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PICA07 COMBUSTION IN ENGINES PART A(10X1=10MARKS and 5X2=10 MARKS) 1.

A liquid is in equilibrium with its vapour at its boiling point. On an average molecules in two phase will have equal a) Intermolecular forces b) Potential energy

c) Kinetic energy energy

d)Both potential energy and kinetic

2. If a system loses 250 kJ of heat at the same time that it is doing 500 kJ of work, what is the change in the internal energy of the system? a) 250 KJ c) -250 KJ b) 750KJ d) -750KJ

3. Compared to the rate of inorganic reactions, the rate of organic reactions generally is a) Slower because organic particles are ions organic particles contain covalent bonds c)Ffaster because organic particles are ions particles contain covalent bonds 4. Which compound is a saturated hydrocarbon? a) ethane c) ethyne 5. Combustion in compression ignition engine is a) Homogeneous b) Heterogeneous b) ethene d) ethanol d)Faster because organic b) Slower because

c) Laminar 6. Crankcase explosion in I.C engines occurs as a)mild explosion then bigexplosion by mild c)Both big and mild

d)Turbulent

b)Big explosion followed

d)Never occurs

7. The air fuel ratio of petrol engine is controlled by a) Fuel pump c) Carburettor 8. Diesel fuel compared to petrol is a)Less difficult to ignite b)Equal difficult to ignite b)Governor d) Injector

c)More difficult to ignite

d)Highly ignitable

9. Hydrogen gas is a promising alternative fuel, How many molecules are present in 1 kg of hydrogen gas. a)3.0x1023 c) 6.0x1023 b) 3.0x1026 d)63.0x1026

10.The combustion process for an effective fossil fuel must have an activation energy that is neither too high nor too low. Why is it problematic if the combustion has a very low activation energy?

a) The fuel will evaporate too easily easily c)Produce green house gases amount of energy. 11.Define stochiometric ratio. 12.State law of mass action.

b) The fuel will ignite too d) Will not release useful

13.What is meant by Knockins? 14.Define pre ignition. 15.What is HCCI? PART B (5X6= 30 MARKS) 16.Explain first and second law of thermodynamics in combustion. 17.Write brief notes on mass action and activation energy. 18.Explain with neat sketch pressure crank angle diagram. 19.List out various design considerations of combustion chambers. 20.Explain with neat sketch air-assisted engine.

PART C (5X10=50 MARKS) 21.(a) Explain briefly various theories of combustion. (or) (b) What is theoretical flame temperature .Explain? 22.(a) Explain chain reaction in combustion. (or) (b)Discuss briefly consecutive reaction. 23.(a) Explain various stages of combustion in C.I engine. (or) (b) Explain direct and indirect injection systems. 24.(a) Explain various normal and abnormal combustion in S.I engine. (or) (b) Explain stratified charge combustion system. 25.(a) Discuss briefly on alternate fuel combustion. (or) (b) Discuss on combustion modeling fundamentals.