Nu¦tì-Agency Pub¦ìc Protectìon Arrangements
Annua¦ Report ±oo+D=
page no.
Key Achievements
How the MAPPA operates locally
Who’s Who in MAPPA
Function of the Strategic Management Board
Risk Management
Case Histories
Understanding the Statistics
Statistical Information
Appendix A

We are pleased to introduce the third report of the Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) operating in
Cambridgeshire. It illustrates very clearly that MAPPA is a further example of the close co-operation and developing
partnership between the National Probation Service in Cambridgeshire, the Cambridgeshire Constabulary, HM Prison
Service and other statutory partners.
This report highlights the further initiatives that have been implemented to improve the effectiveness of public
protection arrangements within Cambridgeshire.
Of major importance will be the implementation of those aspects of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 which required the
appointment of Lay Members to the Strategic Board. They will play an important part in monitoring the effectiveness of
The Act has also identified HM Prison Service as a “responsible authority” alongside the Police and Probation
Service, and placed a duty to co-operate on all partner agencies that have a role to play in ensuring the best possible
management of dangerous offenders in the community.
Reliable and up-to-date information is a key factor in the successful supervision of dangerous offenders. A national
Probation/Police initiative has successfully produced a new software product, VISOR (Violent and Sexual Offender
Register) that offers great potential in providing a full database on dangerous offenders and is available to the MAPPA
team. Cambridgeshire is one of the first areas to roll out this product.
This report provides information on how MAPPA operates in Cambridgeshire and we believe it also demonstrates our
commitment to continue to improve our ability to protect the public in Cambridgeshire.
Chief Officer, National Probation Service, Cambridgeshire, John Hughes
Chief Constable Cambridgeshire Constabulary, Tom Lloyd
Regional Prison Manager, Danny McAllister
Chief Constable, Cambridgeshire
Constabulary, Tom Lloyd
Chief Officer, National Probation
Service, Cambridgeshire,
John Hughes
Regional Prison Manager,
Danny McAllister
a p
2 3
Dangerous Offender Conferences
were first held in Cambridgeshire in
1997 with the establishment of a
pilot project in Peterborough. The
purpose of these conferences was
to bring Police and Probation
together to discuss and monitor the
cases of offenders who had
committed serious sexual or violent
offences. Social Services and
Housing representatives joined the
pilot project, and in 1998 its success
led to the setting up of regular
conferences in the other two Police
divisions as well. This new
approach concerning public
protection arrangements proved to
be highly effective in
Cambridgeshire and in the rest of
the country.
As a result, the Criminal Justice and
Court Services Act 2000 was
introduced which placed the
arrangements on a statutory footing.
(This has now been supplanted by
sections 325 – 327 of the Criminal
Justice Act 2003.) Under the Act,
Police and Probation were required
to develop clear Multi-Agency Public
Protection Arrangements (the
MAPPA). As part of MAPPA the
highest risk offenders were to be
formally discussed at regular
Multi-Agency Public Protection
Panels (the MAPPPs). The Act also
required Police and Probation to:
The post of the MAPPP Manager is
jointly funded by Police and
Probation. An administrator, the
MAPPA Co-ordinator, has been
appointed and their support has
greatly assisted the work of the
MAPPP Manager and the Strategic
Management Board.
The Prison Service has now joined
Police and Probation as the
constituent members of the
Responsible Authority and the
Governor of Whitemoor Prison has
joined the Strategic Management
In March 2003 the Government
published “Further Guidance” in
respect of the MAPPA that
requested the setting up of a three
tier system in every area. The
purpose of the three tier system was
to ensure that the most dangerous
offenders receive the greatest
degree of scrutiny and oversight.
The three tiers are:
In October 2003 the division-based
meetings became known as the
Local Risk Management Meetings
(LRMMs). The local nature of these
meetings means that very effective
risk management plans can be put
in place for the majority of high risk
offenders within normal agency
resourcing. Offenders who require
additional agency resources to
effectively manage the assessed
risks, are to be referred to the
MAPPP. The numbers are likely to
remain small in number in line with
Government instructions that these
are to be the “critical few”. In
Cambridgeshire from 1st October
2003 to the 31st March 2004 there
were only two offenders referred to
the MAPPP.
The number of cases referred to the
Local Risk Management Meetings
continues to rise with 31 offenders
registered on 31st March 2004
across Cambridgeshire and some
97 offenders discussed in the course
of the full year at that divisional
level. It is anticipated that the
number of MAPPP cases within
Cambridgeshire will remain relatively
small with the bulk of the work being
undertaken at the Level Two Local
Risk Management Meetings. For this
reason, although the Government
only requires the publication of data
about MAPPP cases, the Strategic
Management Board has decided to
include information about the Level
Two figures in this Annual Report.
See the facts and figures section of
this report.
Level One: Single Agency intervention - that means the offender can be managed by one agency without
actively or significantly involving other agencies. Level One cases will usually be assessed as low to medium
risk. The largest proportion of all MAPPA offenders are likely to be managed at this level.
Level Two: Local Risk Management Meetings - actively involve more than one agency in the risk management
process. At Level Two the level of risk has increased and the management of the case is more complex.
However, it is not so great as to require referral to the MAPPP.
Level Three: the MAPPP (Multi-Agency Public Protection Panel) - is for the “critical few.” This level is reserved
for offenders assessed as being at high or very high risk of causing serious harm and presenting risks that can
only be managed by a plan that requires close cooperation at senior level. The panel also oversees cases that
have attracted media scrutiny and/or public interest in the management of the case.
- Establish strategic management arrangements for reviewing and
monitoring the effectiveness of the MAPPA;
- Establish systems to ensure that only those “critical few” offenders who
pose the greatest threat to the public are referred to MAPPPs;
- Establish systems for information sharing and inter-agency collaboration
in respect of all relevant offenders;
- Consider resource allocation and the need for multi-agency training;
- Develop strategies for community and media communications;
- Publish an Annual Report describing local MAPPA, including
statistical information.
In Cambridgeshire, the Dangerous Offender Conferences
were re-designated as MAPPPs.
A steering committee was established, headed by Police and Probation but
also involving other agencies such as Youth Justice, Social Services, the
forerunner of Cambridgeshire NHS Mental Health Trust and a range of
housing providers. A protocol was signed in 2002 and this was quickly
followed by the appointment of the MAPPP Manager, a Senior Probation
Officer, who was seconded to work at Police Headquarters. The location of
the MAPPP Manager with the Police has been a major success in developing
information sharing between Police and Probation in particular.
Following the appointment of the MAPPP Manager, a meeting of the MAPPP
was held regularly concerning each of the Police divisions. Chaired by the
manager, the panel concentrated on offenders living in the local community,
or about to be released from prison. The MAPPP Manager also liaised with
Social Services, housing and mental health agencies in relation to standing
membership of the MAPPPs, and with voluntary sector organizations working
with some of the offenders under discussion. Many of the major voluntary
agencies have now “signed up” to information sharing under the MAPPP

Protecting the Public from sexual and violent offenders is best achieved by the effective joint working between all
the relevant statutory and voluntary bodies. The private sector can also have a role to play. The following
agencies have joined Cambridgeshire Police, the National Probation Service, Cambridgeshire and the Prison
Service in working together under the MAPPA, either as fully signed up members under the 2002 Protocol or on
an individual basis for a particular case.
4 5
Helping Victims of Crime
The Criminal Justice and Court
Services Act 2000, which set up
the MAPPA, also consolidated
earlier developments concerning
the work with victims of crime. The
Probation Service is required to
offer individual face-to-face contact
with the victims of offenders
sentenced to 12 months or more
for crimes of sex or violence.
The purpose of the Probation
Service's work with victims is to:
- Provide victims with general
information about criminal justice
and custodial processes.
- Consult victims about whether
they wish to provide information
that may be relevant when
considering any requirements or
licence conditions to be placed
upon the offender on his or her
release from custody.
- Consult victims about whether
they wish to be informed about
those licence conditions.
- Transmit any such information
put forward by victims to the
authority considering the offender's
conditions of release.
- Inform the victim of any
conditions or requirements
attached to the offender's release
which are relevant to contact with
the victim or his or her family, and
any other information.
The decision to engage with the
Probation Service - and at what
stage - is made by the victim.
One of the most
important tasks
involving the MAPPA
is to ensure that past
victims are not again
put at risk when an
offender is released.
Victim issues are looked at as part
of every risk management plan.
Other agencies involved in
assisting victims include Victim
Support, who offer a free and
confidential service, whether or not
a crime has been reported.
Trained staff and volunteers at
local branches offer information
and support to victims, witnesses,
their families and friends. Victim
Support provides the Witness
Service that is based in every
criminal court in England and
Wales, and offers assistance
before, during and after a trial.
A list of useful telephone numbers
is included below:
National Victim Support line
Tel: 0845 303 0900
Prison Service Victims’ Helpline
Tel: 0845 758 5112
For more local information on
Victim Support and contact
details see Appendix A (page 21)
Who’s Who in MAPPA
Cambridgeshire Social
Services Department
Peterborough Social
Services (now split into
Education and
Children’s Department and
Adult Social Care)
Peterborough Youth
Offending Service
Cambridgeshire Youth
Offending Service
Peterborough City Council
Housing Department
Cambridge City Council
Housing Department
East Cambridgeshire
District Council Housing
South Cambridgeshire
District Council Housing
Fenland District Council
Housing Department
Huntingdonshire District
Council Housing
Hereward Housing
Association Ltd
Huntingdonshire Housing
Muir Housing
Nene Housing Society
Cambridgeshire and
Peterborough Mental Health
Partnership NHS Trust
Bridgegate (Voluntary
Turning Point (Voluntary
Drinksense (Voluntary
Axiom Housing Society
Cambridge Cyrenians
Herts Care Ltd.
The Cambridgeshire Primary
Care Trusts are represented on
the Strategic Management Board
and contact with GPs has been
made in a number of cases.

Social Services
The Cambridgeshire MAPPA links to
the services provided by two
separate authorities,
Cambridgeshire County Council and
Peterborough City Council. Both
councils are committed to creating
safer communities by working in
partnership with statutory authorities.
Child Protection
Child Protection is a lead
responsibility for the councils. Their
responsibilities are undertaken in
partnership with the agencies that
make up the Cambridgeshire and
Peterborough Area Child Protection
Committees. These responsibilities
include: -
- Undertaking enquiries with the
Police into allegations of abuse of
- Organising multi-agency child
protection conferences.
- Providing key workers for all
children on the Child Protection
- Safeguarding and promoting the
welfare of children in need.
- Ensuring with Area Child
Protection Committee partners that
the procedures for safeguarding the
welfare of children are up to date
and effective.
- Promoting “Keeping Children
Safe” work in all child care settings
e.g. schools, pre-school settings,
after school clubs.
- Ensuring safe recruitment
practices are implemented across
the councils and promoted in all
childcare settings.
Protection of Vulnerable
Adults from Abuse
Cambridgeshire Social Services and
Peterborough Adult Social Care
have the lead role in ensuring that
statutory agencies work in
partnership to protect vulnerable
adults from abuse.
The Cambridgeshire and
Peterborough Vulnerable Adult
Protection Committees bring
together representatives from the
statutory, voluntary and private
sectors responsible for working with
and providing services for adults.
The responsibilities of the
committees include:
- To develop, implement and
monitor local policies, guidance and
procedures for inter-agency work.
- To improve ways of working in
the light of national and local
experience and research.
- To improve the quality of adult
protection work through further
development of training
opportunities and programmes.
- To ensure agreement and
understanding across agencies
about operational definitions and
thresholds for intervention.
- To audit and evaluate how well
local services are working together
to protect vulnerable adults.
Youth Offending Services
These services operate in
Peterborough and Cambridgeshire
and have the primary aim to prevent
youth offending amongst 10 – 17
year olds. The Youth Offending
Services are statutory partnerships
led by the local authorities and
involve a multi - agency approach,
which includes the Police, Health,
Probation and voluntary sector
services. Programmes of
supervision and support are
identified and delivered to offenders
in the community and in young
offender institutions. There is a
growing preventative strategy that
works with other agencies to
intervene with younger children.
Only a few young offenders will
come to the attention of the risk
management arrangements, but
those that do will have difficult and
complex needs.
Statutory and Voluntary
One of the most difficult and
challenging issues surrounding
public protection is the provision of
accommodation for released
prisoners. The number of statutory
and voluntary housing agencies that
have signed up to the MAPPP
protocol illustrates the importance of
finding suitable accommodation.
Many serious offenders are initially
released to National Probation
Service Approved Premises. These
places are limited and in high
demand, and inevitably there has to
be move on provision.
The Prison
Separate protocols have been
signed with both Bedford and
Littlehey Prisons concerning the
coordination of the work between
the community MAPPA and the
public protection systems within
prisons. This includes the timely
exchange of information, and
participation by prison staff in the
community based meetings and vice
versa when considered appropriate.
The purpose of this shared work is
to ensure that the controlled release
of prisoners into the community has
been properly planned. Good
communication exists with HMP
Whitemoor – who hold a public
protection meeting on every
individual due for release. The work
with the prisons has taken on a new
focus following the inclusion of the
Prison Service as a member of the
Responsible Authority for the
MAPPA. New systems for
information exchange are
developing quickly.
National Probation
Service, Cambridgeshire
The National Probation Service,
Cambridgeshire makes a wide
ranging contribution to the work of
the MAPPA. This includes:
- Initial assessment of offenders
who come before the courts for
offences of sex or violence. The
process uses a standard procedure
called the Offender Assessment
System (OASys), that includes the
assessment of an offender’s
suitability for the Sex Offender
Treatment Programme.
- Supervision and management
of offenders placed on community
orders, including action to breach
offenders who fail to comply.
- Delivery of specialist accredited
programmes to address offending
behaviour, including the nationally
recognised “Thames Valley” Sex
Offender Treatment Programme.
- Pre-release work with prisoners
and the supervision and
management of offenders on licence
following release, including taking
necessary recall action.
- The provision of
accommodation in National
Probation Service Approved
Premises for offenders who need an
enhanced level of supervision.
The Cambridgeshire Constabulary
contributes to the MAPPA through
five key actions. These include:
- Having dedicated Sex and
Dangerous Offender Intelligence
Officers in each of the three
divisions who focus on public
protection and the management of
high risk offenders.
- Using a nationally agreed risk
assessment procedure (Risk Matrix
2000) to prioritise registered sex
offenders and visit them according
to agreed policy.
- Holding a central Register of
Sex Offenders in Cambridgeshire
and co-locating the officer
responsible for the register with the
MAPPP Manager to ensure prompt
and effective information sharing.
- Investigating crimes that come
to light through the information
sharing activities of the MAPPA and
taking appropriate action.
- Jointly chairing the Strategic
Management Board and jointly
funding the post of the MAPPP
Manager and the MAPPA
Coordinator with the Probation

A great deal of work is undertaken to
place offenders as sensitively and
safely as possible in local
accommodation. Reports concerning
an individual’s risk assessment and
other information help housing
agencies make informed and
responsible decisions.
The new Supporting People
legislation may create opportunities
to provide accommodation support
through workers that will keep in
regular touch with offenders in
community provision. These workers
could provide another way of
monitoring offenders’ activities and
helping them lead responsible lives.
There has been a successful bid
through the Probation Service for
funding for housing services for
Health Services
The involvement of health care
professionals is often highly
beneficial in the work of the MAPPA.
The Cambridgeshire and
Peterborough Mental Health
Partnership NHS Trust has signed
up to the protocol and has arranged
for a local Community Psychiatric
Nurse (CPN) to attend the Local
Risk Management Meetings (LRMM)
in each of the Police areas. The
involvement of the CPN is proving
invaluable in ensuring good practical
arrangements for such things as
making sure newly released
prisoners, in need of medication, do
not have problems arranging
prescriptions, or in ‘smoothing’
referral processes for quick access
to psychiatric assessment. Work on
a multi -agency basis is also
targeting the sizeable group of
offenders who exhibit worrying, and
sometimes dangerous behaviour,
who “fall between” the criminal
justice system and the mental health
system. Further work is being done
on a new generation of protocols
between the Cambridgeshire and
Peterborough NHS Mental Health
Trust and the other agencies under
the MAPPA.
Although Primary Care Trusts
(PCTs) are not yet signatories to the
protocol, an agreed process is now
in place to complete the necessary
negotiations within the next few
months. There is currently a good
deal of effective information sharing
when considering any agency’s
“duty of care” to their client users or
their staff. The MAPPA also ensures
information is sent to GPs when it is
necessary to warn them of particular
risks associated with their patients.
There is in particular good
communication between the local
GP practice and those responsible
for offenders in Approved Premises
Voluntary Agency Roles
Bridgegate and Turning Point have
also signed up to the original
Bridgegate provides advice,
information and counselling to drug
users, concerned others and
professionals. They have specialist
projects for young people and Drug
Using Parents.
Bridgegate also manages the
Communities against Drugs Project
that works closely with the Police
and communities. They also work
within the Child Protection system
and with many statutory and non-
statutory partners. Bridgegate also
provide services to the Probation
Service, Peterborough Youth
Offending Team and Cambridgeshire
Youth Offending Services.
Turning Point
Turning Point is a leading national
charity that helps the socially
excluded build more independent
lives. The organisation provides
locally tailored services helping
people recover from the effects of
substance misuse and provides care
and support for individuals with
mental health problems or learning
disabilities. There are projects in
Cambridge and in Huntingdon, and
since 1998 a service has been
provided for the whole of Southern
Both projects work closely with and
alongside statutory agencies to
assist them in their responsibilities
under the Mental Health Act and
the NHS and Community Care Act.
Bridgegate and Turning Point also
have a history of liaison with the
Probation Service, working
with offenders who have mental
health problems.

Function of the Strategic Management Board
The original steering committee set up to develop the MAPPA was formally reconstituted as the Strategic
Management Board in October 2003. The Board is jointly chaired by Margaret Lowe, Assistant Chief
Probation Officer and Detective Superintendent Julian Eales, Director of Intelligence for Cambridgeshire
Constabulary. The function of the Board is to:
a) monitor (on at least a quarterly basis) and evaluate the operation of the MAPPA,
particularly that of the MAPPPs;
b) establish connections that support effective operational work with other public
protection arrangements such as Area Child Protection Committees, local Crime and Disorder
Partnerships and local Criminal Justice Boards;
c) prepare and publish the Annual Report and promote the work of MAPPA in the area;
d) plan the longer term development of the MAPPA in the light of regular reviews of the
arrangements and with respect to legislative and wider criminal justice changes;
e) identify and plan how to meet common training and developmental needs of those
working in the MAPPA.
Membership of the Strategic Management Board is drawn from the agencies who originally signed up to the
MAPPP Protocol, and includes representatives from Health, Housing, Social Services, the Voluntary sector
and Youth Offending Services as well as Police, Probation and the Prison Service. The Board has recently
been joined by a representative from Victim Support and will shortly be recruiting two Lay Advisors (members
of the public) in line with national developments.
Work is continuing to link the MAPPA with other public protection structures through those members of the
Strategic Management Board who also sit on Area Child Protection Committees, the Crime and Disorder
Partnerships and Cambridgeshire’s Criminal Justice Board. The MAPPP Manager has recently joined an
Area Child Protection Committee subgroup to further cement the agency links.

12 13
1. Offender A is now “registered”
as a Dangerous Offender with the
MAPPA – Level Two.
2. Probation Officer to write to A
raising issues in relation to
expectations of lengthy hostel stay
and the implications of registration
as a sex offender and with the
3. Probation Officer and Police
Officer to consult on joint prison visit
before release.
4. Probation Officer to progress
one day escorted release to hostel
so hostel staff can meet him.
5. MAPPP Manager to send Early
Warning notice to Home Office in
relation to the level of risk posed in
this case and advise of the
recommendation for extended
curfew and tagging. The manager
will also ask for additional licence
condition re Victim A to add to those
already identified. Offender A is not
to be allowed to contact any of the
victims listed.
6. Panel recommend an initial 24
hour curfew (depending on day of
release) to be fairly quickly replaced
by a curfew involving time out of the
hostel amounting to three hours in
the morning, a return at lunchtime
and three hours in the afternoon.
7. Social Worker to identify other
relevant Social Services colleagues
and establish system for
communication with all parties.
8. Social Worker to copy family
tree to MAPPP Manager to allow for
identification of other vulnerable
family members.
9. Probation Officer to check with
prison re any medication/health
issues and inform Community
Psychiatric Nurse.
10. Probation Officer to ask prison
for recent photo for Police.
11. Police Officer to begin
paperwork re application for
surveillance time on release.
The Risk Management Plan in the
case of Offender A was later
developed to include a referral to
the Sex Offender Treatment
Programme that is run in
Cambridgeshire. The Thames Valley
Sex Offender Groupwork
Programme (TV-SOGP) has been
developed by international experts
in the field of sex offender research.
This programme has been designed
for sex offenders living in the
community who are subject to
supervision either directly from
the court or following release
from prison.
The TV-SOGP is essentially for
males over the age of 21 who have
committed any sexual offence,
including internet offences.
There are many facets to the daily
work of the MAPPA partner agencies
regarding their involvement with
sexual and violent offenders.
Accurate and reliable risk
assessment lies at the heart of the
effective management of offenders.
All offenders under Probation
supervision in Cambridgeshire, or
released to the service on licence
following a prison sentence, are
subject to an initial assessment of
risk using the structured risk
assessment procedure called
OASys (Offender Assessment
System). Any offenders assessed
as “Very High Risk of Serious Harm”
must be referred to the MAPPP
Manager for discussion at a formal
meeting (generally Level Two,
occasionally Level Three). Those
who pose a “High Risk of Serious
Harm” must be referred to the
Probation Officer’s Line Manager for
a discussion about MAPPA referral.
Probation Officers also use a more
specialised assessment procedure –
called Risk Matrix 2000 – to assess
the risk of reconviction of sex
Police also use Risk Matrix 2000 to
assess all sex offenders required to
register with them. All sex offenders
who score as “Very High Risk” are
referred to the MAPPP Manager as
a matter of policy, with “High Risk”
being considered with the local
inspector as a potential for referral.
Ri s k As s e s s me n t a t a
f or mal meet i ng – a LRMM
or a MAPPP
When the offender is discussed at a
formal meeting under the
Arrangements, the risk assessment
by the referring agency is updated
after information has been shared by
the other participating agencies.
The following is an actual risk
assessment on an offender who was
discussed at a Level Two Local Risk
Management Meeting (LRMM) prior
to release.
Of f e n d e r A – Ri s k As s e s s me n t
1 Very high risk of sexual abuse to family members.
2 Risk to both adults and children.
3 Risk to either gender.
4 If monitoring activity successfully cuts off access to children of the family there is a risk that
he will revert to earlier patterns of behaviour and look to groom other children in the community.
5 Whilst there are some signs of a decrease in denial the effect of the work completed on the
Sex Offender Treatment Programme may not last, and relapse prevention strategies are not
well developed.
6 Having done the Adapted programme* it is as yet unclear what follow up will be available
in the community.
* The Adapted Programme is a Sex Offender Treatment Programme for offenders who have some degree of learning difficulty.
The agencies involved go on to set up a Risk Management Action Plan – and decide how often it should be reviewed.
Included is the initial risk management plan relating to Offender A. (Some identifying details had to be removed.) This
was a starting point and other actions were developed in the follow up meetings to end up with a very detailed and
robust plan. As part of the final plan the Probation Service ensured that he was supervised according to National
Standards and given the highest priority within the agency.
Models used
Of f e n d e r A - Ri s k Ma n a g e me n t Ac t i o n Pl a n
Risk Management

The treatment programme is based on structured work in a group setting, with some work being undertaken with
individual offenders where necessary. TV-SOGP uses cognitive behavioural methods to challenge how the thoughts,
feelings and emotional responses of offenders link to their abusive behaviour. The programme has four main
components – Foundation Block, Victim Empathy Block, Life Skills Block and Relapse Prevention Block – with a
total treatment time of 160 hours. Offenders will be expected to repeat elements of the programme deemed
necessary for their progress. The groupwork component of the programme takes approximately one year to
Key elements of the programme include:
- Risk assessment and management
- Making sex offenders aware of the damage caused to their victims
- Challenging denial by encouraging offenders to take full and active responsibility for their sexual offending behaviour
- Increasing the level of social competence frequently lacking in sex offenders
- Development of effective Relapse Prevention Strategies.
An additional structured element of the Thames Valley Programme has been developed for the partners of
offenders. This part of the programme can be a supportive element in the offender’s plan for a new, abuse free
Th a me s Va l l e y Se x Of f e n d e r Gr o u p wo r k Pr o g r a mme ( TV- SOGP)
Mr B is a very high risk sex offender who was serving a six year sentence for Indecent Assault. That offence was
committed within 36 hours of his release from prison after an earlier sexual assault. He also had a serious offence
of arson on his record, which compounded problems about how he could be safely accommodated. A decision was
made to recommend an Approved Hostel placement, but detailed planning was needed to provide additional
security and staffing resources so that risks to staff and other residents were minimized. An application was made
for him to be given additional curfews to restrict his hours of liberty, backed by an electronic tag. Police visited him
before release and the prison agreed to send an officer out with him on release to join Police in escorting him from
the prison to the hostel. Surveillance was agreed for a period following release. On the day after his release, when
he left the hostel for the first time, he was followed closely. By the end of the day he had been arrested on a
relatively minor charge not involving any personal assault. Recall procedures were initiated and he was back in
custody without further harm being caused to anyone.
Mr C became obsessed with a girl who did not want to have a relationship with him and over time his behaviour
became more and more threatening until he was charged with harassment and a Restraining Order was issued.
Breach of the order led to a prison sentence but he refused to cooperate with licence conditions and again tracked
her down, breaking into the home where she was temporarily living. While back in custody, he was referred into the
MAPPA and a plan was put in place for his subsequent release that involved a major protection package for his
victim alongside attempts to engage with him and help offender C to see how damaging his actions were. Once
again he ignored licence conditions on release and after a general alert in the relevant area he was arrested and
charged with a further breach of the Restraining Order. A Psychiatric Report was asked for and the Consultant
Psychiatrist asked for a remand into a secure medical unit to observe him and do a full assessment. Though not
diagnosed with a mental illness, the view was that he could be helped if he would agree to cooperate. Although he
had taken the first steps towards discussion of his problems he would not agree to further work and thought that
prison would be an easier alternative in relation to continuing to live where he wanted. He was given a two year
sentence but will continue to be monitored under the MAPPA and licence conditions will, as before, be arranged to
protect the victim. It may perhaps take several more trips around the “loop” of release, recall and re-sentence
before we can find a way through to break his pattern of offending.
Mr D committed an offence of Indecent Assault against a child whilst he was on holiday abroad. He had never been
convicted of an offence in this country. Information about the case was brought to the attention of Police who
subsequently learned of an incident where he had been observed ‘hanging around’ toilets in a seaside resort and
obviously following children. He was brought under the MAPPA and work undertaken to gather evidence sufficient
to apply for a Sex Offender Order, prohibiting him from places such as parks and swimming pools. As part of that
work he was assessed by a specialist worker from the Probation Service who confirmed Police suspicions of the
level of threat he poses. Liaison took place with the housing provider who moved him to a more appropriate location
after community concerns. An Interim Order has been granted, as a consequence of which he is now a Registered
Sex Offender and Police visits will be made on a regular basis. The full order will be applied for and work to
manage his risk will continue.
Case Histories
Examples of cases that have been successfully managed on release into the community.

The case files will hopefully give
further insight into the statistics in
the next section. The figures show
that the number of Registered Sex
Offenders in Cambridgeshire, who
all come under the MAPPA, this year
stands at 322 as opposed to 282
last year - a small increase as you
would expect with a year on year
increase in the numbers who have
to register for life (all who receive a
sentence of more than 30 months).
The number of those (excluding
Registered Sex Offenders) who had
a 12 month plus sentence for a
sexual or violent offence and who
were released into the community
was 190. This category cannot be
compared to previous statistics as
this year we were asked not to
include those still in custody.
In total therefore there were 540
offenders who came under the
totality of the MAPPA of whom a
small proportion (17%) were
considered to pose a ‘high or very
high risk of serious harm’ that
merited referral to the formal
procedures for discussion and risk
management. Nearly all of the
offenders were dealt with at Level
Two. There were only two Level
Three cases. Neither of the Level
Three cases were charged with a
serious offence, but one was
recalled for an offence that did not
involve any personal harm.
During the year ‘Level Two’ formally
dealt with 38 Registered Sex
Offenders, 22 violent and other sex
offenders and 37 "other cases" i.e.
17% of the total MAPPA population.
The 37 offenders who come into the
category of "other" were referred
perhaps by Social Services or
mental health teams because of
concerns about the risk of serious
harm (and who have in the past
been convicted of a very serious
This statistic was a significant
increase on the previous year's
numbers (up by 48%) and reflects
the improved identification of this
group of offenders by the full range
of agencies now involved with the
Not all of the offenders discussed at
a Level Two meeting merited long
term work, but in all those cases
there was an agreed action plan
between the agencies to help
reduce any identified risks.
In 12 Level Two cases the Probation
Service requested prison recall for
behaviour that breached licence
conditions, an important way of
preventing further offending by
taking action before anyone is hurt.
There were no Level Two cases
where the offender was charged
with a serious sexual or violent
offence although there were 14
cases where a lesser offence
occurred. One of the consequences
of dealing with offenders through the
MAPPA system can be the better
detection of less serious offending
through information sharing and a
concerted effort to make sure that
offenders are properly and swiftly

ix. The number of offenders managed by the MAPPP during the
reporting year:
(a) who were returned to custody for breach of licence
(b) who were returned to custody for breach of a Restraining Order or
Sex Offender Order
(c) charged with a serious sexual or violent offence
No. of Offenders
i. The number of Registered Sex Offenders on 31 March 2004
i(a) The number of RSOs per 100,000 head of population
ii. The number of sex offenders having a registration requirement who
were either cautioned or convicted for breaches of the requirement,
between 1 April 2003 and 31 March 2004
iii. The number of full Sex Offender Orders applied for and gained
between 1 April 2003 and 31 March 2004
iv. The number of interim Sex Offender Orders (a) applied for and (b)
imposed by the courts in your area between 1 April 2003 and
31 March 2004
(a) Applied for
(b) Imposed by the courts
v. The number of violent and other sexual offenders considered under
MAPPA between 1 April 2003 and 31 March 2004 (as defined
by Section 68 [3], [4] and [5]) of the Criminal Justice and Court
Services Act 2000
vi. The number of "other offenders" dealt with under MAPPA between
1 April 2003 and 31 March 2004 as being assessed by the
Responsible Authority as posing a risk of serious harm to the public
(but who did not fall within either of the other two categories, as
defined by s.67 [2b])
vii. The number of Restraining Orders issued by the courts between
1 April 2003 and 31 March 2004 for offenders currently managed
within MAPPA
viii. The numbers of MAPPA offenders that have been managed through
the MAPPP (Level Three) between 1 April 2003 and 31 March 2004.
(a) MAPPP - Registered Sex Offenders
(b) MAPPP - violent and other sex offenders
(c) MAPPP - other offenders

20 21
Nu¦tì-Agency Pub¦ìc Protectìon Arrangements
National Probation Service - Cambridgeshire
Margaret Lowe Probation Headquaters
Assistant Chief 1 Brooklands Ave
Probation Officer Cambridge
01223 712345
Carol Ashford Cambridgeshire Constabulary HQ
Multi Agency Hinchingbrooke Park
Public Protection Huntingdon
Manager PE29 6NP
01480 456111
Cambridgeshire Constabulary
Julian Eales Cambridgeshire Constabulary HQ
Detective Superintendent Hinchingbrooke Park
PE29 6NP
01480 456111
Prison Service
Martin Lomas HMP Whitemoor
Governor Longhill Road
01354 602350
The urban and rural images featured in this report have only been selected to give a pictorial representation
of Cambridgeshire and any persons shown are not connected with the work of the MAPPA
VICTIM SUPPORT - Information and contact details :
Unit 4
Dales Brewery Tel: 01223 329000
Gwydir Street
March Business Centre
Old School Buildings Tel: 01354 658231
Dartford Road
PE15 8AN
252a Lincoln Road Tel: 01733 349897
Primrose Centre Tel: 01480 417600
Primrose Lane
PE29 1WG