa rks flQZ dkuwu dh ckrsa djrk gwA* cksys] ^og lcdqN tkurk vkSj djrk gh
gS rks ;fn og rqEgkjs cnys vnkyr esa cgl djuk pkgs rks D;k vnkyr mldh cgl dks ekU;rk nsxh \*
og rks fujk eqU'kh gS] mlds ikl cSfjLVjh ;k odkyr dh dksbZ lun ugha fQj og dSls djsxk cgl \
12

Bhd blh rjg eU= tkurs gq, Hkh rqe nwljksa dks mldk mins'k ugha dj ldrsA dkj.k] rqe blds
vfkdkjh ugha gks vkSj u gh blesa dksbZ rqEgkjh flf) gSA rqEgkjs }kjk fn;s x, mins'k dk u rks dksb Z
Qk;nk gksxk vkSj u yksxksa ij mldk vlj iM+sxkA
;gh dkj.k gS fd lcls eU= ugha fy;k tkrkA fdlh fl)ihB esa dksb Z fl)xq# ;k lk/kd gh eU=k
nsus dk vfkdkjh gksrk gSA oSls eU= esa 'kfDr blfy, gksrh gS fd mlesa u dsoy ml lk/kd fo'ks"k dk
cfYd ml ijEijk ls lEc) lkjs xq#vksa dk vk'khokZn lkFk gksrk gSA
tks ckr Bhd gS vkSj lR; gS mldks viukdj pyus ls rqEgkjs thou dk m)kj gks ldrk gSA ;g
dke fdlh Hkh cukoVh ckr ls ugha gks ldrkA dkxt ds Qwyks a ls [kw'kcw ugha vkrhA pkgs ,sls Qwy ij ls
fdrus Hkh pVd D;ksa u gksa] muesa lqxU/k dgk ls vk;sxkA vr% mYVh&lh/kh ckrksa dks lqudj vius
fo'okl esa QdZ ugha ykuk pkfg,A viuh J)k vkSj fo'okl dks iDdk ,oa n`<+ j[kuk pkfg,A
rqe bl lalkj esa euq"; cudj ,d egku dk;Z ds fy, vk;s gksA fut Lo:i dks le>uk] eks{k
dh izkfIr djuk] lR; dks tkuuk rqEgkjk y{; gSA bl ms'; dh iwfrZ ds fy, rqEgsa dbZ ckj vusd
rjhdksa ls le>k;k x;kA nwljs yksx dgrs gSa fd Hkxoku dks <w<+ksA fdUrq eSa dgrk gw] NksM+ks Hkxoku dks]
Hkxoku rks cgqr cM+h pht gSA rqe bls <w<+us ds ctk; igys vius eu dks lq/kkjks vkSj mls 'kq) djksA
Hkxoku rks Lor% fey tk;sxkA ,d Qdhj dgrk gS &
[kqnk rks fey Hkh tkrk gS exj balk ugha feyrkA ;s oks pht gS tks ns[kh dgha dghaAA
vFkkZr~ [kqnk dk feyuk vklku gS exj vkneh dk feyuk eqf'dy gSA vkneh dgrs fdls gSa \ bl
izdkj ds gkFk] eqg] ukd] dku] Vkxokys dks vkneh ugha dgrsA ftlesa vknfe;r gks ogh vkneh gksrk gSA
rqe vius vkidks vkneh cuk yks rks le>ks] rqeus lcdqN cuk fy;kA rqe vius eu ds ij gkoh gks
tkvks] cl ckr cu x;hA jko.k tSlk ;ks)k Hkh y{e.k ls dgrk gS &
tx thrus ls c<+dj gS ul thr ysukA bl ul gh ds ekjs eSa ekjk tk jgk gwAA
rks] lEiw.kZ fo'o dks thr ysuk vFkok lkjs lalkj dks vius o'k esa dj ysuk vklku gS] ysfdu eu
dh oklukvksa dks thruk vklku ugha gSA eu ds thrrs gh lkjk fo'o gekjs vkhu gks tk,xk] lkjs nq'eu
Hkh gekjs fe= cu tk;saxsA vHkh rks gekjs fe= Hkh nq'eu cus gq, gSa( D;ksafd fdlh va'k esa gekjs n; esa
muds fy, dqN }s"k gSA vxj gekjk n; 'kq) gks tk;s rks Hkxoku izR;{k gks tk;sxkA rqeus ,sls vu sd
egkiq#"kksa ds fo"k; esa i<+k gS ftudk vfgalkozr bruk ik Fkk fd flag vkSj liZ Hkh muds pj.kksa esa flj
>qdkrs FksA
tks dqN vHkh eSa rqels dg jgk gw] og dksbZ ubZ pht ugha gS vkSj u gh og esjh viuh gSA eSaus Hkh
vius cqtqxks ls lquk gS] i<+k gSA eq>s mlesa lR;rk izrhr gqb Z] fnypLih gqbZ] fQj cqt qxks dk vkns'k gqvk fd
mu vkn'kks dks eSa nqfu;k esa izpkfjr d:A
ns[kks] 'kh'ks esa viuk eqg ns[kus esa fdruh nsj yxrh gSA lkeus x;s ugha fd eqg fn[kkbZ fn;kA
ysfdu ;g rHkh gksrk gS tc vk[k Hkh Bhd gks vkSj 'kh'kk Hkh lkQ gksA vHkh rks fLFkfr ;g gS fd 'kh'ks ij
/kwy iM+h gqbZ gS vkSj vk[kksa esa eksfr;kfcan gSA dgrs gks] ^vanj dqN fn[kkbZ ugha nsrk egkjkt th] dY;k.k
dj nksA lkr lky C;kg fd;s gks x;s] yM+dk ugha gqvkA* vc crkvks] eS a Hkxoku dh ckr d: ;k yM+ds
dh\ esjk rks ;g fuf'pr er gS gS fd tks rqEgkjs izkjC/k esa gSa mls dksb Z Vky ugha ldrkA dgk gS&
izkjC/k igys cuk ihNs cuk 'kjhjA rqylh fpUrk er djks Hkt yks Jh j?kqohjAA
tc rqEgkjk 'kjhj cuus ds igys gh rqEgkjk izkjC/k cuk fn;k x;k rks mls dkSu cny ldrk gSA rqe
rks ihls gq, vkVs dks gh ckj&ckj ihl jgs gksA tc izkjC/k ls lcdqN fuf'pr gks x;k rc mlh dks fQj ls
D;ksa ekx jgs gks \
13

ik djus ds fy, ckj&ckj vkxzg djrs gksA rqEgsa Hkxoku us vcrd tks dqN Hkh fn;k gS mldk
lnqi;ksx fd;k rqeus \ rqe vius ukSdj dks iPpkl #i;s nsdj ckgj Hkstks vkSj og iSls fNik ys] rqE gsa
pkyhl dk gh lkSnk ns vkSj rqe bls tku tkvks rks D;k fQj rqe mlds gtkj ekxus ij Hkh #i;s nksxs dHkh
\ Hkxoku us rqEgsa tks dqN nsdj Hkstk Fkk mldk lnqi;ksx rks rqeus fd;k ughaA rqe rks mldk mi;ks x
xyr jkLrs esa djrs vk;s gksA fQj D;k Hkxoku rqEgkjh Bxh dks ugha le>rk gS \ ml eqlyeku dh rjg
vius dks /kks[ks esa u Mkys jgukA
,d eqlyeku Fkk tks jkstk j[ks gq, FkkA tc tksj dh I;kl yxh rks lkspk] xko&?kj esa yksxksa dks
fn[kkdj ikuh ih yw rks og eq>s dkfQj dgsaxsA fQj dSls ikuh fi;k tk;A mlus ,d pkykdh dhA Luku
ds cgkus ,d unh esa x;k vkSj mlesa xksrk yxk fy;kA uhps tkdj nks&pkj ?kwV ikuh ih fy;k vkSj fQj
viuk flj ckgj fudkykA fdukjs ij ,d ekSyoh [kM+k FkkA mls ns[kdj cksyk] ^vjs] rw ;g D;k dj jgk
Fkk \* tokc fn;k] ^eSa rks og dke dj jgk Fkk ftls [kqnk Hkh ugha tkurkA* ml cso dwQ dks mldk irk
ugha Fkk fd [kqnk tSls ikuh ds ij gS oSls gh mlds Hkhrj Hkh gSA og rks d.k&d.k esa lek;k gqvk gSA mls
gekjk lcdqN irk gSA rqe Hkxoku ls gh Bxh djus yxks rks blls cM+h ew[kZrk dh ckr nwljh ugha gks
ldrhA
Hkxoku ls dqN ekxuk gh gks rks muls mUgha dks ekx yksA tc Hkxoku gh rqEgkjs gks tk;saxs rks fQj
dqN ekxus dh t:jr gh ugha jg tk;sxhA rqe Hkxoku ls nqfu;k dh phtsa D;ksa ekxrs gks \ ftlus rqEgsa
'kjhj fn;k gS mlus ,d fuf'pr dky ds fy, t:jh lkeku nsdj rqEgsa Hkstk gSA ftl fnu mldh nh gqb Z
pht [kRe gks tk;sxh ml fnu rqe Hkh ;gk ls dwp dj tkvksxsA fQj ekx&ekxdj viuh vkSj Hkxoku
dh rkSghuh D;ksa djrs gks \ rqe fdlh ds ?kj tkrs gks vkSj ogk lts gq, dejksa esa Vh0oh0] VsijsdkWMZj
vkfn phtsa ns[krs gks rks yyp tkrs gks mUgsa ikus ds fy,A ;fn ;s lkeku rqEgsa Hkh pkfg, rks ?kj ds ekfyd ls
izse dj yksA ekfyd ;fn pkgsxk rks rqEgsa ,d gh nQk esa ;s lkjh phtsa ns nsxkA vxj rqe pqjkus dh dksf'k'k
djksxs rks fQj le> yks] D;k gky gksxkA MaMs gh [kkvksxs u \ blh izdkj rqe Hkxoku ds ?kj esa jgdj
Hkh mlh ls Bxh dj jgs gks ! Hkxoku dHkh rqEgkjh bu Bfx;ksa esa ugha vk ldrkA og rks rqEgkjs n; esa
izfriy fojkteku gSA rqe ;fn dqN djuk pkgrs gks rks igys vius Hkhrj >kddj ns[kksA ;fn Hkhrj ls
vuqdwy vkokt feyrh gks rks le>ks] rqe Bhd dj jgs gksA ,sls dke djus esa vo'; gh rqEgsa Hkxoku dh
enn feysxhA vxj rqEgkjk eu dgrk gS fd ;g Bhd ugha gS vkSj fQj Hkh rqe oSlk djrs gks rks bldk
foijhr Qy feydj jgsxkA ;gk Hkxoku rqEgkjh dksbZ enn ugha dj ldrkA
vr% rqe bl lalkj esa izkjC/k ds Hkksxksa dks Hkksxrs gq, Hkh viuk dY;k.k dj ldrs gksA ;g blfy,
fd rqEgsa ,d fo'ks"k vfkdkj ^ohVks ikoj* feyk gqvk gSA tSls gh rqe euq"; 'kjhj esa vk;s oSls gh rqEgsa
^ohVks* dh ;g 'kf lkSai nh x;hA rqe viuh 'kf dk mi;ksx bl Hkolkxj ls ikj mrjus esa dj ldrs
gksA ;fn lqizhe dksVZ esa ;g QSlyk gks tk;s fd veqd vijkkh dks Qklh ns nh tk;s rks jk"Vifr dks ;g
vf/kdkj gksrk gS fd os pkgsa rks mls ekQ Hkh dj ldrs gSaA blh izdkj rqe Hkh bl oDr pkSjklh yk[k
;ksfu;ksa esa jk"Vifr gksdj iSnk gq, gksA rqe dksbZ ekewyh gLrh ugha gksA blhfy, Hkxoku us rqEgsa ;g fo'ks"k
'kf iznku dh gS fd rqe vius izkjC/k ds Hkksxksa dks Hkksxrs gq, Hkh Hkxoku ds ikl igqp ldrs gksA ;fn
rqe viuh 'kf dks u igpkuks vkSj bldk lgh mi;ksx u djks rks blesa Hkxoku dk D;k nks"kA rqEgkjs
fy, tks jkLrk crk;k x;k gS] rqe mls NksM+dj nwljs jkLrksa esa HkVdrs tk jgs gksA rkTtqc gS fd tku
cw>dj vius dks xqejkg dj jgs gksA rqe ;g vPNh rjg tkurs gks vkSj le>rs gks fd rqEgsa ;gk jguk ugha
gS] ejuk vo'; gSA ;g tku cw>dj Hkh rqe >wB&lkp vkSj Bxh ds pDdj esa D;ksa iM+s gq, gks \
izkjC/k esa ftruk fuf'pr gS og rks feyuk gh gSA vr% viuh dkeukvksa ij dkcw djds iq#"kkFkZ
djksA iq#"kkFkZ esa izekn ugha gksuk pkfg,A iq#"kkFkZ ls tks pht rqEgsa izkIr gksxh mls Hkksxus esa nks"k ugha gksrkA
14

oLrqr% rqe Bxh nwljksa ls ugha] vius&vki ls djrs gksA rqe rks ;g le>rs gks fd nwljksa dks Bx jgs
gks] ywV jgs gksA ysfdu rqEgsa bldk irk ugha gksrk fd rqe [kqn yqVs tk jgs gksA tc Lo;a dks gh /kks[kk nsus esa
yxs gq, gks rks fQj rqEgsa dkSu lHkkysA ;fn rqe viuk dY;k.k djuk u pkgks rks czk Hkh rqEgkjk dY;k.k
ugha dj ldrsA
rhu rjg dh ik rqEgsa feyrh gS bZ'ojik] xq#ik vkSj vkReikA bZ'oj us ik dh rks
rqEgsa euq"; 'kjhj feykA xq# us ik dh rks Hkop ls NwVus ds fy, lk/ku dk Kku izkIr gqvkA vc
rhljh ik rqEgsa [kqn djuh gksxh fd xq# }kjk crk;s lk/ku dk vH;kl djksA ;gh gS vkReikA tcrd
vkReik ugha gksxh rcrd 'ks"k nksuksa ik, /kjh dh kjh jg tk,xhA vkReik ls gh dY;k.k lEHko gSA
rqe dgrs gks] egkjkt] ik djsaA eSa Hkh dgrk gw] rqEgha vius ij ik djksA xq# vkSj bZ'oj dh ik
rks rqEgsa gj le; miyC/k gSaA dchj dgrs gSa&
vk/kh lkf[k dchj dh dksfV xzUFk dk Kku]
uke lR; tx >wB gS lqjr&'kCn igpkuA
eryc ;g fd nqfu;k ds lkjs xzUFkksa dk Kku dchj dh vk/kh lk[kh esa gh lek;k gqvk gS A cl blh
dks rks le> ysuk gSA bls le>rs gh uketi ds izfr rqEgkjh izhfr c<+us yxsxh vkSj ,d fnu mlh ds
ek/;e ls rqe ukeh dks Hkh gkfly dj yksxsA
vcrd rqe ftruh ckrsa tku pqds gks os de ugha gSA t:jr gS flQZ muij vey djus dhA [kqn
jksVh [kkvksxs rHkh isV HkjsxkA nwljksa ds [kkus ls rqEgkjk isV dHkh ugha Hkj ldrkA pkgs ikd'kkL=k dh
lkjh fdrkcsa i<+ tkvks] fcuk [kk, r`fIr ugha gksxhA vr% lRlax dh ckrsa rqEgkjs v/;kRe&lk/ku dh
[kqjkd gSA xazFkksa ds ikB ek= ls dqN Hkh izkIr gksus dks ughaA ikB djus ls dqN iq.; t:j fey tk;sxkA
mlls tks izsj.kk feyrh gS mlij vius dks pykvks rks lghA ;fn pyksxs ugha rks ckr ugha cusxhA pyuk rqEgsa
gh iM+sxkA ;fn esjk dFku Bhd yxs rks mlij vey djks vkSj ;fn xyr yxs rks mls NksM+ nksA
t;xq# % vk'khokZn !

15

opu && 25
LFkku % HkjekM+ fg0 iz0

frfFk % 19-7-84
vkJeoklh HkDr ds chp

izsfe;ks !
rqe dksbZ Hkh dke djrs gks rks rqEgkjk eu vUnj ls dg nsrk gS fd og lgh gS ;k xyrA ;fn eu
fdlh dke ls rqEgsa jksd Hkh jgk gS vkSj rqe mls fd;s tk jgs gks rks bldk eryc ;gh gqv k fd rqe Lo;a
vius dks Bx jgs gksA rqEgkjs njckj esa oDr ds eqrkfcd tks ljy vkSj lh/kh lk/ku&izf;k cqtqxks ds
}kjk crk;h x;h gS mlls vklku dksbZ nwljh izf;k dgha nwljh txg ugha feysxhA ftl izf;k dks lar
igys vius dqN pqus gq, f'k";ksa dks gh crk;k djrs Fks mls gh ;gk rqEgsa crk;k tkrk gSA ysfdu ns[kks] cht
ogha ij mxrk gS tgk tehu igys ls gh Bhd cuh gqb Z gksA vxj tehu gh u cuh rks cht dSls mxsxkA ;fn
dsoy lRik=ksa dks utj esa j[kdj gh uke&mins'k fn;k tk;s rc rks vkt rqeyksxksa esa 'kk;n gh dksbZ oSlk
ik= fey ik;sxkA fQj rks mins'k dk flyflyk gh cUn dj nsuk iM+sxkA rqe lcdks mins'k ;gh lkspdj
fn;k tkrk gS fd rqe /khjs&/khjs vius eu dh tehu dks mitk cukrs tkvkxs vkSj dHkh u dHkh mlesa
Mkyk x;k cht vadqfjr gksxkA rqEgkjs eu dh mlh tehu dks nq# 'r djus ds fy, bl njckj esa
lsok&Hkko dks ego fn;k x;k gSA lsok dksb Z ekewyh pht ughaA rqylhnkl us dgk gS &
lc rs lsod /kje dBksjk A flj cy tkm mfpr vl eksjk AA
bl rjg ti] ri] ;ksx vkfn lHkh deks ls cM+k gS lsok keZA ftlus lso k ds bl eeZ dks igpku
fy;k vkSj mlds eqrkfcd vius vkpj.k dks <ky fy;k mlds dY;k.k dks dksbZ jksd ugha ldrkA
dgk x;k gS ^uV lsodfga u C;kiS ek;kA* vFkkZr~ lPps lso d ij Hkxoku dh ek;k dk vlj ugha
gksrk] oSls gh tSls enkjh dk [ksy fn[kkusokys ds tknw&earj dk vlj mlds tEcwjs lkFk ds cPps ij
dqN ugha iM+rkA ysfdu nq[k gS fd vkt yksx lsok ds ego dks le>rs ughaA os rks ;gh le>rs gSa fd tSl s
vius ?kjksa esa dke fd;s tkrs gSa oSls gh ;gk njckj esa Hkh djuk gksrk gSA ysfdu os Hkwy tkrs gSa fd fdlh
dke ds Hkhrj fNik gqvk Hkko gh mls lsok dh dksfV esa yk nsrk gSA ij&ij ?kj rFkk njckj ds dke esa
dksbZ QdZ utj ugha vkrk fdUrq QdZ cgqr cM+k gSA ;gk dk dke fu"dke Hkko ls fd;k tkrk gSA vr% og
eu dh 'kqf) dk dkj.k gks tkrk gSA eu dks 'kq) djus ds fy, blls vklku dksb Z nwljk rjhdk ugha
gksrkA tSls gh eu 'kq) gqvk fd tehu rS;kj gks x;hA vc ml tehu esa xq# egkjkt }kjk Mkyk x;k
chtea= fodflr gksuk 'kq: gks tkrk gSA tks yksx lsok ds uke ij Bxh djrs gSa Ny&diV djrs gSa] mudh
lsok dHkh QyhHkwr ugha gksrhA
;gk bl njckj esa Hkh dbZ ckj dqN ,sls yksx vk x;s ftUgksaus lsok ds uke ij Bxh djuh 'kq# dj
nhA ,slk ugha fd xq# egkjkt mudh Bxh dks le>rs ugha FksA os le>rs rks lc Fks fdUrq mUgsa vk'kk Fkh
fd /khjs&/khjs nwljksa dh ns[kkns[kh os lgh jkLrs ij vk tk;saxsA pwfd bl izdkj ds yksxksa dk eu Hkhrj ls
cM+k detksj gksrk gS] vr% muij MkV&QVdkj dk Hkh foijhr izHkko iM+ ldrk gSA MkV rks ;gk mls nh
tkrh gS tks viuh lsok esa lPpk gksrk gS vkSj bl lPpkbZ ds dkj.k mldk n; Hkhrj ls n`<+ gksrk gSA xq#
egkjkt dks tgk MkVuk t:jh yxrk gS ogk os ,sls gh etcwr fnyokyksa dks MkVrs gSa rkfd detksj
euokys Hkh b'kkjk le>dj vius dks lq/kkj ldsaA

16

,d dgkor gS & MkVuk gks ^uw* dks rks MkVrh gS ^kh* dksA vFkkZr~ lkl dks tc ?kj esa u;h vkbZ gqb Z
cgw dks MkVuk gksrk gS rks og mls u MkVdj viuh csVh dks QVdkj lqukrh gSA ;fn cgw pkykd vkSj
le>nkj gqb Z rks lkl dh bl MkV ds eeZ dks le>dj [kqn vius dks lq/kkj ysxhA Bhd blh izdkj
njckj ds dPps euokys yksxksa dh fLFkfr gksrh gSA mudh xyfr;ksa dks tku&cw>dj Hkh xq# egkjkt
vutku cus jgrs gSaA O;ogkj esa ,sls yksxksa dh Hkh viuh dqN Hkwfedk gksrh gSA vxj muds eu dks rksM+
fn;k tk;s rks os mpVdj pys tk;saxs vkSj ;gk ds O;ogkj esa deh iM+ tk;sxhA ftu yksxksa us gekjs b'kkjs
dks ugha le>k vkSj xyrh ij xyrh djrs x;s mudk eu fnuksfnu efyu iM+rk x;k vkSj u rks os njckj
ds dkfcy jg x;s vkSj u [kqn vius dkfcyA os ckck cuus ds fy, cspSu jgrs gSaA ge iwNrs gSa fd ckck nks
iSlksa dk cuuk pkgrs gks ;k nks gtkj dk \ vxj nks iSlksa dk ckck cuuk gh eatwj gS rks cM+k vklku rjhdk
gSA nks iSls dk jax ykdj diM+k jax yks vkSj cu tkvks ckckA fdUrq bl jax esa jaxus dk rks dksbZ eryc
gqvk ughaA ;g rks oSlk gh gks x;k tSlk dchj us dgk gS &
eu u jaxk;s jaxk;s tksxh diM+kA nf<+;k c<+k;s tksxh gks xSys cdjk AA
bl njckj esa rks dqN ,sls lso d Hkh feysaxs tks chlksa lky ls lsok esa yxs gq, gSaA mUgsa ckck cuus dk
dHkh [;ky Hkh ugha gksrkA ;gh lPph lso dkbZ gSA ,slk lso d lgh ekus esa ckckvksa dk Hkh ckck gksrk gS] Hkys
gh mls ckck dk fyckl ugha fn;k x;k gksA tks nks iSlksaokys ckck gksrs gSa muds eu ls nqfu;knkjh rks x;h ugha
gksrhA mUgsa Hks"k feyus ij Hkh mldh e;kZnk dk dksbZ [;ky ugha jgrk vkSj os iqu% viuh ukuh&ekSlh ds
?kj ?kweuk 'kq# dj nsrs gSaA bl izdkj ckck cudj Hkh os vius fy, nqfu;knkjh dh nqdku ilkj ysrs gSaA
,sls gh yksx ckck ds Hks"k dks cnuke djrs gSa vkSj yksxksa dh utj esa njckj dk ego Hkh fxjk nsrs gSaA
lPps lso d dks viuh lsok dk dHkh vfHkeku ugha gksrkA lsok/keZ rks vfHkeku dks rksM+us ds fy,
gksrk gSA ;fn lso d dks ,slk yxus yxk fd mlds fcuk njckj dk dke py gh ugha ldrk rks le>ks]
mldk iru 'kq: gks x;kA njckj dk dke rks fdlh ds fcuk #d ugha ldrkA dkj.k] ;g fdlh dk
O;fDrxr ?kj ugha gS vkSj u gh fdlh dh viuh tk;nkn gSA ;g rks dqnjr dk ?kj gS tks dqnjrh rkSj ij
pyrk jgrk gS vkSj pyrk jgsxkA rqEgsa blesa blfy, yxk;k tkrk gS fd rqEgkjk viuk lqkkj gks ldsA ;fn
rqEgkjs eu esa ;g Hkko gks fd rqe njckj dks cukus ;k lq/kkjus ds fy, vk;s gks rks ;g rqEgkjh lcls cM+h
Hkwy gSA rqEgsa rks blds fy, xq# egkjkt dk ,glkueUn gksuk pkfg, fd mUgksaus rqEgsa njckj ds fdlh
dke esa yxk;kA ;gk yxdj rks rqEgkjs vUnj ,glku dk] nhurk dk Hkko lnk cus jguk pkfg, rHkh
rqEgkjh :gkuh rjh gksxhA blds foijhr rqeesa ;fn vius fy, fdlh cM+Iiu ;k ;ksX;rk dk Hkko vkus
yxsxk rks le>ks] rqe lsok vkSj HkfDr ds ekxZ ls xqejkg gks x;s vkSj uhps fxjus yxsA
veweu lalkj esa rhu rjg ds yksx ik;s tkrs gSa & ,d rks os tks fcYdqy ljy vkSj fu"diV gksr s gSaA
nwljs os tks Kkuh vkSj riLoh gksrs gSa vkSj rhljs os tks bu nksuksa ds chp ds gksrs gSaA tks fcYdqy lh/ks gSa ;k
fQj tks mke dksfV ds Kkuh gksrs gSa] os vklkuh ls eafty rd igqp tkrs gSaA lalkj lkxj dks ikj djuk
,sls nksuksa izdkj ds thoksa ds fy, vklku gksrk gSA fdUrq bu nksuksa ds chp ds tks yksx gksrs gSa os u bkj ds
gksrs gSa u m/kj dsA os vius jkLrs ls dc HkVd tk;saxs] dgk ugha tk ldrkA lEHko gS] mudk dksbZ fiNyk
'kqHk laLdkj ,dk,d tx tk;s ftlls os vkxs Hkh fudy tk;sa vFkok ;fn cqjs laLdkjksa ds pDdj esa iM+
x;s rks os ihNs Hkh eqM+ ldrs gSaA
igys fdLe ds yksxksa esa /kk tkV dks fy;k tk ldrk gSA /kk dqN ugha tkurk FkkA mlds fy,
dkyk v{kj HkSal cjkcj FkkA fdUrq ;g lknxh gh mldh 'kfDr cu cSBhA ftl Bkdqj dh ewfkZ dh og
iwtk fd;k djrk Fkk og mldh n`f"V esa tM+ ugha psru FkhA dkykUrj esa lpeqp og tM+ iRFkj mlds fy,
psru cu x;k vkSj mlh dh iwtk ls /kUuk dks viuh eafty fey x;hA ,sls gh yksxksa ds fy, dgk x;k gSA
17

^^Hkksys Hkko jh>S j?kqjkbZA** Hkxoku rks bl izdkj ds n;okyksa ds ij tYnh [kq'k gks tkrs gSaA ;k
oSls yksxksa dks tYnh fey tkrs gSa tks mPp dksfV ds lkkd vkSj riLoh gksrs gSaA Hkxoku dks ikus ds fy,
fdlh prqjkbZ ls dke ugha py ldrkA rqeyksx u rks lkns n; ds HkDr gh curs gks vkSj u gh ph
lk/kuk esa gh yxrs gksA bl ean laLdkj ds dkj.k gh njckj esa vkdj Hkh pepekrs twrs vkSj vPNh
iks'kkd [kkstrs gksA ckgjh fyckl pkgs fdruh Hkh pded gks mlls v;kRe ds jkT; esa izo s'k ugha ik;k
tk ldrkA ml igukos ls rks eukso`fk;k cfgeqZ[k gksrh gSa vkSj lalkj dh vksj izo`fk c<+rh gSA ftl fnu
rqe fny ls lk/kq cu tkvksxs ml fnu nqfu;k ds lkjs foHko Lor% rqEgkjs gks tk;saxsA
blhfy, dgrk gw] rqEgkjs tSls yksxksa ds fy, lsok ls c<+dj nwljk dksbZ lk/ku ugha gSA rqe lPps
eu ls lsok djksA xq# egkjkt ds ukrs njckj dh lsok esa yxus ls n; lkQ gksrk tk;sxk vkSj ,d fnu
lR; dk izdk'k rqeesa mrjus yxsxkA
rqe fdlh pht ls eksg er djksA ;g njckj u rqEgkjk gS u esjkA ;g rks xq# Hkxoku ds fopkjksa ds
izpkj dk dsUnz gSA ;gk ij ls fdlh dks dqN cuus dh t:jr ugha gksrhA vUn#uh rkSj ij tks xq#
egkjkt ds fopkjksa ij pyuk 'kq# dj nsrk gS rFkk mu Hkkoukvksa esa n`<+ gksrk gS og Lor% ;gk lEeku dk
vf/kdkjh gks tkrk gSA ,sls gh yksx ;gk dh jkgojh Hkh djrs gSaA rqe lcdks pkfg, fd tks xq# egkjkt ds
Hkkoksa ij pyusokyk gks] lPpk xq#eq[k gks] lcds izfr fu"i{k vkSj lcdk Lusgh gks mldh jkgojh esa
py+ksA tks bl izdkj jkgojh djusokys yksx gksa mUgsa Hkh pkfg, fd os [kqn vius dks ekfyd u le>sa
cfYd lnk vius&vki esa xq# Hkxoku ds lsod gksus dk Hkko cuk;s j[ksaA njckj ds yksxksa dks I;kj rFkk
funsZ'ku Hkh xq# egkjkt dh rjQ ls mudh lsok le>dj nsaA fdlh ij jksc rFkk vfHkeku gfxZt u
fn[kk;saA dkj.k] xq# njckj esa dksbZ egar ugha gksrkA egarh dks rks gekjs ;gk cM+k gh rqPN crk;k x;k gSA
esjs xq# egkjkt dgrs Fks &
egar eqde pkS/kjh dkuwuxks dksroky A bu ikpksa dh xfr ugha pkgs tue /kjsa lkS ckj AA
rqe egar er cuksA ;gk ftUgsa cM+k cuk;k tk;s os Hkh vius eu ls lcds lsod cus jgsaA lsok Hkko ls
gh os njckj ds lHkh dk;Z djsaA gk] muds n; esa mPp lkfod Hkko t:j Hkjs gksaA ftudk n; egku
gksxk mUgha ds ij dqnjr dk jkt izdV gksxkA nqfu;k [kqn muds ihNs yx tk;sxh] lalkj mUgsa vius
flj&vk[kksa ij /kkj.k djsxkA vr% n; ls egku cuks] Hkkoukvksa dks ifo= cukvksA rqe rks nqfu;k xokdj
vk, gks ;gk lko dekus ds fy,] ifo= Hkko cukus ds fy,A tc rqEgsa ;gk Hkh gd] gqdwer vkSj ,s'o;Z dk
yksHk djrs ns[krk gw rks eq>s cM+h fujk'kk gksrh gSA vjs rqe lPps lk/kq rks cuks] lalkj [kqn rqEgkjs pj.kksa esa
>qd tk;sxkA vxj lalkj dks idM+uk pkgksxs rks og rks feysxk ugha] ;g Hkh NwV tk;sxkA Hkxoku dh
l`f"V rqEgkjh gh rks gSA firk dk dqy foHko iq= dk gh gksrk gSA fdUrq igys Hkxoku dks viuk cuk yksA
lPps eu ls Hkxoku dk iq= cu tkvks] cl l`f"V ds lexz ,s'o;Z ds ekfyd rqe Lor% cu tkvksxsA ;fn
cki ls Bxh djds mldk ,s'o;Z ysuk pkgksxs rks og ugha feysxkA
;gk Hkxoku ds njckj esa Hkh dqN nqfu;koh [;kyksa ds yksx vk tkrs gSaA dkj.k] ;gk fdlh dks vkus
ls jksd rks gS ughaA Qdhj ds njckj esa njoku ugha gksrkA 'kSrkuh :gsa vkdj ;gk dk ekgkSy [kjkc djus
yxrh gSaA LokFkZ vkSj yksHk ds dkj.k ;gk dh lkfodrk esa [kyy iM+us yxrk gSaA mUgha xyr yksxksa dh
otg ls njckj fcxM+ tkrk gS vkSj cnukeh dk dkj.k curk gSA rqEgsa oSls 'kSrku yksxksa ds pDdj esa ugha
iM+uk pkfg,A oSls LokFkhZ yksxksa dk loZFkk fojks/k djuk pkfg,A os njckj ds fy, tgj gSa] mUgsa dHkh
izksRlkgu ugha nsuk pkfg,A xq# egkjkt ds vkn'kks ds fo#) pyusokys] nqeZfr] LokFkhZ vkSj vfHkekuh dk
rks lcdks feydj fojks/k djuk pkfg,A tks dksbZ vius ls xq# curk gks] egar curk gks] vius eku vkSj
in dk vfHkeku djrk gks] og dkbZ vknj dk ik= ugha gksrkA :gkfu;r esa mldk ntkZ ux.; gksrk gSA
og xq# egkjkt dh ik dk ik= dHkh ugha cu ldrkA esjh vuqifLFkfr esa Hkh ftls xq#ea= nsus dh vkKk
18

nh x;h gks og bZekunkjh ls xq# egkjkt ds ea= dks mUgha dh rjQ ls iznku djsA f'k"; dk ru] eu] /ku
xq# Hkxoku ij viZ.k djkosA Lo;a rks ek= lk{kh cudj mins'k djsA xq# gfxZt u cusA xq# cuuk cPpksa
dk [ksy ugha gksrkA xq# ijekRek ds cjkcj gksrk gSA mls f'k"; ds leLr iki&rki dk ftEesokj cuuk
gksrk gSA vuf/kdkjh yksx xq# cudj f'k";ksa dks rks xqejkg djrs gh gSa] [kqn dk Hkh csM+k xdZ djrs gSaA
mUgsa egku iki dk Hkkxh cuuk iM+rk gSA vr% egkRekvksa dks lnk lko/kku jguk pkfg,A os lso dksa dk ny
u ck/ksaA xq# Hkxoku dh vksj ls mins'k djsaA [kqn esa iafMrkbZ dk vfHkeku dHkh u ykosaA ,slk Hkko cukus
ls gh mudk v/;kRe esa mRFkku gksxk vkSj mudh jkgojh ls nwljksa dk Hkh dY;k.k gksxkA
vkJe esa dksbZ euekuh u djsA lHkh ;gk ds mlwy viukrs gq, pysaA rqEgkjk eu vkt dk ugha gSA og
cM+k iqjkuk Hkwr gSA tcls l`f"V cuh rHkh ls og pyk vk jgk gSA ogh rks rqEgkjs vuUr tUeksa dk dkj.k gSA
ml vKkuh eu dh jkgojh esa er iM+ksA mls xq# egkjkt ds gokys djksA lsok ls ml eu dk eku rksM+ks]
mldh fofr;ksa dks Bhd djks] mls lh/kk&ljy vkSj fu"diV cukvksA loj tkus ds ckn ogh eu rqEgkjs
eks{k dk dkj.k Hkh cu tk;sxk] tks vHkh rqEgkjs cU/ku dk dkj.k cuk gqvk gSA mls xq#njckj dh lsok ls
lokjksA vHkh rks og fcYdqy fcxM+k gqvk gS] vr% eu dh efr ls er pyksA
eu ds ers u pkfy;s] eu iDdk tenwrA ys tk;s e>/kkj esa] tk; gkFk ls NwV AA
;g cjkcj rqEgsa xyr ikB i<+k;k djrk gSA igys rqEgkjk fe= cudj] fgrS"kh cudj rqEgsa xqejkg
djrk gS vkSj chp nfj;k esa ys tkdj] t?kU; dkeksa esa yxkdj Lo;a fdukjs tkdj gluk Hkh 'kq# djrk
gS] dkslus Hkh yxrk gSA vr% 'kq# esa tcrd eu etcwr gS] mlh dk tksj pyrk gSA mlds Bhd mYVk pyus
dh t:jr gksrh gSA mldh ckrksa dks vulquh djds xq# egkjkt dh ckrksa dk ikyu djuk gksrk gSA
lk/kdksa dks pkfg, fd os fujFkZd nwljksa dh f'kdk;r ;k vksNsiu dks u fdlh ls lqusa vkSj u fdlh
dks lquk;saA ,slh f'kdk;rsa lquus dk vf/kdkjh rks og gksrk gS tks nqfu;koh iziapksa ls ij mBk gqvk gksrk gSA
,slk len'khZ egkiq#"k ;fn fdlh ds vksNsiu dks ns[krk Hkh gS rks mlesa ,slh 'kfDr gksrh gS fd og
mldk lq/kkj dj ldsA 'ks"k yksxksa esa rks detksfj;k gh detksfj;k gksrh gSaA os tc nwljksa dh f'kdk;r esa
jl ysus yxrs gSa rks mudh viuh nqcZyrk mHkjdj lkeus vkrh gSA os nwljksa dk dY;k.k dgk rd djsaxs]
[kqn viuk vdY;k.k dj ysrs gSaA vr% rqEgsa pkfg, fd vksNs yksxksa dk lax R;kx nks vkSj vPNs] Hkkoqd vkSj
lsoknkj yksxksa dh laxfr esa jgksA mUgha ds vkpj.kksa vkSj Hkkoksa dk fpUru djksA mlls rqEgkjs Hkko etcwr
gksaxs vkSj rqe fnuksfnu rjDdh djrs tkvksxsA
rqEgkjh gkyr rks ,slh gS fd lk/kulEi gks tkus ij Hkh rqe nqfu;k dks NksM+us ds fy, rS;kj ugha
gksrsA vius eu dks dgk rd ekjksxs] ogh rqEgsa gjne ekjrk jgrk gSA njckj esa vkdj Hkh eu esa nqfu;koh
iziap ikyrs jgrs gksA Hkhrj rks ?kj dk gh idkSM+k ryrs jgrs gks vkSj fQj f'kdk;r djrs gks fd /;ku esa
dqN utj ugha vk jgk gSA rc D;k utj vk;s] HkSal \ fnO; ckrsa utj rks mUgsa vkrh gSa ftUgksaus vius fny ls
nqfu;k dks mtkM+ fn;k gSA ftuds fnyksa esa nqfu;koh [okfg'ksa Hkjh gksrh gSa mUgsa vUr&vUr rd Hkh dsoy
nqfu;k gh fn[kkbZ nsrh gSA rqeus dejs esa rks ydfM+;k Hkj j[kh gSa] ,d bap txg Hkh [kkyh ugha cph gS vkSj
dgrs gks fd] ogk /kku dh cksfj;k j[k nh tk;saA dgk j[kk tk;s] txg Hkh gS \ vius fny dks lkalkfjd
oklukvksa ls [kkyh dj nks] mlesa ve`r Hkj tk;sxkA rqe pkgksxs fd Hkhrj ls xanxh Hkjs jgus ij Hkh ckgj
ls lkQ&lqFkjk cuk tk;s rks ;g vlEHko gSA ,sls yksxksa ls Hkxoku [kq'k ugha gksr sA gk] xyfr;k djuk
euq"; dk LoHkko gSA ;fn rqels xyfr;k ugha gqbZ gksrha rks rqe vkt bl lalkj esa tho cudj vk;s gh u
gksrsA vr% xyfr;ksa ls grk'k er gksvksA fdUrq tcrd xyrh dks xyrh ugha ekuksxs rcrd mldk lqkkj
Hkh ugha gks ldsxkA vr% viuh =qfV;ksa ds fy, izHkq ls izkFkZuk djks fd os mlls rqEgsa eqDr dj nsa rc ckr
cusxhA
t;xq# % vk'khokZn !
19

opu && 26
LFkku % HkjekM+ fg0 iz0

frfFk % 20-8-84

izsfe;ks !
cksyks gfj vkse~] gfjvkse~] gfjvkse~ !
vkt rqeyksx ;gk ij Hkxoku Jhd`".k dk tUefnu eukus vk;s gksA fdlh Hkh egkiq#"k ds
tUefnu eukus dk ;g eryc ugha gksrk fd bl ekSds ij ge dqN xk&ctk ysa] QksVks vkfn f[kapok ysa vkSj
fQj ?kj pys tk;saA tUefnu eukus dk okLrfod iz;kstu rks rc fl) gksxk tc ge ml egkiq#"k ds
vkn'kZ mins'kksa ij [kqn Hkh pyuk 'kq: dj nsaA mu egkiq#"k fo'ks"k us gekjs fgr ds fy, tks ckrsa dgh gSa
muds eqrkfcd vius thou dks cukuk gekjk /keZ gksrk gSA rqeyksx rks vius&vius ?kjksa esa cPpksa ds
tUefnu eukrs gh jgrs gksA Bhd gS] ,sls tUefnu viuh [kq'kh ds fy, eukrs gks] eukvksA ge rqEgsa euk
ugha djrsA exj Hkxoku dk tUefnu eukuk rks ,d cM+h ckr gSA ,sls tUefnu eukrs le; ;fn rqEgkjk
eu Hkxoku ds pj.kksa esa yxk gqvk gks rks rqEgkjs reke xqukg vkt c['k fn;s tk;saxsA rqe ftl tUefnu
dks eukus ;gk vk;s gks mlesa rqEgkjk QtZ curk gS fd rqEgkjk eu] rqEgkjs fopkj vkSj rqEgkjs lHkh deZ
Hkxor~Lo:i gks tk;saA ;fn ,slk ugha djksxs rks rqEgkjs eu dh xfr dchj dh lk[kh dh rjg gh gks
tk;sxhA
eu fn;k dgha vkSj gh ru lk/kw ds laxA dg dchj dSls p<+s dksjh xkth jax AA
rqe vius ?kjksa esa tc 'kknh&C;kg jpkrs gks rks jrtxk djus esa rqEgsa lkspuk ugha iM+rkA fdUrq vkt
;gk rqEgsa ns[kdj eq>s gSjkuh gks jgh gS fd Hkxoku ds tUefnu ds volj ij Hkh rqEgsa uhan ds >ksads vk
jgs gSa] rqe 'kksj&'kjkck Hkh dj jgs gks vkSj nqfu;k dh vusd fpUrk, ysdj ;gk Hkh cSBs gq, gksA vkt ds
fnu rks yksx jkrHkj txdj Hkxoku dh yhykvksa dk Jo.k&dhrZu djrs vkSj muls vius eu dk
rknkRE; cukrsA bldk eryc ;g gqvk fd rqe Hkxoku dks vius yM+ds&yM+dh ds cjkcj Hkh ego nsus
dks rS;kj ugha gksA
Hktu fdls dgrs gSa \ flQZ ekyk tiuk Hktu ugha gksrkA lkS&ipkl ckj jke&jke&jke dg fn;k
rks D;k Hktu gks x;k \ og rks nqfu;knkjh gS] ,d izdkj dk fctusl gSA rqe jke&jke tirs jgrs gks vkSj
vius eu esa nqfu;knkjh clk;s jgrs gksA ,slh gkyr esa ti rks nqfu;k dk gksrk gS] jke dk ti rks gksrk ughaA
,sls ti ls dksbZ eryc fl) ugha gksrkA Hktu dk eryc gksrk gS&^vius rbZa Hkqyk nks] cl gks x;k HktuA*
rqe vius dks Hkwy tkvks rks rqEgkjk Hktu iwjk gks x;kA rqe lkjh mez ;k gtkj tUeksa esa Hkh mruk Hktu ugha
dj ikvksxs ftruk ,d iy esa fd;s x;s ,sls Hktu ls izkIr gksrk gS]tSlk egkRek dchj us dgk&
ru fFkj eu fFkj opu fFkj]lqjr&fujr fFkj gks;A dg dchj frl iyd dks] dyi u O;kis dks;AA
bl rjg rqEgkjk dY;k.k rks ,d iy ds Hktu ls gh lk ldrk gS] fdUrq rqEgkjs eu dh fLFkfr rks
,slh gksrh gS fd eu esa dqN vkSj gS rFkk 'kjhj ls dqN vkSj gh gks jgk gS] fopkjksa esa dqN nwljh gh ckrsa ?kwe
jgh gSaA ,sls eu ls Hktu ugha gksrkA
vorkj gksuk rks vkt cM+h lLrh pht gks x;h gSA vkt rks ftls dgks ogh vorkj cu tkrk gSA exj
bu cktk: vorkjksa ls dksbZ dke ugha curkA vly esa vorkj pkj izdkj ds gksr s gSa & 1- vkos'kkorkj] 2izos'kkorkj] 3- fuR;korkj vkSj 4- fufekkorkjA vkt rks ftls dksbZ yM+dk gqvk ogh dgus yx x;k &
esjk yM+dk vorkj gSA fdUrq ,sls vkneh bl ckr dks D;k tkusa fd vorkj fdu ?kjksa esa vkSj fdu ekrkvksa
ds }kjk iSnk gksrk gSA vorkj rks dbZ 'krkfCn;ksa esa dHkh dgha gks tkrk gSA bls bruk lLrk er le>ksA

20

,d ckj fouksck Hkkos us egkRek xk/kh dks ,d fph fy[khA fy[kk fd xk/kh jke vkSj d`".k ls Hkh
cM+s gSaA jke vkSj ".k dks rks jkT; ikus ds fy, dbZ yM+kb;k yM+uh iM+ha Fkh( gtkjksa dk ok djuk iM+k Fkk
fdUrq xk/kh us rks fcuk [kwu cgk;s ,d ,sls lkezk T; dks thr fy;k ftlesa lw;Z dHkh vLr ugha gksrk FkkA
egkRek xkkh us fouksck dh og fph i<+h vkSj mls QkM+dj Qsad fn;kA ckn esa ik ds tokc esa mUgksasus
fy[kk fd fouksck ds fy, os ckrsa Bhd gks ldrh gSa] xk/kh ds fy, rks os cdokl ek= gSaA xkkh rks jke vkSj
".k ds nklksa dh pj.k kwfy ds cjkcj Hkh vius dks ugha le>rsA
bl izdkj rqEgsa Hkh le> ysuk pkfg, fd vorkj dksb Z ekewyh ckr ugha gSA ftUgsa dqN Hkh irk ugha
os Hkys vius dks _f"k&eqfu crk ysa] vorkj cu tk;sa ysfdu vorkj ,sls ugha gksrsA vkos'kkorkj dk eryc
gksrk gS] fdlh dks dqN {k.kksa ds fy, ml ije 'kfDr dk vkos'k gks tkukA ,sls {k.kksa esa ml O;fDrfo'ks"k
ds eq[k ls tks dqN Hkh fudyrk gS og lR; gks tkrk gSA
cukjl esa jkeuxj dh jkeyhyk ,d tekus ls ns'kHkj esa izfl) jgh gSA cgqr igys dh ckr gSA
jkeyhyk ds volj ij fd;s tkusokys [kpZ ds fy, ljdkj dh vksj ls izfro"kZ dqN vuqnku izkIr gksrk
FkkA og vaxzstksa dk tekuk FkkA vaxzst vQlj us rkuk nsdj dg fn;k fd guqeku th rks leqnz yka?k x;s FksA
vHkh bl eaMyh esa tks guqeku cuk gqvk gS og xaxk dks Hkh yka?k ldrk gS \ ;fn ugha rks vuqnku nsuk O;FkZ
gSA rkus dh ;g ckr eaMyh esa guqeku cus O;fDr dks Hkh ekywe gqbZA og laLdkjh O;fDr FkkA mlds eu esa
guqeku dk vkos'k vk x;k vkSj mlus ?kks"k.kk dj nh fd og lpeqp lcsjs dwndj xaxk ikj dj ysxkA
mlus jkrHkj ladVekspu ds eafnj esa guqeku th ds fudV cSBdj jks&jksdj dgrk jgk fd os mldk
ladYi iwjk djk nsaA lqc g vLlh ?kkV ds fudV gtkjksa yksx mls ns[kus dks tek gks x;sA fu;r le; ij
og vkneh eafnj ls lh/ks xaxk fdukjs x;k rFkk t; Jh jke dgdj ,d gh Naykx esa xaxk ikj igqp x;k
fdUrq ogk igqpus ds dqN gh {k.kksa ckn mlds eqg ls [kwu fudy vk;k vkSj mlds ne VwV x;sA ;gk bl
fe'kky esa vkos'kkorkj dks ns[kk tk ldrk gSA
bl rjg ds vorkj vc Hkh ;nk&dnk ns[kus esa vkrs gSa tc dksbZ O;fDr fnO; Hkkoksa ds vkos'k esa
dqN vykSfdd dk;Z dj cSBrk gSA bl izlax esa jke".k ijegal dk Hkh mnkgj.k fn;k tk ldrk gSA
jke:i ds n'kZu dh ,slh I;kl muds eu esa txh fd os guqer~&Hkko ls vkfo"V gksdj isM+ dh Mkfy;ksa
ij dwn&Qkan djus yxs] cUnj dh rjg fdydkfj;k Hkjus yxsA vkos'k ,slk vk;k fd mudh jh<+ ds
uhps NksVh&lh iwN fudy vkbZA ml Hkkokos'k esa lpeqp mUgksaus Hkxoku jke ds n'kZu Hkh fd;sA
izos'kkorkj dk ntkZ blls dqN vyx gSA rqe ros dks pqYgs ij p<+k nksA dqN nsj esa rok yky gks
tk;sxkA vc ;fn ros dks vkx ds lEidZ ls gVk Hkh nks rc Hkh og dqN nsj rd yky cuk jgsxkA dkj.k]
mlesa vfXu dk izos'k gks tkrk gSA Bhd blh rjg izo s'kkorkj esa Hkh fdlh O;fDr fo'ks"k esa og nSoh 'kfDr
izfo"V gks tkrh gSA tcrd og 'kfDr mlesa jgrh gS rcrd lEc) O;fDr vorkjh dh dksfV esa gh vkrk gS
tSls ij'kqjkeA yksgs ds tM+ [kEHks ls u`flag Hkxoku dk izdV gksuk Hkh izos'kkorkj dk gh mnkgj.k gSA
fuR;korkj lar&egkRekvksa ds :i esa gksrk gSA tks lartu vius b"V dks izl djds mudh ik
ls nSoh 'kfDr dks izkIr dj ysr s gSa os blh dksfV ds vorkj ekus tk;saxsA bUgsa fuR;korkj blfy, dgk
tkrk gS fd ;s lk/kulEi gksdj loZnk txr~ ds dY;k.k esa vius dks yxk;s j[krs gSaA buds fo"k; esa
dgk x;k gS& ^lcfga lqyHk lc fnu lc nslkA*

21

pkSFkh Js.kh dk vorkj fufekkorkj dgk tkrk gSA bl dksfV ds vorkjksa esa Hkxoku jke] ".k]
okjkg bR;kfn vkrs gSaA tc lalkj esa ?kksj reksxq.k c<+ tkrk gS] vklqjh 'kfDr ds lkeus fdlh dk o'k ugha
pyrk vkSj ,slh fLFkfr esa tc ijh rhuksa izdkj ds vorkj Hkh ykpkj gks tkrs gSa rc /keZ dh e;kZnk dks
LFkkfir djus rFkk v/keZ dks lewy u"V djus ds ms'; ls fufekkorkj gksrk gSA ;g vorkj lHkh
vorkjksa esa Js"B ekuk x;k gSA tc i`Foh ij jko.k] fgj.;df'kiq tSlh reksxq.kh :gsa viuk lkezkT;
QSykus yxrh gSa vkSj muds dkj.k lrksxq.kh tho ukuk izdkj ds d"V Hkksxus yxrs gSa rks Hkxoku dk
fufekkorkj gksrk gSA bl dksfV ds vorkjksa dh ;g fo'ks"krk gksrh gS fd bUgsa 'kfDr gkfly djus ds fy,
lk/ku&vH;kl dh t:jr ugha gksrhA ;s tUe ls gh fl) gksrs gSaA ;s yksx tks jkLrk cuk nsrs gSa] 'ks" k rhu
izdkj ds vorkj mUgha dk tu&lekt esa izpkj djrs gSaA fufekkorkj lalkj ds dY;k.k ds fy, gh
HkkSfrd yhyk, djrs gSaA tSls xhrk esa Hkxoku ".k us vtqZu dks Li"V dj fn;k gS fd Lo;a mUgsa fdlh
dke ls u rks iki gksrk gS vkSj u gh iq.;A ,slk gksus ij Hkh ".k 'kkL=fofgr deks dks blfy, djus ij
tksj nsrs gSa fd oSlk ugha djus ij lkekU; yksx 'kqHk deks ls HkVd tk;saxsA
vc loky ;g iSnk gksrk gS fd Hkxoku dks tUe ysus dh vko';drk gh D;ksa iM+rh gSA os rks fcuk
tUe fy;s Hkh lalkj dk dY;k.k dj ldrs gSaA ckn'kkg vdcj us ,d ckj ohjcy ls dgk fd mlds
;gk Hkxoku dks HkDrksa dk j{kd crk;k tkrk gSA oSls Hkxoku HkDrksa ds ;gk [kqn lgk;rk ds fy, nkSM+
iM+rs gSaA ;g fdruh vksNh ckr gS fd Hkxoku rd dks vius HkDrksa ds ;gk nkSM+uk iM+ tk;sA D;k mUgsa
ukSdj&pkdj ugha gksrs ftuls og dke ys lds \ rqe fgUnqvksa ds Hkxoku dks vorkj ysdj dHkh
izg~ykn] rks dHkh /kzqo vkSj dHkh nzkSinh dks cpkus ds fy, Hkkx&nkSM+ djuk iM+rk gSA ohjcy us vdcj dks
bldk tokc nwljs fnu nsus dks dgkA bl chp mlus 'kkgtknk lyhe dh ,d ekse dh ewfrZ cuok yh tks
vkdkj&izdkj esa Bhd lyhe tSlh gh FkhA fQj mlus ,d ukfod dks vius fo'okl esa ysdj ml ewfrZ dks
uko esa dqN vknfe;ksa ds lkFk fcBk fn;kA ukfod rFkk mldh uko ij cSBs lHkh vknfe;ksa dks ohjcy us
fl[kyk fn;k Fkk fd os viuh uko ckn'kkg dh uko ls dqN nwjh ij gh [ksrs jgsaxs vkSj tSls gh ohjcy dk
ladsr gksxk] os ekse dh ewfrZ dks nfj;k esa fxjk nsaxsA
fu;r le; ij ohjcy us nwljs fnu ckn'kkg ds lkFk ukSdk&fogkj dk vk;kstu fd;kA nfj;k esa
nksuksa ukosa dqN le; rd vyx&vyx pyrh jghaA ohjcy us ckn'kkg ls [kq'kh tkfgj dh fd ,d gh
le; vkt 'kkgtknk lyhe dks Hkh ukSdk&fogkj ds fy, yk;k x;k gSA vdcj vius 'kkgtkns dks ns[kdj
cgqr [kq'k gqvkA dqN gh nsj esa tc ohjcy ds b'kkjs ij nwljs uko ds vkneh us lyhe dh ewfrZ dks ikuh esa
fxjk fn;k rks ,dk,d vdcj ?kcjk x;kA mlus vko ns[kk u rko] nfj;k esa [kqn Nykax yxkdj Mwcrs
gq, lyhe dks vius gkFkksa ls mBk fy;kA fdUrq ;g D;k] og rks lyhe ugha] mldh ekse dh ewfrZ FkhA fQj
rks og ohjcy ij bl etkd ds fy, cM+k ukjkt gqvkA ohjcy us iwN fn;k fd vusd fliglkykjksa rFkk
nwljs ukSdjksa ds jgrs gq, Hkh gqtwj nfj;k esa [kqn Nykax yxkus dh D;k t:jr iM+h \ vdcj cksyk fd
lyhe dh eqgCcr ds dkj.k mls ;g lc lkspus dk [;ky gh ugha jgkA ohjcy us dgk fd Bhd blh
izdkj HkDroRly Hkxoku Hkh vius HkDrksa dks d"V esa ns[kdj foyrko'k mUgsa cpkus ds fy, [kqn
nkSM+ iM+rs gSaA blesa dksb Z vLokHkkfod D;k gS \geyksx vkt ;gk mlh Hkxoku dk tUefnu eukus ds fy,
bds gq, gSaA tUefnu eukus dk eryc gS fd Hkxoku us gekjs dY;k.k ds fy, xhrk] jkek;.k vkfn
ln~xzaFkksa ds ek/;e ls tks dqN Hkh dgk gS] mldk ikyu djsaA blfy, xq# eq[kks] Hkxoku ds bl tUefnu
ij eSa rqe lcksa dks vk'khokZn nsrk gw vkSj Hkxoku ds pj.kksa esa izkFkZuk djrk gw fd ftl ms'; ls mUgksaus
rqEgsa ;g ekuo ru fn;k gS mls iwjk djksA ,slh Hkkouk rHkh cusxh tc rqe Hkxoku ds mins'kksa dks Bhd ls
n;axe djksxsA izHkq rqEgkjk dY;k.k djsaA
t;xq# % vk'khokZn !
22

opu & 27
LFkku % jkph fcgkj

frfFk % 21-10-84

vkRedY;k.k dh ftKklk ls vk;s gq, lTtuks !


vHkh vkiyksxksa us egkRekvksa ds Hktu rFkk izo pu }kjk vius dY;k.k dh ckrsa lquh rFkk ;g le>k
fd vHkh ds le; vkSj ifjfLFkfr esa dY;k.k ds fy, dkSu lk lk/ku ljy vkSj lqxe gksxkA vki bruh
cM+h la[;k esa ;gk blhfy, bds gq, fd egkRekvksa ds izo pu lqusaxsA ge tks dqN Hkh dgrs gSa] mls vki
;kuiwoZd lqu ysa vkSj rc mlij euu djsa] fopkj djsaA vxj vkidk fny bl ckr dks ekus fd gekjh
ckrsa Bhd vkSj dY;k.kdkjd gSa rks vki mlij vo'; pysaA vius fny dh xokgh ikus ds ckn Hkh izekn]
eksg vkSj vgadkjo'k vki mls ugha ekurs rks bldk eryc ;g gksxk fd vki [kqn ds lkFk fo'okl?kkr
dj jgs gSaA
lEiw.kZ 'kkL= vkSj lHkh etgcksa ds egkiq#"kksa us ;gh dgk fd ekuo thou cM+k nqyZHk gS vkSj ;g
lR; dh izkfIr ds fy, gS] v[k.M lq[k dh izk fIr ds fy, gSA ekuo ru ikdj Hkh tks vius y{; dks
Hkwydj fo"k;&Hkksxksa esa le; xokrk gS og ekuo 'kjhj esa i'kq gSA ge rqels ;g ugha dgrs fd rqe lalkj
dks vFkok vius dke&dkt dks NksM + nksA cM+s mRlkg ls lalkj dk dke djks] rqEgsa dksb Z euk ugha djrkA
fdUrq ;gk vuklDr Hkko ls jgksA vklfDr gh rqEgkjs fy, tgj gSA ;gk ds dqy dke HkxoniZ.k cqf) ls]
lsok Hkko ls fd;s tkvksA ,slk djds rqe g"kZ&'kksd] vk'kk&fujk'kk vkSj iki&iq.; ls cp tkvksxsA
lukru ;k reke nwljs /keZokys ;gh dgrs gSa fd bZ'oj ,d gS] og vyx&vyx ugha gSA fofHk
/keZokyksa us mlh ,d bZ'oj ds fofHk uke j[k fn;s gSaA bZ'oj vkSj /keZ dh ckr flQZ vkfLrd Hkkookyksa
ds fy, gSA 'kkL= vkSj lRlax ukfLrdksa ds fy, rks e[kkSy dh phtsa gSaA tks bZ'oj ds vfLrRo esa fo'okl
djrk gS og vkfLrd gSA 'kCn fuxqZ.k gSA mls idM+us ds fy, vyx&vyx fyfi;k cuh gSaA fgUnhokys ^v*
dgrs gSa rks vaxzsth okys ^,*A mlh rjg mnwZ] iatkch vkSj nwljh Hkk"kkokys fdlh vkSj rjg ls dgrs gSaA ml
lR;:i ijekRek dks lEcksf/kr djus ds fy, fo'o ds lHkh etgcksa us vyx&vyx 'kCn dgsa gSaA mlh
dks dksbZ Hkxoku dgrk gSa] dksbZ [kqnk rks dksb Z xkWM dgrk gSA vyx&vyx uke vkSj :i ns nsus ls
Hkxor~ro esa dqN QdZ ugha iM+rkA
etgc vFkok 'kkL= egkiq#"kksa ds }kjk cuk;s x;s gSaA fdlh lkalkfjd vkSj LokFkhZ O;fDr }kjk
etgc ugha cuk;k x;kA os egkiq#"k f=dkyK Fks] iw.kZ fu%LokFkZ vkSj fu"i{k Fks] vr% mUgksaus tks dqN Hkh
dgk og loZtufgrk; dgkA mlesa dgha dksb Z nks"k gks gh ugha ldrkA lHkh etgcksa ds izo kZd oSls gh
dksbZ u dksbZ egkiq#"k jgs gSa] vr% mudh ckrsa lR; ij vk/kkfjr gSaA ge mu lHkh egkiq#"kksa dh bTtr
djrs gSaA ge fdlh dh f[kykQr ugha djrsA mUgksaus gekjh lqfo/kk ds fy, vyx&vyx jkLrs crk;sA
vyx&vyx jkLrs crkus ds ihNs Hkh ,d jkt FkkA tekus ds eqrkfcd O;ogkj cnyrk x;kA iqjkus
jhfr&fjokt NwVrs pys x;s vkSj ogk ukuk izdkj ds vkMEcj ?kql vk;sA rc oDr ds egkiq#"kksa us mlesa
dqN ifjorZu djuk vko';d le>k vkSj mldk dqN u;k :i ns fn;kA gkykafd ml ifjorZu ds
ckotwn mUgksaus fl)kUr dks ;Fkkor~ j[kkA y{; rks lnk ,d gS] vifjorZuh; gSA cnyrk dsoy O;ogkj gSA
egkiq#"kksa dk ogh u;k <ax] u;k mins'k etgc dk :i ys cSBkA mlls gekjh eafty vklku gks xbZA
fdUrq viuh ukel>ho'k ge mlls my>u vFkok >xM+k [kM+k dj ysrs gSaA

23

pksVh ij igqpus ds vusd jkLrs gks ldrs gSaA pkgs ftl fdlh jkLrs ls tk;sa] eryc rks eafty rd
igqpuk gSA gekjk tUe ftl tkfr&dqy vFkok ftl etgc ds laLdkjksa esa gqvk gS gesa mlh dk djrk ls
vkpj.k djuk pkfg,A dkj.k] tUe gksus esa ge ijra= FksA og dqnjrh O;oLFkk ds rgr gqvkA vr% ge
mlh ds mlwyksa dk vkpj.k dj lq[kh gks ldrs gSa rFkk viuk dY;k.k dj ldrs gSaA ge fdlh [kkl
etgc dk i{k ugha ysrsA dkj.k] lHkh etgc gekjs gSa] leLr egkiq# "k gekjs fy, vknj.kh; gSaA ge
Hkxoku dks fdlh er ;k etgc esa dSn Hkh ugha ekursA ,slk djds ge mldh loZO;kidrk dks lhfer
dj nsaxsA er vFkok etgc rks izHkqizkfIr dk iFk funsZ'k djrk gSA y{; rks gS v{k; lq[k dks izkIr djuk]
ije ro dks izkIr djukA ;gh lHkh etgcksa dk lkj fl)kUr Hkh gSA
vc djuk dqN ugha gks] flQZ dkV&NkV] uqDrkphuh djuh gks rks oSlh gkyr esa lkjh ckrsa cdokl
gSaA vkt yksxksa dk eu blh esa T;knk yxk jgrk gSA igys rks vf/kdka'k yksx ukfLrd gks jgs gSa] nqfu;k vkSj
nkSyr ds ihNs mUgsa Hkxoku ls dksbZ eryc gh ugha jgkA dqN yksx dqN /keZ&deZ iwtk&ikB djrs Hkh gSa rks
os bUgha O;FkZ ds >xM+ksa esa my>s jg tkrs gSaA lHkh ,d&nwljs dk ekxZ xyr djus vkSj viuk Bhd lkfcr
djus ds ihNs yxs gq, gSaA eafty lcdks Hkwyh jgrh gSA lk/ku djus vkSj dY;k.k dk jkLrk r; djus dk
rfud Hkh [;ky ugha jgrkA keZ&/keZ dk ijLij >xM+k vkSj fookn vkt fo'o dh 'kkafr ds fy, lcls
cM+k [krjk cuk gqvk gSA cM+s&cM+s kekZpk;ks dks Hkh ge blh nqfu;knkjh esa Qlk gqvk ns[krs gSaA os [kqn rks
blh etgch ikxyiu esa Qls gh jgrs gSa] vius vuq;kf;;ksa dks Hkh lkFk&lkFk Qlk;s j[krs gSaA os ,slk
blfy, djrs gSa fd mudh le> esa lR; [kqn gh Li"V ugha gqvk gksrkA ,drjQk vkSj v/kwjk Kku j[krs
gq, os loZK cuus dk <ksax fd;k djrs gSaA lPps egkiq#"k bu >xM+ksa esa ugha iM+rs] u gh nwljksa dks my>krs
gSaA /keZ dk rks eryc ;g gS fd mls viukdj n; ds reke ladqfpr Hkko] leLr foHksn [kRe dj fn;s
tk;sa] ijLij dh dVqrk lekIr dj nh tk;sA tks dksbZ /keZ vFkok egkiq#"k ,slk djrk gks] dgrk gks] ogh
ekU; gSA mldh gh ckrsa vuqdj.kh; gSA og iz'kalk vkSj vknj dk ik= gSA
Hkxoku dk vlyh Lo:i fuxqZ.k gSA fdUrq mldh vuqHkwfr ds fy, lxq.k dk vk/kkj cukuk iM+rk
gSA csy fcuk vk/kkj ds ij ugha p<+ ikrhA ge Lo;a lxq.k gSa] 'kjhj/kkjh gSa] :iokys gSa] vr% gesa Hkh
mikluk ds fy, lxq.k 'kjhj/kkjh b"V cukuk gksxkA tcrd gekjh nsgcqf) gS] ck vkSj LFkwy cqf) gS
rcrd gesa nsgkkjh Hkxoku dks gh ekuuk gksxkA gekjs fy, bl gkyr esa dksb Z nwljk Hkxoku ugha gks
ldrkA ge [kqn lxq.k gSa] vr% lxq.k Hkxoku dh ,dfu"B Hkf djds gh viuh lxq.k Hkkouk dks
lw{e cuk ik;saxs rFkk e'k% ml lR; dks le> ik;saxsA tks dksb Z izrhd&mikluk dk [kaMu djrk gS og
mikluk dk ;FkkFkZ ro ugha le>rkA mldk Kku O;kogkfjd ugha gksrk gSA ,dk,d fuxqZ.k es a fdlh dh
fLFkfr gks gh ugha ldrhA
dksbZ rks ;g dgrk gS fd eSa Hkxoku dks ekurk gh ughaA er ekuks] blls Hkxoku ds vfLrRo esa dqN
QdZ ugha iM+us dks gSA lkjs mYyw feydj izLrko izk l dj nsa fd lw;Z ugha gksrk rks mlls D;k dHkh lw;Z
dk u gksuk fl) gks tk;sxk \ ,d fQju ckn'kkg gqvk FkkA mlus Hkh dgk fd ge bZ'oj dks ugha ekursA
;fn gS rks dksb Z gesa fn[kk nsA vc crkvks] Hkxoku D;k dksbZ HkSal gS tks lkeus dj fn;k tk;s \ yksx dgrs
gSa fd Hkxoku fn[kkbZ ugha iM+rk vr% og gks gh ugha ldrkA rqe rks cgqr&lh phtksa dks ugha ns[krs fQj Hkh
mls ekurs gksA rqe 'kgn [kkrs gksA mldk Lokn rks rqEgsa fn[kkbZ ugha iM+rkA crkvks rks] 'kgn dk Lokn
dSlk gksrk gS \ gS dksbZ fMxzh/kkjh tks 'kgn dk Lokn crk ns \ dksbZ dg ldrk gS fd 'kgn ehBk gksrk gSA
ysfdu dSlk ehBk \ isM+s tSlk] xqM+ tSlk] feJh tSlk \ ugha] 'kgn 'kgn tSlk ehBk gksrk gSA

24

fdUrq ;g feBkl dh Bhd O;k[;k rks ugha gqb ZA tc 'kgn tSlh LFkwy pht dh feBkl rqe ugha crk
ldrs rks Hkxoku ds ckjs eas tckuh rkSj ij dSls crk;k tk;s fd og dSlk gSA og rks vuqHko dk fo"k; gS
vkSj mldk vuqHko n; dh [kkl fLFkfr cuus ij gksrk gSA mlh fLFkfr dks gkfly djus ds fy, ;ksx]
ti] ri] mikluk, vkfn dh tkrh gSaA n; dh og fLFkfr curs gh Hkxoku dk vuqHko gksus yxrk gSA
rqEgsa fo'ks"k >xM+ksa esa ugha iM+uk gSA eSa rqEgsa lh/kh&lh ckr crkrk gwA bZ 'oj lkjs czk.M dk ,d gSA
mldks izkIr djus ds fy, egkiq#"kksa us vusd jkLrs crk;s gSaA os jkLrs gekjh ifjfLFkfr vkSj lkeF;Z dks
ns[kdj crk;s x;s gSaA ,sls ekxZ ls D;k Qk;nk ftlij ge py gh u ldsaA ge rqEgsa dgsa fd rqe cw<+s gks
x;s gks] rqEgkjs vax detksj iM+ x;s gSa vr% ghjs dk HkLe cukdj [kkvksA D;k [kk ldrs gks rqe ghjs dk
HkLe \ jksVh&diM+k rks tqVk ugha ikrs] ghjk dSls tqVk ikvksxs \ pyks] ghjk [kjhn Hkh yksxs rks mlls HkLe
ugha cuk ikvksxsA rc dSls gksxk bykt \ pjd] lqJ qr vkfn }kjk fyf[kr vk;qosZn ds xzUFkksa esa fy[kk rks gS
fd ghjs dk HkLe [kkus ls cw<+k Hkh toku gks ldrk gSA og Bhd Hkh gS] dksbZ xyr ughaA exj oSlk djuk
rks cM+k eqf'dy gSA 'kkL=ksa esa fy[kk gS fd v'oes/k ;K djks rks rqe bUnz cu tkvksxs] fdUrq dSls djksxs
v'oes/k ;K \ vHkh rks ?kj ds L=h&cPpksa dk gh ;K iwjk ugha gks ikrk rks v'oes/k ;K dSls iwjk gksxk \
rks HkkbZ] ,slh lk/kuk] ftls rqe dj gh u ldks] rqEgsa D;ksa crkbZ tk;sA ;ksx&lekf/k rqe yxk ugha
ldrsA rqEgkjk thou vR;Ur chth O;Lr gSA pkSchlksa ?kaVs dke dkt dh O;Lrrk esa Hkyk ekufld
,dkxzrk dSls l/k ik;sxh \ fujUrj Hkkx&nkSM+ esa fu;ferrk dSls cu ik;sxh \ mlh izdkj ;K Hkh rks
lkekU; vkneh ugha dj ik;sxkA 'kkL= dh tfVy ckrksa rFkk ea= ksa ds rokFkZ dks rqEgkjh eUn cqf) /kkj.k
dSls dj ik;sxh ! rqEgkjh cqf) lalkj ds eksg esa iM+ dj efyu gks xbZ gSA bl gkyr esa dkSu&lh lk/kuk
rqe dj ikvksxs \ rqe vtqZu tSlh lk/kuk esa yxks rks lQy gks ikvksxsA viuk vkikHkko ".k ds gokys
dj nks vkSj djrs tkvks ogh lc tks rqe igys ls djrs vk;s gksA lc dj djkds Hkh ".k dh ik ls rqe
deZ&cU/ku ls NwV tkvksxsA iki&iq.; rqEgsa Nw ugha ik;saxsA
loZ/kekZu~ ifjR;T; ekesda 'kj.ka oztA vga Rok loZikisH;ks eks{kf;";kfe ek 'kqp% AA
Hkxoku us rqEgsa bl lalkj esa ekuo tUe fn;k gSA rqe pkSjklh yk[k ;ksfu;ksa eas loZJs"B izk.kh gksA
rqe v'kjQ&my& e[kywdkr gksA rqE gsa ,d fo'ks"k ikoj feyk gqvk gSA og fo'sk"k pht rqEgkjh cqf) gSA
mlh cqf) }kjk rqe Hkxoku dks tku ldrs gksA ,slk rqe ekuo gksdj gh dj ldrs gks] nwljs izkf.k;ksa esa
,slh fo'ks"krk ugha gSA rqEgkjh cqf) esa og psruk rHkh vk;sxh tc rqe bldk vkoj.k gVkvksxsA og vkoj.k
feF;k vgadkj dk gSA rqEgkjk vUr%dj.k v'kq) gS] ftldh otg ls cqf) esa lR; dh vuqHkwfr ugha gks ik
jgh gSA lk/kuk ds fofo/k izdkj flQZ vUr%dj.k dks 'kq) djus ds fy, gSaA mUgha esa ,d ekxZ ;g Hkh gS
fd reke deZ fu"dke Hkko ls HkxoniZ.k cqf) ls fd;s tk;saA fu"dke deks ls vUr%dj.k 'kq) gksrk
tk;sxkA gk] os deZ 'kkL=lEer gksaA 'kkL= vkSj egkiq#"k ftu deks dks djus ls euk djrs gSa mUgsa er
djksA deks esa dkeuk vkSj dkkZiu dk vfHkeku gh vUr%dj.k dh v'kqf) dk dkj.k gksrk gSA dkeuk
vkSj vgadkj ls cpuk cM+k eqf'dy gSA dksbZ fdrkch Kku izkIr djds fu"dke ugha gks ldrkA bl bYe
dks xq# ls lh[kuk iM+rk gSA mlh dh ;qf ls n; esa fu"dkerk iSnk gks ldrh gSA egkRekvksa us dgk &
dke ks/k en yksHk dh tc yfx eu esa [kku A rc yfx iafMr ewj[kk nksuksa ,d leku AA
tcrd rqEgkjs n; esa dke gS] ks/k gS] yksHk&eksg vkSj vfHkeku gS rcrd rqe pkjksa osnksa ds
tkudj gksdj Hkh ew[kZ gksA dgk gS &
pkjks osn i<+ fy;k jgs r ds r A dk<+uh Fkh fcYyh ck<+ fy;k V AA

25

vxj fcYyh dq, esa fxj iM+s rks dksbZ mldk dku idM+dj Hkh fudky ldrk gSA vxj V dq, esa
fxj tk;s rks mls rks dkVdj gh fudkyuk iMsxkA ftldks viuh iafMrkbZ dk] fo}kk dk] fo|k&cqf) dk
vfHkeku gks] Hkyk mldks mlls fudkyus dk D;k mik; gS ! vfHkeku gh lcls cM+h vfo|k gS] ,dne
va/kdkjA fo|k ls fou;'khyrk vkrh gS vkSj vfHkeku nwj gksrk gSA vFkkZr~ tks ftruk fou;'khy gksrk gS og
mruk gh cM+k fo}ku gSA fo}ku flQZ fdrkcsa i<+usokyk ugha gksrkA feF;k vfHkeku gh vkRek ds Kku esa
ck/kd gSA blh dks nwj djuk ,dek= y{; gSA
gekjs iSj esa dkVk pqHk x;k gSA mls fudkyuk gSA blds fy, ,d nwljk dkVk cxy eas xM+k;k tkrk
gSA bl nwljs dkVs ls igys dkVs dks fudkyus ds fy, T;knk xgjk ?kko cukuk gksrk gS rHkh pqHkk gqvk
dkVk ij vk ikrk gS ftls [khapdj ge nnZ ls eq gks ikrs gSaA blh rjg lalkj dh eksg&ek;k ,d ,slk
dkVk gS tks gekjs fnyksa esa xgjk pqHk pqdk gSA blh dkVs dks fudkyus ds fy, geus eafnjksa esa izrhdksikluk
dk fokku fd;k gSA ge ewfkZ;ksa dh iwtk D;ksa djrs gSa \ blfy, fd mudk vkkkj cukdj ml pqHks gq,
dkVs dks fudky ldsa tks gesa cspSu fd;s gq, gSA ftl {k.k gekjk vUn:uh dkVk fudy tk;sxk] ge nksuksa
gh dkVksa dks fudkydj Qsad nsaxsA
cgqrsjs yksx dgrs gSa fd os /keZ dks ugha ekursA /keZ vkf[kj gS D;k \ rqe rks /keZ dks le>rs gh
ugha] fQj mls ekuksxs D;kA tks deZ rqEgkjh vkfRed mfr djrk gS ogh /keZ gSA ftl lkku ds }kjk g e
lR; ds utnhd igqprs gS ogh /keZ gksrk gsA ftl deZ ls gekjk iru gksrk gS mls dHkh /keZ ugha ekuk tk
ldrkA /keZ dh vusd O;k[;k, gSa ftUgsa rqe fdrkcksa ;k 'kkL=ksa esa i<+rs gksA
rqEgkjs tckuh tek[kpZ djus ls ckr ugha cusxhA rqEgkjk eu rks lalkj ds fo"k;ksa ls Hkjk gqvk gS
vkSj rqe pys gks Kku NkVus ! vius dks egkiq#"kksa ls Hkh cM+k le>rs gksA ysDpj nsus esa rqe deky dj
nksxsA reke 'kkL=ksa dk jgL; [kksyus dk nEHk HkjksxsA fdUrq ml ij vey fdruk gS rqEgkjk \ rqe ml
jkLrs ij dHkh pys Hkh gks \ tcrd vius vUnj dh dfe;ksa dks rqe fudky ugha ysrs] rqEgkjk ysDpj dk
bruk Qy gks ldrk gS fd rqe nl gtkj ru[okg okys ukSdj cu tkvksxsA lalkj esa cM+s vkyh'kku
edku cuk yksxs] gokbZ tgkt] gsyhdkWIVj vkSj dkjsa [kjhn yksxsA ysfdu ;kn j[kks] Hkxoku rqEgkjs bu
gokbZ tgktksa] gsyhdkWIVjksa vkfn ls ugha fey ldrkA ;fn rqe nwj vuar vkdk'k esa Hkh mM+us esa leFkZ gks
tkvks rks ;g Hkh dksb Z cM+h ckr ughaA bl mM+us ls D;k rqEgsa lq[k vkSj 'kkfUr fey x;h \ vcrd dbZ yksx
pUnzyksd gks vk, gSaA D;k mudk fny 'kkUr gks x;k \ muds ogk tkus ls nqfu;k esa dqN le; ds fy,
gk&gk gw&gw gqvk] clA vc rqe ,sls yksxksa ls feydj ns[kks] D;k muds n; esa 'kkfUr gS \ D;k mudh
bPNk, [kRe gks x;ha \ vkSj vxj bPNk, [kRe ugha gqb rks 'kkfUr dSls feysxh \
Hkxoku 'kadjkpk;Z ls fdlh us iwNk] ^egkjkt] nqfu;k esa lcls cM+k nq[kh dkSu gS \* cksy] ^ftlds
fny esa ftruh cM+h bPNk gks og mruk gh cM+k nq[kh gSA* fQj iwNk] ^lq[kh dkSu gS \* dgk] ^ftlds fny esa
dksbZ bPNk ugha gks \* bPNk gh rks rqEgkjs nq[kksa dk dkj.k gSA bu bPNkvksa dks [kRe djus ds fy, gh lkjs
/keZ vkSj etgc [kM+s fd;s x;s gSaA gekjk viuk dksb Z etgc ugha gSA ge rks rqels os gh ckrsa dgrs gSa ftUgsa
igys ds cqt qxZ dgrs vk;s gSaA gk] ge rqEgsa bruk gh crk nsrs gSa fd rqe muesa ls ftl ckr dks djus ds
dkfcy gks mls fu"dke Hkko ls djksA
bZ'oj ds fo"k; esa ge dqN ugha crkrs( D;ksafd mlds lEcUk esa dh x;h dksbZ Hkh ckr xyr gks
tk;sxhA gekjk rks ;g fl)kUr gS fd ftldk vHkko gks tkrk gS] tks dHkh gksrk gS vkSj dHkh ugha gksrk] og
bZ'oj gks ugha ldrkA bZ'oj dk dHkh vHkko ugha gksrkA og rks rhuksa dkyksa esa ,djl] ,d:i gksrk gSA
blhfy, dgk x;k gS & f=dkykck/;Roa fg lR;Roe~A vFkkZr~ ftldk rhuksa dky esa vHkko ugha gksrk ogh
bZ'oj gS] ogh lR; gSA blds vykok ckdh lc >wB gSA xksLokeh rqylhnkl us dgk gS &
26

xks xkspj tg yfx eu tkbZA lks lc ek;k tkugq HkkbZAA


tgk rd rqEgkjh cqf) dh igqp gS vFkkZr~ tgk rd rqe viuh cqf) ds lgkjs dYiuk djrs gks og
lc ek;k gSA vr% lkekU; yksx tc ;g dgrs gSa fd os lR; dks idM+saxs rks og fny dks cgykusokyh ckr
dgh tk;sxhA lcls igys rks lR; dh izkfIr ds fy, mldk vf/kdkjh cuuk gks rk gSA 'ksjuh dk nwk lksus
ds ik= esa gh Bgjrk gS vU;Fkk og QV tkrk gSA igys rqe vius vUr%dj.k dks 'kq) lRoxq.klEi
cukvks rHkh rqEgkjs vUnj og Kku fVd ik;sxkA vkSj tc Kku gksxk rc rqe Hkxoku dks tku ikvksxsA og
ns[kus dh pht rks gS ughaA ns[kusokys rks gtkjksa Hkxokuksa dh jpuk dj cSBrs gSaA lHkh lEiznk;ksa ds
vyx&vyx Hkxoku gSaA ;g lc rks gekjh mikluk ds fy, egkiq#"kksa us ,d rjhdk fudky fn;k gSA dksb Z
Hkh etgc ;g dgk fl[kkrk gS fd ,d&nwljs ds lkFk ekj&dkV djks] fdlh dk [kwu djksA etgc rks
gesa ,d cuuk fl[kkrk gS] gekjh vUn#uh cqjkb;ksa dks fudkyuk fl[kkrk gSA og ;g ugha crkrk fd rqe
fgUnw gks rks eqlyeku dks ekj nks] eqlyeku gks rks fgUnqvksa dks ekj nks( fgUnw gks rks fl[kksa dks ekj nksA ;g
fdl egkiq#"k us dgk \ ;g rqEgkjh eux<+Ur ckr gSA rqe [kqn cqjk deZ djds mldk nks"k mu
egkiq#"kksa ij Fkksi nsrs gksA blls egkiq#"kksa dh cnukeh gksrh gSA egkiq#"kksa dh n`f"V esa rks lEiw.kZ
thoek= ,d gh izHkq dh lUrku gSA blfy, lHkh thoksa dks gesa viuk cU/kq le>uk gSA
cgqr yksxksa dh ;g f'kdk;r jgrh gS fd geus mins'k rks dc dks fy;k fdUrq vHkh rd dqN utj
ugha vk;kA vjs] mldks <w<+us ds igys vius vUnj dh dfe;ksa dks rks fudkyksA rqeus dejs dks rks
ydfM+;ksa ls Hkj j[kk gS vkSj esgeku dks cqykrs gks ogha cSBus dksA ,d lk/kkj.k vkneh dks Hkh vius ?kj
cqykrs gks rks igys vius edku] fcLrj lHkh dqN lkQ djrs gksA b/kj Hkxoku dks fny esa cqykus pys]
^vkb;s Hkxou~ ! fcjkft;s n; dey esaA* dksBs dks rks xkscj ls Hkj fn;k gS] Bkdqj th dgk vkdj mlesa
cSBsaxs \
rsjs n; esa rks lpeqp xkscj Hkjk gqvk gSA vHkh rks rsjk eu nqf u;k dh [okfg'kksa ls ugha gVk] lalkj
ds Hkksxksa ls ugha gVk] lalkj dh ytht phtksa ls ugha gVkA fQj Hkxoku dks ml lM+kak esa dgk fcBkvksxs \
rq>s rks Hkxoku ds vfLrRo esa gh iDdk ;dhu ugha gSA rqEgkjh detksj /kkj.kk dh otg ls gh og
izHkq fn[kkbZ ugha iM+rkA izHkq gS dgk vkSj dSlk gS \ 'kkL= dgrk gS] og xqjksxZjh;ku] egrksegh;ku~ rFkk
v.kksj.kh;ku~ gSA vFkkZr~ og Hkkjh ls Hkh Hkkjh] egku ls Hkh egku rFkk v.kq lw{e ls Hkh v.kq gSA
csudkch ;g fd gj tjsZ esa tyok vkf'kdkj A
ml is ?kwa?kV ;g fd lwjr vktrd uknhnk gS A
og csinkZ izdV bruk gS fd fo'o ds d.k&d.k esa fo|eku gS vkSj xqIr inkZu'kh bruk gS fd
mls vktrd fdlh us ns[kk gh ughaA mldks ckgj dgha ugha <w<+uk gSA ;fn og loZ= gS rks gekjs vUnj Hkh
rks gSA gk] dHkh&dHkh ckr ,slh gks tkrh gS fd izkIr oLrq dks Hkh ge vizk Ir le> ysrs gSaA eku yks] fdlh
O;fDr us ,d vxwBh iguh FkhA mldh mxyh esa [kkfj'k gqbZ vkSj mlus vxwBh fudkydj ikdsV esa j[k
yhA mlus ?kj&ckgj vxwBh dks [kkstuk 'kq# dj fn;kA tgk&tgk ?kweus x;k Fkk ogk&ogk lc txg ns[k
vk;kA ?kj ds dksus&dksus esa >kM+w yxok;kA gj dksf'k'k ds ckn Hkh vxwBh ugha feyhA jkrHkj mnklh ds
ekjs mls uhan ugha vkbZA lcsjs ugkrs oDr tc deht fudkyh rks vxwBh fey xbZA rc [kq'kh ls Hkjdj
lcdks crkuk 'kq# fd;kA vxwBh dgha xqe rks gqbZ ugha FkhA og rks ikl gh Fkh] fdUrq mlds Hkwy tkus ds
Hkze gksus ls og csotg nq[kh gksrk jgkA

27

Bhd blh izdkj Hkxoku ds fo"k; esa Hkh gekjk >wBk Hkze gSA tc o`fk lqy> tkrh gS] vUr%dj.k
'kkUr gks tkrk gS rc og rqjra y[kus esa vk tkrk gSA mldk vuqHko gh rks gksuk gSA mls tkurs gh tho cz
gks tkrk gSA vc dksb Z mls ftl :i esa ekus] ekurs rks lHkh gSaA dksbZ Hkxoku ds fdlh Lo:i dks Hkys gh
ugha ekus] lq[k rks gj O;fDr pkgrk gSA dksb Z izk.kh ,slk ugha tks lq[k ugha pkgrk vkSj ;fn lq[k pkgrk gS
rks og Hkxoku dks gh pkgrk gSA dkj.k] lq[kLo:i rks ,dek= Hkxoku gh gSaA bl lalkj ds inkFkks ls
rq>s uk'koku lq[k dh izkfIr gksxhA oSls lq[k ls {kf.kd rqf"V feysxhA LFkk;h lq[k rks izHkq dks izkIr djus
ls gh izkIr gksxkA lkalkfjd lq[k rks jsfxLrku ds ty dh rjg gksxkA tSls] fgj.k jsfxLrku esa
nkSM+rk&nkSM+rk ej tkrk gSA mls jsr Hkh ikuh utj vkrk gS vkSj I;kl cq>kus ds fy, og nkSM+rk tkrk gSA
vkxs tkus ij mls ckj&ckj ckyw gh feyrk gS] ikuh ,d cwn Hkh ugha fey ikrkA jsfxLrku esa ikuh gksrk gh
ughaA ge Hkh blh rjg ml lq[k dks lalkj esa <w<+ jgs gSaA fdUrq lq[k rks ;gk gS gh ugha] lq[k dh Nk;kek=
gSA blh e`xr`".kk esa iM+k&iM+k tho ukuk izdkj ds tUeksa esa HkVdrk fQjrk gSA
vkt D;k] tc ls l`f"V cuh rc ls vcrd fdlh dks lkalkfjd fo"k;ksa ls r`fIr ugha feyh vkSj vc
ls izy; rd u gh dHkh feysxhA balku lq[kksa dh gtkjksa u;h phtksa dk bZtkn vfo"dkj djsxk rc Hkh
mlds n; dks 'kkfUr ugha izkIr gksxhA nqfu;k dh phtksa ls dHkh fdlh dks 'kkfUr ugha feyrhA lq[k dh
bl nkSM+ esa geus rjDdh rks cgqr dh gSA ge pkgsa rks lalkj dks N% nQk u"V dj nsaA gekjs ikl brus
cexksys rS;kj gSaA rc D;k bl 'kfDr dks gkfly djds ge lq[kh gSa \ pkjksa vksj gkgkdkj epk gSA dgha
'kkfUr ugha gS] larks"k ugha gSA u"V djus dk lkeku rks bdk dj fy;k] D;k l`tu dk Hkh dqN mik;
fd;k\ cjckn djuk rks vklku gS] fuekZ.k djuk cM+k eqf'dy gSA fQj bruh 'kfDr gkfly djds lq[kh
rks jguk pkfg, FkkA
cPpw ] lPpk lq[k ckgj ds foHko tek djus ls ugha izkIr gks ldrkA og vkRek dk xq.k gSA vkRek
dk Kku izkIr djus ls gh 'kk'or lq[k vkSj 'kkfUr miyC/k gksxhA lalkj ds reke ,s'o;Z feydj Hkh
rqEgsa 'kkUr ugha dj ldrsA buls rqEgsa ek= 'kkjhfjd lq[k feysxkA rqEgsa buls eks{k ugha izkIr gksxkA ;fn
rqe vius thou dks lQy djuk pkgrs gks] 'kk'or lq[k vkSj 'kkfUr gkfly djuk pkgrs gks rks vius
vkidks tkuks] viuh vkRek dk Kku izkIr djksA vkRek dks tkurs gh rqe ije r`Ir gks tkvksxs] rqEgkjk
vkokxeu [kRe gks tk;sxk vkSj rqe lnk ds fy, eqDr gks tkvksxsA mlh ds fy, rqEgsa reke lk/ku crk;s
tkrs gSaA xq# }kjk mifn"V lk/kuk dks viukdj rqe mls izkIr dj ldrs gksA xq# rqEgsa rqEgkjs djus ;ksX;
lk/kuk dk mins'k djrk gSA og tekus dk oS| gksrk gSA og vius vuqHko] Kku vkSj flf) }kjk rqEgkjh
;ksX;rk vkSj ifjfLFkfr dks tku tkrk gS vkSj rqEgkjs fy, lgt vkSj lqxe lk/ku crkrk gSA
ge dgrs gSa fd rqe vf/kd >xM+k sa esa er iM+ksA rqe tks dqN dj jgs gks] djksA ge ugha dgrs fd rqe
efUnj esa tkvks] dksbZ fo'ks"k vuq"Bku vFkok mikluk esa yxksA gk] 'kkL=fuf"k) deZ er djksA mlh ls
rqEgkjk vUr%dj.k xUnk gks x;k gSA rqe fofgr deks dks fu"dkeHkko ls djks] HkxoniZ.k cqf) ls djksA
cgqr yksx dgrs gSa fd ge turk&tuknZu dh lsok djrs gSaA cktkj esa xqt jus ij ns[krs gSa] nqdkuksa
ds vkxs fy[kk jgrk gS] ^ge vkbl o"kks ls turk dh lsok dj jgs gSaA* ;g dgha ugha fy[kk gksrk fd ge
mrus lkyksa ls yksxksa dh tsc dkV jgs gSaA D;k] rks ge lsok dj jgs gSaA okg js lsod ! lsok fdls dgrs gSa]
;g Hkh gS ekywe\ lsod /keZ dks le>rs D;k gks \ vxj lpeqp yksx lso k djus yx tk;sa rks nqfu;k LoxZ
cu tk;sA lekt dh nqnZ'kk blhfy, gks xbZ gS fd yksx lsok ds uke ij LokFkZ dk kakk djrs gSaA lsok/keZ
rks eu ls tSls [kRe gh gks x;k gSA lsod rks Hkjr th FksA dgk gS & ^lc rs lso d /kje dBksjkA* lsod keZ
rks ri ls] ti ls] nqfu;k ds dqy keZ&deZ djus ls Hkh Js"B gSA vc lsok /keZ dks rqe viukvks rc rksA

28

rqe rks lc txg LokFkZ Hkko ls gh is'k vkrs gksA nqfu;k ds gj /ka/ks esa] efUnj&xq#}kjksa esa] rhFkks esa
;gk rd fd lar&egkRekvksa ds ikl Hkh LokFkZ iwfkZ ds fy, gh tkrs gksA ;fn LokFkZ NksM+dj lsok djks rks
fQj rqEgsa dksbZ ti&ri djus dh t:jr ughaA rqe pkgs tks deZ djks] dksbZ eukgh ughaA pkgs rqe Ldwy esa
i<+ks] fctusl djks] [ksrh djks ;k ukSdjh djksA ;g lc lsokHkko ls djks] rqEgkjk dY;k.k vo'; gksxkA
rqEgkjs reke deZ Hktu cu tk;saxsA fQj vyx ls Hktu djus dh dksbZ t:jr ugha jgsxhA ckgj ls tiks
ekyk vkSj djks 'kSrkuh rks mlls eu lkS tUeksa esa Hkh 'kq) ugha gksxkA oSlh gkyr esa rqe vius vki dks
/kks[kk nksxsA vius n; ls LokFkZ [kRe djks] iziap fudky nksA* vHkh lR; dk jkt [kqy tk;sxkA Hkxoku
us vtqZu ls dgk &
fny vkS fnekx dks rw esjs rlOoj esa yxk]
jkt [kqy tk;sxk rq>ij eaftys&edlwn dkA
lPph ckr rks flQZ bruh gh gSA ckdh nqfu;k ds >xM+s gh gSaA muls Nqh dHkh ugha feyus dks gSA
mlls thou esa lq[k ugha feyus dksA rqe vius vkpkj&O;ogkj esa ifo=rk cjrks] lPpkbZ dks fdlh gkyr
esa er NksM+k sA Bxh gjfxt er djksA vfHkeku dks fcYdqy fudky nksA bu phtksa ls rqEgkjk eu xUnk gksxkA
og lnk v'kkUr rFkk {kqC/k cuk jgsxkA rqe viuh Bxh ls lalkj dks /kks[kk ns ldrs gks] Hkxoku dks ughaA
pVdhys diM+s igudj yksxksa dks vPNs yx ldrs gks] Hkxoku dks ughaA og ijekRek rks rqEgkjk fny
ns[krk gS] diM+s ugha ns[krkA rqEgkjs vUnj rks nqfu;koh iziapksa dk dwM+k Hkjk gqvk gSA eu Qjsch djrk gS]
vla[ ; xUnh vknrksa esa yxk jgrk gS vkSj ij ls iSaV] dksV] VkbZ igudj ewNsa ,saBdj vPNk cuus yxs
gksA buls D;k gksxk \ rqEgkjk n; rks ty jgk gSA ckgj ls ewNksa esa rsy yxkdj VkbZ&dksV igudj
lqUnj dSls yxksxs \ rqe diM+ksa ls cgqr cM+k vkneh cuuk pkgrs gks \ vjs] rqels cM+k rks [kjxks'k gS !
oSlk fQV dksV gS rqEgkjk \ ;s cfPp;k tks lkfM+;k&pwfM+;k pedkrh fQjrh gSa] D;k eksjksa ls vPNh yxrh gSa
;s \ eksj tSlk igukok gS budk \ rqEgkjs dksV&lwV rks gj N% fnu ij MkbZDyhu djkus gksrs gSaA eksj dks
rks u dHkh lkcqu yxkuk iM+rk gS vkSj u kksch ds ;gk tkuk iM+rk gSA rqeus egy edku cM+s vkyh'kku
cuk;s rks D;k rqe ejksxs ugha blesa jgdj \ ,d Hkwpky dk >Vdk yk[kksa dh bekjr dks feh esa feyk
nsxkA nl yk[k #i;s tek dj fy;s rks cgqr cM+s cu x;s \ ef.k;kjk liZ oSls gh rqels T;knk /kuh gS ftls
vius vki yk[kksa dh ef.k feyh gqbZ gSA Hkxoku Hkh dgrs gSa fd ?kcM+kvks er cPpk] /ku pkfg, rks rqEgsa liZ
cuk nsaxs vxys tUe esaA os dgrs gSa] ;fn yM+ds dh pkg gS rks Hkst nsaxs lwvj ;ksfu esaA ogk ,d nQk esa
nl&nl yM+ds tUekukA nks&pkj ckj esa iYVu [kM+h gks tk;sxh yM+dksa dhA vkuUn vk tk;sxkA
Hkxoku rks dYio`{k gSaA mudh N=Nk;k esa jgdj vkneh tks dqN ;kn djrk gS mls ogh fey tkrk
gSA ,d vkneh dYio`{k ds ikl pyk x;kA jgh gksxh mldh oSlh iq.; dekbZA Hkw[k&I;kl ls ijs'kku FkkA
mlus lkspk] dgha dqN [kkus&ihus dks feyrk rks cM+k vPNk gksrkA* [kkus&ihus dk cf<+;k lkeku lkeus vk
x;kA th Hkjdj [kk;kA lkspk] pkjikbZ gksrh] fcLrj gksrk rks vkjke djrkA cl] pkjikbZ vkSj fcLrj vk
x;kA BkV ls lks;kA lkspk] dgha ck?k vk tk; vkSj QkM+ [kk, rc \ cl] ck?k vk x;k vkSj pV dj x;kA
mlh rjg bl ekuo ru dks ,slk fo'ks"kkfkdkj fn;k gS Hkxoku usA ejrs oDr ge tks pkgsaxs ogh feysxkA

29

cgqr yksx ,rjkt mBkrs gSa fd ;s ckrsa fo'okl djus dh ugha gksrh fd vkneh ejdj xngk] lwv j
vkSj D;k&D;k curk gSA os dgrs gSa] ^/kku cksus ls /kku mitrk gS vkSj xsgw cksus ls xsgwA fQj vkneh ejdj
nwljk dqN dSls gks ldrk gS \* gks ldrk gSA ;fn vkneh ds :i esa xngk] lwvj vkSj ck?k gh ejs rc D;k
gksxk \ vkneh ds :i esa dksb Z vkneh gks rc rks ! vkneh dh nsg flQZ gks vkSj eu ck?k] lwvj vkSj
lki&fcPNw dh gks rc rks og oSlk gh cusxkA vkneh;r ftlesa gks ogh vkneh gksrk gSA flQZ vkneh dh nsg
gksus ls vkneh ugha gksrkA tks vius vkne 'kjhj dh dnz tkurk gks og vkneh gksrk gSA tks bl 'kjhj ls
viuk y{; izkIr djs og vkneh gksrk gSA crkvks] D;k rqe vkneh gks \ rqe rks xngk] lwvj] lki vkSj u
tkus vkSj D;k&D;k gks x;s gksA ge rks rqEgsa dqN Hkh ugha dgrsA bldk irk ejrs oDr pysxkA lkpk rks
igys cukdj rS;kj j[ks gq, gks \ tSlk deZ fd;s gks oSlk lkpk cu pqdk gSA ;g nsg NksM+ksxs vkSj vius
vUnj ds lkps ds vuq#i nsj ugha gksxhA n; ls rqe lki cu x;s gksA csotg fdlh dks Mlrs fQjrs gks]
QqaQdkjrs fQjrs gksA n; rks rqEgkjk v/ke dksfV dk gks pqdk gSA rc dSls rqEgsa nso ;ksfu feysxh\ funksZ"k]
fujijk/k yksxksa dks lrkrs gks] muds lkFk vU;k; djrs gksA D;k ;gh ekuo dk deZ gS \ dqN rks fopkjksA
,dne vUks rks er cu tkvksA
lRlax esa rqEgkjs dY;k.k dh ckrsa crkbZ tkrh gSaA ;fn nok dks ijgst ds lkFk [kkvksxs rks og
vo'; Qk;nk djsxhA vxj ,d jkh nok vkSj ikoHkj cnijgsth djksxs rks jksx dSls Bhd gksxk! nok ls
T;knk xq.kdkjh ijgst gksrk gSA blfy, dqlax] dqdeZ vkSj dqefr dk R;kx djksA ;g lc tgj gS rqEgkjs
fy,A vius thou dh dher le>ksA egkiq#"kksa dh ckrksa ij ;ku nksA blh ls rqEgkjk dY;k.k gksxkA
t;xq# % vk'khokZnA

opu & 28
LFkku % ghuw jkph

frfFk % 21-10-84

izsfe;ks !
cksyks & gfjvkse~] gfjvkse~] gfjvkse~A
vHkh rd rqeyksxksa us egkRekvksa ds izo pu rFkk Hktuksa ds }kjk lRlax dh ppkZ lquhA eSa le>rk gw]
rqeyksx viuh&viuh Hkkouk ds eqrkfcd blds vFkZ Hkh yxk jgs gksxs vkSj mlh vuqlkj ml ij fopkj
Hkh djksxsA ;g gdhdr gS fd ftldk fny tSlk gksrk gS ckgj dh nqfu;k mldks oSlh gh fn[kkbZ nsrh gSA
,slh gkyr esa vlfy;r le>us esa dfBukbZ rks vo'; gksxhA ftldk n; 'kq) vkSj J)koku gksrk gS ogh
lRlax dh ckrksa dks lgh <ax ls le> ldrk gSA rqeyksxksa us larksa ds }kjk fy[ks x;s xzaFkks a esa ;g ckr
t:j i<+h gksxh fd 'kkL= dsoy J)kyqvksa dks gh lquk;s tk;saA mUgsa oSls lTtuksa ij izdV fd;k tk;s
ftUgsa Hkxoku] 'kkL= rFkk vius /keZ ij vkLFkk gksA tks yksx J)kghu gSa vkSj keZ ds foijhr pyusokys gSa
muds fy, 'kkL=h; ckrksa dk dksb Z eksy ugha gksrkA muds fy, ,sls xzUFk fy[ks gh ugha x;sA os rks 'kkL=k dh
ckrksa dk mYVk vFkZ yxk,saxs] pwfd ;s ckrsa mudh le> ds ijs dh gksrh gSaA rqe viuh vk[kksa esa tSlh ,sud
yxkvksxs] ckgj dh reke phtsa rqedks mlh jax dh utj vk;saxhA
cgqr lkjs yksxksa ds fny esa ,slk Hkko iSnk gksrk gS fd ;gk ds HkDrtu vius xq# dks Hkxoku D;ksa
dgrs gSa] mudh t; D;ksa cksyrs gSa \ xq# rks lkekU; euq"; dh rjg gSa] fQj ;s Hkxoku dSls gks x;s \
vly ckr ;g gS fd ;gk ds gh HkDr vius xq# dks Hkxoku ugha ekurs] cfYd nwljs lHkh lar vkSj 'kkL=
Hkh ,slk ekurs gSaA blhfy, rks rqylhnkl us dgk &
^oUns cks/ke;a fuR;a xq#a 'kadj :fi.ke~A* vkSj blh izdkj dchj us Hkh dgk &
xq# dks ekuq"k tkurs] rs uj dfg;s vUk A gks; nq[kh lalkj esa] vkxs te dk QUn AA
30

jke dh t;] ".k dh t;] f'ko dh t;] nsoh eS;k dh t; & ,slk rks gekjs lukru /keZ ds lHkh
yksx cksyrs vk;s gSaA bl izdkj dh t; cksyus ds ihNs ,d jkt gSA ,slk djus ls t;dkjk djusokys
O;fDr dk n; 'kq) gksrk gS] mlds Hkko fnO; curs gSaA ftudh t; eukbZ tkrh gS] dY;k.k mudk ugha
gksrkA dY;k.k dk gdnkj rks ob bUlku gksrk gS tks lefiZr Hkko ls vius xq#tuksa dh t; eukrk gSA
fouksck us ,d ckj xka/khth dks [kr fy[kk fd vkius nqfu;k esa oSlk dke dj fn[kk;k tSlk
Hkxoku jke Hkh ugha dj lds FksA mn;kpy ls vLrkpy rd ftu vaxsztksa dk jkT; QSlyk gqvk Fkk] vkiu s
fcuk yM+kbZ fd;s gh muls ml jkT; dks thrdj Hkkjr dks vktknh fnyokbZA blhfy, ge vkidks jke ls
Hkh c<+dj ekurs gSaA egkRek xk/kh us ml i= ds tokc esa fouksck dks fy[kk fd rqeus tks fph fy[kh]
rqEgkjh Hkkouk ds eqrkfcd og ckr rqEgkjs fy, lR; gSA ;fn rqEgkjh Hkkouk oSlh gS rks rqEgkjs fy, og
Bhd gSA gk] ge [kqn vius eu esa blds fy, D;k Hkko j[krs gSa] ;g vyx ckr gSA ge rks jke] ".k vkfn
vorkjh egkiq#"kksa ds pj.kksa dh /kwfy ds cjkcj Hkh vius dks ugha ekursA rqEgkjk viuk Hkko ;fn bl
rjg dk gS rks rqEgsa mldk fnO; Qy t:j feysxk vkSj rqe t:j egku cu tkvksxsA
Bhd blh rjg ftu HkDrksa dk vius xq# ds ij ftruk pk Hkko gksrk gS mudk n; mruk gh
egku curk gSA ;g ckr le> ysus dh gS fd ftls xq# dgk tkrk gS og Lo;a vius dks vius xq#tuksa
vFkok vorkjh egkiq#"kksa ds pj.kksa dk [kkdlkj le>rk gSA mldk eLrd mu egku gfLr;ksa ds lkeus
lnSo >qdk jgrk gSA rHkh rks og xq# cu ikrk gSA ftu HkDrksa ds n; esa vius xq# ds izfr J)k ugha gksrh
os :gkfu;r esa dHkh ps ugha mB ldrsA oSls yksxksa dh o`fk reksxq.k iz/kku gksrh gS tks mUgsa lalkj dh
rjQ nkSM+krh jgrh gSA ,slh o`fk dk ifj.kke ;g gksrk gS fd 'kjhj NwVus ds ckn mUgsa ckj&ckj lalkj esa
tUe ysuk iM+rk gSA Hkxoku rks lcdk dY;k.k djrs gSaA os fdlh dk cqjk ugha djrsA yksx Hkxoku ds
Lo:i dks gh ugha le>rsA Hkxoku D;k gS] ;gh ugha tkursA rqeyksxksa us viuh mikluk ds fy, tks
/kkj.kk;sa cuk j[kh gSa] lk/kkj.k yksx ml vlfy;r dks ugha le> ikrsA os rks ckgj dh ckrksa esa gh
Vhdk&fVIi.kh djrs gSaA rdZ&fordZ yM+kbZ&>xM+k [kM+k dj ysrs gSaA vly esa Hkxoku ds fy, dksb Z
>xM+k ughaA Hkxoku fdlh dk de vkSj fdlh dk T;knk ugha gksrkA og u rks fgUnw gS u eqlyeku] u
fl[k gS u tSu] u bZlkbZ gS u ckS)] u teZu gS u kafllhA og rks lkjs czk.M ds fy, ,d gSA fdUrq bruh
cM+h i`Foh ij tks brus lkjs Hkxokuksa dk fuekZ.k fd;k x;k mlesa ,d Hksn gSA ,slk D;ksa fd;k x;k \
lalkj esa tSls vaxzstksa ds fy, bZlkelhg gSa] mlh rjg ge fgUnqvksa ds fy, pkSchl vorkj gSa( tSls fl[kksa
ds fy, nl xq# vkSj tSfu;ksa ds fy, muds rhFkdj gSa( oSls gh nwljs yksxksa ds fy, muds etgcksa ds
vius&vius Hkxokuksa dk Lo:i gSA
fyfi ds tks 'kCn gksrs gSa os lc yksxksa ds }kjk cuk;s x;s gSaA os vkleku ls Viddj ugha vk;sA gk]
vkleku ls bygke ds :i esa tks 'kCn mRi gq, mUgsa Hkxoku 'kadj us vius Me: ls fuukfnr fd;kA
mlh ds vk/kkj ij nqfu;k dh dqy fyfi;k cuhaA mu fyfi;ksa dh tkudkjh dj ysus ds ckn ge mudh enn
ls vyx&vyx Hkk"kkvksa ds 'kCnksa dks le> ikrs gSaA fQj rks ge fo}ku~ gks tkrs gSa vkSj cM+h&cM+h fMfxz;k
Hkh gkfly dj ysr s gSaA vxj ge mu lxq.k fyfi;ksa dks vk/kkj u cuk;sa rks gesa ml fuxqZ.k lR; bZ'oj
dh le> ugha gks ldrhA rqEgsa rks fuxqZ.k lR; dh ij[k ds fy, lxq.k Lo:i dks vk/kkj cukuk gh
iM+sxkA izrhdksikluk djuh iM+sxhA igys gh dksbZ vkneh ?kV&?kVO;kih ijekRek dks ugha le> ldrkA
igys ,dns'kh dks eku djds gh loZns'kh dks le>k tk ldrk gSA tc ,dns'kh dh mikluk djrs&djrs
rqEgkjk vUr%dj.k 'kq) gks tk;sxk rks rqEgkjk lxq.k b"V gh fuxqZ.k :i esa izrhr gks tk;sxkA

31

eafnjksa esa tks iRFkj dh ewfkZ;k iwth tkrh gSa] ukfLrdksa ds fy, rks os iRFkj gh gSaA ysfdu lgh ekus esa
os iRFkj ugha gksrhaA HkDrksa ds fy, os thoUr gksrh gSaA 'kjhj rks xq#vksa dk Hkh vkneh dh gh rjg gksrk gS]
og vkleku ls ugha fxjk gksrkA tSlk rqEgkjk 'kjhj cuk oSlk gh rqEgkjs xq# dk Hkh cukA ij&ij ls
dksbZ QdZ ugha gksrkA QdZ rks Hkkouk dk gSA ge mu ewfkZ;ksa esa] mu xq#tuksa vkSj egkiq#"kksa esa viuh iwT;
Hkkouk j[krs gSaA tks bl Hksn dks ugha le>rs mUgha dh utj esa ewfkZ;ksa dh iwtk iRFkj dh iwtk ekywe gksrh
gSA gekjs 'kkL= rks cjkcj dgrs jgs gSa fd Hkxoku ?kV?kV O;kih gSaA vc vxj og lalkj ds d.k&d.k esa
lek;k gqvk gS rks D;k og ewfkZ esa ugha jgrk gksxk \ rqe rks viuh utj dks dsoy HkkSfrd inkFkks esa
my>k;s gq, gksA gk] ftu HkDrksa dh mu iRFkjksa esa bZ'ojRo&cqf) gksrh gS muds fy, rks og bZ'oj gksrk gh
gSA
,d egkRek us vius vkJe ds ckgj cksMZ yxk;k Fkk] ^Hkxoku dk lk{kkr~ n'kZuA* Ldwy&dkWy st
esa i<+usokys yM+dksa ds fy, og cksMZ ,d rek'kk FkkA os glh&glh esa gh Hkxoku dk lk{kkr~ n'kZu ikus ds
fy, ckck ds ikl igqpsA ckck us mudh vkoHkxr dh vkSj muds iwNus ij crk;k] ^vHkh lk{kkr~ n'kZu gks
tk;saxsA eSaus Hkxoku dks VsyhQksu dj fn;k gSA os vk gh jgs gS aA* yM+dksa us lkspk] ^;g rks gn gks xbZA dgk rks
n'kZu fy[kk Fkk] vc rks Hkxoku rd VsyhQksu Hkh fd;k tk jgk gSA* dqN nsj ckn tc Hkxoku ugha vk;s rks
yM+dksa us ckck ls fQj iwNkA ckck cksys] ^igys rqeyksx ;g crkvks fd fdl :i esa Hkxoku ds n'kZu djuk
pkgrs gks \ ;fn rqEgkjs eu esa mudk dksb Z :i gS gh ugha rks fQj muds vk tkus ij Hkh rqe mUgsa igpkuksxs
dSls \ vr% igys ;g crkvks fd Hkxoku jke cudj vk;sa] ".k cudj vk;sa ;k u`flag cudjA Hkxoku
dk viuk :i rks dksbZ gS ughaA rqEgkjh Hkkouk vkSj fu"Bk ds eqrkfcd gh os :i /kkj.k djrs gSaA vxj
rqEgkjh Hkkouk gh fdlh ,d ij fLFkj ugha gS rks Hkxoku fn[ksaxs fdl :i esa \*
vxj rqEgsa Hkxoku ds fuxqZ.k Lo:i ij vkLFkk gS rks D;k rqe vkdk'k dh O;k[;k dj ldrs gks
\ ughaA blhfy, lcls igys rqEgsa lxq.k dh mikluk ls 'kq#vkr djuh gksxhA fdlh ,d Lo:i ij
fu"Bk n`<+ djuh gksxhA izHkq ds fo"k; esa rks dgk gS
:i u jax u js[k dNw] izHkq rhu xq.kksa ls fHkA
vFkkZr~ Hkxoku fdlh [kkl 'kjhj esa ugha jgrsA os rks Hkksa dh Hkkouk ds vuqdwy viuk :i cukrs
gSaA mudk viuk u dksbZ :i gS u jaxA os rks rhu xq.kksa ls ijs gSaA vxj rqEgkjh le> Bhd gks rks ;g lkjk
czk.M Hkxoku dk gh :i gSA mudk Lo:i rqEgkjh cqf) dh dkfy[k esa fNi x;k gSA igys rqe
iwtk&mikluk }kjk vius vUr%dj.k dks 'kq) djks rc ckr cusxhA Hkxoku ds fdlh Hkh lxq.k :i ij
viuk /;ku dsfUnzr djksA ml lxq.k :i dks n; esa ns[krs&ns[krs rqEgkjh o`fk;k ,dkxz gksus yxsaxhA
fQj rks rqEgkjh o`fk bl rjg fnO; gks tk;saxh fd tjsZ&tjsZ esa rqEgsa izHkq dk gh Lo:i utj vkus yxsxkA
vke rkSj ij yksxksa dks ewfkZiwtk ij ,rjkt gksrk gSA lksprs gSa] tM+ ewfkZ dks p<+k;k x;k uSo s|
Hkxoku rd dSls igqprk gSA ewfkZ rks futhZo gksrh gSA fdUrq ewfkZiwtk oLrqr% izrhdksikluk gS ftldk
ifj.kke lnk eaxydkjh gksrk gSA
,d vkneh gfj}kj esa Luku vkfn ds ckn lw;Z dks ty p<+k jgk FkkA ,d ukfLrd ogha ij [kM+k FkkA
cksyk] ^rqe ;g D;k dj jgs gks \ ftls ty p<+k jgs gks og rks rqels djksM+ksa ehy nwj vkdk'k esa gSA og
csgn xeZ Hkh gSA rqEgkjk pqYyw Hkj ikuh ml rd igqp dSls ik;sxk \* blds tokc esa og iqtkjh cksyk]
^lkyk] py gV ;gk lsA esjs ikl cdokl er djA* ukfLrd bl xkyh&xykSt dks lqudj Hkk x;kA
cksyk] ^eSa rks rqels lkekU; ckrsa dj jgk Fkk vkSj rqeus eq>s xkyh nsuh 'kq# dj nh \ ;g dSlh Hkf gqb Z
\* iqtkjh cksyk] ^eSa iwNrk gw] eSaus xkyh rqEgkjh ek&cgu dks nhA os rks ;gk ls nwj dgha vkSj gSaA fQj esjh
xkfy;k mu rd dSls igqp xbZ \ ;fn esjh xkfy;k ogk rd igqp ldrh gSa rks esjk fn;k gqvk ty lw;Z
Hkxoku rd D;ksa ugha igqpsxk \*
32

blh rjg ukfLrd yksx rjg&rjg ds rdZ djrs jgrs gSaA os cspkjs vius LoHkko ls etcwj gksrs gSaA
os reksxq.kh yksx gSaA muds vUnj fnO; Hkko vk gh ugha ldrkA
jko.k tSls 'kf'kkyh vkSj iafMr vkt nqfu;k esa fdrus yksx gSa \ mlesa ,d gh lkFk dbZ foy{k.k
xq.k Fks fQj Hkh mls jk{kl dgk x;kA czk.k dqy esa tUe ysus ds ckn Hkh og jk{kl dSls gks x;k\ vly
esa mlds O;fRo dk ,d nwljk i{k Hkh Fkk ftlesa nks"k gh nks"k FkkA fo}ku~ gksrs gq, Hkh og 'kjkc ihrk FkkA
pkjksa osnksa dk oDrk gksdj Hkh ekal [kkrk FkkA og nwljksa dh vkSjrsa pqjkrk FkkA vgadkjh bruk Fkk fd
Hkxoku jke ds lkeus Hkh ugha >qdkA blh dkj.k rks mls jk{kl dgk tkrk gSA vkt Hkh yksx mlds iqr ys
tykdj viuh [kqf'k;k tkfgj djrs gSaA vkt rqe [kqn vius ls iwNdj ns[kks fd rqe jko.k gks ;k ughaA tks
nq"deZ djs ogh rks jko.k gksrk gSA vkt ljs&vke gj xyh gj uqDdM+ ij jk{kl ?kwe jgs gSaA jkr&fnu
yM+kb;k gks jgh gSaA rqe ,d&nwljs dks feVkus ij rqys gq, gksA D;k ;g jk{kl gksuk ugha gS \ rqEgkjk dlwj
;gh gS fd rqe fgUnw gks] vr% ekj fn;s tkvksxsA mudk dlwj ;g gS fd os eqlyeku gSa] fl[k gSa] blfy,
ekj fn;s tk;saxsA D;k ;gh rqEgkjk /keZ fl[kkrk gS \ rqEgkjs egkiq#"k D;k ,slh gh ckrsa crkrs gSa \ dksb Z Hkh
etgc ;g ugha fl[kkrk fd rqe vkil esa yM+ks ;k nwljksa dk [kwu dj nks] fdlh ds lkFk fo'okl?kkr
djks vFkok fdlh ds lkFk vR;kpkj djksA tks Hkh ,slk djrk gS ogh jk{kl gksrk gSA
vxj jko.k dh rjg gh rqEgkjh le>nkjh gS rks mlesa vkSj rqeesa D;k vUrj jg x;k \ rqeus
vcrd nqfu;k esa bruk lkjk ,s'o;Z bdk fd;k] /ku cVksjk rc D;k rqEgsa 'kkfUr feyh \ fdlh vjcifr
ls tkdj iwNks fd D;k mls 'kkfUr gS \ rqe rks viuh fo}kk dk nq#i;ksx dj jgs gksA HkkSfrd inkFkks dh
izkfIr ds fy, rqEgkjh fo|k ugha gSA Hkxoku us rqEgsa ,d nwljs ms'; dh izkfIr ds fy, cuk;k gSA lalkj dk
lq[k rks {kf.kd gSA tc ls ;g l`f"V cuh rc ls ysdj vktrd ;gk u dksbZ lq[kh gqvk vkSj u gksxkA izy;
dky rd vHkko gh vHkko yxk jgsxkA ;fn rqEgkjh ftUnxh lkS lkyksa dh Hkh gks rks ipkl lky rks jkr esa
lks;s esa gh dV x;s vkSj iUnzg lky lqcg&'kke esa [kRe gks x;sA 'ks"k le; gk&gk gw&gw djrs chr x;kA
dHkh rqeus Ba<s fny ls fopkj fd;k fd rqe dj D;k jgs gks \ rqe tks dj jgs gks] D;k ogh mfpr gS \
rqeus tks dqN Hkh fd;k mlls D;k rqEgsa lq[k&'kkfUr izkIr gqbZ \ vkuUn feyk \ fpUrk;sa nwj gqqbZ \ rqEgkjs
nq[kksa dh fuo`fk gqbZ \ rqEgkjs ;s uhys&ihys diM+s dsoy eu cgykus ds fy, gSaA ;g rks ij&ij dh
ped&ned gSA blls dqN l/kusokyk ughaA rqe rks bl lalkj esa vk[ksa ewndj iM+s gq, gksA lksprs gks] ge
lc rjQ ls lqjf{kr gSa] gesa dksbZ ns[k ugha jgk gSA rqe D;k tkuks fd rqEgsa ns[kus&ij[kusokyk rqEgkjh
jx&jx dks igpkurk gSA rqe fdruk Hkh /ku iSnk dj yks] rqEgsa okLrfod 'kkfUr ugha fey ldrhA
,d og fnu Fkk tc ^cPps ekr` nsoks Hko] fir` nsoks Hko] xq# nsoks Hko* dgk djrs Fks vkSj oSlk
vkpj.k Hkh djrs FksA vkt gekjs yM+ds ih,p0Mh0] Mh0 fyV~0 djds Hkh vius firk dks ?kj ls fudky
nsrs gSa] ekrk dks cfg"r dj nsrs gSaA viuh ese lkfgck dks izl djus ds fy, os dqN Hkh dj ldrs gSaA
okg js fo}ku~ vkSj ih,p0 Mh0 ! cM+s lH; gks x;s] f'kf{kr gks x;s ! D;k cuk rks iz.kke djuk Hkwy x;s]
/kekZpkj NksM+ cSBs?kwl ysus vkSj ywV djus esa ekfgj gks x;sA blls rks os gh vPNs Fks tks i<+s ugha FksA ;g
HkkSfrd fo|k rqEgsa bUlkfu;r ugha fl[kk ldrhA _f"k;ksa dh f'k{kk ls rqe lPps bUlku cu ldrs gksA
rqeyksx gj ckr dks rdZ dh dlkSVh ij dluk pkgrs gksA gdhdr ;g gS fd bZ'oj rdZ dk fo"k;
gks gh ugha ldrkA rqe mls viuh cqf) ls le> gh ugha ldrsA eqxsZ&v.Ms [kkdj] 'kjkc ihdj rqe
bZ'oj ij rdZ djus pyrs gks ! Hkyk og rqEgkjs tSls rkelh cqf)okyksa dh idM+ esa vk ldrk gS dHkh \
blhfy, lcls igys rqEgsa viuk [kku&iku 'kq) djuk gksxk] vkgkj&O;ogkj ifo= djuk gksxkA blls
rqEgkjh cqf) Hkh 'kq) gksrh tk;sxhA rqEgkjh dekbZ Hkh 'kq) gksuh pkfg,A

33

,d HkDr fdlh vkneh ds ;gk fuea= .k ij x;kA cM+s vknj lRdkj ds lkFk mls Hkkstu djk;k
x;kA Hkkstu dj pqdus ds ckn tc HkDr vius ?kj ykSVus dks gqvk rks pyrs&pyrs mldh fuxkg cSBds esa
Vaxs gq, lksus dh gkj ij iM+hA mlus gkj dks pksjh ls viuh tsc esa j[k fy;k vkSj ?kj vk x;kA m/kj gkj
dh pksjh gks tkus ij Hkh ml vkneh ds eu esa vius vfrfFk ds izfr rfud Hkh 'kadk ugha gqb ZA mlus lkspk]
gkj dks dksb Z nwljk mBk ys x;k gksxkA b/kj ml HkDr ds eu esa izk;f'pk dk Hkko vkus yxk vkSj mldk
fny vijkk Hkko ls Hkj mBkA iwtk vkSj /;ku ds le; esa Hkh mldk eu mpkV cuk jgk vkSj Hkhrj cM+h
v'kkafr&lh eglwl gqbZA 'kkfUr izkIr djus ds fy, og HkDr vius xq#nso ds ikl igqpk vkSj muls
lPpkbZ dg lqukbZA mls [kqn vius fd;s ij vk'p;Z Fkk fd mlus oSlk fd;k dSls ! xq#nso fopkj djds
cksys] ^rqe ftlds ?kj [kkus x;s Fks mldk og v pksjh dk FkkA blhfy, mls [kk ysus ij rqEgkjs eu esa
dqN nsj ds fy, oSlh dqHkkouk iSnk gks xbZA bldk funku ;gh gS fd rqe gkj dks ys tkdj ml O;fDr dks
lkSai nks vkSj mlls {kek ekax yksA ,slk djus ls rqEgkjs nks"k [kRe gks tk;saxsA
vkt rqeyksx ftl ifjos'k esa th jgs gks mlesa dksbZ pht 'kq) fn[kkbZ ugha nsrhA fQj mlesa jgdj
rqEgkjs cPps nsork dSls cusa \ mu cPpksa dh cqf) rkelh u cus rks D;k cus \ ,slk reksxq.kh eu lalkj dh
vksj gh rks tk;sxkA blhfy, igys vius vkgkj&O;ogkj dks 'kq) djuk gksxkA bls 'kq) djus ds igys
viuh dekbZ Hkh 'kq) djuh gksxhA tc bruk l/k tk;sxk rc eu ifo= gksxkA ifo= eu esa gh 'kkfUr
vk;sxhA oSlh 'kkfUr vk tkus ij ;g lkjh nqfu;k rqPN utj vkus yxsxhA ge ;g ugha dgrs fd rqe nqfu;k
dh phtksa dk bLrseky er djks vFkok dekuk NksM+ nksA rqe ftl izkjC/k dks ysdj vk;s gks mls rks iwjk
djuk gh iM+sxkA rqe lalkj esa jgus dk lgh rjhdk lh[kksA lalkj esa jgdj Hkh bldh vklfDr esa er
MwcksA
vHkh rks fLFkfr ;s gS fd gj vkneh ij Hkksx&foykl dk Hkwr lokj gSA ,d vkneh u'ks esa gks rks
mldk funku lEHko Hkh gSA ;gk rks dq, esa gh Hkkax ?kksy nh xbZ gSA dq, dk ikuh ih&ihdj lewpk xko
ikxy cuk gqvk gSA ns[kks] tks lR; gS og ges'kk lR; gh cuk jgsxkA mls vlR; dksbZ dj gh ugha ldrkA
tc rqEgkjs ?kj dksbZ lEcU/kh ej tkrk gS rks rqe mls 'e'kku ys tkrs gksA ogk mls tykdj Luku vkfn ls
ifo= gksdj ?kj vkrs gksA og rks rqEgkjk gh lEcU/kh Fkk] cki&nknk ;k HkkbZ Fkk] fQj mls tykus ds ckn
'kqf) dh D;k vko';drk gks xbZ\ vOoy esa rqe mls eqnkZ le>dj mls Nqus ls vius dks nwf"kr ekurs gksA
vc ftu eqxks ;k cdjksa dks dkVdj rqe [kkrs gks os D;k eqnkZ ugha gksrs \ muds Li'kZ ls D;k rqe v'kq)
ugha gksrs \ ,sls gh vifo= vkgkj vcrd xzg.k djrs vk;s gks vkSj mlh dk [kwu rqEgkjh ulksa esa rSj jgk
gSA rqEgkjs cPps mlh ds jl ls cus lIr /kkrqvksa dh mit rks gksrs gSaA fQj os maM ugha gksaxs rks D;k gksaxs \
rqe Lo;a rks fnuHkj >wB cksyrs jgrs gks vkSj vius cPpksa dks lPpkbZ dk ikB i<+krs gksA cPpksa dks lR;oknh
cukus ds igys [kqn lR; cksyuk lh[kksA [kqn 'kSrkuh djuk NksM+ks rHkh rqe cPpksa dks nsork cuk ikvksxsA
rHkh rqEgkjs ?kj oSls cPps iSnk gksaxs tks rqEgkjs [kkunku dk uke jkS'ku dj ldsaxsA Hkxoku us rqEgkjs fy,
brus Qy&Qwy iSnk fd;s gSa] nwk&?kh iDok cuk;s gSaA muls rqEgkjk isV ugha Hkjrk fd eNyh&ekal [kkus
tkrs gks \ blhfy, dgrk gw fd viuh xyr vknrksa ls viuk] vius ifjokj rFkk lekt dk csM+k xdZ er
djksA tcrd rqe Lo;a vius dks ugha lq/kkj ysrs rcrd u rks rqEgkjk ifjokj lqkjsxk vkSj u rqEgkjs
lekt dh gh rjDdh gksxhA blfy,
tkxuk rks tkx ys vQykd dh lk;k rys] fQj u dguk ;g dHkh gels gqvk dqN Hkh ugha A
tks ckr lR; gS og lnk lR; gksxhA nks nwuk pkj gksrk gS ;g vkt Hkh gS vkSj lkS lky ckn Hkh jgsxkA
vr% eSaus tks fgnk;r dh] rqEgsa ftl ckr ls lko/kku fd;k og gekjk gh ugha] reke cqtqxks vkSj 'kkL=ksa dk
Hkh dguk gSA mls ekuus esa gh rqEgkjk dY;k.k gSA
t;xq# % vk'khokZnA
34

opu && 29
LFkku % jkph fcgkj

fn0 22 vDVwcj] 1984

izsfe;ks]
gesa rqEgkjs fgr ds fy, tks Bhd tprk gS] tSlk geus vius thou esa vuqHko fd;k gS vkSj vius
xq#tuksa ls lh[kk gS] ge oSlk gh lqukrs gSaA ekuuk u ekuuk rqEgkjh ethZA ^fgr vufgr i'kq iafNgq tkukA*
dkSu&lh ckr fgr dh gS vkSj dkSu vfgr dh] ;g rks i'kq&i{kh Hkh tkurs gSaA rqe rks ijekRek dh loZJ s"B
larku gksA rqEgsa nwljh ;ksfu;ksa dh rqyuk esa fo'ks"k ikoj feyk gS ftlls rqe ijekRek dks Hkh izkIr dj
ldrs gksA vc lqu vkSj le>dj Hkh vius fgr dk dke u djks rks [kqn dk uqdlku djksxs] nwljs dk
D;k fcxkM+ksxsA vr% tks dke rqEgkjs fgr dk gks] mls vo'; djksA
;gk ge bl ckj igys&igy nhikoyh esa vk;sA rqEgkjs izse vkSj mRlkg dks ns[kdj gesa cgqr [kq'kh
gqbZA ;g mRlkg lnk ,slk gh cuk jgs rks vkt tks rqEgkjk laxBu vHkh NksVk utj vk jgk gS] og ,d fnu
cgqr cM+k gks tk;sxkA ge tc igys igy fcgkj esa vk;s Fks rc rks nks&pkj nl HkDr gh FksA vkt esjs [;ky
ls yk[k dh la[;k esa HkDr rks fcgkj esa gh gksaxsA ftrus Hkh gksa] eryc fxurh ls ugha gSA ns[kuk rks ;g gS
fd buesa lPps xq# eq[k fdrus gSa tks xq# egkjkt ds vkn'kks ij pyusokys gSa lPps vkfLrd] lnkpkjh
vkSj ijekFkhZ fdrus gSaA gesa iyVu ugha [kM+h djuh gS vkSj u oksV ysdj dksbZ pquko thruk gSA gekjk
viuk ;k ijk;k dksbZ ugha gSA gekjk dksb Z [kkl er vFkok etgc Hkh ugha gS ftldk izpkj djuk gekjk
ms'; gSA ge rks egkiq#"kksa }kjk pyk;s x;s izR;sd etgc dks viuk le>rs gSaA ge xyr fdlh dks ugha
dgrsA lkjs lalkj dk bZ'oj ,d gh gSA etgc rks mldh izkfIr ds ekxZ funsZ'k djrs gSaA ekxZ vusd gSa]
y{; lcdk ,d gSA vkSj tc bZ'oj ,d gS rks lHkh etgcksa ds yksx mlh ukrs gekjs vius gSa A dksbZ gekjk
xSj ugha gSA gekjk fdlh ds izfr }s"k ugha gS] dksbZ gekjh n`f"V esa NksVk ;k cM+k Hkh ugha gSA lHkh Hkxoku ds
cPps gSa] vr% vkfRed n`f"V ls lHkh gekjs fy, ,d&ls gSaA gk] O;kogkfjd Lrj ij ftldh lsok&Hkf
ftruh T;knk gS og gekjk mruk gh fiz; gSA
Hkxoku Jhjke us guqeku~ ls iwNk] ^rqe eq>s D;k tkurs gks \* guqeku us mkj fn;k &
nsgcqn~/;k rq nklksga] tho cqn~/;k Rona'kd%A
vkRecqn~/;k Roesokga bfr es fu'pyk efr%AA
vFkkZr~ nsgcqf) ls eSa vkidk nkl gw ] thocqf) ls vkidk va'k gw vkSj vkRecqf) ls tks vki gSa] ogh
eSa gwA lcus guqeku~ ds bl lE;d~ Kku dh ljkguk dhA blh Kku dh izkfIr djuk lc thoksa dk y{; gSA
blh ds fy, rqe ;gk vk;s gq, gksA rqe egkRekvksa ds lRlax&izo pu jkst lqurs gksA nwljs cM+s&cM+s fo}kuksa
ds mins'k Hkh rqeus lqus gksaxsA ml lR; ds ckjs esa lHkh ,d gh ckr dgrs lqus tkrs gSaA dkj.k] lR; ,d gh
gSA vusdrk rks ckgjh O;ogkjksa esa gksrh gSA
'kCn] Li'kZ] :i] jl vkSj xa/k & bUgha ikp fo"k;ksa esa lkjk lalkj dSn gSA blds vkxs vkSj dqN gS
gh ughaA bu ikp fo"k;ksa dh vuqHkwfr djus ds fy, rqEgkjs ikl ikp bfUnz;k gSaA rqe bl ckr dks tkurs gks
fd ;s ikp fo"k; gh tho dks eksg esa ck/ks gq, gSaA fdUrq ;g tkudj Hkh rqe bUgsa R;kxrs ughaA fQj D;k
fd;k tk;\ ns[kks] HkLe cukusokys cM+s&cM+s oS| gksr s gSaA os lksuk] pknh] rkEck & lcdk HkLe cuk nsrs gSaA
vxj fdlh dh ek=k de ;k T;knk gqb Z rks HkLe Bhd ugha cusxkA blh izdkj rqEgas ck fo"k;ksa dk eksg
NksM+uk gSA ;g ,sls NwVsxk Hkh ughaA dksbZ pht rks rc NwVs tc mlls dherh nwljh pht gkFk yx tk;sA vxj
rqe xqM+ NksM+uk pkgks rks feJh [kkuk 'kq# djksA xqM+ dk Lokn Lor% Qhdk iM+ tk;sxk vkSj og NwV
tk;sxkA

35

l`f"V nks izdkj dh gS & ,d ck vkSj nwljh vH;UrjA rqEgkjk LFkwy 'kjhj tks utj vk jgk gS] og
ck l`f"V dh pht gSA blds Hkhrj rqEgkjk lw{e 'kjhj vkSj mls Hkhrj rhljk dkj.k 'kjhj gSA mlds
Hkhrj rqjh; in gSA rqe ,slh pht gks ftlds fudyrs gh ;g 'kjhj eqnkZ gks tkrk gSA rc yksx mls tyk
Mkyrs gSaA rqe rks og vfou'oj psru ro gks tks bl u'oj nsg ds Hkhrj jgrs gksA rqEgsa ;g 'kjhj blfy,
feyk gS fd rqe blds vUnj vius pSrU; Lo:i dh igpku dj yksA vHkh rks rqe LFkwy bfUnz;ksa ds lq[k
esa fyIr jgdj nsg /keZ ds ikyu esa yxs jgrs gksA rqEgkjh ;g igpku xyr gSA rqe rks ml nsg ls ijs dh
pht gksA ;fn rqeus vius nsgkrhr Lo:i dks ugha tkuk rks dqN ugha tkukA rcrd rqe vKku ds ?ksjs esa dSn
gks] pkgs rqe cM+h&cM+h fMfxz;k gkfly dj yks] ml vkReLo:i dks tkus fcuk rqe vKkuh gh jgksxsA
loZizFke rqEgsa ml vkRek dk] bZ'oj dk lk{kkRdkj djuk gSA vkSj og blh ekuo 'kjhj ls fd;k tk
ldrk gSA
igys rqEgsa ck fo"k;ksa dks R;kxuk gksxkA ck l`f"V esa dke ks/k] yksHk] eksg vkSj vgadkj gh rk s
iq"V gksrs gSaA rqEgkjs vUnj Hkh ;s phtsa gSaA rqe vius vUnj ds Lo:i dh igpku izkIr djksA ogk ;s lc
'kCn] :i] jl] xU/k] Li'kZ ckgj ls dbZ xquk T;knk fnO; :iksa esa izkIr gksrs gSaA ckgjh lq[k rks vUnj ds
lq[kksa dh Nk;k ek= gSaA fcuk vUnj dk jl izkIr fd;s ck fo"k; ugha NwV ldrsA cM+s&cM+s yksx ugha NksM +
ik;s rks rqe D;k NksM+ksxsA
dkxHkq'kqUMh th egkjkt yksel _f"k ds ikl x;sA os lxq.k mikluk dks ysdj _f"k ls tjk ftn
dj cSBsA dgk] tcrd lxq.k mikluk ugha dh tk;sxh rcrd fuxqZ.k ro vuqHko esa ugha vk;sx kA yksel
th egkjkt mUgsa fuxqZ.k ro vkSj vkRelk{kkRdkj dh ckr le>k jgs FksA og ckj&ckj lxq.k ds fy,
ftn djrs x;s ftlls _f"k dks ks/k vk x;kA mUgksaus 'kki ns fn;kA dgk] tkvks rqe dkSvk gks tkvksA
Hkq'kqUMh th [kV~ dkx gks x;sA mUgksaus _f"k ds pj.kksa es a fxjdj fourh dhA dgk] ^egkjkt] vkidk 'kki
eq>s Lohdkj gqvkA ysfdu vki rks eq>s gh ks/k u djus dk mins'k dj jgs Fks vkSj [kqn q) gks x;s \
fcuk ks/k vk;s ;g 'kki dSls fn;k\* _f"k dqN >sai x;sA mudh fourh ij nzfor gksdj cksys] ^tkvks] rqe
ftl fdlh nsg esa jgksxs] rqEgsa fut Lo:i dk Kku lnk cuk jgsxkA rqEgkjh vkRe psruk dHkh yqIr ugha
gksxhA*
vkt ge vklkuh ls dg nsr s gSa fd dke] ks/k] yksHk] eksg] vgadkj NksM+ nsaA ;g vklku dke ugha
gSA vc jkr ds vaksjs dks rqe nks gtkj vkneh ykfB;k ysdj Hkh ugha Hkxk ikvksxsA vksjk rqEgkjh ykfB;ksa ls
Mjdj ugha HkkxsxkA lkjh jkph ds yksx feydj Hkh mls ugha Hkxk ldrsA bl va/kdkj dks gVkus dk
rjhdk ;g gS fd rqe jks'kuh iSnk djks] nh;k tykvksA tcnZLrh djds ugha] mik; ls vaksjk nwj gks ldrk
gSA blh rjg rqEgkjk eu vkSj ;s fo"k; rqEgsa lalkj esa my>k, gq, gSaA vxj buls NwVuk pkgks] vKku dk
v/ksjk gVkuk pkgks rks rqEgsa ,d nh;k tykus dh izsj.kk nsrk gwA vius eu&ekul esa og nh;k tykvksA
D;ksafd eu viuh vknrksa dks rks iwjk vo'; djuk pkgsxk] og mlls gVsxk ughaA eu ls dke] ksk [kRe
djus dk rks lHkh mins'k djrs gSaA lHkh 'kkL=&xzaFk Hkh dgrs gSa fdUrq ;g NwVrk dgk gS ! gk] ;qfDr ls
bUgsa NqM+k;k tk ldrk gSA NqM+k;k rks D;k budk Lo:i cnyk tk ldrk gSA
;s ikp fo"k; rqEgkjs LFkwy 'kjhj esa gh ugha] lw{e esa Hkh gSaA rqEgkjs vUnj fnO; :i Hkh gS] 'kCn]
Li'kZ] jl vkSj xa/k lc gSaA ckgj rks mlh dh udy gSA vxj rqe vUnj ds jlksa dks izkIr dj yksxs rks
ckgj ds jlksa ls NwV tkvksxsA rqEgkjs vanj leLr czk.M dk uD'kk gSA vanj fnO; ukn izdV gks jgk gS]
czja/kz ls ve`r dh cwnsa pw jgh gSaA fnO; Li'kZ vkSj fnO; xa/k Hkh QSy jgs gSaA xq# }kjk crkbZ gqbZ ;qfDr ls
vanj ds vH;kl }kjk rqe mls izkIr dj ldrs gksA

36

rqEgsa nh{kk nsrs oDr ea= crk;k x;kA rqEgsa vVwV fu"Bk ds lkFk ml uke dk ti djuk pkfg,A uke
dksbZ NksVk ;k cM+k ugha gksrkA lHkh ea=ksa esa fo'ks"k 'kfDr;k fufgr gSaA fdlh ,d dks Hkh n`<+ eu ls tius ls
os 'kfDr;k izdV gks ldrh gSaA exj og 'kfDr fdlds vUnj izdV gksxh \ mlds fy, crk;k x;k gS fd
rqe vius vUr%dj.k dks 'kq) djksA LFkwy cqf) ls og jkt le> esa ugha vk;sxkA nqfu;k esa ti] ri]
Hktu] rhFkZ lsou tks dqN fd;k tkrk gS mldk ;Fks"V Qy ugha izkIr gksrkA bldk dkj.k gS fd og lc
vius euers <ax ls] fcuk fdlh dh jkgojh ds fd;k tkrk gSA mkj vUr%dj.k jktl vkSj rkel Hkkoksa
ls ;qDr gSA dbZ&dbZ yksx rks nwljksa dk uqdlku djus ds fy, ea= tirs gSaA ;g rks jk{klh iwtk gqbZA
ea=ti ds fy, tks rqEgsa crk;k tkrk gS mls ml dk;ns ls tiks rc t:j QyhHkwr gksxkA esjk eryc vkRek
dk Kku djkusokys ea= ;k lk/kuk ls gSA eSa oSls fdlh lk/ku ;k ea= dh ckr rqEgsa ugha crkrk ftlls rqEgsa
dksbZ ykSfdd pht izkIr gksA gk] <ax ls uketi djksA jksVh dks jksVh ds <ax ls [kkvksxs rc isV HkjsxkA
jksVh eqg ls [kkus ds ctk; dku vFkok vk[k ls Bwl nks rks D;k gksxk \ vxj cgqr Lokfn"V Hkkstu cuk gS
vkSj mls dku esa Hkj nks rks D;k Hkw[k feV tk;sxh \ ge Hkxoku dk uke tirs gSa ysfdu Hkxoku dks NksVk
le>rs gS( lalkj dks cM+kA ge rks Hkxoku dks tirs gh gSa lalkj dh bPNk iwjh djkus ds fy,A
vr% eU=ti fdlh ykSfdd Qy dh izkfIr ds fy, er djksA lkalkfjd lq[kksa dh dkeukvksa ls
mnklhu gksdj gh ti fd;k tkuk pkfg,A eu esa nqfu;k Hkj dk dqgjke epk gqvk gS] fQj ti D;k gksxk !
eqg ls eU= dk ti gksxk vkSj eu ls lalkj dkA ti rks eu ls djuk FkkA chekjh rks eu esa gSA ;gk rks
efUnj tkrs gSa vkSj dgrs gSa] ^gs Hkxoku ! gekjk ;g dke cu tk;s rks ge lky Hkj lR;ukjk;.k th dh
dFkk dgok;saxsA izfr lky rsjs ;gk vk;k Hkh djsaxsA* 'kkZ j[kdj dgrs gSa] veqd dke gks x;k rks iwtk
djsaxsA 'kadk gS fd igys lR;ukjk;.k dh dFkk djk nh vkSj dke ugha gqvk rks \ ;g iwtk ugha]
nqdkunkjh gSA ,slk ugha dgrs gSa fd ge dFkk] ozr] iwtk djrs gSa rsjs uke ijA iz Hkks] rq>s esjs fgr ds fy,
tks bPNk gks lks djA vxj dgs eqrkfcd dke iwjk ugha gqvk rks ?kj vkdj dgrs gSa] ^;kj] dfy;qx vk
x;kA ;g iwtk&ikB] Hkxoku] nsoh&nsork lc >wB gSaA*
,d csodwQ feykA mlus eqdnek thrus ds fy, N% eghus rd nsoh efUnj esa tkdj iwtk dhA ekrk
ds ikl tkdj jkst gh fxM+fxM+krk fd og mldh thr djk nsA vjs] ek ftldh gkj djk;sxh og D;k
nsoh ekrk dk dksbZ nq'eu gS \ nq'eu rsjk gksxkA ekrk dk rks dksbZ fgr ;k nq'eu ugha gksrkA eqdnes dh
rkjh[k iM+h] cgl gqbZ vkSj og gkj x;kA mls ksk vk;k vkSj dqYgkM+h ysdj nsoh ds efUnj igqpkA cksyk]
eSa ej x;k iwtk dj&djds fQj Hkh eqdnek gjk fn;kA rw >wBh gS] nsoh&nwoh dksbZ ugha gSA mlus dqYgkM+h
ekjdj nsoh ewfkZ dk gkFk&iko rksM+ fn;kA
rqe viuh pkykdh ls Hkxoku dks dSls Bx yksxs ! og rks fuysZi gS] fujis{k gS A og fdlh dk viuk
;k ijk;k ugha gSA rqEgsa rqEgkjs cqjs Hkys deks dk tks Hkh cqjk&Hkyk Qy nsuk gS og ml ekeys esa fcYdqy
l[r gSA D;ksafd og U;k;dkjh gSA izkjCk }kjk fu;r lq[k&nq[k rks rqEgsa Hkksxus gh iM+saxsA vc vkxs ds
deks dks Bhd dj yks rkfd vkxs ls cqj&s Hkys laLdkj u cuus ikosaA vHkh rqEgkjh bfUnz;k cfgeqZ[kh gSaA
vk[ksa ckgj ds :i ns[krh gSa] dku ckgjh vkokt lqurs gSa] jluk ftk ckgj ds HkksT; inkFkks dk jl
ysrh gSA tcrd bUgsa ckgjh inkFkks esa jl vkrk gS rcrd eu buds lkFk ckgj gh ckgj HkVds xkA ml eu
dks ckgj ls myVdj vUnj djuk gS] vkRek dh vksj dsfUnzr djuk gSA rqEgsa loZizFke vius ck jlksa dks
lkfod cukuk gSA lkfod n`'; ns[kks] lkfod ckrsa lquks] lkfod vkgkj xzg.k djks] lkfod xU/k
vkSj Li'kZ izkIr djksA tcrd bUgsa lkfod ugha djksxs] eu idM+ esa ugha vk;sxkA vHkh rks rqEgkjk
lcdqN nwf"kr gSA fo"k;ksa ds xyr jliku djrs&djrs vUr%dj.k esa fo{kksHk iSnk gksrk jgrk gSA ogk
ew<+&Hkko Hkj x;k gS] va/kdkj Nk x;k gSA ml dkfyek dks gVkuk gSA 'kh'ks ls dkyh ikZ lkQ dj nh
tk;sxh] cl viuk Lo:i utj vk tk;sxkA n; ds 'kh'ks esa txr~ dh dkeukvksa dh eSy p<+h gqbZ gSA
37

blh otg ls ogk Hkxoku utj ugha vkrkA rqEgsa fdlh Hkh rjhds ls n; dk 'kh'kk lkQ djuk gSA
lk/kuk rks efyu vUr%dj.k dks lkQ djus ds fy, djuh gksrh gSA vkRek rks Kkr gh Kkr gSA bZ'oj
lk/kuklk/; ugha gSA og fdlh lk/kuk ls ugha tkuk tkrkA og iklk/; gSA
lw;Z izdk'k fc[ksjus esa i{kikr ugha djrkA mldk vD'k lc ij cjkcj iM+rk gS ysfdu nhokjksa
ij mldk izfrfcEc ugha curk vkSj 'kh'kk ij cu tkrk gSA lw;Z dh jks'kuh iM+rs gh 'kh'kk ped mBrk gSA
vxj og fdj.k vkfr'kh 'kh'ks esa iM+s rks ogk vfXu izTTofyr gks mBsxhA lw;Z rks ,d gh gSA ped ugha gksus
esa lw;Z dk dksbZ dlwj ughaA dlwj rks mikf/k dk gSA blh izdkj rqEgsa vius n; dks vkfr'kh 'kh'kk cukuk
gSA mls nwf"kr deks ls xUnk gksus ls cpkuk gSA n; dks lkQ dj yks] Hkxoku fey tk;sxkA igys ;g tkuks
fd og efyu dSls gqvk \ lkalkfjd oklukvksa ls efyu gqvkA rqeus mlesa lkalkfjd fo"k;ksa dh dkfy[k
iksr nh gSA tc ls iSnk gq, rc ls dkyk djrs pys x;sA rqEgh ugha] rqEgkjs ftrus lxs&lEcU/kh Fks] vius
yksx Fks] lcus bls dkyk fd;kA tks vk;k lks jk[k esa fey x;kA rqe cPps Fks rc fdrus 'kq) Fks ! nsork
cudj vk;s FksA rqEgkjk viuk&csxkuk dksbZ ugha Fkk] gkfu&ykHk ;k g"kZ&'kksd dk rfud Hkh [;ky ugha
FkkA lnhZ&xehZ ,d&lh FkhA eku&lEeku dk dksbZ fopkj ugha FkkA rqe iw.kZr;k 'kq) FksA rqEgsa fdlh
fj'rsnkj dh igpku u FkhA yksxksa us rqEgsa xUnk djuk 'kq# fd;kA tc cPps Fks rHkh ls yksxksa us ;s >wBh ckrsa
dguh 'kq# dha] ^;g rqEgkjk ekek gS] rqEgkjk ckck gS] ;g rqEgkjh eEeh gS] rks ;g rqEgkjh pkph gSA* xksn esa
cSBs&fcBk;s yksxksa us eu ij dkfy[k iksruk 'kq# fd;kA rqEgsa ikB i<+k dj fcYdqy iDdk dj fn;kA tSl s
gh cksyus dk <ax vk;k] rqe muds fl[kk;s eqrkfcd cksyus yxs] ^ekek] pkpk] ekbZ&cki*A rqEgkjs ukS lkS
fuU;kucs fj'rsnkj cu x;sA vc cpiu ls jVh gqbZ ckr cM+s gksus ij Hkyk dS ls fudys !
taxy esa ,d 'ksj dk cPpk fdlh xM+sfj;s dks feyus x;kA xM+sfj;k mls vius ?kj ys vk;kA ogk mls
nw/k fiyk&fiykdj ikykA og Hkh HksM+ksa dh >qaM esa jgus yxkA fnu&jkr HksM+ksa dh vkokt lqurk] mUgha ds
lkFk jgrkA ml 'ksj us Hkh HksM+ksa tSlk cksyuk lh[k fy;kA og Hkh muds lkFk ^esa&esa* djrk fQjrkA lkeus
gksus ij Hkh og oSlk gh cksyk djrkA og laLdkj mlesa izcy gks x;k fd og Hkh HksM+ gSA ,d fnu og HksM+k sa
dh >qaM esa taxy esa pyk x;kA ogk ,d nwljk taxyh 'ksj vk;kA mldh ngkM+ lqudj lHkh HksM+sa Hkkx [kM+h
gqbA muds lkFk og ikyrw 'ksj Hkh HkkxkA taxyh 'ksj dks cM+h gSjkuh gqbZA mlus mls ?ksj fy;kA rc cspkjk
Mj vkSj ?kcjkgV ls cksyk] ^HkkbZ] eq>s rw NksM+ nsA esjs ekek] pkpk lxs lEcU/kh ogk gSaA* ml 'ksj us dgk] ^os
rqEgkjs lxs&lEcU/kh ugha gSaA rqEgkjh tkfr dk rks eSa gwA* mlds yk[k le>kus ij Hkh og le> ugha ik;kA
og rks LoHkko ls vius dks HksM+ eku cSBk FkkA taxyh 'ksj mls ,d dq, ds ikl ys x;k vkSj ikuh esa mlds
eqg dh ijNkb fn[kkbZA fQj mls nks&pkj ckj xjtdj crk;kA bl izdkj mls izrhr gks x;k fd og Hkh
'ksj gSA HksM +ksa ds chp jgrs&jgrs mls HksM+ gksus dk Hkze gks x;k FkkA fQj rks og ekSt ls taxy dk jktk
cudj vktkn fopjus yxkA
rqEgsa Hkh cpiu ls nqfu;koh xM+sfj;ksa us HksM+ cuk j[kk gSA rqe le>us yxs gks fd ge Hkh ;gh gSaA gesa
Hkh ogh djuk gS tks gekjs cki&nkns djrs vk;s gSaA rqe ;g Hkh tkurs gks fd gekjs cki&nkns Hkh ejdj
dqN lkFk ugha ys x;s] ge Hkh ugha ys tk;saxsA lkFk rks ;gk ds laLdkj tk;saxsA vHkh rks rqEgsa lkS&ipkl]
gtkj&yk[k #i;s fey tkrs gSa rks rqEgkjk fnekx vkleku Nwus yxrk gSA rqEgsa ;g Hkh irk gS fd bruk
dekdj rqeus uqdlku fdruk fd;k \ rqEgkjk thou lklksa ij vk/kkfjr gSA fxurh dh lklsa rqEgsa feyh
gqbZ gSaA pkSchl ?kaVs esa bDdhl gtkj N% lkS lklsa fudyrh gSaA ,d lkl dh dher ds vkxs nqfu;k dh dqy
lEink Hkh rqPN gSA Hkxoku us rqEgs a bruk cM+k ikoj nsdj Hkstk gS fd rqe uj ls ukjk;.k cu ldrs gks
vkSj vc ukle>ho'k uj ls xngk cuus dks rS;kj gks] lwvj] dqkk vkSj liZ cuus dks rS;kj gksA

38

cqtqxZ ;g crkrs gSa fd ^vUr erk lksb Z xrkA* ejrs o vkneh dk eu tgk tkrk gS ogha mldk tUe
gksrk gSA vxj ejrs oDr rqEgsa Hkxoku ;kn vk;sxk rks Hkxoku ds /kke esa tkvksxs( nqfu;k ;kn vk;sxh rks
nqfu;koh tho cudj iqu% ;gha vk tkvksxsA vxj rqe 'kkafr pkgrs gks rks 'kkfUre; ijekRek dh 'kj.k
xzg.k djksA 'kkfUr vkSj lq[k yk[k&djksM+ #i;ksa esa] ?kj&egy&edku esa ugha feysxkA tks pht tgk gks gh
ugha mls ogk [kkstuk O;FkZ gSA D;k yk[k&djksM+ bdk djds lq[kh gks tkvksxs \ nks&pkj ikp
yM+ds&cPps tUekdj lq[kh gks tkvksxs \ nqfu;k dh cM+h fMfxz;k gkfly djds] gtkj&ikp lkS dh
ukSdjh djds 'kkUr gks tkvksxs \ blls rqEgsa T;knk dqN ugha gksxk lalkj dh dqNsd bPNk, iwjh gks
tk;saxh] clA rqe lalkj esa lq[k dh cgqr&lh phtksa dk bZtkn dj ldrs gks ysfdu mlls 'kkfUr rks ugha
fey ik;sxhA D;k ,Ve ce cukdj rqEgkjk n; 'kkar gks x;k gS \ geus lquk] fgjksf'kek ij ce fxjkus
okyk [kqn ikxy gks x;kA rqe gkbMkstu ce cukdj nwljs gtkjksa&yk[kksa csxqukg yksxksa dks ekjksxs] ;gh
u! fdUrq ;kn j[kks rw Hkh oSls gh ikxy gksdj ej tkvksxsA mrus csdlwjksa dh djkg vkSj vkg ds iki ls
rqe gtkj tUeksa rd ujdn.M HkksxksxsA rqEgkjk egku iru gksxkA vHkh rks vdM+ esa dqN ugha lw>rkA rqe
u"V djus dk lkeku rks t:j cuk jgs gks] l`tu ds fy, Hkh dqN cuk;k \ yksxksa dks d"V nsus ds fy,
phtsa cuk jgs gks( lq[kh djus ds fy, rks dqN ugha cukrsA
NksM+ks bu nqfu;koh ipM+ksa dksA ge rks rqEgsa lh/kh&lh ckr crkrs gSaA og ;g fd ck fo"k;ksa dk eksg
NksM+ nksA ysfdu ;kn j[kks] fo"k;ksa dk R;kx ugha gksrk] cks/k gksrk gSA bUgsa myV fn;k tkrk gS] u"V ugha
fd;k tkrkA vHkh tks rqEgkjh ck o`fk gS ogh vUreqZ[k gks tk;sxhA dke] ks/kkfn dks [kRe djuk cPpksa
dk [ksy ugha gSA egkRekvksa us rks ;gk rd dgk fd lalkj esa ,sls&,sls ohj cyh iSnk gq, ftUgsa gkFkh dh
lw<+ idM+dj iVd nsus dh lkeF;Z Fkh ysfdu os Hkh dke cyh ls iVds x;sA rks budk uk'k ugha fd;k
tkrkA tSls nw/k dks cnydj ngh cuk;k x;k] ngh ls eD[ku cu x;kA fdlh pht dk :i ftruk gh
lw{e gksrk tkrk gS og mruk gh fl) gksrk tkrk gS vkSj ftruh gh vf/kd dksbZ pht fl) gksrh tkrh gS og
mruh gh vf/kd fgrdj Hkh gksrh tkrh gSA ;g dke] ksk] yksHkkfn cnys tkus ij rqEgkjs ije fgrS"kh Hkh
cu tk;saxsA exj tc bUgsa 'kq) dj nksxs rcA
eSaus loZizFke rqEgsa crk;k fd rqEgkjs Hkhrj fnO; T;ksfr fNVd jgh gS] vtxSch vkokt QwV jgh gS]
fnO; jl ve`r >M+ jgk gS
dkuksa esa ftlds 'kksj gS vugn ds ukn dkA
eqgrkt dc cks uXe&,&paxks&jckc dkAA
ckgjh flusek esa rks rqe iPphl #i;s dk fVdV ysdj cSBrs gks vkSj ekSt eukrs gksA vHkh rd vius
vUnj dk flusek rks rqeus ns[kk gh ughaA vUnj dk fiDpj ns[k yks rks cl nqfu;k dh rjQ ns[kus dks Hkh
th ugha djsxkA
lalkj ukVd dk LVst gS vkSj ge lc ,sDVj gSaA izkjCk deks dk ikVZ ysdj lHkh ,sfDaVx djus
vk;s gSaA ;gk tks dqN Hkh fd;k tk jgk gS og vlyh ugha gSA ;g le>uk ew[kZrk gS fd ge tks [ksy [ksy
jgs gSa ogh ge gSaA ftl oDr ,sDVj ukVd [ksydj LVst ls mrjrs gSa ml oDr os ,d&nwljs ls iwNrs gSa]
^;kj dSlk ,sfDaVx jgk\* nwljk dgrk gS] ^deky dj fn;kA* rqe Hkh tc lalkj :ih LVst ls fonk gksx s
rc irk pysxk fd ,sfDaVx dSlk jgkA rqe LVst ij mruh gh nsj jgksxs ftruk rqEgkjk izkjC/k gSA izkjC/k ds
[kRe gksrs gh [ksy [kRe gks tk;sxkA ogk rks ,d feuV esa dksbZ jktk curk gS vkSj nwljs gh {k.k jad cu
tkrk gSA ,d nQk eSaus jkeyhyk ns[khA ogk ,d dqEHkdj.k cuk vkSj nwljk cuk jkeA jke us dgk] ^dkSu
gS rw !* dqEHkdj.k us dgk] ^eSa Qykuk gyokbZ gwA* jke us lHkyrs gq, dgk] ^rqe ij tc gyokbZ dh rjg
MaMk iM+sxk rc irk pysxkA blfy, ge dgrs gSa fd gks'k esa vkvksA*
39

rks tks lalkj dks ,d [ksy le>rk gS vkSj vUnj ls gksf'k;kj gksdj] pqLr gksdj ;gk [ksy
[ksyrk gS mldk n; mlds deks ls vizHkkfor ugha gksrk gSA mls nqfu;k ds cuus&fcxM+us ls g"kZ 'kksd
ugha gksrkA mls ;gk fdlh pht ls vklf ugha gksrh] u gh fdlh izdkj dh dkeuk gksrh gSA vr% rqE gsa
pkfg, fd lalkj esa vuklDr Hkko ls jgksA viuk vkgkj&fogkj 'kq) vkSj lkfod cukvksA blls rqEgkjk
vUr%dj.k lkfod gksxk vkSj rc vUnj ds ml fnO; izdk'k] /ofu] jl] xa/k vkSj Li'kZ dk vuqHko
gksus yxsxkA ckck ukud dgrs gSa] ^/kqj dh ck.kh vkbZ frl lxyh fpUr feVkbZA* vxj rqeus ml 'kCn dks
idM+ fy;k rks fQj bl nqfu;k ds rek'ks rqEgkjs fy, Qhds gks tk;saxsA ftls vius n; esa izHkq dk nhnkj gks
x;k mls nqfu;koh :i&,s'o;Z dHkh yqHkkous ugha yx ldrsA ftlus vius vUnj ml ve`r jl dk Lokn
p[k fy;k mlds fy, nqfu;k ds dqy Lokn Qhds iM+ x;sA
;g lc gS rks rqEgkjs gh HkhrjA b'kkjk dj fn;k x;k] rjhdk crk fn;k x;kA vc izekno'k mldk
iz;kl u djks rks dSls irk yxsA rqe rks pkgrs gks fd mls fudkydj gkFk esa kj nsaA ,slk ugha gksrkA jksVh
[kqn [kkus ls Hkw[k feVrh gSA
gekjs ijegal egkjkt th lk/kuk dh voLFkk esa fopjrs gq, oztHkwfe dh vksj x;sA ogk mUgsa ,d
ckj ,d egkRek feysA cksys] ^ijegal jke;kn ! vkvks feyksA* cl] Nkrh ls yxkdj mUgsa dqN dk dqN
dj fn;kA egkjkt esa ,slh 'kfDr dk lapkj fd;k fd mudh fLFkfr gh vthc gks xbZA muij vUnj dk
jkt izdV gks x;kA Hkhrj fnO; vkuUn dh vuqHkwfr gksus yxhA ml egkRek us tkrs&tkrs ijegal egkjkt
dks lko/kku fd;k fd vkbUns dHkh nwljs ls bl izdkj u feyuk tSlk esjs lkFk feykA cgqr fnu ckn mUgsa
,d nwljk egkRek feyk vkSj Hkqykok nsdj muds lkFk xys ls fey x;kA mlls feyrs gh egkjkt th ds
vUnj dk dqy vkuUn [kRe gks x;kA yxk tSls lki dh ef.k fudky yh x;hA os cspSu gks x;sA ikxyksa
dh&lh fLFkfr esa bkj&m/kj ?kweus yxsA mUgsa LoIu esa igys ds egkRek ls eqykdkr gqbZ rc mUgksaus
lkaRouk nh fd eqr esa feyh gqb Z pht eqr esa pyh Hkh tkrh gSA og etk p[kk fn;k x;k] vc [kqn ds
iq#"kkFkZ ls mls gkfly djksA rc egkjkt us [kqn Hktu&vH;kl djds ml vkuUn dks iqu% izkIr fd;kA
Hktu&vH;kl eu ls fd;k tkrk gSA rqe vius eu dks cny nks rks vkt gh rqEgkjk dY;k.k gks tk;sA
rjuk gS D;k \ 'kjhj FkksM+s gh cny tkrk gS] eu cnyrk gSA eu /;ku vkSj fopkj ls cnyrk gSA Kku Hkf
ls mRi gksrk gSA Kku iq#"k gS vkSj HkfDr L=hA vxj rqe Hkf dks viukvksxs rks mlls Kku:ih iq= iSnk
gksxkA rqe rks ;g le>rs gks fd ykbczsjh dh iksfFk;k i<+dj Kku gks tk;sxkA iksFkh i<+dj Kkuh ugha gqvk
tkrkA tks Kku rqEgsa 'kkfUr vkSj lUrks"k ns] 'kk'or lq[k izkIr djk ns] rqEgsa vkReKku djk ns] eqfDr fnyk
ns] og Kku gksrk gSA ;g Kku Kku ugha gS ftls i<+dj rqEgkjk vfHkeku] eksg] yksHk] ks/k lc ?kVus ds
ctk; c<+ tkrk gSA fo|k ls fou;'khyrk vkrh gS] fou;'khyrk ls ik=rk vkrh gS vkSj lRik= dks /ku dh
izkfIr gksrh gSA oSlk ku ftl /ku ls /kekZpj.k gksrk gSA v/keZ vkSj vR;kpkj c<+kusokyk ku /ku ugha gksrkA
/keZikyu ls lq[k rFkk 'kkfUr izkIr gksrh gSA vkneh dk dY;k.k gks tkrk gSA vc viukvks oSls Kku dksA
rjhdk lc rqEgsa crk fn;kA djuk u djuk rqEgkjh ethZA
t; xq# % vk'khokZn

40

opu & 30
p.Mhx<+ iatkc

fn0 18-10-76

izsfe;ks
cksyks gfj vkse~] gfjvkse~] gfjvkse~ !
dqN yksx Hkxoku dh izkfIr ds fy, fdrkcksa esa mik; <w<+rs pyrs gSaA ;g lp gS fd xzUFkksa esa Hkh
lHkh ckrsa fy[kh gSaA ij ;fn dksb Z ejht nok dh fdrkcsa ns[kdj viuk bykt djuk pkgs rks D;k og
vkjksX;&ykHk dj ldrk gS \ dnkfi ughaA dkj.k] fdrkcksa ds ikl rtqckZ ugha gksrk vkSj rtqcsZ ds fcuk
dsoy fdrkcksa ls funku <w<+us esa ifj.kke t:j mYVk gksxkA ,d vkneh [ksr esa gy tksr jgk FkkA mlds
cxy ds rjcwt ds [ksr essa ,d V pj jgk FkkA la;ksx ls V ds xys esa ,d rjcwt vkdj vVd x;kA
V fxjdj NViVkus yxkA Vokyk mlds ikl x;k vkSj mlds funku ds fy, mlus nks bZaVsa ys yhaA ,d
dks V ds xys ds uhps j[kk vkSj nwljs ls mldh xnZu ij pksV ekjhA rjcwt QV x;k vkSj og V ds
xys ds uhps mrj x;kA V cspkjk paxk gks x;kA ml gyokgs us bykt dk ;g u;k rjhdk ns[kk vkSj lkspk
fd ;g xys ds lwtu dh vPNh nok gSA mlds iM+ksl esa ,d cqf<+;k dks ?ks?kk gks x;k FkkA cspkjh mlds ekjs
ijs'kku FkhA gyokgs us mlds ikl tkdj dgk & ^eSa bldh vpwd nok tkurk gw] vHkh Bhd fd;s nsrk gwA
mlus nks bZaVsa yha vkSj mlds ?ks?ks ij mlh rjg pksV ekjh ftl rjg Vokys dks djrs ns[kk FkkA og ?ks? kk
Fkk] rjcwt rks Fkk ughaaA ?ks?kk rks pksV [kkdj QV x;k vkSj vl ihM+k ds ekjs cqf<+;k dh vk[ksa QwV xbZaA
og rM+i&rM+idj ej xbZA**
^^;gh n'kk gksrh gS fcuk rtqcZs ds bykt dhA ejht tc MkWDVj ds ikl tkrk gS rks mldk vuqHko
dke djrk gS] dsoy fdrkch Kku ughaA MkWDVj rqEgkjh uCt idM+rk gS vkSj bldh ij[k ysrk gS fd
rqEgkjs 'kjhj esa dgk D;k fo'ks"krk gS] D;k deh gSA bu lcdh tkudkjh izkIr djds og fdrkcksa ls
rqEgkjs fy, uqL[kk rtcht djrk gSA bu lcdh tkudkjh izkIr djds og fdrkcksa ls rqEgkjs fy, uqL[kk
rtcht djrk gSA fdrkcksa esa uqL[ks rks ,d ls ,d fy[ks gq, gSaA ,d gh jksx ghjs dk HkLe [kkdj Hkh
feVk;k tk ldrk gS vkSj ekewyh tM+h&cwfV;ksa ls HkhA ;g lc MkWDVj ds vuqHko ij fuHkZj djrk gS fd og
rqEgkjs 'kjhj dh fLFkfr rFkk rqEgkjh vkfFkZd {kerk dks ns[kdj uqL[kk btkn djsA
gesa ,d nQk ,flM dk nnZ gks x;kA gekjs ikl igys ls gh nok dk pkVZ FkkA mlh ds eqrkfcd geus
nok rks [kk yh ij Qk;nk dqN ugha gqvkA rc MkWDVj ls feyk vkSj iwNk& ^HkkbZ] nnZ rks gekjk #drk gh
ughaA* mlus dgk & ^egkjkt th] esjs eu ds eqrkfcd nok [kkb;s rc rks #dsxk] vkius rks pkVZ ds
eqrkfcd nok [kkbZA* vc mlus esjs fy, Hkkstu vkSj nok dk ,d u;k pkVZ cuk fn;k & igys nok [kkvks]
rc brus feuV ds ckn nw/k ihvks] rc Hkkstu djks] rc ikuh ihvks] fQj bruh nsj ckn nwljh fVfd;k
[kkvksA eSaus mlh pkVZ ds eqrkfcd nok [kkbZA igys Hkh ogh nok [kkbZ Fkh ij bl ckj og nok Qk;nk dj
x;hA rqe jkek;.k&egkHkkjr vkfn i<+rs gh gksxsA /keZ dk Lo:i rks ogk Hkh Bhd&Bhd fn[kk;k gh x;k
gSA ysfdu ;fn fdrkch Kku ds vk/kkj ij rqe Js;l~ ds ekxZ ij [kqn gh c<+uk pkgksxs rks rqEgkjh izxfr esa
#dkoV vk ldrh gSA blls cpus ds fy, rqEgsa ln~xq# ds :i esa ,d ,sls tekuslkt egkiq#"k dh
'kj.k esa tkuk gksxk tks rqEgkjh uCt igpku ij rqEgkjs fy, mfpr vk/;kfRed ekxZ dk irk crk ldsA
bl tekus esa xq# dks tks bruk ego fn;k x;k gS mldk ,d [kkl dkj.k gSA vkneh dks izR;{k
dk Hk; gksrk gS vkSj fcuk Hk; ds HkfDr ugha gksrhA egkiq#"kksa us dgk &
Mj djuh Mj ije xq# Mj ikjl Mj lkj A Mjr jgs lks cjs xkfQy [kkos ekj AA
41

xq# ds lkeus Mj cuk jgrk gS] vuq'kklu dk Hkko jgrk gSA ewfkZ;ksa vkSj rLohjksa ds lkeus rks Hk;
gksrk ughaA rqeus ?kj esa eafnj Hkh cuk;k] nwdku esa Hkxoku y{eh&ukjk;.k] x.ks'k vkfn dh ewfkZ;k Hkh
j[kha gSaA mUgha ds lkeus Bxh Hkh djrss gksA rkSy esa gh fdlh dk xyk dkVus dh rkd esa gksA mu ewfkZ;ksa ds
lkeus yM+kb;k Hkh gks jgh gSa] xkyh&xykSt HkhA 'kjkc dh cksrysa Hkh py jgh gSaA lqc g&'kke vxjckh tyk
nh] ekFkk Vsd fn;k & cl] dke [kreA rks] ,slh HkfDr ls djksM+ksa tUe ckn Hkh dqN cuus dk ughaA fdUrq
izR;{k xq# ds lkFk ,slh ckr ugha py ldrhA og psru gS] 'kjhj/kkjh gSA mlds lkeus xyr dke djus
esa t:j Hk; gksxk vkSj og Hk; gh HkfDr dk Hkko iSnk djsxkA
'kkL=ksa esa fy[kk gS fd ikfi;ksa ds fy, ujd gksrk gSA ogk bruk d"V gksrk gS] ;kruk lguh iM+rh
gS] xeZ rsy ds dM+kg esa mckyk tkrk gSA ;s lHkh ckrsa Mjkus ds fy, gh rks fy[kh x;h gSaA tho gS] vkf[kj
detksfj;k rks mlesa gksaxh ghA og fdlh rjg HkfDr ds ekxZ esa vkxs c<+s] blhfy, rks lHkh O;oLFkk, dh
x;h gSaA 'kkL= esa rhu rjg dh ckrsa gSa & jkspd] ;FkkFkZ vkSj Hk;kudA tSls cPps dks ykyp nsrs gSa fd csVk
Ldwy tkvksxs rks lk;fdy [kjhn nsaxs] lwV flyk nsaxsA cPps ds eu ij lk;fdy dk] diM+s dh ykyp
[kkl vlj iSnk djrh gS vkSj ml ykyp esa iM+dj Ldwy tkus yxrk gSA ;g f'k{kk nsus dk jkspd <ax
gqvkA gekjk okLrfod ms'; ;gk cPps dks lk;fdy nsuk ugha gSA diM+s ls vkd"kZ.k gS] mls blfy, ,s lh
ckr dgh x;hA vc ;fn fdlh izdkj cPps ij bu izyksHkuksa dk vlj ugha gqvk rks mls Mjkrs gSa & bldk
[kkuk cUn dj nks] diM+s u flykvksA ;g Hk;kud <ax gqvkA tc cPps dk eu i<+us esa yx tkrk gS rks og
Lo;a gh Ldwy tkus yxrk gSA ps ntsZ esa igqpdj tc og le>nkj cu tkrk gS rks mlds fy, jkspd
vkSj Hk;kud ckrksa dh t:jr ugha jg tkrhA vc mls ;FkkFkZ ckr dgrs gSa & bl rjg i<+ks] i<+us ls vkneh
ijh{kk esa vPNk djrk gS] vkfn&vkfnA
ge Hkh cPpksa dh rjg gh gSaA gesa Hkh izyksHku fn;k x;k fd veqd dk;Z djus ls LoxZ feys xk] ogk
[kwc lq[k izkIr gksxkA tc geus ugha ekuk rks gesa ujd dk Hk; fn[kk;k x;kA ;g gS 'kkL= ds dgus dh
Hk;kud 'kSyhA LoxZ bR;kfn dk fp=.k mldh jkspdrk dks izdV djrk gSA lR; rks ,d gksrk gS vkSj
mldk :i gj le; vfopy jgrk gS] fdUrq mlds lEcU/k esa ckrsa vkSj izf;k, oDr ds eqrkfcd
cnyrh jgrh gSaA buds cnyrs jgus ij Hkh fl)kUr dHkh ugha cnyrk] og vVy gksrk gSA ftldk n;
ftruk gh LoPN cusxk] og ml lR; dks mruk gh le> ldsxkA
vkt rhFkksZa ij T;knk dkSu tkrs gSa \ yksx lksprs gSa ogk tkdj vius veqd fe= ls] fj'rsnkj ls
fey ysaxs] ogk ls veqd pht cPph dks ngst nsus ds fy, lLrh jsV ij [kjhn ysaxsA vHkh cktkj tjk Ba<k
gS] nqdkunkjh esa dksbZ fo'ks"k uQk ugha] blhfy, blh cgkus dqN lSj Hkh gks tk;sxhA* vc crkvks] ;gh rhFkZ
djuk gqvk u \
,d ckj dqEHk dk esyk yxk FkkA yk[kksa yksx Luku dj jgs FksA ikoZrh us 'kadj ls iwNk& ^Hkxou~]
vkt ;gk vikj LukukFkhZ igqps gq, gSaA D;k xaxk esa Luku djds ;s lc yksx rj tk;saxs \* Hkxoku cksys &
^vHkh irk pykrk gwA* blds ckn os Lo;a dks<+h cudj lhf<+;ksa ij cSB x;sA ikoZrh mudh lsok esa FkhaA
mUgksaus ikoZrh ls LukukfFkZ;ksa ls dgus dks dgk & ^vkiesa ls ;fn dksbZ fu"iki gks rks og ik djds gekjs
o`) ifr dks xaxk&Luku djk ns ftlls budk dks<+ nwj gks tk;sA ysfdu [kcjnkj] ;fn fdlh us FkksM+k Hkh
iki fd;k gks rks og bUgsa Li'kZ u djs] vU;Fkk og tydj u"V gks tk;sxkA* ikoZrh dh ckr lqudj
vkus&tkusokys LukukFkhZ fcuk dqN /;ku fn;s ogk ls f[kldrs tkrs FksA dkSu >a>V eksy ysus tk;sA gtkjksa
dh HkhM+ xqtj x;h] fdUrq ,d vkneh Hkh dks<+h Hkxoku 'kadj dks Luku djkus ds fy, rS;kj ugha
gqvkA

42

LukukfFkZ;ksa esa ,d Hkxr cM+k Hkkoqd FkkA vkdj cksyk & ^ekrk] eSa bUgsa vHkh xaxk esa xksrs yxokdj
yk jgk gwA* ikoZrh us iwNk & ^rqeus dksbZ iki rks ugha fd;k gS u \ ;fn dksbZ Hkh iki fd;k gksxk rks rqe
tydj [kkd gks tkvksxsA* mlus dgk & ^ekrk] eSa rks vHkh&vHkh xaxkLuku djds vk jgk gwA ek xaxk
ifrrikouh gSaA Luku djus ds ckn vc esjs iki cps gh dgk gksaxs \ ;fn xaxk ls ckgj fudyus ds ckn bu
lhf<+;ksa rd vkrs&vkrs dksbZ iki gks x;k gks rks esjs de.My esa xaxkty gS] bls vHkh vius ij fNM+d
ysrk gwA* mlus rR{k.k vius flj ij xaxkty Mky fy;k vkSj ml dks<+h dks xaxk esa ys tkus ds fy, rS;kj
gks x;kA fdUrq tSls gh mlus dks<+h dk Li'kZ fd;k fd Hkxoku 'kadj izdV gks x;sA mUgksaus ikoZrh ls
dgk& ^bl dqEHk esa Luku djusokys yk[kksa yksxksa ds chp ,d blh dks dqEHk Luku dk Qy feysxkA*
blh rjg eqlyekuksa dk gt gksrk gSA ml le; cgqr cM+k esyk yxrk gSA tc gt lekIr gks tkrk gS
rc ,d V ij p<+k lokj vkrk gSA og V ij cSBs&cSBs vius gkFk esa #eky fgykrk gqvk fpYykdj
dgrk gS & ^lcdk gt eatwj vkSj ,d dk ukeatwjA* mldh ckr lqudj lcds vUnj f[kpM+h idus
yxrh gSA lHkh ds eu ds iki muds vUnj dqycqykgV iSnk djus yxrs gSa & ^gk;] geus veqd iki fd;k
Fkk] dgha esjk gh gt ukeatwj rks ugha gks x;k \*
ge lksprs gSa fd gekjs iki rks xq# egkjkt gh [kRe dj nsaxsA ;g Bhd Hkh gS A xq# egkjkt rqEgkjs
vUnj tgk ftl pht dh deh gS mls iwjk dj ldrs gSa] tSls e'khuksa ds iqtksZa ds ekeys esa dksbZ esdsfud
djrk gSA fdUrq igys rqe Hkh vius dks e'khu dh rjg tM+ cukdj xq# egkjkt ds gkFkksa esa lkSai rks nksA
vius eu dks xq# ds eu ds gokys dj nksA
lHkh yksx dgrs gSa & ^lqukvks lRlaxA* eSa iwNrk gw] D;k rqe lRlax lquus ds vf/kdkjh gks \
rqEgkjh okluk;sa dqy [kRe gks x;h gSa \ eu ls nqfu;k dh [okfg'ksa fudy pqdh gSaA ;fn gk] rks rqe
osnkUr dh ckr le>us ds gdnkj gksA osnkUr esa rks igys gh fy[kk gS] ^vFkkrks czftKklkA* ftKklk rc
djks tc rqe lk/kuprq"V;lEiUu gks tkvks] vU;Fkk Hkzfer gks tkvksxsA ufpdsrk dh rjg rqe vius fny
dks oklukvksa ls [kkyh dj nksA ufpdsrk ;ejkt ds }kj ij rhu fnuksa rd fujkgkj cSBk jgkA dgk &
^igys eq>s vkRek dk Kku djk nksA* ;ejkt us mls vusd izyksHku nsdj nwljh vksj eksM+uk pkgk vkSj blh
flyflys esa dgk & ^eSa rqEgsa lalkj dh iwjh lEink ns nsrk gwA rqe eq>ls vkReKku dh ckr er iwNsA*
ufpdsrk us iwNk & ^D;k ;g lEink u"V ugha gksxh \ ges'kk fLFkj jgsxh \* dgk & ^ughaA* cksyk & ^fQj eSa
bls D;ksa ywxk \ eq>s rks vfou'oj lR; dk Kku pkfg,A* bl izdkj dksbZ Hkh izyksHku mlds ladYi dks
fMxk ugha ldkA bruh iDdh Fkh mldh fu"BkA b/kj gesa ;fn irk yxs fd dksVs dh phuh ,d fdyks
T;knk feyusokyh gS rks mrus gh ds fy, xq# egkjkt dk n'kZu djuk NksM+ nsaxsA dgsaxs & ^pyks] dj ysaxs
ckn esa n'kZuA igys phuh rks ys ysaA egkjkt dks rks vHkh jguk gh gSA fdlh fnu n'kZu gks tk;sxkA*
,d nQk xq# xksfoUn flag th egkjkt cSBs gq, FksA FkksM+h nwj ij ckn'kkg vkSjx
a tsc dk Hkh njckj
yxk FkkA ,d Hkksyk&Hkkyk vkneh xq# xksfoUn flag th dk f'k";Ro xzg.k djus vk;kA mlus fdlh ls iwNk
& ^gesa ljdkj ds ikl tkuk gSA* ml vkneh us vkSjx
a tsc dh rjQ tkus dk jkLrk crk fn;kA og ogk tk
igqpk & gkFk ck/ks] dqN Qwy vkSj nks&pkj vkus iSls fy;s gq,A ns[kk] nk<+h vkSj axtsc dh Hkh Fkh vkSj oSlh gh
nk<+h xq# xksfoUn flag th dh Hkh FkhA og lk"Vkax n.Mor~ ysV x;kA vkSjaxtsc us iwNk & ^dgks] D;k pkgrs
gks \* dgk& ^gs lPph ljdkj] eq>s ukenku ns nksA* ckn'kkg us le> fy;k fd ;g xq# xksfoUn flag ls
feyus vk;k gSA mlus ml Hkxr dks vusd izyksHku fn;sA dgk & ^brus gtkj #i;s ys yksA D;k djksxs ml
ckck ds ikl tkdj \* mlus dgk & ^ugha] gesa rks dsoy uke pkfg,A* ckn'kkg cksyk & ^veqd tokgjkr
vkSj [ktkuk ys yksA*

43

bl izdkj mlus mls fdlh xko dh tkxhj ns nsus dh Hkh ckr dgh ij og Hkxr uk&uk djrk
jgkA var esa ckn'kkg us mls MkVdj Hkst fn;k & ^tk csodwQ] ogk ml VsUV esa ckck cSBk gS tks pkj vkus esa
[kqnk dk vueksy uke nsrk gSA* Hkxr le> x;k fd og xyr txg igqp x;kA cspkjk vius Qwy vkSj iSls
mBkdj ogk ls py fn;kA vkSjaxtsc us mlds lkFk viuk ,d vkneh Hkh Hkst fn;k vkSj mlls xq# xksfoUn
flag dks lans'k Hkstk & ^cM+k lLrk [kqnk dk uke ik x, gks tks pkj vkus esa gh csprs
jgrs gksA*
xq#th us Hkh ml vkneh ls vkSjx
a tsc dks dgyk Hkstk fd mldh le> dh cfygkjh gSA ;g uke
pkj vkus esa ugha fn;k tk jgk gS] ;g rks ckn'kkg ds chl xko] yk[kksa #i;s vkSj eky&[ktkus ds cnys
fn;k tk jgk gSA bldh Hkkouk esa ;g uke ml nkSyr ls T;knk dherh gSA ;gk iSlksa ls uke&nku ugha gksrk]
;g rks Hkkouk dks n`f"V esa j[kdj fn;k tkrk gSA*
rks] Hkkouk 'kq) gksuh pkfg,A vxj fo'okl ik gks rks gekjs dY;k.k esa rfud Hkh nsj ugha gks
ldrhA
ik.Moksa ds ouokl dky esa ,d fnu Hkhe dgha ls ,d cM+k&lk vkoyk yk;k vkSj mls nzkSinh dks ns
fn;kA ml cM+s vkdkj ds lqUnj vkoys dks ns[kdj nzkSinh dks Hkxoku ".k ;kn vk x;sA lksp us yxh &
^dk'k] Jh".k gksrs rks bl vkoys ls mUgsa Hkksx yxkrhA* mldk lkspuk Fkk fd Hkxoku [kV~ izdV gks
x;sA mUgksaus vius cqyk, tkus dk dkj.k iwNkA nzkSinh us mUgsa vkoyk is'k djrs gq, dgk & ^bls Lohdkj
djsaA* Hkxoku us vkoys dks ns[kdj iwNk&^D;k rqe us bruk lq?kM+ vkoyk dHkh ns[kk gS \* nzkSinh us dgk
&^ugha rksA blhfy, rks blls vkidks Hkksx yxkus ds fy, cqyk;k gSA* rc Hkxoku us crk;k fd egf"kZ
nqokZlk ckjg lky ls lk/kuk esa yhu gSaA og vkoyk mUgha ds Hkksx ds fy, Qyk gSA riL;k ls mBdj os
bldk Hkksx yxkrs fdUrq vc rks bls rksM+k tk pqdk gSA tc os mBsaxs vkSj vkoys dks ugha ns[ksaxs rks [kV~
'kki ns nsaxsA rRdky dqy&oa'k u"V gks tk;sxkA* Hkxoku dh ckrsa lqudj nzkSinh Mj x;hA mlus Jh".k
ls ml ladV ls cpus dk mik; iwNkA Hkxoku us crk;k fd ;fn lHkh vius&vius /keZ dk lk{; nsdj
dgsa rks og vko yk viuh Mkyh ls iqu% yx ldrk gSA
loZizFke ;qf/kf"Bj us vius /keZ dk lk{; nsrs gq, dgk & ^;fn eSaus vius thou esa lnk lR;kpj.k
fd;k gS rks ;g vkoyk viuh Mkyh ls tk yxsA* muds ,slk dgrs gh vkoyk tehu ls mBk vkSj vkdk'k esa
FkksM+k mBdj #d x;kA rc vtqZu us dgk& ^;fn esjk ;q)&keZ lR; gS rks ;g vkoyk Mkyh ls tk yxsA*
vkoyk FkksM+k vkSj ij mBk vkSj ,d txg fLFkj gks x;kA bl ckj Hkhe us dgk & ^;fn ;q) esa eSaus fdlh
dks ihB u fn[kkbZ gks rks vkoyk Mkyh ls tk yxsA* bl ij vkoyk dqN vkSj ij mB x;kA blh rjg
e'k% nzkSinh rFkk udqy&lgnso us Hkh vius&vius /keZ dk lk[; nsdj vkoys dks isM+ rd rks igqpk
fn;k] fdUrq vHkh Hkh Mkyh vkSj vkoys ds chp dqN nwjh cuh gqbZ FkhA var esa Jh".k ds dgus ij ik.Moksa
us blh dke ds fy, d.kZ dks vius /keZ dk lk{; nsus ds fy, jkth dj fy;kA d.kZ vk;k vkSj mlus Hkh
vius nku&/keZ dk lk{; nsdj vkoys dks Vguh ls yxus dh ckr dghA bl ckj vkoyk [kV~ Vguh ls tk
yxkA rks] vius /keZ esa n`<+rk dk ,slk vlj gksrk gSA
lcls igys rqe viuh /kkj.kk iDdh cukvksA ;fn rqe Hkxoku ds vfrfjDr fdlh nwljh pht dh
bPNk djrs gks rks bldk eryc ;g gqvk fd rqe ml pht dks Hkxoku ls T;knk dherh eku jgs gksA fQj
Hkxoku rqEgsa dSls feysxk \**
bR;ye~A
t;xq# % vk'khokZn !
44

opu & 31
LFkku % ijeiqjh vkJe

frfFk % 6-2-85

izsfe;ks]
rqe ;gk lRlax lquus vk;s gksA D;k dHkh fopkj fd;k gS fd vkf[kj lRlax lquus dk eryc D;k
gksrk gS \ rqe fuR; izfr vius dejksa esa >kM+w nsrs gksA vxj ,d fnu Hkh >kM+w u nks rks dejk xnZ ls Hkj
tkrk gSA dejs dh LoPNrk ds fy, ;g t:jh gksrk gS fd mls jkst >kM+k&cqgkjk tk;sA mlh rjg tUe ls
ysdj vktrd nqfu;koh yksxksa ds lkFk jgrs&jgrs vkSj nqfu;koh O;ogkjksa esa my>rs&my>rs rqEgkjs n;
esa dwM +k bdk gks x;kA bl dwM+s ls rqEgkjk eu dkyk iM+ x;kA mlh dks lkQ djus ds fy, lRlax dh
t:jr gksrh gSA lRlax jkst gksuk pkfg,A ;fn ,slk gksxk rks rqEgkjs eu ij eSy teus ugha ik;sxhA mlh
xUnxh dh otg ls ;g gkyr gS fd bl nqfu;k esa rqe ftl ms'; dks ysdj vk;s gks ogh Hkwy x;k gSA lc
txg nqfu;k gh fn[kkbZ nsrh gSA efyurk ds gh dkj.k yksxksa dks ijekFkZ dk ?kj ;g vkJe Hkh lkekU; ?kj
tSlk fn[kkbZ iM+rk gSA
,d jktk FkkA mlus vius xq# egkjkt dks Hkh jktlh BkV&ckV esa vkyh'kku caxys esa Bgjk;k FkkA
xq# egkjkt dh jktk ls Hkh cM+h eku&izfr"Bk Fkh] pwfd os jktk ds xq# FksA jktk ds eu esa [;ky vk;k
fd xq# egkjkt Hkh rks esjh gh rjg jgrs gSa] [kkrs&ihrs vkSj lksrs gSaA fQj muesa vkSj eq>esa QdZ dSlk gS !
,d fnu jktk us vius bl [;ky dks xq# egkjkt ds lkeus izdV dj fn;kA cksyk] ^egkjkt] vkiesa vkSj
eq>esa QdZ D;k gS \* egkjkt us rqjr dqN mkj ugha fn;kA cksys] ^rqEgkjh ftKklk dk lek/kku ckn esa
dj nwxkA*
,d fnu jktk xq# egkjkt ds lkFk ?kwerk&Vgyrk nwj taxy dh vksj fudy x;kA mldk uxj
cgqr ihNs NwV x;kA og ykSV tkuk pkgrk Fkk fdUrq xq# egkjkt vkxs c<+rs gh tk jgs FksA mins'k vkSj
ckrphr esa Mwcs gq, mudks bldk vglkl gh ugha Fkk fd mUgsa ihNs Hkh ykSVuk gSA b/kj jktk cspSu gksrk
x;kA vkf[kj mls dguk gh iM+k] ^egkjkt] ge nksuksa uxj ls dkQh nwj c<+ vk;s gSa] vc rks ykSVuk pkfg,A*
egkRek cksys] D;k t:jr gS ykSVus dh\ pyks vkt lSj djus fudy pyrs gSaA ?kwers&?kkers dqN eghus ckn
ykSVsaxsA* b/kj jktk ds flj ij rks nqfu;k Hkj dh ftEesokfj;k FkhaA jktdkt dk caku FkkA og mudh
mis{kk djds dSls tk ldrk Fkk ! m/kj egkRek ykSVus dk uke gh ugha ys jgs FksA rax vkdj jktk dks
dguk iM+k] ^eq>s vkxs ugha tkuk] eSa rks vc ykSV jgk gwA ;fn vki tkuk pkgsa rks tk ldrs gSaA* egkRek cksys]
^rqeus ,d fnu eq>ls dqN ftKklk dh FkhA mldk tokc vkt rqEgsa crk;s nsrk gw ! rqeesa vkSj eq>esa ;gh
vUrj gS fd eSa reke phtksa dks rqEgkjh gh rjg Hkksxrk gqvk Hkh feuV Hkj esa mUgsa NksM+ ldrk gwA fdUrq
rqe mUgsa NksM+ ugha ldrsA* bruk dgdj egkRek jktk dks NksM+dj vkxs c<+ x;sA bl rjg Kkuh vkSj
vKkuh nksuksa gh lalkj esa jgrs gSa fdUrq QdZ ;g gksrk gS fd ,d ;gk jgrs gq, Hkh ;gha ds gks tkrs gSa vkSj
nwljs ;gk jgdj Hkh lalkj ls fufyZIr cus jgrs gSaA tks reksxq. kh ;k jtksxq.kh yksx gksrs gSa os xq#&njckj esa
dqN LokFkZHkko ls gh vkrs gSaA bl txg dks Hkh tSls os viuh fcjknjh dk ?kj le> ysrs gSaA mUgsa bldk
[;ky ugha gksrk fd ;g xq#}kjk gS] rhFkZLFkku gSA os ;gk ls dksbZ pht ikus dh bPNk ls vkrs gSa vkSj ;fn
og mUgsa u feys rks fQj ;gk ls :B Hkh tkrs gSaA
rks] ,sls LokFkhZ yksxksa dks rqe dHkh Hkxr er le> ysukA Hkxr rks og gksrk gS tks flj dVus dh
fLFkfr esa Hkh vius xq# }kjs dks NksM+dj ugha tk ldrkA pkgs fdruh Hkh nqnZ'kk >syuh iM+s] og xq# pj.kksa
dks NksM+ ugha ldrkA dchj us dgk gS
}kj /kuh ds ifM+ jgks] /kdk /kuh dk [kkfga A dcgqd /kuh fuoktgha] tks nj NkM+ u tkfga AA
45

vFkkZr~ tks uke dk /kuh ln~xq# gksrk gS mlds njokts ij cjkcj tqVs jgks] mldh MkV&QVdkj
lgdj Hkh ogha iM+s jgksA ;fn rqe /kDdk [kkdj Hkh ogk vfMx cus jgksxs rks ,d&u&,d fnu og viuh
ikn`f"V rqeij Qsjx
s k gh vkSj rqe rkFkZ gks tkvksxsA
dgk rks xq# ds nj dk bruk cM+k ego vkSj dgk rqEgkjh ,slh vksNh Hkkouk ! ,d Mcy Hkxr
;gk vk;kA mlus vius cSy ykdj vkJe ds xks'kkys esa ck/k fn;kA vkJeokyksa us nks&,d fnuksa ds ckn
mlds cSy okil Hkst fn;s rc mlus vkJe vkuk gh NksM+ fn;k vkSj fy[k Hkstk fd tks njckj cSyksa ds fy,
Hkwlk ugha ns ldrk og Hkf&eqf dgk ls nsxkA blh izdkj fdlh us dksbZ lkeku ekxk vkSj og ugha
fn;k x;k rks :B x;kA vkJe dh fuank djuh 'kq# dhA gkykfd gekjs ;k gekjs egkRekvksa ds fny esa bl
ckr dk rfud Hkh vlj ugha iM+rkA ge rks vius izse&O;ogkj ls bl ckr dks pqVdh esa mM+k nsaxs fdUrq
muds izfr ;g ckr rks cSB gh x;h fd os Hkxr fdl dksfV ds gSa] ftUgksaus xq#&njckj dks bruk gh le>k
gSA oSls yksx ;gk dqN lsok djds] dqN nku nsdj Hkh cnys esa dksb Z LokFkZ iwjk djuk pkgrs gSaA lPps Hkxr
rks os gSa tks lcdqN djds Hkh dHkh ;g nkok ugha trykrs fd mUgksaus dqN fd;k vFkok dqN fn;kA cfYd
muds fny esa rks lnk nhurk dk gh Hkko cuk jgrk gS fd dk'k] muds ikl vkSj dqN gksrk rks os viZ.k
djrs ! xq# njckj esa vkus dk Qk;nk rks mudks gksrk gSA nwljs yksx fdlh dke ds ugha gksrs tks ;gk Hkh
viuk nqfu;koh O;ogkj ys vkrs gSa vkSj fcjknjh tSlk rqjr&rqjr :Brs vkSj ekurs jgrs gSaA ;g dqnjr dk
?kj gSA fdlh ds :Bus ls ;gk dk dqN ugha fcxM+rkA ;gk ,d :Bsxk rks ipkl u;s vk tk;saxsA vyckk]
ml :Busokys dk csM+k xdZ t:j gksxkA
eSa ,d nQk lhrkiqj esa ,d Hk ds ;gk x;kA mldk uke Fkk ljnkjhA og lhrkiqj fj;klr ds
eSustj dk ukSdj FkkA mlh ds tfj;s eSa eSustj lkgc ds ?kj igys ,d ckj x;k FkkA rHkh eSustj dh iRuh
vkSj muds ?kjokyksa lHkh us ea= Hkh fy;k FkkA esjs ogk tkus dh [kcj ikdj eSustj dh iRuh us ljnkjh ds
ekQZr esjs ikl cqykok HkstkA eSaus mls MkV fn;kA dgk] ^eq>s eSustj lkgc ls ukSdjh ugha ekaxuh gS ;k dksb Z
iSjoh ugha djuh gSA eSa vktkn Qdhj gw ] fdlh ds ikcUn rks gw ughaA mls cqykuk Fkk rks dkj D;ksa ugha
fHktok;h \ tkdj dg nsuk] eSa ugha tkrk fdlh ds ?kjA* ml Hkksys Hkxr us esjh ckr lh/ks eSust jkuh ls
dg lqukbZA eSa nwljs fnu ljnkjh ds ?kj ls pkj&ikp ehy nw j mlds ,d fj'rsnkj ds ;gk pyk x;k Fkk]
rHkh eSustjkuh us esjs fy, dkj HksthA eSa rks ogk Fkk ughaA dkj ykSV xbZA tc eSa ckn esa ogk vk;k rks [kcj
feyhA rc eSa ljnkjh dks lkFk ysdj eSustj lkgc ds ;gk x;kA iSny gh rks lc txg pyrk Fkk] pyk
x;kA
lc yksx izse ls vkdj feysA eq>s Mkbax :e esa fcBk;k x;kA ekjs dksp&eksp] pepekgV ls Hkjk
dejk] lth&ltkbZ rLohjksa dk dguk gh D;k FkkA ?kj dh vkSjrksa us vkdj iko kks;s fQj pk;&ikuh
fiyk;kA dq'ky&lekpkj iwNkA lkjh jLesa iwjh gqb A bruk lc gks tkus ds ckn eSustjkuh mnkl eq[k esjs
utnhd vkdj cksyh] ^egkjkt th] ,d ckr iwNw \* esjs ^gk* dgus ij mlus dgk] ^vki dy ogk ls ftl
xko esa x;s Fks ogk rd rks dksbZ lokjh tkrh ugha] fQj dSls x;s vki \* eSaus dgk] ^ogk iSny pyk x;kA*
cksyh] ^ogk ls vki rhu ehy iSny pydj ml Hkxr ds ?kj igqps fQj Hkh vkidks dksbZ rdyhQ ugha gqb ZA
b/kj eSaus vkidks cqyk;k rks vki fcuk lokjh ;gk vkus dks rS;kj ugha gq,] tcfd ogk ls ;gk rd dh nwjh
vkkh ls Hkh de gh gksxhA* eSaus iwNk] ^vPNk] ,d ckr crk] rw dHkh ;gk ls LVs'ku iSny tkrh gS \* cksyh]
^th] eSa rks ogk dHkh Hkh iSny ugha tkrhA* eSaus dgk] ^lkjs 'kgj dh vkSjrsa ogk iSny gh vkrh&tkrh gSa fQj
rq>esa ,sls dkSu ls lw[kkZc ds ij yxs gSa tks ogk iSny ugha tkrh \* cksyh] ^egkjkt th] eSa ogk iSny tk
rks esjh rFkk esjs ifr dh cnukeh gksxhA* eSaus tokc fn;k] ^rks] eSa Hkh brus cM+s eSust j dk xq# gwA ;fn eSa
;gk iSny vk tk rks D;k eSustj lkgc dh cnukeh ugha gksxh \ eSa mudh cnukeh D;ksa djk \ jgk
loky rhu ehy iSny pydj ml Hkxr ds ;gk >ksiM+h esa tkus dk] rks mldk vkSj rsjk D;k eq dkcyk gSA
46

;g Bhd gS fd /ku&nkSyr dh n`f"V ls rw mlls cgqr cM+h gS fdUrq ftl >ksiM+h esa eSa x;k Fkk ogk ds
yksxksa esa tks izse gS og rsjs ikl ugha gks ldrkA muds izse dk lkSok fgLlk Hkh izse ;gk ugha gksxkA rsjh ;s
dkp dh rLohjsa] ped&ned vkSj dksp&eksp esa j[kk D;k gS \ bl ij rks jkst ukS lkS fuU;kucs yksx
vkrs vkSj cSBrs jgrs gSaA ogk x;k rks ml >ksiM+h es esjs fy, ,d pkjikbZ Mky nh x;hA og pkjikbZ o"kks ls
esjs fy, gh fjtoZ FkhA tc dHkh eSa x;k mlh pkjikbZ ij cSBkA vU;Fkk og lkykasHkj ij Vaxh jghA nwljk
dksbZ mlij cSB ugha ldrkA mls rks jkst og Hkxr vxjckh fn[kkdj iz.kke djrk gSA b/kj rsjh
xhnkj dqflZ;ksa vkSj iyaxksa ij rks cgqr ekewyh yksx Hkh vkdj cSBrs jgrs gSaA tks rsjk viuk fcLrj gksxk
og Hkh bl iyax ls dgha dherh gksxkA vc cksy] Hkf Hkko dh n`f"V esa ml Hkksys Hkxr ds lkFk rw dHkh
cjkcjh dj ik,xh \ ogk eq>s tks [kkuk f[kyk;k x;k og mu yksxksa dh vkSdkr dk lcls vPNk [kkuk
FkkA tks [kkuk rsjs ;gk [kkxk oSlk [kkuk rks ;gk jkst gh chlksa [kq'kkenh yksx [kk tkrs gksaxsA pyrs le;
ml xjhc us eq>s nks #i;s HksaV fd;s vkSj rqe chl nksxh] ;gh u ! exj ml xjhc ds os nks #i;s mlds
loZLo FksA nks #i;s ns nsus ds ckn mldh nwljs twu dh jksVh ds iSls Hkh 'kk;n ugha cps gksaxsA b/kj rsjs chl
#i;s ns[kus esa rks T;knk gSa] fdUrq rsjs cSad [kkrs esa nks yk[k ls de tek ugha gksaxsA rw gh crk] nks yk[k ds
dkSu&ls fgLls gq, ;s chl #i;s \ fQj viuk loZLo nsdj Hkh ml xjhc Hkxr ds eu esa blh dk eyky
Fkk fd dk'k] mlds ikl nks gtkj gksrs rks og egkjkt dh lsok djrkA csVh] Hkf ds jkLrs esa dher dh
txg ugha gksrh] Hkkouk vkSj izse dh gksrh gSA ge rks Qdhj gSa] gesa fdlh ckgjh ku&,s'o;Z ls D;k
erycA ge rks izse Hkko dk lkSnk djrs gSaA* fQj eSaus mls izse djds Bhd rks dj gh fn;kA
izsfe;ks ! rqeus nqfu;k dh gdhdr dks Bhd ls le>k ugha gSA ftls ftruk cf<+;k [kkuk&ihuk
feyrk gS og mruk gh chekj jgrk gSA nwljh vksj ftls ftruk gh lknk Hkkstu feyrk gS og mruk gh
rUnq#Lr Hkh jgrk gSA vc ns[kks bl nqfu;koh ,s'o;Z dk [ksyA tks xjhc gSa os vehjksa ds Hkkstu ds fy,
rjlrs gSa vkSj tks vehj gSa os xjhcksa tSlh lsgr ikus ds fy, rjlrs gSaA Hkxoku us [kkuk rks vehjksa dks fn;k
vkSj rUnq#Lrh ns nh xjhcksa dksA xjhc etnwj lqcg ls nksigj rd dM+h fegur djds ukprs gq, vius
?kj okil vkrs gSaA m/kj fdlh vehj dks ;fn ,d ehy /kwi esa iSny pyuk iM+s rks mudh tku vkQr esa vk
tkrh gSA
bl nqfu;k esa tgk ns[kks ogk ijs'kkuh gh ijs'kkuh gSA ,d lhesaV dh Q'kZ vkSj feh dh Q'kZ esa D;k
QdZ gS \ Q'kZ dSlh Hkh gks] og yksxksa ds mBus&cSBus ds fy, gh rks gksr h gSA mls vius lkFk mBkdj rks
dksbZ ugha ys tkrkA esjh gh ckr ys yksA ,d fnu ,slk Fkk tc eSa [kq' kh&[kq'kh xjhcksa dh >ksaifM+;ksa esa jgrk
FkkA ml le; eSa T;knk rUnq#Lr Fkk vkSj [kwc Hkkx&nkSM+ dj ysrk FkkA ftl le; eSa xksaMk esa jgrk Fkk ml
le; ogk ds reke Hk xjhc Fks] >ksaifM+;ksaokysA eq>s os vius ?kjksa esa pkjikbZ Mkydj lqyk;k djrs FksA
pkjikbZ ij njh fcNk nh tkrh FkhA ml njh ij lkeus rkykc ls cgqr lkjs dey ds Qwyksa dh ia[kqfM+;k
fcNk;h tkrha FkhaA Qwyksa ds ml xs ij pknj fcNkbZ tkrh rc mlh ij eq>s lqyk;k tkrk FkkA cxy esa cgqr sjs
cPps gkFk esa ia[kk fy;s gq, eq>s lqcg ls 'kke rd gok djrs jgrs FksA crkvks] lq[k ml >ksiM+h esa T;knk
Fkk ;k vc bu egyksa esa \ vkt rks gkyr ;g gS fd bu Muyi ds xksa ij jkr Hkj djoVsa cnyrk jg tkrk
gw] uhan ugha vkrhA vkt rks tSls Hkw[k Hkh pyh x;hA mu fnuksa xksaMk dh Hkksyh&Hkkyh ekb;k lk/kkj.k ros ij
Hkwuh x;h lfCt;k] pkoy rFkk vjgj dh nky ,d lk/kkj.k&lh dkals dh Fkkyh esa ijksldj esjs lkeus
j[k nsrh Fkha] rc eSa {kq/kk Hkj [kk ysrk FkkA vkt lcdqN gks tkus ij Hkh igyk lq[k dgk gS \ eSa rks tSlk
igys lknk Fkk oSlk vc Hkh gwA rqeyksxksa ds izse us gh eq>s bu ,s'o;ks esa ckak fn;k gSA eSa tkurk gw fd esjs
fy, budh jkh Hkj Hkh dher ughaA gk] rqEgkjk fny j[kus ds fy, ugha pkgrs gq, Hkh eq>s blesa ck tkuk
iM+k gSA
47

nqfu;k rks cl nqfu;k gSA tkurs lHkh gSa fd ,d fnu e`R;q ds oDr p&uhp] /kuh&xjhc lc ,d
gh ntsZ esa vk tk;saxsA ejus dks rks vehj ykykth Hkh ejsaxs vkSj ,d xjhc Hkh ejsxk] dyDVj] dfe'uj]
,e0 ih0] ,e0,y0,0 dqy ejsaxsA QdZ bruk gh gksxk fd muds 'kjhj dqN T;knk eksVs gksaxs rks tyus ds
ckn fprk dh jk[k ,d pqVdh T;knk gks tk;sxhA bkj cspkjk xjhc ejsxk rks mldh jk[k ,d pqVdh
de gksxhA blls T;knk QdZ D;k iM+sxk \ vehjksa dks Qwdus esa yDdM+ ikp lsj T;knk yxsaxs vkSj xjhcksa
dks Qwdus esa mrus gh de yxsaxsA rks ;g vPNk jgk fd og \ ,slh gS rqEgkjh nqfu;k ! bl nqfu;k esa vius
dks Hkwy er tkvksA ;g rks ,d rek'kk gSA rqe tgk vkSj ftrus esa gks mlh esa larks"k djksA
vjc [kjc ykSa nzO; tkSa] mn;&vLr ykSa jkt A rqylh tkSa fut eju gS] rks vkoSa dsfg dkt AA
u rks lsBth viuk /ku ys tk;saxs vkSj u gh xjhc viuh >ksiM+h lkFk ys tk;sxkA vxj lp iwNks rks
lsB dh vis{kk ,d xjhc T;knk lq[k ls ejsxkA D;ksafd xjhc ds fny esa lalkj NksM+us dh ihM+k de
gksxhA ftldks laalkj dh ftruh gh fyIlk gksxh og mruk gh T;knk nq[kh gksxkA blhfy, vxj rqe vius
thou dks lq[kh cukuk pkgrs gks rks viuh [okfg'kksa dks de ls de dj nksA
fdlh jkT; dk jktk ej x;k FkkA mldh xh ds fy, yksxksa ds chp >xM+k epk gqvk FkkA dksbZ ,d
dks jktk cukuk pkgrk Fkk rks dksbZ nwljs dksA vUr esa dqN le>nkj yksxksa ds dgus ij fu'p; gqvk fd
jktegy ds xsV ds Hkhrj dy lqc g tks vkneh lcls igys izos'k djsxk ogh jktk cuk fn;k tk;sxkA ,d
lk/kq ckck jktegy ds ckgj ,d isM + dh Nk;k rys iM+k gqvk FkkA tc jkr esa ckfj'k gksus yxh rks vius dks
o"kkZ ls cpkus ds fy, og jktHkou ds NTts ds uhps fNi x;kA lqqcg esa larjh us tc njoktk [kksyk rks
lcls igys xsV ij ckck gh fn[kkbZ fn;kA rqjr ?kks"k.kk dj nh x;h fd Hkkoh jktk fey x;kA fQj rks ckck
dks cM+s lEeku ds lkFk Hkhrj jktegy esa ys tk;k x;k vkSj mlds vfHk"ksd dh rS;kjh gksus yxhA b/kj
ckck gSjr esa Fkk fd vkf[kj ;g lc gks D;k jgk gSA tc mls jkt ekywe gqvk rks mlus jktlh BkV&ckV
iguus ds igys viuh yaxksVh vkSj vyQh dh iksVyh cuk Mkyh vkSj ea= h dks vkns'k fn;k fd bls jkt
[ktkus esa lqjf{kr j[k fn;k tk;s \ ,slk gh gqvkA
ckck dks jkT; djrs dqN gh fnu chrs Fks fd iM+kslh ns'k ds jktk us ckck ds jkT; dks detksj
le>dj mlij geyk cksy fn;kA ckr ;g gqbZ fd ckck ds xh ij cSBrs gh jkT; esa /khjs&khjs vukpkj
QSyrk x;kA dksbZ Hkh vijk/kh ckck ds lkeus is'k gksrs gh n.MeqDr dj fn;k tkrk FkkA Qyr% ftlds th
esa tks vk;s djrk pyk x;kA Lo;a ckck Hkh jkt&dkt esa eu u nsdj Hktu&dhrZu vkSj /;ku esa gh le;
fcrkus yxkA bl ekgkSy esa jkT; dh O;oLFkk detksj iM+ tkuk LokHkkfod FkkA
iM+kslh ns'k dh lsuk /kM+Yys ds lkFk jktegy esa ?kql xbZA b/kj ckck bl p<+kbZ ls cs[kcj cuk
gqvk&lk vius ;ku&iwtu esa yxk gqvk FkkA jkT; ds lsukifr] othj vkfn us ckck ds ikl igq pdj dqN
djus ds fy, vkns'k ekxkA cksys] ^gqtwj] iM+kslh ns'k dh QkSt ls ge f?kj x;s gSaA* ckck cksyk] ^vkus nks lkys
dksA gekjh QkSt dks mlls yM+us dh D;k t:jr gS] fdlh ls yM+kbZ&>xM+k djuk Bhd ugha gksrkA* blh
chp nq'eu dh QkSt njoktk rksM+dj Hkhrj vk x;h vkSj lekfk esa cSBs gq, ckck dks fxjrkj djuh
pkghA lsukifr ckck ls cksyk ^ge rqEgsa fxjrkj djrs gSa] rqe vkt ls jktk ugha] gekjs dSnh gksA ckck us
iwNk] ^rqe ;gk vk;s fdlfy, gks \ cksyk] ^rqedks dSn djuk gSA rqEgkjk ;g jkT; vc gekjk gSA* ckck
cksyk] ^esjs othj dks cqykvksA* othj vk;kA ckck us mlls [ktkus esa j[kh gqbZ viuh iksVyh ekaxhA [ktkuk
[kksy fn;k x;k vkSj ckck dks iksVyh ns nh x;hA ckck us >V~ mls [kksydj viuh yaxksVh vkSj vyQh igu
yh vkSj csykSlius ds lkFk dgk] ^vc lEHkkyks viuk jkT;A brus fnu ge jktk jgs] dqN fnu rqe Hkh jg
yksA* ;g dgdj ckck taxy dh vksj py iM+kA

48

fojks/kh jktk us ckck dh bl fufyZIrrk ls izHkkfor gksdj dgk] ^ckck] gels xyrh gks xbZA ge ;g
jkT; fQj vki gh dks ns nsr s gSaA i;k vki taxy u tk;saA* ckck cksyk] ^rsjs tSls bl nq fu;k esa ipklksa jktk
gks x;sA mu lcksa us dqN&dqN fnu jkT; fd;sA FkksM+s fnu eSaus Hkh fd;kA vc rsjk eu yypk;k gS rks rw Hkh
xh lEHkky ysA yM+kbZ djus dh D;k t:jr \* bruk dgdj ckck taxy dh vksj c<+ pykA
ftUgksaus lalkj dh okLrfodrk dks le>k gS mudk eu rks ,slk gksrk gSA ckck dks u jkT; ikus dk
g"kZ gqvk vkSj u [kksus dk 'kksdA blh izdkj lq[kh thou rks rHkh gksxk tc fpk g"kZ&'kksd ls [kkyh
gksxkA blfy, izkjC/kkuqlkj izkIr ifjfLFkfr esa larq"V jgksA lkalkfjd oLrqvksa dk bLrseky djks ij mlesa
vklDr er gksvksA iq#"kkFkZ djus esa vkyL; er djksA 'kkL=fofgr deks dks fu"dke Hkko ls djksA fpk
esa dkeuk vkSj vklfDr ikyksxs rks nq[kh gksuk gh iM+sxkA rc rqe Ql tkvksxs vkSj ekjs tkvksxsA blfy,
lalkj ds izfr eksg vkSj vklfDr er cukvksA lQy thou thus dk ;gh rjhdk gSA
cM+h&cM+h ckrsa djuk vyx ckr gS vkSj mlesa fLFkr gksuk vyxA
tqck ls ckr djus esa gjsd gksf'k;kj dkQh gSA
exj j[krk dksbZ xqrkj ij jrkj dkQh gSAA
vk/;kfRed ckrksa esa Hkh yksx cM+h&cM+h xIisa t:j ekjrs gSaA Hk`dqVh] f=dqVh] lryksd] nlok }kj]
Hkaoj xqQk ds jkLrs izdk'k fn[kkbZ nsrk gS & ;s ckrsa i<+&lqudj rks lHkh cksy ysrs gSaA fdUrq D;k mls
ns[kk Hkh gS fdlh us \ Hkwrksa dh vks>kbZ djuk FkksM+s gh gS ;gA <ksaxh ckcs vkdj Hkksys&Hkkys yksxksa dks
pdek ns tkrs gSa] ^eb;k ! rsjs ?kj esa cM+k vuFkZ gks jgk gS] rw ftl fdlh dk Hkyk djrh gS og Hkh rsjk cqjk
lksprk gS] rq>s vkenuh ,d vkSj [kpZ ikp gksrk jgrk gS] vkfn&vkfnA* eb;k dgrh gS] ^egkjkt] vki rks
vUrKkZuh gSaA gekjh gkyr Bhd&Bhd vkius crk nhA vc vki ik djsaA* ckck dgrk gS] ^eb;k] ge
fgeky; esa x;s FksA ogha ls ;g 'kadj th dh ewfkZ yk;s gSaA rw bls vius [ktkus esa j[k nsA fQj rks rsjk iSlk
dHkh de ugha gksxkA nwljs dks rks ge bls ugha gh nsr sA exj ge rq>ij [kq'k gSaA ckn esa rw Qk;nk gksus ij
pkgs ftruh lsok djuk] vHkh rks flQZ viuh glyh ns nsA* Hkksyh&Hkkyh cqf<+;k us ckck ds dgs esa vkdj
glyh ns nh vkSj cnys esa ckck dqN HkHkwr rFkk og iRFkj idM+k x;kA
rks] rqe ,sls ckckvksa ds pDdj esa cM+h tYnh vk tkrs gksA dkj.k] lkalkfjd /ku&eku dh pkg rks
rqEgsa fnu&jkr cuh gh jgrh gS vkSj mldh iwfrZ djkuso kys cukoVh ckcs Hkh fey tkrs gSaA lPph vkSj [kjh
ckrsa rks rqEgsa vPNh ugha yxrhaA gesa rks oSlk dqN tknw&Vksuk djuk vkrk ughaA ge rks lh/kk] [kjk lqukrs gSa
fd ?kkVk&uQk nksuksa esa lar q"V jgks] lalkj dh dkeukvksa esa er Qlks] izk jC/k }kjk izkIr gj ifjfLFkfr esa
[kq'k jgks] nqfu;k esa fny er QlkvksA lalkj dks Bhd ls le>ksA vUnj ls le>dj cjrksxs rks
g"kZ&'kksd ls cprs jgksxsA
,d ckj vtqZu Hkxoku ".k ds ikl x;kA ml le; ".k Luku djds /;ku dh eqnzk esa cSBs FksA
vtqZu gSjku gksdj lkspus yxk fd budk /;ku rks lkjh nqfu;k djrh gS] ;s fdldk /;ku dj jgs gSaA dqN
nsj ckn tc Hkxoku us vk[ksa [kksyha rks vtqZu us iwN fn;k] ^izHkks] vkidk /;ku rks lkjk lalkj djrk gS]
fQj vki fdlds /;ku esa Mwc s gq, Fks \* cksys] ^eSa Hkh"e firkeg dh ;kn dj jgk FkkA ejrs le; mUgsa
d"V gks jgk FkkA* vtqZu cksyk] ^esjs m)kj ds fy, Hkh dksbZ ;qf crkb;sA* Hkxoku cksys] ^Bhd gS] rqe esjs
vlyh Lo:i dk ;ku djks] rqEgkjk m)kj vo'; gksxkA* iwNk] ^vkidk vlyh Lo:i D;k gS \* cksys]
^esjk okLrfod Lo:i fuxqZ.k gSA* dgk] ^fuxqZ.k dh ckr rks esj s eu esa vV ugha ik;sxhA og dSlk gS ! cksys]
^vPNk] rks rqe esjs lxq.k Lo:i dk gh /;ku djksA rqEgsa bls le>us esa dfBukbZ ugha gksxh] D;ksafd bls
rqe izR;{k ns[k gh jgs gksA* cksyk] ^egkjkt] vkidh ewfkZ dks fny esa fcBkus ds fy, cgqr izse dh t:jr
gSA b/kj esjk eu lkS txg Qlk gqvk gSA izse d: rks fdlls \ ;g mik; Hkh esjs o'k dk ughaA* dgus yxs]
^rqe ;fn ;g Hkh ugha dj ldrs rks rqe 'kkL=fofgr deksZa dks fu"dke Hkko ls djrs pyks] blls Hkh
49

dY;k.k gks tk;sxkA* dgk] ^egkjkt] eSa rks nqfu;knkj vkneh gwA ldkerk ls dSls cp ldwxkA* cksys] ^rks
Bhd gS dke ldke Hkko ls gh djks exj djus ds ckn mlds Qy dks eq>s vfiZr djrs tkvksA* dgk]
^tc Qy gh vfiZr dj nwxk rks esjs ikl D;k cpsxk\* Hkxoku cksys] ^rks tkvks] dYi rd tUeks vkSj ejksA
blds vykok nwljk dksbZ jkLrk ughaA tc rqe dqN dj ugha ldrs] dksbZ Hkh ;qfDr rqEgkjs vuqdwy gS gh
ugha rks pkSjklh esa Hkjek djksA*
eSa Hkh rks rqEgsa fdlh izdkj dh lekf/k yxkus ds fy, ugha dgrk gw vkSj u gh izk.kk;ke vkfn dh
lykg nsrk gwA rqEgsa v'oesk ;K djus ds fy, Hkh ugha dgrkA eS a rks lh/kh cksyh Hkk"kk esa rqels ,d gh ckr
dgrk gwA tks dke rqe jkst dj jgs gks mlh dks lsok Hkko ls fd;k djksA iatkch cksyh esa ,d dgkor gS&
lRxq# iwjk HksafV;k] iwjh gks; tqxqfrA
galafn;k] [ksyafn;k] ficafn;k] chps gks; eqdqfrAA
dgus dk eryc gS fd ;fn dksbZ oSlk Kkuh lRxq# fey x;k rks og glkrs&[ksykrs] eqf djk
nsxkA rqe ;fn Bhd ls esjh ;qf dks le> yks vkSj mlds vuqlkj pyus yxks rks rqEgkjh eqf esa lansg ugha
jg tkrk gSA ^/keZjkt vc D;k djs] tc feV~;k lxyh ys[kkA* tc xq# }kjk crkbZ xbZ ;qf ds vuqlkj
lsok djrs&djrs rqEgkjk vkik Hkko [kRe gks tk;sxk rks rqEgkjs deZQy dk jftLVj vius vki QV
tk;sxkA mlds ckn ;ejkt Hkh rqEgkjk dqN ugha fcxkM+ ldsxkA vkSj rqe eq gks tkvksxsA
t;xq# % vk'khokZn !

opu & 32
LFkku % ijeiqjh vkJe

frfFk % 7-2-85

izsfe;ks]
rqEgkjk O;ogkj vHkh tSlk gksuk pkfg, oSlk gks ugha ik;k gSA xq#&njckj ls rqEgkjk lEcU/k vHkh
Bhd ls cu ugha ik;k gSA tSls rqe vius ?kj dks viuk le>rs gks oSlk Hkko vius vkJe ds izfr tcrd
ugha cusxk rcrd rqEgkjs O;ogkj esa deh jgsxhA ;g vkJe rqe lcksa dk ?kj gh rks gSA cfYd rqEgkjk ;g
?kj vius lHkh ?kjksa ls Hkh dbZ ekus esa egoiw.kZ gSA rqEgkjk viuk ?kj rks rqEgkjs cU/ku dk dkj.k gksrk gS
fdUrq ;g ?kj rqEgsa eq djus ds ms'; ls cuk;k x;k gSA ;g ?kj fdlh ,d vkneh dk ugha] lcdk gSA
blij dksbZ Hkh nkok ugha dj ldrkA vkJe dks cukus ds fy, rqe lcksa ls rqEgkjh gSfl;r ds eqrkfcd
lsok yh tkrh gSA rqe eqfB;k v nsr s gks vkSj ml eqfB;k ds FkksM+s&ls vkVk ;k pkoy ls ;gk dk yaxj
pyrk gSA ;fn eSa pkgrk rks dqN cM+s lsBksa ls ,d lkFk gh <sj lkjk #i;k vFkok v ysdj vkJe dh
O;oLFkk djk ysrkA fdUrq fdlh izdkj dh dksbZ tk;nkn [kM+h djuk gekjk y{; ugha jgkA eqfB;k ds
FkksM+s v ls vFkok rqEgkjs }kjk fn;s x;s FkksM+s iSlksa ls vkJe esa tks Hkko curk gS og vkJeokfl;ksa vkSj
Hkksa nksuksa ds fy, dY;k.kizn gksrk gSA bl izdkj fu%LokFkZ Hkko ls dh x;h FkksM+h lsok Hkh fo'ks"k dY;k.k
dk dkj.k curh gSA Bhd blh izdkj Hkksa ds }kjk nh x;h eqfB;k ds v [kkdj njckj ds egkRekvksa
dh o`fk Hkh 'kq) gksrh gS] pwfd og v lkfod Hkko ls fn;k x;k gksrk gSA ml v dk #[kM+kiu Hkh
Nkhl O;atuksa ds Lokn dks ekr dj nsrk gSA bl izdkj rqEgkjs ?kj dk pqVdh Hkj vkVk Hkh vxj vkJe
dh lsok esa yxsxk rks rqEgkjk vkJe ds lkFk izse c<+rk tk;sxkA
50

ij&ij ns[kus ls rqEgkjh pqVdh Hkj eqfB;k fdruh NksVh&lh lsok ekywe gksrh gSA dqN yksx
lksp ldrs gSa fd bu eqh Hkj nkuksa dks bdk djus ls D;k gksxk \ tgk brus lkjs yksx [kkus&ihusokys gSa
ogk ds fy, lpeqp eqf;ksa ls tqVk;s x;s v ds ;s nkus cgqr gh rqPN dgs tk;saxsA fdUrq ;g rks le> dk
Qsj gSA cwn&cwn ls leqnz cu tkrk gSA blh rjg rqEgkjh cwn&cwn lsok Hkh njckj ds cM+s ms';ksa dks iwjk
dj nsrh gSA dqN yksx gSjr esa vkdj lksprs gSa fd vkJe esa brus lkjs yksxksa dh O;oLFkk] yaxj dk [kpZ
rFkk cM+s&cM+s Hkouksa dk fuekZ.k budh NksVh lsokvksa ls dSls gks ik;sxkA lsok NksVh ;k cM+h ugha gksrhA NksVk
;k cM+k rks rqEgkjk eu gksrk gSA ftls rqe NksVh lsok dgrs gks mlesa dqnjr viuh vksj ls cjDdr tksM+ nsrh
gSA fQj rks og lsok Hkh egku cu tkrh gSA vkJe rks dqnjr dk ?kj gSA ;g fdlh O;fDr fo'ks"k dh
tk;nkn ughaA dqnjr ds bl ?kj dh O;oLFkk ds fy, fdlh dks ?kcjkus dh dksbZ ckr ughaA ;g O;oLFkk
rks pysxh gh] og rqEgkjs ij vkfJr ugha gSA gk] vkJe dk vly ms'; gS & rqEgkjs Hkko dks 'kq)
djuk] rqEgkjs vUr%dj.k dks fueZy cukukA
tks yksx viuh lsok ls blfy, eqdj tkrs gSa fd bruh cM+h O;oLFkk esa mudh vYi lsok ls D;k
gksus dks gS] os lpeqp vHkkxs gSaA
,d Fkh cqudj dh cqf<+;kA og fnuHkj :bZ ls lwr dkrrh jgrh FkhA mlus viuh ftUnxh esa
nks&pkj eu :bZ Hkh ,d lkFk 'kk;n gh dHkh ns[kh gksA ,d ckj og ?kwers&?kkers leqnz ds fdukjs igqphA
ogk mlus ns[kk fd iwjk tgkt :bZ ls Hkjk gqvk gS vkSj fdukjs O;kikjh yaxj Mkys gq, gSaA fdlh dk eky
Fkk ogA cqf<+;k tgkt Hkj :bZ dks ns[kdj gSjr esa vk x;h ^cki js ! FkksM+h&lh :bZ dkrus esa rks esjk iwjk
fnu xqtj tkrk gS] vc bl :bZ ds igkM+ dks eSa dSls dkr ikxh \* bruk lksprs gh cqf<+;k dk gkVZ Qsy
dj x;kA ;gh gky ,sls yksxksa dk gksrk gS tks njckj dh O;oLFkk dks ns[kdj ?kcjk tkrs gSaA
viuh lsok ds izfr rqEgkjh fufyZIrrk rFkk leiZ.k Hkko ftruk gh xgjk;sxk] rqe v/;kRe ds jkLrs
ij mruk gh vkxs c<+rs tkvksxsA vr% viuh lsok dks dHkh NksVk er le> ysukA ;fn rqe lPps ladYi ds
/kuh gksxs vkSj rqEgkjh vkLFkk vius b"V ds izfr n`<+ gksxh rks dHkh rqEgkjs vUnj ghu Hkkouk iuius ugha
ik;sxhA lPps lso d dk eu rks ml NksVh&lh fxygjh dh rjg gksuh pkfg,A Hkxoku jke ds leqnz ij iqy
cukus ds le; uy&uhy vkfn lSdM+ksa ohjksa dh lsokvksa ds chp og fxygjh Hkh cM+h LQwfrZ ls viuh iwN esa
ckyw ds d.k fyiVkdj iqy ij >kM+ vkrh FkhA mldh Hkkx&nkSM+ dks ns[kdj Hkxoku jke us guqeku
vkfn cM+s lso dksa ds chp I;kj ls mls viuh gFksyh ij mBk fy;kA iwNk] ^rw ;g D;k dj jgh gS \* fxygjh
cM+h ftUnkfnyh ls cksy iM+h] ^eSa Hkh rks iqy cuk jgh gwA viuh xhyh iwaN esa ckyw yisVdj eSa iqy ij >kM+
vkrh gwA* Hkxoku mldh Hkkouk ls vR;Ur [kq'k gq, vkSj [kwc nqykjdj mlds cnu ij gkFk Qsjus yxs&
vkt Hkh fxygjh ds cnu ij mUgha dh mxfy;ksa ds fu'kku gSaA ;fn dksb Z ;g lksps fd ml fxygjh ds fd;s
D;k gks ldrk Fkk rks ;g mldh Hkwy gSA tks iqy ck/kk tk jgk Fkk og u rks uy&uhy vkfn ds pyrs cu jgk
Fkk vkSj u gh ml fxygjh ds pyrsA iqy ds cukusokys rks dqnjr ds ekfyd Hkxoku jke FksA vc ;fn dksb Z
viuh fdlh cM+h lsok dk vgadkj djus yxs vkSj oSls gh fdlh NksVh&lh yxusokyh lsok ls ghu Hkkouk
dk f'kdkj gks tk;s rks nksuksa gh ckrsa xyr gSaA rqEgkjk dke lsok djuk gSA rqe bl pDdj esa er iM+ks fd
bl lsok ls D;k gksus tkus dks gSA
xq# njckj dk ekgkSy ftruk gh izsee; gksxk mruk gh bldk fodkl gksrk tk;sxkA efyu Hkkouk
ls dksbZ fodkl ugha fd;k tk ldrkA tks vkJe esa jgusokys yksx gSa mudks vius O;ogkj dks 'kq) j[kuk
pkfg,A mudh cksyh ehBh gksuh pkfg, vkSj mUgsa vkJe ds vuq'kklu esa c/kdj jguk pkfg,A mUgsa viuh
lsok ;k Hktu&vH;kl ds izfr fu;fer gksuk pkfg, rHkh os ckgj ls vk;s HkDrksa ds fy, izsj.kk ds ik= cu
ldrs gSaA tks HkDr u;s&u;s vkrs gSa os vkJeokfl;ksa ds O;ogkj ls cgqr dqN lh[krs gSaA ;fn O;ogkj esa
dksbZ deh gksxh rks dqnjr dh rjQ ls ogk dh cjDdr esa #dkoV iM+ tk;sxhA
51

vQlksl dh ckr rks ;g gS fd brus lky xqt j tkus ds ckn Hkh dqN ,sls yksx gSa tks bu vkJeksa ds
fuekZ.k ds ihNs fNih esjh Hkkouk dks le> ugha ik;sA os Hkzeo'k ;gh le> cSBs gSa fd eSa mUgha dh rjg
viuh dksbZ tk;nkn [kM+h dj jgk gwA vjs eq>s fdlh tk;nkn ls D;k ljksdkj ! eSa rks rqEgkjs ;gk yaxksVh
vkSj vyQh esa vk;k FkkA rqEgkjh >ksaiM+h esa cSBdj Hkh [kq'k FkkA ;g rks rqEgha yksxksa ds eu dks cukus ds
fy, vkJe ds :i esa eSaus vius ij cU/ku ys fy;kA blls dY;k.k rks rqEgkjk gksxk( D;ksafd rqEgha lcksa
ds fy, rks ;g lc dqN fd;k djk;k tk jgk gSA eSa Lo;a rks tSlk igys Fkk oSlk vc Hkh gwA tks esjh Hkkouk
dks ugha le>rs os dqN dk dqN vFkZ yxk ysr s gSaA
vHkh FkksM+s fnu igys eSaus vkJe ds fy, ,d vkneh ls ,d tehu ds VqdM+s ds fy, ckrphr dh
vkSj mlls dgk fd ;fn og tehu fey tkrh rks eSa mlesa rkykc cuok nsrkA blij ml vkneh us tokc
fn;k] ^egkjkt] lk/kq dks bruh ykyp ugha djuk pkfg,A* crkvks] eq>dks ykyp \ 'keZ dh ckr gSA ;gk
ykyp dk D;k loky gSA eq>s rqeyksxksa ds I;kj us ;gk fcBk;kA esjs cSBus ls /khjs&/khjs HkhM+ c<+rh x;hA
gtkjksa&gtkj vkneh vkus yxsA brus vkneh vkus yxs fd lcdks [kM+s gksus dh Hkh txg ugha jg x;hA eSau s
lkspk fd ;gk ij ,d uxj gh clk nwA tks yksx ckgj ls vk;saxs os lc rqEgkjh rkjhQ djsaxsA yksxksa ds vkus
ls vkf[kj rqEgkjh gh rks 'kksHkk curh gSA eq>s D;k vius yM+ds dk C;kg djuk gS ! eq>s fdlh ?kj ;k
edku dh D;k t:jr ! tks ;g le>rs gSa fd vkJe esa ftrus edku cus gSa os gh dkQh gSa( u;k cukus ls
D;k ykHk] os vlfy;r ugha le>rsA fdlh ds rhu yM+ds gSa rks muds jgus ds fy, N% caxys cus gq, gSaA esjs
rks pkyhl gtkj psys ;gha fcgkj esa gSaA ;s tks nks&pkj dksBfj;k cuh gSa os rks muds twrs j[kus ds fy, Hkh
FkksM+h gSaA rqe dgrs gks] ;gh T;knk gS \ ;fn rqEgkjh Hkkouk bruh rax gS rks ge ;gk dk fodkl jksd nsaxsA
igys rks gekjk [;ky Fkk fd ge ;gk Hkjk&iwjk ,d 'kgj gh clk nsaA vc ;fn rqEgsa ;gh dkQh yxrk gS rks
ge dke jksd nsrs gSaA ;gk ugha cuk;saxs rks fdlh nwljh txg 'kq# dj nsaxsA gesa D;k uqdlku gksxk \
vk/kh turk dks ml txg ls tksM+ nsaxsA rqEgkjk ,d NksVk&lk lhfer nk;jk jg tk;sxkA tSls iatkc igys
fdruk fo'kky FkkA mldks yksxksa us viuk Kku NkV&NkVdj ,d lwck ls lwch cuk fn;kA vc tc iatkc
bruk NksVk jg x;k rks yksx ?kcjkrs gSaA blh rjg rqEgkjk Hkh gky gksxkA eSa rks rqEgkjs mRlkg dks ns[kdj
gh vcrd ;g lc dqN cukrk jgk gwA vc ;fn mRlkg ugha gS rks Bhd gSA
^eqYds&[kqnk rax usLr] ikos&xnk yax usLr*
vFkkZr~ [kqnk dk eqY d NksVk ugha gksrk vkSj Qdhj dk iSj yaxM+k ugha gksrkA ;g lkjh nqfu;k [kqnk
dh gS vkSj ml [kqnk dh jtk esa jkth jgusokyk Qdhj dgha Hkh tk ldrk gSA og ladYi ls dqN Hkh jp
ldrk gSA
dqN yksx mins'k nsrs gSa fd eq>s len'khZ gksuk pkfg,A eSa rks lcdks ,d&lk gh mins'k nsrk gwA
lcds lkeus leku :i ls lRlax djrk gwA xjhc ls xjhc vkSj vehj ls vehj ds fy, ijekFkZ dk
leku :i ls O;k[;ku djrk gwA ;gk esjh vksj ls fdlh izdkj dk dksbZ HksnHkko ugha gksrkA bl rjg
HkkoukRed n`f"V ls esjh lenf'kZrk esa D;k dlj gSA fdUrq O;ogkj esa dksbZ leorhZ ugha gks ldrkA
leorhZ gksus ls vusd izdkj dh vM+pusa vk tk;saxhA tks tSlk gS mlh ds vuqlkj O;ogkj djuk iM+rk gSA
bl rjg len'khZ vkSj leorhZ esa tehu&vkleku dk QdZ gksrk gSA Hkxoku us tks ikp maxfy;k cuk;h gSa
muesa dksb Z NksVh gksrh gS rks dksb Z cM+h] dksbZ eksVh gksrh gS rks dksbZ iryhA vxj leofrZrk gksrh rks lcdks
,d gh uki vkSj vkdkj dh mxfy;k feyh gksrhaA fdUrq ;fn lHkh mxfy;k vxwBs dh rjg gksrha rks vkneh
jksVh dSls [kk ikrk \ eq>s dgrs gSa fd lkjh mxfy;ksa dks vxwBk gh cuk nhft,A ;g dSls lEHko gSA
O;ogkj esa ,slk djuk lEHko gh ugha gSA

52

eSa lksprk rks gw fd xq# egkjkt ds mins'kksa dks lalkj ds dksus&dkssus esa izpkfjr dj nw fdUrq esjs
bl vdsys 'kjhj ls D;k dqN gks ldrk gS \ eq>s vxj lkSE; LoHkko ds oSjkX;oku dqN uo;qo d feyrs
rks eSa fo'o Hkj esa /kwe epk nsrkA rqe rks ,sls ;ksX; yM+dksa dks vius ?kj esa j[kksxs vkSj C;kg djds mUgsa
Qlk nksxsA cw<+s&vikfgt vkSj xokj esjs ikl vk;saxsA fQj eSa ;g dk;Z dSls muds cy ij dj ikxk \
vkerkSj ij yksx tc nqfu;k esa iapj gks tkrs gSa rks os b/kj dks vkuk pkgrs gSaA dgrs gSa] ^ckck] vc ge Hkh
;gha jgsaxsA* tc V~;wc esa gok gh ugha jgh rks mls pyk;sxk dkSu \ ,sls yksxksa dks eSa mxyh idM+kdj
dcrd pykrk jgwxk \ ftl oDr vkuk Fkk ml oDr rks vk;s ughaA ;fn rqe lgh le; ij vk;s gksrs rks
vcrd rqEgkjk dqN nwljk gh :i gksrkA rqe ;gk ds ekfyd gks tkrsA rqEgsa ;gk ls gVkrk dkSu \ vcrd
rqe lcds I;kjs gks x;s gksrs] lcds fnyksa esa rqEgkjh txg cu x;h gksrhA
lsok ds fy, Hkko gksuk pkfg,A lsok flQZ /ku ls ugha gksrhA ge rks xq# egkjkt dh lsok djrs gSaA
bl lsok dk eryc D;k gS \ rqeyksxksa us lsok dk ;gh eryc le>k gS fd veqd vkneh us bruk /ku ns
fn;k rks lsok gks x;hA lsok dsoy /ku ls ugha gksrhA ftlds ikl /ku gS og /ku dh lsok djsxk] ftlds
ikl ru gS og ru dh lsok djsxkA ftlds ikl u /ku gS vkSj u ru] og eu ls lsok djsxk vkSj ftlds
ikl opu gS og opu ls lsok djsxkA lHkh lsokvksa dk Qy ,d gksxk vkRe'kqf)A ;g rks djus dh ckr
gS] ;fn rqe djuk pkgrs gks rks djksA
eSa ,d nQk xksaMk esa FkkA ogk igys igy x;k rks ,d >ksiM+h esa BgjkA yksxksa us dgk] ^egkjkt]
gekjh bPNk rks lsok djus dh gS exj ge xjhc yksx gSaA lsok dSls djsa \* eSaus dgk] ^D;k rqeyksx
lpeqp lsok djuk pkgrs gks \* lHkh ,d Loj ls cksys] ^th gk egkjkt ! fdUrq gekjs ikl iSls dgk gSa \*
ogk ij ,d tehankj FkkA eSaus mlls dgk] ^rqe eq>s nl ch?kk tehu ns nks] fQj bls nks lky ckn ys ysukA*
tehankj us dgk] ^egkjkt] lc tehu vki dh gh rks gSA vki nl&chl ch?kk tehu ys yhft,A* eSaus lHkh
yM+dksa dks bdk fd;k vkSj dgk] ^rqEgkjs fy, ;g nl ch?kk tehu gSA rqe lHkh fey&tqydj bldh
tqrkbZ vkSj cksvkbZ djksA igys Hkh rqe ;gh djrs vk;s gksA gk] igys rqe vius fy, cksrs Fks] vc xq# egkjkt
ds fy, cksvksA*
lHkh pkyhl ?kjksa ds yksx FksA nwljs fnu ml [ksr esa pkyhl gy pyus 'kq# gq,A cM+s izse ls [ksr
tksrdj rS;kj dj fy;k x;kA eSaus cht vkSj [kkn ds fy, dqN iSls mUgsa ns fn;sA muyksxksa us mlesa xk
yxk;k] mldh fgQktr dh vkSj le;&le; ij ikuh&[kkn nsrs x;sA dqN le; ckn mlesa xs dh [kwc
rxM+h Qly gqb ZA xs dkVdj tc csps x;s rks lSdM+ksa #i;s feysA eSaus cht ds iSls ys fy;s vkSj muls
dgk] ^rqeyksx rks dgrs Fks fd ge xjhc gSa] lsok dSls djasA vc brus lkjs #i;s rqEgha us rks iSnk fd;sA
rqEgkjk viuk u dqN fcxM+k vkSj u ?kVkA dqN fnuksa ckn mlds vk/ks iSls ls ogk ,d vPNk&lk Hk.Mkjk
Hkkst gqvkA lHkh us [kwc Hktu&dhkZu fd;kA
bl rjg ;fn dksbZ djuk pkgs rks lsok djus dk dksbZ u dksbZ jkLrk fey gh tkrk gSA lsok dh n`f"V
ls u dksbZ xjhc gksrk gS vkSj u kuhA
rqEgsa rks flusek ns[kus] rk'k [ksyus vkSj chM+h ihus ls QqlZr gh ugha gksrhA gtkjksa fdLe dh ,sc ikys
gq, gksA ;fn rqe bu ,scksa ls vius dks NqM+k yks rks rqEgkjk thou Hkh lq/kjs vkSj iSls Hkh cpsaA rqe eafnj esa tkus
ls ?kcjkrs gksA fdUrq flusek?kj ;k 'kjkc[kkus esa tkdj rqEgsa dksbZ ?kcjkgV ugha gksrhA dgrs gks] iSls ugha
gSaA eSa dgrk gw ] er djks dksbZ lsokA rqe flQZ viuh ,scksa ls vius dks eqDr dj yks vkSj mlls tks iSls cpsa
mUgha dks esjs gokys dj nksA ;fn rqe ,slk Hkh djks rks gtkjksa #i;s tek gks tk;saxsA rqe cjkcj dgrs jgrs
gks fd ge rqEgsa rkj nsaA rqe flQZ vius nqxqZ.kksa dks NksM+ nks] LoxZ ds fy, rqEgkjk lhV fjtoZ gks tk;sxkA
fQj dkSu ,slh rkdr gS tks rqEgsa LoxZ tkus ls jksd nsA
53

;g rqEgkjk xq#}kjk gSA ;gk ls :B djds rqe ugha Hkh vkvksxs rks Hkh ;gk fdlh dke esa deh ugha
vk;sxhA rqEgkjs cnys ;gk vusd u;s yksx vk tk;saxsA ;gk rks fdlh izdkj dh dksbZ fj'rsnkjh gS ugha
ftlls :Buk dqN vFkZ j[krk gksA ,slh ckrsa rqEgkjs vius ?kjksa esa py ldrh gSaA ;gk ,slk dqN ugha pyrkA
,d Fkh dqEgkj dh vkSjrA viuh vdM+ ds fy, og izfl) FkhA ?kjokys mlls rax vk x;s FksA ,d
fnu dqEgkj us ml vkSjr dks ?kj ls fudky fn;kA og Hkh vdM+dj py nhA og vkxs c<+rh vkSj ihNs dh
vksj ns[krh Hkh tkrh Fkh fd dksbZ eukus vk jgk gS ;k ughaA blh rjg ehy&nks ehy pyrh x;hA dksbZ mls
eukus ugha vk;kA lkspk] eukus rks dksbZ vk;k ugha] vc D;k fd;k tk;sA fQj og ,d isM+ ds uhps cSB x;hA
fnu Hkj Hkw[kh jghA 'kke dks Hkh jksVh ugha feyhA Hkw[k ds ekjs og cspSu gks x;hA 'kke ds oDr dqN x/ks
tk jgs FksA mlh jkLrs ls og xko dh vksj py nhA tc ?kj igqph rks ?kjokyksa us iwNk] ^rw rks pyh x;h Fkh]
fQj okil vk dSls x;h\* cksyh] ^eSa FkksM+s vkbZ] :Ynw x/kk eq>s ;gk idM+ yk;kA*
;gh gky gS rqEgkjkA ,d u ,d fnu vkuk rks rqEgsa iM+sxk ghA rqe cpdj tkvksxs dgk \ eSa ,slk
dPpk [ksy ugha [ksyrk fd rqe ;gk vkdj fQj dgha Hkkx tkvksA rqedks rks ejus ds ckn Hkh eSa ugha
NksM+wxkA vkf[kj rqeus njckj dh dqN u dqN lsok rks dh gh gSA dqN Hkf vkSj izse fd;k gSA ejus ds ckn
Hkh rqe fdlh Hkxr ds ?kj iSnk gksxsA vkt rqe dqN djrs gks ;k ugha] nsrs gks ;k ugha( eq>s bldh ijok
ughaA ;gk tks yksx esjh dqfV;k esa jgus vk;s gSa os ejdj Hkh ;gk ls tkusokys ugha gSA ;s lHkh rqEgkjs gh ?kjksa
esa iSnk gksaxs vkSj rqEgkjh lEifk ds ekfyd cu tk;saxsA tc rqe cw<+s gks tkvksxs rks ;s lk/kq cudj esjs ikl
vk tk;saxsA
vc rqe viuk fglkc yxk yksA vr% lh/ks gksdj njckj ls tqM+s jgksA ;gk ls lnk rqe fgr dh ckrsa gh
lh[kksxsA ;g rks nqvk dk njckj gSA ;gk ij nqfu;koh fj'rsnkjh ugha gSA [kwc lsok djks] Hktu djks] vius
xq#}kjs ls izse djks rqEgkjk dY;k.k gh dY;k.k gSA
t;xq# % vk'khokZn !

opu & 33
LFkku % ijeiqjh vkJe

frfFk % 14-2-85

xq# njckj esa vk;s gq, lTtuks !


rqEgsa ;gk tks dqN lquk;k tkrk gS og lc xzaFkksa esa Hkh fy[kk gqvk gSA QdZ flQZ bruk gS fd ogk dqN
tfVy <ax ls fy[kk gqvk gS vkSj ;gk mlh dks ljy O;k[;k }kjk vklku djds dgk tkrk gSA ljy <ax
ls dgus dk eryc ;g fd rqe mls Bhd ls le>dj vius thou esa mrkj ldksA ns[kks] lR; fl)kUr
dks igys _f"k&egf"kZ;ksa us cM+s&cM+s xazFkksa esa 'kkL=ksa ds :i esa fy[kkA ;s xzaFk laLr Hkk"kk esa fy[ks x;sA
dqN le; rd muds le>usokys yksx ekStwn Fks] fdUrq khjs&/khjs le; cnyrk x;kA mu xw<+ ckrksa dks
le>usokys yksx de jg x;sA vkxs egkiq#"kksa us mUgha ckrksa dks lkekU; turk rd igqpkus ds fy, fgUnh
tSlh Hkk"kk esa fy[kuk vkSj cksyuk 'kq# fd;kA fdUrq fgUnh tSlh Hkk"kkvksa dks le>us esa Hkh dfBukbZ gksus
yxh rks larksa us ns'k ds vyx&vyx fgLlksa esa vorkj fy;k tSls] iatkc esa ckck ukud] caxky esa
Jhjked`".k ijegal] mkj izns'k esa lwj&rqylh] dchj] nf{k.k ds izkUrksa esa ukenso] ,dukFk] Kkus'oj]
rqdkjke vkfnA bu larksa us ogk 23dh ekr`Hkk"kk esa gh 'kkL=ksa ds xw<+ Kku dks fy[k MkykA rqe ,slh
fdrkcsa i<+rs vkSj le>rs Hkh gks] ysfdu deh ;g gS fd mUgsa le>dj Hkh vius thou esa mrkjrs ugha gksA
lEiw.kZ 'kkL=ksa dk] lHkh egkiq#"kksa dk] lHkh erksa dk ms'; flQZ ,d gS fd rqEgkjs vUr%dj.k dh
'kqf) gks tk;sA
54

Hkxoku dh izkfIr ds fy, nwljk dqN djuk Hkh ugha gSA tks pht izkIr gS mldh izkfIr dk D;k
eryc \ rqe rks mlds vlyh Lo:i dks le>rs gh ughaA rqEgsa ;g Hkze gks tk;s fd rqe [kqn xqe gks x;s
gksA oSlh fLFkfr esa rqe vius dks [kkstus fudyks rks D;k nqfu;k Hkj esa <w<+us ij Hkh Lo;a [kkst ikvksxsA Hkze
gVrs gh rqEgsa ekywe gks tk;sxk fd ftls rqe vktrd <w<+rs jgs Fks og rks rqe [kqn gh gksA Bhd blh rjg
lalkj ds yksx ftl bZ'oj dks <w<+ jgs gSa og Hkh [kkstus dh pht ugha gSA mlds lEcU/k esa dgk x;k gS
fd izHkq loZK gS] loZ= leku :i ls fo|eku gSA mls izdV djus ds fy, izse dh t:jr gksrh gSA
nsorkvksa dh lHkk yxh FkhA muij Hkkjh ladV vk x;k FkkA jk{kl izcy gks x;s Fks vkSj nsoyksd ij
fot; ds fy, dwp gh djusokys FksA ml lHkk esa Hkxoku 'kadj Hkh cSBs FksA nsorkvksa dh jk; gqb Z fd vius
=k.k ds fy, Hkxoku ds ikl tkuk t:jh gks x;k gSA loky ;g mBk fd Hkxoku feysaxs dgk \ dksb Z
dgk] os dSykliqjh esa gSa rks dksbZ mls xksyksd esa vkSj dksb Z lkdsriqjh esa crkus yxkA mudh ckrsa lqudj
Hkxoku 'kadj cksys] ^HkkbZ] esjh ckr Hkh lquksxs \ og Hkxoku dgha tkus ls ugha feysxkA gekjk viuk ,slk
vuqHko gS fd izHkq loZ= gSA ;fn rqe lPps fny ls mls iqdkjksxs rks og ;gha izdV gks tk;sxkA fdl :i esa
izdV gksxk \ mldk u dksbZ :i gS] u dksb Z jax vkSj u dksbZ xq.kA og rks fuxqZ.k gSA xq.k dh lkk rks
lxq.k esa gksrh gSA rks] ,slk gS Hkxoku ! mls rqe dSls <w<+ksxs \ tSls gh vUr%dj.k 'kq) gkssxk mlesa Kku dk
mn; gksxkA ogh Kku ml izHkq dks tuk nsxkA Hkxoku dks ns[kk ugha tkrkA og ns[kus dh pht gS ughaA tSls
gh mls dksbZ tku ysrk gS] og [kqn gh Hkxon~:i gks tkrk gS ^tkur rqefg rqefg gksb tkbZA* eqlyekuksa us
Hkh dgk gS
nhnkjs&fny#ck dk nhokjs&dgdgk gS] tks ml rjQ dks ns[kk fQj bl rjQ dgk gS !
vxj rqe mls ns[k yks rks fQj rqe ykSVdj b/kj vkvksxs gh ughaA mlh dks le>kus ds fy,
rjg&rjg dh ckrsa dgh tkrh gSa & nsoh iwtks] jke dks iwtks] ".k dks iwtks] vYyk dks iwtksA bl rjg
nqfu;k esa gtkjksa nsoh&nsork vkSj bZ'oj dk;e dj fn;s x;sA rqEgsa mUgsa iwtus ds fy, blhfy, dgk tkrk
gS fd bu ek;eksa ls rqe ml lR; dks izkIr dj ldrs gksA exj dc \ tc viuh iwtk fu"dke Hkko ls
djksxs rcA HkfDr djuk] rhFkkZVu djuk] nku&nf{k.kk nsuk] ;Kkfn lc dk eryc ,d gh gS fd mlls
rqEgkjs vUr%dj.k dh 'kqf) gksxhA ;fn ldke Hkko ls iwtk&mikluk djksxs rks rqEgkjh NksVh&lh bPNk
t:j iwjh gks tk;sxh exj vUr%dj.k dh 'kqf) ugha gksxhA vly esa rqEgkjh bPNk gS fdruh rqPN ! dksb Z
lM+d ij [kM+k gS vkSj m/kj ls jktk xqtj jgk gSA dgk] ^ljdkj] nks iSlk ns nksA* vjs ew[kZ] jktk ls ekx
jgk gS nks iSlk ! mlh izdkj Hkxoku ds njckj esa tkdj rqe izkFkZuk djrs gks {kqnz nqfu;koh phtksa ds fy, \
ckn'kkg vdcj ds njckj esa ,d ckj fdlh othj ls dksbZ dlwj gks x;kA mls D;k ltk nh tk;s]
blds fy, ckn'kkg us ohjcy dh jk; tkuuh pkghA ohjcy us mlij ,d yk[k #i;s dk tqekZuk fd;kA
dqN fnuksa ds ckn ohjcy us Hkh mlh izdkj dk dlwj dj fn;kA othj [kq'k gqvk fd vc ohjcy dks Hkh
mruk gh tqekZuk nsuk iM+sxkA ohjcy us ckn'kkg ls dgk] ^gqt wj] eSaus dlwj rks fd;k gh gSA blds fy, esjh
,d izkFkZuk gSA bUlkQ rks iapk;r esa gh gksrk gSA esjh jk; gS fd bl bUlkQ ds fy, nsgkr ls ukbZ cqyk;s
tk;saA* ckn'kkg us ukb;ksa dks cqykus dk gqDe ns fn;kA tc ukbZ vk;s rks vdcj us muls QSlyk djus dks
dgkA ukbZ vkil esa fopkj&foe'kZ djus yxs fd ohjcy ij fdruk tqekZuk fd;k tk;sA mudh n`f"V esa
dlwj cgqr NksVk FkkA ukbZ rks cgqr ekewyh yksx Fks ftudh vkSdkr gh ikap&nl #i;s dh FkhA os mlls
T;knk lksp Hkh ugha ldrs FksA muesa ls ,d cksyk] ^pkj&ikp #i;s tqekZuk dj nsuk pkfg,A* nwljk cksyk]
^vjs] blds cky&cPps Hkw[kksa ej tk;saxsA ikp #i;s T;knk gksrs gSa] nks gh dkQh gSaA* rhljk cksyk] ^nks Hkh
cgqr T;knk gS] ,d gh #i;k tqekZuk fd;k tk;sA* pkSFks us dgk] ^,d Hkh vf/kd gS] vkB vkuk Bhd gksxkA*
fQj lHkh ukb;ksa us feydj ckn'kkg ls viuh jk; lqukbZ] ^gqt wj] bl ij vkB vkus dk tqekZuk fd;k tk;s
!* ohjcy us [kV~ vBh fudkydj is'k dj nhA
55

rks] rqeyksx Hkh Hkxoku ds njckj esa mUgha ukb;ksa dh rjg gksA D;ksafd Hkxoku ds fo'kky ,s'o;Z
ds lkeus rqEgkjh cqf) vkSj vkSdkr fcYdqy NksVh gSA vr% ml njckj esa rqe vxj ekxksxs Hkh rks og cM+h
{kqnz pht gksxhA ekxksxs fd csVk chekj gS] Bhd gks tk;sA vjs] mldh chekjh rks nks vkus dh nok ls Hkh Bhd
gks ldrh gSA ;fn rqEgkjk fnekx vkSj ij mBk gqvk gks rks ekxksxs] ^Hkxoku] eq >s ,d yM+dk gks tk;s
vFkok ukSdjh fey tk;sA* mlh izdkj f=yksdh dk jkT; ns nsus ij Hkh rqEgkjs nq[k nwj gksaxs dHkh\
blhfy, Hkxoku ls lkalkfjd oLrqvksa dh ;kpuk ugha djuh pkfg,A Hkxoku ls rks muds I;kj vkSj ik
dh gh ;kpuk djuh pkfg,A ;fn ik fey x;h rks lcdqN fey x;kA
,d Fkk fdlh xjhc fo/kok dk bdykSrk yM+dkA cspkjk firk ds I;kj ds fy, cspSu jgrk FkkA
fdUrq mldk firk rks Fkk ughaA ,d fnu mlds jkLrs jktk dh lokjh fudy jgh FkhA mlus ek ls iwNk]
^ek] ;s dkSu tk jgs gSa \* ek cksyh] ^csVk] ;s rqEgkjs firk gSaA jktk iztk dk firk gh gksrk gSSA* yM+ds us dgk]
^;fn ;s esjs firk gSa rks eq>s csVk dgdj D;ksa ugha cqykrs !* blds ckn ml yM+ds us ftn idM+ yh fd
tcrd jktk mls csVk dgdj ugha cqyk;saxs rcrd og v&ikuh xzg.k ugha djsxkA mldh ek us mls
yk[k le>k;k fd og xjhc gS] Hkyk jktk mls csVk D;ksa dgsaxs \ fdUrq ml cPps dk mkj Fkk fd og
xjhc gks pkgs vehj] gS rks jktk dk csVk ghA ek cM+h pDdj esa iM+ xbZA
og mls ,d egkRek ds ikl ys xbZ vkSj mls le>kus dks dgkA egkRek us lc lqudj ml yM+d s
dks le>k;k] ^cPpk] jktk rqEgkjs firk vo'; gSa fdUrq igys rqEgsa Hkh iq= dk QtZ iwjk djuk gksxkA fQj
os D;ksa ugha rqEgsa csVk dgsaxs ! ns[kks] veqd txg jkt njckj dk ,d egy cu jgk gSA rqe mlesa tkdj
dke djksA fdUrq ogk etnwjh dqN er ysukA ;fn dksbZ rqEgsa etnwjh nsuk Hkh pkgs rks dguk fd ;g rks
gekjs firk dk ?kj cu jgk gSA vius dke ds fy, etnwjh dSlh !
ml yM+ds ds eu esa ckr cSB xbZA nwljs fnu ls gh og ogk tkdj dke esa yx x;kA cM+s mRlkg ls
dke djus yxkA izfrfnu og lcls igys tkrk vkSj lcls ihNs vkrkA nks&rhu etnwjksa ds cjkcj vdsy s
[kq'kh&[kq'kh [kVrk jgrkA 'kke dks tc gkftjh nsuh gksrh rks dgrk] ^esjh dSlh gkftjh \ gkftjh rks
etnwjksa dh cukbZ tk;sA eSa rks jktk dk csVk gwA* dkjksckjh equhe Hkh gSjku jg tkrkA blh Hkko ls fcuk dqN
fy;s og eghuksa [kVrk jgkA equhe us dbZ ckj mls mlds dke dks ns[kdj nwuh etnwjh Hkh nsuh pkgh
fdUrq mls Hkh ogh mkj feykA
,d fnu jktk Hkou dh izxfr ns[kus [kqn gh vk x;kA equhe us ml yM+ds dh ckcr muls lkjh
ckrsa crk nhaA jktk lc lqudj gSjku jg x;kA mlus ml yM+ds dks cqykdj iwNk] ^csVk] rqe etnwjh D;ks a
ugha ysrs \* yM+dk Hkkofoy gksdj jktk ds iSj ls fyiV x;k vkSj cksyk] ^firkth] eSa rks vkidk csVk gwA
vki gh dk fn;k gqvk rks ogk Hkh [kkrk gwA vius gh firk ls etnwjh dSlh!* mldh ckr lqudj jktk eqX/k
gks x;kA jktk Hkh fu%larku FkkA mlus I;kj ds vkos'k esa mls xys yxk fy;k vkSj cksyk] ^csVk] vc ;g dgus
dh ckr ugha jgh] vkt ls rqe lpeqp esjs csVs gq,A* jktk us mldh ek dks Hkh cqyk fy;k vkSj iztk ds chp
esa mls ;qo jkt ?kksf"kr dj fn;kA ;gk lkspus dh ckr gS fd ;fn og yM+dk etnwjh ysrk Hkh rks mls fdruk
izkIr gksrk \ mlus dqN u ysdj Hkh viuh fu"dke Hkkouk ls lcdqN gkfly dj fy;kA
Bhd blh rjg rqe lHkh Hkxoku ds csVs gksA ;fn fu"dke Hkko ls mudh lsok esa yxs jgksxs rks ,d
fnu Hkxoku ds lexz ,s'o;Z ds ekfyd cu tkvksxsA lq[k&nq[k rks yxs gh jgsaxs( D;ksafd ;s rqEgkjs izkjC/k
ds Qy gSaA dgk x;k gS]
izkjC/k igys cuk] ihNs cuk 'kjhjA
rqylh fpUrk er djks] Hkt yks Jh j?kqohjAA

56

rqe tc iSnk Hkh ugha gq, Fks rHkh rqEgkjk izkjC/k cu pqdk FkkA rqe brus lq[k Hkksxksxs vkSj brus
nq%[k( brus /ku dekvksxs vkSj bruh xjhch Hkksxksxs & ;g lcdqN igys gh fy[kkdj yk;s gksA fQj bu
phtksa dks Hkxoku ls ekxus dh D;k t:jr \ rqEgsa vius izkjC/k ij larks"k djuk pkfg,A nwljh ckr gS
fd rqEgsa iq#"kkFkZ djus esa vkyL; ugha djuk pkfg,A ;fn rqe ;g lksprs gks fd HkkX; esa gksxk lks feysxk]
vr% dke djus dh D;k t:jr ! rks ;g xyr [;ky gS rqEgkjkA vfXu jk[k ds vUnj fNih gqb Z gSA mls
izdV djus ds fy, Qwd rks yxkuh gh gksxhA tc jk[k mM+ tk;sxh rks vfXu HkM+d mBsxhA ;g jk[k
mM+kuk gh iq#"kkFkZ gSA iq#"kkFkZ djus ds ckn tks Hkh izkIr gks mlesa lUrks" k djksA
vjc [kjc ykSa nzO; tks mn; vLr ykSa jkt] rqylh tks fut eju gS rks vkoSa dsfg dktA
vxj rqe nqfu;k dh lkjh nkSyr vFkok reke cSadksa dk ku cVksj Hkh yks rks D;k lq[kh gks tkvksxs \
vkt ds tks djksM+ifr vjcifr gSa os D;k lq[kh gSa \ eSaus lquk gS fd vesfjdk esa dkj cukusokyh dEiuh
dk ,d ekfyd gSA mls vius /ku dk [kqn gh irk ugha gSA vikj lEink gS mlds iklA fdUrq mldh viuh
'kkjhfjd fLFkfr ,slh gS fd mls vk/kh jksVh Hkh gte ugha gksrhA gtkjksa MkDVjksa us mldk bykt fd;k
fdUrq dksbZ Qk;nk ugha gqvkA dqN yksxksa us dgk] ^rqEgkjs ikl tks /ku gS mls ;fn yqVk nks rks Bhd gks
tkvksxsA eqf'dy ;g Fkh fd /ku Hkh bruk T;knk Fkk fd og lcdks yqVk Hkh ugha ldrk FkkA mlds
dkj[kkus ls izfrfnu u tkus fdruh dkjsa cudj fudyrh FkhaA
,d nwljk mnkgj.k Hkh blh rjg dk gSA ,d dk: uke dk ckn'kkg FkkA mlds fny esa vk;k fd
og nqfu;k dk reke /ku bdk dj ysA fQj rks mlus viuh iztk ij brus VSDl ykn fn;s fd /khjs&/khjs
lkjk /ku mlds ikl vk x;k vkSj iztk ds ikl ,d iSlk Hkh ugha cpkA tc mls fo'okl gks x;k fd yksxksa
ds ikl dqN ugha jgk rks mlus 'kgj esa MqXxh fiVok nh fd tks 'k[l mlds njckj esa ,d #i;k ysdj
vk;sxk mlls og viuh yM+dh dh 'kknh djsxkA fQj D;k Fkk] xko&xko] xyh&xyh esa gYyk gks x;k fd
,d #i;s esa jktdqekjh ls 'kknh gksxhA reke ukStoku yM+ds nkSM+&iM+s fdUrq fdlh ds ikl #i;k D;k]
,d iSlk rd ugha FkkA #i;k yk;sa dgk ls \ muesa ls ,d ludh yM+dk viuh ek ds ikl tkdj cksyk]
^ek] ,d #i;k nks] jktdqekjh ls 'kknh djuh gSA* ek cksyh] ^#i;k gS ugha] nw dgk ls \* cksyk] ^ugha nksxh
rks vkt gh vkRegR;k dj ywxkA* mldh cqf<+;k ek ?kcjk xbZA lkspdj cksyh] ^,d mik; gSA rsjk cki tc
ejk Fkk rks mlds eqg esa ,d #i;k Mkyk x;k FkkA ml #i;s ds lkFk gh mls dcz esa nQuk fn;k x;k FkkA
rqe dcz [kksndj gf;ksa esa ls #i;k fudky ldrs gksA yM+ds us jkr Hkj fegur djds iqjkuh dcz [kksn
MkyhA gf;k Nkurs&Nkurs ,d txg #i;k fey x;kA cM+k [kq'k gqvkA nwljs fnu rM+ds gh #i;k ysdj
jktk ds njckj esa gkftj gks x;kA cksyk] ^gqtwj] eSa #i;k yk;k gw] jktdqekjh ls 'kknh djk nhft;sA*
ckn'kkg dks vk'p;Z gqvk] ;g #i;k yk;k dgk ls \ mlus flikfg;ksa dks gqDe fn;k fd ml yM+ds dks
fxjrkj dj yksA cspkjk yM+dk pDdj esa iM+ x;kA dgk rks 'kknh dh ckr dh Fkh vkSj dgk ;g
fxjrkjh gks jgh gSA ckn'kkg ds ;g iwNus ij fd mlus #i;k dgk fNik;k Fkk] mlus dgk] ^gqtwj] ;g
#i;k dgha fNik;k ugha x;k FkkA ;g rks vkt ls dbZ lky igys tc esjs cki ejs Fks rks dcz esa nQukus ds
iwoZ muds eqg esa Mky fn;k x;k FkkA mlh dcz esa ls eSa bls fudky yk;k gwA* jktk us lkspk] rc rks dczksa dks
[kksnus ls cgqr lkjs #i;s fey tk;saxsA mlus gqDe fn;k fd mlds jkT; dh lkjh dczsa [kksn Mkyh tk;saA
bl rjg ,d&,d dcz ls ,d&,d #i;k fudkyk tkus yxkA ;g /ku Hkh [ktkus esa j[k fn;k x;kA
nqfu;k esa gypy ep xbZA lHkh ijs'kku vkSj nq[kh FksA ,d ckck us tc ;g lquk rks og jktk ls feyus py
iM+kA jktk us iwNk] ^ckck] fdlfy, vk;s gSa \* dgk] ^esjh ,d lqbZ gS ftlls eSa diM+s lhrk gwA vc eSa cw<+k
gks x;k gw ] eq>s tYnh gh ejuk gSA ,d fnu rqe Hkh ejksxs ghA esgjckuh djds esjh ;g lqb Z LoxZ esa esj s
ikl ysrs vkukA* dgk] ^LoxZ esa lqbZ dSls tk;sxh \* ckck cksyk] ^tc rqEgkjk lkjk [ktkuk ogk igqp
tk;sxk rks esjh ;g NksVh&lh lqbZ ogk D;ksa ugha tk;sxh \*
57

jktk ds fnekx esa tSls dksbZ rhj pqHk xbZ gksA lkspk] lpeqp tc lqb Z Hkh lkFk ugha tk;sxh rks bruk
[ktkuk vU;k;iwoZd D;ksa tek dj jgk gwA mls rqjr oSjkX; gks x;kA mlus lkjk /ku viuh iztk esa yqVk
fn;kA
rqe tks /ku tksM+us ds ihNs fnu&jkr ikxy cus jgrs gks] D;k ml jktk ls T;knk /ku bdk dj
yksxs \ D;k jko.k ls T;knk ,s'o;Z'kkyh cu tkvksxs \ bl izdkj /ku bdk djds tc NksM+ gh nsuk gksxk
rc D;k gky gksxk] dqN lksprs Hkh gks \ ftldk ftruk T;knk /ku ;gk NwVsxk og ejrs oDr mruk gh
vf/kd nq[kh gksxkA ejdj Hkh og mlh /ku ds lehi iSnk gksxkA /ku dh fpark esa ejusokyk liZ ;ksfu izkIr
djrk gSA Hkxoku rks dYio`{k gSaA vUr le; esa rqe tks bPNk djksxs og mls vo'; iwjh djsaxsA vc ;g
rqEgkjs fu.kZ; ij gS fd rqe bPNk fdl pht dh djksxsA thou Hkj ftl pht ds ihNs nhokuk cus jgksxs]
vUr esa Hkh ogh pht ;kn vk;sxhA L=h&iq=] ku&eku] ?kj&x`gLFkh] buls rqEgkjk eu dHkh ckgj rks tkrk
ughaA fQj bUgha phtksa dh ;kn djrs&djrs ejksxs vkSj v/ke ;ksfu;ksa esa Hkst fn;s tkvksxsA csVs dh ;kn
djksxs rks lwvj cuksxs] L=h dh ;kn djksxs rks os';k cuksxs] ?kj dh ;kn djksxs rks Hkwr cuksxs] /ku dh
;kn djksxs rks liZ cuksxs] Hkxoku dks ;kn djksxs rks Hkxoku esa gh fey tkvksxsA ethZ rqEgkjh] pkgs tks
cuksA rqe ij dksb Z fopkj tcju yknk ugha tk ldrkA rqe pkSjklh yk[k ;ksfu;ksa esa loZJs"B gksA rqe
v'kjQ&my&e[kywdkr gksA vc rks rqe ikp lky ds fy, ,e0 ,y0 ,0 cu pqds gksA pquko thr rks x;s
gh gks] ;fn bl pkUl dk lnqi;ksx djksxs] turk dh lsok djksxs] ns'kfgr dk dke djksxs rks fQj blls
Hkh ij tk ldrs gks] ,e0 ih0 cuk;s tk ldrs gks] eU=h] iz/kku&eU=h cuk;s tk ldrs gksA vxj Bxh
djksxs] vius o dk nq#i;ksx djksxs rks ikp lky ds ckn QqVikFk ij ?kweksxsA dksb Z iwNusokyk Hkh ugha
gksxkA
rqe pkSjklh yk[k ;ksfu;ksa esa ,ysD'ku thr ds vk;s gks] rHkh rks rqEgsa bUlku 'kjhj feyk gSA bl
vkne 'kjhj dh d djksxs rks blls Hkh ij tk ldrs gks] nsork cuk;s tk ldrs gksA nsork ls ij
[kqn czLo:i cu ldrs gksA vxj bUlku cudj jk{kl ds deZ djksxs rks jk{kl ;ksfu esa gh /kdsy
fn;s tkvksxsA xngk] 'kwdj] dwdj] dhV&irax cuk fn;s tkvksxsA vc lksp yks] rqEgsa D;k cuuk gSA vHkh
gkyr ,slh gS fd rqEgkjk eu ij tkus dk ugha djrk] fnu&jkr fu"V deks esa yxk jgrk gSA bl
gkyr esa ln~xfr dSls lEHko gS\ ^cks;s isM+ ccwy ds] vke dgk rs gks;A* ekSr dk o fudV vk jgk gSA
vk;q ds fnu ?kVrs tk jgs gSaA brus lqugys volj dks izkIr dj Hkh bls O;FkZ esa [kksrs tk jgs gksA vHkh rqEgsa
nqfu;k dh phtsa gh vPNh yxrh gSaA vjs] ;g rks izkjC/ko'k Lor% rqEgsa izkIr gksaxhA thou rks ,d lQj gSA
Vsu esa lhV xhnkj feyh ;k ydM+h dh] lQj gh rks djuh gSA ;k=k iwjh gksus ij nksuksa dks NksM+ nsuk gksxkA
xqtjh dqN rdyhQ esa ;k xqtjh vPNh ftUnxhA
gj rjg dV tk;sxh] bUlku dh ;g ftUnxhAA
lQj dks ?kj er eku cSBksA mrjrs o rdyhQ gksxh] NksM+us esa gk;&gk; djksxsA mnklhu Hkko ls
bls r; djks] ;gk vkl er gksvksA FkksM+s fnu gh ;gk jguk gSA lqr] fok] fe=] dqVqEch lHkh deks dh
vnyk&cnyh djus vk;s gSaA fglkc pqdrs gh lHkh ,d nwljs dks NksM+ tk;saxsA vkxs&ihNs lHkh vk;s gSa] oSls
gh pys Hkh tk;saxsA vr% fopkjiwo Zd thuk lh[kksA lalkj esa vukl Hkko ls jgksA rqEgkjk vfUre y{;
ijekRek dh izkfIr gSA ogha tkdj rqEgsa foJke feysxkA rqe lrr~ mlh dh izkfIr ds fy, iz;Ru'khy jgks]
mlh dh dkeuk djksA ckgjh ckrksa esa fny vVdkuk Bhd ugha gSA

58

thou dk ;gh <ax lh[kus ds fy, rqe xq# ds ikl vk;s gksA ;gk rqEgsa blh ckr dh lnk izsj.kk nh
tkrh gSA ckrsa rks rqEgsa Bhd&Bhd crk nh xbZ gSaA rqe cgqr dqN tku pqds gks] vius thou dk y{; le>
pqds gksA flQZ mlesa /kkj.kk dks n`<+ djuk ckdh gSA blds fy, lsok vkSj lk/kuk crkbZ tkrh gSA
xq#&njckj dh lsok fu"dke Hkko ls] J)k&HkkoiwoZd djus ls og lR; rqEgkjh kkj.kk esa Lor% izdV
gks tk;sxkA ;g vkJe xq# Hkxoku ds vkn'kks ds izpkj dk dsUnz gSA ;gk fdlh dk nkok ugha gSA ;g
dqnjr dk ?kj gSA ck :iksa ls rks blesa vkSj rqEgkjs ?kjksa esa dksbZ QdZ ugha gSA rqEgkjs ?kj esa rks nl&ikp
vkneh jksVh [kkusokys gksaxs] ;gk gtkj gSaA ogk nks pkj dejs gSa] ;gk ipklksa dejs gSaA ;g lc fdlh ds
fd;s ugha gksrkA fdlh dks ;g vfHkeku ugha gksrk fd ;g lc mlus fd;kA ;g dqnjrh O;oLFkk gSA tc
nqfu;k ds ?kjksa esa] tgk esjs&rsjs dk >xM+k epk jgrk gS] dksbZ deh ugha gksrh rks ;gk dSls deh gksxh ! ;gk
dh O;oLFkk dqnjr [kqn djrh gSA ;gk gtkj D;k] nl gtkj yksx Hkh tqV tk;saxs rc Hkh fdlh ckr dh
deh ugha iM+sxhA c'krsZ ;gk lHkh dh Hkkouk fnO; gks] ikjekfFkZd gksA
rqe rks feF;k vfHkeku fd;s gq, gks fd rqEgha lcdqN gksA ;fn rqe ugha jgksxs rks nqfu;k dh dksb Z
pht rqEgkjs cxSj py ugha ik;sxhA rqEgkjs cPps Hkw[kksa ejus yxsaxsA ;g fcYdqy xyrA ;fn rqEgkjs cPpksa
dh fdLer esa /ku gksxk rks rqEgkjs dqN ugha djus ij Hkh os cM+s vehj gks tk;saxsA ;fn HkkX; esa ugha gksxk
rks rqe yk[kksa #i;s tek djds tkvksxs rks Hkh muds iYys dqN ugha iM+sxkA
bZjku ls nks eqlkfQj fgUnqLrku dh vksj pys vk jgs FksA nksuksa ifr&iRuh FksA iRuh xHkZorh FkhA jkLrs
esa pyrs&pyrs ,d txg ml vkSjr us ,d cPph dks tUe fn;kA ifr&iRuh nqHkkZX; ds ekjs FksA muds ikl
[kkus&ihus ;k jgus dk dksbZ lkku ugha FkkA lkFk esa ,d efj;y&lk ?kksM+k FkkA vc djsa rks D;kA cPph dks
lHkkysa ;k ?kksM+s dks] lksp ugha ik;sA nksuksa fe;k&chch us fopkj fd;k fd cPph dks diM+s esa yisVdj isM+ ds
uhps j[k fn;k tk;s vkSj os nksuksa vkxs c<+ tk;saA mUgksaus ;gh fd;kA os dqN nwj vkxs c<+s gh Fks fd ihNs ,d
dkQyk vk;kA dkQys ds yksxksa us isM+ ds uhps cPph ds jksus dh vkokt lquhA ns[kk rks ,d uotkr cPph
iM+h FkhA dkQys esa dksb Z vkSjr Fkh ugha tks ml NksVh&lh cPph dh ns[kHkky dj ikrhA fdlh rjg ml
cPph dks mBkdj dkQyk vkxs c<+us yxkA jkLrs esa os nksuksa fe;k&chch fey x;sA dkQys dk ljnkj muls
cksyk] ^Bgjks] gekjs ikl ,d cPph gS vkSj rqe ek gksA rqe bls iky nks] ftruk [kpZ yxsxk] ge nsus dks
rS;kj gSaA* mu nksuksa us [kV~ viuh cPph dks igpku fy;kA lkspk] ge rks bls ejus dks NksM+ vk;s Fks vkSj ;g
fQj gekjs ikl ykSV vkbZA ysfdu [kqyklk rkSj ij os dkQys ds yksxksa ls dqN dg ugha ldrs FksA ek us
viuh cPph dks lEHkky fy;kA cPph xksn esa vkrs gh pqi gks xbZA nksuksa fe;k&chch mls ysdj fnYyh vk x;s
vkSj ogk fdjk;s ds ,d edku esa jgus yxsA dkQys ds ljnkj us muds jgus vkSj [kkus&ihus ds fy,
dkQh nkSyr ns nh FkhA pyrs oDr cksyk] ^gekjh cPph dks Bhd ls ikyuk tcrd ge vk u tk;saA*
fe;k&chch cPph dh ijofj'k djrs jgsA lkFk gh ukSdjh Hkh <w<+r s jgsA bkQkd ls HkkX; us iyVk [kk;k
vkSj mUgsa jkt&njckj esa ukSdjh yx xbZA vc jkt&njckj esa ek viuh cPph dks ysdj vkus&tkus yxhA
ek jfuokl dk dke lHkkyus yxh vkSj mldk firk jkt&njckj esa yx x;kA jktk ds ?kj esa jktdqekjh
dh rjg mldk ikyu iks"k.k gksus yxkA og bruh lqU nj Fkh fd mlds eqdkcys dk nwljk dksbZ Hkh ml
jkt&njckj esa jg ugha x;kA ,d fnu 'kkgtkns dh utj ml ij iM+h vkSj og mlds :i ij eksfgr gks
x;kA mlus mlls 'kknh djuh pkgh fdUrq ckn'kkg ,d nklh iq= h ls vius 'kkgtkns dh 'kknh ds fy,
dHkh rS;kj ugha FkkA mlus caxky ds lwcsnkj ds 'kkgtkns ds lkFk yM+dh dh 'kknh djk nhA tc ckn'kkg
ej x;k vkSj 'kkgtkns dh r[riks'kh gqbZ rks mlus lwc snkj ij p<+kbZ djds mldks ekj fn;k vkSj viuh
vupkgh chch mlds ?kj Hkst fn;kA fQj mlus mlh nklh iq= h dks chch cuk fy;kA ;gh ^uwjtgk* ds uke ls
izfl) gqb ZA ftl r[r ij og cSBrh Fkh og ckhl djksM+ #i;s dk FkkA mlesa ghjs&eksrh tokgjkr tM+s gq,
FksA rks ftl yM+dh dks tkuojksa ds [kkus ds fy, Qsad fn;k x;k Fkk ogh bruh cM+h jkuh gks xbZA
59

;g lc fdlus fd;k \ D;k mldh enn ds fy, mldk dksbZ fj'rsnkj] dksbZ HkkbZ&Hkrhtk x;k \
mldh ns[kHkky rks bZ'oj ds dkj.k gh gksrh jgh( D;ksafd ogh lkjh l`f"V dk j{kd gksrk gSA
rqe nqfu;k dk vkljk ysrs gksA ge dgrs gSa fd nqfu;k ds vkljs dh D;k t:jr \ nqfu;k rks pUn
fnuksa dh gSA rqe Hkxoku dks gh D;ksa ugha viuk ysrs ! ,slk gks tkus ij ;g lkjh nqfu;k Hkh rqEgkjh gks
tk;sxhA ftls Hkxoku gh fey x;k mlds fy, ckdh D;k cpk !
ln~xq# dgrs gSa] ^,s yksxks ! eSa rqEgsa ,d gSjkuh dh ckr crkrk gwA D;k xy gS ml gSjkuh dh \
dgrk gS] Hkxoku gh Hkxoku dks <w<+ jgk gSA* lqu ys xYy gSjkuhokyh jCc jCc uw jksynkA ckr Hkh Bhd gh
gSA rqe Lo;a HkxoRLo:i gks vkSj Hkxoku dks <w<+ jgs gksA ftl Hkxoku dks <w<+ jgs gks og rks rqEgkjs gh
vUnj jgrk gSA fQj <w<+us dk loky dgk iSnk gksrk gS ! ;g ckr D;ksa gks xbZ \ dgrs gSa] ^vly ckr ;g gS
fd bu bfUnz;ksa ds Lokn ds ihNs rqeus okluk dk u'kk ih fy;k gSA blhfy, lalkj ls rqEgkjk eksg gks x;k
gS] vklf gks xbZ gSA vkSj dksbZ ckr ughaA rqe lalkj esa D;ksa vkSj fdl okLrs Qls gq, gks \ rqEgkjh
KkusfUnz;ksa ,oa desZfU;ksa dk tks Hkkstu gS og ckgj gSA rqeij mu Hkksxksa dk u'kk Nk;k gqvk gSA blds
dkj.k gh rqe gjoDr ckgj dh nkSM+ yxk jgs gksA dgrs gks fd egkjkt] eu rks Hktu esa yxrk ughaA D;k
dksbZ tarj i<+dj iguk nw \ ;g fdlh vks>k dk dke gS fd tknw&Vksuk djds rqEgkjs eu ij p<+k fn;k
tk;s \ ,sls ugha yxrk eu Hktu esaA bl <ksax ls dke ugha pyus dkA vxj rw vius eu dks Hkxoku ds
Hktu esa yxkuk pkgrs gks rks nqfu;k dh vklf NksM+ nksA eu rqjar Hktu esa yx tk;sxkA vklf rks NksM+r s
ugha vkSj dgrs gks fd egkjkt] ge cM+s nq[kh gSaA eu ugha yxrkA dSls yxs eu \
,d fny yk[kksa reUuk] ml is Hkh yk[kksa gfo'k~A
fQj fBdkuk gS dgk mldks fcBkus ds fy, \
rqEgkjk eu rks ,d gh gS fdUrq mlesa gtkjksa bPNk, Hkjh iM+h gSaA bu [okfg'kksa dh tM+sa Hkh vuUr
gSa] 'kk[kk;sa Hkh vuUrA Hkyk budk Hkh dHkh vUr gksusokyk gS \ [okfg'kksa dk dHkh vUr ugha gks ldrkA
bUgsa tku nsdj Hkh rqe iwjk ugha dj ikvksxsA l`f"V ds izkjEHk ls ysdj vcrd rqeus bu bPNkvksa dh iwfkZ
ds fy, fdruk dek;k] fdruk [kk;k&fi;kA D;k gqbZ mudh iwfrZ \ rqe dqN Hkh djks] bPNk, rks tSlh dh
rSlh jgsaxhA fQj crkvks] 'kkfUr dSls feys \ dgk ls feysxh 'kkfUr ! rqEgkjk eu rks nqfu;k esa bruk my>k
gqvk gS fd muesa 'kkfUr ds fy, dksbZ txg gh ckdh ugha gSA 'kkfUr dksbZ ewxQyh ugha gS ftls [kkdj
larq"V gks tk;k tk;sA blhfy, dchj dgrs gSa &
lkp dgw rks ekju /kkosa] >wB txr ifrvkbZ gks !
tgk xq#th ekal [kkus dh NwV ns nsa ogk cM+s&cM+s psys mUgha dh vksj c<+ tk;sa( D;ksafd [kkus&ihus
dh vktknh tks gSA rks] rqEgkjh tks ethZ gks djksA iatkc esa ,d er gSA os yksx dgrs gSa fd [kwc [kkvks&ihvks
vkSj ekSt&eLrh djksA buls cgqr igys pkokZd dk Hkh ,slk gh er FkkA mlus dgk Fkk &
;koTthosr~ lq[ka thosr~ _.ka d`Rok ?k`ra fiosr ~A
HkLehHkwrL; nsgL;] iqujkxeua dqr%AA
vFkkZr~ tcrd thvks] lq[k ls thvksA ekSt&eLrh ds lkFk [kkvks&ihvks vkSj ets yksA ;fn iSls u gksa
rks _.k ysdj Hkh ?kh ihvksA er lkspks fd _.k pqdk;s fcuk ejksxs rks rqEgsa iki yxsxkA tc rqEgkjh nsg
fprk dh vkx esa tyk nh tk;sxh rks fQj og bl lalkj esa ykSVdj ugha vk;sxhA ;g gS pkokZd dk erA
vkt lalkj esa blh dh /kwe gSA vkt rks ets ls xqtkj jgs gksA exj ;kn j[kks] ;g dy;qx ugha]
dj;qx gSA bl gkFk ls nsuk vkSj ml gkFk ls ysuk Hkh iM+rk gSA rqedks rks lcdk fglkc nsuk iM+sxkA rqe
vius dks cpk ugha ldrsA vkt ftu cdjksa dks ekjdj [kk jgs gks] rqe [kqn Hkh mu cdjksa dks vius ekal
f[kykus ds fy, rS;kj jgksA os Hkh fdlh fnu rqEgkjk ekal t:j [kk;saxsA
60

rqe bu ckrksa dks ekuks ;k u ekuks ! ;fn ekuksxs rks Qk;nk gksxk u ekuksxs rks uqdlkuh mBkuh iM+sxhA
gekjk rks blls dqN ugha fcxM+rkA
lqus rqeus cgqrA lquuk gS Hkh D;k ! rqe rks igys ls gh bu ckrksa dks tkurs gksA flQZ muij vey
djuk 'kq# dj nks rks rqe lR; dh izk fIr dj yksxs vkSj rqEgkjk dY;k.k gks tk;sxkA rqe rks ,d txg
lqurs gks vkSj nwljh txg tkdj lkjh ckrksa dks fudky ckgj djrs gksA ?kj tkrs gh 'kq# djksxs & ^;kj]
vkyw fdlds [ksr esa QLVZ gSA pyks] ,d nko yxk vk;saA* rks BkV ls djksA exj ;kn j[kks fd bldk
ifj.kke ,d u ,d fnu Hkksxuk t:j gksxkA blhfy, ckj&ckj dgrk gw fd nqfu;k ds iziapksa esa Qldj
viuk n; er [kjkc djksA ;fn 'kkfUr vkSj lq[k pkgrs gks rks dqN Hkh djus ds igys Hkxoku vkSj e`R ;q
dks er HkwyksA cl rqEgkjk dY;k.k gks tk;sxkA
t; xq# % vk'khokZn !

opu & 34
LFkku % ijeiqjh vkJe

frfFk % 15-2-85

izsfe;ks]
dFkuh ehBh [kkM+ lh djuh fc"k dh yks;A
dFkuh rt djuh djs fo"k ls ve`r gks;AA
vkneh ftruk lqurk vkSj i<+rk gS] vxj mlesa ls fdlh ,d ckr dk Hkh vius thou esa vey
djus yxs rks og ,d fnu nsork cu tk;sA rqeyksx rks jkst lRlax esa vkrs gksA iq.; dh n`f"V ls ;g Bhd
Hkh gSA lRlax dh cM+h efgek gSA exj loky ;g gS fd rqe lRlax lqudj Hkh vius dks oSlk cukrs D;ksa
ugha gksA 'ks"kukx dks lRlax ds ,d iy dk Qy fey x;k rks muesa i`Foh dk Hkkj Fkkeus dh lkeF;Z vk
xbZA blls lkfcr gksrk gS fd rqEgsa vHkh lRlax feyk gh ughaA vHkh rks rqe lRlax ds fy, izsj.kk Hkj ys jgs
gksA lRlax dk vlyh eryc gS lR; dk laxA lR; D;k gS \ ftldk dHkh uk'k ugha gksrkA Hkwr] Hkfo";
rFkk orZeku esa Hkh tks ,d:i jgrk gS mls gh lR; dgrs gSaA lRlax esa blh dh O;k[;k dh tkrh gS vkSj
mldh izkfIr dh izsj.kk Hkh nh tkrh gSA lR; ,slh pht ugha ftls rqe idM+ ;k ns[k ldksA og rks
vuqHkoxE; gSA exj oSlk vuqHko gksrk dc gS\ tc vUr%dj.k ifo= gksrk gS rcA nqfu;k esa ti] ri ds
:i esa ftrus lk/ku crk;s x;s gSa mu lcdk eryc vUr%dj.k dh 'kqf) gh gSA tc 'kh'kk dkyk iM+ tkrk
gS rc mlesa eqg utj ugha vkrkA mldh dkfyek dks gVk nks] {k.kek= esa eqg utj vkus yxsxkA mlh izdkj
vUr%dj.k ds fueZy gksrs gh ml lR; dh vuqHkwfr rqEgsa vius vUnj gh gksus yxsxhA ;g Hkh le>us dh
pht gS fd tks oLrq vk[kksa ls fn[kkbZ nsrh gS og u'oj gksrh gSA bl l`f"V esa rqe tks dqN Hkh viuh utjksa
ls n[krs gks og lc uk'koku gSA vkSj ftldk uk'k gks tkrk gS og dHkh lR; gks ugha ldrkA
blh lR; dh izkfIr rqEgkjs thou dk ms'; gSA ;g ,d fnu esa izkIr ugha fd;k tk ldrkA bl
lR; dks vius vuqHko esa mrkjus ds fy, rqEgsa 'kkL=fofgr deks dks fu"dke Hkko ls djuk gksxkA rqels
ftruk cu iM+s ml fn'kk esa djrs tkvksA ;fn dksbZ lksprk gS fd veqd O;f cM+k nkuh gS] vr% og eks{k
dk vfkdkjh gks x;k] rks ,slk ugha gSA gk] mls vxys tUe esa cM+s ,s'o;Z dh izkfIr gks ldrh gS] vius nku
ds iq.; ls ,slk O;f fdlh jkt&ifjokj esa tUe ysdj [kwc lq[k Hkksx ldrk gSA tgk rd eks{k dh
ckr gS] mls fdlh /ku ls izkIr ugha fd;k tk ldrkA og ckgj ds dk;ks ls lEHko gks gh ugha ldrkA
blds fy, rks fu"dke deZ dh t:jr gksrh gSA egkiq#"kksa us bl nqfu;k esa tfVy lk/ku crk;s] cM+s&cM+s
vuq"Bkuksa dh btktr nh] ;K djus ds fy, dgkA fdUrq bu lcls Hkh ml lR; dk vuqHko ugha fd;k tk
ldrkA pkgs lkS lky vuq"Bku djks] ckr cuus dh ughaA
61

;qf/kf"Bj us v'oes/k ;K fd;kA pwfd nq;ksZ/ku mudk HkkbZ Fkk vkSj blfy, mUgksaus mlh dks nf{k.kk
nsus ds fy, yxk fn;kA ;g lc Hkxoku ".k ds b'kkjs ij gqvkA nq;ksZ/ku dks dksb Z nwljk dke lkSaik tkrk
rks og viuk vieku le>rkA mlds eu esa rks Ny vkSj bZ";kZ dk Hkko FkkA mlus lkspk fd nf{k.kk nsus ds
gh cgkus ;qf/kf"Bj dk lkjk /ku yqVk fn;k tk;s rkfd mldh glh gks vkSj ;K Hkh vlQy gks tk;sA og
;kpdksa dks bruk nsus yxk fd ;kpd v;kpd gks x;sA th Hkjdj yqVk;kA b/kj ;qf/kf"Bj vkfn mlds /ku
yqVkus ls ?kcjk x;sA Jh".k ls iwNk] ^egkjkt] ;g rks lkjk /ku yqVk nsxk vkSj gekjk ;K iwjk gh ugha
gksxkA bls ;g M~;wVh nsdj vkius Bhd ugha fd;kA* Jh".k cksys] ^?kcjkvks erA nq;ksZ/ku ds gkFk esa ,d
,slh js[kk gS ftldk Qy mls vkt vkSj vHkh feyuk gSA ml js[kk dh ;g [kwch gS fd og ftruk nsxk
mldk nwuk [ktkus esa c<+ tk;sxkA bl js[kk ds xq.k dk mls [kqn Hkh irk ugha gSA nsus nks mldksA* nq;ksZ/ku
us /ku yqVkus dh gn dj nhA ;K iw.kZ gks x;k vkSj rc Hkh [ktkus esa /ku cpk gh jgkA lHkh ;qfkf"Bj dh
rkjhQ djus yxsA ,sls cM+s ;K dk vuq"Bku iwjk dj ysus ij vUr esa ikaMo egkizLFkku ds fy, dSykl
x;sA bls ohj laU;kl dgrs gSaA ogk mUgksaus cQZ esa vius 'kjhj xyk fn;s vkSj LoxZ pys x;sA
,d fnu osnO;kl th vk;sA ijhf{kr us muls iwNk] ^egkjkt esjk ,d iz'u gSA esjs cqt qxks us bruk
;'k dek;k] bruk nku&iq.; fd;k fQj os vHkh gSa dgk \ mudh dSlh xfr gqbZ\* osnO;kl cksys] ^rqEgkjs
cqtqxZ vHkh ujd esa gksaxsA* dgk] ^dkSjo dgk x;s \* cksys] ^LoxZA* ijhf{kr cksyk] ^;g rks gn gks xbZ !
lkjh mez dkSjo iki djrs jgs rks os LoxZ pys x;s vkSj gekjs egkRek cqtqxZ ujd D;ksa x;s \* cksys] ^HkkbZ]
blesa Hksn gSA ftlds iq.; T;knk gksrs gSa vkSj iki FkksM+s] mls igys ujd Hkstdj mldk iki Hkksxok fy;k
tkrk gSA fQj mls nh?kZ dky ds fy, LoxZ Hkst fn;k tkrk gSA fdUrq ftlds iki T;knk gksrs gSa vkSj iq.;
uke ek= ds] mls igys LoxZ dk vuqHko djk;k tkrk gSA ckn esa mls ujd Hkstk tkrk gSA*
rks ik.Moksa ds }kjk fd;s x;s v'oes/k tSls cM+s ;K dk Qy bruk gh gqvk fd lalkj esa mudk ;'k
QSykA ;g rks dksbZ lkfod ;K Fkk ugha fd blls T;knk dksb Z Qy gksrkA vtqZu v'oes/k ;K ds ?kksM+s ds
ihNs tgk Hkh x;k] ogk ds fj;klrksa ds jktk mlds Hk; ls mldh v/khurk Lohdkj djrs x;sA vtqZu ds
cjkcj /kuq/kkZjh rks dksbZ Fkk ughaA Mj ds ekjs os ghjs&eksrh tokgjkr mls HksaV djrs jgsA blh rjg og /ku
bdk gqvk Fkk] vr% ml /ku dks lkfod ugha dgk tk ldrkA og jktl ;k rkel rjhdksa ls mikftZr
/ku FkkA
vkt Hkh ;K vkSj iwtkvksa dk ogh <ax gSA yksx blds fy, pUnk olwy djrs gSaA pUnk olwyh dk <ax
Hkh fujkyk gksrk gSA nks&pkj cM+s vknfe;ksa dks lkFk ys fy;k tkrk gSA tks ugha Hkh nsuk pkgrk gks mlls Hkh
tcju pUnk fy;k tkrk gSA bl rjg Fkkusnkj] ,l0 Mh0 vks0 tSls yksxksa dh tksj&tcnZLrh ls bdk gqvk
/ku iwtk vkSj ;K esa yxk;k tkrk gSA vkt ;gh iwtk djus dk <ax gSA dqN eupys yM+ds tekr cukdj]
ykfB;k ysdj lM+dksa ij [kM+s gks tkrs gSa vkSj vkus&tkusokyksa ls Hk; fn[kkdj euekuk pUnk olwy djrs
gSaA iwjk dk iwjk /ku Hkh ;K vFkok iwtk esa [kpZ Hkh ugha gksrkA mldk vf/kdka'k rks yksxksa dh tscksa esa pyk
tkrk gSA fLFkfr ,slh gks tkrh gS fd iwtk vFkok ;K ds ckn bdk fd;s x;s /ku ds cVokjs dks ysdj
vkil esa >xM+k&fookn t:j gksrk gSA ;g Hkh dSlh iwtk gqb Z \ D;k Qy gksxk bl iwtk dk \ rqeus vius
eu dks rks 'kq) j[kk ugha] iwtk ds uke ij nwljksa dks lrk;k vkSj Hk; fn[kkdj Bxh] pksjh dh vkSj fQj
vis{kk Hkh j[krs gks fd mldk dqN 'kqHk Qy gks \

62

tks nku J)kiwoZd] fcuk fdlh ds ekxs] fcuk fdlh yksHk&ykyp vFkok tksj&tcnZLrh ds fdlh
lRdk;Z ds fy, fn;k ;k fy;k tkrk gS ogh nku lkfod gksrk gS vkSj mldk Qy dY;k.kizn gksrk gSA
mlls rqEgkjk vUr%dj.k 'kq) gksrk gSA bl rjg yksx 'kkL=ksa ds eqrkfcd deZ rks djrs gSa] iwtk&;K
vkfn dk vuq"Bku djrs gSa fdUrq mls ml fof/k ls ugha djrs ftldh izsj.kk 'kkL=ksa us nh gSA blls T;knk
Qy rks rqEgkjh lR;ukjk;.k& dFkk dk gksrk gS] ftls rqe vius ?kj esa lqurs gksA bl dFkk esa ,slh tksj
tcnZLrh rks ugha gksrhA bl dFkk ds uke ij tks dqN 'kqHk Qy izkIr gksxk mruk rqEgkjs ;Kksa ls ugha gksxkA
vr% dksbZ Hkh iwtk ;k ;K djus ds igys rqEgkjk Hkko 'kq) gksuk pkfg,A lkfod Hkko] J)k vkSj
nku&iq.; gh rqEgkjh vkRe'kqf) ds dkj.k gks ldrs gSaA
igys tekus esa yksx /;ku;ksx }kjk lR; dk vuqHko vius vanj djrs FksA ;fn mlesa dqN deh gks
xbZ rks ;kSfxd f;kvksa ls bls iwjk djrs FksA rc muds 'kjhjksa esa bruh 'kf Fkh fd os ;ksx lk/k ldrs
FksA ;ksx rks yksx vc Hkh djrs gSa] fdUrq vkt rks ;g ;ksx] ;ksx ls vf/kd rek'ks dh pht gksrk tk jgk gSA
,sls ;ksfx;ksa dk eu rks dgha fVdrk ugha] os /;ku D;k djsaxs ! ;kSfxd f;k, gj ds o'k dh pht ugha
gksrhaA vkt ds ;ksxh ;ksx ds uke ij ukVd djrs gSaA pkSjklh vklu dk izn'kZu djds vius 'kjhj dks
rksM+&eksM+ nsrs gSaA bu vkluksa dk FkksM+s dqN Qy gksrk gSA Qk;nk rks rc gksrk gS tc vkluksa dks fofkor~
fd;k tk;sA gB;ksx dh f;k,] tSls nkrqu] /kksrh] usrh] cLrh] otzkSyh vkfn gS rks Bhd] fdUrq ;s izn'kZu
dh phtsa ugha gSaA ;s rks vUreZu dh lQkbZ ds fy, dh tkrh gSaA bUgsa Hkh fdrkch Kku ds vk/kkj ij djus
dh eukgh gSA blds fy, leFkZ xq# dh vko';drk gksrh gSA vkt rks ;s f;k, cktkjksa esa cM+s&cM+s ysDpj
nsdj djkbZ tkrh gSaA
;g lc fn[kkok gSA bldk dksbZ vkReykHk tSlk Qy ugha gksrkA vkt rks dqN yksx ,sls Hkh gSa tks
nl&nl xt tehu [kksndj mlds uhps lekf/k yxkus cSB tkrs gSaA D;k mUgsa Hkxoku dk vuqHko gksrk gS
\ ;g lekf/k _f"k&eqfu;ksaokyh tSlh ugha gksrhA D;k rqeus dgha i<+k gS fd _f"k&eqfu cktkjksa esa lekf/k
yxkrs Fks \ os rks dgha ,dkUr esa cSBdj vius dY;k.k ds fy, ;kSfxd f;k, djrs FksA tc bl f;k esa
mudks flf) fey tkrh Fkh rc os yksxksa ds fgr ds fy, dke djrs FksA blfy, ,slh cktk: lekf/k ds
pDdj esa er iM+ukA dbZ ckj ,slh lekfk dk izn'kZu djusokys dqN ckSf)d f;kvksa }kjk 'kwU; n'kk
dks Hkh izkIr dj ysrs gSa vkSj vius izk.kksa dks fVdkdj dqN fnu jg ysrs gSaA vusd ckj rks ;g 'kr&izfr'kr
>wBk gksrk gSA ;s nksuksa gh fLFkfr;k vkRedY;k.k dh fn'kk ds foijhr gSaA vr% dY;k.k ds ftKklqvksa dks
bu pDdjksa esa ugha iM+uk pkfg, vkSj oDr ds ln~xq# }kjk crkbZ x;h lk/kuk esa yxdj viuk fgr
lk/kuk pkfg,A
;g lalkj ,d fofp= [ksy gSA bls le> yssus ds ckn vkneh dk eu blls FkksM+k&lk crk gSA ;g
ekewyh tky ughaA blds fo"k; esa dgk x;k gS &
ek;k rks Bfxuh cM+h Bxr fQjr pgq ns'k A ftl Bx us Bfxuh Bxh] ml Bx dk vkns'k AA
rks rqe mlh Bx dks iz.kke djks tks bl fodV egktky dks jpusokyh ek;k dks Hkh Bxusokyk gSA
ogh rqEgkjs iz.kke djus ds ;ksX; gSA ek;k dks thruk dksbZ vklku ckr ughaA xq# egkjkt us bl ek;k ds
pj ls cpus ds fy, rqedks jkLrk crk;k gS vkSj mlds egktky ls [khapdj rqedks ckgj fudkyk gSA
vc vxj ;gk vkdj Hkh rqe fQj ek;k esa Ql tkvks rks xq# egkjkt D;k djsaA dksbZ rqEgsa jkLrk gh crk
ldrk gSA rqe tjk&tjk lh ckrksa esa vM+ tkvks] tjk&tjk lh ckrksa esa Ql tkvks rks gekjk D;k dlwjA rqE gsa
;gk lkQ rkSj ij crk fn;k x;k gS fd nqfu;k esa nko&isap gS] pj gS] rw gksf'k;kj gks tkvksA vc vxj rqe
lkokku ugha gksrs rks rqEgkjh ethZA dqN Hkh rks 'kqHk deZ djksA ;g Bhd gS fd rqEgkjk deZ 'kq# esa gh
fu"dke ugha gks ik;sxkA khjs&khjs v'kqHk deks dks NksM+dj 'kqHk deks dks djuk 'kq# dj nksA ,slk djus
ls ,d fnu rqEgkjh eafty vo'; fudV gks tk;sxhA
63

Hkko dqHkko vu[k vkylgw A uke tir eaxy fnfl nlgw AA


pkgs fdlh rjg ls Hkh dksbZ 'kqHk deZ rqeus fd;k gS] mldk Qy vo'; vPNk feysxkA gk]
vkRedY;k.k mlls ugha gksxkA iq.; gksxkA rqe ;gk vkdj lRlax esa cSBs gks] bu lcdk iq.; rks gks gh jgk
gSA ysfdu vOoy Qy] tSlk eSa pkgrk gw] og rks rHkh gksxk tc rqe esjh ckrksa dks vius thou esa mrkj yksxsA
rqe vius ?kj ls pydj vk;s] viuh ek;k dk lalkj NksM+dj vk;s] Hkw[k&I;kl dks ekjk] lq[k&eku dks
R;kxk] cs'kd bldk mke Qy gksxkA ,sls gh djrs&djrs og lR; Hkh rqEgkjh /kkj.kk esa ,d fnu mrj
tk;sxkA yxs jgks] yxs jgksA ?kcjkus ls dqN ugha gksxkA fcuk mdrk, gq,] iw.kZ J)k ds lkFk tqM+s jgksA
fuf'pr gh ,d fnu rqEgkjk dY;k.k gks tk;sxkA
gk] ;gk vkus dk] jgus dk] izse&HkkoiwoZd dqN Hkh djus dk cgqr cM+k 'kqHk Qy gksxkA bruk gh
lRdeZ ;fn rqe vius ?kjksa esa jgdj djrs] mlls dbZ xq.kk T;knk Qy ;gk djus dk gksxkA blds
foijhr ;fn ;gk dksb Z Bxh djks] pksjh djks] nq"Vrk ;k ikikpj.k djks rks mlh vuqikr esa egku dqQy
Hkh gksxkA dbZ vHkkxs xq#}kjs esa tkdj] rhFkZ ;k eafnjksa esa tkdj Hkh pksjh djrs gSa] O;fHkpkj dj cSBrs gSaA
os oSlk djds viuk lR;kuk'k djrs gSaA os vius fy, dbZ tUeksa dh nfjnzrk vkSj nq%[k [kjhn ysrs gSaA vr%
;gk vkdj ftruk cus] lRdeZ] Lok;k; vkSj lsok esa yxs jguk pkfg,A Bxh] fuank&pqxyh] ijihM+u]
vkyL; vkfn ls cpksA ftruk cus lsok djks] Lok/;k; djks] larksa ds ikl cSBdj muls lPppkZ djks
vFkok ,dkUr esa cSBdj ti&/;ku djksA
tc egkiq#"kksa us ns[kk fd u;s tekus esa yksxksa ds [kku&iku cgqr cny x;s gSa vkSj vc muls igys
dh rjg lk/kuk] ;K] riL;k vFkok ;ksx lEHko ugha gS rc mUgksaus tekus ds eqrkfcd lsok&Hkf ij cy
fn;kA lsok&Hkf ds izf'k{k.k ds fy, xq#}kjs vFkok vkJe LFkkfir fd;sA bu LFkkuksa dk ekgkSy gh ,slk
gksrk gS tgk vkrs gh lsok dh izsj.kk Lor% feyus yxrh gSA vkt ds fy, blls vklku dksbZ nwljk lk/ku
ugha gks ldrkA ;g lk/ku lsok&izse ij fVdk gksrk gSA lsok ckgjh rkSj ij gekjs lkekU; deks ls fHk
dqN ugha gksrhA vius ru] eu] /ku ;k opu ls fd;k x;k dksb Z Hkh deZ] ftlesa fdlh izdkj dk
LokFkZHkko u gks] ^lsok* gks tkrh gSA og deZ b"V ds fufek fd;k tkrk gS ftlds QykQy dh dksbZ fpUrk
ugha dh tkrhA ;g deZ fu%LokFkZ vkSj fu"dke gksrs gq, Hkh J)k] izse vkSj HkfDriwo Zd fd;k tkrk gS rc
vkRek dk Lo:i le> esa vkus yxrk gSA xq#&njckj dh lsok leLr lk/kuksa esa Js"B ekuh x;hA blls
lHkh lk/kuksa dk y{; vklkuh ls l/k tkrk gSA
tUe tUekUrj ls rqEgkjs vUnj LokFkZ dk Hkko bruk izcy gksrk x;k gS fd fu%LokFkZ lsok Hkko
cuus esa dfBukbZ gksrh gSA fdUrq ;fn ;g cu x;k rks rqEgkjk csM+k ikj gks x;kA nsj flQZ lsok Hkkouk cuus
esa gksrh gSA vHkh rks lkjs yksx dgrs gSa fd os ns'k dh lsok dj jgs gS aA nwdkuksa ij ,slk lkbucksMZ yxk gksrk
gS fd ge brus o"kks ls vkidh lsok dj jgs gSaA bl izdkj lkbucksMZ yxkusokys lsok djrs gSa ;k viuh
tsc Hkjrs gSa] Hkxoku tkusaA
;fn lpeqp jk"V dh lsok gksus yxs rks ns'k LoxZ cu tk;sA rqe lsok dks rks vHkh le>s gh ughaA
lso d cuus ds fy, fdlh Lokeh ds vuq'kklu esa jguk iM+rk gSA Lokeh og gksrk gS ftls lsok ysdj
rfud Hkh vfHkeku ugha gksrkA ftldk LokFkZHkko loZFkk [kRe gks x;k gksrk gSA tks ek;k&eksgkfn iziapksa ls
ij mBk gqvk gksrk gS vkSj vius Kku&fopkj }kjk vkRek ds Lo:i dk lk{kkRdkj fd;s gq, gksrk gSA ogh
lsO; ln~xq# dgykrk gSA fcuk ln~xq# dh 'kj.k x;s lsokHkko dh le> vk gh ugha ldrhA euekus <ax
ls vius dks lso d dg ysus ls dqN Hkh fl) ugha gksxkA

64

vke rkSj ij yksx tgk&rgk ls i<+&lqudj ti] ri ;k ;ksx lk/kus yxrs gSaA ,slk djus ls nwljk
dqN rks feyrk ugha( muesa nEHk vkSj vfHkeku t:j Hkj tkrk gSA ,sls vfHkekuh tjk&lh flf) ikdj
ckr&ckr esa 'kki vkSj vk'khokZn nsuk 'kq# dj nsrs gSaA exj lPph lsok djusokys dks vfHkeku Nw Hkh ugha
ldrkA lso d dh lPph fe'kky rks Hkjr vkSj guqeku ds pfj= ls nh tk ldrh gSA _f"k Hkkj}kt ds
vkJe esa _f)&flf);ksa }kjk v;ks/;kokfl;ksa dk lRdkj fd;k x;kA lc yksx Hkjr ds lkFk jke ls
feyus tk jgs FksA _f"k Hkkj}kt us mudh Fkdku feVkus ds fy, _f)&flf);ksa dks O;oLFkk ds fy, izsfjr
fd;kA ns[krs gh ns[krs nqfu;k Hkj dk ,s'o;Z ogk mifLFkr gks x;kA v;ks ;koklh lq[kiwoZd jkr esa foJke
djus yxsA ml O;oLFkk ds fujh{k.k ds fy, tc _f"k Hkkj}kt ,dkUr jkf= esa ckgj fudys rks lcdks
lq[k ls lksrs gq, ns[kkA muesa flQZ Hkjr gh txs gq, Fks vkSj jke&jke ds ti ds lkFk mudh vk[kksa ls
vtlz vJq izokfgr gks jgh FkhA _f"k us nwljs fnu lcdks fonk djrs oDr Hkjr ls dgk] ^eSaus thou Hkj
tks ti&ri fd;k Fkk mldk Qy gqvk fd eq>s jke ds n'kZu gq, vkSj jke ds n'kZu ds Qy :i esa vki
tSls lso d ds n'kZu gq,A* rks ,slh gksrh gS lsodkbZ !
Hkxoku jke dh vkKk ls Hkjr dks v;ks/;k dh jkt&O;oLFkk lkSaih xbZ FkhA uanhxzke esa Hkxoku dh
pj.kiknqdk dks jkt flagklu ij j[kdj mlh ls izsj.kk ysrs gq, Hkjr vgfuZ'k lsok esa tqVs gq, FksA
v;ks/;k ds ,s'o;Z vkSj ifjtuksa ds Lusg ls mnklhu gksdj os vkBksa igj lsok esa tqVs gq, FksA fny esa
Hkxoku dk fo;ksx FkkA mlds ckotwn lsok /keZ esa dSls ltx jgs gksaxs os fd fu%LrCk jkf= esa guqeku dks
ioZr ysdj vkdk'k ekxZ ls tkrs ns[kdj vo/k ij fdlh vke.k dh vk'kadk ls mUgksaus ck.k ekj fn;k
! Hkxoku dh kjksgj Fkh v;ks/;k dh lq[k] LokFkZ] lEifk lcdks R;kxdj gh lsok dh tkrh gSA vkt
Hkh yksx jkt&O;oLFkk djrs gSaA lHkh dgrs gSa fd ge ns'k dh lsok djrs gSaA Hkyk LokFkZ vkSj jkx&fj'rs
ds yksyqi] eku&;'k ds Hkw[ks rFkk vkn'kZ ls Hkz"V yksx dHkh lsok dj ldrs gS a! lsok dk <ksax Hkys gh dj
ysa] lsok ugha gksrh ogkA jktuhfr ds ij /keZ dk tcrd vadq'k ugha gksxk rcrd jktuhfr fo/kok cuh
jgsxhA mlh izdkj /keZ ds lkFk jktlkk dk ;fn lkFk ugha gksrk rks og Hkh fo/kqj cuk jgsxkA vkt gekjs
vUnj lsok&Hkkouk [kRe gksrh tk jgh gSA blh ls gekjk iru gksrk tk jgk gSA vr% lsok&Hkkouk dk izpkj
tu&tu esa djuk fcYdqy vko';d gS rHkh tuthou esa lq[k vkSj 'kkfUr vk ldrh gSA
lso d dks cM+h dBksjrk ds lkFk lsok ds vkn'kks dh j{kk djuh gksrh gSA blesa tjk&lh Hkh xQyr
dh xqatkb'k ughaA lso d Lokeh ds ,d&,d b'kkjs ij ej feVuk tkurk gSA ;gk rks lsok ds vkn'kks dks
dgk rd fuHkkvksxs] ckr&ckr esa xq# dh ckrksa esa ukS lkS rdZ djrs jgrs gksA mudh ckrksa dks Hkh vius eu
ds vuqlkj <ky ysrs gksA rqe lsod rks brus cM+s gks fd rqels ,d lk/kkj.k dke] ekal [kkuk ugha NwVrkA
rc nwljs cM+s vkn'kZ rqe dgk rd fuHkk ikvksxs !
lso d vkSj Lokeh ds lEcU/k esa rks dgk gS &
Lokeh lso d ,d er] er esa er fey tk; A prqjkbZ jh>s ugha] jh>s eu ds Hkk; AA
Lokeh rks ml lso d ij izl gksrs gSa ftldk eu muds eu ls feyk gqvk gks] ftlds vUnj dksb Z
pkykdh ugha gks vkSj tks ljy LoHkko dk gksA
pyks] ge bruh Hkh NwV nsrs gSa fd ;fn rqe gekjh ckrsa lqurs Hkh jgksxs rks /khjs&/khjs rqEgkjs vPNs
laLdkj tkxzr gksr s tk;saxsA vHkh tokuh gS] vdM+ gS] ifjfLFkfr;k vuqdwy gSa blfy, esjh ckrsa ugha
ekuksxsA ;fn rqe vkt gh psr tkrs rks rqEgkjs dY;k.k esa dksbZ #dkoV jg ugha tk;sxhA dgk gS &
tkxuk rks tkx ys vQykd dh lk;k rysA ckn esa fQj ;s u dguk] eq>ls gqvk dqN Hkh ugha AA
rqe gtkjksa xyfr;k djrs gksA Bhd gS] muls ?kcjkus dh ckr ugha gSA rqe flQZ viuh ,d&,d
xyrh de djuk 'kq# dj nks rks ,d fnu rqe nsork cu tkvksxsA blh thou esa Hkolkxj rj tkvksxsA
t;xq# % vk'khokZn !
65

opu & 35
iapdqyk paMhx<+

fn0 29-6-1980

izsfe;ks !

rqeyksx lnk gh lRlax esa vk;k djrs gks vkSj ukuk rjg ds 'kkL=ksa ,oa xzUFkksa dks i<+rs gksA ysfdu
bUgsa lquus ;k i<+us ek= ls rks dqN ugha gksus dkA ge dsoy lqurs jgsa fd gekjs ;gk C;kg esa idkSM+s cus Fks
rks D;k blls gekjk isV Hkj tk,xk \ lRlax lquuk oSlk gh gS tSlk idokuksa dh O;k[;k djukA tcrd
rqe ;gk cSBs&cSBs lqurs jgksxs rc rd rks rqEgsa cM+k gh Lokn feysxk ij ;gk ls mBdj tkrs gh lcdk lc
xk;c gks tk,xkA lRlax dk vlyh Qk;nk rks rc gS tc rqe oSlk gh cu tkvksA
rqe Hkxoku dks igys vius n; esa clk yks] fnu&jkr mlds ;ku esa Mwcs jgksA blds ckn rqe tks
dqN Hkxoku ls ekxksxs] og lc iwjk gks tk,xkA exj igys mlds /;ku esa egc gks tkvks rc rks ! og
b"Vnso n; esa vk,xk dSls \ ckrksa ls rks vk,xk ughaA mls ykus ds fy, Hkh 'krsZa gSa] rjhds gSaA ,d dke rks
og gS ftls vius eu ls fd;k tkrk gS vkSj nwljk og gS tks fdlh fukkZfjr fo/kku ds eqrkfcd] fdlh cM+s
ds vkns'k ls fd;k tkrk gSA 'kkL= gekjs cqtqxksZa dh vkKk gSA mlesa mUgkasus gekjs djus rFkk u djus ds
fy, fof/k&fo/kku dk;e fd, gSaA blh fof/k&fu"ksk dh tkudkjh ds fy, lRlax fd;k tkrk gS] 'kkL= i<+s
tkrs gSaA 'kkL= ,oa lRlax ls foosd mRiUu gksrk gSA txr~ dks feF;k ekuuk vkSj bZ'oj dks lR; le>uk
gh foosd gSA ftl vkneh ds [;ky esa vk tk, fd txr~ >wBk gS vkSj bZ'oj gh ,dek= lR; gS og foosdh
gks tkrk gSA blfy, vkneh dks ,dkxzfpk gksdj lRlax dh ckrksa dk euu djuk pkfg, vkSj muesa viuh
Hkkouk n`<+ djuh pkfg,A mls txr~ ds feF;kRo dk fpUru djuk pkfg,A tc ;g Hkko n`<+ gks tk,xk rks
ckr cu tk,xhA vKkurk ;gh gS fd ge lalkj dks vlR; ugha le>rsA ;fn rqe >wB le>ksxs rks blls
rqEgkjk izse gksxk gh ughaA blls izse gksus dk lkQ eryc gS fd geus bls feF;k le>k ugha gSA tc igys
gh tku tkvksxs fd rqEgkjs ikl dk vkneh tscdrjk gS rks mlls lVdj rks ugha jgksxsA blh rjg tc
tku x, fd txr~ >wBk gS] /kks[kk gS rks blls rqEgkjk izse gksxk gh ughaA
lalkj tSlk gS] bls oSlk gh le>uk pkfg,A bls Bhd ls le> ysus ds ckn gekjh blls vklfDr
ugha gksxhA yksx dgrs gSa fd lalkj dks R;kx nsuk gSA D;k R;kxuk gS \ rqEgkjs yk[k NksM+us ls Hkh ;g
NwVusokyk ughaA rqe tgk dgha bls NksM+dj tkvksxs] ;g ogha jgsxkA tgk Hkh tkvksxs] rqEgkjk ;g 'kjhj rks
lkFk jgsxk ghA ;g 'kjhj fQj ogk Hkh u;k lalkj clk ysxkA tgk dgha jgsxk] bls Hkw[k yxsxh] Ba<
yxsxh] blds nksLr&nq'eu cusaxs] bZ";kZ&}s"k iSnk gksxkA bl izdkj rqe lalkj dks Lo:ir% NksM+ ugha
ldrsA R;kx dk eryc ;g ugha fd ge fdlh pht dks NksM+dj dgha py nsa A ;fn Hkw[kk vkSj uaxk jgus ls
gh R;kx iwjk gks tkrk rks nqfu;k esa jgusokys yk[kksa Hkw[ks&uaxs lcls cM+s R;kxh gksrsA blfy, bls Lo:i ls
ugha R;kxuk gSA vkneh ds vUnj tc lqfopkj iSnk gksrs gSa] rc foosd }kjk bl lalkj dk R;kx fd;k tkrk
gSA lalkj esa jgrs gq, Hkh rqe bldk R;kx dj ldrs gksA blesa jgus dk iz'u gh D;k\ rqe rks vk, gh gks
lalkj ds fy, vkSj rqEgkjk 'kjhj cuk Hkh gS lalkj ls ghA bls lalkj ls gVk;k ugha tk ldrkA uko ikuh
ds fy, gh cukbZ xbZA ikuh ls gh mldh 'kksHkk gSA tcrd og ikuh esa jgsxh rHkh rd mldh mi;ksfxrk
Hkh gSA gk] uko esa ,d xq.k gksrk gS fd og ikuh esa rSjrh jgrh gSA exj ikuh uko ds vUnj vk;k rks csM+k
xdZA bl izdkj rqEgsa pkfg, fd rqe lalkj esa jgks ij lalkj rqEgkjs vUnj ugha vkus ik,A lalkj dk
eeRo NksM +k tkrk gSA eeRo dks fopkjksa dh kkj ls dkV nksA ;fn foossd }kjk eeRo NksM+ nksxs rks rqE gsa
oSjkX; gksuk dgk tk,xkA foosd dk Qy gksrk gS oSjkX;] D;ksafd tc le> tkvksxs fd lalkj feF;k gS
rc mls vo'; NksM+ nksxsA rqe [kkyh rks cSB ugha ldrs] dqN u dqN deZ vo'; djrs jgksxsA oSjkX; gksus
ds ckn Hkh deksZa ls eqfDr ugha feysxhA
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oSlh fLFkfr esa rqe 'kq) deZ djksxs] uke&ti djksxs] lkku&Hktu djksxsA bu deksZa ls rqEgkjk
eu vkfgLrs&vkfgLrs 'kq) gksrk tk,xkA lkfod n;okyksa ls gh izHkq dk feyu gksrk gSA
fdrkcksa ds i<+us ls dsoy lrgh Kku gksrk gS] okLrfod ughaA ;fn dsoy i<+us&fy[kus ls Kku gks
tkrk rks jko.k ls c<+dj i<+k&fy[kk dkSu Fkk \ blls fl) gksrk gS fd dsoy iksfFk;ksa ls gesa Kku ugha gks
ldrkA okLrfod Kku 'kq) vUr%dj.k gksus ij izkIr gksrk gS 'kq) vUr%dj.k rc curk gS tc vkneh
'kkL=fofgr deksZa dks fu"dke Hkko ls djrk gSA 'kkL= rqEgsa ftu deksZa dks djus dh btktr nsrk gS mUgsa
djksA fdUrq mu deksZa dks djus esa Hkh ,d 'kkZ gS fd mUgsa fu"dke Hkko ls fd;k tk,A yksxksa ds deksZa esa
deh ;gh gks tkrh gS fd os ldke Hkko ls fd, tkrs gSaA ldke Hkko ls fd, gq, dke vkSj lk/kkj.k
etnwjh esa dksb Z varj ugha gksrkA tc etnwjh ys gh yh rks fdlh ds dke dk dksbZ ,glku gekjs ij jgk
ughaA ;fn dksbZ vkneh gekjk dke fcuk etnwjh fy;s gq, fu"dke Hkko ls djrk gS rks mldh rKrk
geij thou Hkj cuh jgrh gSA ;gk vkJeksa esa tks HkDr dke djrs gSa] buds dke vkSj etnwjksa ds dke
ij&ij ls rks ,d ls gh yxrs gSaA etnwj rks Bxh Hkh djrk gSA og ekSdk ikdj cktkj Hkh ?kwe vkrk gS
exj ;s cspkjs rks mlls Hkh x,A etnwj us 'kke dks iSls fy,] tsc esa j[ks] fQj tks eu esa vk;k] fd;kA
flusek ns[kk] yM~Mw [kk;k] 'kjkc Hkh ih yhA fdUrq ;s vkJeokys etnwj rks ,slk dqN Hkh ugha djrsA
ysfdu etnwj dh etnwjh vkSj buds ikfjJfed esa tehu&vkleku dk vUrj gSA budh etnwjh rks vnk
ugha dh tk ldrhA ;s viuh fu"dke lsok ls ekfyd dh iwjh laifk ds gdnkj cu jgs gSaA ;s oLrqr %
/khjs&/khjs ;gk ds ekfyd gh cu jgs gSaA buesa Hkh og grHkkxh gh gksrk gS tks ekewyh&ekewyh lh [okfg'k
iSnk djds vius egku~ /ku dks xok cSBrk gSA ek;k dk dke gh gS fd og rqEgsa jkLrs ls fopfyr dj nsrh
gSA rqe tgk py jgs gks] ogk ls gVkdj nwljh vksj dj nsrh gSA blhfy, djuk ;g gS fd rqEgsa vius deksZa
esa fu"dke Hkko ykuk gSA blesa cM+h lko/kkuh cjruh gS] D;ksafd cgqr ls yksx rqEgkjh Hkkouk dks
fcxkM+usokys cu tkrs gSaA
rqe dqN u dqN 'kqHk deZ djrs t:j gksA iwtk&ikB] ti&ri djrs jgrs gks] fdUrq mlds cnys esa
dqN ekx Hkh ysrs gksA eafnj esa x,] nks iSls ds crkls p<+k, vkSj ojnku ekx fy;k fd tokgjyky ls Hkh
c<+dj yM+dk iSnk gksA ;g pkj lkS chlh ugha rks D;k gS \ ojnku ekxk fd gesa ,slh lqanj nwYgu feys tks
LoxZ dh ijh ls Hkh c<+dj gksA bl izdkj rqe Hkxoku ls Hkh lkSnk djrs gksA ;fn iwtk djus ds ckn
euksjFk iwjk ugha gqvk rks :B tkrs gks] xqLls ls Hkj tkrs gksA rqEgkjh dkeuk rks ;gh gS fd tSlk /kzqo]
izg~ykn vkSj nzkSinh ds fy, gqvk oSlk gh rqEgkjs fy, Hkh gksA dgrs gks fd gs Hkxoku] ge xjhc gSaA rqe
xjhc dgk gks \ xjhc vius ls cM+s ds lkeus gh gks] NksVksa ds vkxs rks ck?k gksA cM+ksa ls dgrs gks & ^egkjkt]
tks gqDe nsa]* fdUrq NksVksa ds lkeus 'ksj cu tkrs gksA ;fn og fcuk ekFkk Vsds fudy tk, rks rqEgkjk o'k
pys rks mls 'kki nsdj HkLe Hkh dj MkyksA NksM+ks bu ckrksa dksA 'kkL=ksa dk QSlyk gS fd Hkxoku dks Hktks
ij cnys esa Hkxoku ls Hkxoku dks gh ekxksA cnys esa vkSj dqN Hkh er pkgksA nqfu;k dh dksbZ pht ekxdj
D;k djksxsA lq[k&nq[k rks rqEgsa ftruk feyuk gS feysxk ghA rq Egkjs iSnk gksus ls igys gh rqEgkjk izkjC/k
cu pqdk gSA mls rks gksuk gh gS] og vo'; Hkksxuk gSA
gesa rks ,slk djuk pkfg, fd ekfyd dh dksbZ ,d pht ugha] mldh iwjh ekyfd;r gh gesa izkIr
gks tk,A tSls] ge rqEgkjs ;gk vk, gSaA gekjs lkeus ;g 'kh'kk iM+k gqv k gSA eu esa pkg gksrh gS fd ;g 'kh'kk
fey tk,A rks] blds fy, ge 'kh'ks ds ekfyd dks gh viuk D;ksa u cuk ysa ftlls fd 'kh'ks ds vykok
mldh lkjh phtksa ij gh gekjk vf/kdkj gks tk,A fcuk ekfyd dks viuk, ;fn 'kh'kk gfFk;kus dh
dksf'k'k dh xbZ rks naM dk Hkkxh gksuk gksxkA blh izdkj l`f"V dh phtsa pkgrs gks rks l`f"VdkkZ dks gh
viuk cuk yks rc dqy lalkj rqEgkjk cu tk,xk &
vius ets dh [kkfrj xqy NksM+ fn, tc A #&,&teha ds xqy'ku esjs gh cu x, lc AA
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lg l`f"V rqEgkjh gh rks gS] rqEgkjs fy, gh rks cuh gSA rqe bls viuk cukus ds ;ksx; cuksA firk tSlk
pkgrk gS] mldh bPNk ds vuq:i cuksA firk ds eu ds eqrkfcd cuksxs rks firk dh dqy laifk ds
gdnkj Lor% gks tkvksxsA yksx dgrs gSa fd Hktu djsaxsA Hktu vkf[kj gS D;k \
xqe dj ns vius vki dks viuk irk yxs A vius rbZa Hkqyk ns cl gks x;k Hktu AA
rqEgkjs vanj tks vgaHkko gS mls [kRe dj nksA geus igys gh dgk fd tc n; 'kq) vkSj lkfod
cusxk rHkh Kku dk mn; gksxk vkSj mlh Kku ls vga feVsxkA n; lkfod rc gksxk tc rqe lkjs deksZa
dks fu"dke Hkko ls djksxsA tks Hkh djks] og igys gh izHkq ds pj.kksa esa vfiZr dj nks rHkh og izHkq rqEgkjs
fy, tks mfpr le>sxk mls djsxkA rqe ugha tkurs fd rqEgkjk fgr fdlesa gSA dksbZ cPpk tc vaxkj
ns[krk gS rks mls idM+us ds fy, >V viuk gkFk c<+k nsrk gSA ek mls idM+us ugha nsrh] Nwus ugha nsrhA cPps
dks irk ugha] exj ek rks vkx dk xq.k tkurh gSA mlh rjg rqe lalkj dh phtsa ekxrs jgrs gks] exj og
izHkq rqEgkjs fy, tks mi;qDr gksxk mls gh rqEgsa nsxkA cPps ds jksus&fpYykus ls ek mls vkx ugha idM+us
nsrhA blh izdkj Hkxoku tkurk gS fd veqd pht ls rqEgkjk uqdlku gksxk vkSj veqd ls Qk;nkA rqEgkjs
yk[k jksus&/kksus ls Hkh og rqEgsa uqdlkunsg pht ugha ns ldrkA
ek dkyh ds njokts ij cSBdj dksbZ HkDr viuk euksjFk iwjk dj nsus ds fy, muds pj.kksa esa
viuh thHk dkVdj vfiZr djus pyrk gSA ;fn og viuk flj Hkh dkV ns rks mlls D;k gksus tkus dks gS \
csodwQksa us ;g izpkj Hkh dj j[kk gS fd ,d thHk dVsxh rks mldh txg u;h thHk fudy vk;sxhA vjs]
,slk fdlds lkFk gksrk gS \ tks vuU; HkDr gksrk gS mlh dh thHk dVdj tqV ldrh gSA ftlus viuk
loZLo ek dks vfiZr dj fn;k gS] ftlds fny esa ek ds vykok dqN jg gh ugha x;k gS] tks b"V ij gj iy
dqckZu gksus dk ne j[krk gS] oSlk vuU; HkDr flj D;k] ;fn ds'k Hkh dkVsxk rks og tqV tk,xkA pkj
lkS chlh djusokyksa dh thHk FkksM+s gh tqVsxh \ ftuds vUnj dqN vkSj ckgj dqN gS] mudk dqN ugha
cusxkA bl izdkj rqEgsa dke lc djuk gS exj Qy dh bPNk ugha j[kuh gSA lHkh deksZa dk Qy Hkxoku
dks gh vfiZr dj nsuk gSA
vius fny esa Hkxoku dks ykus ds fy, xq# /kkj.k fd;k tkrk gS] ea= fy;k tkrk gSA blds fy,
izf;k, rks dbZ gSa & deZdk.M] HkfDr] ;ksx] Kku vkfnA rqEgkjs fy, mfpr lk/ku gS xq#HkfDrA blh ds
ek/;e ls rqEgsa ijekRek dk lk{kkRdkj djuk gSA xq# dh HkfDr dSlh djuh gksxh\ bls le>kus ds
fy, rqEgsa ;gk dqN le; nsuk gksxkA rqe rks le; nsrs ugha vkSj igys gh ukS lkS lansg djus yxrs gks fd xq#
Hkh rks vkneh gh gksrs gSaA vkneh dh iwtk djus ls D;k ykHk \ vjs] vkneh dh iwtk ugha djksxs rks iRFkj]
feh] isM+ dh iwtk djksxs \ vkf[kj fdlh dh iwtk rks djksxsA eafnj dh ewfkZ Hkh rks iRFkj dh gh gksrh gSA
vHkh rks mls ipkl #i;ksa esa cktkj ls [kjhn yk;s gks ysfdu mls ykdj rqe igys gh iwtk djuk 'kq# ugha
djrsA lcls igys rqe iwtk ds }kjk mlesa izk.kksa dk lapkj djrs gksA fcuk izk.k izfr"Bk djk;s rks og
iRFkj gh gSA tcrd nwdkuksa esa Fkh rks ogk mls dkSu iwNrk FkkA ogk rks yksx mlds flj ij p<+dj lkeku
mrkjrs FksA rqe rks ;gk mldh iwtk izR;{k Hkxoku ekudj gh djrs gksA ,sls cso dwQksa dh deh ugha tks
rqEgkjh bl Hkkouk dks cqrijLrh ekurs gSa] iRFkjiwtk ekurs gSa] rqEgkjs fy, rks og ewfkZ rqEgkjk b"V gS]
iRFkj ughaA blh izdkj rqe >wB dgrs gks fd rqe xq# dks ugha ekursA rqEgkjh bZ'ojHkkouk vkneh dh
vis{kk lqxerkiwoZd vkSj fdlh pht esa gks gh ugha ldrhA vHkh dh fLFkfr esa rqEgkjh cqf) LFkwy ls Hkh
LFkwy gks xbZ gSA rqe ekufld iwtk ;k ;ksxkfn f;kvksa ds ;ksX; gks ughaA roKku dh /kkj.kk ds ;ksX; Hkh
rqEgkjh cqf) ugha gSA

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blhfy, egkiq#"kksa us rqEgkjs fy, xq#HkfDr dk lqxe vkSj lgt ekxZ fu/kkZfjr fd;k x;k gSA ;g
ekxZ Hkh dksbZ vkt dk ugha] ;g rks lukru izf;k gSA leLr egkiq#"k mlh jkLrs ls xqtjs gSaA rqEgkjh
/kkj.kk dks bZ'oje; cukus] rqEgkjh n; dks fueZy vkSj ;ksX; dj nsus ds fy, xq#HkfDr ljyre
lkku gSA rqe xq# dks nsg/kkjh ekudj ugha iwtrs rqe mls ijes'oj dk gh izrhd ekurs gksA rqEgkjk eu
xq# ds LFkwy 'kjhj dh lsok&HkfDr ds }kjk gh lw{e gksrk tk,xkA ,d le; ,slk vk;sxk tc ;ksX;
le>dj rqEgkjk xq# rqEgsa lw{e mikluk esa izo`k djsxkA vHkh rks vVwV fu"Bk ls lsok djuh gSA
geesa vkSj i'kqvksa esa D;k QdZ gS \ vius izkjC/k dk Qy Hkksxus rks i'kq Hkh vk, gSaA bl n`f"V ls
vkneh vkSj i'kq nksuksa gh ijo'k gSaA gk] ,d varj gS fd vkneh vius izk jC/k Hkksxrs gq, u, izkjC/kksa dh
jpuk dj Mkyrk gS vkSj i'kq u;k izkjC/k ugha cuk ldrsA os flQZ vius izkjC/k dk Qy Hkksxus vk;s gSaA
vkneh deksZa ds u, laLdkj tek Hkh djrs tkrs gSaA deZ rhu izdkj ds gksrs gSa& lafpr] izkjC/k vkSj
f;ek.kA lafpr deZ Kku ds }kjk u"V fd;k tk ldrk gS vkSj izkjC/k Hkksxdj [kRe fd;k tkrk gSA
lsok vkSj mikluk ds }kjk ;fn f;ek.k deZ ds Qy dks b"V ds pj.kksa esa vfiZr dj fn;k tk, rks og Hkh
[kRe gks tkrk gSA bl izdkj rhuksa deksZa ds ca/ku rksM+s tk ldrs gSaA
rqe dgrs gks fd HkfDr&lsok ls D;k Qk;nk gksus dks gS \ rqe vHkh Bhd ls le>s gh ughaA ,d
NksVh lh chekjh gksrh gS rks mls nwj djus ds fy, MkWDVjksa dh ukS lkS [kq'kken djrs gksA ;gk rks
tUe&tUekarj ds laLdkjksa us rqEgkjs fny&fnekx dks #X.k cuk fn;k gSA ;fn rqEgkjh HkfDr&lsok ds
laLdkj rqEgkjs fny esa n`<+rk ls lafpr gks tk, rks os dqy v'kqHk laLdkjksa dks u"V dj ldrs gSaA ;gk
njckj ds lRlax esa rqEgkjs tUe ysus ds cht dks gh [kRe dj nsus dh ;qfDr crkbZ tkrh gSA deh rks
lcesa gSA tho curk gh ugha ;fn deh ugha gksrhA viuh dfe;ksa ls ?kcjkvks erA gk deh dks deh eku
tkvksA eku tkvksxs rks mUgsa gVkus dh dksf'k'k djksxsA ,d&,d deh gVkuk 'kq# dj nks rks nsork cu
tkvksA blh izdkj ,d&,d deh ykuk 'kq# dj nks rks ,d fnu jk{kl cu tkvksA vc lksp yks fd rqEgsa
D;k djuk gSA
vius vkgkj&fogkj dks lkfod cukrs tkvks vU;Fkk reksxq.kh fxtk rqEgkjh cqf) dks rkelh cuk
nsxh vkSj rqEgkjk var%dj.k efyu gks tk,xkA tSls gh rqEgkjh cqf) reksxq.kh gksxh og rqEgsa lalkj dh vksj
izo`k djus yxsxh] rqEgsa lkfod deksZa ls gVkus yxsxhA nqfu;k dh rjQ izo`k gksdj rqe Hkh"k.k ls
Hkh"k.k deZ djksxs] fnukuqfnu fxjrs tkvksxs vkSj ;ksfu&;ksfu esa HkVdrs pyksxsA vHkh rks vkneh cus gks]
fQj i'kq cuksxs] i'kq ls isM+] isM+ ls fxjdj iRFkj vkSj iRFkj ls Hkh igkM+ cu tkvksxsA fQj cSBs jguk
dYiHkjA
t;xq#] vk'khokZnA

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