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Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements
Annual Report 2003-4
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Sexual and violent offences are dreadful crimes that deeply affect the lives of victims and
their families and inspire fear in local communities. Their impact can be profound and long
lasting. Public Protection through tackling sexual and violent crimes is one of the highest
priorities for the Police and Probation Services. The introduction of Multi-Agency Public
Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) is a very important measure to improve the protection
of the public from violent and sexual offences.

MAPPA place a duty on the Police, National Probation Service and - from April 2004 - the
Prison Service, to assess and manage the risks posed by these serious offenders. In
Derbyshire, we do this in partnership with a range of additional agencies who now also
have a duty to co-operate under the Criminal Justice Act 2003.

Although it will never be possible to eliminate risk completely, these arrangements which
identify relevant offenders, and provide for the exchange of information leading to joint
assessment and management, are the most effective way to minimise and manage the risks
posed by dangerous offenders.

As this report describes, significant progress has already been made and during 2004/05
there will be further important developments including the involvement of Lay Advisers in
reviewing and monitoring the MAPPA. The introduction of an element of public scrutiny
into the often complex and sensitive area of public protection by the appointment of these
Advisers is welcome. The Lay Advisers will not only gain an insight into how public
protection work is carried out but more importantly, an opportunity to ask questions on
behalf of the public about what is being done and why.

Because of the numbers involved, the need to protect the public, and the importance of
thorough risk assessment, it is necessary to have a computer system that reflects the nature
of the work and brings a national standard. This will be provided for by the introduction of
ViSOR (Violent and Sex Offender Register) which is planned from 2004/05. ViSOR will
provide the Police and National Probation Service with a national database to register, risk
assess and manage sexual, violent and other dangerous offenders who may cause serious
harm to the public.

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In addition to this work to build effective local MAPPA, the Government has also
begun to strengthen other statutory provisions, the most significant of which the
Sexual Offences Act (2003) and the measures to introduce new sentences for
"dangerous" offenders under the Criminal Justice Act 2003
which will keep prisoners in custody until they no longer pose a serious risk to
the public.

We hope the publication of this Annual Report will contribute to members of

the public becoming more aware of MAPPA and how collaboration between
agencies in our Area continues to be strengthened.

David Coleman

Chief Constable

Dr Steve Goode

Chief Officer of Probation

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Why have MAPPA?

If a serious sexual or violent crime is committed the offender must be caught and properly
punished in accordance with the law. However, these offenders come from and in most
cases will sooner or later return to the community. Victims continue to live in the
community, and as members of the public we may all have concerns that further serious
offences may be committed, particularly if children or vulnerable people have been
the victims.

Can anything be done to limit the chances of more offences like these being carried out by
those who have committed them before and to reduce the possibility of more people
being harmed? What steps can we take to see that offenders themselves take responsibility
for reducing their own risk of re-offending?

In 2001 the Government placed a responsibility upon the Police and Probation Services
together to set up arrangements to assess and manage the risks posed by sexual, violent
and other dangerous offenders who may cause serious harm to the public. These have
come to be known has Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA). Whilst the
Arrangements cannot promise to prevent all further offending, they can make a significant
contribution to achieving a safer society. The rest of this report describes how the
arrangements work in Derbyshire.

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Which Offenders are Covered?

Public protection arrangements · Notify their intention to travel abroad if
cover sexual, violent and other it is going to be for 8 days or more,
dangerous offenders. including the place of departure and
return to the UK, with information
Registered Sex Offenders about where they will be staying and
Registration for persons convicted of for what period they will be travelling.
sexual offences was brought in by the
For How Long?
Sex Offender Act 1997. Anyone
convicted or cautioned for a relevant The period of registration is set by law: it
offence since 1st September 1997 is is not decided by a Court. How long the
covered by the Act, as are offenders who registration lasts depends on the type and
were serving a custodial or community length of sentence imposed:
sentence at that time. The notification
30 months imprisonment
requirements of the Act do not apply to or more Indefinite
persons who had been convicted and
finished their sentence before that date. Hospital admission under
Restriction Order Indefinite
Under the Act a person must:
· Tell the Police within 3 days of Less than 30 months but
conviction or release from prison of over 6 months imprisonment 10 years

their name, date of birth and home

6 months imprisonment
address when convicted.
or less. 7 years
· Give any other name they are known
by, and their present address. Hospital admission without
Restriction Order. 7 years
And afterwards:
· Notify any further change of name Any other sentence
or address. (including a caution) 5 years
· Provide the details of any other address
Except for indefinite registration these periods are
at which they stay for more than a set halved for offenders aged 17 and under.
number of nights in a year.
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The penalty for failure to comply, or giving For How Long?

false information can be up to 6 months
These offenders come under the
imprisonment at Magistrates Court, or
arrangements for as long as they remain
5 years at a Crown Court, and/or a fine.
under supervision in the community
Some of these requirements are being following release from the custodial part
changed and further strengthened through of a sentence, or discharge from hospital.
new measures introduced from May 2004 It therefore depends upon the length of
under the Sexual Offences Act 2003. the original sentence. Someone
sentenced to 3 years imprisonment for
Violent and Other Sex Offenders. example, will normally be released after
Violent offenders and persons sentenced having spent 18 months in prison, and
for sexual offences not covered by the then be under supervision for a further
notification requirements come under 9 months. A person given a sentence of
public protection arrangements if they 4 years or more will however only be
have been: released at the mid-point of sentence by
decision of the Parole Board, and can be
· Convicted of any one of over
kept in custody until the two-thirds point
30 qualifying offences, and
of sentence. The offender is released on
· Sentenced to at least 12 months a Licence which contains several standard
imprisonment or detention and some discretionary conditions.
Or, alternatively because they are: Persons sentenced for offences that carry
a registration requirement are subject to
· Not guilty because of their mental
these arrangements, as well as the
health even though they have carried
notification requirements of the
out the act charged, and have as a
Sex Offender Act.
result been admitted to a hospital or
placed under a Guardianship Order.

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What Does Release on example, by attendance at a sex

Licence Mean? offender treatment programme.

By law anyone sentenced to · Not to take work that involves a

12 months imprisonment or more person under (e.g. 18) either on a
serves part of the sentence in prison, professional or voluntary basis.
and part of the rest of the sentence on · Not to reside or stay in the
Licence, being supervised by the same household as any child
Probation Service (or Youth Offending under (e.g. 16).
Service if aged 17 or under). This · Not to approach or seek to
means they can be recalled to custody communicate with the victim.
if they breach the terms under which · Not to associate with other
they have been released. named persons.
Licences contain a number of standard · Not to enter a specified area.
conditions intended to see that the
The victims of serious sexual and
offender remains of good behaviour.
violent offences have the right to be
Extra conditions designed to protect consulted about the conditions under
the public can include: which an offender is released.
· To comply with requirements to
address offending behaviour, for

In the most serious cases a higher Court public may be at risk of harm will lead to a
can impose an extended sentence of recommendation for the offender to be
supervision after release, which may last returned to prison. If further released they
for up to 10 years for a sexual offence, or will then again be supervised, which may
5 years for a violent offence. be up to the end date of the sentence.
Some recalled offenders will only be
Failure to comply with the conditions of a
released at this final expiry of sentence.
Licence, particularly where victims or the

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Other Dangerous Offenders

These offenders are persons who have a
previous conviction which suggests they
may cause harm to other people, but are
not otherwise covered by the
arrangements through sex offender
registration requirements, or as a result of
a supervision as part of a current sentence
for a violent or other sexual offence. It
can include individuals whose period of
registration has come to an end, or whose
period of supervision has finished, as well
as persons sentenced to less than
12 months imprisonment where there are
significant concerns about the risk they
pose, or people returning to the UK after
having served a sentence abroad for a
serious offence.

Management of these offenders is decided

through the arrangements rather than by a
sentence or Court disposal.

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Who is involved in MAPPA?

Derbyshire Constabulary and the By bringing together the different
Derbyshire Area of the National Probation responsibilities, expertise and resources of
Service are jointly responsible for local each of the partners it is possible to
public protection arrangements. address the different aspects of public
However, the effectiveness of the protection as they affect communities,
arrangements relies equally on the victims and the offender. If necessary, we
co-operation between the Police and can ensure for example that additional
Probation Services and a number of measures for child or adult protection can
additional services and agencies. It is the be taken; that offenders can be linked to
connections made locally that provide community mental health services, or that
strength to the arrangements, which no offenders are more suitably housed to
agency could achieve if working alone. take account of victim and other
community interests.
Along with Police and Probation the
services involved include: From time to time other agencies may also
· Derbyshire County Council be involved.
Social Services
· Derbyshire County Youth
Offending Service
· Derbyshire District Authorities
(especially Housing Services)
· Derbyshire County Mental Health
Services NHS Trust
· Derby City and Derbyshire Primary
Care Trusts
· Derby City Council Social Services,
and Derby Homes
· Derby City Youth Offending Service
(DOVE Project - working with sex
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How do MAPPA Work?

The first step in public protection regularly exchanged at meetings which
arrangements is the identification of involve the Social Services Department,
relevant sexual and violent offenders. For and the NSPCC, with the Police,
sex offenders this usually happens at the Probation and Youth Offending Services.
point of sentence or disposal. The courts Where an offender is assessed as
issue a notice to convicted offenders of a presenting a higher level of risk of harm,
requirement to notify their details to and they are under supervision to the
the Police. Probation or Youth Offending Services a
Where that offender is also given a meeting is held to review and extend the
community sentence or imprisoned for a assessment. As a minimum these
year or more they will come under meetings will also include the Police, with
supervision arrangements carried out by additional representatives from any other
the Probation Service if they are an adult, agency or service who have a part to play
or Youth Offending Services if they are in the assessment and management of the
under 18 years of age. offender's risk.
The Probation and Youth Offending Persons made subject to Hospital Orders
Services will also identify the additional and then released into the community
violent and other sexual offenders who come under Care Programme Approach
come within public protection (CPA) co-ordinated by the Mental
arrangements as a result of the serious Health Service.
offences which do not carry a registration Offenders seen as presenting the greatest
requirement. The Mental Health Services risk of harm, or whose management is
have a similar responsibility to identify either complex or calls for the combined
persons made subject to Hospital Orders. resources of several agencies, along with
All these offenders are assessed for the risk certain other cases which raise significant
of harm they pose to victims and the community concerns, may then be
public, based on an approach that referred to the Multi Agency Public
combines different types of information. Protection Panel (MAPPP). The Panel
Details about registered sex offenders are deals only with these 'critical few'

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offenders, and is made up of a standing

group of senior operational managers from
the main partner agencies.

Vince has a record of convictions for Robert was sentenced to several

the sexual abuse of teenage males years imprisonment for offences of
which goes back over thirty years. Affray, Wounding and Arson against
He was released with a risk the property of his victim. On
management plan agreed through release he was under supervision on
the MAPPP. This combined external Licence to the Probation Service, and
control through conditions in the subject to frequent reporting
Licence which included residence at conditions. Through conditions in
Approved Premises and prohibition the Licence and public protection
of contact with the victims, along arrangements Robert was required
with supervision arrangements of to attend appointments to address
attendance at a treatment the misuse of alcohol, which had
programme, as well as frequent been associated with his offending,
reporting to the Probation Service. and was linked to community mental
After demonstrating progress he was health services. Initially re-settled in
moved into independent privately rented accommodation, as
accommodation. Relevant approved by the Probation Service,
information was given to the housing Robert received an additional
provider and additional support support package through an
arrangements were provided independent sector provider. Having
through the independent sector. successfully managed this he was
Vince will remain under supervision then accepted for re-housing by the
for several years under an extended Local Authority. Robert successfully
sentence, and is also subject to completed his Licence period
lifetime sex offender registration. without re-offending.

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Although not all re-offending can be

prevented there are actions which can be Under victim liaison arrangements
decided through the MAPPP focused on Derbyshire Probation Area contacted
achieving better protection for the public, the mother of a child who had been
including the safeguarding of children. abducted and taken abroad. She
was fearful that the offender would
In taking steps for the protection of all
attempt to do this again when he
members of the public, a major focus of
was released from prison. Advice
the arrangements is the protection of
was given on the legal channels to
previous victims from the risk of
follow for the child to be made a
re-victimisation. The duty placed on the
Ward of Court. The victim's mother
Police and Probation Service to set up
was also assisted by the Police in
MAPPA was accompanied by a related
putting together an abduction
requirement on the Probation Service to
prevention pack and provided with a
contact the victims of serious sexual and
panic alarm. Taking account of the
violent crimes and ask whether they wish
victim's interest, the offender was
to be kept informed of the main stages of
refused early release and when
sentence imposed on the offender,
eventually released was subject to
including an opportunity to request
additional conditions in the Licence
additional conditions to the Licence under
which included:
which he or she might eventually be
released. This contact is led by the victim's · Surrender passport and not to
wishes. Where the offender was apply for any travel documents
previously known to the victim their during the Licence period.
knowledge can also be very important for · Not to contact the victim or the
better assessing the risk the offender mother of the victim.
might pose.
· To reside at a specified address.

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In Derbyshire nearly all victims of serious

sexual and violent crime where the Craig served a 9 year prison
offender is sentenced to a year or more sentence for rape of a woman. In
imprisonment are contacted within two prison he completed a sex offender
months, exceeding significantly the target treatment programme. At release
set by the National Probation Directorate he was assessed as still needing
(Home Office). further work. This took the form of
190 hours groupwork, alongside the
The Panel may also consider what
regular reporting to a Probation
notifications and disclosures may be
Officer. Craig co-operated
necessary. Through the Probation Service
throughout the whole two year
information can be passed to Job Centre
period required to complete the
Plus so that proportionate restrictions can,
Programme, and frequently
where necessary, be placed on
challenged other participants about
employment and training offered to
their responsibility for their offences.
offenders. In general, disclosure to other
He demonstrated particular
persons is an exceptional step, which is
commitment to developing new
taken when it is the only way to ensure
behaviour. On completion of the
the safety of potential victims.
groupwork programme Craig's
Managing risk involves the bringing personal risk management plan was
together of external requirements or supervised by the Probation Service
restrictions on the offender, such as the up to the end of the Licence period,
conditions of registration or a Licence after whilst the Police will continue to
release from prison, with measures to monitor the sex offender registration.
assist the offender to reduce their own
risk. For example, a Licence may include a
condition to attend a sex offender
treatment programme, such as that
provided in Derbyshire by the NSPCC in
partnership with the Probation Service.

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Chaired by an Assistant Chief Constable, a

Strategic Management Board made up of Stop It Now!
senior executive managers from the Stop It Now! is an innovative
partner agencies, oversees the MAPPA by campaign which takes the stance that
reviewing the effectiveness of the sexual abuse is a preventable public
arrangements and planning their further health problem. It seeks to stop
development. The SMB is also child sexual abuse by encouraging
responsible for related activities such as abusers and potential abusers to seek
training and publicity about MAPPA. help, and by giving adults the
Although the work carried out by the confidence they need to protect
partner agencies to MAPPA contributes to children effectively.
public protection there are also other ways Backed locally by amongst others the
in which we can all play a part, as City and County Area Child
advocated by the Stop It Now! initiative, to Protection Committees and the
safeguard the well-being of others. MAPPA partners, Stop It Now!
Derby/shire is one of the first local
projects of this national campaign.

Stop It Now! believes we can all

meet the challenge of recognising
the signs of abuse before it
happens and can take positive
action to prevent it.

For more information see 'useful

contacts'. A freephone helpline is
available - 0808 1000 900.

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Where Does This Happen?

MAPPA meetings take place in each of the
four Police and Probation Divisions in
the county:

A Division
Amber Valley and Erewash

B Division
High Peak and Derbyshire Dales

C Division
Chesterfield, Bolsover and North East

D Division
Derby and South Derbyshire

The Area Multi Agency Public Protection

Panel, which deals with the critical few
highest risk offenders meets each month at
Police Headquarters, Ripley.

The Strategic Management Board which

oversees the workings of the
arrangements and their effectiveness meets
at least quarterly.

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What do the Figures Show?

In 2003/04 over 600 sexual, violent and 19 individuals were dealt with through the
other dangerous offenders were dealt with MAPPP (Panel) in the course of the year.
under MAPPA in Derbyshire. In a few cases this was because these
offenders had also committed other acts of
At the end of March 2004 there were 479
violence. Where a sex offender behaves
persons currently in the Area who had
in a way to suggest that additional steps
provided their details to the Police under
are needed to protect members of the
the Sex Offender Act 1997. The number
public the Police can apply to the Court for
of registered sex offenders will continue to
a Sex Offender Order, which prohibits
grow for some years to come as offenders
them from doing anything named in the
released from sentences imposed since
Order - frequenting play areas, accessing
the introduction of the Act are released,
the internet, or trying to communicate
and newly convicted offenders are added
with likely victims - for example. Two Sex
to those already under the arrangements.
Offender Orders were gained in 2003/04.
Most registered sex offenders comply with
the notification requirements: just eleven As well as notifying their details to the
were convicted for failing to do so. Police a number of registered offenders
are at the same time under supervision
Sexual offenders do not all present the
arrangements managed by the Probation
same type or degree of risk to the public,
or Youth Offending Services. As well as
nor does registration apply only to
playing a part in the assessment and
individuals convicted of offences against
management of sex offenders these
children. Most offences against children
Services additionally supervised a further
are actually carried out by persons known
107 violent and other sexual offenders in
to the victim such as someone in a
the community on court order or
position of trust, or family relationship, not
following release from the custodial period
by strangers.
of a sentence. Of all offenders managed
Of those offenders required to register by the Probation Service around 10% are
17% were assessed as posing a higher risk assessed as posing a high or very high
of harm which required enhanced potential risk of harm. Two violent
attention, and from within this group offenders under supervision were subject
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to management through the The arrangements are above all intended

MAPPP (Panel). to reduce the likelihood of further
offending which harms members of the
Where offenders are under supervision on
public, but the possibility that this will
Licence after release from prison they can
happen cannot completely be eliminated.
be recalled if they breach the conditions of
Two offenders managed through the
release or behave in a way that gives
MAPPP were charged with serious
ground for concern that they may
further offences.
re-offend or harm other people. Five
offenders being managed through the Taken together these figures reflect the
MAPPP (Panel) were recalled to prison on substantial and effective work being carried
the recommendation of the Probation out by MAPPA agencies on behalf of the
Service during the year. communities of Derbyshire to achieve
better public protection.
MAPPA also enables other dangerous
offenders to be identified; this can involve
persons being supervised by the Probation
Service for non-violent or sexual offences
whose previous convictions or present
behaviour provides reasons for concern.
Twenty-seven offenders were included in
the arrangements for these reasons, and a
small number of offenders managed by the
Youth Offending Services. Six offenders
were managed through the MAPPP
(Panel), based on an assessment of their
continuing risk to the public. In the main
these were individuals whose period of
supervision on Licence etc. had come to
an end, yet measures for public protection
remained necessary.

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MAPPA Annual Reports Statistical Information

For the period 1st April 2003 - 31st March 2004

1. Category 1: Registered Sex Offenders

i. The number of registered sex offenders on 31 March 2004. 479

ia. The number of registered sex offenders per 100,000 head of population. 49

ii. The number of sex offenders having a registration requirement who

were either cautioned or convicted for breaches of the requirements
between 1 April 2003 and 31 March 2004. 11

iii. The number of full Sex Offender Orders

a) applied for, and 2
b) imposed by the courts in the Area between 1 April 2003 and 31 March 2004 2

iv. The number of interim Sex Offender Orders

a) applied for, and 1
b) imposed by the courts in the Area between 1 April 2003 and 31 March 2004 1

2. Category 2: Violent and Other Sex Offenders

v. The number of violent and other sexual offenders

(as defined by Section 68(3), (4) and (5) of the Criminal Justice and Court Services Act (2000))
living in the Area between 1 April 2003 and 31 March 2004. 107

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3. Category 3: Other Offenders

vi. The number of 'other offenders'

(as defined by Section 67 (2) (b) of the Criminal Justice and Court Services Act 2000)
living in the Area between 1 April 2003 and 31 March 2004. 35

vii. The number of Restraining Orders imposed on any MAPPA offenders

by courts in the Area between 1 April 2003 and 31 March 2004. 0

4. MAPPP Cases

viii. The number of MAPPA offenders in each of the above categories

who have been managed through the MAPPP (Level 3) between
1 April 2003 and 31 March 2004.
(i-) Registered Sex Offenders 19
(v-) Violent and Other 2
(vi-) Other Offenders 6

ix. Of the cases managed by the MAPPP between 1 April 2003 and
31 March 2004 the number who, whilst still in the MAPPP
a) were returned to custody for breach of Licence 5
b) were returned to custody for breach of a Restraining Order or
Sex Offender Order 0
c) were charged with a serious sexual or violent offence 2

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Useful Contacts
Multi Agency Public Protection Panel Victim Support Derby/shire
MAPPA Manager Area Manager
Derbyshire Constabulary Headquarters Room 10 Kings Chambers
Crime Support Department Queen Street
Butterley Hall RIPLEY DERBY DE2 2XE
Derbyshire DE5 3RS Tel: 01332 349129
Tel: 01773 572241
Stop It Now! Derbyshire
Derbyshire Probation Area Derbyshire Co-ordinator
Assistant Chief Officer NSPCC
Derbyshire Probation Area Headquarters Friary Works
18 Brunswood Road 119 Friargate
Derbyshire DE4 3PA Tel: 01332 374560
Tel: 01629 55422

Derbyshire Constabulary
Deputy Director of Intelligence
Derbyshire Constabulary Headquarters
Crime Support Department
Butterley Hall RIPLEY
Derbyshire DE5 3RS
Tel: 01773 572118

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