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Title Iron Bridge

Engineer Abraham Darby

Year 1779

Location England

Structural Form Circular arch, iron

Craigellachie Bridge

Thomas Telford

1814

Scotland

Cast iron arch

Menai Straits Bridge

Thomas Telford

1826

UK

Wrought iron chain-suspension bridge

Saltash Bridge

Isambard Kingdom Brunel

1859

UK

Lenticular truss, iron

Britannia Bridge

Robert Stephenson

1850

UK

Hollow box, iron

Clifton Bridge

Isambard Kingdom Brunel

1864

UK

Suspension bridge, iron

Rouzat Viaduct

Gustave Eiffel

1869

France

Wrought iron truss for the deck and the towers

Eads Bridge

James Eads

1870

St. Louis

Steel arch bridge

Pia Maria Bridge

Gustave Eiffel

1877

Portugal

Wrought iron two-hinged arch, deck merges into top of arch

Cincinnati Bridge

John Roebling

1867

Cincinnati

Suspension and cable-stayed bridge (steel), stone towers

Brooklyn Bridge

John Roebling

1883

New York

Suspension and cable-stayed bridge (steel), stone towers

Garabit Viaduct

Gustave Eiffel

1884

France

Wrought iron two-hinged crescent arch bridge, deck is above arch Wrought iron, acts like cantilever

Eiffel Tower

Gustave Eiffel

1889

France

Firth of Forth Bridge

Benjamin Baker

1890

Scotland

Cantilever truss bridge, steel

Zuoz Bridge

Robert Maillart

1901

Switzerland

Reinforced concrete three-hinged arch bridge with hollow box cross-section Reinforced concrete three-hinged arch bridge

Stauffacher Bridge

Robert Maillart

1899

Zurich

Williamsburg Bridge

Leffert Lefferts Buck

1903

New York

Steel truss, suspension bridge

Tavanasa Bridge

Robert Maillart

1906

Switzerland

Reinforced concrete three-hinged arch bridge with hollow box cross-section Steel and terra-cotta building

Woolworth Building

Cass Gilbert

1912

New York

Empire State Building

Various

1931

New York

Steel frame building

Hellgate Bridge

Gustav Lindenthal

1916

New York

Steel arch, stone towers

Valtschielbach Bridge

Robert Maillart

1925

Switzerland

Deck-stiffened arch bridge, reinforced concrete

Plougastel Bridge

Eugene Freyssinet

1930

France

Fixed arch bridge, reinforced concrete

Salginatobel Bridge

Robert Maillart

1930

Switzerland

Reinforced concrete three-hinged arch bridge with hollow box cross-section Steel arch bridge

Bayonne Bridge

Othmar Ammann

1931

New York

George Washington Bridge

Othmar Ammann

1931

New York

Suspension bridge, steel

Bronx-Whitestone Bridge

Othmar Ammann

1939

New York

Suspension bridge, steel

Schwandbach Bridge

Robert Maillart

1933

Switzerland

Deck-stiffened arch bridge, reinforced concrete

Vessy Bridge

Robert Maillart

1935

Switzerland

Reinforced concrete three-hinged arch bridge with hollow box cross-section

Golden Gate Bridge

Joseph Strauss

1937

California

Suspension bridge, steel

Tacoma Narrows Bridge

Leon Moissieff

1940

Washington

Suspension bridge, steel

Severn Bridge

Gilbert Roberts

1966

UK

Steel suspension bridge with inclined suspenders, dampers, and aerodynamic deck design Hollow box, prestressed concrete

Sclayn Bridge

Gustave Magnel (monitoring)

1941

Belgium

Mangfall Bridge

Ulrich Finsterwalder

1960

Germany

Girder, truss bridge, prestressed concrete

Crestawald Bridge

Christian Menn

1958

Switzerland

Deck-stiffened arch bridge, reinforced concrete

Reichenau Bridge

Christian Menn

1962

Switzerland

Deck-stiffened arch bridge, prestressed deck

St. Louis Arch

Hannskarl Bandel

1966

Missouri

Concrete/metal arch

Salvanei Bridge

Christian Menn

1969

Switzerland

Curved, hollow box girder, prestressed concrete

Hancock Tower

Fazlur Khan

1970

Chicago

X-braced tube steel skyscraper

Sears Tower

Fazlur Khan

1974

Chicago

Bundled tube, steel skyscraper

Felsenau Bridge

Christian Menn

1975

Switzerland

Curved, hollow-box girder, prestressed concrete

Ganter Bridge

Christian Menn

1980

Switzerland

Low cable-stayed bridge (stays encased in concrete), prestressed concrete deck Low cable-stayed bridge, harp cable arrangement, prestressed concrete deck Cable-stayed, multicable fan arrangement, concrete towers, steel deck

Sunniberg Bridge

Christian Menn

1998

Switzerland

Millau Viaduct

Michel Virlogeux

2004

France

Zarzuela Hippodrome

Eduardo Torroja

1935

Spain

Cantilever, thin shell, reinforced concrete, paraboloid sector

Algeciras Market Hall

Eduardo Torroja

1934

Spain

Thin reinforced concrete dome

Hershey Arena

Anton Tedesko

1936

Pennsylvania

Barrel shell, reinforced concrete

Cement Hall

Robert Maillart

1939

Switzerland

Barrel shell, reinforced concrete

Cosmic Rays Lab

Felix Candela

1951

Mexico

Thin shell, reinforced concrete, hypar

Cuernavaca Chapel

Felix Candela

1955

Mexico

Thin shell, reinforced concrete, hypar

St. Louis Airport Terminal

Anton Tedesko

1956

St. Louis

Thin barrel shell with heavy stiffening arches, reinforced concrete

Municipal Stadium in Florence

Pier Luigi Nervi

1932

Florence

Reinforced concrete, horizontal cantilever

Little Sports Palace

Pier Luigi Nervi

1957

Rome, Italy

Ribbed dome, reinforced concrete

Large Sports Palace

Pier Luigi Nervi

1960

Rome, Italy

Ribbed dome, reinforced concrete

Xochimilco Restaurant

Felix Candela

1958

Mexico

Thin shell, reinforced concrete, hypar

Bacardi Rum Factory

Felix Candela

1960

Mexico

Thin shell, reinforced concrete, hypar

Sicli Company Building

Heinz Isler

1970

Geneva, Switzerland

Thin reinforced concrete shell designed by hanging cloth method Reinforced concrete tall building (tube type exterior)

Walker Building (Two Shell Plaza)

Fazlur Khan & Bruce Graham

1972

Houston, TX

Marine Midland Building

Fazlur Khan & Bruce Graham

1970

Rochester, NY

Reinforced concrete tall building (tube type exterior)

Onterie Building

Fazlur Khan & Bruce Graham

1986

Chicago

Reinforced concrete tall building with external X-bracing

Sunshine Skyway

Jean Muller

1987

Tampa Bay, Florida

Steel cable-stayed bridge with two towers and single plane of cable stays in hybrid arrangement Steel cable-stayed bridge with two towers and single plane of cable stays in hybrid arrangement Steel cable-stayed bridge with single tower and two inclined planes of cable stays in fan configuration Steel cable-stayed bridge with two towers and two vertical planes of cable stays in harp configuration

Brotonne Bridge

Jean Muller

1977

Normandy, France

East Huntington Bridge

Fritz Leonhardt

1985

Ohio and West Virginia

Dames Point Bridge

Howard, Needles, Tammen & Bergendoff

1987

Jacksonville, Florida

Helgeland Bridge

Fritz Leonhardt

1991

Norway

Steel cable-stayed bridge with two towers and two inclined planes of cable stays in fan configuration Steel cable-stayed bridge with two towers and two inclined planes of cable stays in hybrid configuration

Zakim Bridge

Christian Menn

2003

Boston, MA