PROTECTING THE PUBLIC Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements in Bedfordshire

Annual Report 2004-2005

Section One

Ministerial Foreword by Baroness Scotland
The work being undertaken to improve the safety of communities through the Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) is vitally important and a priority for government. The annual reports for 2004/5 provide evidence of that active engagement. Violence and sexual abuse are unacceptable wherever they occur and it is evident that through MAPPA such offenders are identified and better managed than ever before. As the number of offenders within MAPPA continues to grow as expected there is clear evidence that the Responsible Authority, that is the local police, probation and the Prison Service, is addressing these additional demands by strengthening local partnerships, using new statutory powers to restrict the behaviour of offenders, returning offenders to custody where they breach their licence or order, and using the findings of research and inspection to strengthen national guidance and local practice. Although it is never possible completely to eliminate the risk posed by dangerous offenders, MAPPA is helping to ensure that fewer people are re-victimised. The active implementation of the Criminal Justice Act (2003) during the last year has clearly enhanced the ability of a number of agencies including health, social services and housing to work collaboratively with the Responsible Authority in assessing and managing those sexual and violent offenders in our communities who pose the highest risk of serious harm. For the continued success of MAPPA this collaboration together with the scrutiny of policy and Baroness Scotland Minister of State for Criminal Justice and Offender Management practice must become the hallmark of these arrangements. Similarly MAPPA must integrate with other public protection mechanisms dealing with child abuse, domestic abuse and racial abuse. For me one of the most exciting developments in this arena in the last 12 months has been the appointment of lay advisers to assist the Responsible Authority in the oversight of the arrangements. As ordinary members of the public these lay advisers represent a diverse, able and committed group of people who are now helping the statutory agencies to oversee the work being undertaken through MAPPA and communicate with the public more effectively. Without a growing sense of public knowledge and confidence about this work much of the benefits of the public protection arrangements will be lost. I hope this annual report will be useful, informative and re-assuring to local communities. The agencies and individuals who have contributed to the achievement of MAPPA locally are to be commended.

Section Two


Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) were established in 2001, and have provided a firm statutory basis for the work that police and probation jointly undertake to protect the public from both sexual and violent offenders. From April 2004 the Prison Service joined the Arrangements as a third statutory partner, to support and strengthen the work of the MAPPA and its two local public protection panels. The Arrangements recognise that only a small minority of offenders will never be released from prison. For those who are returned to the community, having served their sentences, the MAPPA provides a means of putting safeguards into place to protect the public. This report details the work that has been undertaken in Bedfordshire by the two panels during 2004-2005. In particular, it demonstrates the importance of joint working by all the agencies involved, to build a comprehensive ongoing picture of the offender’s behaviour. This ensures that arrangements are in place that will assist the offender’s rehabilitation, while ensuring the greatest level of protection for the community.

The MAPPA Strategic Management Board has a critical role to play in this process, by overseeing and reviewing the operational activities of the two panels. Membership of the Board has been further enhanced this year through the contributions of two lay advisors, appointed in February 2004. Their input is highly valued, and brings a greater degree of community involvement to the management of public protection. Much of the casework involved is complex and detailed in nature, but through the MAPPA case studies, the report reflects some of the operational joint action that has taken place. Sexual and violent offences are crimes that hugely affect the lives of victims and their families, and raise deep concerns in local communities. Only a very small proportion of the total number of offenders dealt with in Bedfordshire pose a risk that merits referral to the panels, but the MAPPA framework ensures that protection of the public is given the highest priority by all concerned.

Gillian Parker Chief Constable Bedfordshire Police

Ben Emm Chief Officer Bedfordshire Probation Area

Danny McAllister Area Manager HM Prison Service

Section Three

Key Achievements

The role of the Prison Service in MAPPA 2004-2005:
One of the important ways in which the Criminal Justice Act (2003) strengthened the MAPPA was to make the Prison Service part of the Responsible Authority with police and probation in each of the 42 Areas in England and Wales. The Prison Service has been given this enhanced role in recognition of the important part it plays in protecting the public by keeping offenders in custody; helping them to address the causes of their offending behaviour; and by undertaking other work to assist their successful resettlement. As part of the Responsible Authority the Prison Service is now represented on each of the Strategic Management Boards (SMBs) in the 42 Areas. The Prison estate is configured differently from Police/Probation Areas in that its establishments are contained within only 12 geographical areas and two functional areas – the High Security estate, and Contracted Prisons. For this reason arrangements for Prison Service representation on SMBs vary across the country, but each Prison Service Area Manager has entered into an agreement with the SMBs on how the Service will contribute both strategically and operationally to the MAPPA. The main focus of the Prison Service contribution is at an operational level. A number of measures have been put in place across the prison estate to ensure that this will be effective and result in:

Regular monitoring of the behaviour of those assessed as presenting the highest risk, and sharing information with police and probation colleagues

All relevant risk management information being provided to multi agency meetings which help plan an offender’s release

At least three months notification to police and probation of the expected release dates of those offenders who have been referred to the multiagency public protection panel (MAPPP), and at least six weeks notification of those being managed at level 2 risk meetings

No changes to release dates or arrangements being made without prior consultation with police and probation

Playing an effective role in the multi agency risk management of MAPPA offenders requires good communication between criminal justice partners. The Prison Service has taken steps to ensure that there are dedicated points of contact for public protection at both Area level and in every prison establishment, and that these are published together with police and probation contacts to ensure better communication across the Responsible Authority. With the ever increasing MAPPA population, and proportion of those received into prison likely to grow with the introduction of the new public protection sentences, the inclusion of the Prison Service as part of the Responsible Authority will continue to be vital in protecting the public.

Prompt identification of MAPPA offenders so that their details can be used in sentence planning arrangements, including interventions to manage and reduce risk

Working with Bedford Prison
In Bedfordshire the prison service joined both the police and probation services in becoming the responsible authority in April 2004, and these three agencies now ensure that the MAPP arrangements are implemented across Luton and Bedfordshire. We have enjoyed a very positive and supportive working relationship with our local prison, HMP Bedford, dating back to before its adoption as the third responsible authority. But Bedford is predominantly a remand prison, hence many offenders within its care will not normally fall within the MAPP arrangements. However, for several years our operational work has been supported by the input and expertise of the public protection officer at Bedford Prison, who has assisted the probation service in making links between the needs of offenders within prison, and how best to safely manage their return to the community. One of the problems that the probation service has often faced in working with prisoners is that they may be in distant prisons, where regular face-to-face visiting is problematic. Thanks to the input from the prison’s public protection officer, and his understanding of risk management issues, arrangements have been made, on occasions, to have offenders managed through the MAPPA transferred to Bedford towards the end of their sentence. This has enabled the local probation officer and the local MAPP agencies to plan for the offender’s release far more easily and effectively.

Probation Public Protection Teams
The implementation of key sections of the new Criminal Justice Act from April 2005 has led to the creation of public protection teams within the probation service. Offender managers within these teams will have specific responsibilities for the supervision of offenders identified by the MAPP panels. The new arrangements will ensure they have additional time to work more intensively with individual offenders referred by the panels.

Memorandum of Understanding
All agencies undertaking MAPPA work now operate within a clearly defined framework and protocol – the memorandum of understanding. This provides terms and conditions under which the public protection panels operate. In particular, the memorandum defines how information is to be shared and the terms of confidentiality that apply. At the strategic level it places on each agency a duty to co-operate in the MAPPA process, and clarifies the key role that each agency will play in effective risk management.

Work with Victims
The probation service Victim Liaison Unit in Bedfordshire has always worked in close conjunction with the MAPPA process. A unit representative attends meetings of the MAPP panels to represent the views and concerns of victims and Bedfordshire was among the first areas to invite victims to attend panel hearings to express their personal views, where this was deemed necessary and appropriate. To strengthen links between the MAPPA process and

Section Three Continued

work with victims of serious crime, the decision was taken in 2004-2005 to establish the victim liaison team alongside the MAPPA unit. Both are now housed in the same building as Victim Support, providing a far greater degree of collaboration and an holistic approach to work with victims.

as a lay advisor as I believe it is right that members of the

❛❛ I was pleased to be appointed

community should be involved. As a magistrate of 20 years, I bring an appreciation of the difficulty in making decisions which affect people’s lives.
Lay Advisor Bedfordshire Strategic Management Board

Appointment of Lay Advisors
A very significant development for Bedfordshire has been the successful recruitment of two lay advisors to join the Strategic Management Board. The process of recruitment took place in February 2004, and later this year they are to undertake national and local training to better prepare them for their role. The process for selecting lay advisorswas a rigorous one, with a lengthyapplication and interview process. Bothof our lay advisors are local people whoare already involved in many differentactivities within their local communities, and whose commitment and objective approach to the management of highrisk offenders will be very beneficial to our work.


process as violent offenders. Offenders may also be placed on the system if they are identified as ‘potentially violent’. In the future registration may be extended to other categories, including those subject to mental health orders, and repeat domestic violence offenders.Key police staff have been trained on the system which is located within the public protection unit at police headquarters. VISOR is a secure system with limited access permitted to police staff working within the public protection field, but there are plans for probation and prison service staff working in public protection to be linked to the database. In addition, the co-location of police public protection staff alongside their counterparts from the probation service is now proceeding in Bedfordshire, and is anticipated to have been finalised within a few months. This will allow far greater collaboration between the two services, providing an enhanced level of public protection for the local community.

Improving Risk Management
Several significant developments will now enableBedfordshire to become more effective in the process of risk management. In November 2004 Bedfordshire Police implemented the VISOR (Violent and Sex Offenders Register) system. VISOR is the largest national computer system to be introduced into police services since the establishment of the Police National Computer (PNC). It provides a computerised national intelligence database that records all offenders placed on the Sex Offender Register, and those identified through the MAPPA

Section Four

How the MAPPA Operates Locally
The work of the multi-agency public protection panels is often a complex and painstaking process, involving a number of local agencies. As well as those agencies that have overall responsibility for public protection – police, probation, and the prison service – others such as education, health, housing, social services and Victim Support may also be involved. There are two levels of MAPPA involvement in Bedfordshire: the Strategic Board, made up of senior managers from all participating agencies, who oversee the management of the scheme, and the two multi-agency public protection panels – one serving Luton and the south of the county, the other focussing on work in North Bedfordshire and Mid Bedfordshire. The work of the MAPPA is funded jointly by the probation service and police. A MAPPA co-ordinator – a senior probation officer – is responsible for overseeing all cases and advising on them at panel meetings. He will call meetings to discuss new referrals, and is responsible for collection of case materials and other relevant information to assist the panels. The co-ordinator will decide which agencies should attend to discuss a particular case, alongside the core agencies – police, probation, and the prison service. He is assisted by an administrator, who arranges and records meetings, and is responsible for general organisation.Panel meetings are usually arranged on a monthly basis to facilitate a review of each ongoing case, and to discuss new referrals. Arrangements are also in place to call emergency meetings if necessary.The concerns and fears of victims are central to the panel’s discussions and, as previously mentioned, victims may be invited to attend panel meetings to more fully understand their anxieties and meet their needs.Here we highlight several of the cases dealt with during the year in Luton and Bedfordshire, which illustrate the high level of intervention and monitoring that is undertaken, and the information sharing and support from other agencies which plays such a vital role in underpinning the work of the panels.

CASE STUDY ONE – Disclosure to the Media
Background An offender with previous convictions for indecent exposure to children was released from prison on licence. The offender had gained access to leisure facilities to target children at play. Risk assessment It was felt that the risk of re-offending was significant, and that measures should be adopted to protect the public. Conditions were attached to his licence to prevent him visiting leisure facilities. Risk management Police circulated details and a photograph of the offender to all local leisure facilities, so that all managers and staff were alerted. Outcome The offender was identified visiting a local leisure facility and police were immediately informed. He was detained and returned to prison. The local media received information about the case from other sources, but needed to confirm that the details given to them were correct before printing a report. It was recognised that it was in the public interest to reveal that action had been taken to protect the public, and confirmation was given to the press.

Section Four Continued

CASE STUDY TWO – Domestic Violence and Child Protection
Background The offender, a 32-year-old male, was referred to the MAPP panel by his supervising probation officer. The offender was serving a three year custodial sentence for violent offences when reports were received from the prison that there had been numerous incidents whilst he was in custody in which he had been extremely hostile to prison staff. Letters to an ex-partner, which had been intercepted, stated that he intended to harm her on his release, and to gain access to their children with or without her permission and that of the courts. The original offences did not relate to his ex-partner, and the victim in the original case was not particularly fearful of him, but had requested that he did not return to live nearby, as they had been neighbours. Risk assessment The level of violence displayed in prison, a previous history of domestic violence and other violent crimes led the panel to make an assessment that the offender presented a very high risk of causing further serious harm on release from prison, and that his threats to gain access to his children and harm his ex-partner were serious. It was agreed he also represented a high risk of harm to probation service staff and others in authority. Risk management The case was referred to the Home Office for consideration for a placement in specialist Dangerous Offender accommodation. Whilst he met the criteria, the offender refused to cooperate with the strict regime at the unit, threatened to harm staff members, and was therefore not accepted. Referrals were then made to probation hostels out of the Bedfordshire area, to seek alternative arrangements for his release. However, no suitable place could be found immediately. In the circumstances, the panel decided to place him in a local probation hostel but it was agreed that another out-of-area hostel would, in time, accept him, provided his behaviour in the local hostel was acceptable. As a precautionary measure, police, the local housing department, and the probation service victim liaison unit arranged for the ex-partner to move to alternative accommodation. Police made regular checks at the new address following the offender’s release. They also attended the hostel on the day of the offender’s release to assist, should his behaviour be unmanageable. In addition, the offender was flagged on police intelligence systems. Outcome On release the offender was initially very angry at being compelled to reside at a probation hostel, but he co-operated well with his supervising probation officer, and began to discuss his previous offending and his response to situations in which he did not get his own way. He assured both staff at the hostel and his probation officer that he would comply with the requirements of his licence and would not attempt to contact his victim, his ex-partner, or his children. He gradually showed an increased awareness of the consequences of violent behaviour and a desire to change and find legitimate work. After further progress he was accepted in the out-of-area probation hostel, and from there moved into his own accommodation. He has now not come to the attention of police for a considerable period of time, and has made no attempt to contact his ex-partner. He has followed the advice of his supervising probation officer and applied through the courts to gain access to his children.

CASE STUDY THREE – Dealing with mental health issues
Background A 30 year old man had a history of committing robberies at the behest of other offenders to obtain money for them, and his bizarre behaviour was known to intimidate members of the public into parting with cash. There were also numerous assaults against his immediate family, who were therefore reluctant to allow him to reside at home. He had been in and out of prison serving short-term sentences over the past few years. His behaviour was identified as associated both with drug misuse and mental health issues, but it was difficult to separate the two. As he had no diagnosable mental illness, he had not been deemed eligible for the long term psychiatric care and support that he undoubtedly needed. Risk assessment He was assessed as being at high risk of committing further violent acts against members of the public or his family. He was known to carry weapons and to use them against family members or members of the public, usually when encouraged by other offenders. When he appeared to be unwell, or under the influence of drugs, there was a heightened risk that he would commit further violent offences. Risk management plan The case came before the panel prior to his release from prison. No suitable accommodation was available on release from custody, and his family refused to allow him to return home. His psychiatrist agreed to accept him as an in-patient for a period of assessment, but the only further option was to find private rented accommodation. The panel did not view this as acceptable, but realised that the offender could not remain in hospital indefinitely. It was agreed provisionally that when he left the hospital he would need to be placed in supported accommodation with daily appointments to see his probation officer or his mental health social worker. Should his behaviour deteriorate, the panel agreed that he would need to be recalled to prison. Outcome The offender agreed to stay in hospital for a period of time for assessment, but during this time became aggressive towards staff and brandished a knife at them. He was arrested and, as his behaviour had significantly deteriorated, he was diagnosed as being mentally ill.After being charged with further offences and being recalled to prison for breach of his prison licence, he was re-sentenced under the Mental Health Act. Reports to the panel from the psychiatric services indicate that he will be in treatment for a long period. He will not be released without an extensive care plan and support. If he is well enough to be released he will remain subject to conditions imposed by the Home Office mental health unit, and will be returned to hospital if he fails to comply with these conditions.

Section Four Continued

CASE STUDY FOUR – Return to Prison of a Sex Offender
Background A 50 year old male was referred to the panel when his housing officer visited his address and noticed he had bags of sweets in his home. He had a previous history of indecent assaults on female children at public places such as parks, which he would frequent, and look for opportunities to offend. Risk assessment The prison licence conditions for this offender stated that he should not go within 100 yards of a school playground or park. The panel agreed that immediate action was needed to monitor him, in order to protect the public from what appeared to be the imminent likelihood of further offending against children. Risk management Police established a monitoring programme, which took effect immediately after the panel meeting. Outcome Hours after the panel had taken its decision and implemented the monitoring programme, police visited a local park and observed the offender entering it, and so breaking the condition of his licence. He was detained, and immediately recalled to prison. In prison he revealed to his probation officer that he had been planning to re-offend and was looking for an opportunity to approach children. He remains in custody, where he will serve the rest of his sentence. His case will be referred back to the panel for further consideration prior to his final release.

Section Five

Statistical Information

1. REGISTERED SEX OFFENDERS (RSOs) i. The number of registered sex offenders living in Bedfordshire on 31 March 2005 335 59 15

ia. The number of RSOs per 100,000 head of population ii. The number of sex offenders having a registration requirement who were either cautioned or convicted for breaches of the requirement, between 1 April 2004 and 31 March 2005 iii. The number of a) Sexual Offences Prevention Orders (SOPOs) applied for (b) interim SOPOs granted and c) full SOPOs imposed by the courts between 1 May 2004 and 31 March 2005

a) 14 b) 3 c) 14

iv. The number of a) Notification Orders applied for (b) interim Notification Orders granted and c) full Notification Orders imposed by the courts between 1 May 2004 and 31 March 2005

a) b) c)

0 0 0 0 0

v. The number of Foreign Travel Orders a) applied for and b) imposed by the courts between 1st May 2004 and 31st March 2005 2. VIOLENT OFFENDERS AND OTHER SEXUAL OFFENDERS vi. The number of violent and other sexual offenders (as defined by Section 327 [3], [4] and [5]) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003) living in the Area between 1 April 2004 and 31 March 2005 3. OTHER OFFENDERS vii. The number of “other offenders” as defined by Section 325 (2)(b) of the Criminal Justice Act (2003) between 1 April 2004 and 31 March 2005 4. OFFENDERS MANAGED THROUGH MAPPA LEVEL 3 & LEVEL 2 vii. The number of MAPPA offenders in each of the three categories managed through Level 3 (“the critical few”) and through local inter-agency risk management (Level 2) between 1 April 2004 and 31 March 2005 RSO V&O Other ix. Of the cases managed at Levels 3 or 2 between 1 April 2004 and 31 March 2005, the number managed who: a) Were returned to custody for a breach of licence b) Returned to custody for a breach of a restraining order or sexual offences prevention order c) Charged with a serious sexual or violent offence 0 3 0 LEVEL 3 3 7 0

a) b)



LEVEL 2 26 26 3

12 0 1

Section Five Continued

A total of 335 sex offenders were registered in 20042005, which includes those who have been on the register previously and will continue to be registered for some considerable time to come. The minimum time for registration is five years, and the maximum is for life, so that the register continues to show a year on year increase. Police sought and were granted 14 Sexual Offences Prevention Orders (SOPOs) during the period. These impose restraining conditions. They prevent an offender convicted of offences under Schedule 3 or 5 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003 from putting any member of the public at risk of further sexual harm, eg. to stop a sex offender going to a swimming pool or open public space. The court must be satisfied that an order is necessary to protect the public or any particular member of the public from serious harm, and the minimum duration for a full order is five years, with no upper limit. During 2004-2005 Bedfordshire managed a total of 10 offenders who were defined as Level 3 cases – those identified as the “critical few” who pose a high and imminent risk in the community, comprising of five sex offenders, one domestic violence offender, and four convicted of other violent offences. In each instance support and advice is provided to victims, by Victim Support and by the probation service Victim Liaison Unit. In every Level 3 case a high degree of monitoring and supervision is in place from police

and the probation service, and this resulted in three offenders being returned to custody for breach of their licence. These are generally minor infringements, eg. a failure to report at the allotted time, but the conditions of the prison licence are strictly adhered to, and any violation by a Level 3 offender results in an immediate return to custody. No offenders within this category were charged with a further serious offence during the period. For the first time this year offenders who are classified as posing a Level 2 risk are featured within the statistical information. Level 2 cases are those assessed as having the potential to pose a serious risk. Thus these cases are closely monitored and supervised. As with Level 3 cases, any breach of the prison licence will result in a return to custody, while any other indicators of deterioration in behaviour or, for example, mental condition, will result in reclassification and action by the MAPP panel. A total of 55 offenders were placed within the Level 2 criteria during the year, of whom 12 were returned to custody and one was charged with a further offence (although this did not proceed following further investigation by police)

Section Six

Strategic Management Board
The Strategic Management Board has continued to provide a strong multi-agency framework within which the work of the local MAPPA is held to account. In September 2004, a local MAPPA conference was organised by police and probation co-chairs. Over 70 people attended from a variety of agencies, with representatives at both strategic and operational levels. The conference provided an opportunity for colleagues to learn about the national developments in public protection, through contributions from Det. Chief Insp. Tim Bryan, of the Public Protection and Courts Unit at the Home Office, and a colleague from the VISOR team. Inputs from local police and the probation service provided a Bedfordshire perspective on the number of offenders managed through the MAPPA process, and the action staken by agencies to assist in managing risk and keeping the community safe.


❛❛ Membership of the Strategic

Management Board allows me to bring an education perspective to the meetings. It has also given me an insight into the importance of multiagency partnerships to manage levels of risk to the public and to children and young people in our schools. A working protocol has been developed to ensure appropriate attendance and information sharing by the Education Welfare Service at risk panel meetings. The close working relationship and trust that has developed with other Board members has enabled me to confidently seek advice about any concerns.


Child Protection:


❛❛ It is only through effective
working that children will be

information sharing and inter-agency safeguarded and the public protected. Bedfordshire Social Services is committed to working within the MAPPA framework to strive to develop safer communities.

Carol Younger, Bedfordshire Local Education Authority

Quarterly management reports are provided to the Strategic Management Board, which focus both on the numbers of offenders coming under the jurisdiction of the MAPP arrangements, and the nature of their offences. If there are cases where there are concerns about any aspect of risk management practice, or where the offender has committed another offence, these are brought before the Board for detailed discussion. The Board


Nicky Pace, Head of Children’s Services, Bedfordshire County Council

Section Six Continued

has also been briefed on the introduction of the Criminal Justice Act, and the implications for agencies engaged in public protection work. The Board has an expectation that any learning from case reviews and inspections will be shared with Board members, and progress on the implementation of developments will be reported back. Locally, a review and inspection of all cases covered by the MAPP arrangements has been planned for June 2005. The Board will form part of the review process, playing an important role in identifying both good and poor practice, and will contribute to an action plan to be drawn up in response to the findings. Bedfordshire has recently seen its Area Child Protection Committees changed to become Local Safeguarding Children Boards (LSCB). The Strategic Management Board has reviewed its links to the new LSCB, and agreed that a named link person should

be nominated to ensure information and feedback on the work of the MAPPA in Bedfordshire are reported to the LSCB, thus ensuring that child protection issues are informed by any developments in public protection arrangements. At present the named link officer is the Assistant Chief Probation Officer who co-chairs the Strategic Management Board, and also sits on both the Luton and Bedfordshire LSCBs. In order to further promote joint working, the MAPPA co-ordinator will also attend both LSCBs to share information, and discuss the role that agencies within the LSCBs can play in the management of offenders covered by the MAPPA.

Section Seven


Bedfordshire Probation Area Lis Pace Assistant Chief Probation Officer

Address Bedfordshire Probation Area Head Office 3 St Peter’s Street Bedford MK40 2PN

Phone 01234 213541

Chris DeSouza MAPP Panel Coordinator

Luton Probation Office Frank Lord House 72 Chapel Street Luton LU1 1QX

01582 413172

Bedfordshire Police Debbie Simpson Detective Chief Superintendent

Address Bedfordshire Police Police Headquarters Woburn Road KempstonBedford MK43 9AX

Phone 01234 842343

Force Co-ordinator

Sex & Dangerous Offenders Unit Bedfordshire Police Police Headquarters Woburn Road Kempston Bedford MK43 9AX

01234 842356

HM Prison Bedford Peter Clarke Head of Custody

Address HMP Bedford St Loyes Bedford MK40 1HG

Phone 01234 373011

Dave Midlane Public Protection Officer

HMP Bedford St Loyes Bedford MK40 1HG

01234 373195

DPPJ 11231

Published 2005 by Bedfordshire Probation Area, 3 St Peters Street, Bedford MK40 2PN