2012 End of the World

A date inscription for the Mayan Long Count The 2012 phenomenon comprises a range of eschatological beliefs according to which cataclysmic or transformative events will occur on 21 December 2012.[1][2][3][4][5] This date is regarded as the end-date of a 5,125-year-long cycle in the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar. Various astronomical alignments and numerological formulae have been proposed as pertaining to this date, though none have been accepted by mainstream scholarship. A New Age interpretation of this transition is that this date marks the start of time in which Earth and its inhabitants may undergo a positive physical or spiritual transformation, and that 2012 may mark the beginning of a new era.[6] Others suggest that the 2012 date marks the end of the world or a similar catastrophe. Scenarios suggested for the end of the world include the arrival of the next solar maximum, an interaction between Earth and the black hole at the centre of the galaxy, or Earth's collision with an object such as an asteroid, or a planet called "Nibiru". Scholars from various disciplines have dismissed the idea of such cataclysmic events occurring in 2012. Professional Mayanist scholars state that predictions of impending doom are not found in any of the extant classic Maya accounts, and that the idea that the Long Count calendar "ends" in 2012 misrepresents Maya history and culture.[3][7][8] Astronomers and other scientists have rejected the proposals as pseudoscience, stating that they conflict with simple astronomical observations[9] and amount to "a distraction from more important science concerns, such as global warming and loss of biological diversity".[10]

20 tuns made a k'atun. Mayanist and astronomer Maud Worcester Makemson wrote that "the completion of a Great Period of 13 b'ak'tuns would have been of the utmost significance to the Maya".2.[20] In 1966.3. [16] According to the Popol Vuh.. we are living in the fourth world. In the Maya Long Count. and 20 k'atuns (144.0.0. a compilation of the creation accounts of the K'iche' Maya of the Colonial-era highlands. The writing system of the classic Maya has been substantially deciphered. Apocalypse There is a strong tradition of "world ages" in Mayan literature. Michael D. 2 tuns. the Long Count was linear rather than cyclical.. leaving several possibilities open to interpretation. which corresponds to 11 August 3114 BC in the proleptic Gregorian calendar. Unlike the 52-year Calendar Round still used today among the Maya. or Mayan date 13. our present universe [would] be annihilated [in December 2012] when the Great Cycle of the Long Count reaches completion.000 days or roughly 394 years) made up a b'ak'tun. that Armageddon would overtake the degenerate peoples of the world and all creation on the final day of the 13th [b'ak'tun]. Coe wrote in The Maya that "there is a suggestion . but the record has been distorted.125 years. on 21 December 2012. meaning that a corpus of their written and inscribed material has survived from before the European conquest.0. Thus .. the previous world ended after 13 b'ak'tuns. 3 k'atuns. Although the Long Count was most likely invented by the Olmec.[11] it has become closely associated with the Maya civilization.0.[19][Note c] This means that the fourth world will also have reached the end of its 13th b'ak'tun.. 18 uinals (360 days) made a tun. Thus.15 represents 8 b'ak'tuns.Mesoamerican Long Count calendar Main article: Mesoamerican Long Count calendar December 2012 marks the conclusion of a b'ak'tun—a time period in the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar which was used in Central America prior to the arrival of Europeans. or roughly 5. followed by a successful fourth world in which humanity was placed. whose classic period lasted from 250 to 900 AD. and kept time roughly in units of 20: 20 days made a uinal.[1][Note c] In 1957. 10 uinals and 15 days.10. the Mayan date of 8." .The Popol Vuh describes the gods first creating three failed worlds. The Long Count's "zero date"was set at a point in the past marking the end of the third world and the beginning of the current one.

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