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Herts Mappa 32pp 17.08.

07 2/10/07 13:22 Page 1

Reporting on the Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements in Hertfordshire

Annual Report
Designed and produced by October 2007
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Ministerial Foreword

These are the sixth MAPPA annual reports, and the first with a
foreword by the Ministry of Justice. I want, first of all, to
underline the Government’s continued commitment to these
arrangements. Protecting the public from dangerous offenders is
a core aim for the new Department. Just as the effectiveness of
MAPPA locally depends on the quality of working relationships,
we will work with the Home Office, the Police, and others, to
develop the best possible framework within which the MAPPA
can operate.

On 13 June, the Government published a Review of the

Protection of Children from Sex Offenders. This sets out a
programme of actions which include developing the use of drug
treatment for sex offenders and piloting the use of compulsory
polygraph testing as a risk management tool, enhancements to
the regime operating at Approved Premises, and also a range of
actions impacting directly upon the way the MAPPA work. I want
to highlight two of them here.

Firstly, research tells us that the arrangements are already used

successfully to disclose information about dangerous offenders but
we think this can be improved upon. MAPPA agencies will be
required to consider disclosure in every case. We will pilot a
scheme where parents will be able to register a child-protection
interest in a named individual with whom they have a personal
relationship and who has regular unsupervised access to their
child. If that person has convictions for child sex offences and the
child is at risk, there will be a presumption that the offences will
be disclosed to the parent.

Secondly, as MAPPA has developed over the past 6 years, best

practice models have been identified which show that specific
roles and approaches are required to ensure it is managed
effectively. We are committed to strengthening MAPPA
arrangements and ensuring that robust performance management
is in place. To achieve this, we intend to introduce new national
standards, which will ensure a consistent approach across Areas
and we will be making available £1.2million to support Areas in
implementing the standards.

We aim to do everything that can reasonably be done to protect

people from known, dangerous offenders. We know that there is
always room for improvement. I commend this annual report to
you as an indication of the commitment, skills and achievements
of the professionals, and lay advisers, in managing and monitoring
this essential, often difficult area of business.

Maria Eagle MP
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State

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We are pleased to introduce this year’s annual report of the Multi-Agency 6 What is MAPPA?
Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) operating in Hertfordshire.
While it is not possible to guarantee that no offender will re-offend, that
goal is the key purpose of these arrangements. The arrangements work 7 What sort of
purposefully to manage those offenders who are assessed to still present people pose a
a risk of causing serious harm but are lawfully living within our risk of harm to
communities. MAPPA has been evolving since April 2001 and
demonstrates year-on-year developments and a strengthening of
procedures and information-sharing across the key agencies. MAPPA is
not for the faint hearted; it demands commitment, determination, a 8 Hertfordshire
resolute approach. Those involved require an ability to stick with Overview
addressing complex and challenging behaviour in a way that places
public safety at the forefront. At the same time, every effort is made to
address the offender’s behaviour to reduce the likelihood of re-offending 10 How MAPPA
and supporting their successful resettlement. Works

The protection of the public and known or potential victims is always 12 Case Study 1
the highest priority and, where there are known victims, the victim
contact staff will be there to ensure their personal perspective and safety 14 Managing Risk
is paramount. During 2006/07 the development of the MAPPA business
plan has provided an improved framework for further work, and the
contribution of our lay advisors, Janet Ball and Tony Keen, has been 16 SMB
very valuable and appreciated. There remains a significant challenge to Organisations
improve and raise public awareness and understanding of MAPPA, and their Roles
particularly when success is, to a large extent, demonstrated by the fact
that there is ‘no news’.
18 Case Study 2
In many respects success is measured in that there is low public
concern and that the offender has been successfully managed. This
20 Visor
means that the offender has made good progress, so that the potential
risks they might have posed have been reduced, or they have been 21 We are the public
recalled to prison due to concerns about their behaviour, without voice on MAPPA
committing another serious further offence. In the majority of cases, the
offenders managed under MAPPA have completed the custodial part of
their sentence and have been released automatically. They are, 22 IDAP
therefore, lawfully returning to our community but, given the concerns
that remain, the authorities need to work closely together to manage 24 Statistical
and monitor the risks they may pose.
Information for
This report is one further step in our aim to provide a greater insight
into how MAPPA operates locally and demonstrates our strong
commitment to protecting the public and working collaboratively to 25 Business Plan
assess and manage offenders considered to present a significant risk.
The Hertfordshire Criminal Justice Board keep a watchful eye on the 29 Contacts
procedures, looking to learn from best practice and support the MAPPA
Strategic Management Board in keeping Hertfordshire a safe place.

Tessa Webb Frank Whiteley Damian Evans,

Chief Officer Chief Constable Governor
Hertfordshire Probation Area Hertfordshire Constabulary HMP The Mount

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What sort of Information

people pose a risk Summary
of harm to others? 1. MAPPA is the term to describe the
arrangements set up locally to assess and
manage offenders who pose a risk of
Sexual and violent
serious harm.
offenders live in all
communities and are 2. The Criminal Justice and Court
of no single age, Services Act (2000) established the
MAPPA stands for Multi-Agency Public Protection gender, ethnicity or MAPPA and placed them on a statutory
Arrangements – a set of arrangements established by position in society. basis. The Criminal Justice Act (2003)
police, probation and the prison service in England and What is common is re-enacted and strengthened those
Wales Probation Areas to assess and manage the risk that the offences provisions. The legislation requires the
posed by sexual and violent offenders. Other agencies they commit are Police, Prison and Probation Services
that co-operate in MAPPA include youth offending unacceptable, often (acting jointly as the 'Responsible
teams, Jobcentre Plus, local housing authorities, resulting in Authority') in each of the 42 areas of
registered social landlords, local authority social care significant physical England and Wales:
and education, strategic health authorities, Care and emotional damage ■ to establish arrangements for
Trusts, and electronic monitoring providers. to their victims. The assessing and managing the
identification and risks posed by sexual and
conviction of offenders is therefore a priority. violent offenders;
Celebrating 6 years
■ to review and monitor

What is The MAPPA process began operations in April 2001.

MAPPA places a duty on the Police, Prison and
Probation Service to assess and manage risks posed by
Once convicted not all offenders go on to commit further
offences. Within Hertfordshire there are many examples of
offenders who have worked with the Prison and Probation officers

the arrangements;
as part of the reviewing and
monitoring arrangements, to

offenders in every community in England and Wales.
through various programmes and who have resettled successfully prepare and publish an annual
MAPPA can recommend various measures to monitor
within the community. report on their operation.
and reduce risk including increased police monitoring,
special steps to protect victims, attendance by offenders 3. A range of other agencies have also
at programmes to address issues such as alcohol abuse, That said, some do re-offend and we need to identify those been placed under a duty to co-operate
appropriate disclosure to third parties where necessary offenders who pose a high and very high risk of further serious with the Responsible Authority.
and the use of supervised accommodation. harm and to take action to prevent them harming the lives of others. These include:
■ Local Authority Social
Under the Criminal Justice and Court Services Act Who needs protection? Care & Education
2000, there is a statutory duty to contact victims, Sexual and violent offenders often target those within our ■ Primary Care Trusts, other NHS
enabling them to be kept informed of the offender’s communities whom they perceive are vulnerable or weak either Trusts and Strategic
release arrangements and, addressing their concerns in because of age, gender or social circumstances. The vast majority Health Authorities
the determination of the supervision plan. of sexual offending is committed by people who are known to the
■ Jobcentres Plus
victim either as family members, friends or acquaintances.
■ Youth Offending Teams
How does it operate?
■ Registered Social Landlords
The principles that govern MAPPA are simple: which accommodate
MAPPA offenders
■ Identify who may pose a risk of harm ■ Local Housing Authorities
■ Share relevant information about them ■ Electronic Monitoring providers
■ Assess the nature and extent of that risk 4. There is also a requirement to
appointment two lay advisors to each of
■ Find ways to manage that risk effectively,
strategic management boards that review
protecting vicitms and reducing further harm
the MAPPA.
■ Establish an effective risk management plan
Useful web link:

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Hertfordshire Children Adult Care Services Adult Care Services Hertfordshire Partnership
Schools and Families Cathy Kerr John Bishop NHS Foundation Trust
Carol Taylor Hertfordshire County Council Hertfordshire County Council Mike Barratt
Head of Child Protection Assistant Director,
Hertfordshire County Council Tertiary & Forensic

Population Located to the north of Greater London, and within the London commuter belt,
Hertfordshire has an estimated population of over 1 million people. About 89% of the
of over 1 population are white, with the remainder from other minority ethnic groups
including approximately 3% Asian, 1.75% Black and 0.5% Chinese.
people. Hertfordshire is economically diverse with the headquarters of many
large well-known UK companies being placed here. Unemployment is
lower than the national average at 1.5%. Hertfordshire Partnership Hertfordshire Children
NHS Trust Schools and Families
Dr Mike Isweran Ann Domeney
Hertfordshire continues to be one of the safest counties in Consultant Forensic Deputy Director Integrated
Psychiatrist Children’s Services
the country. Overall recorded crime in Hertfordshire fell Hertfordshire County Council
between April 2006 and March 2007 and is below the
national average levels. The highest recorded offences
are violent crimes and burglary with sexual offences
having one of the lowest levels of committed crime
within the county.

Prison Service Prison Service

Damien Evans Manfred Kockinky
Governor Deputy Head of OMU
HMP The Mount HMP The Mount

Hertfordshire Probation:
John Hughes
Assistant Chief Officer Youth Justice Victim Support
Public Protection/ Tom Rees David Padgett
Offender Management Assistant Director YOT Area Manager
Hertfordshire County Council

Hertfordshire Police
Liz Hanlon
Crime Management Dept.

Hertfordshire Police: MAPPA Manager Lay Advisor Lay Advisor

DCS Chris Miller Sue Tassell Anthony Keen Janet Ball
Crime Management Dept.

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How MAPPA These meetings are scheduled to take place if required on a monthly basis at a central
venue, chaired by the Probation Assistant Chief Officer for Public Protection and are held
only in relation to the “critical few” cases. These offenders require management oversight at

Works senior level as they pose the highest risk due to the seriousness/imminence of their
offending, or require exceptional resources.
Senior representatives of each major agency attend. Very few offenders in Hertfordshire are
likely to progress this far, therefore meetings, although scheduled, only take place when required.
Public Protection
Panels (MAPPP)

Most are MAPPA notifications result from an offender being sentenced to a term of imprisonment of
12 months or more for a sexual or violent offence, being a Registerable Sex Offender, or
Chaired by the MAPPA Manager, LRMPs are scheduled monthly
at the 4 Probation Centres around the county. Key agencies that
unlikely to being identified as a risk of serious harm to the public. Offenders are monitored and are always present are Police and Probation, alongside the other
agencies having contact or involvement with the case: Children
interviewed whilst they are in custody, especially as a release date approaches. They may
seriously also undertake treatment programmes and related work and will be risk assessed. This
Schools and Families (social services), mental health, local
authority housing or a registered social landlord. Where an offender
Level 2 - Local Risk Management
enables a picture to be built up about the likelihood of them committing a further serious is about to be released from imprisonment, then the Prison Service Panel Meeting (LRMP)
re-offend crime on release. will also attend or supply relevant information to the meeting.
An important consideration are the views of the past victims and
these will be represented at these meetings by Hertfordshire
Most are unlikely to seriously re-offend, but there will be a number about whom the Probation Victim Unit.
offender managers will have concerns. Legislation does not allow people to be kept in The majority of dangerous offender cases will come under the
prison beyond the end of their sentence even if it is possible that they will commit further scrutiny of the LRMP.
offences unless they have received a specific new indeterminate sentence for public
protection. Therefore there must be a means of closely supervising them and working to
reduce their risk. This is the role of MAPPA.

Level 1 management is
Each agency contributing to MAPPA in Hertfordshire has its own policy and procedures for used for those cases in
recognising, assessing and referring people. Once identified the case will be referred to the which the risk posed by
the offender can
local risk management panel which meets monthly unless the case is identified as urgent, adequately be managed
in which case an emergency meeting will be held. The information is shared and within normal risk Level 1 - Ordinary Risk Managment
processed through MAPPA. management or
supervision plans. While
key information will be
shared they are likely to
The MAPPA process comprises of three levels: be managed by one lead
agency without the
necessity for ongoing inter
agency discussion and
without actively or
significantly involving
other agencies in the
process. If this situation
changes the case may be
referred up to Level 2.

Information Summary
The role of the Strategic Management local Criminal Justice Boards to ■ Identify and plan how to meet the
Board in Hertfordshire is to: enhance MAPPA’s performance; common training and
■ Prepare and publish the Annual development needs of those
■ Monitor and evaluate the operation Report and promoting the work of working in the MAPPA;
of the MAPPA in Hertfordshire; MAPPA in Hertfordshire; ■ Produce and implement a Media
■ Ensure that information-sharing ■ Plan the longer-term development Strategy and operational
links are established with other of the MAPPA in Hertfordshire in communications plan;
public protection arrangements, the light of regular reviews of the ■ Produce and implement an
such as Local Children arrangement, and with respect to annual Business Plan.
Safeguarding Board, local Crime legislative and wider criminal
and Disorder Partnerships and the justice changes;

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Whilst in prison for another offence, this offender

had sent threatening letters to a number of people
from his local community. Through the
co-ordination and information sharing protocols
within MAPPA he was arrested for threats to kill
as soon as he was released.

This is a case study of a high-risk offender who had Non co-operation

persistently refused to co-operate with the authorities. Concerns were expressed about his volatile behaviour
and unwillingness to co-operate. A specialist
Previous convictions psychological assessment was carried out indicating that
he would continue to be a high risk to the public when
This offender had been diagnosed in the past as having he was to be released. A MAPPA meeting was held and
a serious personality disorder. He had previous plans to manage him were developed.
convictions for threatening behaviour, harassment and
violence and had previously been discussed by MAPPA.
Arrangements for housing were crucial to the planning,
as were any conditions that needed to be imposed
He came to the notice of Hertfordshire Constabulary’s around his new place of residence. Concerns about the
Public Protection Unit in May 2003 when he, after offender were managed through MAPPA who also put
hearing some rumours, began a public ‘campaign’ to plans in place to protect those members of the public
prove he was not a paedophile. He had taken the that had previously been threatened.
unusual step of identifying himself to his local
community in a most provocative way and, while
advertising the fact that he wasn’t a sex offender on Matters get worse
some disturbing home made posters, he felt it was Things started to deteriorate and whilst in prison the
acceptable to say he had a previous conviction for offender began to send threatening letters to a number
attempted murder. of people from his local community. MAPPA were made Throughout
aware of this and discussed the risks across the remits
Taking Action of their agencies. The result was that the offender was this case,
The Police stepped in and with MAPPA support disclosed
arrested for threats to kill as soon as he was released.
Further psychological assessments were obtained and
public safety
information to local residents to alleviate concerns. confirmed that he posed a significant threat, despite has been at
However during this time the approaches by the having completed his custodial sentence. He was made
offender to some local families caused some concern. the subject of a restraining order and remains closely the forefront
This led to his arrest and a subsequent conviction. monitored. At this point in time he is receiving of MAPPA’s
treatment in a secure psychiatric environment.
As the time for his release approached, the Probation
planning and
Service, Mental Health Services and the Prison Service will remain
worked closely together to put a programme in place to
work with him to manage the risk that he presented to At some point in the future he may return to the the dominant
the public. An important part of MAPPA arrangements
is that agencies try hard to work with the offender so
community, and then the MAPPA agencies will work factor in the
together again to ensure that the risks he may pose are
that they can contribute to their own risk management monitored closely and that every effort is taken to work with
plan. In many cases this is successful. protect the public.
this offender.

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Managing Risk

Level 1:
Involves normal agency management, i.e. cases which do not
require ongoing inter agency discussion or the active
involvement of multiple agencies. categorises Offenders
published in Level 2: Under MAPPA offenders can be put into three management categories:
Where the active involvement of more than one agency is
April 2003, required to manage the risk the offender poses. Most offenders Category 1: Category 2: Category 3:
indicates assessed as high or very high risk of serious harm can be Registered Sex Offenders – Violent or other sex Other Offenders –
managed at this level. these are offenders that offenders – generally this offenders not in the first
that MAPPA are required to comply includes violent offenders two categories by virtue of
offenders Level 3: with notification sentenced to their offences but who are
requirements (often imprisonment for 12 considered by the
should be The few cases referred to Level 3 MAPPPs are those offenders referred to as registration) months or more and sex Responsible Authority to
managed at who pose the highest risks of causing serious harm or whose set out in the Sexual offenders not required to pose a risk of serious harm
management is so problematic that multi-agency co-operation Offences Act 2003. The register. However, this to the public. This
three levels. and oversight at senior level is required. majority of offenders category also includes judgement is based on two
remain subject to those detained under main considerations:
notification requirements hospital or guardianship whether the offender has
for a fixed period of time orders and those that have been convicted or
designated by the sentence committed specific cautioned for an offence
they have received. offences against children. that indicates he/she is
However offenders who All offenders in this category capable of causing serious
receive 30 months or more will be under the statutory harm to the public; and
imprisonment, or some supervision of the probation whether the offender can
types of extended sentence service. In the period 1st now be reasonably
or Mental Health Act April 2006 – 31st March considered to pose a
restriction orders will 2007 there were 251 substantial and immediate
remain subject for life. In violent and sex offenders risk of causing harm to the
the period 1st April 2006 living in Hertfordshire. public. In the period 1st
– 31st March 2007 there April 2006 – 31st March
were 400 Registered Sex 2007 there were 81 violent
Offenders living in and sex offenders
Hertfordshire. This is a living in Hertfordshire
reduction of 6.5% on the meeting this criteria.
figures for the previous
year. This reduction is
considered to be due to
the delayed effects of
several legislative changes,
together with normal
population fluctuation
within the county.

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SMB Organisations
and their Roles
The Responsible Authority Hertfordshire Constabulary cases of MAPPA Level 3 prisoners this Hertfordshire, the Trust’s Community
Hertfordshire Probation, Hertfordshire The Constabulary has a statutory notification will be sent 3 months before Mental Health and Forensic Teams and
Constabulary and the Prison Service obligation to work within MAPPA release in order to allow for release plans Mentally Disordered Offender Workers are
consititute the Responsible Authority of alongside the probation and prison to be put together. committed to supporting the work of
MAPPA in Hertfordshire. The Strategic service to protect the public from risk of MAPPA by providing mental health
Management Board for the process harm posed by sex offenders, violent Those prisoners who have been identified expertise and where appropriate
consists of senior representatives from offenders and mentally disordered as high or very high risk of serious harm assessment and access to treatment.
each of these three agencies together with offenders. The Constabulary will work to others are given an Offender
senior representatives from the other with other agencies to put in place multi- Supervisor, who will work together with
Hertfordshire Youth Justice Service
agencies involved with the MAPPA agency arrangements dependent upon the the Offender Manager to ensure that the
sentence plan is being implemented. Hertfordshire Youth Justice Service is a
process within the county. risk posed an individual. The force is county-wide service and thus co-terminus
committed to adopting collaborative and There is also an Interdepartmental Risk with the MAPPA area. The Service is
The Board meets quarterly to review innovative approaches with agencies to Management Panel, which considers arisen. represented on the Strategic Board and
practice within the county, formulates protect public safety. attends local meetings in line with Youth
business and communication plans and
Justice Board guidelines.
addresses any strategic issues referred Hertfordshire County Council,
Prison Service Children, Schools and Families (CSF)
from level 2 and level 3. An audit sub There are relatively few young offenders
group reviews cases on a regular basis and The Prison Service holds many offenders Aims to help Hertfordshire children attain
subject to MAPPA and aims to assist the who require MAPPA oversight; most are
has a scrutinising function in the event the best possible levels of education and managed by the multi-disciplinary Youth
that an offender subject to the process offender in addressing those risks whilst development and to build their
in custody, in conjunction with the Offending Teams (YOTs).
commits a serious offence. confidence, achievement, self-esteem and
Offender Manager. Regular monitoring resilience. CSF does this by working Following discussions with the newly-
and assessments of the risks posed are closely with the children themselves, formed Safeguarding Board, the Children,
National Probation Service – undertaken throughout the custodial period.
Hertfordshire Area their schools and their families to offer Schools & Families department in the
quality advice, support and guidance. This County Council and the MAPPA Board, in
■ Assists courts by providing HMP The Mount is a Category C Training
establishment with 764 prisoners mainly will include working with police and other the spring of 2007 it was decided to pilot a
information necessary for the
from the London area. Among these there agencies to identify those who offend and Young Persons’ MAPPA and Young Sexual
sentencing of offenders.
are some prisoners who have been identified present a risk to children. As well as Abusers’ Panel to report back in December
■ Provides reports and assessments to supporting those children who have been 2007. Managers have been identified to
assist the decision makers in the as falling under the MAPPA arrangements.
victims of abuse. carry this forward and the pilot scheme is
parole process. due to start in early autumn.
On arrival at HMP The Mount all
■ Works alongside Prison Officer within prisoners are considered by the Public Adult Care Services (ACS)
HMP The Mount and other prisons. Protection Sifting Panel in order to ACS has a lead responsibility for Victim Support Hertfordshire
■ Supervises offenders at liberty within establish the level of risk of serious harm safeguarding vulnerable adults and works As well as the provision of free and
the county who are subject to orders to others, the level of risk of reconviction in partnership with the police and other confidential emotional and practical
imposed by the courts. and the level of risk of self harm. The agencies. ACS has a duty towards adults support, Victim Support also campaigns
■ Supervises those offenders released panel also ensures that each prisoner has of all ages who may be vulnerable by for the rights and needs of victims and
on licence back to the community a sentence plan with targets aimed to disability where there would be a witnesses. For every offender there are
from custodial sentences. reduce any risk of serious harm. The risk substantial risk to independence without victims and witnesses, our role on the
■ Provides both specialised work levels are set by the Offender Manager of a care and support service. SMB is to ensure those rights and needs
and/or programmes for offenders the Probation Service. are not lost within the MAPPA provision.
living in the community as appropriate
Prior to release the Public Protection Co- Hertfordshire Partnership NHS
to their needs and requirements.
ordinator will inform the relevant Foundation Trust
probation area of the release date of a As part of its commitment to provide high
prisoner subject to Public Protection. In quality Mental Health Services to

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Having served his sentence for

indecency, a plan was needed to
resettle the offender in the community.

As a result The offender had been a respected school teacher prior to being convicted of
indecency offences against boys in his care over a protracted period.
it was Following conviction he received a sentence of imprisonment but continued
to deny his offences and was supported in his stance by his family.
There was much publicity with public opinion split between those who
that his believed him to have been rightfully convicted and those who could not
release accept the judgement. As a result it was considered inevitable that his
release would attract public interest.
He was discussed at Level 2 meetings for 6 months prior to his release on
public licence in order to formulate licence conditions and a risk management plan
interest. to cater for the specific risks he posed. There were concerns that he posed a
potential risk to previous victims who were still young and potentially very
vulnerable and other young boys with whom he might come into contact. It
was identified that there were young children within his family and that he
intended to resume attendance at his local church.

Conditions were placed upon his licence including :-

■ Specified address living with adult family members
■ exclusion zone created to protect previous victims
■ a prohibition from staying at an address with persons under 18
■ a prohibition from attending a different church

In addition a contract regarding his church attendance and involvement in

groups was drawn up and agreed with him. He registered his details with
Police as required and has complied with all conditions. He continues to be
monitored and is now managed at Level 1.

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VISOR We are the

Keeping track of the country’s
most dangerous offenders public voice on
What is VISOR?
ViSOR, stands for Violent and Sex Offenders Register
and is an intelligence database holding detailed
information on Registered Sex Offenders and other
MAPPA supervised offenders across the United
Kingdom. It is used to store and share information and “We are the Lay Advisors for Hertfordshire events as well as contributing towards the The public is
intelligence on those individuals who have been MAPPA, Tony Keen and Janet Ball. We Serious Further Offences Review Group,
identified as posing a risk of serious harm to the public. were appointed together in May 2006 and voicing ‘what if’ and ‘why’ questions that
so have been in post for one year. We would be of concern to the public. We on MAPPA’s
What Does it Do? have quite different backgrounds, Janet are also involved in setting up an audit Strategic
ViSOR is designed to support the process of MAPPA having spent most of her career in system to measure the effectiveness of
across and within areas. It means detailed information education, moving on to business and the MAPPA process. Management
on dangerous offenders is instantly available to the Tony has a commercial background. Board. Two
professionals who need it. It aids both the management
In our second year in post we will be lay members
of such offenders within the community and Police
enquiries into unsolved offences.
Our role as Lay Advisors is to attend involved in the setting and speak up for
quarterly SMB meetings and to act as a implementation of an effective
What Does it Hold? critical friend to the professionals who Hertfordshire
are involved in the MAPPA process. We when
Visor holds the records of offenders from the details of bring an “ordinary person” perspective to In order to fulfil this role decisions are
their offences, through their management both within
the prison system and into the community.
discussions and hope that our experience
in other areas will be of benefit. We are
effectively, we need to made at the
Assessments of their risks and reviews, together with not there to advise professionals in their develop a clear highest level.
personal information are consistently updated to give
an up to date picture of the offenders lifestyle, the risk
particular areas of expertise, but to understanding of the issues.
ensure that decisions and processes are
they pose and current management plans. clear, defensible and delivered.
Who Uses it? communication strategy. It is important
that the public and all stakeholders at
ViSOR is used by all police forces in England, Wales, In order to fulfil this role effectively, we every level have an understanding of
Scotland and Northern Ireland, together with HM need to develop a clear understanding of MAPPA, its purpose and how it functions.
Forces. The National Offender Management Service the issues surrounding Public Protection The challenge will be to increase public
(NOMS) is in the process of deploying the system to and how all the individual agencies knowledge without being a scaremonger.
prisons and probation offices. contribute towards the MAPPA process.
In our first year we have been gaining
How Does it Help? knowledge through attending training The job of Lay Advisor is often
ViSOR holds a shared database of information and events both national and local, and by demanding, sometimes frustrating - but
intelligence that is available to professionals wherever meeting with individuals and always rewarding: we both feel very
an offender travels and however often they move from organisations who have patiently put up fortunate in having been given this
area to area. This ensures all information is instantly with our constant barrage of questions. opportunity to make a real contribution
available to the specialist staff who need it. We have provided feedback at training towards such a key issue as public safety.”

Can the Public Have Access?

The system is classified as Confidential under the
Government Protective Marking Scheme ensuring
information stored is protected. It is used by trained
staff involved in public protection work. Although the
general public have no direct access to the system,
relevant information is disclosed when assessed to be
necessary to protect any person and such disclosures Lay Advisor Lay Advisor
Anthony Keen Janet Ball
are made in a controlled way.

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The Integrated
Domestic Abuse
Programme (IDAP)
Helping offenders not to re-offend

The Integrated Domestic Abuse What does it involve? Making the victims safe
Programme (IDAP) is a successful The programme challenges the use of A member of the Probation Service is
community based group work programme violence by the perpetrator to establish dedicated to contacting all the victims of
designed to reduce re-offending by adult power and control over his partner. There the offenders on the programme. Their
male domestic violence offenders. are nine modules to the programme, with job is to ensure that the woman is as safe
Managed by Hertfordshire Probation staff, three weeks devoted to each theme. as possible from her partner. They ensure
the programme is based on a project that a contingency plan is in place, that
developed in the USA, it places a priority the victim knows who to contact in
on women’s and children’s safety. The nine themes are: emergencies and that she has supportive
■ Non-violence people around herself and her children.
IDAP is delivered within the Multi Agency ■ Non-threatening behaviour
Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA). ■ Respect Each offender will be assessed for changes
Reports to the court from the Probation in attitude. This will be considered
■ Support and trust
Service, prior to sentencing, will indicate alongside feedback from victims and a
whether an offender is suitable to attend ■ Accountability and honesty record of police call-outs to any
this programme. ■ Sexual respect subsequent domestic violence incident.
■ Partnership
■ Responsible parenting
■ Negotiation and fairness

During the programme each offender will

attend a total of 27 sessions over a 36
week period.

Following the sessions, the offender also

completes four sessions devoted to
reducing re-offending.

22 23
Herts Mappa 32pp 17.08.07 2/10/07 13:23 Page 25

Statistical Information
for Hertfordshire:
Period: 1st April 2006 – 31st March 2007
Category 1: MAPPA Offenders: Registered Sex Offenders (RSO)

The number of Registered Sex Offenders living in Hertfordshire 400

The number of RSOs per 100,000 head of population 38

West 117
MAPPA Strategic Business
The number of RSOs by Basic Command Unit (BCU) Central 118
East 165 Plan 2007-08
The number of sex offenders having a registration requirement
who were either cautioned or convicted for breaches of the
requirement between 1st April 2006 and 31st March 2007. 27

The number of (a) Sexual Offences Prevention Orders (SOPOs) (a) 19

applied for (b) SOPOs granted and (c) full SOPOs imposed by (b) 2
the courts between 1st April 2006 and 31st March 2007. (c) 16 Mission Statement
The number of (a) Notification Orders applied for (b) interim (a) 0 “Hertfordshire MAPPA will develop and
Notification Orders granted and (c) full Notification imposed by (b) 0
the courts between 1st April 2006 and 31st March 2007. (c) 0 implement a multi-agency strategy that
The number of Foreign Travel Orders (a) applied for and (b) (a) 0
(b) 0
effectively protects the public from offenders
imposed by the courts between 1st April 2006 and 31st March 2007.
who present a risk of serious harm.”
Category 2: Violent offenders and other sexual offenders (V&OS)

The number of violent and other sexual offenders (as defined

by Section 327 (3). (4) and (5) of the Criminal Justice Act
(2003)) living in Hertfordshire between 1st April 2006 and 31st
March 2007. 251

Category 3: Other Offenders (Oth0)

The number of ‘other offenders’ (as defined by Section 325

(2)(b) of the Criminal Justice Act (2003)) living in
Hertfordshire between 1st April 2006 and 31st March 2007. 81

Offenders managed through Level 3 (MAPP) & Level 2 (local inter-agency management)

The number of offenders in each of the three categories above: Level 3 Level 2
(a) RSOs, (b) violent and other offenders and (c) other (a) 8 (a) 52
offenders who have been managed through the MAPP (level 3) (b) 34 (b) 199
and through local inter-agency risk management (level 2) (c) 3 (c) 78
between 1st April 2006 and 31st March 2007.

24 25
MAPPA Development
Strategic Aim Delivery Plan Milestones Resource Outcome
Herts Mappa 32pp 17.08.07

To provide clear strategic links Make explicit links through SMB Identify link members in May Joined up MAPPA strategic
with CJB, LSCB,MDO strategic members who will feed back 2007 and begin report backs in planning informed by key
group and Adult Care Services details through SMB and draw up July 2007. relevant bodies.

through MAPPA SMB and links a protocol for information sharing.

with strategic plans. Produce signed protocol
for information.

To become outcome and victim To collate data on outcomes, Revise database by 30th June Additional resource required to MAPPA SMB to receive reports on
focussed by collating reasons for de-registering 2007 to include reason for de- revise database. outcomes which can be included
information on good performance MAPPA cases. registering offender. in next year’s annual report.
Page 27

in public protection as
measured by preventing further
serious incidents.

To ensure the nomination and Invitation to the SMB and MAPPA Communication from Chair by Attendence to be agreed.
attendance of key individuals meetings of Job Centre Plus, the May 2007.
from statutory agencies to the Learning and Skills Council in
SMB, level 2 and level 3 MAPPA. addition to current agencies.

Ensure that correct attendees

are identified and invited. MAPPA SMB item for May 2007. Measured through minutes.

Monitoring reports on
all attendances. 90% attendance at MAPPA SMB Part of MAPPA manager’s report
and level 2 and 3 by October 2007. to include attendance report.

To incorporate MAPPA cases Set up a working group chaired by Working group by July 2007 to Agreed action plan in place for
within Hertfordshire Criminal the SMB Housing representative. report to SMB for 31st January 2008.
Justice Board Offender December 2007.
Accommodation Strategy.

Monitoring and Evaluation

Strategic Aim Delivery Plan Milestones Resource Outcome


■ Publish revised Annual Probation and Police lead agencies Meet national milestones. SMB chairs and selected A multi-agency document with
Report and Business Plan assisted by DTC agencies. SMB members. wider breath of contributions
and less of a probation feel.
■ Carry out anaylsis of MAPPA Implementation of SFO case In place for April 2007 MAPPA Manager and sub Reviews contributing to multi-
offenders who commit review sub-group set up. group members. agency learning and development.
serious further offences or Clear learning points to be taken
where multi-agency account of.
procedures require
improvement and
disseminate learning points.

■ Review a sample of cases at Agree instrument for the Instrument for May SMB. Standard instrument.
SMB level to check purpose and carry out one pilot Pilot review for June. Written review with
reobustness of practice and exercise and sample exercise. Full sample November. learning points.
integrate learning and establish Agreed measure of quality.
a quality assurance cycle.

■ Ensure that MAPPA level 1 Recording to be part of In accordance with Accurate up to date recording of
cases are recorded and VISOR roll-out. national roll-out. MAPPA level 1 on VISOR.
managed in accordance with
national guidance.
Communication and Strategic Partnerships
Strategic Aim Delivery Plan Milestones Resource Outcome
Herts Mappa 32pp 17.08.07

The Responsible Authority for RA sub-group to devise and June 2007 RA/Probation Comms/Police PR. Agreed strategy to deal with:
MAPPA to develop implement communications SFOs
communication strategy. strategy identifying Public Protection

opportunities to work Concerns

constructively with media to Good news stories
improve local public

understanding of MAPPA.

Integration of MAPPA annual RA sub-group to review Agency October 2007. RA sub-group. At least one MAPPA objective in
business plan into RA agency Business Plans and propose each agencies business plan
Page 29

business plans. possible objectives to for 2008-09.

incorporate into RA agency
business plans for 2007-08.

To produce a range of public MAPPA SMB to identify which October 2007. MAPPA SMB. Produce leaflets for 28th
information leaflets for key groups. leaflets are needed and inform February 2008.
communuications sub-group.

Clear statement of commitment Incorporation of this July 2007. MAPPA SMB. Commitment will be demonstrated
of SMB and operational staff to commitment into by contributions made.
attend national conferences and communication strategy.
disseminate good practice in
their agencies.

Strategic Aim Delivery Plan Milestones Resource Outcome

To develop and implement a Set up a training advisory group Group set up for June 2007. Members time and agency Agreed training plan with delivery
MAPPA training plan which as part of SMB. resources for delivery in accordance with the plan.
incorporates: Draft 3 year plan with MAPPA
SMB for September 2007.
■ a shared perspective on risk
of harm Report on training achieved for
■ Induction for new members every MAPPA subsequently.

■ Update training on
new requirements

Attend National MAPPA Report to MAPPA SMB MAPPA manager, lay advisors Objectives to be taken forward.
Managers conference and lay
advisors conference. Feedback
improvement possibilities.

Attend the regional strategic MAPPA manager, SMB chair. Measured by levels of
MAPPA meeting and contribute attendance and noting
to the regional plan. contributions at MAPPA SMB.
Herts Mappa 32pp 17.08.07 2/10/07 13:23 Page 31

Children Schools and Families Address Phone Hertfordshire Safeguarding Children Board Address Phone
Hertfordshire County Council 01438 737500 Hertfordshire County Council 01992 588285
Client Services County Hall
PO Box 153 Pegs Lane
Stevenage SG1 2GH Hertford
Herts SG13 8DF

Hertfordshire Adult Care Services Address Phone MAPPA Manager Address Phone
Hertfordshire County Council 01438 737400 Hertfordshire Probation Area 01438 747074
Adult Care Services Swingate House
Client Services Danestrete
PO Box 153 Stevenage
Stevenage SG1 2GH Herts SG1 1XH

Hertfordshire Constabulary Address Phone Prison Service Address Phone

Hertfordshire Constabulary 01707 354000 HMP The Mount 01442 836300
Police Headquarters Molyneaux Avenue
Stanborough Road Bovingdon
Welwyn Garden City Hemel Hempstead
Herts AL8 6XF Herts HP3 0NZ

Hertfordshire Partnership NHS Foundation Trust Address Phone Victim Support Address Phone
99 Waverley Road 01727 897700 The Lodge 01707 354627
St Albans c/o Police Headquarters
Herts AL3 5TL Stanborough Road
Welwyn Garden City
Herts AL8 6XF

Hertfordshire Probation Area Address Phone YOT Address Phone

Graham House 01992 504444 Youth Justice 01992 556324
Yeoman’s Court Hertfordshire County Council
Ware Road County Hall
Hertford Pegs Lane
Herts SG13 7HJ Hertford
Herts SG13 8DP

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