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# sciencephysics4all.weebly.

com

1. 30m / s .
A 4 ( N m/s),
50m .

30m / s

x 50m

.
. ,

W x 180 x 4 x 4 30 50 6.000J
:
.
. ,

Fx 0 F 0 F
2. m 10kg h 20m .
. , h ;
. ,
.
g 10m / s 2 .

.
.
,

y
h

U m g h 10kg 10

m
20m 2.000 J U 2.000J
s2

. , ,
. U, h
U m g h m, g .
. h ,
, U 2.000J . .

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U (J )
2.000

, h ,
.

(0,0)

20

h(m)

3. m 1.000kg 15m / s .
, 7.500N .
.

15m / s

t0 0

t 0 0 15m / s
. t x
. ....
,
.

1
1
W W m 2 x 180 m 2 x
2
2
2

m
m2
1.000kg 15
1.000kg 225 2
2
1
m
s
s 15m x 15m
m 2 x x

2
2
2 7500 N
15.000 N
: , ( ....)
.
4. h 20m .
; h
; g 10m / s 2 .

.... (
....
,
.)

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.
, .
,
. ,
0

U U U m g h

2 g h 2 10

1
1
m 2 g h 2
2
2

m
20m 20m / s 20m / s
s2

h 20m ,
. .
.
: ,
.
5. 2.000kg
h 60m . t 2 min ,
. g 10m / s 2 .

.
.
,
.

Fy 0 F 0 F m g 2.000kg 10m / s 2 2 10 4 N
h 60m ,

WF F h 0 2 10 4 N 60m 12 105 J

( F ).
,

WF 12 105 J

10 4 W P 104 W 10kW
t
2 60s

6. .

0,2 . A = Z = 6m,
. g 10m / s 2 .

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, h .
,
h
1
30
h 30 6m 3m

x 6m

.
( ), ....
, .
,
.
0

U U U m g h

2 g h 2 10

1
1
m 2 g h 2
2
2

m
3m 60m / s
s2

.
....

.
.

,
Fy 0 N 0 N m g
, N m g

....
Z W

1
1
1
1
m 2 m 2 x 180 m 2 m 2 x
2
2
2
2

1
1
m (2 2 ) m g x (2 2 ) g x 2 2 2 g x
2
2

## 2 2 2 g x 2 2 g x 60m 2 / s 2 2 0,2 10m / s 2 6m

36m2 / s 2 6m / s 6m / s

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7. 4m / s
F 40N . :
. x 5m .
. O .

.
.
. ,

Fx 0 F 0 F 40N

## , , W x 180 40N 5m 200J .

. .
.
,

| W | x

40 N 4m / s 160 J / s
t
t
160 J
.
8. m 2kg h1 20m .
h2 18m .

. g 10m / s 2 .

h2

h1

.
, h1 ,
( ).
,

, ( ) .
.
. .
.

## U U m g h2 2kg 10m / s 2 18m 360J

400 J 360 J .
. Q 400J 360J 40J

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400 J 40 J
, 100 J x ;
, 400 J x 100 J 40 J x

4.000 J 2
10 J
400 J

10% .
9. m 100kg '
0,5 .
, , 10m ; ( g 10m / s 2 )
y

F
x

.
.
x : Fx 0 F 0 F (1)
y : Fy 0 N 0 N m g

## , N 0,5 1.000N 500N

(1) , F 500N

F x 10m . ,
WF F x 0 500 N 10m 5.000 J

( F )
10. 300
10 min . 20cm . 80kg , :
. .
. ( g 10m / s 2 ).

## . 300 . 20cm 0,2m .

300 300 0,2m 60m .
60m .
( ,
). ,
W h 180 h m g h 80kg 10m / s 2 60m 48.000J

. ,
, WF 48.000J . : WF W .

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h , m g h .
,
WF 48.000 J

80 J / s
t
10 60s
80 J .
11.
x 10m , :
. F 4 N

. F (10 x) N

. .
, ,
WF F x 0 F x 4 N 10m 40J

. .

- .
F (10 x) N 1 ,
. 2 . ,
F x .
F (N )
10

x(m)
0
10

WF
(0,0)

10

F (N )
10
0

x(m)

, WF 10 N 10m 50 J
2
2
12. ' m 20kg , ,
F 50N , 60 , .

60

. x = 10m;
. x 10m ;

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. F 60 .
1
, W F F x 60 50 N 10m 250 J WF 250J
2

.
.

.
x 10m

F .

60

60

... . ( ) .
. ,
WF WF

1
m 2 WF m 2 2 WF
2

2 WF

2 250 J
5m / s 5m / s
20kg

13. ,
h 40m .
;

( ). ,
, .

U
(
) .

( ) (
). (
) ,

0 g t 0 0 g t 0 g t
t

0
g
2

2 2 2

1
1
h t g t 2 0 0 g 0 0 0 0
2
g 2
g 2g 2g
g

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02
2 g

2
02 2 g h 0 2 g h 2 10m / s 40m 800m / s

.
,

... . (
, ).

U U U
2
2
2

02
( 800m / s) 2
1 1
1 2
2

m 0 m g h 0 g h h

20m h 20m
2 2
4
4 g
4 10m / s 2
14. m 4kg
0 10m / s . t 0 , F 10N
.
:
. H x1 7,2m .
. H .

A.

x1

t 0

.
.

.
x1 7,2m

F . H F
.

## , WF F x 180 F x 10N 7,2m 72 J

... .
1
1
WF m 2 m 02 WF m 2 m 02 2 WF
2
2

m 2 m 02 2 WF 2

m 02 2 WF

m 02 2 WF

4kg (10m / s ) 2 2 72 J

4kg

400 J 144 J

4kg

256 J
64m / s 8m / s
4kg

8m / s

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.
x .

.(

F ).

x
t 0

... .

1
m 02 WF m 02 2 WF
2
2

m 0 2 ( F x 180 ) m 02 2 F x m 02 2 F x
WF WF

## m 02 4kg (10m / s ) 2 4kg 100m 2 / s 2

20m x 20m
2 F
2 10 N
20 N

15. m , .
, F 8 x (x m, F
N). 10m 2m / s ,
m .

F 10m .
.

.

10
8

F(N)

6
4
2
0
-2 0

-4

10

12

x(m)

F (N )

0
8
10

8
0
-2

x(m)

: , F 8 x 1
.

F 1 2 .
8 10m , .

0 8m ( F )

8 10m ( F )
1

8N 8m

32 J
2
2

10

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(10m 8m) ( 2 N )

2 J
2
2

, WF 1 2 32 J 2 J 30J
.... 10m .

F (

).
. .
WF WF

2 WF
2

1
2
2
2 WF
m
WF m
2

2 30 J
60 J

15kg m 15kg
( 2m / s ) 2 4m 2 / s 2

16. m 5kg
0,4 .
,
F 100N .
x 5m ;
g 10m / s 2 , 0,6 , 0,8 max .

Fx

.
y

y
Fy

F ,

. F
(

). ,
WF F x 100N 5m 0,8 400J

,
.

.

y .

x . y

, .
,
x m g 5kg 10m / s 2 0,6 30N

11

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y m g 5kg 10m / s 2 0,8 40N

,
W Wx x x 180 x x 30N 5m 150J

F , .

N .

F y

y.
Fy F 100N 0,6 60N

## y : Fy N y Fy 0 N y Fy 40N 60N 100N

, N 0,4 100N 40N .
,
W x 180 x 40N 5m 200J

x 5m ....
, . ,
W WF W W

2
2
m
2 (WF W W )

1
2
m
WF W W
2

2 (WF W W )

m

2 (WF W W )
m

100 J

20m / s 20m / s
5kg
5kg

## 17. m 1kg H 20m .

. ;
. H
.
. g 10m / s 2 .

. ....

,
.

12

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.
. ,
.
. ,

U U U m g

1
m 2
2

1 2
2 g 2 2 g H 2 10m / s 2 20m 400m / s 20m / s
2
20m / s
g

. U W .
,

U W
U

P m g
m g (1)
t
t
t

, g t (2)
(2) (1).

U
m g m g g t m g 2 t 1 100 t 100 t (3)
t
,

1
2H
g t2 2 H g t2 t2
t
2
g

, (3)

2H
2 20m
40m

4s 2 2s
m
m
g
10 2
10 2
s
s

U
100 t 100 2 200 J / s
t

U J

t s

200

t (s )

18. m 2kg , .
,
.

13

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4m ;

F
.
F (N )

10

(0,0)

x(m)

WF

4 m ( 4m 2m )

10 N 30 J
2
2

.... 4m . .
. ,
WF WF
2

2 WF

m

2 WF

1
2
2
2 WF
m
WF m
2
2 30 J
30m / s 30m / s
2kg

19. m 2kg A
x 5m ,
0,6 .

. ;
.
; g 10m / s 2 .

14

sciencephysics4all.weebly.com

. ....
.

. (
)
,
.

## Fy N 0 N m g 2kg 10m / s 2 20N

, N 0,6 20N 12 N
, ,
W x 180 x 12 N 5m 60J

.... .
. , . ,

1
2 W
W W m 2 W m 2 2 W 2

2
m
2 ( 60 J )
2 60 J
2
60m / s
2
2kg
2kg
. , ,

. , W 60J .
60 J , .
. ....
,
. ,

U U U
U . ,

1
1
m 2 2kg ( 60m / s ) 2 60 J
2
2

60 J
60 J . 120 J .
20. m 65 107 kg
44 103 HP .
, .. , 50%
32km/ h t, :
. t.

15

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. t .

. t 32

km
1000m 320m
32

8,89m / s
h
3600s
36s

, t ,

1
1
m 2 65 10 7 kg (8,89m / s) 2 2,57 1010 J
2
2

. 1HP 745,7W
P 44 103 HP 44 103 745,7W 32810,8 103W
50% . 50% , ,

50
50
P
32810,8 103W 16405103W
100
100
, P . 16405 103W
.

P .

2,57 1010 J
3
P . t t

1,57 10 3 s t 1,57 10 s
3
t
P . 16405 10 W

## 21. m 2kg 0,25 .

F ,
x , F 10 5x (x m, F
N). :

. , ;
. .
: 0,8 , 0,6 , g 10m / s 2

Fy

F

Fx

16

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N , F

.
.

F .
Fy F (10 5 x) 0,8 8 4 x Fy 8 4 x
Fx F (10 5 x) 0,6 6 3 x Fx 6 3 x

N 0 . ,
Fy N Fy 0 Fy 8 4 x m g 8 4 x 20 x 3m

. F , Fx ( F

Fx F y ) ,
. .
.
,

Fy N Fy 0 N Fy 20N (8 4 x) 12 4 x N 12 4 x

, N 0,25 (12 4 x) 3 x 3 x

Fx , , .
.

(N )

3 x

(N )
3
0

x(m)
0
3

(0,0)

x(m)

.
, W 3N 3m 4,5J
2
2

Fx (N )
Fx 6 3 x

15

(0,0)

x(m)
0
3

WF
3

F (N )
6
15

x(m)

F .

17

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, WF WFx 15N 6 N 3m 31,5J
2
2
,
.... x 3m , 3m
. . .
,

1
2
m
WF W
2
2 (WF W )
2 (WF W )

m
m

WF W WF W
2
2
m
2 (WF W )

2 (31,5J 4,5J )
27m / s 3 3m / s 3 3m / s
2kg
! !
22. m 1kg .
, F 30 x (x m, F
N). :
. .
. .
. .
. .
( g 10m / s 2 ).

F .
F (N )

F 30 x

30

x(m)
0
30

WF

(0,0)

30

F (N )
30
0

x(m)

F .

, WF

30 N 30m

450 J
2
2

18

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.

F , . F ,
. F (
, ).
,

## F 30 x m g 30 x 1kg 10m / s 2 x 20m

, x 20m .
... x 20m (
, F ).
, WF W WF W (1)

F .
. ,
W x 180 x m g x 1kg 10m / s 2 20m 200J

F .
.

F .
F (N )

F .,

30

WF
10

30 N 10 N

20m 400 J
2
2

W F

(0,0)

20

30

x(m)

F 30 x , x 20m .
, F 30 20 10N
, (1) , :

2 (WF W )
1

m 2 WF W m 2 2 (WF W ) 2
2
m
2 (WF W )
2 (400 J 200 J )

## 400m / s 20m / s 20m / s

m
1kg

WF W

.
.

19

sciencephysics4all.weebly.com
....
.
, .

. . WF W 0 WF W 0 450 J 10 N x x

450 J
45m
10 N

x 45m

.
....
.
.
.

. ,

U m g x

1
1
m 2 g x 2 2 g x 2
2
2

20