DESIGNER’S REFERENCE HANDBOOK

Advanced Genset Controller, AGC 200
• • • • Functional description Display menu structure PID controller Procedure for parameter setup

Document no.: 4189340609H SW version 3.5X.X or later

AGC 200

Designer’s Reference Handbook

Table of contents 1. ABOUT THIS DOCUMENT .................................................................................................... 5 GENERAL PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................... 5 INTENDED USERS.......................................................................................................................... 5 CONTENTS/OVERALL STRUCTURE .................................................................................................. 5 2. WARNINGS AND LEGAL INFORMATION ........................................................................... 7 LEGAL INFORMATION AND RESPONSIBILITY ..................................................................................... 7 ELECTROSTATIC DISCHARGE AWARENESS ..................................................................................... 7 SAFETY ISSUES ............................................................................................................................ 7 DEFINITIONS ................................................................................................................................ 7 3. GENERAL PRODUCT INFORMATION ................................................................................. 8 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................. 8 TYPE OF PRODUCT ....................................................................................................................... 8 OPTIONS ...................................................................................................................................... 8 PC UTILITY SOFTWARE WARNING .................................................................................................. 8 4. FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTIONS ............................................................................................ 9 STANDARD FUNCTIONS ................................................................................................................. 9 TERMINAL STRIP OVERVIEW ........................................................................................................ 11 APPLICATIONS ............................................................................................................................ 13 RUNNING MODE DESCRIPTION ..................................................................................................... 21 SINGLE-LINE DIAGRAMS .............................................................................................................. 24 FLOWCHARTS............................................................................................................................. 25 SEQUENCES ............................................................................................................................... 40 5. DISPLAY AND MENU STRUCTURE................................................................................... 50 MENU STRUCTURE...................................................................................................................... 55 STATUS LINE TEXT ...................................................................................................................... 57 MODE OVERVIEW ....................................................................................................................... 63 PASSWORD ................................................................................................................................ 63 6. PID CONTROLLER.............................................................................................................. 66 CONTROLLERS ........................................................................................................................... 66 PRINCIPLE DRAWING................................................................................................................... 67 PROPORTIONAL REGULATOR ....................................................................................................... 68 LOAD SHARE CONTROLLER/VAR SHARE CONTROLLER .................................................................. 72 SYNCHRONISING CONTROLLER .................................................................................................... 72 RELAY CONTROL ........................................................................................................................ 73 7. SYNCHRONISATION........................................................................................................... 76 DYNAMIC SYNCHRONISATION ...................................................................................................... 76 STATIC SYNCHRONISATION ......................................................................................................... 79 GB CLOSING BEFORE EXCITATION ............................................................................................... 81 SEPARATE SYNCHRONISING RELAY.............................................................................................. 86 8. ENGINE COMMUNICATION ............................................................................................... 88 MODBUS COMMUNICATION .......................................................................................................... 88 W IRING ...................................................................................................................................... 88 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION .......................................................................................................... 89 SHOW ENGINE VALUES IN DISPLAY UNIT ....................................................................................... 93 CONTROL COMMANDS SENT TO THE ENGINE................................................................................. 97 EIC 50 HZ – 60 HZ SWITCH ........................................................................................................ 98 EIC DROOP ................................................................................................................................ 98
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AGC 200

Designer’s Reference Handbook

EIC INHIBIT ................................................................................................................................ 98 EIC IDLE .................................................................................................................................... 98 SPECIFIC ENGINE TYPE DESCRIPTIONS ........................................................................................ 98 CATERPILLAR/PERKINS (J1939) .................................................................................................. 99 CUMMINS CM850-CM570 (J1939) ........................................................................................... 100 DETROIT DIESEL DDEC (J1939) .............................................................................................. 102 DEUTZ EMR 2-EMR 3 (J1939) ................................................................................................ 103 GENERIC J1939 (J1939) .......................................................................................................... 104 IVECO (J1939) ......................................................................................................................... 105 JOHN DEERE JDEC (J1939) .................................................................................................... 106 MTU J1939 SMART CONNECT .................................................................................................. 107 MTU ADEC (CANOPEN).......................................................................................................... 109 MTU MDEC MODULE 302/303 (MTU) ...................................................................................... 112 SCANIA EMS (J1939) .............................................................................................................. 113 SCANIA EMS 2 S6 (J1939) ...................................................................................................... 113 VOLVO PENTA EMS (J1939) .................................................................................................... 116 PARAMETERS ........................................................................................................................... 118 MODBUS COMMUNICATION ........................................................................................................ 118 READING OF ANALOGUE VALUES ............................................................................................... 119 ALARMS, CATERPILLAR/PERKINS............................................................................................... 122 ALARMS, CUMMINS ................................................................................................................... 122 ALARMS, DDEC – DETROIT ENGINES ........................................................................................ 123 ALARMS, EMR 2 – DEUTZ ENGINES........................................................................................... 123 ALARMS, GENERIC J1939 ......................................................................................................... 124 ALARMS, IVECO ........................................................................................................................ 125 ALARMS, JDEC – JOHN DEERE ENGINES................................................................................... 125 ALARMS, MTU J1939 SMART CONNECT..................................................................................... 126 ALARMS, MTU ADEC............................................................................................................... 127 ALARMS, MTU MDEC SERIES – 2000/4000 – MODULE 302 & 303 ............................................. 128 ALARMS, SCANIA ...................................................................................................................... 129 ALARMS, VOLVO PENTA ............................................................................................................ 130 9. POWER MANAGEMENT (AGC 24X ONLY) ..................................................................... 131 POWER MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS ............................................................................................ 131 APPLICATIONS .......................................................................................................................... 132 INITIAL POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP ......................................................................................... 135 REMOVE UNIT FROM PM ........................................................................................................... 138 CANBUS FAILURE HANDLING ..................................................................................................... 139 QUICK SETUP ........................................................................................................................... 142 9180 QUICK SETUP .................................................................................................................. 144 COMMAND UNIT ........................................................................................................................ 146 LOAD-DEPENDENT STARTING AND STOPPING.............................................................................. 146 LOAD MANAGEMENT ................................................................................................................. 153 LOAD SHARING ......................................................................................................................... 155 ISLAND RAMP-UP WITH LOAD STEPS ........................................................................................... 156 FIXED POWER RAMP-UP WITH LOAD STEPS ................................................................................ 156 FREEZE POWER RAMP .............................................................................................................. 157 ATS APPLICATIONS .................................................................................................................. 157 FAIL CLASS .............................................................................................................................. 158 LOCAL/REMOTE/TIMER OPERATION ............................................................................................ 158 MULTI-STARTING GENSETS ....................................................................................................... 161 PRIORITY SELECTION ................................................................................................................ 163 CONDITIONAL CONNECTION OF HEAVY CONSUMERS ................................................................... 167 GROUND RELAY........................................................................................................................ 169 STOP OF NON-CONNECTED GENSETS......................................................................................... 170 SECURED MODE ....................................................................................................................... 170 BASE LOAD .............................................................................................................................. 170
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AGC 200

Designer’s Reference Handbook

ASYMMETRIC LOAD SHARING (LS) ............................................................................................. 171 TIE BREAKER CONFIGURATION .................................................................................................. 172 ISLAND APPLICATION WITH TB ................................................................................................... 173 CONFIGURABLE CAN IDS ......................................................................................................... 174 CAN FLAGS ............................................................................................................................. 174 COMMON PF CONTROL ............................................................................................................. 175 PARAMETER LISTS, COMMON SETTINGS ..................................................................................... 176 10. ADDITIONAL FUNCTIONS ............................................................................................ 177 START FUNCTIONS .................................................................................................................... 177 BREAKER TYPES....................................................................................................................... 181 BREAKER SPRING LOAD TIME..................................................................................................... 181 ALARM INHIBIT .......................................................................................................................... 183 ACCESS LOCK .......................................................................................................................... 187 OVERLAP (SHORT TIME PARALLEL) ............................................................................................ 188 DIGITAL MAINS BREAKER CONTROL ............................................................................................ 189 COMMAND TIMERS (TIME-DEPENDENT START/STOP) ................................................................... 190 START/STOP NEXT GENERATOR ................................................................................................. 190 FREQUENCY DEPENDENT DROOP (Y1(X1) DROOP) ..................................................................... 194 VOLTAGE DEPENDENT PF/Q CONTROL (Y2(X2) DROOP) ............................................................. 195 DERATE GENSET ...................................................................................................................... 196 IDLE RUNNING .......................................................................................................................... 198 ENGINE HEATER ....................................................................................................................... 203 MASTER CLOCK ........................................................................................................................ 204 BATTERY TEST ......................................................................................................................... 205 VENTILATION ............................................................................................................................ 207 SUMMER/WINTER TIME .............................................................................................................. 208 SWITCHBOARD ERROR .............................................................................................................. 208 NOT IN AUTO ............................................................................................................................ 209 FUEL PUMP LOGIC .................................................................................................................... 209 FAIL CLASS .............................................................................................................................. 210 TH 4 CURRENT TRANSFORMER INPUT ........................................................................................... 212 NEUTRAL LINE AND GROUND FAULT INVERSE OVERCURRENT ...................................................... 212 TRIP OF NON-ESSENTIAL LOAD (NEL) ........................................................................................ 215 SERVICE TIMERS ...................................................................................................................... 216 W IRE FAIL DETECTION .............................................................................................................. 217 DIGITAL INPUTS ........................................................................................................................ 218 MULTI-INPUTS .......................................................................................................................... 224 INPUT FUNCTION SELECTION ..................................................................................................... 229 OUTPUTS ................................................................................................................................. 229 MANUAL GOVERNOR AND AVR CONTROL ................................................................................... 230 LANGUAGE SELECTION.............................................................................................................. 230 TOOLS MENU ............................................................................................................................ 230 EVENT LOG .............................................................................................................................. 232 COUNTERS............................................................................................................................... 233 M-LOGIC .................................................................................................................................. 233 CONFIGURABLE ALARM LEDS ................................................................................................... 234 USW COMMUNICATION ............................................................................................................. 235 NOMINAL SETTINGS .................................................................................................................. 236 11. PROCEDURE FOR PARAMETER SETUP .................................................................... 237 FINDING THE SELECTED PARAMETER ......................................................................................... 237 PARAMETER DESCRIPTIONS ...................................................................................................... 237 SETUP ..................................................................................................................................... 238 12. PARAMETER LIST ......................................................................................................... 239

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It deals with the general purpose and the intended users of the Designer’s Reference Handbook. DEIF A/S Page 5 of 239 . Failure to do this could result in human injury or damage to the equipment. which will be used throughout the handbook. About this document This chapter includes general user information about this handbook concerning the general purpose. The following will outline the contents of each of the chapters. each chapter will begin from the top of a new page. presentation of display unit and menu structure. About this document This first chapter includes general information about this handbook as a document. Please make sure to read this handbook before working with the Multi-line 2 controller and the genset to be controlled. General purpose This document is the Designer’s Reference Handbook for DEIF’s Advanced Genset Controller. Flowcharts and single-line representations will be used in order to simplify the information. Furthermore. it outlines the overall contents and structure of the document. Intended users The handbook is mainly intended for the person responsible for the unit parameter setup. Contents/overall structure The Designer’s Reference Handbook is divided into chapters and in order to make the structure of the document simple and easy to use. The document mainly includes functional descriptions. the intended users and the overall contents and structure. other users might also find useful information in the handbook. Warnings and legal information The second chapter includes information about general legal issues and safety precautions relevant in the handling of DEIF products. In most cases. Naturally. Functional descriptions This chapter will include functional descriptions of the standard functions as well as illustrations of relevant application types. General product information The third chapter will deal with the unit in general and its place in the DEIF product range. information about the PID controller and the procedure for parameter setup.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook 1. this chapter will introduce note and warning symbols. the AGC 200. this would be a panel builder designer. Furthermore. The general purpose of the Designer’s Reference Handbook is to provide useful overall information about the functionality of the unit and its applications. This handbook also offers the user the information he needs in order to successfully set up the parameters needed in his specific application.

Power management (AGC 24X only) This chapter provides information about the 24X series of controllers with power management. the unit menu structure will be presented. the selection of unit mode and password will be illustrated. Procedure for parameter setup This chapter deals with the procedure to be followed. Parameter list This chapter is a reference to the separate document ”AGC 200 Parameter List”. PID controller This chapter offers information about the PID controller in the form of principle drawings and descriptions. By use of various illustrations this chapter will guide the user through the procedure for parameter setup step by step. In addition. DEIF A/S Page 6 of 239 . Additional functions This chapter describes the additional functions of the unit. Furthermore. when the parameters are set up or changed.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Display unit and menu structure This chapter deals with the display unit including the push-button and LED functions. Engine communication This chapter provides information about the J1939 and MTU engine communication. Synchronisation This chapter provides detailed information about the unit’s dynamic and static synchronisation.

Therefore. If there is any doubt about how to install or operate the generator set controlled by the unit. Once the unit is installed and connected. the highlighted notes and warnings. DEIF A/S Page 7 of 239 . Be aware of the hazardous live currents and voltages. Electrostatic discharge awareness Sufficient care must be taken to protect the terminals against static discharges during the installation. To ensure that these are noticed. Definitions Throughout this document a number of notes and warnings will be presented. the warranty will be lost. these precautions are no longer necessary. Furthermore. Do not touch any AC measurement inputs as this could lead to injury or death. are presented. Warnings The warnings indicate a potentially dangerous situation which could result in death. The units are not to be opened by unauthorised personnel. some overall safety precautions will be introduced and recommended. if certain guidelines are not followed. personal injury or damaged equipment. which will be used throughout this handbook. Finally. the company responsible for the installation or the operation of the set must be contacted. Safety issues Installing the unit implies work with dangerous currents and voltages. Notes The notes provide general information which will be helpful for the reader to bear in mind. they will be highlighted in order to separate them from the general text. the installation should only be carried out by authorised personnel who understand the risks involved in working with live electrical equipment. If opened anyway. Warnings and legal information This chapter includes important information about general legal issues relevant in the handling of DEIF products.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook 2. Legal information and responsibility DEIF takes no responsibility for installation or operation of the generator set.

General product information This chapter will deal with the unit in general and its place in the DEIF product range. A full options list is included in the data sheet. serial communication. Please see www.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook 3. Type of product The Advanced Genset Controller is a micro-processor based control unit containing all necessary functions for protection and control of a genset. power management. additional operator display. It contains all necessary 3-phase measuring circuits. DEIF A/S Page 8 of 239 . make sure that it is safe to remote control the genset. To avoid personal injury. the standard functions can be supplemented with a variety of optional functions. who need a flexible generator protection and control unit for medium to large genset applications.deif. various protections for generator.g. Multi-line 2 is a complete range of multi-function generator protection and control products integrating all the functions you need into one compact and attractive solution. various outputs. busbar and mains. Introduction The AGC 200 is part of the DEIF Multi-line 2 product family. 4921240362. Options The Multi-line 2 product range consists of different basic versions which can be supplemented with the flexible options needed to provide the optimum solution. document no. PC utility software warning It is possible to remote control the genset from the PC utility software or MVision by use of a modem.com. The options cover e. The concept of the AGC 200 is to offer a cost-effective solution to genset builders. and all values and alarms are presented on the LCD display. Being part of the Multi-line product family. etc. voltage/VAr/PF control.

P>. 2 levels (32) Voltage dependent overcurrent (92) Overvoltage. Hz.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook 4. Functional descriptions This chapter includes functional descriptions of standard functions as well as illustrations of the relevant application types. 4-20 mA. 2 levels (81) Underfrequency. Standard functions Operation modes • • • • • • Automatic Mains Failure Island operation Fixed power/base load Peak shaving Load takeover Mains power export Engine control and protection • • • • • • Start/stop sequences Run and stop coil Relay outputs for governor control J1939 engine communication and control Multi-inputs (digital. 3 levels (59) Overfrequency. 5 levels (32) Unbalanced current (46) Unbalanced voltage (60) Loss of excitation (40) Overexcitation (40) Non-essential load/load shedding. 6 levels (51) Reverse power. P>>) Busbar/mains protections (ANSI) • • • • Overvoltage. 2 levels (27) Undervoltage. 2 levels (59) Overfrequency. Pt100 or VDO) Digital inputs Generator protections (ANSI) • • • • • • • • • • • • • Overcurrent. 3 levels (I. 3 levels (81) Overload. 2 levels (81) Display and unit front • • • Push-buttons for start and stop Push-buttons for breaker operations Status texts DEIF A/S Page 9 of 239 . Flowcharts and single-line diagrams will be used in order to simplify the information. 3 levels (81) Underfrequency. 2 levels (27) Undervoltage.

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook M-Logic • • • Simple logic configuration tool Selectable input events Selectable output commands DEIF A/S Page 10 of 239 .

Please refer to the data sheet for accurate information about possible configurations of the AGC 200.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Terminal strip overview The terminal strip overview shows I/Os for selectable standard and optional hardware. Please refer to the input/output lists in the installation instructions for detailed information about the I/Os. DEIF A/S Page 11 of 239 .

DEIF A/S Page 12 of 239 .AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook AGC 212/213: Relay outputs terminals 28-35 and CT terminal 59-60 are not available.

2. In both cases. The mains breaker will remain closed until the genset is running and the genset voltage and frequency is OK. It is possible to adjust the unit to change to genset operation in two different ways: 1. the generator breaker will be closed when the generator voltage and frequency is OK.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Applications This section about applications is to be used for reference.) Automatic Mains Failure (with back sync. AMF (no back synchronisation) Auto mode description The unit automatically starts the genset and switches to generator supply at a mains failure after an adjustable delay time.) Island operation Fixed power/base load Peak shaving Load takeover Mains power export Genset mode (multiple gensets) Load sharing Power management Auto X X Semi X X Auto X X X X X X X Semi X X X X X X X Comment Standard Standard Standard Standard Standard Standard Standard Comment AGC 23x and 24x only AGC 24x only Running mode Test Man X X X X X X X X X X X X X Running mode Test Man X X X Block X X X X X X X Block X X For a general description of the available running modes. When the mains returns. please refer to the chapter ”Running mode description”. It is not suitable for reading from beginning to end.) Island operation Fixed power/base load Peak shaving Load takeover Mains power export (fixed power to mains) Application (multiple generators) CANbus load sharing Power management Genset mode (single generator) Automatic Mains Failure (no back sync. and the mains breaker is open. using the particular genset mode as starting point. The unit can be used for the applications listed in the table below. the unit will switch back to mains supply and cool down and stop the DEIF A/S Page 13 of 239 .) Automatic Mains Failure (with back sync. Application (single generator) Automatic Mains Failure (no back sync. The mains breaker will be opened at genset start-up.

please refer to the chapter ”Running mode description”. Semi-auto mode description When the generator breaker is closed. When the mains returns. 2. the unit will use the nominal frequency as the setpoint for the speed governor and the nominal voltage for the AVR. For a general description of the available running modes. AMF (with back synchronisation) Auto mode description The unit automatically starts the genset and switches to generator supply at a mains failure after an adjustable delay time. the unit will use the nominal frequency as the setpoint for the speed governor and nominal voltage for the AVR. When the stop command is given. If the time-dependent start/stop commands are to be used. the generator breaker will be closed when the generator voltage and frequency is OK. the generator breaker and the mains breaker will never be closed at the same time for a longer period than the adjusted ”overlap” time. Then the genset cools down and stops. In that case. Island operation Auto mode description The unit automatically starts the genset and closes the generator breaker at a digital start command. the unit will synchronise the mains breaker to the busbar when the ”Mains OK delay” has expired. the digital input ”auto start/stop” cannot be used. The start and stop commands are used by activating and deactivating a digital input. In both cases. Semi-auto mode description When the generator breaker is closed and the mains breaker is opened. the unit will use the nominal frequency as setpoint for the DEIF A/S Page 14 of 239 .AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook genset. In this case. and the mains breaker is open. If AVR control is selected. The mains breaker will remain closed until the genset is running and the genset voltage and frequency is OK. The switching back to mains supply is done without back synchronisation when the adjusted ”Mains OK delay” has expired. then the auto mode must also be used. then the setpoint will be the adjusted power factor. For a general description of the available running modes. please refer to the chapter ”Running mode description”. The mains breaker will be opened at genset start-up. the generator breaker is tripped and the genset will be stopped after a cooling-down period. The automatic mains failure mode can be combined with the ”overlap” function. When the generator is paralleled to the mains. Semi-auto mode description When the generator breaker is closed. It is possible to adjust the unit to change to genset operation in two different ways: 1. the governor regulation will no longer be active.

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook speed governor and the nominal voltage for the AVR. For a general description of the available running modes. the unit ramps up the load to the setpoint level. the genset is deloaded and stopped after the cooling-down period. fixed power . Delay point: At this point. After the generator breaker closure. Enable: Enable load ramp steps. If the time-dependent start/stop commands are to be used. When the generator is paralleled to the mains. the unit will use the nominal frequency as the setpoint for the speed governor and the nominal voltage for the AVR. the ramp-up is cancelled until the delay has expired.principle Semi-auto mode description When the generator breaker is closed and the mains breaker is opened. please refer to the chapter ”Running mode description”. If AVR control is selected. When the stop command is given. then the setpoint will be the adjusted power factor (7052). Delay: When this delay has expired. then the auto mode must also be used. kW Start signal Diagram. In this case. Fixed power/base load Auto mode description The unit automatically starts the genset and synchronises to the mains when the digital input ”auto start/stop” is activated. the generator power will be increased to the fixed power setpoint (menu 7051). DEIF A/S Stop signal tRAMP-UP t Page 15 of 239 . Steps: Defines the number of steps related to the delay point setting. the digital input ”auto start/stop” cannot be used. Setpoints related to fixed power 2610 Power ramp-up Ramp speed: Defines the slope of the ramp-up. the ramp-up is continued from the delay point. The start and stop commands are used by activating and deactivating a digital input.

the timer will be stopped and will not continue until the function is deactivated again. If the function is activated while the delay timer is timing out. the power setpoint continues to rise in ramp-up steps. and this setpoint will be maintained as long as the function is active. wait and then ramp to the present power setpoint. ramp to 60%. Freeze power ramp active: 1. Freeze power ramp A way to define the ramp-up steps is to use the freeze power ramp command in M-Logic. The power ramp will stop at any point of the power ramp. the genset will ramp to 20%. 3. The delay starts running when the GB has been closed. The amount of power accepted when opening the breaker. wait the configured delay time. 2. DEIF A/S Page 16 of 239 .AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Ramp-up with load steps When the GB is closed. If the function is activated while ramping from one delay point to another. determined by the number of steps in menu 2615. If the delay point is set to 20% and the number of load steps is set to 3. 2620 Power ramp-down Ramp speed: Breaker open: Defines the slope of the ramp-down. ramp to 40%. the ramp will be fixed until the function is deactivated again. wait.

The CT4 (measuring CT placed in phase L1) input can be used for indication of the power imported from the mains. When the load drops below the maximum mains import setpoint. For a general description of the available running modes. 10%. This is a better solution if there is some distance from the measuring point to the AGC 200. Peak shaving Auto mode description The genset will start at a predefined mains import level and run at a fixed minimum load. please refer to the chapter ”Running mode description”.g. Alternatively. the genset will cool down and stop. peak shaving .AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook 7050 Fixed power set Power set: The amount of power the genset will produce. mains import level Mains power Genset start level Genset stop level Generator Genset minimum load t tSTOP Diagram. When the mains import increases above the maximum mains import setpoint.example DEIF A/S Page 17 of 239 . kW Peak/total power Max. When the mains import decreases below the stop setpoint. a transducer connected to multi-input 46 can be used. the genset will run at min. the genset will supply the extra load in order to maintain the mains import at the maximum import level. e. load again.

Alternatively. For a general description of the available running modes. Setpoints related to peak shaving 7000 Mains power Day and night: The mains power import limits for the peak shaving. When the stop command is given. Load: The minimum load the genset will produce when parallel to mains. please refer to the chapter ”Running mode description”. When the generator breaker is closed. 7010 Daytime period These settings define the daytime period. The CT4 (measuring CT placed in phase L1) input can be used for indication of the power imported from the mains. This is a better solution if there is some distance from the measuring point to the AGC 200. the mains breaker is synchronised to the busbar and after closure the genset is deloaded. Delay: The genset will stop when the stop setpoint has been exceeded and this delay has expired. Load takeover Auto mode description . the setpoint is the adjusted power factor. the imported load is decreased (the power is being transferred to the genset) until the load is at the open breaker point. If AVR control is selected. Then the mains breaker opens. the genset will start and synchronise the generator breaker to the busbar that is being supplied by the mains. When the start command is given. Tmax and Tmin: The transducer range in kW. 7030 Stop generator Stop setpoint: The stop setpoint is in percent of the day and night settings in menu 7000 Mains power. corresponding to the 4-20 mA transducer signal connected on multi-input 46. DEIF A/S Page 18 of 239 . 7020 Start generator Start setpoint: The start setpoint is in percent of the day and night settings in menu 7000 Mains power. the generator will be controlled according to the peak shaving setpoint. a transducer connected to multi-input 46 can be used. The hours outside the daytime period are considered to be the night-time period. the nominal voltage is used as setpoint. Delay: The genset will start when the start setpoint has been exceeded and this delay has expired. cooled down and stopped.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Semi-auto mode description When the generator breaker is closed and the mains breaker is opened.Back synchronising ON The purpose of the load takeover mode is to transfer the load imported from the mains to the genset for operation on generator supply only. So the maximum mains import will not be exceeded in spite of the semiauto mode. When the generator is paralleled to the mains. If AVR control is selected. the unit will use the nominal frequency as setpoint for the speed governor.

If the imported load is higher than the nominal genset power. it will be controlled so the imported power from the mains will be kept at 0 kW. an alarm appears and the load takeover sequence is paused. If AVR control is selected. If the imported load is higher than the nominal genset power. the generator supplies the load until the stop command is given. Then. The CT4 (measuring CT placed in phase L1) input can be used for indication of the power imported from the mains. the nominal voltage is used as setpoint. When the frequency and voltage is OK. If AVR control is selected. Alternatively.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook kW Mains power Generator power t Start signal Stop signal MB opens GB opens Diagram. the mains breaker is opened and the generator breaker is closed. load takeover . Back synchronising OFF When the start command is given. Now. Semi-auto mode When the generator breaker is closed and the mains breaker is opened. please refer to the chapter ”Running mode description”. a transducer connected to multi-input 46 can be used. the setpoint is the adjusted power factor. In that case. When the generator is paralleled to the mains. This is a better solution if there is some distance from the measuring point to the AGC 200. the generator breaker opens and the mains breaker closes. the unit will use the nominal frequency as setpoint for the speed governor. an alarm appears and the load takeover sequence is paused. the genset will start. the generator and the mains breakers will never be closed at the same time for a longer period than the adjusted ”overlap” time.example The load takeover mode can be combined with the overlap function. For a general description of the available running modes. The genset cools down and stops. DEIF A/S Page 19 of 239 .

Semi-auto mode description When the generator breaker is closed and the mains breaker is opened. it will be controlled according to the mains power export setpoint. The CT4 (measuring CT placed in phase L1) input can be used for indication of the power imported from the mains. Afterwards. If AVR control is selected. a transducer connected to multi-input 46 can be used.example Please notice that the setpoint of the mains power export can be adjusted to 0 kW. The stop command will cause the genset to deload and trip the generator breaker. DEIF A/S Page 20 of 239 . If a fixed level of imported power must be used. The genset starts as a result of a digital start command. but always at a constant level. For a general description of the available running modes. This is a better solution if there is some distance from the measuring point to the AGC 200. It synchronises to the mains and will start to export power to the mains. please refer to the chapter ”Running mode description”. it is still the mains power export mode that is to be selected! This mode covers import as well as export. The amount of power exported will be kept at a fixed level regardless of the load on the busbar. the nominal voltage is used as setpoint. If AVR control is selected. mains power export . the setpoint is the adjusted power factor. The power can be exported to the mains or imported from the mains. Alternatively.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Mains power export (fixed power to mains) Auto mode description The mains power export mode can be used to maintain a constant level of power through the mains breaker. This means that the genset will be parallel to the mains but no power will be exported. Start signal Stop signal t Ramp-up Ramp-down Mains power export setpoint kW Diagram. the unit will use the nominal frequency as setpoint for the speed governor. When the generator is paralleled to the mains. it will cool down and stop.

The following sequences can be activated in semi-auto: Command Start Description The start sequence is initiated and continues until the genset starts or the maximum number of start attempts has been reached. The regulator is deactivated and the governor output is activated as long as the GOV input is ON. as is the case with the auto mode. The genset will be stopped. Push-buttons on the front are used. 2. It will only initiate sequences if external signals are given. please refer to the chapter ”Digital inputs” in this document and the data sheet for additional information about availability. After disappearance of the running signal. The unit will open the generator breaker instantly if the mains breaker is open or the genset mode is island mode. the unit will not regulate after breaker closure. When the genset is running in semi-auto mode. The unit will close the mains breaker if the generator breaker is open. the stop sequence will continue to be active in the ”extended stop time” period. An external signal may be given in three ways: 1. The standard AGC 200 is equipped with a limited number of digital inputs. The genset is stopped without cooling-down time. Comment Stop Close GB When AMF mode is selected. The unit opens the mains breaker instantly. The unit will close the generator breaker if the mains breaker is open. the unit will control the speed governor and the AVR. Modbus command. Semi-auto means that the unit will not initiate any sequences automatically. and it will synchronise and close the mains breaker if the generator breaker is closed. DEIF A/S Page 21 of 239 . The regulator is deactivated and the governor output is activated as long as the AVR input is ON. The regulator is deactivated and the governor output is activated as long as the AVR input is ON.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Running mode description Semi-auto mode The unit can be operated in semi-auto mode. and it will synchronise and close the generator breaker if the mains breaker is closed. The frequency (and voltage) will be regulated to make the GB ready to close. Open GB Close MB Open MB Manual GOV UP Manual GOV DOWN Manual AVR UP Manual AVR DOWN The unit will ramp down and open the generator breaker at the breaker open point if the mains breaker is closed. 3. Digital inputs are used. The regulator is deactivated and the governor output is activated as long as the GOV input is ON.

When the test timer expires. synchronise the generator breaker and transfer the load to the generator before opening the mains breaker. Simple test The simple test will only start the genset and run it at nominal frequency with the generator breaker open. it is required that ”Sync. To run the load test. To run the full test.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Test mode The test mode function is activated by selecting test with the MODE push-button on the display or by activating a digital input. Test mode cannot be used if the genset is in island operation (genset mode selected to island mode). the mains breaker will be synchronised and the load is transferred back to the mains before the generator breaker is opened and the generator is stopped. it is required that ”Sync. DEIF A/S Page 22 of 239 . When the test is completed. If the timer is set to 0. to mains” is enabled in menu 7084 When running a load test sequence. The settings for the test function are set up in menu 7040. Engine run time during the test period.. Full test The full test will start the genset and run it at nominal frequency. The test will run until the timer expires. Selection of one of the three types of tests: Simple. the unit will return to the selected mode (semi-auto or auto). load or full. to mains” is enabled in menu 7084. Power management (option G4): Test mode is not available. Load test The load test will start the genset and run it at nominal frequency. synchronise the generator breaker and produce the power typed in the setpoint in menu 7041. • • • • Setpoint: Timer: Return: Type: Load setpoint when paralleling to mains. the test sequence will be infinite. The test will run until the timer expires.0 min. the overlap function is ignored.

DEIF recommends avoiding local cranking and starting of the genset. If the digital inputs are used to change the mode. If OFF mode is selected when the generator is running. OFF mode When the OFF mode is selected. when AUTO mode is selected. MAN mode cannot be selected. It is not possible to open and close the generator breaker or the mains breaker in manual mode. The OFF mode can only be changed locally by display or digital input. the breaker will open and the engine will be stopped immediately. Alarms are not influenced by OFF mode selection. when it is ON. The number of configurable digital inputs is optiondependent.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Manual mode When manual mode is selected. Before the running mode is changed. the unit is locked for certain actions. Unit gives decrease signal to the AVR. it is necessary to go to SEMI-AUTO to make MAN available. it is important to check that persons are clear of the genset and that the genset is ready for operation. The following commands are possible: Command Start (input or push-button) Stop (input or push-button) Manual increase speed Manual decrease speed Manual increase voltage Manual decrease voltage Comment Genset starts (no regulation). The genset can be started from the local engine control panel if such is installed. it returns to the mode it was in before OFF mode was selected. the AGC 200 will stay in OFF mode after the OFF input is deactivated. It is necessary to configure the digital inputs through the PC utility software to use the manual commands. If OFF mode is selected using the display after the digital OFF input is activated. Therefore. the unit is in a blocked state and when it is OFF. DEIF A/S Page 23 of 239 . the genset can be controlled with digital inputs. then it is important to keep in mind that the input configured to OFF mode is a constant signal. The purpose of the OFF mode is to make sure that the genset does not start for instance during maintenance work. Genset opens GB and stops without cooling down. So. Unit gives decrease signal to the speed governor. This means that it cannot start the genset or perform any breaker operations. Unit gives increase signal to the AVR. The OFF mode must now be changed using the display. To go from AUTO to MAN. Unit gives increase signal to the speed governor.

Island operation AGC 200 Automatic Mains Failure/fixed power/base load AGC 200 Peak shaving/load takeover/mains power export AGC 200 Multiple gensets. the various applications are illustrated in single-line diagrams.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Single-line diagrams In the following. load sharing AGC 200 AGC 200 DEIF A/S Page 24 of 239 .

For illustrative purposes. DEIF A/S Page 25 of 239 . the principles of the most important functions will be illustrated in the next sections.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Flowcharts Using flowcharts. the flowcharts are simplified. The functions included are: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Mode shift MB open sequence GB open sequence Stop sequence Start sequence MB close sequence GB close sequence Fixed power Load takeover Single generator/island operation Peak shaving Mains power export Automatic Mains Failure Test sequence The following flowcharts are for guidance only.

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Mode shift Start Mode shift enabled Yes No Mode not island/AMF Yes No No Mains failure Yes Initiate AMF sequence No Mains OK Yes Initiate mains return sequence MB close sequence Continue in selected mode END DEIF A/S Page 26 of 239 .

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook MB open sequence Start No MB closed Yes Load takeover Yes No Mains failure Deload MB No No Yes Load too high Alarm Load = 0 Yes Open MB MB opened Yes No Alarm 'MB open failure' END DEIF A/S Page 27 of 239 .

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook GB open sequence Start Stop conditions OK Yes No GB closed No Yes No Soft open Fail class shutdown Yes Deload DG No Load< open setpoint Yes No Ramp-down timer expired Yes Open GB No GB opened Yes Alarm End DEIF A/S Page 28 of 239 .

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Stop sequence Start Stop conditions OK Yes No GB open seq. OK Yes No AUTO mode Yes No No Cooldown timer run out Yes Run coil Yes No Stop relay Deactivate 'stop' relay Activate stop relay Genset No stopped Yes Alarm End DEIF A/S Page 29 of 239 .

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Start sequence Start Start condition OK Yes No Start prepare timer Yes No Start relay ON Start relay time-out Yes No Genset started Yes No Off relay ON Run feedback No detected Yes Alarm Stop relay timed out Yes No f/U OK Yes No No Max. start attempts Yes Ready to close GB Start failure alarm End DEIF A/S Page 30 of 239 .

MB Alarm sync. ON Yes No Sync. timer run out Yes GB open sequence Yes No Sync. No No GB closed Yes Direct close OK No Back sync. failure Alarm GB open failure No Synchronised Yes Close MB No MB closed Yes Close failure alarm End DEIF A/S Page 31 of 239 .AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook MB close sequence Start No Is MB open Yes Voltage on mains Yes No Voltage on on Yes gen.

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook GB close sequence Start No is GB open Yes Start seq OK No Yes single DG application Yes No No voltage on busbar Yes island mode No All GBs OFF No Yes No MB close Yes voltage on bus No TB Present Yes No Yes Yes TB open No Yes Yes MB open No No direct closing OK Sync GB time runout Yes DG freq match No BB freq Yes alarm sync failure close GB GB closed Yes No alarm end DEIF A/S Page 32 of 239 .

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Fixed power Start Activate start input start sequence GB close sequence ramp-up to load set-point operation deactivate start input GB open sequence stop sequence end DEIF A/S Page 33 of 239 .

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Load takeover Start Activate start input start sequence GB close sequence Mains load = 0 kW Yes No ramp-up genset load MB open sequence genset operation deactivate start input MB close sequence GB open sequence stop sequence end DEIF A/S Page 34 of 239 .

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Single generator island operation Start start input active start sequence GB close sequence operation start input deactivated GB open sequence stop sequence end DEIF A/S Page 35 of 239 .

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Peak shaving Start mains power above start set point start sequence GB close sequence operation: produce power above set point mains power below stop set point GB open sequence stop sequence end DEIF A/S Page 36 of 239 .

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Mains power export Start activate start input start sequence close GB sequence ramp up to MPE set point Operation deactivate start input GB open sequence stop sequence end DEIF A/S Page 37 of 239 .

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Automatic Mains Failure DEIF A/S Page 38 of 239 .

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Test sequence DEIF A/S Page 39 of 239 .

g.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Sequences The following contains information about the sequences of the engine. Please refer to our Application Notes or Installation Instructions for information about the required breaker wiring. A mains breaker failure will occur if the wiring of the mains breaker feedback inputs is wrong. Start sequence The following drawings illustrate the start sequences of the genset with normal start prepare and extended start prepare. or if the commands are selected in the semi-auto mode. press the START push-button: The engine will start. the generator breaker and. if installed. the digital input ”MB closed” is NOT to be activated with a 12/24 volt input signal. These sequences are automatically initiated if the auto mode is selected. the running coil is activated 1 s before the start relay (starter). In the semi-auto mode. but no subsequent synchronising is initiated). The following sequences will be illustrated below: • • • START sequence STOP sequence Breaker sequences If island operation is selected. DEIF A/S Page 40 of 239 . the mains breaker. No matter the choice of start prepare function. the selected sequence is the only sequence initiated (e.

The selection is made in setting 6185. If the value in 6186 is set to 0.g.0. the rule is that the value (oil pressure. the oil pressure is not primed to the sufficient value. then the crank relay will not engage the starter motor. For each of the VDO settings. DEIF A/S Page 41 of 239 .AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Start sequence conditions The start sequence initiation can be controlled by the following conditions: VDO 46 (oil pressure) VDO 47 (water temperature) VDO 48 (fuel level) This means that if e. the start sequence is initiated as soon as it is requested. The following diagram shows an example where the VDO signal builds up slowly. fuel level or water temperature) must exceed the setpoint of setting 6186 before starting is initiated. and starting is initiated at the end of the third start attempt.

This way. The sequence is shown in the following diagram. The running feedback selected is the primary feedback. If a running feedback is detected based on one of the secondary choices. the genset will start. the primary choice is not detecting any running feedback. the genset will still be functional even though a tacho sensor is damaged or dirty. If. At all times. Please refer to menu 6170 for selection of the running feedback type.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Start sequence: Cranking depends on VDO Start prepare (3 start attempts) 1 2 3 Stop relay Crank relay Run coil Running feedback VDO measurement OK VDO value Cranking starts Running feedback Different types of running feedback can be used to detect if the motor is running. the starter relay will stay activated for 1 additional second. for some reason. no matter if the genset is started based on the primary or secondary feedback. the running detection will be made based on all available types. DEIF A/S Page 42 of 239 . As soon as the genset is running. all the types of running feedback are used for running detection. The running detection is made with a built-in safety routine.

Tacho setpoint. The only protections that can stop the genset/interrupt the start sequence when the ”shutdown override” input is activated. Only in semi-auto or manual mode. Digital input. it has to be set up in menu 6174. Running feedback Running feedback Emergency stop Alarm Stop push-button on display Modbus stop command Binary stop input Deactivate the ”auto start/stop” Running mode If the MPU input is to be used to remove the starter. Frequency measurement above 32 Hz. DEIF A/S Page 43 of 239 . load takeover or mains power export mode. Semi-auto or manual mode.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Interruption of start sequence The start sequence is interrupted in the following situations: Event Stop signal Start failure Remove starter feedback Running feedback Running feedback Running feedback Comment Tacho setpoint. Alarms with ”shutdown” or ”trip and stop” fail class. Auto mode in the following genset modes: Island operation. are the digital input ”emergency stop” and the alarm ”overspeed 2”. fixed power. The running detection based on the frequency measurement can replace the running feedback based on tacho or digital input or engine communication. The frequency measurement requires a voltage measurement of 30% of UNOM. Semi-auto or manual mode. Oil pressure setpoint (menu 6175). It is not possible to change the running mode to ”block” as long as the genset is running. Both of these must have the fail class ”shutdown”. EIC (engine communication) (option H5).

The start prepare relay is activated when the start sequence is initiated and deactivated when the start relay is activated. If the timer is set to 0. The delay to be set is the time from the secondary running detection and until the alarm is raised.0 s.Crank failure alarm (4530 Crank failure) If MPU is chosen as the primary running feedback.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Setpoints related to the start sequence . DEIF A/S Page 44 of 239 . the extended prepare function is deactivated. this alarm will be raised if the specified rpm is not reached before the delay has expired. If the timer is set to 0.Hz/V failure (4550 Hz/V failure) If the frequency and voltage are not within the limits set in menu 2110 after the running feedback is received. prepare time exceeds the start ON time. this alarm is raised when the delay has expired.Start failure alarm (4570 Start failure) The start failure alarm occurs. digital input. . .g. has not detected running. Extended prepare: The extended prepare will activate the start prepare relay when the start sequence is initiated and keep it activated when the start relay activates until the specified time has expired. If the ext.g. prelubrication or preglowing. Start OFF time: The pause between two start attempts. this alarm will be raised. but the primary running feedback. fail) If running is detected on the frequency (secondary).Run feedback failure (4540 Run feedb. e. .0 s. Start ON time: The starter will be activated for this period when cranking. the start prepare relay is deactivated when the start relay deactivates. if the genset has not started after the number of start attempts set in menu 6190.Start prepare (6180 Starter) Normal prepare: The start prepare timer can be used for start preparation purposes. the start prepare function is deactivated. . e.

DEIF A/S Page 45 of 239 . Description Auto mode stop Trip and stop alarm Stop button on display Remove ”auto start/stop” Cooling down X X X Stop X X X X Comment Emergency stop X Semi-auto or manual.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Stop sequence The drawings illustrate the stop sequence. The stop sequence will be activated if a stop command is given. mains power export. The stop sequence includes the cooling down time if the stop is a normal or controlled stop. Engine shuts down and GB opens. load takeover. Auto mode: Island operation. fixed power.

Setpoints related to the stop sequence .: Sync.Stop (6210 Stop) Cooling down: the length of the cooling down period. load takeover or mains power export. After opening of the breaker. Semi-auto mode only. regardless of the actual genset mode. The extended stop sequence is activated any time the stop button is pressed If the cooling down timer is set to 0.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Interruption of the stop sequence can occur in these situations: Event Mains failure Start button is pressed Binary start input Exceeding setpoint GB close button is pressed Comment AMF mode selected (or mode shift selected ON) and auto mode selected.0 s. The limits are adjusted in menu 2110 Sync. Back sync. The stop sequence can only be interrupted during the cooling down period. Enables synchronisation from generator to mains. the AGC 200 will perform the AMF sequence in case of a mains failure. it must be checked that the voltage and frequency are OK. blackout. MB close delay: The time from GB OFF to MB ON when back synchronisation is OFF. Extended stop: the delay after the running feedback has disappeared until a new start sequence is allowed. the analogue speed governor output is reset to the offset value. the MB ON sequence will not be initiated before Page 46 of 239 . When the engine is stopped. Breaker sequences The breaker sequences will be activated depending on the selected mode: Mode Auto Semi-auto Manual Block Genset mode All All All All Breaker control Controlled by the unit Push-button None None Before closing the breakers. Auto mode: Island operation and fixed power. to mains: Load time: DEIF A/S Enables synchronisation from mains to generator. Please refer to the mentioned option descriptions. Semi-auto mode: Engine will run in idle speed. the cooling down sequence will be infinite. Auto mode: Peak shaving. . Setpoints related to MB control 7080 MB control Mode shift: When enabled.Stop failure (4580 Stop failure) A stop failure alarm will appear if the primary running feedback or the generator voltage and frequency are still present after the delay in this menu has expired.

When a mains failure occurs. AGC 200 without back synchronisation: The GB can only be closed if the mains breaker is open. . The possibilities are: Selection Start engine and open mains breaker Start engine Description When a mains failure occurs. The GB can close directly if the MB is open. Please refer to the description of ”breaker spring load time”. DEIF A/S Page 47 of 239 . This is necessary if the unit operates in Automatic Mains Failure (AMF). The power plant constructor (USW) is used for configuration of the plant design if the application does not include an MB. AMF timers The time charts describe the functionality at a mains failure and at mains return. AGC 200 with back synchronisation: If the GB or MB push-button is activated. the engine starts. If no MB is represented. the mains breaker opens and the engine starts at the same time. Back synchronisation is deactivated. When the generator is running and the frequency and voltage are OK. then the relays and inputs normally used for MB control become configurable. the AGC 200 will start synchronising if the generator or mains voltage is present. The timers used by the AMF function are indicated in the table below: Timer tFD tFU tFOD tGBC tMBC Description Mains failure delay Frequency/voltage OK Mains failure OK delay GB ON delay MB ON delay Menu number 7070 f mains failure 7060 U mains failure 6220 Hz/V OK 7070 f mains failure 7060 U mains failure 6231 GB close delay 7085 MB load time The timer tMBC is only active if back synchronisation is deactivated.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook this delay has expired. The MB can close directly if the GB is open. The MB can only be closed if the generator breaker is open.AMF MB opening function (menu 7065) It is possible to select the functionality of the mains breaker closing function. the MB opens and the GB closes.

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Example 1: 7065 Mains fail control: Start engine and open MB Mains OK tMCB MB On GB On Gen start seq tFD Gen stop seq Gen running Gen f/U OK tFU Mains failure detected Mains OK tFOD Example 2: 7065 Mains fail control: Start engine Mains OK MB On GB On tGBC Gen start seq tFD Gen stop seq tFOD Gen running Gen f/U OK tFU Mains failure detected Mains OK tMBC DEIF A/S Page 48 of 239 .

direct closing GB ON. synchronising GB OFF. direct opening GB OFF. direct opening MB OFF. The conditions for the ON and OFF sequences are described in the table below: Conditions for breaker operations Sequence GB ON. deloading MB OFF. direct closing Condition Running feedback Generator frequency/voltage OK MB open Mains frequency/voltage OK GB open Running feedback Generator frequency/voltage OK MB closed No generator failure alarms Mains frequency/voltage OK GB closed No generator failure alarms MB open Alarms with fail classes: Shut down or Trip MB alarms MB closed Alarms with fail class: Trip and stop MB ON. synchronising MB ON.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Conditions for breaker operations The breaker sequences react depending on the breaker positions and the frequency/voltage measurements. deloading DEIF A/S Page 49 of 239 .

this button function is used to scroll the second line displaying of generator values. Display and menu structure This chapter deals with the display including the push-button and LED functions. The display unit holds a number of push-button functions which are presented below.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook 5. Manoeuvring push-buttons Moves the cursor left for manoeuvring in the menus. Alarm push-buttons Shifts the display to alarm list. Moves the cursor right for manoeuvring in the menus. each with 25 characters. Decreases the value of the selected setpoint (in the setup menu). Stop of the genset if ”SEMI-AUTO” or ”MANUAL” is selected. DEIF A/S Page 50 of 239 . Is used to select the entry in the display. Manual activation of open breaker sequence if ”SEMI-AUTO” is selected. The display has six different lines. Increases the value of the selected setpoint (in the setup menu). ESC Jumps one step backwards in the menu (to previous display or to the entry window). the unit menu structure will be presented. Manual activation of close breaker sequence if ”SEMI-AUTO” is selected. Control and command push-buttons Start of the genset if ”SEMI-AUTO” or ”MANUAL” is selected. In the daily use display. this button function is used to scroll the view lines in V1 or the second line (in the setup menu) displaying of generator values. In addition. In the daily use display. Silence horn.

stop and breaker push-buttons are active). OFF running mode. stop and breaker push-buttons are ignored). DEIF A/S Page 51 of 239 . Display view selection push-buttons Shifts the display to show readings of values (AC values as well as analogue inputs and engine data).AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Running mode selection push-buttons AUTO SEMI MAN OFF TEST Select AUTO running mode (start. Select SEMI-AUTO running mode (start. but regulators are not active). The AGC 200 will do nothing (alarms are active). Initiates a test run (not possible for island generator). stop and breaker push-buttons are active. Shifts the display to system settings. Shifts the display lines 2-4 to show the alarm/log list. Shifts the display to help tools. Manual running mode (start.

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook The push-buttons are placed as follows: Display view buttons Display manoeuvring buttons Alarm control buttons Start engine Stop engine Generator breaker ON Generator breaker OFF Mains breaker ON Mains breaker OFF Lamp test Running mode selection buttons DEIF A/S Page 52 of 239 .

LED red light indicates that the mains breaker is OFF. LED is green if the mains is present and OK.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook LED functions The display unit holds up to 15 LED functions. Dependent on the situation. Four pcs. LED indicates that the auxiliary supply is switched on. red or yellow. LED green light indicates that the generator breaker is closed. LED is flashing green when the mains returns during the ”mains OK delay” time. configurable via M-Logic. LED indicates that manual mode is selected. LED is red at a measured mains failure. LED steady light indicates that ALL alarms are acknowledged. LED indicates that auto mode is selected. LED indicates that the engine is running. but the breaker is not yet closed due to interlocking of the GB. LED is flashing yellow if the ”Enable GB black close” or the ”GB spring loaded” signal is missing or the GB load time has not expired. LED indicates that semi-auto mode is selected. Alarm: Power: Alarm panel: Engine: Generator: GB ON: LED flashing indicates that unacknowledged alarms are present. GB OFF: MB ON: MB OFF: Mains: AUTO: SEMI: MAN: OFF: DEIF A/S Page 53 of 239 . LED green light indicates that the mains breaker is closed. LED indicators. LED indicates that off mode is selected. LED is flashing yellow if the ”MB spring loaded” signal from the breaker is missing or the MB load time has not expired. LED yellow light indicates that the generator breaker has received a command to close on a black busbar. LED green light indicates that the voltage/frequency is present and OK. the colour of the LEDs is green. LED red light indicates that the generator breaker is OFF.

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook The display LEDs indicate the following: 4 x configurable LEDs Power: Indicates auxiliary supply ON Alarm: Alarm(s) present Engine running Generator voltage OK Generator breaker ON/OFF Mains breaker ON/OFF Mains voltage OK Running mode DEIF A/S Page 54 of 239 .

an entry window appears.1 V 0 kW 0 kVAr 0 kWh 0 hrs DEIF A/S Page 55 of 239 . It can always be reached by pushing the BACK push-button three times. Entry window When the unit is powered up. Changing of parameter settings is password protected. The entry window is the first window of the view menu system. Setup menu system This menu system is used to set up the unit.supply G 0.00I PF G 0kVA Energy Total Run Absolute 24. MAINS FAILURE U. 20 windows are configurable and can be entered by using the push-button.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Menu structure The display includes two menu systems which can be used without password entry: View menu system This is the commonly used menu system. and if the user needs detailed information that is not available in the view menu system.

Display view indicator Placed over the selected view button. various measured values are on display. For detailed information about configuration. The views contain up to 20 different windows which can be selected using the buttons located on the right hand side of the display.00I PF G 0kVA Energy Total Run absolute 24. View menu navigation Display of measured values according to the selections made during configuration.supply G 0. and push- MAINS FAILURE U.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook View menu The view menu is the daily use menu for the operator. please see the description in the Help menu of the utility software. Second. third and fourth display lines Measurements. Fifth and sixth display lines Produced kWh and running hours. First display line Operational status.1 V 0 kW 0 kVAr 0 kWh 0 hrs 1/20 DEIF A/S Page 56 of 239 . In the view menu.

#min DEIF A/S Page 57 of 239 . Status text BLOCK SIMPLE TEST LOAD TEST FULL TEST SIMPLE TEST ###.#min LOAD TEST ###.#min ISLAND MAN ISLAND SEMI READY ISLAND AUTO ISLAND ACTIVE AMF MAN AMF SEMI READY AMF AUTO AMF ACTIVE FIXED POWER MAN FIXED POWER SEMI READY FIXED P AUTO FIXED POWER ACTIVE PEAK SHAVING MAN PEAK SHAVING SEMI READY PEAK SHAV AUTO PEAK SHAVING ACTIVE LOAD TAKEOVER MAN LOAD TAKEOVER SEMI READY LTO AUTO LTO ACTIVE MAINS P EXPORT MAN MAINS P EXPORT SEMI READY MPE AUTO MPE ACTIVE DG BLOCKED FOR START GB ON BLOCKED SHUTDOWN OVERRIDE ACCESS LOCK Condition Block mode is activated Test mode is activated Test mode is activated and test timer counting down Genset stopped or running and no other action taking place Genset stopped in Auto Genset running in Auto Genset stopped or running and no other action taking place Genset stopped in Auto Genset running in Auto Genset stopped or running and no other action taking place Genset stopped in Auto Genset running in Auto Genset stopped or running and no other action taking place Genset stopped in Auto Genset running in Auto Genset stopped or running and no other action taking place Genset stopped in Auto Genset running in Auto Genset stopped or running and no other action taking place Genset stopped in Auto Genset running in mains power export mode Generator stopped and active alarm(s) on the generator Generator running. GB open and an active ”Trip GB” alarm The configurable input is active The configurable input is activated.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Status line text This table explains the different messages. and the operator tries to activate one of the blocked keys Some external equipment has tripped the breaker Some external equipment has tripped the breaker The ”Idle run” function is active The genset will not stop until a timer has expired The timer in the ”Idle run” function is active Comment GB TRIP EXTERNALLY MB TRIP EXTERNALLY IDLE RUN An external trip is logged in the event log An external trip is logged in the event log IDLE RUN ###.#min FULL TEST ###.

the generator is in synchronism TOO SLOW 00<-----------------------> 00 TOO FAST EXT.>00< ------------ Generator is synchronising The ”xx” marks the actual generator phase angle position in the synchronisation.#V ####s Condition Compensation is active Battery test activated Decreasing the load of the genset in order to open the breaker The start genset setpoint is exceeded The stop genset setpoint is exceeded The start prepare relay is activated The start relay is activated The start relay is deactivated during the start sequence Mains failure and mains failure timer expired Frequency or voltage measurement is outside the limits Mains voltage is OK after a mains failure Mains frequency is OK after a mains failure The voltage and frequency on the genset is OK Cooling down period is activated This info is shown when cooling down has finished This info is shown if the language file is downloaded from the PC utility software Comment The frequency is not at the nominal setting START DG(s) IN STOP DG(s) IN START PREPARE START RELAY ON START RELAY OFF MAINS FAILURE MAINS FAILURE IN ###s ###s ###s MAINS U OK DEL MAINS f OK DEL Hz/V OK IN ####s ####s ###s The timer shown is the mains failure delay Text in mains units The timer shown is the mains OK delay The timer shown is the mains OK delay When the timer runs out. When the ”xx” is aligned over the 00 centre. START ORDER SELECT GENSET MODE QUICK SETUP ERROR MOUNT CAN CONNECTOR Generator running too slow during synchronising Generator running too fast during synchronising A planned AMF sequence is activated Power management has been deactivated and no other genset mode has been selected Quick setup of the application failed Connect the power management CAN line There is no failure on the mains during this sequence Option G5 must be available DEIF A/S Page 58 of 239 .AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Status text COMPENSATION FREQ. Aux. STOP TIME ###s PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE ---xx-------. it is allowed to operate the generator breaker COOLING DOWN GENSET STOPPING ###s EXT. test DELOAD ##.

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Status text ADAPT IN PROGRESS SETUP IN PROGRESS SETUP COMPLETED REMOVE CAN CONNECTOR RAMP TO #####kW DERATED TO #####kW Condition The AGC 200 is receiving the application. and the next step that will be reached after the timer has expired will be displayed Displays the ramp-down setpoint Comment DEIF A/S Page 59 of 239 . to which it has just been connected The new AGC is being added to the existing application Successful update of the application in all AGC units Remove the power management CAN lines The power ramp is ramping in steps.

this message is shown on the redundant unit Some external equipment has tripped the breaker BTB unit A BTB unit is dividing two sections in an application BTB unit in Auto and ready for breaker operation (no active ”BTB trip” alarm) BTB unit in Semi-auto BTB unit in Auto. this message is shown on the redundant unit DG units are load sharing asymmetrically to deload BTB XX. # RECEIVING APPL. # BROADCAST COMPLETED RECEIVE COMPLETED BROADCAST ABORTED RECEIVE ERROR AGC 200 receiving an application Successful broadcast of an application Application received successfully Broadcast terminated Application is not received correctly DEIF A/S Page 60 of 239 . SYNCHRONISING TB XX SYNCHRONISING MB XX SYNCHRONISING BTB XX UNIT STANDBY TB TRIP EXTERNALLY An external trip is logged in the event log DIVIDING SECTION READY AUTO OPERATION SEMI-AUTO OPERATION AUTO OPERATION BLOCKED FOR CLOSING BTB TRIP EXTERNALLY An external trip is logged in the event log Broadcasts one of the four applications from one unit to the other AGCs in the power management system BROADCASTING APPL. but not ready for breaker operation (active ”BTB trip” alarm) Last open BTB in a ring bus Some external equipment has tripped the breaker All units Broadcast of an application through the CAN line Comment UNIT STANDBY DELOADING BTB XX BTB XX DIVIDING SEC. dividing two sections in an application BTB XX is dividing two sections in an application TB XX is synchronising MB XX is synchronising BTB XX is synchronising Mains unit If redundant mains units are present.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Texts only related to power management (AGC 24x only) Status text BLACKOUT ENABLE Condition DG unit This information is shown if a CAN failure is present in a power management application If redundant mains units are present.

(relative run time) Next prio (next priority shift) Run ShtD O (shutdown override run time) Mains power A102 Number of GB operations Start attempts P available P mains P DGs tot Number of MB operations Service timer 1 Service timer 2 MPU Multi-input 46 Multi-input 47 Multi-input 48 DEIF A/S For bus/mains M f-L1 frequency L1 (Hz) M f-L2 frequency L2 (Hz) M f-L3 frequency L3 (Hz) Mains active power (kW) Mains reactive power (kVAr) Mains apparent power (kVA) Power factor Voltage angle between L1-L2 (deg.) Voltage angle between L2-L3 (deg.) M U-Min (voltage min.) G I-L1 (current L1) G I-L2 (current L2) G I-L3 (current L3) Run abs. total (kWh) Energy counter.) Voltage angle between L3-L1 (deg.0deg U-Supply (power supply V DC) Energy counter. active power (kW) Gen.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Possible values in second to fourth display lines View line configuration For generator G f-L1 frequency L1 (Hz) G f-L2 frequency L2 (Hz) G f-L3 frequency L3 (Hz) Gen. reactive power (kVAr) Gen.) BB U-L1N BB U-L2N BB U-L3N BB U-L1L2 BB U-L2L3 BB U-L3L1 BB U-MAX BB U-Min BB f-L1 BB AngL1L2-180.) Voltage angle between L2-L3 (deg.0deg U-Supply (power supply V DC) Energy counter.) M I-L1 (current L1) M I-L2 (current L2) M I-L3 (current L3) P TB A105 Number of TB operations P available P mains P DGs tot Number of MB operations Multi-input 46 Multi-input 47 Multi-input 48 Page 61 of 239 . monthly (kWh) M U-L1N (voltage L1-N) M U-L2N (voltage L2-N) M U-L3N (voltage L3-N) M U-L1L2 (voltage L1-L2) M U-L2L3 (voltage L2-L3) M U-L3L1 (voltage L3-L1) M U-Max (voltage max.) Voltage angle between L3-L1 (deg. monthly (kWh) G U-L1N (voltage L1-N) G U-L2N (voltage L2-N) G U-L3N (voltage L3-N) G U-L1L2 (voltage L1-L2) G U-L2L3 (voltage L2-L3) G U-L3L1 (voltage L3-L1) G U-Max (voltage max.0deg BB-M Ang -180. apparent power (kVA) Power factor Voltage angle between L1-L2 (deg. daily (kWh) Energy counter. (absolute run time) Run rel.) G U-Min (voltage min. total (kWh) Energy counter. weekly (kWh) Energy counter.0deg BB-G Ang -180. weekly (kWh) Energy counter.) BB U-L1N BB U-L2N BB U-L3N BB U-L1L2 BB U-L2L3 BB U-L3L1 BB U-MAX BB U-Min BB f-L1 BB AngL1L2-180. daily (kWh) Energy counter.

Press MAINS FAILURE P 0 kW Q 0 kVAr S 0 kVA AGC 200 2009-09-23 08:59:08 0% 0% 0% Press MAINS FAILURE MAINS FAILURE Wed Sept 23 13:36:23 MB OFF Wed Sept 23 13:36:33 Press MAINS FAILURE Setup menu 1000 G –P> 1010 G –P> 1030 G I> 1040 G I> .1 V G 0.00I PF 0 kW G 0 kVA 0 kVAr AGC 200 2009-09-23 08:59:08 Press MAINS FAILURE Event log Alarm log Battery test log .2 s Output A: Not used Output B: Not used . 1 2 1 2 .supply 24. The scrollbar indicates that more readings are available below Press MAINS FAILURE 1000 G –P> 1 Setpoint: -9. DEIF A/S Page 62 of 239 .AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook View line configuration For generator Cos Phi Cos Phi reference (current) Power reference (actual) Power reference (current) For bus/mains View menu example Start view: MAINS FAILURE U. Press MAINS FAILURE Setup menu 1000 Protection 2000 Synchronisation 2500 Regulation 3000 Binary input .0% Timer: 10.

the PC utility software must be used.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Mode overview The unit has four different running modes and one block mode. Available password levels: Password level Customer Service Master Factory setting 2000 2001 2002 Customer X X X Access Service X X Master X A parameter cannot be entered with a lower ranking password. Enter the parameter to be configured and select the correct password level. the start sequence. the genset will start without any subsequent regulation. Auto In auto mode. the operator must initiate all sequences. the genset will run at nominal values. Test The test sequence will start when the test mode is selected. To do so. But the settings can be displayed without password entry. the unit will operate automatically and the operator cannot initiate any sequences manually. the unit is not able to initiate any sequences. when maintenance work is carried out on the genset. When starting in manual mode. Each parameter can be protected at a specific password level. This can be done via the pushbutton functions. e. Password The unit includes three password levels. Semi-auto In semi-auto mode.g. Modbus commands or digital inputs. the binary increase/decrease inputs can be used (if they have been configured) as well as the start and stop push-buttons. The modes are selected directly with push-buttons in the lower right corner of the unit front. OFF When the OFF mode is selected. OFF mode must be selected. All levels can be adjusted in the PC software. DEIF A/S Page 63 of 239 . When started in semi-automatic mode. Manual When manual mode is selected.

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook The password level can also be changed from the parameter view in the column Level. Parameter access To gain access to adjust the parameters. the password level must be entered: DEIF A/S Page 64 of 239 .

DEIF A/S Page 65 of 239 .AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook If the password level is not entered. The service password can be changed in menu 9117. It is not possible to change the password at a higher level than the password entered. it is not possible to enter the parameters. The factory passwords must be changed if the operator of the genset is not allowed to change the parameters. The customer password can be changed in menu 9116. The master password can be changed in menu 9118.

AGC 200

Designer’s Reference Handbook

6. PID controller
The unit controller is a PID controller. It consists of a proportional regulator, an integral regulator and a differential regulator. The PID controller is able to eliminate the regulation deviation and can easily be tuned in. Please refer to the “General Guidelines for Commissioning”.

Controllers
There are three controllers for the governor control and, if AVR control is selected, also three controllers for the AVR control. Controller Frequency Power P load sharing Voltage VAr Q load sharing GOV X X X X X X X AVR Comment Controls the frequency Controls the power Controls the active power load sharing Controls the voltage Controls the power factor Controls the reactive power load sharing

The table below indicates when each of the controllers is active. This means that the controllers can be tuned in when the shown running situations are present. Governor Frequency Power AVR VAr Schematic Q load sharing
GB MB

P load sharing

Voltage

X

X

G

GB

MB

X

X

G

GB

MB

X

X

G

GB

G

X

X
G

GB

DEIF A/S

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AGC 200

Designer’s Reference Handbook

Principle drawing
The drawing below shows the basic principle of the PID controller.

1 ⎛ ⎞ PID(s ) = Kp ⋅ ⎜1 + + Td ⋅ s ⎟ ⎝ Ti ⋅ s ⎠
As illustrated in the above drawing and equation, each regulator (P, I and D) gives an output which is summarised to the total controller output. The adjustable settings for the PID controllers in the AGC 200 unit are: Kp: Ti: Td: The gain for the proportional part. The integral action time for the integral part. The differential action time for the differential part.

The function of each part is described in the following.

DEIF A/S

Page 67 of 239

AGC 200

Designer’s Reference Handbook

Proportional regulator
When the regulation deviation occurs, the proportional part will cause an immediate change of the output. The size of the change depends on the gain Kp. The diagram shows how the output of the P regulator depends on the Kp setting. The change of the output at a given Kp setting will be doubled, if the regulation deviation doubles.

P regulator
4% 2%

100 80 Output (%) 60 40

1%

0.5%
20 0 0 10 20 30 Kp 40 50 60

Speed range Because of the characteristic above, it is recommended to use the full range of the output to avoid an unstable regulation. If the output range used is too small, a small regulation deviation will cause a rather big output change. This is shown in the drawing below.
kP 1% regulation deviation

kP % output 20 40 60 80 100

DEIF A/S

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A 1% regulation deviation occurs. With the Kp setting adjusted, the deviation causes the output to change 20%. The table shows that the output of the AGC 200 changes relatively much if the maximum speed range is low. Max. speed range 50% 100% Output change 20% 20% 20/50*100% 20/100*100% Output change in % of max. speed range 40 20

Dynamic regulation area The drawing below shows the dynamic regulation area at given values of Kp. The dynamic area will be smaller if the Kp is adjusted to a higher value.

Dynamic regulation band
100

Kp=50 Kp=10
75 50

Kp=1
Frequency [Hz] 44

25 0

45

46

47

48

49 50 -25 -50 -75 -100

51

52

53

54

55

56

Output [%]

DEIF A/S

Page 69 of 239

The integrating function of the I regulator is increased if the integral action time is decreased. Integral action time. it can be very useful. The integral action time is then measured when the output reaches 2 x 10 = 20%.g. however. e. the output reaches 20% twice as fast at a Ti setting of 10 s than with a setting of 20 s. The integral action time Ti must not be too low. This will make the overall regulation eliminate deviations much faster. thus making it possible to set a higher gain and a lower integral action time Ti. This will make the regulation hunt similar to a too high proportional action factor Kp. Output % DEIF A/S 3 mA 12 8 2 1 0 0 5 10 15 sec 20 25 30 35 4 0 Page 70 of 239 . If the Ti is adjusted to 0 s. in case of very precise regulation situations. This means that a lower setting of the integral action time Ti results in a faster regulation. the differential regulator is not needed. The integral action time Ti is defined as the time the integral regulator uses to replicate the momentary change of the output caused by the proportional regulator. the proportional regulator causes an immediate change of 10%. In the drawing below. In most cases.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Integral regulator The main function of the integral regulator is to eliminate offset. static synchronisation. Ti 246 205 164 Ti = 10 s Ti = 20 s As shown in the drawing. the I regulator is switched OFF. Differential regulator The main purpose of the differential regulator (D regulator) is to stabilise the regulation.

5 times bigger than deviation 1). DEIF A/S Page 71 of 239 . the D regulator is switched OFF. This will make the regulation hunt similar to a too high proportional action factor Kp.5 s: Output from the D regulator when Td=0. If the Td is adjusted to 0 s.5 s and the deviation is according to Deviation 1. The differential action time Td must not be too high. Td=0. it is assumed that Kp = 1. D output 2. Example: In the following example. please keep in mind that the Kp setting has influence on the D regulator output.5 s Deviation 2 Deviation 1: A deviation with a slope of 1.5 D-output 2. Td=0.5 s D-output 1. Td=0. D output 2. D output 1. Deviation 2: A deviation with a slope of 2. the bigger is the output from the D regulator. Since the D regulator is responding to the slope of the deviation. the D output will be zero.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook The output from the D regulator can be explained with the equation: D = Regulator output Kp = Gain de/dt = Slope of the deviation (how fast the deviation occurs) D = Td ⋅ Kp ⋅ de dt This means that the D regulator output depends on the slope of the deviation.5 1 Time [s] 1. Td=1s Deviation 1 D-output 2.5 2 2.5 s: Output from the D regulator when Td=0. it also means that when there is no change. Td=1 s: Output from the D regulator when Td=1 s and the deviation is according to Deviation 2. the Kp and the Td setting. When commissioning. D-regulator 8 7 6 Output/deviation 5 4 3 2 1 0 0 0. The example shows that the bigger the deviation and the higher the Td setting is.5 s and the deviation is according to Deviation 2. Td=0.5 (2.

the PID controllers can be affected by the power/reactive power regulator. For this purpose. The phase controller is adjusted in menu 2070 (”2070 phase controller”). For synchronising. Load share controller Adjustment of the load share controller is done in menu 2540 (analogue control) or 2590 (relay control). An adjustment of 100% means that the power/reactive power regulation is not limited by the weight factor. Any adjustment in between is possible. An expected disadvantage of a high weight factor is that when a frequency/voltage deviation and a power/reactive power deviation exist. the synchronising controller ”2050 fSYNC controller” is activated and the generator frequency is controlled towards the busbar/mains frequency.g. a slip frequency of 0. the frequency controller is deactivated and the relevant controller is activated. and it handles frequency control as well as power control (load sharing) and voltage as well as reactive power control (VAr sharing).1 Hz gives synchronism each 10 seconds. In order to improve the speed of the synchronising further. the controller ”2050 fSYNC controller” is used during the entire synchronising sequence. you can decrease either the weight factor or the parameters of the frequency/voltage regulator. This could e. After a successful synchronisation. The phase controller takes over when the frequency deviation is so small that the phase angle can be controlled. Static synchronising When synchronising is started. a socalled weight factor is used (PWEIGHT/QWEIGHT). Synchronising controller The synchronising controller is used in the AGC 200 whenever synchronising is activated. the time between synchronism is reduced. General The primary purpose of the PID controllers is always frequency/voltage control because they are variable in a load sharing system. The difference between adjusting the weight value to a high or low value is the speed at which the power/reactive power regulation deviation is eliminated. DEIF A/S Page 72 of 239 . the weight factor must be adjusted to a higher value than if an easy load sharing is required. The regulation deviation from the power/reactive power regulator can therefore have great or less influence on the PID controller.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Load share controller/VAr share controller The load share controller and VAr share controller is used in the AGC 200 whenever load sharing/VAr sharing mode is activated. Since the load sharing system requires power/reactive power regulation as well. Normally. the generator will be sped up between the points of synchronisation (12 o’clock to 12 o’clock) of the two systems. voltage matching is carried out using the voltage controller (setting 2640). An adjustment of 0% means that the power/reactive power control is switched off. The adjustments are made in menu 2050. The controller is a PID controller similar to the other controllers in the system. Dynamic synchronising When dynamic synchronising is used. So if a firm load sharing is needed. then hunting could be experienced. One of the advantages of dynamic synchronising is that it is relatively fast. To avoid this. but with this system on a steady engine. as well as the power/reactive power on the individual generator. be the load sharing controller. VAr share controller Adjustment of the VAr share controller is done in menu 2660 (analogue control) or 2700 (relay control).

2 3 Dynamic range Dead band area Dynamic range Static range Up pulse No reg. The regulation is active. DEIF A/S Page 73 of 239 . and they will be pulsing if it is closer to the setpoint. the regulation works like this: Regulator output 45 Hz 50 Hz 55 Hz Hz Fix up signal Up pulse No reg. The regulation is active. and the increase relay will be pulsing in order to eliminate the regulation deviation. but the decrease relay will be constantly activated because of the size of the regulation deviation. but the increase relay will be constantly activated because of the size of the regulation deviation. no regulation takes place. the pulses get shorter and shorter when the regulation deviation gets smaller. the pulse is as short as it can get.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Relay control When the relay outputs are used for control purposes. # 1 Range Static range Description Fix up signal Comment The regulation is active. Just before the dead band area. Down pulse Fix down signal The regulation with relays can be split up into five steps. The regulation is active. This is the adjusted time ”GOV ON time”/(”AVR ON time”). The regulation accepts a predefined dead band area in order to increase the lifetime of the relays. the relays will be fixed ON if the regulation deviation is big. In this particular range. In the dynamic range. The longest pulse will appear at the end of the dynamic range (45 Hz in the example above). 4 5 Down pulse Fix down signal As the drawing indicates. and the decrease relay will be pulsing in order to eliminate the regulation deviation.

They are shown in the drawing below. If the deviation is small. As it is indicated in the drawing below. Adjustment Period time ON time Description Maximum relay time Minimum relay time Comment The time between the beginnings of two subsequent relay pulses. then the pulses will be short. The minimum length of the relay pulse. the length of the relay pulse will depend on the actual regulation deviation. then the pulses will be long (or a continued signal). The relays will never be activated for a shorter time than the ON time.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Relay adjustments The time settings for the regulation relays can be adjusted in the control setup. It is possible to adjust the ”period time” and the ”ON time”. If the deviation is big. Relay ON PERIOD PERIOD PERIOD PERIOD PERIOD ON ON ON ON ON t [sec] HIGH <DEVIATION> LOW DEIF A/S Page 74 of 239 .

1% Difference in percent: (440-400)/440*100 If the alarm setting is lower than 9. Adjust the alarm setting ”Dead band” to 100% to deactivate the alarm. the pulse length can be calculated with a period time = 2500 ms: eDEVIATION / 100 * tPERIOD 40 / 100 * 2500 = 1000ms The length of the period time will never be shorter than the adjusted ON time. Regulation failure The governor/AVR regulation failure in menu 2560/2680 occurs when the regulation is activated but the setpoint cannot be reached. The alarm will appear when the setpoint is reached. we have a 2 percent regulation deviation and an adjusted value of the Kp = 20.1% in this example. In the drawing below. DEIF A/S Page 75 of 239 .AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Signal length The signal length is calculated compared to the adjusted period time. The deviation is calculated in percent: Example: UACTUAL = UNOMINAL = 400V AC 440V AC = 9.5% 20 0 0 10 20 30 Kp 40 50 60 In this example. the effect of the proportional regulator is indicated. The calculated regulator value of the unit is 40%. P regulator 4% 2% 100 80 Output (%) 60 40 1% 0. Now. the alarm appears.

The dynamic principle is illustrated below. This means that it is running with a higher speed than the generator on the busbar.5 s ∆t [s] DEIF A/S Page 76 of 239 . the synchronising genset is running with a positive slip frequency.0 s 7. Synchronisation The unit can be used for synchronisation of generator and mains breaker (if installed). Two different synchronisation principles are available.1 Hertz GB GB Speed: 1500 RPM 50.5 s 5. the synchronising genset is running at a different speed than the generator on the busbar. Synchronisation principle . Dynamic synchronisation In dynamic synchronisation.00 Hertz Synchronising generator L1 Generator on load L1 L1 L1 L2 L1 L3 L2 L3 L3 L1 L3 L1 L3 L2 L2 L3 L2 L3 L2 L3 L2 L1 L2 Angle L1gen/L1bus [deg] Synchronised 180° 90° 0° 0s 2. In the following.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook 7. Typically.dynamic synchronisation Load Speed: 1503 RPM 50. The objective is to avoid a reverse power trip after the synchronisation. the term “synchronisation” means “synchronising and closing of the synchronised breaker”. namely static and dynamic synchronisation (dynamic is selected by default). This speed difference is called slip frequency. This chapter describes the principles of the synchronisation functions and the adjustment of these.

250 * 0. The generator on load is running at 1500 RPM ~ 50. Close signal The unit always calculates when to close the breaker to get the most accurate synchronisation. In the illustration above.1 − 50. Load picture after synchronising When the incoming genset has closed its breaker. Illustration 2 below shows that at a given negative slip frequency. Then the genset is synchronised to the busbar. so the closing of the breaker will occur at the 12 o’clock position. it will take a portion of the load depending on the actual position of the fuel rack.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook In the example above. the incoming genset will export power to the load.0 Please refer to the chapter regarding PID controllers and the synchronising controllers on page 72 regarding the time between synchronism. DEIF A/S Page 77 of 239 . This is because we are only interested in the slip frequency for calculating when to release the synchronisation pulse.1 Hz compared to the busbar. These two systems are the three-phase system of the generator and the threephase system of the busbar. This means that the close breaker signal is actually issued before being synchronised (read L1 phases exactly at 12 o’clock).1 Hz): deg CLOSE = 360 * tCB * fSLIP deg CLOSE = 360 * 0. but for illustrative purposes the vectors for the generator on load are not shown to be rotating. and the breaker will be closed. The length of the synchronisation pulse is the response time + 20 ms (2020 Synchronisation).1 deg CLOSE = 9 deg The synchronisation pulse is always issued. In the illustration above. the incoming genset will receive power from the original genset.1 Hz. whereas phase L1 of the synchronising genset is pointing in different directions due to the slip frequency.0 Hz. the difference in the phase angle between the synchronising set and the busbar gets smaller and will eventually be zero. This phenomenon is called reverse power. the synchronising genset is running at 1503 RPM ~ 50. tSYNC = 1 = 10 sec 50. then the two systems will be synchronised every 10 seconds. This gives the synchronising genset a positive slip frequency of 0. both three-phase systems are rotating.1 Hz. and the slip frequency is 0. Of course. Illustration 1 below indicates that at a given positive slip frequency. When the generator is running with a positive slip frequency of 0. The breaker close signal will be issued depending on the breaker closing time and the slip frequency (response time of the circuit breaker is 250 ms. phase L1 of the busbar is always pointing at 12 o’clock. The intention of the synchronising is to decrease the phase angle difference between the two rotating systems.

Adjust the response time of the mains breaker. FUEL INDEX 0% 100% G1 PGen1 GB LOAD FUEL INDEX 0% 100% G2 PGen2 GB Illustration 1. Adjust the maximum negative slip frequency where synchronising is allowed. NEGATIVE slip frequency Adjustments The dynamic synchroniser is selected in menu 2000 Synchronisation type. The control setup is adjusted in 2020 Synchronisation. POSITIVE slip frequency FUEL INDEX 0% 100% G1 PGen1 GB LOAD FUEL INDEX 0% 100% G2 PGen2 GB Reverse power Illustration 2. Adjust the response time of the generator breaker. Setting 2021 fMAX 2022 fMIN 2023 UMAX 2024 tGB 2025 tMB Description Maximum slip frequency Minimum slip frequency Maximum voltage difference (+/. The maximum allowed voltage difference between the busbar/mains and the generator.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook To avoid nuisance trips caused by reverse power. the synchronising settings can be set up with a positive slip frequency. DEIF A/S Page 78 of 239 .value) Generator breaker closing time Mains breaker closing time Comment Adjust the maximum positive slip frequency where synchronising is allowed.

00 Hertz Synchronising generator α L1 L3 L2 L3 L2 α L1 L3 L2 α L1 L3 L1 L3 Generator on load L1 L1 L1 L1 L2 L2 L3 L2 L3 L2 L3 L2 Angle L1gen/L1bus [deg] Synchronised 20° 10° 0° t [s] DEIF A/S Page 79 of 239 . the synchronising genset is running very close to the same speed as the generator on the busbar.3 RPM 50.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook It is obvious that this type of synchronisation is able to synchronise relatively fast because of the adjusted minimum and maximum slip frequencies. Dynamic synchronisation is recommended where fast synchronisation is required. This is due to the slower nature of the regulation with relay outputs.static synchronisation Load Speed: GB 1500. Static synchronisation In static synchronisation. and where the incoming gensets are able to take load just after the breaker has been closed. It is not recommended to use the static synchronisation principle when relay regulation outputs are used. Synchronisation principle .01 Hertz GB Speed: 1500 RPM 50. The static principle is illustrated below. then synchronising can still occur as long as the frequency is within the limits of the slip frequency adjustments. This actually means that when the unit is aiming to control the frequency towards its setpoint. The aim is to let them run at exactly the same speed and with the phase angles between the three-phase system of the generator and the three-phase system of the busbar matching exactly.

1-20. This is illustrated in the example above. +/. Since the fuel rack position almost exactly equals what is required to run at the busbar frequency. which is also in 12 o’clock position. It depends on whether it is the GB or the MB that is to be synchronised. DEIF A/S Page 80 of 239 . to 0 deg. It is not relevant to use the response time of the circuit breaker when using static synchronisation.close window Max. a ”close window” can be adjusted. Load picture after synchronisation The synchronised genset will not be exposed to an immediate load after the breaker closure if the maximum df setting is adjusted to a low value. dU difference Max. The close signal can be issued when the phase angle UGENL1-UBBL1 is within the adjusted setpoint. then the section about ”dynamic synchronisation” must be observed. where the phase controller brings the phase angle from 30 deg. no load jump will occur. This controller uses the angle difference between the generator system and the busbar system as the controlling parameter. Close signal The close signal will be issued when phase L1 of the synchronising generator is close to the 12 o’clock position compared to the busbar. The range is +/-0.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Phase controller When the static synchronisation is used and the synchronising is activated. If the maximum df setting is adjusted to a high value. because the slip frequency is either very small or non-existing.0 deg. dU difference UBB Direction of rotation UGEN The synchronisation pulse is sent dependent on the settings in menu 2030. To be able to get a faster synchronisation. the frequency controller will bring the genset frequency towards the busbar frequency. When the genset frequency is within 50 mHz of the busbar frequency. then the phase controller takes over. This is illustrated in the drawing below.

2036 “Breaker” or “Infinite sync” can be chosen. +/. because in that case the breakers will not be closed until the generator voltage is in the synchronised position. The maximum allowed voltage difference between the busbar/mains and the generator. The ”close before start” function can also be used if the load requires a ”soft” start. This can be the case when the gensets connect to a transformer. As soon as the excitation is activated. and as soon as the excitation is switched on. Adjustment of the proportional factor of the PI phase controller. the breakers will be closed and the excitation started. Static synchronisation is recommended where a slip frequency is not accepted.value related to the nominal generator voltage. Static type MB 2061 Phase KP 2062 Phase KI 2070 Phase KP Adjustment of the proportional factor of the PI phase controller. the regulators of DEIF A/S Page 81 of 239 . This is faster than the normal synchronising. +/.value. When the gensets are started up.value. When the excitation is activated.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook After the synchronising. The size of the window where the synchronisation pulse can be released. “Breaker” or “Infinite sync” can be chosen. “Infinite sync” will close the MB to the busbar and run the generator in sync with the mains. Only used during analogue regulation output. Only used during relay regulation output. the gensets are ready for operation. Comment +/. GB closing before excitation It is possible to adjust the AGC 200 to start up the genset with the excitation switched off. and it takes some time to achieve that position. Adjustment of the integral factor of the PI phase controller. Minimum time inside the phase window before sending a close command. The purpose of the ”close before excitation” is to enable the gensets to be ready for the load very quickly. It is also possible to close the breaker before the engine is started. the unit will change the controller setpoint according to the requirements of the selected genset mode. This function is called ”close before excitation”. The GB is not allowed to close. for instance if several gensets synchronise to a busbar with no load groups connected. Adjustments The following settings must be adjusted if the static synchroniser is selected in menu 2000: Setting 2031 Maximum df 2032 Maximum dU 2033 Closing window 2034 Static sync 2035 Static type GB Description The maximum allowed frequency difference between the busbar/mains and the generator. “Infinite sync” will close the GB to the busbar and run the generator in sync with the mains. the generators will equalise the voltage and frequency and will eventually run in a synchronised system. All of the gensets will be connected to the busbar as soon as they are started. The MB is not allowed to close.

This function can only be used when a magnetic pick-up is used. but also the AGC 200 with option G4 or G5. The excitation must be increased slowly when this function is used. The function can be used in the single AGC 200.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook the AGC 200 will be switched on after an adjustable delay. The principle is described in the following flowcharts. Flowchart abbreviations Delay 1 Delay 2 Delay 3 SP1 SP2 = = = = = Menu 2252 Menu 2262 Menu 2271 Menu 2251 Menu 2263 DEIF A/S Page 82 of 239 .

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Flowchart 1. GB handling START Start DG(s) No No Delay 1 expired Yes RPM > SP1 Yes Close GB No RPM > SP2 No Delay 1 expired Yes Trip GB Start excitation Yes Delay 1 expired on all DG(s) No Yes Start excitation No Delay 2 expired No Delay 3 expired Yes "Close before excitation" failure Yes Activate regulators Delay 2 expired Yes UBUS OK Activate regulators No Yes UBUS OK No Delay 3 expired Yes "Close before excitation" failure No No Yes END Sync GB DEIF A/S Page 83 of 239 .

TB handling (AGC 244 only) START No TB Open Yes Any GB closed No Yes P AVAIL > P CAP No Yes No "GB + TB" Yes No MB OFF Yes Close TB Sync TB END DEIF A/S Page 84 of 239 .AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Flowchart 2.

the breaker will be closed when the start command is given. AGC 200 power management plant .tie breaker present. the setting is adjusted to 400. 2252 RPM timer 2253 2255 Output A Enable Engine RPM 1500 RPM 1350 RPM 400 RPM time Close GB Start excitation RPMNOM The diagram above shows that the GB will be closed at 400 RPM.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Genset start actions The start sequence of the AGC 200 is changed in order to achieve the function ”close before excitation”. 2. the GB will be tripped. The range is from 0-400 RPM. In one of the applications. Enable the function ”close before excitation”. If the RPM is below the setpoint. a tie breaker is present. In the example below. When the delay expires and the RPM is above the setpoint. the excitation will be started. If it is adjusted to 0. AGC 200 power management plant . DEIF A/S Page 85 of 239 . and it must be adjusted in the menu 2261 whether only the generator breaker must be closed or both the generator breaker and the tie breaker. Select the relay output that must be used to start the excitation. Breaker sequence The “GB close before start” function can be used in three applications: 1. The genset must reach the setpoint (menu 2263) within the adjusted delay. the excitation is switched on.no tie breaker present. AGC 200 single genset plant. The following parameters must be adjusted: Menu 2251 Description RPM setpoint for breaker closing Comment The generator breaker will close at the adjusted level. When the engine RPM has reached the setpoint (menu 2263) (1450 RPM). 3. Configure the relay to be a limit relay in the I/O setup.

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook The breaker sequence adjustments are the following: Menu 2261 2262 Description Breaker selection Timer Comment Select breakers to close: GB or GB + TB. and the breaker must close when this relay output is activated. Blackout closing: The breaker ON relay and the sync. Breaker ON relay activates. The table below describes the possibilities. Synchronising: Not possible. relay activate at the same time when synchronising is OK. and the input is selected in the input settings in the utility software. The setting defines at what level of RPM the excitation is started. DEFAULT selection Synchronising: Not possible. This default function can be modified using a digital input and extra relay outputs depending on the required function. The relay selection is made in menu 2240. the sync. When synchronised.fail” will occur. Blackout closing: The breaker ON relay activates when the voltage and frequency are OK. Synchronising: The relays will activate in two steps when the synchronising is selected: 1. Relay Input Not used Relay selected Two relays used Synchronising: The breaker ON relay and the sync. The alarms with inhibit set to ”Not run status” will be activated after this timer has expired. Blackout closing: The breaker ON relay activates when the voltage and frequency are OK. and the selected fail class will be executed. Relay not selected One relay used Synchronising: The breaker ON relay activates when synchronising is OK. 2263 Excitation start level ”Close before excitation” failure If starting of the genset is not successful. Blackout closing: The breaker ON relay activates when the voltage and frequency are OK. relay activates.bef. the alarm menu 2270 ”Cl. Separate synchronising relay When the AGC 200 gives the synchronising command. Synchronising: Not possible. 2. Low High DEIF A/S Page 86 of 239 . See note below! Blackout closing: The breaker ON relay and the sync. The timer defines the period from the excitation is started and until the regulation is activated. relay activate at the same time when the voltage and frequency are OK.exc. the relays on terminal 17/18/19 (generator breaker) and terminal 11/12/13 (mains breaker) will activate. relay activate at the same time when the voltage and frequency are OK. Blackout closing: The breaker ON relay and the sync. relay activate at the same time when the voltage and frequency are OK.

The selected relay for this function must have the ”limit” function. relay. DEIF A/S Page 87 of 239 .AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook When two relays are used together with the separate sync. then please notice that the breaker ON relay will be activated as soon as the GB ON/synchronising sequence is activated. Care must be taken that the GB ON relay cannot close the breaker. This is adjusted in the I/O setup. signal is issued by the sync. before the sync. input.

it is possible to read engine data over the Modbus. Engine communication This function gives the possibility of communication between ML-2 and several engine types over the CANbus. Wiring For wiring details.and Monitoring System) DEIF A/S Page 88 of 239 . Please refer to the document ”Description of option H2”.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook 8. AMS (Alarm. please refer to the document ”Installation Instructions”. Modbus communication If option H2 is present. AVR control is possible for selected digital voltage regulators. Principle diagram Display Option H5 AGC 200 Option H2 ECM module Generator set PLC (or computer).

The engine type is selected in menu 7561. D7. For support of controller/engine types not listed. Dx16x EDC4 Rx/Tx Rx/Tx Rx/Tx Rx Rx/Tx Rx Select EMR 2 Volvo Penta Volvo Penta EMS EMS 2 and EDCIII/D6. The values can be used as display values. EMR 3 (EMR)/912. 914 and L2011 Generic J1939 EDC7 (Bosch MS6. module M. QSK19. QSB5 and 7. CURSOR and VECTOR 8 JDEC/PowerTech M. 50 and 60 DDEC III and IV/Series 50. 2500 and 2800 EMS EMS S6 (KWP2000)/Dx9x. D9. 2300.6. D12 and D16 (GE and AUX variants only) Rx Rx/Tx Rx/Tx: Please refer to the section ”Specific engine type descriptions” for details of data read and write.2)/Series NEF. 913. Engine types Data can be transmitted between the ML-2 units and the following engine controllers/types: Engine manufacturer Caterpillar Cummins Detroit Diesel Deutz Iveco John Deere MTU MTU Engine controller/type ADEM III and A4/C4. please contact DEIF A/S. DEIF A/S Page 89 of 239 . alarms/shutdown alarms and values to be transmitted through Modbus.303 MTU MTU Perkins Scania Scania Volvo Penta ADEC/Series 2000 and 4000 (ECU 7) J1939 Smart Connect/Series 1600 (ECU 8) Series 1100.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Functional description This communication extracts information from the Electronic Control Module (ECM) of an engine equipped with an ECM module with CANbus interface. C9. 60 and 2000 EMR 2. C18.4. C32 CM570 and CM850/QSL.302 or M. E and Plus MDEC. 1300. C6. C15.303/Series 2000 and 4000 MDEC.304/Series 2000 and 4000 Comment Rx/Tx Rx/Tx Rx/Tx Rx/Tx Rx/Tx Rx/Tx Rx/Tx Rx Rx Select M. module M. QSM11. Dx12x.201 or M.

error EIC warning Communication error.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook AVR types Data can be transmitted between the ML-2 units and the following AVRs: Engine manufacturer Caterpillar AVR type CDVR Comment Tx Communication system All these protocols are based on a CANbus communication system. (2 levels) EIC oil temp. Actual temperature. they are all based on the J1939. (2 levels) EIC coolant level (2 levels) DEIF A/S Page 90 of 239 . The Baud rate is fixed by the engine manufacturer at: MDEC. MTU J1939 Smart Connect. (2 levels) EIC oil press. Actual RPM. Scania and Volvo Penta 125 kb/s 250 kb/s EIC unit The selection of the EIC unit (menu 10970) determines whether bar/PSI or Celsius/Fahrenheit is used. ADEC Caterpillar. The selection affects display readings. Any alarm listed as warning for the selected engine type in the section ”Specific engine type descriptions”. Perkins. Actual temperature. John Deere. Actual cooling water level 7590 EIC shutdown 7600 7610/7620 7630/7640 7650/7660 7670/7680 EIC overspeed EIC coolant t. Cummins. The MDEC and ADEC protocols are MTU designed protocols based on CANopen. Detroit Diesel. Deutz. Except for the MDEC and ADEC communication. The following items can be configured to an alarm: Menu number Alarm Comment 7570 7580 EI comm. Iveco. values used for alarm evaluation (menu 76xx) and data readable by Modbus communication (option H2). Actual pressure. Common for all alarm functions A number of alarms can be configured. Any alarm listed as shutdown for the selected engine type in the section ”Specific engine type descriptions”.

” The view is not selectable for the present engine type. or there is a communication error. value N.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook J1939 measurement table This is the common J1939 measurement overview. please refer to the specific engine description. Error messages The following error messages can occur: Message Description Engine I. showing which measurements are available.A. The values must be selected in the views setting of the PC utility software. The table shows which values can be displayed in the view menu. DEIF A/S Page 91 of 239 . sub-system or module error. Please notice that not all measurements are supported by the individual engines. Value selected error ”N. The value is not supported by the engine. The value cannot be read due to sensor error. The display values corresponding to the engine communication have a description beginning with ”EIC”.A.

offset 0 1218 1/bit. offset -125% 1%/bit. max. 01: Yes.5 kpa/bit. Start position st of 1 data byte Length (bytes) PGN no. offset 0 0. offset -273 C 0. EIC intake manifold #1 P.03125 C/bit. offset -250 kpa 2 kpa/bit. offset -40 C 102 kpa 2 kpa/bit. EIC trip fuel_gaseous DEIF A/S 1%/bit.) EIC d. offset 0 1/128 kpa/bit.125 rpm/bit.5 kpa/bit. offset 0 o o 1 C/bit. EIC atmospheric press. EIC key switch battery potential EIC fuel del.) EIC air inlet temp. c. press. (also called EIC charge air temp.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Object selection. offset 0 Page 92 of 239 94 98 101 109 97 176 81 107 112 108 171 1039 °C kpa kpa kpa kpa °C kg .4%/bit. EIC % load. offset 0 0. EIC oil level EIC crankcase press. The engine is expected to use source address 0. J1939 The view lines can be configured with these available values. offset 0 o o 0.4%/bit. 10: Error.5 kpa/bit. (*1) EIC oil pressure (*2) EIC faults EIC oil temp. offset 0 0. % torque EIC actual % torque EIC acc. offset 0 1%/bit. Object EIC speed EIC coolant temp. offset 0 0.03125 C/bit.03125 C/bit. EIC coolant level EIC fuel rate EIC intake manifold 1 temp.05 hr/bit. offset -273 C o o 174 °C 1 C/bit. offset 0 158 V DC 0. pedal pos. offset 0 0. 11: Not available o o 0. offset -40 C 100 kpa 4 kpa/bit. offset 0 o 110 °C 1 deg C/bit. fuel EIC turbo oil temp.d. offset 0 kpa % kpa kpa 4 kpa/bit.03125 C/bit.: 32767 hrs 99 kpa 0. offset -40 C 0.5 kpa/bit. (*3) EIC fuel temp. offset 0. offset -273 C 0. offset -125% 0. offset 0 2 kpa/bit. offset 0 00: No. offset 0 o o 175 °C 0.4%/bit. offset 0 o o 0. For Modbus scaling. speed EIC air inlet pressure EIC exhaust gas temp. offset 0 Unit 172 111 183 105 512 513 91 92 106 173 247 °C % l/h °C % % % % kpa °C h 1 C/bit. offset -273 C 0. EIC ambient air temp. offset -40 C o o EIC oil filter diff. (also called EIC boost P. EIC coolant filter diff. EIC coolant pressure EIC water in. Priority 61444 65262 65263 65230 65262 65262 65270 65269 65263 65266 65270 61444 61444 61443 61443 65270 65270 65253 65276 65271 65263 65263 65263 65263 65279 65262 65270 65270 65270 65269 65269 65199 3/6 3/6 6 6 3/6 3/6 6 6 6 6 6 3/6 3/6 3/6 3/6 6 6 6 3/6 6 6 6 6 6 6 3/6 6 6 6 6 6 7 4 1 4 1 3 2 2 6 8 1 3 2 3 2 3 4 6 1 4 7 1 3 5 7 1 5 1 5 8 1 4 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 4 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 bit 2 1 1 1 1 2 4 J1939-71 scaling 190 RPM 0. press.05 kpa/bit. EIC engine hours SPN no.05V DC/bit.05 l/h per bit. please see the Modbus tables.5 kg/bit. EIC particulate trap inlet EIC air filter diff.

(*2): EIC oil pressure. This is an example where speed. The objects are not supported by all engines. length=1byte. Use the function of the PC Utility SW: “configuration of the user views”. The number of available views is 20 views. DEIF A/S Page 93 of 239 . offset 0 65199 65257 65257 65214 65203 64976 7 6 6 7 7 6 5 1 5 1 5 5 4 4 4 2 2 1 1040 182 250 166 1029 3563 kg L L kW l/h Bar or psi 0. 8 kPa/bit gain. priority=6. priority=6. ISLAND EIC Speed EIC coolant t EIC t. data range: 0 to +2000 kPa. the 20 three-line views can be configured to show the desired. 0 kPa offset. The number can be increased with the auto view function. length=1byte. Show engine values in display unit It is possible to parameterise the AGC so all analogue values from the engine CANbus is shown in the display unit. SPN=175. priority=6. offset 0 0. same scale. SPN=110. Object EIC total fuel used_gaseous EIC engine trip fuel EIC engine total fuel used EIC Nominal Power EIC Mean trip fuel consumption EIC Intake Manifold #1 absolute pressure SPN no.5 kW/bit 0. In this way.05[l/h]/bit 2 kPa/bit For the Iveco Vector 8 type only: (*1): EIC coolant temp. The Modbus addresses are read only (function code 04h) and are only available if option H2 (Modbus RTU) is implemented. start at byte 6. Air Inlet Energy Total Run Absolute AUTO 1500 rpm 81 C 35 C 0 kWh 0 hrs The AGC is set up in one of two ways: 1.: PGN=65282. Please refer to the specific engine type manual for information about the specific engine.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Start position st of 1 data byte Length (bytes) PGN no.: PGN=65282. A total of 20 views is displayed (unless fewer is set up). PGN=65282.5 L/bit.5 kg/bit. Priority Unit J1939-71 scaling 0. offset 0 0. start at byte 5. length=1byte. (*3): EIC oil temp. is shown. same scale. start at byte 7. inlet air and coolant temp.5 L/bit.

Use the auto view function in the communication setup. the 20 three-line views are kept with their present setup and all engine values are added to the list of the 20 three-line views. (It might be necessary to start the engine before switching 7564 to ON). It must be noted that all available data is shown when using this method until the additional 14 views are used.) In this way. (Menu number 7564. The second option is useful if it is requested to read all available EIC data from the ECU. A total of 20+14 three-line views are available. The setting automatically returns to OFF. The first option is useful when a few EIC values need to be shown and if all off the 20 userconfigurable views are not already used to display requested values. To de-activate the auto view function. The 20 lines are user-configurable but the 14 additional lines are dedicated to EIC values and cannot be modified by the user. Configuration of user views This is done from the PC utility SW by choosing the user view icon in the settings menu (or on the horizontal toolbar): Activation of auto views The extra view lines are displayed if the menu 7564 is switched to ON and the engine CANbus is active. Adjust EIC AUTOVIEW to ON (menu 7564) 3. Adjust Engine IF type to OFF (menu 7561) 2. please follow these steps: 1. The number of extra display views depends on the available data from the specific engine controller connected to the controller.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook 2. Adjust EIC AUTOVIEW to OFF (menu 7564) (the menu is not reset automatically when no engine is selected) DEIF A/S Page 94 of 239 .

In other cases. For use of the CAN tool. When the tool is connected. various CAN PC tools can be used.125 RPM/bit. only priority 3 and 6 are used. The formula to find the priority number (P) is to divide by 4: 0xc = 12 (Dec) => Priority 3 Priority 1 2 3 4 5 6 DecID 4d 8d 12d 16d 20d 24d HexID 0x4 0x8 0xc 0x10 0x14 0x18 Normally in SAE J1939. please refer to the manual for the product used.g. The result is then 15e0 (Hex) or 5600 (dec)*0. it is possible to monitor the communication between the two units. f004 is the PGN number (61444 in decimal value). you may read e. (Data byte 1) (Data byte 2) (Data byte 3) (Data byte 4) (Data byte 5) (Data byte 6) (Data byte 7) (Data byte 8) ff 7d 7d e0 15 ff f0 ff Not available Not available Not available DEIF A/S Page 95 of 239 . The priority needs to be converted to decimal. Please notice that the three priority bits in this case are displayed in the CAN ID (you read 0xcf00400 instead of 0x0cf00400). Hereafter the data can be read (PGN 61444): 0xcf00400 xD ff 7d 7d e0 15 ff f0 ff Engine torque Driver demand torque Actual engine torque Engine speed Engine speed Source address Engine starter mode Engine demand Calculation example: RPM resolution is 0.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Verification of J1939 objects To verify the communication. you can see the following telegram: 0xcf00400 DATA BYTE: ff 7d 7d e0 15 ff f0 ff 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 - 0xc is the priority. starting with byte 1. Common for these is that they must be connected to the CANbus between the Multi-line 2 unit and the engine controller. 0x18fef200 (PGN 65266).125 = 700 RPM. As an example. offset 0. The eight bytes following the CAN ID (0xcf00400) are data.

please consult the engine manufacturer’s documentation or SAE J1939-71 for a general description. the alarms are accessed through the LOG list. In the DM2 list. For information about particular SPN numbers. For safety reasons. the SPN (Suspect Parameter Number) and FMI (Failure Mode Indicator) will be shown along with a clear text. if you wish to acknowledge. which are shown in the standard alarm list. If you acknowledge. this requires the master password (please see the password description in this document for details of passwords). buttons to scroll through the list. the entire alarm log list will be cleared. this requires the master password (please see the password description in this document for details of passwords). DEIF A/S Page 96 of 239 . and select the alarm log you wish to see For DM1 and DM2. Press to enter the list: MAINS FAILURE Event log Alarm log Battery test log EIC DM1 alarms EIC DM2 alarms Use the and by pressing . In both cases. For safety reasons. the J1939 diagnostic messages DM1 (active alarms) and DM2 (historic alarm log list) as well as the Scania KWP 2000 alarms can all be shown on the display. If the controller has no translation text of an SPN diagnostic number. Scania KWP 2000 The Scania KWP 2000 log shows active and passive alarms in a mix. the entire alarm log list will be cleared.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Displaying of J1939 DM1/DM2 and Scania KWP2000 alarms Besides some engine specific alarms. “Text N/A. Use the and buttons to scroll through the list.” will be shown.

DEIF A/S Page 97 of 239 . must be sent to the controller using hardwired connections. start/stop etc. The menu number 7563 must be used to enable or disable the transmission of all the Multi-line 2 unit EIC control frames listed in the above table. Vector 8 Generic J1939 Volvo Penta Scania EMS MTU MDEC MTU ADEC Deutz EMR Caterpillar Cummins Perkins Iveco Command Preheat Start/stop Engine speed Nominal frequency Governor gain Idle speed Droop Shutdown override Engine overspeed test Enable Cylinder Cutout Intermittent oil priming Engine operating mode Demand Switch Trip counter reset Engine speed gov param command X X - X X - X X X - X X X - X X X X X - X X - X X - X X X - - X X X X X - X X X X X X X - X X X X X X - - X X X X X X X - X - X - - - - - - - - - - - X X X X X X X X - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - X - - - - For engine types not mentioned. CANbus control is not supported.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Control commands sent to the engine Engine types with the possibility to send commands to the ECM via the CANbus communication line: Detroit Diesel DDEC Engine type MTU J1939 smart c Volvo Penta EMS 2 John Deere JDEC Scania EMS S6 Iveco. In these cases.

This method is known as “EIC droop emulation”. If this is used with engines with speed control from CANbus communication. For engines where the droop command or setpoint cannot be sent to the engine controller. This frequency ramp is used when switching between nominal settings 1-4 or if the parameter of the nominal frequency is changed between 50 and 60 Hz. The following alarms are inhibited by this command: • EIC red alarm • EIC yellow alarm • EIC malfunction • EIC protection EIC Idle The “Idle function” of the AGC is activated in the menu 6290. Besides these. Specific engine type descriptions The J1939 warnings/shutdowns with corresponding SPN and FMI numbers in this chapter refer to those that will automatically appear in the alarm list. then the change is made with a frequency ramp of 2 Hz per seconds. This method is referred to as “EIC droop”. This would typically be necessary during stopping of the engine. EIC droop There are two ways of obtaining a speed droop: For engines where the droop command or setpoint can be sent to the engine controller. The alarms can be acknowledged from the display. DEIF A/S Page 98 of 239 . the DROOP setting in parameter 2771 is used for droop emulation in the AGC 200. the entire log list can be read in the engine controller by pressing the ”LOG” button for three seconds.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook EIC 50 Hz – 60 Hz switch If the setpoint fNOMINAL is changed on the AGC between 50 and 60 Hz. the DROOP setting in parameter 2771 is the actual droop that is being used. the DROOP function is activated in the M-Logic (EIC droop/EIC droop emulation) command output. Please refer to the specific engine type to determine if droop is supported or whether emulated droop has to be used. The available alarms vary from engine type to engine type. EIC inhibit The EIC alarms can be inhibited through M-Logic. the speed is defined to be 600 rpm. In both cases. and this setpoint is sent to the ECU.

start/stop. J1939 TSC1. • Write commands to AVR • AVR controls All the write commands to the AVR (voltage control) are enabled in setting 7563 (EIC controls). the latter can be disabled through menu 7565. DEIF A/S Page 99 of 239 . output) and 7563 (EIC controls). Fuel temperature Overspeed EIC yellow lamp EIC red lamp EIC malfunction EIC protection FMI indication “–“ means that the alarm in question is not supported. speed. Write commands to engine controller • Engine controls All the write commands to the engine controller (e.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Caterpillar/Perkins (J1939) Warnings and shutdowns Warning/shutdown list SPN 100 102 110 172 174 190 J1939 codes FMI FMI warning shutdown 17 1 15 15 1 15 15 15 0 X X X X - Low oil pressure Intake manifold #1 P Coolant temperature High inlet air temp.) are enabled in setting 7563 (EIC controls). etc. M-Logic commands are available to enable/disable start/stop and speed controls: o EIC start/stop enable o EIC speed control inhibit The speed regulation is enabled in setting 2781 (Reg. Engine speed CANbus ID for speed control: 0x0c000000.g. If engine controls are needed but not the AVR control.

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Cummins CM850-CM570 (J1939) Warnings and shutdowns Warning/shutdown list SPN 100 110 175 105 174 111 190 101 109 J1939 codes FMI FMI warning shutdown 18 1 16 0 16 0 16 0 16 0 18 1 16 0 1 X X X X - Low oil pressure Coolant temperature Oil temperature Intake manifold temp. • • Frequency selection Nominal frequency is written automatically. Write commands to engine controller • Engine controls All the write commands to the engine controller (e.) are enabled in setting 7563 (EIC controls). 60 Hz is written if fNOM is >55 Hz. based on the frequency nominal setting. the source address of the ML-2 controller is 0xDC/220 dec). etc. 50 Hz is written if fNOM <55 Hz. Page 100 of 239 DEIF A/S . For Cummins proprietary “Engine governing” EG telegram. the source address of the ML-2 controller is 0xDC/220 dec) Engine speed (engine with PCC controller) CANbus ID for speed control: 0x00FF5FDC. speed. output) and 7563 (EIC controls). Fuel temperature Coolant level low Overspeed Crankcase pressure high Coolant pressure low EIC yellow lamp EIC red lamp EIC malfunction EIC protection FMI indication “–“ means that the alarm in question is not supported. For Cummins proprietary “Engine governing” EG telegram. start/stop. M-Logic commands are available to enable/disable speed controls: o EIC speed control inhibit • Engine speed CANbus ID for speed control: 0x00FF69DC.g. This speed telegram is used by enabling the M-Logic function: “EIC Select Cummins PCC1301” The speed regulation is enabled in setting 2781 (Reg.

Cummins particulate filter manual (non-mission) regeneration initiate 2. The table shows lamps and status indicators from the aftertreatment. Cummins particulate filter regeneration DEIF A/S Page 101 of 239 . The states can be reached through M-Logic and can be shown on DEIF AOP display units. indicators from the treatment system can be read over the J1939 link and some regeneration can be controlled. These can be reached through M-Logic in the command group. two aftertreatment switches for control of the regeneration are available. indicator State OFF Diesel particulate filter regeneration status Diesel particulate filter status Particulate filter lamp High exhaust system temp Regeneration disabled X X X - X X X X X X X - X X - X X - ON solid ON fast blink Inhibited Not inhibited Not active Active Regeneration needed Regeneration not needed Regeneration lowest level Regeneration moderate level Regeneration highest level Besides the lamps and status indicators. 1.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook • • Gain setting Gain is set in menu 2773 Shut down override This command can be used in order to prevent shut down actions from the ECU. The function follows the standard AGC function “shutdown override” (digital input on the AGC) Cummins aftertreatment If Cummins aftertreatment equipment is installed in the exhaust line and the system is connected to the ECU. Status.

start/stop. output) and 7563 (EIC controls). DEIF A/S Page 102 of 239 . M-Logic commands are available to enable/disable speed controls: • EIC speed control inhibit • The speed regulation is enabled in settings 2781 (Reg.g.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Detroit Diesel DDEC (J1939) Warnings and shutdowns Warning/shutdown list SPN J1939 codes FMI FMI warning shutdown X - EIC yellow lamp EIC red lamp EIC malfunction EIC protection - X X X - FMI indication “–“ means that the alarm in question is not supported. Engine speed CANbus ID for speed control: 0x0c000000. etc. speed.) are enabled in setting 7563 (EIC controls). J1939 TSC1. Write commands to engine controller • Engine controls All the write commands to the engine controller (e.

the source address of the ML-2 controller is 3.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Deutz EMR 2-EMR 3 (J1939) Warnings and shutdowns Warning/shutdown list SPN 100 110 190 J1939 codes FMI FMI warning shutdown 1 0 0 X X X X - Low oil pressure Coolant temperature Overspeed EIC yellow lamp EIC red lamp EIC malfunction EIC protection FMI indication “–“ means that the alarm in question is not supported. Write commands to engine controller • Engine controls All the write commands to the engine controller (e. DEIF A/S Page 103 of 239 . M-Logic commands are available to enable/disable speed controls: • EIC speed control inhibit • The speed regulation is enabled in setting 2781 (Reg. For J1939 TSC1.) are enabled in setting 7563 (EIC controls). etc. output) and 7563 (EIC controls). speed. start/stop.g. Engine speed CANbus ID for speed control: 0xc000003.

J1939 TSC1. speed.) are enabled in setting 7563 (EIC controls). Engine speed CANbus ID for speed control: 0x0c000000. start/stop. M-Logic commands are available to enable/disable speed controls: • EIC speed control inhibit • The speed regulation is enabled in setting 2781 (Reg. DEIF A/S Page 104 of 239 .g. etc. Write commands to engine controller • Engine controls All the write commands to the engine controller (e. output) and 7563 (EIC controls).AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Generic J1939 (J1939) Warnings and shutdowns Warning/shutdown list SPN J1939 codes FMI FMI warning shutdown X X X X - EIC yellow lamp EIC red lamp EIC malfunction EIC protection FMI indication “–“ means that the alarm in question is not supported.

g. Fuel temperature Overspeed EIC yellow lamp EIC red lamp EIC malfunction EIC protection FMI indication “–“ means that the alarm in question is not supported. output) and 7563 (EIC controls).) are enabled in setting 7563 (EIC controls). speed. Write commands to engine controller • Engine controls All the write commands to the engine controller (e. etc. Start/stop commands are supported by Iveco Vector 8 engine range. start/stop. Engine speed CANbus ID for speed control: 0xc000003. For the Iveco Vector 8 type only: CANbus ID for speed control: 0xcFF0027. M-Logic commands are available to enable/disable start/stop and speed controls: • EIC start/stop enable • EIC speed control Inhibit • The speed regulation is enabled in setting 2781 (Reg. the source address of the ML-2 controller is 3.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Iveco (J1939) Warnings and shutdowns Warning/shutdown list SPN 100 102 110 172 174 190 J1939 codes FMI FMI warning shutdown 17 1 15 15 0 15 15 15 0 X X X X - Low oil pressure Intake manifold #1 P Coolant temperature High inlet air temp. DEIF A/S Page 105 of 239 . For J1939 TSC1.

) are enabled in setting 7563 (EIC controls). Write commands to engine controller • Engine controls All the write commands to the engine controller (e. Engine speed CANbus ID for speed control: 0x0c000000. DEIF A/S Page 106 of 239 .g. etc. start/stop. speed. M-Logic commands are available to enable/disable speed controls: • EIC speed control inhibit • The speed regulation is enabled in setting 2781 (Reg. output) and 7563 (EIC controls). J1939 TSC1.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook John Deere JDEC (J1939) Warnings and shutdowns Warning/shutdown list SPN 100 105 110 1076 174 2000 J1939 codes FMI FMI warning shutdown 18 1 16 16 0 10 6 16 6 X X X X - Low oil pressure Intake manifold Coolant temperature Fuel injection pump Fuel temperature ECU failure EIC yellow lamp EIC red lamp EIC malfunction EIC protection FMI indication “–“ means that the alarm in question is not supported.

speed. Warnings and shutdowns Warning/shutdown list SPN J1939 codes FMI FMI warning shutdown X X X X - EIC yellow lamp EIC red lamp EIC malfunction EIC protection FMI indication “–“ means that the alarm in question is not supported. Intermittent oil priming Engage the pre-lubricating oil pump if installed. Write commands to engine controller • Engine controls All the write commands to the engine controller (e. Can be used to engage all cylinders if the engine is running with one bank only. M-Logic commands are available to enable/disable start/stop and speed controls: • EIC start/stop enable • EIC speed control inhibit • The speed regulation is enabled in setting 2781 (Reg. start/stop. Testing of the overspeed function at any given rpm. based on the frequency nominal setting. J1939 TSC1. Engine speed CANbus ID for speed control: 0x0c000000. output) and 7563 (EIC controls). • Frequency selection Nominal frequency is automatically written. Enable cylinder cutout.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook MTU J1939 Smart Connect This protocol is available with MTU series 1600 with ECU8/Smart Connect. Page 107 of 239 • • • • DEIF A/S . Engine overspeed test The command is activated through M-Logic.g. 50 Hz is written if fNOM <55 Hz. etc.) are enabled in setting 7563 (EIC controls). The command is activated through MLogic. The command is activated through M-Logic. 60 Hz is written if fNOM is >55 Hz. Shut down override This command can be used with a digital input in order to override shut down actions from the ECU.

The command is activated through M-Logic.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook • Engine operating mode Switches the operating mode of the engine. analogue (“Analog ECU Relative” for analogue VDC control) or from J1939 commands (“Analog CAN”). Please refer to the MTU documentation for the ECU8 for further information about switching between normal and emergency operation in local or remote. Trip counter reset This command resets the trip fuel consumption counter. Speed gov param command Parameter switch for selection between: Default and Variant 1 M-Logic is used to select Variant 1 parameters. This is activated through M-Logic (EIC Engine or mode command). This is selected in the menu 2790. • • • DEIF A/S Page 108 of 239 . Demand switch Set method of speed control between digital (“Up/Down ECU” with relay controls).

Display readings Object EIC speed EIC coolant temp. EIC coolant level EIC charge air pressure EIC charge air temp. B EIC temp.) EIC air inlet press. EIC engine intercooler temp. EIC oil pressure EIC faults EIC oil temp. temp. EIC running hours EIC ECU power supp. EIC exch. EIC oil level EIC after cooler water inlet temp. DEIF A/S Page 109 of 239 . EIC atmospheric press. winding 3 EIC turbo 1 outlet temp. alarms and shutdowns is different. A EIC exch. winding 2 EIC temp.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook MTU ADEC (CANopen) The MTU ADEC is not a part of the J1939. (or EIC intake manifold 1 temp. therefore the reading of values. EIC ambient air temp. winding 1 EIC temp. temp. EIC fuel temp. EIC fuel rate EIC engine trip fuel EIC trip average fuel rate The Modbus addresses are read only (function code 04h) and are only available if option H2 Modbus RTU is implemented.

It is possible to configure ”EIC shutdown” in the system setup to put the unit in a shutdown state and/or to activate relay outputs if necessary. Warning list Warning list Coolant temp. low Coolant temp. Ambient temp. high Charge air temp. high Intercooler coolant temp. high Engine speed too low Prelube fail. alarm red DEIF A/S Page 110 of 239 . high ECU power supply high ECU power supply low Generator temp. high Lube oil temp. until it disappears in the ECM module. The alarms can be acknowledged from the display.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Warning Below is a list of warnings that can be shown on the display. high Charge air temp. high Holding tank high level Holding tank low level Generator winding 1 high temp. The shutdown state is present. high Lube oil temp. high Exhaust bank A high temp. Exhaust bank B high temp. Generator winding 2 high temp. Shutdown list AL com. high Water in fuel 1 Water in fuel 2 Fuel temp. but they will be visible until the alarm disappears in the ECM module. high ECU temp. Generator winding 3 high temp. The warnings will be shown as an alarm in the alarm window. Start speed not reached Common alarm (yellow) Lube oil pressure low Coolant level low Intercooler coolant level low ECU defect Speed demand failure Power supply low voltage Power supply high voltage Overspeed Lube oil press. Fuel high pressure 1 Fuel high pressure 2 Day tank high level Day tank low level Run-up speed not reached Idle speed not reached Shutdown Below is a shutdown value that can be shown on the display.

Please refer to the MTU documentation for the ECU8 for further information about switching between normal and emergency operation in local or remote. Enable Cylinder Cutout. is selected in setting 7562. Trip counter reset This command resets the trip fuel consumption counter.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Write commands to engine controller • Engine controls All the write commands to the engine controller (e. The command is activated through M-Logic. • • DEIF A/S Page 111 of 239 . • Demand switch Set method of speed control between digital (“Up/Down ECU” with relay controls). The CANopen node ID no. output) and 7563 (EIC controls). • • Start/stop command Frequency selection Nominal frequency is written automatically based on the frequency nominal setting. etc. 50 Hz is written if fNOM <55 Hz. The default value (6) usually matches the ADEC setting. Engine speed CANbus ID for speed control: 0x300+ADEC ID – speed demand telegram (ADEC ID is selected in menu 7562.) are enabled in setting 7563 (EIC controls). M-Logic commands are available to enable/disable start/stop and speed controls: • EIC start/stop enable • EIC speed control Inhibit • The speed regulation is enabled in setting 2781 (Reg. speed. analogue (“Analog ECU Relative” for analogue VDC control) or from J1939 commands (“Analog CAN”). start/stop. This is selected in the menu 2790. default ID is 6 Î 0x306). Can be used to engage all cylinders if the engine is running with one bank only.g. The command is activated through M-Logic. 60 Hz is written if fNOM is >55 Hz.

and are only available if the option H2 Modbus RTU is implemented. alarms and shutdowns is different. therefore the reading of values. EIC fuel temp. High oil temp.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook MTU MDEC module 302/303 (MTU) The MTU MDEC is not a part of the J1939. The alarms can be acknowledged from the display. but they will be visible until the alarm disappears in the ECM module. EIC charge air pressure EIC charge air temp. Write commands to engine controller None. Alarm list Warning Shutdown MDEC yellow alarm MDEC red alarm Overspeed Low oil pressure High coolant temp. The alarms will be shown in the alarm window. Alarms Below is a list of alarms that can be shown on the display. Defective cool. level switch Low coolant level MDEC ECU failure X X X X X - X X X X X X X MDEC indication “ – “ means that the alarm in question is not supported. DEIF A/S Page 112 of 239 . EIC oil pressure EIC faults EIC oil temp. (or EIC intake manifold 1 temp.) The Modbus addresses are read only (function code 04h). Displayed values Object EIC speed EIC coolant temp. High intercooler temp.

For this reason. DEIF A/S Page 113 of 239 . Scania EMS 2 S6 (J1939) Scania EMS 2 S6 does not use the J1939 SPN/FMI (Suspect Parameter Number/Failure Mode Indicator) system for alarm handling. the alarm handling is also different. Error log It is possible to retrieve and acknowledge alarms in the error log of the Scania EMS S6 (KWP 2000). Stop limit exceeded Charge 61 EIC yellow lamp EIC red lamp EIC malfunction EIC protection X X X X X X X X X - DNL2 indication “–“ means that the alarm in question is not supported. Handling of alarms is only active when the engine is running. For option H5. They will be shown as an alarm in the alarm window. Instead. Warnings and shutdowns (DNL2 alarms) Below is a list of warnings and shutdowns that can be shown on the display. the EMS S6 software version and engine number are automatically retrieved when CANbus communication is established.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Scania EMS (J1939) Warning/shutdowns None. Write commands to engine controller None. but they will be visible until the alarm disappears in the ECM module. Warning/shutdown list DNL2 warning DNL2 shutdown EMS warning Low oil pressure High coolant temp. The alarms available are the same alarms which can be read by the flash combination of the diagnostics lamp on the EMS S6 (please refer to the engine documentation). the DNL2 system is used. The alarms can be acknowledged from the display.

inp. stop cor. inj. 7 Un. inj. shut-off Overheat prot. Char. prot. 3 Un. inj. DLN1 Wrong CAN ver. l. sen. Wrong parameter Battery voltage Emerg.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Flash code ML-2 displayed text Description 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 23 25 27 31 32 33 37 43 48 49 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 61 66 86 87 89 94 96 99 Overreving Speed sensor 1 Speed sensor 2 Water T sen. cyl. prot. cyl. Oil pres. Fault in cor. 8 Extra ana. Fault in TPU One or both engine speed sensors have indicated above 3000 RPM Engine sensor 1 Engine sensor 2 Engine coolant temperature sensor Charge air temperature sensor Charge air pressure sensor Oil temperature sensor Oil pressure sensor Fault in coordinator CAN message for fine tune nominal speed out of range Engine stop overridden Oil pressure protection activated Wrong parameter setting for defect CAN communication Battery voltage out of range Emergency stop switch activated CAN circuit defect CAN message from the coordinator missing or not correct Non-matching CAN version in EMS and coordinator Unit injector cylinder 1 Unit injector cylinder 2 Unit injector cylinder 3 Unit injector cylinder 4 Unit injector cylinder 5 Unit injector cylinder 6 Unit injector cylinder 7 Unit injector cylinder 8 Voltage out of range on extra analogue input pin System shut down incorrectly Low engine coolant level Hardware watchdog The EMS has detected that the fault code memory is not functioning correctly The programme in the EMS has been altered in a prohibited manner Engine coolant temperature/oil pressure shutdown Overheat protection activated Error in TPU (Timer Processor Unit) DEIF A/S Page 114 of 239 . inj. 2 Un. inj. cyl. CAN cir. defect CAN mess. 1 Un. 6 Un. 4 Un. cyl. inj. 5 Un. air T sen. Oil pres. cyl. Oil temp. Throttle pedal Emerg. inj. sen. inj. stop o. cyl. Char. Un. HW watchdog Fault in RAM Seal Coola. cyl. System shutdown Coola. cyl.r. air P sen.

• Control In the parameter 2770 it is possible to configure the droop setting and the initial speed setting. nominal speed/frequency is written automatically.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Write commands to engine controller • Engine controls All the write commands to the engine controller (e. output) and 7563 (EIC controls). Start/stop command The speed regulation is enabled in setting 2781 (Reg. Droop Engine speed CANbus ID: Offset: 0xcfff727 Speed: 0x0cff8027 M-Logic commands are available to enable/disable start/stop and speed controls: • EIC start/stop enable • EIC speed control inhibit • • • Frequency selection Nominal speed/frequency is selected in 2772. based on the frequency nominal setting. etc.g. If ”User” is selected. start/stop. DEIF A/S Page 115 of 239 . speed.) are enabled in setting 7563 (EIC controls). It is only possible to write commands to the engine when the Scania Coordinator is NOT mounted.

DEIF A/S Page 116 of 239 .AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Volvo Penta EMS (J1939) Warnings and shutdowns Warning/shutdown list SPN 100 J1939 codes FMI FMI warning shutdown 5 - Low oil pressure Intake manifold #1 P Coolant temperature High inlet air temp. Fuel temperature Fuel pressure Oil level Overspeed Coolant level low EIC yellow lamp EIC red lamp EIC malfunction EIC protection 102 110 172 174 94 98 190 111 - 5 5 5 5 X X X 0 1 X - Write commands to engine controller None.

Primary or secondary speed is selected in setting 2774. Engine speed CANbus ID for speed control: 0x0cff4611 – Volvo Penta proprietary telegram. start/stop. D12 and D16 (GE and AUX variants only). output) and 7563 (EIC controls). D7. D9. etc. M-Logic commands are available to enable/disable start/stop and speed controls: • EIC start/stop enable • EIC speed control inhibit • • • Preheat Start/stop Readable states • Preheat and running The speed regulation is enabled in setting 2781 (Reg. Write commands to engine controller • Engine controls All the write commands to the engine controller (e.) are enabled in setting 7563 (EIC controls). speed.g. Warnings and shutdowns Warning/shutdown list SPN 100 102 110 172 174 94 98 190 111 J1939 codes FMI FMI warning shutdown 5 5 5 5 5 0 1 X X X X - Low oil pressure Intake manifold #1 P Coolant temperature High inlet air temp. Fuel temperature Fuel pressure Oil level Overspeed Coolant level low EIC yellow lamp EIC red lamp EIC malfunction EIC protection FMI indication “–“ means that the alarm in question is not supported.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Volvo Penta EMS 2 (J1939) EMS 2 and EDCIII/D6. DEIF A/S Page 117 of 239 .

the data can be transmitted to a PLC. Modbus communication This chapter is to be considered as additional information for option H2 (Modbus RS485 RTU). a computer. The data readable by the Modbus communication are converted into the chosen unit in menu 10970. The available values depend on the selected type of engine communication. DEIF A/S Page 118 of 239 . If option H2 is installed. the alarm and monitoring system or a Scada system. Please refer to the ECM (Engine Communication Module) user manuals for more information about the ECM protocol technical description and the details of each communication value. They can be transmitted through Modbus option H2.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Parameters Parameters related to engine communication can be found in settings 2770 and 7500-7660. Please refer to the separate parameter list for details. Please refer to the option H2 technical documentation for more information about our standard external Modbus communication. A certain amount of engine data can be transmitted from the engine communication module to the controller unit.

Please refer to the manual of the engine in question. EIC intake manifold 1 T (or EIC charge air T) EIC d.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Reading of analogue values The reading of values is independent of engine type. The availability of data from the individual engine types is dependent on the specific engine. EIC oil pressure EIC no. % torque EIC actual % torque EIC acc.d. speed EIC air inlet pressure EIC exhaust gas temp. Key switch battery potential Fuel delivery pressure Page 119 of 239 DEIF A/S . Measurement table (read only) function code 04h Addr. EIC intake manifold #1 P EIC air inlet temp. c. Intake manifold 1 temperature Driver’s demand engine . of faults EIC oil temp. EIC fuel temp. Content Unit J1939 Scaling ADEC MDEC Description 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 EIC speed EIC coolant temp. EIC battery voltage EIC fuel del. pedal pos. [RPM] [deg] [F] [bar] [psi] [Faults] [deg] [F] [deg] [F] [bar] [psi] [deg] [F] [%] [L/h] [bar] [psi] [deg] [F] [%] [%] [%] [%] [bar] [psi] [deg] [F] [H] [bar] [psi] [V] [bar] [psi] 1/1 1/1 1/100 1/1 1/10 1/1 1/100 1/1 1/10 1/10 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/100 1/10 1/1 1/100 1/10 1/100 1/1 1/10 1/100 1/1 1/10 1/10 1/100 1/1 1/1 1/10 1/100 1/1 1/10 1/100 1/1 1/10 1/10 1/100 1/10 - Speed Coolant temperature Engine oil pressure Number of faults Engine oil temperature Fuel temperature Intake manifold #1 P Air inlet temperature Coolant level Fuel rate Charge air press. so all readings below are available in the Modbus protocol. EIC engine hours EIC oil filter diff.percent torque Actual engine percent torque Accelerator pedal position Percent load at current speed Air inlet pressure Exhaust gas temperature ENGINE HOURS Oil filter diff. press. This data refers to the common J1939 display reading list as well as the overview of readings in the MTU ADEC (CANopen) and MTU MDEC (MTU protocol). press. EIC % load. EIC coolant level EIC fuel rate EIC charge air press. press.

bank B Gen. winding 3 temp. gaseous Total fuel used. EIC intercooler temp. temp. Trip fuel. Reserved Reserved EIC turbo 1 compr. Gen. outlet press. Atmospheric pressure Ambient air temp. EIC trip fuel_gaseous EIC total fuel used_gaseous EIC engine trip fuel EIC engine total fuel used EIC trip average fuel rate EIC Nominal power [%] [bar] [psi] [bar] [psi] [2 bits] [deg] [F] [bar] [psi] [bar] [psi] [bar] [psi] [bar] [psi] [deg] [F] [deg] [F] [deg] [F] [deg] [F] [deg] [F] [deg] [F] [bar] [psi] [deg] [F] [kg] [ton] [L] [kL] [L/h] kWm 1/10 1/100 1/100 1/1 1/10 1/100 1/1000 1/100 1/100 1/10 1/1 1/10 1/1 1/10 1/1 1/10 1/10 1/1 1/1 1/1 1/10 1/10 1/1 1/10 1/1 - Engine oil level Crankcase pressure Coolant pressure Water in fuel (1 = Yes. EIC atm press. press. Turbo 1 compr. Content Unit J1939 Scaling ADEC MDEC Description 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 900 901 EIC oil level EIC crankcase press. press. EIC cool filter diff. Gen. EIC trap inlet EIC air filter diff. Intercooler temp. EIC winding 2 temp. A EIC exch. temp. B EIC winding 1 temp. EIC coolant pressure EIC water in fuel Reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved EIC turbo oil temp. gaseous Engine trip fuel Engine total fuel used - Nominal power of the engine DEIF A/S Page 120 of 239 . bank A Exch. winding 2 temp. EIC exch. temp. Cool filter diff. EIC winding 3 temp.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Measurement table (read only) function code 04h Addr. temp. press. winding 1 temp. press. outlet press. [F/10] Exch. EIC ambient air temp. Trap inlet Air filter diff. 0 = No) Turbo oil temp.

Content Unit J1939 Scaling ADEC MDEC Description 908 EIC Engine Power 911 EIC Intake Manifold #1 Absolute Pressure kWm Bar or psi 1/100* 1/1 - - Nominal power of the engine (ADEC) *Only MTU J1939 Smart Connect! DEIF A/S Page 121 of 239 .AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Measurement table (read only) function code 04h Addr.

status and measurement table (read only) function code 04h.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Alarms. warning EIC fuel temperature. engine controller (DM1) EIC alarms. 1 7660 EIC oil temp. warning EIC low coolant level. shutdown EIC protection EIC malfunction Alarms. warning EIC high coolant temperature. 2 7670 EIC coolant level 1 7680 EIC coolant level 2 EIC yellow EIC red EIC protection EIC malfunction EIC DEC communication error EIC low oil pressure. shutdown EIC boost pressure. DEIF controller 1023 EIC alarms. Content Type 1020 EIC alarms. Content Type 1020 EIC alarms. Addr. Caterpillar/Perkins Alarm. warning EIC low oil pressure. 2 7670 EIC coolant level 1 7680 EIC coolant level 2 EIC low oil pressure. warning EIC overspeed. Addr. warning EIC low oil pressure. engine controller (DM1) Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4 Bit 5 Bit 6 Bit 7 Bit 8 Bit 9 Bit 10 Bit 11 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4 Bit 5 Bit 6 Bit 7 Bit 8 Bit 9 Bit 10 Bit 11 Bit 12 Bit 13 7570 EIC communication error 7580 EIC warning 7590 EIC shutdown 7600 EIC overspeed 7610 EIC coolant water temperature 1 7620 EIC coolant water temperature 2 7630 EIC oil pressure 1 7640 EIC oil pressure 2 7650 EIC oil temp. 1 7660 EIC oil temp. status and measurement table (read only) function code 04h. DEIF controller 1024 EIC alarms. shutdown Page 122 of 239 DEIF A/S . shutdown EIC high inlet air temperature. shutdown EIC overspeed. engine controller (DM1) 1024 Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4 Bit 5 Bit 6 Bit 7 Bit 8 Bit 9 Bit 10 Bit 11 Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 7570 EIC communication error 7580 EIC warning 7590 EIC shutdown 7600 EIC overspeed 7610 EIC coolant water temperature 1 7620 EIC coolant water temperature 2 7630 EIC oil pressure 1 7640 EIC oil pressure 2 7650 EIC oil temp. warning EIC ECM yellow lamp. Cummins Alarm. warning EIC ECM red lamp.

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Addr. warning EIC warning EIC shutdown EIC protection EIC malfunction Alarms. warning EIC oil temp. engine controller (DM1) Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4 Bit 5 Bit 6 Bit 7 Bit 8 Bit 9 Bit 10 Bit 11 Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4 7570 EIC communication error 7580 EIC warning 7590 EIC shutdown 7600 EIC overspeed 7610 EIC coolant water temperature 1 7620 EIC coolant water temperature 2 7630 EIC oil pressure 1 7640 EIC oil pressure 2 7650 EIC oil temp.. Content Type Bit 3 Bit 4 Bit 5 Bit 6 Bit 7 Bit 8 Bit 9 Bit 10 Bit 11 Bit 12 Bit 13 Bit 14 Bit 15 EIC high coolant temperature. 2 7670 EIC coolant level 1 7680 EIC coolant level 2 EIC communication error. status and measurement table (read only) function code 04h. warning EIC fuel temp. DEIF controller 1024 EIC alarms. 2 7670 EIC coolant level 1 7680 EIC coolant level 2 Page 123 of 239 DEIF A/S . shutdown EIC fuel temp. EMR 2 – Deutz engines Alarm.. warning EIC intake manifold. Addr. warning EIC low coolant level. shutdown EIC crankcase press. Addr. shutdown EIC overspeed. Content Type 1020 EIC alarms. shutdown EIC intake manifold temp. status and measurement table (read only) function code 04h.. 1 7660 EIC oil temp. shutdown Alarms. 1 7660 EIC oil temp.. Content Type 1020 EIC alarms. shutdown EIC low coolant level. warning EIC high coolant temperature.. DEIF controller Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4 Bit 5 Bit 6 Bit 7 Bit 8 Bit 9 Bit 10 Bit 11 7570 EIC communication error 7580 EIC warning 7590 EIC shutdown 7600 EIC overspeed 7610 EIC coolant water temperature 1 7620 EIC coolant water temperature 2 7630 EIC oil pressure 1 7640 EIC oil pressure 2 7650 EIC oil temp. shutdown EIC coolant pressure. shutdown EIC oil temp. DDEC – Detroit engines Alarm.

Generic J1939 Alarm. DEIF controller 1024 EIC alarms. engine controller (DM 1) Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4 Bit 5 Bit 6 Bit 7 EIC high coolant temperature. Content Type 1024 EIC alarms. shutdown EIC EMR shutdown (LS: lamp status) EIC EMR warning (LS: lamp status) EIC communication error EIC protection EIC malfunction Alarms. engine controller (DM1) Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4 Bit 5 Bit 6 Bit 7 Bit 8 Bit 9 Bit 10 Bit 11 Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4 7570 EIC communication error 7580 EIC warning 7590 EIC shutdown 7600 EIC overspeed 7610 EIC coolant water temperature 1 7620 EIC coolant water temperature 2 7630 EIC oil pressure 1 7640 EIC oil pressure 2 7650 EIC oil temp.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Addr. shutdown EIC low oil pressure. 1 7660 EIC oil temp. shutdown EIC overspeed. status and measurement table (read only) function code 04h. Addr. Content Type 1020 EIC alarms. 2 7670 EIC coolant level 1 7680 EIC coolant level 2 EIC communication error EIC yellow EIC red EIC protection EIC malfunction DEIF A/S Page 124 of 239 .

Content Type 1020 EIC alarms. warning EIC overspeed. DEIF controller 1024 EIC alarms. warning EIC high coolant temperature. shutdown EIC oil pressure. warning EIC low oil pressure. status and measurement table (read only) function code 04h. warning EIC ECM yellow lamp. engine controller (DM 1) Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4 Bit 5 Bit 6 Bit 7 Bit 8 Bit 9 Bit 10 Bit 11 Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4 Bit 5 7570 EIC communication error 7580 EIC warning 7590 EIC shutdown 7600 EIC overspeed 7610 EIC coolant water temperature 1 7620 EIC coolant water temperature 2 7630 EIC oil pressure 1 7640 EIC oil pressure 2 7650 EIC oil temp. Addr. status and measurement table (read only) function code 04h. Iveco Alarm. 1 7660 EIC oil temp. Content Type 1020 EIC alarms. shutdown EIC ECU failure. Addr. shutdown EIC high inlet air temperature. 1 7660 EIC oil temp.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Alarms. shutdown EIC protection EIC malfunction Alarms. warning EIC fuel temperature. 2 7670 EIC coolant level 1 7680 EIC coolant level 2 EIC communication error EIC low oil pressure. shutdown EIC low oil pressure. warning Page 125 of 239 DEIF A/S . warning EIC ECM red lamp. warning EIC high coolant temperature. shutdown EIC fuel temperature. shutdown EIC boost pressure. 2 7670 EIC coolant level 1 7680 EIC coolant level 2 EIC high coolant temperature. JDEC – John Deere engines Alarm. shutdown EIC overspeed. shutdown EIC fuel control valve. engine controller (DM 1) Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4 Bit 5 Bit 6 Bit 7 Bit 8 Bit 9 Bit 10 Bit 11 Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4 Bit 5 Bit 6 Bit 7 Bit 8 Bit 9 Bit 10 Bit 11 Bit 12 Bit 13 7570 EIC communication error 7580 EIC warning 7590 EIC shutdown 7600 EIC overspeed 7610 EIC coolant water temperature 1 7620 EIC coolant water temperature 2 7630 EIC oil pressure 1 7640 EIC oil pressure 2 7650 EIC oil temp. DEIF controller 1024 EIC alarms.

warning EIC fuel injection pump. 2 7670 EIC coolant level 1 7680 EIC coolant level 2 EIC communication error EIC yellow EIC red EIC protection EIC malfunction DEIF A/S Page 126 of 239 . MTU J1939 smart connect Alarm. status and measurement table (read only) function code 04h. Addr. DEIF controller 1024 EIC alarms. engine controller (DM1) Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4 Bit 5 Bit 6 Bit 7 Bit 8 Bit 9 Bit 10 Bit 11 Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4 7570 EIC communication error 7580 EIC warning 7590 EIC shutdown 7600 EIC overspeed 7610 EIC coolant water temperature 1 7620 EIC coolant water temperature 2 7630 EIC oil pressure 1 7640 EIC oil pressure 2 7650 EIC oil temp. Content Type Bit 6 Bit 7 Bit 8 Bit 9 Bit 10 Bit 11 Bit 12 Bit 13 EIC intake manifold. 1 7660 EIC oil temp. warning EIC JDEC shutdown (LS: lamp status) EIC JDEC warning (LS: lamp status) EIC communication error EIC protection EIC malfunction Alarms.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Addr. Content Type 1020 EIC alarms. warning EIC coolant temperature.

status and measurement table (read only) function code 04h. high warning EIC Holding tank high level EIC Holding tank low level EIC Winding 1 temp. 2) EIC Day tank high level EIC Day tank low level EIC Run-up speed not reached EIC Idle speed not reached EIC Common alarm red EIC Overspeed EIC Lube oil press. 2 7670 EIC coolant level 1 7680 EIC coolant level 2 EIC ECU power supp. engine controller Bit 0 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4 Bit 5 Bit 6 Bit 7 Bit 8 Bit 9 Bit 10 Bit 11 Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4 Bit 5 Bit 6 Bit 7 Bit 8 Bit 9 Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4 Bit 5 Bit 6 Bit 7 Bit 8 Bit 9 Bit 10 Bit 11 Bit 12 Bit 13 Bit 14 Bit 15 Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4 Bit 5 Bit 6 Bit 7 Bit 8 Bit 9 Bit 10 Bit 11 Bit 12 Bit 13 EIC communication error EIC shutdown EIC overspeed EIC coolant water temperature 1 EIC coolant water temperature 2 EIC oil pressure 1 EIC oil pressure 2 7650 EIC oil temp. EIC ECU high temp. 1) EIC Pressure 2 high (Aux. high EIC Winding 3 temp. EIC Exhaust B high temp. voltage HiHi EIC Generator temp. EIC Lube oil high temp. MTU ADEC Alarm.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Alarms. engine controller 1023 EIC alarms. voltage LowLow EIC Fuel high temp. 1 7660 EIC oil temp. high EIC Ambient temp. LowLow EIC Coolant temperature HiHi EIC Lube oil temp. Addr. EIC Pressure 1 high (Aux. EIC Intercooler coolant high temp. EIC Engine speed low EIC Prelube fail. high EIC Winding 2 temp. EIC Exhaust A high temp. engine controller 1024 EIC alarms. HiHi EIC Charge air temp. high EIC Water in fuel 1 EIC Water in fuel 2 EIC Coolant high temp. Content Type 1020 EIC alarms. DEIF controller 1022 EIC alarms. EIC Start speed not reached Common alarm EIC Yellow EIC Lube oil pressure low EIC Coolant level low EIC Intercooler coolant level low EIC ECU defect EIC Speed demand defect Page 127 of 239 DEIF A/S . EIC Charge air high temp. HiHi EIC ECU power supp.

shutdown EIC high charge air temperature. Content Type 1020 EIC alarms. shutdown EIC defect coolant level switch. DEIF controller 1024 EIC alarms. Addr. warning EIC MDEC yellow alarm.. warning EIC high coolant temperature. engine controller Bit 0 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4 Bit 5 Bit 6 Bit 7 Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4 Bit 5 Bit 6 Bit 7 Bit 8 Bit 9 Bit 10 Bit 11 Bit 12 EIC communication error EIC shutdown EIC overspeed EIC coolant water temperature 1 EIC coolant water temperature 2 EIC oil pressure 1 EIC oil pressure 2 EIC overspeed. MTU MDEC series – 2000/4000 – module 302 & 303 Alarm. shutdown EIC low coolant level. shutdown EIC high coolant temperature. shutdown EIC MDEC ECU failure.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Addr. shutdown EIC high intercooler coolant temp. shutdown DEIF A/S Page 128 of 239 . warning EIC low oil pressure. warning EIC high oil temperature. warning EIC MDEC red alarm. Content Type Bit 14 EIC Power supply low voltage Bit 15 EIC Power supply high voltage Alarms. status and measurement table (read only) function code 04h. shutdown EIC low oil pressure.

cyl. inj. inj. EIC wrong parameter EIC battery voltage EIC oil pressure prot. 2 EIC un. Fault in TPU Not used Not used Not used Not used Not used Not used Not used Not used Not used Not used Not used Not used DEIF A/S Page 129 of 239 . cyl. cyl. 7 EIC un. cyl. inj. Scania Alarm. EIC system shutdown EIC coola. 8 EIC extra ana. cyl. 3 EIC un. inj. Content Type 1026 EIC alarms (KWP 2000) 1027 EIC alarms (KWP 2000) 1028 EIC alarms (KWP 2000) Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4 Bit 5 Bit 6 Bit 7 Bit 8 Bit 9 Bit 10 Bit 11 Bit 12 Bit 13 Bit 14 Bit 15 Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4 Bit 5 Bit 6 Bit 7 Bit 8 Bit 9 Bit 10 Bit 11 Bit 12 Bit 13 Bit 14 Bit 15 Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4 Bit 5 Bit 6 Bit 7 Bit 8 Bit 9 Bit 10 Bit 11 Bit 12 Bit 13 Bit 14 Bit 15 EIC overreving EIC speed sensor 1 EIC speed sensor 2 EIC water temp. inj. EIC CAN cir.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Alarms. inp. DLN1 EIC wrong CAN version EIC un. inj. inj. 5 EIC un. sensor EIC charge air temp. L. 1 EIC un. 4 EIC un. defect EIC CAN mess. EIC throttle pedal EIC emergency stop override EIC oil pressure prot. EIC HW watchdog EIC fault in RAM EIC seal EIC coola. prot. status and measurement table (read only) function code 04h. inj. cyl. shut OFF EIC overheat prot. EIC emergency stop cor. sensor EIC oil pressure sensor EIC fault in cor. Addr. 6 EIC un. sensor EIC charge air pressure sensor EIC oil temp. cyl. cyl.

status and measurement table (read only) function code 04h. Content Type 1020 EIC alarms. warning EIC battery voltage. 1 7660 EIC oil temp. warning EIC ECM yellow lamp. Addr. warning EIC fuel pressure. shutdown EIC high inlet air temperature. warning EIC low oil level. warning EIC low coolant level. warning EIC protection EIC malfunction DEIF A/S Page 130 of 239 . Volvo Penta Alarm. 2 7670 EIC coolant level 1 7680 EIC coolant level 2 EIC overspeed.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Alarms. warning EIC oil pressure. warning EIC ECM red lamp. DEIF controller 1024 EIC alarms (DM 1) Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4 Bit 5 Bit 6 Bit 7 Bit 8 Bit 9 Bit 10 Bit 11 Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4 Bit 5 Bit 6 Bit 7 Bit 8 Bit 10 Bit 11 Bit 12 Bit 13 7570 EIC communication error 7580 EIC warning 7590 EIC shutdown 7600 EIC overspeed 7610 EIC coolant water temperature 1 7620 EIC coolant water temperature 2 7630 EIC oil pressure 1 7640 EIC oil pressure 2 7650 EIC oil temp. warning EIC high coolant temperature. warning EIC oil temperature.

Power management (AGC 24x only) Power management functions In the following chapter. the power management functions of the AGC 200 are listed.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook 9. Plant modes: • Island mode (no mains unit) • Automatic Mains Failure (needs mains unit) • Fixed power/base load (needs mains unit) • Peak shaving (needs mains unit) • Load takeover (needs mains unit) • Mains power export (needs mains unit) Display: • Mains unit display showing mains breaker and tie breaker • Generator unit showing generator and generator breaker Power management functions: • Load-dependent start/stop • Priority selection o Manual o Running hours o Fuel optimisation • Ground relay control • ATS control • Safety stop (fail class = trip and stop) • Load management • Single mains support • Secured mode • Quick setup/broadcast • Base load • Heavy consumer (HC) • Asymmetric load sharing (LS) • Common PF control • CAN flags DEIF A/S Page 131 of 239 .

Island operation plant In an application where up to 16 gensets are installed. for preparing future requirements to the application). mains unit Parallel Comment Multiple gensets No back synchronising With back synchronising Multiple start system Mains unit installed Also called base load Needs mains unit Needs mains unit Needs mains unit Needs mains unit Mains power export Load takeover Peak shaving Parallel Parallel Parallel Regarding AC and DC connections for the individual applications. please refer to the Installation Instructions. multiple start ATS plant. If a mains unit is installed and connected (e. DEIF A/S Page 132 of 239 .g. the AGC 200 will automatically operate in an island mode with load-dependent starting and stopping.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Applications Application Island operation Automatic Mains Failure Automatic Mains Failure Automatic Mains Failure Automatic Mains Failure Fixed power Drawing below Island mode plant Parallel with 1-16 mains Parallel with 1-16 mains ATS plant. the island mode operation is selected in the mains unit.

The application is shown with a tie breaker. This one-line diagram is also valid for AMF plants without back synchronising and load takeover plants without possibility of synchronising the genset to the mains. but it is also possible to use the application without a tie breaker.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Parallel with mains plant An application where a mains breaker is installed together with up to 16 gensets is shown below. DEIF A/S Page 133 of 239 . The tie breaker can only be placed as shown in the drawing below. The application also supports a redundant mains unit.

ATS plant. multiple start DEIF A/S Page 134 of 239 .AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook ATS plant Applications that use an ATS for switching between mains supply and generator supply are supported as well. Two application examples using an ATS are shown below.

In the screen dump below. the internal communication ID is set to 1. DEIF A/S Page 135 of 239 . and to the AGC 244 BTB units where the numbering starts from ID 33. Application design The application is designed through the utility software. Please select configuration. Select a new application and adjust the settings in this dialogue box. The principle also applies to the AGC 245/246 mains where the numbering starts from ID 17. so an application always includes a DG with ID 1. The numbering of the communication IDs must always start from the lowest number. PC software setup The communication ID must be adjusted in the utility software for each of the AGC 200 units.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Initial power management setup The AGC 200 is set up using the display and the PC utility software.

Configuration selection Write a proper name of your application. It is possible to see which application is active when the USW is connected to the AGC 200. select either “Continuous NE” or “Continuous ND” if mains breaker closure is desired even if AGC power is removed. Comments PPM is a power management system for marine use.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Product type Description Select AGC 200. AGC is a power management system with expanded possibilities. Plant type Select between: • Single DG • Standard • Dual mains • Genset group plant • Genset group The AGC 200 is able to include four applications. DEIF A/S Page 136 of 239 . Use ”standard” if a power management application is needed. CAN line options CAN line A: Connect 7-9 CAN line B: Connect 10-12 Now the application can be designed using the section control panel. One of these can be active. Use ”single DG” if power management is not present (or if single functionality is needed for an AGC 242). Bus tie options Select ”Wrap busbar” if the BTBs are connected in a ring. Select between: • • • • • Mains breaker options Pulse Ext/ATS no control Continuous NE Compact Continuous ND Depending on the application. Press ”Yes” in the pop-up window to set the application to active when downloading it to the AGC.

DEIF A/S Page 137 of 239 . and the number and type of breakers. it is defined whether a generator and a mains is present.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook For each area.

Semi-automatic start or automatic start is possible if the mode is changed to SEMI or AUTO mode. and the ID is reset to the start value. Quick setup Normally. the following alarms appear in the example where a failure appears at ID 2: Defective unit Alarms System alarm System alarm Menu 7533 Menu 7535 Functioning unit Failed CAN tx line CAN ID 1 MISSING Miss. all units Any DG missing Failed CAN tx line CAN ID 2 MISSING Miss. so no utility software is needed. the error message ”CAN ID not available” will appear. the quick setup function is only used for simple rental applications. the ID will automatically be enabled again in the other units when the ID has been recognised. Auxiliary supply ON If a failure appears on the CANbus lines of an AGC 200.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Remove unit from PM If one or more units have to be taken out of the power management system. These alarms appear in a 2 DG plant where ID 2 is powered down: Functioning unit (ID 1) Alarms System alarm System alarm Menu 7533 Menu 7535 Failed CAN tx line CAN ID 2 MISSING Miss. all units Any DG missing If the auxiliary supply of the unit where the CANbus is not functioning is connected. For more details. In that case. In this situation. This means that a CANbus alarm occurs on the other AGCs. a ”Duplicate CAN ID” error message will appear. and these settings can be made via the display of the AGC 200. the AGC 200 can be adjusted to another mode than AUTO. The mode changes according to the setting in CAN failure mode (menu 7532). A reconfiguration of the power plant is required to remove the alarms. please refer to the chapter ”Quick setup” in this document. all units Any DG missing The alarms will be present at all times during the failure. The only exception is when BLOCK mode is selected on a genset AGC. If the AGC 200 that is reconnected is a new unit with the factory settings set in the parameter file. the genset will not take part in the power management routines. the following possibilities exist depending on the situation. and the ID chosen is already active in another device. When the AGC 200 is reconnected. DEIF A/S Page 138 of 239 . When an ID is chosen for the new unit. the GB can be closed without allowance from the power management system. It only requires a few settings to be running. Auxiliary supply OFF The auxiliary supply must be removed from the AGC 200.

If ”MANUAL” is selected. Example 1: A break on the CAN line is made between ID 1 and ID 2 shown below. but they will stay on-line. This means that in the example with six gensets. it will block the whole system. If for example six gensets are available in an island application and the CAN failure happens between ID 3 and ID 4. over time a blackout can occur as no load sharing is active between the units. the regulators will stop on both gensets. Both gensets are running and all breakers are closed. even though the CAN error has not been fixed. If the CAN error happens when no gensets are running. 2.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook CANbus failure handling CAN failure mode In case of a CAN failure on the internal CAN controlling the power management. As the gensets have no valid information about the other unit. all AGC 200 units will change mode to manual mode. and it will be possible to start all the gensets in semi-auto mode. DEIF A/S Page 139 of 239 . and it will not be possible to close any breakers. as it is the manual mode that is activated. When the break occurs. In menu 7530 it is decided how the power management system will react in case of a CAN failure. and this way the regulators will have no reaction. all AGC 200 units will change mode to semi-auto mode. the load sharing will still be disabled between all units. 1. and this way the regulators will continue to regulate the load on the gensets that are still ”visible” on the internal CAN communication. the load sharing will continue between the units which are still connected (ID 1-ID 3 and ID 4-ID 6). the system can be set up in different ways. it will not block the whole system. If the CAN error happens when no gensets are running. If ”SEMI-AUTO” is selected. and it will not be possible to start any gensets before the CAN error has been fixed.

If the CANbus error is present and no generator breakers are closed. This setting makes it possible to keep the system in auto mode in case of a CAN failure. it will be possible to close two breakers on the same busbar. the faulty unit will not be a part of the power management. CAN B BTB X MISSING The AGC 200 unit has lost CANbus communication to the AGC 200 BTB unit on CANbus I/F B. CAN B MAINS X MISSING The AGC 200 unit has lost CANbus communication to the AGC 200 mains unit on CANbus I/F B. it is recommended to use the CANbus fail class settings to disconnect the faulty units (refer to the ”CANbus fail class” section in this chapter). CAN B ID X MISSING The AGC 200 unit has lost CANbus communication to one or more CAN IDs on CANbus I/F B. 3. since it cannot send or receive status and commands on the CANbus. however. ANY DG MISSING The AGC 200 unit has lost CANbus communication to one of the generator CAN IDs on Page 140 of 239 • • • • • • • • DEIF A/S . If this selection is used. all AGC 200 units will stay in the mode they were in before the failure appeared. The fail class set in menu 7534 will be executed. MISSING ALL UNITS The AGC 200 unit has lost the CANbus communication to all the other units. CAN A MAINS X MISSING The AGC 200 unit has lost CANbus communication to the AGC 200 mains unit on CANbus I/F A.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook A message will be shown in the status line ”BLACKOUT ENABLE” on the display. which may result in fatal damage to the whole system. The fail class set in menu 7533 will be executed. CAN A BTB X MISSING The AGC 200 unit has lost CANbus communication to the AGC 200 BTB unit on CANbus I/F A. FATAL CAN ERROR The AGC 200 unit has lost CANbus communication to more than one CAN ID on the CANbus line. If ”No mode change” is selected. CANbus alarms The following alarms can be displayed on an AGC 200 unit in case of CANbus communication failures: • CAN A ID X MISSING The AGC 200 unit has lost CANbus communication to one or more CAN IDs on CANbus I/F A.

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the CANbus line. The fail class set in menu 7535 will be executed.

ANY MAINS MISSING The AGC 200 unit has lost CANbus communication to one of the mains CAN IDs on the CANbus line. The fail class set in menu 7536 will be executed. ANY BTB MISSING The AGC 200 unit has lost CANbus communication to one of the BTB CAN IDs on the CANbus line(s). The fail class set in menu 7536 will be executed.

CANbus fail class

In menu 7530, it is possible to set a fail class of the following CANbus alarms: Missing all units Fatal CAN error Any DG missing Any mains missing

By using these settings, it is possible to disconnect the faulty units and in this way keep the system running in auto mode. (Depends on the setting 7532).
For a general description of ”Fail class”, please refer to the description of fail classes in the chapter ”Power management”. Analogue load sharing backup

If the system is fitted with IOM 230 modules for governor/AVR control and analogue load sharing, it is possible to activate the analogue load sharing in case the CANbus fails. Please refer to the application notes “IOM 200 analogue interface for AGC 200”, document no. 4189340614, for details.

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Quick setup
This function is made to provide an easy user interface for applications where it is vital for the end-user to be able to change the application quickly and easily. It is often applications for the rental market that need this flexibility, and therefore there are some limitations as to which applications that can be handled through the quick setup menu. The following applications can be handled through the quick setup menu. Island applications

Simple applications with connection to one mains

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Limitations

In most cases, the rental applications are very simple applications, and therefore there are some limitations that have to be considered when using the quick setup menu:

It will not be possible to have any AGC 200 bus tie units in the application.

This function is made to facilitate change of a plant configuration without AGC 200 BTB units. Entering the quick setup menu 9180 via the DU-2 display makes it possible to add or remove a genset without the use of utility software. It is only possible to do the same basic setup as through the ”application configuration” in the utility software. The functions marked with clear text in the screen dumps below can be accessed through the quick setup menu.

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9180 Quick setup
9181 Mode

OFF:

When the mode menu is set to ”OFF”, the existing application that is about to have this genset included will not look for this new genset. This will give the operator time to connect all wiring and to do the basic setup of the genset. When the mode menu is set to ”Setup Plant”, the new AGC 200 will receive the application configuration from the other units in the plant. The new AGC 200 will then notify the rest of the application that a new ID is available on the line. If the ID of the new AGC 200 already exists, the new AGC 200 will – based on the ID numbers in the application configuration – have the highest ID + 1 assigned. This new ID will then be included in the application configuration in all the other AGC 200 units. During this process, the existing application will be able to continue running and will not be affected by the upgrade of the system. The new AGC 200 will automatically go to block mode to ensure that it is in a safe mode. When the setup is done, the end-user must decide in which running mode the added genset is to run.
If there are already 16 gensets on the CAN line and a new AGC tries to connect to the plant, an alarm text, ”No IDs available”, will appear.

Setup Plant:

Setup Stand-alone:

When the mode menu is set to ”Setup Stand-alone”, the AGC 200 will change the application configuration, so it will no longer be a part of the application. When the ID is removed from the application, the new application will be broadcasted to the other AGC 200 units. The existing gensets in the application will maintain their ID, as a rearrangement could lead to unnecessary starting and stopping of the gensets. If the genset that is to be removed is running, it will not be possible/allowed to continue the process until the genset has stopped. If it is attempted to disconnect, an info text, ”Quick setup error”, will appear.

If ”Setup Stand-alone” is activated when the genset is running, an info text, ”Quick setup error”, will appear. If an AGC 244 BTB is detected in the application, an indicating alarm, ”Appl. not possible”, will appear. Change of plant setup from standard to single DG unit: When disconnecting a standard AGC 200 unit in a system, it is important to change menu 9181, plant setup. After disconnecting, the AGC 200 unit will become a single DG.

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9190 Application broadcast

This function makes it possible to broadcast an application over the CAN line from one AGC 200 to all units present in the application. It takes one operation to activate the broadcast function. It can be done in two ways: 1. By sending the application. 2. By sending the application and activating it. Menu 9191 Enable OFF: Broadcast:

When it is set to OFF, no broadcast will be made. Broadcast of the selected application in menu 9192 will be sent to the units in the application.

Broadcast + Activate: Broadcast is activated and the application in menu 9192 will be broadcasted and activated in all units. Menu 9192 Application Applications 1-4 can be drawn in the utility software. The following pop-up windows in the utility software will guide you through the broadcast.

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Command unit
The power management system is a multi-master system. In a multi-master system, the available generator units automatically perform the power management control. This means that the system never depends on only one master unit. If for instance one unit ID is disabled, and this was the command unit, then the next available unit will take over the command functions. The above also applies to the AGC 245/246 mains units – in that case the command unit is called Mains Command Unit (MCU). The command unit cannot be selected by the operator. It is automatically selected when a power management setting is accessed.

Load-dependent starting and stopping
The purpose of this function is to ensure that sufficient power is always available on the busbar. This means that the gensets will automatically be started and stopped in order to let only the sufficient number of gensets run. This optimises the fuel economy and the maintenance intervals. The load-dependent start/stop function is active when the plant is in AUTO mode. The starting and stopping of the gensets is automatically carried out according to the adjusted setpoints and priority selection. The load-dependent start/stop function can be selected as:
• • •

Rated power setpoint (P) [kW] Apparent power setpoint (S) [kVA] Actual or load percentage value [%]

The load-dependent starting and stopping can be selected to base on either produced power calculation (%) or available power calculation (P or S). The easiest way is to use produced power calculation; however, this method is not suited for systems with three or more generators as regards fuel savings and saving running hours.
Terminology

The table shows the abbreviations used.
Short PAVAILABLE PTOTAL PPRODUCED PNOMINAL PNOMINAL-STOP Description Available power Total power Produced power Nominal power Nominal power of the genset to stop Comment PTOTAL - PPRODUCED ∑PNOMINAL of running sets with GBs closed

Priority dependent

Deactivate load-dependent stop The load-dependent stop can be deactivated through M-Logic, should this be preferred. This is necessary e.g. to allow operators to start the factory load after a blackout before the normal load-dependent operation can be started.

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In the example below, the function is activated with terminal 77. Now the operator can switch the load-dependent stop ON or OFF with a switch connected to terminal 78.

Produced power method This method is in effect if % power is selected in menu 8880 as basis for the start/stop calculation. If the load % of a generator exceeds the ”Start next” setpoint, the start sequence of the lowest priority generator in stand-by will be initiated. If the load % of a generator drops below the ”Stop next” setpoint, the stop sequence of the running generator with the highest priority number will be initiated. If the load of the plant decreases so much that the generator with the highest priority number can be stopped and an available power of at least the stop setpoint in % is available, then the stop sequence of this generator will be initiated.

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Available power method This method is in effect if P [kW] or S [kVA] is selected as basis for the start/stop calculation. Independent of the selection (P [kW] or S [kVA]), the functionality is basically identical; therefore the example of the functionality below will be given for the load-dependent start function with selected rated power (P) value. The apparent power setpoint is typically selected, if the connected load has an inductive character and the power factor is below 0.7. Description This drawing illustrates the terms used.

Nominal power The nominal power is the rated power of the genset that can be read on the type plate of the generator. Total power The total power is the summation of the rated nominal power of each individual genset. In the example above, the plant consists of three DGs: DG1 = DG2 = DG3 = That is a total of 1500 kW 1000 kW 1000 kW 3500 kW

Produced power The produced power is defined as the existing load on the busbar. In the example above, the produced power is indicated as the hatched area, and the total of the three gensets = 2450 kW.

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the available power/apparent power will increase. then the last priority genset will be stopped. and the genset with the last priority is 1000 kW. meaning that the gensets can handle this load if it should be added to the busbar. the plant consists of three gensets. Principle – available power method One genset is running and is supplying the load. In the example above. and the genset with the last priority is 1000 kW. When the load drops. The reason is that otherwise the produced power would immediately drop below the start level again. the produced power will decrease. Example: If the adjusted stop level is 10% (100 kW produced power). The load increases which means that the available power/apparent power decreases. Principle – percentage method One genset is running and is supplying the load. it is necessary that the available power reaches 1200 kW. Please note that the nominal power of the genset to be stopped is added to the adjusted stop level. in total 3500 kW. because the produced power will be reduced with 1000 kW immediately after the last priority genset is stopped.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Available power The available power is the difference between the maximum possible power produced by the gensets and the actual produced power. DEIF A/S Page 149 of 239 . The load increases which means that the % load increases. and the produced load PPRODUCED is 2450 kW. Since the total load PTOTAL is 3500 kW. Please note that the nominal power of the genset to be stopped is added to the adjusted stop level. the load has increased so much that only a little amount of power/apparent power is available. When the load drops. and the next priority genset will be started in order to increase the amount of available power/apparent power. The reason is that otherwise the available power/apparent power would immediately drop below the start level again. then the last priority genset will be stopped. When the produced power has decreased below the stop level plus the nominal power of the last priority genset. At a certain time. When the available power/apparent power has increased above the stop level plus the nominal power of the last priority genset. then the available power PAVAILABLE is 1050 kW. the load has increased so much that the load % start will start up the next priority genset in order to take some of the load. because the available power will be reduced with 1000 kW immediately after the last priority genset is stopped. Example: If the adjusted stop level is 200 kW (PSTOP = 200 kW). it is necessary that the produced power reaches 1100 kW. At a certain time. The load consumes 2450 kW in total.

and after the synchronising the available power increases (in this example to 500 kW). the available power is 200 kW. DEIF A/S Page 150 of 239 . the available power drops below the start limit.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Adjusting load-dependent start In the example below. The stand-by genset will start when the start timer runs out. When the load increases.

because the available power will still be above the stop level. the available power is 500 kW. the last priority genset is 400 kW which means that it can be stopped. In the example below. That would cause two DGs to be running at low load instead of one DG. The AGC 200 now calculates what happens if the last priority genset is stopped. which now has the last priority. the following must be observed: If the priority does not seem to change as expected. it is because the loaddependent stop function is not able to stop the lowest priority after having started the new first priority.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Adjusting load-dependent stop In the example below. Now the difference between the stop level and the available power is 50 kW. PM stop command Last priority genset stopped If the order of priority is changed. the available power increases to 750 kW. DEIF A/S Page 151 of 239 . When the load decreases. is 50 kW. This means that only if the genset. it can be stopped! 700 600 500 400 300 200 Load stop limit 100 0 1 2 3 1 2 3 Load decreases ”Load stop delay” runs out.

This is shown in the diagram below: DEIF A/S Page 152 of 239 .AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Power window The difference between the programmed load-dependent start and stop limits forms the power hysteresis between the start and stop.

DEIF A/S Page 153 of 239 . The number of available relays is limited. The purpose of this function is to be able to connect load groups when the gensets of the emergency power plant are running. So it is necessary to make an external holding circuit. This gives the possibility to use several load groups if this is necessary. but be aware that when the load groups are being connected. The relays will activate in all modes including block. The function is not depending on the running modes. the inhibit function should be used.g. In each of the gensets. The relay output can be used to connect load groups when sufficient power is available. It is possible to adjust different levels of available power in all gensets. the available power will decrease and the relay(s) deactivate again if the available power is below the setpoint. when the genset is stopped. five levels can be adjusted (menus 8220-8260): • • • • • Available power 1 Available power 2 Available power 3 Available power 4 Available power 5 These setpoints can activate a relay when the specific amount of available power is reached. e.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Load management The function is used to activate a relay when a specific amount of power is available. To avoid activation. The relays will activate when the available power is higher than the setpoint.

When the t1 has expired. Trip load group 1 Trip load group 2 LOAD GROUP 1 R1 K1 R2 K2 LOAD GROUP 2 K1 K2 R1 R2 AGC 200 AGC 200 G1 G2 CANbus Functionality description (refer to the diagram below) The generator #1 is started. When the timer t2 expires. the generator #2 is started and its generator breaker is synchronised. generator #1 is started. Now the available power falls to 300 kW. The simplified diagram shows the two gensets and two load groups that are being connected by the available power relays R1 and R2 on the first AGC 200. the timer t2 runs. followed by generator #2. and the timer t1 starts running when the GB1 closes. Now the available power falls to 600 kW. the selected relay activates (R1) and in the example. DEIF A/S Page 154 of 239 . a 200 kW load group is connected. When the GB2 closes. the selected relay activates (R2) and the second load group of 200 kW is connected.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Example: In the example below. After some time.

DEIF A/S Page 155 of 239 . the AGC 200 units do not automatically switch over to analogue load sharing. Now the load sharing continues based on the IOM 230 module.g. This has to be set up in M-Logic: Use the command ”Force analogue loadshare”. If both CANbus ports are being used (7-9 and 10-12). the communication automatically switches to the other port if e.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook PAVAIL kW 1000 800 600 400 200 t1 t2 GB1 ON R1 GB2 ON R2 To connect the load groups. This means that the power management will be lost. individual relays can be selected on each AGC 200 or on one of the AGC 200 units only. (Please refer to the chapter ”Redundant CANbus” for further description). but the gensets already running will stay stable. Load sharing When the power management communication is running. If both CANbus lines are disconnected or faulty. 7-9 is disconnected or faulty. the load sharing between the gensets is done by using the CANbus communication between the AGC 200 units.

step 1 Delay. read from load share line Ramp down Page 156 of 239 . step 5 Power [kWh) DEIF A/S Ramp up. step 2 Delay. step 4 Delay.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Island ramp-up with load steps CAN load share set point One step before the load share setpoint is reached the ramp up function is switched off. Power ramp [%/s] GB closed Time [sec] Fixed power ramp-up with load steps Delay. step 3 Delay.

ramp to 40%.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook When menu 2614 is enabled. the ramp will stop at 50%. If the function is activated while ramping from one delay point to the other. towards the load sharing setpoint. the AGC 200 mains will normally operate the mains breaker and thereby make sure that the supply is coming from the mains if this is healthy. Freeze power ramp active: 1. the power setpoint continues to rise in ramp-up steps. This is known as an ATS. If the function is activated while the delay timer is timing out. wait and then ramp to the system setpoint. 3. the genset will ramp to 20%. In the applications shown as one-line diagrams in the chapter ”Functional description” it can be seen that the ATS will take care of the switching between the generator supply and the mains supply. The input used as ”Alternative start” function is configured in the PC utility software (USW). The delay time between each ramp-up step will be determined by menu 2613. Freeze power ramp A way to define the ramp-up steps is to use the freeze power ramp command in M-Logic. The power ramp will stop at any point of the ramp. If ATS is selected. 2. The mains unit will not try to operate the ATS (mains breaker) at all. the alternative start input has to be ON and the MB OFF feedback has to be active. wait. The ramp-up will continue until the load sharing setpoint is reached and then switch the regulator to standard load sharing mode. the AGC 200 has no control over the ATS (”mains breaker”). the AGC 200 detects a mains failure based on the voltage and frequency measurement on the mains. wait the configured delay time. But it is still necessary that DEIF A/S Page 157 of 239 . This function allows the AGC 200 to be used in an application where an automatic transfer switch is installed. Thus. If the setpoint is at 50%. Alternative start input ON 2. However. AGC 200 mains installed In an AMF application. ramp to 60%. If the delay point is set to 20% and the number of load steps is set to three. the ramp will be fixed until the function is deactivated again. ATS applications Two possibilities are available: The mains unit can either be installed or not installed. ATS (MB) feedback OFF To make the AGC 200 detect a mains failure. the mains failure is not detected by the AGC 200 measurements. the timer will be stopped and will not continue until the function is deactivated again. but by the following two requirements: 1. and this setpoint will be kept as long as the function is active. Description Normally. determined by menu 2615. when ATS is selected in menu 7085 it is necessary to use a digital input together with the position feedbacks from the ATS.

the faulty genset will stay on the busbar until the next priority genset is started and synchronised to the bus.e. The settings can be changed in M-Logic and via display or PC utility software. In addition to these fail classes. This application can be combined with the multi-start function. It is possible to have a tie breaker installed. by a trip and stop alarm or a shutdown alarm. then the faulty genset will not be stopped. If the load is too high. the faulty genset will ramp down the power. This means that when a trip + stop alarm occurs. from remote (e. it is important that the first genset to close on the busbar can carry the load. DEIF A/S Page 158 of 239 . remote or timer operation (menu 8021). The setting defines how the plant is started while it is in AUTO mode.g. If the faulty genset has the last priority. then it will stay on the busbar and will not trip. the safety stop can be used in the AGC 200 units with power management. Display Utility SW (parameter setup) X X X M-Logic Local Remote start Timer start X X X X X - The purpose of the selection is to decide whether the plant can be started from the display (local operator).AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook position feedbacks are wired up. PLC) or by an internal timer. That is. they will operate in load-dependent start/stop mode. Local/remote/timer operation The plant can be adjusted to local. This is useful if more gensets need to be started before supplying the load. Be aware that since no tie breaker is installed. or no stand-by gensets are available. The gensets will be started and stopped according to the power demand. This selection is done in the command unit. the gensets can be started by activating the ”auto start/stop” input. e. Therefore it is important that the safety stop is backed up. When the incoming genset has taken the load. ATS island mode If this application is needed.g. cooling down of the engine and finally stop. Fail class The fail classes are still valid when the power management is active. followed by trip of the breaker. one of the generator units. because the tie breaker will not close until the required number of gensets is available. the genset will be overloaded. Remote means that the control can be carried out by activating the digital input or through Modbus communication. If no genset can start in a safety stop situation. i.

mains power export and fixed power mode. DEIF recommends to wire up the ”auto start/stop” input to all of the AGC 200 units to be sure that the automatic operation is able to continue even though one of the DGs is taken out for service (power supply disconnected to the AGC 200). AUTO. Parallel to mains mode In load takeover. any running mode (MAN. the ”auto start/stop” input on any of the AGC 200 units can be used to start the plant. SEMI. Plant operation The table shows how the plant is started: Selection Plant mode Island mode Fixed power mode Mains power export Load takeover Local Remote Display on generator units Display on mains unit Display on mains unit Display on mains unit Auto start/stop on gen. In island operation. and the remote start signal is still working for the remaining AGC 200 which is still in AUTO mode. Remote selection The plant is started using the digital input ”auto start/stop” when ”remote” is selected. The plant mode must be AUTO. Island mode In island mode. mains power export and fixed power. the mains unit display must be used. the ”auto start/stop” input on the mains unit must be used to start the plant. BLOCK) can be selected on the generator units. the automatic operation starts automatically depending on the imported power (peak shaving) or mains failures (AMF). In island mode. units Auto start/stop on mains unit Auto start/stop on mains unit Auto start/stop on mains unit In peak shaving and AMF.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Local selection All operation is carried out on the display. DEIF A/S Page 159 of 239 . any generator unit display can be used. and in load takeover. However.

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Timer selection The operation of the plant is controlled by up to eight internal command timers which are programmed using the PC utility software (USW). The function can be used in load takeover. mains power export and fixed power. and the mains unit has to be in auto. Principle Start Timer mode Yes No No Yes Local Yes Remote Plant running timer ON Yes No No No Stop plant timer ON Yes Start plant Local mode Remote mode Yes Yes Plant running No No Auto start/stop ON Yes Stop plant Auto start/stop ON No No plant running Yes press start button Yes No press stop button Yes Stop plant Start plant No Start plant DEIF A/S Page 160 of 239 .

The multi-start function is adjusted in menu 8032-8036. Setpoint 1 8032 8033 Setpoint 2 8035 8036 Multi-start (numbers to start) Min.g. The default setting can be changed. Setpoint 2 will automatically be selected in case a mains failure occurs (this is adjusted in M-Logic). then the adjusted numbers of gensets will start. Multi-start configuration The multi-start function can be adjusted to operate with two different settings. DEIF A/S Page 161 of 239 . These settings consist of setpoints for how many gensets to start and the minimum number of running gensets. if convenient. This means that when the start sequence is initiated through push-button. It is possible to switch between the settings using M-Logic or in the menu 8034. This function is typically used e. so the setpoint 1 is adjusted to ”Auto calculation” and is used in all modes except AMF. running Default setting Start condition Emergency operation Normal operation Setpoint 1 Setpoint 2 Mains failure No mains failure X X - Default setting of DGs to start Start all DGs Auto calculate The default setting of the selection between setpoint 1 and setpoint 2 is made. digital input or automatic start. Example: In an AMF application with a tie breaker. which means that all available gensets will start when the mains failure occurs. together with applications where a certain number of gensets is required to supply the load. no. Setpoint 2 is adjusted to 16 gensets. the tie breaker must not close before the maximum power is available (power capacity setpoint).AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Multi-starting gensets The multi-start function can be used to determine the number of gensets to start.

as soon as the tie breaker is closed. This is not depending on the plant mode. Minimum numbers running The multi-starting function can be combined with the setting of a minimum number of running gensets (menu 8033/8036). DEIF A/S Page 162 of 239 . each generator is rated with 1000 kW. Example: In a four DG plant. the sufficient number of gensets will be started as soon as the start command is given. Auto calculation When auto calculation is selected. and the load-dependent start function requests the third genset. if a tie breaker is installed. The setpoint for loaddependent start (menu 8001) is adjusted to 100 kW. It is possible to adjust the number of gensets. as soon as the generator breakers are closed or. it can be done through the M-Logic function. This means that the load-dependent stop function is disregarded when only the specific number of gensets is running. then three gensets will be started immediately and the fourth genset will remain stopped. or an auto calculation can be selected. If a start command is given in fixed power mode and the setpoint is 2000 kW. If it is needed to delay the load-dependent start and stop function.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Numbers to start The numbers to start (menu 8035/8032) can be selected depending on the number of DGs available. This is also the situation. Three gensets will be started because two gensets are required to supply the load (2*1000 = 2000 kW). even though the load would justify a load-dependent stop. “Numbers to start” (menu 8032/8035) and “Minimum numbers running” (menu 8033/8036) are available for all modes. The load depending start and stop function will be active.

8090 (P6-P11) and 8100 (P12-P16).AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Priority selection It is possible to use one of three types of priority selection. for instance if the application consists of old gensets together with new gensets. This means that each genset always has a specific priority setting. Genset Priority Menu 8081 Menu 8082 Menu 8083 Menu 8084 P1 P2 P3 P4 DG1 DG2 DG3 DG4 X X X X These settings are only adjusted in the generator units. There are two possibilities of operating the priority routine based on the running hours: Absolute or relative. Every time the adjusted period in menu 8111 is reached. a new order of priority is determined and the gensets with first priorities will be started (if not already running). To avoid this. This means that all gensets in AUTO mode participate in the priority routine. Absolute running hours All gensets participate in the priority routine based on the principle shown in the table below. and the gensets with the last priorities will stop. The purpose of the menu is to have the correct number of running hours displayed. DEIF A/S Page 163 of 239 . DG1. Manual The manual selection gives a possibility to adjust the order of priority between the adjusted numbers of available DGs. This means that the gensets with the lowest number of running hours will be running. The adjustment is made in the menus 8080 (P1-P5). In that situation. The selection between the absolute and relative routine defines whether the offset adjustment of the running hours is taken into consideration in the priority calculation. typically at the commissioning. Running hours The purpose of the priority selection based on running hours is to let all the gensets have the same or nearly the same amount of running hours. Relative running hours When relative is selected. or if an AGC 200 is replaced. This can be a disadvantage. the priority routine called relative running hours can be used instead. The actual number of running hours is adjusted in each AGC 200 in menus 6101 and 6102. In this example. when the AGC 200 is installed on an old genset which already has many running hours. DG2. all gensets will participate in the priority routine independently of the number of running hours adjusted in menus 6101 and 6102. the order of priority must be transmitted manually to the other gensets using the transmit function in menu 8086. After the adjustment.g. the order of priority is DG3. The offset adjustment is used e. DG4. the new gensets will be the first priorities until they have reached the same number of running hours as the old gensets.

DG1 (int. ID 1) Comment 0 24 48 72 96 120 144 1051 h 1051 h 1051 h 1031 h 1031 h 1055 h 1079 h 1079 h 1079 h 1079 h 1079 h 1079 h 1079 h 1055 h 1055 h Thursday 1075 h 1055 h 1055 h 1079 h Friday Saturday Sunday 1075 h 1075 h 1099 h 1079 h 1079 h 1079 h 1079 h DG2 will start due to the lowest internal ID number DG 3 will be started. the relative running hour counters in the AGC 200 units will be reset to 0 hours. When the reset is activated in menu 8113. and DG1 will be stopped DG3 will be started. only one genset is required by the load. The multi-start function cannot be used together with the fuel optimising routine. and DG3 will be stopped DG4 will be started due to the lowest internal ID number… and so on The time adjusted in menu 8111 is the time between each priority calculation. and DG 2 will be stopped DG1 will be started. and at the next priority selection. and DG2 will be stopped DG1 will be started. ID 3) Monday Tuesday Wednesday DG2 (int. The settings are adjusted in the command unit. In this example.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook The relative selection gives a possibility of resetting the priority routine. and DG3 will be stopped DG2 will be started due to the lowest internal ID number. based on their actual nominal powers. ID 2) 1031 h 1055 h DG3 (int. DEIF A/S Page 164 of 239 . ID 4) DG4 (int. the calculation is based on the reset values. Principle for priority routine The principle for the priority routine is described in the following table where the running hours (menu 8111) are adjusted to 24 hours. Fuel optimisation The purpose of the fuel optimisation routine is to always let the gensets run in the best combination at any given load.

Fuel optimising is initiated! DEIF A/S Page 165 of 239 . The load is too big for one 1000 kW and one 500 kW genset. The load-dependent stop requires 220 kW available. so no swapping can take place. so no swapping can take place. Situation 3: Now the load has decreased to 1300 kW. Situation 2: Since the load has decreased to 1400 kW. The improvement is 500 kW which is better than 200 kW (menu 8172). The problem is that only 200 kW would be available. • • • DG1 = 1000 kW DG2 = 1000 kW DG3 = 500 kW Settings used in the fuel optimising function in this example: • • • 8011 Load-dependent stop = 200 kW (extended with 10% in this function) 8171 Setpoint = 100% 8172 Swap setpoint = 200 kW Situation 1: The two 1000 kW gensets must operate. It would be enough with one 1000 kW and one 500 kW genset. so the load-dependent stop does not interfere with the fuel optimising. The problem is that only 100 kW would be available. An example with three DGs is shown below. The load-dependent stop requires 220 kW available. The improvement is 500 kW which is better than 200 kW (menu 8172). The improvement is 500 kW which is better than 200 kW (menu 8172). it would be enough with one 1000 kW and one 500 kW genset.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Description The function is set up in the following menus: Menu number 8171 Menu text Setpoint Description Comment Load with best fuel economy (% of PNOM) Initiate optimising Time delay Running hours Activate running hours The units will optimise around this genset load The improvement in nominal power must be better than this setpoint to initiate fuel optimising Optimal combination must be present during this period before optimising is initiated Maximum allowed difference in running hours Activates the dependency of the running hours 8172 8173 8174 8175 Swap setpoint Delay Hour Enable The function is best described with an example. It would be enough with one 1000 kW and one 500 kW genset. This means that 300 kW would be available. Situation 4: Now the load has decreased to 1200 kW.

the principle is the following: If one genset reaches the adjusted amount of running hours. then it will be given quarantine. DEIF A/S Page 166 of 239 . This means that it will just rest until it has the lowest number of running hours. This is enabled in menu 8175. Then it will be used. and no swapping takes place with this load. If the function ”running hours” is enabled. Load 800 kW DG1 = 1000 kW Load 700 kW Load 650 kW Load 800 kW Load 600 kW DG2 = 1000 kW Load 800 kW Load 700 kW Load 650 kW Load 600 kW DG3 = 500 kW Load 400 kW Situation 1 PD G1 PD G2 PD G3 Present PAVAIL New PAVAIL Improve kW Improvement 800 kW 800 kW 0 kW 400 kW -100 kW none - Situation 2 700 kW 700 kW 0 kW 600 kW 100 kW 500 kW v Situation 3 650 kW 650 kW 0 kW 700 kW 200 kW 500 kW v Situation 4 600 kW 600 kW 0 kW 800 kW 300 kW 500 kW v Situation 5 800 kW 0 kW 400 kW 300 kW 800 kW none - Sw apping blocked by load dependent stop Sw apping initiated The setpoint (menu 8171) in percent is typically set to 80-85% for optimum fuel economy. Running hours It is possible to combine the fuel optimising with the running hours. This is the best combination at this time.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Situation 5: Now DG3 has been started and is running with 400 kW. If this setting is OFF. The only exception to this is if there is no alternative combination. but it will still be in quarantine. the fuel optimising will be active but the running hours will not be included in the calculation.

). HC 1. DEIF A/S Page 167 of 239 . HC” may be necessary in order to allow the recently started generator set to take load and thus actually increase the available power at the busbar before engagement of the HC. When a heavy consumer is requested.1 (1st HC in DG unit with CAN ID no. the HC with the highest priority is handled first.1 is handled before HC 2. and HC 2. The ”DELAY ACK.2 if they are requested for start at the same time. the function for conditional connection of heavy consumers reserves the programmed HC requested value (parameter 8201/8211) on the busbar and blocks for engagement of the heavy consumer until sufficient predicted available power is present at the busbar. 1) is designated the highest priority. etc. and subsequently HCs with lower priority.2. When the available power is above the requested HC power. This means that HC 1. the heavy consumer is subsequently blocked until the programmed HC acknowledge delay runs out (fixed delay of 4 sec.1 is handled before HC 1.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Conditional connection of heavy consumers Each diesel generator unit is able to handle two heavy consumers (HC). The heavy consumers (HCs) are connected according to their priority. If there are any preferential HCs. they must be connected to the hardware interface for the 1st HC in order to ensure first priority handling. This means that if two or more heavy consumers request start acknowledgement at the same time.

). A PMS start command is transmitted to the next stand-by generator set if the predicted available power is below the programmed ”LOAD START LIMIT”. HC n” starts running (fixed delay time of 4 sec. the timer ”DELAY ACK. The nominal HC power value (parameter 8202/8212) is used for load-dependent start/stop calculation after the acknowledge signal is given. HC with binary power feedback signal: DEIF A/S Page 168 of 239 . Changing the power feedback type is done by a parameter (8203/8213) in each generator unit. HC n” runs out and sufficient available power is still measured at the busbar. The start acknowledge signal is transmitted to the HC in question when the timer ”DELAY ACK. When sufficient available power is present at the busbar. Activating the corresponding start request binary input activates the HC engagement sequence.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook The power management system carries out the following systematic sequence when a heavy consumer is requested for start: a) b) c) d) e) The programmed ”HC n REQ. The AGC 200 system transmits a start acknowledge signal when sufficient predicted available power is present at the busbar. VALUE” is reserved at the busbar (parameter 8201/8211). Power feedback from the heavy consumer The AGC 200 is able to handle two types of power feedback: • • Binary feedback Analogue feedback The two types of power feedback signals are handled the same way by the conditional connection of heavy consumers function.

and the ground relay of the generator which now has the lowest CAN ID closes its ground relay instead. it will open its ground relay when the generator breaker opens. Ground relay The purpose of this function is to always let the star point of only one genset be connected to ground during island mode operation. The AGC 200 which has the lowest CAN ID.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Engagement sequence for HCs with fixed load The power reservation by means of the feedback ”HCx fixed load” input is enabled as long as the start request signal is active. The number of available configurable relays depends on the AGC 200 variant. An ON status (indicates that the HC is operating) at the power feedback signal results in a 0% power reservation at the busbar. the power transducer has to be calibrated to 0-400 kW = 4-20 mA. DEIF A/S Page 169 of 239 . If the heavy consumer is of 400 kW. and where the generator breaker is closed. Should this genset stop. will close its ground relay. The function is adjusted in menu 8120. The relay for this function is selected in each AGC 200 unit. An OFF status (indicates that the HC is not operating) of the power feedback signal results in a 100% power reservation at the busbar. The reason for this is to avoid circulating currents between the generators. and the setting has to be set at 400 kW. HC with analogue power feedback signal: The analogue power feedback for the heavy consumer is intended for a power transducer with a 4-20 mA output corresponding to 0-100% load.

This means that one genset more than calculated in load-dependent start will be running. When the generator breaker is closed. The fixed power value can be adjusted with parameter 2951. it will remain disconnected from the busbar but will not stop. Secured mode Secured mode adds an extra generator to the power management system. so it is possible to replace the largest running generator if this should fail.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Stop of non-connected gensets If peak shaving is selected and the imported power increases above the start setpoint. the genset(s) will start. because the imported power is higher than the stop setpoint. This can be done from the display unit. the status message ”FIXED POWER” will be indicated. If AVR control is selected. This is to prevent frequency control problems. the generator will also be stopped if it is in automatic without the GB closed. It is only possible to activate secured mode if the genset is in auto mode. as the generator running in base load does not participate in the frequency control. the setpoint will be the adjusted power factor. If the unit is selected to run with base load. If the load now drops below the start setpoint. DEIF A/S Page 170 of 239 . Secured mode can be activated/deactivated by means of digital inputs or via M-Logic. the generator power will be increased to the fixed power setpoint. In other modes. If a generator runs in base load and the total load decreases to a point below the base load setpoint. the system will lower the fixed power setpoint. Base load One genset unit in a power management system can be selected as running with base load (2952). The function ”stop of non-connected DGs” (menu 8140) will make sure that the gensets stop after the adjusted time. via M-Logic or via a binary input. The extra generator running in secured mode will be selected.

Only one generator per independent busbar can run with base load. before the unit with the lowest ID can activate base load. taking 90% of the load = 2727 kW. If the asymmetric LS setpoint in menu 8281 “kW value” is higher than the nominal power of the generators.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook The unit selected for base load operation will automatically be set in SEMIAUTO. The AGC 200 units will then load share according to the asymmetric LS setpoint in menu 8281. The busbar has to be active with one or more DG units running. Example: Four DGs able to produce 2800 kW each as nominal power. the whole system will switch back to symmetric. The generator with priority 01 will start up first. the ”normal” G5 load sharing is deactivated in all AGC 200 units in the system. Load on the busbar is 3030 kW. DEIF A/S Page 171 of 239 . The unit with the lowest ID will be allowed to run in base load. The generator with priority 02 will take the rest of the load = 303 kW. Only one AGC 200 unit at a time can run in base load. Asymmetric LS setpoint = 90%. Asymmetric load sharing (LS) When asymmetric LS is enabled in menu 8282.

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Tie breaker configuration The AGC 246 can be used with a tie breaker. DG3 is running alone or together with one of the two smaller DGs. This delay time can be used to trip non essential load groups. It will close again when the power capacity setpoint menu 8193 is reached. If DG1 and DG2 are running together. because the total nominal power will be higher than 510 kW. Tie breaker control It can be selected whether the tie breaker should be open or closed when the generators are stopped. the tie breaker will also trip. If the gensets cannot supply the amount of load which is adjusted in the ”tie breaker open point” menu 8192. This depends on the total nominal power of the running gensets. because they are smaller than 510 kW. then the tie breaker will not trip. The tie breaker only opens or closes depending on the selection in menu 8191. then the tie breaker is often preferred to be open when the generators are stopped. Example: In the example illustrated below it is shown that the tie breaker will trip if DG1 or DG2 is connected to the load. DEIF A/S Page 172 of 239 . a breaker connected between the gensets and the load bus. Tie breaker selection In menu 8191. but if no load is connected to the generator bus. and it is not depending on the selected mode whether it should open or close.g. Trip No trip DG 3 = 600 kW DG 2 = 250 kW DG 1 = 250 kW Tie breaker open point = 510 kW The powers mentioned above are nominal powers of the gensets in the application. If. due to a mains failure. because the total nominal power is still below 510 kW. i. The tie breaker will open or close depending on the setting in the menu 8191 (”Tie breaker enable”). This depends on the application and the auxiliaries.e. then the tie breaker will open. however. Tie breaker open point If the gensets are running parallel to mains and the mains breaker trips. e. the tie breaker must be closed. the tie breaker can be selected to be ON (present) or OFF (not present). If auxiliary load is connected to the generator bus. it can be necessary to trip the tie breaker as well.

AGC 200

Designer’s Reference Handbook

Power capacity

The power capacity setting in menu 8193 is used in AMF applications to determine how much power must be available, before the tie breaker can close. When the gensets are started, the generator breakers will close and when sufficient power is available, the tie breaker will be closed. Power capacity overrule: In case some of the generators fail to start and the power capacity setpoint is not reached, the tie breaker will never be closed. Because of this, it is possible to overrule the power capacity setpoint after a period of time set in menu 8194. The function ”power capacity overrule” is enabled in menu 8195.

Island application with TB

A tie breaker in the mains unit can be operated in an island application. It is controlled in the same way as in the AMF situation described above. The power capacity setpoint menu 8193 is used to ensure that the generators produce enough power to take the load. This is done to protect the generators from going into overload.

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Configurable CAN IDs
CAN IDs can be configured as desired, as a mix of DG, mains and BTB units: 16 gensets Mains 8 bus tie breakers IDs 1-16 ID 17 IDs 33-40

This makes a total of 24 CAN IDs.

CAN flags
16 CAN flags can be accessed in M-Logic. They can be used in the same way as digital inputs. CAN flags can be set active when a CAN command is sent from one unit to another. The benefit is that no wire is needed, as the CAN flags are activated via the G5 CANbus.

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Example: CAN cmd 01 will be active when DG 5 is running. All units in the power management system will receive ”CAN input 01 active” and then be able to act on this information.
Only use of constant signals from digital inputs or AOP buttons can activate the CAN inputs. AOP buttons are pulse inputs, so a latch function must be made to make similar functionality as constant signals.

Common PF control
A common PF value can be set in menu 7052, and menu 7053 can be set to either ”Inductive” or ”Capacitive”. To activate the common PF control, menu 7054 must be enabled. These setpoints can only be handled from the AGC 200 mains unit and then sent through the power management CANbus to all the DG units in the system. The DG units will then adjust their individual PF control according to the received setpoint.
Inductive/capacitive setpoints can be set up from M-Logic.

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Parameter lists, common settings
Power management relates to the parameters 2250, 2260, 2270, 2761, 2950, 6071, 6400, 70117014, 7041-7044, 7051-7054, 7061-7084, 7531-7536, 7871-7873, 8000-8120, 8170-8175, 81818195, 8201-8213, 8220-8225, 8230-8272, 8280-8282, 8880-8882, 9160, 9170, 9180-9186 and 9190-9192. For further information, please see the separate Parameter List: AGC 200 document number 4189340605.

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But if the starter motor has to disengage at 400 RPM. the digital control inputs for running detection or remove starter can be used. If it is not possible to activate the run status alarms at low revolutions. the start relay is deactivated and the starter motor will be disengaged. DEIF A/S Page 177 of 239 . In that case. Additional functions Start functions The unit will start the genset when the start command is given. the genset would shut down if the specific alarm was activated at the preset 400 RPM. Running feedback When the digital running feedback is active. obviously. the remove starter function must be used. The start sequence is deactivated when the remove starter event occurs or when the running feedback is present. Please refer to chapter 4 for detailed information about start sequence. then. An example of a critical alarm is the oil pressure alarm. it is configured according to the shutdown fail class. RPM RPM 1000 600 400 t Remove starter Oil pressure Running Digital feedbacks If an external running relay is installed.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook 10. Normally. the running feedback must be activated at a higher number of revolutions than 600 RPM. and the oil pressure does not reach a level above the shutdown setpoint before 600 RPM. The reason for having two possibilities of deactivating the start relay is to be able to delay the alarms with run status.

feedback Remove starter t Firing speed Running The diagram illustrates how the remove starter input is activated. Remove starter When the digital remove starter input is present. The remove starter input must be configured from a number of available digital inputs. RPM RPMNOM RPM Run. DEIF A/S Page 178 of 239 . frequency measurement above 32 Hz. The running feedback is detected by either the digital input (see diagram above). feedback t Firing speed The diagram illustrates how the digital running feedback (terminal 93) is activated. when the engine has reached its firing speed. RPM measured by magnetic pickup or EIC (option H5). when the engine has reached its firing speed. the digital running feedback is activated. At the running speed. the start relay is deactivated and the starter motor will be disengaged.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook RPM RPMNOM RPM Run.

The factory setting is 400 RPM (6174 Remove starter). Adjust this value to a lower value to avoid damage of the starter motor.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Analogue tacho feedback When a magnetic pick-up (MPU) is being used. RPM RPMNOM RPM Run. feedback. menu 4301 t Firing speed Please notice that the factory setting of 1000 RPM is higher than the RPM level of starter motors of typical design. feedback. Running feedback The diagram below shows how the running feedback is detected at the firing speed level.). Remove starter input The drawing below shows how the setpoint of the remove starter is detected at the firing speed level. menu 4301 Remove starter. menu 6174 t Firing speed Running The number of teeth on the flywheel must be adjusted in menu 6170 when the MPU input is used DEIF A/S Page 179 of 239 . the specific level of revolutions for deactivation of the start relay can be adjusted. The factory setting is 1000 RPM (6173 Running detect. RPM RPMNOM RPM Run.

Running feedback RPM/oil pressure RPMNOM RPM Run. The terminal in question must be configured as a VDO input for oil pressure measurement. the running feedback is detected and the start sequence is ended. menu 6175 Remove starter.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Oil pressure The multi-inputs on terminals 46. DEIF A/S Page 180 of 239 . menu 6175 t Firing speed Remove starter input The drawing below shows how the setpoint of the ”remove starter input” is detected at the firing speed level. 47 and 48 can be used for the detection of running feedback. When the oil pressure increases above the adjusted value (6175 Pressure level). RPM/oil pressure RPMNOM Run. detection Oil pressure. menu 6174 RPM t Firing speed Running The remove starter function can use the MPU or a digital input. detection Oil pressure. The factory setting is 400 RPM (6174 Remove starter).

the GB will give a GB close failure as the GB needs time to load the spring before it is ready to close. The genset is in auto mode. 3. The close breaker relay will close for a short time for the compact breaker to close. DEIF A/S Page 181 of 239 . the AGC 200 will use the close command and the open command relay. and Continuous ND is a normally deenergised signal. the AGC 200 will only use the close breaker relays. but the breaker is not controlled by the AGC. Continuous NE is a normally energised signal. a direct controlled motor driven breaker. the AGC 200 will use the close command and the open command relay.) for generator breaker and 2200 (MB open fail. If the auto start/stop input is activated again before the stop sequence is finished. Timer controlled A load time setpoint for the GB and MB control for breakers with no feedback indicating that the spring is loaded. the auto start/stop input is active. The open relay can be used for other purposes. The open breaker relay will close for a short time for opening of the breaker. Different breaker types are used and therefore there are two available solutions: 1. 2. With the setting pulse. The close breaker relay will close for a short time for closing of the circuit breaker.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Breaker types There are three possible selections for the setting of breaker type for both mains breaker and generator breaker. the stop sequence is executed and the GB is opened.) for mains breaker. the spring load time can be adjusted for GB and MB. After the breaker has been opened. the genset is running and the GB is closed. it is recharged automatically before next closing. Pulse This type of signal is most often used combined with circuit breaker. With the setting compact. The time setting for this function is 2160 (GB open fail. The auto start/stop input is deactivated. If the compact breaker is tripped externally. The following describes a situation where you risk getting a close failure: 1. Continuous NE and Continuous ND This type of signal is most often used combined with a contactor. The function applies to pulse and compact types of breaker control. Breaker spring load time To avoid breaker close failures in situations where breaker ON command is given before the breaker spring has been loaded. Compact This type of signal will most often be used combined with a compact breaker. When using this type of signal. it will not be allowed to close again before the delay has expired. The setpoints are found in menus 6230 and 7080. The breaker off relay will close for the compact breaker to open and hold it closed long enough for the motor in the breaker to recharge the breaker. The relay will be closed for closing of the contactor and will be opened for opening of the contactor. External/ATS no control This type of signal is used to indicate the position of the breaker.

When the timers are counting. both requirements are to be met before closing of the breaker is allowed. DEIF A/S Page 182 of 239 . the GB opens. The auto start/stop is reactivated immediately after the GB has opened. the AGC 200 waits a while before it issues the close signal again. Then the AGC 200 issues the close signal. because the spring load time must expire (or the digital input must be activated – not shown in this example). Breaker LED indication To alert the user that the breaker close sequence has been initiated but is waiting for permission to give the close command. This is what happens: When the auto start/stop input deactivates. However. After the breaker has been opened. If the two solutions are used together.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook 2. Digital input Two configurable inputs are to be used for feedbacks from the breakers: One for GB spring loaded and one for MB spring loaded. The inputs are configured in the ML-2 utility software. the remaining time is shown in the display.g. the LED indication for the breaker will be flashing yellow in this case. by the operator through a switch in the switchboard. e. it will not be allowed to close again before the configured inputs are active. Principle The diagram shows an example where a single AGC 200 in island mode is controlled by the auto start/stop input.

DEIF A/S Page 183 of 239 . a configurable inhibit setting for every alarm has been made.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Alarm inhibit In order to select when the alarms are to be active. For every alarm. The inhibit functionality is only available via the PC utility software. there is a drop-down window where it is possible to select which signals that have to be present in order to inhibit the alarm.

the alarm will be active when the generator has started. The inhibit LED on the unit and on the display will activate when one of the inhibit functions is active. When the generator has been synchronised to the busbar. inhibit is set to Not run status and GB ON. but not both The timer in 6160 is not used if binary running feedback is used.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Selections for alarm inhibit: Function Description Inhibit 1 Inhibit 2 Inhibit 3 GB ON GB OFF Run status Not run status Generator voltage > 30% Generator voltage < 30% MB ON MB OFF Parallel Not parallel M-Logic outputs: Conditions are programmed in M-Logic The generator breaker is closed The generator breaker is open Running detected and the timer in menu 6160 expired Running not detected or the timer in menu 6160 not expired Generator voltage is above 30% of nominal Generator voltage is below 30% of nominal The mains breaker is closed The mains breaker is open Both GB and MB are closed Either GB or MB is closed. In this example. so the only inhibit functions are the binary input and the TB position. The tie breaker unit has no running detection that can be configured. Function inputs such as running feedback. DEIF A/S Page 184 of 239 . Inhibit of the alarm is active as long as one of the selected inhibit functions is active. remote start or access lock are never inhibited. the alarm will be disabled again. Here. Only alarm inputs can be inhibited.

Change the relay function to ”limit” in the I/O menu. but no alarm will appear. an alarm will appear at every running situation. Select the correct relay number both in output A and output B and enable the function. Then the relay will activate. If the relay function is not changed to ”limit”.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Run status (6160) Alarms can be adjusted to activate only when the running feedback is active and a specific time delay has expired. DEIF A/S Page 185 of 239 .

a run status delay will expire. feedback RUN t Alarms active The timer is ignored if binary running feedback is used.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook The diagram below illustrates that after activation of the running feedback. alarms with Run status will be activated. When the delay expires. DEIF A/S Page 186 of 239 . t Run.

but no changes can be made The tools can be read. For safety reasons. Button Button status Active Comment It is possible to read all alarms.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Access lock The purpose of access lock is to deny the operator the possibility of configuring the unit parameters and changing the running modes. The input to be used for the access lock function is defined in the ML-2 PC utility software (USW). the button is not active If the access lock is activated. The stop push-button is not active in semi-auto mode when the access lock is activated. Access lock will typically be activated from a key switch installed behind the door of the switchboard cabinet. but it is not possible to acknowledge any of them The horn can be silenced Active START STOP GB ON/OFF MB ON/OFF Not active Not active Not active Not active Active Active Active Active Active LEFT UP Active Not active DOWN BACK RIGHT AUTO SEMI MAN OFF TEST Active Active Active Not active Reading of all values is possible The log can be read System setup can be entered. the display returns to the view menu system. DEIF A/S Page 187 of 239 . but no commands can be sent If the access lock is activated when the view menu system is displayed. the button is not active After three minutes. The setup menu system can only be entered again if the access lock is deactivated. it is recommended to install an emergency stop switch.

and the generator breaker is opened after the time delay (t). This means that if 0. The function is typically used if there are local requirements to maximum allowed paralleling time. The same time delay is used for both generator and mains breaker synchronisation.10 to 99. The overlap function is only available in the automatic mains failure and load takeover genset modes. Overlap (short time parallel) The purpose of the overlap function is to be able to define a maximum paralleling time between the generator and the mains supply. Later the mains breaker is synchronised. The time delay is measured in seconds and can be adjusted from 0. the mains breaker will be opened automatically after a time delay (t). the two breakers will never be closed at the same time for a longer delay than the setpoint.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook The following digital input functions are affected when access lock is activated: Input name Remote start Remote stop Semi-auto Test Auto Manual Block Remote GB ON Remote GB OFF Remote MB ON Remote MB OFF Input status Not active Not active Not active Not active Not active Not active Not active Not active Not active Not active Not active Comment AOP buttons are not locked when access lock is activated. DEIF A/S Page 188 of 239 . The time delay typed in the setpoint is a maximum time.10 seconds are used.90 seconds. The short time parallel function is set up in menu 2760 Overlap. MB t t GB t The diagram shows that when the generator breaker is synchronised.

Besides these settings. it is possible to configure a digital input that can be used to control the mains return sequence. The flowchart below shows that if the input is configured.g. it needs to be deactivated in order to initiate the mains return sequence. The purpose of this function is to let an external device or an operator control the mains return sequence. The load will continue on generator supply if the input is still activated. The mains OK delay is not used at all when the ”Mains OK” input is configured. The external device can e.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Digital mains breaker control The unit will normally execute the automatic mains failure sequence based on the settings adjusted in the system setup. be a PLC. Mains OK No MB input configured Yes Mains OK delay MB control input No expired Yes ON Yes MB and GB operations No Sequence DEIF A/S Page 189 of 239 . This input is the ”mains OK” input.

mains power export and fixed power operation. It is necessary to use the PC utility software when setting up the time-dependent start/stop function. This means that the switchboard manufacturer must take care of starting and stopping the next genset(s) and their priority. the relays can be used as inputs for the power management system. FR. TU. load takeover. As an example. WE. TH. The relay will deactivate again when the load decreases below the start limit and the off delay has expired. DEIF A/S Page 190 of 239 . The settings are set up through the PC utility software. TU. TU. The digital input ”Auto start/stop” cannot be used when this function is enabled The time-dependent start and stop commands are pulses that are not sent until the moment the adjusted time is reached. If auto mode is activated. SA. Start next generator (high load) (menu 6520) The diagram below shows that the delay for the start relay starts when the load exceeds the adjusted start limit. TU. SU) MO. WE. SU SA. Each command can be set for the following time periods: • • • • • Individual days (MO. It is also possible to use only one of the functions if it is not desired to use both the start and the stop function. TH.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Command timers (time-dependent start/stop) The purpose of the time-dependent start/stop function is to be able to start and stop the genset automatically at specific times each weekday or certain weekdays. SA. SU The command timers are to be used in M-Logic as events to set the command (start/stop). such as priority selection and available power calculations. FR MO. this function is available in island operation. WE. WE. Start/stop next generator The load-dependent start/stop functionality uses one relay for “start next generator” and one relay for “stop next generator”. Up to eight command timers can be used for either start or stop. TH. FR. TH MO. The function load-dependent start and stop does not give the possibilities of a power management system.

and when the delay has expired. The relay deactivates when the load exceeds the stop level after the off delay has expired. Power R STOP activates R STOP deactivates STOP LIMIT Time Delay Off delay The load-dependent start relay reacts based on the power measurement of the AGC 200 together with the breaker closed feedback. Stop next generator (low load) (menu 6530) The diagram shows that the stop relay activates after a delay. The timer starts when the load drops below the adjusted stop level.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook R START activates Power R START deactivates START LIMIT Time Delay Off delay The load-dependent start relay reacts based on the power measurement of the AGC 200 together with the breaker closed feedback. DEIF A/S Page 191 of 239 . the relay activates. The off delay is adjustable.

which is 20%. DEIF A/S Page 192 of 239 . then the loaddependent stop relay activates and a genset (genset 3 in this example) can be stopped. When the load of all three gensets drops to the stop limit. it cannot be used for other relay functions. and the three sets load share at 53%. and at 20% load the next genset to stop is genset 2. PC utility software configuration Configuration of “Start next gen”: Output A and output B must be adjusted to the same relay to avoid alarms when the setpoint is reached. Start/stop scenario This diagram shows a (simplified) scenario where three DGs are started and stopped depending on the load-dependent start/stop relays.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Configuration The settings are configured through the display or through the PC utility software. When a relay has been selected for this function. The next genset to start is DG3. The load continues to drop. The scenario shows that genset 2 starts when genset 1 reaches 80%.

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook 3 DG Scenario 90 80 70 60 Power [%] 50 40 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Time 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Gen 1 Gen 2 Gen 3 The above is a simplified scenario. DEIF A/S Page 193 of 239 .

DEIF A/S Page 194 of 239 .AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Frequency dependent droop (y1(x1) droop) This function can be used when the genset is parallel to the mains. the frequency dependent droop is made to compensate the power setpoint. The frequency dependent droop is only available in fixed power mode. In case the frequency drops or rises due to instability of the mains. as a kind of droop.

The system is able to run the generator with a capacitive and an inductive power factor/reactive power lowering or raising the grid voltage. The power factor/reactive power regulator of the generator will then adjust the power factor/reactive power and thereby change the VAr import/export of the plant. the voltage deviation is taken into consideration and a new power factor/reactive power value is calculated. this function is comparable to the droop functionality. The selection between using power factor and reactive power regulation is made in setting 7143. The ramp has a configurable dead band that can be used with reference to the nominal voltage of the mains to deactivate the ramp functionality. The selection between relating to mains voltage or generator power is made in setting 7144. If the dead band is set to 0. The calculation is based on the fixed power factor/reactive power setpoint value. The function will make a dynamic voltage dependent PF/Q ramp that is used to support the mains voltage.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Voltage dependent PF/Q control (y2(x2) droop) Voltage dependent power factor or reactive power control is a function that gives a dynamic power factor/reactive power control in an isolated system based on the grid voltage. In many ways. The purpose is to support the grid voltage locally behind a transformer by minimising the reactive current flow in the grid. the dead band is removed and the ramp will be active at any time. This is to have a normal operation band where a normal voltage fluctuation does not create disturbance on the mains. DEIF A/S Page 195 of 239 . The system measures and reacts based on the mains voltage measurement. When the mains measurement is outside the dead band.

if the 4-20 mA input is used. Refer to the type label for information about engine interface selection. Slope (6260 Power derate) Adjust the derating speed.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook The system is made with only one active regulator on the generator and a variable curve defining the setpoint to the regulator. alarms and shutdown events are very likely to occur. An example of such a condition is the ambient temperature. i. The adjustment is in percent per unit. meaning that the nominal setting for slope low. 20 mA) or in centigrades ºC (max. then the derating will be in %/C. it will be necessary to reduce the power of the genset. Derate genset The purpose of the derate function is to be able to reduce the maximum output power of the genset if specific conditions require this. This function is only active when the generator is running parallel to mains in fixed power. If the genset is not derated. The derate function is typically used when cooling problems are expected. The ramp slope is set in % per unit [%/u] where the unit is in V AC. 10%/u. means 10% increase of power factor/reactive power per volt AC deviation. This ensures that there are no hunting problems with 2-3 regulators in cascade.e. and if the Pt100/Pt1000/VDO input is used. If the ambient temperature increases to a level where the cooling water coolers decrease in cooling capacity. then the derating will be in %/mA. 200ºC). Derate parameters The parameters that define the derate characteristics are the following: Start derate point (6260 Power derate) This is the setting where the derating must start. DEIF A/S Page 196 of 239 . Input selection The derate function can be configured to one of the following inputs: Input Multi-input 46 Multi-input 47 Multi-input 48 Comment 0-40V DC 4-20 mA Pt100/1000 VDO Digital EIC M-Logic Select the needed input in 6260 Power derate. The setting can be in mA (max.

the settings ”start derate point” and ”slope” use these new settings. The drawing above shows the inverse characteristic. Derate limit (6260 Power derate) This is the lowest derate level. The proportional characteristic is illustrated below. P PNOM PLIMIT mA 0 10 16 20 Start derate Derate characteristic It can be selected whether the characteristic of the derating should be proportional or inverse proportional. P PNOM PLIMIT mA 0 10 16 20 Start increase DEIF A/S Page 197 of 239 . In this case.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Be aware that the 4-20 mA input can be configured with different minimum and maximum settings.

The derate characteristic is selected in setting 6261 Power derate. One timer is used in the start sequence. Turbo chargers not originally prepared for operation in the low speed area can be damaged if the genset is running in ”idle run” for too long. When the function is enabled. It has to be noted that the governor itself must handle the idle speed based on a digital signal from the unit (see the principle diagram below). When this input is activated. The input must be configured through the PC software at commissioning. DEIF A/S Page 198 of 239 . One extra relay output must be available on the unit. Please notice that this is option-dependent. The main purpose of the function is to prevent the genset from stopping. The speed governor must be prepared for the idle run function if this function is to be used. Two timers are available. the control value is an mA signal).AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook The genset is derated when the control value is lower than the setpoint (in the example above. The function is typically used in installations where the genset is exposed to low temperatures which could generate starting problems or damage the genset. This input does not prevent the genset from stopping – it is only a selection between idle and nominal speed. Enable OFF: Enable ON: Inverse characteristic Proportional characteristic Idle running The purpose of the idle run function is to change the start and stop sequences to allow the genset to operate under low temperature conditions. It will not be able to stop as long as this input is activated. and one timer is used in the stop sequence. It is possible to use the idle run function with or without timers. Description The function is enabled and configured in 6290 Idle running. two digital inputs are used for control purposes: No. Input Description 1 Low speed input 2 Temperature control input This input is used to change between idle speed and nominal speed. The timers are available to make the function flexible. the genset will start.

RPM 1500 tSTART 300 tSTOP t Start Stop Idle speed. The start and stop sequences are changed in order to let the genset stay at the idle level before speeding up. Relay is chosen in setting 6295 Idle active. It also decreases the speed to the idle level for a specified delay time before stopping. both timers are deactivated.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Start/stop genset High/low speed selection Low speed input Temperature control input AGC 200 Relay Idle run input GOVERNOR Actuator Temperature control and high/low speed selections are set in the ”Inputs” settings. Examples Idle speed during starting and stopping In this example. If the genset is to be prevented from stopping. both the start and the stop timers are activated. no stopping In this example. then the digital input ”temp. control” must be left ON at all times. the characteristic looks like this: DEIF A/S Page 199 of 239 . In that case.

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook RPM 1500 300 t Start Stop The oil pressure alarm (VDO oil) will be enabled during idle run if set to ”ON”. 105 and 108. except for the oil pressure alarms VDO oil 102. Inhibit The alarms that are deactivated by the inhibit function are inhibited in the usual manner. control” and ”low speed”. DEIF A/S Page 200 of 239 . Running signal The running feedback must be activated when the genset is running in idle mode. Configuration of digital input The digital input is configured via the PC software. Idle speed flowcharts The flowcharts illustrate the starting and stopping of the genset by use of the inputs ”temp. which are active during ”idle run” as well.

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Start Start Yes Auto start/stop ON No temp control ON Yes No No starting start the genset start the genset low speed ON Yes No Genset running at idle speed No idle timer expired Yes idle timer ON No Yes genset running at fNOM END DEIF A/S Page 201 of 239 .

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Stop start tem p control OFF Yes No auto start/stop No OFF Yes genset is running gen-set stop sequence Low speed ON No Yes genset running at idle speed idle tim er ON No Yes Yes idle tim er expired No genset stop sequence end DEIF A/S Page 202 of 239 .

an alarm will be raised if configured in menu 6330. A sensor measuring the cooling water temperature is used to activate an external heating system to keep the engine at a minimum temperature. DEIF A/S Page 203 of 239 .AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Engine heater This function is used to control the temperature of the engine. Hysteresis: This decides how big a deviation from the setpoint is needed to activate/deactivate the engine heater.the hysteresis is the start and stop points for the engine heater. The relay output for the engine heater. Principle diagram: 43°C 37°C Engine heater relay Start attempt DG running The engine heater function is only active when the engine is stopped. Engine heater alarm If the temperature keeps dropping after the start setpoint has been exceeded. Multi-input to be used for temperature measurement. Enable: Enables the engine heater function. The setpoints adjusted in menu 6320 are: Setpoint: Output A: Input type: This setpoint +/.

once every month. due to the dead band setting of the frequency controller.0. The timekeeper function works based on an oscillating crystal instead of zero crossings of the AC measurements.value.g. a difference will exist between the actual number of periods and the theoretical number of periods. Equipment that works based on the zero crossings will be affected by the surplus or missing zero crossings. Enables the function. If the power management option is selected (option G5). Comment The compensation period starts at the adjusted time. This function can only be used if island operation is selected. The compensation period stops at the adjusted time. Frequency difference when the compensation is initiated. e. The unit’s internal clock is a timekeeper which is included in the battery backed memory circuit. The compensation frequency must be adjusted to a value higher than the dead band setting. The most common example of such equipment is alarm clocks. In a 50 Hz system.1hours DEIF A/S Page 204 of 239 .1Hz ) tTOTAL = 15030 s ~ 4. Setting 6401 Start Description Start time.1 Hz tTOTAL = tSET /(1 − fNOM / fDIFF ) tTOTAL = 30 s /(1 − 50 Hz / 50. one period lasts 20 ms.g.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Master clock The purpose of the master clock is to control the frequency of the genset in order to obtain the correct number of periods. then the adjustment is made in the command unit. Compensation time The time for the compensation can easily be calculated at a given adjustment of 6403 and 6404 (example): • • 6403 = 30 seconds 6404 = +/. The setpoint in seconds that initiates the compensation. 6402 Stop 6403 Difference 6404 Compensation 6405 Enable Stop time. e. Due to the accuracy of the timekeeper. it is recommended to synchronise the clock on a regular basis. If this changes. +/.

e. DEIF A/S Page 205 of 239 .AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Battery test This function gives the possibility of testing the condition of the battery. the extended stop timer will start and run out before engine start is initiated. whereas test #2 reaches the alarm setpoint. the test stops when the battery test alarm occurs. The stop relay will act depending on the coil type: Stop coil: Run coil: The stop relay activates during the test. The test is typically used at periodical intervals. The battery test can be initiated with a digital input and is available when the genset is in semi-auto and auto mode. UBATTERY tBAT TEST tBAT TEST Alarm Cancel test t Test 1 Test 2 The drawing shows that test #1 is carried out without a large voltage drop of the battery voltage. the battery voltage will decrease and an alarm will occur if it drops to the setpoint. During the test. Please notice that when the cranking stops. the test command will be ignored. If a mains failure occurs during the battery test sequence. the test will automatically be interrupted and the automatic mains failure start-up sequence will be activated. Otherwise. The engine must be at standstill when the test is started.g. once every week. As there is no reason to wear the battery down even more. The stop relay stays deactivated during the test.

the battery test will be carried out with a specified interval.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook The drawing below shows that when the test is started.g. This means that the automatic battery test will be executed once a year. it is necessary to configure a digital input that initiates the function. The factory setting in menu 6424 is 52 weeks. Auto configuration If the automatic battery test is used. If AUTO mode is selected. Start relay Stop coil or Run coil Start test Input configuration If this function is to be used. DEIF A/S Page 206 of 239 . When the function is enabled. Completed battery tests will be logged in a separate battery test log. once a week. the function has to be enabled in menu 6420. e. the start relay activates and makes the engine turn. This is done in the dialogue box below. the mains failure sequence will be initiated if a mains failure occurs during the battery test.

ventilation): Setpoint: The limit for activation of the relay set in OA. Output A (OA): The relay activated when the setpoint is exceeded. The purpose is to use a multiinput to measure the cooling water temperature and that way activate an external ventilation system to keep the engine below a maximum temperature.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Ventilation This function can be used to control the cooling of the engine. The type of input to use for the temperature measurement is selected in menu 6323 Engine heater. Setpoints available (6460 Max. o o Example: The setpoint is 90 C. Hysteresis: Enable: The number of degrees the temperature has to be above the setpoint to activate and below the setpoint to deactivate the relay set in OA. ventilation alarm Two alarms can be set up in menu 6470 and menu 6480 to activate if the temperature keeps rising after the start setpoint has been reached. Enable/disable the ventilation function. the hysteresis is 5 C 95°C 85°C Relay Max. The functionality is shown in the diagram below. DEIF A/S Page 207 of 239 .

are blocked when the input is active. Output A: Output B: Enable: Fail class: Stop swbd error (menu 6510) When activated. The ”enable” in menus 6500 and 6510 only refers to the alarm function. The functions are activated by using one configurable input (switchboard error) which is configured with the PC utility software. Setpoints available: Delay: Parallel: When the input is active. the genset will trip the breaker. Enable/disable the alarm function. DEIF A/S Page 208 of 239 . The fail class of the alarm. The fail class of the alarm. Setpoints available: Delay: Output A: Output B: Enable: Fail class: When the input is active and the delay has expired. The function is enabled in menu 6490. this function will block the start sequence of the genset in case the genset is not running. The function only supports the Danish rules. Relay to activate when the delay has expired. this function will stop the genset if the genset is running in Auto mode. Enable/disable the alarm function. OFF: Only AMF start sequence is blocked when the input is active. Switchboard error The switchboard error function is handled in two different menus: 6500 ”Block swbd error” and 6510 ”Stop swbd error”.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Summer/winter time This function is used to make the AGC 200 unit adjust the clock in the unit automatically according to summer and winter time. Block swbd error (menu 6500) When activated. Relay to activate when the delay has expired. regardless of running mode. the alarm will be activated when this delay has expired. Relay to activate when the delay has expired. ON: All start sequences. The function is active regardless of the ”Enable” setting. cool down and stop. Relay to activate when the delay has expired. The functionality of the ”switchboard error” input is active as soon as the input is configured.

otherwise. The fail class of the Fuel fill alarm. an alarm will be raised whenever the output is activated. The drawing below shows how the fuel pump is activated when the level reaches 20% and stopped again when the level has reached 80%. The output relay should be configured as a limit relay. If the fuel level has not increased by 2% within this delay. Fuel pump logic The fuel pump logic is used to start and stop the fuel supply pump to maintain the fuel level in the service tank at predefined levels. The function is set up in menu 6540. Type: Fail class: The multi-input to be used for the fuel level sensor. The fuel fill logic will be disabled if there is an active alarm with fail class Shutdown or Trip and stop. Fuel level Fuel service tank level 80% 20% Time Fuel pump start level Fuel pump stop level DEIF A/S Page 209 of 239 .AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Not in Auto This function can be used for indication or to raise an alarm in case the system is not in Auto. The start and stop limits are detected from one of the three multi-inputs. Setpoints available in menu 6550: Setpoint 1: Setpoint 2: Delay: Start level. The selected relay activates below the start limit and deactivates above the stop level. Stop level. Output A (OA): The relay to be used for control of the fuel pump. a Fuel fill alarm will be raised.

Eight different fail classes can be used. The genset cannot be started from the unit (see next table). The alarm will be displayed in the alarm info screen. the fuel level must increase by 2% within the fuel fill check timer set in menu 6553. ∆ level. 2% ∆ level. If. When the fuel pump is running. Fail class All activated alarms must be configured with a fail class. The generator breaker will open instantly. If the fuel level does not increase 2% within the adjusted delay time. DEIF A/S Page 210 of 239 . then the fuel pump relay deactivates and a Fuel fill alarm occurs. an alarm has been configured with the ”Shutdown” fail class. Engine running Action Fail class 1 Block 2 Warning 3 Trip GB 4 Trip + stop 5 Shutdown 6 Trip MB 7 Safety stop 8 Trip MB/GB Alarm horn relay X X X X X X X X Alarm display Deload Trip of gen. The genset is stopped instantly. the following actions occur: • • • • • The alarm horn relay will activate. for instance.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Fuel fill check The fuel pump logic includes a Fuel fill check function. The fail classes define the category of the alarms and the subsequent alarm action. The tables below illustrate the action of each fail class when the engine is running or stopped. 2% tFill check The level of increase is fixed at 2% and cannot be changed. breaker Trip of mains breaker Cooling down genset Stop genset X X X X X X X X X X X X (X) X (X) X X X X X X The table illustrates the action of the fail classes.

The fail class ”Trip MB/GB” will only block engine start and GB sequence if there is no mains breaker present. To change the fail class via the PC software. Select the desired fail class in the fail class roll-down panel. DEIF A/S Page 211 of 239 .AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook The fail class ”Safety stop” will only deload the genset before opening the breaker if option G4 (power management) is used. it is possible to activate one or two relay outputs if additional relays are available in the unit. The fail class ”Trip MB/GB” will only trip the generator breaker if there is no mains breaker present. Fail class configuration The fail class can be selected for each alarm function either via the display or the PC software. Engine stopped Action Fail class 1 Block 2 Warning 3 Trip GB 4 Trip + stop 5 Shutdown 6 Trip MB 7 Safety stop 8 Trip MB/GB Block engine start Block MB sequence Block GB sequence X X X X X X (X) X (X) X X X In addition to the actions defined by the fail classes. the alarm function to be configured must be selected.

but the measurement is needed anyway. Select “internal”. This is selected by activating the alarm in setting 1720). If the input is not used for mains power. Settings are found in parameter 1720 (G In> Inverse) and 1730 (G Ie> Inverse). c. This is selected by activating the alarm in setting 1730. The 4 current transformer input (terminals 59-60) can be used for three different purposes: Mains power measurement by placing a CT in the mains L1 connection. based on predefined or user-configurable curve shapes. There is no intentional delay on reset. a separate transducer is needed to measure the mains power. Neutral line overcurrent protection. DEIF A/S Page 212 of 239 .). In this case. Generator earth current (ground fault) measured in the generator star point rd ground connection. the setting of the CT is made in setting 6045 (primary) and 6046 (secondary). Neutral line and ground fault inverse overcurrent These are configurable inverse alarms. This is selected in menu 7005 (Mains power meas. Note that only one of the three functions can be used. th For all three functions. The function used is dependent time characteristic.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook 4th current transformer input Not available in AGC 212/213/222. α G GS TMS is the theoretical operating time constant value of G in seconds are the constants characterising the selected curve is the measured value of the characteristic quantity is the setting value is the time multiplier setting The constants k and c have a unit of seconds. α has no dimension. Combinations are not possible. and the formula used is: k t(G) = TMS +c G α -1 GS where t(G) k. The function includes a 3 harmonics filtering of the signal. select “multi-input 45 (transducer)” instead. Formula and settings used The inverse time overcurrent is based on IEC 60255 part 151. The function will reset when G < 2 x GS.

There is a choice between seven different curve shapes.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Curve shapes Time characteristic: In the AGC 200. the value 2 x GS is called Limit. of which six are predefined and one is user-definable: IEC Inverse IEC Very Inverse IEC Extremely Inverse IEEE Moderately Inverse IEEE Very Inverse IEEE Extremely Inverse Custom DEIF A/S Page 213 of 239 .

61 28.1217 α 0.515 19.02 1 2 0.000 s 0. Factory setting value 0.140 s 0. these constants can be defined by the user: Setting Parameter no. please see the parameter list.1140 0.5 80 0.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Common settings for all types: Setting Parameter no. Factory setting value 30/10% 1.14 13. DEIF A/S Page 214 of 239 .020 Equals k c α (a) 1724/1734 1725/1735 1726/1736 k c α For the actual setting ranges.2 c 0 0 0 0.491 0.02 2 2 For the custom curve.0 Equals Limit TMS 1722/1732 1723/1733 2 x GS Time multiplier setting The following constants apply to the predefined curves: Curve type IEC Inverse IEC Very Inverse IEC Extremely Inverse IEEE Moderately Inverse IEEE Very Inverse IEEE Extremely Inverse k 0.

This means that the trip of load group no. DEIF A/S Page 215 of 239 . Trip of non-essential load (NEL) Not available in AGC 212/213.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Standard curves The curves are shown for TMS = 1. 1 has no direct influence on the trip of load group no. 2. Only the measurement of either the busbar frequency or the load/current on the generator set is able to trip the load groups. The unit is able to trip three NEL groups due to: • • • the measured load of the generator set (high load and overload) the measured current of the generator set the measured frequency at the busbar The load groups are tripped as three individual load groups. The trip of non-essential load (NEL) groups (load shedding) is carried out in order to protect the busbar against an imminent blackout situation due to either a high load/current or overload on a generator set or a low busbar frequency. The two terms ”trip of non-essential load” and ”load shedding” describe the same functionality.

Setpoints available in menus 6110 and 6120: Enable: Running hours: Day: Enable/disable the alarm function. the alarm will still be activated. This may prevent a possible blackout at the busbar caused by an overload on the running generator set. Service timers The unit is able to monitor the maintenance intervals. The function is based on running hours. Two service timers are available to cover different intervals. The number of days to activate the alarm – if the running hours are not reached before this number of days. Fail class: Output A: Reset: DEIF A/S Page 216 of 239 . Enabling this will reset the service timer to zero. the unit will display an alarm.7) where the current is increased. please refer to the description of outputs. This must be done when the alarm is activated. The current trip will be selected in case of inductive loads and unstable power factor (PF <0. The service timer alarm will be activated at 8:00 AM on the day the alarm expires. For output setup. This may prevent a possible blackout at the busbar. When the adjusted time expires. Trip of the NEL groups due to a low busbar frequency will reduce the real power load at the busbar and thus reduce the load percentage on the generator set. Relay to be activated when the alarm is activated. The fail class of the alarm. The service timers are set up in menu 6110 and 6120. The service timer alarm will be activated as soon as the running hours have been reached.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Trip of the NEL groups due to the load of a running generator set will reduce the load on the busbar and thus reduce the load percentage on the running generator set. The running hours is counting when the running feedback is present. The number of running hours to activate the alarm.

0 ohm < 22. then it is possible to enable the wire break function for each input. type 2 VDO configurable Pt100 Level switch Wire failure area Normal range Wire failure area < 3 mA 4-20 mA > 21 mA < 10.0 ohm < 10.4 ohm > 69.1 ohm Only active if the switch is open Principle The illustration below shows that when the wire of the input breaks.3 ohm > 194. an alarm will be raised if the wire connection between the AGC 200 and MPU breaks. it will be detected as if the wire has made a short circuit or a break.6 ohm > 78. %) Upper failure limit Wire failure Lower failure limit Wire failure t Wire break MPU wire break (menu 4550) The MPU wire break function is only active when the genset is not running.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Wire fail detection If it is necessary to supervise the sensors/wires connected to the multi-inputs. Stop coil wire break (menu 6270) The alarm will occur when the stop coil is not activated (generator is running) and the input is deenergised. type 1 VDO Fuel. the measured value will drop to zero. DEIF A/S Page 217 of 239 . b.4 ohm > 291. type 3 VDO Fuel. type 2 VDO Temp. An alarm with a configurable fail class will be activated. Then the alarm will occur.0 ohm > 184. If the measured value on the input is outside the normal dynamic area of the input. type 1 VDO Temp.5 ohm < 18. type 1 VDO Oil.3 ohm < 1. Input signal (mA.7 ohm < 7.0 ohm > 180.3 ohm > 480. type 2 VDO Temp. °C.8 ohm < 3.0 ohm < lowest resistance > highest resistance < 82. Input 4-20 mA VDO Oil. In this case.0 ohm > 184.

Block Configurable 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Shutdown override Access lock Running feedback Remote start Remote stop Semi-auto Test Auto Manual Block Remote GB ON Remote GB OFF Remote MB ON Remote MB OFF Remote alarm acknowledge Auto start/stop Remove starter Reset analogue GOV/AVR outputs Manual GOV up Manual GOV down Manual AVR up Manual AVR down GB position ON GB position OFF MB position ON MB position OFF Emergency stop Low speed Temperature control Battery test Mains OK MB close inhibit Enable mode shift Enable GB black close Enable sep. some of which are configurable and some are not. Available digital inputs – not configurable 4 Available digital inputs – configurable 12 Input function Auto Semi Test Man. sync. Start enable Alternative start Switchboard error Total test GB spring loaded X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Not configurable Not configurable Configurable Configurable Not configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Input type Constant Constant Constant Pulse Pulse Pulse Pulse Pulse Pulse Constant Pulse Pulse Pulse Pulse Constant X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Constant Constant Pulse Constant Constant Constant Constant Constant Constant Constant Constant Constant Constant Constant Pulse Constant Constant Constant Constant Constant Constant Constant Constant Constant Constant Page 218 of 239 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X DEIF A/S .AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Digital inputs The unit has a number of binary inputs.

DEIF A/S Page 219 of 239 . 6. Access lock Activating the access lock input deactivates the control display push-buttons. 2. 9. Shutdown override This input deactivates all protections except the overspeed protection and the emergency stop input. 4. the start relay is deactivated. Auto Changes the present running mode to auto. It will only be possible to view measurements. Test Changes the present running mode to test. 7. When the input is activated. Running feedback The input is used as a running indication of the engine. Remote start This input initiates the start sequence of the genset when semi-auto or manual mode is selected. The genset will stop without cooling down. 5. 8. Block Configurable 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 MB spring loaded st 1 priority mains Ext. alarms and the log. Manual Changes the present running mode to manual. OFF Heavy consumer 1 request Heavy consumer 2 request Deload GB OFF and BLOCK HC 1 fixed load feedback HC 2 fixed load feedback Secured mode ON Secured mode OFF Base load D+ X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Input type Constant Constant Constant Constant Constant Constant Pulse Constant Constant Pulse Pulse Constant Constant X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Not configurable Functional description 1. Remote stop This input initiates the stop sequence of the genset when semi-auto or manual mode is selected. 3. but it can be configured in menu 6201 Shutdown override. Semi-auto Changes the present running mode to semi-auto. The number of start attempts is seven by default. Also a special cool down timer is used in the stop sequence after an activation of this input. MB pos.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Input function Auto Semi Test Man.

If the mains breaker is opened. then the governor output will be decreased. This means the start relay deactivates. The input can be used when the unit is in island operation. then the AVR output will be decreased. 19. or close without synchronising if the mains breaker is opened. Manual GOV down If manual mode is selected. 11. 13. When block mode is selected. Remote GB OFF The generator breaker OFF sequence will be initiated. That is the governor output and the AVR output. 15. Remote MB OFF The mains breaker OFF sequence will be initiated and the breaker will open instantly. and the alarm LED on the display stops flashing. 17. All analogue controller outputs are reset. 16. Remote GB ON The generator breaker ON sequence will be initiated and the breaker will synchronise if the mains breaker is closed. 20. If the mains breaker is closed.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook 10. Remote alarm acknowledge Acknowledges all present alarms. the running mode cannot be changed by activating the digital inputs. Remove starter The start sequence is deactivated. then the AVR output will be increased. Manual AVR up If manual mode is selected. The genset will be stopped if the input is deactivated. or close without synchronising if the generator breaker is opened. Remote MB ON The mains breaker ON sequence will be initiated and the breaker will synchronise if the generator breaker is closed. the generator load will be deloaded to the breaker open limit followed by a breaker opening. Reset analogue GOV/AVR outputs The analogue +/-20 mA controller outputs will be reset to 0 mA. If an offset has been adjusted in the control setup. 14. 21. Manual AVR down If manual mode is selected. and the starter motor will disengage. Auto start/stop The genset will start when this input is activated. and the auto running mode is selected. The manual governor and AVR increase and decrease inputs can only be used in manual mode. 12. then the governor output will be increased. then the reset position will be the specific adjustment. load takeover or mains power export. Block Changes the present running mode to block. then the generator breaker will open instantly. 22. fixed power. DEIF A/S Page 220 of 239 . Manual GOV up If manual mode is selected. 18.

Enable mode shift The input activates the mode shift function. DEIF A/S Page 221 of 239 . 26. When the input is high. 31. When the input is configured.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook 23. The shutdown fail class must be selected. Generator breaker open feedback (GB position OFF) The input function is used as an indication of the generator breaker position. Temperature control This input is part of the idle mode function. providing that the frequency and voltage are inside the limits set up in menu 2110. It starts at high or low speed. Enable GB black close When the input is activated. Volvo engines with ECM2. When the input is deactivated. depending on the activation of the low speed input. then the genset goes to idle mode (low speed = ON) or it stops (low speed = OFF). Low speed Disables the regulators and keeps the genset running at a low RPM. The unit requires this feedback when the breaker is closed or a position failure alarm occurs. 24. 33. 34. The synchronisation of the mains breaker will only happen when the input is activated. the mains breaker cannot close. Mains breaker open feedback (MB position OFF) The input function is used as an indication of the mains breaker position. Mains OK Disables the “mains OK delay” timer. Emergency stop The input shuts down the engine immediately. and an alarm will occur. the AGC 200 is allowed to close the generator on a black busbar. 32. The unit requires this feedback when the breaker is opened or a position failure alarm occurs. 27. If the battery is weak. it opens the generator breaker. 30. The unit requires this feedback when the breaker is closed or a position failure alarm occurs. then the genset starts. 29. the test will cause the battery voltage to drop more than acceptable. MB close inhibit When this input is activated. and the AGC 200 will perform the AMF sequence in case of a mains failure. The unit requires this feedback when the breaker is opened or a position failure alarm occurs. 25. Generator breaker closed feedback (GB position ON) The input function is used as an indication of the generator breaker position. The governor must be prepared for this function. Battery test Activates the starter without starting the genset. Mains breaker closed feedback (MB position ON) The input function is used as an indication of the mains breaker position. Battery test is not supported by all engines using J1939/CANbus communication. the setting in menu 7081 (mode shift ON/OFF) is disregarded.2 supports a fuel disable request through the CAN communication. At the same time. 28.

HC 1 fixed load feedback HC 1 is running and consuming 100% power. 48. Enable separate sync. 43. This function is option-dependent. Deload A running genset will start to ramp down the power. MB pos. Switchboard error The input will stop or block the genset. 42. Activating this input will split the breaker close and breaker synchronisation functions into two different relays. The breaker close function will remain on the relays dedicated for breaker control. the genset will activate the stop sequence and when the genset is stopped. GB OFF and BLOCK The generator breaker will open.x is required. When the genset is started. 39. Heavy consumer 2 request This input is used in G5 applications with two generators or more to request heavy consumer 2 to start. MB spring loaded The AGC 200 will not send a close signal before this feedback is present. Ext. 36. Heavy consumer 1 request This input is used in G5 applications with two generators or more to request heavy consumer 1 to start. Alternative start This input is used to simulate an AMF failure and this way run a full AMF sequence without a mains failure actually being present. it will be blocked for start. Option M12 or M14. 44. the input can be removed. The synchronisation function will be moved to a configurable relay dependent on the options configuration. Please refer to the description on page 86. 37. Start enable The input must be activated to be able to start the engine. 38. 41. 40. 1 priority mains This input is used in G5 applications with two mains connections to select which mains st connection has the 1 priority. OFF This input is used in G5 applications with two mains connections to tell the AGC 200 mains units that the mains breaker not controlled by them has been tripped. GB spring loaded The AGC 200 will not send a close signal before this feedback is present. 47. depending on running status. 46.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook 35. Total test This input will be logged in the event log to indicate that a planned mains failure has been made. 45. st DEIF A/S Page 222 of 239 .

Should the plant power requirement drop. D+ D+ is running feedback from the charger generator. 50.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook 49. 52. Secured mode ON Secured mode adds an extra generator to the system. one generator too many will be running when comparing with the actual power requirement. HC 2 fixed load feedback HC 2 is running and consuming 100% power. The input functions are set up with the PC utility software. Base load The generator set will run base load (fixed power) and not participate in frequency control. the base load will be lowered so the other generator(s) on line produces at least 10% power.e. 53. please refer to ”Help” in this. DEIF A/S Page 223 of 239 . 51. Secured mode OFF Ends secured running mode. i.

The inputs have different functions as the hardware design allows for several VDO types. 4-20 mA Pt100 VDO oil VDO water VDO fuel Digital The function of the multi-inputs can only be configured in the PC utility software. 6. 4-20 mA If one of the multi-inputs has been configured as 4-20 mA. e. DEIF A/S Page 224 of 239 . cooling water temperature.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Multi-inputs The AGC 200 unit has three multi-inputs which can be configured to be used as the following input types: 1. Input type Multi-input 46 Multi-input 47 Multi-input 48 4-20 mA 0-40V DC Pt100 VDO oil VDO water VDO fuel Digital 4120/4130 4140/4150 4160/4170 4180/4190 4200/4210 4220/4230 3400 4250/4260 4270/4280 4290/4300 4310/4320 4330/4340 4350/4360 3410 4380/4390 4400/4410 4420/4430 4440/4450 4460/4470 4480/4490 3420 Only 1 alarm level is available for the digital input type. Two alarm levels are available for each input. the unit and range of the measured value corresponding to 4-20 mA can be changed in the PC utility software in order to get the correct reading in the display. The unit of the measured value can be changed from Celsius to Fahrenheit in the PC utility software in order to get the desired reading in the display. 2. 4. Pt100 This input type can be used for heat sensor. VDO inputs The unit can contain up to three VDO inputs. 3. The menu numbers of the alarm settings for each multi-input are controlled by the configured input type as seen in the following table. 5.g. These various types of VDO inputs are available for all multi-inputs: VDO oil: VDO water: VDO fuel: Oil pressure Cooling water temperature Fuel level sensor For each type of VDO input it is possible to select between different characteristics including a configurable.

0 73 6.4 Temperature °C °F 40 104 50 122 60 140 70 158 80 176 90 194 100 212 110 230 120 248 130 266 140 284 150 302 Type 2 Ω 480.3 Type 4 Ω 36.7 7.2 38.9 62.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook VDO oil This VDO input is used to measure the lubricating oil pressure.0 29 2. If the VDO input is used as a level switch.6 36.0 44 3. it will be damaged.1 22.8 11.0 145 Type 2 Ω 10. then please be aware that no voltage must be connected to the input.5 197.2 62.3 140.1 70.3 51. The resistance as well as the pressure can be adjusted.0 99.0 89.0 15 1. The temperature as well as the resistance can be adjusted.0 131 10.6 107.1 113.9 22.0 Pressure Bar psi 0 0 0.5 157.5 65 5.0 19.9 168.8 18.1 134.6 222.5 7 1.2 184.5 36 3. VDO sensor type Type 1 Ω 291.4 47. DEIF A/S Page 225 of 239 .5 71. VDO sensor type Type 1 Ω 10. Please refer to the Application Notes for further wiring information.0 97.3 134.7 323.0 The configurable type is configurable with eight points in the range 0-2500 Ω.5 51 4.9 81.2 44.0 Type configurable Ω 31.0 58 4.4 The configurable type is configurable with eight points in the range 0-2500 Ω.8 28.3 184.5 29.7 170.1 51.2 83.7 151. If any voltage is applied to the VDO input.0 116 9.2 Type 3 Ω 69.0 27.2 117.0 87 7.3 124.0 102 8.5 22 2. VDO water This VDO input is used to measure the cooling water temperature.4 155.

Please refer to the Application Notes for further wiring information. it will be damaged.8 Ω 1. it will be damaged. If any voltage is applied to the VDO input. VDO sensor type Type 1 Resistance 78. Please refer to the Application Notes for further wiring information. The value as well as the resistance can be adjusted. then please be aware that no voltage must be connected to the input. then please be aware that no voltage must be connected to the input. Value % 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 VDO sensor type Type configurable Resistance The configurable type is configurable with eight points in the range 0-2500 Ω. VDO fuel This VDO input is used for the fuel level sensor. DEIF A/S Page 226 of 239 .6 Ω VDO sensor type Type 2 Resistance 3Ω 180 Ω Value 0% 100% Value 0% 100% If the VDO input is used as a level switch.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook If the VDO input is used as a level switch. If any voltage is applied to the VDO input.

°C or %) Setpoints DEIF A/S Page 227 of 239 .AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Illustration of configurable inputs Resistance ( Ω) Setpoint 8 Setpoint 7 Setpoint 6 Setpoint 5 Setpoint 4 Setpoint 3 Setpoint 2 Setpoint 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Value (bar.

Digital If the multi-inputs are configured to ”Digital”. In the PC utility software. they become available as a configurable input. DEIF A/S Page 228 of 239 .AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Configuration The eight curve settings for the configurable VDO inputs cannot be changed in the display. The alarm settings can be changed both in the display and in the PC utility software.0 bar. the configurable inputs are adjusted in this dialog box: Adjust the resistance of the VDO sensor at the specific measuring value. In the example above. only in the PC utility software. the adjustment is 10 Ω at 0.

2. HC 1 ack. DEIF A/S Page 229 of 239 . NE (Normally Energised). HC 2 ack. Trip NEL 1 This output is used to trip load groups. + V DC Alarm input Di g in Relay out Com AGC 200 Outputs The unit has a number of output functions which can be configured to any available relay. or Horn. 2. Trip NEL 1 Trip NEL 2 Trip NEL 3 X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Configurable Functional description 1. Block Configurable Output type Pulse Pulse Pulse Pulse Pulse 1 2 3 4 5 HC 1 ack. The drawing below illustrates a digital input used as an alarm input. normally open This will initiate an alarm when the signal on the digital input appears. normally closed This will initiate an alarm when the signal on the digital input disappears. This output is used in G5 applications with two or more generators to acknowledge the heavy consumer requested. Output function Auto Semi Test Man. Limit. 1. The possible selections of the input function are normally open or normally closed. The relay output function can be selected to be ND (Normally De-energised.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Input function selection Digital input alarms can be configured with a possibility to select when the alarms are to be activated. 3. HC 2 ack. Digital input alarm configured to NC. Digital input alarm configured to NO. This output is used in G5 applications with two or more generators to acknowledge the heavy consumer requested.

but the already configured languages can be selected. 5. Trip NEL 3 This output is used to trip load groups. Auto and test mode Manual GOV/AVR binary inputs and AOP buttons are ignored. Regarding AOP setup. please refer to ”Help” in the PC utility software.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook 4. In addition to the master language. the input is activated. Tools menu The purpose of the tools menu is to give information about the present operating condition of the genset. Manual governor and AVR control This function can be activated by activating the digital inputs or AOP buttons for governor or AVR control in manual/semi-auto mode. Use the tools menu for easy troubleshooting in connection with commissioning. The display will jump into the service menu window when the binary input is activated. This is the default language. It is delivered with one master language which is English. Language selection The unit has the possibility to display different languages. After selecting a language. This is done via the PC utility software. the regulator output value to GOV or AVR is changed by 0. DEIF A/S Page 230 of 239 . Please refer to the description of NEL on page 215. the unit aux. The display will jump into the service menu window when the binary input is activated. Semi-auto mode If binary inputs are used. The intention of this function is to give the commissioning engineer a helpful tool for adjustment of the regulation. It is not possible to make language configuration from the display. The language can be changed when connected to the PC utility software. Manual mode The regulator output value to GOV or AVR is changed by 0.5% per pulse or by 0. Entry window The entry window shows the possible selections in the service menu.5% per sec.5% per sec. The setting value will remain until the service menu window is exited. Trip NEL 2 This output is used to trip load groups.5% per pulse or by 0. and it cannot be changed. power must be cycled before the selection takes effect. The tools menu is entered using the push-button. 11 different languages can be configured. The languages are selected in the system setup menu 6080. the input is activated.

911x Password 9111 Customer password 9112 Service password 9113 Master password 9130 AC config. Available selections Status binary input: Shows the status of the binary inputs. DEIF A/S Page 231 of 239 . Status analogue input: Shows analogue input values. Status timers: Shows actual alarm timer values. Here. This setting has an impact on the synchronising phase angle control. Be very careful to verify that the synchronising pulse is issued correctly before enabling automatic synchronising.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Generator status indication Highlighted DG BLOCKED FOR START Status binary input Status relay output Status analog input Status timers Jump menu Display lines . BB/gen. The scrollbar indicates that more selections than those shown are available. Available parameters are: 9000 Software version Information about the actual software (firmware) version present in the unit. Jump menu: Shows parameters that can only be accessed by entering this display menu. in case the step-up transformer creates a phase angle shift between low and high voltage sides. the highlighted entry will be chosen. a compensation angle for a step-up transformer between generator and generator breaker can be entered. Scroll through the list using the or button. Status relay output: Shows the status of the relay outputs. Entering this parameter gives you: 9131 AC configuration Selections: 3-phase L1L2L3 (factory setting) 2-phase L1L3 2-phase L1L2 1-phase L1 9140 Angle comp. Scrollbar If is pressed.

and press the push-button. Select the needed list by using the list). DEIF A/S Page 232 of 239 .AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook 9160 Application Selection between the four predefinable applications set in the ”Utility software application setting” section. Ethernet setup: Setup of the Ethernet (option N) IP address. To enter the log list: 1. When the individual logs are full. Selections are: 9191 Type (OFF/ON). Alarm log containing 30 loggings. 9180 Quick setup This menu makes it possible to set up a power management application without using the application configuration tool in the PC utility software. each new event will overwrite the oldest event following the ”first in – first out” principle. Engine interface alarm log The logs can be viewed in the display or in the PC utility software. Set to ON for broadcast 9192 Application (select application 1-4) Display lines: Shows the available texts of the display. The following parameters can be adjusted: 9181 Mode (OFF/stand-alone/plant) 9182 CAN (CAN A/CAN B/CAN A + B) 9183 Mains breaker (none/pulse/continuous/compact) 9184 Generator breaker (none/pulse/continuous/compact) 9185 Mains (present/not present) 9186 DG (single DG/standard) 9190 Application broadcast This menu makes it possible to broadcast an application between all AGC 200 units connected to the CAN A or CAN B line. Press . Battery test log containing 52 loggings. gateway address and MAC address. and push-buttons (move the highlight of the 2. Event log The logging of data is divided into groups: o o o o Event log containing 150 loggings.

AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Counters Counters for various values are included. Please refer to the application note ”M-Logic” for further functional details. M-Logic is not a PLC but substitutes one if only very simple commands are needed. Comment Counting when the running feedback is present. such as relay outputs. Please refer to the ”Help” function in the PC utility software for a full description of this configuration tool. Offset adjustment of the number of mains breaker operations. 6102 Running time 6103 GB operations 6104 MB operations 6105 kWh reset 6106 Start attempts Offset adjustment of the number of start attempts. change of genset modes and change of running modes. Resets the kWh counter. The table shows the adjustable values and their function in menu 6100: Description 6101 Running time Function Offset adjustment of the total running hours counter. A great variety of inputs can be selected. and as such it can only be configured in the PC utility software and not via the display. M-Logic M-Logic functionality is included in the unit and is not an option-dependent function. such as digital inputs. and some of these can be adjusted if necessary. The M-Logic is part of the PC utility software. The main purpose of M-Logic is to give the operator/designer more flexible possibilities of operating the generator control system. DEIF A/S Page 233 of 239 . Automatically resets to OFF after the reset. One or more input conditions are defined. Counting at each GB close command. Counting at each MB close command. Offset adjustment of the total running thousand hours counter. for instance if the unit is installed on an existing genset or a new circuit breaker has been installed. however. The reset function cannot be left active. Counting at each start attempt. selecting additional options can increase the functionality. M-Logic is used to execute different commands at predefined conditions. Counting when the running feedback is present. Offset adjustment of the number of generator breaker operations. alarm conditions and running conditions. and at the activation of those inputs the defined output will occur. A variety of the outputs can also be selected. M-Logic is a simple tool based on logic events.

where the indication of the function can be written. DEIF A/S Page 234 of 239 . This must be done on a piece of stiff paper or a plastic transparent. For each LED there is a text box. The slide-in paper/transparent template looks like this: The above template is scale 1:1 when printing on A4 paper size. green and yellow) with or without blinking. as the texts are to be slided into a slot at the top of the AGC 200 unit.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Configurable alarm LEDs The four LEDs on the left side of the display can be controlled via M-Logic. For each LED there is a choice between three colours (red.

If e. Application settings Please refer to the PC utility software help file. Take precautions that it is safe to remote operate the genset to avoid personal injury or death.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook USW communication It is possible to communicate with the unit via the PC utility software. It is possible to remote control the genset from the PC utility software if a TCP/IP router is used. the unit will operate according to the received data.g. Safety If communication fails. the unit will use this actual data. DEIF A/S Page 235 of 239 . only half of the parameter file has been downloaded when the communication is interrupted. The purpose is to be able to remote monitor and control the genset application.

77 or or Not used Not used or or Not used Not used Set nom. Select the required input among the input events. The AGC 200 has four sets of nominal values. parameter settings 1 Set nom. parameter settings 2 Please refer to the ”Help” file in the PC utility software for details. input no. Activation The switching between the nominal setpoints can be done in three ways: Digital input. Select the required AOP push-button among the input events. AOP or menu 6006. Digital input M-Logic is used when a digital input is needed for switching between the four sets of nominal settings. input no. Example: Event A Event B Event C Output Dig. 77 Not Dig. AOP M-Logic is used when the AOP is used for switching between the four sets of nominal settings. Example: Event A Event B Event C Output Button 07 Button 08 or or Not used Not used or or Not used Not used Set nom. Menu settings In menu 6006. parameter settings 2 Please refer to the ”Help” file in the PC utility software for details.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Nominal settings The nominal settings can be changed to match different voltages and frequencies. parameter settings 1 Set nom. DEIF A/S Page 236 of 239 . The possibility to switch between the four sets of nominal setpoints is typically used on rental gensets where switching between 50 and 60 Hz is required. and they are adjusted in menus 6000 to 6030 (nominal settings 1 to 4). and select the nominal settings in the outputs. the switching is made between settings 1 to 4 simply by choosing the desired nominal setting. and select the nominal settings in the outputs.

setting Max. the following will guide the user through the whole procedure for parameter setup step by step.1 s Not used Not used OFF 1 0. The third and fourth columns indicate the minimum/maximum setpoint available for this setting.0% 10.0% 100.0 s Not used Not used ON 3 Due to the character of the parameters. a table indicating the parameter facts related to the individual parameter title is presented: Default setpoint from factory Parameter title Min.0% 0. The fifth column indicates the default setpoint of the unit from the factory. and max. the detailed parameter descriptions are illustrated and presented. By use of various illustrations.0 s R3 (relay 3) R3 (relay 3) ON 5 Factory setting -5. setting 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 Setpoint Timer Relay output A Relay output B Enable Fail class -50. When it is necessary. Setting Min. First. DEIF A/S Page 237 of 239 . You can find all parameters in the document ”AGC 200 Parameter List”. setpoints 1000 G -P> 1 No. Procedure for parameter setup This chapter deals with the procedure to be followed when the parameters of the unit are set up from the initial point of finding the individual parameter description in this handbook to the actual setup. small differences may exist between the individual tables. Parameter descriptions Each parameter description is structured according to the same principles. additional information will be supplied after the table in order to make the individual parameter descriptions as informative as possible. The first column indicates the menu number in the display. Finding the selected parameter The first step in the parameter setup is to find the correct parameter descriptions. The second column indicates the changeable setting in the display. Under the parameter title heading.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook 11.

Now. Press Enter password to change the setpoint Use the Press and push-buttons to increase/decrease the setpoint setting. Press Step 3: Step 4: Step 5: Step 6: Use the and push-buttons to locate the selected parameter. in this . follow the menu structure presented earlier in this handbook in order to set up the individual parameters. . push-buttons to locate the selected parameter group.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook Setup At this point of the process you will have located the specific parameter description that you were looking for. . case ”1000 Protection”. we have chosen to change the setpoint of the parameter 1000 G -P>). DEIF A/S Page 238 of 239 . (In this overall example. the new setpoint setting has now been saved. Step 1: Step 2: Enter the parameter menu by pressing the Use the and button.

4189340605. DEIF A/S Page 239 of 239 . DEIF A/S reserves the right to change any of the above. document no. Parameter list Please see the separate document “AGC 200 Parameter List”.AGC 200 Designer’s Reference Handbook 12.

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