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MAPPA Annual Report 2002

1. Introduction

In Nottinghamshire, the development of systems to protect the


public has been built on an understanding, shared by partner
agencies in the field of criminal justice, child protection, social
and health care and housing, that the community is best
safeguarded by an inter-agency approach to risk of harm
assessment, planning and management.

In response to the Sex Offenders Act 1997, the Police and


Probation Services in Nottinghamshire began to develop
arrangements for sharing information, and for the assessment
and management of registered sex offenders. At the same time,
partner agencies concerned with the protection of children
charged Police and Probation with the task of developing an
inter-agency agreement on working together to protect the
public. As a result, under the auspices of the Area Child
Protection Committee, “The Inter-Agency Framework and
Procedures for the Risk Management of Potentially
Dangerous People in Nottinghamshire”, was implemented in
1998. Under this protocol agencies began to share information,
risk planning and the management of sex offenders and other
potentially dangerous cases. The police, probation and social
services, housing and mental health agencies were particularly
involved in these early arrangements.

We have built on these arrangements since 1998. This


document will provide details of the current arrangements made
in Nottinghamshire, and how they have developed following the
implementation of the Criminal Justice and Court Services Act
2000. It also provides contact points for any further enquiries
including agencies, other than the police and probation, that are
included within our working together strategy and protocol.
2. Summary of Roles and Responsibilities
In Nottinghamshire in 1999, the the Criminal Justice and Court mental health and learning
Police and Probation Services were Services Act 2000. disabilities, and drug and alcohol
asked to develop a number of treatment. The Health Authorities
options for progressing the joint and Healthcare Trust are
working arrangements already Nottingham City and committed to protecting their
implemented under the 1998 Nottinghamshire County service users across the breadth of
Protocol. Agreement was reached Councils’ Social Services primary and secondary care
by six agencies in Nottinghamshire Departments provision. Health providers share
to set up and fund the post of the information about those who we
Multi-Agency Public Protection The duties and responsibilities of believed to be a risk to others, and
Panel Manager in April 2000. the Social Services include service take joint action to protect patients,
to vulnerable groups, both adults staff and the public. They also
Nottinghamshire Police Service, and children. These include engage with other agencies within
National Probation Service services to children in need and the public protection arrangements,
Nottinghamshire Area, Nottingham their families, older people, in the management of those users
City Council and Nottinghamshire disabled people and those with of health provision who present a
County Council, Nottingham Health mental health needs. In risk of harm to themselves and
Authority and North Nottinghamshire the Social others.
Nottinghamshire Health Authority Services Departments are also
(including Nottinghamshire committed to working with the
Healthcare Trust from April 2001) criminal justice agencies. Child Nottingham City and
agreed a set of procedures for the Protection Teams are used to Nottinghamshire County
management of those individuals working together with police and Councils
who pose a risk of harm to the probation officers, and all the
public in Nottinghamshire. The partner agencies, in accordance The City Council is a unitary
document, “The Nottinghamshire with the Area Child Protection authority with responsibility for a
Public Protection Protocol, Procedures. Other teams within wide range of functions and
Policy, Guidance and the social services departments are services in addition to Social
Procedures” also established the now following this model within the Services, some of which have a
Multi-Agency Public Protection multi-agency public protection significant part to play in public
Panel Manager and was signed up procedures. Work has been done protection. Involvement in the
to by the partners in January 2001. to devise risk action plans in risk procedures is most likely to be from
management meetings with social the housing, leisure, education and
The Protocol contains a set of work teams. This covers social legal departments, but can include
procedures for sharing information work teams for vulnerable people; almost any other, for example,
and the joint assessment and care teams in the community who environmental or licensing
management of risk. It already work with those with learning departments. The City Council is
formed the basis for the agencies disabilities and mental health committed to inter-agency work in
to undertake the role set up under problems; and teams in hospitals community safety and the
the Criminal Justice and Court and residential establishments. All management of dangerous people
Services Act 2000. During the these services have a part to play and therefore to the MAPPP
fifteen months the procedures have in public protection, as have the arrangements.
been in place, agencies who alcohol and drug projects provided
originally agreed their by the health authorities or The County Council works for
implementation have been joined independent sector who work in public safety through partnerships
by others in the voluntary and partnership with the statutory and forums and has committed
statutory sector. The Protocol is agencies. itself to the MAPP Protocol and
being developed during 2002-3 to arrangements. The local district
include them. and borough councils, with their
Nottingham Health Authority, various functions within the
Each agency offers a particular North Nottinghamshire Health community, have an important part
perspective and holds a specific Authority and Nottinghamshire to play in public protection.
role and set of responsibilities with Healthcare Trust
regard to the management of risk. Mansfield District Council has
The Police and Probation Services The Health Services cover a huge formally committed to the operation
have defined statutory roles under range of provision, in particular in of the MAPPP and its
the Sex Offenders Act 1997 and the field of specialist forensic arrangements. Although all the
District and Borough Councils were protection. There is close liaison The Prison Service Agency
part of the earlier public protection between them and the
arrangements in 1998, we will be police/probation services on an During the year we have welcomed
returning to discuss with the individual level on all those, in a more proactive role from the
remaining councils (Ashfield, particular sex offenders, who Prison Service Agency. Prisons
Newark & Sherwood and present a high risk of harm. Other work alongside the police and
Bassettlaw Districts, Rushcliffe, accommodation projects and probation in information sharing
Gedling and Broxtowe Boroughs) housing associations in the and risk management, as a matter
their agreement to more formal independent sector have worked of course. However, the prison
commitment to the MAPPP determinedly and professionally service is now part of the MAPPP
Protocol and arrangements. alongside the police, probation and Protocol, and there is an
different social work or health acceptance that prison officers,
teams to maintain individuals in the who have such an influential role to
The Statutory and Independent community in a way which play, attend meetings, take part in
Housing Sector minimises their risk. drawing up plans for the transition
of individuals from prison to the
The statutory and community, and take action to ease
voluntary/independent housing Nottingham City and that process and protect others.
sectors have been essential in the Nottinghamshire Youth
risk management plans drawn up Offending Teams During 2002-2003, we will be
by agencies. The provision of developing the MAPP Protocol to
appropriate accommodation which In the statutory sector, the Youth take into account the changes in
minimises an individual’s risk to Offending Teams are part of the structure within the Health Service
others is one of the most important criminal justice system. They and to include District Councils and
risk management tools we have manage the young offenders who the Boroughs, so that all Housing
available. When a person is may present a risk to others, but and Education and Leisure
housed as safely as possible, it who are also themselves Departments are formally part of
becomes easier for partner sometimes very damaged by their this working together partnership in
agencies to monitor them, and put current childhood experiences and public protection. There will also be
other actions into place. At present need to be protected from others. links with victim contact work in the
the Local Authority Housing The YOTs are therefore important probation service and independent
Departments are putting into place in the working together process sector.
their housing strategies, and all between child protection, police
local strategies will include and probation services. They are These agreements should be
provision for vulnerable people committed to the MAPPP concluded, and a revised MAPPP
under various legislative initiatives. arrangements and are part of the Protocol, (following closely the CJ
Some council housing departments risk management process at the and CS Act 2000), should be in
have been whole heartedly MAPP Panel. place by the end of 2002. The new
committed to their role in public Protocol will be distributed to all our
partner agencies and services for
implementation.
3. Outline of the Arrangements Made
In Nottinghamshire the Police have a managed at a local level. This is Strategy Meeting, and those who
specialist unit within CID for the done at Local Area Command level present the highest risk of serious
identification, assessment and where officers can use their local harm are managed through the
management of sexual and violent knowledge to monitor the situation MAPP Panel.
offenders, not only those considered and liaise with the DPMU.
under the Sex Offenders Act 1997 The Police and Probation Services
and Criminal Justice and Court The DPMU officers work in work together under the CJ and
Services Act 2000. partnership through the Protocol in CS Act 2000 arrangements, and
managing high and very high risk with other agencies on a day to day
The Dangerous Persons offenders. The Multi-Agency Public basis. In the main, there needs to be
Management Unit (DPMU) is Protection Panel (MAPPP) Manager no more inter agency action than
responsible for maintaining the works alongside the detectives in the sharing information and making a
“register” of sex offenders obliged to DPMU. In this way professional multi-agency risk assessment. Most
notify their details, and any changes, expertise, information, risk offenders are managed by one
to the police, and for pursuing assessment and management are agency on the basis of that shared
prosecutions for failures to comply shared on a day to day basis and information. However, the
with the Act. The unit also assesses liaison takes place between police assessment and management of
and takes action on all offenders and probation and other relevant those who present a high risk of
who fall into the ‘relevant offender’ agencies, at an immediate level. serious harm are undertaken
categories of the CJ and CS Act through the multi-agency
2000 and acts on any intelligence Probation staff in arrangements set out in the
received on individuals who present Nottinghamshire undertake a risk Nottinghamshire Public
a risk of harm in the community. assessment of all individuals in Protection Protocol.
contact with the service. This
The risk consideration procedures process starts pre-court, where The Protocol sets out procedures
undertaken by the detectives in the information is shared with Police, for all partner agencies to follow and
DPMU, in conjunction with senior Social Services or the Health provides for a multi agency Risk
officers, are done in close co- Authority as appropriate. In respect Strategy Meeting (RSM). This is
operation with colleagues in of the relevant offenders under the convened by any agency concerned
Probation and the Social Services CJ and CS Act 2000, the risk about, or holding responsibility for,
who are actively involved in the assessment process begins at the an individual when they consider that
issues of child protection, child Pre-Sentence Report stage (if one is the risks presented would be best
exploitation, protection of vulnerable prepared) or soon after sentence, to managed by a multi-agency
adults, others in the care sector, and enable the prison to plan the approach. The purpose of the Risk
in the field of mental health. The offending behaviour work to be Strategy Meeting is to:
DPMU maintains responsibility for undertaken before release.
managing all offenders whose
shared risk assessment indicates All assessments are made using • share information,
that they are at either ‘high’ or ‘very information from other agencies and • make a joint assessment of
high’ risk of re-offending seriously. those deemed medium or high risk what risks are posed,
The DPMU aims to continually are reviewed at key stages in their • consider the imminence of
consider all offenders who pose a sentence. Risk assessments and those risks, identifying any
serious risk of harm, and monitor management plans are reviewed potential victims,
their situation. regularly as part of the supervision of • decide whether further
offenders. The Probation Service agencies should be involved
Those relevant offenders who pose practice procedures include the and where information should
a low or medium risk of offending expectation that those offenders who be passed on to increase
seriously, when assessed by all pose a high risk of harm are protection of the public,
agencies holding a responsibility e.g. registered with the Probation Service • agree what actions each
police, probation or prison, are and managed through the multi- agency should take.
agency framework of the Risk
Risk Strategy Meetings are Probation Officer accompanied by a can be decided upon, or measures
convened by the responsible Senior Probation Officer. There is a to prevent an individual entering a
agency. If there is no other agency process for the inclusion of senior certain area or living with children or
involvement, the DPMU will take that managers from other departments, young people. Conditions of
responsibility. projects or agencies on particular residence and the allocation of
cases where resources, expertise, or appropriate housing are crucial
When any agency, through their risk specialist information is required. decisions at Panels. When there is a
procedures, assesses an individual statutory supervisory agency, there
as presenting the highest risk of The Panel comes to a joint are more risk management tools to
serious harm to the community, that assessment of what risks are posed, be used. When the police are the
individual is referred to the Multi- and devises a risk management only agency involved with a very
Agency Public Protection Panel plan. The proceedings and the high risk case, the panel
(MAPPP). The Panel is reserved for decisions taken are noted by the arrangements can ensure that the
only the most serious offenders Administrator who acts as secretary high risk individual remains the focus
within the agencies. to the Panel. The Panel also decides of a multi-agency approach.
whether the individual should be
Referrals are made to the MAPPP registered on the Public Protection The Sex Offender Order was
Manager, working within Police Register. The Panel members introduced in the 1998 Crime and
Headquarters (CID) alongside the discuss individuals who pose the Disorder Act. It is a civil order
DPMU. If the individual meets the highest risk of serious harm and applied for, and managed by, the
criteria for presentation at the Panel, whose risks are clearly difficult to police. It is a preventative order
the case will be heard at the next manage, but also cases that are of which is used primarily with
Panel Meeting. The Panel objectives intense media interest or for whom offenders who have come to the
mirror the RSM objectives: the resources need to be committed at a attention of agencies because their
Panel is attended by senior senior level. The Public Protection inappropriate behaviour is causing
representatives of the agencies who Register is held, in confidence, by concern. An offence has not been
can commit resources to a risk the MAPPP Manager. The role of the committed, but the individual’s
management plan. The MAPP Panel MAPPP Manager is to manage and behaviour may be mirroring their
meets on a pre-determined date, co-ordinate the operation of the previous pre-offending behaviour.
monthly. It is convened and chaired Panel on behalf of all the agencies The decision to pursue a Sex
by the MAPPP Manager and has the involved. From 1st April 2001 to 31st Offender Order to manage a sex
service of an Administrator. March 2002, 37 individuals were offender is always taken on a multi-
considered by the MAPP Panel and agency basis, at a Risk Strategy
The MAPP Panel comprises senior 24 were registered on the Public Meeting or a Panel Meeting. The
managers representing: Police, Protection Register. final decision is made at senior
Probation, Child Protection and other officer level in the Police Service and
Social Services, the Health Services, Risk management plans contain the DPMU officers apply for and
Forensic Psychology, Local Authority different agency actions, or ways of manage the Orders.
Housing, the Prison Service, and limiting the opportunity for an Nottinghamshire has used the Sex
Youth Offending Teams. The City individual to seriously harm another. Offender Order in appropriate cases
and County Social Services There may be decisions about prison over the last two years.
Departments and both the City and licence conditions to ensure an
County Health Providers are offender undertakes a treatment The confidentiality criteria within the
included in the core membership of programme, receives drug/alcohol MAPP Protocol govern the
the Panel. treatment, or attends information sharing processes at the
psychiatric/psychologist Panel, Risk Strategy Meetings and
Each month individual cases are appointments. In addition, more within the MAPPP arrangements.
presented to the Panel by referring controlling measures such as
agencies, for example by a curfews and electronic monitoring
4. Strategic Management Arrangements
The multi-agency public protection appropriate strategic oversight. The North Nottinghamshire Health
protocol arrangements and MAPPP Manager reports to the Authority – Commissioning Manager
procedures are overseen by a Steering Group, and an Annual
strategic management Steering Report was prepared for the year Nottinghamshire Healthcare NHS
Group. The Steering Group 1/4/00-31/3/01 and circulated to Trust – Consultant Clinical
represents, at a strategic level, the member agencies, the Area Child Psychologist
member agencies who have made a Protection Committees and
commitment to the multi agency Community Safety Strategy Boards. Nottingham City and
management of potentially Nottinghamshire County Councils –
dangerous people in At present the agencies are operating Nominees from the Chief Executives’
Nottinghamshire. It is convened and strategically with the following Offices.
chaired on a rotating basis by the representation:
Nottinghamshire Police Service and The Steering Group functions
Nottinghamshire Area Probation Police and Probation – Assistant Chief involve strategic management, policy
Service. level formulation, strategic review,
budgetary control and the
The Steering Group meets six Nottinghamshire Health Authority – progression of the principle of
monthly and is currently reviewing Assistant Director of Commissioning shared ownership of public
its membership to better reflect protection within agencies and the
executive representation and wider community.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

5. Disclosure
The Public Protection Protocol case for disclosure is considered In Nottinghamshire, disclosure has
contains Nottinghamshire’s carefully on its particular facts, been made to individuals either
principles with respect to the assessing the risks posed by the directly affected by the risk of harm,
disclosure of information. The main subject, the vulnerability of those or with a level of responsibility
principle is that disclosure should who may be at risk, and the impact towards others and an ability to act
increase people’s ability to protect of disclosure. The assessment is on the information to protect
themselves or others and should made on an inter-agency basis and themselves or others. Advice has
be an agreed strategy, with clear any decision to recommend been given by the police or other
boundaries, in a multi-agency risk disclosure is a matter for the professionals disclosing the
management plan. The police have professional judgement of the information, on how to manage it in
an important and general power to agencies through the vehicle of a protecting themselves or a specified
disclose information for the Risk Strategy Meeting or the Public other person. Disclosure to the
prevention, detection and reduction Protection Panel. Any general public has not been
of crime, and all partner agencies recommendation to disclose must undertaken; general disclosure,
have agreed that disclosure should be approved by the police at without a plan for the recipients to
be used, but only after a careful Assistant Chief Constable level. manage the information, could
assessment of the risk on a case increase the risks to the public of
by case basis. In practice, each disorder and anxiety and would not
give them protection.
The power of disclosure has been therefore to children; a contract has harm to the staff and users of the
exercised in Nottinghamshire as then been drawn up between the support or accommodation project.
part of management plans to community leader and the offender
protect the public. We have which limits their opportunities and All the disclosures made have been
disclosed information on the risks safeguards children. Other agreed on an individual basis; the
presented to employers where disclosures have been made to particular information has been
particular offenders have taken housing projects in order to protect specific to the risks presented and
jobs (and not disclosed their other residents through monitoring has been given alongside advice on
previous convictions) which give or moving the subject to more how to use it. On occasions the
them access to vulnerable people. appropriate accommodation. subject themselves have been
Disclosures have been made to Disclosure has also been used to forewarned that information will be
supportive communities such as the management of projects for disclosed, in an effort to encourage
religious groups where offenders vulnerable people and those on the them to self disclose.
have access to families and streets of the City to prevent serious

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

6. Victim Work
The Nottinghamshire Probation 69, victims of serious sexual and other branches offer information and
Area is committed to enhancing violent crimes are contacted by the support to victims, witnesses, their
the position of victims of crime Victim Contact Unit officers within two families and friends.
within the criminal justice system; months of an offender being
there is also a strong link between sentenced to custody for a period of Victim Support provides the
the statutory victim contact service 12 months or more. Victims are given Witness Service, based in every
provided by probation, and victim the opportunity to be kept informed criminal court in England and
support schemes locally. about the custodial sentence, of Wales, to offer assistance before,
expressing any concerns about the during and after a trial. You can
Direct victim contact work is offender’s eventual return to the also call the Victim Supportline –
undertaken by a specialist team of community, and to make 0845 30 30 900 – for more
probation officers and team representations concerning conditions information and support and details
assistants, located within the which could be attached to a prison of local services and relevant
courts, throughout the service. A licence. organisations.
detailed policy and practice
guidelines are in place which direct Victim Support is the national charity Victim Contact and Victim
the work of the Probation Service for people affected by crime. It is an Support Scheme details are
Victim Contact Unit. independent organisation, offering a provided at the end of this
free and confidential service, whether Nottinghamshire section.
In line with the Criminal Justice and or not a crime has been reported.
Court Services Act 2000, Section Trained staff and volunteers at local
7. Statistical Information
NUMBER OF SEXUAL, VIOLENT AND OTHER OFFENDERS COVERED BY MULTI-AGENCY PUBLIC PROTECTION ARRANGEMENTS (MAPPA)

Registered sex Sex Offender Orders 1 April 01 – 31 March 02


offenders Violent offenders and Other offenders
(RSOs) in RSOs per SOs other sex offenders 01/04/01 –
community on 100,000 cautioned/ (a) (b) (c ) (d) 01/04/01 – 31/03/02 31/03/02
31/03/02 (s68(2) population convicted for total granted not applications (s68(3)(4)&(5) (s67)(2)(b)CJ&CS
CJ&CS Act breaches of applied for granted still in CJ&CS Act 2000 – Act 2000 – see C
2000 – see A registration progress see B below) below)
below requirement

Nottinghamshire 591 57 47 14 12 0 2 829 4

( A ) Registered Sex Offenders – s68 (2) CJ&CS Act 2000: an offender who is subject to the notification requirements of Part 1 of the Sex Offenders Act 1997.

( B ) Violent Offenders & Other Sex Offenders – defined by s68 (3)(4)(5) CJ&CS Act 2000:
(3) A person falls within this subsection if:
(a) he is convicted by a court in England or Wales of a sexual or violent offence (within the meaning of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000), and
(b) one of the following sentences is imposed on him in respect of the conviction
(i) a sentence of imprisonment for a term of 12 months or more,
(ii) a sentence of detention in a young offender institution for a term of 12 months or more,
(iii) a sentence of detention during Her Majesty’s Pleasure,
(iv) a sentence of detention for a period of 12 months or more under section 91 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 (offenders under 18 convicted
of certain serious offences),
(v) a detention and training order for a term of 12 months or more, or
(vi) a hospital or guardianship order within the meaning of the Mental Health Act 1983.
(4) A person falls within this subsection if:
(a) he is found not guilty by a court in England and Wales of a sexual or violent offence (within the meaning of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000) by
reason of insanity or to be under a liablility and to have done the act charged against him in respect of such an offence, and
(b) one of the following orders is made in respect of the act charged against him as the offence
(i) an order that he be admitted to hospital or
(ii) a guardianship order within the meaning of the Mental Health Act 1983.
(5) A person falls within the subsection if the first condition set out in section 28(2) or 29(2) or the second condition set out in section 28(3) or 29(3) is satisfied in his case.

( C ) Other Offenders – s67 (2) (b) CJ&CS Act 2000: an offender considered by the responsible authority to be person who may cause serious harm to the public.
Additional Costs Of Local Arrangements

Probation Board Police Other Agencies Total


£’000 £’000 £’000 £’000

Staff Costs 52 52

Other costs 5 5

Total Expenditure 57 10 37 57

Income 47 47

Net Expenditure 10 10

NB: The Probation Board keeps the accounts for the MAPPP expenditure. The Income shown equals the contribution from the
police and other agencies.
Contacts
MAPPP Protocol Address Phone

National Probation Service, Nottinghamshire Area Head Office 0115 840 6461
Marina Road
Fax: 0115 840 6452 Castle Marina
Email: Nottingham
NG7 1TP
general.enquiries@nottinghamshire.probation.gsx.gov.uk

Nottinghamshire Police Service Force Headquarters 0115 9420999


Sherwood Lodge
Arnold
Nottingham
NG5 8PP

Gedling PCTC Carlton House Clinic 0115 840 5921


61 Burton Road
Carlton
NG4 3DQ

Chief Executive’s Office County Hall 0115 982 3823


Notts County Council West Bridgford
Nottingham
NG2 7QP

Chief Executive’s Office The Guildhall 0115 915 5555


Nottingham City Council South Sherwood Street (switchboard)
Nottingham
NG1 4BT

City Social Services Directorate 14 Hounds Gate 0115 915 5500


Nottingham
Victim Services Address Phone

Nottinghamshire Probation Area

County Victim Contact Team 46 Nottingham Road 01623 460843


Mansfield
NG18 1BL

City Victim Contact Team 2nd Floor 0115 859 9423


Albion House
5-13 Canal Street
Nottingham
NG1 7EG

Victim Support Scheme

National Support Line 0845 30 30 900

Local Victim Support Scheme

Area Office 2 King Edward Court 0115 852 3507


County Manager King Edward Street
Nottingham
Email: victimsupportnot@onetel.net.uk NG1 1EL

Manager – Outreach Service 0115 844 5095

Mansfield & Ashfield 01623 450 088

Nottingham City 0115 844 5993

North & East Nottinghamshire 01909 500 455


(Bassetlaw, Newark & Sherwood)

South Nottinghamshire 0115 844 6070

Witness Service Address Phone

Manager – Witness 1 Queens Road 0115 986 9924


Service Nottingham
NG2 3AS
British Transport Police

Email: witnessservice.centre@virgin.net