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PTC_CE_BSD_3.2_us_mp.mcdx

Mathcad ® Enabled Content © 2011 Knovel Corp. Building Structural Design. Thomas P. Magner, P.E. © 2011 Parametric Technology Corp. Chapter 3: Reinforced Concrete Slabs and Beams 3.2 Reinforced Concrete Beams - Size Selection Disclaimer While Knovel and Parametric Technology Corporation (PTC) have made every effort to ensure that the calculations, engineering solutions, diagrams and other information (collectively “Solution”) presented in this Mathcad worksheet are sound from the engineering standpoint and accurately represent the content of the book on which the Solution is based, Knovel and PTC do not give any warranties or representations, express or implied, including with respect to fitness, intended purpose, use or merchantability and/or correctness or accuracy of this Solution. Array origin:

ORIGIN ≔ 1
Description This application determines the sizes of rectangular beams to satisfy the flexural requirements, shear requirements and minimum thickness limits of ACI 318-89 using the strength design method of ACI 318-89. The required input includes the strength of the concrete and the reinforcement, the maximum values for factored load bending moments and shears, and the span lengths and types of span for the spans which will determine minimum depths. Three beam sizes are shown for illustrative purposes, however any practical number of spans may be entered at one time. Reference: ACI 318-89 "Building Code Requirements for Reinforced Concrete." (Revised 1992) Input Input Variables Enter Mu, Vu, L and SpanType as vectors with the number of rows equal to the number of beam sizes to be determined.

Mathcad ® Enabled Content Copyright © 2011 Knovel Corp. All rights reserved.

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Specified minimum member width: bmin ≔ 8 in Mathcad ® Enabled Content Copyright © 2011 Knovel Corp. Page 2 of 14 . All rights reserved. span length and span type are the critical values that determine the beam size. clear span for monolithic construction: T T L≔[ [ 20 20 22 ] ] ⋅ ft Span type: SpanType ≔ [ [1 2 1] ] T The moment. shear.5 ] ] ⋅ kip Span length.2_us_mp. and d'. Enter values for bmin. R.5 10.mcdx Critical factored moments: Mu ≔ [ [ 190 85 75 ] ] ⋅ kip ⋅ ft Critical factored shears: T Vu ≔ [ [ 13 6. hmax. The critical moment and shear do not necessarily occur at the same location.PTC_CE_BSD_3.

mcdx Specified maximum permissible member thickness: Specified maximum ratio of h/b: Estimated distance from the centroid of the tension reinforcement to the extreme fiber in tension: hmax ≔ 30 in R≔2 d' ≔ 2.5 in Computed Variables b width of compression face of member overall thickness of member distance from extreme compression fiber to centroid of tension reinforcement useable moment capacity at factored load useable shear capacity at factored load h d Mn Vn Mathcad ® Enabled Content Copyright © 2011 Knovel Corp.PTC_CE_BSD_3. Page 3 of 14 . All rights reserved.2_us_mp.

2): Strain in concrete at compression failure (ACI 318.4.2): Strength reduction factor for flexure (ACI 318. Page 4 of 14 . kv = 0.4. wc. For 100% of maximum shear reinforcement stress and minimum stirrup spacing at d/4. 11.3.2.5.)): Enter factor for computing shear strength of stirrups.1): f'c ≔ 4 ksi fy ≔ 60 ksi wc ≔ 145 pcf kv ≔ 1 ks ≔ 1 Es ≔ 29000 ksi εc ≔ 0. kv and ks if different from that shown. ks = 2. Specified compressive strength of concrete: Specified yield strength of reinforcement (fy may not exceed 60 ksi.mcdx Material Properties and Constants Enter values for f'c.3)): Modulus of elasticity of reinforcement (ACI 318.1.003 ϕf ≔ 0. ACI 318 11.PTC_CE_BSD_3.75.5. for alllightweight and sand-lightweight concrete. for normal weight. (For 50% of maximum shear reinforcement stress and minimum spacing at d/2.9 Mathcad ® Enabled Content Copyright © 2011 Knovel Corp.3. All rights reserved. 9. 8.2_us_mp. ks = 1.5.85 (ACI 318. (ACI 318. 11.5. 11.2.2): Unit weight of concrete: Shear strength reduction factor (For lightweight concrete kv = 1. 10.2. fy. kv = 0.

mcdx Strength reduction factor for shear (ACI 318. 11. Page 5 of 14 . f'c⎞ ⎠ The following values are computed from the entered material properties.1.1.5.1. 10 ⋅ ksi . Eq (11-3). 11.4. 11.2. All rights reserved. 11.1.2. 9. 11.3): v c ≔ kv ⋅ 2 ⋅ ‾‾‾‾‾‾ f'c_max ⋅ psi ――― psi vc = 126 psi Nominal "one way" shear strength per unit area in concrete and shear reinforcement (ACI 318.4.1.3): Sizing factor for rounding dimensions (to a multiple of SzF): ϕv ≔ 0.2): f'c_max ≔ if ⎛ ⎝f'c > 10 ⋅ ksi .3.2_us_mp. (11-3).3): v c ≔ kv ⋅ 2 ⋅ ‾‾‾‾‾‾ f'c_max ⋅ psi ――― psi ‾‾‾‾‾‾ f'c_max ⋅ psi ――― psi vc = 126 psi v s ≔ ks ⋅ 4 ⋅ vs = 253 psi Mathcad ® Enabled Content Copyright © 2011 Knovel Corp.85 SzF ≔ 2 in Limit the value of f'c for computing shear and development lengths to 10 ksi by substituting f'c_max for f'c in formulas for computing shear (ACI 318.5.1. 12. Eq.3.3.PTC_CE_BSD_3. Nominal "one way" shear strength per unit area in concrete (ACI 318.

3. 10. if ⎛ ⎝f'c ≥ 4 ⋅ ksi⎞ ⎠⋅⎛ ⎝f'c ≤ 8 ⋅ ksi⎞ ⎠ .05 ⋅ ―――― ⎝⎛ ⎝f'c ≤ 4 ⋅ ksi⎞ ⎠ .mcdx Modulus of elasticity of concrete for values of wc between 90 pcf and 155 pcf (ACI 318.65⎞ ⎠⎟ ksi ⎝ ⎠ β1 = 0. 0.PTC_CE_BSD_3.3): ⎛ ⎞ f'c − 4 ⋅ ksi β1 ≔ if ⎜⎛ .00207 Factor used to calculate depth of equivalent rectangular stress block (ACI 318.5.1): ⎛ wc ⎞ 1.3.850 Reinforcement ratio producing balanced strain conditions (ACI 318.85 − 0.2_us_mp.2.851% 3 ρmax ≔ ― ⋅ ρb 4 ρmax = 2. All rights reserved.3): ρb = 2. 10. 8. 10. 0.138% Mathcad ® Enabled Content Copyright © 2011 Knovel Corp.85 .2): β1 ⋅ 0. 0. Page 6 of 14 .7.5 Ec ≔ ⎜―― ⎟ ⋅ 33 ⋅ ⎝ pcf ⎠ ‾‾‾ f'c ⋅ psi ―― psi Ec = 3644 ksi Strain in reinforcement at yield stress: fy εy ≔ ― Es εy = 0.85 ⋅ f'c E s ⋅ εc ρb ≔ ―――― ⋅ ―――― fy Es ⋅ εc + fy Maximum reinforcement ratio (ACI 318.

2. for rectangular beams or slabs.1. .005 ⋅ ―― . . see footnotes to Table 9. as a function of (ACI 318.PTC_CE_BSD_3.65 − 0.09 . 7.0018 ⋅ 60 ⋅ ksi ρtemp ≔ if ⎜fy ≤ 50 ⋅ ksi .0014 . Eq. where F = bd2) ⎛ ⎞ ρ ⋅ fy K( ⎟ ⋅ fy (ρ) ) ≔ ϕf ⋅ ρ ⋅ ⎜1 − ―――― 2 ⋅ 0.333% Shrinkage and temperature reinforcement ratio (ACI 318.1. if ⎜fy ≤ 60 ⋅ ksi . Page 7 of 14 .002 . 10.5.180% Flexural coefficient K.1): ⎛ ⎛ fy ⎛ . 9.2_us_mp.5.85 ⋅ f'c ⎠ ⎝ Factors for adjusting minimum beam and slab thickness hmin for use of lightweight concrete and yield strengths other than 60 ksi (ACI 318. 1.5 ρmax ρpref = 1. .002 − ――― ⋅ .0002 .2.069% Minimum reinforcement ratio for beams (ACI 318. All rights reserved. if ⎜――――― ≥ .0014⎟⎟⎟ fy fy 60 ⋅ ksi ⎝ ⎝ ⎝ ⎠⎠⎠ ρtemp = 0. 1⎞ ⎠⎟ pcf ⎝ ⎠ Mathcad ® Enabled Content Copyright © 2011 Knovel Corp.2): (Moment capacity Mn = K(F.mcdx Preferred reinforcement ratio: ρpref ≔ 0. 10.0018 ⋅ 60 ⋅ ksi ⎞⎞⎞ . if ⎛ ⎝wc ≤ 120 ⋅ pcf .5 (a)): Adjustment factor for minimum thickness for concrete weights between 90 and 120 pcf: ⎛ ⎞ wc q1 ≔ if ⎜wc ≤ 112 ⋅ pcf . ――――― .12. 1. (10-3)): 200 lbf ρmin ≔ ―― ⋅ ―― fy in 2 ρmin = 0.

Page 8 of 14 . 9. 21 .3): Vu i ≔ ORIGIN ‥ last ⎛ ⎝Mu⎞ ⎠ i ShA ≔ ―――― i ϕv ⋅ ⎛ ⎝vc + vs⎞ ⎠ 2 ShA T = [ [ 40.152 32.1.4 + ――― 100 ⋅ ksi q2 = 1 Adjustment factor for minimum thickness combining factors for concrete weight and for yield strengths other than 60 ksi: Q ≔ q1 ⋅ q2 Solution Q=1 Minimum required shear area ShA (ACI 318. 16 .5.3. 11. if ⎛S = 2 .5 .4.304 20.2.1): S ≔ SpanType k ≔ if ⎛S = 0 . All rights reserved. 9. (11-3). if ⎛S = 1 . 18. Eq.2_us_mp. 11.5.2. 8⎞⎞⎞ i ⎝ i ⎝ i ⎝ i ⎠⎠⎠ Mathcad ® Enabled Content Copyright © 2011 Knovel Corp.PTC_CE_BSD_3.1.mcdx q1 = 1 Adjustment factor for minimum thickness for yield strengths other than 60 ksi: fy q2 ≔ 0.553 ] ] in Minimum member thickness hmin (unless deflections are checked) (ACI 318.3.3.

Page 9 of 14 .714 22.429 14.135 ] ] in Mathcad ® Enabled Content Copyright © 2011 Knovel Corp.024 1950.457 ] ] in Calculate required member size: Guess value of h: hmin + hmax i h ≔ ―――― i 2 hT = [ [ 21.973 11.PTC_CE_BSD_3.2_us_mp.984 1721. All rights reserved.270 ] ] in Round hmin up to nearest upper multiple of SzF unless lower multiple is within 1/2%: ⎛ 0.486 20.995 ⋅ hmin ⎞ i⎟ ⎜ hRmin ≔ SzF ⋅ ceil ⎜―――― ⎟ i SzF ⎝ ⎠ Required section coefficient F (F = bd2): hRmin T = [ [ 14 12 16 ] ] in Mu i F ≔ ――― i K⎛ ⎝ρpref⎞ ⎠ 3 FT = [ [ 4361.mcdx Q⋅L i hmin ≔ ―― i k i hmin T = [ [ 12.

5 ⋅ in) ) − F . All rights reserved.5⎟ i ⎝ SzF ⎠ hf_rd T = [ [ 22 18 16 ] ] in Member thickness h determined in step 3 or as limited by hRmin or hmax: h ≔ if ⎛hf_rd ≥ hmax . Page 10 of 14 . if ⎛hf_rd ≤ hRmin .000 ] ] in Member widths determined by flexure and shear: F i bf ≔ ――――― 2 i ⎛h − 2.469 8.mcdx Thickness h required to satisfy flexural requirement with preferred ratio of h/b: 2 ⎛h ⎞ f1 ( ⋅( (h . F ⎞ i ⎝ i i⎠ hf T = [ [ 22.000 16. hmax .000 18. hRmin .2_us_mp.PTC_CE_BSD_3. hf_rd ⎞⎞ i i i i i i⎟⎟ ⎜ ⎜ ⎝ ⎝ ⎠⎠ hT = [ [ 22.811 ] ] in Round h up or down to the nearest multiple of SzF: ⎞ ⎛ hf ⎜ i ⎟ hf_rd ≔ SzF ⋅ floor ⎜―― + 0.446 ] ] in Mathcad ® Enabled Content Copyright © 2011 Knovel Corp. F) ) ≔ root ⎜― (h − 2. h⎟ ⎝R ⎠ hf ≔ f1 ⎛h .121 9.5 ⋅ in⎞ ⎝ i ⎠ bf T = [ [ 11.284 17.452 16.

995 ⋅ b2 ⎞ i⎟ ⎜ b ≔ SzF ⋅ ceil ⎜―――― ⎟ i ⎝ SzF ⎠ bT = [ [ 12 10 10 ] ] in Effective depth to the centroid of the tension reinforcement: d ≔ h − d' dT = [ [ 19. bmin .5 15.5 13.300 2. b1 ⎞⎞ i i i i i⎟ i i i⎟⎟ ⎜ ⎜ ⎜ ⎝ i ⎝ i ⎠ ⎝ i ⎠⎠ b2 T = [ [ 11.446 ] ] in Required member width b rounded up to the nearest multiple of SzF.411 ] ] in The larger member width determined by ratio R or bmin: ⎛ h h⎞ i i⎟ ⎜ b1 ≔ if ⎜bmin ≥ ― . flexure. unless lower multiple is within 1/2%: ⎛ 0. bf . b1 ⎞ .5 ] ] in Mathcad ® Enabled Content Copyright © 2011 Knovel Corp.5 ⋅ in i bv T = [ [ 2. ratio R or bmin: b2 ≔ if ⎛bv ≥ bf . if ⎛bv ≥ b1 . Page 11 of 14 . ― i R R⎟ ⎝ ⎠ b1 T = [ [ 11 9 8 ] ] in The largest member width determined by shear.PTC_CE_BSD_3. All rights reserved. bv .2_us_mp.000 9.mcdx ShA i bv ≔ ―――― i h − 2.469 9. if ⎛bf ≥ b1 .067 1.

850% 1. if ⎛ρ1 ≥ ρmin .mcdx Theoretical reinforcement ratio required for flexure: ⎛ ⎛ ⎜ ⎜ ρ1 ≔ ⎜1 − ⎜ i ⎜ ⎜ ⎝ ⎝ ⎞⎞ ‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾ 2 ⋅ Mu i ⎟⎟ 0.003% ] ] The larger of the theoretical reinforcement ratio or the minimum reinforcement ratio: ⎛ ⎞ 3 4 ρ ≔ if ⎜ρ1 ≤ ― ⋅ ρmin . ρmin⎞⎟ i i i i i 4 3 ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ ⎝ ⎠⎠ ρT = [ [ 1. All rights reserved.000 85.354 ] ] in Useable moment capacity at factored load: ϕMn ≔ K ⎛ρ ⎞ ⋅ b ⋅ ⎛d ⎞ 2 i ⎝ i⎠ i ⎝ i⎠ ϕMn T = [ [ 190.016% 0. Page 12 of 14 .850% 1.016% 0.85 ⋅ f'c 1 − ――――――― ⎟⎟ ⋅ ――― fy ϕf ⋅ b ⋅ ⎛d ⎞ 2 ⋅ 0. ― ⋅ ρ1 .85 ⋅ f'c ⎟⎟ i ⎝ i⎠ ⎠⎠ ρ1 T = [ [ 1.379 1.317 1.003% ] ] Reinforcement areas: As ≔ ρ ⋅ b ⋅ d i i i i 2 As T = [ [ 2.2_us_mp.000 75.000 ] ] kip ⋅ ft Mathcad ® Enabled Content Copyright © 2011 Knovel Corp.PTC_CE_BSD_3. ρ1 .

545 ] ] kip ϕVc T = [ [ 25.665 14.515 ] ] kip Summary Computed Variables Useable moment capacity at factored load: Useable shear capacity at factored load: Useable shear capacity of concrete: ϕMn T = [ [ 190 85 75 ] ] kip ⋅ ft ϕVn T = [ [ 75.515 ] ] kip Beam dimensions selected.545 ] ] kip Useable shear capacity of concrete: ϕVc ≔ ϕv ⋅ vc ⋅ b ⋅ d i i i ϕVc T = [ [ 25.996 43. reinforcement areas.mcdx Useable shear capacity at factored load: ϕVn ≔ ϕv ⋅ ⎛ ⎝vc + vs⎞ ⎠⋅b ⋅d i i i ϕVn T = [ [ 75. All rights reserved. Page 13 of 14 . reinforcement ratios.477 49.PTC_CE_BSD_3.996 43.2_us_mp. and minimum and maximum permissible  values Member width: Member thickness: bT = [ [ 12 10 10 ] ] in hT = [ [ 22 18 16 ] ] in Mathcad ® Enabled Content Copyright © 2011 Knovel Corp.159 16.477 49.665 14.159 16.

333% ρmax = 2.016% 0. If ORIGIN is set to 1 and you copy any of the formulae from this worksheet into your own. All rights reserved. geometries and spans. Page 14 of 14 . the global variable defining the beginning index identifier for vectors and arrays.379 1. Although a reasonable effort was made to generalize these equations. changing variables such as loads. Modify the equations as appropriate if your parameters fall outside of the intended range. materials and other input parameters beyond the intended range may make some equations no longer applicable.003% ] ] ρmin = 0.850% 1.  For this Mathcad worksheet. you need to ensure that your worksheet is using the same ORIGIN. is set as specified in the beginning of the worksheet. boundary condition or case presented in the book.2_us_mp. ORIGIN.mcdx Reinforcement areas: 2 As T = [ [ 2.138%  Equations and numeric solutions presented in this Mathcad worksheet are applicable to the specific example. Mathcad ® Enabled Content Copyright © 2011 Knovel Corp.PTC_CE_BSD_3. to either 1 or 0.317 1.354 ] ] in Reinforcement ratio: Minimum required reinforcement ratio: Maximum permissible reinforcement ratio: User Notices ρT = [ [ 1.