PRACTICE MORE

APPLICATION OF DERIVATIVES
1) The cost function is given by 0.007x3 – 0.003x2 + 15x + 4000. Find the marginal cost when 17 units are produced. 2) The revenue function is given by R(x) = 13x2 + 26x + 15. Find the marginal revenue when x = 7. 3) The radius of a balloon is increasing at the rate 10 cm/s. At what rate is the surface area increasing when the radius is 15 cm. 4) A particle moves along the curve, 6y = x3 + 2. Find the points on the curve at which the y-coordinate is changing 8 times as fast as the x-coordinate. 5) A man 2m high, walks at a uniform speed of 6m/min away from a lamp post, 5m high. Find the rate at which the length of the shadow increases. 6) The surface area of a spherical bubble is increasing at the rate of 2 cm2/s. When the radius of the bubble is 6 cm, at what rate is the volume of the bubble is increasing? 7) The volume of a spherical balloon is increasing at the rate of 25 cm3/s. Find the rate of change of its surface area at the instant when radius is 5cm. 8) An air force plane is ascending vertically at the rate of 100 km/h. If the radius of the earth is r km, how fast is the area of the earth, visible from the plane increasing at 3 min after it started ascending? It is given that if h is the height of the plane above the earth, then visible area is equal to 2πr2h / (r + h). 9) Water is leaking from a conical funnel at the rate 5 cm3/s. if the radius of the base of the funnel is 5 cm and the altitude is 10 cm, find the rate at which the water level is dropping when it is 2.5 cm from the top. 10) Water is dripping out of a conical funnel, at a uniform rate of 2 cm3/s through a tiny hole at the vertex at the bottom, when the slant height of the water is 4 cm, find the rate of decrease of the slant height of the water, given that the vertical angle is 120o. 11) Approximate using differentials : (i) √0.037 (ii) √0.037 (iii) (0.026)1/3 12) If the radius of a sphere is measured as 9cm with an error of 0.03cm, then find the approximate error in calculating its volume. 13) Find the approximate value of f(2.01), where f(x) = x2 – 5x +1. 14) Find the points on the curve x2 + y2 – 2x – 3 = 0 at which the tangent is parallel to the x-axis. 15) Prove that all points of the curve y2 = 4a[x + a sin(x/a)] at which the tangent is parallel to the x-axis, lies on a parabola. 16) Find the equation of the normal to the curve y = sin2x at the point (π/3, ¾). 17) Find at what point on the curve x2 + y2 = 13, the tangent is parallel to the line 2x + 3y = 7.

38) Determine the maximum and minimum values of the function y = 2cos2x – cos4x on [0. 29) Show that tan-1(sinx + cosx). 2] 37) Find the absolute maximum and absolute minimum values of the function x2/3 + (x – 2)2/3 on the closed interval [0. . find the point on the curve y = x(x – 4) at which the tangent is parallel to x – axis. π/4) 30) Show that the function f (x) = sin(2x + π/4) is strictly decreasing on (3π/8. 8) and (3. if k2 = 8. 20) Show that the curves 4x = y2 and 4xy = k cut at right angles if k2 = 512. x > 0 (iv) (x – 1)3(x – 2)2 (v) x4 – 8x3 + 22x2 – 24x + 21 (vi) sinx –√3cosx. x > 0 is strictly increasing on the interval (0. 36) Find the absolute maximum and absolute minimum values of the function 3x4 – 2x3 – 6x2 + 6x + 1 on [0. π] 39) Find the point on the curve y2 = 2x which is nearest to the point (1.4) 40) Show that among the rectangles of given perimeter. 33) Using differentials find the approximate value of (i) (29)1/3 (ii) √0. ck). 23) Find the equation of the tangent to the curve xy = c2 at a point (c/k. 0) and (4. 19) For the curve y = 4x3 – 2x5. 26) Find the intervals on which the following functions are (a) strictly increasing (b) strictly decreasing. 35) Find the approximate change in the volume of a cube of side x cm caused by increasing the sides by 1%. 42) Show that the perimeter of right-angled triangle of given hypotenuse is maximum when the triangle is isosceles. (i) – 3x2 + 12x + 8 (ii) – 2x3 – 9x2 – 12x + 1 (iii) 5x3/2 – 3x3/2. 27).82 (iii) √0. 32) Using LMV find a point on y = (x – 3)2 where the tangent is parallel to the chord joining (3. find the all the points at which the tangent passes through the origin. the square has the greatest area. 24) At what point on the curve x2 + y2 – 2x – 4y + 1 = 0 is the tangent parallel to y – axis. .2π) 27) Show that f (x) = x + 1/x. 22) Find the point on the curve y = x3 where the tangent is parallel to the chord joining the points (2. x Є (0.2]. 5π/8) 31) Using Rolle’s Theorem. 21) Show that the curves 2x = y2 and 2xy = k cut at right angles.085 (iv) (82)1/4 34) Let y = x2 + x + 1 and let x changes from 2 to 2. 43) Show that the isosceles triangle of maximum area that can be inscribed in a given circle is an equilateral triangle. x > 0 is strictly increasing. 41) Show that the rectangle of maximum area that can be inscribed in a circle of radius r is a square of side √2 r. 25) Show that x/a + y/b = 1 touches the curve y = be-x/a at the point where the curve crosses the y – axis. 28) Find the value of a for which f (x) = x3 – ax is an increasing function on R.01.2 18) Find the equation of the normal to the curve y = x3 + 2x + 6 which is parallel to the line x + 14y + 6 = 0. Find the approximate change in y. 1).

A soldier is placed at the point (3. where R1 + R2 is a constant. 49) A wire of length 36 cm is to be cut into two pieces. 47) An open box with a square base is to be made out of a given quantity of a sheet of area a2. with a rectangle on its diameter. R1. One of the pieces is to be made into a square and the other into an equilateral triangle. R1 = R2. ASHRAF MES ASHRAF MES ASHRAF MES ASHRAF MES ASHRAF MES ASHRAF MES . If the perimeter of the figure is given. 48) Show that the height of the cylinder of maximum volume that can be inscribed in a cone of height H is H/3. find the dimensions in order that the area is maximum. Show that the maximum volume of the box is a3/6√3. Where the wire should be cut so that the combined area is minimum? 50) Show that the height of the cylinder of maximum volume that can be inscribed in a sphere of radius 10 cm is 20/√3. What is the nearest distance between the soldier and the jet? 45) A figure consists of a semi-circle. 46) If 1/R = 1/R1 + 1/R2. 2). show that for maximum value of R. R2 > 0.3 44) A jet of an enemy is flying along the curve y = x2 + 2.

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