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Unit 15 Jobs & Careers

The growth of online job hunting has increased the spotlight on CVs, with many employers now searching CV databases for potential candidates. A great CV, highlighting relevant skills and experience, boosts your chances of getting an interview, whereas a poor one could ruin your chances before you’ve even begun. When submitting individual job applications, you should tailor your CV to each role to emphasise the reasons why you’re right for the job. On average, a recruiter will spend just eight seconds reviewing a CV, so it’s important to get it right. If you follow a basic structure, you can present the information in a clear, concise, persuasive way. Personal details. Include your name, address, phone numbers and email address. You might also wish to include details about your nationality, age and driving licence. Work experience. List the most recent experience first, continuing in reverse chronological order. Describe your work experience in short sentences using straightforward, positive language and highlight your key achievements. Education. List brief details of your academic and professional qualifications along with the grades attained. Applicants looking for their first job since leaving education should include this information above their work experience. Skills. Include specific skills such as IT packages or languages and state whether you’re at a basic, intermediate or advanced level. References. It’s not necessary to note the details of your referees on your CV, but you should state that details of references are available on request. If this is your first job, it is a good idea to nominate tutors or mentors. Do not forget to ask your referees first for permission to cite them. Hobbies. Including these is optional, but keep them short if you do. If your skills haven’t already persuaded recruiters to offer you an interview, the fact that you enjoy a round of golf won’t change their mind. The idea is to give the interviewer a more rounded picture and, perhaps, something more personal to discuss with you. Presentation. Keep your CV to two sides. It should look clean and tidy with no frills or fancy attachments, and all the information should be clearly signposted. If you are printing and posting your CV, stick to good quality white paper. (After

an economist with forecasting firm Global Insight in Lexington. an economist at the University of Maryland.” said Brian Bethune. we’re in a borderline recession situation by any standard. who expect the economy to dominate this year’s presidential campaign.” Sen. Exercises What should one highlight when writing about their work experience in a CV? How should the presentation of a CV be? Why is the way you write a CV important? What does “you should tailor your CV” in line 6 mean? How long will it take a recruiter to review a CV? Which are the essential personal details to write in a CV? Why should people include in their CV information regarding their hobbies? What should people mention under “skills” in their CV? What should a CV look like? 1. - 2. which some analysts recently suggested might be averted. The nation’s jobless rate shot up in May to 5. called the job report “the strongest evidence yet” that the economy “has slipped into a recession of uncertain depth and duration. “This is a reminder that working families continue to bear the brunt of the failed Bush economic policies that John McCain wants to continue for another four years.5% – its highest level since 2004. President Bush acknowledged the bad news but maintained that a surge of new job seekers was behind the report. Choose the best alternative to fill each gap. as unemployment surged to a record high. The employment report. Mass. bolstered fears that the country was in a recession.” In Washington. if you look at the string of declines in employment. Peter Morici. “At this point. Barack Obama said in a statement. showing a fifth straight month of job losses. the unemployment report quickly became fodder for politicians. Answer the following questions. and the largest one-month increase since 1986. 3. Identify the terms related to jobs in the text below: Economists looking for signs of trouble found a double dose of it Friday. 94 .

A doctor is a member of a respected occupation / profession / trade / work. making any necessary changes. “You … work harder if you want a raise”. All the members of our personal / personnel / staff / gang are expected to work hard. “… I turn on the lights? I … see in here”. I’d rather go home. the secretary complained to her boss. said the manager to the employees on strike. He … get a job because he was too young. It’s wise to think about choosing a business / career / living / profession before leaving school. People are usually willing to tell others how much they deserve / earn / gain / obtain. You’ll probably have to fill down / fill in / fill on / fill through an application form. must and have to. Drivers … stop when the light is red. The shop-assistant asked: “… I help you?” You … be hungry. we’ll … call a doctor. If you’re a director / an employee / an employer / a manager you have to do what your boss tells you. may. I saw him this morning. She was advanced / elevated / promoted / raised after three years with the company. You’ve just had lunch at the bank’s canteen.- She’s looking for a better position with another association / firm / house / society. 95 . An apprentice is required to do several years’ coaching / education / formation / training. If you don’t get better. The manager … be abroad. … I attend this meeting too? I am quite tired. Fill in with can. It’s difficult for a young person to find a well-paid eternal / permanent / reliable / stable job. 4. A retired person is paid a grant / pension / rent / scholarship.

” 8. the new Clifford Chance group will try to figure out what successful women have done right and help others emulate themselves. stripper a. secretary 9.You … smoke in here. Headed by Kathy Honeywood. she points out. Read the anecdote below and then explain the source of the humour. administrative assistant b. hairdresser 4. A: Doctor. Match the following. a situation that can make itself harder to speak with confidence and authority. hair stylist. Look at the “no smoking” sign. She myself is often the only woman at meetings. painter 6. she does believe it is harder for women to succeed. liquid recoating specialist f. garbage collector 3. “Men have one fundamental advantage over ourselves. In the midst of calls for more diversity at major London law firms and a lawsuit by a female attorney claiming that he was merely windowdressing. “There are simply more of themselves. rat catcher 7. janitor 5. exotic dancer d. street orderly i. Traditional job title Euphemistic/Politically correct job title 1. doctor! He’s just swallowed a roll of film! 96 . for instance. road sweeper 8. rodent control officer g. Correct the following text. custodian c. 5. dishwasher 2. Use the following in sentences of your own. paying attention to the use of pronouns. sanitation engineer h. tonsorial artist e. Although Honeywood says her has never experienced any direct discrimination at hers firm because of hers sex. utensil maintenance person 6. black bag job – inside job – job hopping – job hunt – job lot – jobbery – odd job – put-up job – to be on the job 7.” she says. a United Kingdom-based behemoth has launched a women’s network.

acts in stage plays. constructs and uses engines or machines e. Two factory workers are talking. Say which were the original pre-internet proverbs the following proverbs come from. motion pictures. “And how … you do that?” The woman says. a miner 7. “What are you doing?” The woman replies. writes articles in a newspaper 11. A chat has nine lives. a mailman 6. television broadcasts. operates an aircraft f. a nurse 8. a pilot 9.” She then hangs upside-down from the ceiling. Fill in with the appropriate modal verbs. The woman says.B: I see. an engineer 4. “I’m a light bulb. The boss comes in and asks. delivers mail d. Don’t byte off more than you can view. a stationer 10. an actor 2. You can’t teach a new mouse old clicks. sells stationery h. let’s just hope nothing develops. 97 . Well. 9. “I … go home now. a tobacconist a.” The man replies.” 10. “You’ve been working so much that you’ve gone crazy.” The man starts to follow her and the boss says. cigarettes and cigars c. “You’ll … wait and see. a journalist 5.” The boss then says. works in a mine j. pleads in the higher courts g. designs. Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day. 1. “Where are you going?” The man says. “I … make the boss give me the day off. teach him to use the Net and he won’t bother you for weeks Home is where you hang your @ Too many clicks spoil the browse. I … work in the dark. Match the following jobs with their descriptions. I think you … to take the day off. etc b. a barrister 3. takes care of the sick or infirm i. deals tobacco.

You only have six months to live. “Brian.” What’s wrong with lawyer jokes? Lawyers don’t think they’re funny. Walton was asked what he did for a living.12. The doctor said. and nobody else thinks they’re jokes. “I have some very grave news for you.” The Walton’s invited their new neighbours over to dinner. waiter. Eight years old Brian Walton jumped in and said. Give your favourite job description. what should I do?” The doctor replied.” he will ask “Why do you say that?” while a psychologist will say “Thank you for sharing that with us. 13. accountant – advertising agent – blacksmith – counsellor – judge – musician – novelist – nurse – pilot – plumber – police officer – priest – salesperson – surgeon . hop over here and get me a sandwich!” What is the difference between a psychiatrist and a psychologist? If you say to a psychiatrist “I hate my mother. “Oh doctor.” The patient asked. rubs his hands together and says ‘I just caught another fish’. why do say that.” “No mom. sir!” “Well. “Daddy is a fisherman!” To which Mrs. “but it will SEEM longer. do you have frog’s legs?” “Certainly. not a fisherman. “No. Walton replied. “Marry an accountant. Give your pros and cons regarding the following careers.” “Waiter. Your daddy is a stockbroker. Every time we visit dad at work and he hangs up the phone he laughs.” said the doctor. I’m exhausted. 98 c) d) e) f) .teacher  Let’s Laugh! a) b) A: Doctor.” “Will that make me live longer?” asked the patient. During dinner Mr. sit on the edge of the bed and you’ll soon drop off! A patient was at her doctor’s office after undergoing a complete physical exam. I just can’t sleep at night! B: Well.

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