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The Sabbath in the Early Church and Abroad
By COGwriter What day of worship was practiced by early Christians? Was sabbath-keeping only a Jewish practice? Does history show that the Sabbath was kept by Gentile peoples throughout history? This article will look to the Bible, the practices of Jesus and Paul, and early writings to answer these questions. Sabbath or Sunday? Which day does the New Testament emphasize the seventh day Sabbath or the first day of the week, Sunday? In the NKJV of the New Testament, the term Sabbath, seventh day, or Sabbaths is used a total of 63 times. The term first day of the week is used 8 times. Later in this article, all 8 references to the first day of the week will be discussed. There are too many on the Sabbath terms to list them in one brief article, plus there are an additional 161 references to them in the Old Testament (Note: Although there are references to a holy convocation on a "first day" in the Old Testament, this has to do with the annual Holy Days, and never a weekly Sunday worship service). Which Day Did Jesus Keep? The New Testament does tell us which day Jesus kept. Jesus kept the Sabbath and repeatedly taught on the Sabbath: And when the Sabbath had come, He began to teach in the synagogue (Mark 6:2, NKJV throughout except where indicated). So He came to Nazareth, where He had been brought up. And as His custom was, He went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stood up to read (Luke 4:16). Now it happened on another Sabbath, also, that He entered the synagogue and taught (Luke 6:6). Now He was teaching in one of the synagogues on the Sabbath (Luke 13:10). Then He went down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and was teaching them on the Sabbaths (Luke 4:31). What was different about Jesus, as far as the Pharisees were concerned, was that Jesus emphasized that the Sabbath was not just for rest, it was a time to do good. Here are a few statements from Jesus on that: Therefore it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath (Matt 12:12). "I will ask you one thing: Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or to do evil, to save life or to destroy?" (Luke 6:9).
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Sabbath and the Early Church
"Which of you, having a donkey or an ox that has fallen into a pit, will not immediately pull him out on the Sabbath day?" (Luke 14:5). If a man receives circumcision on the Sabbath, so that the law of Moses should not be broken, are you angry with Me because I made a man completely well on the Sabbath? Do not judge according to appearance, but judge with righteous judgment (John 7:23-24). Which Day Did Jesus Teach He Was Lord of? Which day was the Lord's day? Which day did Jesus teach He was Lord of? Look at what Jesus said, And He said to them, "The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath. Therefore the Son of Man is also Lord of the Sabbath (Mark 2:27-28). For the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath (Matthew 12:8). The verses in Mark and Matthew are also consistent with the Old Testament which show that the Sabbath was God's day: Then God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made (Genesis 2:3) For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it (Exodus 20:11). If you turn away your foot from the Sabbath, From doing your pleasure on My holy day, And call the Sabbath a delight, The holy day of the LORD honorable (Isaiah 58:13). So, if we look into the verses of the entire Bible, it is clear that the Bible supports the idea that the Lord’s Day would be the seventh day of the week, or Saturday, and never Sunday (more information is also in the article Is Revelation 1:10 talking about Sunday or the Day of the Lord?). Was The Sabbath Commandment Still In Place After the Cross? Some have alleged that the Sabbath was nailed to the cross (a related article of interest may be Were the Ten Commandments Nailed to the Cross?). But was this so? Apparently not, for according to Luke as he recorded this after Jesus' death: Then they returned and prepared spices and fragrant oils. And they rested on the Sabbath according to the commandment (Luke 23:56). Some may argue that "they" did not know that the Sabbath commandment was done away that quickly--but certainly Luke would have known as he penned this account decades after Jesus died. If Luke, a long-time companion of the Apostle Paul, thought that the Sabbath was a former commandment, he would clarified that if thought it was necessary. But instead, God inspired him
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Sabbath and the Early Church file:///D:/DVD_IMAGE/1_Need_TO_MAKE/Sovereign/sabbath. make every effort to enter that rest." 6 It still remains that some will enter that rest.htm to write that there still was a Sabbath commandment after the crucifixion. Notice Jesus' own words on that: And pray that your flight may not be in winter or on the Sabbath. 11 Let us. but is that reasonable? Jesus was speaking to His disciples. For then there will be great tribulation. Now God's work was all finished at the beginning of the world. such as modern Jews. "So I declared on oath in my anger. nor ever shall be (Matthew 24:20-21). Now some "theologians" have claimed that this passage in Matthew is intended for Jews. referring to the seventh day: 3 of 28 5/21/2013 9:57 PM . Jesus is clearly warning His future disciples to pray thus.9 There remains. 4 For somewhere he has spoken about the seventh day in these words: "And on the seventh day God rested from all his work. Which Day Did Paul Keep? What about the Apostle Paul? What did he keep? Did he give any hint in the New Testament about what day? The Apostle Paul kept the seventh-day Sabbath and taught that the Sabbath-rest remained for the people of God. however." 5 And again in the passage above he says. so that no one will fall by following their example of disobedience (Hebrews 4:3-6. just as God did from his. 'They shall never enter my rest. those that intended to follow Him and look for His return. For if it was done away Jesus would not have prophesied that Christians were to pray that they did not have to flee before the great tribulation on the Sabbath day. Notice that the Apostle Paul was inspired to write (note: one Protestant and two Catholic translations are shown): 3 Now we who have believed enter that rest. 3 We. would have no reason to wish heed any such warning from Jesus. just as God has said. are entering a place of rest. It makes no sense to conclude that He was speaking to Jews in the future. "They shall never enter my rest. who have faith. because of their disobedience. and those who formerly had the gospel preached to them did not go in. then. a Sabbath-rest for the people of God... Was the Sabbath done away? No. 10 for anyone who enters God's rest also rests from his own work.9-11. no. because those who reject Christ.'" And yet his work has been finished since the creation of the world. NIV). such as has not been since the beginning of the world until this time. therefore. as in the text: And then in my anger I swore that they would never enter my place of rest. Jesus spoke what He did because He knew that His true followers would always keep the seventh-day Sabbath. 4 as one text says.
NJB) 3 For we.. The Original and True Rheims New Testament of Anno Domini 1582) Thus. It also shows that only those who will not observe it because of their disobedience argue otherwise. Acts 13:42-44 shows what Paul did keep the Sabbath: . (Hebrews 4:3-6.9-11. repairing to church.. the New Testament clearly shows that the command to keep the seventh day Sabbath is in the New Testament. again. that have believed. as God did from his. or some of you might copy this example of refusal to believe and be lost. 3rd editon. 1733. many ignore that and consider it a burden. a seventh-day rest reserved for God's people.give yourselves up to spiritual exercises.this is the observance of the Christian Sabbath (Translated from Origen's Opera 2.. many of the Jews and devout proselytes followed Paul and Barnabas. as God did after his. 6 It remains the case. the same also hath rested from his works.." And. 324-325). Yet they would not hear. lest any man fall into the same example of incredulity. as he said: As I sware in my wrath. Now when the congregation had broken up." that is..Sabbath and the Early Church file:///D:/DVD_IMAGE/1_Need_TO_MAKE/Sovereign/sabbath. 1887. and since those who first heard the good news were prevented from entering by their refusal to believe…9 There must still be. Andrews J. Paris. shall enter into their rest. 10 since to enter the place of rest is to rest after your work. who. then. 11 Let us hasten therefore to enter into that rest. that there would be some people who would reach it. On the next Sabbath almost the whole city came together to hear the word 4 of 28 5/21/2013 9:57 PM . 1998. pp. 10 For he that is entered into his rest. in History of the Sabbath. press forward to enter this place of rest. 12 To whom He said. "This is the refreshing".the Gentiles begged that these words might be preached to them the next Sabbath. (Hebrews 4:3-6. 4 For he said in a certain place of the seventh day thus: And God rested the seventh day from all his works…9 Therefore there is left a sabbatisme for the people of God. by the people of God. Notice the following prophecy that seems to apply to those who do not keep the Sabbath: 11 For with stammering lips and another tongue He will speak to this people. attending to sacred reading and instruction. 11 Let us. Brushton (NY). the observance of the Sabbath... On the Sabbath-day all worldly labors ought to be abstained from. therefore. "There remaineth therefore a Sabbatism. then. And that is why Paul observed it. persuaded them to continue in the grace of God.htm And God rested on the seventh day after all the work he had been doing. 5 And. speaking to them. Even Origen understood some of what Paul wrote above as he wrote: But what is the feast of the Sabbath except that which the apostle speaks.. if they shall enter into my rest: and truly the works from the foundation of the world being perfected.let us see how the Sabbath ought to be observed by a Christian.N. Reprint Teach Services.9-11. "This is the rest with which You may cause the weary to rest. Although the Sabbath is refreshing rest. (Isaiah 28:11-12) Will you hear? While some have argued about Paul. the passage above says: They will never reach my place of rest.
And often. and that he wrote that there remains "a Sabbath-rest for the people of God". Part of the reason for that was not that they were trying to be Jews.D. joined Paul and Silas. "This Jesus whom I preach to you is the Christ. as is the manner of some (Hebrews 10:25). just as I also imitate Christ. Jewish synagogues were the only local locations that Sabbath services were being held as 5 of 28 5/21/2013 9:57 PM . not only Paul. 78). went in to them. 2 Then Paul. Notice also that Paul wrote: Imitate me. to detect presence of Christians. for decades after the death of Paul. they would inevitably omit that particular paragraph from them. So. but many after him (called the Minim above) attended synagogue services on the Sabbath. and a great multitude of the devout Greeks. for if they were invited to pronounce the Eighteen Benedictions. and saying. as his custom was. There would be no point otherwise in trying to prevent them from leading prayers (Parkes JW. It should be noted that there is additional evidence that many Christians kept attending synagogue services. Hence the New Testament is clear that Paul kept the Sabbath. where there was a synagogue of the Jews. true Christians should imitate Paul in this regard. p.Sabbath and the Early Church file:///D:/DVD_IMAGE/1_Need_TO_MAKE/Sovereign/sabbath. The Soncino press. which were always on Saturday. Hopefully. and not a few of the leading women." 4 And some of them were persuaded. James Parkes noted: The purpose of the malediction is to detect the presence of Minim. but that they wished to observe Paul's admonition: 25 not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together. and persuaded both Jews and Greeks. 1934.htm of God. (Acts 17:1-4) Also Acts 18:4 states. The conflict of the church and the synagogue: a study in the origins of antisemitism. and for three Sabbaths reasoned with them from the Scriptures. he spoke to Jews and Greeks on the Sabbath. 3 explaining and demonstrating that the Christ had to suffer and rise again from the dead. regularly preached on the Sabbath. One way this can be demonstrated is that some Jews developed a test in the form of a curse contained within a prayer (called the Shemoneh Esreh) around 80-90 A. And he reasoned in the synagogue every Sabbath. Notice that teaching on the Sabbath was Paul's custom: 1 Now when they had passed through Amphipolis and Apollonia. The fact that the test was a statement made in the synagogue service shows that at the time of making it the Judeo-Christians still frequented the synagogue. they came to Thessalonica. that includes you. Volume 1 of History of antisemitism. (1 Corinthians 11:1) Since it was Jesus' custom to keep the Sabbath and Paul's as well. There is never any indication in the Bible that Jesus somehow kept Sunday.
Now some have been misled by what seems to be an intentional mistranslation of one of Paul's writings. (Rom 1:17). saying. Even to them I will give in My house And within My walls a place and a name Better than that of sons and daughters. and does not condemn Sabbath observances (this is explained in more detail in the article Is There "An Annual Worship Calendar" In the Bible?). Electronic Database. Paul makes this the ground of his glorying in it. It was contrived and brought about by him. Inc. "Also the sons of the foreigner Who join themselves to the LORD. Copyright (c) 1991 by Hendrickson Publishers. Nor let the eunuch say. he glories in it as his. Notice one below: I. Colossians 2:16 to do away with the Sabbath--but when properly translated it endorses. Observe. And the son of man who lays hold on it. typified by the salvation of the Jews from Sennacherib or out of Babylon. For My salvation is about to come. 1): My salvation is near to come-the great salvation wrought out by Jesus Christ (for that was the salvation of which the prophets enquired and searched diligently. Who keeps from defiling the Sabbath. and do righteousness. 2 Blessed is the man who does this. And keeps his hand from doing any evil.)." Protestant commentators tend to believe that verse 1 is referring to Jesus coming. The gospel salvation is the salvation of the Lord. 2. And hold fast My covenant. 1 Peter 1:10). "Here I am. The law revealed that righteousness of God by which all sinners stand condemned. like Gentiles? Notice the next several verses in Isaiah: Do not let the son of the foreigner Who has joined himself to the LORD Speak. Thus says the LORD: "Keep justice." For thus says the LORD: "To the eunuchs who keep My Sabbaths. In that salvation God's righteousness is revealed. I will give them an everlasting name That shall not be cut off. And choose what pleases Me. Does this include foreigners. But verse 2 is talking about the Sabbath. Gentiles Were Prophesied to Keep the Sabbath Notice what Isaiah 56:1-2 teaches: 1.Sabbath and the Early Church file:///D:/DVD_IMAGE/1_Need_TO_MAKE/Sovereign/sabbath. a dry tree. because therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith. but the gospel reveals that by which all believers stand acquitted (from Matthew Henry's Commentary on the Whole Bible: New Modern Edition. 1. to serve Him. which is so much the beauty of the gospel that St. And to love the name of the 6 of 28 5/21/2013 9:57 PM .htm there were not many professing to be Christians in the early days. God here tells us what are his intentions of mercy to us (v. And My righteousness to be revealed. "The LORD has utterly separated me from His people".
instead it is a time Paul felt would be more convenient for people (plus being the day after the Sabbath. Paul. it does not mention the term ‘Lord’ much or the expression ‘Lord’s Day’. Of the seven remaining verses in the New Testament that mention the first day of the week. so it won't be going on while he is there.9. None of them discuss any worship service. And while we in the Churches of God believe that this has a future application. and not a Sunday morning. And from one Sabbath to another. which the context shows occurs several days later (either on Wednesday or Thursday—and no one has claimed that either of these is “the Lord’s Day”). Acts 20:7 states. And they are Matthew 28:1. six of them are referring to the time after Jesus was resurrected. when the disciples came together to break bread. however. John 20:1." says the LORD. Luke 24:1. Paul preached to the Christians because he was going to travel on Sunday. Actually. Also. 7 of 28 5/21/2013 9:57 PM .htm LORD. notice the following: 23 And it shall come to pass That from one New Moon to another. And it is talking about a Saturday night. as proof that Sunday was the day for Christian worship. While Acts 20:7 does mention the first day of the week. after a Sabbath dinner. Paul wants people to put together a collection for him. one verse that shows a first day of the week convocation (other than Pentecost) in the New Testament. ready to depart the next day. storing up as he may prosper. to be His servants-. they would have been more likely to remember to do it if they were told about in on the Sabbath).Even them I will bring to My holy mountain. All flesh shall come to worship before Me.Sabbath and the Early Church file:///D:/DVD_IMAGE/1_Need_TO_MAKE/Sovereign/sabbath. There is. Essentially.Everyone who keeps from defiling the Sabbath. The eighth place were the term "first day of the week" is mentioned in the New Testament is as follows: On the first day of the week let each one of you lay something aside.19. it also shows that foreign converts are also blessed who keep the Sabbath. Essentially. Now on the first day of the week. Suffice it to say that that is the only place in the Bible where that specific expression is used and it makes to reference to any day of the week (more information can be found in the article Is Revelation 1:10 Referring to the Lord's Day or the Day of the Lord?). which they call the Lord's Day in Revelation 1:10. the term ‘Lord’ (Κυριω in the Greek) is not even mentioned until verse 19 of Acts 20. And make them joyful in My house of prayer (Isaiah 56:3-7). spoke to them and continued his message until midnight. Mark16:2. (Isaiah 66:23) What About Sunday in the New Testament? Most Sunday observers have pointed to John's statement about the day of the Lord. And holds fast My covenant-. that there be no collections when I come (1 Corinthians 16:2). before he comes. this is not an authorization to take up a collection at a Sunday worship service. Thus.
Most of the Protestant.D. Nearly all Protestant. Should any rely on major heretics be the basis of the true Christian faith? The first true and clear reference to Sun-day worship was around 150 A. That is all the verses in the New Testament about the first day of the week.. Samuele Bacchiocchi noted that the change to Easter-Sunday and to a weekly Sunday was due to persecution (note: the new Gentile hierarchy he is referring to below are Greek bishops in Jerusalem.Sabbath and the Early Church file:///D:/DVD_IMAGE/1_Need_TO_MAKE/Sovereign/sabbath. Heretic. Actually." In a 8 of 28 5/21/2013 9:57 PM . It should be noted that Sunday occurred because of antisemitism and from Roman changes.htm That is it. or Roman Catholic researchers consider that Marcion was a major Gnostic heretic. Orthodox. which we now call Sunday. please see the article Justin Martyr: Saint. by Justin Martyr (over a century after Jesus' death and about 1/2 century after John died).. Some have claimed that the Didache and Ignatius both enjoined Sunday. Ignatius. Two major causalities of the anti-Jewish campaign were Sabbath and Passover. A whole body of Against the Jews literature was produced by leading Fathers who defamed the Jews as a people and emptied their religious beliefs and practices of any historical value. which took over after the rebellion was crushed): The actual introduction of Easter-Sunday appears to have occurred earlier in Palestine after Emperor Hadrian ruthlessly crushed the Barkokeba revolt (A. The original Greek simply does not support this conclusion. Justin used the expression Ηλίου λεγοµένη ἡµέρᾳ which literally means "Helios said (called) day" (Helios was a Greek sun god). if they studied Justin. or Apostate?). it appears that Sunday became observed because antisemitic persecution. as Jesus' resurrection was not on Sunday (this is all documented in the article What Happened in the Crucifixion Week?). This is documented and discussed in the article The Didache. What About Sunday After the New Testament? It may be of interest to note that the first known reference to not observing the seventh day Sabbath by one associated with Christianity was by Marcion in Rome.. and the Sabbath. Orthodox.. The Sabbath was changed to Sunday and Passover was transferred to EasterSunday. Dr. Scholars usually recognize the anti-Judaic motivation for the repudiation of the Jewish reckoning of Passover and adoption of Easter-Sunday instead. Joachim Jeremias attributes such a development to "the inclination to break away from Judaism.D. would conclude that Justin made many statements that are heretical and that he admitted he did not care to associate with Christians who he felt retained Jewish practices (for documented proof. but this is not true. 132-135). The fact that the Passover controversy arose when Emperor Hadrian adopted new repressive measures against Jewish religious practices suggests that such measures influenced the new Gentile hierarchy to change the date of Passover from Nisan 14 to the following Sunday (Easter-Sunday) in order to show separation and differentiation from the Jews and the Jewish Christians. or Roman Catholic faiths.
they came to Perga in Pamphylia. both Jews and those in Asia Minor. Befriend Springs (MI). not that they were infected with Judaism. pp. tells us. London. and so spoke that a great multitude both of the Jews and of the Greeks believed (Acts 14:1). the New Testament shows that Paul kept the Sabbath in Asia Minor: Now when Paul and his party set sail from Paphos. Cave wrote (since nearly all the original Christians were Jews. Hence they usually had most parts of the divine service performed upon that day. the Lord of the sabbath (Cave William. the Gentiles begged that these words might be preached to them the next Sabbath (Acts 13:13-14. 84-85). Primitive Christianity: or the Religion of the Ancient Christians in the First Ages of the Gospel.B. Of course. 101. Athanasius.htm similar vein. There is more information concerning this in the articles Sunday and Christianity and Passover and the Early Church. and especially for the sabbath. and such like duties. So when the Jews went out of the synagogue. Notice his report: . he at least does realize that early Jewish converts and those in Asia Minor ("Eastern parts") kept the Saturday Sabbath. 1995.Sabbath and the Early Church file:///D:/DVD_IMAGE/1_Need_TO_MAKE/Sovereign/sabbath. and celebrated by their ancestors for so many ages. It should be pointed out that Antioch in Pisidia is in the middle of Asia Minor and that Iconium is 9 of 28 5/21/2013 9:57 PM . For which we are to know. as that which had been appointed by God himself. God's Festival in Scripture and History. they being generally the first converts to the Christian faith. and John. they still retained a mighty reverence for the Mosaic institutions. John's and His Followers' Practices in Asia Minor--They Kept the Sabbath The 17th century historian William Cave reported that the early Christians. but from writers of more unquestionable credit and authority. all the original Christians did keep the Sabbath--Sunday was a later development).. (as in others of the Jewish rites.the Sabbath or Saturday (for so the word sabbatum is constantly used in the writings of the fathers.103). and to keep the sabbath as a day for religious offices. they came to Antioch in Pisidia. and were therefore very loth that it should be wholly antiquated and laid aside.. and especially in the Eastern parts honoured with all the public solemnities of religion. pp. as the solemn day of their public worship.102. Cary. that the gospel in those parts mainly prevailing amongst the Jews. returned to Jerusalem. so in this.. Biblical Perspectives. they met together for public prayers. D. that they assembled on Saturdays.) to indulge the humour of that people.. departing from them. Now it happened in Iconium that they went together to the synagogue of the Jews.D.) settled by their great master Moses. for reading the scriptures. 42). Oxford. This is plain. when speaking of it as it relates to Christians) was held by them in great veneration. For this reason it seemed good to the prudence of those times. bishop of Alexandria. celebration of the sacraments. not only from some passages in Ignatius and Clemens's Constitutions. 1840 edition revised by H. but only to worship Jesus Christ. Lightfoot explains that Rome and Alexandria adopted Easter-Sunday to avoid "even the semblance of Judaism" (Bacchiocchi S. While I disagree that Jewish converts were allowed to keep the Sabbath to "humour" them as Dr. But when they departed from Perga. (as the memorial of his rest from the week of creation. J. kept the Sabbath. and went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day and sat down .
he. and the condemnation of him whose garment was not befitting the marriage festivity. vol. and to remember the words of the Lord how He himself said. from him let them demand the more abundantly in return. as one might say. There is no direct. and the parable of those who had the talents committed to them. and every eye was fixed upon him. Polycarp kept the Sabbath: I will give the narration in order. to strain every nerve in the race. The Apostolic Fathers. Life of Polycarp (1889) from J. His immortal kingdom. thus coming down to the history of the blessed Polycarp. but probably modified in the 4th century document.. and shall do this the more now when the greatest peril awaits me if I am negligent. For it has happened that some of those who were put into offices. the greater the loyalty which he ought to pay towards the Master. the saying Watch ye. John. as was his custom.. According to an old. and the reproof of those who refused to come to the marriage feast. They mentioned the following in a dispute about Passover which John kept. both men and women. and let no one imagine that I exact punishment from offenders not from conscientiousness but from human pride. Hence Gentiles were keeping the Sabbath in Asia Minor from an early time. got up to read. I applied so great diligence according to my power. Even the Protestant scholars Roberts and Donaldson admitted that John's practices could be considered supportive of the idea that the Sabbatarians were correct. and the blessing pronounced upon the servant that watches. and the entering in of the wise virgins. beloved children of God. Ephesus. when ye search the inspired Scriptures. nor indirect.The long survival of St. the greater honour a man appeareth to receive. it were shameful to abate and relax anything having regard to men. and again Be ye ready.. 3.. when they ought all the more. historical evidence that John and other true Christians ever observed Sunday. His advent suddenly manifest as of rapid lightning. that the commandments may abide in you indelible. And all things whatsoever being taught of God ye know. On whom I conferred the more. Let not your hearts be weighed down. the new commandment concerning love one towards another.. and now again I exhort you all to walk decorously and worthily in the way of the Lord. engrave with the pen of the Holy Spirit on your hearts. forgetting that. specifically. he edified and saved both himself and his hearers. For after the fear of the judgment.' Thus speaking in this way from time to time. and a claimed follower of his named Polycarp. the great judgment by fire. when I was in the ministry of the presbyters.. 'Hear ye my exhortation. I adjured you when the bishops were present. The Apostle John ended up being the leader of the Church in Asia Minor. Polycarp regularly kept the Sabbath and preached on it..Sabbath and the Early Church file:///D:/DVD_IMAGE/1_Need_TO_MAKE/Sovereign/sabbath.2. And on the sabbath.on the fourteenth day of the moon. the eternal life. when prayer had been made long time on bended knee. and not rather to build up higher the zeal which has reached thus far. just then relax their efforts. John among Jewish 10 of 28 5/21/2013 9:57 PM . It pertaineth to you therefore to hold back from all unruliness. (Pionius. and being persistent in his teaching.. knowing that. pp. And on the following sabbath he said.htm also in Asia Minor. . kept the Saturday Sabbath. Lightfoot. B.488-506) Thus.
and Orthodox would consider to be Jewish practices. They were keeping it "unleavened" ceremonially. John were yet fresh in men's minds at the date of his birth. although they agreed to keep it "not with the old leaven. the seventh day. and elucidate the tenacity of the Easterns in resisting the abolition of the Mosaic ordinance as to the Paschal. The Christian Sabbath hinges on these points (Ibid). 5). who claimed to continue what most Catholics. Futura Edizoni. Roma.it is more important to obey God rather than men" (Lopes A. who fell asleep in Hierapolis. which shall rise again on the day of the Lord's coming. and he urges a spiritual unleavening as more important.. He seems to have presided over a synod of Asiatic bishops (A. and with regard to several customs of Jewish origin which were still practiced in some Christian communities.. and another daughter. who felt offended at this interference." (Introduction to Polycrates. Bishop of Ephesus. John. Paul argues from its Christian observance. p. 1997. neither adding. The Catholic writer Lopes noted this about the Roman bishop who attempted to enforce a Sunday Passover (which Catholics now call Easter): 14. who reclined 11 of 28 5/21/2013 9:57 PM . American Edition copyright © 1885. thus arousing resentment at times in bishops not inclined to accept such impositions. Among these are Philip. show us how much may be said on their side. This was the case of Polycratus. nor taking away. 196) which came together to consider this matter of the Paschal feast. Victor reaffirmed the decisions of Soter and Eleutherius both with regard to the date. in his rebuke of the Corinthians.D. By Alexander Roberts and James Donaldson. and he presided over the church of Ephesus. It is surely noteworthy that nobody doubted that it was kept by a Christian and Apostolic ordinance. which had to be a Sunday. who was both a witness and a teacher.htm Christians led them to prolong this usage. then the Sabbath should also be kept on the exact day.Polycratus justified himself before the pope with a letter containing the phrase ". the Bishop of Ephesus. one of the twelve apostles. VICTOR I.Victor tended not to advise other churches but to impose Rome's ideas on them. He had doubtless known Polycarp. We observe the exact day. and. The Christian hallowing of Pentecost connects with the Paschal argument. and shall seek out all the saints. editors).. The points they are referring to is that if the Passover should be kept on the exact day and John did that as Polycrates wrote. ST. and his two aged virgin daughters... when he shall come with glory from heaven. Roberts and Donaldson immediately continued with. who lived in the Holy Spirit and now rests at Ephesus. The "author" they are referring to is Polycrates. in which the traditions of St. The question was again that of Easter. Copyright © 2001 Peter Kirby).. Polycrates wrote this to the Roman Bishop Victor. For in Asia also great lights have fallen asleep... moreover.Sabbath and the Early Church file:///D:/DVD_IMAGE/1_Need_TO_MAKE/Sovereign/sabbath. and Irenaeus also. Our author belonged to a family in which he was the eighth Christian bishop. (189-199) An African.Those who in our own times have revived the observance of the Jewish Sabbath. So St. The Popes: The lives of the pontiffs through 2000 years of history. as sanctioned by his example. no doubt. Protestants. Excerpted from The Ante-Nicene Fathers (Alexander Roberts and James Donaldson.
pp. knowing that I did not bear my gray hairs in vain. And actually. bishop and martyr from Eumenia. Those who did not do that. would be obeying men rather than God. Hoole's 1885 translation. but had always governed my life by the Lord Jesus (Eusebius. But what do they do about keeping Passover or the days of unleavened bread? Polycrates also mentioned Polycarp. Orthodox. editors. deviating in no respect. Regarding the second century church in Asia Minor. For seven of my relatives were bishops. am not affrighted by terrifying words. whose names. whom I summoned at your desire. but following the rule of faith. Chapter 25). beholding my littleness. Mifflintown (PA). brethren. Bishop of Smyrna. Krodel G. or the blessed Papirius. and who lies in Sardis. and have gone through every Holy Scripture. the Eunuch who lived altogether in the Holy Spirit. According to the letter The Martyrdom of Polycarp by the Smyrnaeans. In other words. gave their consent to the letter.1 &. 2nd edition. Verses 7. Why need I mention the bishop and martyr Sagaris who fell asleep in Laodicea. I. wore the sacerdotal plate. 12 of 28 5/21/2013 9:57 PM . and others. but also from the synagogue with its practices concerning worship. who fell asleep in Smyrna. the German historian W. He fell asleep at Ephesus.87-88). he implies. awaiting the episcopate from heaven. "on the day of the preparation. and have met with the brethren throughout the world. which led to the appropriation of the Jewish passover observance.1. and I am the eighth. Orthodoxy and Heresy in Earliest Christianity.D. would constitute a great multitude. bishop of Smyrna. And my relatives always observed the day when the people put away the leaven. 1996. nor would they have any reason to do so). © 2001 Peter Kirby) .. Sigler Press. therefore. Charles H.. And they. or Melito. who was a bishop and martyr. Polycrates is insisting that he and other leaders always kept such 'Jewish' practices as the Passover on the exact day (the 14th of Nisan) and the days of unleavened bread and that they learned this from Holy Scripture and from John. (the approximate date of Polycarp's martyrdom) (otherwise other terms would have been more appropriate--non-Sabbath observers do not call the day before Saturday that "day of preparation". Even the observance of the sabbath by Christians appears to have found some favor in Asia (Bauer W. Kraft RA. some of whom I have closely followed. And I also. Polycarp is considered to be a true saint by Catholics. 8. The use of these two expressions ("day of the preparation" and "the day of the great Sabbath" show that those in Smyrna (a Gentile filled area) were still keeping the Sabbath around 156 A.Sabbath and the Early Church file:///D:/DVD_IMAGE/1_Need_TO_MAKE/Sovereign/sabbath. should I write them. And Polycarp in Smyrna. coming not only from the apocalyptic traditions. there came out pursuers and horsemen" and the Polycarp was killed "on the day of the great Sabbath" (The Martyrdom of Polycarp. and. Bauer wrote: Asian Jewish Christianity received in turn the knowledge that henceforth the "church" would be open without hesitation to the Jewish influence mediated by Christians. Polycrates. Book V. Church History. For those greater than I have said ' We ought to obey God rather than man'. who have lived sixty-five years in the Lord. and Thraseas.I could mention the bishops who were present. when he shall rise from the dead ? All these observed the fourteenth day of the passover according to the Gospel. do according to the tradition of my relatives. at the hour of dinner. the least of you all. Protestants and Orthodox like to cite this passage from Polycrates to show that many in the 2nd Century did not accept the authority of the Roman bishops. being a priest.htm upon the bosom of the Lord.
by Dr. as well as the Sabbath.Sabbath and the Early Church file:///D:/DVD_IMAGE/1_Need_TO_MAKE/Sovereign/sabbath. . p. as appears by several scriptures to that purpose. which would be transliterated as sabbaton in English. The modern Greek word for Saturday is essentially the same word--spelled in Greek with a captial letter at the beginning as Σάββατο. 1994 by Polebridge Press). 189. for a long time together. Verse 27.htm Although true Christians do not consider the Gospel of Thomas to be scripture. T. ch. 1. the following passage from it shows that the sabbath was being observed in the 2nd Century. 13 of 28 5/21/2013 9:57 PM . J. (More information on church history can be found in the article Location of the Early Church: Another Look at Rome. Additional References for Sabbath-Keeping in Asia Minor and Elsewhere The Sabbath was not just kept by Christians in Asia Minor and many scholars know this. p.If you do not observe the sabbath as a sabbath you will not see the Father (Patterson S.) Furthermore. pp. Vol. 13. Scholars Version translation of the Gospel of Thomas taken from *The Complete Gospels: Annotated Scholars Version. par. Vol. XII. 2ND CENTURY CHRISTIANS The Gentile Christians observed also the Sabbath. and that the observance of the Sabbath was considered to be of great importance: ." The Whole Works of Jeremy Taylor. Coltheart put the following citations together which shows that scholars do understand that early Christians and others did in fact keep the seventh-day sabbath: EARLY CHRISTIANS "The primitive Christians had a great veneration for the Sabbath. ." Geschichte des Sonntags. and in keeping the Sabbath holy they followed not only the example but also the command of Jesus. 30. The Sabbath was a strong tie which united them with the life of the whole people. Smyrna. p.. . The simple reality is that since John and those truly in the Church were diligent to keep Passover on the 14th of Nisan (more information is in the article on Polycrates). p. Vol. F. . London: 1701. And it is not to be doubted but they derived this practice from the Apostles themselves. 14. Gieseler’s Church History. EARLY CHRISTIANS ". Morer. or as transliterated into English as Sabbato. EARLY CHRISTIANS "The primitive Christians did keep the Sabbath of the Jews .* Copyright 1992. therefore the Christians. Meyer M. IX. in which some portions of the law were read: and this continued till the time of the Laodicean council..H. and spent the day in devotion and sermons. The "Scholars' Translation" of the Gospel of Thomas. even the word for the seventh-day of the week in Greek (the language of the New Testament as well as the language of ancient Asia Minor) is σαββατον. 93. Ephesus &. and non-Jewish professors of Christ also did. Heber’s Edition. 416 (R." Dialogues on the Lord’s Day. 2. did keep their conventions upon the Sabbath. it should be obvious that Sunday was not an original practice of the true church.
Arizona. 362).) "Except ye make the Sabbath a real Sabbath [sabbatize the Sabbath. But if any shall be found to be judaizers. Sabbath-keeping in Asia Minor was publicly still going on to at least 364 A. Greek]. or else the Eastern Church would not have convened a Council in Laodicea to excommunicate any who rested on the seventh day. Around 404 A.. born 14 of 28 5/21/2013 9:57 PM ." Dissertation on the Lord’s Day. 83. CANON XXIX. CHRISTIANS must not judaize by resting on the Sabbath. Jerome noted. i. L. 44. SPAIN – Council Elvira (A." The Oxyrhynchus Papyri.org/churchhistory/sabbaththrucenturies. . pp. Yet these Christians have divine services on Saturday.Sabbath and the Early Church file:///D:/DVD_IMAGE/1_Need_TO_MAKE/Sovereign/sabbath.D. Leaves-of-Autumn Books. Notice what the Council of Laodicea declared in English and Latin. p. ye shall not see the father..keeping the Jewish Sabbath…there exists a sect among… the synagogues of the East.giveshare. p. Did not Zoroaster. 84. .. The Syriac Church and Fathers.. The adherents to this sect are known commonly as Nazarenes. they believe in Christ the Son of God.. ut Christiani hoc faciat . which is called the sect of the Minei. sabbath-keeping continued among the faithful. sed operari in eodem die. 335-375 "They despise our sun god.. quod si reperti fuerint Judaizare Anathema sin a Christo (Cited in Andrews. http://www. Preferentes autem in veneratione Dominicum diem si vacare voluerint.. till the Laodicean Council did in a manner quite abolish the observations of it.e. 34.. the seventh day." This resolution of the council is in direct opposition to the policy the church at Rome had inaugurated. EARLY CHRISTIANS "The seventh-day Sabbath was . Quod non oportet Christianos Judaizere et otiare in Sabbato.. EGYPT (OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRUS – 200-250 A. that of commanding Sabbath as a fast day in order to humiliate it and make it repugnant to the people. but must work on that day. and the primitive Christians. PERSIA – A.html 6/24/06). Logion 2.. and. Payson.. if they can. 1898). the sainted founder of our divine beliefs. verse 4-11 (London: Offices of the Egypt Exploration Fund. that the error be corrected of fasting every Sabbath. pp. pt.. "As to fasting every Sabbath: Resolved." O’Leary. 305) Canon 26 of the Council of Elvira reveals that the Church of Spain at that time kept Saturday. and is even now condemned by the Pharisees.htm 416). resting then as Christians. (Coltheart JF. rather honouring the Lord's Day. the Apostles. 3.D. solemnised by Christ. But although that Council tried to abolish the Sabbath. institute Sunday one thousand years ago in honour of the sun and supplant the Sabbath of the Old Testament. 1954.D.the believing Jews do well in observing the precepts of the law. The Sabbath of God Through the Centuries. .D.. Inc. 33. let them be anathema from Christ (THE COMPLETE CANONS OF THE SYNOD OF LAODICEA IN PHRYGIA PACATIANA).D.
Reprinted 1995 by Commonwealth Publishing. "not that we are infected with Judaism. 404). Sec. As cited in Andrews J. p. XXXIII. those there understood that there were to keep the Sabbath. because that on that day Thou hast made us rest from our works. and the latter of the resurrection (Apostolic Constitutions Didascalia Apostolorum Book VII. Section IV). Edited by Philip Schaff. Vol.D. but in Ethiopia. 1887. XXXVI. Salt Lake City. and hast appointed the Sabbath in memory thereof. trans.Let the slaves work five days. Knight).N. and the Lord's day festival.htm of . but an opportunity of piety. Excerpted from Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers. though they also kept Sunday (there is no evidence that Sunday was observed there in the second century). that so no one might be willing to send one word out of his mouth in anger on the day of the 15 of 28 5/21/2013 9:57 PM .. for their knowledge of Thy power.But keep the Sabbath.Thou didst give them the law or decalogue.. p. printing 1999.Didascalia Apostolorum Book VIII. LL. 20).G. in ANF. Reprinted 1995 by Commonwealth Publishing. the Lord of the Sabbath" (Davis. 2. Even though Syria had apostasized by the mid-third century (see The Smyrna Church Era). 23. 329 and Constitutions of the Holy Apostles. 1851. because the former is the memorial of the creation. Hendrickson Publishers. Also in the fourth century. Online Edition Copyright © 2004 by K." he continues . 1998. Tamar. but to worship Jesus.he urged a purer morality and a stricter observance of the Sabbath (Davis. which was pronounced by Thy voice and written with Thy hand. Cunningham. having limited them as within an holy circuit for the sake of doctrine. Ch. Frumentius reported: "And we assemble on Saturday. not affording them an occasion of idleness.On this account He permitted men every Sabbath to rest. A General History of the Sabbatarian Churches.. LETTER 75 (AUGUSTINE) OR 112 (JEROME). 7. 3rd editon.... 1885. states: XXIII. But it was not just Jewish Christians keeping the Sabbath.. 1887. Section II. Reprint Teach Services. Translated by J.D. A General History of the Sabbatarian Churches. 41-42). Series One.D. American Edition.. in History of the Sabbath. There were Semi-Arians in Armenia who also kept the seventh-day Sabbath in the late fourth century: Eustathius was succeeded by Erius. for the meditation upon Thy laws. Volume 1. Jerome considered them to be part of “a most pestilential heresy” (Jerome. Notice what the so-called Apostolic Constituitions. We have said that the Sabbath is on account of the creation.D.. 7. Peabody (MA). From Jerome to Augustine (A. pp... and they say that He who suffered under Pontius Pilate and rose again. a. the Virgin Mary.. for the rejoicing upon the seventh period. is the same as the one in whom we believe”—yet. written in Syria around 250 A.Sabbath and the Early Church file:///D:/DVD_IMAGE/1_Need_TO_MAKE/Sovereign/sabbath.semi-Arian. and the prohibition of evils.. but on the Sabbath-day and the Lord's day let them have leisure to go to church for instruction in piety. Bk. Salt Lake City. Thou didst enjoin the observation of the Sabbath. Tamar. D. and the Lord's day of the resurrection (Apostolic Constitutions .A. M. 469). Brushton (NY). p. 1851.. O Lord Almighty Thou hast created the world by Christ..
Hartford Theological Seminary UNDER THE EDITORIAL SUPERVISION OF PHILIP SCHAFF. observed the sabbath as a festival. while the deacons break the bread. Translated from the Greek.D. that they held religious assemblies on the sabbath. if possible. The author of the Constitutions. Book VII. (Hippolytus. Bohn. Sozomen reported in the mid-5th Century.htm Sabbath. For the Sabbath is the ceasing of the creation. frequently speaks of it.or the seventh day. AS A WEEKLY FESTIVAL.. Origines Ecclesiasticæ: The Antiquities of the Christian Church. On the Sabbath c. those who are to receive baptism shall all gather together in one place. In the Eastern church it was ever observed as a festival. and the grateful praise to God for the blessings He has bestowed upon men (Apostolic Constitutions .. which custom is never observed at Rome or at Alexandria (Sozomen. the inquiry after laws. AND HENRY WACE. b Friday c Saturday 22:1 On the first day of the week the bishop.. pp. THE ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY OF SOZOMEN. Comprising a History of the Church. Speaking of Rome.. London. 2006.d. OR SATURDAY.d. D. shall deliver the oblation to all the people with his own hand.. The Apostolic Tradition of Hippolytus of Rome.Athanasius likewise tells us. as well as on the first day of the week.. 16 of 28 5/21/2013 9:57 PM . and almost everywhere. The people of Constantinople. Editions du Cerf.. and the greatest part of the world. Revised by Chester D. That it was a day of public assembly in many churches. some type of Sabbath-observance still occurred as the following from the Catholic theologian Hippolytus attests. that all the Oriental churches.From hence it is plain. Section II). 1856.. D.. circa 1846). not because they were infected with Judaism. Christians were very careful in the observationof Saturday. LL. About a century ago. but to worship Jesus the Lord of the sabbath.. EDINBURGH. New York. Hartranft.. 11 bis.D. Original from Harvard University Digitized Oct 19. From the work of Bernard Botte (La Tradition Apostolique. who describes the customs chiefly of the Oriental church. And the Greek writers are unanimous in their testimony.Sabbath and the Early Church file:///D:/DVD_IMAGE/1_Need_TO_MAKE/Sovereign/sabbath. H. it the following was reported about those who professed Christ during these early times: OF THE OBSERVATION OF THE SABBATH. meaning the Oriental churches. Principal of King's College. perhaps I should mention that as late as the third century.T CLARK. 425. G. the completion of the world. as well as Sunday: 20:7 Those who are to receive baptism shall fast on the Preparation of the Sabbath b. 323 to a.D. T&. 1137-1138). which was the ancient Jewish sabbath. Sources Chretiennes. Paris. With Two Sermons and Two Letters on the Nature and Necessity of Absolution... Professor of Church History in the Union Theological Seminary. where it was kept a festival (Bingham J. Epiphanius says the same. from a. assemble together on the Sabbath.Didascalia Apostolorum Book VII. Chapter XIX.
even within the area of Rome. It has come to my ears that certain men of perverse spirit have sown among you some things that are wrong and opposed to the holy faith. the historian Socrates noted: For although almost all churches throughout the world celebrate the sacred mysteries on the sabbath of every week.htm 1984) and of Gregory Dix (The Treatise on the Apostolic Tradition of St. servant of the servants of God. Some claim that the Apostle Paul brought in there--while that is hard to prove. The Egyptians in the neighborhood of Alexandria. Bishop and Martyr. However. p. Registrum Epistolarum. stiff with cold and frost. Hippolytus of Rome. Sabbath-keeping was still going on in Jerusalem: St.html viewed 08/06/09) In the fourth century. D. 1992) as translated by Kevin P. Ecclesiastical History. and the inhabitants of Thebais. Edgecomb http://www. on account of some ancient tradition. the truly faithful in Jerusalem still ignored the anti-Sabbatarian Greco-Roman leaders. die 26 Junii 1970. Book V. remote from the visible sun. Gildas the earliest British writer of history. but do not participate of the mysteries in the manner usual among Christians in general (Socrates Scholasticus. Bellarmino. his successor John II…the saint…adds “…Keep away from all sabbathical observances. yet the Christians of Alexandria and at Rome. and do not call some foods clean and unclean because they are all indifferent”. Sabbath-observance came back to Rome as the Catholic pope they call "Gregory the Great" wrote the following: Gregory. hold their religious assemblies on the sabbath. EARLY CIVILIZATION OF THE BRITISH ISLES. American Edition. (Bagatti. 17 of 28 5/21/2013 9:57 PM . Letter 1). The British Isles and China Sabbath-keeping also had a long history in the British Isles.. 13 Maii 1970.Sabbath and the Early Church file:///D:/DVD_IMAGE/1_Need_TO_MAKE/Sovereign/sabbath. 1890. Jerusalem. Excerpted from Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers. Book XIII. so as to forbid any work being done on the Sabbath day. received the beams of light. have ceased to do this. some people were keeping the Sabbath in the late sixth/early seventh century. born A. Franciscan Printing Press. Online Edition Copyright © 2005 by K. 14 Junii 1970. What else can I call these but preachers of Antichrist (Gregory I. or as some believe. Hence. Edited by Philip Schaff and Henry Wace. Imprimi potest: Herminius Roncari. Volume 2. Also in the fifth century. Second Series. Knight). says of the introduction of Christianity into the islands: "Meanwhile these islands.com/hippolytus.bombaxo. 1971. however. 89). and in a distant region of the world. 520. Sabbath-keeping was clearly occuring in the Celtic regions until at least 886: 1. Chapter XXII. Cyril of Jerusalem. London: Alban Press. Imprimatur: +Albertus Gori. Apparently. Translated by Eugene Hoade.. to his most beloved sons the Roman citizens. The Church from the Circumcision. Nihil obstat: Marcus Adinolfi.
p. A. "being given to Judaizing.D.’ Adomnan’s attitude to Sunday is important. and Britain. 596." That is to say. with the Waldenses and the Eastern empire..who is the true Sun. 22. in a letter of Pope elect. 94. The credit of introducing Christianity into this region has been claimed not only for Paul. on the next Friday. but from the height of heaven. and especially mentions the churches in Germany. as we know. followed herein by the churches of Jerusalem and Antioch and Alexandria.at the latter part. the extremity of the earth. The Eastern church did not do that way.. the events mentioned appear to be limited by the 'meanwhile' to a period between the defeat of Boadicea. we are told that he found the people of Britain in the most grievous and intolerable heresies." p. Simon Zelotes. and who shows tothe whole world his splendor. and to Thule.D.. Scotland. which even celebrated its Easter or resurrection festival on the day which the Scriptures point out as the one on which the Saviour rose from the grave. Phila 1851.". Anderson 18 of 28 5/21/2013 9:57 PM . if not.. they kept the Bible Sabbath and were ignorant of the Roman "Sunday-festival. however. observed Good Friday either on the 14th of the month Nisan.. John.." This "insinuation." far from being unfair. nor only from the temporal firmament.) TESTIMONY OF THE FATHERS. 28:1-4) (Seventh Day Baptists in Europe and America" Volume 1. because he wrote at a time when there was controversy over the question whether the ritual of the Biblical Sabbath was to be transferred to the Christians’ Lord’s-day.D. 51...O. 634).In the biography of Augustine who came from Rome A. 61. 178. 1910 pp 21-39). and Joseph of Arimathea. but also for Peter.’ — A. says: "The original difference (about Easter) was that the Western church.. and in Aldhelm's Epistle to Geruntius. on the one hand. is rather the more a true statement of the Sabbath observance of the Celtic church." (Mrs. The Celtic Church which occupied Ireland. says that the church in his time was spread throughout the World.D. the seventh day of the week. Gaul.’ Sunday." (Ireland) . says: "St. Philip.) . kept the seventh-day Sabbath.such as the defeat of Caractacus.. by whom his religion was propagated without impediment.Sabbath and the Early Church file:///D:/DVD_IMAGE/1_Need_TO_MAKE/Sovereign/sabbath. Venantius Fortunatus.O. Paul passed over the ocean to the Island of Britain. is clear indication from ‘Columba’s mouth’ that ‘Sabbath was not Sunday. and Easter on the following Sunday. the first day of the week is ‘Lord’s day. and Britain. of the reign of Tiberius Caesar. “Adomnan’s use of sabbatum for Saturday.D. A. A. 108.htm that is. Irenaeus. (which was "late on the Sabbath." (pp 90. the holy precepts of Christ . 560. and on the other to events not far distant . or. Therefore the testimony of Gildas is to the effect that the gospel was preached in Britain before the year 61. in "The Ancient British Church. an unfair insinuation that the British Christians were Judaic in their observance of Easter day. He adds: "There is no difference of faith or tradition in any of these countries. but ignorant of the holy sacraments and festivals of the church. John Price. to the Scoti. John (A. had the Syriac (Byzantine) scriptures instead of the Latin vulgate of Rome. The Celtic Church. (Yeowell.D. "There is. to convert the heathen Saxons. and M." and then he adds." Matt. if it fell on Friday. which surpasses everything temporal . Spain." Comparing this with the previous passage. Tamar Davis : "History of Sabbatarian Churches. A. Note).
which subsequently sank into a half-holy day preparatory for Sunday (Moffat . 1961. commemorative of the Lord's resurrection. 21). .) (Celtic Sabbath-Keeping Study No. Original from the University of Wisconsin – Madison. or Patrick. or Columba. with exercises of public worship.html 6/24/06). There is in fact no historical evidence that Ninian. from Cherith Chronicle. http://www. page 28. In that case they obeyed the fourth commandment literally upon the seventh day of the week… The queen insisted upon the single and strict observance of the Lord's Day. The queen mentioned above was Margaret who died in 1093.org/BibleStudy /264. as a day of rest from labor.. 264.giveshare. pages 25-26. pp. 2nd edition. but the Sabbath was kept in them by many until an English woman married Malcom III king of the Scots. People and clergy alike submitted. and is said in the annals to have been brought to Ireland by a pilgrim (c. may be shocked to learn this. . alleged to have been found on the altar of Peter in Rome. and Sunday.htm (editors) Adomnan’s Life of Columba. The Roman ‘movement’ to supersede the Celtic Sabbath with Sunday ‘culminated in the production of an (apocryphal) ‘Letter of Jesus’. p. The Church in Scotland: A History of Its Antecedents. Digitized Mar 13.. the seventh-day was observed by all early Christians. 886).celtic-sabbath-keeping. Seventh Day Men: Sabbatarians and Sabbatarianism in England and Wales. April-June 1998. 1882. Thomas Bampfield…contended that the seventh day had been kept in England in unbroken succession until the thirteenth century (Ball B. Thomas Nelson’s Medieval Texts. from the Earliest Recorded Times to the First Assembly of the Reformed Church. including Ireland. The evidence they adduce suggests that no actual confusion between Sunday and ‘the Sabbath’ occurred until the early sixth century. but without entirely giving up their reverence for Saturday. 46-47... People in the British Isles. Margaret (who was technically "the Queen consort of Malcolm III") was canonized a Roman Catholic saint in the year 1250 by Pope Innocent IV. since the New Testament nowhere repealed the fourth commandment. 2008.. 1600-1800. and Its Advocates. p. Thus. 140). Co. Upon this basis laws were promulgated. as one of rejoicing. page 26. Published by Presbyterian Board of Education.’ (Ibid. Noted theologian James Moffat reported: It seems to have been customary in the Celtic churches of early times. once again political power was used to try to stop people from following the biblical practices of early Christianity. 19 of 28 5/21/2013 9:57 PM . James Clark &. kept Sunday as a Sabbath. it Conflicts. or ‘Letter of Lord’s day’. imposing heavy penalties for those that violated on Sunday certain regulations derived from Jewish prohibitions for Sabbath. 2009. reason Adomnan’s editors. the Jewish Sabbath. or any of their contemporaries in Ireland. “The Old Testament required seventh-day Sabbath observance and. and later forced Sunday upon her husband's subjects. to keep Saturday.). (Ibid. James Clement.Sabbath and the Early Church file:///D:/DVD_IMAGE/1_Need_TO_MAKE/Sovereign/sabbath. and then in the writings of the rather obscure Caesarius of Arles. . in Ireland as well as Scotland.
some Sabbath-keeping would have apparently occurred from the thirteenth through seventeenth centuries (Ball. 20 of 28 5/21/2013 9:57 PM .Due to their resolute stand for biblical truths the Taipings were confronted by opposition on every side. 1837. who…go by the name Sabbatarian make Profession of expecting a Reign of a Thousand Years…These Sabbatarians are so call’d. pp.htm It should be noted that because of practices of a few of the Lollards in the British Isles.. M. The Manchurian dynasty regarded them as rebels and fought against them.. so it would havce been unbroken for even more centuries that Thomas Bampfield contended about Notice a that in 1719 England. and vast extent of the seventh-day Sabbath-keeping Christian Church of the East of a millennia before! The ancient Chinese characters were inscribed in 781 AD. was a description of the prestigious position. The stone revealed beliefs and practices of the primitive Christian church.A Critical History of the Sabbath and Sunday.. was unearthed just outside the walls of Chang-An. were immediately summoned to decipher the inscriptions. Sabbath Sentinel. the Jesuits had infiltrated the fabric of the Chinese cultured classes.. They persuaded the French forces in China to support the ruling Manchus to crush them. September-October 2000 http://www. 1719. the ancient capital of the Tang Dynasty. p.html 6/24/06). first. The Jesuits became angry at them. and second. nor blood…their outward conduct is pious and Christian-like (Ozell J. In abolishing idols. THE SEVENTH DAY SABBATH MOVEMENT IN CHINA. and thousands were anxious to know what information about their cultural heritage was hidden in the writing. 30-31 ). who were regarded as the teachers and scholars.The Taipings also learned from the Bible that they should observe the Sabbath. to honor the arrival of an Assyrian missionary and his companions to the capitol in the year 635 AD from Ta Tsin. The news of this discovery caused a bustle of excitement in the ancient metropolitan city. because the Bible taught it. there before their eyes. Mission Observations in His Travels over England. when a sensational discovery was made. a non-Sabbath-keeper wrote the following about some of the Sabbath-keepers: …People." . the Taipings naturally destroyed the images of Mary and the saints as well as those of the Buddhists.. As cited in Ball.giveshare. (Wong P. John Ozell. It is amazing that although Monday is called Day One and Saturday is called Day Six by the Chinese. A large monument stone inscribed with nineteen hundred Chinese characters. which were unrelated and out of harmony with the Roman Catholic beliefs. yet the Taipings were able to recognize Saturday as the correct Seventh Day Sabbath. at the command of Emperor Tae-Tsung. and fifty Syrian words. replied that it was. as well as beyond: "It was in the year 1625.Sabbath and the Early Church file:///D:/DVD_IMAGE/1_Need_TO_MAKE/Sovereign/sabbath. The Jesuits.The Taiping Christians were asked why they observed the seventh day Sabbath.. There even was Sabbath-keeping in China probably beginning no later than 635. 9).. .org/churchhistory/sabbathchina. because their ancestors observed it as a day of worship. To the astonishment of these haughty priests. or Judea.. because they will not remove the Day of Rest from Saturday to Sunday…They administer Baptism only to adult People…The major part of them will not eat Pork.
Cornelians and Anabaptists (Clasen CP. According to one report. and Christians. July 1972.--Yes. there were separate groups among those called Anabaptists that were Sabbath-keepers in the 16th and 17th centuries: During the years 1526 to 1535. rest and attend divine worship upon the seventh day.htm The Albigneses in France were condemned by various councils. An. since Christ came not to dissolve the law but to fulfill it. about thirty persons were committed to the inquisitional dungeons of Toulouse upon a charge of Judaism. 87-88). 1851. From Africa.. Others in France were also later subject to the inquisitors. Tamar.. In German-speaking Europe.. Notice some of the statements by Ethiopian Emperor Galawdewos (A. we were honest Frenchmen. Ethiopia claims a very long history of Sabbath-keeping. It is therefore not in the imitation of the Jews. fratest flebiles (ejulantes).. followers of Jesus. VOl. for I have been credibly informed that yourself.and that especially. the Sabbatarians and of Cornelians also continued to exist after 1550. A recent investigation has shown that a few congregations made up of the followers of Marbeck. Salt Lake City. Mennonite Quarterly Review. you were accustomed to meet for worship upon the old Sabbath.Sabbath and the Early Church file:///D:/DVD_IMAGE/1_Need_TO_MAKE/Sovereign/sabbath. he received a visit from an Italian monk named Gregory. An. but say that the holy Dominical day is no better than any other day. who had been a pastor or teacher in the Sabbatarian church of that city. Greg... Tamar.--We did. rested thereon. and honouring the holy day of the Lord.--But Anthony. on which he rose from the dead. 64). Greg.D. After remaining in prision ten days.. were of the cursed race of Israel. 1540-1559): We do celebrate the Sabbath. you must be a liar and a deceiver. XLVI. there were twelve sects in the town.. Salt Lake City. and instead of observing the festivals of the Holy Church. pp. A General History of the Sabbatarian Churches. Reprinted 1995 by Commonwealth Publishing.. pp. indeed. four of which seemed to have been Anabaptist: Sabbatarians. but in obedience to Christ. eight Anabaptist groups may be identified as existing in Moravia. 1492. p. because God. Notice the following account: On the 14th of September.--It is false.. 256-279).Sabbatarians. Anabaptist Sects in the Sixteenth Century: A Research Report.... Reprinted 1995 by Commonwealth Publishing.--We say that the ten commandments are still binding.. after He had finished the Creation of the World. and all of your friends. An. Even as late as the early seventeenth century Austerlitz was known for its religious confusion. even as God commanded (Quoted in Davis. or Saturday.they observe the Jewish sabbath. A General History of the Sabbatarian Churches.Of there was Anthony Ferrar. And one. 1851. the Council of Albi (sometimes spelled Alby) in 1254 apparently stated: They savour of Judaism. and 21 of 28 5/21/2013 9:57 PM ... let them be accursed (Quoted in Davis. then.
Brown and Sons. 469). p.. different from other ones: In the tradition of our Church. during the Dark Ages. Interestingly. We have seen that the Waldenses. that the Holy Ghost was withdrawn from it. What About Russia and the Sabbath? Russia is a large. Albania. Denis and Alexie. Sclavonia. 1994. p. and of so far corrupting the church. the two were not one people... In particular. to oppose it. p. were dispersed through many of the counties of Europe.. The Great and Holy Saturday. is that those who kept the Sabbath and 22 of 28 5/21/2013 9:57 PM . and accused the higher clergy of selling the office of the priesthood. Copyright: 2002-2003 Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America). These countries are now part of the Russian empire.htm His holy apostles. Bulgaria. "There is a sect of Greek Christians in Siberia who keep the Jewish Sabbath (Saturday). Imprimi Potest + Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger.and that God "rested on this day and sanctified and blessed it"(Catechism of the Catholic Church.Sabbath and the Early Church file:///D:/DVD_IMAGE/1_Need_TO_MAKE/Sovereign/sabbath. who gained a vast amount of followers. "A Jew named Horie preached a mixture of Judaism and Christianity. for they were in existence for at least one century prior to that event. May 4. Sabbath-keepers were numerous in Russia before the time of Luther (Andrews. 26). and proselyted two priests.. towards the close of the fifteenth century. Barre (VT)."(Semi-Weekly Tribune. the Orthodox consider Saturday and Sunday festive days." . if indeed. Cited in Andrews.. 100).What was the origin of these Russian Sabbath-keepers? Certainly it was not from the Reformation of the sixteenth century. that we observe that day (Quoted in Bradford C. Sabbath-keeping was reported in Russia in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. 345. p. Doubleday. Livonia.The earliest of the schismatics first appeared in Novogorod.E. 1999. New York. Lithuania. however. an excommunicated deacon. and Sarmartia..The sacred text says that "on the seventh day God finished his work which he had done". under the name of Strigolniks. Dr. even to this day. And the Roman Catholics realize that the seventh day is the Sabbath: The sabbath.. Soon afterwards one Karp. joined the Strigolniks. Saturday like Sunday is considered a festal day. He was a very successful propagtor for this sect. were the people called Cathari. Sabbath Roots. And also. early in the fifteenth century. The African Connection. Notice this nineteenth century report: The ancient Russian name for this people was Strigolniks. Murdock says of them:-". Even during the Great Lent the rules of fasting are relaxed on Saturdays and Sundays (Calivas A. primarily Gentile nations. This sect was so numerous that a national council was called.. 1869.. L. we note the fact that they were scattered through Poland. 505) What the Adventist scholar failed to mention.
The “One Hundred Head” Church Council. "The accused [Sabbath-keepers] were summoned...117-122 However. 17. Dec. "Sobota. in Ghana the day for Sunday. Weekly Update. 255)." In Polish. Interestingly enough. New York. at Moscow. Kuritzyn. and burned publicly in cages." which means “the Sabbath.in Russia in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.." which also means “the Sabbath. it is "Sabbato. essentially uses a term for Sabbath to mean what we in English term Saturday: 105 Languages: In over 100 languages the name for the day that we call “Saturday” is "the Sabbath. LCG. 2007) суббота is how the word Saturday was translated by two online dictionaries for me--but this is using Russian characters. Mystics of the Christian Tradition. there were people in Russia who were true to the teachings of the Bible." For example.” In Spanish the word for Saturday is “Sabado. 1873).” In Swahili the word for seven is “sabad” (though Saturday is called “Jumamosi” or “Moses’ Day”) and in Tagalog the word is the same as in Spanish. p. the secretary of state. archimandrite of the Fury Monastery of Novgorod. means “White man changed this day!” (Wohlberg S. called in 1551 during the reign of Ivan IV. The most eminent of them. especially the Sabbath. 2001. Can We Know What Day is the Sabbath? White Horse Media)..” In Italian. R." Geschichte der Juden" (Leipsig.. There simply is no serious reason to use a term that means Sabbath for Saturday unless there was knowledge of the Sabbath in Russia. I showed them from the Spanish. August 16. His son and successor Ivan IV (1531-1584) turned out to be a bloody ruler who terrorized all Russia.1503. they openly acknowledged the new faith. Ivan Maximow. reprinted 2006.. pp. Notice the following: The reign of Vasily (1505-1533) was characterized by cruelty and a return to ignorance. “Saturday” in the Spanish language is "Sabado. and defended the same. were condemned to death. adopted a resolution which until today has not been 23 of 28 5/21/2013 9:57 PM . I believe that knowledge and observance of the Sabbath was in Russia long before that.Sabbath and the Early Church file:///D:/DVD_IMAGE/1_Need_TO_MAKE/Sovereign/sabbath. Sadly there was persecution of Sabbath-keepers in Russia back then: Russia. Two Beings Before the Beginning): Judaizers. Routeldge.” etc. earning from history the infamous title. Kassian. Some believed that Monday is the first day of the week. literally translated. Swahili and Tagalog that Saturday in all those languages can be identified with the word “Sabbath. Even during his reign. Why? One reason is the Russian language.denied the Trinity (Fanning S. United Kingdom Update. Subbota would be the spelling using Latin characters. "Subbota. “Sabado” (King. like many others.” In Russian it is. Ivan the Terrible.htm were called Judaizers did not believe in the invented doctrine of the trinity (see also Binitarian View: One God.
in the late 1800s provided this information: Already around the year 1530 Sabbatarians emerged in Bohemia. Poland and Russia. in the early history of America there was an attempt at suppression of Christmas spirit. imbued with the rigorous fervor of the Old Testament. in Constantinople (the primary see. Petersburg: Tipografiia Imperatorskoi Akademy Nauk. College and University Dialogue Journal). where they were frequently confused with the Jews in the second half of this century.came as a missionary from London. McElwain and B. Into The Early Americas: When Was the Sabbath Kept? It has been reported that: The first Sabbath-keeper in America was Stephen Mumford.Sabbath and the Early Church file:///D:/DVD_IMAGE/1_Need_TO_MAKE/Sovereign/sabbath. Wooden (Australia). Rook. imbued with the Old Testament spirit. remain until today. rather than Sunday. Here is another report which also reports that once in America. 1998.. E. pp. because Saturday had been observed by those in Asia Minor for centuries. were moral and immutable. Although it is not commonly taught. please see Orthodox Church of Constantinople for documentation) the Sabbath was kept. ed. likewise raised the issue of reinstating the day of rest from Sunday to Saturday (Kohn S. Hungary.Sabbatarians (Subbotniki). there were Sabbatarians among the Puritans (as well as the position against Christmas. and brought the opinion with him that the whole of the ten commandments. Christian Churches of God. some of the Puritans kept the Sabbath. But one still may wonder how the Orthodox Church could possibly condone Saturday. Samuel Kohn. Ahead of their time? The 15th century Reformation in Russia. Several leaders and preacher of the Puritans. Oleg. Their worship was on the Sabbath (Saturday). In a book by Dr. Kozhachnikov. We meet similar sects around 1545 among the Quakers in England. Translated by T.. chief Rabbi of Budapest. and Christmas in particular they considered a pagan celebration. apparently it was felt that Sabbath observance would still be tolerable. as they were delivered from Mount Sinai. could also worship on Saturday in the confines of the Russian Orthodox Church—a statement which was recognized by the church council as authorized by the Apostles Peter and Paul (D. They kept the Sabbath. 271. abhorred the celebration of the orthodox holidays. The stern Puritans at Plymouth.10-11). which is also a Church of God position): Strange as it may seem. Sabbatarians in Transylvania. in the latter. Notice that the practices of Peter and Paul are mentioned. and even after the area mainly became part of the Greco-Orthodox confederation of Catholics. or Judaizers also arose soon thereafter in Silesia.. that changed the Sabbath from the seventh to the first day of the week (Andrews. 498-499). Later immigrants attempted to observe 24 of 28 5/21/2013 9:57 PM . "first among equals" in its words of the Orthodox Churches.. Stoglav [Source: One-Hundred-Head Council] (St.. And since the Russian Orthodox had historical ties with Constantinople. This regulation states that the people. and that it was the anti-Christian power which thought to change times and laws. As cited by Zhigankov. 270. pp.. besides worshiping on Sunday. p. 1863).in 1664. Well..htm annulled by the Russian Orthodox Church.
p.. it was Jesus who taught that "The Sabbath was made for man" (Mark 2:27). Elder Brewster. 1990 reprint. He did not state that it was only made for a portion of humankind. Jamaica. 3rd ed. Dodd CO.htm Christmas as a time of joy. which meant long days of agricultural labor. That some of the Puritans kept the seventh-day Sabbath should not be a surprise as the Church of God includes in its ancestory (see articles The Churches of Revelation 2 &. The Indian women were supposed to withdraw . The Bible does demonstrate that the Sabbath was in effect prior to Mount Sinai. Was the Sabbath Kept Prior to Mount Sinai? While everyone realizes that the Sabbath was kept by the children of Israel after Moses received the ten commandments on Mount Sinai. New York. A History of True Religion. Joseph.503). 3 and The Pergamos Church Era). and Trinidad &. Letter from the editor. Africa. American Colonies : The Settling of North America. Jerusalem. Does history indicate that others knew about the seventh-day? According to a book by Chinese researchers. St. some have questioned whether or not the Sabbath was observed prior to this time. the seventh day cycle was known to the Chinese from 25 of 28 5/21/2013 9:57 PM . July 30. (Paperback) Penguin. In addition. Daily Gazette. Tobago and other other islands as well. I would simply suggest reading the article Were the Ten Commandments in Effect Before Mount Sinai? as it mainly contains biblical verses supporting the concept that all of the ten commandments were in effect prior to Mount Sinai. meaning pure). New Zealand. Central America. Miles Standish and other leaders were firm against the yuletide spirit as we know it today (Sprague H.. the missionaries urged the Indian men to forsake hunting and fishing in favor of farming. The Sabbath was taught in the Caribbean island of Hispaniola (sometimes then called Hayti) in 1847 (Andrews. p. Insisting upon the gendered division of labor favored by the English.. December 1934 as cited in Dugger AN. like the Jews. There are Church of God Sabbath-keeping congregations in the United States. Mo. Instead of listing the verses here. 7th Day). 265). Mexico.. Hist of the USA. But what about outside the Bible? Remember. Barbados. Canada. Praying towns did not appeal to those Indians who belonged to the largest and most autonomous bands. Governor Bradford. 2002). Martinique. adopt the Puritan pace and mode of work.Sabbath and the Early Church file:///D:/DVD_IMAGE/1_Need_TO_MAKE/Sovereign/sabbath. Volume1. katharoi. the Sabbath. principally the Narragansett (Taylor A. Reprint edition. and in the Pacific Islands.. There are numerous Sabbath-keepers now in the Caribbean. The Penguin History of the United States. There are Church of God congregations in the nations of Haiti. had to rest and worship on the seventh day. those Puritans even had the native Americans observe the Sabbath as well: . Australia. people who were called the Cathari (from the Greek word. Asia.. but were suppressed. 1972 (Church of God. South America. Europe.
it is possible that she brought back that knowledge after meeting with Solomon (1 Kings 10:2-13) or since she knew about Solomon prior to her visit with him (1 Kings 10:1). the month with its lunar relationship. 26). W. Perhaps it should also be mentioned that since the Queen of Sheba in the Bible is claimed to have been from Ethiopia. L. Sabbath Roots. about 2140 B. 1999. In the second century. .C. all should preferentially listen to Him (Matthew 12:42. so the Chinese celebrate the seventh day as a lingering memorial of God's creative work and the creation of mankind (Kang C. Luke 11:31)--and Jesus Himself kept the Sabbath.htm the earliest times: The week is not an institution based on natural phenomena. The African Connection. an African church leader in the early years of the twentieth century says that the "Sabbath in Ethiopia [has] been kept from the days of Nimrod. the returning seventh day. (read Gen. but rather the following day of rest. Brown and Sons. that others (perhaps from Israel or Ethiopia) had brought the knowledge of the Sabbath to that part of Africa prior. Africans or Ethiopians had been Sabbath observers from the days of Nimrod. that is 700 years before the birth of Moses. 10:8. Hence. a period of time observed by the Chinese in spite of their thousands of years of isolation from the rest of the world and its customs. 1979. the seventh day of the first lunar month of the Chinese year is known as "the birthday of mankind".. Hesiod says of it:— 26 of 28 5/21/2013 9:57 PM . not by the Hebrews only. 55). nor the year marking the earth's excursion about the sun. according to which the whole world of all animals and plants revolve. such as the day when the earth turns on its axis. An old Chinese saying. Barre (VT). they (the ancient Babylonians) twisted the reason and said that it was the seventh day that God ceased His destruction of humans through ceasing a six-day flood causing rain.Just as it was not the day of man's creation which was to be celebrated. Jesus mentioned that He was greater than Solomon and if she listened to Solomon. 10).. Some have claimed that Ethiopia has more people who keep some version of the seventh-day Sabbath than any other country on earth. Oliphant. . Nelson E. p.. Notice how long they claim to have been observing it: W... even the semi-Gnostic Clement of Alexandria reported that ancient Greeks and Hebrews knew that the seventh-day was supposed to be sacred: But the seventh day is recognised as sacred. Nimrod founded Babel (Genesis 10:9-10). The Discovery of Genesis: How the Truths of Genesis Were Found Hidden in the Chinese Language.Sabbath and the Early Church file:///D:/DVD_IMAGE/1_Need_TO_MAKE/Sovereign/sabbath.points up the fact that from very early times the Chinese have recognized the recurring seven day cycle which marks the week. The week dates exclusively to the original days of creation. but also by the Greeks. p. St. Even today. It should be noted that historians do believe that the ancient Babylonians taught that God ceased from His works on the Sabbath--however.R.. if Sabbath-keeping originated in that country prior to the time of Christ.E.. the son of Cush" (Quoted in Bradford C. Louis.H. it is claimed that some of the descendants of Noah kept the Sabbath. . Concordia Publishing House. Noah's son Ham had a son named Cush.
and the early church leaders all knew to keep the seventh day Sabbath. Book V. and seventh day were held sacred. " (Clement of Alexandria. Chapter 14). and they had all things done. Stromata. and fourth. those who became known as Babylonians. and the seventh is perfect. Keeping the Sabbath was the 27 of 28 5/21/2013 9:57 PM . Thus. " And:— " Now all the seven were made in starry heaven. In circles shining as the years appear. " And Homer:— " And on the seventh then came the sacred day. Conclusion The Bible. Paul.htm " The first.Sabbath and the Early Church file:///D:/DVD_IMAGE/1_Need_TO_MAKE/Sovereign/sabbath. the idea that they would have known about the Sabbath. And the Chinese. " And again:— " And on the seventh the sun's resplendent orb. it certainly logical from a biblical perspective. it appears that various cultures were familiar with the idea of a seventh-day Sabbath prior to the giving of the ten commandments on Mount Sinai. " And:— " The seventh was sacred. " And again:— " It was the seventh day. and the seventh race. " And again:— " Among good days is the seventh day. and all other humans lived fairly close together until the confounding of languages in Genesis 11:9. Sunday is nowhere enjoined as the Christian Sabbath. and all things were accomplished. Jesus. This makes total sense as God set-apart the Sabbath the day after creating humans. " Callimachus the poet also writes:— " It was the seventh morn. " And:— " The seventh is among the prime. Be that as it may. " And again:— " And on the seventh morn we leave the stream of Acheron. especially since Noah would have been expected to know about it.
Do you follow the Bible and the examples of the apostles? Back to Early Christianity page Back to COGwriter home page Thiel B.Sabbath and the Early Church file:///D:/DVD_IMAGE/1_Need_TO_MAKE/Sovereign/sabbath. and observed. There have long been Sabbath-keepers who professed Christ in many lands--and most of those were NOT Jewish. Even the word for Saturday in over 100 languages (including Greek. The New Testament clearly shows that the seventh day Sabbath is still to be kept by those who are the people of God. whether they were Jews or Greeks. in many lands all over the world. The Christian Sabbath was introduced to. www.cogwriter.D. Ph. the language of the New Testament) use a version of the word Sabbath for the seventh day of the week. The Bible shows that Jesus is the Lord of the Sabbath Day.htm practice/custom of the early faithful Christians.com (c) 2006/2007/2008/2009 /2010/2011/2012 0915 28 of 28 5/21/2013 9:57 PM . Sabbath and the Early Church.
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