Domestic Violence Interventions News Special

September 2007

Introduction 01: Development of Domestic Violence Programmes in NPS 02: Domestic Abuse Conference, York, 25-26 September 03: Domestic Abuse Policy and Strategy 04: Domestic Violence Assessment Centres 05: Domestic Violence: Video Monitoring 06: Evaluation of Domestic Violence Programmes in the Probation Service

Contents

07: The Role of the EPTM as National Training Roll-Out Leads 08: Women Safety Work 09: Fundamental Skills Training 10: Relapse Prevention Provision Within Community Sex Offender Treatment Programmes 11: Post Programme Reports for SOTP’S

Following the national implementation of an accredited Domestic Violence programme in every Probation Area it has become evident that there is a very high demand for this form of intervention and during the last year Probation Areas and the Attitude Thinking and Behaviour Team (ATB) of NOMS Interventions and Substance Abuse Unit has examined the current position and is devising measures to deal with the excessive demand. Areas have reported various methods of managing the demand, such as level of risk, length of individual Community Rehabilitation Orders, offenders’ readiness to start the Programme element and completion of preparatory work with the Offender Manager. The ATB Team has produced a range of evaluation measures that will, over time, advise upon areas of improvement in terms of targeting and other implementation issues. Additionally, limited central funding has been made available to enable Areas to experiment with the current Programmes and to explore options for improvement. Further developments include the distribution of both revised CDVP and IDAP manuals, the accreditation of IDAP for delivery within a custodial setting and the creation of a national post of Practice Development Advisor. The post holder will work closely with all DV Programme providers to ensure the continuing development of accredited Programmes, but also to review Programmes that may be suitable as specified activities.

INTRODUCTION

As the Regional Offender Managers have set the Domestic Violence programme targets for this current financial year it is apparent that they will want to see these achieved. Discussions are ongoing with ROMs’ offices who appreciate the complexities of delivering Domestic Violence programmes within an integrated process but are keen to have evidence as soon as possible to ensure they are in a position to select the most effective domestic abuse programme that offers the best value for money. The evaluation plan has been circulated to ROMs’ offices for their information. The commissioning agenda is going to bring challenges for the major providers of Domestic Violence interventions. However the level of expertise, knowledge and enthusiasm evident should stand Probation Areas in good stead. FURTHER INFORMATION: Phil Mackin, Interventions & Substance Abuse Unit Email: Paul.Mackin3@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk Tel: 020 7217 8044 Mobile: 07768 803241

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When the NPD was created in 2001 one of its aims was to introduce a national core curriculum of accredited offending behaviour programmes. Earlier pathfinder studies had identified general offending programmes, sex offender treatment programmes, violence programmes and substance misuse programmes which were piloted and taken through the accreditation process. A domestic violence programme was not included at this stage despite the fact that many probation areas were delivering a variety of group work interventions for domestic violence perpetrators. The reason for this was that the evidence base for DV programmes was fairly limited. There was little research on the criminogenic needs of perpetrators and how they differed from those of other offenders. Many of the Probation interventions in use were based on the Deluth model imported from the US, but there was no specific theory manual and no standardisation in facilitator training, session structures, targeting or monitoring which would have enabled any version of the programme to be accredited. The Offending Behaviour Programmes Team at NPD was tasked with setting up a project to develop Domestic Violence interventions which could be accreditable. This involved several strands of work. The first was to establish the criminogenic needs of domestic violence perpetrators. To do this a research study was commissioned through the Home Office Research and Development Unit. This study examined the criminogenic needs and demographic background of male domestic violence perpetrators and found that although there was a great deal of commonality between the needs associated with general offenders and domestic violence perpetrators there were enough additional factors.

01: DEVELOPMENT OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE PROGRAMMES IN NPS

Next a theoretical framework was needed to explain how domestic violence became an established pattern of behaviour in perpetrators, the factors both internal (attitudes and beliefs) and external (environmental factors), and to provide a model of change, which describes how an intervention might reduce the likelihood of the behaviours in the future. After a great deal of consultation with experts in the field a model was developed based on Dutton’s nested ecological theory (1995). This proposes that domestic violence has many precursors which contribute to its development at different levels of societal and personal experience. Dutton (1995) illustrates how the nested ecological model can be used to frame a profile of risk for a given individual, so that, for example: “wife assault would be viewed as likely when a male has strong needs to dominate women, has exaggerated anxiety about intimate relationships, has had violent role models, has poorly developed conflict resolution skills (all personal factors), is currently experiencing job stress or unemployment, is isolated from support groups, is experiencing relationship stress in terms of communication difficulties and power struggles (immediate environmental factors), and exists in a culture in which maleness is defined by one’s ability to respond aggressively to conflict (societal factors).” (see IDAP theory manual) The final issue to be resolved was how to create an intervention which would meet with the accreditation criteria, but also deal with some of the unique aspects of domestic violence, including the fact that perpetrators were often still in a relationship and living in close proximity to those they had committed offences against. The resolution of this was to persuade the Correctional Services Accreditation Panel to create a new category of accreditation. Instead of accrediting a standalone groupwork intervention, the Panel was asked to accredit a integrated system which include support for women partners of perpetrators and establishing close working

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relationships with the police to ensure close monitoring and prioritisation of response to further incidents. The outcome of this work was the eventual accreditation of two domestic violence programmes within the structure of an integrated system: IDAP based on the Deluth model and CDVP which is a cognitive behavioural programme from Canada which is also used by the Prison Service. Great progress has be made in the implementation of both these programmes and it is worth mentioning that the target of 1200 programme completions in 2006-7 was surpassed by nearly 50%. However, some issues still remain. For example, although the programmes are based on the best available evidence and have been accredited on the basis that they will reduce the likelihood of reconviction, the evidence to confirm this has still to be generated. This is why NOMS Interventions and Substance Abuse Unit has organised a project to fully evaluate the programmes. Another issue is the great and increasing demand for the programmes at all levels. Demand for domestic violence programmes is currently greater than supply and it is unlikely that resources will be available to allow expansion to meet all needs. This means that work needs to done on improving targeting to ensure those attending are likely to reap most benefit and thought must be given to what alternatives might be appropriate for some perpetrators. FURTHER INFORMATION: Danny Clark, NOMS Interventions & Substance Abuse Unit Emails: Danny.Clark@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk Tel: 020 7217 0675

Just to let you know that the Domestic Abuse Conference is being held on Tuesday 25 and Wednesday 26 September 2007 at: The Park Inn York Hotel North Street York YO1 6JF. Tel: 01904 459988 Registration on day 1 is between 9.00-11.45am (there will be space available to store luggage) and the conference will commence at 12.00 and finish around 15.30 on day 2. Dinner and the overnight stay will also be at the Park Inn Hotel. FURTHER INFORMATION: (including a copy of the agenda) Ruth Taylor, NOMS Interventions & Substance Abuse Unit Email: Ruth.Taylor@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk Tel: 020 7217 1779 03: DOMESTIC ABUSE POLICY AND STRATEGY

02: DOMESTIC ABUSE CONFERENCE, YORK, 25-26 SEPTEMBER

In July 2005, the Public Protection Unit issued the NPS Interim Domestic Abuse Policy and Strategy (PC54/2005). This set out an interim domestic abuse policy for the NPS and a strategic framework to implement it. The Policy is underpinned by a set of principles and practice aims which reinforce the importance for offender management of a fully integrated and coordinated approach, encompassing the assessment and management of risk, access to interventions and inter-agency working. One of the key principles is that:

“As a public protection organisation, the NPS will make the enhancement of victim safety a high priority and ensure that arrangements

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are in place to identify perpetrators and those at risk of domestic abuse for whom it has statutory or public safety responsibilities and to address and limit the offending behaviour of perpetrators.” The strategic framework identified changes that were required to improve the Service’s approach to tackling domestic abuse. It reflected many of the recommendations made in the HMIP thematic inspection report Reducing Domestic Violence. Over the next couple of months, PPU will be in contact with all areas to see how areas have responded to the strategy framework. To support the National Policy and Strategy, PPU has drawn up guidance, in conjunction with the NPS Domestic Abuse Reference Group. The guidance is available on EPIC and covers: • Behaviour and offences linked to domestic abuse. Legislation and other developments in tackling domestic abuse. Putting domestic abuse into context. Specialist Domestic Violence court programme. Working with victims.

welcomed and should be sent to: Angela.Colyer@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk NPS Domestic Abuse Reference Group The NPS Domestic Abuse Reference Group acts as a consultative body for NOMS on domestic abuse issues of relevance to the NPS. It assisted in the drawing up of the national domestic abuse policy and strategy and the supporting guidance. It provides a forum to raise issues and to share best practice, relevant information and learning to inform domestic abuse policy and strategy in the NPS. The Group is chaired by PPU and each probation region is represented together with HMIP and Improvement and Development Managers. Risk of Harm Guidance and Training Resource Pack Version 2 of the Risk of Harm Guidance and Training Resource Pack has now been issued. The changes made to the Pack for Version 2 are mainly in terms of improving its presentation, accessibility and navigation. These include an A-Z index, an enhanced user guide, the facility to enlarge images, display selection buttons on every page and improvement to the way sections of the pack print to avoid breaks across pages. The section on domestic abuse has been moved from module 5 to module 3 (together with the sections on mental health and arson) and a new section on Public Protection and Human Rights has been included in module 4. The Pack is now available on EPIC and the Prison Service intranet. This will enable staff to access the pack from their desks and for us to update it without having to re-issue CD-ROMs. Currently only staff on the OMNI network can access the Pack on EPIC. Staff on the GSI network will have access shortly. Work has started on Version 3 of the Pack which should be ready by January 2008. Version 3 will

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Assessing and managing risk of harm and the use of interventions.

The guidance on assessing and managing risk of harm and the use of interventions consists of a prompt sheet of key issues when working with domestic abuse perpetrators followed by more detailed guidance. Each underlined heading on the prompt sheet is linked to the relevant sections of the detailed guidance for easy access. The guidance can be found on the public protection page under Service Delivery. Comments and feedback on the guidance is

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include more substantial changes to the contents of the Pack. Domestic Violence, Crime and Victims Act 2004 Section 1 of the Domestic Violence, Crime and Victims Act 2004 was implemented on 1 July 2007. This made breach of a non-molestation order a criminal offence punishable by up to five years’ imprisonment. Prior to this, breach of a nonmolestation order has been punishable only as a civil contempt of court. Section 1 applies to orders made from 1 July 2007: it cannot be applied retrospectively to orders made before this date. No date has yet been set for the implementation of section 12 of the 2004 Act, which enables courts to impose restraining orders when sentencing for any offence and on acquittal. PC 31/2007 sets out details of both sections of the 2004 Act and highlights issues for court staff, report writers and offender managers. FURTHER INFORMATION: Angela Colyer, Domestic Abuse & Risk of Harm Improvement. NOMS Public Protection Unit Email: Angela.Colyer@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk Tel: 020 7217 0702 04: DOMESTIC VIOLENCE ASSESSMENT CENTRES

This review has been undertaken jointly between both organisations and will be suitable across both organisations and all Domestic Violence programmes. The new assessment centre is currently being piloted in a prison and probation setting and following any amendments should be ready by the autumn. FURTHER INFORMATIOM: Penny Rickman, Effective Practice Regional Training Manager, East of England Region Email: Penny.Rickman@ essex.probation.gsi.gov.uk Tel: 07903 747545

Phil Mackin, NOMS Interventions & Substance Abuse Unit Email: Philip.Mackin@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk Tel: 020 7217 8044 05: DOMESTIC VIOLENCE: VIDEO MONITORING

At the end of July, a number of treatment managers volunteered to take part in an exercise to film IDAP/CDVP treatment sessions for use in the future video monitoring training of new treatment managers. The sessions will be used during the “day two” section of the training where trainees are asked to formally assess video/DVD footage of live sessions from programmes that are familiar to them. Thanks to all those who gave up their time to take part. FURTHER INFORMATION: Karl Williams, NOMS Interventions & Substance Abuse Unit Email: Karl.Williams45@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk Tel: 020 7217 8991

Facilitators and trainers for IDAP, CDVP and Healthy Relationships programmes currently undertake an assessment process which tests practice knowledge, underpinning knowledge and values regarding work in the area of Domestic Violence. This process has grown separately within the prison and probation setting and comments from practitioners and managers has led to an urgent review.

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Introduction The purpose of this article is to provide a current context to evaluation work of domestic violence programmes in the National Probation Service. This includes a brief summary of work that is being undertaken, an outline of the evaluation activities planned for the 2007/2008 business year and finally some tips on how to ensure that the collection of data for DV programmes is of as good a quality as possible. National evaluation plans for DV Programmes Within the next six months a strategy for NPS Evaluation of Accredited Offending Behaviour Programmes will be published. This provides the background to the evaluation approach and notes the key strategic and 2007 to 2008 business year evaluation priorities for all accredited offending behaviour programmes delivered in the National Probation Service. A key priority over the next five years will be a range of short and long term projects to evaluate Domestic Violence programmes now that they have been fully rolled out across England and Wales. As you may already be aware, there is a lack of research evidence on the effectiveness of Domestic Violence programmes both internationally and in the UK. We cannot say with confidence yet that they do or do not ‘work’ with regard to reducing re-offending at this point in time. This is partly because this is an incredibly difficult and complex area within which to undertake evaluation. That said we are presented with a major and exciting opportunity to be at the forefront of developing the evidence base for Domestic Violence programmes in the UK. How’s that for a challenge!

06: EVALUATION OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE PROGRAMMES IN THE PROBATION SERVICE

Current evaluation work The assessment and evaluation manuals for IDAP and CDVP outline the evaluation activities and overarching evaluation plan for these programmes. These are currently being revised (along with all the other offending behaviour programme evaluation manuals) so that they are more user-friendly and contain up to date and accurate information. The aim is for this work to be completed by the autumn of this year. A project has been conducted that explored the likelihood of finding a suitable comparison group for a robustly designed, future outcomes study to assess the impact of the Domestic Violence programmes on participants. The key findings were that programme starters and non-starters were matched on variables of age and motivation but not on risk since those considered a higher risk were being prioritised to commence treatment. Many offenders who might have been included in the study were left out because of the absence of matched psychometric data from areas. This report will be disseminated shortly. A survey of local areas’ practice in relation to implementation has been completed and the initial findings indicated that there is a high demand for DV programmes. It noted that areas are struggling to meet these high demands within current resources. This is leading to large “waiting lists” for programmes nationally (please see the report for full details). A second survey has been undertaken in order to incorporate findings from a greater number of probation areas and a report will be available in the autumn. The evaluation measures psychometric feedback reports have been completed for IDAP and CDVP and sent to Chief Officers as an e-mail attachment. The reports can also be found on EPIC in the programmes section. Nationally, it was found that offenders’ reports on the psychometrics tests were moving in the desired

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direction on all the treatment targets of the programmes which is a promising indicator in terms of the performance of programmes. Work is currently being undertaken to look at the reliability and the validity of the psychometric tests used in IDAP and CDVP to enable a reduction of the number of tests currently used in the future to include only those that are the most relevant and promising as measures of attitude and behavioural change. IDAP and CDVP psychometric tests (except the victim checklists and the PDS scale which still need to be sent to the NOMS ATB Team) can now be entered onto IAPS. A guidance note on how to Evaluation Project Aims of the Project

manage this change have been sent to IAPS contacts in probation areas (with a request to forward to relevant programme staff) and can also be found on EPIC. Plan for this business year for evaluating Domestic Violence programmes Below is a table that outlines in more detail the specific evaluation activities planned for 2007 to 2008. Included are the projects, their aims, the report deadline, who is leading that piece of work and if it is to be completed within resources or contracted out. As you can see, a rather busy year for the evaluation of Domestic Violence programmes! Report Deadline Who is leading and in-house or contract out Karl Williams NOMS ATB Team (In-house)

Write up of feasibility study for of comparison group for a future DV outcome evaluation project. Evaluation Measures feedback reports for IDAP and CDVP.

Reports on the work completed to assess the 30 July 07 likely numbers available for a comparison group for an outcome study for IDAP and CDVP. Aims to provide management information on data quality and whether the evaluation measures nationally, regionally and at area level are going in the desired direction from pre to post programme.

30 June 07 Sinead Bloomfield (In-house project)

DV Programmes Process Evaluation.

DV Programme evaluation of desistance of participants from offending after 2 years in the community.

The study will aim to provide some in-depth explanatory information on how DV programmes assisted a small number of DV offenders to desist from crime since completing their order.

This study will aim to assess whether 30 Aug 08 programmes are being delivered as intended by all areas & prison sites, assess whether data is being collated and to what quality, make an assessment of readiness for a full-scale outcome evaluation, provide recommendations for operational and design improvements to the DV programmes. 30 Mar 08

Jo Day and Karl Williams (contract out)

Jo Day and Victoria DawsonWheeler (in-house)

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Evaluation Project

Aims of the Project

Report Deadline

Conduct a reliability and validity study of DV evaluation measures. Survey of Areas Implementation. SARA evaluation.

Aims to provide information on the usefulness 30 Apr 08 of the current psychometric measures and checklists and use to inform any reduction of by removing measures that are not valid or reliable. Aims to provide a brief summary of current implementation issues by areas delivering IDAP and CDVP To be agreed

Who is leading and in-house or contract out Sinead Bloomfield (in-house)

Development and continuation To identify the best way forward in terms of of DV programmes in the choice of DV programmes in the community Community. and development o further programmes. Liaise with other organisations/individuals that are conducting DV research to ensure not replicating evaluations and ensure up to date with all the relevant studies. Evaluation of Wiltshire Probation Area concentrated delivery of DV programme.

The aim is to assess: To be a) How areas are implementing the SARA tool. agreed b) Assess the inter rater reliability of the tool. c) Consider electronic option for the tool.

Phil Mackin and Sinead Bloomfield (in-house)

Phil Mackin and Jo Day (contract out) Danny Clark Jo Day, Karl Williams and Sinead Bloomfield (in-house)

Yet to be agreed

To be aware of all the relevant research and Ongoing evaluations on DV and ensure not replicating and able to inform other evaluations.

Ensure got up to date risk and needs data/studies/ reports relating to men, women and same sex DV offenders and re-offending baselines.

To ensure have up to date information and awareness of the risk and needs profiles of DV offenders as measured by OASys.

To provide an insight into the impact of the changes on the design and theory underpinning of the programme and produce recommendations on use of this approach to delivery in the future.

March 2008 Phil Mackin (contract out)

30 Aug 07

Jo Day and ODEAT (in-house)

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Future evaluation plans Depending on the result of the process study, the aim is to continue the preparation and planning work for a methodologically robust outcome study of Domestic Violence programmes. We also have to look at what other programme or intervention provision is required/needs to be developed to meet the needs of domestically violent offenders. Ensuring Good Quality Data for Evaluations One of the key issues in undertaking any evaluation is ensuring that there is a good level of quality of data and information from a programme. This is everyone’s responsibility and all programme staff (local, regional and national) have a role to play in ensuring that there is good quality data and information. Yet we know it can seem mundane and pointless when studies are unlikely to be finished until three to four years time. But it is essential and critical nonetheless because otherwise nothing will be published even then because the data is not of good enough quality! With regard to the psychometric tests, at a national level we try to ensure that the most promising psychometrics measures available are used and that they are reliable and valid. Data obtained from IAPS and from psychometric booklets sent in by areas is checked and databases are set up and cleaned to ensure only good quality information is included. It is this data that is then used in any evaluation project or in responding to queries from areas or ministers. Tips for Ensuring Quality Below are some tips for helping to achieve good quality psychometric data in your local probation area which will be included in the revised evaluation manuals:

have been documented on the booklet.

It is advisable that the administrator who enters the psychometric booklets onto IAPS is familiar with the purpose of them, the importance of data quality, as well as having IAPS training.

The psychometric data needs to be input onto IAPS. It is advisable that this is done in separate sessions to avoid the risk of data being incorrectly entered onto the system (ie spend no longer than 1 hour inputting psychometric data at any one time; after 1 hour of inputting have a break from IAPS and come back later and input the rest of the booklets). Any comments that have been documented on the booklet (either by the administrator themselves or by the offender) are added to the any other information section option in the IAPS when inputting the data to ensure that any issues that arose during the session are available to the evaluator (this information is very important as it determines how to interpret the data).

It is very important that the details entered into IAPS are correct. The date that is written on the booklet should be the date entered onto IAPS (not the date that the booklet is being entered unless this is the same day). It is also very important that whether the psychometrics are pre or post-programme have been entered correctly. Entering a post programme booklet as a pre programme booklet and vice versa can be detrimental to the evaluation process. There should be some quality assurance measures put in place to ensure that the data is entered onto IAPS within a reasonable time frame from the testing session and that the data is entered correctly. This would involve periodic checks of what data is on IAPS and cross checking this. For example,

Psychometric booklets need to be checked at the end of the session to ensure that all questions have been answered, there are no blank pages and any issues within the session

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looking up the number of commencements and completions there are for a given programme and cross checking this with the number of pre and post evaluation measures that have been input onto the system. It can then be determined whether the psychometrics are being input and if there is a vast discrepancy procedures can be carried out to determine why this is the case and improve practice.

The EPTM leads liaise with the National Project Managers at NOMS to ensure that the seamless and effective training of staff takes place, that there are sufficient staff trained to meet Area needs, that competent trainers are selected and trained and that the training is subject to a rigorous quality assurance process. CDVP is also delivered as a prison programme known as Healthy Relationships. The training of staff has taken place involving a mix or prison and probation staff and delivered jointly by prison and probation trainers. This has resulted in a greater understanding of how Domestic Abuse programmes are delivered within prison and probation and also greater collaboration between the two with meetings occurring between probation and prison leads. Recently the EPTM network has taken on the role of conduits of the change control process linking more closely than ever with treatment managers and programme managers from the Regions. The re-launch of change control via Regional events that took place throughout July have assisted with the responsive delivery of the CDVP/IDAP programmes whilst adhering to both programme and treatment integrity. FURTHER INFORMATION Mary Smith, Regional Effective Practice Training Manager, North East Consortium Email: Mary.Smith@ northumbria.probation.gsi.gov.uk Tel: 0191 491 1693

It is useful to set up systems tailored to the local area such as checklists and guides as to who is responsible for what parts of the process and for tracking data collection so that gaps can be identified and addressed.

FURTHER INFORMATION Jo Day, NOMS Interventions & Substance Abuse Unit Email: Jo.Day@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk Tel: 020 7217 8999 07: THE ROLE OF THE EPTM AS NATIONAL TRAINING ROLL- OUT LEADS

The Effective Practice Training Managers are a well established group of experienced managers with a host of expertise in staff development and accredited programmes, who each have responsibility for leading the roll-out of accredited programmes training. They have been in post since 2000 following the first roll-out of an accredited programme in the community (Think First). Each EPTM has a lead role for a specific programme and are part of the Regional Training Consortia. The lead EPTM for IDAP is Penny Rickman from the East of England Training Consortium and for CDVP it is Mary Smith from the North East Consortium and Jon Lear from the North West Consortium.

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Women Safety Work is a highly skilled and professional role and is central to the design of IDAP and CDVP in contributing to the overall effect on reduction of risk to women and children. As programmes started to run, the complexity of this role became even more apparent and exceeded the original plans made centrally to support the training and development of women engaged in this role. Women needed a well developed awareness of the effects of Domestic Violence, an understanding of how to put the manual into practice (including a good grasp of relevant legislation and the role of other organisations) as well as an understanding of the men’s programme. The role has been well developed and integrated within some Areas but we realised that this was not always reflected in the support or understanding of the Women Safety Worker role nationally. In order to address this, a three day training pack was commissioned nationally to reach all Women Safety Workers. The initial six training events ran throughout the country and attempted to capture many of the existing Women Safety Work staff. A recent ‘Training the Trainer’ event (week of 9 July in York), passed on the training pack to regional trainers (most of whom are established Women Safety Workers) who will form a resource for new Women Safety Workers and those who may have missed the opportunity of the national training. Work is currently underway to establish a workbook and qualification which can accompany this training and further acknowledge this important and essential role. We are committed to continue to disseminate best practice from Areas regarding the organisation of Women Safety Workers within the overall Domestic Violence programme structure.

08: WOMEN SAFETY WORK

Penny Rickman, Effective Practice Regional Training Manager, East of England Region Email: Penny.Rickman@ essex.probation.gsi.gov.uk Tel: 07903 747545 or Phil Mackin. NOMS Interventions & Substance Abuse Unit Email: Philip.Mackin@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk Tel: 020 7217 8044 09: FUNDAMENTAL SKILLS TRAINING

Send any helpful examples of good practice to:

The Fundamental Skills training package was developed as one of a number of initiatives to be taken forward under the NOMS Joint Sex Offender Assessment and Treatment Strategy. One of the principal objectives of this is to work towards endto-end management of sex offender treatment. The new Fundamental Skills training was jointly written by the Probation Service and Prison Service, led by Elizabeth Hayes (NOMS), David Middleton (NOMS) and Chris Dean (HMPS). The aim was to merge the Probation Service’s Foundation Skills training and the Prison Service’s old Fundamental Skills training whilst updating both packages with latest research and current knowledge of best practice. The structure and content were designed jointly and differences in current practice between the two Services acknowledged. There have now been several pilots of this training. The package has been adjusted following these events to accommodate feedback and issues that have emerged. Overall feedback on the training has been positive, particularly regarding its emphasis on practising skills. The first fully combined event is due to be rolled out in early September. This consists of 2 separate events running simultaneously, with a total of 64 training places, to be delivered by 10 trainers. Practice

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delivery sessions take place in syndicate groups of 8 participants, each led by 1 trainer. In order to plan for this, a Train the Trainer event was held for both Probation and Prison Service trainers in June 2007. The overall success of this event (one of the first fully joint training events) was the active willingness of the group to work together, acknowledging each others’ strengths. The group predominantly saw this event as an interesting and exciting opportunity. Many of the trainers referred to sharing experiences across the services and understanding each others’ practice as a key benefit of the training. There was support for the new training package and its contents, with minor suggestions for improvement. The participants were all experienced trainers for other programmes so were usefully able to develop ideas and potential solutions for identified problems, drawing on their extensive combined experience. In response to queries raised by the trainers’ group, comprehensive guidance has since been jointly drawn up by Chris Dean (HMPS) and Anita McLeod (NOMS) to assist trainers in assessing individuals from each others’ service, and trainers are looking forward to putting this into practice. FURTHER INFORMATION Elizabeth Hayes, NOMS Interventions & Substance Abuse Unit Email: Elizabeth.Hayes6@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk Tel: 020 7217 8401

The Relapse Prevention elements of all 3 core community SOTPs have recently undergone revision. This has been done in order to accommodate emerging research on the Good Lives Model, in addition to addressing a range of previous delivery issues. A further consideration has been to facilitate more seamless transition for offenders between programmes in custody and in the community. Similar revision has been undertaken with Prison Service programmes provision. The first of the community revisions, for the Northumbria Sex Offender Groupwork Programme (NSOGP) was accredited by the Correctional Services Accreditational Panel and a briefing event was held for trainers in June 2007. The aim of the briefing was to enable trainers to lead conversion events for existing facilitators, which are to be rolled out over the next few months. Trainers have subsequently retooled existing materials for training both new facilitators and new offender managers in the programme. A guidance briefing is to be issued to existing offender managers, to advise them of these changes. The relapse prevention revisions for the other two core community SOTPs (TV-SOGP and C-SOGP) are due to be submitted to the Panel on 16th October 2007. Provided that these receive successful accreditation, the aim is for these to be similarly rolled out over the next few months. An additional briefing event to develop all facilitators’ understanding of the Good Lives Model is being planned for February 2008, in conjunction with a change over to the new relasped prevention provision for community FOTPs.

10: RELAPSE PREVENTION PROVISION WITHIN COMMUNITY SEX OFFENDER TREATMENT PROGRAMMES

Anita McLeod, NOMS Interventions & Substance Abuse Unit Email: Anita.McLeod@ northumbria.probation.gsi.gov.uk Tel: 020 7217 8211

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FURTHER INFORMATION Elizabeth Hayes, NOMS Interventions & Substance Abuse Unit Email: Elizabeth.Hayes6@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk Tel: 020 7217 8401 Anita McLeod, NOMS Interventions & Substance Abuse Unit Email: Anita.McLeod@ northumbria.probation.gsi.gov.uk Tel: 020 7217 8211

areas via a Gateway communication to Chief Officers, issued in mid-July 2007 and will be reinforced to SARN writers through the planned training schedule. FURTHER INFORMATION Elizabeth Hayes, NOMS Interventions & Substance Abuse Unit Email: Elizabeth.Hayes6@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk Tel: 020 7217 8401 Anita McLeod, NOMS Interventions & Substance Abuse Unit Email: Anita.McLeod@ northumbria.probation.gsi.gov.uk Tel: 020 7217 8211

PC 09/07 advised that the deadline for completion of all post-programme reports was 2 weeks after the end of the core programme, in order to count as a completion. It further advised that postprogramme reports should be sent to Offender Managers within 3 weeks of the end of the core programme. PC 17/07 then advised areas of the intention to move from the previous format of postprogramme reports for SOTPs to the Structured Assessment of Risk and Need (SARN) posttreatment report (once staff have been suitably trained), in order to align community treatment programmes more closely with prison-based accredited programmes. However, it was recognised that post-treatment reports for SOTPs (both the old post-programme report format and the new SARN format) are more substantive and relate to a longer period of treatment than for other accredited programmes. Therefore, a longer timescale needs to be allowed. In recognition of this, the deadline for completion of SARN post-treatment reports and sending these to Offender Managers has now been extended to 6 weeks. This was communicated to

11: POST PROGRAMME REPORTS FOR SOTP’S

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