A Pedigree and Family Trees

for

William Cronshaw Hughes
From Richard Hughes of Sarphle, Llanarmon DC (b. 1719) to 2007 Prepared by Mark Richard Hughes

A Pedigree and Family Trees for William Cronshaw Hughes Printed 21st December 2007 Copyright © Mark Richard Hughes 2007 Website: http://markhughes.com Tel: 020 8281 1907 Mob: 07787 842480 You can join in at: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/richardofsarphle/

Cover photo: William Cronshaw Hughes aged 62, taken circa 1918.

CONTENTS

Introduction............................................................................................................................................ 3 Scope and Content ................................................................................................................................. 4 Information on CD, Internet and DVD .................................................................................................. 4 Richard and Catherine............................................................................................................................ 5 Llanarmon DC.................................................................................................................................... 7 Hugh Hughes (1764-1850) married Mary Davies ................................................................................. 8 Edward Hughes (1792-1838) married Eleanor Jones ............................................................................ 8 Edward's Bible ................................................................................................................................. 10 John Hughes (1828-?) married Alice Sarah Cronshaw........................................................................ 10 William Cronshaw Hughes (1856-1927) ............................................................................................ 11 Marriage 1: Emma Curry (1856 appr.-1909) ................................................................................... 12 William's Injuries ............................................................................................................................. 12 Links to America.............................................................................................................................. 12 Children: Harold, Dorothy & Margery ............................................................................................ 13 Children: Harold, Dorothy & Margery ............................................................................................ 14 Harold Hughes (1891-1946) ................................................................................................................ 14 Harold married Emmeline Yates Davies (1892-?)........................................................................... 14 Frank Sephton Hughes (1929-) ............................................................................................................ 15 Frank married Eileen Moore (1931-) ............................................................................................... 15 Sybil Dorothy Hughes (1925-) & Thelma Emrol Hughes (1921-?) .................................................... 15 Marriage 2: Christina Evelyn Counsell (1896-1974)....................................................................... 16 Stan's Recollections of William ....................................................................................................... 16 Mysteries and Further Research........................................................................................................... 18 Methodology ........................................................................................................................................ 19 References and Bibliography ............................................................................................................... 21 APPENDIX A - Information Inscribed in Welsh Bible....................................................................... 25 APPENDIX B - Richard's Descendents (Hughes, 1998)..................................................................... 26

Introduction
This pedigree begins in 1719 with the birth of Richard Hughes. Richard lived at Sarphle farm Llanarmon DC, at the top of the beautiful Glyn Ceiriog valley, with his wife Catherine Tudor who is said to be related to the rulers of England (from Henry IV in 1485 to Elizabeth I who died childless in 1603). The pedigree records the male line to William Cronshaw Hughes, born 1856 and then expands to record all of William's descendents up to 2007 (some members still to be added as of December 2007). The author, Mark Richard Hughes, is a great x5 grandson of Richard of Sarphle. I was born in Wallasey and currently live in Walthamstow, London. On Boxing Day 2006 my father Frank Sephton Hughes gave me a small collection of fragile family documents and a task: to "fill in the gaps" in a handwritten pedigree which passed to him from his father Harold. That pedigree is in two parts. The more recent part shows descendents of “Richard of Sarple [sic]” (and his father Thomas Hughes, "alive in 1720") and the male line through several generations to the family of John Hughes in Liverpool (c. 1910). The children of each generation are shown, ending with the eight children of John and his wife Alice Cronshaw, including the aforementioned William. This part appears to have been made circa 1920. On the first part of the pedigree Richard is shown as the son of Thomas Hughes, linking him to the second, earlier part. This is a transcript roughly contemporary1 with the first part of “The Pedigree of Thomas Hughes, Gent, Llansantffraid Lleian” which was "Compilled [sic] 6th June 1720." It records the male line from “Blethyn ap Gynwyn, Prince of North Wales and Powys” in 1068, to the said "Thomas Hughes" in 1720. In addition to that pedigree, Dad gave me press cuttings collected by his father Harold, a list of initials with dates, a fragile page torn from an old Welsh bible, and a handful of old photographs. I felt proud and honoured to be custodian of these precious items and this task, but had no idea what a nourishing and enjoyable journey I was beginning, and no idea how to go about it! Along the way I have got to know deceased ancestors I had never heard of, almost as if I’d sat and talked with them. I’ve been deeply touched by visiting the places where they were born, lived and died. I’ve been changed by my discoveries and what they have revealed about who I am. During this process I have come to regard a human being as a unique blend of their ancestors—not only of their DNA, but also I believe, including fragments of ancestral personalities and foibles. As if parts of my ancestors survive in me, in some mysterious way. For me, family is no longer the current generation, but a living breathing organism whose tail stretches far into the past. I didn’t just get to know my dead ancestors though. I was to discover a whole new branch of my family that had been unknown to us—the children of my great grandfather William Cronshaw Hughes and his second wife Christina. I met my father’s half brother Stan and his daughter Jean, and exchanged precious things with them. I also visited the families of my aunt’s Sybil and Thelma, who I have not seen since childhood. I am very grateful to all who have helped me with this research, too many to mention in full. Family, friends and all the helpful people I encountered along the way. To you I say thank you very much for helping pan this Welsh gold.
Both are made on very similar paper, both handwritten in ink and apparently by the same hand. They have aged differently, suggesting they were not made at exactly the same time or that they have been kept separately. I have dated them c. 1920 based on the content: "Ann married Thomas Plennah, descendents living in Wrexham 1918."
1

3

Revision: 1.318

Scope and Content
This pedigree contains fully referenced results of my research of the line from Richard Hughes of Sarphle, through Hugh, Edward, John and William Cronshaw Hughes. William married twice and both families are then presented in full up to 2007. Some anecdotes about family members and my researches are included, along with mentions of well known Welshmen such as John Ceiriog Hughes (a famous poet), Rev. John Hughes (a well known preacher and non-conformist historian), and Richard Hughes (a renowned figure and publisher in Wrexham). My research was primarily for family use and curiosity rather than to meet genealogical standards of ‘proof,’ but evenso I have reached a high degree of confidence in the authenticity of the pedigree as far back as Richard of Sarphle, and my reasons for this are given under Methodology. I have however encountered some research suggesting that the earlier pedigree from 1068-1720 is not connected to Richard of Sarphle in the way presented. An interesting question to be looked into is how the early pedigree—our copy of “The Pedigree of Thomas Hughes, Gent”—came to be incorporated with the later section if in fact it is not connected to Richard. And who was responsible for this. Some other mysteries remain to be investigated, which I have brought together in their own section.

Information on CD, Internet and DVD
Audio CD - Frank and Stan
This has been produced and contains recordings of two conversations: 1) Frank Hughes handing over the pedigree documents and photographs to Mark Hughes. The recording includes the voices of Frank, Mark, Joanna, and in the background Lisa, Eileen and a family friend Mark Hunte. Recorded 26th December 2007, Le Gripeau, L'Oie, Vendee, 85140, France. 2) Stan Hughes and his daughter Jean Holmes meeting Mark Hughes for the first time. This includes Stan's recollections of childhood, his father William and mother Christina. Recorded 16th August 2007, over a noisy lunch in the Rhos Fynach pub, Rhos-on-Sea.

Internet
I plan to publish the genealogical data for this pedigree in the form of a web site where visitors can browse the family tree and access information of descendents of Richard of Sarphle (not limited to the line presented here). At the current time I have created two websites where people can post questions, hold discussions, and publish information related to the pedigree: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/richardofsarphle/ is open to the public and for anyone interested in Richard of Sarphle and his descendents. http://groups.yahoo.com/group/williamcronshawhughes/ is accessible only to descendents of William Cronshaw Hughes.

Data DVD
I plan to produce a Data DVD to enable any member of the family (and genealogical researchers) to have access to all the information I have used to research this pedigree, and the other interesting information that I have collected along the way.

4

Revision: 1.318

Richard and Catherine
Richard Hughes of Sarphle (1719-1814) married Catherine Tudor (1725-1812) at Llangollen 1745/62. Richard was the son of Thomas Hughes, but it is not clear who Thomas was, despite the popular association with Welsh royalty through the “The Pedigree of Thomas Hughes, Gent” which I discovered was known to other researchers of this family. The latter shows a male line back to “Blethyn ap Gynwyn, Prince of North Wales and Powys” in 1068, but I have since learned that Richard’s father may have been a different Thomas Hughes according to another researcher, John Hughes (2004, pp1217). So who Richard’s father was remains a mystery and subject for further research. John Hughes believes that Richard is in fact related to that pedigree in some way though, and so this remains an interesting area of investigation. Catherine was the daughter of John Tudor, and according to a newspaper article “of the family of Owen Tudor, and his family were on the Pedigree of Thomas Hughes, Gent (1068-1720) throne of England from 1485 to 1603” (Y Drych, 1931). I have no other evidence for this royal connection, nor have I found any dispute, so it is another interesting area to be looked into. Richard and Catherine lived initially at Sarphle farm in Llanarmon DC, but after becoming non-conformists they were evicted, and later lived at various other farms in the area including Pen-y-bryn, later the birthplace of their great grandson, the poet John Ceiriog Hughes (Ceiriog3).

Richard's Conversion
Sarphle Farm, Llanarmon DC (2007)

The following story about Richard and Catherine was included in a newspaper article about this family:

"This account is by his grandson in Vol. 1 of Methodistiaeth Cymru. It seems that his wife heard a sermon in the Farmhouse Megen, the home of Robert Edwards. This sermon greatly influenced her. When she was very ill the Roundheads prayed for her recovery. Her husband threatened, that if she ever went to a meeting of the Methodus
The date is not clear on the microfiche I viewed. Elsewhere it is given as 1746 (Hughes, 1998) but I have reason to question that since it appears to be based on a marriage to between a Richard Hughes and Cathering Jones. 3 For a short biography on John Ceiriog Hughes, see http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s-HUGH-CEI-1832.html
2

5

Revision: 1.318

(as they were known) he would give up his farm Sarphle and leave the neighbourhood. However his wife went again to Megen. Richard Hughes saddled his horse to carry out his threat. His road took him past the house where the service was being held. The low kitchen roof was a convenient place on which to climb and listen. What he heard was enough to impress him to the extentnt that he surrendered his hardened heart to God. Afterward he welcomed the preacher to hold meetings in his house." (Y Drych, July 1931) Richard's refusal to stop allowing sermons at Sarphle lead to his eviction from Sarphle, from where he moved to Pen-y-bryn. Sarphle and Pen-y-bryn are both still working farms close to Llanarmon DC. Migin farmhouse is still standing, and lies roughly between the two. All three are shown below, on an extract of the first OS Map of the area.

Llanarmon DC (1875) showing Sarffle, Pen-y-bryn and Migin farms

The area has changed little since this map was made, and I met the present owners of Sarphle, Emyr and Eleri Owens who have lived there for 25 years. They were kind enough to invite me in to chat at length about other visiting genealogists and the local history. They also allowed me to photograph their beautifully restored living room, part of what was originally Richard and Catherine's small oneup-one-down home with three foot thick stone walls. Catherine lived to about 87. She died in 1812, two years before Richard who was 95 when he died at Ty’n twll. It is reportedly written on their gravestone that at the time of Richard's death, he had 168 descendents (Y Drych, 1931). I may have found this headstone in the churchyard at Llanarmon DC, but even with the help of a Welsh speaking daughter of Sarphle, Sioned Owens, most of the inscription was illegible and so I was unable to verify this myself.

6

Revision: 1.318

Llanarmon DC
While visiting Llanarmon DC4 and asking the way to Sarphle I bumped into a Deborah Lloyd of Pontricket farm, Tregeiriog, who invited me to her home to see some information on Richard’s family. Her sister-in-law had once lived at Sarphle. Deborah not only had a copy of an article that I had been looking for (published in Chicago), but showed me a shawl belonging to Phoebe Hughes mother of Ceiriog. Her husband Emyr then appeared with original Tregeiriog chapel records to show me the entry for the burial of Ceiriog’s brother David, and told two lovely stories about him. Keen to show me the financial records for the burial, Emyr searched a ledger to no avail. The entries for 1909 showed no record of payment for David’s burial or monument (quite a grand affair), so he joked that it was fortunate I’d dropped by and could settle the bill. The following Family Tree shows Richard and Catherine’s children and the line to William Cronshaw Hughes, which is expanded on in subsequent diagrams.

Tree 1 - Richard Hughes of Sarphle to William Cronshaw Hughes

4

12th August 2007

7

Revision: 1.318

Hugh Hughes (1764-1850) married Mary Davies
Hugh was Christened at Llanarmon DC on 17th February 1764 and married Mary Davies of Adwy’r Clawdd where he went to live, apparently until he died. Adwy’r Clawdd is some distance away by the standards of those days, in Coedpoeth near Wrexham, and is given as his address on his death certificate in 1850. Hugh was a carpenter7 and builder. Hugh and Mary were the parents of my gt x 3 grandfather Edward. Although I know very little about them, amongst there their eight sons and four daughters, two of Edward's brothers were to become quite well known (see below). Edward was their eldest son, born in 1792, followed by Richard in 1794 and the Rev. John Hughes in 1796. Richard Hughes (b. 1794) was a respected businessman and well known figure—a friend of the Italian revolutionary Garibaldi,5 who sometimes stayed in his home. Owner of Esless paper mill, Richard founded a stationary and printing business on Hope Street in Wrexham, and published important Welsh language books. At the start of official registration in 1837 he became the first registrar of birth, deaths and marriages for Wrexham, and his signature is to be found on the records of his relatives at that time. Information about Richard can be found on the internet6 and in newspaper articles (e.g. The Leader, 1936), of which my grandfather Harold Hughes kept cuttings. A biographical entry for the Rev. John Hughes describes him as “a preacher of considerable standing”7 first in Adwy’r Clawdd where he set up schools for a time, and later in Liverpool. He wrote several books including Methodistiaeth Cymru (3 vols., 1851-6) which is well known, and described as “a remarkable work for the time.” Further information is available on the internet.8

Edward Hughes (1792-1838) married Eleanor Jones
Edward Hughes recorded details of his children in his bible, the page from which still survives and is featured below. These notes took me to the valley where he lived, worked, and died, the site of his home at a corn mill (New Mill, Bersham), and to Wern Chapel. He also gave me priceless insight into a profound question, Who am I? (see panel). I visited St. Giles church Wrexham where Edward married Eleanor Jones in 1827. Eleanor signed herself Ellen in the register, as she is shown on our pedigree document. Long before I knew of Eleanor, my daughter was christened Kate Eleanor, just as I had been given the middle name Richard. What kind of 'chance' contrives such coincidences? It had struck me as odd that Edward had only four children while those before and after had so many, until I discovered that he was only 46 when he died from “nervous fever” (possibly typhoid). I was 46 when Frank handed me this task, so I was reminded of how much I enjoy life and love my family (however
5 6

“Who am I?”—is a difficult question that is always with me in one way or another, and this research has added to it a whole new dimension. Edward carefully inscribed his bible with the births, baptisms and burials of his children. First the birth of John in 1828, Eliza in 1829 and then four still-born children including “a very fine boy” and “a fine girl” and so on. Was it my pride and joy I felt at the births, was it me crying for the still-borns? Or was his love still alive in me, handed on like a living flame through this dynasty?

Guiseppe Garibaldi, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giuseppe_Garibaldi For a short biography on Richard Hughes, see http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s-HUGH-RIC-1794.html 7 The Dictionary of Welsh Biography Down to 1940, B. H. Blackwell Ltd, Oxford, 1959. 8 For a short biography on Rev. John Hughes see http://yba.llgc.org.uk/en/s-HUGH-JOH-1796.html

8

Revision: 1.318

big it gets!), and how lucky I feel to be the particular blend of ancestors that I call ‘me.’ Viewing the transcript of Wern Chapel records held in Wrexham, I found that Edward was shown as a joiner in 1828, and a miller from 1835 onwards. His death certificate shows that he lived at "New Mills, Bersham" which is a corn mill on an 1870's map. The area is now flat grass a little upstream from Nant Mill (also a corn mill, and preserved as a museum). Interestingly, Edward's brother Richard initially worked as an accountant for a paper mill in the area, subsequently becoming joint owner of nearby Esless paper mill before opening his stationary and publishing/bookselling business in Wrexham (The Leader, 1936). Lease or trade records for New Mills might shed light on Edward's position there.

The Nant Valley (1875) showing Wern Chapel, New Mills and Nant Mill

Wern Chapel is now demolished, though you can stand on the walls of the small building next to the monument to the Rev. William Williams, his wife and children, and the overgrown burial ground. Williams presided over all but one event noted in Edward's bible. I photographed the walls, monument and several Hughes headstones, non so far linked to my ancestors. I have a copy of the burial plan (The Wern Cemetery Book) but was unable to find the stone for Edward or his family. It is probably fallen and overgrown and so might be uncovered with sufficient effort.
Wern Chapel (2007) with Monument to Rev Wm. Williams 9 Revision: 1.318

One day it would be nice to walk the path that Edward and his family must often have done between New Mills and Wern Chapel.

Edward's Bible
This fragile record from Edward's bible, was passed down, presumably through John, William, Harold, Frank and to me. The paper has been neatly inscribed with the dates of births and christenings of John and his sisters, all at “Wern Chapel.” Touching comments appear in each entry for several still born children such as “very fine boy” and “a fine girl.” (see appendix A) It seems logical that this document would pass from John’s father along the eldest male line, to John, William, Harold, Frank and now me. Comparing the details on it with entries in the Wern Chapel register has provided crucial evidence of our lineage. It shows that John’s parents were Edward Hughes, a Miller living at “New Mill,” and Ellinor (Ellen) Jones. Since Edward Hughes and Ellen Jones appear on the well researched family tree of Richard of Sarphle, the bible page establishes the link between John’s descendents and Richard’s grandson Edward.

John Hughes (1828-?) married Alice Sarah Cronshaw
As his grandfather Hugh had moved from Glyn Ceiriog to Adwy’r Clawdd and Bersham, West of Wrexham, John was to move the family to Liverpool. Baptised in Wern Chapel (1828), by 23 he was already a Commercial Clerk in Liverpool when in 1852 he married an inn-keeper's daughter from Skipton, Alice Sarah Cronshaw. The Hughes pedigree records his position as "Chief Statistical Clerk in the Engineers Department, Mersey Docks & Harbour Board" (presumably when he retired). John and Alice had eight children, including of course William Cronshaw Hughes, whose middle gave supported John and Alice being his parents. Alice's inn-keeper father Christopher died some years before his wife Sarah, who suffered a horrible fate age 82. Her death certificate shows that her clothes caught fire and she died of her injuries, as reported by the coroner's inquest. The report might be
Taken by J T Bates of Wrexham Possibly Alice Sarah Cronshaw? 10 Revision: 1.318

a useful source of information for details of her family (e.g. siblings) or the circumstances of her death. I don't know what happened to Alice, but have information from Jean Holmes suggesting that she died circa 1875 aged 50 and that John then married Elizabeth (surname unknown) born in Hope, Flintshire circa 1840. These details could be checked through Alice's death certificate and census records for John. It would be interesting to learn more about John and his career by looking for records from the Mersey Docks and Harbour board, and also to trace details of his death.

William Cronshaw Hughes (1856-1927)
William Cronshaw Hughes (cover photo aged 62), was John's eldest son and was given an unusual middle name that seems to have been too cumbersome for William to use on formal documents, but crucial in both validating the pedigree and in helping locate a lost branch of the family. William's ancestry on both sides shown in Tree 2:

William age 34-38 In Chicago (1891-1893)

Tree 2 - William Cronshaw Hughes's Ancestors

William married Emma Curry in 1887, and Christina Evelyn Counsel in 1917, creating two branches of descendents who were to be estranged until I undertook this research.

11

Revision: 1.318

Marriage 1: Emma Curry (1856 appr.-1909)
William was born in Liverpool in 1856 and aged 31 married Emma Curry. Around that time his occupation was Steam Engine Maker. Between the birth of his son Harold in 1891 and daughter Dorothy in 1892, the family had moved to Chicago (possibly for William to work on the steam ships being built for the Great Lakes). After Dorothy was born William suffered an injury at work and the family had returned to Liverpool by 1893. His wife Emma died in 1909 of an intestinal obstruction when William was 53, Harold 18, Dorothy 16 and a third child Margery 15 (appr.).

William's Injuries
The nature of William's injuries are uncertain. My parents Frank and Eileen told me of him being blinded by some steel in one eye. My aunt Sybil told me he was almost totally crippled, and needed to spend months in hospital due to something having fallen on him. William's son Stanley (by his second wife Christina) was only eight when William died, but remembers him as totally blind, and told me in August 2007 that William was blinded in 1921.

Links to America
I would like to find details of the family's voyages to and from America, their time there, and other family members who might have been in the same area. The Hughes pedigree notes one or two of William's aunts as having emigrated there, so it is possible that this provided him with the initial impetus. They also are likely to have descendents who it would be lovely to trace and make contact with. It is worth noting that a family tree for Richard and Catherine's descendents appeared in a 1931 Chicago newspaper article (Y Drych), published for the Welsh community there, four years after William's death and about ten years after my estimate of the date when the Hughes pedigree transcripts were made. It would be interesting to trace the origins of the article and see where they lead in case it sheds light on the sources for the Hughes version of this pedigree. This article also refers to descendents of Richard of Sarphle on the East Coast of America, though I have not researched these. The descendents of William’s first marriage, to Emma Curry, are shown in Tree 3.

12

Revision: 1.318

Tree 3 - William Cronshaw Hughes' marriage to Emma Curry

13

Revision: 1.318

Children: Harold, Dorothy & Margery
William and Emma had three children, beginning with my grandfather Harold. Only Harold married and has descendents, and more is written about him shortly. My mum Eileen learned a lot about the family from her talks with Dorothy, who I also met when I was very young. My memories of her are more of her large house in London. Particularly when she died, and the animosity between family members that were rekindled at that time and which I felt. There was love too, which I associate with Dorothy who gave me something very special, "the last of the Hughes' sovereigns," in a little purse which I received from mum when I was about ten years old and have always treasured. Its value to me was a priceless message—that I was worthy and loved, that I mattered. I don't understand how this came to be in Dorothy's possession—surely it should have passed to Harold—whose things passed to his widow and then to sisters Sybil and Thelma rather than my father Frank. Sybil doesn't know either. Dorothy had a fiancé who was killed in the Great War and never married. Having been born in the USA she had dual citizenship, Harold and Dorothy (c. 1895) made a good career for herself and travelled widely. Sybil has Dorothy's papers including many photographs, some cuttings, notes and letters. These include the obituary of Lance Corporal Peppiette who may have been her sweetheart. I am looking into this, trying to obtain a copy of his diary from the Liverpool Scottish Regimental Museum to see if it mentions Dorothy. Dorothy went to live with "Auntie Ruth" (Ruth Brownless who married William's brother Alfred) when quite young because "William didn't believe in educating girls." Harold stayed with William. Margery had some mental disability and lived with 'guardians.' Mum said that Margery wrote to Dorothy that they were cruel to her. She died young, possibly in her 30's, possibly in Rhos-on-Sea.

Harold Hughes (1891-1946)
Harold worked on the railways and was politically active in his Trades Union9 and stood as the Labour Party candidate for Cadishead ward for Manchester Council elections in June 1927. His election address refers to his role in the General Strike a year earlier. Harold died suddenly of a heart attack at only 55, and his obituary in the Railway Service Journal records that "his communist views were sincere and wholehearted, and discussions on this item will be missed at his branch meetings" (July 1946). It is notable that this line of the family passed from sincere and active religion to atheism, which survive in his son Frank, who was only 15 when Harold died.

Harold married Emmeline Yates Davies (1892-?)
Harold and Emmeline married on Christmas day in 1916. They had three children—a son and two daughters as in William's first marriage. Frank Sephton, Sybil Dorothy and Thelma Emrol all married and had children of their own, giving rise to over twenty descendents to date,
9

Cashier C.L.C. Brunswick Goods Station, active in The Railway Clerks Association

Emmeline and Harold

14

Revision: 1.318

including great grandson Andrew Burnham MP10, who is not yet shown on the pedigree. Note that Tree 3 is as yet incomplete, lacking details of Thelma's grandchildren and further descendents.

Frank Sephton Hughes (1929-)
Frank lost his father when only 15, but inherited Harold's atheism, distinguished looks, a love of the railways, and a distinctly red leaning in quasi-religious matters: in politics towards socialism, and in football to Liverpool F.C.. Frank is also the person who prompted me into the research leading to this document as noted in the introduction.

Frank married Eileen Moore (1931-)
Never christened, Frank married in Liverpool registry office in 1957. He remains an atheist, but left his trainspotter's anorak behind in Liverpool, when he moved with his wife and five year old son (the author) to the railway town of Crewe in Cheshire. Here he also stood for election to the council, as Harold had done, but in his case on behalf of the Social Democrats. Frank and Eileen had a son, Mark Richard in 1960, followed by Paul Robert eighteen months later. Tragically Paul was to die while the doctors concentrated on saving Eileen who had lost a lot of blood and suffered a cardiac arrest. Determined to have more children, after several miscarriages Joanna Tracy was born in 1969, and Lisa Michelle adopted in 1974 (originally named Loretta Jacqueline Ward). Both Mark and Joanna married, but currently only Mark has children: Kate Eleanor (1990-) and Jack Christopher (1994-).
Frank and Mark c. 1968

On retirement in 1999 Frank and Eileen moved to France to enjoy cheap wine and good weather, but seven years later they are planning to move to London to live closer to their children.

(23 Kingsley Rd, Haslington, Crewe)

Sybil Dorothy Hughes (1925-) & Thelma Emrol Hughes (1921-?)
Sybil married Ron Jenkinson and had three boys, Steven Nicholas, Andrew Keith and Peter Colin, and one girl Vivian Ruth. Thelma married Kenneth Burnham in 1941 and they had three children, Roy, Janet, and Roger. Sybil, Ron and Vivian now live in Snowdonia, so I visited them in August 2007 as part of my first trip to North Wales researching the family. Difficulties between this side of the family and my parents mean that there has been very little contact with them since I was a child in the early 1970's. Though largely unnoticed, this loss has had its effect on me. When I visited Llanrug, Sybil enthusiastically shared lots of photographs and documents useful to my research, as well as her pride in their large family, and loaned me a photo of Harold for dad. Vivian kindly invited me from my tent to stay in her cottage with her husband Chris and sons Thomas and Daniel. It was lovely to meet them all and be greeted so warmly given the time that had passed. It helped me to realise that the family differences are not my concern, which has been one of many nuggets of Welsh gold that I collected on this journey.

10

Andrew (Andy) Burnham, Labour MP for Leigh, Greater Manchester and Chief Secretary to the Treasury from June 28, 2007. See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_Burnham

15

Revision: 1.318

Marriage 2: Christina Evelyn Counsell (1896-1974)
After Emma's death in 1909 William was alone and it is thought that Christina Evelyn Counsell was initially his housekeeper. They married in 1917 when William was 60 and Christina 21, although William gave his age as 51 on the certificate. Their son Stan is still alive and just turned 90 this year. I met him in August 2007 near his home in Rhos-on-Sea with his daughter Jean. Jean and I got in contact this year because we had both been using the internet to look into William's family history. Prior to this my family knew only of the possibility of a second marriage and children, but no details. Now the two families are in regular contact by email, and of course exchanging information and photographs about the family.

Stan's Birthplace 14 Montpellier Terrace, Liverpool After 1909

Christina

Stan's Recollections of William
Stan, Jean and I met for lunch (bought by Stan) in the Rhos Fynach pub (16th August, 2007) each of us pulling a recorder out and setting it down on the table! Stan was 9 years old when William died in 1927, and eighty years later had few clear memories of his father, but still filled in some interesting details. Stan says he remembers a man coming to William's funeral, who we think was probably Harold, but that this was the only contact Stan's family had with the family from William's first marriage. Stan recalled that his father was totally blind, and that this happened in 1921 (when Stan was 4-5yrs). William would ask Stan to guide him to the corner shop, and on the way leave Stan outside the local pub while he went in to get a light for his pipe. Stan recalls this seemed to take a long time and thinks he was really having a pint. Stan also recalled how he and Christina would leave William and visit the Mersey Docks and Harbour Board to collect a pension—perhaps compensation for William's injuries. I wonder if William was working for the MDHB when injured in Chicago? On the way home Christina would treat them to afternoon

Stan aged 88 (2005)

16

Revision: 1.318

tea and cakes at Coopers and sometimes take the ferry to Wallasey for a walk along the prom. William and Christina had two children before William died in 1927: Stanley Counsell Hughes (1917-) and Florence Eveline Hughes (1922-2004). Their descendents are shown in Tree 4.

Tree 4 - William Cronshaw Hughes' marriage to Christina Evelyn Counsel

17

Revision: 1.318

Mysteries and Further Research
In general it would be interesting to learn more about the lives of the people mentioned in this pedigree, and to use this to augment the events recorded so far, and I welcome anyone who is interested in joining in this research. In particular, it would be good to learn more about the women mentioned, for many of whom I know little more than their name and perhaps a place of origin. Even to identify their parents is quite likely to result in linking up with other researchers who have more information about their lives and families. In addition to these general tasks of filling out detail and expanding the genealogy tree, there are some specific questions that stand out, either because they are bold omissions or just intriguing in nature. These are listed here. Perhaps one will inspire you enough to look into it! Who was Richard of Sarphle’s father—which Thomas Hughes—and what if any is his link to the earlier pedigree that goes back to 1068? Can Catherine’s link to the English royal Tudors be verified? Confirmation and ideally a photograph of the monumental inscription on Richard and Catherine's grave, which is said to have stated their descendents numbered 168 on Richard's death (Y Drych, 1931). The original source for this and anecdotes about Richard are probably Methodistiaeth Cymru, by Rev. John Hughes—although I think John may have used the researchers of two earlier recorders of Methodist history, though I don't have their names to hand. Details of Edward’s birth. What was Edward’s position at New Mills, Bersham? Perhaps lease, business, census or trade records could help here. It would be interesting to learn more about John (William's father) and his career by looking for records from the Mersey Docks and Harbour board and also to trace details of his death. The coroner's report for the inquest into the death of Sarah Cronshaw death (details on her death certificate) would be an interesting and potentially useful source of information on the circumstances of her death and links to her family. She was mother of John's wife, Alice Sarah Cronshaw. I would like to know what happened to John's wife Alice Sarah. For now I just have anecdotal information that she died circa 1874, and that John then married Elizabeth whose surname is unknown, but apparently born in Flintshire circa 1840. I would like to find details of the William's voyages to and from America, his time there, and trace other family members who might have been in the same area. A clue here: Sybil recalls being told that on the outward voyage the ship broke down and had to be repaired at sea, and that this was the first time such a repair had been done. The Hughes pedigree notes one or two of William's aunts as having emigrated to the USA, so it is possible that this provided him with the initial impetus. They also are likely to have descendents who it would be lovely to trace and make contact with. The Mersey Docks and Harbour Board may have information on William who seems to have received a compensatory pension from them, documented on a copy of his birth certificate, so presumably he was once an employee, and perhaps in their service when injured, including when working in Chicago. We also know that his father John worked for them. It is worth noting that a family tree for Richard and Catherine's descendents appeared in a 1931 Chicago newspaper article, published for the Welsh community there (Y Drych, 1931), four years after William's death and about ten years after my estimate of the date when the Hughes pedigree transcripts were made. It would be interesting to trace the origins of the

18

Revision: 1.318

article and see where they lead in case it sheds light on the sources for the Hughes version of this pedigree. This article mentions other descendents of Richard and Catherine living in America, who could be researched and included in the tree. I would like to know how the early pedigree—the transcript of “The Pedigree of Thomas Hughes, Gent”—came to be incorporated with the later section from Richard to William, and who was responsible for this. Perhaps while William knew of the aforementioned Chicago article about Richard and he or one of his brothers compiled the tree linking them to Richard. Perhaps the Pedigree of Thomas Hughes was also published somewhere and came to their attention and was then linked in. Some analysis of the documents and research into sources for the earlier pedigree might produce a plausible explanation. Research is needed to include grandchildren and further descendents of Thelma Emrol Hughes, who married Ken Burnham.

Methodology
Purpose and Outcome
The research undertaken was not intended to prove the pedigree beyond doubt, but more to check the plausibility of the information I inherited and answer some questions, such as “did dad’s grandfather (William) remarry and have children?” and if so perhaps contact them. The results have already far exceeded this, resulting in contact between the two sides of William’s family and a very high degree of confidence in the pedigree of William Cronshaw Hughes to Richard of Sarphle. While Richard’s own ancestry, as reported in the “Pedigree of Thomas Hughes, Gent” has been put in doubt.

Discrepancies and Reliability
During this process I have discovered many minor errors in dates and ages, both in the documents I inherited and in information shared with me by other investigators. In all cases, and with the help of those same investigators who also provided a lot of very accurate information, I have also been able to establish the correct or very likely correct details in every case. For that reason, where you find discrepancies between this pedigree and non-original sources, it is likely that this document will be the more reliable, since many other sources have simply repeated incorrect information. The only way to check for sure is to return to the original documents or photographic copies (not transcripts), which is what I have used wherever possible, keeping references and in most cases copies of the documents themselves.

Method and Logic
On the direct line from Richard to myself for example, I have verified every date of birth or christening, and every marriage, against original documents (or photographic copies thereof) with only two exceptions: Richard’s birth, which is reported as 1719, and Edward son of Hugh’s birth which is reported as 23rd March 1792. Apart from these two instances, I have retained references and usually a photographic copy of every original document used to corroborate this line. In addition to verifying that certain named individuals were born or married in appropriate places on appropriate dates, with the correspondingly named parents or spouses etc., other corroborating evidence has allowed me to establish the ancestry between my family and Richard of Sarphle with a very high degree of confidence. This is quite unusual for a pedigree which extends before the days of reliable census and registration (mid 1800’s). My confidence relies on the following chain of evidence and logic: 1. There a plausible trail of evidence back to Richard of Sarphle—As explained above, I have examined actual or photographic copies of parish registers and official registration records, to

19

Revision: 1.318

2.

3.

4.

5.

6. 7. 8. 9.

establish a chain of plausibility from Richard of Sarphle directly to Mark Richard Hughes. Using records of births, christenings and marriages, I have established plausibility, for every marriage and birth in the line from Richard Hughes and Catherine Tudor, through Hugh H. and Mary Davies, Edward H. and Ellen Jones, John H. and Alice Sarah Cronshaw, William Cronshaw H. and Emma Curry, Harold H. and Emmeline Yates Davies, to Frank Sephton H. my father. No contradictions exist in the records related to this chain, though further corroborating details have been established in these documents (e.g. references to places, professions, names of witnesses and so on.) The additional corroborating details have not all been recorded but are retained in the photographic copies made of all original records. From Richard to Edward m Ellen Jones is established—There is a well researched pedigree for Richard Hughes of Sarphle and Catherine Tudor his wife. This includes their son Hugh and his sons, including Edward Hughes and his well known brothers Rev. John Hughes and Richard Hughes (Wrexham publisher). Other researchers have confirmed that this Edward married Ellen Jones (e.g. Hughes, 1998, whose diagram is included in Appendix B). Ellen was also known as Ellinor or Eleanor—The record of Ellen’s marriage shows her full name as “Eleanor Jones,” as written by the registrar, but she clearly signs herself “Ellen Jones.” Edward Hughes married Ellinor Jones and fathered John Hughes—I have the original page torn from a Welsh bible, on which the births and christenings, stillbirths and burials of one family’s children have been meticulously recorded. Comparing the bible page with a transcript of the records for Wern Chapel (ANP), shows the parents to be Edward Hughes and Ellinor Jones. The transcript and bible page include John Hughes, and gave me his date of birth as 3rd May 1828. John Hughes married Alice Sarah Cronshaw, and fathered William Cronshaw Hughes— established from official registration documents, corroborated by his middle name matching Alice's maiden name, and by a family document.11 William Cronshaw Hughes married Emma Curry and fathered Harold Hughes—established from official registration documents. Harold Hughes married Emmeline Yates Davies and fathered Frank Sephton Hughes— established by interview with Frank Sephton Hughes, and official registration documents. Frank Sephton Hughes married Eileen Moore and fathered Mark Richard Hughes—the author of this pedigree. Edward Hughes and Ellinor Jones are my ancestors—The fact that the original bible page is in my possession is a consequence of it passing down the line of eldest male Hughes from Edward to John to William to Harold to Frank and to me. It therefore corroborates every step from Edward to myself.

The above includes the main pieces of evidence for each link in the chain. Other evidence for these links, as well as for other areas of the pedigree has also been collected, indexed and filed, and this will be available to family members or genealogists for personal research.12

The Ryland's List: a note (c. 1901) to “Bill” from “A. H.” giving the initials and dates of birth of the eight children of John and Alice Hughes, including William (Bill) and Alfred (A. H.). 12 Please contact the author using details on the cover page of this document.

11

20

Revision: 1.318

References and Bibliography
The following sections list the sources and other useful references used to research and compile this pedigree and family trees.

References
Hughes, John (2004), Building Blocks to the Past - Part 2, Hel Achau, Journal of the Clwyd Family History Society, Number 59, February 1999. The Leader, (1936), Removal Of Well Known Stationer's Shop, A Garibaldi Landmark, 6th March, Newspaper: Wrexham. The Wern Cemetery Book, (2007). http://www.minerahistory.com/wern.html, December 20th. Y Drych, (1931), The Family of Sarphle, Llanarmon, July 1931. Newspaper: Chicago, USA. Maps extracted from Ordinance Survey 6-inch First Edition Maps of Flintshire and Denbighshire (1869-1875), published on DVD-Rom by DigitalArchives, Warrington.

Source Id Classifications
The meaning of the first two letters of Source Id's listed below is as follows: BC - Birth Certificate CR - Census Record DC - Death Certificate FA - Family Authored FC - Family Cutting FH - Family History (write-up) FT - Family Tree (diagram) MC - Marriage Certificate MI - Monumental Inscription PB - Parish Burial PC - Parish Christening PM - Parish Marriage

Indexes & Registers
TBI—The Blackwell Index, Denbighshire Nonconformist Registers to 1837. Compact Disc, © Clwyd Family History Society 2007.

Repositories
ANP—A.N. Palmer Centre for Local Studies and Archives Wrexham County Borough Museum, County Buildings, Regent Street, Wrexham, LL11 1RB. GRO—General Register Office, UK. JAH—Jean Alison Holmes (nee Hughes), personal archives. Scholar Green, Nr. Alsager, Cheshire. MRH—Mark Richard Hughes, personal archives. Contact address: 10 Lime Street, Walthamstow, London, E17 6LG, UK in December 2007.

21

Revision: 1.318

Sources Summary and Id
This list summarises each source used, in date order, and gives the id I have given for indexing it. (List generated using Family Historian database on 21st December 2007.)
1720, "The Pedigree of Thomas Hughes, Gent" by John Davies... 1725, Catherine Tudor of Cilcychwyn baptised Llangollen 1745-6, Richard Hughes married Catherine Tudor in Llangollen... 1757, Jane Hughes baptised Llanarmon DC 1759, Edward Hughes baptised Llanarmon DC... 1762, Mary Hughes baptised Llanarmon DC... 1764, Hugh Hughes baptised Llanarmon DC 1767, Morris Hughes born Llanarmon DC 1774, Elizabeth Hughes born Sarphley, Llanarmon DC 1780, Catherine Hughes born at Pen y Bryn, Llanarmon DC 1789, Hugh Hughes married Mary Davies in Wrexham 1793, Edward Hughes baptised Llanarmon DC 1794, Anne Hughes baptised Llanarmon DC 1798, Jane Hughes baptised Llanarmon DC... 1812, Catherine Hughes buried Llanarmon DC 1814, Richard Hughes (95) of Ty'n twll buried in Llanarmon DC 1827, Edward Hughes Married Ellen Jones in Wrexham 1828, John Hughes christened Wern Independent Chapel 1828, the children of Edward Hughes and Ellen Jones 1829, Eliza Hughes christened Wern Independent Chapel 1835, Sarah Hughes christened Wern Independent Chapel 1837, Mary Hughes born Bersham, Denbishshire 1838, Edward Hughes died of nervous fever aged 46 1839, Edward Hughes buried at Wern Chapel, Bersham 1843, Christopher Cronshaw died from asthma 1850, Hugh Hughes died age 84 of diarrhoea 1852, John Hughes married Alice Sarah Cronshaw in Liverpool 1852, Mary Hughes died age 84 of diarrhoea 1856, William Cronshaw Hughes born Liverpool 1870, Sarah Cronshaw died from burns to her upper body 1875, Alice Sarah Hughes died 1887, William Cronshaw Hughes married Emma Curry in Co. of Lancaster 1891, Harold Hughes born Toxteth, Liverpool 1891, William Hughes and family census 119 Alwyn Street, Toxteth Park... 1892, Emmaline Yates Davies born Toxteth Park Liverpool... 1901, Children of John Hughes and Alice Sarah Cronshaw 1901, William Cronshaw Hughes and family census 33 Errol Street, Toxteth Park 1909, Emma Hughes died from an intestinal obstruction 1916, Harold Hughes married Emmeline Yates Davies in Liverpool 1917, William Cronshaw Hughes married Christina Evelyn Counsell in West Derby, Liverpool 1920, Pedigree of John Hughes and his family to Thomas Hughes. 1974, Christina Evelyn Hughes died of bronchopneumonia in Anfield hospital 1998, Family tree for Richard of Sarphle (3 generations) by John Hughes 2007, Descendents tree for Christopher Cronshaw (1786-1843) by Jean Holmes 2007, Descendents tree for Jean Alison Hughes 2007, Descendents tree for Jillian Gay Hughes FT/Hughes/T/1720 PC/Tudor/C/1725 PM/Hughes/R/1745-6/a & b PC/Hughes/J/1757 PC/Hughes/E/1759 PC/Hughes/M/1762 PC/Hughes/H/1764 PC/Hughes/M/1767 PC/Hughes/E/1774 PC/Hughes/C/1780 PM/Hughes/H/1789 PC/Hughes/E/1793 PC/Hughes/E/1794 PC/Hughes/J/1798 PB/Hughes/C/1812 PB/Hughes/R/1814 PM/Hughes/E/1827 PC/Hughes/J/1828 FA/Welsh Bible Page/1828 PC/Hughes/E/1829 PC/Hughes/S/1835 BC/Hughes/M/1837 DC/Hughes/E/1838 PB/Hughes/E/1839 DC/Cronshaw/C/1843 DC/Hughes/H/1850 MC/Hughes/J/1852 DC/Hughes/M/1852 BC/Hughes/WC/1856 DC/Cronshaw/S/1870 DC/Hughes/AS/1875 MC/Hughes/WC/1887 BC/Hughes/H/1891 CR/Alwyn Street/119/1891 BC/Hughes/EY/1892 FA/Rylands/1910 CR/Errol Street/33/1901 DC/Hughes/E/1909 MC/Hughes/H/1916 MC/Hughes/WC/1917 FT/Hughes/J/1920 DC/Hughes/CE/1974 FT/Hughes/R/1998 FT/Cronshaw/C/2007-May FT/Hughes/JA/2007-May FT/Hughes/JG/2007-May

22

Revision: 1.318

2007, Descendents tree for Joan Lesley Hughes 2007, Descendents tree for John Hartley Hughes 2007, Descendents tree for Ron Jenkinson and Sybil Hughes... 2007, Pedigree of Jean Alison Holmes (nee Hughes)

FT/Hughes/JL/2007-May FT/Hughes/JH/2007-May FT/Hughes/V/2007-Aug FH/Hughes/JA/2007-Aug

Sources Id and Reference
This provides a reference for each source listed above, giving where source was located (see Repositories below), and the information needed to look it up. (List generated using Family Historian database on 21st December 2007.)
BC/Hughes/EY/1892 BC/Hughes/H/1891 BC/Hughes/M/1837 BC/Hughes/WC/1856 CR/Alwyn Street/119/1891 CR/Errol Street/33/1901 DC/Cronshaw/C/1843 DC/Cronshaw/S/1870 DC/Hughes/AS/1875 DC/Hughes/CE/1974 DC/Hughes/E/1838 DC/Hughes/E/1909 DC/Hughes/H/1850 DC/Hughes/M/1852 FA/Rylands/1910 FA/Welsh Bible Page/1828 FH/Hughes/JA/2007-Aug FT/Cronshaw/C/2007-May FT/Hughes/J/1920 FT/Hughes/JA/2007-May FT/Hughes/JG/2007-May FT/Hughes/JH/2007-May FT/Hughes/JL/2007-May FT/Hughes/R/1998 FT/Hughes/T/1720 FT/Hughes/V/2007-Aug MC/Hughes/H/1916 MC/Hughes/J/1852 MC/Hughes/WC/1887 MC/Hughes/WC/1917 PB/Hughes/C/1812 PB/Hughes/E/1839 PB/Hughes/R/1814 PC/Hughes/C/1780 PC/Hughes/E/1759 PC/Hughes/E/1774 PC/Hughes/E/1793 PC/Hughes/E/1794 PC/Hughes/E/1829 PC/Hughes/H/1764 PC/Hughes/J/1757 Toxteth Park, Liverpool (GRO unknown) Toxteth Park, Liverpool (GRO vol 8b, page 239) Wrexham (GRO unknown) Mount Pleasant, Co. of Lancaster (GRO unknown) Census 119 Alwyn Street, Toxteth Park, Toxteth, 1891 (Liverpool, Lancs) Census Errol Street, Toxteth Park, Toxteth, 1901 (Liverpool, Lancs, , ) Preston, County of Lancaster (GRO vol 21, page 452) West Derby, County of Lancaster (GRO vol 8b, page 342) Mount Pleasant, Liverpool (GRO vol 8b, page 123) Liverpool Wrexham (GRO vol 27, page 181) Toxteth Park East, Liverpool (GRO vol 8b, page 149) Wrexham (GRO vol 27, page 192) Wrexham (GRO vol 11b, page 217) The Ryland's List (Handwritten "To Bill from A. H." c. 1901) Inherited original (MRH) Family Tree Members (Paternal Side) by Jean Holmes (MRH) Family tree of Christopher Cronshaw (1786-1843) by Jean Alison Holmes (MRH) Pedigree of John Hughes (Handwritten c. 1920) Descendents tree for Jean Alison Hughes, May 2007 (MRH) Descendents tree for Jillian Gay Hughes, May 2007 (MRH) Descendents tree for John Hartley Hughes, May 2007 (MRH) Descendents tree Joan Lesley Hughes, May 2007 (MRH) http://jevanshughes.users.btopenworld.com/maps/sarphle.pdf accessed 6/9/2007 (Hughes, John, 1998) The Pedigree of Thomas Hughes, Gent (6th June, 1720, Transcript c. 1920) Pedigree chart (MRH) West Derby, Liverpool (GRO unknown) Liverpool (GRO unknown) Toxteth Park, Liverpool (GRO unknown) West Derby, Liverpool (JAH) Llanarmon DC Burials 1769-1813 p66 (ANP reel 140, vol 3) Wern Chapel Burials (ANP, transcript) Llanarmon DC Burials 1769-1813 (ANP reel 69, vol 7) Llanarmon DC 1769-1813 page 11 (ANP reel 140, vol 3) Llanarmon DC 1696-1769 page 67 (ANP reel 140, vol 2) Llanarmon DC 1769-1815 (ANP reel 140, vol 3) Llanarmon DC 1769-1815, p 81 (ANP reel 140, vol 3) Llanarmon DC 1769-1815, p 33 (ANP reel 140, vol 3 or 4) Wern Independent Chapel (TBI, Key number 03005) Llanarmon DC 1696-1769 page 71 (ANP reel 140, vol 2) Llanarmon DC 1696-1769 page 65 (ANP reel 140, vol 2)

23

Revision: 1.318

PC/Hughes/J/1798 PC/Hughes/J/1828 PC/Hughes/M/1762 PC/Hughes/M/1767 PC/Hughes/S/1835 PC/Tudor/C/1725 PM/Hughes/E/1827 PM/Hughes/H/1789 PM/Hughes/R/1745-6/a & b

Llanarmon DC 1769-1815, p 37 (ANP reel 140, vol 4?) Wern Independent Chapel (TBI, Key number 02941) Llanarmon DC 1696-1769 page 69 (ANP reel 140, vol 2) Llanarmon DC 1696-1769 page 73 (ANP reel 140, vol 2) Wern Independent Chapel (TBI, Key number 03157) Llangollen Parish (ANP 1708-1738, reel 70, vol 3) Wrexham, St Giles, Marriages 1823-1832, page 131 (ANP reel 40, vol 40) Wrexham, St Giles, Marriages by Banns 1781-1792 (ANP reel 134, vol 33) Llangollen Marriages 1738-1754, page 117 (ANP reel 70, vol 4)

24

Revision: 1.318

APPENDIX A - Information Inscribed in Welsh Bible
Summary: John born 1828 May 3rd Eliza 1829 Sept 15th Sarah 1835 July 11th Mary Jane 1837 Aug 24th [clearly Mary Jane, but is named Mary Ann on the pedigrees] plus still born children 1831, 1832, 1833 and 1834 Transcript: John Hughes was Born on Saturday night at twelve o Clock May the 3rd_1828_Baptized at Wern Chapel by Revd William Williams Sunday two o Clock June 1st 1828 Eliza Hughes was Born on Thursday at 10 o Clock in the morning Aug 27th 1829 Babtized at Wern Chapel on Sunday two o Clock Sept 15th 1829 April 21st 1831 A still born Child ( very fine Boy) Buried at the Wern April 22nd 1831 March 11 1832 A still born Child( a fine Girl) Buried at the Wern next day May 8th—1833 A still born child, exceedingly fine[paper missing] born 9 o clock in the morning. Buried at the Wern [paper missing] Evening May 29th 1834 A still born child (a fine Girl) born [paper missing] Half past eight o [paper missing] y. buried at the Wern the next evening [paper missing] [overleaf] Sarah Hughes Born 11th day of July 1835 about half past five in the afternoon. Baptized at Wern Chapel Sept 6th at two o Clock by Revd Wm Williams Mary Jane Hughes Born 24th day of August 1837 about ¼ past 5 in the morning Babtized at Wern Chapel Sept 17th by the Revd Wm James Devllhe[?very tentative!] Note: Wern Chapel records are held at the University of Bangor and an online summary confirms the Reverend William Williams tenure from 1808-1837 and gives a good summary of the information held (see http://tinyurl.com/386a67).

25

Revision: 1.318

APPENDIX B - Richard's Descendents (Hughes, 1998)

26

Revision: 1.318