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List of countries by external debt
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For Net international debt by country (external debt owing to other countries minus external debt of
other countries held), see Net international investment position.
See also: List of sovereign states by public debt
This is a list of countries by external debt, the total public and private debt (i.e. gross general
government debt including both intragovernmental and sub-national public entities debts) owed to
nonresidents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods, or services, [1] where the public debt
is the money or credit owed by any level of government, from central to local, and the private debt the
money or credit owed by private households or private corporations based in the country under
consideration. This is not to be confused with actual government debts which can be found under 'List of
countries by public debt'.
For informational purposes, several non-sovereign entities are also included in this list.
Note that while a country may have a relatively large external debt (either in absolute or per capita terms), it
could be a "net international creditor" if its external debt is less than the total of the external debt of other
countries held by it. For example, Luxembourg, Switzerland, and China are net international creditors.

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Rank

Country

External
debt[2]

Date

US dollars

European Union

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16,080,000,000,000 30 June 2011

Per
capita [3][4][5][6]
US dollars

27,864

% of
GDP[7][8][9]
85
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000 29.500.596 95 13 Switzerland 1.000.000 30 June 2011 226.290.633.625 64 15 Sweden 1.000.000.000.000.000 30 June 2011 91.000.000.000.734. 396 8.603 266 11 Australia 1.000.000 11 April 2013 18.000.755 142 Gagauz 5 Japan 2.655.500.000 30 June 2011 154. 31 June 2011 — Hong Kong 903.7 Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API est.346.170 106 3 France 5.836.000 30 June 2011 113.000 36.000.000.063 229 14 Canada 1.700.181.200.489.467 3.619 182 Français 4 Germany 5.696.000.000.000.420 334 Deutsch Español 16.000.719.000 한국어 Hrvatski Lietuvių த Türkçe ‫اردو‬ 中文 Edit links 2 open in browser PRO version 30 June 2012 est. pdfcrowd. 52.000.344.000.000.466.000.000 30 September 2011 26.2 10 Luxembourg[note 1] 2.128 200 17 China 710.016.000.146.000.460.624.000.503 344 Русский 7 Spain 2.000 30 June 2011 19.000.000.841 108 Português 6 Netherlands 2.000 16 Austria 883.Česky 1 United States 22 Mar 2013 52.399.000 30 June 2011 74.260 167 9 Ireland 2.000 30 June 2011 90.000 30 June 2011 156.352.443 12 Belgium 1.000.820 108.000.000.600.487 187 United Kingdom 9.000 31 December 2012 est.com .000 31 December 2012 est.000 30 June 2011 3.148 45 8 Italy 2. 30 June 2011 est.000.126 390 105.000 30 June 2011 57.

636 174 22 Portugal 548.000 31 December 2012 est.000.000.608 15 27 Turkey 331.960 155 25 Korea.000.000.000.000 14.000.794 40 29 India 299.000.400.000 30 June 2011 101.800.000 30 June 2011 47.300.000.084 180 20 Greece 583.open in browser PRO version 18 Norway 644.000.835 223 24 Russia 455.000 30 June 2011 131.com .000.956 20 31 Indonesia 187.000 31 December 2012 est. 5.200.000. 1. 7.821 115 Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API 31 December pdfcrowd.000 31 December 2012 est.900.000 31 December 2012 3. 3.634 23 21 Finland 577.220 141 19 Denmark 626.000. 6.000.200.639 54 30 Mexico 217.000 30 June 2011 47.000.300.567 37 26 Brazil 405.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est. 1.000.000 31 December 2012 237 21 28 Poland 310.000 31 December 2012 est.000.900.900.000 31 December 2011 68.100. 837 28 38 Romania 125.082 67 32 Hungary 170.200.700. South 436.500.700.000 31 December 2012 est.

8.100. 24.560.180.000 31 December 2012 est.000.570 31 34 Qatar 137.000 31 December 2012 est.000 14.000.000.000.000.000. 41.500.273 41 40 Iceland[10][11] 116.000 2012 est.260 45 36 Saudi Arabia 127.000.000. 6.000 31 December 2012 est.942 999 35 Argentina 130.000.821 115 33 United Arab Emirates 158.000 31 December 2012 est.000.060 68 44 Israel 104.613 23 46 Malaysia 95. 1.000.900. 3. pdfcrowd.000. 1. 12.292 26 57 South Africa 47.000.400.200.000.000 31 December 2012 est.144 71 45 Chile 102.867 38 43 Kazakhstan 105.000.000.000 30 September 2011 est.900. 2.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.000 2008 362.000 30 September 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.988 55 Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API 2012 est.176 19 41 Thailand 115.200. 5.070 42 48 Czech Republic 90.550.000 31 December 2012 est. 3.open in browser PRO version 32 Hungary 170.600.176 27 39 Ukraine 124.053.com . 2.

000 31 December 2012 est.261 90 63 Latvia 35.555 47.000.740.000 31 December 2012 est.410.000. 13.000 31 December 2012 est.000.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.268.000. 1.000.980.926 68 49 Colombia 73.240.000 31 December 2012 est.390. 946 55 65 Lebanon 32.230. 8.210. 343 33 69 Kuwait 28.940.000 30 November 2011 est. 636 32 52 Croatia 64.6 58 Bulgaria 43.700.000. 15.000.51 Philippines 68. 6.640.250.269 20 55 Pakistan 55.527 146 60 Sudan 39.000 30 December 2012 est.519 99 50 Slovakia 72. 1.000 31 December 2012 est.754 43 53 Venezuela 63.com .000.000 31 December 2012 18.000 31 December 2012 est.000.000.000 30 June 2011 25. 10.906 19 23 Iraq 50.815 88 31 December open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.000 31 December 2012 est.000.000.340.000. 1.641 64 54 Slovenia 61.

000 31 December 2012 est.000.000.000 31 December 2012 9.780 34 73 Tunisia 24.000.126 22 42 Cyprus 106.000.194 10 70 Estonia 25.995 80 66 Serbia 32.490.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.370.360.500. 391 14 1.com .405 98 75 Cuba 22.000.000 31 December 2012 est. 4.600. 1.910. 379 32 61 Peru 38.000. 37.000 31 December 2012 15.920.000.000 31 December 2012 est.000.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.000.000.640. 1. 1.000 31 December 2012 est.880.779 42 Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.000.000 31 December 2012 est.420. 712 22 72 Singapore 24.000. 2.000 31 December 2012 est.210.812 129 67 Lithuania 31.000. 4.850.178 80 64 Egypt 34.000 31 December 2011 est. 149 23 68 Morocco 29.59 Vietnam 41.629 45 151 open in browser PRO version Belarus 62 Bangladesh 36.067.

000.500.600. 3.660 92 85 Korea.000 31 December 2012 est.000.000 31 December 2012 est.170.000.989 33 79 Dominican Republic 16.000 31 December 2012 est.261 65 83 Panama 13. 881 36 81 Guatemala 16. 944 21 74 Sri Lanka 22.000.580.216 42 80 Monaco[note 2] 16. 3.000 31 December 2012 est.000.000. 1.000 31 December 2012 est. Democratic Republic of the 31 June 2010 est.610. 13.000 31 December 2012 est.000.500. 197 122 100 Congo.030.452.820. 170 4 82 Jamaica 14.000.428 240 76 Ecuador 20.000 31 December 2012 est.000.000.000 31 December 2012 est.000. 995 25 71 Bahrain 25. 544 N/A 31 December open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.77 Angola 19. 4.000.000 2001 est.130. North 12.270.927 52 7.162 25 95 Iran 9.000 31 December 2012 est.644. 87 Uruguay 11.000.000 471.000 31 December 2012 est. 1.000 31 December 2012 est.com .650.

373 13 102 Zimbabwe 6. 71 5 99 Georgia 8. 527 51 84 El Salvador 12.000.000.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.open in browser PRO version 120 Cote d'Ivoire 4.962 16 86 Costa Rica 12.200.000 31 December 2012 est.000.000. 2.768. 200 25 97 Syria 8.000 31 December 2012 est.000.840.000.000.818.526.052 48 94 Kenya 9. 183 33 104 Yemen 6.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 2.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.040.000.000.424 77 93 Oman 9.000 31 December 2012 est. 293 23 109 Burma 5.000 31 December 2012 est. 1.000.742.000 31 December 2012 est.448. 2. 1.975.000 31 December 2012 est.726.051. 609 103 89 Tanzania 11.180.100.000 31 December 2012 est.000.000.874 24 96 Bosnia and Herzegovina 9.com .953 53 91 Nigeria 10.000. 117 17 Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.

880.000 31 December 2012 est.000 30 June 2011 14. 1. 900 91 98 Jordan 8. 3.296 79 3.000.100.644. 274 21 115 Libya 5.000 31 December 2012 est.599.000 31 December 2012 est.790.000.000 31 December 2012 est.722 155 101 Congo.774.167.000 31 December 2012 est.230.000.88 Ghana 11.000.000.435. 903 20 103 Republic of Macedonia 6.000 31 December 2012 est.000. 2.937 52 168 Turkmenistan 429.000 31 December 2012 est.000.000 31 December 2012 est. 972 9 56 Malta 48.000 31 December 2012 est. 1.345.000.000.584 56 130 Mauritius 2.000 31 December 2011 161 35 127 Nepal 31 December open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. Republic of the 117 Mozambique 4.000.942.233 72 108 Laos 5.000.740.054. 978 25 7.com . 231 50 113 Moldova 5.000 31 December 2012 1.000.668 60 105 Armenia 6.000 31 December 2012 est.

117.open in browser PRO version 114 Cambodia 5.502 21 92 Ethiopia 9. 8.042. 264 22 129 Cameroon 3.460.071. 164 15 126 Azerbaijan 4.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.228.000.000 31 December 2012 est. 3. 305 68 Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.000 31 December 2012 est.666. 296 30 128 Kyrgyzstan 3.445.000.000.000 31 December 2012 699 81 116 Honduras 4. 304 37 119 Trinidad and Tobago 4.344. 150 11 122 Algeria 4.000 31 December 2012 est.000.000 31 December 2012 est.884. 465 23 110 Zambia 5.000 31 December 2012 est.000.000.343.000.513 6 135 Guinea 2. 115 3 112 Nicaragua 5.000.000 31 December 2012 est.com . 51 14 90 Uzbekistan 10.000.780.652.956.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.000. 693 62 125 Senegal 4.000 31 December 2012 est.000.000.000.000 31 December 2012 est.

587 18 123 Namibia 4.000. 1.000 31 December 2012 est. 1. 386 N/A 136 Madagascar 2. 178 79 31 December open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. 85 17 107 Bolivia 5.758.451.280. 1.000 31 December 2012 est.000. 140 36 154 Benin 953.000.942.000 31 December 2012 882 23 134 Mali 2. 382 13 133 Gabon 2.000 31 December 2012 est.968.725.000 31 December 2012 est.000.281.000. 308 43 124 Uganda 4.131 20 139 Botswana 1.500.204.130 Somalia 2.000.631.com .208 16 143 Niger 1.000 31 December 2012 254 88 144 Afghanistan 1.000.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.126.000.000 31 December 2012 est.000.000 31 December 2012 est.000.000.000.604.000 FY10/11 92 22 106 Paraguay 5. 275 15 111 Albania 5.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2010 est.714.

947 50 166 — open in browser PRO version Central African Republic Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.000.000 31 December 2012 est.015.860. 77 24 176 Burundi 231.771.457.614 147 148 Malawi 1.000 31 December 2012 est.500.000.000.000 2010 est.000. 262 35 138 Mongolia 2.000 31 December 2012 est.749.070. 270 68 West Bank 1.000.000.137 Burkina Faso 2.000. 3.000.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 167 202 469.700.000 31 December 2012 est.600. 136 23 132 Tajikistan 2.079 75 152 Eritrea 1.026.040.000 31 December 2012 est.000. 160 21 156 Sierra Leone 827.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.000 2011 est. 238 16 142 Seychelles 1.453.214.000 31 December 2012 est. 2.com . 340 61 118 Papua New Guinea 4. 195 58 153 Maldives 1.000 31 December 2011 686 41 140 Chad 1. 15.442.000.000. 414 N/A 141 Belize 1.

200.402 74 174 — open in browser PRO version Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.000.150 Guinea-Bissau 1.935 21 157 Djibouti 802.000.900. 306 50 163 Suriname 504. 2.232. 255 30 161 Gambia. 573 56 167 Antigua and Barbuda 458.388 36 155 Haiti 854.000 31 December 2012 est.000 2011 est.200.477 85 Aruba 478.700.000 31 December 2012 est.000.000. 1.800.600.300. 939 24 160 Lesotho 715.300.000 2010 est.275.000 June 2010 4.000 31 December 2010 1.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2010 est.000 31 December 2012 est.456 22 149 Montenegro 1. The 545.049 42 121 Barbados 4.400.490.com . 722 259 145 Bhutan 1.011 28 159 Swaziland 737.234.000 31 December 2012 est.000 2005 est.000.095. 36 5 162 Grenada 538.000.000 2011 1. 3. 4. 634 6 146 Guyana 1.000. 4. 428 14 252.000 31 December 2012 est.000.000 31 December 2012 est.000 2005 est.000 2010 est.193 64 147 Equatorial Guinea 1.

430 115 173 Dominica 253.586 32 169 Liberia 400.408 79 165 Saint Lucia 471.500.400. 7. 3.300. The Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.000 31 December 2012 est.000.193 349 177 Saint Kitts and Nevis 189.000 31 December 2010 est.000 31 December 2012 est.000 31 December 2012 est.300 126 47 New Zealand 164 Comoros 485. 968 47 178 Solomon Islands 166.000.800.067 6 741. 2.000 31 December 2012 est.230.000.000.000 FY99/00 2.000 31 December 2012 est. 1.680.com .400.000 2004 355 44 Bermuda 160. 6. 150 5 — open in browser PRO version Bahamas. 714 52 316. 1.100.000 31 December 2009 est.000 75 175 Samoa 235.756 N/A 172 Fiji 268.000.000 31 December 2012 est.575 5 179 Cook Islands 141.000 31 December 2012 est.000 1996 est.300.000.000 31 December 2012 est.78 158 170 Cape Verde Sao Tome and Principe 16.000 31 December 2012[12] 65 22 90.600. 52.

800.600.800.800.078 7 — Faroe Islands 888. 2.000 Niue — Macau 37 Taiwan 186 Liechtenstein 0 2011 0 0 186 Brunei 0 2005 0 0 186 Palau 0 2000 0 0 Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. 0 0 185 open in browser PRO version 87.000 31 December 2012 est.000 1998 est.000 1998 est. N/A N/A 0 2010 0 0 [citation needed] 31 December 2012 est.000 2010 1.400. N/A N/A 184 Kiribati 10.377 54 Vanuatu 307.900.035 5 — British Virgin Islands 0 2012 N/A N/A 183 Nauru 33.670.181 Marshall Islands 171 180 2008 est.000 1998 N/A N/A — Wallis and Futuna 3.000.000 2004 N/A N/A 418.000 FY05 est.000 2002 est.000.300. 556 25 — Greenland 36.700. 120 14 — Montserrat 8. 1.000. Federated States of 60.000 1999 est. 799 33 — New Caledonia 79. 389 22 Tonga 118.000 31 December 2012 est.com .000 2004 est.000 1997 N/A N/A — Anguilla 8.000 2010 N/A N/A 182 Micronesia. 385 3 — Cayman Islands 79.000.

^ Debt . small countries with large financial sectors tend to have disproportionately large gross external debts as well as holding large cross-border debt assets. Chad. Cook Islands.S. Cuba. World Bank.Notes [edit] 1. 6. Note: Used for Aruba. accessed on June 29. 2011.[2] Meaning Monaco could potentially be a net creditor. The World Factbook.accessed on June 29. Cayman Islands. Accessed on the 29th of June 2011. ^ Debt – external . Marshall Islands.com . See also [edit] List of sovereign states by public debt Domestic Liability Dollarization List of sovereign states by external assets Net international investment position Balance of trade V · T · E· Lists of countries by financial rankings References [show ] [edit] 1. ^ World Economic Outlook Database. Somalia. Eritrea. United States Central Intelligence Agency.European Union . Netherlands. ^ As the Bank of International Settlements explains. North Korea. ^ As the Bank of International Settlements explains. Greenland. Accessed on June 29. ^ Total Midyear Population . Federated States of Micronesia. 4. Cyprus. Monaco. 3. International Monetary Fund. pdfcrowd. 2. 5.[1] Luxembourg is a net creditor country. 2. small countries with large financial sectors tend to have disproportionately large gross external debts as well as holding large cross-border debt assets. April 2011 open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API . ^ The World Factbook .external . U. 2011. Note: Used for Bermuda. Definition in The World Factbook. Montenegro. Samoa. International Data Base. Accessed on June 29. Trinidad and Tobago and West Bank. Central Intelligence Agency. ^ World Development Indicators . Census Bureau. 2011. New Caledonia and Turkmenistan.

.Gross external debt (Joint External Debt Hub) https://www. Niger. 9. ^ "Second Quarter Public Debt Management Report. 2011" Finance.ru/business/20120301/171671096. Tonga and Vanuatu. Sao Tome and Principe. Comoros. New Caledonia and Turkmenistan. Accessed on June 29. ^ GDP (official exchange rate) . Burundi. ^ . 7. Iceland. Retrieved 2009-11-22. Greenland. 2008). Monaco. Chad.org [edit] .html External links www. Solomon Islands. Georgia. Nepal. Benin. ^ World Economic Outlook Database. United States Central Intelligence Agency. ^ Statistics Iceland (September 11. 8. Antigua and Barbuda. 2011. Guinea. Note: Used for the rest of the countries. Accessed on June 29. Liberian Ministry of Russia’s External Debt down 10% to $36 Bln in 2011 http://en. Dominica. Montenegro. "Gross domestic product 2008 – Revision" . Cayman Islands.jedh. Mali. Saint Kitts and Nevis. 11. Albania. open in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd. "External debt Q2/2009" . Mongolia. Netherlands. Accessed on June 29. The World Factbook. Retrieved 200911-22. Cyprus. Central African Republic. Democratic Republic of the Congo. 2009). International Monetary Fund. 12. Samoa. Liberia. ^ World Economic Outlook Database.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2079rank. Eritrea. April 2011 . The Bahamas. Debt Management Unit. 2011. Suriname. April 2011 .com . Guinea-Bissau. Djibouti. 2012. 2011. Saint Lucia. Grenada. World Bank. 2011. Kiribati. ^ Central Bank of Iceland (September 3. Guyana. Belize. Note: Used for Bermuda. Barbados. Retrieved June 21.html V · T · E· Categories: Debt Debt Economics lists by country [show ] Government debt This page w as last modified on 26 April 2013 at 10:42.cia. 10.World Development Indicators . Sierra Leone. October 1-December 31. Federated States of Micronesia.6.rian. Cape Verde. Note: Used for Afghanistan. Note: Used for the rest of the countries. Fiji. Accessed on June 29. International Monetary Fund. Republic of the Congo. Bhutan.

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