Anantharaman V, Koonin EV, Aravind L. (2002) Comparative genomics and evolution of proteins involved in RNA metabolism.

Nucleic Acids Res 30: 1427– 1464. Benner SA, Kim HJ, Yang Z (2012) Setting the stage: the history, chemistry, and geobiology behind RNA. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol 4:a003541. doi:10.1101/cshperspect.a003541. Bernhardt HS. (2012) The RNA world hypothesis: the worst theory of the early evolution of life (except for all the others). Biol Direct 13; 7:23. Bernhardt HS, Tate WP (2012) Primordial soup or vinaigrette: did the RNA world evolve at acidic pH? Biol Direct 7: 4. Breaker RR. (2010) Riboswitches and the RNA world. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol doi: 10.1101/cshperspect.a003566. Briones C, Stich M, Manrubia SC (2009) The dawn of the RNA World: toward functional complexity through ligation of random RNA oligomers. RNA 15:743– 749. Callahan, M. P., K. E. Smith, H. J. Cleaves, II, J. Ruzicka, J. C. Stern, D. P. Glavin, C. H. House, and J. P. Dworkin, (2011) Carbonaceous meteorites contain a wide range of extraterrestrial nucleobases, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108, 13995-13998 Cech, T.R. (2011). The RNA Worlds in Context. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol. pii: cshperspect.a006742v1. Cheng LK and Unrau PJ (2010). Closing the circle: replicating RNA with RNA. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol 2 (10): a002204. Cochrane JC, Strobel SA (2008) Riboswitch effectors as protein enzyme cofactors. RNA 14:993–1002. Crick FH. (1968) The origin of the genetic code. J Mol Biol 38: 367–379. Crick, F (1970). Central dogma of molecular biology. Nature 227 (5258): 561–3. Ertem G, Ferris JP (1996) Synthesis of RNA oligomers on heterogeneous templates. Nature 379:238–240. Fox GE (2010) Origin and Evolution of the Ribosome . Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol 2:a003483. Glaser R, Hodgen B, Farrelly D,McKee E (2007). Adenine synthesis in interstellar space: mechanisms of prebiotic pyrimidine ring-formation in monocyclic HCNpentamers. Astrobiology 7: 455-470.

Ciciriello F. Zaug AJ. J Biol Chem 283:36494–36503. Orgel LE. and Friend. Szostak JW. (1986) Origin of life: The RNA world. Powner MW. Chaires JB. Biology Direct 3: 29 Guerrier-Takada C. (1982) Selfsplicing RNA: Autoexcision and autocyclization of the ribosomal RNA intervening sequence of Tetrahymena. G. (2010) Chemoselective multicomponent one-pot assembly of purine precursors in water. Nutman. Noller HF. Luisi PL . (1983) The RNA moiety of ribonuclease P is the catalytic subunit of the enzyme. Nature 459:239–242. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol doi: 10. Di Mauro E (2008) Nonenzymatic RNA ligation in water. Marsh T. Gerland B. Evidence for life on Earth before 3. G. B. Cell 31: 147–157. Pace N. Proc Natl Acad Sci 69: 3115–3118. Xu. Cell 35: 849–857.L. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 54 (3): 880–886. Kruger K.. Denatured DNA as a Direct Template for in vitro Protein Synthesis. J Am Chem Soc 132(46):16677- . C.R. Cambridge. Altman S.M.Gilbert W. JJ (1965).J.a003681. BJ and Holland. (2010) Evolution of protein synthesis from an RNAworld. Production of Amino Acids Under Possible Primitive Earth Conditions. J Mol Biol 38: 381–393. Y.. (2009) Self-sustained replication of an RNA enzyme.D. UK: Cambridge University Press. Lincoln. A. Sands J.Costanzo G. McCarthy.F.. N. Harish A.P. S. Grabowski PJ. T.(2006) The emergence of life: from chemical origins to synthetic biology. K. Arrhenius. Science 117 (3046): 528–9..1101/cshperspect. Labedan. Noller HF. Glansdorff. Nature 384 (6604): 55–59. & Joyce. Harrison. PLoS One 7:e32776. Nature 319: 618. T. Cech TR.8 Ga. Sutherland JD (2009) Synthesis of activated pyrimidine ribonucleotides in prebiotically plausible conditions. (1953). Gardiner K. Pino S. Mojzsis. constitution and genetic legacy of an elusive forerunner.. Powner MW. Gottschling DE. Science. Caetano-Anollés G(2012) Ribosomal history reveals origins of modern protein synthesis. Stanley L. McKeegan. (1968) Evolution of the genetic apparatus. 323:1229-32. (2008) The Last Universal Common Ancestor: Emergence.A. (1972) Functional modification of 16S ribosomal RNA by kethoxal. Miller. (1996). Sutherland JD.

Pino S.1101/cshperspect. Landweber LF (2005) The RNA world on ice: a new scenario for the emergence of RNA information. (1993). Kazakov SA. (2012) Formamide and the origin of life. 186. Turk RM. . Costanzo G. Di Mauro E. 9(1):84-104 Schopf. (1967) The genetic code: The molecular basis for genetic expression. Yarus M (2010) Multiple translational products from a five-nucleotide ribozyme. White HB III (1976) Coenzymes as fossils of an earlier metabolic state. J Syst Chem 3:2. Phys Life Rev. Attwater J. Woese CR. J. Harper & Row. J Mol Evol 7:101–104. Johnston BH. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 107:4585–4589. Biosci. Coulson A. Joyce GF (2012) The origins of the RNA world. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 366: 2902–2909. J Mol Evol 61:264–273. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol 4:a003608. Crestini C. Chumachenko NV. doi:10. Saladino R. J. Robertson MP. W. Szostak JW (2012) The eightfold path to non-enzymatic RNA replication.a003608. Vlassov AV. Science 260 (5108): 640–646. Science 332:209–212.1021/ja108197s. p. Wochner A. doi: 10. Tamura K (2011) Ribosome evolution: Emergence of peptide synthesis machinery . Microfossils of the Early Archean Apex Chert: New Evidence of the Antiquity of Life. 36: 921–928.88. Yarus M (2011) The meaning of a minuscule ribozyme. Holliger P (2011) Ribozyme-catalyzed transcription of an active ribozyme.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful