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Carbon Dioxide Reduction Science Fair Project Checklist

Ruaridh MacDonald and Shawn Geisler March 2007
Note: Where we were able to measure the amount of carbon dioxide saved, there is a number/meausurement in the data box. N/A means not applicable to our families. AD means already doing it. IP means that we influenced our parents to consider a change.

1) Use Compact Fluorescent Bulbs
Replace 3 frequently used light bulbs with compact fluorescent bulbs. Save 300 lbs. of carbon dioxide and $60 per year.

2) Inflate Your Tires
Keep the tires on your car adequately inflated. Check them monthly. Save 250 lbs. of carbon dioxide and $840 per year. You could reduce GHGs by at least one eighth of a tonne each year and save at least $50 in fuel costs. Always check tires when they are cold and remember to check for foreign objects or cuts, cracks or other signs of wear, and rotate your tires regularly for optimum performance

3) Change Your Air Filter
Check your car's air filter monthly. Save 800 lbs. of carbon dioxide and $130 per year.

4) Fill the Dishwasher
Run your dishwasher only with a full load. Save 100 lbs. of carbon dioxide and $40 per year.

5) Use Recycled Paper
Make sure your printer paper is 100% post consumer recycled paper. Save 5 lbs. of carbon dioxide per ream of paper.

6) Adjust Your Thermostat
Move your heater thermostat down two degrees in winter and up two degrees in the summer. Save 2000 lbs of carbon dioxide and $98 per year.

7) Check Your Water heater
Keep your water heater thermostat no higher than 120°F. (49°C) Save 550 lbs. of carbon dioxide and $30 per year.

8) Change the AC Filter
Clean or replace dirty air conditioner filters as recommended. Save 350 lbs. of carbon dioxide and $150 per year.

9) Take Shorter Showers
Showers account for 2/3 of all water heating costs. Save 350 lbs. of carbon dioxide and $99 per year. Take a quick shower instead of a bath. A five-minute

shower, for instance, uses up to 50% less hot water than a bath.

10) Install a Low-Flow Showerhead
Using less water in the shower means less energy to heat the water. Save 350 lbs. of carbon dioxide and $150.

11) Buy Products Locally
Buy locally and reduce the amount of energy required to drive your products to your store. Our average meal travels about 2500 kilometers to our plates. A 40-tonne transport truck releases about 5 tonnes of greenhouse gases for one typical shipment of food., about equal to the GHGs an average Canadian produces annually.

12) Don’t Idle the Car
Idling for 10 minutes a day can produce about a quarter tonne of CO2 emissions each year and cost you about $70 in wasted fuel. If you stop for more than 10 seconds,

Speeding also reduces the life of your tires. 27) Air Dry Your Clothes Line-dry your clothes in the spring and summer instead of using the dryer. 17) Drive at the posted speed limit With most vehicles. Save hundreds of lbs. 24) Unplug Un-Used Electronics Even when electronic devices are turned off. On the highway. increasing your cruising speed from 100 kilometres per hour to120 kilometres per hour will increase fuel consumption by about 20%. use cruise control to maintain a steady speed and reduce fuel consumption. Save 700 lbs. wear more clothes Save 1. plastic and glass.000 per year. 28) Switch to a Tankless Water Heater Your water will be heated as you use it rather than keeping a tank of hot water. of carbon dioxide per year. 23) Use a Push Mower Use your muscles instead of fossil fuels and get some exercise. 21) Replace Old Appliances Inefficient appliances waste energy. of carbon dioxide and $75 per year. Save over 1.000 lbs of carbon dioxide and $256 per year. 18) Reduce Garbage Buy products with less packaging and recycle paper. 22) Weatherize Your Home Caulk and weather strip your doorways and windows. 14) Buy a Hybrid Car The average driver could save 16. 16) Carpool When You Can Own a big vehicle? Carpooling with friends and co-workers saves fuel.000 lbs. of carbon dioxide and $245 per year. of carbon dioxide and hundreds of dollars per year.000 lbs. 25) Put on a Sweater Instead of turning up the heat in your home.000 lbs. of carbon dioxide and $390 per year. 29) Switch to Double Pane Windows Double pane windows keep more heat inside your home so you use less energy. Save 300 lbs. of carbon dioxide and hundreds of dollars per year. they use energy. of carbon dioxide and $40 per year.except in traffic. turn off your engine and save. Save 2. . 19) Plant a Tree Trees suck up carbon dioxide and make clean air for us to breathe.  15) Buy a Fuel Efficient Car Getting a few extra miles per gallon makes a big difference. Save 1. Save 1. Save thousands of lbs. 26) Insulate Your Home Make sure your walls and ceilings are insulated. Save 2.000 lbs.700 lbs.200 pounds of carbon dioxide and $1. Save 790 lbs.000 lbs. 13) Buy Minimally Packaged Goods Less packaging could reduce your garbage by about 10%. of carbon dioxide per year. Save 1. of carbon dioxide and $274 per year. of CO2 and a lot of money per year. of CO2 and $3. of carbon dioxide and $250 per year. 20) Insulate Your Water Heater Keep your water heater insulated could save 1.750 per year driving a Hybrid. Save 80 lbs of carbon dioxide and x $ per year.000 lbs.

31) Bring Cloth Bags to the Market Using your own cloth bag instead of plastic or paper bags reduces waste and requires no additional energy. we could reduce our GHGs by 5 million tonnes per year. Every litre of gasoline produces 2. Mid-sized sedan 4 tonnes of CO2. and your clothes will come out just as well rinsed and. improving air quality and saving money. Better yet. A cistern or a rain barrel will capture and store rainwater. Hybrid vehicle 2 tonnes of CO2 (gasoline-electric) 37) Use ethanol-blended gasoline If all gasoline in Canada were blended with ethanol. particularly if it is an older vehicle. 38) Keepyour furnace well maintained and change or clean furnace filters every couple of months. A block heater warms the oil and engine coolant. 30) Buy Organic Food The chemicals used in modern agriculture pollute the water supply. Washing in warm rather than hot water uses 50% less energy. and require energy to produce. Scrape off your dishes instead of rinsing them and run the dishwasher only when it is full. 32) Install a ceiling fan Change the direction the fan to push warm air down in the winter.000 kilometres a year produces: Sport utility vehicle 6 tonnes of CO2. 41) Avoid over-drying clothes Clothes should dry in 40 to 60 minutes. 40) Rinse in cold water and wash in warm Clothes rinsed in cold water come out as clean as those rinsed in warm water. If you are buying a new dryer. hang clothes outdoors to dry when the weather permits. 33) Capture rainwater for your garden. A typical late-model vehicle driven 20. 35) Use a block heater on a timer when the temperature drops below 0°C (32°F). It is easy to do and will save on your hydro bill. less wrinkled. If you don’t know how to relight the pilot. 39) Shut off the pilot light of your natural gas fireplace or wall heater during summer months.4 kg of carbon dioxide.000 lbs. don’t waste energy or money needlessly. making it easier to start your vehicle and improving winter fuel economy by as much as 10%. . of carbon dioxide and $436 per year. 43) Select the dishwasher’s no-heat or air-drying cycle Turn off the electric element that heats the interior of the unit and causes the water to evaporate. 36) Give up your second vehicle Reduce GHGs and save thousands of dollars on operating costs and depreciation. This tip is particularly important if they are older. It will turn off automatically when clothes are dry. 42) Unplug that second refrigerator or freezer Unless you really need these appliances. Dirty air filters block airflow and can damage the heat exchanger. depending on the fabric. less-efficient models. Set your block heater on a timer to switch on two hours before you plan to drive. look for one with a moisture sensor. ask your heating contractor to show you during your next servicing. 34) Driving less is the first step toward slowing climate change.Save 10. The water you use for your lawn doesn’t have to come from a tap.

a GHG. furnace vents and radiators) and appliances (oven. 47) Ensure your computer system is set up to use its energy-saver option Machines are often shipped with his feature disabled. . 49) Use a monitor that is the right size for your needs Generally. the more energy it consumes. Use e-mail more often – it is quicker. Chemical fertilizers are a source of nitrous oxide. 45) Pay attention to goods and packaging Evaluate your purchases and consider how they contribute to your household waste. less expensive and healthier for the environment. with the exception of an LCD monitor. Or use motion detectors. check the temperature settings. Keep your refrigerator temperature between 1. Try using organic products – they are better for our environment and healthier for your lawn and your family. And ask for products with less packaging. Buy more durable goods and re-usable products. 50) Avoid using chemical pesticides or fertilizers on your lawn and garden. At the same time. Installing a timer can cut your outdoor lighting energy use by up to half. 48) Use as little paper as possible Printing. If you buy an ENERGY STAR®-qualified computer. 46) Install outdoor automatic timers You won’t have to remember to turn your outdoor lights on in the evening and off during the day. which switch on automatically when people move close to them and switch off after a few minutes.3°C (38°F) and the freezer compartment at –18°C (0°F) for maximum efficiency and safety. the larger the monitor. Also use recycled paper whenever possible.44) Increase the efficiency of your refrigerator and freezer Keep them away from heat sources (direct sunlight. the power-saving feature is automatically set.7°C (35°F) and 3. photocopying and faxing use energy. stove and dishwasher) that can make them work harder to stay cool.