ESwitching Practice Final Exam - CCNA Exploration: LAN Switching and Wireless (Version 4.

0) ESwitching Practice Final Exam - CCNA Exploration: LAN Switching and Wireless (Version 4.0) 1 A network technician is evaluating the desirable features of both access and distribution layer switches. Which two features are common to switches at these two layers? (Choose two.) QoS *** PoE port security link aggregation*** application based filtering 2 Refer to the exhibit. An administrator documented the output of a CAM table from an Ethernet switch as shown. What action will the switch take when it receives the frame shown at the bottom of the exhibit? discard the frame forward the frame out port 2 forward the frame out port 3 forward the frame out all ports forward the frame out all ports except port 3 *** add station 00-00-3D-1F-11-05 to port 2 in the forwarding table 3 A switch that is using port-based memory buffering receives two incoming frames on the same port. The destination port for the first frame that is received is busy. How will the switch handle the second frame that it received? The second frame will have to wait to be delivered even if its destination port is available.*** The second frame will be delivered to the memory buffer for its destination port. The second frame will be placed in a common memory buffer to await delivery. The second frame will be dropped. 4 Refer to the exhibit. Hosts A and B attempt to transmit a frame at the same time and a collision occurs. When will host D be able to transmit? immediately*** after sending its jam signal after host A and host B have completed transmission after the jam signal clears and its backoff delay expires 5 Where is the information of newly created VLANs stored on a switch? CPU flash*** NVRAM RAM

6 Which three statements are correct concerning the default configuration of a new switch? (Choose three. Configure the Fa0/1 interface of the switch to allow all VLANs. All switch ports are assigned to VLAN1. **** 8 Refer to the exhibit. Enable password is configured as cisco. but none set" message when attempting to connect to S1. What is the most likely cause of this problem? The SSH version number is wrong. but PC1 is unable to remotely manage the switch.*** VLAN1 is configured with a management IP address. SSH has been configured on the wrong line. Configure a default gateway on the switch. S1 does not have a password configured for the vty lines. *** The flash directory contains the IOS image.) Spanning Tree Protocol is disabled. The Telnet connections fail.*** Configure the native VLAN on the switch. What is the problem? The enable secret password was not set. 9 Refer to the exhibit. S1 does not have login configured on the vty lines. Which command should the administrator issue? Switch1# copy startup-config flash:filename Switch1# copy running-config startup-config*** Switch1# copy startup-config running-config Switch1# copy flash:config. How can this problem be resolved? Configure the Fa0/1 interface of the switch in trunk mode. The network administrator enters the configuration shown to allow both SSH and Telnet connections to the switch. *** The enable password is used if the enable secret password is not set. 10 A network administrator needs to save the configuration file currently in RAM to NVRAM before rebooting the switch.*** The enable password command is more secure than the enable secret command.txt running-config 11 Which three statements are correct regarding passwords configured on a switch? (Choose three. The VLAN1 interface has not be enabled with the no shutdown command. All interfaces are set to auto-negotiation of speed and duplex. The switch VTY lines have been properly configured. Telnet and SSH cannot be configured simultaneously. The transport input command is configured incorrectly.*** 7 Refer to the exhibit. After entering the commands in the exhibit. the administrator receives a "password required. The service password-encryption command is entered in global configuration .) A different password can be set on each vty line. *** The crypto key is not properly configured to generate passwords.

nondesignated ports *** root ports. but is sending and receiving data. An error message is displayed. nondesignated ports. root bridge. designated ports 17 Refer to the exhibit.ba27 reaches switch port 0/5? The frame is dropped. root ports.mode and only encrypts global configuration mode passwords. designated ports. root ports. root bridge root bridge. What does “LEARNING” mean as it relates to the Spanning Tree Protocol? The switch is sending and receiving data frames. what should be configured before issuing the crypto key generate rsa command? the security domain name the VTP domain name the IP domain name *** the host name 14 How does Spanning Tree Protocol aid network architecture? allows for redundant links by eliminating loops*** provides greater scalability by eliminating collisions reduces switch processor load by reducing broadcast traffic on trunk links reduces administrative overhead by sharing VLAN databases between switches across the network 15 Which type of frame contains information that is used in the election of the spanning tree root bridge? BID LSA LSU BPDU *** 16 What is the correct order in which the STP components are chosen? designated ports. root ports nondesignated ports. 13 When configuring a router to act as an SSH server. *** 18 What can an administrator do to ensure that a specific switch will win a root election if all switches are set to their default configurations? Set the bridge priority to 16384. *** The service password-encryption command applies encryption to all passwords normally displayed in plain text by the show running-config command. nondesignated ports. but not sending data. The switch is not receiving BPDUs. root bridge. FastEthernet port 0/5 will show an err-disabled message. designated ports. What happens when a frame from a source MAC address different from 00a8. *** . The switch is participating in the election process by forwarding the BPDUs it receives. 12 Refer to the exhibit. The switch is receiving BPDUs and populating the MAC address table.*** The port is shut down.d2e4.

It is calculated based on the sum of the port cost value. Configure a loopback interface with the highest IP address. computer D. 19 Refer to the exhibit. computer C. *** The cost represents the numeric value for the fastest path from SW1 to the root switch.Change the VTP mode to server. Which devices will see the broadcast? computer B computer B and Router1 computer C and Router1 *** computer B. SW1 connects via a FastEthernet link to an upstream switch that in turn is directly connected to the root switch via a Gigabit Ethernet link. for each switch port along a given path. It is calculated based on the bridge priority of the switches along a given path. *** 21 Refer to the exhibit. computer D. Both switches are configured with default bridge priority. The root switch is advertising a cost of 38. computer E and Router1 computer A. computer E and Router1 .) SW1 connects via two FastEthernet links to reach the root switch. which is lower than any other switch that participates in the VLAN0001 spanning-tree domain. It is calculated based on the utilization of all the switches along a given path. determined by link speed. computer E and Router1 computer B. computer C. Assuming the bridge priority values are set to default on all switches. SW1 is a 2960 switch with default values assigned. which is closer to the root switch. SW1 adds the cost of a FastEthernet link to 38 to determine the total cost that is required to reach the root switch. Which port will act as the STP root port if all links are operating at the same bandwidth? Fa0/1 interface of S1 Fa0/2 interface of S1*** Fa0/1 interface of S2 Fa0/2 interface of S2 20 Which statement correctly describes the spanning-tree path cost? It is calculated based on the total number of switches connected in a loop. computer D. Computer A sends a broadcast message.*** A cost of 38 is the value that is being advertised out port 26 on the upstream switch. Assign a port priority of 128 for all ports on the switch. which switch will be elected as the root bridge of the spanning tree topology? Cat-A *** Cat-B Cat-C Cat-D 22 Refer to the exhibit. 23 Refer to the exhibit. Which two statements are true about what the cost value of 38 represents for SW1? (Choose two. computer B.

*** A router is required to forward traffic between Host1 and Host2. The no shutdown command was not issued on these ports.*** RTB does not have an active routing protocol.24 Refer to the exhibit.) The ports have been configured as trunks. Which IP address should be assigned to this new host? 172.68 /27 172. The IP address of computer B is in the wrong logical network. and ports Fa0/11 and Fa0/12 do not show in the command output? (Choose two. The hosts are configured on different logical networks. The ports currently do not have any devices plugged into them.*** The switch IP address is on the wrong subnet.99 /28 172.16.16.10.110 /27 *** 172. 28 Refer to the exhibit.16. 25 Refer to the exhibit. Router interface Fa0/1 has the wrong trunk encapsulation type configured.30.96 /27 172. The host default gateway addresses must be on the same logical network. Only the native VLAN will be allowed across the trunk. The switches will negotiate via VTP which VLANs to allow across the trunk.146 /27 26 What is the purpose of the switch command switchport access vlan 99? to enable port security to make the port operational to assign the port to a particular VLAN *** to designate the VLAN that does not get tagged to assign the port to the native VLAN (VLAN 99) 27 Refer to the exhibit. A new host needs to be connected to VLAN 20. *** The ports have been assigned to the native VLAN. What three statements describe why Host1 and Host2 are unable to communicate? (Choose three.16.16.*** The VLAN port assignments must be contiguous for each VLAN.120 /28 172. What is a possible cause of this failure? Port Fa0/11 is in the wrong VLAN.10.30.) The switch ports are on different VLANs. 30 . A network administrator issues the command shown on Switch1.*** Only VLAN 1 will be allowed across the trunk. RTB can ping computer A but cannot ping computer B.30. RTB is configured for traditional inter-VLAN routing.16. *** The VLAN that they are assigned to has been deleted. 29 What VLANs are allowed across a trunk when the range of allowed VLANs is set to the default value? All VLANs will be allowed across the trunk.10. What are two possible reasons that ports Fa0/1 through Fa0/4.

The network administrator configures both switches as displayed. . The router will forward the packet out interface FastEthernet 0/1. *** They will be tagged with VLAN ID 1. host C is unable to ping host D and host E is unable to ping host F.1. They will be tagged with the trunk Port VLAN ID.168. The router will forward the packet out interface FastEthernet 0/1. A network administrator needs to implement inter-VLAN routing on a hierarchical network. On which devices should the inter-VLAN routing be configured? AS1 and AS2 DS1 and DS2*** Gateway and CS1 Gateway. and DS2 33 Refer to the exhibit. Which statement is true regarding the information shown? Only one VLAN is currently configured to use the trunk links.85.3. CS1.1. Which statement is true about the frames traveling between host A and host B? They will travel untagged.Refer to the exhibit.3.2 and interface FastEthernet 0/1. The switch negotiated trunk links for interfaces Fa0/1 and Gi0/1. The hosts that are connected to switch 101-2FL are not able to communicate with the hosts in their corresponding VLANs that are connected to switch 101-3FL. DS1.168. *** The router will forward the packet out interface FastEthernet 0/1. Remove the native VLAN from the trunk. 35 Refer to the exhibit. *** 31 Refer to the exhibit. What action should the administrator take to enable this communication? Include a router in the topology. Router RA receives a packet with a source address of 192.1. Interfaces Gi0/1 and Fa0/1 are allowed to carry data from multiple VLANs. The router will forward the packet out interface FastEthernet 0/1. Both switches are configured as displayed and the native VLAN is the default. 34 Refer to the exhibit. A Cisco proprietary protocol is in use for interfaces Fa0/1 and Gi0/1. The switches have been configured as shown. However.35 and a destination address of 192. Associate hosts A and B with VLAN 10 instead of VLAN 1. Utilize the switchport trunk allowed vlan all command on switch 101-3FL to permit the VLAN traffic.2. Apply IP addresses that are in the same subnet to the interfaces that are used to connect switches 101-2FL and 101-3FL. They will be tagged with the highest VLAN ID. *** Introduce a Layer 3 device or a switch with Layer 3 capability into the topology. 32 Refer to the exhibit. What will the router do with this packet? The router will drop the packet. What should be done to fix the problem? Configure port Fa0/2 on switch 101-3FL as a static trunk link.

the switch. but no VLANs have been configured to use it. Because the router does not support Dynamic Trunking Protocol. Router R-West and switch S-West1 are connected via a single ethernet cable between the router interface fa0/0 and the switch interface fa0/1. This switch has established two-way communication with the neighboring devices. This switch will drop all VTP advertisements that come from the switches that are configured in the same VTP domain.*** SW1 will send untagged traffic to all VLANs that are configured on the trunk. What is the cause of the "not-trunking" status for switch port Fa0/1? The trunk is established. 40 Refer to the exhibit.Configure one trunk port in the dynamic desirable mode. 38 Refer to the exhibit. *** The router is missing the dynamic trunking protocol statements necessary to form a trunk. The router. This switch is configured to advertise its VLAN configuration to other VTPenabled switches in the same VTP domain. Which configuration change can be made to correct the problem with the trunk link? Set the Fa0/1 interface on Switch2 to trunk mode. *** This switch will cause no disruption in the VTP domain operations if the rest of the switches in the same VTP domain have a higher configuration revision number. the trunk has not been established.) A new VLAN can be added to Switch1 and that information will be added only to . The network administrator enters the show interfaces trunk command and receives the output as shown. or both must be configured with the dynamic desirable option for Dynamic Trunking Protocol to establish a trunk. After receiving a console notification on Switch2. 37 Refer to the exhibit.1q trunk is successfully established. The router and switch have been configured with the commands that are displayed in the exhibit. 36 Refer to the exhibit. SW1 will send all untagged traffic to VLAN 1. The switches are configured for VTP as shown. 39 Refer to the exhibit. Which two statements correctly describe the operation of these switches? (Choose two. Which two facts can be confirmed by this output? (Choose two. Change the trunk encapsulation on Switch2 Fa0/1 to dot1q. How does switch SW1 handle the untagged traffic that is destined for the trunk? SW1 will drop all untagged traffic. Change the native VLAN on Switch2 interface Fa0/1 to VLAN 100.*** Change the access mode VLAN on Switch2 to the default VLAN 1. *** Add the switchport nonegotiate command to the configuration of S2. The commands are entered into switch SW1 as shown. the network administrator begins to troubleshoot the trunk link between Switch1 and Switch2. SW1 will send all untagged traffic to VLAN 25.) This switch shows no configuration revision errors. and an 802.

41 Refer to the exhibit. What are valid considerations for reliability and administration? Using server mode on a single master switch and client mode on all other switches will provide the most fault tolerance for retaining VLAN information in all switches if power is lost on the network. A new VLAN can be added to Switch4 and that information will be added to Switch1. A new VLAN can be added to Switch3 and that information will be added to Switch1. A new VLAN can be added to Switch1 and that information will be added to Switch2 and Switch4. and Switch4. Switch1 is configured for VTP as shown. On the basis of the show running-config output that is provided.Switch2. None of the configured VLANs on SW1 and SW2 are present on SW3. What will be pruned in the VTP advertisements from switch ST-C to switch ST1? VLAN 30 VLAN 20 and VLAN 30 VLAN 1. The switches in the exhibit have VTP pruning enabled. Switches SW3 and SW4 are brand new switches with default configurations. *** Configuring one primary and one backup switch in server mode and all other switches in transparent mode will provide fault tolerance for the VLAN data and allow for efficient distribution of the VLAN configurations to all switches. Which of the four switches will successfully receive and install VTP updates from Switch1? Option 4 45 Refer to the exhibit. Switch2. Using transparent mode on all switches will allow for efficient administration and prevent VLAN data loss from the loss of any single switch. The VTP domain has been configured as shown in the exhibit. VLAN 20. *** An existing VLAN can be deleted from Switch4 and that VLAN will be deleted from Switch1 and Switch2. and Switch3. An administrator connects four switches to Switch1 and configures trunk links between them. and VLAN 31 through VLAN 1000 *** 42 Refer to the exhibit. 44 Refer to the exhibit. The links between the switches are configured as trunk links and all VLANs are allowed on the trunks. Configuring several switches in server mode will allow all VLANs to be entered from a single switch and preserve VLAN data if any of the switches or connections are lost. . *** An existing VLAN can be deleted from Switch2 and that VLAN will be deleted from Switch1 and Switch4. which VLANs will be available on SW3 and SW4? Option 2 43 A network administrator is implementing VTP in a large campus LAN that contains one hundred switches. Switch2. and VLAN 30 VLAN 2 through VLAN 29.

and 802. However.11 frame encapsulation format to the 802. what does the Network Mode option Mixed mean? The router supports encryption and authentication. *** The router supports connectivity through infrared and radio frequencies. The router supports 802. *** Reposition the APs so that each area of signal strength overlaps the neighbor by at least 10-15%. the devices lose connectivity when the users roam. An AP is a layer 2 device. Use the same BSSID address for each AP. Reconfigure the VTP server as a VTP client and then return to VTP server mode to reset the configuration revision number. that provides dedicated bandwidth to each connected wireless host. *** Reconfigure all switches as VTP clients to synchronize the VLAN database information.11b.) An AP converts the TCP/IP data packets from their 802. similar to a switch.11n devices. Reconfigure the VTP password to be consistent on all VTP switches. 50 Refer to the exhibit. 802.3 Ethernet frame format on the wired Ethernet network. 46 Which device must be installed in each computer to allow a wireless connection to be established? DSL modem wireless NIC *** wireless router wireless access point 47 Which two statements are correct about wireless infrastructure components? (Choose two. Collisions do not occur between wireless NICs and APs. .11g. *** A wireless AP does not require any physical connection to allow wireless clients to access the Internet. The router supports both wired and wireless connections. How can this problem be fixed? Assign different SSIDs to each AP. In the Wireless menu option of a Linksys integrated router. The design goal was to allow roaming between the three APs for handheld devices. *** 48 Which parameter is associated with wireless authentication? shared key *** SSID ad hoc channel 49 Refer to the graphic. Reconfigure all APs to the same channel. The wireless router performs the roles of AP and router.What should be done to remedy the problem? Reconfigure switches SW2 and SW3 in VTP transparent mode. A wireless infrastructure has been established in a company building as shown.

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