You are on page 1of 7

CANCER Situation: Aling Nena is a 60 year old woman with a malignant tumor of the breast, who was admitted

for modified radical mastectomy. 1. The physician has ordered 5 flourouracil, 700 mg IV once a week. When Aling Nena hears this, she says to the nurse, "Am I going to lose my hair?" Which is the best response by the nurse?

b) when the nursing assistant tells the patient to remain in bed for several hours c) when the nursing assistant positions the patient on the left side d) when the nursing assistant checks the biopsy site for bleeding 10. Which of the following is a risk factor to cancer of the colon? a) diabetes mellitus b) peptic ulcer c) abdominal hernia d) high fat, high calorie diet 11. Which of the following should the nurse assess prior to administration of cisplatin? a) hydration b) hemoglobin c) weight d) ECG 12. The client is receiving internal radiation therapy. What is the appropriate nursing action to minimize radiation contamination? a) put the soiled linens in double bag b) keep clients things close to her bedside c) always wear gloves when entering the client's room d) minimize contact with the client 13. A client is suspected of having pheochromocytoma. Which of the following signs and symptoms would help support this diagnosis? a) abdominal pain b) anuria c) hypertension d) weight gain 14. Before uterine radioactive implant is inserted, which of the following physician's orders does the nurse expect? a) administer analgesic b) administer sedative c) administer enema d) administer antibiotic 15. The nurse is admitting a patient with jaundice, due to pancreatic cancer. Which of the following would the nurse give highest priority? a) body image b) nutrition c) skin integrity d) anticipatory grieving 16. After receiving chemotherapy for lung cancer, a client's platelet count falls to 98,000/cu.mm. What term should the nurse use to describe this low platelet count? 17. Which of the following should the nurse include when providing health teachings for patients at risk of developing prostatic cancer? a) participate in smoking cessation program b) perform monthly self-testicular examination c) maintain daily walking exercise d) undergo monthly digital rectal examination 18. Which of the following questions should the nurse ask in a client who is at risk for breast cancer? a) does your family have a history of multiple gestation? b) does your family have a history of ovarian cancer? c) does your family have a history of early menopause? d) does your family have a history of late menarche? 19. Which of the following client history increases risk for anorectal cancer?

a) 5-flourouracil usually does nit cause loss of hair b) hair loss can occur but a wig can be worn until your hair grows back c) the physician will prescribe a medication to prevent this side effect from occurring d) losing your hair is less traumatic than losing breast 2. Aling Nena is being assessed of her nutritional status. She weigh 100 lbs and is 5'8 ft. tall. Her assessmentwould include the following except: a) a diet history b) anthropometric measurements c) food preferences d) serum protein 3. Which nursing action would best attain the goal of providing and promoting coping for Aling Nena? a) telling Aling Nena for her strengths and progress b) planning experienced for her that are conclusive c) helping her to identify her problems and solutions d) giving her information on how to handle her problems 4. The nurse evaluates that zofran (ondansetron) is effective in a client undergoing chemotherapy if which of the following is observed? a) urine output is 1,500 ml/day b) the client can tolerate mechanically soft diet c) the client's anxiety is relieved d) the client was able to sleep 5. A client with cancer of the colon who is receiving chemotherapy tells a nurse that some foods on the metal tray taste bitter. The nurse would try ti limit which of the following foods that is most likely to cause this taste for the client? a) cantaloupe b) potatoes c) beef d) custard 6. A client suspected of having lung tumor is scheduled for a computerized tomography (CT) scan with dye injection. A nurse tells the client that a) the test may be painful b) the dye injected may cause a warm, flushing sensation c) fluids will be restricted following the test d) the test takes approximately 2 hours 7. Which of the following is a nursing responsibility for a client undergoing external radiation therapy? a) wear gown, gloves and mask b) observe time, distance, and shielding c) provide the client adequate rest and schedule activity d) place the client in isolation for few days 8. Who among these clients is at high risk to develop testicular cancer? a) the client has undescended testes at birth b) the client has human papilloma virus c) the client has recurrent urinary tract infection d) the client is uncircumcised 9. A nursing assistant is taking care of a patient who had undergone liver biopsy. When should the registered nurse intervene? a) when the nursing assistant monitors the patient's vital signs every 15 minutes for the 1st two hours after the procedure

a) chronic constipation b) high fiber diet c) alcohol abuse d) chronic inflammatory bowel disease

black hair b) coarse skin. I should take aspirin f) I am allowed to watch baseball games g) I should use soft-bristled toothbrush 26. The client's serum electrolytes include potassium 4. A patient who is receiving chemotherapy develops stomatitis. The priority action by the nurse would be to a) stop the administration of the drug immediately b) reposition the client's arm and continue with the administration of the drug c) apply a tourniquet to the patient's affected arm and notify the doctor d) continue to administer the drug and assess for edema at the IV site 30. Based on the assessment findings.d) self-esteem disturbance 20.0 mEq/L. How often should a female who is above 40 years old. Which action is most appropriate for the nurse to do first? a) check the client's IV infusion pump and IV fluid rate b) take the client's blood pressure and pulse c) assess the client's mental status d) elevate the client's head of the bed 37.2 mEq/L. A woman had been diagnosed to have breast cancer. The nurse on the oncology unit enters the room of the client with lung cancer. The most important consideration when planning care is her a) level of anxiety b) loss of income due to inability to work c) support system d) energy level to perform ADL's 27. Which action is most appropriate for the nurse to take first? a) call the radiology department to let them know the client will not be going to take the test . A client will be for uterine radium implant. the priority action for the nurse is to: a) start client on fluid restriction b) administer calcium gluconate c) increase the client's IV fluids d) administer Allopurinol 36. A nurse is assessing a client with metastatic breast cancer who reports nocturia. Which of the following nursing diagnoses would rank as the most important in the planning of care for a client in two weeks after the chemotherapy has begun? a) potential for infection b) activity intolerance c) impaired skin integrity 29.0 mEq/L. Which of these findings in the breast of a patient who is suspected of having breast cancer would support the diagnosis? a) complaints of dull. When the nurse is discussing risk factors for cervical cancer. black hair c) fair skin. brown hair 24. the nurse observes that there is a lack of blood return from the intravenous catheter. which of these women would be at greatest risk? a) a 25-year old woman with family history of cancer and using birth control pills b) a 50-year old woman who has several exposures to radiation and has chronic anemia c) a 19-year old woman who initiated sexual intercourse early with multiple partners d) a 60-year old woman who had smoked cigarettes for 5 years and used diaphragm for birth control 28. go for cancer detection examination? a) daily b) weekly c) monthly d) yearly 34. Which of the following actions would be priority for the nurse to incorporate into the plan of care? a) rinse the patient's mouth with full strength hydrogen peroxide every 4 hours b) use a soft toothbrush after each meal c) provide hot tea with honey to soothe the patient's painful oral mucosa d) use dental floss only 31. The nurse on the oncology unit is planning care for the client with colon cancer who is refusing a diagnostic test. Which of the following are characteristics of a client most susceptible to develop malignant melanoma? a) dark skin. The nurse should a) remember to give the badge to the next-shift nurse b) maintain a 30-minute close contact with the patient in a shift c) wear gloves. and magnesium 2. nausea and vomiting. The client is receiving internal radiation therapy. Which of the following instructions is appropriate? a) allow the client to go to the bathroom b) avoid creams and lotions c) visitors are allowed to stay in the room d) the client should remain in bed during the entire duration of treatment 33. achy. During the administration of a chemotherapeutic drug. A nurse is caring for a client with an internal radiation implant. A 40-year old woman is admitted to the hospital for a radiation implant therapy to treat recently diagnosedcervical cancer. pain b) palpation of a mobile mass c) presence of an inverted nipple d) area of discoloration skin 32. Which of the following statements when made by the client with leukemia indicates that the client understands the health teachings given by the nurse? Select all that apply a) I am allowed to eat raw foods b) I have to avoid raw fruits and vegetables c) fresh flowers should not be allowed in my room d) if I developed joint pains. Which of the following statement when made by the client indicates the need for further teaching? a) my sister is coming to stay with me today after implant insertion b) I will be in bed for the duration of the treatment c) I will have a foley catheter in place d) I will have enema before the procedure21. sodium 135 mEq/L. Which of the following statements when made by the client with implant radiation therapy needs intervention by the nurse? a) I will have to go to the toilet to void b) my visitors are allowed to visit me for 30 minutes only in a day c) the nurse needs to wear a badge when caring for me d) I need to remain in bed during the entire duration of the treatment 25. calcium 7. I should apply cold compress to the area e) if I developed high fever. blond hair d) oily skin. Which of the following factors is most significant to her prognosis? a) she had her menarche at age 12 years b) her sister died of breast cancer 5 years ago c) she delivered her first born at age 25 years d) she had her menopause at age 50 years 23. mask and gown when entering the client's room d) instruct relatives no to visit the client during the entire duration of the treatment 35. weakness. Which of the following nursing actions is most appropriate when caring for a client with radium implant? a) wear gloves when entering the client's room b) wear masks and gloves when performing procedures to the client c) avoid staying with the client for more than 30 minutes in a shift d) place client's soiled gowns and linens in a plastic bag 22.

if identified by the client as a risk factor to cervical cancer. much like pressure ulcer formation. The nurse determines that the white blood cell count is normal if which of the following results were present? a) 2000 to 5000 cells/mm3 b) 3000 to 8000 cells/mm3 c) 5000 to 10000 cells/mm3 d) 7000 to 15000 cells/mm3 49. caused by pressure from the linear accelerator 48. The nurse avoids which of the following in the care of this client? a) elevating the knee on the bed b) assisting with range-of-motion leg exercises c) removal of antiembolism stockings twice a day d) checking placement of pneumatic compression boots 51. The nurse tells the client: a) to examine the testicles while lying down that the best time for the examination is after a shower c) to gently feel the testicles with one finger to feel for a growth d) that testicular self-examinations should be done at least every 6 months 47. The community health nurse is instructing a group of female clients about breast self-examination. The client is diagnosed as having a bowel tumor and several diagnostic tests are prescribed. The nurse is caring for a client who has undergone vaginal hysterectomy. The health education nurse provides instructions to a group of clients regarding measures that will assist in preventing skin cancer. The nurse interprets thisassessment data a(n): a) allergic reaction to the radiation b) superficial injury to tissue from the radiation c) cutaneous reaction to products formed by the lysis of the neoplastic cells d) ischemic injury. The nurse is instructing the client to perform a testicular self-examination. the nurse notes erythema on the client's chest and neck. opaque clothing.b) speak with the client to determine the reason for refusing the test c) inform the health care provider that the client is refusing the test d) ask the client's spouse why the client is refusing the test a) increased calcium level b) increased white blood cells c) decreased blood urea nitrogen level d) decreased number of plasma cells in the bone marrow 46. The client is undergoing radiation therapy to treat lung cancer. The client suspected of an ovarian tumor is scheduled for a pelvic ultrasound. The nurse is reviewing the laboratory results of a client diagnosed with multiple myeloma. The nurse is caring for a client with a diagnosis of cancer who is immunosuppressed. A nurse is admitting a 63-year old male reporting hemoptysis and weight loss. The nurse assesses the child for which of the following signs that would indicate that brainstem involvement occurred during the surgical procedure? a) inability to swallow b) elevated temperature c) altered hearing ability d) orthostatic hypotension 41. The nurse identifies that the highest priority risk factor for lung cancer for this client is: a) family history of lung cancer b) the client works in a chemical factory c) the client lives in a coal mining area d) the client uses chewing tobacco 39. The community nurse is conducting a health promotion program at a local school and is discussing the risk factors associated with cervical cancer. The nurse identifies which intervention as the highest priority in the nursing plan of care? a) monitoring temperature b) ambulation three times daily c) monitoring the platelet count d) monitoring for pathological fractures 38. The nurse instructs the clients to perform the examination: a) at the onset of menstruation b) every month during ovulation c) weekly at the same time of day d) 1 week after menstruation begins 50. The oncology nurse specialist provides an educational session to nursing staff regarding the characteristics of Hodgkin's disease. The nurse understands that which test will confirm the diagnosis of malignancy? a) biopsy of tumor b) abdominal ultrasound c) magnetic resonance imaging d) computed tomography scan 45. The nurse bases the response on which description of this disorder? a) altered red blood cell production b) altered production of lymph nodes c) malignant exacerbation in the number of leukocytes d) malignant proliferation of plasma cells within the bone 53. and the client is complaining of pain at the radiation site.400 cells/mm3 d) 11. A client is diagnosed with multiple myeloma and the client asks the nurse about the diagnosis. Which of the following would the nurse expect to note specifically in this disorder? a) eat a light breakfast only b) maintain an NPO before the procedure c) wear comfortable clothing and shoes for the procedure d) drink six to eight glasses of water without voiding before the test 52. and sunglasses when in the sun d) I will examine my body monthly for any lesions that may be suspicious 42. The client with cancer is receiving chemotherapy and develops thrombocytopenia. Which statement by a client indicates a need for further instructions? a) I will avoid sun exposure after 3 pm b) I will use sunscreen when participating in outdoor activities c) I will wear a hat. A nurse is caring for a child after removal of a brain tumor. Which of the following.800 cells/mm3 c) 8. The nurse determines that further teaching is needed if a nursing staff member states that which of the following is a characteristic of the disease? . The nurse is monitoring the laboratory results of a client preparing to receive chemotherapy.000 cells/mm3 b) 5. indicates a need for further teaching? a) smoking b) multiple sex partners c) first intercourse after age 20 d) annual gynecological examinations 44. Following treatment. The nurse provides which pre-procedure instruction to the client? 43.500 cells/mm3 40. The nurse would consider implementing neutropenic precautions if the client's white blood cell count was which of the following? a) 2.

The nurse makes which priority assessment before administering the diet? a) bowel sounds b) ability to ambulate c) incision appearance d) urine specific gravity 63. The nurse is admitting a client with laryngeal cancer to the nursing unit. The .000 cells/mm3." Which phase of coping is this client experiencing? a) anger b) denial c) bargaining d) depression 69. The hospice nurse visits a client dying of ovarian cancer. The initial action by the nurse is to: a) call the physician b) reinsert the implant into the vagina immediately c) pick up the implant with gloved hands and flush it down the toilet d) pick up the implant with long-handled forceps and place it in a lead container 59. While giving care. The nurse is reviewing the laboratory results of a client receiving chemotherapy whose platelet count is 10. the nurse notes a calcium level of 12 mg/dl. Which assessment finding indicates that the client is experiencing a complication related to the surgery? a) pain at the incisional site b) arm edema on the operative side c) sanguineous drainage in the Jackson-Pratt drain d) complaints of decreased sensation near the operative side 70.When assessing the laboratory results of the client with bladder cancer and bone metastasis. Which assessment finding would the nurse expect to note specifically in the client? a) fatigue b) weakness c) weight gain d) enlarged lymph nodes 64. The nurse is caring for a client with an internal radiation implant. The client is receiving external radiation to the neck for cancer of the larynx. based on this laboratory value. the nurse finds the radiation implant in the bed. The client reports to the nurse that when performing testicular selfexamination. The client is admitted to the hospital with a suspected diagnosis of Hodgkin's disease.a) presence of Reed-Sternberg cells b) occurs most often in the older client c) prognosis depending on the stage of the disease d) involvement of lymph nodes. don't worry b) let me know if it gets bigger next month c) that could be cancer. the priority nursing assessment is which of the following? a) assess skin turgor b) assess temperature c) assess bowel sounds d) assess level of consciousness 61. The client is hospitalized for insertion of an internal cervical radiation implant. During the admission assessment of a client with advanced ovarian cancer. The nurse is caring for a client who is a pelvic exenteration and the physician changes the client's diet from NPO status to clear liquids. The nurse determines that further information needs to be provided if a community member states that which of the following is a sign of testicular cancer? a) alopecia b) back pain c) painless testicular swelling d) heavy sensation in the scrotum 55. The home health care nurse is caring for a client with cancer and the client is complaining of acute pain. and liver 54. The nurse is reviewing the complications of conization with a client who has microinvasive cervical cancer. During the visit. indicates a need for further teaching? a) infection b) hemorrhage c) cervical stenosis d) ovarian perforation 66. A cervical radiation implant is placed in the client for the treatment of cervical cancer. the nurse recognizes which symptom as typical of the disease? a) diarrhea b) hypermenorrhea c) abnormal bleeding d) abdominal distention 65. The community health nurse conducts a health promotion program regarding testicular cancer to community members. When caring for the client. the nurse should observe which of the following principles? a) limit the time with the client to 1 hour per shift b) do not allow pregnant women into the client's room c) remove the dosimeter badge when entering the client's room d) individuals younger than 16 years old may be allowed to go in the room as long as they are 6 feet away from the client 57. The nurse is caring for a client experiencing neutropenia as a result of chemotherapy and develops a plan of care for the client. I'll be ready to die. The appropriate nursing assessment of the client's pain would include which of the following? a) the client's pain rating b) nonverbal cues from the client c) the nurse's impression of the client's pain d) pain relief after appropriate nursing intervention 68. I'll ask the doctor to examine you d) that's important to report even though it might not be serious 58. he found a lump the size and shape of a pea. The nurse recognizes that this is consistent with which oncological emergency? a) hyperkalemia b) hypercalemia c) spinal cord compression d) superior vena cava syndrome 67. The most likely side effect to be expected is: a) dyspnea b) diarrhea c) sore throat d) constipation 56. spleen. if identified by the client. The appropriate response to the client is which of the following? a) lumps like that are normal. The nurse plants to: a) restrict all visitors b) restrict fluid intake c) teach the client and family about the need for hand hygiene d) insert an indwelling urinary catheter to prevent skin breakdown 60. the client expresses that "If I can just live long enough to attend my daughter's graduation. Which complication. The nurse initiates what most appropriate activity order for this client? a) bed rest b) out of bed ad lib c) out of bed in a chair only d) ambulation to the bathroom only 62. The nurse is caring for a client following mastectomy.

nurse assesses for which most common risk factor for this type of cancer? a) alcohol abuse b) cigarette smoking c) use of chewing tobacco d) exposure to air pollutants 71. Which statement by the client indicates a need for further instructions? a) I will protect the stoma from water b) I need to keep powders and sprays away from the stoma c) I need to use an air conditioner to provide cool air to assist in breathing d) I need to apply a thin layer of petrolatum to the skin around the stoma to prevent cracking 82. Hormone therapy is prescribed as the mode of treatment for a client with prostate cancer. The nurse is assessing the perineal wound in a client who has returned from the operating room following an abdominal perineal resection and notes serosanguineous drainage from the wound. The oncology nurse is providing a teaching session to group of nursing students regarding the risks and causes of bladder cancer. The nurse tells the client that the purpose of the allupurinol is to prevent: a) nausea b) alopecia c) vomiting d) hyperuricemia the physician has prescribed neomycin (Mycifradin) for the client. The nurse is teaching a client about the risk factors associated with colorectal cancer. Which nursing intervention is most appropriate? a) notify the physician b) clamp the penrose drain c) change the dressing as prescribed d) remove and replace the perineal packing 80. A gastrectomy is performed on a client with gastric cancer. The nurse advises the client to use which of the following as the best substance to rinse the mouth? a) alcohol-based mouthwash b) hydrogen peroxide mixture c) lemon-flavored mouthwash d) weak salt and bicarbonate mouth rinse 74. The nurse providesdischarge instructions to the client and tells the client to: a) avoid driving the car for 1 week b) restrict fluid intake to prevent incontinence c) avoid lifting objects heavier than 20 lb for at least 6 weeks d) notify the physician if small blood clots are noticed during urination 85. The client receiving chemotherapy is experiencing mucositis. colicky abdominal pain d) alternating constipation and diarrhea 83. Which risk factor. The client with leukemia is receiving busulfan (Myleran) and allupurinol (Zyloprim) is prescribed for the client. and spiced food 75. The nurse determines that this medication has been prescribed primarily: a) to prevent immune dysfunction b) because the client has an infection c) to decrease the bacteria in the bowel d) because the client is allergic to penicillin 79. Which of the following is the appropriate nursing intervention? a) notify the physician b) measure abdominal girth c) irrigate the nasogastric tube d) continue to monitor the drainage 76. The nurse is caring for a client following a radical neck dissection and creation of a tracheostomy performed for laryngeal cancer and is providing discharge instructions to the client. The nurse understands that the goal of this form of treatment is to: a) increase testosterone levels b) increase prostaglandin levels c) limit the amount of circulating androgens d) increase the amount of circulating androgens 84. indicates a need for further discussion? a) smoking b) a high-fat diet c) foods containing nitrates d) a diet of smoked. The female client who has been receiving radiation therapy for bladder cancer tells the nurse that it feels as if she is voiding through the vagina. ribbon-like stool c) crampy. Which statement by a student indicates a need for further teaching? a) bladder cancer most often occurs in women b) using cigarettes and coffee drinking can increase the risk c) bladder cancer generally is seen in client older than 40 d) environmental health hazards have been attributed as a cause 78. The nurse is reviewing the preoperative orders of a client with a colon tumor who is scheduled for abdominal perineal resection and notes that . The nurse is assessing the colostomy of a client who has had an abdominal perineal resection for a bowel tumor. In the immediate postoperative period. highly salted. if identified by a client. Which of the following assessment findings indicates that the colostomy is beginning to function? a) absent bowel sounds b) the passage of flatus c) the client's ability to tolerate food d) bloody drainage from the colostomy 81. What is the purpose of cytoreductive ("debulking") surgery for ovarian cancer? a) cancer control by reducing the size of the tumor b) cancer prevention by removal of precancerous tissue c) cancer cure by removing all gross and microscopic tumor cells d) cancer rehabilitation by improving the appearance of a previously treated body part 73. The nurse determines that further teaching related to colorectal cancer is necessary if the client identifies which of the following as an associated risk factor? a) age younger than 50 years b) history of colorectal polyps c) family history of colorectal cancer d) chronic inflammatory bowel disease 77. The nurse asks the client about which characteristic symptom of this type of tumor? a) rectal bleeding b) flat. The nurse is caring for a client with cancer of the prostate following a prostatectomy. the nurse notes bloody drainage from the nasogastric tube. The nurse is performing an admission assessment on a client diagnosed with a right colon tumor. The nurse interprets that the client may be experiencing: a) rupture of the bladder b) the development of a vesicovaginal fistula c) extreme stress caused by the diagnosis of cancer d) altered personal sensation as the side effect of radiation therapy 72. The community nurse is conducting a health promotion program and the topic of the discussion relates to the risk factors for gastric cancer.

The nurse is reviewing the history of a client with bladder cancer. The nurse is teaching breast self-examination (BSE) to a client who has had a hysterectomy. The nurse tells the client: a ) that mammography takes about 1 hour b) that there is no discomfort associated with the procedure c) to maintain an NPO status on the day of the test d) to avoid the use of deodorants. The nurse expects to note documentation of which most common symptom of this type of cancer? a) dysuria b) hematuria c) urgency on urination d) frequency of urination 87. The nurse is assessing the stoma of a client following a ureterostomy. A client with carcinoma of the lung develops syndrome of inappropriate . The nurse interprets that the client is making the best adjustment to the loss of the breast if which of the following behaviors is observed? a ) participating in the care of the surgical drain b) reading the postoperative care booklet c) refusing to look at the wound d) asking for pain medication when needed 96. The nurse providesinstructions to the client regarding preparation for 92. The client has undergone mastectomy. The nurse is caring for a client following intravesical instillation of an alkylating chemotherapeutic agent into the bladder for the treatment of bladder cancer. The nurse tells the client to: a) insert the device into the tracheostomy b) hold the device alongside the neck c) hold the device over the upper 102. The nurse is teaching the client who has had a laryngectomy for laryngeal cancer how to use an artificial larynx. the nurse should instruct the client to: a) urinate immediately b) maintain strict bed rest c) change position every 15 minutes d) retain the instillation fluid for 30 minutes antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) as a complication of the cancer. The client is preparing for discharge from the hospital after radical vulvectomy. The nurse instructs the client that while examining the left breast. Which nursing intervention would assist in preventing lymphedema of the affected arm? a) placing cool compresses on the affected arm b) elevating the affected arm on a pillow above heart level c) avoiding arm exercises in the immediate postoperative period d) maintaining an intravenous site below the antecubital area on the affected site 90. The nurse plans to teach this client that which of the following activities is acceptable after discharge because it will no precipitate complications? a) sexual activity b) walking c) sitting for lengthy periods d) driving a car 97. As part of chemotherapy education. A nurse manager is teaching the nursing staff about signs and symptoms related to hypercalcemia in a client with metastatic prostate cancer and tells the staff that which of the following is a serious late sign of this oncological emergency? a) headache b) dysphagia c) constipation d) electrocardiographic changes 93. she should place a pillow under the : a) right shoulder b) left shoulder c) small of the back d) right scapula 99. A nurse is monitoring a client for signs and symptoms related to superior vena cava syndrome. The nurse interviewing the client asks whether the breast lumps are more noticeable: a) in the spring months b) in the autumn c) after menses d) before menses 101. The nurse understands that further teaching is needed when the client states: a) I should avoid blowing my nose b) I may need a platelet transfusion if my platelet count is too low c) I'm going to take aspirin for my headache as soon as I get home I will count the number of pads and tampons I use when menstruating 94. The nurse instructs the client in breast self-examination (BSE). powders. The nurse is preparing a client for a mammography. Which of the following is an early sign of this oncological emergency? a) cyanosis b) arm edema c) periorbital edema d) mental status changes 98. the nurse teaches a female client about the risk for bleeding and self-care during the period of the greatest bone marrow suppression (the nadir). The appropriate instruction regarding when the BSE should be performed is: a) 7 to 10 days after menses b) just before menses begins c) at ovulation time d) at a specific day of the month and on that same day every month thereafter 100.86. Following the instillation. The nurse has admitted a client to the clinical nursing unit following a modified right radical mastectomy for the treatment of breast cancer. The nurse anticipates that which of the following may be prescribed? Select all that apply a) radiation b) chemotherapy c) increased fluid intake d) serum sodium levels e) decreased oral sodium intake f) medication that is antagonistic to antidiuretic hormone 95. The nurse plans to place the right arm in which of the following positions? a) elevated above shoulder level b) elevated on a pillow c) level with the right atrium d) dependent to the right atrium 88. The 32 y/o female client has a history of fibrocyctic disorder of the breasts. The nurse is caring for a client following a mastectomy. A client is scheduled for a Papanicolaou (Pap) smear at the next scheduled clinic visit. The nurse tells the client to lie down and toexamine the left breast. or creams on the day of the test 91. Which of the following should the nurse expect to note? a) a dry stoma b) a pale stoma c) a dark-colored stoma d) a red and moist stoma 89.

The nurse tells the client that: a) the test may be painful b) the dye injected may cause a warm. Which of the following information should the nurse give the client? a) it is not necessary to do BSE because you are postmenpausal b) you are not at risk for breast cancer because you are in the postmenopausal . A client suspected of having an abdominal tumor is scheduled for a computed tomography (CT) scan with dye injection. flushing sensation c) fluids will be restricted following the test d) the test takes approximately 2 hours 108. The community health nurse is conducting a breast cancer screening clinic in a local neighborhood and is providing sessions regarding breast selfexamination (BSE). A community health nurse is preparing a poster for educational session for a group of women and will be discussing the risk factors associated with breast cancer.this test. A nurse is preparing a list of home care instructions regarding stoma and laryngectomy care to a client who had a laryngectomy. The nurse teaches skin care to the client receiving external radiation therapy. uterus. a) family history of breast cancer b) early menarche c) early menopause d) previous cancer of the breast. The nurse would try to limit which food that is most likely to cause this taste for the client? a) beef b) potatoes c) custard d) cantaloupe 109. The client has been hospitalized for a cervical implant. or ovaries e) multiparity f) high-dose radiation exposure to chest 106. if made by the client. Select the risk factors for breast cancer that the nurse will list on the poster. Select all that apply. The implant is removed and the nurse provides home care instructions to the client. Which of the following statements. Which statement made by the client indicates a need for further instructions? a) cream may be used to relieve dryness or itching b) foul-smelling vaginal discharge is a sign of an infection c) sexual intercourse may be resumed after 7 to 10 months d) some vaginal bleeding is expected for 1 to 3 months 104. Which statement by a client indicates a need for further instructions? a) TSE is performed once a month b) TSE should be performed on the same day of each month c) the scrotum is held in one hand and the testicle is rolled between the thumb and forefinger of the other hand d) it is best to do TSE first thing in the morning before a bath or shower 103. A client with liver cancer receiving chemotherapy tells the nurse that some foods on the meal tray taste bitter. Select all instructions that would be included in the list a) avoid swimming and use care when showering b) keep the humidity in the home low c) avoid exposure to people with infections d) restrict fluid intake e) obtain a Medic-Alert bracelet f) prevent debris from entering the stoma 107. A postmenopausal woman arrives at the clinic for information on BSE. A community health nurse who is conducting a teaching session about the risks of testicular cancer has reviewed a list of instructions regarding testicular self-examination (TSE) with the clients attending the session. The nurse tells the client that: a) the test can be performed during menstruation b) fluids are restricted on the day of the test c) the test is painless d) vaginal douching is required 2 hours before the test phase c) you need to perform BSE on the same day of every month d) mammograms performed every 5 years are sufficient in the postmenopausal phase 110. would indicate the need for further instruction? a) I will handle the area gently b) I will avoid the use of deodorants c) I will limit sun exposure to 1 hour daily d) I will wear loose-fitting clothing 105.