Curved Steel I-Girder Bridge

Bridging Your Innovations to Realities

midas Civil

Bridging Your Innovations to Realities

Overview
1. The bridge geometry is made.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Materials and sections are defined. Geometry is made from scratch. Crossbeam/ diaphragm modeling. Boundary conditions are applied. Loading is applied. (Self weight and SIDL)

2.

Live Loads are applied as per AASHTO LRFD.
1. 2. Two lanes is defined. The lane can carry vehicles in both directions.

3.

Analysis
1. 2. Response Spectrum Live load

3

midas Civil

Bridging Your Innovations to Realities

1. Introduction

30 ft 200 ft

8 in

6 ft

32 ft 1.5 ft
4

midas Civil

Bridging Your Innovations to Realities

1. Introduction

• FEA Modeling of Steel Bridges
1. Beam Element (Composite Section)

2. Beam & Plate Elements

3. Plate Elements

5

4. Select C5000 (for pier and pier table). 12. Materials Properties> Material > Add 1 Steel: 2 3 5 6 7 1. Select ASTM(RC) under Concrete Standard. Select Concrete under type of design. Select Steel under type of design. Enter Name as Crossbeams. Select A709-50W type from DB. Set Weight density as Zero. Concrete for Crossbeam: 9. Select C5000 from DB. 7. 8. Click OK. Select ASTM09(S) under Steel Standard. 3. 6 . 2. Concrete: 5. 8 11. Click Apply. Click Apply. 6.midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 2. then Standard as None. 4 10.

Click Change Offset 5. OK 7. Select User 3.midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 3. OK 5 3 6 4 7 7 . Select Center-Top 6. Select I-section 2. Plug in dimensions as provided 4. Sections Properties > Section > Add > select DB/User tab 1.

5. as W16X45 from DB. 4. Select AISC(US) under Steel Standard. Click Apply 6 8 . Select ‘I-Section’. Select BD/User tab. Enter name Diaphragm.midas Civil Steel Composite Girder Ramp Bridging Your Innovations to Realities Sections 1 3 2 4 Properties > Section > Add > DB/User Diaphragm: 1. 5 6. 2. and ‘DB’ 3. Change Offset to Center –Top.

11. Select ‘Angle Section’. Select DB/User tab. 4. and ‘DB’. 8. Click OK. Select DB/User tab. Name as Pier Cap Center. 9. Select User. 12. 17. Enter name as Pier. Pier : 7. Pier Cap Center: 13. Set Offset as Center –Top. Sections 1 2 3 4 10 9 Properties> Section > Add 7 8 Bracing: 1. 14.midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 3. 16.4X4X3/8 from DB. Select ‘Solid Round’. Enter name as Bracing. Set Offset as Center-Center. 6. 3. Click Apply. Select AISC(US) under Steel Standard. Enter Diameter as 72 in. Enter H as 72” and B as 72”. 11 5. and L. Click Apply. 9 . 5 6 12 10. 15. 2. Select ‘Solid Rectangle’.

Apply y and z axis variation for linear. 5. Select Tapered Section Tab. 10 .midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 3. Enter name as Dummy Crossbeams. Select User. Click OK. 7. 3. 4. Set Offset as Center-Bottom. Enter values for i and j . Click Apply Repeat above step s again for the other end of cap(P_R) (i and j end interchanged) Dummy Crossbeams: 1. 4. 2. Set Offset Center Top. (Note: Thickness of beam = deck thickness) 6. Select DB/User tab. 6. Sections Define Tapered Section properties (For Pier Cap) Properties> Section 1 2 3 4 Add Section Pier Cap: (P_L) 1. Enter name as P_L for left end. 2.Select Solid Rectangle 3. 7. 5 6 7 5. Select Solid Rectangle section for the ends of Pier Cap. Enter the H as 8 “ and B as 60”.

midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 3. OK 5 6 7 11 . Sections 1 2 3 4 Properties > Thickness 1. Check Plate offset 3. In-plane & Out-of-plane: 8 in 2. Value: 4 in 4.

0. Node/Element > Nodes > Create nodes.30. Modeling 1. Select all by clicking and translate (Nodes>Translate) along Y axis to make the nodes for edge girders 1 2 3 4 12 . Create nodes at (0.midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 4. Create node at (100. 2.0) and copy once.0) 3.

Modeling 1.30º.midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 4. 2. Rotate nodes at abutment 1 (left side)by 30 º first. 1 2 13 . Then abutment 2 (right side) by . Node/Element > Nodes > Rotate Nodes.

Click in field P1 and then click on nodes from left to right (like nodes 1. Repeat for the other four girders.midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 4. Modeling 1. Node/Element > Elements > Create Line Elements on Curve. 3) 2. Enter 40 for Number of Segments. 2. 1 14 . Create Line Elements on Curve by using Arc by 3 Points methods.

midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 4. The nodes should remain in place 1 1 15 . 2. Modeling 1. be aware that only beams elements should be selected not any nodes Hit Delete key from your keyboard. Select beam element of two exterior girders.

4. Modeling 1. 2. Repeat Step 1 for every 4th node (diaphragm at pier cap) on inner edge girder with section as Bracing as shown. Create diaphragms for Abutment 1. 3. Repeat step 1 for diaphragm over Pier Cap and Abutment 2. 2 16 .1. Diaphragm Sections Toggle off Hidden Over Pier cap Abut. Click in nodal connectivity field and click on nodes 7.midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 4. 1 Abut.

Node/Element > Elements Create Elements.-76. Modeling . Right click on Diaphragm section from Works Tree Menu and select Active.midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 4. 2. Then Select All and translate (Node/Element > Nodes>Translate) along Z axis by (0.End Diaphragm 1. Create bottom chords by connecting the translated nodes using bracing sections.8”). Change units to inch 17 .0. to make the nodes for Bottom chords of diaphragms at abutments.

4.midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 4..5. to divide element by snapping nodes at 1/3 . Change element type to Truss and create inverted K.1/5 . Click in Nodal connectivity.e. at pier cap and abutment 2) 3 At bottom-right corner of midas CIVIL window * 2 signifies that nodes will be snapped automatically to divide the element into ½ .* 5. the cursor will automatically be placed at its mid point.End Diaphragm 3.bracings for end diaphragms by snapping nodes at the mid points of the bottom chord. It can be changed to 3. Repeat for all end-diaphragms. ..of 18 element length.…... (i. and click there. Modeling . Click node at top and then move down to the bottom chord. ¼.* 4.

8. the bottom node as Master node and top node as Slave node. Boundary>Rigid Links. Click in Master node field and then click on bottom node in Model View window. Create Rigid Link between top and bottom nodes on the girder webs at Abutment 1 diaphragm. 7. and then for Abutment 2 diaphragm. Repeat for other girder webs at Abutment 1 diaphragm.midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 4. 10 Click Apply. Modeling . Click on typical type as Rigid Body. Slave Node 8 Rigid links 9 Cross Bracings Master Node 10 7 19 . 11. to select the node directly above Master node as 6 7 9.End Diaphragm 6. Use Select Single Slave node.

1 2 3 20 . Click Activate(F2). Then Select by Window member corresponding to intermediate diaphragm.0.-74. to make the nodes for the bottom chords of intermediate diaphragms.4”) . Modeling . 3.Intermediate Diaphragm 1. Node/Element > Elements > Create Elements. Create bottom chords by connecting the translated nodes using bracing sections. the 2. Select All and Translate nodes (Node/Element > Nodes>Translate) along Z axis by (0.midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 4. Activate All and right click on Bracing section from Works Tree Menu and select Active.

6. 4 Cross Bracing 4 Bottom Chord Intermediate Diaphragm 21 . Repeat for all intermediate diaphragms. Modeling . Click node at top and then move down diagonally to the bottom chord. Change element type to truss and check off intersect Node and Element and create cross bracings for intermediate diaphragms.midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 4.Intermediate Diaphragm 4. 5. Click in Nodal Connectivity.

Repeat for other girder webs at intermediate diaphragm. and then for other intermediate diaphragm. Modeling .midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 4. The top node as Master node and bottom node as Slave node. Master Node 8 Rigid links 10 Cross Bracings 11 Slave Node 9 22 . Click in Master node field and then click on top node in Model View window. 11. 12. 9.Intermediate Diaphragm 7. Use Select Single Slave node. Click on typical type as Rigid Body. 8. to select the node directly below Master node as 7 8 10. Boundary > Rigid Links. Click Apply. Create Rigid Link between top and bottom nodes on the girder webs at intermediate diaphragms.

midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 4. 4. Select Nodes Type: Quadrilateral Select Material 1 Select Thickness 1 Click the box to turn to green Select nodes one by one in clockwise direction starting from left top node to create an enclosed area (so the 1st node and the last node should be the same) When all nodes selected > Click Apply 1 5 2 6. Modeling – Concrete Deck Node/Element > Elements >Auto Mesh 1. 5. 7. 3 4 6 7 23 . 3. 2.

midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 4. Modeling – Concrete Deck 6 7 24 .

Switch to Top-View over pier cap.Pier 1. (Box A) 2. Modeling .midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 4. Click Activate(F2) Select by Window Select member corresponding to end diaphragm and switch to Left-View A 1 2 25 . Activate All .

-138. Use Select Single and select the bottom nodes of the girders.4).138.midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 4. Node/Element > Nodes>Translate 3. Translate by (0.-12.0.210. and translate through unequal distance along y axis by -36. 2. Modeling 1. 2 3 1 Girder bottom Nodes 3 Node A 26 . Select node A using select single.

Modeling 1. 3. click in nodal connectivity and then click on nodes e to g. a b c d e f g 1 2 3 4 27 . Create Pier Cap left end using Section as P_L . Node/Element > Elements>Create Elements. 2. Change Section to Pier Cap Center. click in nodal connectivity and then click nodes c to e. 4. Change Section to P_R .click in nodal connectivity and click on nodes along a to c . Set material as C5000.midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 4.

Properties>Tapered Section Group. Click Add. 8. 5 Left End 7 Right End 2 6 9 28 . Z-Axis variation as Polynomial (2) with Symmetric plane from J end. 1 2. Select by Window the left end of Pier Cap. 4. 6. Select by window the right end of pier cap. Y Axis variation being Linear. 7. Enter name as P_Right . Modeling 1. 4 8 9. Click Add. Name as P_Left and Z axis symmetric plane from I-end. 3.midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 4. 3 8 5.

Using Select Single. 3 Node a 1 1 2 Newly Translated node 29 . Node/Element > Nodes>Translate. Modeling 1. 3. Translate node a by (0.midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 4. Extrude Node into line element to create pier as shown in dialog box. select the translated node Node/Element > Elements>Extrude.0.-72 in). 2.

midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 4. Boundary > Elastic Link. Modeling 1. Select Rigid Type. 6. 2. Click on d and e. 4. Check on Copy Elastic link and copy along Y axis as shown 5. Click in 2 Nodes field and then click at nodes a and b. e 6 d a 3 b c 5 1 2 4 30 . 3. Click on nodes c and d.

2 Interior girder node 1 3 Exterior girder node 31 . Repeat for abutment nodes. Boundary Conditions: Supports Model > Boundary> Supports 1. Click Apply. Select Support type. 3. Select the support nodes. 2.midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 6.

SIDL as Dead Loads. Loads Load>Static Load Cases 1. 32 .midas Civil Steel Composite Curved Bridge Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 7. Enter SW.

Loads: Self Weight and SIDL Load>Self Weight 1 5 1. For example. 2 6 3 7 33 .5 kips/ft (Change units from in to ft). 6. double click on girder section from Works Tree. . SIDL: 4.midas Civil Steel Composite Curved Bridge Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 7. Click Add. 2. Click Apply. for Girders. 7. Load case name as SW and group name as default. Select the elements to be loaded. Load case name as SIDL. -0. Enter element beam loads as UDL in z direction. Z = -1 3. Load>Element Beam Load. 5.

and select XY plane with Z=0 ft. 6. Right click on Structure group and click on New… 3. Click on Select All and drag and drop the Crossbeam + Diaphragm structure group on Model View window to assign the diaphragms and crosbeams to the structure group.midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 7. 4. Click Activate. (to assign the girder members to the structure group. 2. click close. 5. 8. Click on Select by Plane Close. click add. Click on Groups tab under Tree menu. Right click on Girder structure group and select Inactive. Loads: Structure Groups 1. Go to groups tab. 10. Enter name as Crossbeams + Diaphragms. Enter name as Girder. 7. click on Girder under structure group and drag and drop it over the Model View window. and click 34 .) 9. click add. Double click on Girder under section in Works tree to select all girders.

Selection by: Picking. 1. 6. Wheel spacing:6ft 4. Select all exterior nodes in bottom one by one starting from left bottom corner. Repeat the process for Lane 2. Only change Eccentricity to -23 ft 5 7 6 35 . Apply 8. Lane Name : Lane 1 2 3 4 2.midas Civil Steel Composite Curved Bridge Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 7. Select AASHTO LRFD from the moving load code. 1. Offset: -7 ft 5. Lane width: 12 ft 3. Load > Moving Load Analysis > Traffic Surface Lanes. Loads: Live Loads (Define Lane) 1 Load > Moving >Moving Load Code. 7.

3 6 7 11. 13. 9 10 1. Select HL-93 TRK as first vehicle load type. Check or modify Multiple Presence Factor. Select one of the vehicles. 12. Click Add Standard 2.midas Civil Steel Composite Curved Bridge Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 7. 7. Click OK. Scale factor as 1. number of loaded lane as 1 and max. Select lanes L1 and L2. Loads: Live loads (Vehicles and Load cases) 5 Load > Moving Load Analysis Data> Moving Load case.. 10. and min. Enter a Load case name: MVL 6. DLA = 33%. 9. Click OK 11 12 36 . Click on Vehicle load type 3..Click Apply 4. 5. as 2. 8 Load > Moving Load Analysis Data> Vehicles. Add Sub-Load case.Select loading effect for sub load case as Independent . Select HL-93 TDM as second vehicle load type. 8. Similarly create load case for HL-93 Tandem Vehicle.

Loads: Moving Load analysis Control Analysis> Moving Load Analysis Control Data 1. 1 37 .midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 7. Set the analysis control as specified in the dialog box.

Pressure 3. Model> Structure type 6. Loads: Conversion of Loads to masses for seismic analysis. 3 4 5 38 . Select the Mass direction :X. Load type: Nodal.Z 2. 5.midas Civil Steel Composite Curved Bridge Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 7. Click OK. Click Add. Check on Convert Self Weight into Masses. 1 2 4. Floor. Beam. Select the Load case (SIDL) to be converted and scale factor. 1.Y. Load > Static Loads > Masses > Loads to masses.

Response Spectrum Analysis 1 4 2 3 Load> Response Spectrum analysis data > Response spectrum functions 1. 39 . Soil type E site. [AASHTO LRFD . 2. 3.spd file.]. 4. Enter the Function Name. Response spectrum is generated simultaneously.midas Civil Steel Composite Curved Bridge Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 8. Import the response spectrum coordinates as obtained from RS. Enter the Damping Value and acceleration due to gravity.

midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 7. Select Direction and Excitation angle as 0 deg. 40 . 7. 4. RS-X 2. Enter the Load case name. Click Add.Select Lancoz Vectors as type of Analysis. of frequencies as 10. Click Eigenvalue Analysis Control. Seismic Load case / Eigenvalue Analysis Control Load> Response Spectrum analysis data > Response spectrum load cases 1 2 1. 3. And repeat with Load case name as RS-Y and Excitation angle as 90 deg 5. Enter no. Select Function name. 3 6 7 4 6.

Perform analysis Analysis > Perform Analysis 41 .midas Civil Bridging Your Innovations to Realities 9.

Bridging Your Innovations to Realities .

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