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CHAPTER 5 CONTENTS 5.1 Ratios 5.2 Rates 5.3 Unit Rates 5.4 Proportions 5.5 Applications

**5.1 Ratios (same units)
**

A ratio is the comparison of two quantities. The quantities may simply be numbers, or the quantities may be numbers with units attached to them. A ratio may be written in several ways. Suppose that there are 45 cars and 7 trucks in a parking lot. The ratio of trucks to cars can be written in three ways:

words 7 to 45

colon 7 : 45

fraction

7 45

Each is read (expressed verbally) in the same way: “7 to 45.” The order in which we write the parts of a ratio is important. In words and with a colon, we read from left to right. In fraction form, we read from top to bottom.

Because a ratio can be written as a fraction, it makes sense to reduce a ratio to its lowest terms in the same way that you would reduce a fraction. Suppose that the width of a building is 540 feet and the height of the building is 80 feet. The ratio the building’s width to its height is 540 to 80. In fraction form, this ratio be expressed

540 27 which reduces to . 80 4

So, the ratio 540 to 80 can be reduced also…to the ratio 27 to 4.

Since ratios are a comparison of two quantities, they are always expressed in fractional form (proper or improper) but never as a mixed number or a whole number.

Page 2

Example 1: Write the ratio of 5 pounds of apples to 4 pounds of apples in three different ways. words: 5 to 4 colon: 5:4 fraction:

5 4

**Example 2: Write the ratio of $15 to $18 in simplest form.
**

15 15 3 = 18 18 3 5 6

**Example 3: Write the ratio of 50 milliliters to 45 milliliters in simplest form.
**

50 45 50 5 45 5 10 9

**Example 4: Write the ratio of 8 balls to 11 balls in simplest form.
**

8 11

**Example 5: Write the ratio of 12 pens to 10 pens in simplest form.
**

12 10 12 2 10 2 6 5

Example 6: Write the ratio of the rectangle’s length to its width in simplest form. L = 25 inches W = 15 inches

25 15

25 5 15 5

5 3

Page 3

Write the following ratio using a colon and in words. 11. 14. simplify the ratio. 3 : 5 5. The base of a triangle is 60 millimeters. 4. What is the ratio of rise to run? 17. 15. A wheelchair ramp rises 2 feet for every 12 feet it runs. Write the following ratio as a fraction and using a colon. 10. 24 : 18 6.1 Ratios (same units) Exercises 1. 3.5. What is the ratio the tree’s height to the tree’s width? Page 4 . and the height of the triangle is 40 millimeters. 2. 13. 18 to 23 In Exercises 4 – 14. A tree is 12 feet wide and 18 feet high. 7. What is the ratio of the height to the base? 16. 12. Write the following ratio as a fraction and in words. 5 : 12 9.

3. 6. 16. 12. Page 5 .5. 3 : 5 is simplified 4:3 9. 17. 7. 4. 10.1 Ratios (same units) Exercises Answers 1. 15. 5. 2. 14. 13. 11.

the ratio may be called a rate. even though the ratios are written differently. The ratio of female students to male students is written 15 to 11. It is also common to write a rate in fraction form. $50 8 pounds $25 50 2 = 4 pounds 8 2 Simplify the fraction. Write the meaning of the simplified rate. the ratio 150 miles to 3 hours is called a rate. if a car can be driven 219 miles using 6 gallons of gasoline. This rate can be written using the word per. For instance. Consider a math class with 11 male students and 15 female students. When the names in a ratio are of different types. we can talk about the ratio of miles to gallons or the rate of 219 miles per 6 gallons. This rate may be simplified to lowest terms: 219 miles per 6 gallons = 219 miles 6 gallons 73 miles = 73 miles per 2 gallons. however. you must always be careful to 15 11 distinguish between information and mathematical value.5. The ratio of male students to female students is written 11 to 15. both the word per and a fraction denote the arithmetic operation of division. Both of these ratios convey the same information about the distribution by gender of students in a particular math class. For instance. Thus. 11 15 is not equal to .2 Rates (different units) The ratio 11 to 15 may or may not convey the same information as the ratio 15 to 11. $25 per 4 pounds Page 6 . 2 gallons Example 1: Write the following rate in the simplest form: $50 per 8 pounds Write the original rate in fraction form. As fractions (as purely mathematical entities). 150 miles per 3 hours = 150 miles/3 hours = 150 miles 3 hours Rates are simplified to lowest terms in the same way that ratios are simplified.

8 2 4 grams = 2 2 1 cookie Write the meaning of the simplified rate. 42 words 126 3 = 1 minute 3 3 Write the meaning of the simplified rate. 8 pounds $10 4 pounds 8 2 = $5 10 2 4 pounds per 5 dollars Simplify the fraction. 4 grams of fat per cookie Example 3: Write the rate in the simplest form: 126 words in 3 minutes 126words 3minutes Write the original rate in fraction form. 42 words per minute Example 4: Write the rate in the simplest form: 8 pounds of apples cost $10 Write the original rate in fraction form. Example 5: Write the rate in the simplest form: 3 tablespoons of olive oil has 42 grams of fat 3 tablespoons 42 grams Write the original rate in fraction form. Write the meaning of the simplified rate. Simplify the fraction. 8 grams of fat per 2 cookies 8 grams 2 cookies Simplify the fraction.Example 2: Write the rate in the simplest form: Write the original rate in fraction form. Page 7 .

5. 7. An office assistant can type 1240 words in 20 minutes.00 per 10 boxes 12 phone calls in 60 minutes 100 pages in 4 hours 8 meters per 10 seconds 9. The calories from the entire box are 750. What is the rate of items scanned per second? Page 8 . 6. 1 tablespoon of olive oil per 14 grams of fat 5. 1. What is the rate of miles per hour? 16. Determine the rate of words per minute. What is the rate of miles per gallon? 17. 3. A grocer scans 32 items in 48 seconds. A car traveled 600 miles in 9 hours. 3 3 1 tablespoon = 14 grams 42 3 Write the meaning of the simplified rate. What is the rate of milligrams per pound? 14. A patient requires 15 milligrams of medicine for every 35 pounds of weight.2 Rates (different units) Exercises Write each rate in simplest fraction form. What is the rate of printer cartridges to printed pages? 18. 4. A box of cereal contains 9 servings. A printer used 5 printer cartridges to print 3480 pages. 48 calories per 3 servings 10. 1360 meters in 16 seconds 11.Simplify the fraction. 2. What is the rate of laps per minute for this runner? 13. 36 miles per 6 gallon 10 milliliters per 20 pounds 28 grams per 14 milliliters 84 pounds per 12 square inches $4. A runner can complete 28 laps around the track in 14 minutes. What is the rate of calories per serving for this cereal? 15. On a trip a car traveled 356 miles and used 14 gallons of gas. 12.

4. 8. 14. 6. 15. 13. 5. Page 9 . 3. 2.5. 16. 17. 12. 10.2 Rates (different units) Exercises Answers 1. 9. 11. 7.

49 to 1 pound = $3. 5.18. the rate 200 miles to 8 gallons can be written: 200 miles to 8 gallons 200 miles 8 8 gallons 8 25 miles 1 gallon 25 mpg Sometimes you need to convert one of the units to another type of unit.49 per pound Any rate can be written as a unit rate by dividing both terms by the second term. You will need to use the fact that there are 60 minutes in one hour.3 Unit Rates A unit rate is a rate where the second quantity or the denominator is 1.40 20 20 20 ounces $0. The rate of dollars to ounces is $3. Page 10 . Suppose that a 20-ounce box of cereal costs $3. The following are examples of unit rates: 5 men to 1 car = 5 men per car = 5 men / car.17 = $0. 15 miles 20 minutes 3 15 miles 3 20 minutes 45 miles 60 minutes 45 miles 1 hour 45 mph One very useful unit rate is called a unit price.40.40 20 ounces $3. For instance. 30 miles to 1 gallon = 30 miles per gallon = 30 mpg $3. 17¢ per ounce is the unit price. That is. you might be asked to express the rate 15 miles to 20 minutes in miles per hour. For instance.17 per 1 ounce ounce.

Step 3: Write the meaning of the simplified unit rate.75 1 Step 2: Make the denominator equal to 1 by dividing the denominator by 4 (and. the numerator by 5 also).Example 1: The price of 5 pounds of apples is $10. 135 4 135 4 4 4 33. 33. the numerator by 4 also). thus. What is the unit rate (price of apples per one pound)? Step 1: Write the original rate $10 to 5 pounds. Step 3: Write the meaning of the simplified unit rate. Step 3: Write the meaning of the simplified unit rate. $2 per pound of apples Example 2: Find the unit rate for 240 words in 20 lines. 240 20 240 20 20 20 12 1 Step 1: Write the original rate 240 words to 20 lines. Step 2: Make the denominator equal to 1 by dividing the denominator by 20 (and. thus. the numerator by 20 also). thus. 10 5 10 5 5 5 2 1 Step 2: Make the denominator equal to 1 by dividing the denominator by 5 (and.75 miles per gallon Page 11 . 12 words per line Example 3: Find the unit rate for driving 135 miles on 4 gallons of gasoline Step 1: Write the original rate 135 miles to 4 gallons.

5 2. 2400 40 40 40 60 1 60 words per minute Page 12 . Step 3: Write the meaning of the simplified unit price. the numerator by 2.5 2. thus.5 also).5 Step 2: Make the denominator equal to 1 by dividing the denominator by 2. thus.5 to 2.5 (and.5 kg.5 3 1 $3 per kilogram Example 5: A typist can type 2400 words in 40 minutes. Step 2: Make the denominator equal to 1 by dividing the denominator by 2. the numerator by 2. Step 3: Write the meaning of the simplified unit price. Find the unit rate.5 kilograms of brown rice for $7.Example 4: Mina bought 2.5 2 . 7 . Find the unit rate or unit price (of brown rice per kilogram) Step 1: Write the original rate $7.50. 2400 40 Step 1: Write the original rate 2400 words to 40 minutes.5 also). 7.5 (and.5 2.

8700 calories per 15 servings 11. A 12-ounce can of Bush’s Original Baked Beans costs $. What is her pay per hour? 17. 4. William got a bill for his texting overages: $2. 5. How much was he charged per text? 20. there is a sale on Scampbull’s soup: 10 cans of Turkey-nComets soup cost $8. What is the unit price per ounce? 15.88. $45. 784 calories per 4 servings of pie 550 miles in 11 hours 345 miles per 12 gallons $15. What is the unit rate in miles per hour that he bicycled? Page 13 . 1. Lakisha bought 5 Granny Smith apples for $1.20 per 3 hours 34 grams per 17 milliliters 120 pages in 6 hours 28 meters per 8 seconds $8.25 for 25 texts. What is the unit price per apple? 19. Four peanut butter cookies have 125 calories. Lance Legstrong rode his bicycle 10 miles in 30 minutes. What is the price per can of soup? 13. Kenya costs $9.22.35 per 5 hours 10. 2. What is the price per minute this telephone call? 12. Elmer owns a delivery service. 3. an administrative assistant can type 2435 words in 20 minutes.25 per 3 boxes 9. 7. How many calories are there per cookie? 18. A phone call from New York City to Nairobi. After her morning coffee. Anne babysat her twin nieces for 6 hours and was paid $36.3 Unit Rate Exercises Determine the unit rate. One of the vehicles in his fleet traveled 120 miles in 2 hours. FuddEx. What is the unit rate in miles per hour that the delivery vehicle traveled? 16. What is the administrative assistant’s unit rate in words per minute? 14.35 for 32 minutes. 6.5. At the SuperOgre grocery store.50.

18. 20. 2. 14. 13. 4. 17. 9. 3. 16. or 60 miles per hr. 8. 10. 11.5. Page 14 . 5.3 Unit Rates Exercises Answers 1. 12. 15. 6. 7. 19.

” 1 3 2 3 and 6 4 2 are 7 1 2 and are equivalent fractions. 2. a c is read “a is to b as c is to d. This creates an equation in the variable n. divide both sides of the equation by 17.3. the 3 6 3 2 and are not equivalent fractions. 17 100 for the value of n. Thus. the 4 6 proportion is true because 4·33 = 22·6.9 equal to each other. proportions.4 Proportions A proportion is a statement that two ratios are equal. cross multiply.5. a proportion is true if and only if its cross products are equal. you can solve for the missing number by assuming that the proportion is true. where a and d are called the “extremes”. Cross multiply and set the two cross products equal to each other. to solve the proportion Page 15 . yielding n = 300. both cross products equal 132 and are. Then. A proportion is either true or false. The proportion is false because (1. Solve this equation for n by dividing both sides of the equation by the number that is multiplied with n. ad and bc are called the cross b d products. Because first proportion is true. For instance. For instance. If only three of the numbers are given. Because false. is true if and only if a d b c . and b and c are called the “means. A proportion has four numbers. obtaining 51 n 17·n = 51·100.2)(5) = 6 is not equal to 7 5 (7)(0. For instance.” This proportion can be written in colon b d form as a : b :: c : d.9) = 6. the second proportion is 4 7 The proportion A proportion is true if and only if the product of the extremes equals the product of the a c means. Therefore.2 0. To solve a proportion for the missing number n: 1. and a variable represents the fourth. thus 22 33 1.

5 1. then the proportion is true. divide by 5 . divide by 2. n 11.5 2. 2 n 3 10 2n 30 To solve for n.5 1. divide by 2. 2 3 10 n Solve for n: Calculate the cross products.5 2.5 Example 3: Solve for n: Calculate the cross products.25 To solve for n. n 30 2 n 15 n 7. and equate them. 2. and equate them.5 1 2 3 5 n 9 5 3 n 5 1 9 2 5 Example 4: Solve for n: Calculate the cross products. 6 15 5 18 90 = 90 Example 2: Therefore.5 n 7. the proportion is true.5n 11.5. 3 n 5 3 To solve for n. and equate them. n n 9 10 9 10 3 2 3 5 9 5 10 3 45 30 45 15 30 15 Page 16 .25 2.5 n 4.Example 1: Is 5 6 15 a true statement? 18 If the product of 5 and 18 is equal to the product of 6 and 15.

divide by 2 . 5 n 3 4 5n 12 To solve for n. n 12 5 12 = 2. 3 n 2 3 n 2 3 To solve for n. and equate them. divide by 5.Example 5: Solve for n: 3 n 5 4 Calculate the cross products.4 n 5 Example 6: Solve for n: n 1 2 1 4 1 1 2 2 2 1 4 2 4 9 1 9 1 and 1 4 2 Convert each mixed fraction to an improper fraction. and equate them. n 9 4 3 2 1 9 2 4 9 8 9 3 8 2 3 4 9 2 8 3 18 24 18 6 24 6 n Page 17 . The proportion has become… 1 2 2 1 3 2 n 1 2 Calculate the cross products.

Solve the following proportion for n.5. 8. 12. Solve the following proportion for u. Is the following proportion true or false? 2. Solve the following proportion for v. 10. 11. Is the following proportion true or false? 3. Is the following proportion true or false? 4. Is the following proportion true or false? 5. Solve the following proportion for a.4 Proportion Exercises 1. Solve the following proportion for s. Solve the following proportion for n. 9. 7. 6. Solve the following proportion for r. Solve the following proportion for b. Page 18 .

9 1 12 p 3 8 3 19. Solve the following proportion for n. 6 s 2 3 2 3 1 2 Page 19 . Solve the following proportion for a. 1 2 1 12 t 4 7 20. 12 4 2 17. Solve the following proportion for t. Solve the following proportion for b. 2 1 2 b 5 6 4 r 16. Solve the following proportion for t.13. 3 5 9 8 a 5 18. Solve the following proportion for p. Solve the following proportion for s. 14. Solve the following proportion for r. 3 15.

False proportion 2. True proportion 3. 5 = s 13. 9.12 15. 19. 16. v = 11.5. 15 = n r=2 b = 16 n = 69 u= 10. 6. 7. n = 2. 17.2729 (rounded) 14. 18. a = 4. 8. False proportion 5. t = 24 Page 20 . t = 5.4 Proportions Exercises Answers 1.9 12. True proportion 4.

20. Page 21 .

5. 20 ounces/10 parts simplifies to 2 ounces per part. Thus.20. 2. The unit price of the 6-ounce can is $1. This gives one part. the lawyer and the plaintiff of a successful lawsuit are going to divide the $22. and the plaintiff receives 6 parts. 3. Which is a better buy: a 6-ounce can of tuna for $1. The portion allotted to the lawyer is 4 x $2.200= $8. The 10-ounce can of tuna is the better buy because it has a lesser unit price.000 judgment according to the ratio 4:6. 2x3 = 6 ounces of ingredient B.200= $13. and the plaintiff receives 6 x $2. we first add 2 + 3 + 5 = 10 parts.200. the ratio of ingredient A to ingredient B to ingredient C might be 2:3:5.16. Add the terms of the ratio together. there are 2x2 = 4 ounces of ingredient A. The lawyer receives 4 parts (each part is of an equal amount). The first type of application is to split an amount according to a given ratio. and each part is worth $22.60? To decide. If there is a total of 20 ounces of the mixture. The $22.000/10 = $2. For instance. Page 22 .60/10 = $. Another type of application is to compare two ratios or rates such as unit prices. The answers represent the apportioned amounts. how much of each ingredient should be used? To apportion an amount according to a given ratio: 1. Multiply the value of one part by each term in the ratio. compare the unit prices. Then. and the unit price for the 10-ounce can is $1.5 Applications There are several types of applications which can be solved using ratios and proportions. and 2x5 = 10 ounces of ingredient C.000 is split into 4 + 6 = 10 equal parts.200. In working with mixtures or recipes. To apportion 20 ounces according to the ratio 2:3:5.20 or a 10-ounce can of tuna for $1.20/6 = $.800. Divide the total amount to be apportioned by this sum.

Page 23 .

including the units. How 2 much cholesterol is contained in 8 ounces of trout? To solve using proportions: 1. and so that the units of its denominator match the units of the first ratio’s denominator. 1 Suppose you know that there are 56 milligrams of cholesterol in 3 ounces of trout. and so on. Use the information in the problem to write two ratios. Page 24 . Write the second ratio so that the units of its numerator match the units of the first ratio’s numerator. halving one means the other will halve. 2. 4. 3. Write the first ratio based on “known” information in fraction form.Proportions can be used to solve applications whose quantities are proportional. and solve the proportion. 5. Let x (or another variable) represent the unknown quantity. Two quantities are proportional if doubling one means the other will double. tripling one means the other will triple. Make a proportion by setting the ratios equal.

7 x 56 8 2 7 x 2 448 7 To solve for x. Page 25 . The proportion has become… 3 1 2 3 2 2 1 7 2 56 7 2 x 8 Calculate the cross products. 8 ounces 3 1 ounces 2 56 31 2 x . 8 Thus. divide by 2 . Let x = the number of milligrams of cholesterol in 8 ounces of trout. x 448 7 2 448 2 1 7 896 7 896 7 x 128 mg of cholesterol Always remember to include the appropriate units in your answer. and equate them. The first ratio is 56 milligrams x milligrams and the second ratio is .The question “How much cholesterol is contained in 8 ounces of trout?” indicates that the unknown quantity is the number of milligrams of cholesterol in 8 ounces of trout. we must solve the proportion Convert the mixed fraction to an improper fraction.

1 60 4 n Step 5: Solve the proportion for the variable by equating cross products. How many milligrams of vitamin C are in 4 tablets of One-A-Day Vitamin? Step 1: Assign a variable to the unknown quantity. Step 2: Write the first ratio based on “known” information: one tablet contains 60 milligrams of Vitamin C. of Vitamin C in 4 tablets. Make sure that the units of the respective numerators match and the units of the respective denominators match. 4 tablets n mg Step 4: Write a proportion. Page 26 . 1 tablet 60 mg Step 3: Write the second ratio with the unknown quantity. 1 n 4 60 1n n 240 240 1 240 1 240 There are 240 milligrams of vitamin C in 4 tablets of One-A-Day Vitamin.Example 1: A single tablet of One-A-Day Vitamin for men contains 60 milligrams of Vitamin C. Let n = the number of mg.

How much pink lemonade powder would be needed to mix with 15 quarts of water? Step 1: Assign a variable to the unknown quantity. Make sure that the units of the respective numerators match and the units of the respective denominators match. Page 27 . 36 grams 5 quarts Step 3: Write the second ratio with the unknown quantity. 36 5 n 15 Step 5: Solve the proportion for the variable by equating cross products. Bruce mixes 36 grams of pink lemonade powder with 5 quarts of water. Let n = the number of grams of powder for 15 quarts of water. 5 n 36 15 5n 540 n 540 5 540 5 108 Bruce needs 108 grams of pink lemonade powder to mix with 15 quarts of water.Example 2: To make pink lemonade. Step 2: Write the first ratio based on “known” information: 36 grams of powder are needed for 5 quarts of water. n grams 15 quarts Step 4: Write a proportion.

How many hours will it take to pump 2030 gallons of water out of the basement? Step 1: Assign a variable to the unknown quantity. 140 n 2030 1 140n 2030 n 2030 140 2030 140 14. 2030 gallons n hours Step 4: Write a proportion.5 It will take 14. Page 28 .5 hours to pumps out 2030 gallons of water. 140 gallons 1 hour Step 3: Write the second ratio with the unknown quantity. Make sure that the units of the respective numerators match and the units of the respective denominators match. 140 1 2030 n Step 5: Solve the proportion for the variable by equating cross products.Example 3: Water is pumped out of a basement at a rate of 140 gallons per hour. Step 2: Write the first ratio based on “known” information: 140 gallons of water are pumped out in 1 hour. Let n = the number of hours to pump out 2030 gallons of water.

8 n 36 12 8n n 432 432 8 432 8 54 There are 54 grams of fat in a 12-ounce steak. Page 29 . Make sure that the units of the respective numerators match and the units of the respective denominators match. Let n = the number of grams of fat in a 12-ounce steak. 36 grams of fat 8 ounces of steak Step 3: Write the second ratio with the unknown quantity.Example 4: There are 36 grams of fat in an 8-ounce steak. How many grams of fat are there in a 12-ounce steak? Step 1: Assign a variable to the unknown quantity. n grams of fat 12 ounces of steak Step 4: Write a proportion. 36 8 n 12 Step 5: Solve the proportion for the variable by equating cross products. Step 2: Write the first ratio based on “known” information: there are 36 grams of fat in an 8-ounce steak.

Example 5: You need to combine 98 grams of sulfuric acid (H2SO4) and 80 grams of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) to produce sodium sulfate (a kind of chemical salt). n grams of H 2 SO4 20 grams of NaOH Step 4: Write a proportion. Page 30 .5 80 24. How many grams of sulfuric acid (H2SO4) would you need to combine with 20 grams of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) to produce sodium sulfate? Step 1: Assign a variable to the unknown quantity.5 grams of sulfuric acid (H2SO4) are needed to combine with 20 grams of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) to produce sodium sulfate. 98 80 n 20 Step 5: Solve the proportion for the variable by equating cross products. 80 n 98 20 80n 1960 n 1960 1960 80 24. Let n = the number of grams of H2SO4 to combine with 20 grams of NaOH. Step 2: Write the first ratio based on “known” information: 98 grams of H2SO4 are needed for 80 grams of NaOH 98 grams of H 2 SO4 80 grams of NaOH Step 3: Write the second ratio with the unknown quantity. Make sure that the units of the respective numerators match and the units of the respective denominators match.

4 parts alcohol. 3 inches represents 8 miles.5. and 5 parts glucose. Three ounces of a chemical are needed to treat 25 ounces of water. A child care center advertises that it has a ratio of 2 caregivers for every 9 children. How many kilometers are represented by 15 cm? 5. On a map. 2 cm represents 3 kilometers. how many milliliters of medication is the person to receive? 6. How much sugar do you need for 2 pounds of mix? How much sugar do you need for 0. The dosage says 3 ml of medication for a 150-pound person. 2 moles of oxygen gas are needed. how many teaspoons of medication should the child receive? 9. 7. how many children are at the child care center? Page 31 . Find the weight of a person requiring 25 milligrams of the drug. A recipe calls for ¼ teaspoon of salt for every ½ cup of flour. How much salt should be used for 5 cups of flour? 10. To make one pound of lemonade mix you need 120 grams of sugar. A nurse has to give a patient a dose of medication. how far can the truck go? 2. 1. How many cups of flour are needed to make 288 cookies? 11. Barry wants to make a 720-ounce solution with 3 parts water. If his truck has 4 gallons of gasoline. A nurse has to give a child a dose of Tylenol. How many ounces of each substance would he use to make the solution? 3. If there are 6 caregivers. If the person weighs 200 pounds.5 pounds of mix? 8. Four milligrams of a drug are to be given for every 10 kilograms of body weight. Harry’s truck gets 23 miles per gallon of gasoline. How many ounces of the chemical are needed to treat 100 ounces of water? 12. How many inches will represent a distance of 48 miles? 4. A baker can make 72 cookies using 4 cups of flour. How many moles of water can you make with 21 moles of oxygen gas? 13. To make 4 moles of water. On a map. If the child weighs 75 pounds. The dosage says 2 teaspoons of medication for a 50-pound child.5 Application Exercises Solve the following proportions.

At this rate.95. how many female students attend the college? 15. There are 45 mg of cholesterol in 2 ounces of egg substitute. how many words can the office assistant type in 20 minutes? 16. you can purchase 12 cans of soda for $1. How many mg of cholesterol are there in 3 ounces of egg substitute? 18. At this rate.14. Which is the better deal? Page 32 .34. how many hits should he get in 250 times at bat? 17. An office assistant can type 525 words in 5 minutes. you can purchase 60 cans of soda for $8.42. a 16-ounce bag of rice costs $2. At a regular grocery store. and a 24-ounce bag of rice costs $3. Which is the better buy? 20. How many grams of fat are there in a 6-ounce steak? 19. At a warehouse store. At the grocery store. A baseball player gets 36 hits in 90 times at bat. There are 18 grams of fat in a 4-ounce steak.85. A college has a ratio of 2 male students for every 3 female students. If there are 5322 male students at the college.

there are 67. 27 grams of fat.5 tsps. 4 ml. 7983 female students attend the college 15. 42 moles of water.5. 25 mg will be given to a person who weighs 62. 3 tsps.5 kg.5 kg 7. The 60 cans are $. the 24-ounce bag is the better buy. 22.5 tsps of salt will be used for 5 cups of flour 10. 60g (for 0. 22.5 pounds of mix) 8. the 12 cans are $.154 /can.149/can. the office assistant can type 2100 words in 20 minutes 16. the 60 cans are the better deal. 100 hits. 16 cups. The 16-ounce bag is $. 16 cups of flour are needed to make 288 cookies 11. 20. 12 ounces of chemical are needed for 100 ounces of water 12.146/oz and the 24-ounce bag is $. 27 children. 12 ounces of chemical.5 km will represent 3 cm on a map 5. 67. 27 children are at the childcare 14.5 milligrams of cholesterol in 3 ounces of egg substitute 18. Harry will be able to go 92 miles on 4 gallons of gas 2.5 Proportion Application Exercises Answers 1. 240 g (for 2 pounds of mix). 62.5 km.142/oz. and 300 ounces of glucose 3. 42 moles of water can make 21 moles of gas 13. 2. there are 27 grams of fat in a 6-ounce steak 19. 3 tsps of Tylenol are given to a person weighing 75 lbs 9.5 mg. therefore. 2. 18 inches will represent 24 miles on a map 4. the nurse will give the person 4 milliliters of medication 6. Page 33 . 18 inches. 180 ounces of water. the player can get 100 hits in 250 times at bat 17. therefore. 240 ounces of alcohol. 7983 female students. 2100 words. 92 miles.

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