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INTRODUCTION

We are pleased to welcome the The emphasis of this partnership to the existing legal framework.
publication of the Annual Report approach is on the prevention of This framework supports crime
for 2003-4 of the West offending. The aim is to achieve prevention and crime detection
Yorkshire Strategic Management this through the effective within the context of affording
Board for Multi-Agency Public management of the risk factors appropriate protection to the
Protection Arrangements associated with each offender or privacy of the individual to whom
(MAPPA). potential offender. that information relates.

Through this report we hope to Through the MAPPA process the We are committed to the
inform you about progress in the assessment and management of continued development of
assessment and management of violent and sexual offenders is effective public protection
certain potentially violent and achieved by applying a structured strategies within West Yorkshire
sexual offenders who may cause approach and co-operation and look forward to the
harm to the public. between the MAPPA agencies, implementation of new
from prison release through sentencing powers in the
This work is carried out by the treatment programmes to Criminal Justice and Sexual
Police, Probation, Prison service, supervision and monitoring. Offences Act 2003 which come
Social Services, housing, into force this year. New
education, and the Youth The agencies involved in MAPPA provisions contained within this
Offending Teams. Staff from are aware of the sensitivities legislation will contribute to the
these organisations are now associated with the issue of range of measures already
working together at all levels, co- information sharing and available to the Police, Probation
ordinated within the MAPPA disclosure. All information service and other agencies
framework by Probation and the handling during the course of the engaged in the challenging area of
Police Service (the 'responsible MAPPA decision making process public protection.
authorities'). is undertaken with due reference

Paul Wilson Colin Cramphorn


Chief Officer Chief Constable
West Yorkshire Probation Board West Yorkshire Police

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CONTENTS
1. Operation of MAPPA 3

2. Assessment 4

3. Victims & Public Protection 5

4. Domestic Violence 6

Multi-Agency Domestic Murder Reviews 6

5. Sex Offending 7

Sex Offender Orders 7

Restraining Orders 7

Sex Offender Programmes 8

Statistical Information 9

6. Disclosure 10

7. Recalls to Prison 11

8. The Strategic Management Board and Victim Support 15

9. Contacts 16

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1. OPERATION OF MAPPA
Each of the 5 Local Authority areas of
West Yorkshire conducts MAPPA
meetings on a regular basis. These are
currently administered by the
responsible authority and attended by
the constituent agencies to MAPPA.

Although any member agency of the


strategic management board can refer
to MAPPA, in practice the majority of
offenders are referred by the Probation
Service, which supervises prisoners
released from prison on licence. The
MAPPA provides a system for ensuring
that all the available information is
gathered and shared with all the
agencies which deliver services that
contribute to public protection.

Effective risk assessment and


management requires the exercise of
professional judgement. A variety of
validated assessment tools are applied
in order systematically to assess all Electronic Tag.
offenders subject to supervision. One
of the most important of these is the agencies, it will be referred to a Multi ■ Restrictions on the type of
Offender Assessment System (OASys). Agency Public Protection Panel employment they may pursue.
(MAPPP) to ensure that every possible
OASys complements the assessment action is taken to minimise risk and that Failure to keep to any of these
mechanisms now used by the Police to all the agencies participating in the risk conditions will lead to enforcement
identify serious sexual and violent management activities understand what action which can result in a return to
offenders. The use of assessment tools is required of them. prison. Standards are imposed
ensures that all offenders are subject to rigorously and action is taken as soon
appropriate supervision plans based The Probation Service works within as an appointment is missed or a
upon risk, but that in addition, those national standards issued by the condition breached.
offenders identified as having the National Probation Directorate and
potential to cause harm are subject to a these ensure that work is of the highest Similarly, the Police employ a range of
risk management action plan and must standard. Typically risk management measures to monitor the activity and
be referred to MAPPA. plans are very specific. For example risk that registered sex offenders and
they may include the following others present. Within the Child and
In these cases a risk management plan considerations or restrictions. Public Protection Unit (CPPU) of West
is reviewed at a meeting of specialist Yorkshire Police, a number of officers
Police, Probation and Victim Unit staff. and support staff are employed to do
■ A requirement to live at a particular
Before the meeting takes place, address and observe a curfew this work.
information from a variety of sources enforced with an electronic tag;
will have been sought, which is then When a risk is identified, or the
shared at the meeting in order to behaviour of an offender gives rise to
■ A requirement to take part in a
inform the risk management plan. In programme of work specifically concerns the Officers of the CPPU will
most cases the potential risk can then designed to prevent further act to prevent or stop the activity. The
be effectively managed through normal offending; range of options open to them to
agency management which includes achieve this are many but may include;
documented reviews.
■ Prohibition on making contact with
certain individuals or groups of ■ Surveillance and intelligence
Where the circumstances of a case people - and particularly victims;
indicate a public protection need which
■ Arrest and Prosecution
requires exceptional resourcing,
perhaps with actions from a number of

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■ Obtaining orders such as Sex individuals or groups in order to ■ Number of violent and other sexual
Offender Orders which place protect their safety. This step is not offenders subject to MAPPA: 37
restrictions on individual offenders taken lightly, but sometimes it
within the community. represents the most effective means of ■ Number of other offenders subject
achieving individual and community to MAPPA: 22
The safety of victims and the wider safety.
community is an ever present
consideration of the MAPPP. In some ■ Number of registered Sex Offenders
cases the MAPPP will consider releasing subject to MAPPA: 28
information about an offender to

2. ASSESSMENT
The exercise of sound professional System) which is applied by the then be targeted as part of an action
judgement is central to effective risk National Probation Service and the plan to manage the risk posed by the
management. A range of validated Prison Service. OASys covers both offender; when risk levels are assessed
assessment tools are used to underpin static and dynamic factors that relate to as having reached a certain point, a
such judgements. These assessment risk, including: referral to MAPPA will follow.
tools help ensure that risk is assessed
consistently and comprehensively, so ■ Lifestyle and associates Because risk is dynamic i.e. it can
that effective plans to manage risk can change depending on certain factors,
be designed. ■ Drugs/alcohol misuse the OASys process is regularly re-
applied to offenders under supervision.
Risk is usually divided into static and ■ Thinking skills This ensures that the risk management
dynamic factors. Static factors, such as plan can be amended as necessary.
the age and gender of the offender are ■ Attitudes
measured and scored using a tool OASys, and other structured risk
known as OGRS (Offender Group ■ Relationships assessments, enable the three key
Reconviction Score). This provides an organisations: Police, Probation, Prisons
assessment relating to the likelihood of ■ Details of current and previous - to talk the same language when
a reconviction for offenders in a offending assessing risk.
particular category.
The use of OASys helps to build a full ■ Number of 'other' offenders (i.e. not
OGRS can provide a useful starting picture about the offender, so that a registered sex offenders, or violent
point in the risk assessment process, comprehensive assessment can be made or other sexual offenders, as defined
but the most important assessment tool about the risk of harm and the risk of by the Criminal Justice and Court
is OASys (Offender Assessment re-offending. Specific risk factors can Services act 2000): 89

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3. VICTIMS & PUBLIC PROTECTION
The safety of victims is at the heart of
public protection work. The first
Victim Support scheme was set up by
probation staff and the concern for
victims continues to be a key driver for
MAPPA work.

Both Police and Probation have


specialist Public Protection Units which
co-ordinate the management of the
risks posed by high risk offenders.
Both organisations also have staff who
deliver services for victims and it has
now been decided to integrate both
functions so that public protection and
victim staff now work together in one
unit. Previously, staff from the Victim
Services Units had always attended
MAPPP meetings to ensure that full
account was taken of victim-related
issues, but this latest move will ensure
that victim issues will be at the centre
of public protection work in West
Yorkshire. only to put the protection of victims MJ had murdered his partner. During
at the heart of decisions taken, but his sentence he married again. Six
Victim Services Units provide an also a willingness to act promptly months later his wife contacted the
important link for victims of violent or where the need arises. Victim Services Unit, via Victim
sexual crime where the offender has Support, expressing fears for her own
received a prison sentence of 12 safety. A probation officer and victim
months or more. Depending on the Feedback from victims continues to
service officer visited Mrs J to take a
victim's wishes, the Unit will keep the reflect a high satisfaction rate with the
statement and collate other evidence.
victim informed of key milestones in services they receive. The services can
During the meeting it became clear
the offender's prison sentence and will take several forms: it can be as simple
that Mrs J was unaware of MJ's
ensure that the victim's views are as giving the victims the opportunity to
original offence and that her
relayed to the bodies that will make talk through their experience and to
relationship with him was based on a
decisions about the circumstances of know that they have been "heard"; it
tissue of lies. It was decided that MJ's
the offender's release from prison : can be the provision of regular updates
entitlement to town leave should be
about an offender's progress through
deferred and that Mrs J should be
the prison system and ensuring the
RJ had committed offences in another assisted to relocate to another area.
victims know when and where he or
part of the country, but was intending When MJ is allowed out of prison, his
she will be released (although exact
on release from prison to return to a movements will be monitored and
locations are not disclosed); it can be
small local village where he had Mrs J will have alarms installed in her
the opportunity to comment on the
previously committed serious new house as an extra precaution.
offender's parole application or the
offences. The MAPPP meeting was Throughout this process, the
conditions under which the offender
concerned to protect the safety and protection of Mrs J has been
will be released; most importantly, it
well-being of those former victims. paramount, both in terms of actions
will be to assure the victim that their
The victims were visited again and already taken and in respect of plans
concerns will be listened to and that
their views ascertained. for MJ's eventual release.
their safety will be in the centre of any
Consequently, a condition in RJ's deliberations around managing the risk
licence prohibited him from entering posed by the offender.
the village. He was placed under
surveillance and when he subsequently ■ Number of violent and other sexual
breached the no-go zone, he was offenders (as defined by the Criminal
arrested and returned to prison. This Justice and Court Services act,
demonstrated the commitment not 2000): 240

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4. DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
Domestic violence is the most common
form of violence, and in this country
two women a week are killed by their
partner or ex-partner. Domestic
violence is also closely associated with
child abuse.

One method of tackling this problem is


to place perpetrators on to a
programme that will change their
behaviour and therefore reduce the risk
to other potential victims. West
Yorkshire piloted, along with London,
the Integrated Domestic Abuse
Programme (IDAP), which is based on
the well-known Duluth model. The
pilot was successful, and as a result
IDAP will be rolled out nationally.

IDAP requires a variety of statutory


and voluntary agencies to work
Group work with offenders.
collaboratively. Its success is measured
in terms of how far it protects victims.
everyone involved is determined to see way in which local professionals and
Offenders' progress on the programme
year on year improvements, so that agencies work together to safeguard
is monitored not only by the staff
victims can see real benefits from the victims. The review should identify
working with them, but also by reports
programme. clearly what those lessons are and how
from their partners (if they are willing
they will be acted upon and what is
Multi-Agency Domestic
to give them) and from the Police. This
expected to change as a result. The
enables a comprehensive picture of the
Violence Murder
objective in undertaking these reviews
offender's behaviour to be built up.
is to improve inter-agency working and
So far about 130 offenders have Reviews to better safeguard victims of domestic
violence.
completed the programme in West
Yorkshire. Research has been carried Sadly, MAPPA arrangements cannot
always safeguard victims, especially Case reviews are not enquiries into
out with a number of victims and
where the offender has no previous how the victims died or who is
offenders in an attempt to evaluate the
convictions, as is the case with many culpable. That remains a matter for the
effectiveness of the programme. Victim
domestic abuse cases. West Yorkshire Coroner's and Criminal Court to
reports on the frequency and
Police in conjunction with the West determine as appropriate.
prevalence of violence, injuries, and
controlling behaviour showed Yorkshire MAPPA Strategic
Management Board are part of a pilot The first Domestic Violence Murder
statistically significant reductions.
Domestic Violence initiative to conduct review is now underway and concerns
Almost 80% of the women reported no
multi agency reviews in cases of agency involvement in a double murder
violence in the period that their partner
domestic murder. which occurred in the Wakefield area
was on the programme. 94% reported
in 2002.
no injuries. 66% reported not being
subject to controlling behaviour. There The purpose of these reviews is to
were no police call-outs for 60% of the establish whether there are any lessons
offenders on the programme. These to be learned from the case about the
early results are encouraging and

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5. SEX OFFENDING
The Sex Offenders Act 1997 requires
individuals who have committed certain
Sex Offender Orders Senior Investigating Officer for the
relevant police area.
sexual offences to be the subject of The Crime and Disorder Act 1998
registration. This registration introduced Sex Offender Orders as a The circumstances of the case then
requirement is managed within the preventative measure. Such Orders may receive further consideration by the
West Yorkshire Police Child and Public be issued by a Magistrate's court acting MAPPP where the agreement of core
Protection Unit. This Unit has the in a civil capacity. An application for a member agencies to progress the
responsibility for the risk assessment Sex Offender Order may apply to any application is sought.
and monitoring of registered sexual offender previously convicted or
cautioned for an offence contained Careful preparation of the application
offenders.
within Schedule One of the Sex by the West Yorkshire Police Child and
Offenders Act 1997 which covers a
This task is undertaken by experienced Public Protection Unit in conjunction
wide range of sexual offences.
Police officers who are dedicated solely with the Force Solicitor's Office
to the risk management of sexual The Police must have reasonable ensures that the Court is in a position
offenders in the community. The level grounds to believe that the offender has to consider the facts of the case fully
of risk presented by such offenders is engaged in an activity towards any and reach an appropriate decision.
assessed on the basis of a range of individual, or group of individuals,
factors including, amongst others, within the community which would Where a Sex Offender Order is in
cause serious harm to any individual force the adherence of the offender to
offending history, their attitude to that
should that offender go on to commit the conditions of the order is
offending and personal circumstance. an offence. This is essentially aimed at monitored very closely. Where there is
those offenders whose behaviour evidence of the offender breaching the
The risk assessment process is indicates that they are at risk of
continuous rather than a static one-off conditions of the order he or she is
reoffending
exercise and the level of risk identified arrested and put before the court
in respect of an offender often changes Magistrates may issue an Order, which whereupon he or she may be subject to
dependant upon the offender's would carry justified conditions in an imprisonment, fine or both.
circumstances. Systems are in place to effort to minimise the risk that the

Restraining Orders
offender may pose to any potential
ensure that such changes in the level of
victim in the community.
risk are identified and addressed at the
earliest opportunity. Any such conditions would be of a Schedule 5 of the Criminal Justice and
prohibitive nature, precluding the Court Services Act 2000 created a
The Police, where appropriate, refer to offender from engaging in certain further preventative measure in the
MAPPA those registered sex offenders specified activities or frequenting clearly form of Restraining Orders within
about whom they have concerns, or identified locations, and are dependent Section 5 of the Sex Offenders Act
where there are indications that a upon the specific nature of the evidence 1997.
multi-agency risk management plan can presented to the court.
provide best protection of the public. The purpose of this type of order is to
The first condition on any successful impose, from the point of sentence,
■ Number of registered sex offenders Order would be that the offender restrictions on the offender's behaviour
in West Yorkshire as of 31st March would be subject to the requirements towards the public in general or
2004: 1431 of the Sex Offender Register for the particular individuals, in cases where it
duration of the Sex Offender Order. is necessary to protect them from the
■ The number of Registered Sex This therefore ensures that any possibility of serious harm.
Offenders per 100,000 head of offender whose conviction predates the
population: 67 requirement to register under the Sex The Crown and Appeal Court may
Offender Act 1997 becomes subject to make an order when sentencing an
■ The number of sex offenders having the requirements of that legislation. offender to any term of imprisonment
a registration requirement who were (or in the case of a Youth Court, when
either cautioned or convicted for Before the Police make an application imposing a detention or training order
breaches of that requirement for a Sex Offender Order, detailed for a period of 12 months or longer),
between 1st April 2003 and 31st assessment of the case is made by the provided the offence is contained
March 2004: 240 Police Child and Public Protection Unit within Schedule One of the Sex
and the case is discussed with the Offenders Act 1997.

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Although a court may impose a
Restraining Order without a request
being made, in practice, the
investigating police officer or probation
officer preparing a pre-sentence report
in the case will usually request that the
court considers imposing an order at
the point of sentence. The imposition
of the Order must be workable,
defensible, and evidence based.
Restraining orders may be made for a
fixed or indefinite period. Like a Sex
Offender Order, a Restraining Order
may prohibit the offender from
engaging in specified acts or going to
specific locations.

Where a Restraining Order is in place


and there is evidence to suspect that
the terms of the Order are not being
observed the offender may be brought
back before the Court and can be liable
to imprisonment and/or fine.

■ Number of restraining orders


imposed on MAPPA offenders by
the courts in West Yorkshire A MAPPP meeting.
between 1st April 2003 and 31st
March 2004: 7 Each sex offender undergoes a battery programme which teaches them how to
of tests in order to assess his or her implement what they have learnt in the
Sex Offender level of deviance, and which type of future and to practice new skills.

Programmes
intervention is most required within the
programme. The programme is long Many sex offenders remain under
and intensive and consists of four supervision for a considerable period by
West Yorkshire has a history of modules: Police and Probation and this enables
effective work with sex offenders and in the agencies to check that the lessons
2000 it won an international award in ■ The offence: where the offending is learnt from the programme have been
recognition of its work to reduce re- subject to detailed examination and put into practice over time.
offending by such offenders. The work where the offender is allocated
is highly complex and demanding and responsibility for his or her actions.
JL was convicted of indecency with
the intervention programme used by
children and having completed his
professionals in West Yorkshire has ■ The cycle: identifying the thought custodial sentence was released to
been accredited by an international processes and actions that
live in accommodation with a high
panel of experts. culminated in the offending, the
level of supervision and support.
choices that were made and the
Suspicions were raised that JL was
Contrary to popular opinion, the missed opportunities to break out of
actively looking for opportunities to
majority of sex offenders come from the cycle.
access the Internet in search of
the victims' family or circle of
pictures of children. Further
acquaintances. They often have ■ The difference: highlighting how investigation revealed JL had been
distorted ways of thinking, which the offender could act differently.
accessing inappropriate sites (although
include blaming the victim, denying their
not illegal) at a local cyber café.
own responsibility and minimising the ■ The risks: identifying the specific
harm they have caused. The aim of the risk factors for each individual
As a result of this intelligence,
Sex Offender Programme is to teach offender.
application for a Sex Offender Order
new attitudes and behaviours and to
aimed at preventing JL having access
train the offender to recognise and act On completion of the above modules,
to the internet was made.
on danger signals. offenders enter another related

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LK was convicted of the abduction of Statistical Information
a child and the commission of several
serious sexual offences against
children. He is currently nearing the Statistical Information 1/4/03 to 31/3/04
end of an 8 year prison sentence and Number of registered sex offenders 1431
indications are that he continues to
present a very high risk of reoffending. Number of offenders having a registration
Following initial MAPPP consideration requirement who were either cautioned
and because of the identified level of or convicted for breaches of the
high risk, further meetings between requirement. 31
Police, Probation, Social Services and
hostel managers have taken place to No of full Sex Offender Orders
ensure that a comprehensive and
detailed action plan has been Applied for 4
developed prior to his release. The
action plan includes a strict curfew Granted 4
involving periods both during the night
and daytime, residency within a hostel No. of interim Sex Offender Orders
environment, and participation in
further treatment programmes. Applied for 2
Granted 2
FR had previous convictions for sexual
Number of Restraining Orders
assaults on children in choirs at
various churches. He was currently
Applied for 7
not subject to any form of
supervision. Suspicions were raised Granted 7
about his behaviour in the latest
church he was attending, and some Number returned to custody for breach of
parents had stopped sending their Restraining Order or Sex Offender Order 1
children to the church. Because FR
was not under any form of
supervision, some church elders were Commentary There has been a significant increase in
unsure as to how to proceed. the number of Sex Offender Orders
There has been 15% increase in the (from 2 in 2002/3 to 7 in 2003/4) which
However, due to the previously good
number of offenders who have reflects the ongoing commitment to
working relationship between the
registered under the provisions of the identifying those offenders that
church and the Police and Probation
Sex Offenders Act 1997 in the period represent the highest risk level and
services, the church made an informal
2003/4 compared to the previous year. using all available preventative
request for assistance.
legislation to minimise the likelihood of
This increase is broadly in line with reoffending.
An assessment was undertaken, and it
expectations and reflects the impact
was evident that FR was at high risk of
created by Operation Ore investigation This year a total of 7 Restraining
re-offending against more children,
into on-line paedophilia which has seen Orders have been granted by the
and that he needed intensive
a significant number of offenders Courts. These represent a useful
intervention.
convicted and required to register. In means of protecting the public from the
addition, since the enactment of this risk of reoffending and also a valuable
He was subsequently encouraged to
legislation we have not yet seen a deterrent to the intimidation of
take a placement for a year in a
significant number of offenders reach previous victims where the offender
specialist residential facility on a
the end of their registration period and knows their whereabouts.
voluntary basis.
be de-registered. Consequently, the
number of offenders registering will
Although not subject to any court
continue to rise until an increasing
order or prison licence, FR will
number of de-registrations over the
continue to be monitored under
next few years cause the overall total
MAPPA systems until the risk has
figure to peak.
diminished.

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6. DISCLOSURE
The need to exchange information proposed disclosure to be authorised James, aged 22, was released from
between agencies is fundamental to the by a senior police officer who must prison having served a sentence for
risk management process. The way in assess each case on its merits. damage to property and violent
which information is handled must be offences against his ex-partner. Some
compliant with the legislative safeguards The Court of Appeal has ruled** that of those offences indicated that James
that are in place to prevent the disclosure of the identity and had a desire to cause damage and
inappropriate disclosure of information. whereabouts of an offender can only be injury by fire, specifically through the
authorised when, after all the relevant use of potentially explosive materials.
It is against this background that the factors have been considered, it is
issue of disclosing information by deemed necessary for the protection of James was put in closely supervised
agencies to the public arises. the public and the disclosure is part of accommodation where it was
a risk management plan. discovered that he had attempted to
A decision to disclose highly sensitive secure a place on a training course as
information regarding a sexual or In practice, that risk management plan a gas fitter. The case was carefully
violent offender to a third party that is would be developed though close co- considered and the decision was made
not part of the formal MAPPA process operation of agencies involved in the to disclose information about his past
must be justified and proportionate in MAPPA process. to the course managers. James has
all the circumstances. since embarked upon alternative
** In the case R v North Wales Police training programmes.
A decision to disclose such information ex-parte AB & CD.
will only be taken as part of a carefully
managed process which will require the

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7. RECALLS TO PRISON
One of the most effective methods of
protecting the public is to recall a high
risk offender back to prison. All 18-20
years old sent to custody and all adult
prisoners sent to prison for twelve
months or more are subject to
supervision by the Probation Service on
release. The terms of their release are
contained in a licence, which will
include a list of compulsory conditions.

All licences contain general conditions


about being of good behaviour,
reporting to their probation officer and
notifying changes of address, for
example. Increasingly, the Probation
Service will request additional specific
conditions that relate to the specific
risks posed by an individual offender.
Examples could include:

■ Living only where the probation


officer authorises

■ not having contact with children

■ only taking employment that is


approved by the probation officer

■ being under curfew at certain times


of the day or night
to prison rather than issue a warning. ■ Number of MAPPA-managed cases
■ not entering a particular area Senior probation managers are on call who were returned to custody for a
24 hours a day to ensure that breach of a restraining order or sex
■ undertaking treatment to address a immediate action can be taken where offender order: 1
drug problem or sexual offending necessary. In such cases a warrant is
sought from the national Sentence
■ attendance at a particular Enforcement unit for immediate arrest JD was released on licence to a local
programme, e.g. Sex Offending, of the offender. hostel. He had psychiatric problems,
Domestic Violence and had been known to set fires. He
Recalls to prison can be a prompt and also had a history of violence.
Prior to the prisoner's release, decisive way of protecting the public. Psychiatric advice was that his
Probation and Police will decide how Last year West Yorkshire Probation behaviour could be contained by
the conditions will be monitored and initiated recall procedures in respect of regular medication. He had previously
how prospective victims can be some 575 released prisoners. Whilst been recalled to prison due to his
protected. Measures could include the majority of these cases were lower violence towards staff in another
police surveillance, installing an alarm in risk than those in the MAPPA system, hostel.
a victim's house or informing other the decision to recommend recall was
agencies. taken because of concern for a Initially JD complied with the
particular victim or wider public requirement to take medication, but
If an offender breaches a condition of protection concerns in a number of subsequently started to lapse. A
the licence, consideration will be given these cases. Community Psychiatric Nurse was
to the seriousness of the breach and engaged in order to encourage JD to
the risk to the public. With high risk ■ Number of MAPPA-managed take the medication. JD refused to co-
offenders it is probable that a decision offenders who were returned to operate, and this resulted in a
will be taken to instigate a recall back custody for a breach of licence: 33

11
deterioration in his behaviour towards
staff and other residents. Because of
genuine concerns about the potential
for violence towards members of the
public and an increased risk of arson,
the decision was taken to recall JD to
prison. When he is next released, he
will no longer be under Probation
supervision, but arrangements have
been made for strict psychiatric
oversight when he is next in the
community.

KL had a long history of domestic


violence assaults, and was regarded as
being of high risk of reoffending in a
similar manner. Therefore, on his
release from prison he was required
to reside in a probation hostel. The
risk management plan dictated that
such was his risk, he should be
recalled immediately if he failed to
abide by his curfew.

On the night in question, KL failed to


return to the hostel in time for his
curfew, so the duty probation chief
officer was alerted, immediate recall
proceedings via the Sentence
Enforcement unit were initiated, and
the Police were alerted. Although KL's
immediate whereabouts were An offender in a hostel.
unknown, the agencies suspected that
he might have gone to the home of
his previous victim. Police entered the
house and discovered KL. He was
taken straight to police cells and
returned to prison the following day.

Such recalls to prison can be a


prompt and decisive way of protecting
the public.

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Analysis of Licence Recall and Breach Notification Reports:
April-December 2003
No. of Report s, with District Breakdow n

District

Bradford 24%

Calderdale 5%

Kirklees 20%

Leeds 41%

Wakefield 10%

Total No = 431

Reasons for Recall

Reason

Breach licence conditions 39%

Breach accommodation conditions 18%

Public protection - Specific victim 3%

Public protection - Other 0%

Further offending 40%

Recommendation

Recommendation

Immediate recall 20%

Standard recall 78%

Warning letter 1%

Other 1%

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Breakdown of M anagement Type (full MAPPP / otherwise) by
District
Bradford Calderdale Kirklees Leeds Wakefield Total
Not MAPPP No 96 20 85 165 40 406
managed
% 94.1% 90.9% 96.6% 93.8% 93.0% 94.2%

MAPPP managed No 6 2 3 11 3 25

% 5.9% 9.1% 3.4% 6.3% 7.0% 5.8%

Total 102 22 88 176 43 431

Breakdown of Reason by District

Reason Bradford Calderdale Kirklees Leeds Wakefield Total


Breach licence No 49 10 33 57 21 170
conditions
% 48.0% 45.5% 37.5% 32.4% 48.8% 39.4%
Breach accom.
No 14 5 18 28 11 76
conditions
% 13.7% 22.7% 20.5% 15.9% 25.6% 17.6%
Public protection - No 5 0 3 4 0 12
Specific victim
% 4.9% 0% 3.4% 2.3% 0% 2.8%
Public protection - No 0 0 1 1 0 2
Other
% 0% 0% 1.1% 0.6% 0% 0.5%

Further offending No 34 7 33 86 11 171

% 33.3% 31.8% 37.5% 48.9% 25.6% 39.7%

Total 102 22 88 176 43 431

Action Requested by Reason

Recommendation

Reason Immediate Standard Warning Other Total


recall recall letter
Breach licence No 16 150 2 2 170
conditions
% 18.6% 44.6% 50.0% 40.0% 39.4%
Breach accom. No 35 41 0 0 76
conditions
% 40.7% 12.2% 0% 0% 17.6%
Public protection - No 10 1 0 1 12
Specific victim
% 11.6% 0.3% 0% 20.0% 2.8%
Public protection - No 2 0 0 0 2
Other
% 2.3% 0% 0% 0% 0.5%

Further offending No 23 144 2 2 171

% 26.7% 42.9% 50% 40% 39.7%

Total 86 336 4 5 431

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8. THE STRATEGIC
MANAGEMENT BOARD
The Strategic Management Board in This highlights the importance of Partnership arrangements work well
West Yorkshire is currently chaired by partnership and multi-agency working in between Victim Support and the two
an Assistant Chief Constable. delivering the MAPPA aims of ensuring key agencies, Probation and the Police
Membership includes senior the protection of the public from for their victim contact work. The
representation from Prisons, health dangerous and sexual offenders through creation of the Strategic Management
providers, housing agencies, Victim effective assessment and risk Board will enable the victim perspective
Support, Social Services, Police and management of offenders. Victim to be promoted to a wider range of
Probation. The Board has received Support contributes the victim agencies, Social Services, Health,
reports on the operation of MAPPA, on perspective to the Board and ensures Housing and Education providers to
public disclosure issues, on domestic that offenders' rehabilitation needs are ensure their work in offender
violence and public protection issues. It balanced with that of individual victims. management includes an understanding
is actively considering the links between In particular Victim Support has an of the need for victim safety.
the work of MAPPA and the existing important role in ensuring that
Child Protection and Domestic arrangements for managing offenders Senior manager, West Yorkshire Victim
Violence arrangements. It is looking take note of victim issues, that partner Support.
forward to the recruitment of lay agencies are fulfilling their obligations to
advisors in 2004. victims. Victim Support ensures that
there is provision for victims to pass on
Victim Support and their concerns about sentence or
release arrangements and there are
MAPPA arrangements for the Police and
Probation Services to keep victims
informed about how 'their' offender is
Victim Support joined the MAPPA being dealt with.
Strategic Management Board in 2003.

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9. CONTACTS
West Yorkshire Probation Area

Assistant Chief Officer West Yorkshire Probation Board


(Public Protection) Cliff Hill House
Tel: 01924 885300 Sandy Walk
Wakefield
West Yorkshire
WF1 2DJ

Communications and Public (as above)


Relations Officer
Tel: 01924 885300

West Yorkshire Police

Head of Child and Public West Yorkshire Police


Protection Unit PO Box 9
Tel: 01924 292388 Wakefield
WF1 3QP

Principal Media and Public (as above)


Relations Officer
Tel: 01924 292226

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