MAPPA

Annual Report 2005/06

Sussex Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements

Ministerial Forward
Making our communities safer and reducing re-offending is our highest priority and one of our biggest challenges.That is why the work undertaken through these multi agency public protection arrangements (MAPPA) is so important.The supervision and management of sexual and violent offenders who pose the highest risk of serious harm, whether in the community or in custody, is complex and challenging; and is an aspect of public service where the public rightly expects all reasonable action to be taken. Although we have made significant progress in the last five years with the development of MAPPA across England and Wales, the review this year of a number of tragic incidents where people have been murdered or seriously injured reminded us of the importance of reviewing performance, improving practice and learning lessons. It is vital that these tasks are undertaken by the probation, police and prison services, as well as by those other agencies that contribute to the assessment and management of offenders. The publication of MAPPA Business Plans by each Area in this year’s annual reports offers a helpful and necessary programme of local development and review and must lead to enhanced practice. It will be essential that this progress is transparent and shared with local communities. In addition to this, however, it is important that no opportunity is missed to consider other measures that will further enhance public safety.That is why we are undertaking the Child Sex Offender Review, to look at how a particular group of offenders, who provoke anxiety for many, are best managed in the community.The review is consulting a wide range of practitioners and key stakeholders including the MAPPA lay advisers, and will report around the end of the year. Finally, in commending this report to you, I want to take the opportunity to thank all those involved locally in working with sexual and violent offenders, or in ensuring that these arrangements are fit for purpose.Where MAPPA is working well it is based on maintaining high professional standards and effective multi agency collaboration in the delivery of robust risk management plans.While it is not possible to eliminate risk entirely, where all reasonable action is taken the risk of further serious harm can be reduced to a minimum and fewer victims will be exposed to repeat offending.

Gerry Sutcliffe MP Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Criminal Justice and Offender Management

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Contents
FOREWORD BY THE RESPONSIBLE AUTHORITY INTRODUCTION MAPPA: HOW IT WORKS WHO IS MANAGED UNDER MAPPA? HOW ARE OFFENDERS MANAGED? HOW DOES THE MAPPA WORK? WHO DOES WHAT IN THE MAPPA PROCESS? VICTIMS:THE REAL FOCUS OF THE MAPPA PROCESS CIVIL ORDERS VISOR KEY ACHIEVEMENTS THIS YEAR WHAT DO THE STATISTICS TELL US? STATISTICAL INFORMATION MANAGING MAPPA:THE STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT BOARD LIST OF MAPPA CONTACTS APPENDIX SMB BUSINESS PLAN 5 7 8 8 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 18 21 22 22

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Foreword By Responsible Authority
We are pleased to introduce the 2005-2006 Annual report on the Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements in Sussex.The report sets out the way in which the ‘Responsible Authority’, the Police, Probation and Prison Services, have worked together with other agencies to manage the risks posed by sexual, violent and other dangerous offenders in the community.The report sets out the achievements of the Responsible Authority during the last year; it provides case studies demonstrating the effectiveness of the arrangements and details how the risks posed by dangerous offenders are managed within the Sussex area. The numbers of such offenders are relatively small compared to the overall population of the County. Not surprisingly however, the nature of their offending attracts considerable attention.The last year has seen a number of high profile public protection cases feature highly in the media such as the murder of John Monkton in London, and Naomi Bryant in Hampshire.We will ensure that we in Sussex learn the lessons from these tragic cases and we are committed to improving how we work in partnership to further re-assure the people of Sussex and minimise the risks posed by such offenders. Public protection is not an exact science and the risks posed by dangerous offenders can never be completely eliminated but the people of Sussex are entitled to expect the appropriate authorities to take all reasonable actions to keep risk to a minimum.To this end, we must ensure that resources follow risk. It is in the public interest that finite resources should be directed at preventing or minimising the most serious risk of harm posed by the very small number of offenders who pose an imminent danger. The importance of partnership cannot be overstated. No single agency has the capacity to provide public protection alone and success depends upon a sustained and proactive participation in effective partnerships. Supporting the police, probation and prison services are a whole host of key agencies who are signatories to the MAPPA process, each one bringing its own expertise that is vital in drawing up the most effective risk management plans for the offenders. The challenges for the Responsible Authority in the forthcoming year are numerous. It is vital that our MAPPA processes continue to develop.We will endeavour to keep the public informed about these developments and to provide honest and accurate information reflecting the true risk that offenders pose. The development of the Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements in Sussex has come a long way in the last five years.The effectiveness of MAPPA has been externally recognised and this system of multi agency co-operation is recognised as a world leader. High and very high risk offenders are being effectively managed by well established partnership arrangements with justifiable and defensible decision making. We are determined to build upon and improve MAPPA. Protecting the public and focusing on the needs of the victim will continue to be a high priority.We will continue to strive to make Sussex a safer place to live, work and visit.

Colin McConnell Area Manager Sussex HMP

Joe Edwards Chief Constable Sussex Police

Brian Clark Chief Officer National Probation Service

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Introduction
Protecting the public from sexual and violent offenders is one of the Government’s highest priorities. Sexual and violent offences are dreadful crimes, that deeply affect the lives of victims and their families and inspire fear in local communities.Their impact can be profound and long lasting, leaving victims feeling unsafe even in their own homes. The Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) which began operating in April 2001, place a duty on the Police, Probation Service and the Prison Service to assess and manage the risks posed by offenders in every community in England and Wales.These three organisations work together as the Responsible Authority. The role of the Responsible Authority is to put robust arrangements in place, to manage people who pose a serious risk of harm to others.These arrangements are multi agency because the Police, Probation Service and Prison Service recognise that they cannot do this work alone. Key to the development of the MAPPA, is the close involvement of other partner organisations such as social services, local authority housing, health services and youth offending teams.These partner agencies all have a duty to co-operate and work together with the Responsible Authority, to protect the public from the possible harm posed by these few, known, high risk offenders.The contributions of all the partner organisations make the arrangements truly multi agency. This report is prepared on behalf of Sussex Police, the Sussex Area of the National Probation Service and the HM Prison Service. As this report will demonstrate, the MAPPA are continuing to undertake a great deal of good work to develop and strengthen their activities.This report describes how the Sussex MAPPA manages and reduces the risk of these offenders causing harm to others in the local community. However, MAPPA can never completely eliminate the risk. Some offenders will cause serious harm for the first time and the change in their behaviour and circumstances that leads to this offending, cannot be predicted. MAPPA enables these cases to be closely examined so that lessons can be learned for the future and potential victims can be protected. Throughout the report, you will read recent case examples demonstrating the range of action and intervention taken with offenders to minimise the risks they pose.The case examples will also illustrate the swift action that has been taken to prevent serious, further offending. It is hoped that this report will be widely read, because it is vital that the public are aware of the steps that are being taken to guard and protect them from serious harm. Above all, the information contained in this report should reassure you that MAPPA is making a real difference to the quality of life in our communities. This is the fifth annual report about these arrangements and covers the year 1st April 2005 to 31st March 2006. Further copies of the report can be obtained from the following website www.sussex.police.uk If you are interested in reading the reports of other MAPPA areas, including previous years reports, they are available on the National Probation Service’s website www.probation.homeoffice.gov.uk (under the public protection section).You can also download the Responsible Authorities National Steering Group’s five year overview of MAPPA from this link.

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MAPPA: How It Works
There are many aspects to protecting the public and managing the risks from sexual, violent and other dangerous offenders.The fundamental purpose of MAPPA is public safety, the protection of victims and the reduction of serious harm. In Sussex, the day to day work of all the agencies involved in public protection, provides the backbone to effective risk assessment and management. MAPPA provides a strong framework in which the skills of relevant agencies can be combined to assess and manage the risks posed by offenders living within the community.

So who is managed under MAPPA?
MAPPA works on a clear categorisation process:-

CATEGORY 1
Registered Sex Offenders1

CATEGORY 2
Violent Offenders2 or other Sex Offenders1 who are on licence to the Probation Service

CATEGORY 3
Other Offenders who have a previous conviction for an offence and who pose a risk of serious harm to the public

How are offenders managed?
The MAPPA process also has a series of levels under which all MAPPA offenders, depending on their risk levels, are managed.This structure of risk management is intended to enable resources to be deployed to manage the identified risks in the most efficient and effective manner.The three risk management levels are as follows:-

LEVEL 1 SINGLE AGENCY MANAGEMENT
An offender who poses a low to medium risk Level 1 - risk management is used when the risks posed by the offender can be managed by one agency without significantly involving other agencies

LEVEL 2 RISK ASSESSMENT MEETINGS
An offender who poses a medium to high risk Level 2 – risk management is used where the active involvement of more than one agency is required but where either the level of risk or the complexity is not so great as to require a referral to Level 3

LEVEL 3 MULTI AGENCY PUBLIC PROTECTION MEETINGS
One of the ‘critical few’

Level 3 – risk management is for those offenders who pose the highest risk of causing serious harm to the public and whose management is complex

Footnote 1 Sexual Offenders are deemed as those people registered with the police under the Sex Offenders Act 1997 or someone who has been given a sentence related to a sexual offence for 12 months or more since April 2001 2 Violent Offenders are those who have committed a violent offence and have been given a sentence of 12 months or more

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How Does The MAPPA Work?
Quite simply, the arrangements are based on the knowledge that the best way to manage and reduce the risks that these few offenders pose, is to share information. All referrals are made to the MAPPA Officer to ensure consistency, eligibility and that referrals are made at the appropriate level of risk.The referral form contains a wealth of information including:● ● ● ● ●

The offenders current risk factors (of what, to whom and when) The Licence Expiry Date and/or Registration period A detailed risk assessment including the risk of harm and risk of re-offending A draft risk management plan A rationale for the recommended MAPPA management level

All Level 1 referrals, which are managed by a single, lead agency, are circulated to our partner agencies for information.The referral contains the contact information of the lead agency so that partner agencies can liaise directly with the case manager if they have any information that may influence an offenders risk management plan or current risk/MAPPA level. Level 2 and 3 cases are initially considered at the Level 2 Risk Assessment Meetings. Although the majority of all referrals are made by either the Police or Probation Service, any agency can refer cases where there is a concern for public safety. Once an offender has been referred into MAPPA, it is the responsibility of the MAPPA agencies to undertake a rigorous risk assessment and construct a robust risk management plan to minimise the potential danger an offender poses.When constructing the management plan, information from all the partner agencies is taken into consideration and form the basis of the plan.This can include:● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ●

The offenders current risk factors (of what, to whom and when) Details of any circumstances that may increase that risk The Licence Expiry Date and/or Registration period A detailed risk assessment including the risk of harm and risk of re-offending Details of any licence conditions Details of accommodation and support Frequency of contact, where this contact occurs and by whom Victim support / protection Enforcement plans Contingency plans Once the plan has been agreed, it is reviewed on a regular basis and the decisions, rationale and actions of the panel are recorded. MAPPA is designed to be flexible and to adapt to an offenders changing circumstances and risks. Because there are many factors which may affect an offenders current risk level, for example the breakdown of a relationship, drug or alcohol misuse, loss of accommodation or deterioration in mental health, a case may move between MAPPA levels throughout the duration of its MAPPA time span.This strengthens the MAPPA and enables it to proactively risk assess and manage the risks posed by these offenders. Disclosure remains a vital tool in the management of some offenders. Such disclosure may range from specific revelation to nominated persons within agencies who have contact with the offender, to individuals who are known to be at risk from the offending behaviour. In extreme cases and where the risk is most serious, wider disclosure to groups within the community may be considered. In all disclosure cases, the decision to disclose is made by the Chair of the MAPPP and care is taken to balance the rights of the individual against the risk posed by their offending behaviour.

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Who Does What In The MAPPA Process?
Protecting the public from sexual, violent and other dangerous offenders is best achieved by joint working. Sussex has a strong history of working together with other agencies to protect the public. Although Police and Probation are predominantly the lead agencies, the contributions made by other agencies are essential to the process. A summary of their roles and responsibilities in relation to Multi Agency Public Protection in Sussex, is outlined below:SUSSEX POLICE Along with the Probation Service and the Prison Service, Sussex Police are responsible for the development and management of the arrangements.They co-chair, co-ordinate and manage all the MAPPA meetings and are primarily responsible for the management of Registered Sex Offenders.They contribute enforcement activity including the monitoring of offenders, (including covert surveillance) and are responsible for obtaining civil orders such as Sexual Offences Prevention Orders, Risk of Sexual Harm Orders and Foreign Travel Orders.The Police also manage the registration of all sex offenders, undertake detailed risk assessments and are responsible for the investigation and prosecution of any who re-offend. SUSSEX PROBATION AREA Probation staff make a wide-ranging contribution to the work of MAPPA and are trained in assessing the risks that offenders present.They are committed to reducing re-offending and to protecting victims and potential victims.They do this through the supervision, risk assessment and control of offenders and through direct contact with the victims. Probation are also responsible for co-chairing MAPPA meetings and for recalling offenders back to custody if they fail to comply with the terms and conditions of their licence. PRISON SERVICE At the end of the custodial element of their sentence, most prisoners managed under MAPPA, eventually return to living in the community. Her Majesty’s Prison Service works in close partnership with the Police and Probation Services to identify these offenders so that they can access a range of interventions aimed at addressing the offender’s behaviour and reducing the risk of reoffending on release.The Prison Service is also able to provide a wealth of invaluable intelligence on offenders, such as their behaviour and those individuals with whom they have been in contact with whilst in custody.This information can be utilised to strengthen the risk management plan which is developed prior to the offender’s release.This year a protocol has been developed between the Sussex MAPPA and the South East Region of the Prison Service.This protocol formalises arrangements for effectively managing cases from custody through to the offenders release into the community. SOCIAL SERVICES Social Services have a primary responsibility for the protection of children and vulnerable adults from abuse. They provide valuable information on family networks and can share vital information about offenders and potential victims. FORENSIC SERVICES The Forensic Service team provide statutory mental health services across Sussex and are committed to playing their part in the MAPPA process.They are responsible for the assessment and treatment of offenders requiring psychiatric treatment, including offenders who are mentally disordered and have personality disorders.Their work includes both community based treatment and management in secure residential facilities. HOUSING Local Authority Housing Departments and Registered Social Landlords provide housing support for those in need.Their role within MAPPA is to help in delivering the fundamental aim of public protection, by providing the type of accommodation most suitable to an offender, depending on the level of risk they pose.

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YOUTH OFFENDING TEAMS The three YOTs based in Sussex, are responsible for supervising all offenders under 18 years of age.They provide a full range of services to young people who have offended and offer direct services to the victims of youth crime.They support the arrangements through effective risk assessment and risk management strategies for young offenders. OTHER DUTY TO CO-OPERATE AGENCIES There are a range of other key agencies such as Jobcentre Plus, Local Education Authorities and Electronic Monitoring Providers who contribute to the Sussex MAPPA process.These agencies contribute on a case by case basis and provide valuable information about known offenders.Through the MAPPA Communications Strategy, it is planned that representatives of these agencies will join the Strategic Management Board and assist in the strategic development of MAPPA within Sussex.

VICTIMS: The real focus of the MAPPA process
While the fundamental duty of all the agencies involved in the MAPPA process is to safeguard the public from dangerous sexual and violent offenders, one of the key priorities is always the care of victims.The protection of victims is at the core of the Sussex MAPPA and is dependant on effective multi agency working.Within Sussex, the Victim Contact Scheme has provided a service to victims of crime since 1995.The Scheme has two primary objectives:● To ensure that victims and/or their families are fully aware of the custodial process and are kept informed of any relevant developments in the offenders sentence; and ● To ensure that victims and/or their families are given the opportunity to express any concerns they may have regarding the offenders release arrangements In order to deliver this vital service, there are dedicated Victim Liaison Officers (VLOs) who work within Sussex Probation.These VLOs are responsible for liasing with both the victim/s and the offenders Probation Officer, to ensure that the victim is kept fully informed of any developments and that their perspective, where possible, is taken into account during the formulation of the offenders risk management plan. In some cases, liaison with the VLO can result in additional licence conditions such as a exclusion zone prohibiting an offender from entering a particular area, such as the victims home town, or a no contact condition prohibiting an offender from contacting their victim either directly or indirectly.

Case Study 1
Mr X, a high risk sex offender, was convicted of Indecent Assault on young males.The offences occurred whilst the perpetrator was working as a cricket coach at a local club. On conviction, in addition to being placed on the Sex Offenders Register, the Police applied for and obtained a Sexual Offences Prevention Order.The SOPO placed strict conditions on the offender and prohibited him from having any contact with any young person under the age of 18. In order to restrict the offender’s ability and opportunity to abuse children, the SOPO also prohibited him from working with any person under the age of 18 years.The offender was informed that any breach of the SOPO could result in a prison sentence of up to 5 years. Following his release from prison, the MAPPP (Multi Agency Public Protection Panel) were informed that Mr X had made an application to join a local cricket club and in particular, a club which had an established junior section. Due to the previous convictions of the offender and his current risk of harm, the MAPPP decided that full disclosure, highlighting the prohibitive elements of the SOPO, should be made to the club’s Governing Body. Following the MAPPP disclosure, Mr X has been prohibited from joining the cricket club and he continues to be closely monitored by the Sussex MAPPA.”

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Preventing Sexual Offending: CIVIL ORDERS
The Sexual Offences Act 2003 introduced four new civil orders designed to prevent sexual offending.These preventative orders which may form part of an offenders management plan can assist the MAPPA to protect the public from those offenders who pose the most significant risk of sexual harm. If any of these orders are breached, the offender can face up to 5 years imprisonment.

SEXUAL OFFENCES PREVENTION ORDERS
Sexual Offences Prevention Orders (SOPOs) are intended to protect the public from the risks posed by convicted sex offenders, by placing restrictions on their behaviour.The order seeks to restrict an offenders ability and opportunity to engage in grooming or preparatory behaviour for the purposes of sexually abusing children. For example, the SOPO may:● ● ● ● ●

Prohibit an offender from associating and/or working with children under the age of 16 years Restrict an offender from entering childrens’ playgrounds, visiting local swimming pools or frequenting any other area that is used by children Place a curfew to restrict an offenders movements at certain times of the day or on certain days of the week Prohibit the ownership of computers or any other multi-media storage device Prohibit an offender from engaging in certain activities such as visiting chat rooms on the internet

The minimum duration for a full order is 5 years, however, there is no upper time limit.

RISK OF SEXUAL HARM ORDERS
This order is similar in content to the Sexual Offences Prevention Order in that it aims to restrict and deter the activities of those individuals involved in grooming children for sexual activity.The main difference is that this order can be used on individuals who have no previous convictions or cautions for sexual offences.The minimum duration of a Risk of Sexual Harm Order is 2 years.

NOTIFICATION ORDERS
This order can be applied to any individual who has been convicted or cautioned for a sexual offence that was committed whilst the offender was abroad. In effect, on their return to the UK, the order makes any such offender subject to the full requirements of the Sex Offender Register.This in turn, would make the offender subject to MAPPA.

FOREIGN TRAVEL ORDERS
In certain circumstances, this order can be used to prohibit those offenders convicted of sexual offences against children under 16 years of age, from travelling overseas.This order would be used when there is evidence to indicate that the offender intends to cause serious sexual harm to children in a foreign country.

VISOR: Helping To Manage The Risk
A key area linked to the work of MAPPA is ViSOR.ViSOR, the Violent and Sex Offender Register, is the national database for violent and sexual offenders.This database is a key tool for the proactive management and monitoring of dangerous, violent and sexual offenders.The database which is accessible 24 hours a day, 365 days of the year contains a wealth of intelligence and information on offenders. Most importantly, when an offender travels or moves to another Police Force area,ViSOR enables that vital intelligence to be shared nationally with that Force.This immediate access to such a wealth of information can be crucial to the successful management of those offenders posing the most serious risk of harm. ViSOR is currently used by all the Police Forces in the UK and there are plans for the database to be shared nationally with other key agencies such as the Prison Service. Once fully implemented,ViSOR will facilitate the complete, multi agency management of each MAPPA offender.

Case Study 2
“Miss X, a high risk offender was convicted for Arson. Having set fire to her house with her estranged partner upstairs she then set fire to herself.Whilst in prison she made repeated threats to kill her victim and to cause harm to his family. Prior to her release, the MAPPP were informed that due to strict licence conditions and the high risk of harm she posed to her potential victims, she would be prohibited from returning to the Sussex area, however, the victims still remained within Sussex. In order to develop protection plans for the victims the Sussex MAPPP worked in close liaison with the neighbouring MAPPP to ensure that all relevant information was shared between agencies and that a full and robust risk management plan was developed. Mrs X continues to be closely managed and monitored by the two MAPPPs.”

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Key Achievements This Year
DURING THE LAST YEAR WE HAVE HAD SOME SIGNIFICANT ACHIEVEMENTS, INCLUDING:The appointment of a MAPPA Administrative Assistant who is responsible for providing dedicated and professional, secretarial support to the Sussex MAPPA.This includes supporting the continuous cycle of meetings by collating referrals, drafting agendas and minutes and maintaining & updating the MAPPA database.This post is key to ensuring the consistency and accuracy of all MAPPA written documentation and the decision making rationale.The post has been jointly funded by all three members of the Responsible Authority and the local Health Authority. The continued development of the MAPPA Officer who provides a fundamental link to all the agencies involved in MAPPA.The post continues to play a key role in keeping the procedures under constant review to ensure they are consistent, accountable and in accordance with current and emerging National Guidance. In addition to chairing Level 2 Meetings, the MAPPA Officer has been pivotal in the development and implementation of the Strategic Management Board’s Business Plan, the production of the Annual Report and the strategic development of ViSOR. The continued engagement of the Prison Service both as part of the Responsible Authority and Strategic Management Board and as representatives at Level 3 MAPPA meetings.This year has also seen the development of working agreements on how the Service can contribute to the Sussex MAPPA.This includes at least 6 months notification of the expected release dates of all Level 3 offenders and at least 3 months notification of those offenders being managed at Level 2. The Service also proactively shares all relevant risk management information in order to help the MAPPA plan for an offenders release. Because of the increasing MAPPA population and the growth of MAPPA offenders within the prison system; due in the main to the changes in legislation, the continued engagement of the Prison Service will be vital to public protection. The development of the two Lay Advisors who provide a valuable, community perspective on the public protection arrangements both within Sussex and the South East region. Both Lay Advisors who have a wealth of experience, are active members of the MAPPA Strategic Management Board.They have been in post for a full year and have attended a further National Training Course enabling them to make an active contribution to the work and development of MAPPA. As a lead agency in the delivery of MAPPA, Sussex Police has made a significant commitment to the development of ViSOR.ViSOR, which is the national database for violent and sexual offenders is a key tool for the proactive management and monitoring of offenders. Sussex Police employs a ViSOR Administrator who is responsible for maintaining and ensuring the accuracy and integrity of the data held on the system.The post is also responsible for ensuring all public protection staff are fully trained in the use of ViSOR and for assisting in the development and identification of operational guidance and best practice both within Sussex and the South East region. Implementation of an agreed Risk of Harm definition.This definition is based on the OASys (Offender Assessment System) risk assessment tool and ensures that all partner agencies have a clear understanding of what each risk level means particularly in terms of risk indicators, imminence of risk and the impact of that risk. Development of standardised paperwork including a standardised MAPPA Referral Form and MAPPA minute recording form.This ensures consistency across the county and within each partner agency. Joint training for Police, Prison and Probation staff in the use of Civil Orders such as Sexual Offences Prevention Orders and Risk of Sexual Harm Orders, available under the Sexual Offences Act 2003. Training for all Police staff involved in public protection, in the use of the Thornton’s Risk Matrix 2000, risk assessment tool.

✔ ✔ ✔ ✔

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What Do The Statistics Tell Us?
Increasing numbers - Greater risk of harm?
The number of registered sex offenders in Sussex has once again increased.Year on year increases are inevitable as more offenders are caught, convicted and added to the register. MAPPA is therefore better able to assess and manage more offenders. Registration periods are lengthy, enabling us to monitor the risk presented by offenders over time.This means that fewer people drop off the register on expiry of their registration than are added to it when convicted.The number of violent offenders within MAPPA has also increased.Whilst there has been a small overall increase in violent crime, Courts have been sentencing violent offenders more severely, bringing a higher number of offenders within the remit of MAPPA.

Strong compliance
Compliance with sex offender registration and with the requirements of post release licences has been high. Only 10 out of 804 registered sex offenders failed to comply with the requirements.This demonstrates that we can feel confident about our ability to locate and monitor our RSO population.

MAPPA Level 2 and 3
It is essential that MAPPA directs resources so that those offenders who require active involvement from a range of agencies are prioritised.These cases are managed via monthly meetings at level 2 or level 3 of MAPPA.We have continued to require our assessment systems to target our efforts most effectively and the number of cases managed at levels 2 or 3 has reduced from 347 to 246. Within this group the number managed at level 3, the cases we regard as the critical few, has increased this year. One of the reasons for this is the increasingly high level of media scrutiny.Where cases attract significant media attention, it is customary for them to be reviewed at Level 3 where senior managers from all agencies are present.The SMB (Strategic Management Board) will be developing its communication strategy in the coming year and may examine whether this is the most appropriate use of Level 3 meetings. We will continue to audit and review our work to ensure that those cases requiring senior managers’ attention receive it. Whilst the numbers managed at level 3 are bound to fluctuate from year to year, we must ensure that we retain consistent standards of risk assessment in the face of increased and quite legitimate public attention.

MAPPA – Has it worked?
Any further serious offence committed by an offender managed under MAPPA is one too many. In recognition of this, all serious further offences are formally reviewed by the SMB so that lessons can be learned and any improvements identified by the review can be implemented. This year, two of those managed at MAPPA level 2 or 3 were convicted of a Serious Further Offence.Whilst no system of public protection can ever entirely eliminate risk, the figures suggest that the public can be confident that procedures are in place in Sussex to reduce the risks to a minimum.

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Statistical Information
Category 1 MAPPA Offender: REGISTERED SEX OFFENDERS
i) ia) ii) The number of Registered Sex Offenders living in Sussex on 31st March 2006 The number of Registered Sex Offenders per 100,000 of population The number of sex offenders having a registration requirement who were either cautioned or convicted for beaches of the requirement between 1st April 2005 and 31st March 2006 Between 1st April 2005 and 31st March 2006, the number of:a) Sexual Offences Prevention Orders (SOPOS) applied for b) Interim SOPOs granted c) Full SOPOs imposed by the courts 12 0 8 804 53

10

iii)

iv)

Between 1st March 2005 and 31st March 2006, the number of:a) Notification Orders applied for b) Interim Notification Orders granted c) Full Notification Orders imposed by the court 1 0 0

v)

The number of Foreign Travel Orders:a) applied for b) imposed by the courts between 1st March 2005 and 31st March 2006 0 0

Category 2 MAPPA Offender: VIOLENT OFFENDERS and OTHER SEXUAL OFFENDERS
vi) The number of violent and other sexual offenders (as defined by Section 327 (3), (4) and (5) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003, living in Sussex between 1st April 2005 and 31st March 2006

392

Category 3 MAPPA Offender: OTHER OFFENDERS
vii) The number of ‘other offenders’ (as defined by Section 325 (2)(b) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003, living in Sussex between 1st April 2005 and 31st March 2006

7

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Offenders Managed Through Level 3 (MAPPP) and Level 2 (Local Inter-Agency Management)
viii) The number of MAPPA offenders in each of the 3 categories who have been managed through the MAPPA (level 2 & 3) between 1st April 2005 and 31st March 2006:LEVEL 2 LEVEL 3 98 17 101 24 5 2

a) Registered Sex Offenders b) Violent and Other Sexual Offenders c) Other Offenders ix) Of the cases managed at levels 2 or 3, how many whilst managed at that level were:-

a) returned to custody for breach of licence? b) returned to custody for breach of a restraining order or SOPO? c) charged with a serious sexual or violent offence?

LEVEL 18 2 2

2 LEVEL 3 6 0 0

Number Of RSOs Per Police Division

145 278 226

155

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Managing MAPPA The Strategic Management Board
The Strategic Management Board oversees the operation of MAPPA in Sussex. It includes representatives of key agencies who work together within MAPPA to protect the public. The Board is jointly chaired by a Detective Superintendent from Sussex Police and an Assistant Chief Officer from the National Probation Service (Sussex Area).The membership includes representatives of the Prison Service, Children’s Services, Local Authority Housing and the Mental Health Services.This is the first full year in which the Board has benefited from the membership of two lay advisors.The broad perspective they have brought as members of the public has already enhanced the operation of the Board. In the coming year they will be actively involved in the audit and review and communications sub-groups. Additionally the Board is delighted to welcome a representative from Victim Support Sussex.Their membership should further strengthen the Board’s decision making by ensuring that a victim perspective is always considered. Sussex Strategic Management Board anticipated national guidance by producing a Business Plan last year.This year the plan reflects the Business Plan produced by the Responsible Authorities National Steering Group.The plan is included in full overleaf. It spells out the activities the Board intends to pursue under its four key areas of responsibility: MAPPA Development, Monitoring and Evaluation, Communication and Partnerships, and Training. A structure of sub-groups to deliver the plan “Mr X, a high risk, prolific sex offender was under each of these areas has been adopted by convicted for Indecent Assault on young females. At the Board.


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Case Study 3

the time of conviction, Mr X was ordered to sign the Sex Offenders Register for life and he was made subject to a SOPO which prohibited him from having any contact with young persons under the age of 18 years. Prior to his release from prison, a full risk management plan was put in place, however, Mr X repeatedly stated that he would not comply with his conditions. Due to the nature and the seriousness of the risk of harm he posed to young females, the MAPPP authorised police surveillance of Mr X. Following two days surveillance, Mr X was caught at a local leisure centre watching young girls in the changing room. He was swiftly arrested and sentenced to a further three years imprisonment.”

The Board has continued to develop its links with other bodies concerned with public protection and community safety. A shared improvement objective has been agreed with the Local Criminal Justice Board. Previous strong linkage with Area Child Protection Committees has been re-enforced with the Local Children’s Safeguarding Boards that have replaced them. Links with Local Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnerships will be developed further in the coming year. The overriding priority of the Strategic Management Board is to ensure that the best possible structures exist to enable MAPPA to function and that these structures are working effectively.

One of the Lay Advisors stated:It has been over a year now since I joined the Strategic Management Board for MAPPA representing the community in my home county. During this first full year I have come face to face with the realities of MAPPA in the community. Whilst Lay Advisers are pioneers in a new initiative, I believe that we have been given every support and opportunity to make the public voice heard.Yes, the role calls for skills of diplomacy and negotiation, but I have been genuinely impressed by the professionalism of the key public services.Within Sussex, I have found that there is an effective public protection system supported by dedicated professionals who face the difficult task of weighing the plethora of risks that offenders pose. The process is very comprehensive, with a continual review of an offenders potential to pose an ongoing risk. By appointing Lay Advisers, there is a real opportunity to bring community needs and opinions into account when making key decisions about the functioning and development of MAPPA. I feel strongly that by engaging the community in this way, (both via the Lay Adviser and the MAPPA Annual Report) the Responsible Authority is assisting the public in becoming better informed.

SMB MEMBERSHIP Nigel Yeo Russell Whitfield Kate Matthews James Benson Nick Smart Lynette Benton William Glover Sue Waterhouse Mike Thomas Frank Hickson Graham Hill Brian Relph Assistant Chief Constable, Sussex Police Detective Superintendent, Sussex Police MAPPA Officer, Sussex Police Public Protection Lead, Surrey, Sussex & Kent HMP Assistant Chief Officer, Sussex Probation Service Lay Advisor Lay Advisor Director, Secure & Forensic Services, Sussex Partnership NHS Trust Head of Youth Offending Services, Brighton & Hove City Council Head of Housing Management, Arun District Council Victim Support County Child Protection Advisor,West Sussex Children & Young Persons Services


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Case Study 4
“Miss X, who had a long history of self harm and substance misuse was convicted for the Manslaughter of her baby son.Whilst serving her prison sentence, she continued to self harm and disclosed to staff that she had murdered her son. She also disclosed that she wanted to kill herself and that when released back into the community, she didn’t believe that she would be able to cope or support herself. Prior to her release from prison, she was managed by the MAPPP and a robust risk management plan was put in place. A key element of the risk management plan was not only the protection of the offender herself but the protection of the offender’s two sons who had previously been placed in foster care. Strict licence conditions preventing contact with the children were put in place and protection plans for the two boys were activated.These plans involved extensive co-operation from all agencies including the boys foster carers and the 2 local schools. Following her release, Miss X made threats to snatch and kill both her sons. She also made threats to harm the social worker whom she blamed for preventing access to her two children. Because of the seriousness of the threats, Miss X was swiftly recalled to prison. During the remainder of her sentence, the MAPPP secured permanent accommodation at a local mental health facility where, upon release, Miss X would be closely supervised and able to receive treatment and care in a secure and safe environment.”

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Contacts
SUSSEX POLICE
Russell Whitfield Detective Superintendent Russell.Whitfield@sussex.pnn.police.uk

ADDRESS
Sussex House Crowhurst Road Brighton, East Sussex BN1 8AF Sussex Police Crowhurst Road Brighton, East Sussex BN1 8AF

PHONE
0845 60 70 999

Kate Matthews MAPPA Officer Kate.Matthews@sussex.pnn.police.uk

0845 60 70 999

SUSSEX PROBATION AREA
Nick Smart Assistant Chief Officer Nick.Smart@sussex.probation.gsi.gov.uk

ADDRESS
Sussex Probation Service 185 Dyke Road Hove, East Sussex BN3 1TL

PHONE
01273 227979

SURREY, SUSSEX & KENT PRISON SERVICE
Jim Benson Public Protection Lead James.Benson@hmps.gsi.gov.uk

ADDRESS

PHONE

Surrey, Sussex & Kent Area Office 80 Sir Evelyn Street Rochester, Kent ME1 3NF

07973 457502

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Strategic Management Board Business Plan 2006 - 2007

MAPPA Development Strategy
Strategic Aim Delivery Plan And Owner
Confirm permanent administrator in post (KM) Review MAPPA Officer role in line with requirements of Business Plan & of National Guidance (JB/NS/RW) Review existing materials in the light of further national guidance including national templates for referrals & minutes (KM) Feasibility study to be produced (RA leads & SMB members)

Milestones

Resource

Outcome

Progress

Achieve dedicated MAPPA Co-ordination and Administration capacity across Sussex MAPPA

June 06

Jointly funded by Consistent quality of Police and Probation minute taking and data collection Effective business management of MAPPA

Sept 06

Adoption & promotion of operational guidance for staff working within MAPPA

Oct 06

MAPPA Co-ordinator and managers from RA agencies

MAPPA processes are clear and understood by staff

Consider feasibility of greater joint working and co-location of key MAPPA operational staff

March 07

SMB sub-group

Improved risk management through closer joint working

MAPPA Development Strategy
Strategic Aim Delivery Plan And Owner
SMB sub-group to develop proposed procedure for adoption by SMB to be informed by national guidance expected June 06 (RW)

Milestones

Resource

Outcome

Progress

Establish procedure for the SMB to review the cases of MAPPA offenders who commit Serious Further Offences (as defined in PC 54/03) Analyse quarterly statistics concerning numbers, diversity profile and throughput of cases managed at MAPPA levels 1 to 3

Oct 06

SMB members or Lessons are learned their representatives and practice adapted where appropriate

Database is established July 06 and updated to accurately collate this data (KM) Referral forms are amended to capture data regarding the gender, ethnicity & disability status of offenders managed by MAPPA (KM) July 06

Sussex Police IT dept. Prison Service have offered psychologist input

Data trends are analysed to aid strategic planning. Annual Report data is robust

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MAPPA Development Strategy
Strategic Aim Delivery Plan And Owner
SMB sub-group to develop proposals for adoption (NS)

Milestones

Resource

Outcome

Progress

Procedures to audit practice quality are developed including analysis of levels of co-operation by agencies in level 2 & 3 case management

Oct 06

Need to consider resourcing of standing audit and monitoring procedures

Improved risk management resulting from replication of best practice

Communication & Strategic Partnerships Strategy
Strategic Aim Delivery Plan And Owner
SMB sub-group to consider means to develop annual report to improve public understanding & engagement (KM, Communications Managers, Lay Advisers) RA leads to work with Communications managers to develop the strategy taking account of national communications strategy currently under development (JB/NS/RW)

Milestones

Resource

Outcome

Progress

Publication of an Annual Report in line with ministerial guidance and PPLU advice

June 06

SMB sub-group

Enhanced public confidence through greater understanding of MAPPA

Develop a SMB Communications Strategy

March 07

Communications expertise Nationally produced materials

Enhanced public confidence through greater understanding of MAPPA

Improve strategic co-ordination of arrangements with other public protection structures

Present MAPPA Business Oct 06 Plan to Sussex Criminal Justice Board & the 3 Local Safeguarding Boards (JB/NS/RW) MAPPA improvement objective included in LCJB business Plan April 06

Improved risk management through joining up existing structures

Training Strategy
Strategic Aim Delivery Plan And Owner Milestones Resource Outcome Progress

Develop a MAPPA RA leads to co-ordinate a March 07 training strategy to group of agency training include: induction for leads new practitioners, training for SMB members, co-ordinator, administrators & ‘duty to co-operate’ agencies

National training pack being assembled

More effective business processes and risk management

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page 24

Sussex Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements
Annual Report 2005/06