Impulse™ Technology for Middle Distillates

Loïc Macé

Agenda • A Brief Introduction to HDT catalysis • Axens’ Impulse Technology • Impulse Product for Middle Distillates • Cobalt-Molybdenum: Impulse HR 1246 • Nickel-Molybdenum: Impulse HR 1248 2 .

ImpulseTM Technology Combination of maximal activity with maintained superior stability • Maximum promotion • Maximum active phase dispersion • Optimized support characteristics including metal-support interactions 3 .

Agenda • A Brief Introduction to HDT catalysis • Axens’ Impulse Technology • Impulse Product for Middle Distillates • Cobalt-Molybdenum: Impulse HR 1246 • Nickel-Molybdenum: Impulse HR 1248 4 .

5 .HR 1246 Impulse For Maximum Refinery Profits • Impulse Technology • Maximum amount of Mixed Sites • Maximum Dispersion • Maximum Promotion • • • • • Optimized pore size distribution Significant Activity Gain • HR 1246 is 7°C more active than HR 626 Axens’ HR 626 superior stability maintained Regenerable technology: Axens’ ex-situ tools ready for use. Commercially proven • Successful industrial implementation in a European Refinery.

HR 1246 Impulse: Industrial Feedback • European Refiner and its ULSD unit • HR 1246 Performances after 1 year of Operation 6 .

% 7 .25 h-1 H2/HC: 180 Nm3/m3 Gas purity: 85 to 90 vol.Zoom on HDS-2 ULSD Unit (1/2) Process • • • • • Hot scheme One reactor with two beds: ~ 110 m3 of catalyst Gas quench Treat gas injection upstream feed/effluent exchangers Amine scrubber on the recycle gas Operating Conditions • • • • H2 partial pressure: ~ 32-35 bar LHSV: 2.

Zoom on HDS-2 ULSD Unit (2/2) Feed (v/v) • • • • LGO ~65 % LCO ~12 % Kero ~10 % HCCS ~13 % Main Objective 8-9 ppm wt Sulfur 8 .

catalyst from refiner pool (1st bed) 70% fresh Impulse HR 1246 (2nd bed) Dense Loading Previous cycle: 100% Axens’ HR 626 (one regeneration) Several different catalyst brands had previously been loaded 9 .Choice of Impulse Catalyst • Open bidding procedure: Impulse HR 1246 chosen based on performances in pilot tests • In operation since January 2012 • Catalyst Loading Details • • • • • 30% reg.

Product Sulfur Content Product Sulfur Content (ppm wt) Impulse HR 1246 Previous Catalyst Average 9 ppm Days on stream Continuous production of ULSD (average 9 ppm) 10 .

8 0.840 0.855 0.830 0 50 100 150 200 250 Main feed characteristics: no significant difference 11 between the cycles .Previous Catalyst Impulse HR 1246 390 Main Feed Characteristics Final BP D86 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 C ppm wt 380 370 360 350 340 Sulfur 0 0.860 0.835 0.4 340 to 350 0.15 to 0.850 50 100 150 200 250 0 50 100 150 200 250 g/l Density Property Density (°API) Sulfur Content (wt %) T-90 D86 (°C) Value 34.845 0.

Processing More Feed Feed Throughput (% of design capacity) Impulse HR 1246 Previous Catalyst Days on stream 100% of design capacity no matter what feed 10% to 15% higher throughput with Impulse 12 .

WABT ( C) Increased Activity With Impulse Impulse HR 1246 Previous Catalyst ~10 C (~18 F) activity improvement with Impulse HR 1246 13 .

Agenda • A Brief Introduction to HDT catalysis • Axens’ Impulse Technology • Impulse Product for Middle Distillates • Cobalt-Molybdenum: Impulse HR 1246 • Nickel-Molybdenum: Impulse HR 1248 14 .

HR 1248: HDS Activity Test Product Sulfur Content (ppm wt) • Feed 120 • • • 70% SR / 30% LCO European boiling range 55 bars – 800 psi H2 partial pressure HR 648 Impulse HR 1248 40 • Medium pressure 80 Δ T = 10°C Temperature 0 330 340 350 360 370 (°C) Impulse technology improved HDS activity by 10°C 15 .

850 Impulse HR 1248: Density Reduction Test • Feed HR 648 Impulse HR 1248 • • • 70% SR / 30% LCO European boiling range 55 bars – 800 psi H2 partial pressure • Medium pressure 0.848 Δ T > 15°C 0.844 0.854 0.846 0.(g/cm3) 0.852 0.842 Temperature 330 340 350 360 (°C) 16 Major improvements in density reduction for maximum Volume swell / Cetane Gain .

Summary A breakthrough technology for maximum refinery profits • Can process more difficult feedstock without cycle penalty Longer Cycles Smaller reactor volume to be considered for new project • • • Commercially proven 17 .

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