This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Add 5. Potassium permanganate solution = deep purple color.ion from a standardized potassium permanganate solution was titrated thrice to give clear Mn2+ with an analyte of acidified FeSO4 until all the Fe2+ in the solution was oxidized to Fe3+. FeSO4 solution = yellow/dirty grey murky color o 50. Now titrate with potassium permanganate as titrant. and the volume of potassium permanganate used allowed the determination of the concentration of the FeSO4. and fill it with FeSO4. Observe. read the buret. this will be the color standard for titration 5. not as strong as permanganate solution 2.60mL 34.020M taken total o no crystals visible.60mL 34.61mL KMnO4 start 9.020M) from the stock bottle 2.0mL 5. Data Table 1: Titration volumes: H2SO4 added 5. Obtain about 100mL of potassium permanganate solution (.00mL of 3. Place 50mL of distilled water and add 1 drop of potassium permanganate. discard rinsings. Titrations = solution turns pink/purple where drop of titrant lands. Rinse one with 5mL of FeSO4.9mL Trial 1 2 3 FeSO4 start 14.0 mL of FeSO4 solution of unknown concentration taken 3. but later goes back to murky yellow/grey color o After endpoint. Measure 10. PROCEDURE: 1.2 mL of standardized . The color of the MnO4-/Mn2+ was used as the indicator for the titration.0mL of FeSO4 into flask from buret.20mL 43.20mL 27. completely dissolved o color standard for reaction = pink/purple.65mL 45. Obtain about 50mL of FeSO4 solution 3.0M sulfuric acid to increase H+ concentration.93mL KMnO4 stop 26. Rinse flask and repeat titration two more times using the same volume of FeSO4 DATA & OBSERVATIONS: 1. Obtain 2 burets.17mL CALCULATIONS: . a strong oxidizing agent. Repeat procedure for potassium permanganate and second buret 4. solution is pink/purple 4. stains o 99.18mL 26.TITLE: Quantitative Oxidation/Reduction Titration PURPOSE: The purpose of the experiment was to use the permanganate ion. the molarity/normality of the standards potassium permanganate. Purple MnO4. A balanced oxidation-reduction. reach the endpoint.76mL 24.1mL 4. in a titration in order to determine the concentration of a FeSO4 solution. and discard the contents of the flask 6.59mL FeSO4 stop 24.59mL 44.
17mL .173M + 0.99mL * 1000mL/1L = 0.70 * 10-3 equivalents FeSO4 1.173M .59mL = 10.72 * 10-3 equivalents FeSO4 / 10.02mL * 1000mL/1L = 0.172M Average molarity: (0.84mL KMnO4: 26.02mL + 17.02mL Trial 2: FeSO4: 34.20mL = 17.100 equivalents/1000mL KMnO4 = 1.45mL KMnO4 * 0.020M = .84mL * 1000mL/1L = 0.45mL Trial 3: FeSO4: 44.72 * 10-3 equivalents KMnO4 = 1.61mL .76mL = 9.93mL = 17.14.60mL = 9.70 * 10-3 equivalents KMnO4 = 1.100 equivalents/1000mL KMnO4 = 1.20mL .172M)/3 = 0.-> Mn2+ + 4H2O 5Fe2+ -> 5Fe3+ + 5eBalanced overall: 8H+(aq) +MnO4-(aq) + 5Fe2+(aq) -> 5Fe3+(aq) + Mn2+(aq) + 4H2O(l) Normality: Number of electrons transferred = number of equivalents = 5 Equivalent weight: (39.-> Mn2+ + 4H2O Oxidation : Fe2+ -> Fe3+ + e8H+ + MnO4.100N Volumes: Trial 1: FeSO4: 24.02mL mL KMnO4 * 0.10g/mol + 54.70 * 10-3 equivalents FeSO4 / 9.75 * 10-3 equivalents KMnO4 1 equivalent FeSO4 = 1 equivalent KMnO4 1.+ 5e.75 * 10-3 equivalents FeSO4 1.75 * 10-3 equivalents FeSO4 / 9.70 * 10-3 equivalents KMnO4 1 equivalent FeSO4 = 1 equivalent KMnO4 1.45mL + 17.24mL KMnO4 * 0.173N Number of electrons transferred = number of equivalents = 1.65mL .Balancing: Reduction: 8H+ + MnO4. normality = molarity Molarity FeSO4 = 0.61g/mol Normality = 5M = 5 * .173M 17.+ 5e.175M 17.100 equivalents/1000mL KMnO4 = 1.24mL)/3 = 17.59mL .27.94g/mol + 4*16.60mL .02mL)/3 = 9.95mL KMnO4: (17.175N Molarity FeSO4 = 0.9.26.18mL = 17.84mL + 9.99mL + 10.99mL KMnO4: 43.34.172N Molarity FeSO4 = 0.72 * 10-3 equivalents FeSO4 1.23mL FeSO4 normality and molarity: 17.75 * 10-3 equivalents KMnO4 = 1.175M + 0.02mL KMnO4: 45.72 * 10-3 equivalents KMnO4 1 equivalent FeSO4 = 1 equivalent KMnO4 1.24.00g/mol)/5 = 31.24mL Average: FeSO4: (9.
in the analyte solution. the purple MnO4. MnO4-. the area around the drop turned became a pink/purple color. The sulfuric acid was required so that an acidic environment was present with H+ ions to take on the oxygen atoms left over from the reduction of MnO4. Everything was done in a solution acidified by sulfuric acid so that the MnO4.stayed as MnO4. Initially. From the titration data and the balanced oxidation/reduction equation the normality and molarity of the FeSO4 solution were gotten. The analyte was prepared from a murky grey/yellow solution of unknown concentration of FeSO4 and from 3.added to the analyte was quickly reduced to clear Mn2+ and lost its color. A deep purple and skin-staining 0.after all the Fe2+ has been oxidized made the color of the solution a light purple/pink color as there was no longer . Initially in the titration. after all the Fe2+ was oxidized to Fe3+ there was no more reducing agent and thus the MnO4. Fe2+ was the reducing agent and got oxidized to form Fe3+. The oxidation/reduction titration was the major part of the experiment and was performed in order to determine the molarity of the FeSO4.020M standardized solution of potassium permanganate was taken and used as the titrant in the titration. The titrant. the titrant was a deep purple and the analyte was a pale murky yellow/grey color. The permanganate ion in the titrant was reduced to Mn2+ and the Fe2+ in the analyte was oxidized to Fe3+. was the oxidizing agent and itself gained 5 electrons to get reduced to Mn2+. The extra oxygen atoms formed water with the H+ ions from the sulfuric acid. As the MnO4.would get reduced to Mn2+ and the extra oxygen atoms could form water. However. In such an acidic medium. the reaction 8H+(aq) +MnO4-(aq) + 5Fe2+(aq) -> 5Fe3+(aq) -> Mn2+(aq) + 4H2O(l) took place.to Mn2+. The analyte. The addition of extra MnO4.CONCLUSION: The purpose of the laboratory exercise was to perform an oxidation/reducation titration between a standardized solution of potassium permanganate and an unknown iron (II) sulfate solution in order to determine the concentration of the latter. The titration proceeded until the entire solution stayed purple pink.was added to the analyte.0M sulfuric acid.
00N. and the molarity of the standardized KMnO4 solution. With a proper set-up that controlled exactly how much oxygen was put in. Oxygen gas noticeably reacted with the FeSO4 solutions to oxidize the Fe2+ions.to the mostly colorless (slightly pink) Mn2+.anything to convert the MnO4. It turned clear to Mn2+ while there still was Fe2+ to oxidize. the colorful changes that accompany the changes of oxidation numbers of manganese and the ease of obtaining manganese-containing compounds made it the simplest choice. Other oxidizing agents could have been used in the titration as well. 5 moles of electrons were required and thus the normality of the solution. However.having a distinctly different color. was 5 times its molarity. CrO42. the number of the electrons reacting with MnO4-. another experiment could have been possible. Likewise. only a single mole of electrons was gotten from the oxidation of . the normality of the solution was calculated to be 1.reduced to Mn2+. 0. it would be possible to use oxygen gas as an oxidizing agent. Cr2O72. However. the solution turned purple with MnO4. 1.-> Fe2+ could have been used as an oxidizing agent. Having gotten the volumes necessary for the titration.could have been used and would have also changed color as it oxidized the Fe3+. Finally.would have likewise oxidized the Fe2+ and could have also acted as a self-indicator because of how it also changes color as it goes to Cr3+. From the balanced chemical equation. Thus. Anything with a reduction potential greater than that of Fe3+ + e. By doing the entire reaction in hydrogen peroxide and seeing how much water was made. the potassium permanganate was the indicator in the reaction. For instance.00N. For every mole of MnO4. The color standard for the reaction was simulated by the addition of a drop of potassium permanganate to water to show what the potassium permanganate would look like after being added at the equivalence point of the titration. H2O2 in an acidic solution could have been used as an oxidizing agent and given water. but as excess permanganate was added.020M. the next step calculated the molarity of the FeSO4 solution.
The three values for the molarity of the FeSO4 were very close. Minor error can be attributed to going slightly past the equivalence point for the second titration. This can be avoided by performing the reaction in a vacuum.172M. .175M and the results were precise. Oxygen got reduced and reacted with H+ in the analyte to form water while the Fe2+ in the FeSO4 analyte got oxidized to give Fe3+. the actual value would be needed. 0. That was also equal to the molarity of the solution as the oxidation of Fe2+ to Fe3+ dealt with only a single electron. and 0. there was a 5:1 stoichometric ratio between the two reagents.Fe2+ to Fe3+. Thus. From the normality of KMnO4. Overall. To determine the accuracy of the results. A more likely source of error is the oxidation/reduction reaction between the iron sulfate and oxygen in the air. 0. it is unlikely that error played a major role in the experiment. thus producing a higher value of 0. the average normality of the FeSO4 solution was gotten to be 0.173N.and the volumes used in the titrations. the actual molarity of the FeSO4 solution was probably higher but the spontaneous reaction of the solution with air made it appear lower than it really was. Thus.173M.175M than is the actual value. Because the newly formed Fe3+ did not react with the potassium permanganate. less potassium permanganate was added than was needed to oxidize all the Fe2+ originally present in solution.