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AS 4458/Amdt 1/1999-12-05

STANDARDS AUSTRALIA Amendment No. 1 to AS 4458 1997 Pressure equipmentManufacture


REVISED TEXT The 1997 edition of AS 4458 is amended as follows; the amendment(s) should be inserted in the appropriate place. SUMMARY : This Amendment applies to Clauses 1.4.4 and 1.4.6, Section 2, Clauses 3.1 and 3.6, Table 6.1, Clause 6.3.1, Tables 7.1 and 7.2, Clauses 8.3.1 and 8.3.3, Tables 8.1 and 8.2, Clauses 9.1, 9.2, 9.3 and 9.5.2, Tables 10.1 and 11.1, Clauses 13.3, 14.2 and 14.3, Table 14.1, Clauses 14.5.1, 14.6.6, 14.7 and 14.11, Table 19.2 and Appendices A, C and F.
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Published on 5 December 1999.


AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999

Page 9 Clause 1.4.4 Delete Clause and substitute as follows: 1.4.4 Fabrication inspection body a body corporate, firm or person, able to provide the inspection services of materials and construction of pressure equipment.
NOTE: In this Standard, fabrication inspection body is referred to as the inspection body. Where such a body is not appointed, the owner should refer to the purchaser.

AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999

Page 9 Clause 1.4.6 Delete the words for use in a workplace or pressure equipment intended to be used in a workplace. Page 10 Section 2 Second paragraph, add the following as the last sentence: The design strength tables of AS 1210, AS 1228 and AS 4041 contain the material grouping for each specification listed.

AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999

AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999 AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999

Page 12 Clause 3.1 Item (a) after constructed insert , the class of construction. Page 13 Clause 3.6 Delete the last paragraph and substitute the following: For boilers constructed to AS 1228, the report shall be the manufacturers data report as given in Appendix A of AS 1228. For piping constructed to AS 4041, the report shall be the manufacturers data report as given in Clause 1.11 of AS 4041.

ISBN 0 7337 3034 5

AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999

Page 23 Table 6.1 1 Material group A1 & A2, Recommended forming temperature range 850950, Recommended heat treatment after hot forming, delete (Note 2) and substitute (Notes 1 and 2). Material group A1 & A2, Recommended forming temperature range 9501050, Recommended heat treatment after hot forming, add (Note 1). Note 1, first line, delete group A3. Note 1, add the following as the final sentence: This testing will apply to some grades of AS 1548, AS 1594 and AS 3678 materials.

2 3 4

AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999 AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999 Accessed by CURTIN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY on 06 Mar 2013 (Document currency not guaranteed when printed)

Page 27 Clause 6.3.1 Item (a), delete A3 3920.1 and substitute AS 4343. Page 34 Table 7.1 1 2 First column, delete Outside diameter and substitute Outside diameter ( D o). Delete all entries for outside diameter and substitute as follows: Do 100 < Do 200 < Do 300 < Do Do > 100 200 300 600 600

AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999

Page 35 Table 7.2 1 2 First column, after . . . diameter insert (D). First column for Nominal inside diameter, delete all entries and substitute as follows: D 900 900 < D 1500 D > 1500

AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999 AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999 AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999 AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999

Page 42 Clause 8.3.1 Informal table, Item (b), delete 12 < t 40 and substitute 20 < t 40. Page 43 Clause 8.3.1, Note to informal Table First line, delete Class H and substitute Classes 1H and 2H. Page 44 Clause 8.3.3 Item (a), fifth line, delete 30 and substitute 15. Page 45 Table 8.1 1 2 First column, delete Bore of pipe and substitute Nominal bore of pipe ( DN). First column, delete values for Bore of pipe and substitute as follows: DN 100 100 < DN 300 DN > 300

AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999

Page 46 Table 8.2 1 2 First column, after . . . pipe insert (T). First column, delete values for Nominal thickness of pipe and substitute as follows: T 3< T 4< T T 3 > 3 4 5 5

Delete last column Minimum weld leg length.

AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999

Page 48 Clause 9.1 1 2 3 First paragraph, add the following last sentence: Welders of pressure piping shall be supervised in accordance with AS 4041. First paragraph, third line before . . . application Standard, insert design and. Second paragraph, delete last sentence and substitute as follows: Production welding carried out by welders not holding an AS 1796 certification, but otherwise qualified in accordance with AS/NZS 3992 shall be supervised by a welding supervisor certificated in accordance with AS 1796, or by a person having qualifications and experience acceptable to the inspection body.

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AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999

Page 48 Clause 9.2 Delete Clause and substitute as follows: The manufacturer shall qualify welding procedures in accordance with the requirements of AS/NZS 3992 or equivalent and nominate any welding procedures that do not require qualification to be applied in manufacture.

AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999

Page 48 Clause 9.3 Delete Clause and substitute as follows: 9.3 WELDING PERSONNEL 9.3.1 Competence of welding supervisors All welding on pressure components shall be carried out under the supervision of a person who has had suitable training or experience in the forms of fabrication and the processes of welding employed in the manufacturing process, except where otherwise agreed by the parties concerned. Supervisors required to supervise non-certificated welders shall hold an AS 1796 supervisors certificate or equivalent. 9.3.2 Competence of welders components shall (a) (b) Each welder engaged in the welding of pressure

hold an appropriate welders certificate in accordance with AS 1796; or have had training or experience in the particular welding process to be used and be qualified in accordance with the requirements of AS/NZS 3992 for each welding procedure to be used.

AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999

Page 49 Clause 9.5.2 Item (g), Delete item and substitute as follows: Mixture of gas where the qualified welding procedure requires the use of a gas mixture, it shall comply with the essential variable in Table 5.1 of AS/NZS 3992.

AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999

Page 52 Clause 10.6.4 Delete Clause and substitute as follows: For joints in materials of different thicknesses, the recommended minimum preheat temperature should be that applicable to the thinner of the materials at the joint from Table 10.1 unless the welding procedure qualification has proven that another temperature is acceptable.

AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999

Page 52 Table 10.1 Delete Table 10.1 not including Notes to Table 10.1, and substitute the following: TABLE
ASME P and subgroup No.

10.1

RECOMMENDED PREHEAT TEMPERATURES FOR ARC WELDING OF STEEL


Material group (Note 1) Material type Recommended minimum preheat Typical temperature, C (Note 2) specifications or for following thicknesses (Note 3) nominal >12 mm >25 mm >50 compositions 12 mm 25 mm 50 mm mm 40 75

Notes

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CARBON, CARBON-MANGANESE AND LOW ALLOY STEELS A1 1.1 Carbon and carbonAS 1548: 7-430 0 20 manganese steel (low 7-460 strength) ASTM A 106-B A2 1.2 Carbon and CarbonAS 1548: 5-490 20 50 manganese steel7-490 (medium strength) ASTM A 106-C A3 Carbon and carbon AS 1594: XF 400, 0 25 manganese steel (High XF 500 yield strength) API 5L X52 B 3.1 Alloy steel (alloy <) C- Mo 50 75 C-Mo 1Mn-Mo C 4.1 Alloy steel 1 Cr-Mo 50 75 ( total alloy < 3) 1 Cr-Mo D1 Alloy steel Cr- Mo-V 200 200 (vanadium type) Mn-V D2 5A.1 Alloy steels 2 Cr-1 Mo 150 200 5B.1 (3 total alloy < 10) 5 Cr- Mo 200 200 9Cr-1 Mo, 9Cr-1 Mo-V E 9B.1 3 Ni steel 3 Ni 150 150 F 11A.1 9 Ni steel 9 Ni 25 25 G 11B.1 Quenched and ASTM A 517 10 for 75 for to tempered low alloy AS 3597:700 PV 15 mm >15 mm 11B.8 steel HIGH ALLOY STEELS H 12Cr-1Mo-V(W) 6.1 13Cr Martensitic 200 200 6.2 15Cr Chromium steels J 7.1 Ferritic high Types 405, 410S, 10 10 chromium steel 430 K Austenitic Types 302, 304, 10 10 Cr-Ni steel 304L, 310S, 316, 316L, 321, 347 L 10.5 High chromium steel Types 442, 446 200 200 M Ferritic-austenitic 22Cr-5Ni-3Mo 10 10 Cr-Ni steel

6, 7

80

125

7, 8

50

75

100

125

7, 8

100 200 200 200

125 200 200 200

7, 8 7, 8 7, 8 7, 8

150 25 75

150 25 75

7, 8 7, 8, 9 7, 8, 9

200 10 10

250 10 10

7,8,10

200 10

200 10

7, 10

AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999

Page 53 Notes to Table 10.1 1 Note 2, delete Note and substitute the following: Higher or lower temperatures may be required to achieve the qualified welding procedure. In both cases, preheat, interpass and energy limitations of AS/NZS 3992 apply. 2 3 Note 4, delete For carbon equivalent (CE) see Table 5.1 (Note 2). and substitute Not allocated.. Note 5, delete The specifications listed here are those which will usually have a carbon equivalent (CE) less than 0.45 percent based on reported ladle analysis. and substitute Not allocated..

AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999

Page 55 Table 11.1 1 2 First column, after . . . plate insert (t). First column, delete values for Thickness of plate and substitute as follows: t 3< t 6< t 12 < t t > 3 6 12 25 25

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AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999

Page 59 Clause 13.3 1 2 Second paragraph, first line delete AS 3920.1 and substitute AS 4343. Last paragraph, last line, delete Section 13 and substitute Section 14.

AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999 AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999 AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999

Page 60 Clause 14.2 First paragraph, second line, after required insert prior to,. Page 61 Clause 14.3 First paragraph after Item (c), first line, delete has and substitute have. Pages 61 to 63 Table 14.1 1 2 3 4 5 Fourth column heading, add the units mm. Material group C, Note references, delete 12. Material group G, Note references, delete 22. Material group G, Column 4, delete All. Note 2, insert the following at the end of the sentence: For material groups A1 and A2 temperatures up to 650C are acceptable without the need for further testing. 6 Note 23, delete Note and substitute See Section 6 for normalizing and quenching and tempering.

AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999

Page 64 Clause 14.5.1 Delete Clause 14.5.1 and substitute the following: 14.5.1 General The nominal thickness above which postweld heat treatment for pressure equipment is required is given in Table 14.1, Column 4. The nominal thickness at each joint (including corrosion and other allowances) to be used in applying Table 14.1 shall be the greatest of the following: (a) (b) (c) The thickness of the material at full penetration butt welds between parts of the same thickness. The base material nominal thickness of integrally clad plate, or of material with weld overlay deposit or welded corrosion-resistant lining. Where the welded joint connects parts of different thickness: (i) (ii) The thinner of two adjacent butt-welded parts, including shell to end connections, except that the thicker shall apply for group G steels. The thicker of the shell or the fillet weld throat, in connections to intermediate flanged ends which use the flange as a backing strip for the shell butt welds. The thickness of the shell in welded connections to tubeplates, flat ends, covers, flanges or similar constructions. For branch to shell or end welds, the greater thickness of (A) for pressure vessels and piping, the throat thickness of the weld across the branch neck, the shell, the end or the reinforcing pad, or the throat thickness of the attachment fillet weld; or for boilers including integral piping, the thickness of shell or end at the weld.

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(iii) (iv)

(B) (v) (vi)

The thickness of the branch neck at the weld in branch neck to flange connections. For attachment of non-pressure parts to pressure parts (A) (B) for pressure vessels and piping, the throat thickness of the weld at the point of attachment to the pressure part; or for boilers including integral piping, the thickness of the shell or end except as provided in Clause 14.11.

(vii)

The throat thickness of the weld in tube to tubeplate connections in pressure vessels and fire-tube boilers.

NOTE: This Item (vii) does not apply to seal welded tubes with throat thickness not ,exceeding 6 mm.

(d) (e) (f)

For stud welds, the thickness shall be the diameter of the stud. When postweld heat treatment is necessary to satisfy low-temperature requirements of the selected material, the reference thickness according to AS 1210 or AS 4041. The throat thickness of the weld includes the throat thickness of the butt or fillet weld but excludes weld reinforcement.
NOTE: Where not all the joints in an item of pressure equipment are required by Table 14.1 to be subjected to post weld heat treatment, only those joints having a nominal thickness requiring post weld heat treatment need be heat treated. For example a pad type manway welded in the centre of a head may cause the head assembly to require post weld heat treatment prior to assembly to the vessel.

AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999 AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999

Page 66 Clause 14.6.6 Last line, delete see Notes 2 and 10 and substitute see Notes 2 and 9. Page 68 Clause 14.7 Item (d) add the following as the final sentence: The holding time shall be an accumulation of all the time at temperature when multiple heat treatment cycles are applied.

AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999

Page 70 Clause 14.11 Delete Clause 14.11 and substitute the following: 14.11 EXEMPTIONS TO POSTWELD HEAT TREATMENT OF ATTACHMENTS TO AND REPAIR WELDS IN POSTWELD HEAT TREATED EQUIPMENT Welded branch connections, welded attachments of non-pressure parts and repair welds which are made to pressure equipment that has been or is required to be postweld heat treated, shall be given a postweld heat treatment as required in Clause 14.4 except as exempted in Items (a) and (b) below. These exemptions do not apply where postweld heat treatment is required by Clause 14.3 as a service requirement, or where the need for postweld heat treatment is demonstrated in weld procedure tests. (a) Postweld heat treatment is not required for welds attaching branches and attachments or repair welds to shells, ends or other pressure parts of Groups A1 and A2 steels over 32 mm thickness or of group B steels with maximum carbon content of not more than 0.25 percent by ladle analysis and with thickness over 16 mm where (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (b) the inside diameter of the branch is not greater than 65 mm; the weld throat is 12 mm or less; the series of connections do not form ligaments that require an increase in the shell or end thickness; and the minimum preheat temperature during welding is 100C or as required in Table 10.1, whichever is the greater.

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Postweld heat treatment is not required for welds which attach non-pressure parts to non-pressure parts which have been postweld heat treated, provided that the distance from the weld to the connection to the pressure part exceeds four times the thickness of the material.

AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999

Pages 83 Table 19.2 1 2 First column, after . . . diameter insert (OD). First column, delete values for Tube nominal outside diameter and substitute as follows: OD 38 < OD 50 < OD 85 < OD 38 50 85 100

AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999

Page 88 Appendix A 1 2 After the entry for AS 1674.2, add the following: 1796 Certification of welders and welding supervisors After entry for AS 4041, add the following: 4343 Pressure equipment Hazard levels

AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999 AMDT No. 1 DEC. 1999

Pages 94 and 95 Appendix C Manufacturers data report, delete the word copyright from the bottom of each page. Pages 99 Appendix F 1 Table F1, Ref. letter D, last column, insert on the next line the following: 1 mm per 800 mm of length plus 5 mm, with a maximum of 30 mm for vessels over 800 mm. 2 Table F1, Ref. letter E, last column, delete and insert See Clause 7.2.

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