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War & Peace 3rd Quarter Examination March 2013 This is a take-home essay examination consisting of four questions.

All students must address question one. Accelerated students must then chose to answer a second question while honors students must answer two additional questions. All answers must be fully developed and responsive to all aspects of the questions. Where appropriate, references must be cited and all submissions must include a Works Cited page. The examination is due on Wednesday, March 13th or Tuesday, March 14th and will represent 25% of the grade for the third quarter. Question One (mandatory for all students): Choose any two Doug Anderson poems from Part One of The Moon Reflected Fire. Read the poems then select any one of the nine parameters put forward by Tim OBrien for How to tell a true war story. Write an essay analyzing the poems selected by discussing how each poem meets any one of OBriens criteria. A recapitulation of OBriens parameters is included in the Documents, Presentations and Study Guides folder. Question Two:

During the quarter, we spent considerable time looking at the origins of the Cold War. Your task is to write a fully developed paragraph demonstrating your understanding of any one of the following seminal documents and concepts related to the beginnings of this long struggle between East and West: 1. The Truman Doctrine as a definitive departure from Americas long-term philosophy of isolationism in international relations. 2. George Kennan, the Long Telegram and the Strategy of Containment. 3. The Marshall Plan as an example of the use of soft power in international conflict resolution. Question Three: Weve said that in order to understand why the United States fought two costly hot wars, Korea and Viet Nam on Asian soil during the Cold War, it is necessary to understand the relationship of China to these conflicts. Your task is to demonstrate your understanding of that relationship by answering the following questions in short answer form, i.e., one or two sentences per response: 1. What were the two primary American goals in the Pacific theatre during World War II? 2. Why was Chinese Nationalist leader, Chiang KaiShek incapable of governing China in the post World War II era?

3. If Mao Zedong was supported by the peasantry, (over 80 percent of the Chinese population), why didnt the United States recognize the legitimacy of the Peoples Republic of China and pursue a path of peaceful coexistence in 1949 when Mao came to power? 4. What action taken by the Peoples Republic of China in November of 1950 ended definitively any chance of a peaceful accommodation with this communist government for the next twenty years? Question Four: We finished the quarter by looking at a film called Korean War Stories and you were given access to extensive notes on my website regarding the Korean War. Your task is to demonstrate your understanding of some important aspects of that war by writing a fully developed essay on one of the following Korean War related topics: 1. Discuss the division of the Korean nation at the 38th parallel after World War II. a. Why did Stalin arm North Korea heavily while the United States purposely kept the South Korean Army poorly equipped and unprepared for war? b. What factors led Stalin to give the OK to Korean leader, Kim Il Sung to invade South Korea in June of 1950.

2. Discuss the Inchon Landing. a. What did this landing accomplish in terms of military outcome? b. Why did President Truman approve Mac Arthurs plans to invade North Korea after the fall of Seoul, the South Korean capitol? c. What critical matter of intelligence did Mac Arthur ignore when he split his forces on either side of the Taebeck Mountains of North Korea and ordered an aggressive push toward the border between North Korean and Manchuria? 3. Discuss the Battle of the Chosin Reservoir. a. Why were the Marines successful in extricating themselves from the Chinese trap while most of the U.S. Army units were roundly defeated by Chinese troops in the autumn/winter of 1950? 4. Discuss the firing of General Mac Arthur. a. What course of action did General Mac Arthur recommend regarding war with China after his Army was embarrassed by the Chinese offensive in November of 1950? b. Why did Truman fire Mac Arthur?