North Yorkshire/York

Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements

Annual Report 2002-3

As the recently appointed Minister with responsibility for the MAPPA, I am pleased to introduce this, the second, annual MAPPA report. It is clear that in the last year (2002/3) the multi-agency public protection arrangements (the MAPPA) continued to play an important role in what remains one of this government's highest priorities the protection of the public from dangerous offenders. As someone with many years experience of working in the field of child protection, I am particularly impressed by the important contribution the MAPPA are making to strengthen collaboration between agencies at a local level where the focus is on the dangerous offender. These improvements must, however, impact on the protection of children. As the tragic death of Victoria Climbie showed, an effective multi-agency partnership is crucial and the MAPPA are an important element. To ensure greater consistency in the MAPPA across the 42 Areas of England and Wales, and to prepare for the implementation of measures contained in the Criminal Justice Bill, we published the MAPPA Guidance in April. Building on good practice, that Guidance clarified the structure of the operational arrangements as well as the importance of formal review and monitoring of which this annual report is a vital part. The Criminal Justice Bill will strengthen the MAPPA in two ways. First, it will make the involvement of other agencies part of the statutory framework. Second, it will introduce the involvement of lay people those unconnected with day-to-day operation of the MAPPA in reviewing and monitoring the MAPPA. Annual reports and this new lay involvement show the Government's commitment to explaining how the often sensitive and complex work of public protection is undertaken.

The Government is also strengthening the protection of the public with other measures in the Criminal Justice Bill. They include new sentences for dangerous offenders to prevent their release if they continue to be dangerous. Additionally, the Sexual Offences Bill will tighten up sex offender registration, introduce a new offence of 'grooming', and enable sex offender orders to be imposed on violent offenders who pose a risk of causing serious sexual harm thereby extending sex offender registration to them. I commend this report to you and congratulate all the agencies and individuals who have contributed to the achievement of the MAPPA locally in your local Area. Paul Goggins Parliamentary Under-Secretary for Community and Custodial provision in the Home Office

This section of the report draws attention to wider context of the operation and development of the MultiAgency Public Protection Arrangements (the MAPPA). The most important work undertaken within the MAPPA is done locally, led by the police and probation who act jointly as the 'Responsible Authority' in your Area and in each of the 42 Areas of England and Wales. The experience and good practice upon which this work is based began in the 1990s most significantly as a result of the closer working relationship required by the Sex Offender Act (1997). The Criminal Justice and Courts Services Act (2000) formalised that relationship and built on the existing experience by requiring the police and probation services to establish arrangements (the MAPPA) for assessing and managing the risks posed by sexual and violent offenders. The Act also required the Responsible Authority to publish an annual report on the operation of those arrangements. This report, covering April 2002 to March 2003, is the second annual report.

The importance of partnership
Key to the development of the MAPPA in the past year has been the closer involvement of other agencies, such as housing, health and social services, working alongside police and probation. The truly multi-agency nature of the MAPPA and the collaboration which underpins it is to be strengthened further by the Criminal Justice Bill. The Bill will place a 'duty to cooperate' on a wide range of organisations including local health authorities and trusts; housing authorities and registered social landlords; social services departments; Jobcentres; Youth Offending Teams; and

local education authorities. In addition, the Prison Service will join the police and probation services and become part of the MAPPA 'Responsible Authority'. Supporting and co-ordinating the development of the MAPPA throughout the 42 Areas of England and Wales, is the National Probation Directorate's Public Protection Unit (PPU). This Unit acts as a central point for advice and, increasingly, involvement in the management of difficult cases. These include, for example, UK citizens who have committed serious offences abroad and return to this country without anywhere to live. The Unit is also able to provide financial support when the risk management plans make exceptional demands upon local resources.

Involving the public
MAPPA developments in the next 18 months will also include the appointment by the Home Secretary of two 'lay advisers' to each Area. The eight Areas of England and Wales which have been piloting these arrangements since January (Cumbria, Greater Manchester, Durham, South Wales, Dorset, Hampshire, Surrey and West Midlands) report that they add real value. Lay advisers will contribute to the review and monitoring of the MAPPA which is undertaken by each Area's Strategic Management Board the work of which you can read more in this report. The purpose of appointing 'lay advisers' is to ensure that communities understand more of what is done to protect them and that those involved professionally with the MAPPA are aware of the views of the community. The lay advisers will not 'represent' the

community in the way, for example, that local councillors do, nor will they be involved in operational decision-making. And, given the sensitivity of much of what the MAPPA does, especially with the few offenders who pose a very high risk of serious harm to the public, it is not practicable for the general public to be involved. Lay advisers will, however, ensure an appropriate and a practical level of community involvement.

MAPPA Offenders
This year the annual report provides a more detailed breakdown of the number of sexual and violent offenders who are covered by the MAPPA in your Area. As last year, the figures include the number of registered sex offenders. Because sex offender registration is for a minimum of 5 years (and generally for much longer) the figures are cumulative. This is why they have increased by 16 per cent in England and Wales. Only a very small proportion (about six per cent throughout England and Wales) are considered to pose such a high risk or management difficulty that they are referred to the highest level of the MAPPA the Multi-Agency Public Protection Panels (the MAPPP). Figures alone do not, of course, tell the whole story. The anonymised case studies illustrate the practical work of the MAPPA, and demonstrate the preventive action which can be taken. Prior to the MAPPA, action of this kind was mainly taken by one agency alone, with the effect that on occasion offenders' behaviour which might have triggered preventative action went unnoticed. The multi-agency approach of the MAPPA helps ensure that if an offender does breach the

condition of the licence under which they were released from prison or a court order prohibiting certain activities, then action to enforce the condition or order and protect the public can be taken more swiftly. If you are interested in reading the reports of other Areas, they will be published on the National Probation Service's website (under the public protection section) with all of them being available once the last Area has published its annual report in September.

We are pleased to present what is the second annual report on the multi-agency public protection arrangements in North Yorkshire and York. Every society has within it some who are a danger to others. Protecting the public from such people is the highest priority of the Police and Probation Services, and we work closely together to see that the community is safeguarded from these dangerous individuals - those convicted of grave sexual or violent crimes and others who represent risk of serious personal harm to people. In the first year of operation of the new arrangements, we concentrated together on developing an effective system and a Protocol to allow all agencies to work jointly to protect the public. In the second year, which has just ended, a dedicated Probation Public Protection Manager was appointed, and Police/Probation co-operation was further developed and strengthened. In the coming year we will continue to improve and extend our existing arrangements, to best protect the people of York and North Yorkshire against the most dangerous offenders in our community. In this work we are helped by support and guidance from the government, and by the involvement of other agencies and organisations in York and North Yorkshire, who share our commitment and co-operate with us in identifying, assessing, and managing the risks and dangers. These agencies, and what we do

together with them to protect the public, are detailed in this report.

Roz Brown, Chief Officer, North Yorkshire Probation Area

Della Cannings Chief Constable, North Yorkshire Police

The largest county in England, North Yorkshire comprises seven local authority areas, and surrounds the unitary authority of the City of York. While North Yorkshire and York are separate, independent, local authority areas, the agencies within them have joined together in a common approach to public protection and a single arrangement applies to both, so that public protection can be at its most effective.

On any given day, the Probation Service supervises around 2000 adult offenders in North Yorkshire and York, who are on community sentences imposed by the courts, on licences following release from prison, or are still serving prison sentences. Most of the people being supervised by the Probation Service, and who are known to the Police, do not represent dangers to others, or represent some risk but are managed safely through normal supervision. Probation staff work actively with the offenders for whom they are responsible, starting at the court stage, when they assist magistrates and judges in sentencing, by writing pre-sentence reports. These reports include a full assessment of the risk each offender poses, of reoffending, and of causing serious harm to others. A national assessment tool “OASys” is used on all offenders; for sex offenders, Police and Probation staff also use “Risk Matrix 2000”. The majority of offenders are given sentences which let them remain in the community, and the presentence reports in such cases will outline a treatment proposal. This forms the basis of a supervision plan, to be signed by the offender, if the court passes a community sentence order. This plan sets out what

the offender must do while under supervision, and what work will be done to help rehabilitate him or her and prevent further offending. Where offenders face prison sentences, Probation Officers in their pre-sentence reports may advise on the length of sentence necessary to ensure treatment in prison and so help protect the public, and also on the length of licence that may be needed on release. The licence period for those convicted of serious offences can be extended to up to 10 years for sexual offenders, and 5 for violent offenders. Probation Officers may also ask a judge to consider imposing a restraining order, prohibiting certain activities, which remains valid after release, and can provide further protection for victims. About 175 of the 2000 offenders currently being supervised have been sentenced to imprisonment for sexual or violent offences. Those sentenced for sexual offences have their names entered on the Sex Offenders Register, which is maintained by the Police, who assess and manage the risks these offenders pose. Supervision of all offenders on court orders or prison licences is according to National Standards, which set out how often an offender must be seen, and what must be done if an offender does not co-operate. If an offender misses more than one appointment, National Standards require that he or she is “breached” taken back to court, where a prison sentence can be imposed, or when appropriate, recalled to prison. This enforcement of the terms and conditions of supervision is a key part of the work of the Probation Service. Offenders on court orders and prison licences are usually required to participate in treatment programmes. In North Yorkshire and York, all these

programmes are nationally Accredited, which means that they have been tried, tested, and proven to reduce reoffending. They include a cognitive-based thinking skills programme; a programme for those who drink and drive; a new sex offender programme. These programmes all seek to change the way that offenders think and behave, and research shows that they do work. Probation staff aim to change offenders' behaviour by helping them develop “internal controls” - new attitudes and ways of thinking and responding to situations, which help them avoid committing further crime. In most cases this is enough, but a proportion of offenders represent risks and dangers which require assessment and management, with other agencies, and the imposition of other, “external”, controls, for the public to be protected. This work is done through the areas' Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA).

How it started
Inter-agency risk assessment and management in York and North Yorkshire started in 1994, when the Probation Service introduced new procedures requiring that every offender it supervised be assessed for risk, with those identified as representing danger of personal harm to others being considered at interagency Risk Strategy Meetings. These arrangements were extended in1998, through a new interagency agreement “Managing Dangerous Offenders in the Community”. In 2001, an inter-agency Task Group developed a new system, building on the existing arrangements, and enlarging and adapting them to meet the requirements

of the Criminal Justice and Court Services Act. A Protocol, giving commitment to the new system, was signed by all the relevant organisations, and the new Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements for North Yorkshire and York came into being in July 2002. A Probation Public Protection Manager, whose duties include servicing the areas' MAPPA, was appointed at the same time. In September 2002 the newly created MAPPA Strategic Management Board, which is made up of senior representatives of the key agencies, and is responsible for the oversight of the MAPPA in York and North Yorkshire, began to meet.

What happens now
All relevant offenders (as defined in the Criminal Justice and Court Services Act) are managed through the MAPPA. Most of those representing dangers to others are adults who are known to the Probation Service. Individuals subject to sex offender registration have Police involvement, and young offenders between the ages of 10 and 18 are supervised by the North Yorkshire, or the City of York, Youth Offending Team (YOT). However, not all of the minority of offenders who are dangerous are involved with Police, Probation, or the YOTs, and for this reason the Act covers “other offenders” who cause concern. Anyone working in any agency who has concern about an offender in the community can refer to MAPPA. Eighteen such referrals have been received from five different agencies, during the last year. These arrangements provide for two levels of case conferences to assess and manage risk, for High Risk, and Very High Risk cases.

Balancing protection and freedom
Everyone living in a democratic and civilised society has individual rights, and civil liberties. These include the right to privacy, and the right to live life as one chooses, without interference from others. These rights are important, and are safeguarded by our laws and constitution. They can be infringed only where it is necessary to do so to protect the rights of others. Sometimes, in cases considered through the MAPPA, it is necessary to infringe the rights and liberty of an offender who has shown by previous behaviour to pose a serious threat to others, but this is done only after the most careful consideration. Protecting the public is paramount but any infringement of individual rights must be fair, reasonable, and proportionate to the risks represented. North Yorkshire Police and Probation Service are committed to respecting diversity and to upholding the principles of the Human Rights Act and the Data Protection Act, but sometimes it is necessary to breach the confidentiality of offenders by disclosing information about them, to protect others. The careful processes involved are described in the section on Disclosure below.

The Police and Probation Services have joint statutory responsibility for Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA). In fulfilling this responsibility, they must co-operate and collaborate with other agencies, particularly in sharing information. Many public enquiries into child deaths and other tragic incidents have identified poor communication as contributing to the failure to prevent the event. The MAPPA described here are intended to prevent such tragedies in York and North Yorkshire. Most of the referrals to the MAPPA are from the Probation Service, as most individuals representing dangers to others in the community are adult offenders and generally ex-prisoners, and are known to the Service. Any adult given a prison sentence of 12 months or more will be subject to licence on release and will come under the supervision of a probation officer. The period on licence is related to the length of the sentence, and the licence requires the subject to attend the probation office (initially weekly), and contains other conditions (such as participation in treatment programmes, or keeping away from specified areas, or not contacting named individuals). In York and North Yorkshire, all offenders (whatever their sentence) are assessed at first contact with the Probation Service. A national assessment tool (OASys) is used, and offenders under supervision are placed in one of four risk categories: Low Risk of harm, Medium Risk, High Risk, and Very High Risk. Those categorised as being High Risk are made subject to inter-agency Risk Management Meetings, which are arranged by the local Senior Probation Officer. Offenders identified as being Very High Risk are considered by the Multi-Agency Public Protection Panels (MAPPP). In 2002, the North Yorkshire Probation Board created a new post at middle manager level, dedicated to risk management and public protection work. The Probation Public Protection Manager (PPPM) convened and chaired most of the MAPPPs held in 2002/03, in liaison with the nominated Police lead officer. Not all dangerous offenders are adults. Some young people (aged under 18) will have been sentenced for very grave offences, and represent serious risks on release. Youth Offending Teams (YOTs) supervise all young offenders, aged from 10 to 17, whether on licence or on orders from the courts. There is one YOT for North Yorkshire, and one for York: they are both part of the MAPPA. The two YOTs have similar risk management procedures to the Probation Service in North Yorkshire, and their managers convene and chair multi-agency risk meetings. The Police maintain a register of individuals convicted of sexual offences. Each individual on the Sex Offender Register is assessed for risk, and is visited at home by the police: the frequency and nature of the visits depend on the assessment. The Police have other intelligence systems and are able to provide key information to MAPPPs, and have specific responsibilities when it is necessary to disclose information about an individual offender, to best protect the public. Because of their statutory responsibilities, the Police and Probation take the lead in MAPPA, but other key agencies are Housing, Social and Community Services, Health and Education. The Housing Departments of the City of York and the District Councils of Craven, Hambleton, Harrogate, Richmondshire, Ryedale, Scarborough, and Selby have an important role to play and an Assistant Director nominated by all the Chief Housing Officers has played an active part in the development of MAPPA. Appropriate accommodation is crucial to the successful management of dangerous offenders, and staff in Housing Departments sometimes need to call on the support of other agencies where current tenants are presenting serious risks. North Yorkshire Social Services and City of York Community Services work towards sustaining the quality of life of individuals and communities across the areas, especially for children and vulnerable adults. They have responsibilities towards children at risk and in need, and their families, to older and disabled people, and to those with mental health needs. They are committed to working collaboratively with other agencies to protect the vulnerable from those who might harm them, particularly individuals with convictions for offences against children (“Schedule 1 Offenders”), and have been actively involved in the development and operation of the MAPPA. The Health Service has a key contribution to make. Some dangerous offenders have mental health problems, and may present specific risks to medical staff, particularly in Accident and Emergency Units, and to GPs. Mental Health specialists might provide diagnosis and assessment and treatment, including referral to in-patient facilities. Forensic Community Psychiatric Nurses have been involved in risk management meetings for some time and, more recently, the directors of the newly formed Primary Care Trusts have nominated a senior manager to sit on the MAPPA Strategic Board, and

it is hoped that there will be increased involvement by the Health Service in Multi-Agency Public Protection Panels. Some serious offenders prey on children and the dangers they represent often require the involvement of schools. North

Yorkshire and the City of York Education Departments are committed to a collaborative approach to protecting children in their care through the MAPPA, by referring concerning cases which come to their attention, and by responding to information provided to them through the MAPPA.

Other parties involved include North Yorkshire County Council Legal Services, who provide advice to the MAPPP, the NSPCC, which is devoted to safeguarding children from harm, and the Victim Support, who provide a victim perspective and are represented on the MAPPA Strategic Management Board.

The starting point of any risk assessment is the collation of information from all relevant sources. Only when all information has been gathered and analysed can a decision be made about the level of risk represented by an individual. Risk categories are Low Risk of harm, Medium Risk, High Risk, and Very High Risk. The majority of offenders fall into the Low Risk category, with the second largest group being in the Medium Risk category. These individuals can be managed safely through normal agency procedures, and do not need to be referred to MAPPA for inter-agency consideration. The MAPPA allow for two levels of case conferencing: at the lower level, Risk Management Meetings (RMMs) for the discussion of High Risk Cases, and at the higher level, for the critical few Very High Risk Cases, Multi-Agency Public Protection Panel meetings (MAPPPs). MAPPPs differ from RMMs in having present at all meetings a core group of the same senior managers representing the key agencies, as well as caseworkers and local field managers. The purpose of both RMMs and MAPPPs is to protect people in the community from harm, through a joint approach in which agencies share responsibility and a coordinated response to manage the risks and dangers represented by one individual to others. At the meetings, to which every relevant agency is invited, information is shared and analysed, risks are identified and assessed, and an Action Plan for managing them is agreed. The Plan will identify which staff in which agencies are to undertake the actions, and when. Actions can range from seeing that conditions are added to the licence before release from prison to prevent the offender from contacting a victim, to covert Police surveillance of an offender. Sometimes other people may be warned about the dangers represented by individual offenders, through the considered disclosure of information about them. Progress will be considered and the Plan updated at subsequent review MAPPP or RMM meetings. Whilst most dangerous offenders are already known to the Police, the Probation Service, or one of the YOTs, a professional working in any other agency who has concerns that an individual with whom he or she is in contact can initiate MAPPA procedures, by making a referral to the Probation Public Protection Manager (PPPM). The PPPM, working with the Police lead officer, will assess the case, and decide whether or not it should be the subject of a MAPPP or an RMM.

The question of disclosure of information about individual offenders to the general public is an issue which receives wide media comment, with calls from certain areas for total disclosure of information. This has to be balanced against the basic human right of all individuals, including convicted offenders, to have their privacy and confidentiality respected. Sometimes, however, the protection of others reduces the

right of privacy and confidentiality. Protection of the public is paramount and information about an individual is then disclosed to protect those at risk of harm from that individual. Disclosure of confidential information rarely means provision of information to the media; it usually takes place on a one to one basis. For example, where an offender has a history of sex offences or serious violence, agencies would consider disclosure to a new partner if there are serious concerns about them, or any children of the family, becoming a potential victim. Wider disclosure has taken place in respect of a convicted child sex offender who was due to move into the area near to the close proximity of a junior school. A written disclosure in respect of the individual was given to the head teacher of the school and elected representatives of local residents' committee. Decisions to disclose information are never taken lightly. Because such disclosure infringes civil liberties, the careful balancing of the rights of the individual against the rights of those potentially at risk has to be achieved. The widest disclosure involving the media may happen when this might assist public protection, in the most grave of cases. The ability of the media to transmit a message over a wider community in a short space of time is invaluable in such cases. For example, if a highly dangerous offender deliberately fails to comply with supervision and his whereabouts then becomes unknown, disclosure in the media may lead to the public providing information to relocate that individual, thereby protecting the community. Contingency plans for scenarios of

this nature are in place. Fortunately, they are rarely needed and there have been no such occasions when disclosure of the latter nature have been required within North Yorkshire. Decisions in respect of disclosure are only taken after very careful consideration at the highest levels through MAPPA meetings and with legal advice on the matter. The final responsibility for public disclosure rests with the Deputy Chief Constable of the North Yorkshire Police.

A requirement to register may range from 12 months to life. Increases in numbers of registered offenders will occur naturally due to new registrations. The figure within North Yorkshire has increased by 10% to 234 in the last 12 months. This should not be seen as a cause for concern that the numbers are increasing within the county but an indication of reassurance that positive action is ongoing against offenders. Sex offenders could be anyone from the age of 10 years to 75 plus. They may be male or female parents, grandparents, aunts, uncles, sons, daughters, nephews, nieces, brothers and sisters or “the man down the road”. A Home Office study of all males born in 1953 revealed that 1 in 60 had a conviction for a sexual offence by the age of 40. Some may offend once in their lives: others may be repeat offenders. Some may have offended for years and are only arrested after one victim has been brave enough to disclose what has happened to them. Some may have planned their offences whilst other will be spur of the moment actions. Very few registered sex offenders are paedophiles. All registered sex offenders are visited regularly by the Police.

What is a Sex Offender? A popular misconception
When most people hear the term sex offender they automatically associate it with the word paedophile. This is in fact not the case, for most sex offenders are not paedophiles. A paedophile is an individual who commits sexual offences against young children. Fortunately, there are very few individuals throughout the country who fall into this definition. A sex offender is an individual who has been convicted by a court or given a Police caution for a sexually related offence which can be against an adult, as in most cases, or a child which then requires their registration with the Police, under the requirement of the Sex Offenders Act 1997. The offences can range from rape to indecent assaults that can include inappropriate touching and remarks, to the taking of indecent photographs and the downloading of images from the Internet. The Sexual Offences Bill will include new offences including voyeurism that may require registration upon conviction.

Case examples
The following case histories illustrate the working of the MAPPA in North Yorkshire and York. The names of the individuals have been changed.

Arnold was sentenced to

imprisonment for a series of property crimes. An intelligent, athletic man and a professional offender, proud of his criminal skills, Arnold absconded when on home leave towards the end of his sentence. On the run in another part of the country, he committed a string of offences causing losses of some millions of pounds. Resisting arrest, he seriously wounded the police officers who apprehended him: one of them has not worked since. Given a long sentence, he was a difficult prisoner, hostile and aggressive to prison and probation staff. Throughout his sentence he made specific threats against the police who arrested him, and their families. The Parole Board turned Arnold down, and he was not released until near the end of his sentence, when he returned to this area, on a year's non-parole licence. MAPPPs were held before his release, and the dangers he represented were assessed. A man who would stop at nothing if challenged, Arnold was recognised as representing Very High Risks to the public, as well as to staff, and particularly to those against whom he held a grudge. It was feared that he would not settle but would disappear soon after release. Action plans for his management were agreed at the MAPPPs. Fixed and secure accommodation

was crucial, and the Housing department arranged for him to be housed in a single person's flat in an appropriate location. North Yorkshire Police alerted their officers to his release, and a careful watch was kept on the area, and on crime patterns, and on Arnold's activities and associations. Licence conditions required him to seek permission before travelling, and his movements were monitored. Safety precautions were put in place for those whom he had threatened, and the police in their areas were notified of the travel that was approved. His probation officer worked hard to establish a relationship with Arnold in the years before he was released, and gained his co-operation. He arranged treatment for Arnold's mental health, which had deteriorated during his imprisonment, and encouraged him to make constructive use of his time, to aid his rehabilitation. Regular review MAPPPs were held throughout the period of Arnold's licence, which was completed without further offences. The close co-operation of the agencies involved, and particularly that of Housing, was key to this success.

from another area, Billy had been convicted of sexual offences against children and had been made the subject of a Sex Offender Order. He was of no fixed abode and this made monitoring his movements very difficult. Within four days of arrival here he was arrested when he was found in the company of a 13 year old boy, whom he had “befriended”. He was sentenced to 14 months imprisonment, for breach of his Sex Offender Order. Before Billy's release, a risk assessment was conducted and it was agreed that there was a very high risk that he would re-offend. Arrangements were made for him to be accommodated in a probation hostel in another area, and stringent conditions including a curfew and electronic tagging for him in the hostel were added to his licence. However, on release Billy disappeared. Within hours, when the time passed for his arrival at the hostel, a police operation was mounted, involving police from three forces, probation staff from two areas, social services, and assistance from the Home Office. Billy was back inside seven hours after he stepped out of the prison gates.

Before drifting into North Yorkshire

A Strategic Management Board has been established to oversee the operation of MAPPA in York and North Yorkshire. Chaired by the Chief Officer of Probation, it consists of senior representatives of the agencies involved in public protection work, and also from Victim Support, which is a voluntary body which provides help, advice and support for the victims of crime, and speaks for them. The Board receives reports from the Probation Public Protection Manager on the working of the MAPPA, monitors figures and performance, and examines individual cases, to ensure that dangerous offenders are being managed in the best way possible to protect the public. It recently approved changes to update the MAPPA Protocol. The Board has a programme of work planned for the year. Projected developments include extending the Protocol to include Prisons, the Employment Service, and other agencies of relevance to MAPPA, and updating information protocols which allow the exchange of confidential information. It is looking to institute Sex Offender Risk Assessment Panels, and to establish better links with other bodies, including Community Safety groups.

The safety of victims and the avoidance of re-victimisation are at the centre of all public protection work. The Probation Service has a statutory duty to contact the victims of sexual or violent crime in all cases where the offender is sentenced to 12 months imprisonment or more. Its role is to give information about the criminal justice system and the prison process, and also to obtain details of victim concerns, which may inform the licence conditions which will govern the offender on release. Victims can also be given approximate details of the timing of release and of where the offender will resettle. Not all victims choose to take up contact, and to try to extend it to more of them, the Probation Service recently conducted a postal survey of victims in North Yorkshire and York, of those who had taken up contact, and those who did not. 66% of the respondents who had taken up contact were satisfied or highly satisfied with the service provided. The main reason given by those who did not accept contact was that they wanted to put the offence behind them, but some wrote that they were “too scared”. The fear expressed by these victims is a telling indication of the trauma suffered by many of those harmed by the offenders considered at MAPPPs. Awareness of their pain informs the agencies who are working together through MAPPA to best protect the public.

i. The number of registered sex offenders on 31 March 2003

No of offenders

ii. The number of sex offenders having a registration requirement who were either cautioned or convicted for breaches of the requirement, between 1 April 2002 and 31 March 2003


iii. The number of Sex Offenders Orders applied for and gained between 1 April 2002 and 31 March 2003 (a) the total number of Sex Offenders Orders applied for (b) the total number granted (c) the total number not granted 0 0 0

iv. The number of Restraining Orders issued by the courts between 1 April 2002 and 31 March 2003 for offenders currently managed within MAPPA


v. The number of violent and other sexual offenders considered under MAPPA during the year 1 April 2002 and 31 March 2003 (as defined by section 68 [3], [4] and [5])


vi. The number of "other offenders" dealt with under MAPPA during the year 1 April 2002 and 31 March 2003 as being assessed by the Responsible Authority as posing a risk of serious harm to the public (but who did not fall within either of the other two categories, as defined by s.67 [2b])


vii. The number of registered sex offenders and the number of sex & violent offenders dealt with through MAPPPs: a) registered sex offenders b) violent and other sex offenders c) other offenders 5 12 0

viii. The number of registered sex offenders and the number of sex & violent offenders dealt with outside MAPPPs, through ordinary supervision: a) registered sex offenders b) violent & sex offenders c) other offenders ix Of the cases managed through MAPPPs during the year, the following number of offenders were: a) returned to custody for breach if licence b) returned to custody for a breach of a Restraining Order or Sex Offender Order c) charged with a serious sex offence 2 1 0 229 202 0

North Yorkshire Probation Area M. B. Murphy Assistant Chief Probation Officer Address National Probation ServiceNorth Yorkshire Area Thurston House 6 Standard Way Northallerton DL6 2XQ Phone 01609 778644

Pauline Stokell Public Protection Manager (MAPPA Co-ordinator)

01904 698920

North Yorkshire Police Area Det. Chief Inspector Nigel Boynton Police Public Protection Manager

Address North Yorkshire Police HQ Newby Wiske Hall Northallerton DL7 9HA

Phone 01609 783131

Copies of the Annual Report are also available on the following web sites:Home Office North Yorkshire Police National Probation Service - North Yorkshire Area

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