A check FOR 10000$. A need or demand FOR sth. A reason FOR sth. A rise, an increase, a fall, a decrease IN sth. An advantage, a disadvantage OF sth / or verb + ing / there is an advantage IN (or TO) doing sth. A cause OF sth. A picture, a photograph OF someone/something. Damage TO sth. An invitation TO sth. A reaction TO sth. A solution TO a problem, an answer TO a question, a reply TO a letter, the key TO a door. An attitude TO/TOWARD someone/sth. A relationship, a connection, contact WITH someone/sth. But a relationship, a connection, a difference BETWEEN two things. To pay BY check, to pay IN cash or to pay cash. (To do sth) BY accident, BY mistake, BY chance. A play BY Shakespeare, a painting BY Rembrandt, a novel BY Tolstoy… (To be, to fall) IN love WITH someone. IN (my) opinion In time (soon enough). On time (punctual, not late). (To be) ON fire. (To be) ON the phone, on the telephone. ON television, ON the radio. (To be, to go) ON a diet. (To be, to go) ON strike. (To be, to go) ON business, ON vacation, ON a trip, ON a tour, ON a cruise, ON an expedition. We can say“to go to a place FOR a vacation/FOR my vacation”. (To go, to come) FOR a walk, FOR a swim, FOR a meal. (To have sth) FOR breakfast, FOR lunch, FOR dinner. Nice, kind, good, generous, means, stupid, silly, intelligent, sensible, polite, impolite, rude, unreasonable OF someone (TO do something).
To be kind, nice, good, generous, polite, impolite, rude, unpleasant, unfriendly, cruel TO someone. Angry, annoyed, furious ABOUT something/ or WITH someone FOR doing something. Delighted, pleased, satisfied, disappointed WITH something. Bored, fed up WITH something. Surprised, shocked, amazed, astonished AT/BY something. Excited, worried, upset ABOUT something. Afraid, frightened, terrified, scared OF someone/something. Proud, ashamed OF someone/something. Jealous, envious, suspicious OF someone/something. Aware, conscious OF something. Good, bad, excellent, brilliant AT (doing) something. Married, engaged TO someone. Sorry ABOUT something/but: sorry FOR doing something. (To feel, to be) sorry FOR someone. Crazy ABOUT something. Impressed BY/WITH someone/something. Famous FOR something. Responsible FOR something. Different FROM someone/something. Interested IN something. Capable or incapable OF something. Fond OF someone/something. Full OF something. Short OF something. Tired OF something. Similar TO something. Crowded WITH (people, etc.). To apologize (TO someone) FOR something (to seek excuse). Apply FOR a job/admission to a university. Believe IN something. Belong TO someone. Care ABOUT someone/something (think someone or something is important). Care FOR someone/something (like something but look after someone). Take care OF someone/something (look after). Collide WITH someone/something.
Complain (TO someone) ABOUT someone/something. Concentrate ON something. Consist OF something. Crash, drive, bump, run INTO someone/something. Depend ON someone/something. But you can leave out ON before question words (when, how, where, etc.): it depends (on) how much it is. Die OF an illness. Dream ABOUT someone/something. Dream OF being something, doing something (imagine). Happen TO someone/something. Hear ABOUT something (be told about something). Hear OF someone/something (know that someone/something exists). Hear FROM someone (receive a letter, phone call from someone). Laugh, smile AT someone/something. Listen TO someone/something. Live ON money/food. Have a look AT, stare AT, glance AT… Meet WITH someone (have a meeting with). Pay (someone) FOR something. But: pay a bill, a fine, $50, a fare, taxes… Rely ON someone/something. Search (a person/a place/a bag…) FOR someone/something. Shout AT someone (when angry). Shout TO someone (call to hear you). Speak, talk TO someone (“with” is also possible). Suffer FROM an illness. Think ABOUT someone/something (consider, concentrate the mind on). Think OF (remember, bring to mind, have an idea). Also when we ask for or give an opinion. Write TO or write someone. We do not use a preposition with: call/phone someone, discuss something, and enter (go into a place). Accuse someone OF (doing) something. Ask (someone) FOR something. But: ask (someone) a question.
Blame someone/something FOR something. Or blame something ON someone/something. We also say “(someone) is to blame FOR something”. Borrow something FROM someone. Charge someone WITH (an offense/a crime). Congratulate someone ON (doing) something. Divide, cut, split something INTO (two or more parts). Do something ABOUT something (do something to improve a bad situation). Explain (a problem, a situation, a word…) TO someone. Also explain (to someone) that/what/how/why… Invite someone TO (a party, a wedding…). Leave (a place) FOR (another place). To point, to aim something AT someone/something. Prefer someone/something TO someone/something. Protect someone/something FROM (or against) someone/something. Provide someone WITH something. Regard someone/something AS something. Remind someone OF someone/something (cause someone to remember). But: remind someone ABOUT something (tell him not to forget). And: remind someone TO do something. Sentence someone TO (a period of imprisonment). He was found guilty… Spend (money) ON something. We usually say “spend (time) doing something”. Throw something AT someone/something (in order to hit them). But: Throw something TO someone (for someone to catch it). Translate (a book, etc.) FROM one language INTO another language. Warn someone ABOUT someone/something (of is also possible sometimes). But: “warn someone against doing something” and “warn someone not to do something”. Ability with a thing: ability with tools at an activity: ability at carpentry Accompanied by a person: accompanied by his lawyer
with a thing: accompanied with a mound of legal Reconciled briefs to a situation: reconciled to her divorce with a person: reconciled with her ex-husband Accountable to a person: accountable to the baby-sitter Resentment for an action: accountable for their naughty against a person: resentment against her mother behavior for or at a wrong: resentment at her mother’s neglect Angry at a thing or action: angry at Bob’s insult Revenge with a person: angry with Bob for a wrong: revenge for Ed’s nasty remark on a person: revenge on Ed Anxious about a thing: anxious about his boss’s well-being Suitable for a person: anxious for his boss for a purpose: suitable for decorating any home to an occasion: suitable to the holiday Apply to an object: apply paint to a wall Sympathy for a position: apply for many jobs for a person: sympathy for my aunt with an emotion or situation: sympathy with my Astonished at something upsetting: astonished at the price of aunt’s quandary the ticket United by something thrilling: astonished by the magician’s by a thing or cause: united by their support of the act president’s proposal in an idea or cause: united in their decision to Concur in a decision: concur in our opinion boycott the meeting with a person: concur with my partner with a person: united with the president in supporting the proposal Divided by an action or thing: divided by the court decision; Wait a room divided by a curtain for a person or thing: waiting for his date; waiting into components: divided into several factions for his lunch on a table or person: waiting on a party of six; Fascinated by a person: fascinated by her astronomy professor waiting on her aunt, hand and foot with a subject: fascinated with astronomy Familiar to a person: familiar to my neighbors with a subject or thing: familiar with my neighborhood Healed of an ailment: healed of an ugly rash by a treatment: healed by calamine lotion Intervene in a dispute: intervene in Mary and Tom’s argument between antagonists: intervene between Mary and Tom Mastery of a subject: mastery of educational theory over a person: mastery over a class of kindergartners Practice of a profession: practice of law in an activity: practice in legal negotiation Preoccupied with a thing: preoccupied with thoughts of Susan by a person: preoccupied by Susan
By MARIE at 9:27 pm, 7/9/08