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List of countries by external debt
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For Net international debt by country (external debt owing to other countries minus external debt of
other countries held), see Net international investment position.
See also: List of sovereign states by public debt
This is a list of countries by external debt, the total public and private debt (i.e. gross general
government debt including both intragovernmental and sub-national public entities debts) owed to
nonresidents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods, or services, [1] where the public debt
is the money or credit owed by any level of government, from central to local, and the private debt the
money or credit owed by private households or private corporations based in the country under
consideration. This is not to be confused with actual government debts which can be found under 'List of
countries by public debt'.
For informational purposes, several non-sovereign entities are also included in this list.
Note that while a country may have a relatively large external debt (either in absolute or per capita terms), it
could be a "net international creditor" if its external debt is less than the total of the external debt of other
countries held by it. For example, Luxembourg, Switzerland, and China are net international creditors.

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Rank

Country

External
debt[2]

Date

US dollars

European Union

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16,080,000,000,000 30 June 2011

Per
capita [3][4][5][6]
US dollars

27,864

% of
GDP[7][8][9]
85
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000.000 30 June 2011 3.487 187 United Kingdom 9.000.000.624.352.619 182 Français 4 Germany 5. 31 June 2011 — Hong Kong 903. pdfcrowd.755 142 Gagauz 5 Japan 2.696.700.000.000.633.126 390 105.146.000.600. 396 8.460.500.290.000.260 167 9 Ireland 2.603 266 11 Australia 1.000.000.734.000 30 June 2011 74.000.000 30 June 2011 154.000.000 한국어 Hrvatski Lietuvių த Türkçe ‫اردو‬ 中文 Edit links 2 open in browser PRO version 30 June 2012 est.420 334 Deutsch Español 16. 30 June 2011 est.com .399.000 31 December 2012 est.000.625 64 15 Sweden 1.000.016.200.841 108 Português 6 Netherlands 2.467 3.181.000.Česky 1 United States 22 Mar 2013 52.000 30 June 2011 91.148 45 8 Italy 2.443 12 Belgium 1.000 36.466.000.2 10 Luxembourg[note 1] 2.000.7 Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API est.000.000.000.000 29.000 30 June 2011 90.128 200 17 China 710.000 30 June 2011 156.596 95 13 Switzerland 1.000.820 108.489.000. 52.170 106 3 France 5.000.000.500.000 16 Austria 883.000.000 30 June 2011 57.000.063 229 14 Canada 1.000 11 April 2013 18.655.000 30 June 2011 113.000 30 September 2011 26.000.344.000.000.000 30 June 2011 226.836.719.346.000 30 June 2011 19.000 31 December 2012 est.503 344 Русский 7 Spain 2.000.

open in browser PRO version 18 Norway 644.000.220 141 19 Denmark 626.900.000.200.567 37 26 Brazil 405. 1.000 31 December 2011 68.000.636 174 22 Portugal 548.000.639 54 30 Mexico 217.500.200.000.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 237 21 28 Poland 310.000.000 31 December 2012 est.000.084 180 20 Greece 583.700.000.000 31 December 2012 3.000 30 June 2011 47.100.300.000 31 December 2012 est.700. South 436.800. 5.000 31 December 2012 est.000 30 June 2011 101.900.634 23 21 Finland 577.000. 1.200.608 15 27 Turkey 331.400.000.960 155 25 Korea.821 115 Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API 31 December pdfcrowd. 7.com .000.000.000.000 30 June 2011 47.000.794 40 29 India 299.900.000 31 December 2012 est.000. 837 28 38 Romania 125.000.082 67 32 Hungary 170.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est. 6.835 223 24 Russia 455. 3.956 20 31 Indonesia 187.300.000 14.000 30 June 2011 131.

900.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est. 3.000.070 42 48 Czech Republic 90.200.000 2008 362. 3.000 31 December 2012 est.000. 5.988 55 Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API 2012 est.900.000 31 December 2012 est. 41. pdfcrowd.867 38 43 Kazakhstan 105.000.000.000.821 115 33 United Arab Emirates 158. 2.000 30 September 2011 est.550. 1.600.000 31 December 2012 est.500.273 41 40 Iceland[10][11] 116.100.176 19 41 Thailand 115. 24.176 27 39 Ukraine 124.000 14.000.000 31 December 2012 est.000. 2.com .260 45 36 Saudi Arabia 127.180.open in browser PRO version 32 Hungary 170.000. 12.613 23 46 Malaysia 95.053.000 2012 est. 8.560.060 68 44 Israel 104.144 71 45 Chile 102.000.000.000.942 999 35 Argentina 130.000.000.200.570 31 34 Qatar 137.000 31 December 2012 est. 1.000.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.400.000.292 26 57 South Africa 47.000.000 30 September 2012 est. 6.

240.51 Philippines 68.000.000 30 June 2011 25.000 31 December 2012 est.250.000.261 90 63 Latvia 35.000.000.210.000 31 December 2012 est.230.640. 636 32 52 Croatia 64.000 30 December 2012 est.926 68 49 Colombia 73.com . 1.000 31 December 2012 est.754 43 53 Venezuela 63. 343 33 69 Kuwait 28.268.340.527 146 60 Sudan 39. 8.700.000.000.410.000 31 December 2012 18. 10.000.641 64 54 Slovenia 61.6 58 Bulgaria 43.000.000.000 31 December 2012 est.000.000 31 December 2012 est.519 99 50 Slovakia 72.815 88 31 December open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.000 31 December 2012 est. 1.000.940.390.906 19 23 Iraq 50. 13.000.000. 6.980. 946 55 65 Lebanon 32.000 30 November 2011 est.555 47. 15.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.740.000 31 December 2012 est. 1.269 20 55 Pakistan 55.

000.000.629 45 151 open in browser PRO version Belarus 62 Bangladesh 36. 2.000. 1. 4.59 Vietnam 41.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2011 est.405 98 75 Cuba 22.910.000 31 December 2012 est.490.210.000 31 December 2012 est. 149 23 68 Morocco 29.812 129 67 Lithuania 31.000.com .000.000 31 December 2012 est.600.000 31 December 2012 est.126 22 42 Cyprus 106.000.995 80 66 Serbia 32.420.850. 712 22 72 Singapore 24.000 31 December 2012 est.880.779 42 Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.500.370. 1.000.000.067.000 31 December 2012 9.640.360. 379 32 61 Peru 38.000 31 December 2012 est.000.780 34 73 Tunisia 24.000. 391 14 1.178 80 64 Egypt 34. 1.000 31 December 2012 est. 4.000 31 December 2012 est.920.000 31 December 2012 est.000.194 10 70 Estonia 25. 37.000 31 December 2012 15.000.000.

644.261 65 83 Panama 13.com . 995 25 71 Bahrain 25. 544 N/A 31 December open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. Democratic Republic of the 31 June 2010 est.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est. 3.500.600. 881 36 81 Guatemala 16.000.000.000.000. 944 21 74 Sri Lanka 22.000. 1.580.820.000 31 December 2012 est.452. 13.270. 87 Uruguay 11.000.989 33 79 Dominican Republic 16.170.610.77 Angola 19.000.000 31 December 2012 est.216 42 80 Monaco[note 2] 16.162 25 95 Iran 9.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est. 170 4 82 Jamaica 14.000.030. 1.500. North 12.650.000 31 December 2012 est.660 92 85 Korea.000. 197 122 100 Congo.000.000. 4.000 2001 est.000 31 December 2012 est.000.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.130. 3.000 31 December 2012 est.927 52 7.000 471.428 240 76 Ecuador 20.000.

527 51 84 El Salvador 12.000.000 31 December 2012 est.742.874 24 96 Bosnia and Herzegovina 9. 2.000 31 December 2012 est.000.000.000 31 December 2012 2.424 77 93 Oman 9.000. 200 25 97 Syria 8.000.com .000. 117 17 Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.200.818.953 53 91 Nigeria 10. 71 5 99 Georgia 8.000.000 31 December 2012 est. 1.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.526.000 31 December 2012 est. 609 103 89 Tanzania 11.open in browser PRO version 120 Cote d'Ivoire 4.000 31 December 2012 est.000.000.726.840. 1.040.000.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.448. 373 13 102 Zimbabwe 6. 183 33 104 Yemen 6.768.051.180.975.962 16 86 Costa Rica 12.000.000.000. 293 23 109 Burma 5.100.052 48 94 Kenya 9. 2.

000 31 December 2012 est.88 Ghana 11.000 31 December 2011 161 35 127 Nepal 31 December open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.000 31 December 2012 est.000.000 31 December 2012 est.233 72 108 Laos 5.937 52 168 Turkmenistan 429.644.000.584 56 130 Mauritius 2.000.000 30 June 2011 14.000 31 December 2012 1. 3.435.167.000. Republic of the 117 Mozambique 4.942. 231 50 113 Moldova 5. 1.000. 2. 1.722 155 101 Congo.880.345.100.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.000.000 31 December 2012 est.000.000. 978 25 7.000.000.296 79 3.230.000 31 December 2012 est. 972 9 56 Malta 48.790.599. 903 20 103 Republic of Macedonia 6.000 31 December 2012 est.com .668 60 105 Armenia 6.054. 274 21 115 Libya 5.000. 900 91 98 Jordan 8.000.740.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.774.

884.000. 150 11 122 Algeria 4.344.460.780.000.000.000 31 December 2012 est.956. 51 14 90 Uzbekistan 10.000.000 31 December 2012 699 81 116 Honduras 4.000 31 December 2012 est.071.000 31 December 2012 est.000.042.000 31 December 2012 est.000.652.513 6 135 Guinea 2.000 31 December 2012 est.343.000 31 December 2012 est.117. 304 37 119 Trinidad and Tobago 4.000.000.000.000 31 December 2012 est. 115 3 112 Nicaragua 5. 164 15 126 Azerbaijan 4.666. 305 68 Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.000.228. 3.000. 693 62 125 Senegal 4.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.502 21 92 Ethiopia 9.open in browser PRO version 114 Cambodia 5. 465 23 110 Zambia 5. 8.000.000 31 December 2012 est.445.000.000 31 December 2012 est. 264 22 129 Cameroon 3. 296 30 128 Kyrgyzstan 3.com .

000 31 December 2012 est. 1.131 20 139 Botswana 1.968.000 FY10/11 92 22 106 Paraguay 5.000 31 December 2012 882 23 134 Mali 2.758.000.000.000 31 December 2012 est.714.000 31 December 2012 est.587 18 123 Namibia 4.130 Somalia 2.000 31 December 2012 est. 1.451.204.com . 308 43 124 Uganda 4.942. 386 N/A 136 Madagascar 2. 382 13 133 Gabon 2.000.000 31 December 2012 254 88 144 Afghanistan 1.000 31 December 2012 est.208 16 143 Niger 1.000.000 31 December 2012 est. 85 17 107 Bolivia 5.604.000.000.631.000.500. 275 15 111 Albania 5.281.280.126.000.000.000.725.000 31 December 2012 est. 140 36 154 Benin 953. 178 79 31 December open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.000 31 December 2012 est.000.000 31 December 2010 est.000.000 31 December 2012 est. 1.

040.000 31 December 2012 est.000. 238 16 142 Seychelles 1.700.000 31 December 2011 686 41 140 Chad 1.947 50 166 — open in browser PRO version Central African Republic Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.453.026.com .137 Burkina Faso 2.000. 15.000 31 December 2012 est.749. 77 24 176 Burundi 231. 262 35 138 Mongolia 2.000.000 31 December 2012 est.079 75 152 Eritrea 1. 340 61 118 Papua New Guinea 4.500.000 31 December 2012 167 202 469.000. 414 N/A 141 Belize 1.000 31 December 2012 est.771.000.000 2010 est.000 31 December 2012 est.442.000 31 December 2012 est.000. 136 23 132 Tajikistan 2.000.000.000. 195 58 153 Maldives 1.000. 3. 270 68 West Bank 1. 160 21 156 Sierra Leone 827.070.614 147 148 Malawi 1.000 31 December 2012 est.600.457.214.000 31 December 2012 est.015.860.000.000 2011 est. 2.

722 259 145 Bhutan 1. 3.000.000 2005 est. The 545.000 31 December 2012 est.000. 634 6 146 Guyana 1. 306 50 163 Suriname 504.000 31 December 2012 est. 4. 255 30 161 Gambia.000.000.300.402 74 174 — open in browser PRO version Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.400.456 22 149 Montenegro 1. 4.275.600.490.000 2010 est.700.200.000.000.388 36 155 Haiti 854.000 2011 1.150 Guinea-Bissau 1.000.477 85 Aruba 478.234.000 2010 est. 428 14 252. 939 24 160 Lesotho 715.232.000.800.935 21 157 Djibouti 802.049 42 121 Barbados 4.000 2011 est.000 31 December 2012 est. 36 5 162 Grenada 538. 1.011 28 159 Swaziland 737.095.000 2005 est.900.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.200.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2010 est. 2.000 June 2010 4.000 31 December 2010 1.300.000 31 December 2012 est.193 64 147 Equatorial Guinea 1.com . 573 56 167 Antigua and Barbuda 458.

7.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.000 FY99/00 2. 968 47 178 Solomon Islands 166.100.000 31 December 2012 est.000. 6.000 31 December 2009 est.067 6 741.com . 714 52 316. The Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. 1.586 32 169 Liberia 400. 2.78 158 170 Cape Verde Sao Tome and Principe 16.575 5 179 Cook Islands 141.000 31 December 2012 est.400.000. 3.000 2004 355 44 Bermuda 160.000 31 December 2012 est.600. 52.300. 1.680.000 31 December 2012 est. 150 5 — open in browser PRO version Bahamas.300 126 47 New Zealand 164 Comoros 485.800.000 31 December 2012 est.000 75 175 Samoa 235.408 79 165 Saint Lucia 471.500.000 1996 est.000 31 December 2012 est.193 349 177 Saint Kitts and Nevis 189.000.756 N/A 172 Fiji 268.000.400.000 31 December 2012[12] 65 22 90.230.300.000 31 December 2010 est.000. 430 115 173 Dominica 253.000.

000 2010 N/A N/A 182 Micronesia.035 5 — British Virgin Islands 0 2012 N/A N/A 183 Nauru 33.000 1998 est.400.com . 799 33 — New Caledonia 79.000 1999 est.181 Marshall Islands 171 180 2008 est.000.000.000 1998 N/A N/A — Wallis and Futuna 3. 2.800.600.700.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.000 2002 est.078 7 — Faroe Islands 888.000.000 1997 N/A N/A — Anguilla 8. N/A N/A 0 2010 0 0 [citation needed] 31 December 2012 est.000 FY05 est.000 2004 est.000 1998 est. 0 0 185 open in browser PRO version 87.800.000 Niue — Macau 37 Taiwan 186 Liechtenstein 0 2011 0 0 186 Brunei 0 2005 0 0 186 Palau 0 2000 0 0 Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. Federated States of 60.800. 120 14 — Montserrat 8. 385 3 — Cayman Islands 79.900. 389 22 Tonga 118. 1.300.000 2004 N/A N/A 418.377 54 Vanuatu 307.670. 556 25 — Greenland 36. N/A N/A 184 Kiribati 10.000.000 2010 1.

com . Note: Used for Aruba. ^ As the Bank of International Settlements explains. Somalia. Netherlands. Greenland. 2011. Marshall Islands. Trinidad and Tobago and West Bank. Definition in The World Factbook. International Monetary Fund. ^ Total Midyear Population . ^ Debt – external . Monaco. North Korea. ^ World Economic Outlook Database. Cayman Islands. The World Factbook.[2] Meaning Monaco could potentially be a net creditor. International Data Base. Cuba. 5. 2.accessed on June 29.[1] Luxembourg is a net creditor country. United States Central Intelligence Agency. Accessed on June 29. 3. Accessed on the 29th of June 2011. 6. ^ World Development Indicators . Accessed on June 29. Note: Used for Bermuda.Notes [edit] 1. ^ Debt . 2011. Cyprus. pdfcrowd. Eritrea. Cook Islands. April 2011 open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API . ^ The World Factbook . New Caledonia and Turkmenistan.S. 2. Federated States of Micronesia. 2011. Chad.external . small countries with large financial sectors tend to have disproportionately large gross external debts as well as holding large cross-border debt assets. World Bank. ^ As the Bank of International Settlements explains. Census Bureau. Samoa. 4.European Union . small countries with large financial sectors tend to have disproportionately large gross external debts as well as holding large cross-border debt assets. See also [edit] List of sovereign states by public debt Domestic Liability Dollarization List of sovereign states by external assets Net international investment position Balance of trade V · T · E· Lists of countries by financial rankings References [show ] [edit] 1. U. Central Intelligence Agency. Montenegro. accessed on June 29.

International Monetary Fund. ^ World Economic Outlook Database. 11. open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. 2011. Sierra Leone.html External links www. 2011. Note: Used for the rest of the countries. Mongolia. Antigua and Barbuda. Accessed on June 29. Liberia. Federated States of Micronesia. Note: Used for the rest of the countries. Note: Used for Bermuda. Retrieved June 21. Tonga and Vanuatu. Dominica. Republic of the Congo. Mali. ^ Statistics Iceland (September 11. Eritrea.rian. 12. Netherlands. April 2011 . Accessed on June 29. ^ "Second Quarter Public Debt Management Report. ^ . 2011" Finance. Iceland. 2008).Gross external debt (Joint External Debt Hub) https://www. Kiribati. "External debt Q2/2009" . The Bahamas. Saint Lucia.World Development Indicators . April 2011 . International Monetary Fund. Accessed on June 29. 2012. Georgia. ^ World Economic Outlook Database. Guyana.cia. ^ GDP (official exchange rate) . Suriname. World Bank. The World Factbook. Sao Tome and Principe. . Retrieved 2009-11-22. Note: Used for Afghanistan.ru/business/20120301/171671096. 2009). Nepal. 8. Montenegro. Chad. Solomon Islands.com . Cyprus. United States Central Intelligence Agency. Central African Republic. Guinea. Retrieved 200911-22.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2079rank. Albania. Benin. Monaco. 10. "Gross domestic product 2008 – Revision" . Bhutan. Fiji. Democratic Republic of the Congo. Niger. Liberian Ministry of Russia’s External Debt down 10% to $36 Bln in 2011 http://en.org [edit] . Grenada. New Caledonia and Turkmenistan. Belize. Cayman Islands. Barbados. 7. Saint Kitts and Nevis. ^ Central Bank of Iceland (September 3. 2011. 2011. Accessed on June 29.html V · T · E· Categories: Debt Debt Economics lists by country [show ] Government debt This page w as last modified on 26 April 2013 at 10:42. Djibouti.6. October 1-December 31. Comoros.jedh. 9. Guinea-Bissau. Greenland. Samoa. Cape Verde. Debt Management Unit. Burundi.

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