MANAGING SEXUAL, VIOLENT AND POTENTIALLY DANGEROUS OFFENDERS

joint annual report 2001 – 2002

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london
London

ndon

LONDON PROBATION AREA METROPOLITAN POLICE DISTRICT

areas

contents
Alternative languages ...................................................... 2 This document, how to contact us, further copies .............. 3 Foreword ........................................................................ 4 Metropolitan Police Service “Mission Vision & Values” London Probation Area “Pledge to Londoners” .................. 5

London Probation Area Corporate Plan 2001/2004 .......... 6

Metropolitan Police Service Priorities 2002/2003 .............. 6

City of London Police Mission Statement and Priorities ...... 7

Introduction .................................................................... 8

Summary of roles and responsibilities .............................. 9

Outline of the arrangements made ................................ 10

Strategic management arrangements ............................ 12

Use of disclosure .......................................................... 13

Work with victims .......................................................... 15

Victim Support Services .................................................. 15

Annex A Statistical Information .................................................... 16

Annex B Costs - additional costs of arrangements made .............. 17 Note: ‘City of London’ is not part of the Metropolitan Police District. The London Probation Area incorporates the ‘City of London’. H&F K&C Hammersmith & Fulham Kensington & Chelsea
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ALTERNATIVE LANGUAGES
This is a joint report of the Metropolitan Police Service, City of London Police and London Probation Area setting out how we manage the risks posed by sex offenders and other dangerous offenders in London. It is the first such joint report covering the period April 2001 to March 2002 and has been produced in accordance with Section 67(4) of the Criminal Justice & Courts Services Act 2000. In addition to describing details of the arrangements for London, it provides some statistical data and contact points. A summary of the report is available in this sized type by writing to either of the addresses on the next page.
Urdu Arabic

Gujarati

Bengali

Chinese

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Turkish

THIS DOCUMENT
This is a joint report of the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS), City of London Police (CoLP) and London Probation Area (LPA) setting out how we manage the risks posed by sex offenders and other dangerous offenders in London. It is the first such joint report covering the period April 2001 to March 2002 and has been produced in accordance with s. 67(4) of the Criminal Justice & Courts Services Act 2000. In addition to describing details of the arrangements for London, it provides some statistical data and contact points. It is a tripartite report because LPA incorporates the City of London whilst the MPS and City of London Police are two distinct police services.

HOW TO CONTACT US
We welcome feedback and if you have any comments to make about the report they should be sent to either of the addresses below. PR and Communications London Probation Area Headquarters 71-73, Great Peter Street, London SW1P 2BN Tel: 020 7222 5656 Metropolitan Police Service MAPPPs Co-ordination & Support Unit Territorial Policing HQ Victoria Embankment London SW1A 2JL Tel: 020 7230 1212

Alternatively make a request by e-mail to: new.scotland.yard@met.police.uk

FURTHER COPIES
Copies of the report can be obtained from either the MPS or LPA internet site at www.met.police.uk or www.probationlondon.org.uk. The report can also be seen at your local main library or main police station. You may also write to us requesting a copy at either of the addresses above.
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foreword
We are pleased to present this report on behalf of the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS), the City of London Police (CoLP) and the London Probation Area (LPA). It is produced in accordance with s.67(4) of the Criminal Justice & Courts Services Act 2000 (CJCSA) and details our work together protecting the public in London. This report, whilst local to London, complements and should be read in conjunction with the centrally produced Home Office report. In London, not only do we supervise those sex offenders who are required to register with police but we also supervise a share of the country’s potentially dangerous offenders, usually having served the custodial part of their sentence. They are then released into the community to serve the remainder of the sentence on licence or parole. We also deal with those referred by other agencies such as Social Services or Health Trusts. Assessing and managing the risks posed by such people is one of the key skills of police and probation officers. In April 2001, the CJCSA placed a statutory duty on police and probation to establish inter-agency protocols for the management of the risks posed by sexual and violent offenders. The most dangerous are referred to Multi-Agency Public Protection Panels (MAPPPs) which have been established in every London borough. Information about MAPPPs can be found in the section entitled Introduction. Responsibility for the development of our service provision is being taken at the very highest levels of both services. We are taking the lead on strategic management arrangements to monitor, review and change our procedures where necessary. This strategy is still in development but we are convinced that it will lead to increased public safety for those who either live in or frequent the capital. It will also give local communities increased confidence in law enforcement agencies. MAPPPs provide an excellent example of inter-agency working, involving police, probation and others. We have no doubt that this is the way forward in many other areas of joint working, as it provides the best use of public resources. Together, during the past year, we have made significant strides forward in the way that we manage the risks posed by sexual, violent and potentially dangerous offenders living in our communities. This has been done from within our existing resources. We will now build upon this multi-agency response to ensure that we capitalise on the full range of options available to police, probation and other organisations. The new multi-agency risk assessment and management procedures and the development of the MAPPPs are already providing accountable, consistent and effective mechanisms and making a really positive contribution to risk reduction through enforcement, employment, housing provision and social integration. This is of course a highly sensitive area and it is entirely to be expected that both public anxiety and media interest will be high. It is important therefore that we continue to highlight the realistic impact of effective risk management on offending behaviour, raising the level of public awareness and debate in London so that the complex issues of public safety can be effectively progressed. The vision of the MPS (echoed by CoLP) is to make London the safest major city in the world. We see this work as being central to both that vision and LPA’s ‘Pledge to Londoners’.

MANAGING SEXUAL, VIOLENT AND POTENTIALLY DANGEROUS OFFENDERS

Carole Howlett Deputy Assistant Commissioner Metropolitan Police Service July 2002

John Powls Chief Officer London Probation Area

Perry Nove Commissioner City of London Police

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values
METROPOLITAN POLICE SERVICE MISSION VISION VALUES
MISSION
Our mission is: Making London safe for all the people we serve We: ! make places safer; ! cut crime and the fear of crime; ! uphold the law

VISION

Our vision is:

To make London the safest major city in the world

VALUES

Our values are to: ! ! ! ! treat everyone fairly; be open and honest; work in partnership; change to improve.

pledge

LONDON PROBATION AREA

OUR PLEDGE TO LONDONERS
! the protection of the public ! the reduction of re-offending ! the proper punishment of offenders ! the rehabilitation of offenders ! the proper care of victims

london
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2001-2004
LONDON PROBATION AREA CORPORATE PLAN 2001-2004
Summary of Objectives This will be achieved by: reducing reconviction rates by 5% compared to the predicted rate ensuring that risk assessments and management plans are completed in all community orders and bail cases and at least 90% of all resettlement cases Probation Priority To contribute to public protection and the safety of London communities

• •

To reduce re-offending

This will be achieved by: developing with the Metropolitan Police a strategy for targeting and intervention with persistent offenders increasing the number of offenders on accredited programmes, particularly those addressing sex offending, domestic violence and aggression increasing the number of hostel places for offenders

• • •
To ensure offenders are aware of the effects of crime on victims

This will be achieved by: contacting victims in cases where the offender is sentenced to 12 months imprisonment or more

• •

To tackle youth offending

This will be achieved by: contributing to Youth Offending Teams in London

METROPOLITAN POLICE SERVICE PRIORITIES FOR 2001-2004
Policing Priority To increase the security of the capital against terrorism Summary of Objectives This will be achieved by: preventing and disrupting terrorist activity improving the response to suspected and actual terrorist incidents

• • • • • • • • • • •

To create safer communities for Londoners

This will be achieved by: working with partners to reduce crime in the most troubled areas in each neighbourhood reducing violent armed criminality reducing the fear of crime increasing public satisfaction with visible police presence This will be achieved by: improving child protection procedures improving the investigation and victim satisfaction of racist incidents and racist crimes improving the investigation of homophobic crimes improving the investigation of domestic violence improving victim care and investigation in cases of rape This will be achieved by: diverting youths away from crime through enhanced multi-agency activity reducing re-offending by persistent young offenders

To improve the police response to vulnerable victims

To tackle youth offending

• •
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mission
CITY OF LONDON POLICE OUR MISSION STATEMENT
“We will provide a high quality police service in the City of London and work with the community, other organisations and agencies, to promote a safe, peaceful and crime-free environment.” Co-operation, consultation and partnership are consistent themes of this mission statement.

priorities
CITY OF LONDON POLICE OUR PRIORITIES 2002-2003
To keep crime levels as low as possible we will focus on six priorities during 2002/2003. Three of these are national Ministerial Priorities and are set by the Home Secretary. They are:
! to help create safe communities by reducing crime, anti-social behaviour and disorder through effective partnership working, including reducing availability and use of Class A drugs; ! to increase the number of offences for which offenders, and particularly persistent offenders, are caught and brought to justice, in partnership with other criminal justice agencies – These priorities will be addressed specifically by our partnership approach through our Crime and Disorder Strategy. ! To reduce the fear of crime in all sections of the community and in particular to increase the trust and confidence in policing amongst minority ethnic communities. – The aim of the City of London Police Diversity Strategy is “to provide an ethical high quality policing service to the whole community of the City of London, which treats all people without prejudice and respects the right of individuals to be different in their abilities, culture, values and beliefs”. This is directed at building trust and confidence within minority groups. The Force is driving forward its Diversity Agenda through training and the implementation of Force-wide initiatives. Three locally set initiatives are not relevant to this report.

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introduction
INTRODUCTION
This document for London should be read in conjunction with the Home Office report which details those aspects of the arrangements which are common to all areas of England and Wales. Local arrangements
Local arrangements in London began in response to the Sex Offenders Act 1997 when police and probation began to make joint arrangements for the assessment and management of registered sex offenders. We have built on those arrangements over the past few years and each London borough now has multi-agency protocols agreed by police, probation, health, housing and social services for the sharing of information, assessment and management of sex offenders and other potentially dangerous offenders. This document provides further details of how the arrangements operate in London and gives contact points for any additional enquiries. Each of the 32 London boroughs has established a MAPPP involving the statutory agencies (police and probation). (The MAPPP for the City of London incorporates the same agency members as Tower Hamlets). The MPS have established Public Protection Units (PPUs) deploying some 90 staff. Additionally, police crime managers in each borough (or sometimes a senior probation officer) devise the agenda for and chair the MAPPP For LPA, this work extends . their normal work into a multi-agency forum.

MAPPPs Project
It is a complex task to co ordinate, review and support the work of so many MAPPPs across London. So, in an effort to standardise procedures, share good practice, and ensure implementation of the initial guidance provided by the Home Office, in April 2001 the MPS and LPA established a joint project. The objective of that project was to:-

• develop a plan, by March 31st 2002, to ensure that the MPS and LPA are able to discharge the
statutory duty to assess and manage the risks posed by violent, potentially dangerous and sex offenders.

This project has completed its initial work, producing proposals for operating procedures, information sharing protocols and options for managing dangerous offenders. These proposals will be refined, agreed and implemented over the coming year with assistance from a new central co-ordination and support unit which the MPS has recently established, working closely with newly appointed LPA policy development officers. Additionally, we have conducted a training needs analysis for police and probation staff by holding focus groups with our staff and sending out questionnaires. We intend to find ways of delivering this training during the year. This is a first step towards wider multi-agency training, as envisaged in the Home Office initial guidance. We have also jointly reviewed our media strategy, and will be publishing the revised version soon. The proposals from this project have been put to a Home Office MAPPP Further Guidance User Group and will be used to assist in establishing national standards. Furthermore, a manual of guidance/options for dealing with these offenders will be made available to all relevant agencies.

ViSOR Project
The MPS and LPA have staff working closely with the Police Information and Technology Organisation (PITO) in the development and planned implementation of a national sex and violent offenders database, called ViSOR. It is firmly believed that having such a national system for recording and storing data in a standardised way will improve procedures for managing offenders; the database will also be used to assist police in investigating crimes and targeting specific offenders. An added benefit will be ready access to a far greater amount of information to identify best practice and assist our management processes.
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introduction
Hostels
Some of the offenders who come under the umbrella of the new strategy are housed in probation hostels. It is the nature of London that hostels are often in the heart of residential communities and it would be foolish to try to deny that people would prefer not to have a hostel in their neighbourhood. The police and probation appreciate the value of hostels in managing offenders who need close supervision and monitoring. LPA has recently reopened a hostel in south-west London: this hostel has close links with its neighbours and holds regular meetings where local people can voice any concerns they have. Police are closely involved with the hostel management and regularly attend the premises. LPA have appointed a senior manager for hostels across London and are committed to consulting and listening to all communities where hostels are located and engaging London and its representatives in planning for future provision.

LPA restructuring
At the same time as the statutory duty to jointly manage these offenders has been created, LPA continues to restructure following the bringing together of five former London services. The new design for LPA prioritises resources according to the risk to the public.

MAPPPs have, to varying degrees, engaged with the following agencies, in addition to the statutory partners of police and probation:Social Services; Health Services (predominantly Mental Health and Forensic Psychiatric Services); Housing (Local Authority/Voluntary/Independent housing providers); Prisons (through police Prison Intelligence Officers and Prison Probation Dept.); Young Offender Teams (YOTs); Education and Victim Support Services. These agencies with their various functions within the community have an important part to play in public protection. We mention below the roles of some of those agencies which perform a key function. Social Services Departments have a wide range of statutory responsibilities, including the provision of services, which sustain and contribute to the quality of life for individuals and communities. The duties and responsibilities of Social Services include services to vulnerable individuals, both adults and children. This incorporates services to children in need and their families, older people, disabled people and those with mental health needs. The services promote safety and welfare which balances the needs and wishes of individuals with the safety of the wider community. In conjunction with Social Services’ role in working with the agencies involved in the Area Child Protection Committee, there is a commitment to multi-agency working to manage risk and protect the public. In relation to housing needs all the London boroughs have their own objectives and procedures to meet their duties towards the housing of homeless people, the care of existing tenants and staff, and the protection of vulnerable groups. They are all committed to ensuring that people’s housing needs are assessed with the other MAPPP agencies to identify and manage the risks that particular individuals may pose to communities. The various Mental Health NHS Trusts in London provide a full range of services to meet the needs of service users, carers and local communities. They are increasingly referring those considered to be particularly dangerous to MAPPPs for multi-agency intervention. In many boroughs a representative attends all MAPPP meetings to share information and provide professional consultation. Not all agencies referred to above are full time MAPPP partners, but can certainly be called upon, along with others, in specific cases to provide information about offenders and available services where appropriate. The London Strategic Risk Management Group, which co-ordinates this area of work across all agencies, will advance negotiations to involve agencies in those boroughs where difficulty has been encountered. We firmly believe that extensive agency involvement is crucial to improving the sharing of information and providing a full range of services and opportunities to prevent and reduce reoffending. For further details of the efforts which are being made at strategic level to secure the engagement of as a wide a range of relevant agencies as possible, please see the section entitled Strategic Management Arrangements.
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roles

SUMMARY OF ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

outline
OUTLINE OF THE ARRANGEMENTS MADE
In addition to the day to day work outlined above, we have developed multiagency arrangements within all boroughs for the assessment and management of sexual, violent and other dangerous offenders. These should reflect and be responsive to the diversity of the local community.
Whenever a joint or multi-agency approach would improve public protection, police, probation and any other relevant agency e.g. housing, health, social services etc, will share information and formulate risk management plans. The organisation of this may vary from borough to borough. For example, in some boroughs a probation officer is seconded to the local police Public Protection Unit (PPU) for part of the week and in one, police and probation work collaboratively within the same building on a full time basis. This approach is likely to be developed further.

Once a thorough risk assessment has been made, the “critical few” most dangerous offenders are identified and referred to the MAPPP There are 32 MAPPPs within the London area, covering all the . boroughs. These meet every 4-6 weeks. Additionally, emergency meetings are convened when the need arises. In advance of each meeting an agenda, drawn up by either the police or probation service, is sent out confidentially to all MAPPP participants. Each will check for other information held about the subjects of the meeting by their own agency. All MAPPPs will have in attendance staff from the police and probation services as well as representatives from social services, health, local authority housing, young offender teams, employment, prisons, customs and excise and other local agencies e.g. accommodation providers, and there will be close liaison with the victim services. Meetings are chaired by either police or probation. The aim is to ensure the participation of as many agencies as possible within this confidential setting. Minutes are taken, and documented decisions made on each case, including the allocation of responsibility for key tasks. A review process is identified to monitor progress in each case and a date is set for a MAPPP review unless circumstances demand an earlier meeting. Risk management plans vary according to individual circumstances and will reflect a balance between the need to impose conditions and controls on the offender with the provision of treatment through relevant programmes and services to reduce their re-offending. The following are some examples of management of offenders:‘A’ was released from prison after serving three years for offences of indecent assault against teenage boys. Prior to his release he was referred to a MAPPP A decision was made to place him at a probation . hostel where he would be subject to a curfew and his daily activities monitored. It was also agreed that he should attend a sex offender treatment programme provided by the forensic psychiatric services in partnership with the probation service. A decision was also made to ensure that additional prison licence conditions were imposed to forbid him from contacting the victims or returning to the area where the offences had occurred. The supervision of the offender included monitoring potential employment and leisure activities. Due to the nature of the offence he was also subject to sex offender registration requirements with the police.

Where there is continued cause for concern about a person’s behaviour in the community, the police are empowered to apply to a Magistrates’ Court for a sex offender order.
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outline
• ‘B’ was brought to the attention of a local MAPPP at a time when he was no
longer subject to supervision by the probation service, his prison licence having ended some months previously. He had a number of convictions for sex offences against children. He had not completed a treatment programme because of his itinerant lifestyle. The MAPPP was informed when he moved into a local housing project for homeless and rootless people. An emergency MAPPP meeting was called where it was agreed that police would provide surveillance and see him weekly. The probation service agreed to offer voluntary contact and explore possible placement at a probation hostel and referral to a sex offender groupwork programme. A sex offender order was successfully applied for, in view of the need to impose continued monitoring and oversight. Close liaison was maintained between the MAPPP and all the services involved, including police, probation, staff at the housing project and the forensic psychiatric team. Although ‘B’ is no longer resident in London, whilst in the area he was seen regularly and did not commit further sexual offences. He has since, however, breached his registration requirements outside London and was recently imprisoned. This demonstrates the degree of supervision which takes place; the sex offender order (which can last for life) will ensure that wherever he moves, he will be required to register and maintain contact with the local police. Not all the work of the MAPPP concerns sex offenders; violent and other potentially dangerous offenders are an important area of responsibility.

• ‘C’ had a history of violence triggered by alcohol misuse. He was serving a
sentence for unlawful wounding. His probation officer was concerned about the risk posed by this man, particularly as he had no settled accommodation. The MAPPP devised a risk management plan whereby the local housing department agreed to accommodate the offender; this would enable monitoring of his behaviour and reduce the risk to the public. He was interviewed at the probation office to prevent a possibility of him turning up drunk at the housing department. He was found somewhere to live and was subsequently referred to an alcohol treatment programme. During the last year there has been ongoing work to explore the new joint statutory responsibility and to promote a consistent approach in the operational arrangements throughout London. As has been mentioned previously, this is a developmental process and we will continue to develop and refine our procedures in line with national standards, which are currently being developed.
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strategic
STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT ARRANGEMENTS
Since managing these offenders became a statutory responsibility on 1st April 2001, the MPS and LPA have jointly convened a London Strategic Risk Management Group. This in itself is a statutory requirement placed upon each responsible authority.
Initially, the principal attendees were the police and probation service. Membership is now extended to the health service, including forensic psychologists and psychiatrists; housing authorities, both local and voluntary; Victim Support London and NSPCC. There are also representatives from the prison service and recent invitations have gone to London media. Social services are represented as well as the Youth Justice Board. Other members include the Home Office Dangerous Offenders Unit and the Metropolitan Police Authority. The important ingredient is the diversity of the membership and the perspective each agency brings to the tasks. This group meets quarterly; its remit is to evaluate the work of MAPPPs across London. The multi-agency group has agreed the terms of reference of their meetings and has worked to enable members to understand and own the work of the statutory agencies (i.e. police and probation) and then consider their own contributions to the management of risk across London. Plans are in hand to carry out an audit of MAPPPs next year. The group will continue to meet quarterly and is chaired by the Chief Officer of the London Probation Area.

A list of current agency membership is set out below. Chief Officer LPA MPS Lead – Child Protection and MAPPPs MPS MAPPPs Project Manager Metropolitan Police Authority Chief Executive Penrose Housing Association Forensic Policy Advisor Department of Health Director of Community Protection LPA MPS Sex & Violent Offenders Crime Policy Unit MPS Consultancy Group Governor of HMP Pentonville Chief Executive Victim Support London Senior Consultant Forensic Psychiatrist West London Mental Health NHS Policy Advisor NSPCC Youth Offending Team Manager, Greenwich Sentence Enforcement Unit Camden Council – Manager of Supporting People

Social Services Inspectorate Senior Policy Advisor Youth Justice Board Home Office Dangerous Offender Unit HM Prison Service

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disclosure
USE OF DISCLOSURE
The disclosure of personal information about offenders, in particular registered sex offenders (RSOs), is a sensitive and complex subject. Whilst there is an apparent desire amongst communities to know of the presence and whereabouts of offenders in their locality, we have to balance this against the rights of offenders to privacy, particularly under human rights legislation. There is no blanket provision of such information nor is it envisaged that there will be in the future.
‘Disclosure’ is often referred to as ‘community notification’, but in this context that may be too broad a description. Providing details, such as a photograph, address or convictions of an offender to the community or targeted sections of the community is a serious step, usually undertaken by the police in consultation with other MAPPP agencies, particularly probation. Apart from an individual’s right to privacy we have to consider the impact of disclosure upon that person and the potential risks to which they may be exposed. In particular we will examine closely the reason for disclosure and the benefits we aim to achieve. We will look at the person’s offending history and behaviour, together with all available current information in reaching a decision. We are helped by the case of R -v- Chief Constable North Wales Police (1998) in which it was held that in LIMITED circumstances the police could release factual information about individuals if it was very strongly in the public interest to do so. That strong public interest exists where it is necessary for the prevention or detection of crime, or for the protection of young or other vulnerable people. Additionally, the Association of Chief Police Officers has produced guidelines which are referred to in reaching a decision whether or not to disclose. Here are some examples of how disclosure has been used in London:-

• On the authority of a senior police officer, the media have assisted on a number of
occasions to locate sex offenders who are wanted by police for breach of their registration requirements and who are considered to be particularly dangerous. The media have also played a part on a few occasions in finding those wanted for serious sex offences where traditional methods have been unsuccessful. The rationale is to find these dangerous people and bring them before the Courts before they have the opportunity to re-offend.

• Recently, details of a sex offender who had been granted bail by a court, (facing his
fourth prosecution for breach of his registration requirements) were disclosed to the media generally. This was deemed necessary because he had absconded from a probation hostel where he was required to reside as a condition of his bail. Attempts to find him had been unsuccessful and he was considered a particular risk to young boys. As a result of this disclosure he was arrested within a day and has since been sentenced to 12 months imprisonment.

• A PPU became aware of an allegation of indecent assault on an 11-year-old girl by
an adult male employee of a local sporting facility. The assault happened at the centre, but the girl’s parents did not want her to give evidence; this man had a previous conviction for indecency. The local MAPPP decided that the employer should be informed of this man’s past and recommended that he should not be allowed unsupervised access to children. Alternatively, police would consider full disclosure to parents of children using the facility. Future developments included a clinical assessment wherein this man admitted that he had intended to rape the girl. The employer was updated with developments, resulting in his employment being terminated. The man’s carers were told of the incident and asked to liaise with police in the future. A further allegation of indecent assault was made elsewhere and the man is now receiving treatment in a secure residential unit.

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disclosure
USE OF DISCLOSURE • Police notified an employment agency of the sexual offence convictions of a client who
had told them he had convictions for violence. This agency frequently placed people in jobs in hospitals, service stations or labouring. As a result of this disclosure he was only offered labouring work. The agency was also advised about its applications which only asked a client whether or not they had a ‘conviction’, without recording the details. Similarly, a hospital was told of the sexual offence convictions of a man employed as a porter. This was because of the nature of his offences and his access to vulnerable people. He was dismissed and subsequently prosecuted for obtaining a pecuniary advantage (his employment) by deception.

• Another man told his probation officer that he was seeking a job as a sports
groundsman at a place where children would gather. He had convictions for indecency with children and such employment was considered inappropriate. The employment agency was told and the application was terminated. These are just a few examples of how limited disclosure to selected sections of the community is used in serious cases to protect those communities. We will continue to use our discretion in exercising disclosure on a case by case basis.

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victims
WORK WITH VICTIMS
Section 69 of the CJCSA places a statutory duty upon the probation service to consult with victims of sexual and violent offences where an offender has been sentenced to 12 months imprisonment or more. (In the past, probation was required to act in cases of offenders sentenced to 4 years or more). This consultation takes place before the offender is released and helps to determine the conditions imposed in the offender’s release on licence. It is one way of trying to ensure that previous victims are not revictimised.
Since April 2001 LPA has reorganised its victim contact and liaison services in line with the new responsibility. Taking into account the restructuring required as a result of the amalgamation of the previous five probation services covering London, LPA has formed the Victim Liaison Service. The estimated number of victims who are eligible for the services in cases sentenced by the London courts per year has risen to 3,500. There is a current staff establishment of 16 victim liaison officers and seven administrators managed by two senior probation officers and a head of service delivery. Staff are located in five offices across London. One office is the central referral point for all new cases and undertakes the tracing work in liaison with the police prior to allocation. People do, of course, move on, particularly after a period of time and in London the population is particularly transient. It is therefore impossible to contact every victim, but the new service is working towards meeting the National Probation Service targets for victim contact. It is crucial to link the work of victim liaison with the work of the MAPPP especially in cases where there is a significant risk of revictimisation. For example:a victim liaison officer attended a MAPPP meeting in one borough to discuss an offender who was due to be released for offences of grievous bodily harm upon two ex partners. Clearly, these were serious offences. The victim liaison officer, having met with both ex-partners, was able to convey to the MAPPP the level of fear and concern that both were experiencing. As a result, the police ensured that if they received any request for assistance from either partner, they would be able to provide an appropriate response. LPA is revising and producing clear guidelines on the role of victim liaison officers in ensuring that information about the victim is included in the assessment process and development of risk management and victim protection plans. Two seminars have recently been held to enhance awareness among police and probation officers of this work and to capture best practice. We realise the significance of this duty and will continue to strive to ensure that we locate victims, consider their fears and needs and work together to provide appropriate and adequate measures to reduce the risk of revictimisation. Victim liaison service contact points. For individual cases: Tel: 0207 631 0535 / 0208 262 6927. For information on policy and service development: Tel: 0207 436 1282

VICTIM SUPPORT SERVICES
Victim Support is the national charity for people affected by crime. It is an independent organisation, offering a free and confidential service, whether or not a crime has been reported. Trained staff and volunteers at local branches offer information and support to victims, witnesses, their families and friends. Victim Support also provides the Witness Service, based in every criminal court in England & Wales, to offer assistance before, during and after a trial. Further information for victims and details of local services and other relevant organisations are available as follows:Victim Support Service Helpline Tel: 0845 3030900 Website: www.victimsupport.com Rape and Sexual Abuse Centre (RASASC) (providing a London service for women and girls who have been raped or sexually abused, no matter when) Tel: 0208 683 3311 Website: www.rasasc.org.uk Survivors UK (for male victims of sexual abuse) Helpline Tel: 020 7357 6677 (Tues 7pm – 10pm) Website: www.survivorsuk.org.uk MIND (for mental health issues) Tel: 0845 7660163 Website: www.mind.org.uk Women’s Aid International (for victims of domestic violence) Tel: 0845 7023468 Website: www.womensaid.org.uk Southall Black Sisters (services for Asian women) Tel: 0208 571 9595 NSPCC Child Protection Helpline (for anyone concerned about a child at risk of abuse) Tel: 0800 800500 Website: www.nspcc.org.uk ChildLine (for children ,about any problem, at any time) Tel: 0800 1111 Website: www.childline.co.uk

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statistics
ANNEXE A STATISTICAL INFORMATION
Item The number of registered sex offenders (RSOs) in the community on 31 March 2002 The number of RSOs per 100,000 population The number of RSOs who were either cautioned or convicted for breaches of the requirement, between 1 April 2001 and 31 March 2002 The number of sex offender orders between 1 April 2001 and 31 March 2002:a) total applied for b) granted c) not granted d) applications still in progress The number of offenders considered under the arrangements prescribed by sections 67 and 68 of the Act:1 1 0 5 Number 1,847 1 2 25 3 125

• All sexual & violent offenders who fall within section 68(3) (sentenced to 12 months

imprisonment or more) on or after 1 April 2001 up to and including 31 March 2002 (unless they already feature as a registered sex offender). The meaning of sexual or violent offence for the purpose of this subsection is provided in the Home Office central report

4,540 4

• Any other offender considered under the local multi-agency arrangements because they
were assessed as posing a high risk of serious harm to the public (but who did not fall within either of the two categories immediately above).

409 5

1 2 3 4 5

this figure does NOT include offenders who have failed to register; those with a registration requirement but who have not yet registered as they are currently in custody; nor those who have registered but are in custody for a further offence includes 3 people registered in the City of London Police area based upon the mid-2000 population of Greater London of 7,375,065 this figure is made up of 2,600 offenders in custody, 880 offenders on licence and 1,060 new sentences over the period of this report this figure only relates to high risk potentially dangerous offenders who have been referred to and dealt with by a MAPPP

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statistics
ANNEXE B ADDITIONAL COST OF LOCAL ARRANGEMENTS
In the absence of specific funding, additional costs have been met from within current resources. All costs are in £s LPA Staff Costs Other Costs Total Expenditure Income Net Expenditure Set up costs included in net expenditure 1 295,000 1 25,000 2 320,000 0 320,000 MPS 140,929 3 89,297 4 230,226 0 230,226 Other Agencies 5 Not available Not available Not available Not available Not available Total 435,929 114,297 550,226 0 550,226

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This figure represents additional costs of :(i) two policy development officers working a total of 6 days a week on a job share basis; (ii) additional one day per month for MAPPP work for local LPA staff (all boroughs); and (iii) additional work for senior LPA staff over the year

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Estimate of administrative costs (e.g. telephone, photocopying) calculated on 9% of total salary expenditure This figure represents the cost of MPS staff re-deployed into this work since April 1st 2001. There are no identified additional costs for the City of London Police This figure represents identifiable additional costs to the MPS in respect of equipment, office space or surveillance upon violent and potentially dangerous offenders (but not registered sex offenders). It does not include the costs of meetings or administration of meetings. We are not currently able to identify the additional costs which have clearly been incurred by other agencies across London.

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