INTRODUCTION

We are pleased to welcome the publication of the Annual Report for 2003-4 of the West Yorkshire Strategic Management Board for Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA).

The emphasis of this partnership approach is on the prevention of offending. The aim is to achieve this through the effective management of the risk factors associated with each offender or potential offender. Through the MAPPA process the assessment and management of violent and sexual offenders is achieved by applying a structured approach and co-operation between the MAPPA agencies, from prison release through treatment programmes to supervision and monitoring. The agencies involved in MAPPA are aware of the sensitivities associated with the issue of information sharing and disclosure. All information handling during the course of the MAPPA decision making process is undertaken with due reference

to the existing legal framework. This framework supports crime prevention and crime detection within the context of affording appropriate protection to the privacy of the individual to whom that information relates. We are committed to the continued development of effective public protection strategies within West Yorkshire and look forward to the implementation of new sentencing powers in the Criminal Justice and Sexual Offences Act 2003 which come into force this year. New provisions contained within this legislation will contribute to the range of measures already available to the Police, Probation service and other agencies engaged in the challenging area of public protection.

Through this report we hope to inform you about progress in the assessment and management of certain potentially violent and sexual offenders who may cause harm to the public. This work is carried out by the Police, Probation, Prison service, Social Services, housing, education, and the Youth Offending Teams. Staff from these organisations are now working together at all levels, coordinated within the MAPPA framework by Probation and the Police Service (the 'responsible authorities').

Paul Wilson Chief Officer West Yorkshire Probation Board

Colin Cramphorn Chief Constable West Yorkshire Police

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CONTENTS
1. Operation of MAPPA 2. Assessment 3. Victims & Public Protection 4. Domestic Violence Multi-Agency Domestic Murder Reviews 5. Sex Offending Sex Offender Orders Restraining Orders Sex Offender Programmes Statistical Information 6. Disclosure 7. Recalls to Prison 8. The Strategic Management Board and Victim Support 9. Contacts 3 4 5 6 6 7 7 7 8 9 10 11 15 16

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1. OPERATION OF MAPPA
Each of the 5 Local Authority areas of West Yorkshire conducts MAPPA meetings on a regular basis. These are currently administered by the responsible authority and attended by the constituent agencies to MAPPA. Although any member agency of the strategic management board can refer to MAPPA, in practice the majority of offenders are referred by the Probation Service, which supervises prisoners released from prison on licence. The MAPPA provides a system for ensuring that all the available information is gathered and shared with all the agencies which deliver services that contribute to public protection. Effective risk assessment and management requires the exercise of professional judgement. A variety of validated assessment tools are applied in order systematically to assess all offenders subject to supervision. One of the most important of these is the Offender Assessment System (OASys). OASys complements the assessment mechanisms now used by the Police to identify serious sexual and violent offenders. The use of assessment tools ensures that all offenders are subject to appropriate supervision plans based upon risk, but that in addition, those offenders identified as having the potential to cause harm are subject to a risk management action plan and must be referred to MAPPA. In these cases a risk management plan is reviewed at a meeting of specialist Police, Probation and Victim Unit staff. Before the meeting takes place, information from a variety of sources will have been sought, which is then shared at the meeting in order to inform the risk management plan. In most cases the potential risk can then be effectively managed through normal agency management which includes documented reviews. Where the circumstances of a case indicate a public protection need which requires exceptional resourcing, perhaps with actions from a number of

agencies, it will be referred to a Multi Agency Public Protection Panel (MAPPP) to ensure that every possible action is taken to minimise risk and that all the agencies participating in the risk management activities understand what is required of them. The Probation Service works within national standards issued by the National Probation Directorate and these ensure that work is of the highest standard. Typically risk management plans are very specific. For example they may include the following considerations or restrictions. I A requirement to live at a particular address and observe a curfew enforced with an electronic tag; I A requirement to take part in a programme of work specifically designed to prevent further offending; I Prohibition on making contact with certain individuals or groups of people - and particularly victims;

Electronic Tag.

I Restrictions on the type of employment they may pursue. Failure to keep to any of these conditions will lead to enforcement action which can result in a return to prison. Standards are imposed rigorously and action is taken as soon as an appointment is missed or a condition breached. Similarly, the Police employ a range of measures to monitor the activity and risk that registered sex offenders and others present. Within the Child and Public Protection Unit (CPPU) of West Yorkshire Police, a number of officers and support staff are employed to do this work. When a risk is identified, or the behaviour of an offender gives rise to concerns the Officers of the CPPU will act to prevent or stop the activity. The range of options open to them to achieve this are many but may include; I Surveillance and intelligence I Arrest and Prosecution

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I Obtaining orders such as Sex Offender Orders which place restrictions on individual offenders within the community. The safety of victims and the wider community is an ever present consideration of the MAPPP. In some cases the MAPPP will consider releasing information about an offender to

individuals or groups in order to protect their safety. This step is not taken lightly, but sometimes it represents the most effective means of achieving individual and community safety. I Number of registered Sex Offenders subject to MAPPA: 28

I Number of violent and other sexual offenders subject to MAPPA: 37 I Number of other offenders subject to MAPPA: 22

2. ASSESSMENT
The exercise of sound professional judgement is central to effective risk management. A range of validated assessment tools are used to underpin such judgements. These assessment tools help ensure that risk is assessed consistently and comprehensively, so that effective plans to manage risk can be designed.

System) which is applied by the National Probation Service and the Prison Service. OASys covers both static and dynamic factors that relate to risk, including: I Lifestyle and associates I Drugs/alcohol misuse I Thinking skills I Attitudes I Relationships I Details of current and previous offending

then be targeted as part of an action plan to manage the risk posed by the offender; when risk levels are assessed as having reached a certain point, a referral to MAPPA will follow. Because risk is dynamic i.e. it can change depending on certain factors, the OASys process is regularly reapplied to offenders under supervision. This ensures that the risk management plan can be amended as necessary. OASys, and other structured risk assessments, enable the three key organisations: Police, Probation, Prisons - to talk the same language when assessing risk. I Number of 'other' offenders (i.e. not registered sex offenders, or violent or other sexual offenders, as defined by the Criminal Justice and Court Services act 2000): 89

Risk is usually divided into static and dynamic factors. Static factors, such as the age and gender of the offender are measured and scored using a tool known as OGRS (Offender Group Reconviction Score). This provides an assessment relating to the likelihood of a reconviction for offenders in a particular category. OGRS can provide a useful starting point in the risk assessment process, but the most important assessment tool is OASys (Offender Assessment

The use of OASys helps to build a full picture about the offender, so that a comprehensive assessment can be made about the risk of harm and the risk of re-offending. Specific risk factors can

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3. VICTIMS & PUBLIC PROTECTION
The safety of victims is at the heart of public protection work. The first Victim Support scheme was set up by probation staff and the concern for victims continues to be a key driver for MAPPA work. Both Police and Probation have specialist Public Protection Units which co-ordinate the management of the risks posed by high risk offenders. Both organisations also have staff who deliver services for victims and it has now been decided to integrate both functions so that public protection and victim staff now work together in one unit. Previously, staff from the Victim Services Units had always attended MAPPP meetings to ensure that full account was taken of victim-related issues, but this latest move will ensure that victim issues will be at the centre of public protection work in West Yorkshire. Victim Services Units provide an important link for victims of violent or sexual crime where the offender has received a prison sentence of 12 months or more. Depending on the victim's wishes, the Unit will keep the victim informed of key milestones in the offender's prison sentence and will ensure that the victim's views are relayed to the bodies that will make decisions about the circumstances of the offender's release from prison : RJ had committed offences in another part of the country, but was intending on release from prison to return to a small local village where he had previously committed serious offences. The MAPPP meeting was concerned to protect the safety and well-being of those former victims. The victims were visited again and their views ascertained. Consequently, a condition in RJ's licence prohibited him from entering the village. He was placed under surveillance and when he subsequently breached the no-go zone, he was arrested and returned to prison. This demonstrated the commitment not

only to put the protection of victims at the heart of decisions taken, but also a willingness to act promptly where the need arises. Feedback from victims continues to reflect a high satisfaction rate with the services they receive. The services can take several forms: it can be as simple as giving the victims the opportunity to talk through their experience and to know that they have been "heard"; it can be the provision of regular updates about an offender's progress through the prison system and ensuring the victims know when and where he or she will be released (although exact locations are not disclosed); it can be the opportunity to comment on the offender's parole application or the conditions under which the offender will be released; most importantly, it will be to assure the victim that their concerns will be listened to and that their safety will be in the centre of any deliberations around managing the risk posed by the offender. I Number of violent and other sexual offenders (as defined by the Criminal Justice and Court Services act, 2000): 240

MJ had murdered his partner. During his sentence he married again. Six months later his wife contacted the Victim Services Unit, via Victim Support, expressing fears for her own safety. A probation officer and victim service officer visited Mrs J to take a statement and collate other evidence. During the meeting it became clear that Mrs J was unaware of MJ's original offence and that her relationship with him was based on a tissue of lies. It was decided that MJ's entitlement to town leave should be deferred and that Mrs J should be assisted to relocate to another area. When MJ is allowed out of prison, his movements will be monitored and Mrs J will have alarms installed in her new house as an extra precaution. Throughout this process, the protection of Mrs J has been paramount, both in terms of actions already taken and in respect of plans for MJ's eventual release.

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4. DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
Domestic violence is the most common form of violence, and in this country two women a week are killed by their partner or ex-partner. Domestic violence is also closely associated with child abuse. One method of tackling this problem is to place perpetrators on to a programme that will change their behaviour and therefore reduce the risk to other potential victims. West Yorkshire piloted, along with London, the Integrated Domestic Abuse Programme (IDAP), which is based on the well-known Duluth model. The pilot was successful, and as a result IDAP will be rolled out nationally. IDAP requires a variety of statutory and voluntary agencies to work collaboratively. Its success is measured in terms of how far it protects victims. Offenders' progress on the programme is monitored not only by the staff working with them, but also by reports from their partners (if they are willing to give them) and from the Police. This enables a comprehensive picture of the offender's behaviour to be built up. So far about 130 offenders have completed the programme in West Yorkshire. Research has been carried out with a number of victims and offenders in an attempt to evaluate the effectiveness of the programme. Victim reports on the frequency and prevalence of violence, injuries, and controlling behaviour showed statistically significant reductions. Almost 80% of the women reported no violence in the period that their partner was on the programme. 94% reported no injuries. 66% reported not being subject to controlling behaviour. There were no police call-outs for 60% of the offenders on the programme. These early results are encouraging and

Group work with offenders.

everyone involved is determined to see year on year improvements, so that victims can see real benefits from the programme.

Multi-Agency Domestic Violence Murder Reviews

Sadly, MAPPA arrangements cannot always safeguard victims, especially where the offender has no previous convictions, as is the case with many domestic abuse cases. West Yorkshire Police in conjunction with the West Yorkshire MAPPA Strategic Management Board are part of a pilot Domestic Violence initiative to conduct multi agency reviews in cases of domestic murder. The purpose of these reviews is to establish whether there are any lessons to be learned from the case about the

way in which local professionals and agencies work together to safeguard victims. The review should identify clearly what those lessons are and how they will be acted upon and what is expected to change as a result. The objective in undertaking these reviews is to improve inter-agency working and to better safeguard victims of domestic violence. Case reviews are not enquiries into how the victims died or who is culpable. That remains a matter for the Coroner's and Criminal Court to determine as appropriate. The first Domestic Violence Murder review is now underway and concerns agency involvement in a double murder which occurred in the Wakefield area in 2002.

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5. SEX OFFENDING
The Sex Offenders Act 1997 requires individuals who have committed certain sexual offences to be the subject of registration. This registration requirement is managed within the West Yorkshire Police Child and Public Protection Unit. This Unit has the responsibility for the risk assessment and monitoring of registered sexual offenders.

Sex Offender Orders

This task is undertaken by experienced Police officers who are dedicated solely to the risk management of sexual offenders in the community. The level of risk presented by such offenders is assessed on the basis of a range of factors including, amongst others, offending history, their attitude to that offending and personal circumstance. The risk assessment process is continuous rather than a static one-off exercise and the level of risk identified in respect of an offender often changes dependant upon the offender's circumstances. Systems are in place to ensure that such changes in the level of risk are identified and addressed at the earliest opportunity. The Police, where appropriate, refer to MAPPA those registered sex offenders about whom they have concerns, or where there are indications that a multi-agency risk management plan can provide best protection of the public. I Number of registered sex offenders in West Yorkshire as of 31st March 2004: 1431 I The number of Registered Sex Offenders per 100,000 head of population: 67 I The number of sex offenders having a registration requirement who were either cautioned or convicted for breaches of that requirement between 1st April 2003 and 31st March 2004: 240

The Crime and Disorder Act 1998 introduced Sex Offender Orders as a preventative measure. Such Orders may be issued by a Magistrate's court acting in a civil capacity. An application for a Sex Offender Order may apply to any offender previously convicted or cautioned for an offence contained within Schedule One of the Sex Offenders Act 1997 which covers a wide range of sexual offences.

Senior Investigating Officer for the relevant police area. The circumstances of the case then receive further consideration by the MAPPP where the agreement of core member agencies to progress the application is sought. Careful preparation of the application by the West Yorkshire Police Child and Public Protection Unit in conjunction with the Force Solicitor's Office ensures that the Court is in a position to consider the facts of the case fully and reach an appropriate decision. Where a Sex Offender Order is in force the adherence of the offender to the conditions of the order is monitored very closely. Where there is evidence of the offender breaching the conditions of the order he or she is arrested and put before the court whereupon he or she may be subject to imprisonment, fine or both.

The Police must have reasonable grounds to believe that the offender has engaged in an activity towards any individual, or group of individuals, within the community which would cause serious harm to any individual should that offender go on to commit an offence. This is essentially aimed at those offenders whose behaviour indicates that they are at risk of reoffending Magistrates may issue an Order, which would carry justified conditions in an effort to minimise the risk that the offender may pose to any potential victim in the community.

Any such conditions would be of a prohibitive nature, precluding the offender from engaging in certain specified activities or frequenting clearly identified locations, and are dependent upon the specific nature of the evidence presented to the court. The first condition on any successful Order would be that the offender would be subject to the requirements of the Sex Offender Register for the duration of the Sex Offender Order. This therefore ensures that any offender whose conviction predates the requirement to register under the Sex Offender Act 1997 becomes subject to the requirements of that legislation. Before the Police make an application for a Sex Offender Order, detailed assessment of the case is made by the Police Child and Public Protection Unit and the case is discussed with the

Restraining Orders

Schedule 5 of the Criminal Justice and Court Services Act 2000 created a further preventative measure in the form of Restraining Orders within Section 5 of the Sex Offenders Act 1997. The purpose of this type of order is to impose, from the point of sentence, restrictions on the offender's behaviour towards the public in general or particular individuals, in cases where it is necessary to protect them from the possibility of serious harm. The Crown and Appeal Court may make an order when sentencing an offender to any term of imprisonment (or in the case of a Youth Court, when imposing a detention or training order for a period of 12 months or longer), provided the offence is contained within Schedule One of the Sex Offenders Act 1997.

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Although a court may impose a Restraining Order without a request being made, in practice, the investigating police officer or probation officer preparing a pre-sentence report in the case will usually request that the court considers imposing an order at the point of sentence. The imposition of the Order must be workable, defensible, and evidence based. Restraining orders may be made for a fixed or indefinite period. Like a Sex Offender Order, a Restraining Order may prohibit the offender from engaging in specified acts or going to specific locations. Where a Restraining Order is in place and there is evidence to suspect that the terms of the Order are not being observed the offender may be brought back before the Court and can be liable to imprisonment and/or fine. I Number of restraining orders imposed on MAPPA offenders by the courts in West Yorkshire between 1st April 2003 and 31st March 2004: 7

A MAPPP meeting.

Sex Offender Programmes

West Yorkshire has a history of effective work with sex offenders and in 2000 it won an international award in recognition of its work to reduce reoffending by such offenders. The work is highly complex and demanding and the intervention programme used by professionals in West Yorkshire has been accredited by an international panel of experts. Contrary to popular opinion, the majority of sex offenders come from the victims' family or circle of acquaintances. They often have distorted ways of thinking, which include blaming the victim, denying their own responsibility and minimising the harm they have caused. The aim of the Sex Offender Programme is to teach new attitudes and behaviours and to train the offender to recognise and act on danger signals.

Each sex offender undergoes a battery of tests in order to assess his or her level of deviance, and which type of intervention is most required within the programme. The programme is long and intensive and consists of four modules: I The offence: where the offending is subject to detailed examination and where the offender is allocated responsibility for his or her actions. I The cycle: identifying the thought processes and actions that culminated in the offending, the choices that were made and the missed opportunities to break out of the cycle. I The difference: highlighting how the offender could act differently. I The risks: identifying the specific risk factors for each individual offender. On completion of the above modules, offenders enter another related

programme which teaches them how to implement what they have learnt in the future and to practice new skills. Many sex offenders remain under supervision for a considerable period by Police and Probation and this enables the agencies to check that the lessons learnt from the programme have been put into practice over time. JL was convicted of indecency with children and having completed his custodial sentence was released to live in accommodation with a high level of supervision and support. Suspicions were raised that JL was actively looking for opportunities to access the Internet in search of pictures of children. Further investigation revealed JL had been accessing inappropriate sites (although not illegal) at a local cyber café. As a result of this intelligence, application for a Sex Offender Order aimed at preventing JL having access to the internet was made.

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LK was convicted of the abduction of a child and the commission of several serious sexual offences against children. He is currently nearing the end of an 8 year prison sentence and indications are that he continues to present a very high risk of reoffending. Following initial MAPPP consideration and because of the identified level of high risk, further meetings between Police, Probation, Social Services and hostel managers have taken place to ensure that a comprehensive and detailed action plan has been developed prior to his release. The action plan includes a strict curfew involving periods both during the night and daytime, residency within a hostel environment, and participation in further treatment programmes. FR had previous convictions for sexual assaults on children in choirs at various churches. He was currently not subject to any form of supervision. Suspicions were raised about his behaviour in the latest church he was attending, and some parents had stopped sending their children to the church. Because FR was not under any form of supervision, some church elders were unsure as to how to proceed. However, due to the previously good working relationship between the church and the Police and Probation services, the church made an informal request for assistance. An assessment was undertaken, and it was evident that FR was at high risk of re-offending against more children, and that he needed intensive intervention. He was subsequently encouraged to take a placement for a year in a specialist residential facility on a voluntary basis. Although not subject to any court order or prison licence, FR will continue to be monitored under MAPPA systems until the risk has diminished.

Statistical Information
Statistical Information 1/4/03 to 31/3/04 Number of registered sex offenders Number of offenders having a registration requirement who were either cautioned or convicted for breaches of the requirement. No of full Sex Offender Orders Applied for No. of interim Sex Offender Orders Applied for Number of Restraining Orders Applied for Number returned to custody for breach of Restraining Order or Sex Offender Order Commentary Granted Granted Granted 1431

31 4

4

2

2

7

7

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There has been 15% increase in the number of offenders who have registered under the provisions of the Sex Offenders Act 1997 in the period 2003/4 compared to the previous year. This increase is broadly in line with expectations and reflects the impact created by Operation Ore investigation into on-line paedophilia which has seen a significant number of offenders convicted and required to register. In addition, since the enactment of this legislation we have not yet seen a significant number of offenders reach the end of their registration period and be de-registered. Consequently, the number of offenders registering will continue to rise until an increasing number of de-registrations over the next few years cause the overall total figure to peak.

There has been a significant increase in the number of Sex Offender Orders (from 2 in 2002/3 to 7 in 2003/4) which reflects the ongoing commitment to identifying those offenders that represent the highest risk level and using all available preventative legislation to minimise the likelihood of reoffending. This year a total of 7 Restraining Orders have been granted by the Courts. These represent a useful means of protecting the public from the risk of reoffending and also a valuable deterrent to the intimidation of previous victims where the offender knows their whereabouts.

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The need to exchange information between agencies is fundamental to the risk management process. The way in which information is handled must be compliant with the legislative safeguards that are in place to prevent the inappropriate disclosure of information. It is against this background that the issue of disclosing information by agencies to the public arises. A decision to disclose highly sensitive information regarding a sexual or violent offender to a third party that is not part of the formal MAPPA process must be justified and proportionate in all the circumstances. A decision to disclose such information will only be taken as part of a carefully managed process which will require the

6. DISCLOSURE

proposed disclosure to be authorised by a senior police officer who must assess each case on its merits. The Court of Appeal has ruled** that disclosure of the identity and whereabouts of an offender can only be authorised when, after all the relevant factors have been considered, it is deemed necessary for the protection of the public and the disclosure is part of a risk management plan. In practice, that risk management plan would be developed though close cooperation of agencies involved in the MAPPA process. ** In the case R v North Wales Police ex-parte AB & CD.

James, aged 22, was released from prison having served a sentence for damage to property and violent offences against his ex-partner. Some of those offences indicated that James had a desire to cause damage and injury by fire, specifically through the use of potentially explosive materials. James was put in closely supervised accommodation where it was discovered that he had attempted to secure a place on a training course as a gas fitter. The case was carefully considered and the decision was made to disclose information about his past to the course managers. James has since embarked upon alternative training programmes.

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7. RECALLS TO PRISON
One of the most effective methods of protecting the public is to recall a high risk offender back to prison. All 18-20 years old sent to custody and all adult prisoners sent to prison for twelve months or more are subject to supervision by the Probation Service on release. The terms of their release are contained in a licence, which will include a list of compulsory conditions. All licences contain general conditions about being of good behaviour, reporting to their probation officer and notifying changes of address, for example. Increasingly, the Probation Service will request additional specific conditions that relate to the specific risks posed by an individual offender. Examples could include: I Living only where the probation officer authorises I not having contact with children I only taking employment that is approved by the probation officer I being under curfew at certain times of the day or night I not entering a particular area I undertaking treatment to address a drug problem or sexual offending I attendance at a particular programme, e.g. Sex Offending, Domestic Violence Prior to the prisoner's release, Probation and Police will decide how the conditions will be monitored and how prospective victims can be protected. Measures could include police surveillance, installing an alarm in a victim's house or informing other agencies. If an offender breaches a condition of the licence, consideration will be given to the seriousness of the breach and the risk to the public. With high risk offenders it is probable that a decision will be taken to instigate a recall back

to prison rather than issue a warning. Senior probation managers are on call 24 hours a day to ensure that immediate action can be taken where necessary. In such cases a warrant is sought from the national Sentence Enforcement unit for immediate arrest of the offender. Recalls to prison can be a prompt and decisive way of protecting the public. Last year West Yorkshire Probation initiated recall procedures in respect of some 575 released prisoners. Whilst the majority of these cases were lower risk than those in the MAPPA system, the decision to recommend recall was taken because of concern for a particular victim or wider public protection concerns in a number of these cases. I Number of MAPPA-managed offenders who were returned to custody for a breach of licence: 33

I Number of MAPPA-managed cases who were returned to custody for a breach of a restraining order or sex offender order: 1 JD was released on licence to a local hostel. He had psychiatric problems, and had been known to set fires. He also had a history of violence. Psychiatric advice was that his behaviour could be contained by regular medication. He had previously been recalled to prison due to his violence towards staff in another hostel. Initially JD complied with the requirement to take medication, but subsequently started to lapse. A Community Psychiatric Nurse was engaged in order to encourage JD to take the medication. JD refused to cooperate, and this resulted in a

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deterioration in his behaviour towards staff and other residents. Because of genuine concerns about the potential for violence towards members of the public and an increased risk of arson, the decision was taken to recall JD to prison. When he is next released, he will no longer be under Probation supervision, but arrangements have been made for strict psychiatric oversight when he is next in the community. KL had a long history of domestic violence assaults, and was regarded as being of high risk of reoffending in a similar manner. Therefore, on his release from prison he was required to reside in a probation hostel. The risk management plan dictated that such was his risk, he should be recalled immediately if he failed to abide by his curfew. On the night in question, KL failed to return to the hostel in time for his curfew, so the duty probation chief officer was alerted, immediate recall proceedings via the Sentence Enforcement unit were initiated, and the Police were alerted. Although KL's immediate whereabouts were unknown, the agencies suspected that he might have gone to the home of his previous victim. Police entered the house and discovered KL. He was taken straight to police cells and returned to prison the following day. Such recalls to prison can be a prompt and decisive way of protecting the public.

An offender in a hostel.

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Analysis of Licence Recall and Breach Notification Reports: April-December 2003
No. of Report s, with District Breakdow n
District Bradford Kirklees Leeds 24%

Calderdale

20% 41% 10%

5%

Wakefield

Total No = 431

Reasons for Recall

Reason

Breach licence conditions

Breach accommodation conditions 18% Public protection - Specific victim Public protection - Other Further offending

39% 3% 0%

40%

Recommendation

Recommendation Standard recall Warning letter Other

Immediate recall 20% 78% 1%

1%

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Breakdown of M anagement Type (full MAPPP / otherwise) by District
Bradford Calderdale Kirklees Not MAPPP managed No % MAPPP managed No % Total 96 94.1% 6 5.9% 102 20 90.9% 2 9.1% 22 85 96.6% 3 3.4% 88 Leeds 165 93.8% 11 6.3% 176 Wakefield 40 93.0% 3 7.0% 43 Total 406 94.2% 25 5.8% 431

Breakdown of Reason by District
Reason Breach licence conditions No % Breach accom. conditions No % Public protection Specific victim No % Public protection Other No % Further offending No % Total Bradford Calderdale Kirklees 49 48.0% 14 13.7% 5 4.9% 0 0% 34 33.3% 102 10 45.5% 5 22.7% 0 0% 0 0% 7 31.8% 22 33 37.5% 18 20.5% 3 3.4% 1 1.1% 33 37.5% 88 Leeds 57 32.4% 28 15.9% 4 2.3% 1 0.6% 86 48.9% 176 Wakefield 21 48.8% 11 25.6% 0 0% 0 0% 11 25.6% 43 Total 170 39.4% 76 17.6% 12 2.8% 2 0.5% 171 39.7% 431

Action Requested by Reason
Recommendation Reason Breach licence conditions No % Breach accom. conditions No % Public protection Specific victim No % Public protection Other No % Further offending No % Total Immediate recall 16 18.6% 35 40.7% 10 11.6% 2 2.3% 23 26.7% 86 Standard recall 150 44.6% 41 12.2% 1 0.3% 0 0% 144 42.9% 336 Warning letter 2 50.0% 0 0% 0 0% 0 0% 2 50% 4 Other 2 40.0% 0 0% 1 20.0% 0 0% 2 40% 5 Total 170 39.4% 76 17.6% 12 2.8% 2 0.5% 171 39.7% 431

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8. THE STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT BOARD
The Strategic Management Board in West Yorkshire is currently chaired by an Assistant Chief Constable. Membership includes senior representation from Prisons, health providers, housing agencies, Victim Support, Social Services, Police and Probation. The Board has received reports on the operation of MAPPA, on public disclosure issues, on domestic violence and public protection issues. It is actively considering the links between the work of MAPPA and the existing Child Protection and Domestic Violence arrangements. It is looking forward to the recruitment of lay advisors in 2004. This highlights the importance of partnership and multi-agency working in delivering the MAPPA aims of ensuring the protection of the public from dangerous and sexual offenders through effective assessment and risk management of offenders. Victim Support contributes the victim perspective to the Board and ensures that offenders' rehabilitation needs are balanced with that of individual victims. In particular Victim Support has an important role in ensuring that arrangements for managing offenders take note of victim issues, that partner agencies are fulfilling their obligations to victims. Victim Support ensures that there is provision for victims to pass on their concerns about sentence or release arrangements and there are arrangements for the Police and Probation Services to keep victims informed about how 'their' offender is being dealt with.

Partnership arrangements work well between Victim Support and the two key agencies, Probation and the Police for their victim contact work. The creation of the Strategic Management Board will enable the victim perspective to be promoted to a wider range of agencies, Social Services, Health, Housing and Education providers to ensure their work in offender management includes an understanding of the need for victim safety. Senior manager, West Yorkshire Victim Support.

Victim Support and MAPPA

Victim Support joined the MAPPA Strategic Management Board in 2003.

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9. CONTACTS
West Yorkshire Probation Area Assistant Chief Officer (Public Protection) Tel: 01924 885300 West Yorkshire Probation Board Cliff Hill House Sandy Walk Wakefield West Yorkshire WF1 2DJ (as above) Communications and Public Relations Officer Tel: 01924 885300 West Yorkshire Police Head of Child and Public Protection Unit Tel: 01924 292388 Principal Media and Public Relations Officer Tel: 01924 292226

West Yorkshire Police PO Box 9 Wakefield WF1 3QP (as above)

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