Greater Manchester Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangement

ANNUAL REPORT 2003-04

Managing the risks together

CONTENTS
Page

National overview Forewords Who we are Achievements in 2003/4 How MAPPA works Managing MAPPA Helping Victims Sharing Information Helping to Manage Offenders
Greater Manchester Police Probation Service Prison Service Housing Education Social Services Youth Offending Teams Health Lay Members Crown Prosecution Service Other Agencies

2 3 4 5 6 8 9 10 12
12 13 14 14 15 15 16 16 17 18 18

Case Studies Facts and Figures Further Information

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NATIONAL OVERVIEW
Sexual and violent offences are dreadful crimes that deeply affect the lives of victims and their families and bring fear to local communities. Their impact can be profound and long lasting, leaving victims feeling unsafe even in their own homes. The Government regards tackling sexual and violent crimes as one of its highest priorities. The national development of the MAPPA has concentrated on preparing to implement the MAPPA provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 2003. These provisions came into force on 5 April 2004 and help strengthen the MAPPA by: • Making the Prison Service part of the ‘responsible authority’ with police and probation • Formalising the involvement of other agencies which can make an important contribution to helping offenders not to reoffend • The Act imposes a Duty to Cooperate with the Responsible Authority MAPPA upon: local authority housing, education and social services, health service bodies, Jobcentres Plus, Youth Offending Teams, Registered Social Landlords which accommodate MAPPA offenders and electronic monitoring providers. The appointment by the Home Secretary of two members of the public as ‘lay advisers’ in each Area is to assist in monitoring the effectiveness of the MAPPA. Work on the duty to co-operate has been taken forward by two separate and complementary initiatives. First, in many areas the duty to co-operate formalises what has already begun to be established as good practice. The statutory basis of the duty will help ensure a more consistent engagement of all these agencies across England and Wales. Secondly, the relevant Central Government Departments have been involved in developing the Guidance, which the Home Secretary issued on the duty to cooperate. The reform of the way in which child protection is organised, following the public inquiry into the tragic death of Victoria Climbie, will reinforce the importance of effective joint working between different agencies, which the MAPPA has itself promoted. strengthens the sex offenders’ register, which has proved a valuable means by which the police can monitor convicted sex offenders within their area, and introduces new civil orders to help prevent further offences from being committed.

Victim focus
The victims of sexual offending are identified as a priority group within the National Victims and Witnesses Strategy. This strategy which was published in July 2003, aims to improve support and protection for victims and witnesses by: • Reducing the adverse effects of crime on victims and witnesses, and preventing secondary victimisation • Encouraging more victims and witnesses to come forward • Offering more options to victims and witnesses, including alternatives to attendance at court. These initiatives will help toward another key Government target, that of improving public confidence in the criminal justice system. The Government is underpinning this work in its Domestic Violence, Crime and Victims Bill, which is currently going through Parliament. It will create a new independent post of Commissioner for Victims and Witnesses to be a champion or voice for all victims of crime and a new statutory Victims’ Code of Practice (to be implemented in April 2005) which will build on the existing Victims’ Charter and set out specific responsibilities that each criminal justice service agency and Victim Support must provide to victims.

Other legislation
In addition to this work to strengthen the MAPPA, the Government has also begun to strengthen other statutory provisions, the most significant of which are the Sexual Offences Act 2003 and the measures to introduce new sentences for ‘dangerous’ offenders which will keep them in custody until they no longer pose a serious risk to the public. The Sexual Offences Act overhauls the many antiquated sexual offences and plugs loopholes in the law. In updating sexual offences, it strengthens the law on rape and on sex offences against children. It introduces new offences of ‘sexual grooming’ and extends the protection from exploitation in prostitution or pornography to children up to the age of 18. For the first time, it will be an offence to buy sexual services from a child below this age, targeting those who abuse children in this way. The Sexual Offences Act also

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Chief Constable’s Foreword
Greater Manchester Police is focused on fighting crime, and protecting people. The work carried out to manage the risks posed by violent, sexual and dangerous offenders is key to protecting people in Greater Manchester. These offenders are a small number but we recognise the concern about them that exists within communities. It is for this reason that we put resources into investigating and detecting these crimes. We cannot do this alone and the partnership working that is at the heart of MAPPA (Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements) is now being seen in all aspects of tackling crime and disorder in the county. Sharing information about offenders and crime between organisations is vital to safeguarding communities. We face challenges ahead as the number of sex offenders we deal with continues to rise over the next few years. This does not show a rise in the number of people committing offences, but is caused by the fact that the Sex Offenders Act 1997 did not apply to offenders convicted before it came into effect, unless they were in custody or under supervision at the time. But people should be reassured that the good work of the Violent and Sex Offender Registration (ViSOR) unit will continue to manage the risks. GMP is an open and accountable organisation and fully supported the introduction of lay members into the MAPPA Strategic Management Board. These dedicated individuals represent the interests of the community and scrutinise developments on behalf of us all. This report is part of our continued determination to be both open and accountable for the work in managing violent, sexual and dangerous offenders, and in fact, for all aspects of how we tackle crime in the county. The information contained in this report should reassure that we are making a difference to the quality of life in our communities.

Chief Constable

Chief Probation Officer
To be effective, Probation staff must be able to differentiate individual offenders, their crime and their victims in order to take the steps necessary for greater public protection and to match offenders with the programmes most likely to reduce offending. GM Probation Area shares the responsibility for assessment and management of high risk and dangerous offenders with GMP and the Prison Service. Joined up processes and information sharing lie at the heart of offender management and public protection. GM Probation Area is committing skills and resources to issues of concern to this local community. A collaborative approach with other agencies that have a valuable contribution to make in assessing and managing offenders with the potential to cause serious harm, is proven to achieve positive results. GM Probation Area will continue to focus its efforts on the effective work of the MAPPA to sustain the confidence of the communities we serve.

Chief Probation Officer 3

WHO WE ARE AND WHAT WE DO
In Greater Manchester MultiAgency Risk Panels, a partnership between the police and probation, were established in 1997. The panels were set up to provide a forum for information sharing and close working to assess and manage registered sex offenders and other offenders regarded as potentially dangerous. It built on the success of a pilot project in the Rochdale area in 1995. The risk panels were later renamed Multi-Agency Public Protection Panels (MAPPP), as a result of the Criminal Justice and Court Services Act 2000. The Act required police and probation to make joint arrangements for the assessment and management of the risks posed by sexual, violent and other offenders who may cause serious harm to the public. Since then a wide range of agencies have been involved in the panels including housing, social services, health, Victim Support, prisons, education, electronic monitoring providers and Youth Offending Teams. The role of MAPPA was drafted in the Criminal Justice Act 2003 which came into effect on 1 April 2003

Probation police and prison representatives work together in Greater Manchester

Local arrangements
Greater Manchester is made up of 10 local authority areas; Bolton, Bury, Manchester, Oldham, Rochdale, Salford, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford and Wigan. Each of these has arrangements in place to manage high-risk cases through Multi Agency Public Protection Panels. The meetings are chaired by either the Probation Service District Manager or a local senior police officer. A countywide protocol sets out how and when Panels meet, additionally any agency can request that a MAPPP takes place. MAPPPs are used to manage the high-risk offenders that are referred to as ‘the critical few’ they provide a framework for coordinated risk management by agencies. The police and probation services work together to manage offenders assessed as low or medium risk. This system ensures time and resources are devoted to managing ‘the critical few’ giving the community greater protection from dangerous offenders. 4 MAPPPs involve representatives from other key agencies and they can be called to attend to help develop the risk management plan for an offender. The agencies bring specialist knowledge and information to the meetings and have a key role in managing the dangerous offenders. (Details on page 12)

KEY ACHIEVEMENTS 2003/4
During the last year we have had some significant achievements, including: • Greater involvement of agencies in Strategic Management Board (SMB) including health, education and electronic monitoring device providers • Three seminars (pictured below) arranged by the SMB held to improve training and awareness among local agencies of their role in managing risks • Enhanced role and development of involvement of two lay members, including links with main agencies and MAPPP meeting attendance • Numbers of registered sex offenders and violent /dangerous offenders have risen linked to continued good work to ensure offenders are well managed through specific action plans • Action taken for breaches of Sex Offender Orders or registration requirements increased due to proactive work to manage risks • Improved working relationships with the prison service and links to regional co-ordinator Preparations are underway for introduction of Criminal Justice Act 2003 including named agencies having a duty to cooperate, Local Risk Management meetings and lay members appointed nationally

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HOW MAPPA WORKS
There are many aspects to protecting the public and managing the risks from dangerous, violent and sexual offenders. In Greater Manchester, multi-agency assessment procedures for the assessment and management of these offenders have been developed. Assessment and management is at three levels: Level 1: Ordinary risk management; Level 2: Local Risk Management Meetings. (LRMM’s) Level 3: Multi-Agency Public Protection Panels. (MAPPP) This structure of risk management is intended to enable resources to be deployed to manage identified risk in the most efficient and effective manner. The level at which a case is managed is dependent upon the nature of the risk and how it can be managed. For example, not all high risk cases will need to be managed by the MAPPP and other less risky cases might justify MAPPP referral because of their complexity.

Level 1: ordinary risk management
Level 1 risk management is used in cases where the risks posed by the offender can be managed by one agency without actively or significantly involving other agencies. Level 1 management primarily involves probation, police, youth offending teams or the Prison Service as the lead agency. Generally, offenders managed at Level 1 will be assessed as presenting a low or medium risk.

Level 2: Local Risk Management Meetings
Level 2 risk management is used where the active involvement of more than one agency is required but where either the level of risk or the complexity of managing the risk is not so great as to require referral to the Level 3, the MAPPP. Risk can and will change, so the means of managing risk is regularly reviewed and will be adjusted to meet the specific need. The MAPPA provides the framework within which those changes can be effectively and consistently managed.

Level 3: Multi Agency Public Protection Panel
The MAPPP is responsible for the management of the ‘critical few’. The criteria for referring a case to the MAPPP are defined as: (i) risk assessed as being a high or very high risk of causing serious harm; AND (ii) presents risks that can only be managed by a plan which requires close co-operation at a senior level due to the complexity of the case and/or because of the unusual resource commitments it requires; OR (iii)although not assessed as a high or very high risk, the case is exceptional because the likelihood of media scrutiny and/or public interest in the management of the case is very high and there is a need to ensure that public confidence in the criminal justice system is sustained. Therefore the ‘critical few’ are not exclusively those assessed as high or very high risks, in almost all cases they will be.

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ASSESSING THE RISKS
Initial risk assessments on serious violent and sexual offenders are normally undertaken at the point of sentence in a Pre-Sentence Report. They are prepared by the Probation Service, or by Youth Offending Teams for those under 18. The reports help the court determine a suitable sentence, and are used by the Probation Service if the offender is subsequently given a community sentence eg Community Rehabilitation Order. The Probation staff have extensive experience in working with offenders. Offenders serving community penalties continue to live and work in communities. They may live in their own homes or in private rented accommodation. Research shows that having permanent accommodation and employment is very important in reducing the risk of re-offending. If an offender is sent to prison, a further assessment will be carried out if the offender is to be released subject to a period of supervision by the probation service. After release, depending on the length of the supervision period, the offender will be reassessed for risks and appropriate public protection plans put in place. In some cases, offenders considered by a MAPPP are not the subject of any statutory supervision in the community. These are mainly offenders convicted of serious offences in the past but who have not reoffended, but recent behaviour may be of sufficient concern to warrant referral to a MAPPP. Other offenders are required to register under the Sex Offenders Act 1997 and these require joint assessments. Many of the orders are for 10 years or for life. The 7 numbers of registered sex offenders will continue to rise every year for the next few years because the legislation, which brought about the Sex Offender Register in 1997, did not apply to offenders convicted before that time, unless they were still under supervision or in custody.

MANAGING MAPPA
In Greater Manchester, a Strategic Management Board oversees MAPPA. Representatives of all the agencies involved in MAPPPs sit on the Board, together with lay members who were first appointed in 2002. The Board is jointly led by a Superintendent from Greater Manchester Police and by an Assistant Chief Officer from the National Probation Service (Greater Manchester). Other members of the group include a Prison Service representative, local authority housing representative, Victim Support representative, Youth Offending Team representative, and representatives from departments of social services and education, Crown Prosecution Service representative and service director for Manchester Mental Health. The Strategic Management Board monitors and reviews the effectiveness of the local MAPPPs to ensure consistency of practice and procedure, and to promote communication and information sharing between the agencies involved. The role of the two lay members, who were recruited in 2002 and attended their first meeting in January 2003, has been further enhanced during the last 12 months. They bring a unique perspective to the Board. Membership of the Board continues to be reviewed. Lay members encourage greater openness and transparency in the work of MAPPA, make decision makers more accountable, bring community views to the development of MAPPA, and scrutinise the process, priorities and working methods of MAPPPs. Greater Manchester is a large county, which covers 10 local authority districts. It is therefore not practicable to seek representatives from all 10 boroughs. The aim is to have individuals representing services across Greater Manchester to achieve countywide coverage from amongst the membership. Those appointed to the Board bring a perspective from their particular area of work. Senior managers from police, probation and prison services meet regularly to look at the strategic implications of development of MAPPA to ensure consistent implementation of national policy and guidance across the region.

ROCHDALE BURY BOLTON NORTH BOLTON SOUTH MIDDLETON CHADDERTON WHITEFIELD SWINTON LEIGH ECCLES SOUTH MANCHESTER STOCKPORT ALTRINCHAM CHEADLE HULME NORTH MANCHESTER CRESCENT OLDHAM

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ASHTON STALYBRIDGE

STRETFORD

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HELPING VICTIMS OF CRIME
Greater Manchester Victim Support and Witness Service is an integral part of the MAPPP process. The charity provides local support and assistance to victims of crime and to vulnerable witnesses. Where Victim Support involvement is requested at a MAPPP, a staff member will attend the meeting and then liaise with the appropriate victim worker in the case. Trained staff and volunteers at local branches offer information and support to victims, witnesses, their families and friends. Where an offence is violent or sexual, the needs of the victim are greatly increased. The impact on a victim can be substantial particularly where the offender may be released back into the community. At MAPPPs they can pass on the concerns of victims and ensure victims are kept fully informed, as well as assisting other agencies. As part of the Street Crime Initiative in Greater Manchester, witnesses of violent crime have been contacted and visited so their concerns can be passed on. Some have been accompanied to court to increase confidence in the criminal justice system. The service plans to extend to provide even greater support to victims and witnesses. Greater Manchester Probation Area employs Probation Service Officers to liaise with victims of serious violent or sexual offences. Victim Liaison Officers provide victims with information about the offender’s sentence, parole eligibility and any plans for release. They will ask the victim if they have any views, which might affect the offender’s license conditions on release.

• A network of GMP Family Support Units exists throughout the county supporting child victims and their families through the process of reporting, investigation and prosecution of a crime. They also provide assistance to victims of domestic violence and children who have been subjected to violent or sexual assaults. • The St Mary’s Sexual Offence Referral Centre is a national leader in supporting victims of sexual crimes. Counsellors are available to talk in confidence. • In Bolton, a Young Witness Support Scheme is in place providing support for young victims of crime required to give evidence at court. A support worker will work with the young person arranging familiarisation visits, going to court and providing support after the case. • GMP has considerable expertise in investigating crimes where the victims are unknown or difficult to reach, for example child victims of Internet pornography.

For details of local services and relevant organisations contact Victim Support line – 0845 30 30 900
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SHARING INFORMATION
Public protection depends upon the effectiveness of the plans MAPPA agencies draw up to manage an offender’s risks. These plans are in turn dependent upon the quality of the risk identification and assessment processes; and the quality of both the risk assessment and the risk management plan are heavily determined by the effectiveness of information sharing arrangements. Unless all relevant information is available, in good time, to those making the assessments and drawing up the management plans, public protection could be compromised. Information sharing must have lawful authority, be necessary, be proportionate and done in ways which, ensure the safety and security of the information shared, with representatives of each agency being accountable.

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DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION
There may be some cases where the management of an offender’s risk in the community cannot be carried out without the disclosure of some information to a third party outside the MAPPA agencies. For example, where an employer, voluntary group organiser or church leader has a position of responsibility/control over the offender and other persons who may be at serious risk from the offender, the disclosure to them of certain information about the offender is the only way to manage that risk. If such a course of action is required, it must be part of a risk management plan. Disclosure rarely means providing information to the media, and is usually on a one-to-one basis handled sensitively by professionals involved. The media may be involved to assist public protection by wide coverage of an individual case. They can play a major role in helping to alert the public. For example, if an offender fails to comply with supervision and his whereabouts become unknown, appeals for information may be made through the media. This means the public can help track down the offender and protect other people. This has not been required in Greater Manchester since the introduction of MAPPA. In 2002, a media protocol between the police, probation and the local and regional media was put in place. This has helped to ensure that the media are more informed about how agencies co-operate to manage offenders in the community and how media coverage can both help and hinder their supervision. The protocol also sets out what assistance police and probation will give to the media. Almost 40 newspapers and broadcasters are signed up to the protocol and it has so far been very successful in improving relationships between the media, police and probation.

Media interest: examples of coverage of incident s involving sexual and violent offences

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HELPING TO MANAGE OFFENDERS
Protecting the public from sexual, violent and dangerous offenders is best achieved by joint working between statutory and voluntary bodies. Police and probation services are the lead agencies, but the contributions made by other agencies are essential.

Greater Manchester Police
As a lead agency in the delivery of MAPPA, Greater Manchester Police has made a significant commitment towards future work by the creation of the Violent and Sex Offender Registration (ViSOR) unit. This provides a central resource and support framework with expertise in this area. It covers all issues involving the management of sexual violent and dangerous offenders.

ViSOR is:
• Responsible for maintaining the Sex Offender Register for Greater Manchester and for ensuring the compliance of those on the register. Staffed by more than 20 police personnel and dedicated Probation Service co-ordinators A central point of contact for liaison with all agencies involved in this work across the area

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Probation Service
The National Probation Service Greater Manchester is a law enforcement agency that takes a lead in the delivery of MAPPA. Its aims are:

• • • •

Protecting the public Reducing re-offending Proper punishment of offenders in the community Ensuring offenders’ awareness of the effects of crime on the victims of crime and the public Rehabilitation of offenders.

Probation staff make a wide-ranging contribution to the work of MAPPA and are highly skilled in assessing the risks offenders present. Risk assessments are a key area of work and are conducted on all offenders who come before the courts for violent or sexual offences. The assessments dictate the nature and level of intervention by the Service and/or partner agencies who contribute to the multi-agency planning that is a requirement of the MAPPA arrangements. Other key areas of work include preparation of reports for the courts; provision of accommodation in approved premises; supervision and management of offenders servicing a community sentence; supervision and management of offenders following their release from custody on licence – this includes swiftly recalling to custody those offenders who do not comply with the terms and conditions of their licence.

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Prison Service
Her Majesty’s Prison Service contributes to the protection of the public by keeping in custody those offenders committed by the courts and working to reduce the risk they pose. It does this by:

• •

Identifying and risk assessing those individuals who present a risk to the public. Designing and implementing sentence plans, based around the OASys system, which are designed to reduce the risk individuals pose before they are released. Sharing information with other agencies during custody and immediately prior to release.

While in custody, offenders are able to access a range of interventions aimed at addressing offending behaviour including sex offender treatment programmes, cognitive skills programmes and substance misuse work as well as a wide range of resettlement activities related to accommodation, employment and education. From April 2004, the Prison Service will join the Police and Probation Services in Greater Manchester as part of the Responsible Authority – those agencies with a statutory duty for protection of the public. The Prison Service is already engaged in the MAPPA process as a major part in Greater Manchester.

Housing
Housing professionals contribute significant expertise to MAPPP meetings and housing providers including local authorities, Housing Associations and staff from both statutory and voluntary hostels have attended meetings. Permanent accommodation is extremely important to the management of the risks posed by sexual and violent offenders. Greater Manchester has seven approved premises (hostels) that offer programmes and extra work, which can help reduce offending. Approved premises can be a first step back into the community for offenders released from prison, and allow additional supervision for offenders who would otherwise have to look for accommodation elsewhere in the community. The hostels have strict rules and conditions of residence including a strictly enforced overnight curfew and 24 hour staffing, which allow rigorous supervision. In Manchester, Compliance Tenancies are a feature of the supervision of some offenders. The offender must agree to additional conditions, which may include accepting regular supervisory visits, before being granted a tenancy. 14

The contribution includes: • Advising on suitable accommodation taking into account public protection issues and the offender’s requirements • Hostel staff regularly attending MAPPPs to provide vital information on offenders who are current residents • Assisting in organising surveillance and encouraging responsible behaviour from offenders under supervision

Education
Education staff can provide valuable assistance to the MAPPPs by:

STAY

ALERT

Providing information to other agencies about known or potential child victims the management of the few juvenile dangerous offenders who can disrupt local communities Working with children and parents to raise awareness of how to manage risks Provide support to victims and families in a safe environment

SHOP SAFE
How you can become a crime fighter !

Education providers can also help to offer additional monitoring of offenders attending school or college courses. A ‘critical few’ offenders target children and in Greater Manchester Stay Alert Shop Safe leaflets raising awareness of what businesses can do to reduce risks have been distributed to shop staff.

Social Services
Social Services departments have a primary responsibility for issues involving the protection of children and vulnerable adults. The work of MAPPPs links to that of the Area Child Protection Committees, where police and probation officers attend relevant cases.

The contribution includes: • Sharing vital information about offenders’ behaviour • Providing valuable information on family networks of sexual and violent offenders • Assisting in the creation of a development plan for juvenile sex offenders

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Youth Offending Teams
Dangerous offenders are usually adults, however there are a few cases each year where young offenders, aged under 18, are assessed as being a danger to the public. Such cases may be under the supervision of Youth Offending Teams (YOTs). YOTs can put intensive supervision arrangements in place for juvenile offenders, which makes their attendance at MAPPPs essential. Teams consist of police, probation, education and social workers and are well placed to co-ordinate arrangements to closely manage these dangerous young offenders. YOTs have links to local Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services.

Health
Health issues can be a significant factor in managing dangerous offenders, and the health professionals attend MAPPPs on a case-bycase basis. Some offenders have mental health problems, which need assessment and treatment, and a local GP or specialist psychiatric staff may be represented at MAPPPs.

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Lay Members
Greater Manchester was among the first areas to have Lay Members appointed, chosen as one of only eight areas in the country to pilot Lay Member involvement. April 2004 sees the start of Lay Member involvement rolled out to 42 areas of England and Wales following an evaluation of Lay Member involvement undertaken to inform the MAPPA Lay Adviser provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 2003. Home Office Minister Paul Goggins said of the lay advisers: “We are committed to giving them not only an insight into how this work is carried out but, more importantly, an opportunity to question what is being done and why.” A Greater Manchester Lay Member writes

“The transition from Lay Member to Lay Adviser clearly acknowledges the importance and value of having members of the community involved in the discussions and the decision making that takes place in relation to Public Protection. The Strategic Management Board is a central part of MAPPA. In Greater Manchester the commitment to Public Protection is strongly reflected by the SMB who have increased the frequency of meetings from quarterly to bi-monthly to sustain and develop further the effective management of Public Protection Arrangements. The SMB is further enhanced by the commitment and regular attendance of representatives from a high number of agencies who actively engage in this process. I am also actively encouraged to participate in these meetings, sharing my views and challenging the views presented to ensure a voice that maintains and reflects an interest and response to public concerns. Having no professional attachments to any of the agencies involved in MAPPA, I am pleased that agency’s continue to extend visits to view their work. Whilst it is invaluable to gain an understanding of the agency’s perspective, I am encouraged by their willingness to engage with Lay Members and regard it further reflects a firm commitment to the process of MAPPA. The effective management of sexual and violent offenders is clearly a challenging task where the focus of responsibility should remain embracing victims and the community. On my appointment to the role of Lay Member I was intrigued to know where Public Protection sat on the agenda in Greater Manchester. To date I have learned – It is the agenda” 17

Crown Prosecution Service
Representatives from the CPS attend the MAPPA SMB as required and play a key part in looking at disclosure related to records where they become relevant during the course of a prosecution.

Other Agencies
MAPPPs may be attended by other community agencies or individuals where they can add to the discussion. In Greater Manchester, this has included Housing Compliance Officers, staff from Greater Manchester Police’s Domestic Violence Unit, Probation Service victim liaison officers and offender’s family members.

The Criminal Justice Act 2003 formalises the involvement of other agencies, which can make an important contribution to helping offenders not to reoffend. The Act imposes a ‘Duty to Co-operate’ with the Responsible Authority MAPPA upon:

• • • • • •

Local authority housing, education and social services Health service bodies Jobcentres Plus Youth Offending Teams Registered Social Landlords which accommodate MAPPA offenders Electronic Monitoring providers

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CASE STUDIES
Mr A is 33 years old and has a history of sexual offences including indecent assault and kidnapping young boys. In November 2003, a Sex Offender Order was successfully obtained. It was ahead of his release back into the community after a 45-month prison sentence for a sexual offence. The Order prevented him approaching or communicating, directly or indirectly, with anyone under 16 and loitering around schools, parks, play areas, bus stations and public toilets. MAPPPS were held both before and after his release with a rigorous risk management plan in place detailing how he should be managed when released on licence. Mr A was required to live as directed and subject to a curfew and reporting regime which were put in place to minimise the opportunities he had for reoffending. Within a fortnight of his release Mr A breached the terms of both his licence and Sex Offender Order when he approached a boy in a public place. He was immediately recalled to prison for the breach of his licence and received a further two-year prison sentence for breaching the Sex Offender Order. There was no harm or injury to any member of the public caused by his actions. Mr B is 40 years old with a history of general criminality and serious violence. In the past he has served prison sentences for wounding, assault, conspiracy to rob and causing grievous bodily harm. He served seven years in prison for manslaughter and has a history of drug and alcohol problems. For several years Mr B has been the subject of MAPPPS usually convened in the period ahead of his release from prison back into the community and at times of heightened risk. He has a history of domestic violence towards a long-term partner who had been informed of his previous offences, and the relationship is unstable and volatile. Agencies have found it essential to communicate and liaise about any concerns when Mr B is in the community but not subject to any formal supervision. In addition to the police and probation service other agencies in his case have included housing, education, social services and health professionals. Care has been taken to ensure the MAPPP and child protection systems work effectively with each other.

Mr X was convicted in 1990 of indecency with children. In 2003 enquiries established that he was allowing children to regularly visit his home. Given the potential danger to those children he was made the subject of a MAPPP, which recommended an application for a Sex Offender Order. Once on the Sex Offenders Register he was subject to various restrictions on his movements, particularly if there were any changes in his name or address, he must notify police within 14 days. He was also required to have no contact with anyone under the age of 16. In October 2003 he moved to a new part of Greater Manchester. His change of address and previous behaviour led to suspicions that he might be breaching the prohibitions placed on him by the Sex Offender Order. Surveillance was put in place and found Mr X was allowing children to visit his address. Two girls, both under 16 years old, were seen leaving his back yard with him. Further enquiries found that one of the girls had been reported missing from her home and Mr X had allowed her to stay at his flat during that time. Mr X was arrested and when shown evidence pleaded guilty at court. He spent three months in custody whilst on remand and was sentenced to a Community Rehabilitation Order.

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FACTS AND FIGURES
The number of Registered Sex Offenders (RSOs) in the community on 31 March 2004 The number of RSOs per 100,000 population The number of Sex Offenders having a registration requirement who were either cautioned or convicted for breaches of the requirements between 1 April 2003 and 31 March 2004 The number of Sex Offender Orders applied for and gained between 1 April 2003 and 31 March 2004 a) applied for b) imposed by the courts The number of Restraining Orders issued by the courts between 1 April 2003 and 31 March 2004 The number of violent offenders and other sexual offenders (as defined by Section 68 (3) (4) & (5) CJ & CS Act 2000) living in the area during the year 1 April 2003 and 31 March 2004 The number of ‘other offenders’ dealt with under MAPPA during the year 1 April 2003 and 31 March 2004 as being assessed by the Responsible Authority as posing a risk of serious harm to the public (but who did not fall within either of the other two categories, as defined by S67 (2b) For each of the three categories of offenders covered by MAPPA (registered sex offenders, violent and sex offenders, and other offenders) The number of offenders that have been dealt with by a) MAPPP – registered sex offenders b) MAPPP – violent and other sex offenders c) MAPPP – other offenders Of the cases managed by MAPPP during the reporting year the number of offenders: who were returned to custody for breach of licence who were returned to custody for breach of a Restraining Order of Sex Offender Order charged with a serious sexual or violent offence 59 65 32 1388 54

102

4 4 4

4

1476

32

30 1 2

Further information on statistics
The numbers of registered sex offenders and violent/dangerous offenders has risen during the last year which is linked to continued good work to ensure offenders are well managed through specific action plans.

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FURTHER INFORMATION
This report has been produced by Greater Manchester Police and National Probation Service (Greater Manchester) in conjunction with members of the Greater Manchester Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements Strategic Management Board.

Greater Manchester Police Detective Superintendent Public Protection Section Bradford Park 3 Bank Street Clayton Manchester M11 4AA Tel: 0161 872 5050 Internet: www.gmp.police.uk

If you have information about any crime, phone

Your call is free You are not asked for your name You may receive a reward

Greater Manchester Probation Area Assistant Chief Officer (Risk Assessment and Management) 6th Floor Oakland House Talbot Road Old Trafford Manchester M16 0PQ Tel: 0161 872 4802 Internet: www.gm-probation.org.uk

Greater Manchester Victim Support and Witness Service 153-157 Chorley Street Swinton Manchester M27 4AE Tel: 0161 727 0244 Internet: www.victimsupportmanchester.org.uk Victim Support Helpline: 0845 30 30 900

Victim Support & Witness Service Greater Manchester

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This report has been produced by Greater Manchester Police and National Probation Service (Greater Manchester) in conjunction with members of the Greater Manchester Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements Strategic Management Board.