Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements in Lancashire

2006-2007

Managing sexual and violent offenders in Lancashire
WE KNOW that protecting people – particularly children – from violent or sexual crime is one of the highest priorities that people in Lancashire have for the agencies that work together in the criminal justice system. Public protection is our primary concern too and we share a determination to safeguard the public from potentially dangerous offenders who are being supervised in the community. Our Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements (or MAPPA for short) set out the robust way we work together to identify, assess and manage high risk offenders in our communities across Lancashire.
Offenders who are being supervised in the community are not under house arrest or 24-hour surveillance and there is always the risk that despite our best efforts, they may re-offend. But our record in Lancashire is good. We work hard to rehabilitate offenders, ensuring help and support is available to tackle their problems, although we match this with a tough approach to any increased risk they may present. We balance this with a commitment to delivering an excellent quality of service to victims and have developed innovative ways of helping them through the traumatic and potentially devastating effect violent or sexual crime has had on their lives. But we are not complacent and are always looking for new ways to minimise and manage risk. You can find out more about our plans for the year ahead on the probation service website www.probation-lancashire.org.uk or the Lancashire Constabulary website www.lancashire.police.uk. Talking about sexual and dangerous offenders can be complicated and understandably emotive. This annual report tries to set out what MAPPA is all about and how it is operating in Lancashire in an honest and approachable way, providing profiles of the people involved and case studies to illustrate how they work together through MAPPA. Please be reassured that our organisations place the safety of our communities first.

Our partners...

Inside this year’s issue...
Robert Mathers Chief Officer of Probation

What does the Government think? 2 What is MAPPA and how does it work? 3 Not just a criminal justice issue 5 Improving co-ordination 6 Managing MAPPA at a senior level 7 How do you reduce the risk? 9 What is the picture in Lancashire? 10 What are your future plans? 11 But I still want to know 12

Steve Finnigan Chief Constable

Ian Lockwood Prison Area Manager

Protection Through Partnership

What does the Government think?
Ministerial Foreword
These are the sixth MAPPA annual reports, and the first with a foreword by the Ministry of Justice. I want, first of all, to underline the Government’s continued commitment to these arrangements. Protecting the public from dangerous offenders is a core aim for the new Department. Just as the effectiveness of MAPPA locally depends on the quality of working relationships, we will work with the Home Office, the Police, and others, to develop the best possible framework within which the MAPPA can operate. On 13 June, the Government published a Review of the Protection of Children from Sex Offenders. This sets out a programme of actions which include developing the use of drug treatment for sex offenders and piloting the use of compulsory polygraph testing as a risk management tool, enhancements to the regime operating at Approved Premises, and also a range of actions impacting directly upon the way the MAPPA work. I want to highlight two of them here. Firstly, research tells us that the arrangements are already used successfully to disclose information about dangerous offenders but we think this can be improved upon. MAPPA agencies will be required to consider disclosure in every case. We will pilot a scheme where parents will be able to register a child-protection interest in a named individual with whom they have a personal relationship and who has regular unsupervised access to their child. If that person has convictions for child sex offences and the child is at risk, there will be a presumption that the offences will be disclosed to the parent. Secondly, as MAPPA has developed over the past 6 years, best practice models have been identified which show that specific roles and approaches are required to ensure it is managed effectively. We are committed to strengthening MAPPA arrangements and ensuring that robust performance management is in place. To achieve this, we intend to introduce new national standards, which will ensure a consistent approach across Areas and we will be making available £1.2million to support Areas in implementing the standards. We aim to do everything that can reasonably be done to protect people from known, dangerous offenders. We know that there is always room for improvement. I commend this annual report to you as an indication of the commitment, skills and achievements of the professionals, and lay advisers, in managing and monitoring this essential, often difficult area of business.

Maria Eagle MP Parliamentary Under Secretary of State

Key Contacts
Lancashire Probation Service
communications@lancashire.probation.gsi.gov.uk, 99-101 Garstang Road, Preston PR1 1LD

Credits
This report was designed by Lancashire Constabulary Graphics Department and printed by HMP Wymott Printshop

Lancashire Constabulary
Lancashire Constabulary Headquarters, PO Box 77, Hutton, Preston, PR4 5SB

NW Prisons Area Office
Public Protection & Reducing Reoffending Dept, Stirling House, Foxhole Rd, Chorley PR7 1DY

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What is MAPPA and how does it work?
MULTI AGENCY Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) involve probation, police, and prison services working closely together to share information about high risk sexual or violent offenders. The agencies carry out a thorough assessment of the risk and prepare and implement plans to minimise it. They are supported by a range of other agencies which have a duty to co-operate which include local authority housing, education and social services; the health service; job centres and the youth offending teams. Wherever possible, offenders are resettled in the community when they have completed their prison sentence. This may mean providing accommodation, assisting with employment or offering treatment for drug, alcohol or mental health problems. But it also means imposing tough controls which may involve curfews, electronic monitoring, compulsory attendance at rehabilitation programmes etc. Behaviour is rigorously monitored and if it gives cause for concern, the offender can – and usually is – returned to prison.

What the police do
Head of Public Protection at Lancashire Constabulary, Detective Superintendent Graham Gardner:The Head of Public Protection for the police is a member of the MAPPA Strategic Management Board and is responsible for leading the Constabulary’s operations to manage dangerous and sex offenders. They must make sure that force policy is in line with national best practice and guidance and co-ordinate policing operations across the county. “We have five public protection units (PPUs) of specially trained detectives, headed by a detective inspector. They work with other agencies to develop and deliver tailored plans to manage the risk posed by individual offenders living in the community. The Constabulary is committed to making sure these units are well resourced and this year has added more officers to bolster the dangerous and sex offender manager teams in each PPU and to create a stronger central co-ordinating team. We’ve also created a dedicated post to manage the ViSOR (Violent and Sex Offender Register) system. This is a database used to store information on sexual and violent offenders being managed within the MAPP arrangements.”

What the probation service do
Louise Taylor, Assistant Chief Officer of the Lancashire Probation Service is the senior manager for public protection and is also a member of the MAPPA Strategic Management Board. Protecting the public from the risk of harm by offenders is a key priority for the Probation Service as Louise explains: “The Probation Service is responsible for assessing and managing high risk offenders – some of whom are managed through Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements and this year we’ve developed and implemented a set of MAPPA procedures that are in line with national guidance and provide consistency across the county. We lead on carrying out comprehensive risk assessments on offenders, providing reports to courts that help with sentencing decisions. We manage a range of offenders who are subject to community penalties or are in custody and provide hostel accommodation for offenders with complex risks and needs. We also carry out the swift enforcement of any breach of orders or prison licences. Our aim is to reduce offending and harm which includes the development and delivery of groups for violent, sexual, drug/alcohol misusing offenders, the identification and management of offenders who need to be drug tested and providing unpaid work placements.”

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case study
es oved hostel but ce of spectacl ving in an appr e The significan nder who was li x offe After leaving th olific child se e conditions. nder ‘A’ is a pr ch of his licenc g styles all Offe varyin g a brea
his room of prison followin was of spectacles in was recalled to at Offender ‘A’ number of pairs und a n cers reported th hostel, staff fo immediate concer in prison, offi ere was an ile back beard shaved ain lenses. Wh own a beard. Th and with pl and had gr ng his hair cut ir to grow long pearance by havi Police prison allowing his ha lly alter his ap her offences. going to tota d commit furt d clean stel an that he was th short hair an ond from his ho Offender ‘A’ wi ft prison, absc MAPPA Local raphs of when he le provided photog ficers. At the local police of igence officers intell to all ing release the ir with a beard nder ‘A’s impend s challenged to discuss Offe aven and long ha sh meeting Offender ‘A’ wa Risk Management became clear. cause of cles Inter agency to the police be r find of specta d to be reported ce of the earlie him planning ance ha significan change of appear would be seen as formed that any ilure to do this lease, Offender and in that fa on again. On re Registation and a recall to pris s Sex Offender hi lt in which would resu d has further offences at the hostel an live ‘A’ continued to arance. alter his appe not attempted to

case study

What the prison service do
The Prison Service is a key agency to the MAPPA process, putting in place arrangements to assess and manage the risks posed by offenders subject to MAPPA within individual prisons. Ian Lockwood, Prison Area Manager, explains the role in more detail: “We ensure that the classification and allocation system for prisoners operates effectively to prevent those who represent a significant risk to the public from escaping. Key to this is making sure that prisoners are allocated to the appropriate prison only after careful risk assessments and providing timely, accurate and relevant information and recommendations for prisoners subject to parole reviews, which must be based on a realistic assessment of risk We also aim to ensure that the risk posed by discharged prisoners is reduced and, wherever possible, managed safely. We work with other organisations as part of the MAPPA to share and communicate information to help enable released prisoners to be managed safely in the community. The establishment of the National Offender Management Service, of which the Prison Service is part, has continued to gather pace during this year. In the next few months we will be working with the Probation Service and other partners across NOMS and in the community to introduce and embed the Offender Management model in prisons. This includes the use of the OASys Risk Assessment tool and the implementation of the National Offender Management Information System which enables real time case management of offenders in prison and in the community”.

ile in prison By identifyin g and monitori ng high risk prisoners whil e they are se rving a prison sentence, the public protec tion unit at Wymott, plays HMP a key role in enabling the to put in plac MAPPA e processes fo r the safe management of behaviour once an offender le prison. Roy aves Chadwick, Prob ation Officer PPU in Wymott at the gives an exam ple: “Offender B ha d breached an harassment or respect of hi der in s ex-wife on nine occasion prison PPU re s. The ceived inform ation that su that he had go ggested t another pris oner to write letter to her a on his behalf and that he intended to se e her on his release. As result of the a concerns rais ed through MA restrictive me PPA, asures were pl aced on the offender to pr event further contact and th woman was prov e ided with a po lice panic al arm”.

Monitoring ac tivity wh

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Not just a criminal justice issue
The effectiveness of public protection often depends on other agencies working with those in the criminal justice system to help offenders resettle and avoid re-offending. Some agencies play such an important contribution that they are legally required to co-operate with MAPPA. Others – such as the NSPCC – provide specialist advice when extra expertise is needed.

rch shows that offen ders with jobs have lower rates of re-off one-third to one-half ending than offende rs without employm finding suitable emplo ent, so yment opportunities for offenders is critic effective resettlemen al to t. Peter Chadwick, External Relations Ma for Jobcentre Plus in nager Lancashire, explains the role his organisati plays in protecting the on public. “Effective collaborati on with other agen cies and employers move people from helps to welfare to work an d ultimately improv quality of life while e their at the same time de veloping effective lon solutions to deep-se g-term ated social and econ omic problems. We take our role in helping to protect the public seriously, actin prevent known seriou g to s sex offenders, violen t and dangerous offenders who have been officially notified to Jobcentre Plus Business Managers, from accessing inapp ropriate jobs and tra opportunities”. ining

Jobs key to rese ttlement Resea

case study
pport specialist su C – providing NSPC rtant public
play an impo C Charities also ple, the NSPC le. For exam protection ro a specialist team, which is Meadow House th adult sex team working wi and x offender se d information ide advice an s offenders, prov risk assessment rtaking sist with unde the often as ties. In rvention activi sisted and other inte s regularly as hs it ha st twelve mont assessments la risk th undertaking r the police wi Prevention Orde nces r for Sexual Offe consultancy fo s provided staff eedings and ha proc g Team Youth Offendin bit sexually the Lancashire ople who exhi th young pe working wi our. harmful behavi s an example the NSPCC give PPA: ul Clark from Pa within the MA am has worked of how the te on d in possessi nder was foun es about convicted offe “A fantasis at catalogued of material th aking medical undert MAPPA being a doctor g boys. The ations of youn examin adow House team the NSPCC Me find requested that his risk and t assessment of ng his reques undertake an s motivati about what wa inform out more in order to er treatment, d to for sex offend e risk he pose naging th best way of ma uld be the risk co and how that the community tment.” h trea reduced throug

case study
The housing solution
Research shows that re-offending among offenders who have stable accommodation on release from prison is often lower. According to Margaret Costello, Accommodation Officer for the Lancashire Probation Service, “Providing suitable accommodation is critical to the success of public protection” In her role Margaret provides those people in charge of managing an offender with consultancy advice on accommodation issues and is in charge of developing and maintaining a list of suitable properties. “It’s not always an easy job. Securing accommodation for these people is hard but through providing training for accommodation providers in the private sector and working closely with local authorities, we are managing to successfully resettle offenders into the community.” Pam Whitworth from the housing department in Blackpool Borough Council explains how local authorities play their part: ”Where the MAPPA determines that it is appropriate for the offender to live unsupervised, the council plays a key role in identifying suitable housing options, providing advice on housing legislation and the Council’s policies and procedures. Appropriate housing can be important in helping offenders not to re-offend. For example: Offender C is a 54 year-old man with learning difficulties who has a history of sex offences and arson. He was referred to the Multi Agency Public Protection panel and a risk management plan was put in place. The council allocated him a suitable local authority property and he was supported by Nacro - a voluntary welfare service - and social services. His licence expired in March 2006 and he has been a satisfactory tenant since October 2005.”

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Providing training to mental health specialists
During 2006, the MAPPA co-ordinator and Blackburn Public Protection Unit have delivered training to a number of mental health specialists who work in secure hospitals that provide care and treatment to people with mental illness and personality disorders including those who require care as part of their rehabilitation. Simon Smith, Head of Social Work at a privately run hospital, explains the need for the training: “As part of the MAPPA, hospitals sign an information sharing protocol which instructs social workers to share information about specified offenders with the area public protection unit. Similarly, the PPU is more easily able to share information from their systems about the offender which may have been unknown to hospital staff, making the treatment package more fully informed. Most importantly, this will help better manage the identified risk of each patient and work towards a more robust discharge plan when the patient comes to leave. The training for staff was designed to raise awareness of the purpose of MAPPA and to show professionals how public protection work did not have to compromise patient confidentiality, laying the foundation for a positive working relationship with outside agencies.”

Improving co-ordination
Sue Fiddler is Lancashire’s dedicated MAPPA Co-ordinator. Her role is varied but as her job is funded by both the Probation service and the Constabulary her main task is to improve communication between the two agencies. As a result of her work in 2006 all organisations involved with MAPPA have developed a greater understanding of and commitment to the MAPPA process, part of which involves organising training and briefing events. Sue said: ”In November I organised a training event specifically for ‘duty to co-operate agencies’ which was attended by over a hundred delegates from a range of agencies involved in public protection.” Philip Smith, formerly of the Home Office opened the event and said: “Conference events and training days of this kind are crucial in moving this agenda forward. It is clear both from the high level of attendance and the interest shown by participants that ‘duty to co-operate’ agencies in Lancashire both recognise the importance of MAPPA and are engaged in how to ensure it is effective in protecting the public from high risk of harm offenders.” Peter Chadwick, External Relations Manager for Jobcentre Plus in Lancashire attended the session and said, “Since attending the training conference, I have undertaken activity to make sure that every Business Manager in the local office understands the importance of protecting the public and that the agreed protocol operates according to the guidelines. Each office now has a nominated officer to deal with or act as a point of contact for MAPPA issues and awareness sessions have been delivered and guidance cascaded to key members of staff.” Other training events organised by Sue have been targeted toward specific audiences. This included contributing to a conference for magistrates aimed at raising awareness of public protection and MAPPA, how offenders are managed in the community and what programmes are delivered by the probation service. Susan Hughes JP, Magistrate for Burnley, Pendle and Rossendale attended the event and said: ”Before passing a sentence, Magistrates expect a report on any risks that an offender may present. But to make an appropriate sentencing decision we also need to know how the Probation Service will supervise an offender in the community and to know what types of interventions are appropriate for a specific offence. The wide ranging presentations were thorough and informative and helped to improve my knowledge and understanding of the issues involved in public protection.

The role of MAPPA co-ordinator is varie d but key responsibilities includ e: • Improving comm unication between probation and police on MAPPA iss ues. • Attending all mee tings on those who are identified as posing most serious risk and assist in de veloping risk management plans. • Collecting and int erpreting statistics on MAPPA managements, prov iding appropriate an alysis. • Making sure that processes are quality assured, for example, making su re meetings are cond ucted and recorded appropria tely. • Acting as the sin gle point of contact for all agencies involved in MAPPA . • Suppor ting and training lay advisors and all those involved in the proc ess. Sue says,“It’s been a busy but fruitful year and I’ve been able to initiate som e unique pieces of research including developing a policy with mental health providers to produce a risk focu ssed care programm e approach for mentally disordered offenders. I’ve also worked with Constabulary colleag ues and the Child Ex ploitation On Line Protection Unit (CEOP) to set up a pilot study into the proactive manag ement of sex offende rs on line.”

The co-ordinato rs role at a glance

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The MAPPA Strategic Management Board is made up of senior representatives of the organisations involved in MAPPA as well as a number of lay advisors – members of the public who have a special interest in public protection who can provide the public perspective. Its purpose is to continually monitor and evaluate how MAPPA works, providing the framework and protocols through which agencies can work together effectively to manage risk in our communities. For further information about the work of the Strategic Management Board and to find out more about its business plan go the website www.lancashire.police.uk or www.probation-lancashire.org.uk

Managing MAPPA at a senior level How do you identify who may be a risk?
The probation and prison service carry out an assessment of the likelihood of further offending and the risk of harm among all offenders under supervision.This system is called OASys, short for Offender Assessment System. In carrying out the assessment, a range of factors are considered including family and employment history; use of illegal substances or alcohol; ability to manage finances and attitudes towards victims. The probation service is then able to tailor a plan of action that maximises offender compliance with the terms of their release to reduce any danger of repeat offending. The risk assessment is shared with other MAPPA agencies as part of the MAPP panel, through which it is monitored and reviewed if required.

What do you mean by risk?
Within MAPPA there are three levels of risk: Level 1 – These are offenders who can be managed effectively by a single agency and therefore don’t need a full multi-agency meeting to take place.Their management usually involves police, probation and youth offending teams. Most of the offenders on the sex offender register fall within this category which means that the police monitor their movements and activities. Level 2 – These are high risk offenders where there is concern that they may about to commit further harm and whose risk management is dependent on the active involvement of other agencies such as housing or mental heath. This will involve an inter agency MAPPA meeting that will include representation of the agencies who work locally. Level 3 – In a small number of cases the offender is considered to be very high risk and can only be managed by a plan which requires close co-operation by agencies at a senior level. In these cases a multi-agency meeting of senior staff shares risk information and implements an action plan that may require considerable resources for example, high level of police time or electronic monitoring.

Public Protection Unit

HMP Wymott is th e biggest sex offende r unit in Europe. A dedicated public protection unit is ba sed at the prison comprising of a prob ation officer and tw o police intelligence officers who form part of th e Security Depar tment manag ed by a prison serv ice governor. Probation officer Ro y Chadwick explains what his work involves: “The focus of our wo rk is to protect the public by identifying and mon itoring very high ris k prisoners and providing information that can assist in their management during their time in prison and after they are released. Ever y day we review public protection int elligence and information coming into the prison or ra ised by members of staff. W e hold weekly mee tings which are attended by most de partments within th e prison. From these meetings we determine plans of action that frequently involve pr oviding information to MAPP panel meetings.”

at HMP Wymott

What do you do to manage the risk?
There is a huge range of tools available to agencies working as part of MAPPA to manage offenders in the community. You’ll see from the case studies featured throughout this annual report, that the key to using the tools successfully is the continued monitoring and partnership working undertaken by MAPPA. In most cases, people leaving prison on a Prison Licence, or those serving a Community Order are subject to a variety of conditions. Those in breach of any of the conditions are likely to be immediately recalled to prison.

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Key elements of the law
Sex Offenders Register – makes sex offenders legally required to notify the police of address, place of work etc on an on-going basis. Notification Orders – makes those convicted of sex offences abroad provide the same notification information to the police as those convicted in this country. Sexual Offences Prevention orders – orders that prevent people from carrying out certain activity in certain places, for example preventing individuals from entering play areas. Breach of these orders is punishable with up to five years in prison. Foreign Travel Orders – prevents people convicted of a sexual offence against a child from travelling abroad. Risk of Sexual Harm Orders – used to prevent harm to children from sexually explicit communication or conduct. Disqualification orders – prevents offenders from working with children on either a paid or voluntary basis.

case study
r Prevention Orde identified over Sexual Offences ll, concern was a r threats to ki ficers obtained g a sentence fo ll a child. Of
Whilst servin ionable under s to rape and ki he was not sect repeated threat ed that although Offender ‘D’’s show er, with a sessment which rsonality disord by mental health as had a severe pe is was obtained th Act, the man r evidence of th e to the Mental Heal On his discharg fending. Furthe ildren. sexual of htened risk of fences ures of young ch heig al Of d pict l enabled a Sexu cell search foun n prevent to the MAPP pane officers when a orders which ca ation provided inform d ohibitive a hostel, this d can be applie . These are pr obtained vities an ing certain acti tion Order to be these of Preven aces or do prison. Breach g to certain pl st-release from people from goin ence or even po prison. ce at sent of five years in for by the poli maximum penalty punishable by a orders is

case study
sex offender young female. who had groome While in pris d a on he started communicate wi to th a single mo ther from the has three chil USA who dren all unde r the age of monitoring th 14 and ese messages indicated that abusing the ch she was ildren follow ing ‘code’ pr the offender. ovided by Further invest igations show she intended ed that to come to En gland to live and the inform with him ation was pass ed to the auth in the USA. Th orities eir investigat ions led them prosecute her to for attempting to obtain a pa for one of he ssport r children th rough forging father’s sign the child’s ature, and ra ised concerns woman’s young that the son was being sexually abus During the in ed. vestigation th e boy said th didn’t know an at he ything about his mother ha boyfriend in ving a England. Howe ver, a letter boy was found from the in Offender ‘E ’’s cell whic about how he h talked was looking fo rward to movi England and st ng to arting a new life with Offe as his new fa nder ‘E’ ther. The US authorities we able to warn re then the mother th an any attemp the children t to remove from the US wi ll result in taken into ca them being re and procee dings started her ability to regarding safeguard the welfare of al children. l her

Public protec tion crosses the Atlantic Offender ‘E’ is a

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How do you reduce the risk?
Reducing the risk to the public is extremely important and in Lancashire the probation and prison services provide offenders with a range of educational programmes designed to change behaviour or prevent relapse.
ed he recognis ed our. He said r was promot usive behavi rtne s ab – to hi r he had come when his pa quire her to work violence how fa would re he r domestic a job that amme . Previously ing furthe at work into a Prevent ng the week ence progr home duri ic viol is but, as omest pted th away from t have acce gnised part in the ommunity d c co d no ve taken ramme, he re urse said he woul er 80 men ha new on the prog ramme, a co This year ov tive of her e lt of being olence prog resu s suppor stic vi n servic fficult for al probatio ement and wa mmunity dome di co nation her achiev risk y still be Lancashire alised it ma handle his dium to high run by the role. He re ed he would ending by me ence. ce re-off stic viol but believ s dome aming his to redu him sometime nvicted of ther than bl e first offenders co tter now ra male done. For th s feelings be she hadn't rk offender p wo things not hers”. our ne and grou partner for of one-to-o his problem usive behavi Consisting out their ab he saw it as are time to learn ab n are at actions are expected e all the me igger it, wh es the programm It encourag cause and tr nning of – what can they cause. of abusive d At the begi what damage a tick list r actions an lationships. abusive and ty for thei to complete in their re asked onsibili ange to ey have used to take resp make them ch th to e and start them behaviours new thinking the programm der for an turn ve through lps promote asked to re y make an or he urts ma ey are As they mo the sibility th haviour. Co spon d of their be programme. take more re . By the en attend the der d update it offender to gnising a wi the list an to se. ten reco ted the cour they are of tanding more comple programme ours, unders plains d ’ recently usive behavi partners an n service ex Offender ‘F range of ab e on their the probatio ’ was as a fender ‘F cts of thes Turner of fe Sonia tially Of “We see this ought about the ef fited. “Ini ty for which he th a continues; how he bene responsibili e programme ly ildren. Soni ch re they take He eventual stant to th ance of st. The mo very resi ter their ch ch at his pa positive. ed to r, the grea oking too mu haviours ne ou elings and d be was lo their behavi ghts and fe periences an needed to without trigger thou how past ex rstand what saw unde . manage them identifying in order to manage this learned to to ills be unpicked the skills using the sk to develop was that he change and off for him abusive. g being biggest payand by doin He said the his partner icate with iously led ev could commun which had pr e jealousy so reduce th

case study

What about the victims?
Providing care and support to victims is a top priority for the Lancashire MAPPA.The Lancashire Probation Area employs dedicated victim liaison officers who contact all victims of sexual or violent offences within two months of a prison sentence being imposed. Through these officers victims are given the opportunity of receiving updates throughout the sentence and licence period and are able to make known their views to the MAPP panel. In addition the charity Victim Support is a key member of the MAPPA Strategic Management Board, providing advice to senior officers on how its work impacts on victims.

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What is the picture in Lancashire?
Lancashire MAPPA is working and is working well. Whilst we are not complacent, the efforts of all the agencies involved have demonstrated an increase in the number of Sexual Offence Prevention Orders applied for and granted, and we have no instances of a MAPPA case being managed at level 2 or 3 committing a serious further offence.

MAPPA ANNUAL REPORTS STATISTICAL INFORMATION For the reporting period 1st APRIL 2006 - 31st MARCH 2007 LANCASHIRE Question 1. Category 1 MAPPA offenders: Registered Sex Offenders (RSO)
i) The number of RSOs living in your Area on 31st March 2007 – Area total, plus broken down to named Basic Command Unit (BCU) level.

Number of Offenders

Total 998

BCU (List Below) Western Northern Southern Central Eastern Pennine

RSO 224 179 148 75 231 141

a) The number of RSOs per 100'000 head of population.

RSO

Per 100k 70

ii) The number of sex offenders having a registration requirement who were either cautioned or convicted for breaches of the requirement, between 1st April 2006 and 31st March 2007.

Total 62

iii) The number of (a) Sexual Offences Prevention Orders (SOPOs) applied for (b) interim SOPOs granted and (c) full SOPOs imposed by the courts in your Area between 1st April 2006 and 31st March 2007.

(a) 53

(b) 15

(c) 20

iv) The number of (a) Notification Orders applied for (b) interim Notification Orders granted and (c) full Notification Orders imposed by the courts in your Area between 1st April 2006 and 31st March 2007.

(a) 0

(b) 0

(c) 0

v) The number of Foreign Travel Orders (a) applied for and (b) imposed by the courts in your Area between 1st April 2006 and 31st March 2007. (a) (b) 0 0

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2. Category 2 MAPPA offenders:Violent offenders and Other Sexual offenders (V&OS)
vi) The number of violent and other sexual offenders (as defined by Section 327 (3), (4) and (5) of the Criminal Justice Act (2003)) living in your Area between 1st April 2006 and 31st March 2007.

Total 436

3. Category 3 MAPPA offenders: Other Offenders (OthO)
vii) The number of ‘other offenders’ (as defined by Section 325 (2)(b) of the Criminal Justice Act (2003)) between 1st April 2006 and 31st March 2007.

Total 57

4. Offenders managed though Level 3 (MAPPP) & Level 2 (local inter-agency management)
(viii) Identify how many MAPPA offenders in each of the three Categories (i.e. (1)- RSOs, (2)- V&O and (3)- OthO above) have been managed through the MAPPP (level 3) and through local inter-agency risk management (level 2) between 1st April 2006 and 31st March 2007.

Level 2 Level 3

Cat.1 (RSO) 80 8

Cat.2 (Violent) 64 7

Cat.3(Other) 52 5

(ix) Of the cases managed at levels 3 or 2 (i.e. (viii)) between 1st April 2006 and 31st March 2007, how many, whilst managed at that level:

(a) Were returned to custody for a breach of licence? (b) Were returned to custody for a breach of a sexual offences prevention order? (c) Were charged with a serious sexual or violent offence?? PLEASE NOTE: Only record outcome measures appropriate to the level at which the offender was managed at the time of their breach/further offence (e.g. if an offender was initially managed at Level 3 but goes on to commit a serious further offence after he has been moved to Level 2, he should be recorded in the 'Level 2' row for question (c)) (a) 28 3 (b) 19 1 (c) 0 0

Level 2 Level 3

What are your future plans?
As Louise Taylor of the Probation Service says: “The work to protect the public never stops.This year we are looking forward to the ViSOR system becoming available to all probation areas and the prison service. This means that we will have access to the same information stored by the police on sexual and violent offenders managed through MAPPA Continuing to form effective working arrangements is also a shared priority for the Constabulary, as Detective Superintendent Graham Gardner says, “This year we are really keen to link up the efforts of non-statutory organisations to add even more value to the work we undertake. I am also keen to make sure the Constabulary puts in place an effective response to the observations made by the recent inspections made by the HMIC.” You can see a full copy of next year’s business plan on the probation service website www.probation-lancashire.org.uk or the Constabulary website www.lancashire.police.uk

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But I still want to know…
Answering the questions you ask
We know that many people have lots of questions about sex offenders and other high risk offenders and how we ‘manage’ them in the community – perhaps your own community.We also realise that you very rarely get the chance to ask these questions direct. We have compiled a list of ‘Frequently Asked Questions’ and have answered them honestly. We hope they reassure you that we take your concerns seriously and that collectively we are working towards making Lancashire safer for everyone. Q Why do sex offenders have to live in the community? A Many sex offenders have to spend time in prison for their offences, however it is unrealistic to expect these offenders to be behind bars’ indefinitely. It is not helpful to become pre-occupied by where sex offenders live in the community. Children are often more at risk from people they know, than by those they don’t.This is because the vast majority of sexual offences against children are committed by people known to the child and their family, for example, a relative, family friend or carer.Teaching our children to be afraid of strangers is misleading and ill informed. It is really important that everyone understands that child protection is everyone’s responsibility and we need to raise awareness of how this can be achieved. Q Okay – I understand sex offenders can’t be locked away forever, but why do they have to live in my street? A Sex offenders do have to be released from prison and will move back into the community, but this is not without careful management by the probation service and the police. Offenders are managed and their behaviour monitored. Many have severe restrictions placed on them which limit what they can do, who they can approach and where they can go. Any breaches of these can lead to that offender going back to prison. Q But you can’t watch them 24 hours a day, can you? A No we can’t, but we have rigorous management plans set out for individuals.This could mean regular visits from the police and probation officers. At a miminum, specially trained police officers will visit the offenders at intervals to ensure they are complying with any restrictions. Probation officers will also deliver management programmes in the community which are really effective at changing and managing behaviour. For some offenders it is more appropriate that they live in a supervised environment and so they will live in ‘approved premises’, or hostels as they are commonly known. Q Why does MAPPA protect the offender more than the community by not releasing their identities? A There are many reasons why we don’t routinely release details of sex offenders.Agencies meet regularly and disclose information to each other about offenders so they can be managed collectively and effectively. Sometimes when offenders are ‘outed’ either by communities or by the media, for example, there can be serious consequences for individuals, such as people taking the law into clearly not acceptable. Agencies look at each individual case separately and will disclose information to the public if it is felt that is necessary to do so to protect people. Q How can you justify not telling us about them? A Public safety is our greatest concern. There is the possibility that some offenders will go ‘underground’ or disappear if their details are made public which then makes the job of managing them and the risk they pose, thus keeping the public safe, much more difficult. We

prefer to know where they are so we can manage and monitor them and, if necessary, return them to prison before they commit any further offences. Details of some sex offenders are placed on websites to warn the public about them, or to ask the public to help find them if they have breached their orders. We will release details of offenders who have breached orders if we are concerned that they may re-offend. Q You say that it is safe for sex offenders to live amongst us, but why then do you have to monitor them so much? A Because we have stringent management procedures in place we can make sure our communities are kept as safe as possible. Having said that, we cannot eliminate all risk and their will always be the occasion when re-offending may occur. We cannot offer a total guarantee that these people won’t re-offend, but we will do our utmost to minimise this risk by sharing information between responsible authorities and acting appropriately and proportionately to each individual. Q The fact that you have MAPPA at all is quite worrying. Surely the whole system is wrong if you have to set up these groups to manage people who are clearly very dangerous? A It is a sad fact of life that there are some individuals that do pose a threat to communities and it is because of this that MAPPA was set up. It would be far more worrying if agencies didn’t work together to share information and expertise in managing these individuals. Unfortnately there have been dreadful cases in the past where agencies haven’t worked effectively together. In Lancashire we do not want to go backwards, but continue to work towards making the county safer and MAPPA is just one of the forums charged with this responsibility. Q Would it not be better just to keep those dangerous offenders in jail? A There are some individuals who pose an exceptional risk and it is entirely appropriate for these people to be sent to prison or secure units. Others who do not fit this profile can be managed effectively in the community with individual programmes that can change behaviour, as well as restricting their movements and associations. Q I keep reading in the press about sex offenders going ‘missing’, so surely this system doesn’t work? A As mentioned previously, there are occasions when offenders fail to comply with their sex offenders orders and go missing by failing to notify the police where they are living. When this does happen consideration is always given to using the media to try and find out where the individual is. Keeping people safe is our top priority and we will exhaust every enquiry and avenue in a bid to trace these offenders. However, reports in the media can be very misleading as it is actually a very small number of offenders who go ‘missing’. In Lancashire this figure is very low indeed and it is rare for this to happen.

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