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Technical Data

Arcosolv TPNB Solvent


Low Odor Coalescent for Architectural Paints and Industrial Latexes

Description

Arcosolv TPNB is a non-HAP coalescent for architectural paints and industrial latexes. Its low odor makes it an attractive alternative to ester-alcohol coalescents for interior applications. Because it evaporates faster than ester-alcohols or phthalate plasticizers, paints formulated with TPNB show excellent hardness development, resistance to dirt pickup, and block resistance. Its low water solubility also helps improve early water resistance. In Europe, it is VOC-exempt since its boiling point exceeds 250C. Arcosolv TPNB is currently available only in Europe and Asia. Low Odor: Unlike conventional coalescents, TPNB exhibits remarkably low odor making it ideally suited for indoor applications. Outstanding Efficiency: TPNB reduces the minimum film forming temperature of hard styrene-acrylic resins much better than ester-alcohol coalescents. It is effective at low levels, which reduces formulation costs. Improved Coating Performance: Unlike phthalates and other permanent plasticizers, TPNB evaporates from the film in a matter of weeks. This helps prevent dirt pickup due to migration of the plasticizer to the paint surface. This also speeds up hardness development, which is essential for block and scrub resistance. TPNB is also less water-soluble than most glycol ether coalescents, which helps improve early water resistance. VOC-Exempt in Europe: According to European Council directive proposal 97/C99/02, from March 1997, TPNB is classified as a non-VOC because its vapor pressure is below the 0.01 kPa limit. TPNB also meets the non-VOC requirements of the EU Eco-label scheme because its boiling point exceeds 250C.

Key Features and Benefits

Properties

Chemical Name tripropylene glycol n-butyl ether CAS Number 55934-93-5 Molecular Weight (g/mole) 248.4 Boiling Point (C) 276 Evaporation Rate (n-BuAc = 100) 0.04 Flash Point (F, PMCC) 255 Solubility in water (wt% @ 20C) 3 Refractive index (@ 20C) 1.433 Density (@ 20C) 0.934 Pounds/gallon (@ 20C) 7.8 Surface Tension (Dynes/cm, @ 25C) 29.7 Vapor Pressure (mm Hg @ 20C) <0.01 Viscosity (cps @ 25C) 8.03 Hansen Solubility Parameters (CGS units) Non-Polar (D) 7.4 Polar (P) 2.4 H-bonding (H) 5.1 HLB (Davies) 6.6 These are typical values, not sales specifications

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Technical Data

Arcosolv TPNB Solvent


Low Odor Coalescent for Architectural Paints and Industrial Latexes

Coalescence Efficiency

Arcosolv TPNB reduces the minimum film forming temperature (MFFT) of hard styrene-acrylic resins better than Texanol Ester Alcohol. Rhodopas DS 910 and Mowilith DM 611 both have MFFTs of 17C without coalescent. A coalescent level of at least 3% is recommended to obtain satisfactory results. More is required for harder resins. Overall, the coalescing efficiency of TPNB for styrene-acrylic resins is similar to dibutyl phthalate.

MFFT of Styrene/Acrylic Emulsions with 3% coalescent

4.8

6 5

3.3

2.5

3.2

MFFT (C)

4 3 2 1 0 -1 Texanol
-0.1 -0.2 -0.2 3.5

Rhodopas DS 910 Mowilith DM 611 ARCOSOLV TPNB ARCOSOLV DPNB Dibutyl Phthalate

Mowilith DM 611

Rhodopas DS 910

Hardness

Once the paint has coalesced and formed a smooth film, it is important that the coalescent Development evaporate in a reasonable amount of time to improve film properties. Phthalate plasticizers do not evaporate but tend to slowly migrate to the surface of the paint. This can cause early problems with block and scrub resistance and dirt pickup later on. Ester alcohol coalescents also tend to stay behind longer than glycol ethers, as indicated by slower film hardness development:
Hardness Development of Styrene/Acrylic Semi-gloss Formulations Rhodopas DS 910 with 3% Coalescent
120 100

Persoz Hardness

80 60 40 20 0 0 10 20 30 40 50

ARCOSOLV TPNB Dibutyl Phthalate ARCOSOLV DPNB Texanol

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Days

Technical Data

Arcosolv TPNB Solvent


Low Odor Coalescent for Architectural Paints and Industrial Latexes

These results were obtained with the following semi-gloss interior formulation: Semi-Gloss Formulation Raw Materials Water Propylene Glycol Coatex BR3 Bevaloid 6698 Proxel GXL Titanium dioxide Hydrocarb Grind to Rhodopas DS 910 Arcosolv TPNB Water NH4OH (20 %) Rheo 2100 Total Dry Film Properties Thickness (microns) Gloss (7days) 20 60 Persoz Hardness 7 days 45 days Film appearance 98 3 18 21 100 OK Parts 9.88 3.95 0.49 0.30 0.19 19.75 14.81 9.0 - 9.5 43.45 2.96 2.29 0.15 1.78 100.0

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Technical Data

Arcosolv TPNB Solvent


Low Odor Coalescent for Architectural Paints and Industrial Latexes
Raw Materials Propylene Glycol Coatex BR3 Rheo 2100 Bevaloid 6698 HYDROCARB PROXEL GXL Texanol Ester Alcohol Rhodopas DS 910 Acrysol RM 2020 Arcosolv TPNB Mowilith DM 611 Suppliers and/or Trademark Owner Lyondell Chemical Coatex Coatex Rhodia Omya Zeneca Biocides Eastman Chemical Rhodia Rohm & Haas Lyondell Chemical Clariant

Lyondell Chemical Company is a member of the LyondellBasell group companies. Arcosolv is a trademark owned or used by LyondellBasell group companies. Trademark Arcosolv is registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Before using a product sold by one of the LyondellBasell family of companies, users should make their own independent determination that the product is suitable for the intended use and can be used safely and legally. SELLER MAKES NO WARRANTY; EXPRESS OR IMPLIED (INCLUDING ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE) OTHER THAN AS SEPARATELY AGREED BETWEEN THE PARTIES IN WRITING. This product(s) may not be used in the manufacture of any US FDA Class III Medical Device or Health Canada Class IV Medical Device and may not be used in the manufacture of any US FDA Class II Medical Device or Health Canada Class II or Class III Medical Device without the prior written approval by Seller of each specific product or application. Users should review the applicable Material Safety Data Sheet before handling the product. Houston, Texas, USA l Tel: +1 713 309 7200 or toll-free within USA +1 888 777 0232 Rotterdam, The Netherlands l Tel: +31 10 275 5500 Hong Kong, China l Tel: +852 2882 2668 LyondellBasell Industries Holdings, B.V. 2010 www.lyondellbasell.com 2247-V4-0510 Supersedes 2247-V4-0304

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