PROJECT : Hampden Bridge Engineer :Percy Allan Owner : City of Wagga Wagga Location: Across the Murrumbidgee River

at Wagga Wagga, NSW Date Completed: 1895 The Hampden bridge is a wooden Allan Truss bridge which opened to traffic on 11 November 1895 . The bridge is 100.5 metres (330 ft) long with each of the 3 truss spans 33.5 metres (110 ft) long. Hampden Bridge was the first large overhead-braced truss bridge designed by Percy Allan. The bridge was originally designed to be a steel-built bridge; however, the tenders were too expensive so timber was used as an alternative and at the time it was the longest timber truss bridge in the World. The bridge became outdated by a modern concrete bridge a number of years ago so the Hampden Bridge was closed in October 1995 and left in its original state, as when it was made redundant.

to raise the deck for repair. August 2008 . In doing so he devised an efficient and graceful truss bridge design. 16 August 2006 . Southern Cross Demolition.a 39-metre (128 ft) metal truss (used railway tracks to put it in place) is placed on the failed section of the Hampden Bridge.the Hampden Bridge opens October 1995 . They used less . A safety report by the Roads and Traffic Authority states that the bridge could fall down any day due to it being in a state of disrepair. March 2012 .5 meters below its original profile.the Hampden Bridge is closed to pedestrians indefinitely after the Wagga Wagga City Council finds that the bridge deck has dropped 50 centimetres (20 in) after one of the trusses failed.      Project Description Parallel chord through trusses He based his design on the American Howe bridge but exploited the superior strength and performance of Australian ironbark to reduce it to its barest essentials. February 2013 . In 2012. 27 February 2008 . Wagga Wagga City Council look into ways to prop up the failed section with other options of possibly demolishing the bridge. as the maintenance costs associated with its preservation were too high. for the complete demolition of the bridge. Allan truss bridges were substantially simpler than their prior allan truss designs.A tender is awarded to Queensland-based company.000 to make the bridge structurally safe.Wagga Wagga City Council voted to dismantle the Hampden Bridge. in 2007 the bridge suffered a major partial failure due to one of the main timber chords failing due to extensive attack by white pocket rot where the failed area was 0. TIMELINE   11 November 1895 . The issue of whether to keep the bridge or to demolish it has divided the community of Wagga Wagga.Because of this.Wagga Wagga City Council approves $300. the Hampden Bridge is closed to traffic when the nearby Wiradjuri Bridge opens. Wagga Wagga City Council voted to demolish the bridge.Just short of its 100th birthday.

5 m (110') with a 7. In 1895. The Hampden Bridge in New South Wales Australia was the first bridge to be built on Percy Allan’s design.5 m (110') truss spans and nine trestle and beam approach spans. His design consists of vertical and diagonal arrangements of trusses which are were originally composed of steel.4 m (24') carriageway. then for other bridges throughout NSW. . As a result. The top and bottom chords are spliced with steel connection plates.6 m (15') carriageway. The design is efficient in materials. timber compression diagonals and vertical steel tension rods. It was highly successful and bridges of this type were constructed as late as 1929. any individual piece could be replaced easily when it became unserviceable. All the timber elements in the main spans are spaced pairs of members while timber to timber joints are cast iron compression seats. The tie rods reduce from three rods in the panels closest to the supports.material. Today many of the bridges based on Percy Allan’s design are composed of iron bark or even timber to reduce the cost. Allan upgraded the design to span 33. It has three 33. The original Allan truss design had a 27. a famous Australian architect and engineer who designed the bridge. He used it initially for the Wagga Wagga bridge. Howe Truss Bridge Howe Truss Design Howe truss bridge is a basic design of truss bridges based on which many engineers gave modified designs for many other famous truss bridges of the world.4 m (90') span and a 4. Allan Truss Bridge The Allan truss bridge is named after Percy Allan. were easier to repair and maintain and enjoyed long operational lives. The sizes of members reduce towards the centre of the truss spans. to a single rod each side of the centre panel. The bottom chord splice plates incorporate vertical square ribs to transfer tension more efficiently while the top compression plates are simple spacing and locating plates. The bridge is a Howe through truss with timber top and bottom chords. All the timber elements were pairs of members and the joints allowed for loads to be shed onto just one member if need be.

. The diagonal trusses move upwards and slope towards the centre of the bridge. This bridge was first designed by William Howe in 1840. Missouri are to bridges based on Howe’s design. the major difference between the two is that in the Pratt Truss Bridge the Diagonal slope down towards the centre. This bridge can be extended up to 250 feet therefore it is commonly used as a railway bridge. The vertical members of the truss are in tension while the members of the diagonal truss are in compression. Although they too like the Howe truss have vertical and diagonal members. Jay Bridge in New York and Sandy creek covered bridge in Jefferson County.It has a simple design which consists of diagonal and vertical trusses. Pratt Truss Bridge The design of the Pratt truss is bridge is the opposite of the Howe Truss Bridge. This bridge was invented by Thomas and Caleb Pratt in1844. Originally this bridge was built with iron but not wood is also used in its making.




2/450 x 150 mm 2.Legend 1. Cast compression seat 10. 2/330 x 175 mm 3. Bottom chord. Cross beam. 2/300 x 125 mm 8. Strut. 65 mm Ø 9. Graded packer . Suspension plate and bolts 11. 400 x 350 mm 7. 2/285 x 150 mm 6. Web. Web. Top chord. Web. Tension rod. 2/330 x 170 mm 5. 2/435 x 170 mm 4.

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