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Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements

Annual Report 2003 - 2004


PROTECTING THE
PUBLIC

Lancashire Area
(including Lancashire, Blackpool, and Blackburn
with Darwen)
Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements
Contents Page

Foreword 1

Contacts 2

Glossary of Terms 3

Introduction: 4
The Lancashire scene in the national context.

Key achievements 6

How MAPPA operates in Lancashire. 7

Statistical information 11

The Strategic Management Board 13


Foreword
We are delighted to introduce this, the third, annual report by the
Lancashire Area Responsible Authority. The document sets out
details of how protection of the public from dangerous offenders
has continued to be a high priority over the past year, through the
multi-agency public protection arrangements (MAPPA).

There is no doubt that good work has been done since the
Authority last reported and that this has contributed significantly to
our shared aim of making Lancashire a safer place. This is a real
credit to the individuals involved in implementing the arrangements
and we are determined to build on the already solid foundations
over the forthcoming year; this will, of course, bring challenges, but
importantly, we have opportunities to strengthen the arrangements.

We welcomed HM Prison Service into the Responsibile Authority


from April 2004 and furthermore, the appointment of Lay Advisers
to the MAPPA Strategic Management Board will now help us to
understand the needs of, and engage more fully with, our local
communities.

Of course, whilst the aim of the MAPPA is to protect people by


reducing the risk of offending, we recognise that, throughout the
last year, there has been a significant effort to meet the needs of
actual victims, through the work of victim liaison officers and victim
support schemes. There is a clear need to build on this approach,
something to which the Authority is fully committed.

The work already undertaken, will be further strengthened during


this coming year by significant legislative changes and initiatives.
We know that those involved in the MAPPA will meet the new
challenges and opportunities that this will create, with the same
enthusiasm and commitment they have shown throughout the last
year.

We commend this report to you and thank all the individuals and
agencies involved for their hard work, which has significantly
contributed to the achievements of the MAPPA in protecting our
communities in Lancashire.

Paul Stephenson John Crawforth

Chief Constable Chief Probation Officer


Lancashire Constabulary National Probation Service
Lancashire Area

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Contacts
Lancashire Probation Area Address Phone

Colin Dearden 99/101 Garstang Rd 01772 201209


Deputy Chief Officer PRESTON
colin.dearden@lancashire.probation.gsx.gov.uk PR1 1LD

Anne Matthews 99/101 Garstang Rd 01772 201209


Communications Officer PRESTON
anne.matthews@lancashire.probation.gsx.gov.uk PR1 1LD

Lancashire Constabulary Address Phone

Superintendent Gary Stephenson Lancs Constabulary HQ 01772 412416


gary.stephenson@lancashire.pnn.police.uk Hutton
PRESTON
PR4 5SB

Peter Lovett- Horn Lancs Constabulary HQ 01772 412658


Senior Press Office Hutton
peter.lovett-horn@lancashire.pnn.police.uk PRESTON
PR4 5SB

NW Prison Region Address Phone

Mark Livingston NW Area Office 01257 244103


mark.livingston@hmps.gsi.gov.uk Stirling House
Ackhurst Business Park
Foxhole Road
CHORLEY
PR7 1NY

Victim Support, Lancashire Phone

Blackburn, Darwen & District Branch 01254 680442


Burnley/Pendle/Clitheroe Branch 01282 455955
Chorley & District Branch
01257 246229
Fylde Branch
01253 626193
Hyndburn & Rossendale Branch
N Lancashire Branch 01254 871198
Preston Branch 01524 859044
W Lancashire Branch 01772 201142
Area Office
01695 728303
NATIONAL HELPLINE
01772 828422

NSPCC 0845 3030900

24Hrs Child Protection Helpline 0808 800500

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Glossary of Terms
• The Responsible Authority Agencies and the agencies with
“a duty to co-operate”. (Health,
The Police, Probation Service
Social Services, Housing, YOTs,
and Prison Service are the
Education) etc....
Responsible Authority for
MAPPA.
• SSD
• MAPPA Social Services Department
Multi Agency Public Protection
• YOT
Arrangements. The statutory
arrangements for providing co- Youth Offending Teams
ordinated risk management by
the agencies relating to violent • LEA
and sexual offenders.
Local Education Authority

MAPPP/MAPP Panels - Multi


• LCJB
agency panels which assess risk
and determine multi agency Local Criminal Justice Board. A
action plans. strategic board comprising all
the Criminal Justice Agencies in
• PPU Lancashire.

Public Protection Unit - a


• OASYs
national unit based at the
National Probation Directorate, Offender Assessment System.
which has oversight of MAPP A structured system by which all
Arrangements and of the very offenders are assessed
high risk offenders. Locally the including a risk of harm
Lancashire Constabulary is assessment.
evaluating PPUs to manage
child protection, domestic • VLO
violence, and dangerous (violent Victim Liaison Officer. Employed
and sexual) offenders. by the Probation Service, these
officers contact victims of sexual
and violent crime and, if agreed,
• NPS keep them informed about key
National Probation Service dates in a sentence and enable
the victim to comment on
• ACPC release arrangements.

Area Child Protection


• VISOR
Committees
Violent and Sex Offender
• SMB Register. An electronic
database to facilitate tracking
Strategic Management Board -
and information sharing.
comprises the three
“Responsible Authority”

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Introduction

Lancashire has developed effective multi-agency public protection


arrangements which give practical effect to government initiatives. These
initiatives in themselves have developed following experience of work in
Lancashire and other areas.

Sexual and violent offences are other agencies which can make
dreadful crimes that deeply affect an important contribution to
the lives of victims and their families helping offenders not to re-
can instill fear in local communities. offend - the Act imposes a
Their impact can be profound and ‘Duty to Co-operate’ with the
long-lasting, leaving victims feeling Responsible Authority MAPPA
unsafe, even in their own homes. upon:
Indeed many of these offences are • Local Authority Housing
committed by family members in the • Education
home. In Lancashire MAPPA • Social Services
arrangements have therefore • Health Service bodies
become integrated with child • Jobcentres Plus
protection and domestic violence • Youth Offending Teams
arrangements. The Government • Registered Social Landlords
regards tackling sexual and violent (which accommodate MAPPA
crimes as one its highest priorities. offenders)
Having set up the MAPPA in 2001 - • Electronic monitoring
which provided for the first time a providers
firm statutory basis for the work
police and probation jointly (iii) The appointment by the Home
undertake to protect the public from Secretary of two members of
sexual and violent offenders - it has the public (‘Lay Advisers’) in
in the last year done a great deal to each Area to assist in
strengthen the MAPPA and the monitoring the effectiveness of
wider public protection framework. the MAPPA.

Strengthening the Multi Agency Work on the ‘duty to co-operate‘ has


Public Protection Arrangements been taken forward by two separate
(MAPPA) and complementary initiatives. First,
in many areas the duty to co-
The national development of the operate formalises what has already
MAPPA has concentrated on begun to be established as good
preparing to implement the MAPPA practice. The statutory basis of the
provisions of the Criminal Justice duty will help ensure a more
Act (2003). These provisions came consistent engagement of all these
into force on 5th April 2004 and help agencies across England and
strengthen the MAPPA by: Wales. Secondly, the relevant
Central Government departments
(i) making the Prison Service part and the Welsh Assembly have been
of the ‘Responsible Authority’ involved in developing the Guidance
with police and probation; which the Home Secretary issued
(ii) formalising the involvement of on the duty to co-operate. The

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reform of the way in which child protection from exploitation in Scheme, Lancashire and the Victim
protection is organised, following the prostitution or pornography to Liaison Officers employed by the
public inquiry into the tragic death of children up to the age of 18. For the Lancs Probation Service, contacts
Victoria Climbie, will reinforce the first time, it will be an offence to buy all victims of serious sexual and
importance of effective joint working sexual services from a child below violent offenders within eight weeks
between different agencies which this age, targeting those who abuse of sentence.
the MAPPA has itself promoted. children in this way.
These initiatives will help towards
The introduction of an element of The Sexual Offences Act also another key Government target, that
public scrutiny of this often complex strengthens the sex offenders of improving public confidence in the
and sensitive area of public register, which has proved a criminal justice system.
protection through the appointment valuable means by which the police
of two Lay Advisers in each Area, can monitor convicted sex offenders The Government is underpinning
has been carefully and successfully within their area, and introduces new this work in its Domestic Violence,
trialed and evaluated. As Home civil orders to help prevent further Crime and Victims Bill which is
Office Minister Paul Goggins said: offences from being committed. currently going through Parliament.
It will create a new independent post
“Lay Advisers will play a vital The focus on Victims of Commissioner for Victims and
role...We are committed to giving Witnesses to be a champion/voice
them not only an insight into how In addition to all this work to tackle for all victims of crime and a new
this work is carried out but, more offenders, the Government has statutory Victims’ Code of Practice
importantly, an opportunity to rightly placed much greater (to be implemented in April 2005)
question what is being done and emphasis upon meeting the needs which will build on the existing
why.” of victims. The victims of sexual Victims’ Charter and set out specific
offending are identified as a priority responsibilities that each criminal
Other legislative measures group within the National Victims justice service agency and Victim
and Witnesses Strategy. This Support must provide to victims.
In addition to this work to strengthen strategy which was published in July
the MAPPA, the Government has 2003, aims to improve support and Lancashire Public Protection
also begun to strengthen other protection for victims and witnesses Arrangements
statutory provisions, the most by:
significant of which is the Sexual The Probation Service and Police
Offences Act (2003) and the • reducing the adverse effects of have public protection as the top
measures to introduce new crime on victims and witnesses, priority. This report demonstrates
sentences for ‘dangerous’ offenders and preventing secondary how effective co-operation in
which will keep them in custody until victimisation; Lancashire, in managing some very
they no longer pose a serious risk to • encouraging more victims and difficult people and situations has
the public. witnesses to come forward; and contributed to public protection. By
• by offering more options to integrating MAPPA work with child
The Sexual Offences Act overhauls victims and witnesses, including protection work and Domestic
the many antiquated sexual offences alternatives to attendance at Violence Units and by working
and plugs loopholes in the law. It court. closely with the Prison Service, the
strengthens the law on rape and on co-ordination and effectiveness of
sex offences against children. It The Lancashire MAPPA Strategic this work will be further built on in
introduces new offences of ‘sexual Management Board (SMB) works 2004/05.
grooming’ and extends the very closely with the Victim Support

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Key Achievements in 2003-2004
• 130 High Risk Offenders
effectively managed through Case Study: A
inter-agency planning.
A is a 19 year old male, who received a police caution for downloading
indecent images of young boys from the internet. He had not been charged
• Establishment of te first public
with any offences prior to this incident. Although not on a community
protection unit by the
sentence, this young man was subject to the MAPPP process because of
Constabulary. The unit co-
concerns that he may have carried out other offences as a child and because
ordinates the work of police,
of his own worries that he may re-offend.
probation and social services to
improve child protection, effective
Probation liaised closely with the police intelligence unit to establish the facts
response to domestic violence,
of the case and to learn about the young man’s current lifestyle.
and management of dangerous
A co-operated with Probation and was interviewed by psychologists who
offenders.
used established risk assessment tools to structure the process.
• VISOR.(Violent and Sex
Probation’s Trainee Forensic Psychologist was under the supervision of a
Offender Register) Lancashire
Chartered Prison Forensic Psychologist, another example of joined-up
is one of the first areas in the
working between services in this case. The assessment report was able to
country to implement VISOR - an
highlight areas of need for A, including: problem solving, awareness of
electronic database of violent
sexual preference, impulsiveness and social inadequacy. It also identified
offenders and those on the Sex
factors which would make it more, or less, likely that he would reoffend in the
Offender register. This will
future.
greatly enhance access across
Lancashire to intelligence on
Recommendations were made for work which could be carried out with A,
those offenders, and in due
aiming to address his needs and reduce his risk of re-offending.
course across the whole country.
A has been very positive about the response he has received to both his own
• Protocol for the Housing of
concerns and those of the police. He is already far less likely to commit an
Dangerous Offenders. The
offence. There will now be attempts made to implement the psychologist’s
SMB has agreed a protocol to be
recommendation to ensure that A leads a safe lifestyle in future.
negotiated with housing
authorities and registered social
landlords. The protocol has been • Links to Area Child Protection information sharing agreement,
approved by representative Committees. Child Protection and notification of MAPP Panels
organisations. It will enable arrangements are being reviewed where children are the victim.
violent and sex offenders to be following the Lord Laming Inquiry
housed in appropriate and the Government’s paper • Implementation of the
accommodation away from “Every Child Matters”. It is “Guidance”. The 2003 Criminal
children and vulnerable people, essential that MAPPA Justice Act introduced new
with support and controls arrangements are integrated with statutory responsibility for the
provided by police and probation. Child Protection arrangements. Police, Probation and Prison
The Lancashire MAPPA SMB has Service. Guidance on
• Information Sharing and very close links with the implementation was issued in
Confidentiality Agreement. Lancashire, Blackpool and April 2003. During the year the
Simple guidelines have been Blackburn with Darwen ACPCs, SMB has put in place all the
approved by all agencies and with overlapping membership. elements of the guidance. This
circulated to staff in all agencies. There has been collaboration and builds on the foundations laid
A comprehensive protocol is joint planning to deliver training, over the past 3 years.
nearing adoption by the SMB.

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How MAPPA operates in Lancashire
a) Helping Victims of Crime

As soon as an offender is sentenced to 12 months or more imprisonment for a sexual or violent offence, the VLO will:

• Contact the victim (or victim’s local MAPP Panel, and if • Keep victims informed of any
family) to ask if they want contact relevant the parole board. significant developments during
maintained through the sentence sentence or after release, and of
and licence period. • Make recommendations about any measures taken to increase
licence conditions and release their safety.
• During the sentence, keep the plans, based on victim’s views.
victim informed of the key dates It is, of course, up to the victims
in the sentence. • Advise Probation staff and attend whether they wish to have contact
MAPP Panels to advise of any with the Probation Service Victim
• Consult the victim and make the victims concerns, relevant to the Liaison Officer.
victim’s view known to the management of offenders.
supervising officer, the prison, the

A day in the life of a Victim Liaison Officer


After dropping my children at to the probation officer, though not In the afternoon I may be, for
school, I arrive in the office at about to the offender. I’ll need to write up example, at a meeting in
ten past nine. As I have a victim my report the next day, so when I headquarters to discuss a risk
visit at 11, I need to prepare, so I get into the office I e-mail the assessment for victim work, or at a
read the file, the CPS documents to probation officer to say I’ve made MAPPP meeting to convey the
get the circumstances of the contact with the family and a report victim’s point of view, her terror that
offence. So that I can explain the will follow. the offender may move back to her
sentence to the victim and their area and find out where she lives.
family, I print off a sheet with the By lunchtime the post has arrived If there are no meetings and no
timescale of the sentence - parole and there are a few bundles of case more victim visits, the bulk of my
stage, licence end stage and so on papers to be filed with my victim time is spent dealing with the 208
- and note the possible months of files. There are also two of my active cases in the district, making
release in this particular case. letters to victims returned by the sure that the victim is kept informed
post office, where I will need to ask about the offender’s release plans,
Then I will check my e-mails - there our central co-ordinator to see if and letting the probation officers
is usually something that needs she can find out where the victim know when conditions relating to
some action: perhaps a probation now lives. One of the victims I have the victim are required. Once or
officer letting me know than an written to recently has returned the twice a month I ring the Court of
offender has applied for parole, slip indicating they do want me to Appeal to find out the progress of
perhaps a new victim case e-mailed visit, so I mark this as confirmed in the appeals I know are on-going,
to me from our central co-ordinator. my diary and on the database and and from time to time I ring the Lifer
contact sheet. Unit or tariff section to find out if
The visit to the victim takes longer tariffs have been set for the lifer
than I had expected. The offender If there is time at lunchtime I will try cases where I have contact with the
has applied for parole and I am to start the new cases that have family. Any phone calls from
seeking the victim’s views, to find arrived, log them on my system and victims, probation officers, social
out if they have concerns they send out initial contact letters with workers and police family liaison
would like noted in the parole appointments, accompanied by our officers may mean that all this work,
assessment report, if they wish to leaflet and reply paid envelope. along with the report I have to write,
request a condition for his release, Then I ring the prisons to find out will have to wait until the next day.
and what further contact they the sentence dates for the offenders Thank goodness I have great
require. The family have spent the on these new cases, so that I have colleagues to make me cups of tea,
last few years coming to terms with the information when I visit. Luckily a super system and database, and
the assault, finding their own way one of our admin officers is trained an after-school club for the children!
through their fears and anxieties in some of the victim work admin
and wish to describe to me the full and I can pass this on to her if I run
and ongoing impact of the offence. out of time.
They also want me to pass this on
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Case Study: B b) Risk Assessment

B was sentenced to 7 years imprisonment for Indecency with a 13 year old Accurate, reliable risk assessment is
who was a relative. He was released in September 2003, and required to live critical to the effective management
in approved premises with staff on duty 24 hours a day. of sexual, violent and other
dangerous offenders.
Throughout the sentence the Victim Liaison Officer (VLO) had been in
contact with the victim and her family. The role of the VLO is to provide Every offender given a community
information and take the victim’s view into account, rather than to provide sentence or prison sentence of 12
emotional support which is provided by Victim Support Lancashire. months or more is assessed by the
Nevertheless the impact of the offence and continuing fear of meeting the Probation Service or Prison Service
offender were major issues with which the VLO was involved. using OASys - a detailed, structured,
national, comprehensive tool
As a result of this contact, the licence included a fairly large exclusion zone, covering 13 key areas of their life.
and B would have been recalled to prison immediately if he had entered it. This assessment feeds into a risk
The zone was subsequently expanded to ensure protection to other members assessment. Assessments are
of the victim’s family. This was in spite of B’s representation that it would cut measured at very regular intervals
him off from his own family. as it is important that this is a
continuous process and all new
During the course of the licence, B struck up a relationship with a woman information is included.
with a daughter under 16, and consequently he was immediately warned,
and the Home Office notified. He was not recalled on that occasion because All sex offenders required to register
he was otherwise progressing well in employment and compliance with the will, in addition, be assessed by
order. Police or Probation using a
specialist matrix which assesses the
However he has not yet been permitted to leave the approved premises and risk of committing a further sex
is still constantly monitored. Information has been shared with Social offence.
Services and other agencies to ensure he does not gain access to under age
children.

Other agencies which provide support to victims include Victim Support Lancashire, NSPCC, Police and Social
Services (see section 6 key contacts).

The Community Sex Offender Programme (CSOP):-

Sex Offender programmes are run core programme he is considered prevention group, which all the
in a number of prisons and in the for the relapse prevention group offenders must complete before they
community. This enables work to which runs once a week for fifteen finish the programme. One of the
start in prisons and continue and be weeks. core groups and the relapse
re-inforced after release. prevention group are run in the
At the end of each programme block evening to accommodate those
In Lancashire 19 offenders the offender’s progress is reviewed offenders in employment.
successfully completed the CSOP in with the offender case manager and
2003/04. programme tutor. The meeting Only 8.2% of child sex abusers have
focuses on the progress the been re-convicted of a sexual
In Lancashire the Community Sex offender has made with regard to offence after 5 years, compared to
Offender Programme works directly the risk he presents to others and 18.4% who have not completed a
with over 40 offenders. The provides a platform for identifying programme.
programme, which has run since future work needed to reduce risk
January 2003, requires an offender further. Only 8.3% of rapists have
to complete four blocks of offence committed new violent offences after
focussed work, each block runs for Currently in Lancashire there are 5 years, compared to 29.2% who
one day a week for ten weeks. four core groups with ten offenders have not completed a programme.
Once an offender has completed the in each group and a relapse

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Typical Licence Conditions:
Additional Licence Conditions

Any of the following conditions, if appropriate, can be requested before the release of an offender, for
inclusion in a licence:

• Reside at approved premises and must not leave to live elsewhere without obtaining the prior approval of your
supervising officer; thereafter you must reside as directed by your supervising officer.
• Not engage in any work or other organised activity involving a person under the age of 18 years either on a
professional or voluntary basis without the prior approval of your supervising officer.
• Not to reside in the same household as any child under the age of 18 years of age, without the prior approval of
your supervising officer.
• Not to seek to approach or communicate with (i.e. names of Victim/wife/child/grandchild), without the prior
approval of your supervising officer.
• Not to seek to approach or communicate with anyone under the age of 18 years without the prior approval of your
supervising officer.
• Not to visit the home of family, friends or acquaintances who have children under the age of 18 years, without the
prior approval of your supervising officer.
• Comply with any requirements reasonably imposed by your supervising officer for the purpose of ensuring that you
address your offending behaviour problems (i.e. alcohol/drug/sexual/gambling/solvent abuse/anger or debt-related)
at (i.e. name of programme where appropriate).
• Not to enter (i.e. name the geographical area) without the prior approval of your supervising officer.
• Attend a duly qualified (i.e. psychiatrist/psychologist/medical practitioner) for such care, supervision or treatment as
that practitioner recommends.

c) Risk Management accredited by the Home Office These strategies enable offenders to
following extensive (and continuing) develop their own controls and think
There are 3 levels of risk research to show that they work. about the effect they have had on
management: their victims.
In addition to intensive, sometimes
Level 1 - Normal Single Agency long-term, groupwork offenders will Often it is necessary to impose
Management work with their supervising officer to external controls and some are
reduce risk by: automatically included in a Prison
Good risk management starts with Licence, or Community Order.
risk reduction. In Lancashire the • Improving relationships Breaking any of these conditions in
Prison and Probation Service • Finding settled accommodation a licence will result in a Probation
provide a range of offence focussed • Improving basic skills to get a job Officer recommending recall to
programmes. These have been • Reduce or stop using alcohol prison, which can be immediate.

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Level 2 d) Sex Offender Management

In 101 cases in Lancashire special In addition to any other supervision, Thereafter the police will be solely
arrangements with other agencies sex offenders must register from 5 responsible, but can of course rely
are needed to manage the risk. years to Life. on resoruces from other agencies
where necessary.
This may include: The police and probation service
assess all offenders on the Sex Where any offender on the register
• Specialist supported housing Offender Register, using “Risk Matrix gives cause for concern, the police
• Mental Health Assessment 2000”. They monitor the movements may apply for a “Sex Offender
• Disclosure to an employer and activities of sex offenders on Order”, by giving evidence to a court
• Protection of a vulnerable adult the register throughout the of behaviour likely to cause concern.
or child registration period. During any The order includes specific
licence period, the monitoring is restrictions on behaviour. Breach of
In these cases an inter-agency done quite intensively by the the order can lead to up to 5 years
meeting is called, information about probation service as well. in prison.
risks shared, a management plan
agreed, implemented and reviewed. Case Study: C
Level 3 C is a male who was convicted in 1998 of indecent assaults on female
children in a friend’s family. His prison licence expired in 2001. However he
In 26 cases in Lancashire the remained subject to sex offender registration and therefore subject to police
offender is considered a very high oversight.
risk and requires constant
monitoring, because of a high While he was on licence he was very compliant and worked hard to reduce
likelihood of “going underground”, a any likelihood of re-offending. However without the constraint of supervision,
fixation on a particular victim or he began to cause concern 2 years later. Through his work for a voluntary
type, absence of any roots or organisation he had access to families.
support, unpredictable or very
manipulative behaviour. Because he was on the sex offender register, response to expressions of
concern by agencies were immediate and a MAPP Panel was convened.
In these cases an inter-agency
meeting of senior staff is called to As a result of this a Sex Offender Order was applied for and obtained. This
share risk information, implement an allowed much greater monitoring of the conditions of the order, preventing
action plan which may require access to children, with the sanctions of up to 5 years imprisonment if he
considerable resources - for breaks the order. In addition, information was shared with all the relevant
example: agencies with a responsibility for children, to ensure he no longer worked with
families with children.
• High levels of police time
• Electronic monitoring He has been continuously monitored since then, and there have been no
• Disclosure to a number of people further concerns.

10
Statistical Information
Registered sex offenders: This Sex Offender Orders: There has demonstrates good vigilance by staff
shows a rise on last year because been a big increase in Sex Offender and good use of civil orders and
registration is from five years to life, Orders applied for (to 12) and (11), penalties to manage behaviour
with all the serious offences which demonstrates increasing which is of concern to prevent re-
requiring Life Registration. As confidence in the use of this order, offending. However one offender
registration began in 1997, few have and the ability of Police and subject to MAPPP did commit a
yet completed a period of Probation to collect evidence and further serious offence during the
registration, while more are being place it before the courts where year. (In this case the original
required to register as a result of appropriate, to limit the activities of offence was a firearms offence, and
offences being committed. known sex offenders where there is the new one was a burglary).
a risk of a further offence.
Violent Offenders: This shows a MAPPP Cases: This figure shows a
reduction from last year as only Restraining Orders, and returns to reduction to 26 because distinction
those resident in the community custody for Breach of Licence or has been made this year between
after a prison sentence and on Restraining Order: 5 restraining cases meriting multi-agency
licence are included, and not those orders were made, and 9 were meeting, and those “critical few”
currently in custody. returned to custody for breach of which present serious concerns
licence or restraining order. This about potential harm.

11
Statistical Information Number of
Offenders

1st April 2003 - 31st March 2004

1. Category 1 MAPPA offenders: Registered Sex Offenders (RSOs)


i) The number of RSOs living in Lancashire on 31st March 2004 726
ia) The number of RSOs per 100,000 head of population. 51
ii) The number of sex offenders having a registration requirement who were either cautioned 19
or convicted for breaches of the requirements, between 1st April 2003 and 31st March 2004
iii) The number of full Sex Offender Orders
(a) applied for and a) 12
(b) imposed by the courts in the area between 1st April 2003 and 31st March 2004. b) 11
iv) The number of interim Sex Offender Orders
(a) applied for and a) 1
(b) imposed by the courts in your Area between 1st April 2003 and 31st March 2004. b) 1

2. Category 2: violent offenders and other sexual offenders


v) The number of violent and other sexual offenders (as defined by Section 68 (3), (4) and (5)
of the criminal Justice and Court Services Act (2000) living in Lancashire between 1st 354
April 2003 and 31st March 2004.

3. Category 3: Other offenders


vi) The number of “other offenders” (as defined by Section 67 (2) (b) of the Criminal Justice 26
and Court Services Act (2000) between 1st April 2003 and 31st March 2004.
vii) The number of Restraining Orders imposed on any MAPPA offenders by Lancashire 5
courts between 1st April 2003 and 31st March 2004.

4. MAPPP Cases
viii) Number of MAPPA offenders in each of the three Categories (i.e. (i) - RSOs, (v)V&O,vi) RSO 14
OO above) have been managed through the MAPPP (Level 3) between 1st April 2003 V&O 11
and 31st March 2004. OO 1

The criteria for referring a case to the MAPPP are defined in MAPPA Guidance as those in which the offender:
❏ is assessed under OASys as being a high or very high risk of causing serious harm; AND
❏ presents risks that can only be managed by a plan which requires close co-operations at a senior level
due to the complexity of the case and/or because of the unusual resource commitments it requires; OR
❏ although not assessed as a high or very high risk, the case is exceptional because the likelihood of media
scrutiny and/or public interest in the management of the case is very high and there is a need to ensure
that public confidence in the criminal justice system is sustained.

ix) Of the cases managed by the MAPPP (i.e. (viii)) between 1st April 2003 and 31st March 2004 how
many, whilst still in the MAPPP:
Were returned to custody for a breach of licence? a) 5
Were returned to custody for a breach of a restraining order or sex offender order? b) 4
Were charged with a serious sexual or violent offence? c) 1

For these purposes a serious sexual and violent offence is one of the following (i.e. the same offences as
used to trigger reporting in the National Probation Service as a “serious further offence”
❏ Murder, attempted murder; arson (where there is an intent to endanger life); manslaughter; rape
❏ Kidnap/abduction or attempted kidnap/abduction.
❏ Any other very serious violent or very serious sexual offence, armed robbery (defined as robbery involving
a firearm), assault with a deadly weapon or hostage taking.
❏ Any other violent or sexual offence where the offender/offence is likely to attract significant media interest
or which raises wider issues of national interest.

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The Stategic Management Board
A Strategic Management Board, relation to implementing effective and child protection, will integrate
chaired by the Deputy Chief Officer risk management plans. In the work operationally.
(Probation) oversees the MAPP consequence specific pieces of
Arrangements, and monitors and work have been commissioned The MAPPA SMB will report to
evaluates the performance of the to: the Local Criminal Justice Board
arrangements. on a quarterly basis through
• Review facilities for mentally presentation of minutes of
Membership of the Board includes: disordered offenders meetings.
• Review housing provision for
• Police potentially dangerous • Identifying and Planning
• Probation offenders common training and
• NW Prisons Service • Consider the issues of young development needs.
• Youth Offending Service (under 18) offenders who
• Social Service Departments commit violent and sexual MAPPA SMB sub group has met
• Area Child Protection offences. the Area Child protection
Committees Committee Training sub group
• Local Education Authorities • Establish connections with and has planned a series of
• Primary Care Trusts and other public protection basic awareness training events
Lancashire Care Trust arrangements. to team managers in agencies,
• Housing representative many of whom have
• NSPCC The MAPPA SMB has responsibilities to both MAPPA
• Victim Support, Lancashire established excellent links with and Child protection
• Two lay members are being the 3 Area Child Protection arrangements.
recruited to commence July 2004 Committees, and there is
significant overlap of More specific training needs, e.g.
The key functions of the Board are: membership. The Business for SMB members, lay advisers
Plans for Lancashire ACPC have been planned in conjunction
• Monitoring and evaluation of makes connections to the with PPU provision.
MAPPA operation. MAPPA Business Plan and vice
versa. It is proposed to include Each of the responsible authority
The SMB receives a report at reference to MAPPA within the agencies provides training to staff
each meeting of the statistical area child protection procedures, in risk assessment and
information, particularly in and to incorporate awareness of management, and these will be
relation to the numbers of MAPP MAPPA processes in basic child reviewed to ensure that they
Panels and interagency protection training. meet the needs of MAPP
meetings, and which district in Arrangements.
Lancashire these relate to. Crime and disorder partnerships
priorities have been focused on • Preparing and Planning the
They are able to consider trends much more visible public crime, Annual Report
and imbalances between areas, and it will now be a task of the
and make recommendations. MAPPA SMB to inform crime and The SMB has overall
disorder partnerships of its work responsibility for the Annual
They can consider more detailed at local level. The policy change Report, in partnership with the
information from MAPP Panel to incorporate MAPPA work into Probation Board and the Local
chairs regarding any significant Public Protection Units which Criminal Justice Board.
and repeated problems in also manage domestic violence

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