Reporting on the Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements in Essex

MAPPA Annual Report 2006- 2007

From the Minister: Maria Eagle This is the sixth MAPPA annual report, and the first with a foreword by the Ministry of Justice. I want, first of all, to underline the Government's continued commitment to these arrangements. Protecting the public from dangerous offenders is a core aim for the new Department. Just as the effectiveness of MAPPA locally depends on the quality of working relationships, we will work with the Home Office, the Police, and others, to develop the best possible framework within which the MAPPA can operate. On 13 June, the Government published a Review of the Protection of Children from Sex Offenders. This sets out a programme of actions which include developing the use of drug treatment for sex offenders and piloting the use of compulsory polygraph testing as a risk management tool, enhancements to the regime operating at Approved Premises, and also a range of actions impacting directly upon the way the MAPPA work. I want to highlight two of them here. Firstly, research tells us that the arrangements are already used successfully to disclose information about dangerous offenders but we think this can be improved upon. MAPPA agencies will be required to consider disclosure in every case. We will pilot a scheme where parents will be able to register a childprotection interest in a named individual with whom they have a personal relationship and who has regular unsupervised access to their child. If that person has convictions for child sex offences and the child is at risk, there will be a presumption that the offences will be disclosed to the parent. Secondly, as MAPPA has developed over the past 6 years, best practice models have been identified which show that specific roles and approaches are required to ensure it is managed effectively. We are committed to strengthening MAPPA arrangements and ensuring that robust performance management is in place. To achieve this, we intend to introduce new national standards, which will ensure a consistent approach across Areas and we will be making available £1.2million to support Areas in implementing the standards. We aim to do everything that can reasonably be done to protect people from known, dangerous offenders. We know that there is always room for improvement. I commend this annual report to you as an indication of the commitment, skills and achievements of the professionals, and lay advisers, in managing and monitoring this essential, often difficult area of business. Maria Eagle MP Parliamentary Under Secretary of State


We are pleased to introduce the 2006-2007 Annual Report on the Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements in Essex. It sets out the way in which the 'Responsible Authority', the Police, Probation and Prison Services, have worked together with other agencies to manage the risks posed by sexual, violent and other dangerous offenders in the community. The report sets out our achievements during the last year; it provides case studies demonstrating the effectiveness of the arrangements, and details how the risks posed by dangerous offenders are managed within the Essex area. The numbers of such offenders are very small relative to the overall population of the county. Not surprisingly however, the nature of their offending attracts considerable attention. Public Protection is not an exact science and the risks posed by dangerous offenders can never be completely eliminated, but the people of Essex are entitled to expect the appropriate authorities to take all reasonable actions to keep risk to a minimum. To this end, we must ensure that resources follow risk. It is in the public interest that the right resources should be directed at preventing or minimising the most serious risk of harm posed by the very small number of offenders who pose an imminent danger. The importance of partnership cannot be overstated. No single agency has the capacity to provide public protection alone. Success depends upon a sustained and proactive participation in effective partnerships. Supporting the police, probation and prison services are a whole host of agencies who are signatories to the MAPPA process, each one bringing its own expertise that is vital in drawing up the most effective risk management plans for the offenders. The other, important, partnership is that with the community. A vigilant and informed public, aware of the key issues, can and do make an important contribution to our work by contacting the authorities with their concerns. The challenges for the Responsible Authority in the forthcoming year are numerous. It is vital that our MAPPA processes continue to develop. We will endeavour to keep the public informed about these developments and to provide honest and accurate information reflecting the true risk that offenders pose. The development of the Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements in Essex has come a long way in the last five years. High and very high-risk offenders are being effectively managed through well established partnership arrangements. Decisions made aim always to be justifiable and defensible. The effectiveness of MAPPA has been externally recognised: this system of multi agency co-operation is viewed as a world leader. We are determined to build upon and improve on it. Protecting the public and focusing on the needs of the victim will continue to be a high priority. We will continue to strive to make Essex a safer place to live, work and play.

4 6 8


MAPPA: how it works
The numbers, the meetings

Case Studies year

13 MAPPA’s work this 15 Planning for the future
Back cover

Contact us

Mary Archer Chief Officer of Probation

Roger Baker Chief Constable

Rob Davis Governor HMP Chelmsford

Achievements? Some comment....
..from the Lay Advisors
Two lay members of MAPPA’s Strategic Management Board speak up for the public in Essex when decisions are made at the highest level.

Another year has flown by and to the casual observer the Essex MAPPA process would seem to have ground its way through the last twelve months. Look more closely though and you will see what is probably the core strength of MAPPA in Essex: that is, dedicated professionals from all the contributing agencies meeting week after week, month after month in order to develop and implement offender management plans designed to minimise reoffending and safeguard the public. To achieve this consistently, over time, is no mean feat and requires high levels of commitment and concentration. We are pleased to report that these goals are being achieved, which is to be commended. Look closer still and the reality is that Essex MAPPA has undergone a number of positive changes during the last year, all of which have been actioned seamlessly. The business plan, agreed and signed off earlier this year, has begun to be implemented, with additional administrative resource being added to strengthen the management team. We were also very pleased to welcome on board Kim Roberts, who has recently been appointed as Assistant MAPPA Manager. Kim has quickly integrated herself into the team and the MAPPA process. We wish her well in the future. There have been several changes to senior personnel on the SMB during the last year and it is interesting to note that the SMB business has continued without any hesitation whilst new members have moved into position. We believe this continuity further demonstrates the strength of the MAPPA arrangements in Essex. Home Office "Best Practice" guidelines have been issued and in our view the procedures in place throughout the Essex Area meet or exceed these guidelines. Those sex offenders who fail to register with the Police are now subject to a standing item on the SMB agenda. This matter has attracted some quite high-profile publicity recently and we are confident that registration is well under control in our Area. On a personal note, as Lay Advisors we continue to develop our knowledge and understanding with visits to Hollesley Bay prison and systematic attendance at level 2 and 3 local risk management meetings. Our presence and involvement in the MAPPA process is actively encouraged, for which we are grateful. To conclude, we are pleased to report another successful year characterised by low re-offending rates.

John Downing

John Blaize

Of the 2000 cases referred to MAPPA in the last five years, only two have seriously re-offended

“The level of cooperation between all the bodies that make up MAPPA improves year on year. I would like to thank them all for committing their staff and time to this important work. We are looking forward to further involvement next year with the ..from Eric Aryee Essex Housing Officers group, Assistant Chief who make such a vital “I would like to welcome Assistant Chief Officer of Probation Constable Peter Lowton to the senior MAPPA Joint Chair, MAPPA contribution to public safety. team, and to express sincere regret at the sad “The public will never know the extent of the work and premature loss to the county of ACC Liam that goes into protecting them, and the numbers of Brigginshaw, who did so much to promote public protection, and MAPPA’s work in Essex.” people involved. We are proud of the work we do.

"Over the last year I have seen a vast increase in the number of police officers now dedicated to monitor the activities of dangerous offenders living among us in Essex. There are now at least two dedicated officers in every division who will often team up with probation officers and conduct joint visits. “The results are amazing. The co-operation and teamwork demonstrated between probation, police, mental health staff, housing and other support services just keeps getting better and better. Those professionals are providing a service to the community of which we should all be proud. Although it’s a difficult business to be in, it can also be very rewarding."

..from Bob Chatterton Detective Chief Inspector Intelligence Manager Essex Police HQ

“Prisons have an important part to play in leading the MAPPA initiative with the Probation and Police Services. Sharing intelligence, ensuring controlled release of prisoners, and transferring them locally to enable release plans to be effected quickly, are just some examples of what we do. Sharing information systems such as VISOR will also make our work even more effective. MAPPA helps in breaking down barriers between the great variety of agencies involved, which can only lead to better public protection.”

.. from Colin Brown Public Protection Co-ordinator HM Prison Chelmsford

“The MAPPA arrangements in Essex are essential to us. We rely on the process to ensure good management of some of our higher risk offenders and to get the right measures in place. Through the MAPPA we have formed a close relationship with colleagues from other agencies, which have often proved crucial when assessing and dealing with sometimes escalating risks. We are also able to introduce more innovative interventions thereby better protecting the public and ensuring that offenders are held to account for their actions”

.. from John Woodley Detective Sergeant Force Intelligence Bureau Essex Police HQ

"Attending the local MAPPA meetings in Harlow as the representative of the Criminal Justice Mental Health Team has been invaluable in sharing information appropriately with other agencies, we have been able to use these networks to act swiftly to ensure that risk is managed effectively. MAPPA has provided a framework to encourage and facilitate good practice."
..from Mary Brazier Area Manager West Essex CJMHT and AOT North Essex Mental Health Partnership NHS Trust


Essex MAPPA: how it works in 2007
In practice, MAPPA is a threetier system that ensures that the few most dangerous offenders will receive the greatest degree of scrutiny and oversight. Formal meetings, led by the MAPP Manager, are held monthly at each of the six Probation Offices, to plan for dealing with offenders living in the local community, or about to be released from prison.

What risk level?
A typical Level Three case
would have an extensive history of sexual assaults on children with predatory activity and a range of grooming methods. There may be a mental health diagnosis of depression and anxiety and he might need medication and monitoring to ensure his mental health remains stable. He might initially be resident in Approved Premises and can be problematic when it comes to moving him safely into independent accommodation.

A typical Level Two case
would be a man charged with a number of indecent assaults against his grandchildren. Although there is a history of earlier allegations and division between family members, he denies the offences and wants to return home to the family. The shared work of Social Services, Probation and Police is essential. or.. A man is charged with an offence of Wounding against his long term partner. There is a history of escalating domestic violence incidents and breaches of injunctions and restraining orders. Close liaison between probation and domestic violence police officers will be required to ensure the safety of his victim.

A typical Level One case
would be a man charged with a small number of offences of downloading child pornography on the internet. Living alone and with a stable work history he is given a three year Community Order with a condition of attendance at a Sex Offender Treatment Programme. or.. A young man who serves an 18-month prison sentence for an offence of affray. He has Alcohol Abuse issues and as part of his licence to the Probation Service there will be requirements to attend the "Think First” programme and sessions with the Drug and Alcohol Team.

Deciding which level
Virtually all cases are screened through an initial Multi Agency Information Exchange meeting. The vast majority of cases are managed at Level One (Single Agency Management). Those requiring a higher level of Multi Agency intervention will be dealt with at Level Two or Three. We apply strict criteria for Level 3 cases, and aim to make sure that risks are managed at the right level. Once an agency has identified a case for inclusion in the process, the MAPPA then provides for the co-ordination, assessment and management of offenders at all three levels.

Level 3
Level 3 meetings are for the 'critical few' offenders who pose the most risk. They are at high, or very high, risk of causing serious harm. Meetings are called whenever the need arises, and will be attended by high-level managers in each of the agencies.This small group presents risks that can only be managed by a plan that requires close cooperation at senior level. Home Office advice is that only the "critical few" should be referred to the Level 3 Multi Agency Public Protection Panel. In 2006/07 only eleven offenders in Essex were managed for a time at this high level.

Level 2
A small proportion of offenders will be viewed as posing a higher risk to the public. They will be discussed at a Level 2 Local Risk Management Meeting, where a full risk management plan will be prepared, prior to their release into the community. The plan will include work for all the agencies necessary: at this level. The active involvement of more than one agency is required to manage the risk, which is more complex than that of a Level 1 offender.

Level 1
Level 1 meetings are for Information Sharing on a host of 'relevant offenders' - those assessed as posing a low or medium risk of re-offending. Having been discussed at the Information Exchange Meeting, they are likely to be managed by one agency without actively or significantly involving other agencies.

During 2006-2007 a total of 891 offenders were referred to MAPPA, compared with 713 during 2005-06 - a 25% increase. In 2004-05 there were just 431 referrals. Of the total number of referrals only 48 were officially managed at Level 2 Local Risk Management meetings; however Multi Agency Risk Management Plans were put in place for numerous other offenders at the Information Exchange stage without the need for a formal LRMM.

Still working, six years on ...
Managing a predatory paedophile
David M, convicted of sexually assaulting young children on two separate occasions, received a four year prison sentence the second time round.
Both offences happened in the same way: he was looking out of the window of his house, saw young children playing in the street and immediately approached them. He could therefore be properly described as a predatory paedophile. Planning for release He was eligible for release in November 2001. Plans were needed. Being allowed to live independently in the community was not an option. He had learning difficulties, and was not likely to be able to take part in a sex offender programme on his release. Careful reintegration into society was needed. Escorted A place was found for him in Probation approved premises. He would have to stick to the curfew conditions in his licence, keeping him inside when children were likely to be around, and only allowing him out under escort at other times. During his stay at approved premises, he posed no risk at all to the public.

Short Licence His licence was relatively short, however. Probation’s restrictions could no longer be imposed after it had ended. Prevent quick access Further MAPPA planning took place. It was decided that a high rise self-contained flat should be his next destination, thus preventing direct view and access into the street. Other residents were screened to ensure that no potential victims lived close to him. Joint efforts Police, Probation and Housing Support staff set up a programme of monitoring visits so that he would be seen almost daily. For a while at the end of his licence, Probation continued to see him voluntarily.

No contact with children This new regime started in 2003. Since then, the police have continued to monitor him. He is subject to a Sex Offender Prevention Order, preventing him from approaching or speaking to any children. He will remain on the Sex Offender Register for the rest of his life. Secret liaison The local Housing Department support him, and unknown to David, Police and Housing liaise, so that any concerns can be quickly highlighted. While there have been a number of welfare issues, the general view is that David’s risk to the public has very much reduced and he seems very settled. • The Risk Management plan is still subject to periodic review.


Public vigilance is vital
Risk can never be totally eliminated. And no agency can manage risk in isolation. But working together and with the added help of the public, risk can be significantly reduced. The public saved a young woman from a stranger attack in 2001. Without their intervention, it could have been far more serious.
Ironically, later, it was public and multi-agency work that prevented the same man from committing another very serious crime. And the very young potential victim did everything right. Sent from another area Responsibility for his supervision on release after the first offence was originally transferred in from another county. He remained a risk to his 17 year old victim. He had no ties in any other county, apart from family in Essex. So he came here. The MAPPP from his original area sent a representative to Essex to help plan the measures that would be needed. Restricted He was required to reside where directed, and live under curfew conditions. Regular testing for alcohol consumption, along with regular monitoring by the Police and Probation Services, were added to licence conditions which prevented him from having access to or working with children. One-to-One A comparatively short licence period prevented him from taking part in the Sex Offender Group-work Programme, so one-to-one work with his Case Manager was important in giving him techniques to prevent reoffending. Stay in contact? He was moved to privately-rented accommodation before his licence period came to an end, and was offered voluntary contact with the Probation Service at the end of the his Licence. Serious offenders can and will avail themselves of this extra help. However, after a period of time, he broke off contact with Probation. Risk escalating Despite this, the police continued to monitor his behaviour and brought any concerns back to MAPPA. Then contact from a member of the public showed them that he was thinking of beginning again. A young child told her parents of the interest shown in her by a stranger, who tried to persuade her to meet him at her school. Her father went to the police. The little girl was video-interviewed by members of the Child Abuse Investigation Unit. Throughout, emotionally very mature for her age, she remained very clear about what had happened. Sentenced Officers arrested the man, and found the map which highlighted her school. He was charged with an offence of sexual grooming of a child, and was subsequently sentenced to an Indeterminate Sentence for Public Protection. This means he will remain in prison until such times as his risk to children has been reduced to a level at which he can be safely managed. Also on his release, he will be supervised by the Probation Service for a minimum period of 10 years. Importance of the public If Elspeth had not talked to her parents about his intial interest, and if they had not taken the decision to pass the information on, the authorities would have had a much more difficult job on their hands.


Kidnap, assault in his past
A man whose long-distant past included previous convictions for abducting and indecently assaulting teenage girls, committed another offence. This time MAPPA would be planning for his release at the end of a long sentence.

He occasionally passed the time of day with his victim, until he finally broke into her flat, with the intention of rape. He had been drinking alcohol all day.
Serious assault He had a knife with him and threatened her, then assaulted her sexually and physically, before she managed to distract him and escaped from the flat. She has remained traumatised by the offence to this day, and is still visited by Probation’s Victim Contact Unit. Kept away from victim He received a long sentence. He was not granted parole. The time came, however, when he had to be released from prison. MAPPA put together a rigorous risk management plan, which included an exclusion zone around the area where the victim was living. He was then moved to a hostel in the North of England, well away from the victim. Police hunt He absconded from the hostel. However, a nationwide, wellpublicised police hunt returned him to prison the following month, for another two years.

Protecting victim MAPPA again began to plan for his release, six months before it was due. This time, Probation had no Licence powers over him, and therefore no direct control over where he could resettle. It was decided to offer him voluntary contact, and temporary accommodation in hostel premises. This might influence his relocation plans and prevent him from returning to the area where the victim was still living. The three MAPPA leaders act The Prison Service’s role was to transfer him to a local prison just prior to his release. He was then collected by the Police and taken to a hostel. Although Probation’s powers were limited this time, at least he had to agree to restrictions under hostel rules. He was also made aware that as a convicted sex offender he would be subject to restrictions imposed by Sex Offender Registration, for life. Vital accommodation Probation’s Housing Liaison Officer worked with him, and found him longer-term rented accommodation at the opposite end of the county from the victim. The premises had to be

assessed by the police before he was allowed to move there. Other agencies join in He was evidently going to need further support if he was going to remain crime-free. Probation and Police saw to it that he was referred to the Mental health services and to a housing support agency. Daily This, together with intrusive monitoring by the police meant that in the early days of release he was being seen on a daily basis by one Agency or another. Disclosure Monthly MAPPA meetings ensured that the risk management plan remained up to date and appropriate. It was agreed that if he was to get into any personal relationship, the police would disclose his convictions to any potential new partner. The offender was made aware of this. Continuing work Despite the fact that he is no longer subject to Probation supervision, the risk management plan put around him is regularly reviewed by MAPPA, in which Probation plays a part. The Police continue to monitor his movements and any developing relationships.


A homicide waiting to happen?
A man with a history of serious domestic violence against his long-suffering wife may end up killing her. This is the conclusion that MAPPA has reached during their continuing involvement with this case. Mrs. M had consistently refused to support any prosecution against her husband, until four years ago the police were notified of a serious disturbance at the home.
Her injuries were serious enough that she was finally persuaded by Police Officers from the Domestic Violence and Hate Crime Unit that she should take some action. With independent evidence from the hospital, and from neighbours, the Police were able to secure a conviction against the man, who received three years’ imprisonment. Injunction His wife was given more support while he was away. Probation’s Victim Contact Unit and Police Domestic Violence Liaison Officers encouraged her to take out an injunction against Mr. M, preventing him from contacting her. Protection arrangements Additional plans had to be made to protect her from him when he came out of prison, however. MAPPA started work beforehand. The Victims workers in both Probation and Police, working with her throughout the custody period, were able, through MAPPA, to arrange for her to be moved to other premises prior to his release. MAPPA meetings also decided that his Licence conditions should include non-contact with Mrs. M. He would also be excluded from a large area of Essex, so as to prevent any chance meeting. He would be accommodated on release at a Probation hostel, a considerable distance away from his wife’s new address. Would fear make her take him back? Mr. M. always maintained that he and his wife were seeking to reconcile with each other. This was not the message that she was giving to the Victim Contact Unit - in fact every indication was that she remained petrified. The worry was that she might return to him through fear, however. Curfew on release When he came out of prison, he went straight to the Probation Hostel A curfew was imposed: he had to report back at various times of the day so that his movements could be checked regularly. Disappears, then re-capture However, within a few days he failed to comply with the curfew. Probation issued a recall notice to prison. But he could not be found. Knowing the risk he posed to his wife, MAPPA members arranged for her to be taken to a women’s refuge in another area for her protection. She refused to go. So although second-best, a panic alarm and regular visits by uniformed police officers had to do instead. He was re-captured a few days later and taken to prison. Try again This could only ever be putting off the time he would be free again, however. MAPPA had work to do as they anticipated his re-release. In the meantime, Mrs. M had given all the indications that she wanted the additional support she was receiving from Police and Probation Victims workers. Disappearance and re-arrest Because Mr. M had been recalled to prison, his licence period on release was extended. However, yet again on his release, he failed to return to the hostel and again the Probation Service arranged for his recall to prison. The Victims workers kept in contact with Mrs. M, but became increasingly concerned that she apeared to be declining their help, and was withdrawing from them. It was discovered that she was harbouring her husband, and he was arrested at her ‘secret’address during an early morning visit by Police Officers. Victim will reconcile with perpetrator He will now remain in prison until his sentence expires, but this time Probation will have no control over him on his release. His Licence period has expired. All support from Probation and Police Victims workers has been declined by Mrs. M and she has indicated that they will be reconciled on his release. She is now in regular contact with her husband and has visited him in prison. In the jaws of danger All indications suggest that she will continue to be at risk of further serious assault when he is released soon. Without her co-operation, little or nothing can be done to prevent this. A domestic homicide waiting to happen - who knows.


Sex offenders: Letting others know
A low-level internet sex offender has a girlfriend with a child. Do you tell her of the man’s conviction?
One of a large number of offenders convicted of downloading indecent photographs of children following a nationwide operation in 2005, the man was sentenced to imprisonment. Sentence
As he had no previous convictions, and the downloaded images were of a less serious nature, the judge suspended the sentence for three years, and directed that Probation would supervise him for that time. He would also have to attend a Sex Offender Treatment programme, and sign on the Sex Offender Register for five years. A Sex Offender Prevention Order (SOPO) prevented him from accessing the internet for five years.

Protective plan
Social Services were advised of this, and drew up a plan to prevent any possible risk to the child. Mr. Soames was not to have any unsupervised contact without the child’s mother present. He would also not remain in the same house as the child overnight until a full assessment of his risk could be completed. Any failure to keep to this agreement could result in the child being removed by Social Services and placed in care.

Activity continues
Over the months that followed, Social Services commissioned a full assessment to establish if Soames posed a risk to the child. He had also begun to attend the specialist Thames Valley Sex Offender Treatment Programme. Probation staff were providing regular supervisory sessions on top, and the Police were paying unnannounced visits at his address and that of his partner. All indications suggested that any risk he posed was minimal.

Mr. Soames had never sought to minimise his offending, and has taken full responsibility for what he did.

Relationship discovered
A MAPPA Information Exchange meeting was held - between Probation, Police and Social Services. Probation had already discovered that he was in a relationship with a woman who had a four-year-old child. It was unknown whether the woman had any knowledge of his conviction, or indeed whether he posed a risk to the child.

Social Services’ completed assessment concluded that the girlfriend had put in her own safeguards, and that risk could be managed through the three collaborating agencies - Probation, Police and Social Services. While the couple could not be prevented from living together, they were fully aware that if the risk increased, the child could be removed.

Disclosure necessary
The decision was to formally disclose the offences, and to make a child protection referral to Social Services.

More years to come
Probation supervision will remain until January 2009. Thereafter he will continue to be monitored by the Police and subject to the restrictions of Sex Offender Registration and the Sex Offender Prevention Order until 2011. Throughout, he will remain subject to MAPPA.

Police and couple meet
The police arranged to see Mr. Soames and his girlfriend. She was evidently full aware of his conviction. It was also established that they had been in a relationship for some while and were planning to live together.


MAPPA’s work 06-07

The numbers: they continue to register
Numbers change annually as new offenders appear in court and others move away or are no longer eligible for registration
Whether for major or minor offending: all must register
Category 1 MAPPA offenders: Registered Sex Offenders (RSOs))

The number of Registered Sex Offenders living in Essex on 31 March 2007

735 40
SW 161, SE 156, E 145, W 107, C 166

The number of RSOs per 100,000 head of population The number of RSOs by BCU: i)South Western, ii) South Eastern, iii) Eastern, iv)Western, v) Central The number of sex offenders having a registration requirement who were either cautioned or convicted for breaches of the requirement, between April 1 2005 and March 31 2006 The number of (a) Sexual Offences Prevention Orders (SOPOs) applied for (b) interim SOPOs granted and (c) full SOPOs imposed by the courts between April 1 2005 and March 31 2006 The number of (a) Notification Orders applied for (b) interim Notification Orders granted and (c) full Notification Orders imposed by the courts between May 1 2005 and March 31 2006 The number of Foreign Travel Orders (a) applied for and (b) imposed by the courts between May 1 2005 and March 31 2006 Category 2 MAPPA : Violent offenders and other sexual offenders (V&OS) The number of violent and other sexual offenders (as defined by Section 327 (3),(4) and (5) of the Criminal Justice Act (2003) living in Essex between April 1 2005 and March 31 2006 Category 3 MAPPA : Other Offenders (OthO) The number of other offenders (as defined by Section 325 (2)(b) of the Criminal Justice Act (2003) living in Essex between April 1 2005 and March 31 2006

78 (a) 30 (b) 3 (c) 30 (a) 2 (b) 1 (c) 2 (a) 0 (b) 0



Offenders managed through Level 3 (MAPPP) and Level 2 (local inter-agency management) The number of offenders in each of the three categories above: (1) RSOs, (2) violent and other offenders and (3) other offenders, who have been managed through the MAPPP (level3) and through local inter-agency risk management (level2) between April 1 2005 and March 31 2006.
Level 3 Level 2

(1) 7 (2) 4

(1) 21 (2) 22 (3) 5

Of the cases managed at Level 2 or 3 between April 1 2005 and March 31 2006, how many, while managed at that level:
Level 3 Level 2

(a) were returned to custody for breach of licence 5 (b) were returned to custody for breach of sex offences prevention order 0 (c) were charged with a serious sexual or violent offence 1 0 0 16


Planning for the future


Strategic Management Board - Planning for MAPPA

The role
To evaluate the operation of MAPPA in Essex. To ensure robust links for information-sharing are established with key agencies and structures (for instance the Area Child Protection Committee) so as to enhance MAPPA's performance. To monitor information-sharing processes To secure appropriate resources which ensure the multi agency public protection arrangements can be delivered to a consistent and high standard. To review local arrangements to make sure they reflect any wider legislative or criminal justice or public protection developments. To approve and publish the MAPPA Annual Report and also to confirm a supporting media strategy. To take forward the development and delivery of a long term MAPPA training strategy in conjunction with the Eastern Region. To review cases considered at Level 2 or Level 3 under MAPPA, where a serious further offence takes place. Thereafter to identify the learning and action points to ensure that multi-agency working and the public protection arrangements are continually improved and reviewed. To review the quality of delivery of MAPPA, ensuring adequate information is available to offenders, service users and the public, taking into account ethnicity, gender, disability, sexuality, class and age. To review and update the Protocol to ensure that it complies with the national guidance issued periodically by the Home Office.

The membership
• Assistant Chief Probation Officer • Assistant Chief Constable • Essex Police Director of Intelligence • Senior Officer to represent Social Services (Essex, Southend or Thurrock) • Senior officer to represent YOT (Essex Southend or Thurrock) • Two lay advisors • A representative of the Essex Housing Officers group • The Directors of North Essex Mental Health Partnership NHS Trust and South Essex Partnership Trust (Providers of Mental Health Services) • Senior Manager Essex Job Centre Plus • Prison Governor, HMP Chelmsford • Regional Manager, Essex Victim Support • Two co-opted members representing Essex PCTs • MAPPA Manager


MAPPA Strategic Business Plan 07-08
Essex Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements are established in accordance with Sections 325-327 Criminal Justice Act 2003, and Section 69 Criminal Justice & Court Services Act 2000 for the purpose of assessing and managing the risks posed by sexual, violent and other dangerous offenders who may cause serious harm to the public, taking particular account of the needs and concerns of victims. This Business Plan identifies forward planning priorities for action by the Essex MAPPA Strategic Management Board (SMB) aimed at achieving outcomes of:

• Protection of the public, especially victims, children, vulnerable adults and additional 'at risk' persons • Controlled criminality, and the reduction of crime and re-offending • Community safety • Offenders awareness of the effects of crime on victims and the public • Public confidence in the criminal justice system and the public protection activity of agencies • Compliance with the human rights of victims, offenders and communities • Services and process compliant with agencies diversity principles and policies.

The Essex MAPPA Business Plan has been developed in the light of the practices and procedures that have evolved over recent years and additionally the Strategic Management Board have taken into account the following documents: • Managing Sex Offenders in the Community - a Joint Thematic Inspection by HMIP & HMIC. • Strengthening Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements - Home Office Development & Practice Report 45. • Probation Circular - 88/2005 MAPPA National Business Plans.

The specific aims of the Essex MAPPA Business Plan will be to address the four following areas:

1. 2. 3. 4.

MAPPA Development. Monitoring & Evaluation. Communication & Strategic Partnerships. Training.

MAPPA Development
Strategic Aim
To ensure compliance of Essex Arrangements with the revised National MAPPA Guidance.

Delivery Plan
• S.M.B to identify changes in National Guidance and compare with current practice in • S.M.B to consult with 'Duty to Co-operate' Agencies locally.

• Publication of MAPPA National Guidance (Expected Autumn 2007) • Identify significant changes and present findings to S.M.B (Oct 2007) • Implement change as appropriate.

MAPPA Development Team. (MAPPA Manager, Probation, Police & 'Safeguards' Representatives and a Lay Adviser).

National Guidance reviewed and any necessary changes implemented.


To review current MAPPA process to ensure that 2007/08 Annual Report accurately reflects those offenders managed at Levels 2 & 3

• Review the current process of 'Information Exchange' meetings in relation to RSOs & IDAP Cases to ensure appropriateness. • Accurately distinguish between those managed at Level 1 and those managed at Level 2

• Complete Review (July 2006). • Present to SMB (July 2006). • Implement Changes (September 2006) • Complete review of current practice. (July 2006). • Identify options for change in practice. (July 2006)

Police & Probation

Only High Risk cases are referred and recorded as Level 2 or Level 3 Maintain Information Exchange to ensure that information is shared in relation to only ‘relevant offenders’.


Monitoring and Evaluation
Strategic Aim
• To develop a system to enable the SMB to monitor and analyse MAPPA performance through the following key areas: • Analysis of risk management thresholds at Levels 1, 2 & 3 • Attendance and level of co-operation of agencies at Levels 1, 2 & 3 • Diversity profile of offenders at Levels 2 &3 • Performance to be recorded in the Annual Report

Delivery Plan
• Establish a system to capture relevant data. • Present to SMB for agreement • Review risk assessment process to establish whether high/very high risk offenders are nominated appropriately. • If nomination process unsatisfactory, develop and implement new system (potential link to training strategy) • Review attendance at MAPPA meetings and, if necessary, identify and invite new attendees

Process for data capture in place May 2006 Present to September 2006 Review ongoing SMB

MAPPA Manager

The MAPPA Manager submits a quarterly report to the SMB on all level 3 Offenders and a process is in place to capture data on who (and who isn’t) attending MAPPA Meetings. We are not in a position to publish it in this year’s Annual Report and it will be taken forward into the 2007/08 Business Plan.

SMB to feedback to relevant agencies for additional training if necessary

The SMB to improve the process for handling serious case reviews and serious further offences through the establishment of a Performance Review Group.

• Draft Terms of Reference for the Performance Review Group.

Draft Terms of Reference to be presented to SMB April 2006


The SMB decided to delay progress on this part of the Business Plan until the MAPPA Guidance has been published. There was one SFO during 2006 - 07 and this was rigorously reviewed by both Probation and Police and presented to the SMB.


Communication and Strategic Partnerships
Strategic Aim
• The Respnsible Authority for MAPPA, with the SMB and the Lay Advisors, to publish and distribute an Annual Report.

Delivery Plan
Agree distribution audience - Data /information collation - Preparation of Report - Press release - Distribution of Report

JAN 07 SMB meeting On-going Feb/March 07 TBC by Home Office As above

MAPPA Manager and Probation’s Communication Manager. Financial cost

Ongoing for 2006 - 07 Annual Report and will again be in Business Plan for 2007-08

Develop a longer term communication strategy.

• To Target the following Audiences: RA's, DTCs, staff, Legislators, Media, Service Users, and Communities. • To give the following message: Information about the role and workings of MAPPA. How it works, what it does, what you can do as part of it. • To use the following methods: a website, conference, training, articles in 'own organisations' newsletters, MP seminars, approach TV/radio with a story to use, leaflets, Annual report.

Draft Communication Strategy to be prepared by March 2007

MAPPA Development Team and Probation's Communication Manager

Work on a formal Communication Policy has been limited. However dayto-day communication with the public via the media is very effective. Essex MAPPA is planning a high profile joint conference with the Local Safeguarding Children’s Boards in October 2007.

The SMB to ensure a process is in place to support consistent sharing of guidance and good practice to all staff working within MAPPA.

Regular Public Protection Meetings forstaff from relevant agencies to be chaired by a member of the SMB.

In place by July 2006

SMB member + staff from relevant agencies.

MAPPA Manager now part of the Assessment Offender Manager Group and MAPPA good practice is an monthly agenda item. Work ongoing with other agencies; to be carried forward into 2007 - 08.


Strategic Aim
To conduct a training needs analysis of the MAPPA arrangements in Essex.

Delivery Plan
• Consultation with MAPPA practitioners • Reference to the National resource pack



Limited progress as we await the finalisation and publication of the National Training Package. This will be carried forward for 200708.

Deliver Essex MAPPA conference

• To plan and organise MAPPA conference to disseminate current developments and promote shared good practice

SMB MAPPA Development Group.

Joint Conference with LSCB planned for October 2007. To be carried forward into the 2007-08 Business Plan.

Develop long term training strategy to deliver appropriate training to existing and new practitioners within the MAPPA arrangements

• Preparation of strategy document • Consultation with MAPPA practitioners ¶ Reference to National resource pack

Limited progress: awaiting National Training Package. This will be carried forward for 200708.



Allan Taplin, Essex MAPPA Manager 01245 452767 Eric Aryee ACO National Probation Service - Essex Area 01376 501626 Peter Lowton ACC Essex Police O1245 491491 Colin Brown HM Prison Chelmsford 01245 552000