PROTECTING THE PUBLIC IN PARTNERSHIP IN LONDON Welcome to the sixth Annual Report about the multiagency arrangements that have been developed in London to protect communities from sexual and violent offenders
Sexual and violent offences cause great harm to victims and their families, with long lasting and often profound impact, leaving victims feeling unsafe. It is right to point out that although these offences are only a small proportion of recorded crime, the fear they create in communities will often be significant. Violent crime has fallen in London overall in the past 12 months (to April 2007); so have crimes which have been classified as sexual. While the detection rate for sexual crime overall has fallen slightly, the detection rate for rape has improved. The police will continue to focus on these areas with the aim of improving the overall detection rate. Protecting the people of London from offenders who carry out these crimes and looking after the needs of victims are high priorities for police, probation and prison services in London. This is our report but it reflects the close working with other agencies who have a duty to co-operate in sharing information and developing risk management plans for these offenders. The report includes an update on our strategic business plan for last year and outlines what our focus will be over the next 12 months, including details of how we will monitor and review our progress and performance. This report sets out our commitment to the public to continue to develop strong partnerships, in particular through the London Criminal Justice Board, and explore innovation in confronting the challenges of protecting the public from serious offenders. We are sure you will find it informative and that it will help to answer some key questions about public protection and community safety in this great city. This report of the Metropolitan Police Service, London Probation, Her Majesty’s Prison Service London Area and City of London Police sets out how these agencies, together with other Duty to Co-operate Agencies, manage the risks posed by registered sex offenders and other dangerous violent offenders in London. The report covers the period from 1 April 2006 to 31 March 2007 and has been produced in accordance with section 326 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003. In addition to describing the details of the Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) for London, it provides some statistical data and contact points.
Mike Bowron, Commissioner, City of London Police David Scott, Chief Officer, London Probation

Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements


Stephen Allen, Commander, (formerly Violent Crime Directorate) Metropolitan Police Service

Nick Pascoe, London Area Manager, HM Prison Service



Ministerial Foreword MAPPA in London
Who Leads? London Area Prison Service

Ministerial Foreword
Page 1 These are the sixth MAPPA annual reports, and the first with a foreword by the Ministry of Justice. I want, first of all, to underline the Government’s continued commitment to these arrangements. Protecting the public from dangerous offenders is a core aim for the new Department. Just as the effectiveness of MAPPA locally depends on the quality of working relationships, we will work with the Home Office, the Police, and others, to develop the best possible framework within which the MAPPA can operate. On 13 June, the Government published a Review of the Protection of Children from Sex Offenders. This sets out a programme of actions which include developing the use of drug treatment for sex offenders and piloting the use of compulsory polygraph testing as a risk management tool, enhancements to the regime operating at Approved Premises, and also a range of actions impacting directly upon the way the MAPPA work. I want to highlight two of them here. Firstly, research tells us that the arrangements are already used successfully to disclose information about dangerous offenders but we think this can be improved upon. MAPPA agencies will be required to consider disclosure in every case. We will pilot a scheme where parents will be able to register a child-protection interest in a named individual with whom they have a personal relationship and who has regular unsupervised access to their child. If that person has convictions for child sex offences and the child is at risk, there will be a presumption that the offences will be disclosed to the parent. Secondly, as MAPPA has developed over the past 6 years, best practice models have been identified which show that specific roles and approaches are required to ensure it is managed effectively. We are committed to strengthening MAPPA arrangements and ensuring that robust performance management is in place. To achieve this, we intend to introduce new national standards, which will ensure a consistent approach across Areas and we will be making available £1.2million to support Areas in implementing the standards. We aim to do everything that can reasonably be done to protect people from known, dangerous offenders. We know that there is always room for improvement. I commend this annual report to you as an indication of the commitment, skills and achievements of the professionals, and lay advisers, in managing and monitoring this essential, often difficult area of business. Maria Eagle MP Parliamentary Under Secretary of State

Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7


City of London Police Who Else is Involved? What Happens/How Does it Work? Use of Disclosure Lay Adviser’s Report Key Achievements
Approved Premises Violent Crime Directorate

Page 8

Working with the Home Office and National Offender Management Service (NOMS) Statistical Information Commentary on Statistics Child Sex Offenders’ Review Business Plan Update Summary Plan 2007/08 Sexual Offences Prevention Orders (SOPOs) Dealing with Offenders Deported from Abroad

Page 9 Page 10-11 Page 12-13 Page 14 Page 14-15 Page 16 Page 16 Page 17 Back Cover


Registered Sex Offenders by Borough



MAPPA in London
Who Leads?
The Responsible Authority comprises Police, Prison and Probation Services. In previous years’ reports, these agencies have set out how the arrangements work in London. Those arrangements have not substantially altered, rather they have been developed and embedded. Previous years’ reports can be seen at the police or probation websites: The national annual reports can be viewed if desired at: where there are also useful links to the MAPPA Guidance, Approved Premises (‘Hostels’) FAQs and MAPPA – The First Five Years. There is also a brief leaflet on ‘Preventing Serious Harm’: Harm%20Leaflet.pdf The City of London is policed independently from the rest of London and is the financial centre of the capital. The resident population of the City is approximately 7,000, but this rises on a daily basis to in excess of 350,000. This makes the City unique in the crimes committed and types of individual frequenting it. The City of London Police currently monitors registered sex offenders resident in the Force area. However, officers patrolling ‘the square mile’ regularly stop transient sex offenders and others subject to MAPPA restrictions. The City of London Police liaise closely with Public Protection Units across London and its officers engaged in this area of work have undertaken relevant training courses in order to fulfil this role. The prison service is fully committed to working in partnership with the police and probation services to effectively identify, assess, and manage the risk posed by offenders whilst in custody and in the community. During the next year, we will update our MAPPA strategy in discussion with our partner agencies and, with probation, plan to carry out joint audits of MAPPA in prison. Here are some useful links if you wish to find out more about prison generally:



City of London Police

London Area Prison Service
Section 325(1) of the Criminal Justice Act (2003) made the prison service part of the MAPPA Responsible Authority alongside our colleagues in the police and probation services. This reflects the vital work conducted by the prison service in managing those offenders subject to MAPPA during their time in custody, and seeking to reduce their risk of re-offending on release. The introduction of integrated Offender Management systems between prisons and probation is further strengthening this work. Each of the eight prisons within the London geographical area now has a dedicated MAPPA/Public Protection Unit with responsibility for the identification and monitoring of those prisoners subject to MAPPA. Their role involves notifying and updating the probation and police services of offenders’ release dates, and contributing towards release planning and effective risk management through the sharing of all relevant information and attendance at MAPPA Level 2 and Level 3 (MAPPP) meetings where this is possible and appropriate.




Who Else is Involved?
Youth Offending Teams Whilst the vast majority of MAPPA offenders are adults, some will be young offenders under 18 years. These offenders will be managed by the borough Youth Offending Team who can put intensive supervision arrangements in place around these juvenile offenders. Jobcentre Plus Jobcentre Plus will be notified if restrictions are placed on the conditions of an offender’s employment. Education Local authority children’s services and schools have an important role to play in the MAPPA process. Housing Permanent and stable accommodation is extremely important in the management of those offenders who pose a risk of sexual or violent offending. So each of the 32 borough MAPPA includes a representative from Local Authority Housing or Housing Associations. Social Care MAPPA works extremely closely with Social Care across the 32 boroughs to ensure that children and vulnerable adults are protected from sexual and violent offenders. Health Health has a significant part to play in MAPPA in dealing with offenders who have health issues, including mental health problems. Each MAPPA across the 32 boroughs has a representative who they can call on for guidance and direction when dealing with these offenders. Electronic Monitoring Electronic monitoring can provide an important control as part of an offender’s risk management plan.

What Happens/How Does it Work?

Partnership Case Study
This case study relates to a violent offender, released on licence from prison after serving part of a lengthy sentence for offences of serious violence. The victim was a former girlfriend; the offence took place sometime after they had separated. During the offences, the victim was taken hostage and armed officers and negotiators were used to secure her release and the arrest of the offender. The subject had no previous convictions, and there was no trace of any previous domestic violence reports to police. Although he admitted occasional violence towards other partners, it was nowhere near the level of violence displayed in this incident. The release address was to be in a London borough. The risk of serious harm this person poses is predominantly toward the victim who was by now living in another borough. Future partners could also be at risk from this person. A multi-agency meeting with the relevant police public protection units and partner agencies was held in order to review and carry out a full risk assessment. The risk management plan included contingency plans being made with City Of London Firearms Teams. A Sanctuary Scheme and panic alarm were set up at the victim’s home address by the local Public Protection Unit. If the alarm was activated, a firearms unit would be despatched immediately. The Probation Service became aware that the subject had a new girlfriend living in an adjacent borough. The subject claimed that he had disclosed his index offence to her. A joint Police/Probation visit was arranged to ensure that she was fully aware of his offending history and that she could make a fully informed decision about her relationship with him. This on-going case displays the close co-operation between Forces and boroughs, Probation, Victim Liaison, Prisons, private sector and local housing authorities. The subject continues to be monitored and has not re-offended.






Use of Disclosure
Police made an unannounced visit to a registered sex offender who tended to be unco-operative. It was established that he was staying in a one bed warden controlled apartment, and when visited, his six year old niece, visiting during school holidays, was found there. The offender had previous convictions for indecent assaults on young boys where a girl had witnessed the offences. Discreet enquiries were conducted and the girl was returned to her mother. A search warrant was obtained and indecent materials were found. Details of the offender’s history were provided to the girl’s mother, the warden manager and two wardens, i.e. the people who needed to know. This is just one of a number of cases where the MAPPA agencies will make disclosure where there is a need to know in order to manage risk. London police and probation services have been following with interest the proposals for so-called ‘Sarah’s Law/ Megan’s Law’ as suggested by some sections of the media. We are concerned about the risk of driving some offenders underground and await the outcome of the limited disclosure pilots proposed in the Child Sex Offender’s Review (see page 14).

Lay Adviser’s Report
“Over the past year, there have been several key and innovative events that have formed part of the MAPPA annual committee activities. Key features to these have been consultation, review and training. I have been fortunate to be on a panel of approximately 15 Lay advisers, nationally selected for the child sex offenders’ review in September 2006. This consultation exercise has been included in the main consultation and research. This report has recently been published and is available on the probation and police websites. My membership of the training sub group has continued. I have been able to review plans and evaluations for the London MAPPA seminars and also London / SE regional training seminar in March 2007 in which I also shared leadership of a workshop. Earlier this year there was a memorable and significant Lay Advisers’ conference. At this event in Leeds, my fellow Lay Adviser, Mick Robinson and I heard from key and influential contributors from the Prison, Police and Probation services. Workshop leaders with specialist insight enlightened lay members, whilst also consulting us on the role of the lay adviser, key tasks and essential activities towards developing a minimum standard. This process has been identified as key to the drafting of the MAPPA guidance, soon to be published.” Barbara RoyMacauley Lay Adviser






Key Achievements
Approved Premises
Approved Premises, often known as hostels, are run by London Probation and the private and voluntary sectors. They are an integral part of public protection arrangements on behalf of communities as they provide an opportunity to assess and monitor an offender’s behaviour on release from prison, instead of a direct release into independent accommodation. Licence conditions can require an offender to live in these premises which have standard rules such as curfews – if the offender breaches any of these they can be returned to prison. Last year the Responsible Authority had to manage the implications of media scare stories about the role of Approved Premises. In London a small number of child sex offenders were moved to other locations because of concerns about public safety. This shows how we respond to community concerns. Much more information about Approved Premises can be found in a useful leaflet ‘Keeping Our Children Safe’:

Working with the Home Office and National Offender Management Service (NOMS)
We recognise that because of the unique nature of London and the challenges and volume of offenders it brings, our practitioners face problems which are not experienced in some other parts of the country, but are still able to provide working solutions to them and identify gaps and opportunities. The MPS and London Probation are therefore pleased to have been able to work with the Home Office and the NOMS Public Protection Unit in a number of legislative and policy developments. These have included sending 100 public protection practitioners to an event to exchange views to inform the Child Sex Offenders’ Review (see page 14); written submissions on draft documents; and proposals for legislative change to allow us to better manage these offenders. This includes lobbying for and assisting in a draft power to obtain a search warrant to enter and search addresses of unco-operative sex offenders to improve risk assessment. This has since been enacted.



Violent Crime Directorate
The Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) has introduced the Violent Crime Directorate, bringing together various policing units in order to promote better ‘joined-up’ information sharing and working together, including with partner agencies.

The Violent Crime Directorate is responsible for taking the lead and driving the MPS performance around all aspects of violent crime and the management of vulnerable and dangerous people who do not fall within the remit of the Serious Crime Directorate. The scope of the Directorate’s responsibilities include MAPPA, missing persons, domestic violence, hate crime, rape, violence against women, honour based violence, robbery, alcohol related crime, knife crime, and includes the proactive units of the Racial and Violent Crime Task Force and a centralised violent crime Intelligence Unit.





Statistical Information
The following statistical information details MAPPA activity in London for the period 1st April 2006 to 31st March 2007
1. Category 1 MAPPA offenders: Registered Sex Offenders (RSOs) i) The number of RSOs on 31st March 2007. (a) The number of RSOs per 100,000 head of population. ii) The number of: sex offenders having a registration requirement who were either cautioned or convicted for breaches of the requirement, between 1st April 2006 and 31st March 2007. iii) The number of: (a) Sexual Offences Prevention Orders (SOPOs) applied for. (b) Interim SOPOs granted. (c) Full SOPOs imposed by the courts in London between 1st April 2006 and 31st March 2007. iv) The number of: (a) Notification Orders applied for. (b) Interim Notification Orders granted. (c) Full Notification Orders imposed by the courts in London between 1st May 2006 and 31st March 2007. v) The number of Foreign Travel Orders: (a) Applied for. (b) Imposed by the courts in London between 1st April 2006 and 31st March 2007. 2. Category 2 MAPPA offenders: Violent offenders and other sexual offenders (V&O) vi) The number of violent and other sexual offenders (as defined by Section 327 (3), (4) and (5) of the Criminal Justice Act (2003)) living in London between 1st April 2006 and 31st March 2007. 3. Category 3 MAPPA offenders: Other offenders (OO) vii) The number of ‘other offenders’ (as defined by Section 325 (2)(b) of the Criminal Justice Act (2003)) between 1st April 2006 and 31st March 2007. (a) (b) (c) (a) (b) (c) (a) (b) 3151 43 4. Offenders managed though Level 3 (MAPPP) and Level 2 (local inter-agency management) viii) Identify how many MAPPA offenders in each of the three Categories i.e. (1) RSOs. RSO (2) V&O and V&O (3) OO (above) have been managed through the Multi-Agency Public Protection Panel (MAPPP), (level 3) and through local inter-agency risk management and (level 2) between 1st April 2006 and 31st March 2007. OO
Level 3 Level 2

21 1643 24 887


405 12 4 78 32 0 32 0 0



The level 3 figure is the ‘critical few’. The criteria for referring a case to the MAPPP are defined in MAPPA Guidance as those in which the offender: • is assessed under OASys as being a high or very high risk of causing serious harm (OASys is the national offender assessment system); AND • presents risks that can only be managed by a plan which requires close co-operation at a senior level due to the complexity of the case and/or because of the unusual resource commitments it requires; OR • although not assessed as a high or very high risk, the case is exceptional because the likelihood of media scrutiny and/or public interest in the management of the case is very high and there is a need to ensure public confidence in the criminal justice system. The level 2 figure includes those offenders who have not been managed at level 3 at any point in the counting period and meet the criteria set out in the MAPPA Guidance as follows: • The management of the offender requires the active involvement of more than one agency but the complexity of managing the risk is not so great as to require referral to Level 3, the MAPPP. ix) Of the cases managed at levels 3 or 2 (i.e. (viii)) between 1st April 2006 Level and 31st March 2007 how many, whilst managed at that level:
3 Level 2



(a) Were returned to custody for a breach of licence? (b) Were returned to custody for a breach of a restraining order or sexual offences prevention order? (c) Were charged with a serious sexual or violent offence?

(a) (b) (c)

4 0 0

210 8 13

This figure includes any offenders who are included in either the Category 1 or 2 (i.e. (i) and (vi) above) unless they have left those categories and are still considered by the Responsible Authority to pose a risk of serious harm.





Commentary on Statistics
Registered Sex Offenders This increase of 38 offenders in the community represents an increase of 1.25%. However, the figure is distorted because it has emerged that a small number of boroughs included offenders in custody in last year’s report. It is estimated that this would mean an extra 200 offenders, i.e. nearer 8%. This does not necessarily mean there is more offending, rather that the ‘sex offender register’ works, i.e. when convicted of a relevant sexual offence, offenders become subject to the notification requirements. This year (2007) some offenders will cease to be subject to those requirements after the ten year notification period comes to an end. Breach of Notification Requirements This represents a 100% increase on last year. This does not necessarily mean more offenders are breaching the Act; there are now more offenders and more requirements to breach. Every breach is considered and the appropriate disposal course taken, so it could be that more offenders have been taken to court or cautioned than informally warned. Use of Civil Orders The number of SOPOs applied for by the MPS has fallen. This is probably due to the increase in the number of SOPOs imposed by the court on conviction has risen by 42%. The police are also able to apply to the Magistrate’s Court for a SOPO at any time where one has not been obtained and an offender poses a risk of serious sexual harm. (See case study page 16.) The number of Notification Orders obtained by the police has risen (52%) because of increased awareness and proactivity around deportees by the police central Jigsaw unit who obtained 24 of these 32 orders. The absence of Foreign Travel Orders is in line with the national picture – these are very unusual and powerful orders, only used in exceptional circumstances. Category 2 Offenders The number of violent offenders has only risen slightly (4%). That might be expected in the absence of any significant shift in sentencing policy, and the increased use of indeterminate public protection sentences, often meaning it is longer before offenders are released from prison into MAPPA. When both the custodial and community elements of the sentence have ended, the offender is removed from this Category. Category 3 Offenders The number of other dangerous offenders managed has fallen by 50%, which is out of line with the national average increase. Over recent years the figure had been rising in London: it is believed that this decrease is partly because police, probation and prisons have become more sophisticated and stringent in interpreting the likelihood of ‘serious harm.’ We also increasingly recognise that the risk can be managed by other multi-agency processes. Placing too many offenders in MAPPA depletes the ability to manage risk effectively with finite resources – it is important to focus on the most critical offenders. Management Level This is determined locally, and it is appropriate that there are very few Level 3 MAPPP cases. Likewise, Level 2 meetings should only involve those cases where active inter-agency risk management planning is required. It is difficult to accurately interpret these figures because offenders move around: however we can see that about half of offenders are managed at Level 2 at some stage. Serious Re-Offending The number of people charged with serious re-offending managed at Level 2 or 3 has increased. There are a number of factors which may affect this: • a clarification of the definition of the offences meeting these criteria. • improved detection techniques. • an increase in the number of serious offenders in MAPPA. Applying last year’s criteria, the figure would be six. From the total of thirteen, two were historic offences charged during this year. Nevertheless the figure only represents 0.46% of the total. Other enforcement activity by police and probation is very similar to last year.






Child Sex Offenders’ Review
The Home Office have recently completed this Review and the outcome and proposals “Review of the Protection of Children from Sex Offenders” can be found at: This contains a link to a very useful leaflet with contacts: “Keeping children safe from sex offenders – How sex offenders are managed.” A Serious Case Review procedure has been developed and used, including a process for notifying Serious Further Offence (SFO) Probation reviews. A London Probation Head of Inspections has been appointed. Broad range of Duty to Co-operate (DTC) agencies are represented at SMB. A pan London Mental Health MAPPA Memorandum of understanding has been developed. Research is ongoing into the diversity profile of MAPPA offenders at Level 2 and 3 management. 3. Communication and Strategic Partnerships Strategy A communications sub group has been formed and produced the Annual Report. A communications strategy (3 years) has also been produced. A community education pilot has been suspended pending the outcomes of two pilots funded by Government in other regions, arising from the Child Sex Offender Review published in June. A joint media strategy is under review. Multi-agency seminars have been held for 400 delegates to promote and discuss MAPPA developments. 4. Training Strategy Lay Adviser training continues. Annual Regional Seminar held in March for 90 strategic managers from Responsible Authority and DTC agencies. Multi-Agency training events held on four occasions for 400 people. 2. Monitoring and Evaluation Strategy (Performance and Review) Business Plan implemented and subject to regular review. Statistics are gathered monthly by MPS and the Annual Report is produced. SMB members attend local MAPPA meetings and report back, gathering knowledge of MAPPA activity. A two day seminar was held for senior representatives from the Responsible Authority to develop an Action Plan for the development of MAPPA in London and to raise its profile.


Business Plan Update
Summary Review of 2006/07 Plan The progress on the four elements of the plan (published in last year’s Annual Report) is summarised as follows: 1. MAPPA Development Strategy Work in progress. The Strategic Management Board is responsible for the monitoring and review of MAPPA in London and is made up of senior representatives of all the agencies involved. London Criminal Justice Board (LCJB) and MAPPA Strategic Management Board (SMB) are assessing the resourcing needs of a co-ordinator. Administrative support is in place but inadequate to need. At least a 10% increase in administrative support is required. Work in progress between SERCO (who manage the electronic monitoring services) and the Metropolitan Police Service to identify ‘tagged’ MAPPA offenders. Relationship building with Courts Service, Crown Prosecution Service and Mayor’s office has been developed through LCJB.





Summary Plan 2007/08
This year’s plan will build upon and consolidate the same four themes as last year, following national guidance. Key training and development issues will be: The implementation of ViSOR across London Prisons and London Probation by April 2008. ViSOR is the violent offender and sex offender register. The introduction of national standards for ViSOR in Autumn 2007. The introduction of new public protection guidance for police in October 2007. The introduction of revised MAPPA guidance from NOMS including performance requirements for the Responsible Authority. There will be a joint seminar looking at enhancing working practices between the local MAPPA and Youth Offender Teams.

Dealing with Offenders Deported from Abroad
A Notification Order can be obtained when a person who has been convicted of a relevant sexual offence abroad comes to live in the United Kingdom. The order means that the person becomes subject to the “sex offender register” and everything that entails. The person does not have to be a British subject. Following the successful application for a Notification Order in one case and the subsequent risk assessment and management of the offender on his return to the UK, the police set about refining the flow of intelligence from various sources in relation to people deported to the UK. The police liaised with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, various embassies and the Prisoners Abroad charity. Based in London, this charity provides support for such offenders and their re-integration back into the UK. This resulted in the Serious Organised Crime Agency (SOCA) agreeing to act as the single point for all referrals for the UK. This has led to a marked increase in the number, timeliness and quality of the deportation notices being received by the UK and therefore early identification of offenders who may be subject to MAPPA proceedings as well as the “sex offender register.” In the last year the Metropolitan Police have obtained 24 Notification Orders and assisted many other police forces throughout the country in obtaining others. This has been possible due to the expert knowledge developed in London and also due to the intelligence gained during interception of these deportees on their arrival at Heathrow airport. Until this work commenced, most offenders deported into the UK would become invisible to any agency until possibly coming to light following the commission of a further offence.


Sexual Offences Prevention Orders (SOPOs)
A SOPO imposed on conviction is a relatively new provision which greatly enhances sex offender management. The London Courts imposed at least 78 of these orders last year, a 42% increase on the previous year.

Case Study: Use of a SOPO
A care worker was sentenced to six years imprisonment for a serious sexual offence against a vulnerable woman living in sheltered accommodation. Since this offender might be released on licence after three years, the police sexual offences investigation team worked closely with the public protection unit to identify options to manage his risk on release. Working with the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS), a SOPO was drafted and imposed by the court on conviction. This bars him from working in a care environment; from residing where a vulnerable person also lives; from engaging in any activity which might bring him into contact with persons with learning difficulties. He will also be on the ‘sex offender register’ for life. This means that a much more robust risk management plan can be prepared for his release. The CPS and other agencies have an integral role to play in supporting the risk management of sexual and dangerous offenders.


Registered Sex Offenders by Borough
Enfield 98 Barnet 82 Harrow 68 Hillingdon 95 Ealing 130 Hounslow 82 Richmond upon Thames 62 Brent 108
72 82

Haringey 122

Waltham Forest


Redbridge 88
Barking and Dagenham




Hackney 129 Tower 5 Hamlets 84 170

Havering 65 84

Newham 115


Greenwich 101 Lewisham 174

Wandsworth Lambeth 103 167 Merton 63 Sutton 53

Bexley 78


Kingston upon Thames


Croydon 150

Bromley 106

How to contact us
We welcome feedback and if you have any comments to make regarding the report they should be sent to: Marketing and Communications, London Probation, 71-73 Great Peter Street, London, SW1 2BN. Further copies of the report can be obtained from the following websites: You may also write to us requesting a copy at the above address or e-mail us at:

Barking & Dagenham 84 Barnet 82 Bexley 78 Brent 108 Bromley 106 Camden 92 City of Westminister 82 Croydon 150 Ealing 130 Enfield 98 Greenwich 101 Hackney 129 Hammersmith & Fulham 53 Haringey 122 Harrow 68 Havering 65 Hillingdon 95 Hounslow 82 Islington 97 Kensington & Chelsea 72 Kingston upon Thames 51 Lambeth 167 Lewisham 174 Merton 63 Newham 115 Redbridge 88 Richmond upon Thames 62 Southwark 170 Sutton 53 Tower Hamlets 84 Waltham Forest 122 Wandsworth 103 City of London 5 TOTAL 3151

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