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Public Protection

Lancashire Probation Area Address Phone

Colin Dearden 99/101 Garstang Rd 01772 201 209

Deputy Chief Officer PRESTON PR1 1LD

Anne Matthews 99/101 Garstang Rd 01772 201 209

Communications Officer PRESTON PR1 1LD

Lancashire Constabulary Address Phone

Superintendent Gary Stephenson Lancs Constabulary HQ 01772 412416 Hutton

Peter Lovett- Horn

Senior Press Office Lancs Constabulary HQ 01772 412444 Hutton
Managing Dangerous Violent and Sexual Offenders


1. Introduction

2. Summary of Roles and Responsibilities

3. Outline of Arrangements to Protect the Public (Including Multi Agency Public Protection Panels)

4. Strategic Management Arrangements

5. Disclosure of Information

6. Work with Victims

7 Statistical Information
1. Introduction

This report provides Lancashire area information to

supplement the national report. It is a joint report
prepared by the Lancashire Constabulary and National
Probation Service Lancashire.

In Lancashire, joint arrangements between Police and

Probation commenced in response to the 1996
Probation Inspectorate thematic inspection on the
management of dangerous offenders. By the
implementation of the 1997 Sex Offender Act, joint
arrangements were well developed both for the joint
assessment of sex offenders, required to register, and
for the assessment and management of violent
offenders. Subsequently a formal protocol for the
establishment of joint High Risk Strategy meetings was
agreed, and shortly afterwards a joint media protocol.
Involvement of other agencies, where appropriate, in
these strategy meetings led to increased confidence in
sharing relevant information.

In anticipation of the new arrangements a Senior

Probation Officer was appointed in 2000 to manage
risk registration and information sharing with the Police.
The post is located for half the week at Police
headquarters and has access to the sex offender
register held by the Police, and the Probation Service
risk database.

In 2001, these arrangements were further developed in

response to the Criminal Justice and Court Services
Act 2000. Multi-Agency Public Protection Panels were
established. A protocol for the assessment and
management of sexual and potentially dangerous
offenders was agreed between the Police and
Probation and publicly launched. Statements of
commitment to the protocol have been signed by a
range of other agencies.

This document will provide further details of the

arrangements made in Lancashire.
2. Summary of Roles and Responsibilities
The Police and Probation Service in NSPCC: Protection of children. Departments of the release address
Lancashire have statutory NSPCC in Lancashire work in of schedule 1 offenders
responsibility for the arrangements partnership with the Probation
for managing potentially dangerous Service to assess risk posed by sex Social Services Directorates: Social
offenders. A protocol was signed at offenders against children. NSPCC Services have a primar y
a public launch, on August 31st works with the Police to assess the responsibility for the protection of
2001, attended by a broad range of risks posed by sex offenders on the children. Their role is assessment of
relevant agencies, who were asked register children who might be in need of
to sign a statement of commitment, care and support, and provision of
and to identify their specific Health Services: Treatment of appropriate care and safety.
contribution to Multi Agency Public mentally disordered and learning
Protection Panels. disabled offenders, to reduce the Youth Offending Teams: YOTs are
risk of offending – using statutor y multi agency teams of Police,
The following agencies have signed: powers where appropriate to place Probation, Social Services,
Youth Offending Teams mentally ill offenders in secure Education and Health staff who work
Health Authorities accommodation. Health Services as an integrated team to prevent
Social Services also provide drugs assessment and juvenile crime and reoffending by
Employment Service district treatment. Health Services work to young offenders (under 18). Locally,
office strict guidelines on patient Youth Offending Teams have
NW Secure Commissioning Team confidentiality and the protocols on recently finalised a strategy for work
Lancashire Police information sharing with high risk young offenders.
National Probation Service –
Lancashire Housing Departments: Duties to In addition multi agency steering
Borough Councils – Housing accommodate vulnerable and groups for Mentally Disordered
Departments homeless people. In Lancashire Offenders oversee arrangements for
(All district councils and unitary protocols have been signed with assessment and management of
authorities have signed a probation for accommodation to be mentally disordered offenders, and
protocol with the Probation provided in locations appropriate for multi agency Area Child Protection
Service for the accommodation of the risk assessed by the Probation Committees, for child protection in
potentially dangerous offenders) Service. Lancashire. Area Child Protection
Prisons Committees have been active in
Communicare Employment Service: Employers promoting public education and child
NSPCC have a duty to check Criminal safety and programmes with parents
Victim Support, Lancashire Records for applications to certain and schools
posts. Employment Service can
Further work will be undertaken to advise on this. The Probation
engage those agencies who have Service in Lancashire will notify the
not yet signed the statement of Employment Service of risks posed
commitment. by individuals through the Multi
Agency Public Protection Panel
All the agencies have a primar y process.
concern for public and child
protection. In exercising this duty, Prisons: In conjunction with
the role of local agencies in relation Probation Services, prisons aim to
to joint management of sex release prisoners to accommodation
offenders and potentially dangerous and appropriate support (especially
offenders is as follows: drugs and mental health support).
Governors and/or parole Board have
Police and Probation: assessment authority to insert licence conditions
and management of risk posed by necessary to protect the public.
offenders, using statutory powers Prison Service notifies the
where appropriate to retur n Dangerous Offender Unit prior to
offenders to prison or bring them release of dangerous offenders, and
before a court. notifies local Social Services
3. Outline of the Arrangements
The Probation Service routinely Senior Probation Officer (risk) . In most cases offenders are still
assesses the risk posed by any Police attend all meetings and other subject to prison licence or a court
offender for whom it has a statutor y agencies who have a current or order, and if necessary additional
duty, using structured assessment. potential interest in a case attend as conditions can be inserted into the
The Police routinely assess the risk appropriate. Minutes of the meetings licence or order. Court orders and
posed by any offender on the Sex are accessible electronically at both prison licences and their
Offender Register also using Probation and Police HQ. requirements are rigorously enforced
structured assessment. Any by the Probation Service and any
agencies with concerns about the Multi Agency Public Protection breach of requirements results in a
potential risks of an offender can Panels consider all potential risk probation report to the court or
make a referral to either the Police information, including any previous Home Office, with the probability of
or Probation Service, using a history of violence or sexual immediate recall to prison (if on
standard form. The referral is behaviour or threats, and factors licence) or court sanction. If an
considered jointly by Police and likely to increase risk, such as offender is not on any order, then
Probation,working together at Police alcohol or drugs misuse. The Panel the Panel may recommend that an
HQ also considers the known triggers for order be sought from the court, such
violence, and who is most likely to as a sex offender order. Although
If the criteria for a Multi Agency be at risk. The current situation and there have been some breaches of
Public Protection Panel do not any previously agreed action is licence condition resulting in a return
appear to be met, further information reviewed and an action plan agreed. to prison, further offending while
will be sought, and advice given Normally the action plan will be subject to Multi Agency Public
about other avenues for information multi-agency and include any Protection Controls, has been
sharing or to obtain a desired appropriate intervention and effectively prevented.
outcome. Members of the public who restrictions, such as statutory or
have a concern should contact their voluntary controls on behaviour, Any case deemed to meet the
local Probation office or Police attendance at offending behaviour criteria of dangerousness, by the
station programmes (e.g. Sex Offender Multi Agency Public Protection Panel
Programme, Domestic Violence is placed on a public protection
Subject to the criteria being met the Programme), drugs treatment, register. This case is then reviewed
Probation Service arrange a meeting mental health treatment and regularly, until it is determined that
with the Police as quickly as appropriate accommodation. The there is no imminent risk, when the
possible. The Probation Service Multi Agency Public Protection Panel case is placed in an archived list.
provide the coordination, will consider any resource Any sex offender subject to a Sex
administration and clerical support. implications, disclosure issues and Offender Order remains on the
Initial meetings are chaired by media strategy arising from the Public Protection Register until the
Probation Service Assistant Chief action plan. The protocol contains a end of the order.
Officers. 5 panel slots are scheduled confidentiality statement which is
monthly, and used as required. read out at the beginning of each
Review meetings are chaired by the meeting.
4. Strategic Management Arrangement
A Strategic Management Group has The objective of the group is to • Develop and agree systems for
been established. This group provide strategic management sharing information
comprises representation at a senior oversight with a perspective from • Establish and agree systems to
management level from: each of the key agencies – not to ensure that only those few
provide geographical representation offenders who represent a serious
• Police from all the agencies who have risk of harm are referred to the
• Probation signed a statement of commitment Multi Agency Public Protection
• Housing and Social Services to the protocol. This model will be Panel
Directorate reviewed in 12 months. • Consider training needs and
• YOTs resource implications
• Prison The terms of reference for the group • Consider communication issues in
• Health follow the initial guidance to: relation to local communities and
• NSPCC • Monitor and review the media
• Victim Support effectiveness of the joint • Prepare and publish an annual
arrangements report

5. Disclosure
Information about key dates in a • Employers and Employment place at a local college, to continue
dangerous offender’s sentence is agencies with studies he had commenced in
always disclosed to the victim of the • Social Service Departments prison. However because this would
offence, by the Probation Service, • Partners of the Offender give him easy access to teenage
Victim Liaison Officer. The victim is girls, the Probation Officer requested
also consulted about release plans. Examples include: a MAPPP. A representative from the
Where public safety would be Prior to the release of a registered college was invited to the MAPPP.
increased by disclosing information sex offender from prison, the prison The college decided not to exclude
about the offender to someone else censor notified the Probation him but to implement measures
not attending the meeting, or not Service that the man was which would minimise his contact
already involved in the case, the corresponding with a woman from with teenage girls. The Probation
Multi Agency Public Protection Panel the area where he intended to return Officer discussed the risks with the
will recommend it. The Police have on release. Further investigation by offender, who agreed to co-operate
the power to disclose to third Probation revealed that what had with these measures and restrictions
parties, without the offender’s started as a pen pal arrangement on him.
consent, on the authority of the had developed into a much closer
Assistant Chief Constable (or higher relationship, and an invitation by the Following release from prison, and a
grade). woman to meet on release. The further period in a strictly
woman had two young children. supervised hostel, a sex offender
This is however a last resort, and After discussing the issues and risks was assisted to find his own
the offender’s consent is sought and with the offender, he accepted accommodation.The landlords of
to date has been obtained. disclosure of his offences to the any potential accommodation were
Examples of disclosure in woman. As a result the woman informed of the offender’s
Lancashire are to: terminated the relationship, and the background. Accommodation was
offender’s release plans were eventually found, where there were
• Accommodation providers changed. no children in any part of the
(Housing Departments, and premises, and where any access by
Private Landlords) Following release from prison of a children was unlikely, with CCTV in
• Head Teachers registered sex offender, he gained a the reception area.
A Probation Officer working with a explored with him the dangers that vicinity, the public were protected by
former sex offender, with some such thoughts might lead to, and the parent’s knowledge, and their
history of mental illness, became with the offender’s knowledge, immediate access to Probation and
concerned that he may be disclosure to the parents of the girls Police should there be any
beginning to fantasise about specific took place. Together with the concerns.
girls in the same town.The officer offender’s agreement to avoid the

6. Work with Victims

Victim Support is the national charity officers, based in 5 districts, Victims liaison officers refer all
for people affected by crime. It is an because of concern that Probation victims who require continuing
independent organisation,offering a Officers who are the offender’s case support to the local Victim Support
free and confidential service,whether manager may not be entirely (Lancashire Branch)
or not a crime has been reported. independent. A central victims
Trained staff and volunteers at local administration co-ordinator has also Contact numbers for Victim Support
branches offer information and been appointed. The Lancashire are:
support to victims, witnesses, their Crown Courts provide information to Blackburn, Darwen and District
families and friends. the co-ordinator, listing all offenders 01254 680442
who have been sentenced to 12 Burnley/Pendle/Clitheroe
Victim Support provides the Witness months or more for a violent or 01282 455955
Service, based in every criminal sexual offence. With Police Chorley and District
court in England and Wales, to offer assistance the victims’names and 01257 246229
assistance before,during and after a addresses are identified and Fylde
trial. You can also call the Victim contacted by the victim liaison 01253 626193
Support line – 0845 30 30 900 – for officer. Victims are approached Hyndburn and Rossendale
information and support and details sensitively and informed that if they 01254 871198
of local services and other relevant wish, they may be informed of key N Lancashire
organisations. events during the offender’s 01524 859044
sentence, and are provided with the Preston
The Probation Service in Lancashire opportunity to request extra 01772 201142
undertakes to contact victims of conditions in the offender’s licence, W Lancashire
serious violent or sexual crimes, in such as where the offender will or 01695 728303
accordance with the requirements of will not live, and whom the offender
section 69 of the Criminal Justice should be prohibited from Area Office
and Court Services Act.This is now contacting. 01772 828422
done by specialist victim liaison
7. Statistical Information Number of Offenders

i. The number of registered sex offenders (RSOs) in the community on

31 March 2002 (s68(2) CJ &CS Act 2000) 610
(see note 1)

ii. The number of RSOs per 100,000 population 43

ii. The number of sex offenders cautioned or convicted for breaches of 41

the registration requirement, between 1/4/01 and 31/3/02

iii. The number of Sex Offender Orders 01/04/01 - 31/03/02

(a) total applied for. 9

(b) granted. 4

(c) not granted. 0

(d) applications still in progress 5 5

iv The number of violent offenders and other sex offenders 01/04/01 – 639
31/03/02 (s 68 (3) (4) &(5) CJ&CS Act 2000)
(see note 2)

The number of other offenders 01/04/01 – 31/03/02 (s67 (2) (b) CJ & 27
CS Act 2000
(See note 3)

1 S 68 (2) This applies to any sex offender required to register with the Police under the requirements of Part 1 of the
Sex Offender Act 1997
2. S 68(3),(4),(5) refers to sexual or violent offenders who either receive 12 months or more imprisonment, or who are
made subject to a mental health order
3. s 67 2 (b) refers to any other person who by reason of their offences is considered by the Police or Probation Service
to be persons who may cause serious harm
Although the arrangements are based on developments prior to the 2000 Act, they represent a significant additional,
more focused and rigorous application of processes. There are therefore additional costs to all agencies who attend
MAPPPS and to the Police and Probation Service for managing the arrangements.

Estimated costs of attendance at MAPPPs Other Costs (Staffing/Admin)

Police £15000

Probation £25000 £30,000

Other Agencies £11000